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4 NEW YORK HERALD BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. 1 JAMES GORDON BENNETT, 1* ROTRIKTO K. THE DAILY HE11ALD, ]?iblishfd e?-m/ , <7??/ in 1hr year. Four cents per copy. Twelve dollars per year, or one dollar per month, tree of posture. j ' All business, news letters or telegmphic 1 despatches must be addressed Nirw Fork i | Herald. Letters and packages sheuld be properly : tenled. lleiected communications will not be re turned. PHILADELPHIA OFFICE?NO. 112 SOUTH : SIXTH STREET. LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD NO. 4(> FLEET STREET. PARIS OFFICE?AVENUE DE L'OPERA. ] Subscriptions and advertisements will l>e received and forwarded on the esuio tonus , as in New York. T0U1MK XM NO. 105 : AMUSEMENTS TO-XililiT. I'IPrtI tVk'VlTD TtlD 1VDV wqtte. trp.m.'" .?mllllli rn>' "wiry noylraass7-'!jjatrbbrand concert! m8ii?e'm 5arde!'hcdonald's indians'1;, v}^trb reen bcbhe*.??# * thkatkr. beck and neckw?t0hvy^eu>f. - - Mntir.ee at 2 P. Jf, nt?P. It. EELEV a LhON'H MINSTItELS, eariett, ?t!?pN m. pa8t?Rts "theatre. 1 A KIMI A> Y AH1BTI it H P. M. Matinee M 2 P. M. WITH SUPPLEMENT. HEW YORK, THURSDAY, JI'I.Y 18. 1876. From our reports this morning tin probabilities are that the weather to-day will be slightly cooler 1 and jHirtly cloudy. During the. summer months the TIerard will be sent to subscribers in the country at the rate of 1 twenty-five cents per week, free of postage. Notice to Country Newsdealers.?For prompt and regular delivery of the Herald by fast mail trains orders must be sent direct to this office. Postage free. i Wall Street Yesterday.?Gold declined ' from 111 3-4 to 111 i>-8. Stocks were irregular and heavy, firmness being exhibited exceptionally in two or three of the fancies. Money on call was supplied at 2 and 2 1-2 per cent. Government, railway bonds and j investment shares were steady. TPUvtt. Trill lmvn iilmnilanf fimA fnr iV?A canvass in Connecticut. Bt Slow Degrees the freedom of the French municipalities from centralizing influences is being assured. The ad interim arrangement for tho election of mayors by the municipal councils is a step in this direction. Hayes May Find before ho is through with this contest that the second "Washington -knows how to resent a slight. The Lono Branch Hacks continue to attract many visitors to that charming seuBide retreat. Yesterday tho weather proved extremely favorable and tho track was in flne condition. Four good races were run, and the winners had to cam the victory by gaod speed in each case. ^ Ie Disraeli is really directing personally the foreign affairs of England wo suppose that Earl Derby's retention of his place in tho Cabinet means that ho has nothing better to offer, and that a Ministerial break-up would bo fatal to the interests of the con Bervative party in England just now. The defeat of the Servians would justify Disraeli in all he has done, and render the coming attack of Gladstone and company ridiculous, for there is nothing in this world so successful as success. Hewitt Strikes the Gong.- Mr. Hewitt comes to the Irons with an enthusiastic indorsement of Tildcn, and strikes the reform gong a vigorous blow. Mr. Hewitt ) thinks "new men are indispensable," which ihows that one clear-headed democrat at least is'not in favor of retaining republicans j in office. Mr. Hewitt informs us that "business is ruined, industry paralyzed, labor I idle," and that the way to reform this is to elect Tilden and Hendricks and turn out all ' the office-holders. How this is to revive business and employ labor does not appear, and yet few men are more competent to inform us on this subject than Mr. Hewitt. But we must take some things for granted in a canvass, and we must not expect too much information on subjects of political economy in a letter to a local mass meeting. Thk ltxprnijcan Me*:tincj at Cooper Institute last night if not a rally was at least a ratification. A man must necessarily be a \500d republican who would attend such a meeting at ail on such a night, with the thermometer outsido at eigkty-nino and the heat inside above a hundred. The vice presidents who allowed tbo use of their names on this occasion nre to be excused for staying awav, and I tho brave men who were present and ' listened to tho speeches made martyrs 1 Df themselves for the cause. It would j he a mistoko to regard such a meeting on such a night as a failure, and the multitude present, though not as large as is usually the case on like occasions, exhibited rare courage and devotion. The speeches were made by Mr. E. W. Stoughton, ex-Governor Salomon and General Kilpatrick, and arc reported in the Hkbai.d this morning. We Snori.ii Like to Know tho thoughts that passed through the mind of Mr. Jewell os. under the impulse of the Presidential boot, he felt himself going bump, bump, bump down the White House steps. Wo pan imagine tho wonder, the incredulity, tho amazement that must have overspread that raoon-like, benevolent face a* ho found I himself nu longer a Cabinet officer, but out iu the grass under the Jackson statue. And as he brushed the dust from bis clothes, and looked around for his hat, and took it to a hatter's to have it blocked, and thought of the good days when, with George W. fluids. Bishop Simpson, ex-Collector Mnrphy and Mr. Borie, lie was one of the fireside Cnbi- c net, he must have had hia own views of ( personal Government. [ i NEW TORI Whtt Does Governor Tllden Mean I Mr. Tililcn, in his short speech in reply lo the committee that waited on him to give him formal notification, declined to go at large into the topics of the canvass, reserving most of what he has to say for his studied letter of acceptance. We hope he will be explicit in his letter on some points fit which he barely hinted in his speech, and i especially on the great subject of reform in the civil service made so prominent in the letter of acceptance of Mr. Hayes. What Mr. Tilden said on this subject in his speech is unsatisfactory, because it is ambiguous. We do not complain of the speech ; it was prudent, and, perhaps, proper, to reserve a distinct statement of his views for his letter of acceptance. Hut as he touched upon, or rather hinted at, the civil service question we are sorry that what he said is susceptible of opposite constructions. We will indicate some of tho points on which we expect him to be more clear and precise in his letter of acceptance. The great prominence, strong emphasis and satisfactory intelligibility of that part of Mr. Hayes' letter which related to the civil service does not permit Mr. Tilden to shirk this subject or to palter with it in a double sense. Mr. Tilden's speech is susceptible of different and exactly opposite constructions. That we may do him no injustice we insert his own language:?"If I were to judge by tho year and a half during which I have been in the htuto government i wouiu bay that the routine duties of the trust I have had imposed upon mo are a small burden compared with that created by the attempt to change the policy of tho government of which I have been the Executive head. Especially is this bo where the reform is to be worked out with more or less of co-operation of public officers who either have been tainted with the evils to be redressed or who have been incapacitated by the habit of toleration of the wrongs to be corrected, and to which they have been consenting witnesses. I therefore? if your choice should be ratified by the people at the election? should enter upon the great duties which would fall upon mo not us n holiday recreation, but very much in that spirit of consecration in which the soldier enters battle." His allusion to reform "to be worked out with more or less of co-operation of public officers who either have been tainted with the evils to be redressed, ofr who have been incanacitated bv tho habit of toleration of tlie wrongs to ho corrected, and to which they have been consenting witnesses," may be understood in different and contradictory senses. Is it meant as a suggestion that he sill feel eompollod, if elected, to turn out ill of President Grant's appointees in order that hiB purposes of reform may not be obstructed by his subordinates, or is it an intimation of the difficulties which will attend bis administration in consequence of hiB determination to abolish the spoils system ? Mr. Tilden's language admits of either interpretation; but his touch of rhetoric about entering on his great duties "not as a holilay recreation, but very much in that spirit jf consecration in which the soldier enters battle," might seem to imply that he does not mean to make a clean sweep of :he federal officers. For if every employd of the government is to be ono if his own appointees there is no pertinence in his comparing himself to a soldier who goes into battle not knowing whether be shall fall or bo spared. Mr. Tilden could not be obstructed by subordinates whom he selects himself; but the public will be in floubt until it sees his letter of acceptance whether this passage foreshadows a purpose bo turn out all General Grant's appointees, nr whether it is an appeal for indulgent judgment if he retains them. We would gladly understand it in the latter sense, be :auso it would be a signal act of political courage and magnanimity for a Presidential candidate, nominated by a party out of power, to avow a purpose to reform the civil ?ervice by abolishing the spoils system. Such an avowal costs Mr. Hayes nothing, bemuse his party will retain its monopoly of the federal offices if ho keeps his pledge. But if the democratic candidate declares his intention to make no removals for party reasons his own party will swariu about his ears like a nest of angry hornets, and denounco him for a promise to surrender the fruits of victory. If Hayes is elected and keeps his civil service pledge we shall have a republican President administering the government through eighty or ninety thousand republican subordinates, which will be so slight i deviation from the old system that it tvould be absurd to call it a reform. Hut if rilden is elected and a democratic Presilent attempts to administer the government lirough eighty or ninety thousand republican subordinates it would bo such a total revolution in political usage as would itAmp its author as the most intrepid re"ormer that has ever appeared in our politics. jovernor Hayes civil service promises are , ;oo cheap to be of any value ; but if Governor Tilden should take the same ground jo might justly feel like a soldier who conlecrates his life in going into battle. Tho wo parties stand on an entirely different ooting on the civil service question, inasmuch as reform on one side is consistent with its monopoly of all tho offices, whereas reform on the other side would leave the offices in possession of a party which had iiccn defeated at tho polls and repudiated t>y tho people. And yet, in spite of the great party sacrifice it would involve, we are entitled to expect that Governor Tilden will take high ind bold ground on tho question of civil lervice reform. We should have little hope _ it.:_ i . i t:I i L. J A i_ i m uiiM iH'wi it .ur, j mini n.m noi aireaay ihown himself to be an aggressive reformer, who does not shrink from tho displeasure of his own party in obeying his sense of public duty, and if the St. Louis platform had not been courageously clear nnd distinct in relation to the civil service. It is well known that this platform was drafted in New York ind received the approval of Mr. Tllden before it was presented at St. Louis. Wo do not see how ho can consistently repudiate vny part of it. Its civil service declaration penetrates to the pith of the evil. It is in .his language : - "Reform is necessary in the :ivil service. Experience proves that ofti;ient, economical conduct of tho governnental business is not possible if its civil I HERALD THURSDAY, ? ! service be subject to change at every election, be a prize fought for at the ballot box, be a brief reward of party zeal, instead of posts of honor assigned for proved competency and held for fidelity in the pnblio employ; that the dispensing of patronage should neither be a tux upon the time of all our public men nor the instrument of their ambition. Here, again, proiessions?iaisifiecl in the performance?attest that the party in power can work ont no practical or salutary reform." This has the clear ring of true inetal and wo do not see how Governor Tildcn con "go hack on it." If this declaration be not utterly hollow and unmeaning it is n promiso that the democratic candidate, if elected, will not dismiss the subordinate officers of the government on account of their politics. Unless it means this it is an electioneering sham and means nothing. It protests against the system which "makes the civil service subject to chunge at every election," and "a prize to be fought for at the ballot box." It declares that "the dispensing of patronage should neither be a tax on the time of our public men nor an instrument of their ambition." All ive ask of Governor Tilden is that he will give unqualified approval and due emphasis to this admirable part of the St. Louis platform, and pledge himself to sail by this chart if elected. If ho has courage enough, if he has confidence enough in the sound sense and correct moral tone of the people to carry the civil service banner "full high advanced," if ho is willing to relinquish "the spoils of victory" and establish the most important of all reforms at the expense of his own party, ho will win a name and acquire honors before which the most brilliant of recent political reputations will grow pale. Hayes' cheap promise, which could bo fulfilled without cost to his party, amounts to nothing ; but if Tilden shall engage, in hiH Tetter of acceptance, to repudiate the spoils system and leave eighty thousand democrats "out in the cold" pining for offices filled by eighty thousand republicans he will have performed an act of political heroism of which this generation furnishes neither precedent nor model. The Blunders on the Rosebud?Crook's Position. The key of all the misfortunes of the pressent campaign is clearly an underestimate of the numbers and fighting powers, independent of numbers, of the Sioux. When our correspondent with General Crook's column wrote his first graphic description of the fight ou tho Rosebud he merely sketched in the details of the battle and such obvious criticism of the shortcomings of the commander as the events of the day forced upon him. It required the lapse of some days before all tho disastrous consequences of that inglorious combat made themselves apparent in Crook's camp. More than this, it required the same time to discover that the Sioux had tracked every step of their advance, and that tho attempt to enter the Rosebud Mountains, whither they hod been lured like wondering antelopes, come near proving a disaster beside which the loss of Custer's force would have been a small one. Our correspondent's letters detailing these facts will bo read with astonishment by tho whole country. Tho fine map which he has furnished, and which we publish to-day, will mako tho whole course of the battle clear. Had it been a campaign against booby birds it could not have been more carelessly undertaken. Our correspondent, indeed, hints that the incomplete organization of Crook's advance expedition was due in some measure to the belief (founded in some absurd way on camp gossip) that unless he struck Sitting Bull at once he would find Peace Commissioners before him. This seems incredible, but the length at which our correspondent discusses the peace question shows that the camp, and probably the General commanding, were deeply affected by some consideration of the sort. As it was no part of General Crook's duty to concern himself about anything outside his orders, it seems astounding that he should risk so valuable a command in an endeavor to "head off" Peace Commissioners. The more Crook's failure is looked at the worse it appears. He was apparently impelled to hasty action by motives that should have no weight with a soldier ; ho adopted no precautions in his advance, was led on like a blind man into ground he should never have occupied; ho divided his command in faeo of a superior enemv. and was whipped nnd forced to donblo on his tracks, lucky only in escaping annihilation. It is, indeed, with deep sorrow that we write thus of a brave, skilled Indian fighter and army officer of high rank, such as General Crook. Just now the country is distracted by a rumor of his death and the cutting off of some of his forces. While we believe that in his camp he could withstand the Sioux, we must recall his former failures, and must consider another statement regarding his movements which is little less than astounding. While tho rumors of Custer's battle filled the camp, and while General Crook was awaiting reinforcements, wo see it coolly announced that he was (June 27) about to leave his camp and go on a gold hunting expedition in tho Big Horn Mountains. His camp was closely watched by Indian spies. What, then, are we not to fear? Hitting Bull had certainly force enough to endanger the command with every man standing by his arms. What, then, might not happen to Crook on his gold hunting expedition? What might not happen to his weakened command in his foolish nbsence? Something may have occurred to turn him from this hare-brained project. Hoping that all may yet be well with him wo await the news, which should not now be long delayed, with keen anxiety. Dom Pedro left onr shores yesterday for England after a stay of threo months in the i nneu mares (luring wnicu run .uajosvy probably saw more of onr country than most Americans. Coming among ns without a race of bis imperial state, and exhibiting a keen, searching interest in everything pertaining to our progress as a people and a nation, he rapidly won his way to our sympathies in a deep and quiet manner, new to most distinguished visitors to America. He carries with him the best wishes of a froo people for the future of the ! great Empire of Brazil, over which he has been called to preside^ j J JULY 13, 1876.-WITH SHI The Moaimnat for Caster. We printed yesterday two brief letters, enclosing subscriptions to the proposed monument to General Custer, which deserve special note. One is from a Cuban giving twenty-five cents as an "humble contribution," while the other encloses ten cents from "a poor boy, John Keegan." These two sums, small as they are, show how the popular heart has been touched by the gal Iantrv and devotion of Custer and liis men. We would much rather see a monument representing the mite of the widow and the ten centH from the poor boy than one directed by Congress and paid for out of the Treasury. The real value of the monument Buch as we propose in honor of Custer is that it represents a nation's homage to valor-and duty. In our hard, material age, where all that is worshipped are money and power, nothing is more becoming than that we should step aside from our canvass for the Presidency, our celebrating the Centennial, our stern, selfish pursuits, to do honor to the chivalrous soldier and gentleman who rode f into the valley of death. We owe it to ourselves to commemorate deeds . of this kind. Whon Cardigan rode into the j Russian batteries with six hundred cavalry- ^ men military critics censured him, and even Lord Raglan said he had thrown away ^ his command. Rut with a splendor far ex celling (ho victories at Alma and Inkcrmnn,' r with a splendor which gains new lustre with j time, the charge of the Light Brigade stands ^ out in history. No man with English blood in his veins but recalls it with pride. If we honor Cardigan for what ho did, r how much more should we honor Custer, T If England enshrines the commander of tho c Light Brigade among her heroes, how much i more should wo enshrine tho commander of ] tho Seventh cavalry. Cardigan's enemy g were the batteries. If he foil it was as a r soldier. If ho was capturtid or wounded he was sure of humane, tender care. Custer's enemy were savages, who know 8 no mercy, who neither gave nor re- * ceived quarter, who tortured their captives with every refinement of savage cruelty. When Custer rode into that Indian village, "the largest on the conti- ^ nent," as he exclaimed exultingly when his brave eyes first saw the tent-covered plain, and he gave the order to charge, he knew j the terrible alternative. Ho knew that ho \ must either win or die. What more fitting task in this Centennial year than to honor such a deed. Let us say , what we will about the degradation of th? national character, and our Centennial product being corruption and national deca- * dence, the charge of Custer is an answer to it all. It shows that manhood and valor, selfdenial and absolute consecration to duty, ^ oven at the sacrifice of life, all remain with us. These are the qualities we honor in this achievement of Custer. Because we honor thorn, because we would have them ever an ^ example to our children, as was the example ^ of Leonidas to the sons of Sparta, we trust that the people will build a noble monu- * ment to his fame. v i Wkkt Blaine Escapes. ^ We congratulate Senator Blaine. He will j be an addition to the upper house. He is r one of the best debaters in the party, and ho c will be a valuable reinforcement to a debating j, majority which already has Conkling, ^ Edmunds, Morton, Sherman and Logan. ^ Blaine will make the republican forces in f, the Senate very strong if ho acts with the j party and does not quarrel, as he was dis- n posed to do sometimes in the House, especially when he camo across a strongman ^ like Butler. Blaine in the Senate escapes e the House investigation, which was taking v an ugly turn. Upon that he will receive our n warmest congratulation. He will not be a required to give up Mulligan's letters, nor to t; answer to the House for contempt in tamper- p ing with a witness and offering him a consul- a ship if he would leave, and refusing to give 0 up to the House evidence which was the ? property of its witness. Wo cannot see c how Blaine could have escaped severe cen- j Bure, or perhaps expulsion. If the House g had any regard for its authority it would B have censured or expelled him. But all of 0 this he escapes by going into tho Senate, f We hope he will recover his health speedily. D He is certainly one of tho luckiest men of 8 the generation. n i Why Should Cutter be Centuredf t The more the evidence in relation to the a movement of freneriil Piister eomps to liolit c the more we are convinced that in all re- w spects this gallant and gifted officer did his c duty. It is clear that ho was sent off on an independent command?that his duty was to C find the Indians. If he saw no evidence of their presence ho was to return to the point a of junction agreed upon with Terry. If he 8 did find the Indians it was his duty to fol- ^ low up the trail and attack them. This is ^ shown by the censuro visited upon Major ? Reno by General Terry for not pursuing n the trail which ho found, and which led to c the scene of the subsequent massacre. We c see nothing either in the orders of Terry to h Custer or in the correspondence which we 11 have published direct from the expedition, * and which reflected the intentions and the v opinions of Custer and his command, to c show that it was the purpose of Terry to 11 simply reconnoitre the Indinns. This is * what Reno did, and for doing this Terry 0 censured him. Custer was sent with orders to fight, and these orders he obeyed. s Lot us suppose that Custer had discovered * llin tmil luiil mlvonnpil (n wliorn tin /.rtiil.l ' seo tlio Indian village and had returned to 11 tlio rendezvous to wait for Terry's infantry. * What would have been tho opinion of the j1 army? Terry might well have said :?"You ' have done simply what Reno has done. You * tell me Indians are on the Rosebud, and that a I knew. You came back for infantry, and yon know that my infantry can never come * within fifty miles of the Indians." General ' Sheridan himself would have said the same, ^ and, much as he loved and honored Custer, * would never have allowed him to ride at tho n head o? another cavalry regiment. IfShcridan 0 had found this Indian trail, as Custer did, he would have pursued it. He would hnve f ridden day and night as Custer rode. If he t had found the village he would have at- s Licked it m Custer did. Ho would have i \ ?PLEMENT. been justified in doing so by every law of Indian warfare. The attempt, then, to blacken the memory if this most gallant and lamented officer is unworthy. The crime of this massacre does lot fall upon Cnstor. The more the evilenee is developed the clearer it appears hat ho was sent out to do his duty and died n the effort. If we wish to censure the real riminals let us push our inquiries in other liroctions. Why did our military chiefs mderrato the Sioux? Whj', with all of our ntercourse with the Indian tribes, did wo lot know the possible strength of the Sioux? iVhy, if wo knew that strength, did we not lend men enough to overmaster it ? If Grant tnew enough to find out the force of Lee, to irganize armies to beat him and to wait until le had his armies in hand and ready, why lid he not know enough to do the same with fitting Bull? If Custer was too weak vithout the support of Terry and Gibion why was he sent away from hem on an errand where they could lot support him, and when ho might have net the Indians at any time? He was sent iff with fifteen days' rations, which alone hows that the theory of the infnntry support s untenable. And why, we may also ask, did tflnn tnfcrt fti f h a lilnffj and nnf mn.lrA nn erupt to relieve Custer, or to so manoeuvre rith the Indians that they could all have uoved into the hills together and there raited in a body defending themselves until elief came, as it did come ? Reno is a galant officer and has never failed, and no tonbt he will bo only too glad to answer a [iiestion which all the world is asking. It is disgraceful to throw the blame of this Dost lamentable disaster upon Custer. The neruory of that officer comes out of the rdeal stainless. He did his duty. He died n doing it. The sacrifice does not lio with lim; others are responsible, and upon others, ooner or later, the terrible responsibility nust fall. The Second Washington begins to kick uound in so lively a manner that we shall lave to call him a second Jackson. The Governor and the Committee. The speech of Governor Tilden to the demicratic committee was discreet and in much letter taste than his address to the militia sompany at Albany. There was a touch of mthos in the suggestion that if elected ^resident he would go into the White House rith that feeling of consecration which a oldier feels when going into a battle. It vas a cheering speech, and shows that the ilack flag policy is to be carried on to the snd. Uncle Sammy means to give his oplonents no quarter, and his opinions are ichoed by Mr. Dorsheimer and Mr. Hewitt. The fact that the Governor avoided any ither theme but reform shows that we are to lave a canvass upon one issue, if such , thing is possible. There were many quesions upon which we should have been glad o have heard from Mr. Tilden. He is so ;een a master of phrase and knows so well tow to shado an opinion that we are sur>rised he missed his opportunity. There vas the question of one term?the question rhich threw upon the republican party the ssue of Cfesarism and defeated it last year, rho Governor might have complimented layes upon his manly avowal that he would lot run for a second term, and, giving the ountry a similar assurance, withdraw that ssue from our politics. Perhaps he inends to do so in his letter. Should ho fail o do so ho will alienate a large body of rei>rmers who think that the eligibility of 'residents to re-election is one of the prilary evils of our government. An assurance on civil service reform would ave come with good grace from the Gov rnor. We understand the difficulties which rould surround this theme in addressing icmbers of a House which had shown its ppreciation of this reform by dismissing he oldest and best servants, and in the resence of Mayor Wickham, who represents n organization which compels every laborer n the boulevards to vote right or starve. Jut even at the risk of offending the demoratic House and the democratic Tammany lall the Governor should have taken ;round on this subject, and should have aid that he would restore the Jeffersonian sample to public life and remove no man rom office who does not forfeit his placo by oisbehavior. Perhaps the Governor reerves this declaration for his letter. These re points upon which the country will expect o hear fro A Governor Tilden. "Reform" in he abstract is a good cry, bnt it is a very bstract issue. The Governor can do his anvass great good by explaining precisely rhat he means by reform, and how he is to arry out his plans. Centennial Dix and Governor Tilden. Tf ftiir r#?ov1nra unnnncA fhaf nnv vnnomKIn nd illustrious friend, Centennial Dix, is inensiblo to current events, let them read his etter on Tilden, which we published yestcrlay. When the weather became warm the Id statesman ani warrior, instead of loafing round the city looking after delegates as a andidate for the Presidency, purchased an normous quantity of ammunition, cleaned lis weapons and started down to his sumner home, "Scafield, West Hampton," on he Atlantic shore, to shoot ducks. The old rarrior has had wonderful success. Our orrespondents write that such shooting has icver been known. We are glad of this, as he General is one of the saints of the earth, ne of the few who, as even Tilden will admit, lave not yet gone to the devil. When not tudying the wide horizon for ducks the governor studies the canvass. lie sends a ine shot into Uncle Sammy. "It will enable is to demonstrate by indisputable facts that he government, for the chief office in which 1A It A u ltAi>n nnihiri!l<r>(l wnnl.l vwtf nnur <1 v iu f f liis example during tho rebellion bad been allowed by his countrymen." We might ,newer this by saying that no /lonbt the ieart of Tilden was as true to the Union as hat of Dix ; but wo do not daro to interfere >etween the veteran sportsmen. Wo are ;lad to find Centennial Dix in such good rim, and so prompt and unerring in his ims, whether at llying ducks or running andidates. Gknkral Grant is doing yeoman's service or Tilden. Tho President evidently leels hat Hayes slighted him by making no allusion in his letter to our Becond Washington, rhose "illustrious services," &c., 4c. ? Lot Vi Look After the Congreumea. The declarations of Tilden for reform and / of Hayes for civil service are gratifying. They -1 11 1 ? l.? 41.. l?,a BflUW UJrtv WUUlOTCl lUII^r uc buo icoutb u* uu? election wo should have a man of honor in the White House who would do what he promised. But let us remembor all the time that any President is helpless unless he has the support of Congress. Wo see how President Grant, who certainly went into the White House with the best intentions, was compelled to ubandon his civil service idea. He found himself confronted by s cabal of Senators who demanded their share of the patronage, and under the pressure of this demand the President yielded. There will be members and Senators of the same kind in the next Congress. We know the republicans. We have the evidence ofFitzhugh, the late doorkeeper of the House, as to what the democrats would be apt to do. > If Tilden wore President he would be asked for fifty thousand places, and it would disturb the harmony of the party if he answered the demand by copies of his letter of acceptance and the St. Louis platform. The way to clinch this bnsiness is to see tlmf rnfAi-mc oro fnrr>r>rl in thft rfillTfl VJIUV v**v * V4Ui v J sentative districts. Let the district conventions of both parties put their nominees on the record. Let them exact a pledge that as members they will not attempt to unduly influence the mind of the President in th? disposal of patronage. This is the only way to insure this reform. Wo may elect a second George Washington for President and yet unless the Senate and the House unite with him there will be no genuine reform. Therefore we urge upon honest men, of both parties, the wisdom of looking closely to the districts. ^ The Caster Monument. The subscriptions to the monument to Custer, recejved by the Herald, amount to $2,269 05. Mr. Henry Hilton sends a check for one thousand dollars, in order that "the heroism ol the gallant General Custer and his brave comrades" should be "recorded upon something more enduring than mere memory." A New Jersey boy sends two dollars, and a poor entry clerk contributes ten cents. These subscriptions show the popular widespread feeling in favor of commemorating one of the noblest deeds in the annals of the Republic. The way to do this work and to make it national and representative is for every town and village to form a Custer Monument Association. Let every one, rich and poor, give as ho may in behalf of the work, and then we can decide in what way it can best bo applied. The main point now is to honor in an enduring form the valor and self-denial of our bravo soldiers nrt/3 nf flio m'ftnrl man u'Krt lnrl fVinm Tlia spirit which animates the gifts of Judge Hilton and the others whose contributions we to-day acknowledge is the spirit which will stimulate high effort and noble performance of duty, and in doing so add new glory to the American character. We Abe Informed that the friends of the . second Washington, who is now about to retire into private life, are incensed because Hayes made no allusion to the great soldier- v statesman in his letter of acceptance. It is odd that the Governor should have forgotten this small courtesy, and as the President is not a man to submit to slights he may take his own way of showing how he feels. He is certainly doing all he can to show the republican party that he cares no more for its candidates now than ho did twenty years age, when he was a democrat. It shows the depths into which an administration has fallen when the candidate of the same party Vina nn armrnr.intinn and shows that he has no desire to be burdened with it. However, Grant has the consolation of knowing that if Hayes does not think it worth his while to write about him that he has had in the past week letters from the Emperors of Germany and Russia and the King of Italy?all calling him their great and good friend. The Wab in Tubkby.?Out of the multitude of contradictory despatches from the seat pf war in Turkey it is difficult to gain a clear idea of the position of the contending forces, but this much is apparent?namely, that the Turks have checked the Servian advance, and the next important battle which Tcbornayeff will fight will decide whether the Servians are to retire finally behind their frontier or to continue to struggle for an advance in the face of growing odds. The Montenegrins, who make better soldiers than the Servians, have lately been giving some account of themselves. i A Question Arises which Marshall Jewell can do much toward sottling, as to whether members of the Cabinet have any rights which Presidents are bound to respect PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. It is hot evon In the Berkshire hills. The cncstnut trees blossomed early this year. Consressman Seolye is resting in Amherst, X. H. Km press of llrazil on Grant:?"Ho was so very silent" Sultan Murat Halalead likes Hayes' letter of acceptance. Sir Aloxandor T. Gait, of Montreal, is among tbe late arrtvnls at tlie Gilsey House. General Pope and Major Dunn are on their way East to testily in the Belknap trial ( Major General Henry K. Longden, of the British Army, Is registered at the Grand Central Hotel The Kmpcror has gone, and a good many people who made bis arqunintanco may say domino. Count Poiocki and Count Drohojoskl, of Poland, and Count and Countess Sala, of Paris, are at the Brovoort House. Bishop Cnarlcs Todd Qulnlard, of Tennessee, returned front Knropo in tho steamship Scythta and is at tho Coleman House. ? Evans, tho Welsh athlete, who is supposed to he tho strongest man living, let a half ton gtm bo placed on his chest and lio tired oil; and hois lire feet eight Inches high, just the stature of Tom Hayrex. M. rtaluzr.l, tho foriunato owner of Kishpr, who gained the Derby and the Grand Prix do Pnria, Is neither Hungarian nor Italian as has been stated. He belongs to a very rich family of Greek hankers, of Smyrna extraction. * For Blalno's successor, besides General Juntos A. Hall, of llamariscotu, are mentioned Jolm I* Slovens, of Aueusla; W. U Hicvens, of New Cortland; Stephen D. Llndttoy, ol NorrlUgewock, undUcucr.il 11. 1J. Shepherd of Skowbegan In London l'ere Hyacinths U i|iiito the oratorical boa of ihc hour. Ho has already delivered two lectures on , the prospects of Christendom, to crowded audiences / In St. James's Hall, and ho has prom sod to deliver * third. TUe French preacher is a fltm man and e powerful orator. He has a wonderful b Id upon the attention of bia audience, though this may be accounted lor In some measure by the deslro of everybody to bo tuppoood to understand French.