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W YORK HERALD
BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR, THE DAILY HERALD, published every day in the year. Four cents per copy. Twelve dollars per year, or one dollar per month, free of postage. All business, news letters or telegraphic despatches must be addressed New York Herald. Letters and packages should be properly Bealed. Rejected communications will not be re turned. PHILADELPHIA OFFICE?NO. 112 SOUTH SIXTH STREET. LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD-NO. FLEET STREET. PARIS OFFICE?AVENUE DE I,'OPERA Subscriptions and advertisements will be received and forwarded on tho same terms as in New York. fOLUMB XLI I NO. 237 AMUSEMENTS TO-NIGHT. WOOD'S MUSEUM. ROUND THE CLOCK, hi h I' M Mutinee at3 P. M. union square theater. TWO ORPHANS, nt 8 P M. BOOTH'S "theatre. 8ARDANAPALC8, at Mi*. M. Mr. Bang. and Mr*. Ajnea Booth. PARK "THEATRE. CLOUDS, at S P. M. KIFTII AVENUE THEATRE. LIFE, at 8 P. M. Charlr* K. Co Hi I an. OKRMAMA THEATRE. FREUD UND LKID. hi 8 P. M. GRAND ol'KKA HOUSE. UNCLE TOM'S CABIN, nt 8 P. M. .Mra Howard. WALLACE'S THEATRE. FORBIDDEN FRUIT, at SI'. M. BROOKLYN THEATRE. CONSCIENCE, at 7 1'. M. Mia* Clara Morria. NIBLO'S GARDEN. BAB A, at 8 P. M. STEIN WAY HALL THOMAS' GRAND CONCERT, at 8 P. M. ROWrrT" THEATRE. DONALD MCKAY, at 8 P. M. Oliver Duud Byron, TONY PASTOR'S l'llKA i RE. VARIETY, at 8 P. M. Maiinee at 2 P. M. tivolFIpheatrk. VARIETY, at 8 P. M. Parisian Varieties. at 8P.M. SAN FRANCISCO MINSTRELS, at 8 P. M. KELLY A LEON'S " MINSTRELS. at 8 P.M. CHATEAU MABILLE. VARIETY, at 8 P. M. OLYMPIC THEATRE. VARIETY AND DRAMA, at 7: 5 1'. M. AMERICAN INSTITUTE. ANNUAL FAIR. MURRAY'S CIRCUS. Afternoon and evening. C.ILMORK'S GARDEN. BARNUM'S CIRCUS AND MENAGERIE, at 2 and 8 P. M. THEATRE COMIQUa VARIETY. at 8 P. M. NEW YORK AQUARIUM. Open from OA. M. to 10 P. M. eagle "theatre. VARIETY, at 8 P. M. TRIPLE SHEET. \ NEW YORK, FRIDAY. OCTOBER 13, 1876. From our reports this morning the probabilities are that the voeather to-day tcill be warmer, clear or partly cloudy tcith, possibly, occasional rain along the Mklcue Atlaiitic coast. Wall Street Yesterday.?The stock market was dull, and prices tended down ward. Pacific Mail was exceptionally sctivo and strong. Gold opened and closed at 109, with sales meanwhile at 108 7-8. Money on call loaned at 4 per cent. Gov ernment bonds were stronger and railway bonds steady. The Yacht Racf. for the Loubat Ocean Cop began yesterday, the Idler having tho lead. General Martinez Campos is off for Cuba, where he will doubtless sucoeed in annoy ing Jovellar more than the insurgents. He is not likely to meet the rebels, but he is almost sure to capture tho Captain General. At Creedmoor yesterday there was some interesting shooting, clubs lroin a number of States participating. Nothing could more Clearly demonstrate the interest that is taken in rifle practice in different parts of the conntry. Axothkb Fabce in tho Von Arnim matter bus just boen perpetrated. Tho ex-Am bassador was sentenced on Thursday of Inst week to live years' imprisonment in tho House of Correction. This puerile and per sonal persecution of a statesman of high rank reflects little credit on tho German Empire or its rulers. Polisd has not forgotten the fame of Pn laski and Kosciusko, who fell in tho Ameri can Revolution. While the Poles are com memorating tho virtues of the heroes by the medal which has been transmitted to Presi dent Grant we can only assure them that Americu will never l'orget their services to liberty on this side of the Atlantic. Boileb Explosions are still of frequent occurrence, an accident of this kind at Pitts burg yesterday causing a terrible loss of life. It is probable that all care in the examina tion of these terrible engines of death is again entirely disregarded, and that it will reqnire some terrible disaster, like that on the Westfleld, to compel the inspectors to do their duty. The Deficiency in the supply of Croton water has affected the nerves of some of our correspondents, and, we fear, their judg ment. It is not the fault of tho hoard that we are suffering from tho effects of a dry ieason, and tho peculiar circumstances of the case render any regulation of tho water supply which would not interfere with the interests of the city difficult if not im possible. Sittiho Bull i* Abyssinia.?According .to our news this morning tho King of Abys sinia has succeeded in crushing three sepa rate Egyptian columns. .Sitting hull's ex ploit on the Little hig Horn was not moro complete, and on a much smaller scale thnu these massacres in Abyssinia. Tho savages on both sides of the globe seem to pursue the same policy?that of striking tho en emy when he is unprepared, and then dis appearing from his front. Peteb CoorEit, it appears, has an abiding laith in the potty financial heresy of which be is the political exponent. It is Mr. Cooper's mission to exalt tho glories of tho greenback, but ho' is willing to rctiro in Mr. Tilden's favor if Mr. Tilden will only ac ocpt the greenback platform. This is a very sale proposition, bnt apart from its imprac ticability suoh a course would rob the can vass of its only humorous characteristic, and that would be dreadful in so dull a oam tWiiZOe The October Elections. The elections of Tuesday, which were looked forward to with keen and anxious interest, have decided nothing, or next to nothing, outside of the States in which they were held. We do not regret this. There is no sense in letting one or two States, which happen to hold local elections in ad vance, virtually determine the Presidential election for the whole oountrv. The result in Ohio and Indiana will not have the weight of a feather on the great November contest in other States. The result in Ohio makes it certain that Ohio will give its electoral votes to Hayes but it will not strengthen the republican party in any other State where it was not already strong. It is not so entirely certain that the result in Indiana insures that State to the democrats in the Presidential contest, but it will not do to reason from Indiana in 1872 to Indiana in 187C. In 1872 Indiana elected Governor Hendricks in October by the slight majority of 1,337, and the next month it gave Grant its electoral votes by a heavy majority of 27,000. But this great change between October and November in that year did not result from anything done in the State, but from the great tide of republican majorities in October in other States. There is nothing this year bearing any resemblance to the splendid republican majority of 34,308 in the Pennsylvania October election of 1872 and the large Ohio majority in the same month. It was not the vote in Indiana but the vote outside of Indiana in October, 1872, that gave the State to the republicans in the following month. In 1872 the Presidential election was decided beyond doubt in Oc tober; but in 1876 the October elections have decided nothing and have removed no doubts. There is no perceptible reason why Indiana should not go in No vember as it did on Tuesday. Blue Jeans Williams is a political raga muihn, and he ran against a republican of remarkable strength and popularity. But Governor Hendricks is the most esteemed democrat in Indiana, and, with no outside current to influence the result, his chances of carrying the State should be better than those of Williams. Yet the extreme close ness of the vote on Tuesday puts Indiana in the list of doubtful States. Of tho three elections on Tuesday that in West Virginia is the only one that throws even a faint light on tho Presidential con test: West Virginia is the one Southern State whose white population might have been expected to be in sympathy with the republican party. It had but few slaves, and was easily cleft asunder from the old State of Virginia during the war. It was a steady republican State for Beveral years after the close of tho war, and gave its elec toral votes to Grnnt both in 1868 and 1872. In 1874 it went over to the demo crats by a pretty strong majority, and this election shows that, like its sister States of the South, it has gone into the democratic party to stay. Its democratic majority on Tuesday is a pretty clear indi cation that Mr. Tilden may rely, with reason able confidence, on the support of the "solid South." The Southern States have 138 electoral votes, and the democratic party needs only 47 more to give it a majority. The Presidential contest is therefore nar rowed down to the question whether Mr. Tilden can get 47 electoral votes in the twenty-three Northern States. It is already certain that he cannot unless he carries New York, and even with New York his ability to make up that number is doubtful. The States in the following list are quite reliable for Hayes:? IilinoK 21 Colorado 3 low.i 11 Nevada 3 Kansas 6 Now Haoipsblre S Maim- 7 Ohio 22 Massnrhuactta. 13 lVnnsrlvuota. 29 Michigan 11 lthnde island. 4 Minnesota 5 Vermont 6. Nebraska 3 Wisconsin. 10 There is no possibility of Mr. Tilden car rying any one of these Rixteen States, which havo an aggregate of 157 electoral votes, or only 28 less than a majority. If Hayes can gain 28 votes in addition to those of which he is already certain, it is as good as certain he will bo elected. The requisite 28, if he should get them, must come from some one or more of the following States :? New York 36 New Jersey 9 Indiana 16 Connecticut 0 California 0 Oregon 3 Of the States in this doubtful, or at least debatable list, the republicans might carry four?namely, New Jersey, Connecticut, California and Oregon?and still fall short of a majority by four electoral votes. Unless they carry either Indiana or New York they havo no chance of success if all the Southern States vote for Tilden. It is possible, but not probable, that they can recover Indiana after losing it in the State election with nothing in the other October States to discourage tho democratic party. It would be a waste of effort and ammunition for the republicans to fight tho lost battle in Indiana over again. Thero is a bare possibility that they might carry it, but tho loss of New Jersey and Con necticut, which together have the same number of electoral votes, would deprive their victory of any practical value. But if of these six States they can carry New York they will have more votes than they need in addition to those of which they arc already certain. But the success of tho democrats in Now York would not in like manner carry them through. They will need twelve additional votes. If they save Indiana they will get these twelve votes, with three to spore. But if they should lose Indiana neither New Jersey alone nor Connecticut alono would help them out. Thoy must carry them both, or carry New Jer sey with one of tho Pacific States, or Connecticut with both of the Pacific States. In this extremely doubtful stato of the canvass everything is staked on New York, which will be the Thermopylae of this Presidential canvass. A republican success is certain if they carry New York, and there are strong probabilities that if tho democrats carry it they will get the twelve additional votes they will need to give Til den a mnjority. Tho republicans have every motive for concentrating all thoir efforts in the Empire State, but tho democrats cannot win without carrying some of the other doubtful States in addition to New York. The fact that the Presidential contest is narrowed down to tho ability of either party to carry New York will be admitted by every experienced politician who peruses the fore going statement. No intelligent man can reach any other conclusion. But this nar rowing of the basis of calculation, instead of relieving the result of uncertainty, only thickens the fog which rests upon the Presidential prospect Of all the States in the Union New York is the most inconstant in its politics. It has been a sort of tradition for more than half a century that New York politics are a standing puzzle to people not residing in the State. In this respect the State maintains its old reputation. There are other doubtful States, but they are doubtful in a different way. In other uncertain States there is an element of steadiness even in their fluctuations. They are doubtful because they are close; because the two parties are so evenly balanced that a change of a few thousand votes makes the difference between defeat or victory. But New York is a State whose incalculable poli tics do not merely change, but "flop." It defies all the computations of political arith metic. In 1872 General Diz was elected Governor by a majority of 51,825. In 1874 Mr. Tilden was elected by a majority of 50,317, showing a stupen dous fluctuation of 102,140 between two gubernatorial elections. New York politics are like the tides of the Bay of Fundy, which rise or fall seventy feet in the course of a few hours. There is no telling at what mark the water will stand at noon on any given day. A State whose politics flop and change at the rate of more than 100,000 votes in two years affords no secure basis for politioal predictions. The only thing in New York politics which has any approach to steadiness is a republican ma jority, more or less large, in the rural districts, and a democratic majority, always reliable, but more or less large, in the city. There is no other State in the Union whose elections are so "mighty onsartain." And it happens this year that the Presidential elec tion will be decided by the vote of this exceptionally uncertain State. Tb? Oriental Puxzle. It would be premature to assume that the troubles of the great Oriental complication are over because the Ottoman government has yielded to the general pressure and proposed an armistice lor six months. Let it be noted that this armistice is quite aside from the one proposed as the first of the terms of peace laid down by England. That armistice was unconditional. It had no terms. It was, in fact, a discontinuance of the war, and to uccept it would be to recog nize at once that the fighting was ended and that the iuture relations of Turkey and her provinces were established on the basis presented in the other points of the British proposition. Turkey does not do this. She consents to an armistice for a definite pe riod. She names specific terms and desig nates what 6 hall and what shall not be done in the interval. The continuance of the armistice beyond, or the recommencement of hostilities at that period, will therefore be within her discretion, and she will be in fluenced in her action by the result of nego tiations to be had meanwhile. If terms can be accorded that please her the armis tice will lead to a permanent peace; if not sho will again move her troops against Servia. This, therefore, is very different from what was laid down by England as a programme that Turkey must accept? the discontinuance of military opera tions, the status quo ante bellum for Servia and Montenegro, and a "liberal autonomy" for Bosnia, Herzegovina and Bul garia. These terms constituted the sub stance of a treaty of peace presented to Turkey by the consent of all the Powers, to be by her rejected or accepted. She does not accept that treaty. She says she will grant the first of the points in a modified form in order to have time to consider the other terms. That is not what was pro posed to her ; and the plain English of the case is, therefore, that she has rejected the proposed terms. It is, therefore, to be anticipated that her answer will not be regarded as satisfactory, except, possi bly, as an expedient to tide over the winter. Bussia, for instanco, accepted England's terms, supported them and declared that she would bo bound by them upon their acceptance by Turkey; but she may now very reasonably hold that the half acceptance of one point in three does not put her under any obligation. It is evident that the Russian nation is just now not in a temper to be trifled with, and it is doubtful whether the British Ministry can itself care to see its propositions dealt with so cavalierly by a ruler who owes to the morul support of England the very existence of his throne. A Political Joke. No one has more vigorously denounced "the South" and tried to revive hatred and suspicion in Ohio and Indiana than "gallant Ben Bristow." In one of his last speeches in the campaign he asserted that "no amount of pledges that the democratic can didates for Congress can give" ought to be trusted; and that everything showed the democratic party "capable of bringing about a solid South for the purpose of accomplish ing by the instrumentality of power in Washington what they failed to accomplish in the war." This is pretty strong, for what the South failed to accomplish, as everybody knows, was destruction of the Union and perpctuotion of slavery. Now, the joke lies just here Mr. Bris tow was the favorite Presidential candidate of many leading Southern and Southwest ern democrats in Washington last winter, and there was a time when his nomination by the democratic party was a not entirely improbable event. Ho was believed to be a Btrong man to beat the republicans with, and Western and Southern democrats did not entirely give him up until his nomina tion by the republicans at Cincinnati was planned and expected. He would have made it lively for the democratic party. Jerome Tajik continues to furnish excel lent sport for the lovers of the turf, the racos yesterday being the moat successful of the mooting. The race for the Centennial Cup was the event of the day, this valuable piece of plate being won by Tom Ochiltree. It is such events as this which givo a national character to the meetings of the American Jockey Club, and we trust the prizes here after will show something of the munifi cence whioh was displayed in this The Mayoralty. There could not be a more curious or unique political situation than one in which a nomination for Mayor in a single city may determine whioh of the great national par ties will win a Presidential election. Yet precisely this singular situation seems to exist at present with reference to the Mayor alty of New York. It is oonceded by all intelligent judges that the Presidential con test is likely to be decided by the electoral votes of the State of New York. It is admit ted, or at least cannot be reasonably dis puted, that the republican party is likely to have a large majority in this State outside of the cily, and that the ability of the demo cratic party to carry the State for Tihien depends on a majority in the city heavy enough to outweigh the republican vote of the interior. Governor Tilden's chances for the Presidency are staked on the city vote. If it should be large enough to overbalance the republican majority in other parts of the State he will be elected ; if not, he will be defeated. It is equally his interest and the interost of the democratic party in the State and nation that all the candidates on the city ticket, and especially the candidate for Mayor, should command public confidence. If one of John Kelly's puppets is nominated for the Mayoralty Mr. Green will come into the field supported by the whole republican, a moiety of the democratic and the entire Ger man vote. The democratic party of the city would be disintegrated, and Mr. Tilden's majority in the city dwindle to so small a figure that it would be swamped by the re publican majority in the interior of the State. It concerns every democrat in the oity, State and nation that so great a danger be averted. The whole democratic party has an interest in restraining the waywardness of the obstinate and wrong-headed Tammany Boss. If he is permitted to have his way the democratic ship will be stranded and the whole cargo lost. Mr. Kelly's adherents say that he means well ; but good intentions cannot prevent a wreck when an unskilful pilot steers a vessel upon the rocks. Mr. Kelly has forfeited every title to have his judg ment respected. Was he a safe guide last fall, when ho tried to ruin Recorder Hackett and wrecked the democratic party of the city under an adverse majority of nearly thirty thousand? Did he evince good judgment in the early part of last summer, when he went to St. Louis and vehemently opposed the nomination of Governor Tilden ? He is a played-out politician, and everything he has recently undertaken has turned out to be a stupendous failure. He had a pet can didate for Governor at the Saratoga Conven tion ; but Mr. Kelly's advocacy ruined the chances of the candidate. Since the tre mendous thrashing he got last fall nothing remains to him but the dregs of his former influence. Everything which he has since attempted has turned out to be a pitiful abortion, including his opposition to Tilden at St. Louis and his attempt to nominate an anti-Tilden candidate for Governor. For the lost year his leadership has been in every instance a march to defeat. That por tion of the democratic party which con tinues to trust him are blind followers of a blind guide, and they will all fall into the ditch together, as they have so often done during the last twelve months, in which everything attempted by the Tammany Boss has been a humiliating failure. Why should tho New York democracy follow a guide whose judgment is so uniformly mistaken ? Why should the friends of Governor Tilden submit to a leader who has been so actively hostile to their Presidential candidate? The citizen whom Mr. Kelly is under stood to be pushing for the Mayoralty is a conspicuous gontleman who went to St Louis to oppose Governor Tilden's nomina tion. It is not supposable that Mr. Tilden wishes the city canvass to be led by one of his known enemies. Ho ought to put an extinguisher on Mr. Kelly and "my candi date." With the great power he wields in the party as the head of its Presidential ticket and democratic Governor of New York ho might easily set asido Mr. Kelly and com pose the democratic dissensions in this city. Unless he interposes right early, and inter poses with vigor, his Presidential canvass is a "lost cause." He cannot expeot to carry tho State without a large majority in the city, and it would be supreme folly to trust his interests in the hands of a broken-down leader who wrecked the party in the last municipal election, and lias attempted noth ing Bincc which has not proved to be an utter failure. Mr. Kelly has lost the glamour of success as a party chief, and neither Mr. Tilden nor the city democracy should any longer lean on this broken reed. What imaginable necessity can there be for following a battered and broken chief and accepting "my candidate?" Is that known opponent of Mr. Tilden, "my candi date," the only democrat in the city quali fied for the oflice of Mayor? Nonsense. The democratic party of the city could sup ply a dozen better candidates?a dozen can didates superior in personal qualifications and twico a dozen who would have a better chance of harmonizing and consolidating the party. Mr. John T. Agnew, for example, would not only make a splendid Mayor, but he would receive the united support of every wing and section of the city democrucy. With Mr. Agnew as tho candidate Governor Tilden would have n majority in this city at least twenty thousand greater than is pos sible if Mr. Kelly nominates the candidate. But "my candidate" would bo smashed as badly by Mr. Green as "my candidate" was last year by Recorder Huckctt. gnallfiration* of Voters. A correspondent sends us a somewhat elab orate argument intended to prove that citi zens are entitled to vote for State and county officers, Presidential electors and members of Congress without a residence of thirty days the election district. His reasoning is in founded on tho language of the State con stitution, but he has made the unfortunate mistake of ignoring the fact that tho consti tution was amended less than two years since in such a manner as to free tho ques tion from all doubt. The State constitution as it now stands provides that "every malo oitizen of the ago of twenty-one years, who shall have been a citizen for ten days and an l 0f this Stale for one year next preceding an election, and for the last fonr months a resident of the county and for the last thirty days a resident of the election district in which he may offer his vote, shall be entitled to vote at such election in the election district of which he shall at the time be a resident, and not elsewhere." The clause requiring a thirty days' residence in the election district was not in the constitu tion of 1846, but was inserted in 1874, leav ing no further place for such doubts as are raised by our correspondent Mcsalny mt Interference In the Soutb. In Louisiana there is a considerable body of republicans, black as well as white, who mean to vote for Hayes and Nichols?Mr. Nichols being the democratic candidate for Governor. In South Carolina there is a large and increasing number of republicans who mean to vote for Hayes and Hampton. In the same way, last fall, there were numer ous republicans in Mississippi who voted against Ames, but for republican Congress men. That is to say, a constantly increas ing number of republican voters in these as well as in other Southern States, being tired of the corruption and maladministration practised by their local party leaders, refuse to Bupport the local ticket, though they mean to vote the national ticket of their party. It is this split which threatens Packard in Louisiana and Chamberlain in South Caro lina with the overthrow which befell Ames in Mississippi last fall, and as Ames called for federal troops to help him in his ex tremity, so Chamberlain now prepares to follow his example. The object of thus commanding federal Boldiers into one of these Southern States is threefold. They are used, as by Packard, to intimidate democrats; their presence at the same time helps to arouse and organize the most igno rant part of the negro vote; but, finally, their most important use in such a state of things as we have described is to discourage and cripple the efforts of the opposition re publicans. The mass of colored voters in a State like South Carolina have a disposition to follow the possessor of power. They be lieve in the superior power and strength of the federal government; if they see that at Mr. Chamberlain's request General Grant sends troops to act under Chamberlain's orders argument and appeal are alike use less to persuade them to vote against Cham berlain. Observe, therefore ; the troops are used to re-elect Chamberlain; that is the object. They were used to elect Kellogg in Louisi ana. Packard hopes to use them to elect himself; Ames asked for them to re-elect himself, and, not getting them, was beaten, and promptly resigned and removed from the State. Can the republican party hope to succeed if it thus misuses its possession of the federal power to keep in their places corrupt or inefficient State officers to coerce, not democrats alone, but independ ent republicans, and drive them back into the support of corrupt men, or cripple their efforts to relieve themselves and their Btate of such control? Another tUteiman to the Front. We print elsewhere an interview in which one of the city's boasted statesmen takes a position which entitles him, and is perhaps intended to secure him, the oonspiouous and important position of Secretary of the Treasury under the next administration, in caso Mr. Peter Cooper should be chosen President. It is one of the advantages of a free country like ours that it can always fur nish statesmen adequate for any occasion. When the emergency arises the man appears. If Mr. Cooper should be elected ho would no sooner enter the White House thaL, be hold Mr. Richard Schell, or "Uncle Dick," as the boys love to call him. Amiability is Uncle Dick's strong point Happy himself, he fondly sighs to Bee all his countrymen equally blest His plan of campaign when he shall rule in the Treasury has for its chief motive the desire to make every man jack ot us at least twenty-five cents better off than we aro now. Hence he proposes a new issue of currency?an issue so vast that it is scarcely possible but almost every infant in the country will get at least a ton cent shin plaster for its share. We advise Blue Jeans Williams to get somebody to read him Undo Dick's proposi tion. We commend it to tho lamented Hol man, whom an ungrateful constituency have just relegated to the obscurity of private life as it were. We aro sure it would receive the praises of that considerable body of in flation martyrs whoso brainless bodies strew the bleak shores of Indiana just now. Not only would our venerable "Uncle Dick'* print a thousand millions of irredeemable shinplasters, but ho would give half of them away. When the lamented Tweed, whom we are soon to welcome among us again, once called an ungrateful dependunt an Adder, he was met with the mean retort, "And you are a Subtracter." Our Uncle Dick is neither ; considering the magnitude of his generosity we should call him nothing less than "a Pair of Dividers." Christopher Columbm*. A statue to Christopher Columbus, the work of Italian artists and tho gift of sympa thizing Italians, was unveiled at Philadel phia yesterday before a largo assemblage. Judge Charles P. Daly, of this city, delivered the address. This choice was an eminently fit one, as no scholar in the land has given more attention to geographical scienco and discovery than Judge Daly. The address, also, ah will be seen from tho report printed in another column, was in every way worthy of the occasion. In especially good taste was the tribute paid to the part which Italians took in navigation and explora tion at the time when the secrets of the globe were being unravelled. At this day we can scarcely cdnceive the ignorance which prevailed, even among men of scienco, in regard to the scheme which Columbus proposed. It was n simple proposition, and whether it was tho Indies or a great conti nent which barred tho way to the Indies, it was plain enough that by sailing due west tho east would be reached at Inst. Tho mis take. however, wns not confined to the igno rant scientists who opposed the views which Columbus advanced. Columbus himself, and Toscsnella, from whom he obtained his theory, were as much mistaken as their od ponents. 'iney baa no accurate notion 01 the distance roand the earth, and supposed that by sailing west they would reach the east more quickly than by the known route. Columbus believed this and he persisted in his belief until his death. It was lelt to others to determine that it was America and not the eastern limits of Asia which he had discovered. He never dreamed of the wide ocean which lay between the land he had found and the country he sought, and so it is not his knowledge, his wisdom or his foresight which we commemo rate to-day, but his courage in undertaking, under the most discouraging oircumstances, a voyage over an unknown sea to ascertain what lay beyond. This was enough, how ever, to entitle him to our highest gratitude for the will which dares to test a theory; whether it is right or wrong, is higher oven than the wisdom which proves to be right when its solution is left to others. Welcome to Mr. Tapper. The distinguished poet, Martin F&rquhaS Tupper, who arrived in this city yesterday, will be welcomed by thousands who have read some of his works. No man but him self has probably read all of his works, for they are countless. They represent over forty years of incessant production, and in clude novels, poems of all kinds, from s continuation of Coleridge's beantifnl "Chris tabel" to the "Ode to America," more than three hundred sonnets, and the celebrated "Proverbial Philosophy," of which forty editions have been sold in England and a million of copies in America. This literary fecundity is wonderful; Mr. Tupper has written more verses than Tennyson, Words worth, Keats and Coleridge combined. That ho has not written ns well as they did is possible; but it is at least something to have written more. Quantity has its merit as well as quality, and Mr. Tupper has it in a remarkable degree. It is natural that the book by which he is known best should be the most criticised. It is said that the "Proverbial Philosophy" is commonplace, and it has been the subject of numerous parodies. When Mr. Tupper wrote that lino, to the unaffected tenderness of which thousands of mothers will bear testimony, "A child in a house is a well fall of plea% ure," an attempt was made to burlesque it thus:?"A child in a well is a house full of pleasure." Mr. Tupper has, however, re mained unshaken by these assaults, and his latest work is "Washington," a play un acted as yet, which he intends to read in public during the winter. We have given extracts from this drama, and Mr. Tupper has ably replied in our columns to the charge of a correspondent that the entire play was plagiarized from an American play of the same title. But, independently of his literary claims, Martin Farquhar Tupper is entitled to a warm reception, for he has always been the true friend of America, and espoused with pen and word the cause of the Union daring the war. He will find the United States very much changed from what they were when he visited them in 1851, but twenty-five years have only made him bet ter known to the American publio. Woodwabd, who was Tweed's friend, agent and partner, reached this city yesterday and is now safely lodged in the Tombs. He was arraigned upon five of the old indictments found against him in the early days of the war upon the Ring, and, pleading not guilty to all of them, was committed without baiL One thing is duo to Woodward?and it should not be denied him npon any ground whatever?a speedy trial. There has been too much delay in these cases in the past, and now that Tweed and Woodward are in the hands of the authorities the best thing that can be done with them is to end the legal proceedings against them as soon as possible. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Wild peaches grow In Arizona. Boston plantod 12.000 trees last season, harvard boys have formed a lacrosse club. The latest lashlon In autumn noses Is cardinal red Sir John Keane, of Ireland, Is at the Everett Houses The French ol Mots will not aasociato with the Our maris Mixtures of vslvet and silk are fashionable for win ter dresses General Todtleben has taken his family home to 8k Petersburg. Sir llenry Rawliosen thinks that a road should he opened airtight across Africa. People of India require much salt, because there is little of it in tneir natural food. A Spaniard of tho lower order has a greater appetite than an Englishman of the same class Mr. Willlnm Black, the English novelist, arrived la the city yesterday and is at the Brevoort House. The albatross sails, without using its wings, close lo tho waves, the motion of which wafts a current of afr. A de-patch from Plttafleld, Mass, announces that General \V. F. Bartlett Is expected to survive but a tew days. LI Hsalo Cnlta and Chin Che Leuen, of the Chinese Educational Commission, are at the Fifth Avenue Hotel "What these niggers want,*' said a Florida man, "is education." Then he picked up his shotgun and started. Texas Is as large as France, and, while she Is capable of raising the tropical fruits, her principal trade is la cattle. From PuncA "Greengrocer? 'Cabbage, murnf We don't keep no second class vegetables, mum. Tou'll get it at the lower end of the town I' " A cask of Johannisberg wme of the vintage of 1881 has Just beep sold by the Prince ds Mstternich for 60,000 florins, or at the rate of A2.8e. per bottla Louisville Couritr Journal:?"Indians Is a raging sea of oratory." [Springbold Republican}?la that exactly a sea where there Is so mneh wind and so lit* tio water ? Senator George 8. Boatwall and General Nathaniel P. Ilanks, of Massachusetts, and Senator William H. Barnum, or Connecticut, yesterday arrived at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. In Alameda, Cat, is a former named Long, who carries on conversation with his horses, and he saya he understands every word they any. The feats they por orm are marvellous. President Grant has decided to receive the Centen nial address of congratulation from the people of Ire land on Tuesday noxt at Washington, when It will be presented by Mr. O'Connor Power and Mr. Paraell, members of Parliament A recent writer contrasting Ilalstead and Wattereon remark*:?"Haietead isn most likeable man, who will eat Intellectual roast beef wttb you, but you would never want to put yonr arm arouud his neck as you would want to put it around Wattcrinn'a." The great treublo In the Woman's Congresa In Phil* delpbla was to get over tho qnoi y why, as a matter oi dress, a womau hadn't as much right to dance around on on* foot whllo trying to mako a lino shot' with th< other as a man had on a rainy morning. Edward A. Freeman, iho English historian, n man ol great learning ncd ubllity, re1 used a nomination fo? Parliament lor tho Universities of Glssgow and Aber deen, where only graduates bio polled, and hie rensog lor ao doing waa that he could aot ufl'ord the expenses af election.