OCR Interpretation

The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, August 11, 1876, Image 2

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030313/1876-08-11/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 2

Hie Great Explorer's Attempt to
Survey the Albert Niyanza.
The Naming of B3atrico Guif-Ketreat
to Uganda.
A Beautiful People and Their MountainTop
Rumanika, King of Karagwe. Befriends
the White Man.
Its Lakes and Floating Islands?The Gains
to Geography So Far.
ukiwkkx i'nyuko axu luanda, j
ck.vi hal africa, jttu. is, lstd. )
Six days ago tho Anglo-American expedition, under
niv command, and 2,000 choice spearmen or L'gandu
under command of "General" Samboocl, were eu'camped
ut Uuyamfuka Unyoro, on the shore of Ilia
Albert Niyauz i. Mtesa, Emperor of Uganda, tulthiully
fnltillcd his promise to mo so Car as to furnish me with
force suilicieut to pierce the hostile country o( Kabba
Ilegu and to penetrate to the Albert Xlynnza, near which
wo were cncuuiped three days. Hut though we wore
ucce&slui to fur as to roach the lake, drink of its
waters, take u couple of astronomical obscrv lions and
procure much lnlormutlon respecting the contiguous
countries, 1 soon perceived llmi exploration of the lake
Was out of the question, unless 1 then and there rosolved
to terminate my Jouruey with tho exploration
of the Albert. For having penetrated by force through
Kabba Rcga's country, it would have been lolly to expect
that 2,200 men could loug occupy Unyampaka In
lha fuco of the thousand* which Kabba Kegn, Klug of
Unyoro, and Miambuku, King of Aukorl, would array
tgainst them.
no tnorol'uufakk for white max.
Ever Flneo Sir Samuel linker aud his Egyptian forco
provoked the hostility ot the successor to Kamrusi,
Unyoro is a closed couutry to any man of a pale complexion,
bo ho Arab, Turk or Europcuu. Resides,
Gordon's oUlcers In tho north frequently engage the
Wungoro whcre.ver they are met, uud thus tho hale
wh.ch Kuliba Ilega bears to Ku'opeans is not diminishing.
South of Unyoro extends the conutry of Ankorl
Inhabited by a powerful tribe, whoso numbers liavo
generally been fouud sufficient to give Mtesa measure
for measure and blow lor blow, uud whose ferocity aud
lingular aversion to strangers have compelled all tradf
Inj caravans to keep clear ol them.
ax escort of tjvo tdol'saxd mux.
Upon considering the chances of success along the
various routes to l.ako Albert it I vc.utiu too evident lo
me that, unaided by a forco ot W'aganda, I could not so
much ns reach the lake, and that even with tho
Waganda, unless tho Emperor assisted mo with .'>0,000
or 0>,0t0, it would bo almost hopeless to expect that wo
could hold our ground long enough to enable mo to
let out on a two months' voyage ol exploration, and
tiud on my return tho expedition still intact and safe.
On repre'si tiling these ideas to the tmporor ho and his
chiefs assured mo that 2,COO men were amply suiliclcnl,
as K.ibba liega woul 1 not dare lilt a spear against the
Wagnnda, because it was ho (lltesu) who had seated
K.ibba ltega on the throne of Kamrasl. Though not
quite convinced with the assurances Mtcsa pave mo
that there would bo uo trouble I entreated liltu no
farther, but accepted thankfully General Sutnboozi and
2,000 men as escort.
Our March across Uganda, west and northwest, was
uninterrupted by any event to mar the secret joy I felt
In being onco more on the move to new fields ol exploration.
We tiiado a bravo show of spears and guns
whllo marching across the easy swells of pastoral
Western Uganda, flame was also abundant, and twenty-seven
baric boosts tell victims to my lovo of hunting
Utd our necessities of life.
Having arrived at tho frontier of I'nyoro wo mado
all warlike preparations, an I on January 5 rntored
Kabba Kega's territory. The people Hod before us,
leaving their provisions In their haste behind them, of
which we inAilo live u.ie. (In tlic Oth uo camped at tin*
baae of the tremendous mountain railed Kiliuga, at an
Altitude of 6. jut) foot above tlie ma Ka?t ol the low
ridge on which wo camped the Kutonga River was
rounding from tho north to the oust on 11* course toward
l.ak* Victoria, uud west ol the camp tho liutt ingo
ll.vor booinrd hoarse thunder from Its many caiuraets
and (alls ua it rushed westward to l.nke Albert, from
one of tho manv spurs ol Kubugu we obtained a pa.?siug
glimpse of the king of mountains, tianib.irngura,
which Attains nn altitude of between 1.1000 and 16.0UO
feel above the ocean. Snow s lroi|Uontly o-on, though
ol perpetual. t>u ill suoiui.l dwell tho chief medicine
men of Kabba Itrga, a people of Kuropean complexion.
a rack of elnurlarlv bearriri l works.
Some half doxon or these people 1 have seen, and at
tight of them I was rem tided 01 what Xukaroba, K ug
of Uitgo. told Livings one and mysell respecting wh.to
people who live far north of hia country. ' They are a
handsome race, and sc>m>* of tho women arc singularly
beautiful Their hair is kinky, but .ncllnod to brown in
color. Their Icaturo* arc regular, lips thin, hut their
Doaot, though well shaped, afe somewhat thick at the
bolt]l. Several ol their descendants arc ?. altered
throughout L'uyoro, Anion and Uu.unU, and the
royal lam Ily sf the latter powcrlul fountry are distinguished,
1 aiu told, by their pale complexion*. The
Queen ol Sasu.i Islands, In tho Victoria XI/idu,
Is a dcscendetit of this tribe.
tVbcnce came tins singular people I have had no
means or ascertaining except Irom Ilia Wagauda, who
say that the Ural Kmc of L'nyoro gave Ihetn the land
sSouiid tho hasc ol tlcmb^rsgara Mountain, where.n
through manV Vicissitudes they have continued to
reside (or centuries. On the approach of an
Invading hcsl they rolre.it to tho summit Ol
the mountain, the intense cola ol -which di lies
tho most determined ot the r luotnles. Two
years ago hwperor Mtosa despatched bis 1'rliuo
Minister with about 100,000 men to Vambaragtrn and
ICsongora; bat though thi' great General of I'gnnda
occupied the alopi? nnil aacended u great height In
| purbuit, he wuit compelled by the lncleuiont climutc to
descend without having captured inoro than a few
Waik alavea, the pale faced tribe having retreated to
j their impregnable lortre.-s at the summit.
The mountain, tt appear*, ix an extinct volcano, for
on the xumniit if a cryxlal clear luko, ubcut hut yards
I in length, from the centre of which risen a culuuiu-like
I ruck, lo u grout Height. A rim ol firm rook, like a wail,
1 surround* the summit. within which ure suvtrol vtl:
lages, whore IliO principal mcdiciue man and his people
: reside.
Two mon of this tribe, who might be taken at first
glance for Creeks In white shirts, accompanied Seka1
Jugu, a cub ch'.ol under Samboozl, and our expedition
to Lake Albert and hack lo I'gauda. but they wero
extremely uncommunicative, and nothing ol the history
of their tribe could I obtain Irotn them. Their
diet consists of milk and hauunus, and they wore the
only men of rank in tho entire force unuur Hatnboozi
who possessed more than two milch cows to supply
them with milk while on tho march. Sokajugu, to
whom they were friendly and under whom they hud
enrolled themselves, stales that they rebelled against
Kahbu Reg i, and, to avoid his vengeance, sought rofuge
with him.
Another specimen ot this tribe of white complexlonod
people I saw at tho Court of Mtosu In the person ol
l'rlnoo Nuraiouju, the brother of the reigning King
N'vikunr Cumliurittram ll'l.n.. l tir.i III... l I
blm (or a young Arab uf Cairo, who baa takeu up his
rcsldcnco in Uguudu lor sotno unknown reason, and it
was not until I had seen several specimens ol iho same
pale color that I could bollovo that there rusted a largo
and numerous tribe of people of audi singular color In
the heart of Africa, romoto from the truck of all travellers
and trading caravans.
| Africa Is certainly tho "haunt of light headed fable,"
romance and superstition, hut 1 shall believe here
I after that there exists some slight modicum of truth
in all tho statements and revelations of theso simple
people. On the slioies of the Victoria, In L'sukuma, 1
heard of a people lur north pnsscsHug very largo dogs,
ol such ilcrce uaturt^lhat they were often taken to war
against the enemies of their musters. These people I
subsequently ascertained to be tho Wakcdl, a tribe living
north of Usoga. Tho same people also, in their
various wars with Uganda, have frequently
been louud wearing irou armor. About four
years ago, when exploring tho Tanganyika with
Livingstone, I heard there existed a race of white
people north ol Uzigu. At that time Livingstone and
myself smiled at tho absurdity ol a wlnio people living ,
In tho heart of Alrlca, and ascribed the report to the
brown color of tho Warundi. Xow I have not only
soon the couutry of these white people, but several
specimens ol themselves at different period* and In
different places. Were It not lor tho negroid hair 1
should say ihoy were Kuropcans or some light-colored
Asiatics, such as Avrians or Armenians.
Apropos of these singular people, I h ive hoard thnt
j the first Kiug o! Kisbakku, a country southwest of
i Karagwe, wus an Arab, whose scimetar is still preserved
with groat rovoionco by the present reigning
lumlly of Kisbakku.
Our further passaco to Lake Albert was along tbo
southern bank ol the Kusaugo Klver, which winds in and
out among deep mountain folds, and rushes headlong on
In course in roaring cataracts and brawling rapids,
Ten hours' swift marching enabled us to cross an uninhabited
tract of Aukori and emerge again in I'nyoro,
' in tbo district of Kllagwenda, which is well populated and
cultivated. Our sudden appearance on the scene, with
. drums beating, colors living and bugics blowing,
I drove the natives in a panic from their Ileitis and their
I houses in such hot baste that many ol our peoplo found
the family porridge still cookiug and great pots full ol
milk stuudiug ready for the ovenlug meal,
sKF.kixa infohmatiox.
It had been previously agreed upon between "Oen
era!" Samboo/.i and myself that if the natives chose
! to permit our peaceful passage through Unyoro that
no violence was to be done to any person, ltut at
Kitugwenda wo luund ourselves in possession of a
populous and thriving district, with not a single native
| near us to give us information, juukc Albert, o*n the
evening oT Juuuury U, was about three miles duo west
' from us, and It b booved us that we might not bo surprised
to obtain tolormaliou as to the feelings of tho
1 natives toward us. Sutnboozl was clever enough to
< perceive our position, aud ho eouscutcd to send out
i gOO men next morning us scouts, and to capture a few
I men through whom we could communicate with tho
I chiol ol Kilagwcudn, and satisfy him that if unmolested ,
j we had no hostile Intention, and. if permitted to reside j
two months, would pay him in cloth, beads or wire for
| whatever we consumed.
1-1... II?I ,I?V ,L-?? I, hull II,? .xni.l. K.i..,.kl I n
five natives, who were sent with a peaceful message to
tlio chief. Tho chief did not deign to answer us, though
1 wo know ho resided on the summit ol u mountain close
, by. On tho 11th wo ntovvd our camp to within one
mile ol tho edge ol the plateau, a thousand loel below
which was the Albert Xiyuuza. Here we constructed
our camp on the morning ol the lllh, and, receiving no
word from tho chief of tho Kiiugwouda or of I nyain- {
pnk.t, sent oOO Wnganua and fifty of the Anglo-American
Kxpedition to aeek out a locality for a folic -d catup,
suit to soizo upou all cuiiocs along iho roust at tho huso
| ol tho plateau on which wo were camped. In about
tbreo hours tho rocounoitcring parly rutcrncd, bringing
Information that they Ind only succeeded in socur1
lug Ave small canoes, too small to be of any service to
| us, unit thai tho alarm hint already spread iar along tbo i
I coust thai a largo lorco ut strangers had arrived at tho
i lake for war purposes.
The 1'Jlli was spout by uto iu endeavoring to Induco
Sanihoozi to move to tho lake, that we might bttild a
fortified ( amp and put tho boat l.ndy Alice together,
hut it w is in vain." The natives had by this time rocovcrtd
their wits, and, strongly rem forced from tho
i neighboring district*, thoy were preparing thcutsolve*
for an effort to punish us lor our temerity, nitd, by the
Impunity they enjoyed Irom attack, they occupied all
: tuc heights and villages cast ol our cuniji. Once we
i sallied out of our camp lor a buttle; but the natives,
i while withdrawing, told ua to keop our Ntrcngth lor
the next day. I'liable to persuade Sumboozi to movo
Ins ramp or stay longer than tho next dav. there re
111 n.QoU for us only to roiuru with them to Uganda, (or j
among such pepplo it was useless lu think tor a u>o* !
uieiit ili.it a peaceable rosuleuco would he permitted, j
besides the country was I'uyorouud Kubbu-Hega, iho ;
enemy of the Europeans at llondokors war the King. i
Thereloro a posctiiul solution of our dllhctiliy was out |
ol the question. Accordingly, on the night oi the 1'JiU j
it was resolved to return mid try to discover some i
oilier country wbcro the expedition could ramp in
xalcty while 1 explored iho lake in the latdy Alice.
On the morning of the ldib we set out on our return
from the lake in order of battle, f>00 spearmen in
trnnt. .'>?*) spearmen lor rear guard, l.txtu spearmen
and ihe expedition in the ceulro. Whether It was our
compact column that prevented an attack or not I cannot
s,y. Wo were, however, permuted to leave the
country c( Kilsgwonda unmolested, the natives merely
closing In ou our rear to snatch stragglers. On the
14th our expedition comprised tho rear guard, and its
we entered llcnga, in I'nyoro, iho uutivo* rustiod from |
some wood* to utlack u?, but a lew rounds of hull i
cartridge dispersed them. Ou tho lSlh we re entered j
However slightingly your renders may think of our j
trip to the Albert, honestly I do not suppose 1 have
been guilty ol such a hare-brained allempt as this bctoro.
l.ooking calmly at it now, 1 regard it as great
folly, but iho success ol having penetrated thiougb
I'nyoro and reached tho Allien redeemed It somewhat
Irom absurdity. I sometimes think, though It would
have boon entirely contrary to orders, mat, having
reached the Albert, It would have been bo.tor lo liaro
Lunched tho boat and explore the lake, leaving ihc '
expedition lo lako care ol lUelf, to perish or survive
my absence. Hut I thought H too great a pity that s .
Oral class expedition, in llrst class order. Should lerminilc
ou the shore of the Albcn, and it one road was
closed there might probably ho others open; and alter '
much d 'libernt on with tnysell 1 resolved to reiurn i
and endeavor to disc >vcr c untrlos more amstiauie to '
roa.-uu atal opon to Irieh.il}- gilt* than hositlo I'hjroro
or locorr .u AnkorL
v? sews or oonnos.
Though wo mad# strict In'iuirtcs wo could discover ,
' no news of tiorilon or his steamers. The natives
of ruyntupaka had never heard of a ship or nuy vessel
larger than a can no, nod It Is Impossible that a ;
resssl so singular as a steamer could approach near ,
I rsongnra without the news of go singular an apparition
becoming notorious.
J ^ The geographical knowledgo w? have beou able
| to acquire by our forcible puah to the Albert
I Xvanza Is considerable. Tbo lay of tDe plateau
separating the groat reservoirs or the N'tlo, the
Victoria and Albert Ntyunzus, the structure
of tbo tnounta'ns and ridges, and the course
of the watersheds, and tho course of the rivers Kntonga
and Kugaugo have been revealed. The great mountain
' tiumbaraguru and l(a singular people havo been diaj
covered, besides u portion ol a gulf of the Albert, which
1 havo taken the liberty to call, In honor ol Her Itoyal
i Highness Urinccs* Beatrice, Oeatriro Gulf.
This gulf, almost a lako of itself, Is formed by the
I promontory ol Usoogora, which runs southwest some
thirty miles Iron) a point ten geographical miles north
I of Unyampuka. The eastern coast of the gull la formed
! by the countries ol lrangara, Unyainpaka, liubuju and
| Mpororo, which coast Hue runs a nearly south-southwest
course. Between Mpororo and Usongora extend
the islauds ol the maritloie State ol UtuuihL West of
Usougora Is Ukonju, on tho western coast of Lake
Albert, reputed to be peopled by cannibals. North ol
Ukonju is tho groat country of Uleggo.
Coming to tho eastern coast ol Lake Albert wo have
Luanda running from Mpororo on tho oast to Ukonju
on the west, occupying tho wliolo of the south and
southeast coast ol Lako Albert. North ol Unyampuka, j
on the oust side, is lraugaru, and north of lrangara the
district of Toro. Unyoro occupies the whole ol the
east side from the Murchlson Falls of the Victoria Nile
to Mpororo, for Uoyaiupaka, Toro, lluhuju and lrangara
are merely districts ol Unvuro. Tho great promontory
ol Usougora, whicu half shuts in Beatrice
Hull, is tributary to Kabba Keys, though governed by
Xyika, King ol Uambaragura.
Usongora is tho great salt Hold whence ull the surrounding
countries obtain their salt. It is, Irom all accounts,
a very land of wonders, but the traveller desirous
ol exploring :t should have a thousand Smdcrs to
1 protect III111, lur IIIU umivua, IIIU muau ui AIIIUII, curu
lor nothing bui milk ami gout-kins. Among tlie wonders
croditod to it are a mountain emitting "lire and
stones," a salt lake of considerable extent, several lulls
of rock suit, a largo plain encrusted thickly
j with salt and alkali, u breed ot very large
i dogs of extraordinary ferocity, and a race
| of such long legged natives that ordinary
i mortals regard them with surprise and awe. Tho
, Wagauda, who have Invaded their country lor tho sake
I ot booiy, ascribe a eool courage to them, against which
all their numbers and well known exporluesa with
shield and spear wore of little avail. They are, besides,
i xireuiely clannish, and allow nono of their tribe to lulormarry
with sirungerc, and their diet consists solely
of milk. Their sole occupaiion consists in watching
their cows, of which tliev havo an immenso number;
and it was to capture some of those herds that the Emperor
of Ugauda scut 1011,000 men under bis Prlmo
Minister to Csongora. Tho expedition was successful,
for by nil accounts tlie Wagandn returned to their country
with about 23,010; but so dearly were tlioy purchased
with tho loss of human life that It Is doulitlul
whether such a raid will again to attempted to
1 propose to rest bore a couple of days and then
proceed to ICaragwe to discover another road to Lake
P. S.?Our camp on Lako Albert in Unyampaka was
Situated m longitude 31 deg. 24 in in. 30. sec. by observation
and latitude 2a nun. by account. Tho promontory
of I'songora, duo west, was about filtcen miles.
kapl'kko, anaii mkrot, 1
Near Ki mainka's Capital, Kakaow k, j I
Central Africa, March 20, 1s76. )
Before parting with "General" Sambouzi I received
some more uukiuilnoss Iroia bun, winch raado another
causo of complaint to add to bis refusal to assist building
a lenccd camp on LaKO Albert. The "General," no
doubt perceiving that his hopes of reward from me
were very slim, undertook to reward himself, uud accordingly
rciuscd to return three porters' loads of
bends given him for carriage, and appropriated thotn
for his own boneflt. By such a proceed.rg no became
guilty ol theft, and, what is worse tn Uganda, of disrespect
und misbehavior to the Emperor's gfest, and
laid himself open to the severest penalties. My letter
of complaiut una no sooner received by the Emperor I
than a force of muskctoers were despatched under
Sarutl, their chief, who despoiled "General" Samboozl I
ol cuttle, wives, children, slaves nud every nrticle ho 1
possessed, und tho "General1- himself was seized,
bound and earned In chains to tho Emperor, whose
Influence must bo used to savo even his licud.
Mtrsa also sent a series of messages after ine, Imploring
mo to roturu, and promising uie Sekiboho with
An iuin innn nnri Uutlnnria witli AO 01)0 111011 to mrnrt mo
buck again to Lako Albert, and giving me tbo solemn
assurance that tbeso ehiefA should dofend Ibo camp
until I returned from my voyage of exploration. But,
though I almost wept troiu sheer vexation, and was
extremely aorrv to reluro such a gonerous oiler, I ro.
spectrally declined relying upon Wagundn uny more;
and wrote hint to Hint effect as lust ns each message
came I'roin him. Besides, I was too Tar south, being
encamped on Ibo uorth hanks of thu K.igeru River
when I tlrst learned Mtcaa's intentions, and to return
lrom the Kugcra to llio Kulonga and inarch back again
to l.aku Albert would huvo occupied three months, and
should Soklbobo and Uquenda prove as lalthlcss as I
sumboozi 1 should lind, on niv return to 1'uynmpaka
from the lake, that the Wagunda and the expedition were
flown. I had many other strong reasons lor persisting
lu mv refusal to return; and, though I prosecuted my
march to Karagwc, It was with n sad heart I bade furewell
to tuy hopes ot exploring Lake Albert lrom the
Kust side.
Until I arrived at Karagwe I was daily encouraged
with tbo reports ol simple natives that a country lay
behind Mpororo where wo v ould bo received as friuuds;
hut on Inquiry of the gentle, sweet tempered Pagan
lEuin mlka, I was informed thai the friendly country
was U'tutnbl, hut was inaccessible, owing tu the peoplo
of Mpororo, who would not even let his own people
enter their toriiiorv. On asking il ltuanda was accessible
to travellers I was inloimei that ul flvo diffbront
times Arnhs hud endeavored to open intercourse
with them, cut each time had been repulsed, uud some
had becu murdered by the treacherous people. 1 then
Inquired II there was no road between Kuunda and
I'rundi liv which 1 could reach Uslgc. The oid King !
smiled at the question, uud said the Wariiudi were
worse than toe natives of Itmiuda. Not quite satisfied
with his replies, I questioned llamed Ibrahim, an
Arab gentleman, who has donu business in Karngwo
twelve years As to the possibility ol penetrating anywhero
west ward lrom uny point near Karagwc, his
replies, though tnore deOutto and explicit, swept away
almost all hope of ever again reaching Lako Albert j
ituiu buc vmbl oilw.
tub FliXKDOM ul' k.vhauw k ohtaixed.
To lest Kutnanika's friend hip I requested ho would
permit mo to explore ttio Irouncr ol Karajwo as far
north as Mpororo, and south to I'gufu, a distance of
oighty geographical miles, aud that ho would lend mo
guides aud u native escort. To uiy surprise the gentle
old King not ouly gave mo guides and escort, but canoes
and tho freedom ol Karagwe, or. In other words,
he promised that so long as 1 explored I and nty people
should liavo subsistence gratis! Tnus was 1 assisted
a second limo bv Atrican mon.irchs In the cuuso oi
I lost no tlmo, you may rest assured. In gottlng
ready. The boat l.ndy Alice was conveyed to Spoke's
I.ake Wlndernuro and tho sections screwed together,
aud the next day, convoyed by six of Uiiinanilcu's canoes,
manned by Wauyatnbu (natives of Kuragwo), wo
set out lor another exploring trip. Alter clrcumnavi
gating I.nko Windermere wo entered tho Kagcra River,
and almost iniinodlnioly It hashed on my mind that I
had made another srand discovery, that I had discovered,
In fact, tho true parent of tho Victoria Nile. *
areas corrbctsd.
If you ginnco at .Stake's map you wllj perceive that
bo cal.s this river the Kitangule lliver, and that h* has
iwo ini>uuinc9 riinimij; 10 u, caiivu reip?vvitvi/
I.in huro and the Ingczl. Spoke, to wonderfully correct,
with ? m.nil winch grasped geographical knowledge
with great ncutcnesa, ami arranged the detail*
with clcvor precision and accuracy, i? senoti.e'y In error
In calling tins noble river Kilangale. Neither tVagauda
nor Wanyumba know It by that name, but they all
know the K.i?ora Hlvar, which Uowa near Kilmgulo
i From iia month to I'rucdi it la known by Um aattvaa
I on both bank* at the Kapera Hirer. The I.urhuro, o
I rather Lukaro, mean* ' higher up," but la no name o
any river. Of the lugezi I shall havo occasion ti
' apeak further on.
While exploring tho Victoria Like I ascended a fo*
1 mile, up the Kagura, ami w>a then atruck with ill
! great volume and depth?so much so as to runs it ai
tho principal altlueut ol tho Victoria Luke. Hut in com
lug south, and crossing it at Kttungule, 1 Bounded u
aud found fourteen fathoms of wulcr, oi
eighty-four feel deep, and 120 yards wide.
Tills fact, lidded to the determined opinion oi
tho natives that the Kagt-ra was an arm oi
tbo Albert Myaoza, cuusnd tue to think inoritoi
worth exploring. I know, us all know who know anything
ol African urography, that tho Kugera could uol
bo uu ellluout of l.ake Albert, but tbcir repeated stalo
moots to that effect caused mo to suspect that such i
gronl body of wator could not be created by the drain
ago of Ituabda and Kurogwo?that it ought to bavo lie
sourco much further, or from sotuo lake situate bo
tween Lakes Albert and Tanganyika.
When I explored Luko Wlndermero 1 discovered, by
sounding, thut it hud an average depth ot forty lvet,
and that It was fed and drained by tho Kagera. Ob
entering the Kagera 1 staled that it Hashed on my mind
that the Kayers was tbo real parent of tho Vicioris
Nile; by sounding I found fifty-two lout of water in t
river fifty yards wide. I proceeded on tny voyage
throe days up tho rtvsr, and came to another lak<
about nine miles long and a mile in widlb, situuto on
the right hand of tho stream. At the southern end o:
tho lake, and aftor working our way through twe
miles of papyrus, we carno to the Llatid ol Uuyatnahl,
a mile and u half In length.
Ascending the hlghost point on the island ths secret
ot the Ingczi or Kagcru was rovcaled. Standing lb
tho middle ot tbo island I perceived it w.m about three
inIloii from the coast ot Karacwo and thrco miles from
the r.ust o! Klshukku west, so thut thu width uf tb>
Inpezi ut this | oint was about six miles, and north II
stretched uwny broad or, nud beyond tho horizon gruoo
paj?yri mixed with broad gray gleams of water. I discovered,
alter further exploration, that the oxpansoi
ot papyri Uoutod over a depth of from nine to fourteen
feel of water: that the papyri. In fact, covered u large
portion of a lung, shallow lake; that the river, though
apparently u mere swift, (lowing body of water, conflnoa
apparently within proper bunka by dense, tall
Holds of papyri, was a tnero current, and that underneath
tho papyri it supplied n lake, varying from Ave
to fourtoen tulles in width and about eighty geographical
miles in length.
Descending tho Kagcra again, some live miles liotn
Unyamubl, the boat ontercd a large lake on tho lolt
side, which, when explorod, provod to bo thirteen geographical
miles In length by eight In breadth.
uokk bostii.k ni:<;uoks.
From Its extreme western side to tho mainland of
Karagwe cast was fourteen miles, eight ol which was
cloar, open wutor; tho other six wero covered by floating
Holds or p ipyrl, large masses or Islands of which
dr.fttoand Iro dally. By following this lake to its
southern extremity 1 penetrated between Kuandu and
Klshakka. 1 attempted to land in ltiianda, but was
driven buck to tho boat by wur cries, which the natives
sounded shrill uud loud. ?
DKUCniPTlON of kaui.'ka.
Throughout tho entiro length (eighty miles) the Kagera
maiutaina almost the same volume and almost thu
same width, discharging lis surplus waters to the right
and to the lolt as it Hows on, feeding, by means of the
underground channels, what might ho called by an observer
on land seventeen separate lakes, bnt which nro
in reality one lake, conuoctcd together underneath the
fields of papyri, und by lagoon-like channels meandering
tortuously enough between detached holds ot the
most prolihc reed. Tlio opon expanses of water tiro
called by the nativos so many "rwcrus" or )ako3;
the lugoous connecting them and the recd-covcrcd
water aro known by the name of ' Ingeisi." What
Siieko has styled I.ake Windermere is one of these
rwcrus, and Is nine miles In cxtrcmo length and from
one to throe miles in widtli. Uy boiliug point 1 ascertained
ft to be at an altltudo of 3,700 feet above the
ocean and about 330 feel above-Lake Victoria. Tbc extreme
uorth point of this siugular lake Is north by enst
from I'himba south; its extreme southern point, Kurugwe,
occupies tlio whole of lis eastern side. South
WOftl 11 IS uounucu UJ IY13IMKI.U, ?ramf JlUYin, IK1 1YU'
on'si, northwest by Mpororo and iiorlhcn.st by Ankurl,
At the point where Aukori lures Karagwo the lake con.
tracts, becomes a lutnuiluous, noisy river, creuted
whirlpools and dashes itself madly into foam and spray
aguiu?t opposing rocks, and tlna'iy roll* over a wall
of rock ten or twelve loot deep with a tremendous up
roar?for which the natives call It Morongo, or the
Noisy Kails.
Ou returning Iroiu my voyage of cxploratiou ? during
which tune 1 whs most hospitably entertained, so
powerful was the name of the goutlo pagan
Kuuiamika? I requested guides to take mo overland
to Iho hot springs of Mlngata, which
have obtained such renown throughout all the
neighboring couutrtes for their healing properties.
Two days' scvcro marching toward the north
brought us to a deep wooded gorge wherein the hot.
springs nro situated. 1 discovered a most astonishing
variety of plants, herbs, trees *nd bushes; lor hen
Nature was In her most prolific mood, Sbo shot forth
her product* with such vigor thai each plant secinac
to strangle the oAiers for lack of room. They so clam
bored over one another that small hills of brush wen
formed, tbo lowest In the heap stifle 1 by llio up[>or
most, and through the heaps thus formed tall mvules
shot forth an arrow's (light into tho upper air, with
globes of radiant, green foliage upon tholr stcm-llkt
invalids at tiik si'rinos.
The springs wore visited at this time by numbers ol
diseased persons. Male and fmnnlo were seen lyini
promiscuously In the hot pools half asleep, while then
itchy and ulcerous bodies were being half cooked. Th<
hottest Issued lu streams Irutn the base ol a rock)
hill, und when Fahrenheit's thermometer was placet
In the water the mercury rose to 1129 degrees
Four spring* bubbled upward from the gruunt
through a depth of dark, muddy s6dim<>iit, and had i
temperature ol 110 dogroos. Tbeao were the most fav
ored by tho natives, and the curallvo reputation of tin
spring* was has d ou llio properties of ibis water.
1 camped at thn springs thrcv days, aud undo fret
lines*, 1 oinuol say 1 enjoyed any benefit from thi
wafer. I drank ubonl a gallon of the potent liquid, am
oan any this much, that it has uo laxative cflect ou lb<
system. A LoUleful ot the purest water I took awaj
with 1110, in iho hope that some day it may bo unalyzet
by professionals in Kuropc.
I but y< sturdily returned Irom iho hot springs
and, having seen all worth seeing In Knragwe, andhav
ing as yet discovered no road westward, I prop >so the
day alter to-morrow to march along tlio eastern shor<
ot tt,c lake, south or southwest, as tar ns practicable
with the view to follow up the interesting discover cs
have made. HEN'KY XI. STANLEY.
Cincinnati, August 10, 1ST8.
The Catholic Telegraph, ol this morning, contains at
article iroin Archbishop Puree!!, addressed to the pco
pie of the United States, relative lo the attltudo of tin
i Calliope Church toward tlie nubile si lioul system. It
winch ho declares thai the Church luta no dfapoan'ioi
to micricro with tbo system. He lurthcr says:?."Xt
doubt Justice and equality would untitle the C ilholn
I?eo|ile ol thin country to > xontption troin luxation loi
the support of other schools or to n share ol the pith
lie school Iunils in proportion to the number ot pupil:
in the schools, but even tins we are disposed to waivi
i in your incur."
Hcmom, X. Y., August 10, 1876.
A youug man named (leorgc Hall, twenty flvo year
of aire, resiuer.t ut Greenport, comnittted suicide thl
aftornoon by shooting li insrll through tho bead will
a pistol, while lying on iho bod in hia rosnt at hi
, father s residence. Kive or six years ago he manlloatei
I symptoms of insanity ami passed a year to the I'tic;
i Asylum, trout which be wus discharged apparent:;
i cured.
Ilo.iTojr, Mass., August 10, 1876
The towu of Rrockton of late has been Infestod by i
gang of thieves, ami a score or more ol burglaries bar
been committed during tbo past two months, Yester
day detectives arrested Henry Martiu, William Scrib
bins, Frank Fly mi, Jobu liurke nud John Kelley. Tin
1 prisoners were held to day lu $3,UU) each lor Ulsl. 1
I is believed the gang it eUecluahy broken up.
Philaukli'uia, August 10, 1S70.
A bun i one-quarter of the space In Machinery Hail I*
occupied by exhibit? front foreign countries, the re ,
mainder by exhibits of luvcntors and mauuf,?cturers
la the United States, If tbia proportlou were held by
u* against eg complete a representation of the resources
of the workshops of lorclgu countries as Is shown of
tbo resources of our own factories and foundries wo
might with good reason congratulate ourselves on our ,
hundred years, but the truth is that while in some I
nuca auu specialties w.o iquw is ou uur jiuii iuji w
repletion the foreign exhibits are In every respect
Ureal Britain Alls the lsrgost space of any foreign
country In this ball Austria Is sutisllod with a very
gmall space In one corner, and at that the space is half
empty. Germany, Russia, France anil Belgium make
small displays. These may all bo classed as great
countries in au Industrial sense, yet only ono of tboin 1
occupies so much spaco as Is given to tho sewing
machine companies ulono In tho United Stales quarter.
If these countries wanted uioro spaco than they have,
und tailed to obtain tt through want of familiarity with
the process by wbicb space Is obtained, it Is a pity.
Doubtless sewing machine companies are tnunaged by
men who thoroughly understand that ho pays well who
pays cash down.
r (fne ol tho puzzles of-tlie Exhibition Is tho system of
' classilicslion that ono cotuus upon berc. Cannon nil
> the larger part of the Gorman space; cannon and war
paraphernalia generally fill a great part ol tho room
given to Russia. Cannou may be machinery, but It is
1 nut usually rocardcd us such by pliiu people. In
1 Franc-.* a German olllcor ouco said that his
' men were not soldiers, but simply "Journeymen
1 who worked at artillery." From that standpoint
cult to elassiiy tho heavy structured o( metal inure
appropriately, but liovv is it, then, that wo come upon
cannon iu tho very middle of tho main building under
' the Swedish flag ? Is a brass field piece m ichiuory
1 from one country and an ariisiic manufacture from
another? And if a cannon is machinery what Is u
1 Gardner gun or a Galling gun or any other of these
contrivances that they should have an important
1 preference lor position in the main building?
On boats uud ships the classification is ulso lame.
1 Canadian canoes and Ico yachts uro not good examplos
ol machinery. The classification by countries separates
widely articles of the sume nature, and an execp.
Hon is made to it m favor of pictures uud statuary.
This i3 successful Al the pictures from all the cou niries,
or nearly so, can he found in one place. This
oxception to the common classification by countries
I might have been extended with great advantage to
some other articles hardly loss important iu tho world
tliau pictures.
All that Is to bo seen here of boats and ships, and al|
that relates to ships and to tho life of man as a marine
animal, gathered together and properly clasgitied so us
to be seen under one roof, tho various exhibits to bo
inspected in relation with one another, would have
made tho must interesting and practically valuable
part ol the whole Exposition. There uro beautiful
nautical exhibits in several departments iu diHerein
buildings which are lost as they are.
Another >ut>ject thai might have been treated as a
special exhibition, apart lrorn the clastiflcatlon by
nationalities, is ibul of railways. Locomotives, cars,
trucks, switches, signal systems, car wheels, cattle
i-jr< imr* fiml o.hot* ..rLirlcs of thn Kurr fill kit
largo a spnco lu aevcr.il places, as ill fuel they do in
life, that the desire to make comparisons between
several countries is Inevitable, unit It is the purpose of
exhibitors and their main prolll lu tacllitulc such comparisons.
remaps yet another subjoct lor this separate
classification is artillery und fir. arms.
In efery display like an international exhibition two
systems of classification are naturally and ucocssarily
in conflict, nud the only talent the uiutugctneut liu's
any occasion lor Is the kind that enables it to recognize
the limit ol these two systems and to act upon it.
The class mention by nationalities is the Ursi and moat
obvious. Il there hud been an international exposition
in Ur of the Cbnldces, tboy would have classified whatever
came lu that way only. All that iho
Kgyptiaus sent would huve been put lu one
place and all that thu Hadrians sent iu all
other, lor tboy scarcely understood then that man,
in whatever countries he lived, made ui out the same !
things, and did not care to inquire who made tbein i
beat with a view to the general Improvement. Hut this j
Is the great Inquiry ol modern times, nud consequently I
a classiUcmiiui loun.led on the idea behind this inquiry j
must control and limit the simple, obvious aud prime !
live classitlcalion by nations. Nationality must still be
the basis of classllicatlon lor the large number of am- |
, 1 ales; but there arc certain great activities that till
| up the lives ol tho strougegt nations, aud of these
i the struggle with the sea?the problem ol iransporia|
lion by sieum?and the means lor making war are thu
| most important and these, should be sop,.ruled Ironi
, mere natural Hues iu n common exhibit, Just as statutes
aud pi -.lures arc, and the lurthcr tins classification can
he carried the tnuro scicutitlc our expositions will become.
As to the important features named tho present Kxposition
is a more jumble?a more dumping ground lor
tho logeuuity ol ihu world.
i ron wok k?machinery.
Work in Iron ou ibu most gigantic scale Is the distinguishing
feature of the Uriiish division in machinery,
lu which our cousin Joiin Hull figures as thu Cyclops
of tho modern world, lu many cases the machinery
1 ltscll is presented in operation, in others it appears by
proxy in beautilul models. Steam pumps, steum nam,
mors, machinery lor mines, road engines, wrecking
engines lur railways, enormous power looms, nud
some scraps ol his work as a builder ol Iron olud ineiif
of-war. arc especially worthy ol nonce in lhisdena.it>
I Tiieut. Tho specimens o( armor made lor vessels of
tlio British imvy arc remarkable lor ilie evenness with
1 which ilicy are forged. ():io section of nil
I armor plate iwcniy-ono Inches in thickness
is polished on the edge and is as lino and perfect
I through its whole thickness as the surface of u mir'
ror. There Is no couutry in the world, certainly, its
which such work rati be done better, lu our own
couutiy it cun he done us well, if tuo workmen got fair
play. But the exhibition ol our urmor plate In iho
' department ot a famous American shipbuilder uutu>
rally suggests the relloctlou that our weak point in :
competition of this soi l will ultimately lie found iu our
incapacity to do justice to the workman. So inunv poll- j
tic.il rings will have to bo plucutcd by the contractor
' that when the bailie comet the ships' armor will bo i
; found to bo made of rotten irou hall forged.
r Perhaps the single exhibit in tho British department
of most interest to the general public is thai ol iSuxby
5 and farmer, tho railway signul engineers. This handr
! some working modol shows tbu system by which sigj
| nals and twitches aru worked lrom an elevated siallon
| at all the Important centres In Knglnml. These uicu
; aro the constructors of the machinery at Waterloo
1 station, In l<ouuou, whero there are 110 bars which
, work twouiy switches and niuety signals. Thero uro
no accidents there, nnd there is probably no other
single station in the world where half so many trunis
j are received and despatched in a day. The most complete
and extensive nisplay on u rinvlo subjoct in this j
department is thai of cotton spinning mucbiuorv.
3 Next to Kugluud, Russia has tlio largest and most I
varied exhibition of any loroign nation. Belgium ox,
lululs some tremendous mining machinery and some I
steam engines, fhese aru, perhaps, no better than the 1
1 | engines of other countries, but ihey have that pecu- '
3 | Imrity of hund-omc finish in virtue of which the ma- !
, cmoos of lliutcounliy always look like works of art.
' Rnssin exhibits artillery, arms, splcnd d worn in ropes, :
' cm-ailied sampios of work for tlio initruoiioii of pupils j
in industrial arts, and some extremely beautiful models.
Ono of tho bnest ot those is a model of a dry dock at I
Germany exhibits an ingenious cugino which with
tho beat derived lrom a siugio burner of ordinary gas
, gives power enough to oporutc a printing press. it lias '
some good displays in rolled iron also; but ibo Ger- l
13 man space is practically Hlled by Krupp and hi- guns. 1
, These would seem to lie principally what Germauv has
to ahow. They, however, are a gieal ileal. In ail
armed age, when mure thought is giveu to war
than was ever helore glien to the sumo subject,
und when military tendencies are more than over
i toward the liber.il use of artillery, it is a great Heal tor
' one nation to be aide lo claim such a superiorlty in
the structure ol cannon thai tier wmrk becomes a stun|
dnrd ol comparison for all others. To giro hirupp,
moreover, ltie iiuj oriaurc he tins hero is not Illogical
He was, above all Germ.ins, the man who whipped
) France; und is therefore the founder of mo modern
German glory, and as such is entitled to all tho room
ho wairs. There is cno observation that
* many persons will probably inako upon a
i poiut exuibiied In imso guns and which
1 ViilitlM f<k t 11? limit /if ihn.r oillJ*ts*ri?*V III tllA CH.Ht? of
> ; the gigantic Krupp caution, on exhibition, it is ot
b I course out ol ibc i|uoi>lii>u that this gun could l>o
r i mai.ceuvrcU by ibu simple machinery in use lor ordi
- ; nary guns. It Is roust 11ucr>11y surrouuded by a whole
s machine shop ol screws and o'.ovtilors and apparatus ol j
b various kinds lor bundling it in action, Presumably,
cvciy part ol tin- purspnorunliu is necessary, nuil sotno
parts ol It arc vital to tbu olllcloucy ol ibc gun, but
there Is no p.in 01 it tliat might not be knocked j
all to pieces by a lucky shot Iroui u ten-pounder out in j
j the Uay. Il such a gnu is to be u?od ?n burltUt or
j Irom a casemate It u impossible that its complicated
? i apparatus could go saloly throuch a serious liumbards
I mcnt, and u would bo a bad economy or lorcos il a
! teu pound shell should so damage the machinery as to
g | cripple a twenty tou gun.
^ ; France cau scarcely bo said to be represented at nil ;
,, , In the department oi machinery. Una manalacturer {
y | of railway material, car wheels, bullurs, Ac., has a i
good exhibit; there la a silk loom. souie electrical
machines and a law conlcct onery establishments,
j There is, however, in another c.idice a floa display el j
i French achievoraeiita in engineering science; nod as
i models oi t ? same nature are shown as machinery 1
! here these may, perhaps, be classed as part oi thu
a i F reuch exhibit under this head. I hey are exhibited
0 by the French Ministry or Public Works lu au eddiea
bv tttcm.iclvcs. and are ouc of tho tiuesi features ol tho ;
Kxhibitiou an indications ol tho grandest achievements
oi human labor, i bey are mostly models ol great
1 bridges built In France ny tbo government eugiueers lu ,
t places where success was especially diflUult. I hern are I
bridge* over chasms la lb* I'y reaeea?the bridge over the |
swift flowing Rhone at Iarascon, gome of the bridces
m Paris. a moilet ot the whole spleudld structure at >afl
the i'oint-du-Jour, a model ol the port ol Marseilles,
working duplicates ot some ol the must splendid light- H
houses end model* ol others. Id short, ibis show II fl
almost an epitome of the engineering history of thli H
ingenious and exact nation, aud any civil engineer who
tailed to exainliio it would mi-s bis journey H
The uumher ol paid a inissinua lo the Centennial H
Exhibition to-day was 2A,15a The l'eiingylvnuia Kail
road Company have givou notice that thev will convej
all dugs to be entered in the Centennial Dog Snow 10 H
and lrotn the Kxlilbitiou iree of charge, I
Professor King made a second bulioon ascension in I
the liullalo, from the (Irouudx, this afternoon, aecom- H
panted by a parly ot live geutlemen irom New York H
city, who were provided with scionlitlo Instruments I
for ruakiDg aerial observations, provisions and tbo I
necessary appurtenances lor an extended voyage. The H
course taken by tho balloon Immediately alter starting '
was a luvorabic one lor an extended inland trip, thg I
wind being northwest.
St. LOCta. August 10. 187a ..
The Republican State Convention last night, upon the
completion ol the nominations lor Slate officers, proceeded
to the nomination ot electors as follows:?
At largo?Colonel D. 1'. Oyer and J. H. Cole (eoU
ored); alternates, General J. V. l'rutt and Colossi A.
K. Dctmcro.
I'istrlct Electors?first district, Henry Helnmlntz;
alternate, It. \V. Kiting. Second, John Noyal; alter- ^
nale, B. F.Sirattir.ini. Third, Charles A. Steefel; altornato,
A. G. Dyer. Fourth, Gustavus H. Gem; alterna'.e,
W. C. Detz. Filth. J. P. Thompson; alternate
C. H. Foster. Sixth, A. F. I.owis; nltoruate, H.
J. May nurd. Seventh. 1- T. Bridges; allornate, J. S.
Kpte.n. Eighth, Wllliain Warner; alternate, Henry
Smith. Ninth, A. J. Harlan; alternate, A. E. Wiatt.
Tenth, D. I. Miller; alternate, W. A. Law. Eleventh,
J. H. Turner; alternate, J. R. Vance. Twolllh, R. D.
Cramer; alternate, C. 1'. Huesmacber. Thirteenth,
Frank Mttnnch; nlternutc Ira HalL
The following amendtiieiit or addition to the plattorm
was adopted:?
Resolved?That while tlio mighty advancement toward
the perfection of tinman rights won by the soldiers
and patriots ol the Union should be vigilantly
guarded, the republican party stands ever ready to
welcome lo lull fellowship auy and alt persona who
hnvo over been In the councils or camps of the rebellion,
upon the s ngle condition ol beliol in and support
ot republican principles, so that the valor and heroism
of Americans, wliciber horn of r'gtit or wrong Jn1glucut,
shall bo honored by a patriotic devotion to a notion
whoso great iounua'tiou was laid by our common
The Convention then adjourned.
Nashvjllk, August 10, 1870.
The largest democratic convention held in this State
Tor yours adjourned at hid'-past twelve o'clock this /
morning. Governor Porter was renominated by acclamation,
and ex-Governor Isham G. Harris and General
William 0. Bate were chosen as Presidential electors
lor the Stale at large. Tho platform ratifies ihe action
ol the St. Louis Convention, opposes I ho repudiation
of any obligation justly due the creditors ot toe State
or national government, und, lor the present, because
of the bu-tness deurVsslon, the shrinkage ot values, and
impoverishment ol the people, opposos any lncrc&se of
taxation and favors rigid economy.
San Francisco, August 10,1S78
The republican Convention last night choso tho foe.
lowing Presidential electors:?I). A. McKinlav, J. B.
Feltou, J. 1L .Tuwett and A. J. Oslrandcr. At lurge,
General John F. Miller and II. M. Esteo. Thomas MoKeuna
was uominutcd lor Congress In tho Third district.
? i
-j ..
Six thousand people gathered last evening Insldo and
out.- tdo the Academy of Music, Newark, and, amid the
greutest enthusiasm, ratified tho nomination of TUdcn
and lleudricks. The Academy, which will seat, It is
claimed, 3,0t:0, was packed to overllowlng. On cither
side ol tho stage were portraits ot the St. I.outs Dominoes.
A ringiug speectl was made by Congiosstuan
H irrlson, ol Illinois, and another by Leon Abbott, ol
Hudson. An open air meeting wus also held.
Ellsworth, Mo., August 10, 1870.
The democrats of the Filth Congressional district today
noiuiualcd William H. McClellan, of Belfast, for
Congress, and .lames P.. Talbot, ol East Muchlus, for
Presidential elector.
Rutland, VL, August 10,1876.
The democrats of the First Congressional district to*
day uominaied A. P. Child?, of Beunlugton, for Congress.
Hyde Park. VL, August 10, 1870. ,i
At tho Third District Republican Congressional Convention
to-day Hou. George W. lleudel, of Norrlstown,
was unanimously nominated lor re-election to Congross.
A. C. Welsh, ot Willlstou, was chosen ms Presi- i
doutial elector.
Basoor. Mr., August 10, 1870.
At the Fourth District Democratic Convention to-day
J. H. Donwortb, of Houltou, wus commuted for Coo*
fircsa. !
San Francisco, August 10, 1870.
Ex-Gorernor Paclieco has been nominated Tor Congress
trom tho lourtli d'atrlcl.
Yesterday, at tho rooms of tho National Democratlo
Committee, at No. 69 I.tbortv street, there was much
activity. About noun a sort of iuformal meeting was
110111 111 WHICH nuiuiug ucuuiri'u u?||| iu? vuiwusktton
of some little details pertaining to tho opening of
tbo campaign. Through all tho rout of tho <luy, however,
a lino of visitor* kept filing in and out, some
coining to niHKC inquiries relative to tho plans of the
committee, others to secure pintphlvte aud copies of
Tilden's and Hondricks' letters. Not s lew
old tirno campaigners appeared who were evidently
in quest of some ]?ost to which they
might bo assignod whore they could turn
their experience to uccount In tbo coming straggle.
Among thoso were several orators of the hustings
seeking lor districts to stump mid all brimful of enthusiasm
and most sanguine in their expectations ol
tbo campaign's result, Reside the regular visitors ol
the comnniioe who wero there out ol au Interest In
politics, thero were quite a number of businosa men,
torch iuvcutors, b.iiinor pa iu tors, pyrotechnic Tenders
and a hundred othors whose function it Is to provide
lor processions slid campaign clnbs sucb trappings
iuiu accompaniments as are needed to get up the
requisite glare and clamor.
At the cominiuoe's uptown quarters In the Everett
House little transpired during the day. Thomas K.
Younger, of Louisiana, called and, In conversation
with those who wore presoiy, expressed bis convlctiul '
that Louisiana would go democratic. He said that Nichois
and Will/arc popu.ar, Pinehback tssourand revengeful
und Packard looked upon with suspicion. Tht
negroes will not bo likely to east a solid vote eltbei
way. They wero disappointed that the Republican
National Convention did not respond to Gurnetl's
appeal in boiiull of the losers of the Froedinan's Bank.
Mr. Younger statod nlso that be was In Mississippi s
year ago, and he denies Boutwcll's report of the outrages
in Creuada county. Mr. ?1. W. Yates, delegate
from tbo Third Congressional district in New Jersey,
who was present, says that ibo young republicans in his
part of the country are going over 10 JTlflun in numbers,
and that tho farmers are greatly Initucuced by the
results ol his administration, us well as by his letter.
At tho National Republican Committee's rooms at
the Kllth Avenue Hotel there was no business of Importance
transacted yerflorday. An occasional politician
dropped in to lalK over the opening business of
tho campaign, uud In the course ol the day (leneral
Kilputrick stopped thoro for a while prior to starling
lor tho West
The Nineteenth Assembly district Independent re.
pobllrana arc organising a campaign club lor Hayes
and Wheeler, add intend to have a grand ratification
Mrs. Jane Mor^llus, of Peterson, N. J., one of over
2,003 excursionists on tbe return trip ol tbe Rockaway
steamer Plymouth Rock, re|>ortrd to one ol tbe detectives
of tho vessel that a man had snatched her gold
watcb and that she would Identity him It he were
caught Detective Staeon stationed htmsell at tho
gangway upon tho arrival ol tbe Teasel at pier No, 2,
but i he Icllow bprung over the guard and ran speedily
up the pier. The lady, however, saw the movement
and tMllcer Slsson gave chaso and caught him oh West
street lie was taken to the Twouty seventh precinct
station hou--e. whore ho g^-e the namo of Jonas W.
Home, travelling agent, hving at Na 290 Hleerker
Ipnal Hit m*x4 ronii'MII/tnl ? "Vulvnlrutn llmirit.i" !>
Blssoa and by (be Sergeant in coniiiiatid. II ra Warcollus
ttill i.ppcar against him at the Tombs Police
Court this morulug.
At tho meeting ol the Itoard of Freeholders in
Jersey City yesterday the bids were oponed for a loan
ol I'Joo.lHH). Too bid of Mr. Moran. ol Wall street
was accepted at six por rent on twenty-year botuls.
Tuls is un immense saving to the county, an some of ,
the banks hail hitherto lleeccd the la a pay era to the
nee a| |M,Ouo e year. Mr Iblited w .1 however,
veto the resolution, 011 the ground that It is lulormal, ae
II was not presented to him previous to tho meeting.
11 e is, however, opposed to the national hank monopoly.

xml | txt