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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, October 13, 1876, Image 5

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FRENCH AFFAIRS.
The New Forts About Paris and Other
Ominous Preparations.
WAR TALK IN PARIS.
Arrangements fcr the Exhi
bition of 1878.
PRESS PR08ECUTI0NS.
Panic, Sept 2?. 1870
11 wanld be alrange It Quakerism, which it Mid to be
declining lb tbt L'nited -Stale* aud ID Kokand, ebould
tnddenly lake root id Ibe soil of rrpublioaa France. A
young member of ibe Society ol Friends, and bead or
i comfortable business In the drapery line, was sen
tenced ibo olber day to two months' imprisonment for
rtlaaing to nerve bis twenty-eight days in ibu reserve.
The sentence cannot be considered a heavy one, and
we may well doubt whether American or English law
would have been very tolerant of Quaker notions on
Ibe subject or war had eitber England or America
been at any time in tbelr history in thn position of
France, with ao formidable a military neighbor aa
Germany. France bas uoed of the services of all ber
son*. For tba rest It would bo an interesting problem
Id consider why the Bull of America and Britain la
favorable to tba growth and multiplication of religions
sec la and why comparative uniformity reigns in
the various Stales of tbe European Continent.
The Influence of the Roman Catholic religion
will not of Itself explain (be phenomenon, for Protes
tant countries like Sweden and Denmark are llnle
troubled by sects, If sects are to bo regarded as a
source of trouble. Tbe (act puzzled Talleyrand, who
described America as a couutry possessing one dish
and Iblrty-two religions. Tho d shes hare since tbeu
Increased In number, but so nave tho rel'gtons. An
other item of *
DRMOIOUa INTSLtJOKNca
la that Mgr. Gilbert, Bishop of Cap, lias issued a very
sensible pastoral to bla clergy, protesting against
priosily Interference in politics, and slating that when
ever tba priests have bean associated with one pohli
sal party Its adversaries have become theirs, When
tba throne and tho altar are linked together, If tbe
former is shaken, the latter Is nlso. The Bishop also
remarked that, owing to self-styled Catholic journals
baring attached a parry flag to their Catholicism, tbe
result baa been an anti-religtous reaction, tbe clorgy
being wrongly suppnsed to sbaro tho eztremo ideas
and exaggerations of Imprudent journalist*. Tbo priest,
of course, Is entitled to bis individual opintou and to
express and delcnd it, but apart trom bla ministry.
"Ma party emblem should be attached to the cross, or
lbs latter Itself wtll be Insulted and protnnod."
TDK NBW FORTS
roand Paris are now almost completed, and are rapidly
being fhrnishod with tbe necessary armament and
munitions of war, while a few aro already garrisouod.
Tbe gonoral Improasiun in military circles la that tbo
capital of France baa been rendered virtually Impregua
blo against any force that could bo brought against it,
always taking Into consideration tbe fact that a huge
besieging army la by no means rusy to vlolual. ltut
then thirty years ago If. Thiers' forta were supposed
to have equally aacurad Parla from tba dangtr of a
foreign occupation. Meanwhile Marshal MacMabon,
though well satisfied with the efficiency of the troops
lately reviewed, boa decided that the Froncb tactical
lyaiem la faulty and roqulrea to be modified In some
Important particulars. A good deal of activity Is also
aollccablo at tbo preaant moment in French naval
dockyards. Tba fact Is that in eptte of tbe advice of
Peace societies neither tbo Froucb government nor tho
rench nation have made up their nunda to forget tba
past, uud as Germany Is strengthening bor navy iho
Marshal and bis advisers have wisely determined to he
prepured for a conflict on cither elemoni.
TUB XASTKIMI qVUsTIOR
naturally still occupies iho largest soare of Parisian
ailontion, and tbe "liberal party are not a little proud
of tbo energy ol American diplomacy in attempting lo
mlligato the horrors ol tbe war Royalists are very
fond of telling tbe republlcaus I bat only a monarchy
can bu well served by lis diplomat o agents, feeing
(bat it can alone restrain mat troublesome tiling called
puoile discussion. aud moreover Oecauee tbo Ministers
ol kings listen with more attention to the ambassadors
oi kings than to those ol republics, with much mors
atull ol the same kind and hardly meriting to be
noticel, much less answered. Now, howovor, repub
licans are pleased to be nble to point to the triumphs
ol Mr. Schuyler, uud to contrast thorn with the blun
ders of poor Sir Henry Elliot.
THK SKUKST THKATY
supposed to have been concluded between tbe Czar
and tba Kaiaar lor their common benefit is much dis
cussed, but ita authenticity appear.- to be v.ry ques
tionable. According lo the provu-loos of tbe
treaty, Germany and Burma are to cotu
ttne their lorces and request tbe Sudan
to betake himself to but Asiatic dominions,
leaving Constantinople a Irec city under tbe guarantee
of tne great Powers. The French are extremely fond
of imagining secret treaties, slid uhovc all new ar
rangements ol tne map ol Europe, iu which Belgium
aud Luxemburg ure absorbed into France. Unhappily
for tbem Prince Bismarck bos a singular disnso to
playing into the bands of Prussia's hereditary Too. On
tbe whole it seems improbable that 'iho great na
tion" will pick up a single crumb in tbo scramble for
tbe good things ol Turkey.
TRR I'RKSK 0!? KRAKCM.
Whenever tbe dawn ol humanity Ural lightens the
ikies It la clear that a date has not yet boon fixed lor
ibe enfranchisement ol tho press in France. Prosecu
tions lor the expression ol opinion continue lo be the
order of tbe day. M. Xavicr Kaspail, not tbo aged
Deputy, but a member ol bit fani'ly, baa just been con
demned to eight months' imprisonmehi and a fine ol
9200 for bis pampblol advocating a general amnesty.
Tbo Droiti dt I'Dummc, It is also Hnnoubved, will
shortly renew lis acquaintance with the seven in
Chamber of Corrccliouul Police, tbo oll'once being aa
Srtiele Irom the pon ol fleuri Booboiort ou Marshal
MacMshon's "persistent silooce." Wby the unhappy
Preaideul should be perpetually expected lo talk when
he caunot lor the life ol him find any thing lo say it
Is d fllcult to understand, but 10 prosecute anybody for
entertaining this curious opinion svems of more ibau
questionable policy.
La tYancr, too, M. Einlle de Glrardin's paper. Is to
be prosecuted lor publishing the lainous secret treaty,
now alleged to be a lorgery. under the article ol tlie
code wlnob forbids the publication of talso new* cal
culated lo deceive tbo public. The Frcncn press will
come t? as abrupt end il the publication ui amusing
and witty substitutes for coin won place intelligence Is
*bus to bo checked.
Tint sxniniTius or 1878.
The stafTof officials iu cuuueutiou with tho Kxhlbl- ,
tion oi \o78 is being rapidly organized. M. Krauts,
Commissioner General, lias made airaugcmonfs lor tbo
appointment ol a medical stall, which will inke up lit
headqtiartors eltucr to tbe Cbump do Murs or Ihu Tro
vauero from tbe moment that tbo works commence,
l'befe will be a phyticiau-in-cbief, two assistant pby
tteiaut and two men nurses. A workman lulling from
a Hcalloldlug or receiving any other hurl will bo forth
with taken lo tbe medical deportment and bis wauls
suomled to. Afterward be will bo sent to a hospital,
If the caso is n serious one, or treated
at home, always at loo public expanse,
bo long us the woikmuu la prevented Irom
returning lo bis employment bo wiM rscctve onc bsif
of hi* wages, provided bo be a married nun or has
members of Ills family depending on bnu. If any
workman should be so seriously maimed an to be
rendered unlit lor the pursuit ol bis usual calling bo
Will reo' ive ball wages for a period ol twelve months.
Should any ono die ol e wound received Ills wile or his
family will bo entitled to claim an indemnity ol $120.
The Minister of I'ublic Works will hat o tbe right to allot
t Isrger sum If he thinks tti, a provision at wbics one
mnsot but leel ttiaukiul, seeing that $120 at live per
per cent yields only $8 per annum, and that the pos
lesslon ol a yearly Income of $(i has not usually been
held synonvmous wtlh nllluence
INFORMATION FOB FORKKlX KSHIRITOKK.
1 may hero observe that tho general regulations for
Ibo next Worm's Fair contain several clanies with re
gard to tnrcign exhibitors which ure of considerable
un|Miriancc, It is requested that the loraign commis
sions which are betDg lortnid ill IIIo Instance of the
French government will be so good sif to pal thorn
?elves in communication with the Kronen Chief Com
raissloiK-r nit speedily us possible, and It is nuggi-slnd
that they should severally delegate one ol their num
ber to represent tbe in In fans. The duty of such a
delegate woo d lie lo discuss all questions bearing upon
Ibo interests ol lua follow countrymen, especially those
relating to the allotment of space und tbe mode ol ar
ranging tbe section. In this way tho French Chief
Commissioner will have no need to correspond
directly with foreign exhibitors. It la also
announced that tbe Chief Commissioner will supply
foreign Commissioners or their dolegatos wtlh every
Information and assistance in making their prellinin
?ry nirangsmcnts, and will let ibeBt have tbo earnest
Iniormaiion of nuy lacls likely lo be of use to Intend
ing exhibitors In their respective countries. A com
plete catalogue of the contents or tbe Exhibition, tail
Citing the position to bo occupied iu tho palms: or
grounds by ouch nation, will be published by tho
French Commission, but escb nation will have the
right io publish a catalogue ol ita own exhibits, only,
however, in Its own Ismtuage, and (be It duly under
stood) at its own cost.
trk axnmiTS
wilt l>e cssslfied under utoe groups, every Article
btdig obliged lo como within cither one or other
of them. The groups are:?1, Works of Art: 2, Edu
cation, Teae.ninK and objects coiyx c ed with lb# Liter
iry Art; 3, Furaitura und its accessories; 4, Tissues.
Clothing and acceeaorias; 5, Extractive Industries, each (
M ?pl?nt?#r; e, Tk? Machinery tad Processes ef Me
chamcal Indestrv; 7, Alimentary Products;#, Agricul
ture and Pisciculture; 9, Horticulture. Pack group
will be furiber dlviaed Into categories, eccerdleg lo a
fixed lyatem of claaaiflraiion, which baa received tba
laatltot of tba Minister of Com mere*.
GERMANY.
? WAM "? ?? BXBLIM WCBBABWO
BUlT-MAITIMni', MISSION?T*B OU
MA* TKATCATIAKTIO 8T8AMXRU.
t _ Baa Li*, Sept 28, UTS,
and"JhTh a?" bMt*re" d,,d< c?? "hied la Bulgaria,
? ,fcre,le" ? eoapl.ta change m England*.
'*? ?p??? of a distinguished diplomatist
via. that Bulgaria would bo thodaath kneU olTurkey
eircwl'nn'u 10 b" COn"rm*<L ,n
Isgaised Jo/ u axproaaod at the laereaatag |
txcitotneoi;of lb. Br.tUb public, as Indicated la lbs
language of leidl.g p.pcr, M n.m.rou* prolnt BMI.
aga Aahitioua poluioiaaa la St. Petersburg, aim
looking for a couqarat of Constantinople aad aa oxpnl
1 Ur"* fr?m Kttropa- *lreadJr P?rceire a possl
b.Iity of their innermost drs.ro* being aecompushei by
ie e p of F.nglaud. Sueh a lorrnidablo extension of
Russian power as a nea-rostnetton of her preponderates
ou the Balkan Peninsula would larn.sh would be
highly prejudicial to the political equilibrium of Ku
rope, audit teems anything but wise for Kngland la
1 bo present crisis to ?a%irely subvert the policy till
now observed by ber in (be East, although we must
coulees that the horrors enacted bv Turklab Irregulars
anu despotic officials, I or wblsb the Porte*. indolence
Is also answerable, ought to be in aome way avenged.
In Russia
WAS WITB TUltKKT
la generally declared Inaniable, the only objection to
tu declaration being the Kmperor Alexander's lovo
OI peace, who in tbia teodenoy, however. is complexly
Isolated at bis court, and even in his family. Front
external appearances It seems aa though iho Cz?r we*
wavering in his resolution. To strengthen him in bis
effort. to maintain peace the Kmperor William sent
Field Marshal Manleulfol on an extraordinary ml..,on
to W.irsaw, whora the Czar is ut present directing Jhe
manceuvres of the Polish army cor,,,. Mantcuflel
persona ijrati??imi with tho Kmperor Alexander was
most cordially rocolred by him, and eve. appointed
honorary chief of . regiment of dragoons, lormerly
belonging to the deceased Grand Ruches. Maria
Ruthiug is yet known of tho results of Mau
tellers Journey. Immediately ?ncr hl8 return
to llcrlin tho Field Marshal proceeded to Merse
hurg to report to tho Kmperor. irom whence no
went to \ arznt to couler wiib Bumsrck. It would be
very interesting If a report circulated by the Aaiivnai
n0 "'ould bo corroborated, that Andraasr
:*rrireM'ai w*rsaw nod se
cretly held several conference, with the Czar and
OoruchaicoU. Hespito Ui.marck'a endeavors to efTcel
a thorough reconciliation bctweon Russia and Auatria
immmm
empe*or8'Uolha^ct'w*"l beTs^'T ^ ,h? ^"
Eastern question see^'not to^ gr^ndlC^ ?f **
Til* I.NTKKK3T8 or Kl'MillA ami. hi*..,.
"%lmUTne^,ar?V?l|asa?i;e0i " i"""* Cu,u"rom'^
KKrfeSfe?
moment. Tl.o Grand Duke Itald,mlrtb?.??nS "
"i tho Czar. ou a visit t? hi. ' D" 8??ond son
lenburg lately. rewViedV^^l'r.Cr^^ew^''
???, without even payiug hi. re.n^t.fn
ancle the Kinp-ror Wlibefm rc?p8c? ?? Bis grand
berioiis cuiisiiicratiou la uow betnr svihs.h i_ ,l.
Imperial Chancellory to the project of 2
suuvennou to project of granting a Stale
aMHM\K usma or stkamkr.
maintaining luteroceanic commuuic-tmn ti.
aatialactory conditiou iu which ?v^?^i . b" un'
not be in the interest oi the ??!.wt,*l,|er it would
loraitig uu support to tier iran**! i^m. Europe af.
s-sn-SsT-*
sss^rs^-e?'^nf-r53
tl.o National Assembly granted ... q i'?
cidy 01 12,000,00.1 imncs. In ?"M , ,ub'
?uisr and On.nt.1 Me-in and Nuvig.^on li "'11
is subsidized, in Italy tIle UobZ? Le!1*''1'
Austria tho Austro-Hungurlan 1 u!*d it?, f ?'.
imoimiof'FwnJhaSa'irnllllik1'iw'tl r"
comnieroe',and'trsde"ofJ
Gorman Interoceanic mail scrvief isTans^Mll'h"00*
North German Ltovd Comusee ,i m? *1 bF
Ham burg-Auiericual^ek?[^i?ua?y^,'?'#u11?""'}<1
ferty vessels, irsversing the 7no. M S',h
Voricj iJreuteu, Ralinaore- l i ,'rimen. New
Hamburg company mainton. n<1* AFr??- The
lajiso has been noiod of late on ue^rir l^o ? re"
tinned, aa well in ttie ir.n.^". ?-r 1,11'm** mce
pods WbeTe? m ATi ^Brnme^?,00*. - ln
Jark.d 22.860 p.a.e^r. Vo " ,TZ moT J"'
sst .o'Si.o-rr^m ztzJ r >?" ?
i-hf ir;lHrr.[",,n",ri,r i,,,a
ToysV? in'lsrj TW 1.?4.?^KnT.rk.m"r?om0n,M
eiieed a J ofta 0^240,845* mark a 'simiarT'* e*p#ri"
suffered by the uimbur? PurbnJ r. 'We'' woro
Gesellacbalt. In 1876 16^tr??.MnV.*mpChlfl^rl*
of the preceding ye'ar
10,670 against 11,1.10 returned, while 1,647 ngutust 1,078
1,346 Irom the West
were shipped lo and 8U4 -gainst
Indies On the Hamburg-Havana-New Orlcaiia not ao
much traffic was carried on aa wns to be asaumnu by
the convenience otlercd to the cotton aud tobacco trade
in Germany. OI the live voyages unuer.akea on tbia
ilno via -ouihampton-ftantandcr Corunnti in 1.873, only
one bNtught any prohta. On the wholo 1,044 peracna
weutauu 440 returned by this lino. The whole trans
port ot goods shipped by the Hamburg com puny cov
ered in 1876 about 193.700 cubic metre, against 186,800
In 1874?v,z., to aud Irom New York, abont 130,3'JO
cubic mdtres againM 113,603 In 1874, and to and from
I be Weet ladiot 64,203 cubic metres against 72,000 in
the preceding year. The total ?! the transatlantic voy
ages of the Hamburg company amounted to alxtv>
seven?viz., fifty to New York and seventeen to tho
West Indies?against scveaty-ciglil in 1871 Receipts
irom (nail servires accruing to the Uremeu l.ioyd
amounted the last year, on an average, from 16,000 to
18,000 thaler, and to tba Hamburg company from
28,000 to 30,000 ihalcrs. The dillereuoe in lavor ol the
last named company was principally derived by truni
port ol packages, which at Christmas time wera for
warded in large numbers.
TUB IIRAVV financial ckisis
sustained by Germany Impedes a free development of !
commerce and trade. For removal ol tbcao calamities I
new and more convenient ways ol trauapori moat be {
provided to gain a mora extensive ground lor cx> j
port and open new and lucrative fields to German in- i
duatry. For attainment ol these end* promo- |
llou and animation iti foreign trado contribute,
moat materially. On subsidniion of steamship com
panies?uirtiiu.lining imnsaiUntio communication tho
interest ol the Siaii! will not be turned in the Ham
burg or Bremen-New York lilies, winch derlvo consid
erate profits by transport of cmigrauis; and lor pro
motion and mauiicDanco ol regular steamship lines
Irom Germany to New Orleans, the West Indies, the
German colonies in ibe Brazils, the Stales of I?a Plata
and above all, to Ean| Asiatic markets. According to
what 1 learn, subsidies will be granted lo transatlantic
steam inavigalion lines, in a s.mllar manner to the
railways?via, In proportion to teeir not profltA
ANOTHER CHARLEY 110 58 FOUND.
[From lb* Richmond (Vs) S'nte, Oct. 9.]
From the clerk of tb* Circuit Court, who arrived in
the city this morning, we learn the following purlieu
lara In reference to a child that haa been found In
Buckingham, who, II Is alleged, strongly resembles. If
he is not, the original Charley Rosa, of Philadelphia.
It appears that some wseks ago an old Barman woman
arrived in ituckinghum with the child and proceeded
through the county begging for the necessarica of life
along the Journey. 8b# waa Anally taken sick at a
farmer's house and died. The (armor look charge of
the waif, an be wss a bright looking little fellow, with
a view o! adopting him. Of course, tho death of tbo
woman created somo little excitement in the neighbor,
hood where tbo child su domiciled, end in
consequence thereof he was visited by the
enrtously Inclined. This excitement was
intensified when somo one suggested that it
mignt be tho long lost Charley Rosa. Accordingly a
picture of mo "lost Charley," together with a descrip
tion ol blm, was procured, and It was found that -the
farmer's boy bore a strong resemblance thereto. Mr.
I', a. (tubbard, a well known citizen of tho county,
was no incurably impressed with the Idea ol Ills
originality ibat he gained the consent of his quondam
ward, and started witn the child yesterday tor Phila
delphia. The child is nnable to give his name, ont
aays he remembers riding a lona way on various rail
roads aud steamboats Too genilttnan who lui nlShed
your reporter with ttne Information aays ha has ex
amined the picture and the description of Chnriey
Ross, and that the child In question ccriainly responds
to tho long luet Charley Ross 19 Tory many important
features 4
MARTIN F. TOPPER.
His Arrival in This City on the
Abyssinia.
PROVERBIAL PHILOSOPHY.
His Views on New York, Brook
lyn and Walt Whitman.
Martin t. tapper, tbn great poet and pmloiopher,
arrived Id thla city yesterday morning, after a stormy
passage on board the Canard ateamer Abyssinia, Ironi
bis native England
Kverybody bas beard ot Mr. Tupper, of bis great
wisdom and the sweet, religious and Iraternal tem
perament ol b:s mind Bis lame Is world wide. Tbe
| "Proverbial Philosophy," upon which he reals his
fame, la tbe counterpart of himself, and ha rejoices to
say that tbe book known by tbat name is the living
embodiment of bis mental self, and by It will be
known in all time to come tho name of Martin K. Tup
per. What a mau like this suffers from a sea voyagolsof
interest to hte hundreds ot thousands 01 constituents.
It is, lhareloro, of Interosl to state that Mr. Tapper
sudorcd from n furious gale which raged during two
days of ibe Abyssinia's twelve days'voyage. All the
cabin passengers were for two whole days tn the most
uncomfortable position Imaginable. Mr. Tupper ad
mitted to the Hehalu representative, who had a long
talk with bun after bis arrival, that he had aluyed In
! bed while the sea was In trouble other passengers
> ou board, bowever, bad also stayed In bed while tho
i sea and wind wore stormy. The sunshine came again
n duo lime and tho good ship arrived at the Cunard
wharf la Jersey City yesterday morning, at about moo
o'clock.
Kov. Dr. Talmayc, who Is acquainted with him, wa
10 Boston, but members ol his laintly were at the wharf
to roceivo the groat, gifted author of "Proverbial
Philosophy," and they took him over to Brooklyn to
the Talmage pleasant borne, corner of DeKalb avenue
and Oxlord street. There bright laces were ready to
reeeivo the guest. When the Hrkai.o reporter called
Id the afternoon members of tho lamily wore shout to
tako tbe philosopher out for n drive.
In tbe parlor Martin K. Tupper sat oppoatte tbe
Hrkald man, looking upou him with his soft, good
natured eyes, us if there was no Indiana, no Ulna
There was a little touch of a recall from a troubled
political campaign, when tho old philosopher antd to
tberoDorter:?"I shall bo deilgbtod to speak to tbe
Usrald representative, bo that my family ahull see
what I havosald." Then tho reporter let the poet know
that some of the Tupper poems were familiar to him,
which led to a brief conversation about tho poet's
works, but tbe question being asked how Mr. Tuppor
enjoyed
TUB BAT Or S1W YORK
yeelerday morning a description was at once given
which cannot be imparted in more ordinary phraseology
Two points, apart from the oioqiient picture given by Mr.
Tupper, are remembered, one of which was that the
combination of the great cities In a group together,
with only the Hudson separating them, was sublime
when seen as the sun ta rising ou a beautiful autumn
morning, such as yesterday morning was; the other
being that bo had serious fears that the now bridgo
would be a lailure. On this latter point Mr. Tuppor
waa explicit lie behaved the oartu would crave tho
the superstructure and tbat tho two towers would sink
lrom their proper utoiulnoss. This being merely a
speeulattvo subject no abstruse questions were put and
the matter waa allowed to drop, thus making room for
other considerations. In regard to tho contrast be
tween tbo appearances of Now York and Its appearance
tweutv-Qve years ago, when Mr. Tupper did this coun
try tho honor to visit It in tbe capacity ol a private,
gontlctnun, travelling lor pleasure, and at which time
tamo hud not wroaibed his brow with laurels, tbe greet
philosopher was silent. It struck him. however, yes
terday that New York was gay sud festive, as It a holi
day were in celebration, l.ue, activity and buoyaucy
were noticeable among the people. The contrast be
tween New York uod Brooklyn was marked. Brooklyn
was very quiet ami It population quilo sedate in its
appearance. Mr. Tupper wo* charmed to Qnd that aa
the car, iage moved awuy front tbe ferry liu was, with
rapid motion, gaining the country scene, and tbo quiet
homelike villas, which must prove so refreshing le
over/ business mau tailing day after day in counting
houses and mercantile otllces. in rotlrciing on htl
lirst Impressions aficr arriving on our soil Mr. Tupper
was filled with emotions ol a lolly character, and the
reporter suggested as cxDressive uuder tbo circum
stances the lollowing extract fiont tbo ersay on time,
found In the great work on "Proverbial J'h.losophy,"
already referred to as Mr. Tupper's masterpiece, wnicb
was at once adopted:?
At best God's world-Idea rolled out la tsemlna beauty.
Involving apparent preparations aa nf years long past;
lioi possibly the times ?l non-lnlolllgeuoe wore hastened to
glvo loan Ilis heritage
And needed not the million ages oar slow growths demand.
We arn at the climax of the perioaa, we -um up long tcnraa;
All the ancient uhoos ol the world retailed in inan't era.
And uiir mundane life It. at It were, an rgj, m teed
To brlnit lor.h reasou't fruit tu tiuao lor ImmorlaUljr.
Mr. Tapper trare a a exquisite quotation as showing
hn feelings on thia return alter ao long an abatneo to
the Ernpiro City, which, be aanl, ho bad roaaon to be
lievc bad grown to audi grand proportions
Tbo conversation then ran on into a pretty seotl
mcntal act of leolings of this great and glorious land.
If r. Tapper waa omphalic and loud. Litton to this, a
lavorito ol bis:?
Colombia, child uf Britain, nublett child,
1 prnlte the growing lutirx ut thy wurth.
And fain would tee thy great heart reconciled
To lore the mother of to blrrn a birth :
For we're one, Columbia, (till the tame
In lineage, language, law* and ancient fkiae.
The natural nvhlitiy ol earth.
Yet. we are one; the glorlmie dare of yore
When dear old England earned n?r etoried nine
Are yoori ?? well at uurs torevorinore.
And tunu, patt rightt in Milton, sr'u at we.
Thou, too can'tt claim "tweet dbnkospcare't wood notee
* ild?"
And chieleit, brother, wo are both made tree,
Ut una reii.iou. pure and undettled.
And go on lor three more versee.
Again, tbo poet has an ode to "Brother Jonathan."
written a* lar back us 1?60, and a poem entitled "Ye
Thirty Nations," written in Idol, and aome eurrlng
versos nddreaecd to our great American Union. All
these are not in any way treacherous to our grout na
tional nllinure and It may be suloiy presumed that from
our distinguished guest, Mr. Tuppor, the uatiou ai
Icrge need tear no iuiinedlato damage. Mr. Tupper has
weil sung?
Slender chance* now remain
For gisatne-a. glory or for gain;
Little hope for one to rt-o
Am- lie so many made ?u wiee.
Scattered orer Mr. Tuppor's poems are an abundance
of his well meaning aud literary culturo. When asked if
lie had coiuo out to this country to make u>on?y lie
replied that ol couise he desired to mako all the money
lie could by giving readings. Hu had been invited to
come by several prominent citizens in several of the
States. He did not come a* a guest of the nation, but
aa a literary man, socking lor some patronage
for such art as bo possessed, nnd tho same
generous courtesy that bad been aiwara ex
tended to men in ihia country who had anything liter
ury lo offer that'**-worth tho having, lie was now
open to uugagvioeuis. in Inn younger years Mr. Tup
per said ho had been greatly atuicted Willi atammermg,
of which ho wad uow completely cured. Charles
Kings.ey hud suffered Irom a similar affliction, hut was
never able lo overcomo It Mr. 'i'upper believed it waa
bis own will power ibat bad corau him.
In aomo conversation winch ensued tbo grntt moral
ist named severnl literary gentlomen In tula country,
us well us in England, witn whom he waa well ac
quainted. When on tms subject the reporter Inquired
as IS his fsvorite American poete, and this popular
English author spoke In rhapsodies ol Igiuglollow,
especially of the letter's "Hiawatha."
TUFPKR ON WHITMAN.
Whllo on this subject, the reporter sccldenlally
alluded to Walt Whitman, when immediately the sun
?blno leit the philosopher's crow
"You do not, then, like Walt Whitman?" Inquired
the Hkhalu man.
"I'lagiai 1st," bitterly responded the great moralist,
and there was no necessity lo push the question.
"Whore is ho now f" neked the pool.
??Hon'1 know," replied tho reporter.
Mr. Tupper is a gentleman sixty-six years of age,
woe educated lor the English Bur, but never practised
In that profession; has lived the Ills ol sn indigent
gentlemen "at a little place" In Surrey, thirty union
Irum Ixindon. He has quite a large rrprrtoire ol bis
writings to select Irom should bs ho able to secure
engagements lor onr lecture halla. He alludes to nis
"Proverbial Philosophy." hie ".Selected Poems," aud
hie play of "Washington'' as tbo chief worse irom
which he would road to American audiences.
His isce Is rather ol tbo venerable type, bis
hair being white and his complexion sufflcirntly
roddy for a good-living Englishman. He Is alfehle in
conversation,- and covers well tho strung vanity he
feels In tho literary productio is whleb are the labors
ol bis lila. Fall ol hope uud buoyancy, as II ho wero
lorty years ynungor, ho Is not in the slightest degree
? iraid to enter Into competition lor tho patronage of
a great rtly like till* hi supplying amusement lo our
amusemetit-loving people. Finally, Mr. Tupper sum
med up a conversation sliout his chauccs In tlin
literary Sehl lie Ih entering upon by jollity quoting a
verse irom "Brother Jonathan":
What mom T I touch not bolior strings
A loltlrr -train to win,
Kar glance at prophet-, prtasls and kings.
Or hsavenly allh or kin;
As Irltnd with frltnd and man with mad.
Oh lei onr heart- he that.
AS David's lavs Is .loaaUM
Ms Jonathan's to nfc
HAZING THE PLZB&
infraction or the law an^ bkecltaht
PUN18HMENT TO PTJK-LOVINO MIDSHIPMEN.
Axrapous, M<L, Oct. 11, 1W1
Ths seren penalties Imposed by Congress and lu
ll teted by tbe Naval Academy baa not, it Mama, ? lop pad
the fan-loving midshipmen from "running" Iba pleM.
The third clans man who, libs tba lad polo inroad to a
frog, bare just dropped thta year iholr plebeian tails,
are, It appears, "bating tbe pleba."
L'cutcosnt Commander B. H. McCalla found eome
third class men in a room of thn "pleba," and a court
consiating ol Commander H. R Howiton, Lieutenant
Commanders Jewell and Kennedy and a fourth oflicor,
whose name rould not no ascertained, are conducting
very m erectly an mveatlgatlon to dlacover wbat has
beau done nud who did it
n at-lined to till
On sumraociog Midshipmen George A. Scott and La
brer, ol ine third elaa?, beiora tba Investigating Board,
they relused to Ull wbat tbey knew, and they have
been placed In prison?that is, tbey have been rent on
board tba United stales sbipSauteo to too whether
that treatment will open their mouths.
THE BLACK FAMILY LITIGATION.
A 8TRAXOE EXHIBIT OP MARITAL INFELICITY.
ThkxtoR, N. J. Oct 12, 1878,
Tbe suit of Black va Black in the Chancery Court
was finished to-day ao tar as tbe taking of testi
mony Is concerned. Counsel oo botb sides will
make argument on January 3 neat Toe evi
dence (or tbe iielcnce was an attempt to show
that Mrs. Black, tbe plaintiff, bad given tbe
property la question (o her husband, the defend
ant. ihaintill produced checks signed by her In favor
ol defeodant, showing that (36,000 bad been paid to
btm win in the past two years. Letters that passed be
tween the parties were also produced. An iinonvmoua
one received by Mrs. Illuck was one ol the most lo
ll mo us over written. Its obscenity Is revolting. The
1 plsintiir altered a good deal ol evidenre to prove that
; it w?h written by the defendant. They havo tbroe
; rhtldreu living, the oldest being a girl ol slxtoeu.
I'lainiilT'a couiivel aaya this cat# has ventilated one ol
I the worst scaiidala ever in enstonce.
YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIA
TION.
Home, N. Y., October 12, 1878.
Tbe eleventh snnusl Convention of tbe Young Men's
Christian Association ol New York met here ihls after
noon. Tho retiring President. R R McBirney, ol Now
York, raado an opening addroas. Permanent organisa
tlou was elloctcd as follows:?President, tv. W. .Smith,
of I'liadhkeepslo; Vice Presidents, H. 8. Nlnde, ol
Komo; K. 1? Smith, of Rochester; Kecrolnry, Oeorge
L. Hontu, of Syracuse. At tho wclcomo meeting this
evening lutdresn's wore delivered liy A. A. 6. Benedict,
Rev. H II. i'eabody aud Br. R E. Sultou, of Rome.
The meeting preceded a reception givea by tbe Rome
Association. The allenaanco is large.
CANADA liAILWAYS.
TUB MtOJKCT TO AMALOAMATB TUB ORKAT
WESTBBM ABO OIIAKD TRUNK REJECTED?A
change o* orricBtp.
Tordxto, On A. Oct. 13, 1IT6.
A special cabin despatch from Loadou slates that at
a special general meeting ol the shareholders of the
Great Western Hallway held to-day, at the Cnnuon
Street Terminus Hotel, Right Hon. C. E. Clillders In
the chair, the project of amalgamating with the Grand
Trunk Railway was duly considered, the proposition
being finally rejected by an overwhelming majority.
Tha proposition waa that the Orea> Westarn Railway
should pay to the Grand Trunk line the sum of ?325,000
as rental lor the nse of the wholo of the latter'a linea
west ol Toronto, including the UuOnlo and Lake Huron
road, International Bridge and the SL Clair Klvor lor
ries Mr. Ctnldors, the President ol the road, in a
long speech, severely oondetntted a scries of, what he
termed, discreditable acts of the Grand Trunk Railway,
and denounced It as the Ismaol ol American railway
lines. The report was Anally passed unanimously.
Mr. Iliohard Potter has resigned tbo presidency of
the Grand Trunk linn, and Captain Tyier has been ap
pointed to succeod htm. There la ao unusual stir in
railway circles. Mr. Pollar's sudden termination ol
hla olllciai connection with tha road causes consider
able comment.
THE OLD SOUTH CHURCH,
Uostoji, llasa, Oct. 13, 1870.
Deeds for Uta Old South church wero posted over to
day. R. M. Pulsiler, tha purchaser, pays $76,000 easb.
Two hundred ahd twenty-Avo thousand dollars aro ad
vanced by an Insurance company on a Aral mortgage
and $10,000 by Mrs. Heuieoway on a second mortgage.
Mr. l'ulslier giving a bond to convey the property to
the eomnntteo ol ladles wban the $400,000 is raised by
them.
THE DOCK QUESTION.
The regular monthly mooting of the Kew York
Board ol Trade was held yesterday afternoon at No.
183 Broadway, Mr.- John f. Henry In tha chair.
Among the members present were Peter Cooper,
George II. Hstterloy, C. C. Hlnes, D. F. Cooney, ?. O.
Ball, leraol Smith, William P. Groom and others.
A letter was read from Geurge R. Martin, Secretary
of the Produeo Exchange, Inviting tbe members of the
Board of Trade to Join them In lbs proposed meeting ol
busiuess men and trados' organisations at PhiladulphU
on Thursday, October 30. 'lJie Invitation was accepted,
Mr. Groom reported that be had received a request
from tbo members of the Gold and Silver Commission,
now iu sossion In this city, asking the oo-operation ol
llio Board, and requesting that Its members should
Attend tbo meetings and give the committee the hone fit
ol tlioir counsel. A committee, consisting of Messrs
George Opdyke, Morton and Groom, was appointed by
ihs Chair, wtib powar 10 add lo their number and In
structions to report hack to tbe Board tha roaull of
their conference.
The next business wsa tbe roport ol the Committee
appointed In August lo confer wltb the Dock Commis
sioners in reference to the proposed general Commit
teo of Cotilervnee between tbe Dock Comimsaionora
of the eily and business mcu whoso mieresis are
Idennllsd with the shipping trade. Mr. Peter Cooper,
on behalf of the committee, reported progress and
askeil for further tune, which was granted. He said
that Iba committee was in favor ol the Board ol Trnde
taking an active part lu tho proponed conference.
IIo personally favored wooden piers, as thev were
much elicapor, and experiment bad shown that If prop
erly constructed were very durable. If this was not
doomed advisable be should propose that tbe piers
be constructed of ball wood and hall stone.
Alter some routine tin mess the meeting adjourned.
SHOCKING RAILROAD SLAUGHTER.
Shortly after seven o'clock last nlgbt a man named
Otto Rust, ol No. 101 Prince at rest, a cabinet maker,
was Inaiauily killed and horribly mutilated at tha
Market street depot of tbe Pennsylvania Railroad, in
Newark. It appears Ihnt while passing down Market
street on bis way to the "acek" he was caught between
(be two tracks. He saw a train coming Iroiu Now
York sod got out of lis nay, but ULlortunately failed
lo *oo another train which stood In the New York
track part ol the depot. It moved out and struck him,
cutting him htvraliv In two and otherwise mutilating
hun iu a most horrihlo manner. Tbo plnco where tho
accident occurred is tlie most dangerous mantrap in
Newark, utterly unprotected, and a monument
of criminal negligence lo both tbe railroad
and uity authorities. There la boi one
llagmun at tho place. In order that tho tacts may
come oat and the blams for this slaughter be properly
p|.red County Physician Wood has determined lo
order a coroner's Inquest Rust leave* a wife and lonr
children.
A SNEAK THIEF'S TERRIBLE DEATH.
At twenty rainntas to seven o'clock laas night an un
known sneak thief entered Ilia residence of Mr. J. J.
Hearing, No. 04 West Fiftieth street, by a false latch
key, while the family wero at dinner, and, going into
the roome on tno second story, aiolo $400 worth of
jawelry. Ho then got out of tho Iront window, intend
ing to rob tlio bouse bext door. He stepped on me
stone coping over tbo Irool door ol tbo bouse No. 00,
belonging to Mr. A. Morgan, and tbo cement uot being
strong enough, it gave way and ha foil on tha stoop.
Tho whole mass of ibe brown stone coping fell on him,
crashing in his skull and spattering tbe stoop with Ins
blood. The two iron railings on either aid* ol the stoop
wore crushed In like paetelioard. An officer took the
wounded man to ML Luke's Hospital, where b* died
Immediately after his arrival. Ills pcrftou was soarcbcd
and the stolen jewelry found and tskeh to the station
bouse, but no papers were loond by which be could be
IdantlAed.
HOBOKEN'S BROKEN BANK.
A meeting of the depositors of tbe defunct Hoboken
Homestead and Banking Association was held last night
at tha Oito Cottage Hotel, Hopoken, Major Timkan pro
aiding. H waa resolved that a petition be sent to
Chancellor Rnnyon asking that Mr. Charts* Sptriman,
lata manager of the above association, b* appointed
recoivsr instead or Mr. Michael sand ford, or Jeracy
City. Bnbeeqtieolly the depositors signed tha peti
tion.
DEATH OF MME. BLANC.
lima Bianc, who waa shot by bar bqsbond on Iho
night of Ihe 1st mat., died at Bellavno Hospital at
ten mtuutea past two o'clock yesterday morning. In
tbe altomoon Deputy Coroner Goldscbmldt made a
post-mortem examination at the Morgue. He foaod a
pistol shot wound three-quarters of sa Inch in die
meter in the centre ol the forehead, lb# ball having
entered tbo lalt anterior lube or the brain. The chan
nel lorined by tbo ball contained a largo clot of blood
and a smait shares*. Death was doc to eompreanion of
u>* brain, the consequence ol tbe wound. Coroner
Ailingor no* not yet Axed a day lor the inquest.
COLUMBUS.
Unveiling of the Monument of the
Discoverer of America.
PROCEEDINGS AT THE CENTENNIAL GROUNDS
Chief Ju3tioe Daly's Dedica
tory Address.
Tribute to Italian Maritime
Enterprise.
Pin.Aom.rHiA, Oct. 11, 1876.
The Colotnbuc monument wss unveiled to-day by
Governor Hartranli and Baron Blauo, Minialer Irom
Italy to ttio United States. Th? entire monument
ooat $18,1)00, and stands twraty-two leet
from tUa ground, the atalue ol Columbus be
ing ten feet in hotglil and tbo pedestal twelva
Icetblgh. Governor Hartranft, escorted by the first
snd Second regiments, Weccacoe Legion, Washington
Orays and tba first City troop, arrired on Uio
grounds about three o'cloci P. M., aiid shortly af
terward lha exercises were oponeu by an over
tura Alonxo M. Vltu honorary Consul of Italy
aud a member of the Canlennlsl Coinmillee, then
made a few appropriate romarlts, oftor which tbe moo
uraeut was formally uavoilvd. Addresses were made
by Uuvernor Uartrautt, Baron Blauc, Mr. Nunxio
f inelti, of the Monument Association, and lion. Morton
McMlcUael. Chief Justice Ualy said:?
CHIir /VHTlt'K UAI.Y'S AUKS ESS.
Tbo ect completed to day by ib? urvoltoa and dedi
cation ol a sluluo ot tlio di.cuvorcr ol America Is one
of the tunny interesting events ol this Ceniunuial year.
Ttioworltol Italian hands and the gilt ol Italians to
commemorate the completion ol the first century ol
our national tnUcponiiuuco, it comes moat appro
atelv- lor not only are wo indebted lo nn liuliati lor
tho general discovery ol tbe land we inherit, but It m
to two natives ol Venice, John and 8elm*Uau Cabot,
and lo Uiovaunl da Verraiauo, a native ot floreuce,
that we owe the discovery nod exploration ol the oonst
ol North Ainurioa, while iho name ol auoiher Italian,
Atuertcus Vespucius, bestowed by a German coa
mograuber, Waiuemuilcr. in 1507, has bean perpe
tuated to designate tins great Continent in the uni
versally recognised dsuiooI America.
No occasion Is more lilting men the present to recall
what in my judgment, has never boen adequately no
know'ledgvd, the very large share which Italians had
In creating the spirit of maritime enterprise in Europe
which ultimately led to the ulsooverv of America
i The great utcrubauts ol the Mediterranean, when, In
the Middle Age.?, It was the centre of the commerce of
the world, were Italians. The roaritimo oilioa of
Venice Pisa Genoa, AuialU were the nurseries ol sea
men the most suliul snd experienced in Kurope, and
when maritime enterprise, In iho fifteenth oeuiury,
was turned in the direction ol exploration nud dis
covery it was iho uaullcnl knowledge matured In
Italy the portulaus, charts and maps louud thure.
the improvements in the astrolabe and the mariner s
compass which had there been made that were cbieliy
available, and Iroin lue discovery ol Madeira, in iho
fourteenth century, by Ocuoeso oaptslns tu the service
ol Portugal to ih? death ot Columbus the brightest
names in that briliinnl period or maritime
discovery are iho aames ol Italians. in
deed ino great movement Itself, which, In
ouo direction, resulted In the discovery of the
PftiBiiif around lha Cupo ol Good Hop?, and in anoiuor
In the discovery ol America, may be said to have re
ceived us itrsi impulse iroiu the aocouut brought to
Europe by ail Ilall.u, Marco Polo, of tlio rich and won
derful countries ho had visited Id the unknown lands
ot Kasieru Asia; lor though the early explorations of
Prince Henry of Portugal, suruamsd the Navigator,
along the westorn coast ol Atrica may have had no
lurlbcr object tnaa to obtain a knowledge ot the couu
l v ol tbe Moors and to spread Christianity in that di
rection the continuation ol Prince llenry s discover
ies by the Portugese was to hod, as they did, a passage
bv water to those Indies which Marco I olo had
described, while the object of Columbus in sailing di
rectly serosa the Atlantic was to find a nearer passage
bv water lo tho same region?an Idea that beouma
Uxrd in bis mind at an oarly period of his lifn by the
perusal snd c.relul study or tbe Journey of Marco
i'olo in tho thirteenth contury.
I may also here mention that It was Irom the scute
observation snd truthful narrative ol Cedomosto an
Italian, whii was oue or Prince Henry s captains, that
Kurope received (ho Urst intelligent account of thn
discoveries along the western coast of Africa, snd of
what had been ascertained rospecttug tbo geography
and people ol that region. .
The idoa of Columbus, that Iba shortest way to reach
tho Indies would bo by sailing westward, directly
across tbe Atlantic, was, baiore he adoptod it, enter
tained and advoonted by the Italian coaiuugraphur and
astronomer Toscmnellt; and when Columbus, then a
young marluer ol tweniy-seven, was deriving a preca
rious subsistence In LisSou. by making and so ling
charts, and.maturing in ins mind, by reading and In
vesticatlou lbogre.it projocl to which ho allcrward
devoted his life, he communicated with Toscanelli and
reeeirod irom the veuerabin cosmographcr a map ol
tho world which the latter had projected to demon
strate his theory of the shortness ol the distance across
tho unkuown Atlantic, between Spain snd the esstern
'^As'olieu^happsns In the evolution of great Ideas,
both he aud Columbus were right in their gooeral con
ception thai laud would be found within the limit of a
moderate voyage across the Atlantic, but the land
which existed did not prove to ho, as they had sup
posed a great extension ol tbo eastern part of the
Continent ol Astu. but a vast, independent continent
lying between, with great oceans on either side oi it,
tho result being, aa it often proves In tnediscoveries of
science, that lite direction oi Inquiry was the truo
one and the llnal discovery different, but infinitely
croster than what bad been looked lor.
The ides of icncbing India by sailing westward
across tho Atlant.c wss not s new one. It had been
suggested more thau 1,000 yoars boh.ro, both by Aris
totle and by Strabu, butll was lar irom boing a pre
vailing idea of tbo hlteenlh o-utury. On tho con
trarv Columbus, when advocating it, found his prin
cipal siuaconisis m the cosmogrsphors and man of
science, ana has himself declared that ho was never
able to convloco ono of tuom. Voltaire has wittily
said that when Columbua urged tho probability ol a
new hemisphere, they maintained that it did not exist,
and when he discovered It tboy claimed that it had
To 'iTi'#11dny?ot bis death Columbus believed that what
be bad discovered was tbe eastorn shores of Asia. Tlio
wildest drenm of his Imagination wonld never hato
pictured whst he had done and was instrumental In
bringing about; that hegavototbo worlds new con
tinent. toward whicbavast tide of omigrai oil would
flow, which, in less than lour centuries, would be filled
with W 000,000 of the ueecondeotB of feuroi?e, ana that
the dweller upon the wesicrn extremity ol mat new
world would look out upon a great oco.in, on tlio lar
western shores of which lies lha land ho wss in pursuit
ol and supposed ho had lound.
It was not reserved Tor ltsly to assist in the accom
plishment ol iho alms ol her illustrious son.
We are told that he Oral applied to I be government
of his nallTe city snd was unsuccessful. Hut ho had
long been absent from Genoa. His real merit was uu
known. ?nd the little Kepiibllc at iliat lime was uot
only embarr.ssed hy a r.iroign war, but disheartened
by reverses, which, paralysing her commerce, had
broken her spirit. Bui, Independent ol this, Is it re
markable that he should have lalisd In this attempt
wheu it required seven years o! unwenried applica
tions in Spain before he succeeded! And even his
llnal success was not due lo the appreciation ol the in
telligent or the learned, lor a couucll of distinguished
men pronounced sga.fist him. hut to a noble-minded
woman, attracted by the largeness ol Ins views who
sympathised in his religious zeal lor bringing the m
babttanis ol p igan lands to a knowledge of the faith,
and who proposed a pledge of hef prlvaie lortiioe to
fit out tho vessois lor the voyage by which an unknown
continent was brought to lha kuowladga ol the
WThal mciporsble voyago has been deacrllied In many
languages and by many pons, but literary art could not
heighten the effect or the simple details us recorded
by tbe great navigator himself.
A voyago ol tblrty-flve days, from tbe Canaries to
tho West Indies, ol ihr?e vessels about tba sise ol our
ordinary sailing yachts, would not lor its leugib be
remni kable In our days; but at tnal lime It was a most
formidable undertaking.
From the earliest antiquity the unknown regions or
the Atlantic to tne west Were regarded as begirt with
horrors, snd during Hie many ueoturles ol ignorance
and superstition which had prevailed in Europe tho
difficulties, dangers snd supernatural obstacles with
wbicu the human imagination invested this on
traversed part ot the filobo had greatly Increased and
taken tho lorm of a widespread and universal popular
belief. Tbe difficulty ol gettiug anybody to veuturo
with Oolum.ias upon such a voyage is seen In the isct
that all who would go qrcre promised hy the govern
ment pardon for past criminal offences and a discharge
Of Iboif debt*.
It was the ortmioal and the debtor, unahla to pay,
that wsro Invited, and one ol lha most serious dif
Uculttss with which the great discovorer bad to ooo
teml was ibe kind of men which ha bad to manage snd
control in I be proeoentinn ol hia voyage. The constant
discontent, the superstitious leers awakened hy the
slightest Incident, the gensral snd unconcealed wish to
go back before half ot tho distance was achieved, snd
"be disposition to mutiny, with the secret resolution
to drop him quietly overboard and retnrn?and yet
how wonderfully did this wonderlul man manage tin*
material I When consternation I# spread by the dis
covery of the variai ion or the compass?s phenomenon
not previously observed or recorded?the frightened
crew are assured that tt was not the hsitu oi the
needla that bad changed, but the polar star, which had
moved arouad the Poia. A fiery me?eoratl1ght Is
discharged irom the heavens and sinks into
sight of the vessels, snd as the pillar of fire gelded the
Israelites the alarmed mariners are told that it is n sign
irom tnaAlmirhty inviting thorn forward and ansa
snraoec of their floal saceana.
Then coma the alternate hopes
poiaimaata, as land la frequently supposed l.o he "sen,
wtuch iurai o?t Ui (oiuico lo bo Ml cloudi rttt*
Ins od tha horizon Tbe mwl floating by from tha
westward, with ill preguant suggestion of lorai fiul
vessel which, like ihi-tn, had ventured loo for; tho
entanglement of the three ihipa in the floating vegela*
Uod of tho Saragoma Oca, ana tha horrible conviction,
widely ipread, that ibay would ba leapt there and
peri*h by lauiiaa; tbo reassured hope* when bird* an
seen flying toward them from the West, and when
some which bare perched upon tha yards are lonnd la
be ttioae that do lly lar from land; the rudely sculp
lured piece of wood, the work of huinun
hands, that la picked up; the niotsy vegetation
and uiarius plains which pass, and are known
to hare bean ih-liched from roeka; the green
branch floating toward iliein, with berries npon It, and
turn, on the eveuiful night ol the 11th ol Octoi>er,
Columbus, lining on the stern of his vessel, sees a
I light, which bit sagacity at once interprets aa a light
moving upon shore; sud at two o'clock in the morniug
of the mh ol oetober? this duy :xt years ago?the
joyful about Is besrd from the Piniotbat land is visible
through the moonlight, followed by the anxious wait
lug lor the daw n, which, breaking, reveals hills and
valleys clothed with verdure, when the crews ol tha
several vessels (all upan their knees chanting the "To
Ileum"?a succession of vivid ineideuta, closing with
tno landing of the great discoverer, and his reverently
stooping to kiss the earth or that new lound world that
ha* mnde hi* name immortal.
It is not often in hu-nan character that such an as
semblage of great qualities, moral and intellectual,
are lound united as in tils person We are told that
he had a coinmauding presence, with eyes full of ex
pression; that lie was fluent,in speech, courteous ia
manner, affectionate In deposition, temperate In
habit sud particularly attractive Irom Ins great aim
pltoity and earnestness. Ho had a steady loyalty and
sense ot duty which uiysxicni ol lugrailtude in lbs
sovereign he Served could ever dimmish, aud a largs
in ensure of veneration springing out ol deeply seated
and llxed religious couvicttons. Neither prosperity
nor adversity?and lie was tried by both as man lias
rarely been tried?disturbed tbe even bat itico ol his
character. Ho was magnanimous, self denying,
enrnet-1 and humane; for even (he only lault laid t?
bis charge?tho capturing aud euslavmg of the
caribea?sprung out of bis humane desire to reprosi
their horrible practice of osnuiballsnt.
With a large imagination, tbal was constantly active
was united tue most practical Character when tineas
were to be done by human means. Kcsolute, enduring
and patient, no diUiculties appalled Dim with which
liuniau skill could wrestle; HO failures or disappoint
moms prevented bis ronawiug and pro-ecutlng the ob
ject tn which bis lire was devoted. On tbe miclh c.ual
side of Ins character he waa large minded, Inventive,
a chme observer ol natural phonomena aud a remark
able interpreter of thoir laws aud cuuaea. The union
ol great Intellectual penetration with a fervid imagi
nation thai ravelled it) drnama of what he might ac
compllitli lor the propagation of tho faith, la happily
cxpicased in the remark of a recent writer, that he
untied "the inquiring mind of a modern man of sci
ence with the romantic spirit of a crusader."
I doubt if an equal instance is to be found In lite
whole range ol biography ol a man porsevcrmgly do
voting Ins life to the attainment of great ends aud ac
complishing so much, who, as a consequence ol it.
suilcred so much and wss so ill requited. If he failed
to establish auccesslul coioulva in tbe lands ba dlsc.iv
ered it was that he bad to do with colonials who wers
tho most wicked, worthier! and dissolute ol men, and
the wouder Is not that lie lulled, hut that he accom
plished what he did. Even out of such materials h?
had succcodcd in establishing order and government,
wiih a promising hope lor the future, when It was
lus late to be suwerseded by an inexperienced and in
flated superior, who cast him in prison without a hear
ing and sent him to Spain In chains. Upon his return
he lound himself, without any fault on his pari, over
whelmed with enoniies. "Ibe very stones," sayg
lterrara, "appeared to nss up against hltn." He was
held alone reaponsiblo for result* upon tne complaints
ol tho vory men whose acts hud brought about these
results.
When his two sons, who were pages to tho queen,
went into the streets It was to be lollowod by erowdg
shouting, "See the son* ol the Italian traitor,who pre
tend* to have discovered India, and lets Spaniard! und
hidalgos perish with hunger." The Inct IS, he waa a
foreigner. It was an Italian that had brought au em
pire to snaln, and her prnlo could not brook that a
foreigner should have the high tlllo and powers wuicn
woro the stipulated reward ot his great discovery.
How confident in tho vory depths ol this unlooked for
reaction is hi* vindication ol blmsell. "The deeds I
have performed ure of such a nature that they will
grow rrom day today In tbe estimation of mankind."
And bow profoundly, after the lapse of more than
three centuries, are they vindloeted to-day, as we
look upon this majestic Image of him In th? language
ol one ot our own poets."The world seeking Genoese."
How painlul Is the picture ol but last voyage, so rich
tn geographical dtsoovory, but so disastrous to him:
and yet at no period of bis career does his character
shine lorlh with auoh lustre.
In 1861, when I visited Humboldt at Potsdam, bo
culled my attention toOolumbua' remarkable account
or his dream, lu his latter to Ovnndo?a document not
tbfcu to ho found In tbe ordinary biographies?which
was written when he was abandoned by tbe Hnasisn
Viceroy in Jamaica, with his wrecked vessels, his re
bellious crew, and weighed down, at bit advanced
ago, with bodily Inflrnitiles. Humboldt?I use his
own words?referred to this letter as revealing the key
note ot Columbus' character, in bis conviction that lis
had been especially selected by God lor great under
takings. In this drearu he hears a voice crying out: ?
"O tool and slow to balteve; did thy God
do mora for Mooes or David than Ho
has done lor tbeef He has made thy namo
rosouud throughout the earth; He has delivered Into
tby bands tbe keys ol the gale of .ho ocean ; He baa
given thoe the Indies, tba richest rtglons of tbo earth
to dispose of unto otbors. What did he more for tba
people of Israel? Tarn to Him and acknowledge thiuo
error. He has many and va*t inheritances yet in re
serve. Fear not to seek them, for the promises God
has mads tn thee Hn has never broken."
In cooclusloo. wo have the final picturs of bis long
and lonely journey upon a mule, enfeebled by age and
disease, across tbo rocky soil of Eatramadura and tba
rude sierras of Toledo and Ouadarama, to tha aeat of
the court at degovia, to make a last appeal, which wag
unsuccessful, and was speedily followed, by his death.
Mr. Major, the biographer of 1'rloce Henry, has ex
presslv said that the treatment which Columbus re
ceived In these last two years of bis lifo pre
sents n picture of the blackest Ingrati
tude on tbe part of tho Crown, which it
Is painful to contemplate." He gave to Spain an em
pire and sb? gave him In retnrn simply a grave. She
lias lavished honors upon his rsmsin* by frequent re
movals and pompoua funerals. They wore first do.
posited at Valiadoltd, from thenca thoy were rotnoved
to Seville, again to San Domingo sod afterward to
Havana, l.et there bo another and float removal
I.et him bo restored to Italy, that his ashes may bo do.
posited In his native oily, so tenderly remembdrcd in
nis will, or laid lu Santa Croce, In Floronoc, with
Galileo, Michael Angelo and the other great spirits
that rest in that mausoleum of Italy's Illustrious dead.
I'ALETTE CLUB KEOEPTION.
Thero was a largo and brilliant rcoeption held last
night In tha rooms of the Palette Club, on tho oocakloa
of a dinner tendered by tho olub to the three distin
guished European artiste, Loon y Escoenra, August*
Bartholdl and Carl Scblosingor, wboio work* are well
known to tbe publto ol New York. American art and
literature wore also well repretentod. Among th?
gentlemen present wore George Junes*, Qutncy Ward,
J. G. Brown. Bonufrain Irving, >L K. do Haa?, Bayard
Taylor, tbe Spanish Consul, Cnrleton, 1'arke Godwin,
W. A. Camp, General Mlra, Chirle* H. Ishnm, Ao.
The gnosis assembled in the spacious parlor ol the olub,
and a lories of Introduction* took plaee be
fore proceeding to the more weighty
business ol dining. On the walls of lb?
parlor wcro bung pictures by tbe trtlsts present,
wblcb furnished ample sonjects (or convematlon and
comparison. When tbe guests ware seated at table
Clark Boll, tbo President of tbe club, welcomed In I
neat and happy speech tbo guests ol tbe evening. He
spoke In flattering terms of tbe new Roman-ffpaaltl
school of art, wblcb has mado Itself tell in modern ars
paving a passing iribnle to Fortuny and Zainucoia,
who had been carried away by the rnde hand or death,
but whoso place in the world of art was so worthily
tilled by one ol tbo guests ol tbe evening, bailor l<eon
y Kscosura. In equally bnpp.v terms ne spoke of
Krroch art as illustrated by tho etain* of
1/ilayotlc, which hud becu produced by the
genius or another guest, M. Augusta Bartholdl. H*
then referred briefly 10 the proposed statue ot "Liberty
Illuminating tho World," which the French people
proposed to present to Amerioa in token of their sym
pathy aud admiration, and this work alao was lbs
work ol M. ftartnoldi. German art, he said, was
worthily represented by Carl Schlesinger, who h id
been aenl by tho German government successively ts
London. Parle, Vienna and New York.
All throo artiste roplted happily in egoellent Eng
lish, thanking tho club for the warmth of tbeir recep
tion aud the honor done them. M. Bartholdl referred
to the excellent relations that have always existed be
tween Franco and America, and thanked tbe America*
people for the generous reception ho had met with
?inee bis arrival in thla country. On the conclusion of
his speech be was loudly cheered. (Jneot the gentleiooa
then sang the "Marseillaise" nmld great enthusiasm.
Carl bchlcsinger expressed himself as agreeably sur
prised to And in the homes of American cltisens ih?
beat examples of Kuropeae art. He bad been aenl by
his government as ono of the representative Judges,
and he was delighted to And the originals of great
worka which had acquired worldwide reputation la
galleries of private citizens.
The Intermissions between tbe ipe*cbea were
Ailed by sougs in German, French and 8|>aniah bv
Messrs. Maili.ird and Steens. Parke Godwin ma-la
a long address on tbe progress ol art tn America,
which was listenod to witb Attention. He was followed
by Bayard Taylor and a host of leaser Ihrhts. Tha
affair was exceedingly soooessful and enjoyable end
must bave mado a very favorable impression on tha
mind* of the distinguished guests.
ANXIOUS TO SEE BKECHEK.
Tbe number or atrangere visiting tha Centennial Kg
hibltion who are anxloua to bear Mr. Bceeher la en
large that arrangements are b?tn| made to aeeomnn*
dale them with seat* and pew* daring the remainder
of the present month. Six thousand Ave htin.lrod and
sixty persons sought admittance last Sunday, and
more man 8,000 had to be led outside.
FATAL ACCIDENT.
PocawxanrniB, N. Oet. 12, 187A.
A special tn the Aapfe trom Peekskill stye thai
Michael Gallagher, a workman employed In 0'Rrlen*a
brickyard, at Verpianck's Point, was Instantly kill*
br a iarro bank of aiav teniae nnan htm

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