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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, August 06, 1876, Image 3

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k Lively Debate in the Senate on
the Hamburg Massacre.
Opinions of Senators and Congressmen on
the Letters of Acceptance.
Significant Action of the Democratic
Majority in the llouse.
A Majority "Vote for the Repeal of
the Resumption Clause.
Washikutom, August 6, 1876.
The sott money democrats celebrated tbe appear'
' snce or Mr. Tllden's latter to-day, In tbo House, by
| reporting and wltb determined effort lorcing through
s repeal of tbe reanmptlon clause. Mr. Cos, once a
bard money man, and ao considered when Speaker
Kerr made blm Chairman of tbe Banking and Currency
Committee, reported the repealing bill. Tbere was a
lively debate upon it, In which Mr. Howitt took an early
and determined part in opposition to tbe repeal: but
tbe other opponents were republicans, led, and very
ably led,'by Mr. Kasson, who wade a lorcible speech,
and was supported by Messrs. Halo. Burcbard, Wilson
of Iowa, smd olbera Arguments, however, were of
ot much avail, lor the sott money men knew they
were strong enough to earry their measure; they eontented
themselves with saying that their people
ranted "paper meney; wero not anxious t or resumption,
and thought this repealing bill too weak, rather
than too strong. They appealed to Governor Tlldon's
letter in justification of what they were doing, quoted
tu language and denounced the Resumption act as
Increasing the hardens ot the debtor class and beneficial
only to capitalists. There was no pretence, even
with Mr. Cox, that the repeal was asked as a measure
looking to resumption; on the contrary, those who
oted for repeal would evidently have voted lor a now
Inflation far more gladly.
When Mr. Cox closed too debate and demanded the
previous question Mr. Hewitt ollcred as a substitute tor
the repealing bill ono creating a commission to sit during
the recess to inquire into meusures needed lor resumption,
and to report by bill on the 15th ot December.
At this sudden proposition there was un uproar
In the House. The republicans vigorously demanded
that Mr. Hewitt's substitute should be considered, and
betoro Messrs. Cox, Holman and Landers knew it they
were taken off their tcet. Tbey were extremely anxious
to get their repeal through to-day, and agreed to
consider Hewitt's substitute if the republicans
would not filibuster; this was promptly
promised, and thereupon Hewitt's bill was rend. It
was so fair, honest and wiso a proposition that it
throw Messrs. Cox and llolmun into a panic, lost it
hould be adopted. Holman demanded, amid general
laughter, that it should be trestod, not as a subatituto,
but as an additional section to Cox's bill; but shouts of
^Regular order!" put him down, and, alter some further
attempts to evado a vole, the yeas aud nays wcro
called. Of courso the Hewitt bill received the vote of
nil the hard money democrats, as well as of the republicans,
and It came near passing, the yeas being 92,
navs 10(. several Western republicans voted with the
oft money side; then the democrats, having thus put
themselves on record against a commission of inquiry,
the vote came on Mr. Cox's ropcal
bill, and Mr. Cannon, (rep.) of 1IL, who is a
rank soft money man, and had voted against Hewitt's
bill, moved to tack on to the repeal Kelly's Silver
Dollar bill, but bo was promptly silenced, and on the
yeas and nays the resumption clause was repealed by
106 yeas to 86 nays. It repeals not only the date, but
the whole authority to resume at any time. A number
ot democrat*, atiwhg them Meagre. Hewitt, Morrison,
Elijah Ward, Smith Ely, Randal, Gibson, Levy, Lamar,
( Willis, Cutler, Hardenburgh, Scbloicher, Meade, and
Thompson of Massachusetts, voted against the repeal,
and tho same men supported Mr. Hewitt's bill lor a
It has not been a very good day for the democrats.
Tho Communist wing of the party got the upper hand,
and took the occasion to show how unreasonable, ignorant
and intolerant It is; and they took care in all
. they did to declaro that tliey were following the j
message, as they called it, ot Qovernor Tildou. Mr.
Blaad threatens now to bring forward bis Silver bill In
every morning hour for the remainder of tho session;
and those democrats who, to-day, repealed the resumption
clause hope yot lo put ihoinselves aoil their
party on tho record in favor of thia Silver inflation bilL
Wabhixotox, August 6, 1878.
ywa sentiment or public mcm on thi letters
of acceptance a general satisfaction
among the southern democratic
members?the greenback men accept
them unwillingly?the republicans
LAUGH at the length and prolixity of
governor TILDEN's letter.
The Istters of acceptance made less of s sonsatinn
her* then might have been expected. In the Urst place
that ot Mr. Tllden's was so loug, and the average Congressman
is so late a riser, that it was not read by a
large percentage of the members until this evening
When they got home to their rooms. Again, people i
here have a way of waiting for the New York paper* to
I read what tbey want to of tho news, and as the House
was in the very midst of the buttle over the repeal of
the resumption date whin the paper* got to tbo Cap- I
I to I, tb* letter* and everything else were In abeyance
till the pending subject or ozcitement was out of
band. The republicans were dl*|>oted to poke tun sit I
their opponents on account of the length and tone df
tb* Tllden letter, which they said was written as If
Mr. Tllden wore writing a message from tbo White
The Hendricks letter was regarded as a good deal
more to tbo ]>oint, and more honest, than Mr. Tildeu's,
which was regarded, so lar a* opinion about the two
papers was developed, as prolix, and uver wordy lor an
acceptance of a political nomination; hut nil In all the 1
democrats took It at an abls paper and the bard money 1
men among tuem do not hasitatu to say that they are 1
lolly satiaded with it, although it was thought that
" ( some of tbo toller sentence* ou the subject of resumption
might have teioplsd their adverse criticism ; nor 1
Jo tliey qnarrol with what Mr. Hendricks say*. It
ihouid be remembered that this Is the tlrst way the
letters airikolbem; perhaps they may soe bleuiUbo*
when they hiive more lully digested them.
Tbo soil money wing, with tbo exception of such
out and out grcenbackers as I,under*, of Indiana, and
Campbell and Auuersoo, of Illinois, vied wltb the
hard money moti in praising the letter. General Atkius,
ol Tennessee, sild that Tlklen's letter hud cleared
sway all the mists overhanging the financial question,
and would rsconcile boih wmgs ol the (uirly. The solt
money men, he asserted, were just at anxious as the
hard money men to resume ai ibe earliest dale, but
\thcy believed, with Governor Tildeu, tbat tbe time of
resumption was a matter of administrative statesman
himself to W wonderful aUtoamu by this letter,
snd ejaculated, "He wa* made for tba occasion. "
W. T. Caldwell, of Tennessee, said be bad not read
the lutler, but bad converted witb many of bu fellow
aolt men, wbo expressed bat one opinion about tbe letter
and Lb at was highly favorable.
A. B. Boone, of Kentucky, had never read e public
document In bis life which bad pleased him as much
as this letter. It procisely met the expectation ol the
democracy of Kentucky. Tbie letter famished e platterm
on which both wlnga of tbo party could well
unite, both desiring resumption and only differing as
to tbe dsie. Governor filden pointed oat the trae way
to resumption, which wss by economy.
Mr. Holman. of Indiana, aald he was highly pleased
witb Governor Tilden's teller.
A. N. Scales, of North Carolina, thought that the
l?ttcr will hare a favorable effect npoa the cauvan.
The true way to resume. said he, is by stopping the
plundering of tho Treasury and reviving Industry and
business prosperity.
Mr. Springer, ol Illinois, thought the letter very
able and that It will reconcile the party.
Mr. Landers aud the tew out and out greenbaekers,
were not so much pleased. Mr. Landers said that
Tilden ozpreeses in his letter views opposed to those
ol nine-tenths ot his parly; however, he will vote (or
him as the whole republican party W sold to the bondholders,
while only a part or the democratic party Is
sold to them. The people of the West will never consent
to build up a uoaey aristocracy by resumption.
General Anderson, V Illinois, is equally disgusted
with the letter, and says all the greenbaekers la Illinois
will vote straight for i'eter Cooper.
Ex-Governor Walker, ot Virginia, said ho likod tho
lotler first rata It was admirable and covered the
whole ground; with It he would eweep his district from
ono end to tho other In November next.
Un tho .senate side the views were even less gensral
and pronounced. It was expected by the democrats
that the Miss sslppl afiair would he brought up In tbo
debate through the presentation of the report by Senator
Boutwell, though there was evidently an intention
to induce him, as chairman of tho Investigating Committee,
to bring It In. The effort failed, but Sonator
Morton, provolcod at the opposition of Senator
Thuraisn to his motion lor tbo printing of additional
numbars ol the President's message on the
Hamburg massacre, openod a debate on the Southern |
question. In the course of bis reply to Senator Mor- I
ton's animated reference to the Hamburg massacre j
Senator Thurinan led off with the first reference to I
Governor Tililen's letter He onnted lerveiv trom it 1
uud in approving terms. Senator Morion strongly
emphasized a reference to the fact, as stated tn to-day's
Hkkald editorial, that neither the letter of Governor Tilde
n nor Hecdriclu made any allusion to tho Hamburg
massacre. He was very much pleased with the view
taken by tho Hkbald. Senator Morton furthor repeated
the assertion that the democratic leaders did
not dare to arraign the Hamburg rioters, because they
were the kind of men whose votes they needed. He
says to-night:?
"I repeated this two or three times bocauso I wanted
to drive that charge home to the democratic party.
Speaking of Governor Ttlden's letter he remarked
that it was a fraud from beginning to end, and Governor
Tildon meant It to bo so.
, The opinions of the democratic Senators who have
read the letter of Governor Ttlden may be summed up
as being all in favor of and pleased with lb They regard
it as a very able and well conceived document.
Amoug tho republicans few had takon the time to
read it, and those who had said with much amusement
that it was too long and would not be understood by
tho people; it evidenced astuteness and ubllity, but
would not catch anr votes. It is. on tho whole, regarded
as adroitly and very plausibly written.
Wasbixctom, August 5, 1876.
The Committee on Expenditures In the Department
of Justice say in their report made to-day:?"Tho contingent
expense* in thie Uupartmeut were laat year reduced
to $15,541," aud they recommend that they be
redueed to about $lo,00a They also reported to the
Commltteo on Appropriations a recommendation cotting
oil' all carriages and vehicles attached to the Attorney
General's Department, which waa done, with
the exception of one wagou, which was lelt lor tho
purpose ol conveying books and material to and lrou
diflorent departments. They also recoaimended a reduction
of the Judiciary Fund to the amount of
$600,000, believing an appropriation of $2,500,000 ta
amply sufficient, instead of $3,000,000 as nuretolore appropriated,
making a total deduction in the Department
ol Justice ol $626,000:
The committee say that charges were made against
certain marshals, on account ol their having tailed to
settle their accounts as required by law; they recommended
the institution ol suits against tbem by the
Attorney General. Certain other marahala were dls
missed alter the committee commenced the Investigation
of lh*lr conduct. They have talt*n considerable
evidence as to a too common custom of marshals in
taking blank receipts from their deputies In many
Instances they toko receipts from their deputies lor
three-quarters ot the amount of tneir gross earnings,
but do not pay them one-half of the amount stated In
the receipt.
The committee examined at great length the amounts |
of money paid to John L Davenport lor registration, j
and aay that it is dtUlcull to percoive how the govern- I
mom got the beuellt of tho money given to Davenport
to aid him In preparing those books, when the govern- I
meat is afterward charged, in Duvunport's accounts as
Chief Supervisor of Elections, lor the very work winch
Davouport'a employes did upon tbeso books. Davenport
attempts to account lor tho expenditure of the
$114,000 by putting In recoipu from his workmen for 1
their dally labor upon tbeso books, when his account
in the Treasury Department as Cbiet Supervisor i
shows that he charged tbo government lor every particle '
ol work done by those vory employe1* Davenport hied i
in his testimony a largo number ol receipts, mostly
ol employes as vouchers lor the expenditure ol that
sum, the Oral series bearing date of May, j
1871, several months before he received any !
ol the $84,000, and tho most of them two
yenrs niter ha received the last Instalment of
$8,000 in November, 1873. It was In evidence that
many ol these receipts were obtained by and furuishod
to Davenport after the Investigation began and during
the period in which Davenport's testimony was taken.
It ulfiO 111 L'Vld?HfA thill innfiV nf thn rnrAintd fur.
mahed to the committee an vouchors for the expend!
turo of tin* lund were given for money paid for work
done lor ihu Committee of Seventy, a purely election
committee, at Not. 32 and 52 Union square. New York,
riie committee itieretore report that said $34,000 I* net
accounted lor by Davenport.
Tbo committee lurtber report tbal tbey found other
evidence* ot improper uee of the Secret Service fund
of the government for political, noclal and other pur
poses. It waa evident from tbo testimony of Whiley,
the former chief, and Canz, the former Secretary of |
tlio Secret Servico Diviaion in New York, a* well from 1
what they tell as from what they evade, that that fund
was used to influence elections in Now York city. The
committee hsvc left reluctant to report that tbey tlud
on the part of any officers of the government a misappropriation
of money to uses not contemplated by
law, but, alter a full and careful consideration '
?f the facta developed by the lostimony and '
of tbo Una under which the Judiciary lund Is j
appropriated, sod the law appropriating the "Ku j
Klux Fund," from which Davenport got his money, !
ttioy teel compelled to re|>ort that the President and |
tbo Attorney Generals?Messrs. Akcrman and Williams?who
supplied Davenport with the $34,000 (rom !
Hie latter lund, diverted it Irorn lis propor purpose to I
one entirely foreign to the objects of the law. The j
committee muke the following recommendations:? i
>Vrif?In view of the many extraordinary abuses to
which the elecllou law* ol Congress ars prostituted,
una the opportunities for corruption and oppression
which tlie - allurd in the mauagoinent of bad raro, and
ol llioir donbtiul constitutionality, your committee
recommend the aholiliou of superrieore of election,
aud the entire repeal ol said laws.
Ascend-Your committee recommends, if said laws
be not repealed, that either the appropriation ol
$&0,(HK> to the Department ol Justice h rum oesigualod
a.t the "Ku Klux Kuud" shall no lunger be tuadu, or, it
made, that It shall be specifically provided that no portion
ol said lund shall be used directly or indirectly in
or about the macluucry of the elections, and that lie
disbursement shall te rigidly accounted lor.
Third? Your committee recommend that no fond of
the government shall ever be to expended or dlebareed
that no account of it eball be kept so that It may be accounted
for in detail wbeu ao required.
Fourth?Your committee recommend that the Attorney
lieueral be requested to luke aucb steps aa he
may deem oeceaaary to recover and return to the treasnry
tbeaioreaaid $34,000.
>ytA- Your committee recommend the passage of a
law preventing any pcraon holding more than one
odlce under the United States government at tho same
Sixth?Your committee recommend the passage of
thu laws beretolore referred to in this report, which
have been prepared and Introduced into the House of
Re prusen tallves.
All of which Is ret tree tl oily reoorled.
J OS K I'll ?. HOUSE,
M. J. Dl'NHAM,
The minority prevent their views as follows:?
The subject winch occupied the sttention of the
committee was the disbursement or $34,000 by the
Attorney tienerals, Altermuu and Williams, at the
request of the President during the years 1871, 1872
and 1873, to detect s id punish democratic frauds in !
New York city election- This was thu only matter
which could be tortured into any political significance,
and the majority seized upon this as soou ss presented
with an appetite suarp' nod by a long, eipeusive and
tedious Investigation, which, up to Ibis time, has been
entirely barren of reeslts. The minority further say
that It will not be denied by any candid inan that whatever
may have been the origiual object and purpose of
ull of those numerous investigations they have long
ago Man perverted Iroui their true mission and become
schools ol scandal, couduits to convey to lite
public ear all the hate sou disappointment, the malice, i
the anger, the inortifle.itIon, lite Icalousy, the deaperation-aud
malignity ot tho democratic heart which has I
beou accumulating lor fll'ieou year* against men who
eleven years ago broke the power ot tne rebellion and I
rescued the Kepubllc from tbe very Jawa or drstruc- I
tlun. They speak of the malicious and unfair spirit in j
which the Investigation was conducted, and say the |
majority report was written with tbe samo spirit of i
unfairness. They give a detailed history ot the ueees- I
slty for and expenditure ol the $&4,0t>0, and John 1. |
llavenporl's connection with It, and suy thut the majority
ot the committee, alter all lliotr long investiga- !
non, are not able to And thai Davenport eror converted !
a a Ingle dollar to bit owu use of tno luuds placed In
his hands, or that he over diverted a penny ot It Irom
Its legitimate purpose. They allude to the remark of
the majority that they regretted that they were
compelled to Cud that any public ottlcial had been
misappropriating public money, and say that surh j
language sounds slraugo coining trom men who ought
to buvo known when thoy yero appointed upon the
committee that they were expected by the lenders of
the democratic party In tbe House to raDsmklho
House, Irom centre to clrcumlerem ?>, in order to llnd
something which might he tortured into a shadow of a
stain upon President tiraut and tho members of
his Cabinet. The couclusiou to which tho
minority come is that tbe $&i,U00 paid
to Davenport was legally And properly i
appropriated: that It was expended br D.ivonoort lor
purposes coning fairly within the law; and that instead
of caukuro. the President, Attorneys General Akermun
and Williams ami Davenport are entitled to cotnmandatton
for the prompt, laithlul and energetic manner
in which they aided in suppressing m a groat degree
the gigantic election frauds in the city of Now York in
1872, and iu restoring to tbo people ot that great motropol's
the freedom of elections and tho purity of the
ballot box.
Tho minority protest against the repeal of the registration
laws as recommended by tbo majority.
blufoed wilson.
Blulord Wilson's oross-oxamluation was to bavo been I
continued to-day, but in conaoquence of the sickness
ol Representative Plaistsd, of tho committee, It was
postponed till Monday.
waauixatov, August 6, 1870.
Mr. Morton, (rep.) of Ind., moved to take up the
resolution to print 10,000 extra copies of tho President's
Message and accompanying documents In reference
to the recant trouble at Hamburg, S. C..
Mr. Thl-rmax, (dem.) ol Ohio, hoped It would not be
taken up, because It would give rise to a very serious
debate. There was more important business before
tbo Senate than printing papers as mere electioneering
documents. The usual number of copies of this message
bad already been printed for Ibe uee ol tbo Senate,
and, so lar as the Information waa needed lor the
purposes of legislation, a sutllcleat number of copies
were belora the body. The only object In printing
these 10,000 copies was to clrcnlato them as electioneering
Tbe motion to take np tho resolution waa agreed la
x oaa, M; nays, id?u strict party vote.
Mr. Thurhax moved to postpone the roiolutton and
take np tho bill lately reported from tboJadiciary
Committoe to provide lor tho creation ot a sinking
rand to aetlle tbe Indebtedness duo from 1'aciUc railroads.
Mr. Morton aald be agreed with bis Iriend from Ohio
that there was but one object in baring these documents
printed, and that was to circulate tbem among
tbe people and convey to tbem information on this
subject. Me regretted to observe In reading tbe tetters
ot Mr. Tllden and Mr. Ueuflrieks, published tbia morning,
that tbey did not t-oe fit to lake notico of this
transaction at Hamburg and transactions of a kindred
character throughout the South. They had much to
say about finances, economy and relortn, but nothing
about these murdors. This messago and the accompanying
documents sbonld be printed and put beloro
the people. It was quite as Important to attend to
ibis matter now as any other business before tho
Mr. Thcrma* said the purpose of this resolution
was admitted. It was merely to print at tbe public
expense an account of a deplorable event which recently
took place in Sooth Carolina. Kvery good man
deplored that transaction. Whenever violence took
place tn one section of this country there were Senators
on this Door ready to print tbe account thereof at
the public expense just before an election, while In
other sections ol ihe country murders went on and no
notice was taken of tbem. There were murdeis and
violence m Pennsylvania, Indiana and Ohio, but they
excited no indignation In the breast ol tbo Senator
Irom Indiana.
what pxssstlva5ia do kg.
Mr. Cahhbon, (rep.) of Pa., aald there bad been murders
In Pennsylvania, but the State authority bad arrested
tbe murderers, and six of tbcin wero now sentenced
to be hanged. He bad no doubt thirty would be
banged betore tbo authorities got through. Whenever
the peoplo of the South should take steps to have
speedy justice dealt out to murderers, be would say
they had done uo!L In tbe State ol Pennsylvania
every man, no nutter what bis politics were, favored
the punishmeul ot criminals In Ibut State.
Mr. Pattkksox, (rep.) of S. 0., inquired il tbe mur- i
ders ol the Molly Magulres in Pennsylvania were politl- |
cal murders ?
Mr. Camrroh?No, air; but tbe murderers were all
democrats. (Uaughter on IDs republican side ol tho
Mr. Tudumar asked, If murderers were not punished
in South Carolina, whose'fault was it f The Governor 1
of the Slate was a republican; every judge ou iho I
bench was u republican, and bo had beeu told every I
Commonwealth attorney in Iho Stale was a republican.
II ihe laws were nut enlorced whose Tault wns it*
Mr. Uokdox, (deiu.) of Ua., said every militia company
In the State wis composod ot black men and
armed at tho government expense.
Mr. McMili.am, (rep.) of Minn., asked it while men in |
South Carolina could not lorm militia companies also .
uuder the law* ol tho State,
Mr. Uordok replied they could, but they were not ,
allowed arms.
Mr. Pattkrson said they organized tbemselves into ,
companies and armed themselves. They organized '
under the general incorporation laws ot tbe Statu and !
called their captain "president."
peal lb* law* and prevent tbem irom so organizing?
Mr. Pattxrso* replied that it could not lie den*
without repealing all tbs Incorporation law* of too
Mr. Titiana> aald that waa about the calibr* of the
South Carollua Legislature. It could uol prohltut au
Illegal orginiiatioii without repealing tho inoorporatlou
law* o( the State. Who was authoriaod to my
that lb* authorities ol South Carolina would not punnh
murdorers? Ho repeated hi* statement, that all the
olllclai* of the state were republicans.
Mr. Pattrbsox said be wished the Senator would go
o little tnrthsr in bis statement and say the Juror* of
tbe stale were alio republican*.
Mr. Thpbma* said tbat when any man aald that bo- '
caueo a juror was not a republican be could not render
an bonesl Judgment lie libelled bi* Statet
Mr. Pattiusox domed that any persou hud ever been
puniabed in South Carolina lor a political murder.
Mr. Trubmax said probably the caae had never been
made out to warrant a Judgmeui of guilty.
Mr. Pattsrsox replied they bad been so made out
Mr. Tmcrmax?Tbat la the Senator's assertion against
the juror's outh. I prefer to take the juror's oath.
The morolng hour having expired, the Chair luid before
the Senate the uullnished business, being the bill
to establish post router.
the aiLvxit DOLI.ar.
Mr. Boctwill, (repo ot Mass., auhmltt*d a joint resoluiiou,
authorizing the appointment ol a commission
10 consider the expediency of issuing a silver dollar
and making the same a legal tender. Keterred to tbe
Cummiuee ou Finance.
Mr. Komi-xds, (rep ) of VI., moved to lay the regular
order, the Post Route bill, on too table. Agreed to?
Year, .TJ; nuyr, 17.
tub i'kksidknt's mkrraok.
Ho tben moved to proceed wltb the consideration ot
the resolution ol Mr. Murton to print extra copies of
toe message on tho Hamburg trouble. Agreed to?
Yeas, 31!; nays, IK. *
Mr. Tiicrrax then renewed bis motion to postpone
the lurid** consideration ol toe rreoiutlun and lake up
the bill to provide lor tbe creation ol a sinking loud to
settle the Indebtednese due Irom the I'Bcihc Railroad
com|>aoies; but heioro toe vote was taken onlblsmo.
tloii Mr. luga.ls, (rrp ol Kau.|by unsnnnous consent,
made a report irom tlio coalerenre comiuittco on tbe
bill to provide lor the sale ol the usage ceded lands in
to actual tilers, which was debated at sent
' length by Messrs. Edmonds, Tbirnu, Ingalls and
Mr. Morton inquired what hadbeeomoof the reaolution.
The Chair replied that the conference report wan
Dsibg considered bv uuammuus coin-cut.
Mr. Morton aald he did not think he would be drawn
into the debate on the coulerence report; but bin issoluliou
had be< n switched oQ no handsomely that he
felt called npon to say something in reply to the Meua
tor ironi Ohio (Mr. Thurtnao). It was true there wero
murders in the Northern Slates?sometimes lor gatu,
sometimes lor passion, somutimes on account of hate?
but there were no murder* committed to control the
politics ot the Slates. The murders in tho South, he
said, were committed undor the direction of uieu who
wrote lor uewspajier.- and ca.led themselves gentlemen.
He desired to call tha atteullou ol the Senate
to the tact that the letters of acceptance
ol Tnden and Hendricks, in which tbey talkod
about everything else, made no mention ol tho
umssucre at Hamburg. He would make the statement,
deliberately and emphatically, that Mr. Tildeu and
Mr. Ueudricks dare not denounce the uisn who committed
the murders at Hamburg, Coushutla, t'ollux
and elsewhere, because their prospects of currylug
lour or live republican Slates depuuded upon tbo intluoiico
ami support ol the cisss ol men who commuted
those mumcr*. Mr. Murtou then sent to the Clerk's
H it. V u.nl >,. I .....t II... I. ......... .
ol Sou ill Carolina, aud i tie report ol Attorney General
Stone, of that .Slate, in regard 10 the Hamburg dilllcully,
and eatd tbeae papers showed the imnorlunca
ol spreading those luslters belora tlio American people.
A lerrort-iu now existed in South Curoliua and ueurly
every other Southern slate which prevented ihu puuIshment
lor killing u nogro. lie challenged Senators
ou the other side to uame a single instance where a
White man had been puuislied lor killing a negro.
Mr. Mkkuimox, (dam.) ol N. C.? It le done repeatedly
In iny Sum.
Mr. VVuHSKs, (dem.) of Va.? So It le In mine.
Mr. Morton said It was possible that II a white republican
or a negro got into a light the while republican
would he puuislied. (Cries ol "Oh! oh!" ou the
democratic side.) Conliuulng bis remarks, he said:?
With all that Governor Cgiauiberlaiu could uo, tho
prosecution of these loul murders would corns to nothing.
It such men as Tiidcu and Hendricks aud tho
leaders of tho democratic puriy woro to come out and
dououoco these thing-, aud demand tltul tho perpetrators
of tho crimes he brought to justice, the murders !
would bo slopped. Tbero was do use to deuy that these j
muruers were lor political purposes. His irieiid (Mr.
Thurutau) might as well try to coiicoal Mount Yemvlus
by spreading His pookut handkerchief over tho crater.
Mr. Tiukran said the Senator Irom ludluua was so
anxious to make his lilllu partisan speech that lie
could not wait to have hie resolution taken up agulu,
but on this ludiau bill he saw at to make this sluuip '
sDHoeli. He eninred the lists Willi his armor on .ilul
witli that same old ancient sabre to stir up the .North !
era mind lu make tho people ot tue North halo llio .
pooplc of the South. liu supposed tho Sua tior Iroin I
Indiana could not help 1L 1'hia thing had couie to l>e 1
a chrome disease wltu liiu, und nothing atemtil lu at- I
ford blui au mucb delight as lu bad Ibal a luw culurod !
people la tbo South bad been killed. Waea such |
things did bappuu tbo Senator ibuakod itie
Almighty lor bia aid lu tbo republicao party,
lie (Mr. Tburuiaa) could hardly help blushing lur tbo
Senator Irotn ludiaaa wheu be was guilty ot the small
criticism ihul Tilden and Heudrick* bud uol noticed
Ibo Hamburg mallei. They would liavo tuude themselves
ihu laughing slock oi the whole cuuulry II ibey
bad duuo any such tinny. How came il ibal Mr.
Wheeler, Ibo republican candidate for Vice 1'reaideul,
made u? aieuliun in hia letter of ibese Southern troubles
V Why did not Uovernor Hayes, In hla loiter of
acceptance, inuke liberal extracts from tbo speeches of
the Senator from Indiana? Why did not Govornor
I Hayes, a mild mannered man aud brave soldier, hoist
I the bloody (lag, Instead ol speaking in lnnguugo of
| mildncsk and kindness toward the South? Mr. lhurj
tnuu then quoted Irotn the letter of acceptance of Governor
fildon in regard to reconclllalloa, protection of
the political ana peraonal rights of citizens, Ate., and
said it was a pledge which, 11 delivered ill an
inaugural addross, would satisfy tbe whole oountry
that the mun who delivered It bud a S"uud head aud a
right heart. What more could have beou aald by bint Y
Mr. Tburtnan argued that It was not the duty ot Mr.
Tlldeu lu gu mousing around lor Southern outrages
npon newspuper reports. Kvery man would seu bow
miserable the criticism ot tbo Senator from Indiana
was. If the stuleuieuls ol Governor Chamberlain and
tbu Attorney General ol South Caroliua were true ill
ruguru iu iuv umuuurK uiuicuuy. iqi'u a cniuu uuu
been committed ol which he coulu not Uud language to
condemn. It added brutality to cowardice?the meauost
uud basest cowardice. The ehootiug of unarmed prisoners
waa a crime too great to bo described by words.
No doubt thoro were indiscreet tneu in tho South, and
they were I ho worst enemies ot that scclioli. The entire
militia ol South Carolina was composed ot colored
tneu, and arms had boon taken from the while companies.
Mr, Pattsbsos said be lived there and had never
heard of it.
Mr. Thubnax said there wcro a great many things
which tho Suuator (Mr. Patterson) never heard ot.
The country waa told not long ago by one high in stattou
"tat us have peace," hut tnaiead ot that It seemed
there was to ee no uud of this crusade of hale toward
tho South. When was the couuiry to have peace it
Ibis thing went on f The crowned heada ol Europe
had bceu Invited here In this centennial year to witness
the prosperity of tlto Republic, but, instead of a
united and contented people, they were told irotu the
tioor ot tuls Senate that oue-lliird of tho |>eoplo ci the
couuiry were a set of monsters and were void ot all
trails ot humanity. If that waa true the country
had bettor hide ail the evidences ot prosperity at Philadelphia.
how to out peace.
Mr. Morton sntd tho Senator from Ohio asked when
we were to havo poses in the country, lie (Mr. Morton)
could answer it When murders ceasod on account
of race there would be peace. Ibo crime ol tho
republican parly waa la talking about tbia thing. L.el
the killing bo stopped and itie republicans will atop
lalUibu about it llo had bo doubt tbore vruro millions
of good people Id tbe south, but tbey had out the
power to control tin* violent element. Ho believed
tbo violent element waa lu the minority, but it bud the
power over tbe majority and controlled tholr politics.
Horoadlroiu tbo iettor of acceptance of Mr. Hendricks,
and laid that gentleman did not csndcniu
bloodshed, but he coudeuinod tbo party trying to make
capital on account ol that bl. odshed.
i'be re|>ort of the Conlurence Committee on the bill
to provide for the sulo of tlio Oaagu ceded lauds, be.,
was agreed to?yeas 27, nay* 18.
1 he Senate then returned tbo consideration of the
resolution of Mr. Morion lo print extra copies ot the
President s Hostage on tbe Hamburg troubles, and the
discussion WSS continued.
Mr. Sat'uiMbSY, (duin.) of Del., said tbe object or this
resolution was lo print at tbo expense of the government
a document dcaigued lor political purposes, to
bo pa d lor out of the national Treasury. He bad
not thu least objection lo having this document
printed by any political party at thu oxponso ol the
party. Kolerring to the Hamburg diillculty, ho said
the perpetrators of tbe crime should be ferreted out
and puniebed. Ho then commented on the Meerugo of
the President and that of Uovernor Cbatnbcrlaiu, of
South Carolina, and askod what the people of this
country would think of a President who said, in Ins
letter, that some States In this Union claimed the
privilege of killing negroes und republicans witbeut
toar of punisbmenL He argued thst the languid statu
ol industries In tbe North waa caused, to a great extent,
by tho policy of tbe republican party toward the
Mr. MoMii.lan, of Minnesota, said in tbo South tho
relation between the whiles and negroes in regard to
labor were satisfactory, but it waa in regard to politics
that the trouble came in.
Mr. Saulsucby said thu Senator could not Inform him
as to the condition ol affairs in the South.
fly Mr. Logan?Could ho inform you ass to anything?
Mr. Saolsbuby?Probably the Seoator from Minnesota
could on some subjects, but 1 doubt very much If
tbe Senator irum Illinois (Mr. Logan) could. (Laughter.)
He again referred to the Mersageot the President,
and said the occupant of the Whilo House should I
be content that the "bloody shirt" should float from
tbo Capitol and lot the Stars and Stripe* lloal Irum tho
White House, which bail beou the borne of Washing- | 1
ton, of JoHsrsoo, and a long lina of Illustrious states- ] <
men. I
Mr. Kdmindb, (rap. j ol Vl, said ue objected to con- I 1
sluerirg any bill now. Ha proposed to ilo an act of j
justice to a good many old men, and to the memory oI ,
many who had gone to ilielr graves through acts of po- i
lllicaJ associates of tho Senator from Kentucky. I
Mr. KcOmif?1 deny that '
Mr. Honi'sna resuming said the plea of not guilty : '
was a very good one. Senators lroui Ohio (Mr. i'hur- ! |
man), from Delaware (Mr. llayard), and from Texas j j
(Mr. M.ikey), had assailed tho republican side ol the i !
Chamber, and charged the repuolicau pa ly with keep- | 1
ing up a war ol hale; but those Senators carefully con- ' '
ceuled where the hate camo lu. If the republican parly i j
would only stop legislating lu secure equal rights and | ]
itnpArtiel suffrage to all ullizeus then tbero would be \
peace, bcraiise iliore would be no occasion lor una- ! \
guided people in the South to retort to the means lbey j 1
do to stop the exercoo of theso rights TVIiui , .
?|. tb# use of Senators rising here and I j
lodging contlanally tho question ae to the ; ]
IIIM "f alalia in the South. There was .
not one caso lu a thousand where those who , i
commuted crimes in the South for political purposes ;
were brought to Justice. Tho Senator Iroiu Ohio (Mr. '
Thurman) in speaking of the Hamburg affair naked j
why the Stele uutboritios, who were republicans, did }
not punish the perpetrators. I hires a jury should bo e
packed iu south Carolina?and that a republican ad- T
ministration did not believe iu?there was sure to be "
auioug tho twelve meu aoniu one who sympathized >
with the perpetrators of the crime, and the result wen
that no verdicts of guilty wore rendered. And again,
when a grand jury was empanelled to Inquire lu.o
these lb.ugs evidence before the Senate showed that '
In many cases members ol such grand Jury re- P
wived notice that if tbvy prosecuted tlieir inquiry
tbeir beads would lull In the basket sail tbelr bodies I
would lie in unbonorod graves. He then referred to c
the constitution of Texas in regard to fteo schools, end '
argued that the miuute the ex rebels got Into power (l
they turned tbelr backa upon all the good promises c
they bad made. That dtsta had been going
b'ick steadily In regard to public education. *
He bed read memorials heretofore presented to the '
r-enalo from tlie colored people of Texas asking leglslu- *
llou to socure to them |iubliu schools, and argued that
tho evidence showed that the people ol the South ex- 1
peeled that every triumph which rebellion nought to '
uchicve, except independence, could be accomplished 1
now. To these Tacts he wanted to call tho atleullon of
tho people ol tho country, and let thein any If they '
were williog to trust tho country la the band* of I
such men.
He lore Mr. Kdmundn concluded his argument tho | <
Senate, at five o'clock, on motion of Mr. Kouiwell, >
went into execulivo session, and whoa the doors wero <
opened adjourned until Monday. I
floras or BSI'RUiEXTATTVKa. I
WADiiiNUTun, August 6, 1878. '
Mr. Cox, (data.) at N. Y., chairman ef the ttaaualV
toe on Bankii( and Currency, reported a bill to rapaal
the third auction of the Resumption net of January 14,
187S, which dlrecU tho Secretary of tha Treaaury to
redeem in cola legal tender nolea then outstanding, and
proposed to allow an hour and a lialt tor Ita dtscuaaion,
and tha like time for tha ducuaaion of a further bill,
which ho waa directed to report, providing lor a coin
mission on the subject. 11a would deeJlao, howovor
to allow atuendmenta to be offered. He opened the argument
by declaring hie belief that tho fixing of a day
fur teauiuptiou wua a hopeless menace to prosperity;
that it effected no good and that 11 waa utterly useless
fur all practical purpose*
UK. ltuwiTr coasiiiaaa it a pleuue.
Mr. Hewitt, (duui.) of N. Y., opposed the bilL llo
believed that the Ueaumptiou act was one of the weakest,
crudest and most lusiguiliiant piece* of leulnlatiuu
Intended to effect a financial result tb.it ever parsed
Congress, but still It pledged the national honor, and
that pledge fie would try lo redeem. If lie were asked
whether he thought it practicable lo redcooi it on tho
let of Jauuury. lt>7?, he would auswer promptly, "Nft"
But he wauled lo deal with the question wait wisdom
and statesmanship. There was but one way to deal
with it, ami that was to appoint a comunsainii to tako
the whole subject into consideration. On ihut commission
men ol the soundest financial wisdom could
bo placed, and on its report the llouae could take intelligent
nit. cuitte.vde* orroHis hki-eal.
Mr. CuiTTK.vnE.N, (itid.) of 2f. Y., opposed the repeal.
Ho ssid. Why repeal mo Kcsuiupiiou act ol January
14,18757 Cau Congress do tliatr Can this House do it
without .disgrace 7 la it not repudiation pure and
simple, without excuse or palliation 7 A fc\, days ugo
my friend and colleague, the distinguished chairman of
tho National liouiociuiic Commilteo, in an upon letter
to the public, bravely and truthiuliy said?1 quote his
precise language?''The legal leudor notes are au
overdue debt. It is a disgrace to the people
of this country that the payment of mis
debt should not have been made long since.
If the origlual privilege ol funding these
nolea in six per cent bonds hud not been repealed the
bonds would have been paid within twelve months
after the close ol tho wux." And again:?"To-day, it
they were uiado fundable in four and a half per cent
currency bonds, they would all be paid and might u.l
bo cancelled within Iwolvo months." Hero is the iruih
which touches, the honor aud well being ol every
American iiu/.eu, nuiu ? mu lounuanou 01 nil our
hopes ot returned national prosperity. 1 ask my
friend, in tho uume ot rcusun and common sense, why
tio does not, in the interest ot a disgraced people,
b'lng forward u bill ''today" in harmony with bl?
conviction lolund tbu'logal tender debt" Does not
my rulleugus know, and cannot any studuut ot finance
see Hint events have ripened with ({rent rapidity since
this Congress asstuibUd last December alia that the
time bas lully conic when the privilege to luud in lour
per cent gold interest-bearing bunds would stop all
turthor shipments ot gold and turn the yellow current
hliucr tor luvcstiueut In such bonds, making substantial
resumption u( specie payments suro lung before
1879. Dues not my mercbanl Irieud know that on the
very in.st.int the Congress ot tho United
Stales wipes out the "disgrace" which he
concedes, that trom that moment our nattuiial credit
will bo foremost ol all nations of the earth, and
that idle capital everywhere in Curopo will seek our
tour per cent long bonds as the best security lu the
world. Does not my irieud kuow from his cxporieuce
as a master merchant and economist that the funding
ot the legul tender debt under the existing lawa will in
no wise, necessarily or in tact, limit tin- circulation of
paper money, except as It inuy aud should he limited,
by tho demands ol trade, and that such lundliig ol the
legal tender is tho natural and sure primary step pointing
to the conversion of all our live and six per oent
bunds Into lour per cent consols at an early
day r Does not my friend soo just here the
promised and traditional roward of honest doalinga,
inasmuch as the saving on tho outstanding six per
cent bonds alone will be more than enough to pay the
total Interest on all the legal tenderer Why not restoro
the privilege ot luouing to-day ? The gentleman
seems willing to censure the parly in power for tailing
to do it It was never so feasible "a- now. It seotna to
me a fair inference from his words which 1 have
quoted that he is himself in fuvor of (undlug. Will he
say he is so in his place in this House r Is funding the
true meauliig of the SL I-ouis platform as (il readsr
Dues the distinguished chairman of tho National Democratic
Committee teol warranted lu pledging his party
to such IcgUluttonr Will he himself tlrmly and
squarely declare bis support of such legislation? Why,
then, does bejustily in his letter to tho public tho repeal
of the Resumption act or any part uf It ? Now, I
propose, with all courtesy and yet with all tho fugce ot
truth, to show the gentleman's inconsistency lu striking
at thut act. lie Justifies its partial repeal lu his
tenor oocuuae it vtuuiu msiuii- tu? lugai ivnuer uuu'i iu
tbelr rigbllul position ot a doht duo upou demand uuil
not on the 1st or Jauuary, 1879. lie duos this without
ullenng any aubstuute und right in tbo luce of thu
lacu, ibinklug it will bo easy substantially to resume
long beloro 1879 and still claims that repeal Is not repudiation.
Let us test that claim. My colleague In
his commercial atTulrs has olteu recelvod with great
satisfaction a renewed confidence from an unfortunute
ana improvident dobtor, a now promise to pay ao old,
past duo debt lu full ul a fixed date Did he ever, in a
siuclo instance, receive with patlonco or without great
indignation und qpprobation from such a debtor ioug
before such now promise has matured formal uolleo of
its withdrawal v Is not Ihut precisely the same position
In which lie auat his party propose to
place the govern men t of the Untied States
in respect 10 the legal tendor debt, the
existence of which he himself characterizes us a "disgrace
to the people, " by repeal:ug the promise to pay
It in 18797 It cannot be denied, llow, then, can we
reasonably hope lor thorough relorm In any department
ol the public service in luce ot such hlladuoss oi public
judgment una hardness ol thu pubic conscience as
tolerates such bold propositions of repudiation 1 As
between man aud man wo know and recognize tbo absolute
need of exact uprightness as the condition of
personal honar. As legislators It is pro|>oae<l thai we
sliail ignore uprightness, and daily with it lor selfish
and part nan ends.
Mr. Kasso.v, of Louikiuub, also a member of tbo
Blinking Committee, argued against a repeal of the Ilesumption
act and in favor of tho appointment of a committee
to tako into consideration tbo whole sobject, it
was not true Ihut no preparation was being innoe for
resumption. It wss being made, if not by Congress,
by the people themselves, lbe Resumption act bad
been bringing economy and bringing the balance of |
trade in lavor of the Called Slates, and the banks were
uiuking preparation lor resumption; liui the question
uuu uonu uuuseu u/ |iui i .1,1 aua uiu usuiifu^ui'l. 1 II in
very bill bud boon presented by politicians jusl
following Mr. Tildvu's letter ol acceptance. 1 hp dangerous
signitlcance ol this bill (and do man know it batter
than Governor Tlldun), was that 11 led no port to gull to
and no lima at which to arrive. Iutieud of saillug for Liverpool,
ua suggested by Mr. Tlldou, It was olaarmg "for
Cowc* and a market" (Laughter.) Kelerrlng to tbo
declaration or uiombeia uud ol tho democratic plat
form that tho Resumption bill wna a hiudmneo to re- I
sumption he auid that II there wan any signtileuiico in I
tortus It was a hindrance, bocauao without it resumption
would be arrived at quicker, slid asked tho deiuocrata
whether they would ntako that argument on the I
itump In Indiana. Would they say that they were I
going to reeume ipecio payment before tne llrat of
Jauuary, 187V 7 Would they not, on the contrary, aay i
that Mr. Tilden was lor the repeal of resumption,
and that Mr. Hendncka was for the repeal of roaump- ,
tion, and would they not tell "gmeubackera" to como I
and elect thom, iu order to deieat the resumption of I
ipecie payraont r That clause In the democratic piatlorm
had atrock him with mora than opposition; It
had atruck him wilb disgust. A party itauu was tills, j
The parly to which ho cla mod permanently to belong 1
demanded good constitutional money for the people ol j
tbe country?farmers und laborers. The other party !
lumped at every poor inouey; first at puper, because U 1
was worse tbao gold, aud then at ailver, because It waa
worse than puper.
Finally the'vote was uuuuunced as yeas 02. nays 1C4;
to the substitute waa rejected.
Tho vote waa then taken on the bill reported by Mr.
Cox, from the Commiiiee on Uanking aud Currency,
ind It waa passed, yeas, 100; nay a, 8b; as follows:?
Ykas?Messrs. Alnswurth, Anderson, Atkins, Banning,
lllsiid, Boone, Bradford, Bright, Brown ol New fork,
llrowu of Kansas, Cabell, Usldwull of Alabama. Caldwell
j| leuueseee, Csinpbell. Cannon, Caaun, Cate. Cmillield.
Jlarte of Kentuekr, Clark of Mia.onrl. Clyrnur, Ouch
nut, Collins, Coo*. Col. Olbrell, Douglas, Durliarn,
Kdeii, I'.TanK. Paulkntr, Triton, Kinlcy, Korjry,
Port, Krtnknn. fiauar. Uoode, Goodln, Gunler
IlarrLon, llarttall, Ilayn.und. lLiikle, Mere
nrd. Holinan, Hooker. Ilupkiua, Iloune. llubhell.
Iluiitnu, Kurd, Jone* of Kentucky, Lander* of Indiana,
Lane. Lawrence. LewU. l.ynUe. Maoaey. Maiali, McPariand,
McMahoa, Mlllikeii. Mill*. Morgan. Ylutcfaier, .Neat, New
fayne. Phelps, Poppltilou. ltaudall, Itea, Iteagan, .tuba
itellly, Hice. Kiddle. Kobiuaon. oarage, olieaktey. iHngletou,
flaiiioua. .Smith of Georgia. Moathard. Springer. Hleneer,
itetenaon. Stone. Tarae Tbomai, Throckmorton, flicker,
ruriier. Van \ order, Vance of Ohio, Waddell. Walker of
ilrgiiila. Walah, Well* tVhlllhorne. Williaoia ol Indiana,
iVililatn* of Alabaoia. wllaliire, Wilaon of W?n Virginia,
feats* and Young? l'H
.Nam?Meaire. Abbot, Ariama. ltagby, O. A. Hagley.J. II.
taaiey, Maker. Hallou, Hank*. Hell, Hlalr. Iturci ard of
lliuola, Caswell, t'hittaiiden. Conger, Cronnae. Caller,
fanford, Lav y. Hnrand, haioea. kit, rreeinao, I-rye, Gib
on, ilale, Haucock, llar.loubergh..llarrl* ul Maaaachuaeit*,
leiideraon. Hewitt of New York, lloar, Moge, l.yinan,
ovce, ka.ai II, Kelir. kiraoall. Lamar. l.apliara, Levy,
.yiich. MecDougell. MeCrary. Meade, Motealt, Miller Moo.
oe, Morrlaon, Naeb, Norton, O'Brien Odell, O'.Neil,
'acker, Page. Plane, Piper, Platl. Potter, Powell. Pratt,
(ainey, Koaa, Kiivk. Sampaon, Schleicher, Mnalckaoo,
.mall* Smith of Penuaylvania. Strait, stowell. Thompson,
'horuhurg. ToweeOnd of I'eiinaylraiita, Toll*. Wall. Walker
f New Hampshire, Ward. Warre II. Well* or Mississippi,
Vhlte, Whitlug, A. S. William* of Michigan, Willi*. Wil
on ol Iowa, aud Woodburn? ml.
ma. hswiti'h scusriTi'tk Moimmrx
Mr. Cox thi'D reportotl a bill lor a comm.anion ol
liren '-'custom, throe Kepreaeointtvaa aud three eg.
rertat, to inquire:?
A'irxf?Into the chnnge which has taken place
d the relative value ol gold nod ailver; llio i
auaoa thereof, whothor permanent or otherwise; the
fleet thereof on the trade, commerce, finance and promotive
lulcreata of the country, aud on the standard
d value in thl* and foreign cotiutnea
Xrcvtvl?Into the policy ol e restoration of the double
tandard In thle country, and if restored, what the
egal relations between the two coins, stiver end gold,
dull tvo.
TTtirU?Into the question of the policy of continuing
egal lender notes concurrently wttn the metallic standird
and tbo effect thereof on the labor, industry and
Mill ol the country.
Faurth?Into tne best manner of providing for facilitating
resumption ol specie payment, the committee
o report on or bvlore the 16th of January, 1877.
An hoar and a half debate on the bill look piece,
mraiag chlaily on the qncsiion whether the bill demonetizing
silver was not paased through the House
lurreptitlously end witnout reeding, the affirmative of
Ills question being held by Mr. HUnd, of Missouri; Mr.
llolman, ol Ineiano. sod Mr. Pert, of Illinois, and the
negative by Mr. Kaseou, ol Iowa, and Mr. Townsend,
?! Pennsylvania.
Finally the question was taken and the hill passed.
The Mouse then, as seven i ilwt, adjourns*.
botuxbmil'S mon8tbou8 PAJMTINO OE THE
i'uiLAi>niJ?uiA, August 6, 1870.
There is certainly a tender place in the average
human heart for Mine. Tuaaaud and her school, tor
that aort of realistic statuary which makes out its
effects with old clothes and plaster of Paris. alme.
Tussaud deals In old clothes and wux, hut plaster is
the superior inuterlal. Was Is perhaps economical, for
whon one merderer has been banged so long that there
is no more curiosity as to his appearance the gentle
wax will present the features of his successor in the
public interest, while rigid plaster Is as unyielding as
an account In bankroptcy.
In ino tnam building tbere uro about thirty figures of
I this sort of stuluary, and tbero Is scarcely say single
I feature of the whole exhibition that attracts more at:
lenllon. The faces and hands are inado of plaslar, colj
ored with such accuracy thai it is evidently difficult lor
many lo realize thai they are not looking upon lot
sunburned lacea of the real country people. Tbcj
' touch thein. to ho sura All ihoso "statues" are from
Sweden and Norway, and they are mostly In group
descriptive of domestic scenes In the lift
ot the people. As a means of exhibiting
the proportions und physical ebaractei
of tbo people and their stylo ot drees these figure*
are admirable, and It will not bo sate to rogard them as
ail indication of depraved taste In art. Those simpleminded
people evidently like statuary, but .they like
urt to be true und to present men as they are. Tbs
nakuunoss of classical marble is not readily understood
In lrozen countries.
As a means of exhibiting costume the usefulness ol
this sort of art la soen in the Sweulsh department,
whero there U shown In this way, with excellent
effect, too uniforms of Swodish soldiers at different
periods of the national history. It is a pleasant
tlllip to a dull imagination to be anddeuly
couirouted with the very presence of soldiers
such as they wera when they stood in line before
Charles XII. on
Dread fallows'* day.
When fortune left the royal Swede.
It Is not to our credit, uationaliy, that, having tried
our own hande at Ibis sort ot "statuary," we fall InOutlely
behind the Swedes and Norwegians. lu tbs
United States goverumeut building the attempt has
been made iu ibis saute way to give a vital impression
ot tbo appearance ol the soldlora and sailors of ths
United States at different periods, but It Is a melancholy
laliuro by comparison with the spirit and sited
ot wbal is Uoue la Ibis small way la tho Swedish department.
The anlloroia wo there and are of great interest.
It la a pity tbay wera not so mourned that that
purl of the display would out look Ilka a cheap shop
for the sale of readyinade clothing.
All our sIdb In the way ot art, however, are venial
by comparison with what la to bo seen In the picture
gallery. There la a picture of the battle of Gettysburg
painted by a person named Kothorucl. As the
blgblululln, heroic novel o( the weekly press Is to
literature, and the Itowery flvo acts of blood and thunder
to tho drama, so la this picture to art. Hothormel
la evidently ambitious lie wanted to paint a great
picture. This one is shout Iwenty-Bve leet long by
fifteen high. If I hat la uc. groainess what is f
It la uitllcult to determine Irotu his style whether
this artist la a shade painter or a scene painter or a
sign painter. Tbera are broad effects, which seem ta
suppose that the light will be on the other aide to
show through, and this favors the shado painter theory.
There are dlatortlona and bold indifference* to such
details us the human face which item to Imply that
the object la lo bo contemplated from the galleries on
tbe whole, however, we Incline to the sign pnlntei
theory. Kor muny generations tbe Marijals of Granny,
Old Tut und General Washington baro looked upoa
the world from tbalr lofty awing in tront ol
vllluge taverns In the style of the hcroei
who sprawl all over thla tremendous canvas. Heia
wo rocoguixe tho delaig the technicalities In manipulation
of tho school that produced the Three Turku'
Heads, tho Pewter Mug, the Goat and Gridiron,
the Indlau Queen, and tne Kiddle and Tongs. .Some
enterprising innkeepers in the country parts ol Pennsylvania
should buy this picture and cut out the portrait
ot General Meade on a rearing horse lor the decoration
of his establishment. It might he a fortune te
him Tho remainder or the canvas would make s
maiuaail for the ship of Tools. All the fools In the ship
could regard It with the consoling reflection that at
leaat thuy aro sounder than the tnau who painted that.
Every person concerned In the admiselou of this picture
should have six months In the must couveiAnat
Slalo Prison.
The firm of Max Stadler & Co., wholesale and retail
dealers in clothing, at tho corner of llroadway and
Prluce street, suspended yesterday. The firm was uue
ol tho largest In the city, and the sudden failure la
considered one ol the groalesl calamities to the trade.
Tnelr liabilities amount to $jOO,OOU There are three
partners In the lirm?Max Stadler, Henry Stadlcr and
Isadora Rosenheim. Mr. Max Stadlor hail luson In
business la Cincinnati lor twenty-six years, alter
which he catno to New York and founded the
firm of Stndler A Co., which was one
of the most successful clothing houses In
the United States. Ue drew out ol the Orin as bis
share of the profits, ou January 1, 187d, $2uo,ooo cash.
He then routed tbn magnificent marble buililiug
recently occupied by Ball, Black A Co., at tbs corner
of Prince street and Broadway, paying (25,000 per yeai
rental. An immense stock of goods was purchased at
high prices, among which were vast quantities of heavy
woollens for the fall trade. Thirty thousand dollar!
were tpout In ttlliug up the store, and the running
cxpen-us were $100,000 per year for clerk hire, Ao.
Tbo shrinkage on the goods from the price paid by tbt
firm tbo prsaent market raws la over thfrty-tbrss
and one-third per ceut. The firm did scarcely any
business in their new location, and yesterday tbey
made a full and complete assignment of the stock and
property to Mr. Frederick Lewis, brother et Aldermen
Mr. Lewis stated yesterday that he had no Idea of
what the atock would realize for tho bene tit of the creditors.
He was takluR account ol tho stock ana making
an abstract of the books. A meeting of the creditors
will be called as soon as possible, as the stock was all
lali and wluter goods which were periabable unless sold
while thero was a demand for them. Alter Septembel
the stock would not realize more than thirty cents oo
tho dollar.
Tho firm has issned a circular to the erediWrs stating
the facts ol their sudden suspension and reqnesting tbs
creditors to appoint a committee to adjust their claims
as speedily as possible. About thirty uf the creditors
called at the alore lute In the afternoon and expressed
the kindest reeling toward the llrtn and were ready to
aid It. Mr. Max .Stadlor Is at present at lamg Branch,
where his family is stopping. His accounts are In excellent
order aud tho credltora will have the mil benefl,
of all his effects. Among tho crodiWra are several
prominent banks, a number of Individual bankers and
several newspapers.
Tbs camp meeting at Sing Sing, which opened on tbo
26th ulL, will bo brought to a close st twelve o'clock
to-night. Although the attendance has been marked
by n slight lading off when compared with that of rocent
years, the managers yesterday expressed their so*
tire satisfaction at tbo reaulta of tha maetlne. both in
a roligious and a pecuniary point o( view. The weatbei
baa been moat propitious, with the exception ot last
Sunday, when the rain atorm, In addition to "refreshing
tb? earth when It was needy," temlod effectually t?
the keeping away ol that Idle, interloping element
which baa generally proved annoying to the worshipperson
the Sabbath. This week the attendance has been
encouraging, especially on Wednesday and Thursday.
Yesterday, tbe number on the grounds was comparatively
small, as many had already moved away preparatory
to the breaking up of tbe meetiug. At tbo morning
service. Rev. Mr. Uerger, of Croton, preached to an
attentive audience, bis subject being, "Tbe
hove of Hod." He was followed by
Rev. Messrs hull, Jayne and Morehouse, In earnest
exhortations to tbeir bearers to seek salvation ''now,"
while It la called to day. Tbe one o'clock prayer
meetings in tbe Dunne street tent, tbo Bedford
street tent sud the new tabernacle were well
attended, as was also tbe children's prayer meetings,
led by Mrs. Brebe. In tbe ullernooii a discourse
was delivered by Kev. l>r. Bottoms, of Tarrvtown.
Among lb? uiost interesting avunts of tbe camp meetIB*
will bo tbo closing services to night. Tue-e will
he eoiiduetod after the ancient manner of terminating
ttioae prayerful gatherings ol devout followers ol Joua
Wesley. There will be a midnlglil processloa around
,hc encampment, with singing and general bandshnklD*
Rev. Pathcr James Y. Dalton, late peator ef 8k Joseph's
church, Newark, end all 11 later of tbe Caibolle
cnureh at Bergen Point, wes burled yesterday la thn
Cemetery of tbe Holy hepnlebre. Tbo obsequies wero
very Imposing. On Friday tbe remains wore brought
to Newark and laid out In atate at 81. Joseph *
Twelve ol the members or the congregation
watch* I the body during tbe nlgbt. During
yesterday morning tbere whs a straain of people
for boars looking st the remains. At nine o'clock
s solemn requiem high mass was celebrated by Father
Klllein, the church being packed with people, dome
i*ty priests were present, including Bishop Corrtgan
and Visar General Donee. Tbe mass concluded Bishop
Corrigan delivered an address, in which be dwell
pathetically oa tbe vtrtnei of the deceased, and at the ?
same timo look oocasion to dispel some unpleasant
rumors which bad been circulated touching thn re-.,
moral or Father Dalton to Bergen Potnk Htn re>j
moral was in accordance with his own wishes, dictated^
by lll-heailh and a wish for lighter labor than at di/l
Joseph'* m prUsin hnrs tits inffln in tin hint? SMl
n gmnt prnnsnt?i hllsftd >t te thngrnv* I
I m

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