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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, August 01, 1876, Image 6

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He men mm:
A Trip to Places Never Before
Visited by Man.
Following the Trail of the Snakes |
with General Crook.
CiiOrn Piak CAMP, 1
ttla Hoh a \ n Ym.LOW.sroK* KipkpiTION. ?
July 12, i*;o. )
A cariosity to penetrate wnero white men had never
entered and whero there Is no cvldcDfo that the Indian
bad ever gone possessed tno from the lir?t moment of
my approach to tho Big Horn Mountains, ami added to
this Incentive to exploration was the brilliant possibility
of verifying tho tradition of the existence of
gold in their dark and virgin recesses. The Snakes, j
when leaving this camp, had determined to cross the
mountains by a new pas.-, never before attempted, directly
southwest, and It seemed feasible for us to ascertain
how far they hau succeeded by following in
their trail.
Tits ntRSONXKi, or thk kxtkiiition.
It was not difficult to onllst a party, which consisted
f the following personagos:?Brigadier General George
Crook, Lieutenant Colonel tvllliam 11. Hoyall, Captain
Anson Mills, Captain Andrews. Hurt, Lieuteu.int William
I,. Carpenter, Lieutenant Walter Schuyler, laic
honorary attach'* of the stalf of tho Czar ot Kussltl;
Lieutenant lleiiry K. Lera'ey, Lieutenant John G
Bourke, Messrs. Kinerty and Straban, Journalists, and
the humble explorer and chronicler of the Hkralp,
who is the present writer. Each of us was mounted
on a mule, which carried also rations of bacon j
and bard bread to suffice for nn absence of i
four days. Eight packers were in charge of as many J
mules, some ol which were laden with bult'alo robes j
and blankets, while others were led empty, with the |
expectation of placing upon them tho game which we
hoped to slaughter.
3ue hoars much and reads tnucli ot the length of a
siule's aural apticndanges, but the realization of it is
wanting until ha has mounted on a mule's back. Thon !
It demonstrates itself to a degree which is very impressive,
by reason ol o?e's elevated station of vmw, ,
and the wagging theroft' Inspires an unquestioning
faith In the entire sobriety and gravity ot tho ouuer
which his subsequent paces will not bo likely to
weaken. Most patient, though most obsttuato ol :
lieusts. ll thou acknowledges! not the superior wisdom
of tho band which seeks to guide thy rein und goest
over in Ihe way of thine own choice, thou certainly art
steady and sure, constant and unsworving. Thou
climbcat over rocks liko a fly on tho wall, and menndrrcst
through piues and- thorns us a rattlosnako,
tli rough cacti with as little bodily annoy to thyself and i
thy rider us may bo 1
Tho incstiinutile value of mulo naturo to mau?
though so much reviled?the members of tbo little exploring
pnrtv soon appreciated. After sallying forth
from Cioud Peak Camp and crossing the creek a long
and arduous climbing was begun. At the end ot two
mile- wo wero at the summit ol tho Silurian rim of the j
mountains?1,000 leet above the camp, which is about 1
7,OUO feel above the level of tho soa. We lookod back
at tbo whito spots upon the tablo land by tho
stream, which wore our canvas dwellings, and they
were so small and tilled so little space that the army ol
the Rig Hern seemed to havo dwindled to less than a
battalion. * Iu tho vast plain it seemed liko a more
fled of prtrols on tho ocean, only tho scntouco had i
been long ilgo uttered:?
llere let the billows stiffen and hare rest 1
Jne outer ridge of the chain is ribbed by carbonItorous
limestoue, Potsdam saudslono and mcta- i
morphic conglomerate, and scattered fragments ot i
coarse porphyry appear upon tbo surface. The ascent j
(runt tho cast is exceedingly abrupt and toilsome, but j
while we were recovering our breath wo drank in tho i
niagtilQccnce of a prospect which extended as
far as the Little Powder Kivcr. Hcyond the summit j
the mountains had been flattened Into a broad, do- I
pressed mesa, densely covered with tall and straight |
but slender timber. The eastern edgo of tho forest is |
broken by many and largo glades, spangled with white,
pink, purple, blue and golden biossoms, and deep dells,
rosounding with tho roitr of rocky brooks, which I
splash with cool spray tho rosos that crowd their I
brink. Tho turf is rich nod strong. Its graceful tassels,
like long ripples In a quiet pool, wared glinting in
the sun. It seemed an clysitim (or n alum's irrational
children, and hero, for the first time west of the Missouri,
1 heard tho clear, melancholy piping ol the hermit
thrush, that raro aud delic ous warbler, which
might he called the rhilutue! oi tho New World. In
some of the raviues we observed pyramidal stacks of
lodgo poles which the Sioux had cut in soma
previous summer, leaving them to bccoino seasoned
lor use by exposure. Further than
the small water beds just bevoud the first
ridge, however, no indications of their former presence
were seen, and it is certain, (rom know ledge obtained
by half-breeds, that they have never penetrated
further than was necessary replaco the frames of
their tepees each year. M .ny of tho decayed and wornout
poles lay on lue ground where the camp of the expedition
hud been recently pitched, near the base of
the mountains, and whero Sitting Hull has probably
alien located hts summer village while the squaws
basled themselves In lolling, barking and trimming tho
pine saplings. Crossing 3evoral ridges darkly timbered
end small torrents rushing Into the (loose Creek, which
rolled through a deep and savage canyon on our left,
suddenly burst upon our sigh'. It seemed very near.
The ragged edges of the precipices, draped in clinging
snow, stood oat tu sharp relief against tho black
shadow* which thcv cart in tbelr IronL They looked
to be moro Inaccessible tbau ever, ami the depths
of the canyon*, which they enclose, crowded i
ptney massen in their ebon darkness liko the
gaunt portals of boll. faithful to our text
which being interpreted tn< ans llio pony trucks of tho
fhn akes?we plunged Into :i loresl whieh cover* I lie depressed
table Und. BoulJ.r* of granite and gneiss
Strew tho trail, and frequently In hollows circled by
tbeiu are small lagooua ol pure water, b uo and sliadicwy
even as the vasty deep, under the glcon y panoply
of pines, but which delighted our eyes with tbelr dusky
sheen. Soon we entered a district, however, where
there was no verdure?a vast spectral forest. Kire
had swept it away, a ruthless m title of phjrsn .it deslh,
?od left behind only cohort* of Ma'kened .nil di corticated
trunk*. Many were still erect, other* were
bowed, and thousands encumbered tho ground with
their mournful forms, llot lor ton boaisc whtsperiug
of the breeze there was au unpleasant abaencs of
sounds, sspecisllv of the i*ri converse of the birds.
Only tbo ground sparrow was seeu and the bol.ow
drumming of the woodpecker heard.
All earthly thins* ?hall sine In gloom.
Vie inn himself most die,
Before this mortal may i?um?
III immortality.
This scenery left the time impress upon the ntind as
that made by ilia drat reading of ' fbe Last Man." <
a MOfjrrAi.s mkaL
Ws bivouacked on the edge of a hollow, the bottom
Af a large basin, of wbtcb the rtdge we had climbed
was the rim, and In which the rank verdure of grass
snd willow made a pleasing contract with the dead surrounding
forest On a level, sterile glade wo p ckrted
our animals, the short lurl affording them a little nour.
isbment, and we lay our couches tindor an Isolated
group ol gre< u piues. A ptccsr killed a deer on a
mountain aide and n was brought to ti.o nivouac ou a
mule. Being somewhat wearied by fourteen miles oi
tiiOlcnlt travelling Irotn Cloud Beak Camp we rccilnod
at ease alioul tbo Are* winch had been iMi.dluo, winle
eacb individual, iu bm own behoof. stuck n bit oi Ti n on
and a bit of bacon ou a lorked stick and held it
over the coal*. Thus broiied and exquisitely tlavored
with salt, (at aud C bill-Color ido, tliu viands wero
IB K?r an epicure, provided, oi coarse, that
k? had previously begotten uti appetite by c imbing of
niuuD.sius itiv rh >t which killed lh? tear echoed and
re-echoed so loudly tliat it was nke a Mitall, .r regular
voter ot artillery, the coulormetton ot t ie moniilams
seated Uverah.o to revsrberatien, hut wo had uoue |
bat accidental testa. The highest ridge was boldly out- i
lined against the soft glow of the sunset, some of which '
H borrowed lu reitection, and the lignt o( the nocturnal
heavens was also duplicated In thoae lofty glacial n~.tr- I
rors, lending them a lantasmal aspect of beauty, at the
saino timo that It quivered like molten gold in the j
bosom ot tho stream wit ch rushed by through tho j
stunted willows.
ox thk urrsu toxodr hivkk.
On the morning of July 2 we left our tiard couches at !
sunrise. We conjectured that ihe stream must bo tho |
Upper I'ocguo ltivor, rising far higher in the mountains j
Ihun geographers hud evor supposed. It had here a :
wide and rapid current. Fishing in it was of no avail,
the wator probably being loo cold lor trout at that altitude.
Mv narrnlive shall borrow from the notes of the !
day, winch reiain the freshness of tho first I
impression. From tho moment or our earliest j
glimpse ol the while caps, when we wero hut throe
days' march Irom Fort Fetlormnn, a prodigious canyon
west of the central group ol peaks, overhung bv
uia.^ncB ui pniiw, was visiuio llioro piaiuiy niBu any
other gap in tho mighty burrlcadei The proclpico ut
lis upper end looked iheu as li did to us In the morning,
inucccssibla At noon, however, we stood upon a
summit much higher and further west than the pass,
Jotting lu our notebooks:?
Main ridgo ot Uig Horn Kaugo, 11,600 foot above
the sea. Wo let I our bivouac on the mlddlo depressed
mesa, which slopes to what ts properly the basin ot
the I'pper Tongue River and followed its
course Inversely thereafter until we reached the point
ol Its origin, in a great hank ol snow, lyiug in the
shadow of the steep clifl west of Cloud l'cak, which wo
have so olten observed from the plain.
As we have progressed the faint trail tnado by the
Snakes has grown more and more difficult and obscure.
We hare crossed tho Tongue River at least a hundred
times, each time in deeper mire than at the lust.
Tho lied and banks arc composed of large
and small boulders wedged together, but In the
lulorspacos have accumulated black oozo and moss,
into which tho mules sunk up to their bellies. Sometimes
their hools would become fast In tho lntrlcato
roots of tbo pines which underlie thesu feus, nnd In
tholr elforts to got free would endanger tho equipoise of
their riders. The brush and timber became more
denso, and sometimes tore our hats and shreds of our
clothing away. During ono of thoso moments, when
his faithful mule was lloitndcriug lu a deep quagmire
and liud pluced her forctoet in positions from which
they eould not be tuslanlaneuusly extricated, Mr.
Johu F. Fiuerty, tho distinguished Journalist, of Irish
extraction, found his plight to bo deploralno, Tho
mule swayed to and fro violently, now nearly tilting
him upon a thorn bush and now Into a pool of ooze.
In the ludicrous strugglo the carbine, slang at tho how
of the saddle, loll, barrel foremost und was 1m
tnorscd tu tin) son mud. Ho could not dismount
to rescue It in the bottomless nil re, which
would huvo voruciou-ly enquired him iilso,
and could not reach it Irom his scat except atlcr repeateuly
reining Ins mule and stooping over to grasp
it beneath the surface. Then the cavalcade, torn by
unfrleudly branches and bespattered with mud, moved
Wo passed the border ol the district through which
the ilery scourge bad swopt, and every step led into
denser green shade. The stream showed Its high
source by its stout volume, clour and (rigid, foaming
and sparkling over rapids nnd cascades ol the wildest j
description. (In each side of tlio canyon tlio ciilfs rose [
far iuto the blue sky, in tlio nuked grandeur of tlio J
primeval granite. Thin threads of wator dripped
irom a thousand crevices, witit musical murmurs, nud '
the moisturoott tho surface ol the rook could bo traced
to their source, the cold, glittering snowdrifts crowning
the tops of tho crags.
We rode In a sort of twilight in tho dark shadows of I
pines and rocks, tho air, pleasantly pervaded by the I
pungent aroma of tho brouze lollago. The mules |
threaded bewildering mazes with wonderful steadiness
and patience?sometimes around and undor bugo j
oouiuers 01 grauue; sometimes over piles 01 smnncr
ones up stocp acclivities; sometimes over the rough
beds ol ancient glaciers, paved many feci deep with
the arrested torreul ol polished debris of lclspatlnc
rock. Paths ol extinct uvalunuhcs arc numerous on
the slopes of tho main range. Un the surfuco ol the '
rock In mnny places aro traces mado by boulders
shoved along under the weight ol less terrific suow I
slides, which probably occur every w inter, 'i'lio aen- !
s.ty of the loliage in the uurrow canyon and its sleep j
sides circumscribed our view us we crawled along the
very base ol Cloud l'eak. so that wo did not realign the
stupendity ol the walls until wo at leng.li approached '
the limit of the pine growth, "wbero the trees opened I
about crystal pools that were ensconced among 1
the rocks. They then sennsd to tower ubovo I
us at least 'J,000 leet, and wo had already j
climbed tl.OOO tcci above our bivouac ground ol last i
night. We were nonring the snow, and saw that it lay
in the Indentations 01 the granite. On tho ragged
odge ol the ierraoe-hke rlilt that surrounds tho gaunt
and broken mountain supposed to ho Cloud i'eak a
drill juis over, melting, doubtless, in the mellow noons
ol summer and congealing again at uighl alter slipping
toward the seductive brink. Just below is uu euor- 1
mous frozen mass, ou which the shadow of ine clul :
aiwavs (alls aud which therelore never diminishes.
The llrai drill Which we passed lay at lint loot o( a
towering cataract of granite debris, number checked i
glacial undercurrent. The wood was thick and dark, t
the way devious and uncertain. Tired and pretnu
turaiy made hungry by iho keen air as we were, the
white pat h ol coolness aud purity received ntauy a >
fond and thirsty look. Then a ire.-It breeze met us,
with a wintry suicll, and henceforth snow was around
us on every side. Tbo bottom of thoc.iuyun became tuoro
rough and spongy, the asccut more steep aud tortuous.
Wo iru'tuuuily came to reservoirs of melted snow,
aud begs ol tangled willow aud thorn, which were
nearly immersed in lit" water. Above the timber lino
lUe great gorge expanded into a narrow glen, jewelled
by u cha.tt ol slut lagoons, which arc led by the drills
ami fcod the river in turn.
At a height ol about 10.UOO leel the snow In tho glen J
bridged the stream, and alter aovnnciug a lew hundred
yards further we tound it a rivulet escaping Irani a
(hep hog, which was Hooded ny the summer thaw, aud |
beyond which rises a great slanting bank of snow .
against a precipice, tvhtch It bides Its to^ ts the j
summit ol the pass, but it proved unpossiblo '
to reach it by crossing the snow, which i
was soli. So wo were obliged to climb
a still higher crest on tho right, leading
1 the mules. I'tie cloud like outline of the Soshonee 1
Sierra, and the Wind Hirer Mountains stretched across
the west. A ilock ot big Imrii or Kooky Mountain
sheep stood on a uelgliboiiug grunite ridge faring us ,
and gazing tie.ore, however, ail our gahalil party .
was at the lop tliey turned aud bounded away wilu a .
I magnificent agility. Just at our tori on tho oiitheru 1
side ol the barrier which we bad surmounted lay two
lakes, w ithui steep shores of granite. A stream lak 'S
its rise from tliein, and they are many lest higher tu ,
level than the bog oppo.-iie them, aud .separated .Torn
them by only a thin uecK and precipice, which is the
bead ol the longer Hirer. The two lakes are united
hy several stnad rills, and they are bat three paces
nieiri Their fiirince was partially covered with iee,
mihough it was high noon; hut in ilia crime tho water
w is open and seeuied very deep. This I asm is probably
the highest water source ol (be liig Horn
Muuutains. A lltoly current maun over a
lent in the granite rim and tumbles through,
rather than over, n chaotic ina's ol boulders
until it reaches a bed more softly bordered by turl.
t'n the right, which wis toward tho west, another
stream rises iu a pool at the h ot ol Irowniug cllfls, aud
alter".ml gather* sir ngth from many otner pool* unit
gl sii u in a dreary look.ug canyon wending toward the
northwest. flii- is undoubtedly a Iribuiaiy o: Shell
( reek. We c ugruluiulo ourselves lliat we are Hie
only white party wuo ever n*ceuded lo tiiu creeloi the I
m i ll iilg ilorn Mountains, muting tteur.y al the tame I
point the in .uU <i. ilire0 unconnected streams,
ox Titn i Kt.sr or tiiu tun units Mocsiaiss.
After baling in the green valley ul the No wood
Creek, where, by the way. Ihero are plentiful giovcs ol .
p lies, several tin tuners ol our party strayed
about In ?i m il of game. The lnglietl ol iho neigh- ,
boring Mitiiutt s were climbed, ami in tltose seemingly
inacce 'iin regions General Crook and l.icutcnanl
M liuylcr Kil.eU two wild rain'. Ilirir li .rn' were en- ;
ontious and each pair tnual bsvo wc ghed 100 poUDds.
Au elk was .i.so killed,
Jclv a. ?W .irted by tho day's climbing we slept
under the ciear moonlight. Not even (be eager nios jUitos,
ol which there were nivr.a.la and who l?rtnuud
ua drcadlully, could prevent Us reaping the
sweet slumber wbicn 1a the honest reward of toil The
coid shaitows or the mrhi. altera while, nulled llieir
v imeloua sppeillva, ami about nuUnigtll the inoou n.d j
, behind cloud-, and tliey dropped luiiirmiltoiiily light ,
showers ol lain. Una morning our h ansels, hull do '
robes ami rubber cover d? were encrusted with a hoar !
| trust; but the sun noon diss paled both it and the linn i
lev which had loriucd along tile margin of the stream.
Mime ul |lie packers proceeded down the val.ey, inteniiing
to lest tho auud beds I t gold, and. 111 company
with Celouel >1 din and lour oiber geatlslueo, your cori
respondent followed them sr. hour allerward as lar as
a lieauillul blue lake, which had hi en de.-erieu Irora ihe
s uum.t of one ol th" moubtains and I r four nines
Irom the bivouac groumt. Ibis Alpiuc gem is aoout
two ruiiea loug aid hall a mile wide ami is surrounded
by gr iuli*'CU|ipt.t bills and dense woods of
spruce. Another one occupies ? basin further west. !
l Wnd geese and d ek ere on both a i ..o| broose
ignlly rippled li et -itrlare. aud e ich ray of sunlight
lalTinc upon inem ? > nrokeu iuiu a thousand kimliu g >
' gli .nis A uioiintniu west ol th. valley, composed o
gr mile, w as traversed from apex lo ba-e br a hro.i.l seam
o: brown i?h red quart* oi the dism e.rat d specie-. a
| closer exam mat.on luUhl revoai in.: .1 una of gold.
From a rugged point overlook ug the l?io r lake we
surveyed tho i normou-h .-in .d ihe Hig rli'ti K ver, i
through which a broad, black strip maraud tho timber j
aloug its banks. 1 he adjacent pm.i .ius lookr arid (
aud broken, but the slope* near ihu Win.; River Moun- j
tain sere grei u and und :...| eg.
Tiiwaan tan s.ukma mjsiio-kks
The enormous w ills ot . he Siena doshonu'S loomed ]
more disi nctly Inan yestortiay, hut the stmosphere
i was LiUj enough to t?uJ it the aspect of j
a bank or sultry clouds, the upper edge
(Tilt with the llnsh o! light on Its mantle of snow, the
lower with ibe hues ol turf and pines, as IT darkened In
shadow. Brawling by the lakes, which are on a higher
level, the ilre.trn tumbles from the valley tulo a dark
uml narrow canyon, crowded with Blender pines and
tlr trees. In this haunt two lingo bullulo hulls were
discovered ana killed.
The packers lound the "color of gold"?a single
flake?in the soil on the margin ot Nowood Creek.
We begin our return toward camp about twelve
o'clock. The ruggeduese ol the ascent trom the valley
ol Nowood Creek was indescribable, but it was determined
10 avoid ibe bottomless ooze of the canyon ot
the south fork of the Tonguo Hivcr. Attaining the
summit uf puss after puss, over ledges and debris of
gruuile, a seemingly interminable chain of green glens
and roekv cauynus, with dark and spougy bottoms,
ra-kicg with tuelied snow and linked by lolty
gaps between the gruuile cohes, while
on the right was the great central
wall?the snowy range?which presented
for a long titno as wo plodded uorthwaid no invitiug
passage sui u as was the object ol our search, our
mules scrambled over rocks, lugs and boulders, through
thickets und marshes and suow drifts. At length the
mountains became less lofty on lbs west and the valley
more open. We suddenly cume to the bead of a lake,
hcvond which a lurco herd ol elk was cra/ine Most
ol them were eows, attended by their culvcs. Some ol
tlie pickers ol our party flrod hi them prematurely,
and they escaped several volleys st long range uuharmed.
We are now bivouacked ft mile north ot the lake, at
tbebu-e ot a high hut gradual pass which us hope to
ponoirale to-morrow.
The second night spent on tho western side and near
the cre.-t ol the mountains was very cool, although the
temperature was higher than might have been supposed,
iu consideration ot the proximity ot the everlasting
snow. We rose about three o'clock In the morning and
had eaten with gusto it breakfast ol big bam, hullalo,
elk and deer meat, when lho sun timidly peeped over
tho main granite ridgs, nrst making the topmost drills
luintly blush like a maiden who Is conscious ol a secret
pleasure; (lion the light loll through the gap on the
right upon the little pools In the canyon; then it
burst upon us in till its splendor, with dazzling relleclions
m every nook that was glazed with ice or snow.
a si.very lextiiro ol Irosl glistened on everything, hut |
the beauty of tho picture was cold and inhospitable.
Tho verdure of pines and turl was sombre; the gray
olilis and towers of granito wero unrelentingly sieru in j
aspect, the snow upon their loruheads a badge ol
gloomy, irowning old age, which hud wlin'c-.M'd the
lapse oi geological cycles; their grizzled mien like lhat
ol au ungracious Magog, glowering and uuhuinhled in
tho spell which bound them to motionless silence.
Westward ol our bivouac ground the raouutaius seemed
to nave been llalleiied into giuduated steps or plateaus,
leading down to tho great valley ol lliu big i
lloru Irom the wide but lofty pass on tho right. A j
laiul trail was discernible, which is probably one of- j
tho highways ol the Sioux In entering ihe country of ,
ihu Soshonees when bent upon war. ' It I
probably was originally marked by tho migra- I
tion ot Iho ulk from llio lower to the upper suiuiuiis
ol tho tnouutuins, whither they are driven In midsutu- 1
uiur by the mosquitoes and the heau Tin* mules had ,
luxuriated during Uio night upon the shuri, rich grass
o| itio Alpine vulluy and were very willing lor tiio
start. Having slept at an elevation ol nliout
11,MX) loot, the ascent to tho top of the puss,
wnicli is more (ban 12,000 fuel above iho lovel 01 the
sua, was soon accomplished. ll cannot be more than
n lew hundred feel interior in alliludo to Cloud Peak.
We seemed to survey the world. Tlio plain below us
looked dim?little iuoro detlned in leatures than a
stratum ol cloud. The red apices ol tlio ridges
and knolls, whoro tlio erosion of the elements
lias leit Imre Iho burned sandstone, looked liko
tlio roseate upper borders of VHpory uiassos
tinged by the sun. iho disiance irom Hie pass
to ttie eastern base of the moiiniam chain, ulthough
in reality twenty miles, seemed but a span, nearly
Ignoring which tlio eye dwelMppon the hazy sea of
plain which, as it rolling in dim surges, sireicbud
north, east and south, seemingly loo vast lor conception,
and melting into the stiadowy infinity ol distance.
Tho solt tints and laint billowy lorms blended
with the murky midsummer blue, as if we were gazing
through the strange glamour and glow ol a tropical
sky. The rainiest suggestion ol dark waving Hues in
the east, springing Irotn nothing and again swallowed '
up ill it, were the contour ol the Black Hills, Hill miles ,
away. A dnrk bell, sweeping Horn tho nortnern extremity
ol llm mountain range luwurd the northeast, j
lud.rated the course of tliu Big Horn Klver alter roam- .
ing the plain. Beyond It, a hunter streak ol color,
might l.nve hocn the shaded batiks of tbo Yellowstone.
Tbo Itosvbud Mountains looked ant hills. Spiral columns
or smoke wero lazily rising in the southeast,
near uio rowuer rover, irom uui uing ueus 01 ngnue.
In ihut vicluily there are gr$at fields of smouldering
lire. Flames leap out through llssures ol tiio Iniked
marl, and crackle sepulchraily as if u cremation ot all
tbu dead iu Hades were iu progress. The ground is too
hot to walk on. Many lormer sites ol these beds,
where the tiro has long been extinct Irotn exhaustion of ,
the luel, are scattered over the country through which
the expedition bus u arched, but id ray letters 1 havo
beretolore iorgotten to mention thetn. They Indicate, i
probably, the same immensity ol coal dcpo'siis In the (
northern portion ol ffj inning as has beeu developed in '
that more lully explored. <
clou i) l'kak.
Cloud Peak 6cemed to have taken strides toward ns
since our last glunp.-o of it. Kvcu since it Ursl came
in view we havo huii no certainty ol its identity, many 1
of the neighboring summits being apparently ol the
same altitude. H e weie then probably nearer it than
any white man had ever been betoro us. Travellers
havo agreed that It is llie highest mass of the tSlg Horn
Mountains, but they havo never described us peculiar
outlines. We, lor tbe lirsl time, realize its great
superiority ol height ami the abruptness and grotoeijuo- I
ne-s ot tho contour of the topmost crag. Tins is (he
I eat ore by winch Cloud Peak should herealter be
known. its sistor peaks are more symmetrical; uo
other iu tho whole lunge is so ragged and broken in
lortn. From the indications apparent from an oxumlution
inn te through a telescope it might bo concluded
that, alter its upheaval, it hud cracked and luileu asunder,
leaving a wide gap between tho two
1 ragmen is, whoso edges have been dulled by !
natural erosion. Tlioru are two picat knobs, the '
northern on < the larger and higher; and
between them the drilled snow lies hundreds of loot
deep. Tho lorm of tho mountain from lis base, for
ball of its height, is that of a bulky euiie; but cltlt's
then rise vertically at least ii.OOJ toot without a break
where snow could lodge to cover the gloomy grainic.
On the northern side ol the main knob a ponderous
block of lruzeu snow overhangs tho precipice and casts
u hat k shadow to the rugged depths ol a canyon.
Northwest of Gioud Peak 1 observed another summit
nearly as lofty, with lealurcs Indicative ol ancient volcauic
action. ' Thero remains a circular rim like that of
a t ruler \! innr innnael,-u hour tin. iinniiront nviilonon
of having bo:u cadi in mnlicn grauileuud having cooled
before llio convulsions ot the igneous masses beneath
llio carih crust had culirely ceased. They retain almost
lautuiiic shapes.
Tho snowy range exhibits ni.my enormous canyons.
Thotign tho.v uro now like sinuous grooves they wo o
probably originally sharp-edged cielts anil gushes, iho
elcmen s have ground slowly iruin the heights,
by glacial, thermal and aortal notion, a hue
powder, which ha- accumulated in the crovicos, together
w illi the courser debris burled down Iroiu tho beetling
crags. I he incllod mow and iho raiu permeate it to a
grcul depth nud It troaehorously yields under the tread '
of animals. 1 he erosion must have be on very rapid,
because immense beds ol gravel touud by r.s on both
sides ot tho main ridge and within the outer rlin ol the
mountains snowed evidences of n very recent release
Irom the mother rock. The pebbles, instead ol being
rounded smoothly, are angular. Ibis characteristic is
u sign unfavorable to the existence of goal iu considerable
quantity, as It betokens that the deposits are comparatively
modern. Still there are Instances of sueoeselul
mining iu similar placers in Moui.iuh and Nevada.
1'ne limber line ou the liig Horn Monntuins is cumpiratirelv
low. The tact is due to the
denudation ol the granito above an elevation ol 10,not)
feet, us in some other portions ol the liocky Mountains.
Feldspar is the principal component ol tho rock. Veins
o. quart*, lor which the gold hunter always looks so
eagerly, are rare, l at a iew we.oseen ne ir ino summits.
ricTcnaaqi K views.
A medley of less r uieunls, plateaus, canyon and
ravine, dingle, wood and dale, torrent pool and lake?
chaotic, but picturesque?lay below the glittering lino
ol snowy summits and within the somliro lout riuge.
1 ho gurgo, which had been lor us a vaie ol difficulties,
was on the rglit, and the lagoons, which we ha i passed
Hi making the ascent of the eastern sineol tl.o mount.a
n , embosomed iu sombre shade, now were displayed
like a string ot sapphires, mirroring the deep blue sky,
while the bngbl, willowy fringe of the river contrasted
With the dense colonnades of pines, beau anil living,
lilui h gray smoke rose Irom a point at the edge of thu
depressed In v-a.
Wo cast a backward glanca over the great basin of tho
Itig Horn, encompassed by majestic mountains, south.
West, north tin I cast, and were charmed Willi the sublimity
of the survey. The main divide ol ihc liocky
Mountains S'-emod piled up like great drills of cumulus
clouds. Their bases wero obscured by the prevalent
sultry har.o, whlio their summits shone with tlisir
ghostly panopiv ol eternal show, fiio graceful llgure
ol tho Heart Mouu am, behind which slumbers the
Voilowstone l.ake, guarded by Mourns Micrldan, movi
lis and Doaoo. conspicuously oierioppcd the neighboring
eminences; b i southward Fremont's and
I nion i'enk* towered still higher over the dnzciing
phalanx ol the Win ! Hirer Mountains, the Washakie
Necdles aud tlioOw! Creek Mountains ruiicoed at their
lest. The higher shaius Ol elevations lormcd a vast
ellipse, like a savage council ring, and they like mighty
Sjili oxes, shrouded hi llie sinoso or some volcanic 1
catuuici, whoso aroma soothed ilicir eternal reveries.
The s-rcgy I'irl ainonp the rock and drifts
o: eniw was Jewelled with tiny forgetme-nots.
Thy arc plentiful all over itio
lower points nltove llio silumn lurmaiion, but at the
top oi the pas.' the plants wero Slanted so tint thry re- !
m mined mo-*. The tint ot the petals was remarkably j
fra-h and brilliant. White stellar (lowers wero also
biooujing at the verge ot lb suow. As wu eat on our
mules there was a shrill burst ol song fir Above our '
h< ids. It was a titlark carolling and soaring out of
Tlio descent front ttie pass, although It avoided
the bogs which had nearly swallowed up the muic* in
tlio c.iin on, was very steep. Ttie mountain side was |
covered w .tli bouldeis and laden umber. Sumo ot (ho
former, receiving impetus near the lop from too Iioois
ol ih> mules, rolled thundering down to the bottom
and alarmed the leaders ol Ilia ceraicauo, wble.b was
linn, in In i a it fashion. llio pack IiiU'S lore oil
branches and barsed trees in threading the labyrinth of
loicM and rock. Once again reaching the bottom ol
the south branch ol llio Tongue Kivcr onr new
trail was joined to the olu one, and alioruy j
tier wo met .-. parly ol miners I hey wero j
ilia men who had encamped on Uooee Creek, near the I
expedition, with llio exc ption ol a lew o! their com- I
panv who still rotnaiutJ there. I'rol.-.-ng to lie diseouiag
d y ihe absence of snv brilliant discovery, j
they wero nearly re olte.l to U <-dw the fraicrniiy, !
but had determined to esanuuo the interior o( iha ;
hit nuiains and to cro*a to ihe wciturn side bciore re- ,
turning io iheir homes Accepting frieudly advice
Item us regarding the trail they rode past. Wo soon j
UGUST 1, 1876.?WITH SI
came ui)on the embers of their camp flree atlll smoking.
At noon wo wi re twenty miles from tbe bivouuo
ground of the previous night, ana looked down aguIn
upon the camp ol the e#j>editiou, which even from the
top of the foot ridge looked insignificant. Tbe day
was the perfection of rummer blaudness, and iho lutter
half ol the march was through scenes of exquisite
loveliness, which we had beheld without due appreciation
when pressing forward ardently to reach the
highest crest. The groves are dense and
fragrant and iho turf luxuriant and thickly bespangled
with ilowera of every hue. there are
a thousand Idyllic glens nnd vales, breezy uplands and
ttirf-carpeted groves, tit for the dominion of a Calypso,
t'astoral Industry would prosper tbero it over the Sioux
ban were removed.
So far as determining the question of the presenro ot
(old on this sldo of the snowy range ol too Uig Horn
Mountains the expedition had only negative results.
All the observations made tend to discourage a belief
in the extravagant tales which Iroiitiorstneu are prune
to invent about every region which has not been explored.
Sumo person In iho cour.-e ol time will doubtless
hud numerous particles which have been washed
Irsim the high veins of quart*, but these are few. and
scarcely any ol them present decided sigua of chemical
disintegration. As gold bus already beeu obtained in
the Wind Kiver Valley the question of its presence
west ol the crest ol tlio big Horn range is foreign to
the conclusions which 1 have expressed.
The flora of the big Horn Mountains, although
similar to that ol the Wind Itiver
Mountains, which was catalogued by Juues, must
poises* some distinct characteristics, as a few flowers
were seen which are no', in his enumeration. A geological
chapter is also presented by this regiou which is
i on parutivety uureau. u-ire uirus umi iiimjem ?nu ,
obsorvod, I lie toeimflnuliou ol which would b? of tbo
greatest scientltlc interest. The government has dovoted
ao much to tho detailed exploration of ether
portions el the great central divide ot the routiuaut
that tlie time seems to hnve come when a scientific expedition
should ho sent to the Big Horn Mountains,
whose altitude, even, has never been ascertained with
exuctiludo. \Vh> n it Is considered that they form one
odgc of tho basin In which are llio headwaters of the
great Misaourl and which adjoius that of tho headwaters
of the Colora o, the lmpurluuce of the study of
this region may be estimated.
[From the Omaha Herald, July 27 J
General Crook needs no dof-nco at our hands, but
the lying despatches scut over the wires by tho pruss
agent at liismarck, yesterday, should not be allowed to
puss uLijue-tioued. This despatch slates that army
ollicers blumo Crook lor refusing to co-operate wdh
Terry. Genera1 Crook has done no such thing. On
the contrury, his next rnovo will be toward that cooperation.
Kurtnsr than this, army ofllcers who havo
any judgment or common sense would not cxpross
such seutimonts. It Is stated that any army officer a
"little interior in rank, insists that Crook knows little
of tho plans of the Indians any w.iv, and lacks the experience
desirable in one commanding nn army operating
Against u wily nn-l savage loo." If General Creole
has not had the experience und knowledge necessary to
tight Indians successfully, which one of the army ollicers
has? If ho has not all the knowledge of the plans
of the "wily savages" that any one lias, will the
rascally press agent at Bismarck or the lying special
corresponocut tell us who exceeds him tu the possession
of the knowledge ? As to the number of the
Indians General Crook has spoken in Inugunge that
cannot be misunderstood, aud lias said that they outnumbered
hint three to one. As to his management of I
tho campaign unv ouo with common sense must I
^n,,i Ih.lklc hun.lliiMT of tlm Immia nt tin. Imltli- ,in :
the Rosebud was excellent in every respect, and thai
Ills cool judgnioiit mi tliat occasion prcveuted another
massacre of our troops similar to that on the Little llig
Horn. Cmolc will not be caught in traps, nor outwitted
by the Indians. II Ins orders ore obeyed. As soon as all
his reinforcements arrive he will more to meet and
Join Terry, and if the opportunity can be found he will
light and whip tho Sioux. We have no doubt the
Indians have been largely reinforced, and that some of
litem liavo lett their agencies to join tho hostile bands.
1 he ludtau agents ought to know this and take immediate
measures to prevent their reiuru, for it they will
only remain with Silting Hull they will bo taken caro
of in due time.
Tho third annual rogntta ot the Newburg Yacht
Ciub, which lanes plac.o to morrow, promises to bo
vory interesting, as oyer twenty boats uro already ontcred.
There will bo tlrat and second prizes lor each
class, and a special prize awarded to the yacht making
the best corrected timo.
The courao will lio from an imaginary lino near tho
steamboat landing, at Newburg, crossing It Irom the
north; thence to and around stakeboat No. L an-'
chorcd olT the Long Dock at Ftshklll, turning it Irom
north to south; thence to and around stakeboat No.
a, two and a halt miles north of starting point, turning
Irom west to east; thence t" and around stakeboat No.
4, anchored opposite tho foundry at KishkilJ, turning
Irom west to east, un 1 I hence io and around stakeboat
at starting point, turning irom north to south. This
course to bo gone over twice.
bAiniaa regulations.
The third class boats will first bo started, and ten
minutes later those ol the drat und second classes will
bo sent away. The Urmg ot a cannon Irom tho judge's
boat, followed by two prolonged whistles, will bo tbe j
signal to prepare. The second gun will bo for tho third I
class bouts to sturi and the ttnrd gun for tho lirst and .
second classes. Yachts must cross the lino within Uf- I
toon minutes Irom the starting gun. All ballast to be
brought back and no extra baliast to be received uu j
board during the race. Any yacht touching a murk,
boat or buoy stiall torfeit all claim to the prizes. No i
in oh us ol propulsion allowed except sails. Yachts muy I
anchor during the race. Yachts un the port tack must :
luvariahly give way to those on the starboard tacK. !
Wheu rounding h mark, boat or buoy the yacht nearest i
thereto Is to he considered the headmost yacht, and I
should any yacht In the ruco compel aiiotbor to touch ]
sucu warn Ol UUUJ tuu IUWI3 ou iuui|iii.iuu uu. cuu 1
for.?lt all claim lo the prizes. Tin- numuer of each
competing boat must bo carried ou the port side of tbo
Iu case tlic distance assigned for tho raco bo uot gotio
over iu six hours the regatta shall be repeated Irom
day to day. 11 done within six hours tho raco shall bo
considered lirido and the prizes awarded. Disputed
questions will bo decided according to tho sailing regulations
o( tlic New York Yacht Club.
The. time allowances will bo two minutes to tho foot,
yachts to ho measured on the water line.
So tar as reported the entries uro as follows:?
rin^t Class?rsosn rotiTv feet axd hot less max
twksty.fi vs.
Itnnt. riarr 0>cn'r. ft. In.
i.eroy N. Hamburg. .W. .1 1". Leroy 27 10
Fidget N Ilnuburg. Irving Grinuell...... 28 0
Win. K. Brown..Nawiurg C. 1 . Brown 27 3 I
ISusio r- New York K. 1'. Miller 27 3
R. H. Wing \lbany ... T.J. Tittle ,.31 ft
8 sua 8oucl Laimrgbg.. .0. S. Holmes 27 II
Laura New York Win \V. Bet-bo 30 (l
Cynthia... .....New York. ,.K. I'. Miller 20 O
skcono class?i n pl ii twintt .>1* h.st a.su ovlu twkxtyT*n.
Freak Newborn I. H. Weddle 22 4
Colombia New York Henry Woods 2i O
Klolse l'o Kcepsio.... Fied it. Newbold 32 10
Artlul Dodger...Brooklyn Hie nro Hamsun 23 U
THinn ciass? i ndbb twkntvtwo ikkt.
Nettle Huuilng.Jersry City...11. F. Hunting 22 0
I no ..Newburg .. W. A. Van Wapenen. 17 lo
Torn W t.'iiinuianipaw.Thomas Wilkinson. 18 3
I lintls l.ow Point....W. Verplanck ill lo
lllpnle N. Windsor...!''. Morion 20 3
tirade iiariisons 11. E. Belcher. 18 10
II Iitie New burg W. II. Moods. 18 0
lli-prey Newburg W. C. Chamber* 10 0
Nellie ti New York John* amphell 20 O
Baektt Hrwilya... 11.1. Chritilaa. 21 8
ftophia Kmma .Ne* Yur? iscob Vnr.au 21 10
F.nirics will be received until this evening at tho
ofllcu of Mr. James T. Sloan, No. i?4 Water strcot, Newbuig,
N. Y.
Tho yacht Eslelle anchored yesterday at Ifsnhassct,
Shelter Island.
To tub Editor of tiik IIskald:? ,
Your editorial ol tho 20lh Inst. would lead one unacquainted
with tho facta to sup,>o*o that Cornell is
morally bound to participate in the Centennial Regatta
nt Philadelphia. Permit me to insko a few remarks
upon tho subject, which 1 hope you may not consider
out ol place. Cornell, lor the two yours last pnst, has
beaten every crow represented at tho intercollegiate
rogaiias, iho regular meetings of the only association
of American collego bov.lng men. Tho English crow
Irom I rinlty College, Cambridge, Is by no means ropresontative
either ot England or ol that university. If
Cornell should perchance cntor and wiu has alio then
hi au n Cambridge I'ntvcrsity ?
As lor Vale, it that coilv^<> thinks she can outrow
Corne.l. why did she not meet hor at Saratoga m a
siraightsway six-oired race ? .-h-? hint but toromain in
the rowing association, of w Inch sh? was a member,
until beaten by Cornell.. Ilia: Yaio won the raco
against Harvard at Springfield is well. The conditions,
however, wero loui.y ditlorent lhe <our*ew**oua
river wi ll a strong current, the crews were eight*, and
the distance lour mile*, and as much depended upon
tha cockswain's choice of course a* upon lhe rowing of
the crew*. It Is also well known that Harvard's nervous
st'oKo . lid Ua?h is I>etter adapted to mo lighter
boat and shorter distance ol the Saratoga course.
K Daily, the regatta in which It is desired that Cor
ne.l should partiripae la not under the control ot
colinge wen and is not to be rowed in the style adopted
o.v our college oarsmen. Slx-oared crews have lor
years represented American colleges. The gentlemen
in charge ot the r*catta at Philadelphia have not even
seen til to tnako the race of the class adopted by college
In regard to what Yale would have done If she had
been <n Saratoga one thing Is certain?with every
opportunity to do so she did not there beat CornelL
Slio w is not there, and?
Of nil ?nd words ol tonga* or pen
The* oldest nre the** tl ml Jit have been."
a CORNELL graduate.
MkW York, July 21, 1S7&
Saratoga, N. Y., July 31.
Tbe siarters for the races to morrow are us follows
Onk Mils Frke Handicap.?Bothune's Burgoo, A.
Smith's InsptratioD. Charles Reed's Gray Knar, late
Gray steel; McDaniel'l Virginias, P. Lonllard'a Merci- '
less, Ikuohue's Waco.
Two Milk Racb.?P. Lorillard's Merciless, Meuaniel't
Madge, G. I. l.orillarn's Wnrlock, McGrath'a Aaron
Pennington, Griu.leal's Si. Martin. <
Milk and a Qiautkr Rack.?Brown's Paladin,
O'Douiioll'a Jessie tl, McDauiel'a Virgil, Burton's ,
Htrdlb Racb?Mile Heats?Fisher & Carson's ,
Kaiso, Lawrenco's Keaolule, Hitchcock's Carrtboo,
I.ongstafl's Osage, Ayres' Windhuui, Queen's Milton, j
Ounohuo's Weasel, Reed's Doubtful.
tmr pool bulling.
Pool selling on lo-niorrow'a races has been very
brisk at Mornssey'n all the evening, the bulk of the
selling up to Diue o'clock being on the mile handicap '
lbr all ages. Tbo following being an average ol tho :
sales, with tho onirics and waighia. j
P. Lonllard'a Mercllesa, 03 Iba $426
Bethune'a Burgoo, 113 lbs -13 I
MclJaniel's Virgiuius, 06 lbs 133 :
Reed's Gray Friar (lata Gray Stael), 107 lba 130
Douoliue'g Waco, 02 lbs 103 '
Davis' May D., 00 lb? 90 '
Smith's Inspiration, 113 lbs ? 35 1
dash op two milks.
George Lorillard's Warlock, 101 lbs 60 ;
P. Lorillard's Merciless, 00 lbs JO
Mrflrnlh'a Aaron , ..nmnulnn 131 Ilia .'ID 1
Grmstead's St Murtin, 101 lbs 30
McDaniel's Madge, 110 lbs 15
Burton's Courier. 103 lbs 60
Mcllumel's Vigil, 103 lbs. 22
Brown's I'aladin, lift lbs..... 13
O'Doanell's Jos'e C, 98 lbs 11
Lawrence's Resolulo, 163 lbs 51 '
Uilclico' k'? Carriboo, 153 lbs 60
Fisher's Kelso, 154 lbs 31 i
Ay res' Wyndlium, 144 lbs... 30 I
Douobuc's Weasel. 133 lbs 30 /
LougsufPs Osage, 147 lbs 25 I
Rood s Doubtful, 130 lbs 20
Green's Milton, 143 lbs 11
The weather is bright and clear, and everything Is
very promising lor a brilliant day's sport,
This is the lourth day ol tbo first meeting of the
Saratoga Racing Association, and four events are on
the card. These are:?First, a free handicap, tor all
ages, purse of $500, ono mile; seooud, purse of $700,
lor nil ages, dash of two miles; third, for maidens of
all ages, purse of $500, if four years old allowed 3 lbs.,
if five years or upward 5 lbs., a dash of ono milo and
a quarter. The day's sport will wind up with a handicap
hurdle race, purse of $050, of which $150 to the
second horse; milo hoats, over four hurdles.
l'nnli: ivnrp sr.lri nn thran r>v#?nf? nt. t.h? ??rf?rtl mirti
In litis city lssl evening, Willi the following averages:?
Burgoo, 115 lbs 20 25 50
Merciless, 05 lbs 0 10 55
Virgiuius, 00 lbs 7 15 28
May U., 00 lbs 8 11 20 l
In-plrnlion, 113 lbs 4 H 15 ,
drey 1'riar. 107 lbs 6 14 25 ]
Waco, 02 lbs 3 8 15 ,
Two milks. i |
Anron Pennington, 124 lbs 10 23 30
hi. Martin, 118 lbs 7 20 80
WurlocK, 101 lbs., 3 12 20
Madge, 110 lbs 3 6 8
Merciless, Ob lbs 2 6 7
(ink m1i.K AND A QCARTKU. j
Courier, 103 lbs 20 25 40
l'aiadiu. 110 lbs 10 20 32
Vigil, 103ibs 6 8 12 !
JosieC., 08 lbs 6 8 11
Resolute, 153 lbs 16 25 ]
Cariboo, 153 lbs 15 20
usage, 147 lbs 15 15 '
Kelso, 154 lbs 1 '
WvndUum, 144 lbs |
Milton, 143 lbs I 20 40 1
Doubtiul, 120 lbs. I
Wn.aunt 118 In. I
Biffalo, N. Y., July 31, 1870. 1
Tho weather Is fine, and the prospects for the races
to-morrow are good. A 1 arge cumber of strangers are
In the city. Tools sold readily as follows:?
2:36 class.
Mambrlno Kate, 40.
Ireine, 24.
The field, 6.
2:24 class.
I.iltln Fred, 4.
Breeze, 18.
The held, 12.
In view of the defeat of llr. Sanford's Mato and
l'roakncss in the events they too* part in at Goodwood,
July 2ti and 27. the following, Iroin the Newmarket
Commissioner of tho London Sportsman, July
17, nine days beloro the Goodwood mooting, may not
bo uninteresting, even at this late day:?
The American Goodwood nags galloped, as usual, the
longth of the Bury side tun. I must say one word in
favor ot these horses, that when yoa como to look them
over there is uot a speck or blemish about tbem, and
not a strap or bandage on their limbs, which are as
clean as now straw. Nothing could nossiblj exceed
the health and vigor of their nppearauce; hut one singular
circumstance has always struck mo concerning
them, w hich is that when they have done work ot a
morning tuoy waiK uoout as slow ana sleepy as gliosis.
The regiments forming the Second brigade of tbo i
First division sent detachments to Crecdmoor for rifle
practice yesterday. The weather wus exceedingly un- ,
pleasant, rain fulling Irom about a quarter beforo <
eleven o'clock until one I\ M., when shooting was dts- 1
continued. There woro in all 365 men out for prac- ,
lice. The Ninth regiment sent out 16tl men. the i
Sovonty tlrst loa and the Klevcuth regiment eo men.
Colonel Hitchcock, of the Niuth regiment, was officer
ol iho nay and Major Orvts lnspoctor of rille pracuco. I
Although a stroiic wind prevailod there was somogood i
shooting lor third class marksman. Slxty stx per cant 1
of the Ninth regiment men qualilled at the short (
ranges. Of the lost men from iho Seventy tlrst regiment
48 qualilled, and 37 of the 3D men of the Eleventh
regiment. Thu men returned to the city early In the ]
afternoon not much lungued by their exercises i
Nkw York, July 31, 1878. t
To tux Editor or tiii Hkkald:? 1
I beg to propose a match at chess with Captain j
Mackenzie, tbo champion of the United Stales, for $50 J
a side, leaving nU other conditions to bo named by <
him. It ts known that the hope of a trial of skill with j '
the Captain (ax suggested in our correspondence of i
1S73) waa one ot my reasons lor visiting America, and { 1
I am reluctant lo leavo without It taking place. I trust, ' j
having regard to tho desire existing for us lo play, ho ' j
will, in the Interest o( chess, accept my challongc. Die (
amount of stukes will, pe'haps, bo considered small, f
and may possibly bo increased. It may he meutioned, <
however, that some ol the most important cnesa y
matches ott record have been played lor a slake within <
the spm named. Hoping lor au early reply, I am, i
your* obediently, H. K. Willi. I
I?. S.?Staunton and llorwltz. Morphy and Anderssen, i
Murphy and H.irwilz, bteiuilr. and llird, ana Wosker |
and Hird (Houdon amateur championship), were all ]
played lor stakes not exceeding $60 a side. I
JAt Rochester, yesterday, the Rnckeves, orColumbns, ,
Ohio, delenled the Home Club; score, 10 to i <
The orange and Carbomlale clubs played ten Innings, I
which resulted la a draw.
The (allowing Is a correspondence between the Board j |
ol Health and the New York Juveollo Guardian Society, I
relating to an effective p.uu for supplying medicine and i
food to aick and destitute childreu of tho tenement re- | <
gion*'? i
linn. K. ?\ ClttKDLSK. President of Hoard of Health:?
I 'i ah Si k?Your lata anneal to the druggists of this city,
asking thfui, I" view of tlie pre* lit irTeat destitution and 1
si. knot- among Hie nianri, to fill prescriptions signed hr I
your sanitary Inspector* at as near cost a? possible. will un |
doe Had ly find a generous response. Vet, aa you are awarr, (
thousand*of our poor need more than this. In theae caaea
ol sickness, often ncrompauled by prolonged poverty, unconditional
and Irce assistance ia Indispensable. Aa stiperin- i 1
ti ndent ol the relief work at the honae No. 101 St. Mark's I
place, owned by the New York Jnvenile tJoardlsn soelely. I
won d nropoae to yon to arml iiere any person of tlila utterly
destitute c ass hat ing a prescription signed hy one ol jour
ltisjiectors. #
We will, in every auch case, free of any charge, have the
proscription filled hy a competent druggist. I would alao he
prepared to lurnlali yon with atveeklv amount of tiekrta en- (
titling Ilia lioider to k aupply of invigorating food or auch
atiinulauta aa feeble or convalescent childr n may alkiitl in
nee-l of. If thia nieeis your approbation be pieaaed to In
form me. With much respect, and eympathy lor your noble
w.irk. I remain, dear air, your ob-dlent aervant,
KKiKNh J. hrtHMAN,
Superintendent Sanitary Kelief.
EriiF.vv J. EsnuAg, Superintendent Sanltery Relief:?
Op.ar Sir?i em directed by the Hoerd of Health to kcknowledge
the receipt of you re ol Jnlv **t tendering, in
behalf ol the New Vork .luvenile Uusrutan Society, both
food end medicine (or auch destitute children aa come under
the tioaervaiion of tlio sanitary inspectors ot thiadepar.tnent
The Board gratefully reeocnleea ynnr liberal kud charitable
offer, aad has directed the Sanitary 8np?rnitend?ni to
avail himself of it ao lar aa is practicable. W ith great respect,
j?ur? truly, BilMCiNa C UAH It, btcioiary. 1
The following additional subscriptions to the Caster
Monument Fund have been received and are borcby
United Status Stramkr New Hampshirb, )
Port Hoyal, S. C., July 27, 1878. J
To the Kditok op the Hkrald:?
A subscription lor the proposed monument to General
Custer and uis associates wan started a fow day* ago by
Lhe crew ot line vessel, to which the officers ooniributed,
and the enclosed drull for 883 la tho result.
I enc.oae the subscription list. 1 am, air, verv respectlully,
J- M. R CLtTY,
Commodore United States Navy, Commanding.
The contributors were:?Thomas Kyder, K Bates,
Charles Wilson, Jobn >milh, Christopher Behrcns, J.
Iteichmunn, James Wulsh, M. Brown, John Stevens,
Abel Duv.s, William Thomas, 11. Hawkahaw, Richard
Fitzgerald, Daniel Kitcy, S. M. Bowers, F. Kburvey,
fuinck Toner, J. Longhrau. William While, David
Kiuker, John Tlernoy, William Mitchell, who each
save 81, and the following gave Ally cents apiece:?
E. Moroney, James Wilton, lliomas ward, lliomas
Meduuig, John Needham, A. W. Skidtnore, James Bansroll,
Juan Augusto, J Tiues, Philip Quirk, F. Huettvohl,
F. W. Muiler, Patrick Shea, Peter Larsen, Willlaui
O'Brien, Thomas Monoban, Joseph Sexton, R. Will,
lains, James Maley, K. C. Allen, Charles Cunneen, 6.
E. Hall, K, Liliie, K. Bohner. John Hawkins. John
Stanton, J. R. (.'ashman, Joseph Smith, Thomas O'Donneil,
James Cariin, John Glynn, Charles Blatt, Jos.
Schultz, Joha Lynch, Robert Percy. John Tbercso,
John Lcary. Twenty-flve cents was the donation of
Ibo following:?Peter Kay, John White, E. U. Brown,
A. Shoppa-d, L. Broiberton. V. E. Neville?making m
ill the amount ol tho check (OA
New Yobk, July 31, 1870.
ro the Editor or the Herald:?
Kuc'used pleaso find check of $27 46 as per annoxed
ubscription list, ol the eniployds 1 n the lactorles of
ibe Lizarus & Morris Perfected Spectacle and Eyo?lass
Company. By acknowledging receipt through
tho Herald you wiliobligf. Yours respectfully,
THKO. tsTERN, Treasurer.
Collected at the ofllce, $10; Goorge M. Johnson, 25c.;
Edward Klelg, 10c.; Thomas Fogarty, 60c. ; Thomas J.
Kogurty, 10c. ; II. F. Preston, 25a ; John Mcilenry,
25c; Henry Wolilmaker, 60c.; G. A. Beseer, 25a;
Jhurles Smith, 25a; Antonio Bertelli, 25a ; John J.
Jrowley, 25 c.; Augcst Ucuckleman, 25a; Will'an*
Lynch, 10c.; Jerry T. Noonan, 26a ; James Young,
:5c.; A. 11. Hitchcock, 26c. ; Henry A. Johnson, 2oa ;
J. T. Lynch,'25a; W. H. Vinton, 25a; William S,
Jwon, 25a; Miss. Nora Mullen, 25a; Lizzio Tracey,
26a; Sarah Daly, . 26a; Mary Jane Wahe, 25c Herman
lSauman, 10c.; Katie Suvagc. 25c.; Annie O'Brien,
26a; Walter Fogarty, 15a; Fischer Ernest, 16c.;
David Crowther, $1; William Langley, $2; A. I.ucker,
$2; H. Wytnun, $1 50; J. M., $2; Master Alex, 15a;
James W. Armstrong, 25c. ; Master Freddy, 10c.; William
Shoemaker, 10c. ; JosephG. Fogarty, 6c.; W. L.
P., 16a; Henry M. Fisher, 10a; A. Weltz, 30a; V.
Kurtz, 25a ; W. W. Webb, 25a ; J. Burt, 30a Total,
|27 45.
ltUtAATB Anil Ul?u 11 An It? A1I1UUV
West Trot, N. Y., July 29, 1878.
ro the Editor of the Herald:?
Enclosed please and $1 lor tbe.Custer (and from on*
who, wilt the Herald, believes . lu rockots sad long'
range riflos instead ot carbmos and sabres, and who,
with some litt e experience on the plains and with the
ludians, would ruilier have to baclc biia 100 scoata,
iucli as can bo obtained by paying them (100 per
uonth, than the best regiment In the United States
army. _ M. E. WANDELL.
(J. S. S. New Hnnipshiro. $63 00
hazarus A Morris Eyeglass Company 27 44
M E. Wandell 1 00
E. S. uud three Iricnds 1 60
Dne or linsser's Gray Jackets 10
X. Fort Reno, 1. T ? 4 00
All Old Soldier 25
U. M. T? Jr 60
Master William Clarence Valentino 10
J. H. 8. V., Lynchburg, Va 6U
J. I). H., Lynchburg, Va 25
P. H., Lynchburg, Va 25
G. 8,, Lynchburg, Va. 60
Total $96 90
Philadelphia, July 31, 1876.
Italy will loavo very pleasant Impressions when ths
nsitor has gone through all the apartments in which
30 finds her contributions scattered; but if he con.emplatcs
her only in tho manufactures of the mala
building be will be disappointed. That department Is
like a piece of an Italian Chatham street It resembles
the little shops on the Chiaja or the Piazza dl
5pagna, where cheaply mounted mosaics and coral
ewelry are sold to eager Americans.
Thcro aro some other things in it; but the spirit and
.one of that small commerce dominates the section.
Chere are several exhibits ot carved lurnlture in this
icctiou that are valued very highly; but theso indicate
)i*t. wlkiii* I ho Italian workman has no sunnrior in
leallng Willi his subject wnen it is once chosen he It
nrapable ol comprehending what subject la appropriate
<>u certain occasions. Thus, on massive articles
>1 furniture, wo And designs that would bo exqutsiU
is decorations in porcelain, or that might be appropriate
worned in lace, but are lost in wood. In short,
.lie London joiner, with a jucxplauo and baruraer,
makes lar handsomer iurnlturo than the Italian with
lis sculptors' tools. g
Thrust away in corners in this department are two
:ontributious of interest. One recalls ilio spirit of lbs
>ld Italy that struggled with the 6torray seas. It is
in iDgentous invention for a supplementary steering
ipparatus, to bo rigged to a ship when the storm has
.utrried away her rudder. To describe it in a word, It
s a gigantic inoiul luu, to be put down in the position
if ilio rudder post^ and opeurd by machinery when
town. That such a coutrivanco could be made with
itrength enough to withstand tiie seas that had brokon
i rudder is unlikely, but it might cortainly bo of great
ralue to bring into port ships that have outlived the
norm, and aro adrift for want of steoring apparatus.
The-othcr interesting exhibit is 1'aganini's violin. U
a a Guarnerius, mode at Cremona a great many years
igo, and ta for sale at a lahulous price. It was cer*
amly a great instrument when i'agantni's chin was
>n it.
In tbo annex to tbo art gallery may he seen tho fine
part of tno Italian exposition. Mutuary and mosaic
allies uiake up the show. Tables with stone lops arc
rot aliruys hanJsomc or desirable articles of furniture,
specially in our climate; and our almost universal use
it poor marble lor tbis purpose has inspired the Julicious
with nu admiration lor wood. But tho stone
.abies as seen In Italy, where marble is only used lot
lio very cheap sorts, exhibit the magnificent poraiulities
of this articlo of lurniture. Perhaps the moat
leautiful they mnko are those In tho style of the
'torentino mosaic, and there are some fine specimens
il these here. Many of the finest are marked "sold."
li ia aux amatruri.
It is demonstrated here that Italy still boa tbs call of
lie world in sculptures in niarblo. Good statues are
n?u>' in uiiicr luuu'iio", y-?. ?.
ea tliat Mine one occasioually raises 111 North Car?
ma to pr-ivo tho possltnlity of getting on without
'hina. They aro curiosities Hnd luck ilavor. The
itatuury hero not only proves that Italy n in advsnoe
>1 the modern world in this art, but ulso that our
vorslilp o! tho nncieiit*?tho accidental reitrs ot either
jreece or early Italy?is nicro idolatry uud
iflectulloa. Finer statuary is made in Italy to-day
linn was ever made betore, either thero or
Isewhera, and this whether wo conceive the essential
unction of the art to lio mechanically in the accurate
reproduction of the human Qguro, or practically in lha
presentation of the . heroic or tender moods. The
buclfcr exhibited here Is a tiner statuo than the Apollo
Uelvidere? lias a better body and more soul; and there
ire halt a dozen lemale hguros superior to the overrated
fenus de Me tlci Perhaps in the course of the ages since
ihe Veues wis made woman has really improved physt
Billy aud tho modern artists, ouiy as latihlul aa lbs
incient ones, have tho beiiciu of the cnango
thk ahmissioxs.
The paid admissions to the Kxuibltlon to-day were
estimated at li.^oti
A colossal statue of Washington, for the Exhibition,
irrivcd at this port j esterdiiy. It la mo lelled iroin
Lculz's painting ot Washington crossing (he Delaware,
Is tweivo lect high und was cut from a solid block of
mariiln ti w-il mm,I haLween the western end 11 tho
main building and UarlboUlt'S iouumiu upon a pedestal
mghtccn Iret high.
Professor TbvuiM C. Archer, K II. S. K.. who, with
Colonel Herbert II. Sanlord, R. A., h ir represented
Breut Hriiatn at tbo Exhibition as Executive Conimii
loner, ban received a communication irom the Lord*
jf the Committee ol tbo Privy Council on Education
directing him to return to England (or various ret-ons
connected with hie dunes. Itoih ng Executive Commts loner
and as Superintendent ot the Edinburgh
The continuod discoveries in tho rage of John H.
Talmadge, the alleged defaulter, are positively astumshIng.
As already announced a large portion of th?
goods was found in n building 011 Washington street,
Jersey City, and attached by Sheriff Laverty. Yesterday
morning he received a telegram from the Chief o(
Police in Chicago setting forth that $20,000 worth of
goods, supposed to belong to Talmadge A Co., had been
seized in that city. Meanwhile talmadge has dieappeared
and an active search ia being made
tor bint. IIis agents arc not idle. 1 hey have roplevined
tome of the goods which are now in possession
ot Coroner Gannon, who, uuder an old statute, can
rescue property Irom the Sheriff1! hands. A hitter
legal flgut tor the poseeaslon of the goods is in prospeot
between the creditors end the agents of XslmsOMSt

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