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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, July 13, 1876, Image 4

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THE DAILY HE11ALD, ]?iblishfd e?-m/ ,
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T0U1MK XM NO. 105 :
I'IPrtI tVk'VlTD TtlD 1VDV
wqtte. trp.m.'" .?mllllli
rn>' "wiry noylraass7-'!jjatrbbrand
concert! m8ii?e'm 5arde!'hcdonald's
indians'1;, v}^trb reen
bcbhe*.??# * thkatkr.
beck and neckw?t0hvy^eu>f.
- - Mntir.ee at 2 P. Jf,
eariett, ?t!?pN m. pa8t?Rts "theatre.
it H P. M. Matinee M 2 P. M.
From our reports this morning tin probabilities
are that the weather to-day will be slightly cooler 1
and jHirtly cloudy.
During the. summer months the TIerard will
be sent to subscribers in the country at the rate of 1
twenty-five cents per week, free of postage.
Notice to Country Newsdealers.?For
prompt and regular delivery of the Herald by
fast mail trains orders must be sent direct to
this office. Postage free. i
Wall Street Yesterday.?Gold declined '
from 111 3-4 to 111 i>-8. Stocks were irregular
and heavy, firmness being exhibited exceptionally
in two or three of the fancies.
Money on call was supplied at 2 and 2 1-2
per cent. Government, railway bonds and j
investment shares were steady.
TPUvtt. Trill lmvn iilmnilanf fimA fnr iV?A
canvass in Connecticut.
Bt Slow Degrees the freedom of the
French municipalities from centralizing influences
is being assured. The ad interim
arrangement for tho election of mayors by
the municipal councils is a step in this direction.
Hayes May Find before ho is through with
this contest that the second "Washington
-knows how to resent a slight.
The Lono Branch Hacks continue to
attract many visitors to that charming seuBide
retreat. Yesterday tho weather proved
extremely favorable and tho track was in
flne condition. Four good races were run,
and the winners had to cam the victory by
gaod speed in each case.
^ Ie Disraeli is really directing personally
the foreign affairs of England wo suppose
that Earl Derby's retention of his place in
tho Cabinet means that ho has nothing better
to offer, and that a Ministerial break-up
would bo fatal to the interests of the con
Bervative party in England just now. The
defeat of the Servians would justify Disraeli
in all he has done, and render the coming
attack of Gladstone and company ridiculous,
for there is nothing in this world so successful
as success.
Hewitt Strikes the Gong.- Mr. Hewitt
comes to the Irons with an enthusiastic
indorsement of Tildcn, and strikes the reform
gong a vigorous blow. Mr. Hewitt )
thinks "new men are indispensable," which
ihows that one clear-headed democrat at
least is'not in favor of retaining republicans j
in office. Mr. Hewitt informs us that "business
is ruined, industry paralyzed, labor I
idle," and that the way to reform this is to
elect Tilden and Hendricks and turn out all '
the office-holders. How this is to revive
business and employ labor does not appear,
and yet few men are more competent to inform
us on this subject than Mr. Hewitt.
But we must take some things for granted
in a canvass, and we must not expect too
much information on subjects of political
economy in a letter to a local mass meeting.
Thk ltxprnijcan Me*:tincj at Cooper Institute
last night if not a rally was at least a
ratification. A man must necessarily be a
\500d republican who would attend such a
meeting at ail on such a night, with the
thermometer outsido at eigkty-nino and
the heat inside above a hundred. The
vice presidents who allowed tbo use
of their names on this occasion nre
to be excused for staying awav, and I
tho brave men who were present and '
listened to tho speeches made martyrs 1
Df themselves for the cause. It would j
he a mistoko to regard such a meeting on
such a night as a failure, and the multitude
present, though not as large as is usually
the case on like occasions, exhibited rare
courage and devotion. The speeches were
made by Mr. E. W. Stoughton, ex-Governor
Salomon and General Kilpatrick, and arc
reported in the Hkbai.d this morning.
We Snori.ii Like to Know tho thoughts
that passed through the mind of Mr. Jewell
os. under the impulse of the Presidential
boot, he felt himself going bump, bump,
bump down the White House steps. Wo
pan imagine tho wonder, the incredulity,
tho amazement that must have overspread
that raoon-like, benevolent face a* ho found I
himself nu longer a Cabinet officer, but out
iu the grass under the Jackson statue. And
as he brushed the dust from bis clothes, and
looked around for his hat, and took it to a
hatter's to have it blocked, and thought of the
good days when, with George W. fluids.
Bishop Simpson, ex-Collector Mnrphy and
Mr. Borie, lie was one of the fireside Cnbi- c
net, he must have had hia own views of (
personal Government. [ i
Whtt Does Governor Tllden Mean I
Mr. Tililcn, in his short speech in reply
lo the committee that waited on him to give
him formal notification, declined to go at
large into the topics of the canvass, reserving
most of what he has to say for his
studied letter of acceptance. We hope he
will be explicit in his letter on some points
fit which he barely hinted in his speech, and i
especially on the great subject of reform in
the civil service made so prominent in the
letter of acceptance of Mr. Hayes. What
Mr. Tilden said on this subject in his speech
is unsatisfactory, because it is ambiguous.
We do not complain of the speech ; it was
prudent, and, perhaps, proper, to reserve a
distinct statement of his views for his letter
of acceptance. Hut as he touched upon, or
rather hinted at, the civil service question
we are sorry that what he said is susceptible
of opposite constructions. We will indicate
some of tho points on which we expect
him to be more clear and precise in
his letter of acceptance. The great
prominence, strong emphasis and satisfactory
intelligibility of that part of Mr.
Hayes' letter which related to the civil service
does not permit Mr. Tilden to shirk
this subject or to palter with it in a double
Mr. Tilden's speech is susceptible of different
and exactly opposite constructions.
That we may do him no injustice we insert
his own language:?"If I were to judge by
tho year and a half during which I have
been in the htuto government i wouiu bay
that the routine duties of the trust I have
had imposed upon mo are a small burden
compared with that created by the attempt
to change the policy of tho government of
which I have been the Executive head.
Especially is this bo where the reform is to
be worked out with more or less of co-operation
of public officers who either have been
tainted with the evils to be redressed or who
have been incapacitated by the habit of
toleration of the wrongs to be corrected, and
to which they have been consenting witnesses.
I therefore? if your choice should
be ratified by the people at the election?
should enter upon the great duties which
would fall upon mo not us n holiday recreation,
but very much in that spirit of consecration
in which the soldier enters battle."
His allusion to reform "to be worked out
with more or less of co-operation of public
officers who either have been tainted with
the evils to be redressed, ofr who have been
incanacitated bv tho habit of toleration of
tlie wrongs to ho corrected, and to which
they have been consenting witnesses," may
be understood in different and contradictory
senses. Is it meant as a suggestion that he
sill feel eompollod, if elected, to turn out
ill of President Grant's appointees in order
that hiB purposes of reform may not be obstructed
by his subordinates, or is it an intimation
of the difficulties which will attend
bis administration in consequence of hiB determination
to abolish the spoils system ?
Mr. Tilden's language admits of either interpretation;
but his touch of rhetoric about
entering on his great duties "not as a holilay
recreation, but very much in that spirit
jf consecration in which the soldier enters
battle," might seem to imply that he does
not mean to make a clean sweep of
:he federal officers. For if every employd
of the government is to be ono
if his own appointees there is no pertinence
in his comparing himself to a soldier
who goes into battle not knowing whether
be shall fall or bo spared. Mr. Tilden could
not be obstructed by subordinates whom he
selects himself; but the public will be in
floubt until it sees his letter of acceptance
whether this passage foreshadows a purpose
bo turn out all General Grant's appointees,
nr whether it is an appeal for indulgent
judgment if he retains them. We would
gladly understand it in the latter sense, be
:auso it would be a signal act of political
courage and magnanimity for a Presidential
candidate, nominated by a party out of
power, to avow a purpose to reform the civil
?ervice by abolishing the spoils system.
Such an avowal costs Mr. Hayes nothing, bemuse
his party will retain its monopoly of
the federal offices if ho keeps his pledge.
But if the democratic candidate declares his
intention to make no removals for party reasons
his own party will swariu about his ears
like a nest of angry hornets, and denounco him
for a promise to surrender the fruits of victory.
If Hayes is elected and keeps his civil
service pledge we shall have a republican
President administering the government
through eighty or ninety thousand republican
subordinates, which will be so slight
i deviation from the old system that it
tvould be absurd to call it a reform. Hut if
rilden is elected and a democratic Presilent
attempts to administer the government
lirough eighty or ninety thousand republican
subordinates it would bo such a total
revolution in political usage as would
itAmp its author as the most intrepid re"ormer
that has ever appeared in our politics.
jovernor Hayes civil service promises are ,
;oo cheap to be of any value ; but if Governor
Tilden should take the same ground
jo might justly feel like a soldier who conlecrates
his life in going into battle. Tho
wo parties stand on an entirely different
ooting on the civil service question, inasmuch
as reform on one side is consistent
with its monopoly of all tho offices, whereas
reform on the other side would leave the
offices in possession of a party which had
iiccn defeated at tho polls and repudiated
t>y tho people.
And yet, in spite of the great party sacrifice
it would involve, we are entitled to expect
that Governor Tilden will take high
ind bold ground on tho question of civil
lervice reform. We should have little hope
_ it.:_ i . i t:I i L. J A i_ i
m uiiM iH'wi it .ur, j mini n.m noi aireaay
ihown himself to be an aggressive reformer,
who does not shrink from tho displeasure of
his own party in obeying his sense of public
duty, and if the St. Louis platform had not
been courageously clear nnd distinct in relation
to the civil service. It is well known
that this platform was drafted in New York
ind received the approval of Mr. Tllden
before it was presented at St. Louis. Wo do
not see how ho can consistently repudiate
vny part of it. Its civil service declaration
penetrates to the pith of the evil. It is in
.his language : - "Reform is necessary in the
:ivil service. Experience proves that ofti;ient,
economical conduct of tho governnental
business is not possible if its civil
! service be subject to change at every election,
be a prize fought for at the ballot box,
be a brief reward of party zeal, instead of
posts of honor assigned for proved competency
and held for fidelity in the pnblio
employ; that the dispensing of patronage
should neither be a tux upon the time of all
our public men nor the instrument of their
ambition. Here, again, proiessions?iaisifiecl
in the performance?attest that the
party in power can work ont no practical or
salutary reform." This has the clear ring of
true inetal and wo do not see how Governor
Tildcn con "go hack on it." If this declaration
be not utterly hollow and unmeaning
it is n promiso that the democratic candidate,
if elected, will not dismiss the subordinate
officers of the government on
account of their politics. Unless it means
this it is an electioneering sham and means
nothing. It protests against the system
which "makes the civil service subject to
chunge at every election," and "a prize to
be fought for at the ballot box." It declares
that "the dispensing of patronage should
neither be a tax on the time of our public
men nor an instrument of their ambition."
All ive ask of Governor Tilden is that he
will give unqualified approval and due emphasis
to this admirable part of the St.
Louis platform, and pledge himself to sail
by this chart if elected. If ho has courage
enough, if he has confidence enough in the
sound sense and correct moral tone of the
people to carry the civil service banner
"full high advanced," if ho is willing
to relinquish "the spoils of victory" and establish
the most important of all reforms at
the expense of his own party, ho will win a
name and acquire honors before which
the most brilliant of recent political reputations
will grow pale. Hayes' cheap
promise, which could bo fulfilled without
cost to his party, amounts to nothing ; but
if Tilden shall engage, in hiH Tetter of acceptance,
to repudiate the spoils system and
leave eighty thousand democrats "out in the
cold" pining for offices filled by eighty thousand
republicans he will have performed an
act of political heroism of which this generation
furnishes neither precedent nor model.
The Blunders on the Rosebud?Crook's
The key of all the misfortunes of the pressent
campaign is clearly an underestimate
of the numbers and fighting powers, independent
of numbers, of the Sioux. When
our correspondent with General Crook's
column wrote his first graphic description
of the fight ou tho Rosebud he merely
sketched in the details of the battle and
such obvious criticism of the shortcomings
of the commander as the events of the day
forced upon him. It required the lapse of
some days before all tho disastrous consequences
of that inglorious combat made
themselves apparent in Crook's camp.
More than this, it required the same time
to discover that the Sioux had tracked
every step of their advance, and that tho
attempt to enter the Rosebud Mountains,
whither they hod been lured like wondering
antelopes, come near proving a disaster
beside which the loss of Custer's force would
have been a small one. Our correspondent's
letters detailing these facts will bo read with
astonishment by tho whole country. Tho
fine map which he has furnished, and
which we publish to-day, will mako tho
whole course of the battle clear. Had it
been a campaign against booby birds it
could not have been more carelessly undertaken.
Our correspondent, indeed, hints
that the incomplete organization of Crook's
advance expedition was due in some
measure to the belief (founded in some
absurd way on camp gossip) that unless he
struck Sitting Bull at once he would find
Peace Commissioners before him. This
seems incredible, but the length at which our
correspondent discusses the peace question
shows that the camp, and probably the General
commanding, were deeply affected by
some consideration of the sort. As it was
no part of General Crook's duty to concern
himself about anything outside his orders,
it seems astounding that he should risk so
valuable a command in an endeavor to "head
off" Peace Commissioners.
The more Crook's failure is looked at the
worse it appears. He was apparently impelled
to hasty action by motives that should
have no weight with a soldier ; ho adopted
no precautions in his advance, was led on
like a blind man into ground he should never
have occupied; ho divided his command
in faeo of a superior enemv. and was
whipped nnd forced to donblo on his
tracks, lucky only in escaping annihilation.
It is, indeed, with deep sorrow that we write
thus of a brave, skilled Indian fighter and
army officer of high rank, such as General
Crook. Just now the country is distracted
by a rumor of his death and the cutting off
of some of his forces. While we believe that
in his camp he could withstand the Sioux,
we must recall his former failures, and must
consider another statement regarding his
movements which is little less than astounding.
While tho rumors of Custer's battle
filled the camp, and while General Crook
was awaiting reinforcements, wo see it
coolly announced that he was (June
27) about to leave his camp and
go on a gold hunting expedition in tho Big
Horn Mountains. His camp was closely
watched by Indian spies. What, then, are
we not to fear? Hitting Bull had certainly
force enough to endanger the command with
every man standing by his arms. What,
then, might not happen to Crook on his
gold hunting expedition? What might not
happen to his weakened command in his
foolish nbsence? Something may have occurred
to turn him from this hare-brained
project. Hoping that all may yet be well
with him wo await the news, which should
not now be long delayed, with keen anxiety.
Dom Pedro left onr shores yesterday for
England after a stay of threo months in the
i nneu mares (luring wnicu run .uajosvy
probably saw more of onr country than
most Americans. Coming among ns
without a race of bis imperial state,
and exhibiting a keen, searching interest
in everything pertaining to our progress as a
people and a nation, he rapidly won his way
to our sympathies in a deep and quiet manner,
new to most distinguished visitors to
America. He carries with him the best
wishes of a froo people for the future of the !
great Empire of Brazil, over which he has
been called to preside^ j
JULY 13, 1876.-WITH SHI
The Moaimnat for Caster.
We printed yesterday two brief letters, enclosing
subscriptions to the proposed monument
to General Custer, which deserve
special note. One is from a Cuban giving
twenty-five cents as an "humble contribution,"
while the other encloses ten cents
from "a poor boy, John Keegan." These
two sums, small as they are, show how the
popular heart has been touched by the gal
Iantrv and devotion of Custer and liis men.
We would much rather see a monument representing
the mite of the widow and the ten
centH from the poor boy than one directed
by Congress and paid for out of the Treasury.
The real value of the monument Buch as
we propose in honor of Custer is that it represents
a nation's homage to valor-and duty.
In our hard, material age, where all that is
worshipped are money and power, nothing
is more becoming than that we should step
aside from our canvass for the Presidency,
our celebrating the Centennial, our stern,
selfish pursuits, to do honor to the chivalrous
soldier and gentleman who rode f
into the valley of death. We owe
it to ourselves to commemorate deeds .
of this kind. Whon Cardigan rode into the j
Russian batteries with six hundred cavalry- ^
men military critics censured him, and
even Lord Raglan said he had thrown away ^
his command. Rut with a splendor far ex
celling (ho victories at Alma and Inkcrmnn,' r
with a splendor which gains new lustre with j
time, the charge of the Light Brigade stands ^
out in history. No man with English blood
in his veins but recalls it with pride.
If we honor Cardigan for what ho did, r
how much more should we honor Custer, T
If England enshrines the commander of tho c
Light Brigade among her heroes, how much i
more should wo enshrine tho commander of ]
tho Seventh cavalry. Cardigan's enemy g
were the batteries. If he foil it was as a r
soldier. If ho was capturtid or wounded
he was sure of humane, tender care.
Custer's enemy were savages, who know 8
no mercy, who neither gave nor re- *
ceived quarter, who tortured their
captives with every refinement of savage
cruelty. When Custer rode into that
Indian village, "the largest on the conti- ^
nent," as he exclaimed exultingly when his
brave eyes first saw the tent-covered plain,
and he gave the order to charge, he knew j
the terrible alternative. Ho knew that ho
must either win or die.
What more fitting task in this Centennial
year than to honor such a deed. Let us say ,
what we will about the degradation of th?
national character, and our Centennial product
being corruption and national deca- *
dence, the charge of Custer is an answer to it
all. It shows that manhood and valor, selfdenial
and absolute consecration to duty, ^
oven at the sacrifice of life, all remain with
us. These are the qualities we honor in this
achievement of Custer. Because we honor
thorn, because we would have them ever an ^
example to our children, as was the example ^
of Leonidas to the sons of Sparta, we trust
that the people will build a noble monu- *
ment to his fame.
Wkkt Blaine Escapes. ^
We congratulate Senator Blaine. He will j
be an addition to the upper house. He is r
one of the best debaters in the party, and ho c
will be a valuable reinforcement to a debating j,
majority which already has Conkling, ^
Edmunds, Morton, Sherman and Logan. ^
Blaine will make the republican forces in f,
the Senate very strong if ho acts with the j
party and does not quarrel, as he was dis- n
posed to do sometimes in the House,
especially when he camo across a strongman ^
like Butler. Blaine in the Senate escapes e
the House investigation, which was taking v
an ugly turn. Upon that he will receive our n
warmest congratulation. He will not be a
required to give up Mulligan's letters, nor to t;
answer to the House for contempt in tamper- p
ing with a witness and offering him a consul- a
ship if he would leave, and refusing to give 0
up to the House evidence which was the ?
property of its witness. Wo cannot see c
how Blaine could have escaped severe cen- j
Bure, or perhaps expulsion. If the House g
had any regard for its authority it would B
have censured or expelled him. But all of 0
this he escapes by going into tho Senate, f
We hope he will recover his health speedily. D
He is certainly one of tho luckiest men of 8
the generation. n
Why Should Cutter be Centuredf t
The more the evidence in relation to the a
movement of freneriil Piister eomps to liolit c
the more we are convinced that in all re- w
spects this gallant and gifted officer did his c
duty. It is clear that ho was sent off on an independent
command?that his duty was to C
find the Indians. If he saw no evidence of
their presence ho was to return to the point a
of junction agreed upon with Terry. If he 8
did find the Indians it was his duty to fol- ^
low up the trail and attack them. This is ^
shown by the censuro visited upon Major ?
Reno by General Terry for not pursuing n
the trail which ho found, and which led to c
the scene of the subsequent massacre. We c
see nothing either in the orders of Terry to h
Custer or in the correspondence which we 11
have published direct from the expedition, *
and which reflected the intentions and the v
opinions of Custer and his command, to c
show that it was the purpose of Terry to 11
simply reconnoitre the Indinns. This is *
what Reno did, and for doing this Terry 0
censured him. Custer was sent with orders
to fight, and these orders he obeyed. s
Lot us suppose that Custer had discovered *
llin tmil luiil mlvonnpil (n wliorn tin /.rtiil.l '
seo tlio Indian village and had returned to 11
tlio rendezvous to wait for Terry's infantry. *
What would have been tho opinion of the j1
army? Terry might well have said :?"You '
have done simply what Reno has done. You *
tell me Indians are on the Rosebud, and that a
I knew. You came back for infantry, and
yon know that my infantry can never come *
within fifty miles of the Indians." General '
Sheridan himself would have said the same, ^
and, much as he loved and honored Custer, *
would never have allowed him to ride at tho n
head o? another cavalry regiment. IfShcridan 0
had found this Indian trail, as Custer did,
he would have pursued it. He would hnve f
ridden day and night as Custer rode. If he t
had found the village he would have at- s
Licked it m Custer did. Ho would have i
been justified in doing so by every law of
Indian warfare.
The attempt, then, to blacken the memory
if this most gallant and lamented officer is
unworthy. The crime of this massacre does
lot fall upon Cnstor. The more the evilenee
is developed the clearer it appears
hat ho was sent out to do his duty and died
n the effort. If we wish to censure the real
riminals let us push our inquiries in other
liroctions. Why did our military chiefs
mderrato the Sioux? Whj', with all of our
ntercourse with the Indian tribes, did wo
lot know the possible strength of the Sioux?
iVhy, if wo knew that strength, did we not
lend men enough to overmaster it ? If Grant
tnew enough to find out the force of Lee, to
irganize armies to beat him and to wait until
le had his armies in hand and ready, why
lid he not know enough to do the same with
fitting Bull? If Custer was too weak
vithout the support of Terry and Gibion
why was he sent away from
hem on an errand where they could
lot support him, and when ho might have
net the Indians at any time? He was sent
iff with fifteen days' rations, which alone
hows that the theory of the infnntry support
s untenable. And why, we may also ask, did
tflnn tnfcrt fti f h a lilnffj and nnf mn.lrA nn
erupt to relieve Custer, or to so manoeuvre
rith the Indians that they could all have
uoved into the hills together and there
raited in a body defending themselves until
elief came, as it did come ? Reno is a galant
officer and has never failed, and no
tonbt he will bo only too glad to answer a
[iiestion which all the world is asking.
It is disgraceful to throw the blame of this
Dost lamentable disaster upon Custer. The
neruory of that officer comes out of the
rdeal stainless. He did his duty. He died
n doing it. The sacrifice does not lio with
lim; others are responsible, and upon others,
ooner or later, the terrible responsibility
nust fall.
The Second Washington begins to kick
uound in so lively a manner that we shall
lave to call him a second Jackson.
The Governor and the Committee.
The speech of Governor Tilden to the demicratic
committee was discreet and in much
letter taste than his address to the militia
sompany at Albany. There was a touch of
mthos in the suggestion that if elected
^resident he would go into the White House
rith that feeling of consecration which a
oldier feels when going into a battle. It
vas a cheering speech, and shows that the
ilack flag policy is to be carried on to the
snd. Uncle Sammy means to give his oplonents
no quarter, and his opinions are
ichoed by Mr. Dorsheimer and Mr. Hewitt.
The fact that the Governor avoided any
ither theme but reform shows that we are to
lave a canvass upon one issue, if such
, thing is possible. There were many quesions
upon which we should have been glad
o have heard from Mr. Tilden. He is so
;een a master of phrase and knows so well
tow to shado an opinion that we are sur>rised
he missed his opportunity. There
vas the question of one term?the question
rhich threw upon the republican party the
ssue of Cfesarism and defeated it last year,
rho Governor might have complimented
layes upon his manly avowal that he would
lot run for a second term, and, giving the
ountry a similar assurance, withdraw that
ssue from our politics. Perhaps he inends
to do so in his letter. Should ho fail
o do so ho will alienate a large body of rei>rmers
who think that the eligibility of
'residents to re-election is one of the prilary
evils of our government.
An assurance on civil service reform would
ave come with good grace from the Gov
rnor. We understand the difficulties which
rould surround this theme in addressing
icmbers of a House which had shown its
ppreciation of this reform by dismissing
he oldest and best servants, and in the
resence of Mayor Wickham, who represents
n organization which compels every laborer
n the boulevards to vote right or starve.
Jut even at the risk of offending the demoratic
House and the democratic Tammany
lall the Governor should have taken
;round on this subject, and should have
aid that he would restore the Jeffersonian
sample to public life and remove no man
rom office who does not forfeit his placo by
oisbehavior. Perhaps the Governor reerves
this declaration for his letter. These
re points upon which the country will expect
o hear fro A Governor Tilden. "Reform" in
he abstract is a good cry, bnt it is a very
bstract issue. The Governor can do his
anvass great good by explaining precisely
rhat he means by reform, and how he is to
arry out his plans.
Centennial Dix and Governor Tilden.
Tf ftiir r#?ov1nra unnnncA fhaf nnv vnnomKIn
nd illustrious friend, Centennial Dix, is inensiblo
to current events, let them read his
etter on Tilden, which we published yestcrlay.
When the weather became warm the
Id statesman ani warrior, instead of loafing
round the city looking after delegates as a
andidate for the Presidency, purchased an
normous quantity of ammunition, cleaned
lis weapons and started down to his sumner
home, "Scafield, West Hampton," on
he Atlantic shore, to shoot ducks. The old
rarrior has had wonderful success. Our
orrespondents write that such shooting has
icver been known. We are glad of this, as
he General is one of the saints of the earth,
ne of the few who, as even Tilden will admit,
lave not yet gone to the devil. When not
tudying the wide horizon for ducks the
governor studies the canvass. lie sends a
ine shot into Uncle Sammy. "It will enable
is to demonstrate by indisputable facts that
he government, for the chief office in which
1A It A u ltAi>n nnihiri!l<r>(l wnnl.l vwtf nnur <1 v iu f
f liis example during tho rebellion bad been
allowed by his countrymen." We might
,newer this by saying that no /lonbt the
ieart of Tilden was as true to the Union as
hat of Dix ; but wo do not daro to interfere
>etween the veteran sportsmen. Wo are
;lad to find Centennial Dix in such good
rim, and so prompt and unerring in his
ims, whether at llying ducks or running
Gknkral Grant is doing yeoman's service
or Tilden. Tho President evidently leels
hat Hayes slighted him by making no allusion
in his letter to our Becond Washington,
rhose "illustrious services," &c., 4c.
Lot Vi Look After the Congreumea.
The declarations of Tilden for reform and /
of Hayes for civil service are gratifying. They
-1 11 1 ? l.? 41.. l?,a
BflUW UJrtv WUUlOTCl lUII^r uc buo icoutb u* uu?
election wo should have a man of honor in
the White House who would do what he
promised. But let us remembor all the
time that any President is helpless unless he
has the support of Congress. Wo see how
President Grant, who certainly went into
the White House with the best intentions,
was compelled to ubandon his civil service
idea. He found himself confronted by s
cabal of Senators who demanded their share
of the patronage, and under the pressure of
this demand the President yielded. There
will be members and Senators of the same
kind in the next Congress. We know the
republicans. We have the evidence ofFitzhugh,
the late doorkeeper of the House, as
to what the democrats would be apt to do. >
If Tilden wore President he would be asked
for fifty thousand places, and it would disturb
the harmony of the party if he answered
the demand by copies of his letter of acceptance
and the St. Louis platform.
The way to clinch this bnsiness is to see
tlmf rnfAi-mc oro fnrr>r>rl in thft rfillTfl
VJIUV v**v * V4Ui v J
sentative districts. Let the district conventions
of both parties put their nominees on
the record. Let them exact a pledge that as
members they will not attempt to unduly
influence the mind of the President in th?
disposal of patronage. This is the only
way to insure this reform. Wo may elect a
second George Washington for President
and yet unless the Senate and the House
unite with him there will be no genuine reform.
Therefore we urge upon honest men,
of both parties, the wisdom of looking
closely to the districts. ^
The Caster Monument.
The subscriptions to the monument
to Custer, recejved by the Herald,
amount to $2,269 05. Mr. Henry Hilton
sends a check for one thousand dollars,
in order that "the heroism ol
the gallant General Custer and his brave
comrades" should be "recorded upon something
more enduring than mere memory."
A New Jersey boy sends two dollars, and a
poor entry clerk contributes ten cents.
These subscriptions show the popular widespread
feeling in favor of commemorating
one of the noblest deeds in the annals of
the Republic. The way to do this work and
to make it national and representative is for
every town and village to form a Custer
Monument Association. Let every one,
rich and poor, give as ho may in behalf of
the work, and then we can decide in what
way it can best bo applied. The main point
now is to honor in an enduring form the
valor and self-denial of our bravo soldiers
nrt/3 nf flio m'ftnrl man u'Krt lnrl fVinm Tlia
spirit which animates the gifts of Judge Hilton
and the others whose contributions we
to-day acknowledge is the spirit which
will stimulate high effort and noble performance
of duty, and in doing so add new
glory to the American character.
We Abe Informed that the friends of the .
second Washington, who is now about to
retire into private life, are incensed because
Hayes made no allusion to the great soldier- v
statesman in his letter of acceptance. It is
odd that the Governor should have forgotten
this small courtesy, and as the President is
not a man to submit to slights he may take
his own way of showing how he feels. He is
certainly doing all he can to show the
republican party that he cares no more for
its candidates now than ho did twenty years
age, when he was a democrat. It shows the
depths into which an administration has
fallen when the candidate of the same party
Vina nn armrnr.intinn and shows that he has
no desire to be burdened with it. However,
Grant has the consolation of knowing that if
Hayes does not think it worth his while to
write about him that he has had in the past
week letters from the Emperors of Germany
and Russia and the King of Italy?all calling
him their great and good friend.
The Wab in Tubkby.?Out of the multitude
of contradictory despatches from the
seat pf war in Turkey it is difficult to gain a
clear idea of the position of the contending
forces, but this much is apparent?namely,
that the Turks have checked the Servian advance,
and the next important battle which
Tcbornayeff will fight will decide whether
the Servians are to retire finally behind their
frontier or to continue to struggle for an advance
in the face of growing odds. The
Montenegrins, who make better soldiers
than the Servians, have lately been giving
some account of themselves. i
A Question Arises which Marshall Jewell
can do much toward sottling, as to whether
members of the Cabinet have any rights
which Presidents are bound to respect
It is hot evon In the Berkshire hills.
The cncstnut trees blossomed early this year.
Consressman Seolye is resting in Amherst, X. H.
Km press of llrazil on Grant:?"Ho was so very
Sultan Murat Halalead likes Hayes' letter of acceptance.
Sir Aloxandor T. Gait, of Montreal, is among tbe late
arrtvnls at tlie Gilsey House.
General Pope and Major Dunn are on their way East
to testily in the Belknap trial (
Major General Henry K. Longden, of the British
Army, Is registered at the Grand Central Hotel
The Kmpcror has gone, and a good many people who
made bis arqunintanco may say domino.
Count Poiocki and Count Drohojoskl, of Poland, and
Count and Countess Sala, of Paris, are at the Brovoort
Bishop Cnarlcs Todd Qulnlard, of Tennessee, returned
front Knropo in tho steamship Scythta and is at tho
Coleman House.
? Evans, tho Welsh athlete, who is supposed to he tho
strongest man living, let a half ton gtm bo placed on
his chest and lio tired oil; and hois lire feet eight
Inches high, just the stature of Tom Hayrex.
M. rtaluzr.l, tho foriunato owner of Kishpr, who
gained the Derby and the Grand Prix do Pnria, Is
neither Hungarian nor Italian as has been stated. He
belongs to a very rich family of Greek hankers, of
Smyrna extraction. *
For Blalno's successor, besides General Juntos A.
Hall, of llamariscotu, are mentioned Jolm I* Slovens,
of Aueusla; W. U Hicvens, of New Cortland; Stephen
D. Llndttoy, ol NorrlUgewock, undUcucr.il 11. 1J. Shepherd
of Skowbegan
In London l'ere Hyacinths U i|iiito the oratorical boa
of ihc hour. Ho has already delivered two lectures on ,
the prospects of Christendom, to crowded audiences /
In St. James's Hall, and ho has prom sod to deliver *
third. TUe French preacher is a fltm man and e powerful
orator. He has a wonderful b Id upon the attention
of bia audience, though this may be accounted lor
In some measure by the deslro of everybody to bo tuppoood
to understand French.

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