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Pstty Assaults Upon Them by Dissatisfied Dealers. ATTACKS AND INTIMIDATION. IU-Adviied Opposition to the Redaction in the Piper'i Price. RIDICULOUS BLUSTER The Lads To Be Protected at All Hazards. Tbe announcement which greeted the readers of the Skxalu ou Friday last that tl had reduced ita price irom lour to three cents was generally weloorned as n food omen and a harbinger of better times. It was received as an anticipation of a return 10 the lower prices which prevailed before the war ind nn Indication of the course to be followed ?y all commodities of trado. A departure Irom the In Bated and fictitious values which have ao long existed, would be hailed by all with delight; and the action of IheHMALDwaa rightly construed to men more than the single act in Itself implied. The people were well satis fied with the wisdom and lorenigbt displayed, and heartily npproved of the feelings which prompted IL The Hrrald was formerly sold In large quantities to these middlemen at the-rate of throe cents a copy and retailed by thorn at four cents. They supplied keepers of stands snd others throughout tho city, receiv ing n certain percentage from thein for the de livery. Their profits were always certain; therefore, as they only supplied the number of eopies ordered, while the dealer hod to study vory | closely the wants of his customors and sudor the loss. 1! any, ol nn overplus of stock. Under the new rigemt the Hsrald Is sold st two and s half cents a copy to dealers, and retailed at tbreo cents. ths dissatisfied drapers. The middlemen or news agents looked upon this re duction as Interiering with their rights, and on Sat urday night a low of tho ill-advised ones sent commu nications to tho different news stands which they sup plied that they would not furnish them the Rsrald on Sunday. With becoming assurance they further asked Ihe sinull dealers to retrain from selling it nntil they compelled the management of the paper to reduce Its price to two cents a copy. In lact, a meeting ior that purpose, a full account of ihe failure of which was published in yesterday's issue, was held on Sunday night in the rear basement of No, 1,269 Broadway. This meeting, however, was far from latislactory to those who organlxed it, and the moro sensible dclers derided the idea ol fighting the Hskalb in any such way as roluslug to sell the paper to the people who desired It. Three or lour of those present expressed themselves strongly in opposition to the tolly oi such an undertaking and rlgntiy perceived thai the people were determiued to read the paper of their choice. They declared that It the proprietors of news stands or othor small dealers refused to soli the paper the Herald would very soon find- some other means eonvenlenelng lis resdors. cou-l?ctJJr? 01 theso persous were entirely cor rect lor ou Sunday night the newsboys were no tilled ?o 1'?,g1!n*,h,0U1'0 that, th0 Herald would he sold to thorn at the Telefram olUce. on Ann street, on Mou nTl'owr'the city"11 7 W0U'd ,>0 exP?c4ed "? ?*"y it AN ARMT OP NEW8BOT8 Was on band early yesterday morning, and twenty hagona loadod with Heralds were despatched through III tho main streets and avenues of the city News w!i*r,wuh*r? suW"*d "l tllelr plnces ol busl ? W 1^ papers already folded at two and L. H?i C?uu per ""Py- and without Having J? P?y any commission to middlemen op agents. Lh:u?",rftB,eDl ?f '? determined to furnish ihe paper to all its subscribers even It shligeti to employ special carriers all over the city This action yesterday discomUted the heavy new* dealers, and they tried to obstruct the sale ol tho paper wherever it was possible ior them to do so. OUTRAGED XEWSUOYS. Whan the boys who had gone out early in the morn ing returned at twelve u'clack a great many ?* th"? had Rtories to tell of how they had bean assaulted by gangs of other boys end even man at the different places where they were Rationed to sell papers. Aocordlng to the statement Bade by the newsboys in ths employ ol the Hkimlo Oiesc petiv assaalters wero instigated by tho news' dealers and agents in their blind and loollsh endeavor to I ?orco the Herald to aecedo to their demands. intimidating axo assaulting newsboys Some ol tba stories related by the Hkkald boys are Illustrative or the spleen and "littleness" ol the oar row-minded dealers. It Is uunecoetsry to raler to the fable of the dog In the meager, for the comparison will suggest Itself The Important differcnco Is mat in Ibo lable the dog had supremo direction of affairs, srbilo In the case ol the dealers and the newsboys mother power is Interested in events. A little fellow named' John Dorsey, about fifteen fears ol age, said he went to Williamsburg yesterday sioraing about olght o'clock. Bo w?* aelhug Heralds about tho terry, when a man named Hicher, who koeps a uows stand Inside the lerry house, drove him awsv threatening to beat him II ho did not go. Young Dor ley then moved about halfway up the block ind ro tnuinod there trying to sell his papers, but Hichcr fol lowed him up and lorcea him to tuke himself and hit papers as lar as Fourth street, about four blocks from ihe lerry. "Did this man strike you?" asked the reporter. "No: bat be said he would If ho Saught uie near the lerry.'? Thomas Nolan, fourteen years of age, said he was trying to tell Heralds at the Catharine street ferry W hcu two brothers, who keep news elands on South IIreel, near by, drove him away, oue of them striking lim on the back wuh a club. Nolan returned again to fee lerry twice, but was driven away each time and lud to sell his papers as best he conld. about two ilocke distant. MORK RUFFIANLY ATTACKS. Michael Corey, fifteen years old, was selling Hsralds M the corner ol Forty-second street and Ninth ave sue, near the Elevated Railroad depot and was at tacked and beaten by three boys whom ho said were connected with the news eland in. tho dopoL Corey was severely bandied and bad to leave the neighbor hood lor lear ol belug seriously hurt by a crowd of rouna ruffians who gathered around the corner at the rsl sign of the encounter. John Lynch, sgea sixteen, was altackod on the cor Bar ol Canai street, and tho Howory bv a gang of boys about tho tamo age as hitnxolf. Ly nch avoided I heir evil Intentions by rapidly retreating toward Gruud street. A young boy named John Christie was attacked on the corner ol Fourteenth street and Eighth avenue by three others, who beat him about the head and drove him away Irom the corner where ho was selling Heralus Christie said he thought that tho boys who lllscked bltu were In the employ oltbe man who keens the news stand at the Christopher street lerry Two boys, named John -mith and George Murpliv were scihug Hsralds at about eight o'clock vesterday ?oruiug, when lour fellows, followed by noriio thirty fibers, came suddenly upon them. Smith was boaien About the head and lace, hut Murphy managed to es cape unhurt. As they could not venture to eell any Bore papers In that vicinity tbov had to roiirn alto gether Irom the neighborhood, Mnlih going to the Thirty-fourth street lerry and Murphy lurthor down town, fho attacking imrty. at Thirty-second street ind Fourth arenuu, are said lo he tu the employ of fioode's ngenrv. ^sn?Rh was asked by the reporter how long tho fight '?Ob, It didn't last long," answered Smith. "After I got a fow good ones 1 got out, as it was getting loo hot. But I caught onn of tho Iviiows down In Aiiu ?treeI, about bail an hour ago, and 1 jucl warmed him. Didn't 1 Billy r" be queried ol one ol Ins companion*. There was a chorus of assent from a dozeu or more H the hoys around who bad been wiiuossea of John Smith's reyenge. In fiostol the cases attacks were made upon the rounger hoy a. who were unable to Ueleud themselves but were obliged to run off at ihe Ural onslaught. Due boy, however, named Jumes MoDcrmott, who was ?landing outside of the Urnod Outrafi Hotel, was forced by the backmcn who stand around that hostelry to move off the block. |e was followed by three young men of about bis owu sge aa far as the New York Hotel, Shore he was altackod by two ol thein, aim though ho ?ndeuvorcd to make rcsiatonco, was hfistlvd off the ildewalk. McDermott said Hint ihe parties attacking did not seem ao anxious to inflict punishment on him as to lorco bun to leave the neighborhood. He did this, Mid wont down Uroadwsy as far as tbe Nicho las Hotel, where he sold his papers In peace. The young roughs who attacked McDermott be thought lo have becu instigated by the panics owning tbe lews stand at the (fraud Central Hotel. Jeremiah Cullen, about fifteen vears of ape was 1 riven uway rrom ihe Fifth Avonun'Hutol by a gang of foung rolllalis and'received several blows about the bcud and body. Robert Lynch, sixteen years of age, was attacked on fho oorner ol Twenty-third street and Broadway whilo ?oiling hit pupers. Lynch said be was struck over the lead Mltn a stick of wood. A number ol other and younger boys made similar toinplainU ol having been driven awny uom tho places Ihev bad selected to sell their popcrs I here were mostly around hotels, railroad depots and terries Wftero'Dewsstands were in operation, tho owners of ?finch seriously objected to the boys selling Hsralds it all, or lo selling them on inelr own account. These attacks and outrages on the yonng employ** oi ibe Hksai.d It is expected will be looked Into by (be po.lco in Intnre, who have a most undoubted right to protect lliein In their business of earning a livelihood lor themselves snd those belonging io them The nitun sort ol warfare Inaugurated by the small newsdealers will eventually redound to their own dis advantage, as tb? natural sympathy of the public ia wrth ibe boy who la enterprising enough to start in business (or himself ruber than with the man who scouts the boys'labor and sits id.y behind his little stand secure irotn trouble or danger. The people or New York may rest assured that the Herali> will be served to ibem hcncolorth at the price of three cents, In spite of the abauru opposition of a lew benighted newsagents. A FOOLISH WARFARE. Other actions of the loolish newsdealers In oppo sition to the liskALO may be seen by the following They are certaiolv more honorable than attacks upon industrious little fellows In the streets, but they are illustrative of the snort-sighted policy adopted by those self-constituted, would-be arbitrators of the affairs of a prominent journal. The following communication was reoslved at ths office last evemag:? To ran Editor or thb Hkkau>:_ Tbo earner who sella papers at the Tombs to Conor* refused this morning to sell the Hsrald lor than Ave cents. ONE OE THE*. October 23, 1876. EMPTY THREATS. Mr. A. D. White, No. 726 Broadway tsys bo was ?a I led on by a committee of two, who raid they won Id lynch him il be took Msralus. The following uewa store# refuse to lake Hrralds:?No 336 Third avenue; corner of Molt and Chatham streets; coruer of Third avenue and Thirty-ninth street; Na 662 Third avenue, near vorly-second sireoi; corner o! Fourih sireet and Bowery. The price of the Hkkalo to-day and henceforth will U three cenlt. life insurance. IMPORTANT DECISIONS AS TO LOT POUCH THE UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT DECIDES IN PAYOR OP THE SOUTHERN POUCT HOLD ERS?THEIR EQUITABLE VALUE NOT AP PECTED BT THE WAR. Washixgtos, Oct 23. 1876. Tbo following important opinions In several life In surance cases were delivered by the Supremo Court of the United States to-day:? Tho New York Life Insurance Company, appellant vs. William C. Statbain and l'urmelia A. Dudley for merly Paruielm A. Siathsm.?Appeal Irom the Circuit Court ol tbo United Stales lor the Southern District of Hitaiaslppt Tbe Nqw York Lite Insurance Company, plaintltf la error, va. Charlotte Seyms.?Error to ibo Circuit Court of ibe United Staiea for the Soutbern District of Mississippi. The Manhattan Lile Iusurauce Company, plaintiff In a/ror, vs. R. S. Buck, executor ot Charles L. Buck deceased.?Error to tbe Circuit Court of the United States for tho Southern District of Mississippi. Tho points decided are as follows:?A policy of life Iusurauce whleb stipulate* for the payment of an an nual prouiium Dy tbo assured with a condition to be void ou non-payment is not au insurance Irom year to year like a common Ore policy, but the premiums con stiiute an annuity, tbe whole of which Is the cousid eratiou lor the entire assurnnoe lor life, and the condi tion is a condition subsequent, muking void the policy by lis uou-perioruiauca But tbo time ol payment ou aucb policies is material' and ol tbo essence of tho contract, and failure to pay involves an absolute lorleituro which cannot be re lieved against iu equity. ir tbo failure to pay tbe au uuiil premium be caused by iho intervention of war botweeu tbe Territories in which iha msurunco com pany aud the assured respectively reside, wbicil makes it uulawlul for tbeui to bold intercourse, the polley is nevertheless, forieited, if tno compauy ins.sts ou the condition; but In such cane the assured is eulitled to the equitable value of th j policy arising from the premiums aotually paid. This equitable value is tho difference between the cost ol a aew policy aud the presoul value ol premiums yet to bo paid on the torloited policy when tho forfeiture occurred, aud may be recovered in an action at law or suit in equity. Tbo doctrine of the revival of contracts suspended during the war ia oue based on considerations of equity aud Justice and caunot be invoked to revive a contract which it would he unjust or inequitable io revive?as whtro timo Is of tho esseuce or the contract, or the parties cannot be made eqoaL The average rule of mortality is tbe fun damental basis of life assurauce, and as'this Is sub verted by giving to tbo assured the op ion to revive their policies or notalier they have been suspended by a war, Kince dodo bat tho sick and dyiog would apply I It would bo uRjust to compel a revival agalmst tbe conp pany. Mr. Justice Bradioy delivered the opinion or the Court. The first of these cases Is a hill in equity, filed to re cover the amount of a policy of file Insurance granted bv tho defendants (now plaintiO's in orror) iu 1861 on tho life of Dr. A. D. 8 tut bam, of Mississippi, from the proceeds of certain luuds belonging to the de fendants, attached In tho hands of their agents at Jackson, in that State. It appears Irom tbe state ments of the bill that tbo annual premiums accruing on tbe policy were all regularly paid until the break* ing out ol the lute civil war, but that, iu consequence of that event, the premium due on tho 8tn ol Decern ber, 1801, was not paid. The parties nssurcd being residents of Mississippi and the deiendants a corpora tion of New York. Dr. btaiham died in July. 1862. Tho second case Is au action at law. brought In the same court against tbe same defendants, to recover the amount ol a policy tcsued in 186? ou the ltfo ol one Henry S. Seyms, tho husband of tho plaintiff. in this case, also, the premiums had been paid until th# breaking out of tbe var, when, by reason thereof tuey ceased to be pnW, the plaintiff and her husband being residents ol Mississippi. Seyms died in May 1802. ' The third caso Is a similar action at law, brought In tbe sume court against the Manhattan Ltfo Insurance Company of New York to recover tbe amouut of a policy issued by them iu 1868 ou the Die of C. L. Buck ol Yicksburg, Miss., tbe circumstances being substan tially the same aa in tho other cusea The policies In all of the mtses were In the usual | form ol auch instruments, declaring the company in consideration or a certain sum to them In hand paid by tbe assured, and of an annual premium of ibe same amouut, to be paid on the same day and month in every year during the continuance of tho policy did assure tbe Die of tho iwrty named, In a specified amount, for tbe term ol his natural life. Tbe jiolicies contained various conditions, upon the broach of which they were to becomo cull and void and among others, the following;? ' That, in cue tbe said tasinred) tball not pay tbe said pre mium uu or beiure tbe isveral day. boreinbaler. mentioned for payment thereof, thou .uu iu every .ucb cue the .aid company .ball not be liable to the pnyraeut of the ?um iu ?ured or any part thereof, aud this policy shall cea.e aud de termine. The Manhattan polioy contained tbe additional pro vision that iu every rase where ?he policy should cease or bocome null and void all previous paymuuts niado thereon should bo forfeited to the company Tho nou-payment ol tbe premiums in arrcar wis sit up in bar ol the actions, aud tho plaintiffs respectively relied ou the existence of the war as atmoxcuse oHer ing to deduct tbe premiums in arreurs from the I amounts of Iho policies We agree with tho Court below that the oontract Is not an assurance lor a single yoait with a privilege of renewal front year to year by paying the anuuai pre mium; but that it is an entire contract of assurance lor life, subject to discontinuance una lorleiture ior non payment of aoy of tbe stipulated premiums. Such is j tbe form ol tho contract aud sucb is itscuaractor it has been contended that tho payment of oacu premium ts tho consideration lor insurance during tbo next I following year, as in Ore policies; but the oosi I tiou is untenublo. It often happens that iho assured pays tbe entire premium m au vance, or in flvo, teu or twenty annual instalments. .Such Instalments are elcurlynot Intruded as the consideration lor tho respective years in wnich they arc paid; lor. slier they are all paid, the pohev stands good lor tbe balsuce of tho hlo insurance without any further puymenL Each instalment is' iu fact, pari consideration or the entire insurance lor lire. It Is the same thing where the annual piemtum, are spread over the whole life. The value of assurance lor one year of s msn'e file, wbcu lie is vouu* alrona ; and healthy, is manifestly not the' same as when lie is old and decrepit. Tnrre ' is no proper relation between tne annual premium and the risk ol assurance lor the your in which ft is paid. The idea of assurauce from year t<> year is the suggestion of ingenious .nun-el The an nual premiums are an annuity, the present value ol which is calculated to corr*s|tood with the present value ol ibe amouut assured, a reasonable percentage being added to iho premium* to cover expense* and contingencies. Tbo wnole premium, are balanced against the whole insurance; but wblie this Is Iruo it I must be conceded that promptness of payment I la essential in tbo business ol lite insurance ill ibo calculations ol tbe insurance company uru based on tho hypothesis ol prompt payment,,. They not only calculate on tbe receipt ol the premiums when due I .l ,w" con,l,oulul,"lf interest upon them. It is on this basis that tbsy are enabled to oiler assurance at tbo favorable rate. I hey do. Forfeiture for non-pay ment )? a necessary means or protecting themselves Iroui ombar.UM.mLOL Unless it uere rn(orceu t,,? business would be thrown into utier contusion. It Is like the forloiiuro of shares in mining enterprises and all oilier hazardous undertaking. 1 here must be power to cut oil unprofitable mem bora or ibe succo-s ol tho wholo scheino is endaugored. The insured parties are us.ociat.-s in a great scneme This associated rclaliou exists whether the cdmpauv bo a mutual oue or noL Each ia imerestcd in tue en gagcrouuts of all, lor out of tbe coox.sienco of many | risk, arises tbe law of average, w|,|Cb underlies tho wholo bufttneiis. Au essentia! fsaturu of this scheme is the malhomat | leaf calculations relerrod to, on which tbo premium, and amounts assured arc based, aud those calculalloni attain, are baaed ou tbe assumption ot uveragu mortal ity and ol prompt p.ivmouls and compound Interest theroou. Delinquency canuot bo tolerated nor redeemed, except at.the option or the company TEffi bos always bceu toe understanding and practice In this department ol business. Some compaules it is true, accord a graco of ihlrly days or olbor llxed pc-riod within which tliu protnlum in arroar uiay ne pa,d oil cerium conditions ol continued good health &e. ? hut this lea malier ol stipulation, or of discretion OD' ,he part ol the particular company. Whan no simulation exists it is tne geucrai understanding thct time is material, and that tbo lorleiture ia absolute il tbo premium bo not paid. The oxtraordluary aud oveu desperate effort bomethnes made when an insured per son Is in extremes lo meet n premium coining due Ueuionsiraies i ho common.view ol this matter Th# rime, therefore, Is one in which time l, material and ot the essence ol tbe contract, and non payment at the d.y involve absolute lorleiture, If such be tbe i terms ol tbe con tract, as is tbe case here. Court* cannot with salety vary th# stipulation of the parties by introducing equities for Ibo rtdief or the insured ngsinst their owu negligence. Hut tbe Court below bases us decision ou tbo assumption ibat when per formance of ibe condition beromos illegal in couae quon o of tbo prevalence ol public war it is excused and lorleituro does not ensue. It supposes iho coniruct to have been suspended during the wur and lo have re vived with all its lore* when tbe war ended. ouch a suspension and revival do tako place In the case of or dinary debts, bat have tbey been known to take place in lbs case ol executory contracts In wbieb time is mentioned ? Ira Texas merchant has contracted to furnisb some Northern explorer 1.000enns ol preserved meat by a certain day, so as to ho ready lor hl> depar ture for tbo North Pole, and was prevented troin fur nishing It by 1110 oivil *ar, would the contract still be st tbe close of the war. Bve years afterward, and after tbe return ol tbe expedition ? If the proprietor of a Tennessee quarry bad aiireed in 1800 -to tarnish during tbe two following years 10,000 cubic leet of marble for tbe construction of a building In Cincinnati, ceuld be nave claimed to perioral the contract In 1886, on tbe ground that the v*r prevented an earlier per formance r The truth la that the doctrine of tbe revival of con tract! suspended during tbe war Is bssed on consider ations of equity and Justice and cannot be Invoked to revive a contract which it would be unjust or inequita ble to revive In the case of life Insurance, besides tbe materiality of time In the performance ot tho contract, another strong reason exists why tbe policy should not be re vived. Tbe parties do not stand on equal ground In reference to such a revival. It would operate ruoet uu lustly against the company. The business of Insurance Is lounded on the lew of averages; that of life lusnranoe eminently so. The average rate ol mortality Is tbe basis on which it rests. The Court closes Its judgment by saying :?We are of opinion therefore. First, that, as the companies elected to lustsl upon tbe condition in these cases, tbe policlee In question must be regarded as extinguished by tho nonpayments ol tbe premiums. though caused by the existence of the war, and that an action will not lie lor the amount Insured thereon. Secondly, that such fullure being caused by a public war, witnout the fault of tho ussured, they are entitled, rx irquo et bono, to recover tbe equitable value of the jiohcles, with In terest, Irom tho close of tbo war. It results from these conclusions that the several judgments and decrees in the cases before us, being in tsvor of the plalntittE lor tho wholo sum assured, must be reversed and the roc ords remanded for further proceedings. The above opinion was concurred in by justices Swayne, Miller, Davis, Field and Bradley. The other lour members of the court dissented. The pnee of the Herald to-day and henceforth will be three centa THE STAR-SPANGLED BANNER. A DENIAL OP A PASSAGE IN ONE OP KB. Blaine's speeches?a despatch prom ATLANTA AS TO THE HOISTING OP THE UNITED STATES PLACi. Atlanta, Ga., Oct. 23, 1878. Senator John B. Gordon, Governor James M. Smith and Elector A. R. Lawton have just sent tho following despatch to Mr. Abrain S. Hewitt, Chairman or tha National Democratic Committee: _ _ Atlanta, Ga., OcL 23, 1878. Abkah S. Hewitt, Chairman:? Wo loam that Mr. Ulnlne staled In a speech recently In New York mat Untied States flags did not float in Georgia, except over Custom Houses and l'oit Olllces. This is not truo. On public occasious tbey are hoisted over tbo Capftol and hctoss tho streets In this city. About the time Mr. Blaine was spoakinu in New York there were no less than lour or live United States flags floating irom tbe Opera llouso In Griffiu, Ga., when Mr. Norwood and Mr. Haralson wero speaking'during tho sossion of the Democratic Convention, which nominated Governor Smith, the present Goveruor the hall was decorated with United States flags, und when Governor-cloct Colquitt was reconily nominated there wore no Iobs than twenty United States flags and no other flags flying over that Democratic Couven- j tlou. The inlereuco Mr. Blaine would have the Northern people draw is as lalse as his statement. Luitod States flags are habitually displayed in our legislative halls, and were there while Mr. Blaine was speaking. His statement, however, is but another Instance of tho groundless slanders upon the South which have become so common with a portion ot tho republic-all leaders, that while they continue to give us pain tbey no longer causo surprise. John B. Gordon, Senator; Jumes M. Smith. Gov ernor; A. R. Lawton, Elector. Your correspondent adds to tho above that tbe largest audience gathered in Atlanta since tbe war, except one gathered to hear Mr. Stcphons make a Fourth of July address last year, under a United States flag, assembled one mouth ago to receive a United Slates flag, presented to the Stale of Georgia by some North western excursionists who had been her guests. Mr. Bon Hill's lervld and patriotic speech on this occasion was warmly received, and a rapturous and sincere round ot applause greeted tbe old flag as it was flung to the breeze by two soldiers woarlug the bine and the ? "BOB" INGEBSOLL, EXTRAORDINARY ENTHUSIASM AND EXCITE MENT IN SOUTHERN ILLINOIS?INGEBSOLL IS CHEEBED AND SEBENADED BY ENTHUSIASTIC AnMinv.tm, ? St. Loris, Oct 23, 187d "Bob" lngersoll arrived In St. I.ouis this morning, and durtDg the day was visltted by hundreds of his ad mirers at his rooms In the 1'lanier's House. In the even ing. accompanied by 1,500 excursionists, he proceeded to Belleville, IU., where the grandest political demonstra tion ever witnessed iu Southern Illinois took place lngersoll was received with unbounded enthusiasm and his speech created a most wonderful furore among tho asaemblod masses, who cheered him to tho echo. The price of the Herald to-day and henceforth will be three cents. ONE OP THE LOST WHALEMEN. Newport, R. I., Oct 23. 167a Robert Graham, of this port ahlpped as one of tbe crew of the whaling ship Marengo/ which Is reported In Sunday's Herald as having been lost In tbe ice In the Arctic Ocean. Hia family foar that be la among tho missing men, hut have taken measures to ascer. tain if ho is among those who were taken to Honolulu in the hark Three Brothers. INSUBANCES O* THE LOBT VESSELS. Boston, Mass., Oct 23, 187a The following Is tha Boston insurance on tbo Now Bedford whalers lost In the Arctic:? Manufacturers' Company?On vessels, $39,562- on eati-blngs, llo.ooa ' Washington?On vessels, $42,937; on catching* $7,600. " ' Neptune?On vessels, $22,312; on catoblnas *5 ooo China?On vessels, $ll,25U $14*750 Kng,and?On vessels, $8,487; on catching*, Boylston?On vessels, $27,875. India?On vessels, $2,500. MARINE DISASTER. TERRIBLE SUPFKBINQ8 OF A SHIPWRECKED CREW. Provincetown, Ms*a. Oct 23, 187a Thesebooner G. F. Huntress, of Gloucester, brought to this port Leonids* Pendleton, mate; and Uohart Dodge, cook, tho only surwiors of the crew of the brig Alnilra, or Isleoorougb, Maine, which sailed fiom Port land on the 14lh inst and was wrecked tho same night The crew of live, Including ibe captain, took to tbe raft, and, alter terrible suflcrings, the captain and one o. the crow, a colored man, died. Another of tho crew became Insano und Jiiuipcd overboard. The remaining two were rescued, Ih-idr fonnd on the rait ou Saturday afternoon ninety three milej east northeast ol High land light. The rescued men are Improving in health. A SILVER MINE. AN ALLEGED DISCOVERT OF A SILVI'B "BO NANZA"?GREAT COMMOTION IN THE GBANITB STATE. Newmarket, N. H., Oct. 23. 1870. Messrs. W. II. Huntington and Orrin Murray, who havo beon working a silver mluo lu this neighborhood, are causing considerable excitement here bv claiming thnt they have found a vein ot qiinriz some fifteen feot wide, ami limy also state that the result of an assay shows a yield of Irom 6 to 122 ounces of silver, liaif an ounce of gold, together with a small quantity of nntimonv and lead. The price qf the Hkkald to-dny and henceforth tciU be three cents. WRESTLING MATCH. Hartford, Conn., Oct 23, 1870. A wrestling match for $300 a side and the champion ship of America, betweon John Melrose, of ibis city, and Thomas Cann, ol Kngland, wna won to-night by Melrose lu three surcetsiv* fails. LIBERAL REQUESTS. Portland, Me., Oct. 23, 187a Tho will of the Hod. T. C. G. P.nmh, filed lor probate to-day, leaves $50,000 to tho Home lor Aged and Indi gent Mothers, $50,000 to the Cumberland County Law Library, $10,000 to the New Hampshire Historical So ciety and $10,000 to Phillips' Academy, Exeter, whero ha waa educated, besides other small bequests. GRANGERS' FAIR. MontoomeMB, Ala., Oct 23, 187a Tbo second annual lair or tbo Alabama State Grange opens to morrow. Tho list of entries Is qnite largo, and tlio stocx display promises to bo the largest ever seen In this State. There will be a floe display of ma chinery and agricultural Implements, sod tha list ot premiums to be awarded is very largo. FATAL ACCIDENT. Boston, Oct 28, 187a James Carltton fell into the bold of a ship at Bath, Ma. on Saturday last and waa Instantly killed. ELLIS' DEFENCE. Counter Statement of the Chief of the Banking Department. THE CHARGES AGAINST HIM. His Connection with the Mechanics and Traders' Bank. WHO IS HIOHTP Albaxv, N. Y , Oct 23, 1870. Mr. William J. Bent, receiver of the Mechanics and Traders' daviugs lnitiluiion, In the city of New York, ban raaao a communication to the Governor respecting tba transactions of that institution. He claims? First?That the hooks ol tho institution rurulsb un doubted evidence that it was hopelessly insolvent in the summer or 187-4 and lor a considerable lime pre vious. Second?That the Special Examining Committee re ferred to herein reported tho Insolvency or the institu tion to the Hoard ol' Trustees at ouo or its regular meet ings. Third?That no action was taken by the Hoard of Trus tees to make good the dellciuuey or otherwise protect the in Uresis of tho depositors. Fourth?That soon alter, aa appears by the Inclosed nfhdavits, ino condition of the Institution was laid te foru Hon. DoWluC. Kilns, then and now superintend ent or the Banking Department. Fifth?That at the request ol the counsel or Messrs. Ffoyil and Gregory, the coramltlco heretofore named, Superintendent Kills catne hare and made a personal examinatiou of the aflaira or the institution, aad, alter such examination, rreely admitted Its insolvency and promised to take such action in tho premises aa would protect tho interests ol the depositors. I Sixth?That no such action wus taken by SuperlD. lendent Ellis until about tho beginning or July, 1*76 Seventh?The total amount of the dellcieucy at tho date ol my appointment as receiver was nearly $360,000, or which poasibly hair would have been saved to the depositors had Superiiileudcnl Ellis ful filled his legal duly in 187(1. The auporiDicnui-ni of the Bank Department obtains information respecting a savings bank in only two ways?one by the report of its officers and the other by the report or tho examiner. The report of the aupariii tendent relative to savings banks made In 1876 to the Legislature gives tho report of the bank exainiuers apon the condition of said bank. The report slatea that the first examination, mads Marsh 31 aud April 1, 1874, by George W. Held, William F. Aldrlch aud Isaao H. Vrooman, shows:? Tola! assets $2,044,340 70 Total liabilities 2,602,000 02 Surplus ? $82,331 18 Income <" 166,067 10 Charges 170,136 00 Deficiency of Income $14,077 90 The doticloncy or income resulted from the suspen. slop of intorest on Southern Stato bonds and the failure to rent real estate. By ibe official and lawful means which be could use the superintendent was thus ad vised in the spring of 1874 that Ibe bank had a surplus of $82,000. That meeta point first In 41r. Best's letter as to the knowledge possessed by the Superintendent of the condition of the bank. Subseqaomly action was taken la the board of trustees to ascertain and report to tho Superintendent the condition of the bank, as is staled in tho second, third aud fourth points of Mr. Best's letter. In consequence of tho communica tion made by the trustees tho Superintendent ut once caused a special examination to ho made, aud the ex aminer made the lollowing report, In which the valua tion ol the bonded securities was fixed after a consulta tion with several ol the prominent bankers In the City of New York, and In accordance with tbolr Judgment Hun. D. C. Ellis, Superintendent Hank Department am?Having at your request examined Into the condi tion or tho Mechanics and Traders' Saving* Institution, or Now York, I annex a statement showing a deficiency of assets of $30 071 HO. 1 ho State of Alabama suspended the payment of Interest list January, aud, as It is uncertain when it will he re sumed. it Is almost Impossible to ascertain the value of the liouds. there being uu sales at pressut; but. frura Hie best Information obtainable, they are esllm ited at fifty per cent. The other bonds are put In at tue prcseut quotations. The annual deficiency ol Income Is estimated, at the present rate, at 914,191 82. Reepacttnlly submitted. GEGKGE W. BEID. Examined October 6, 1874, and subsequent daya Less judgment against E. Goulard of 45,000, making the Uuliciency *24,981 (41. Total*. Bonds aud mortgages Tennessee Slate b'tls Alabama State bauds North Carolina given Montgomery ana Kulaula Katlroad.... South Carolina New York city New York city. Brooklyn city, park.. Brooklyn city, walls bout Buffalo city Rochester city Oswrgo city Youkurs town Morrisanla town WcMcboxter county. Banking house Two bouses, B'klyn. One bouse, F. 45th street. New York.. Suspense acc'nt, bal ance bankruptcy claim Cash m vault Cash in Chatham Na tional Bank. I? Cash, Oriental Bank. ? Interest secured.... | ? Deficiency of assets, j? Grand total 1?| ?j ? | ?12,432,6*4 Dae depositors $2,390,694 Interest accrued .Mf.ouo Total $2,432,694 Less Judgment against E. Goulurd 6,690 Leaving deficiency $2,498,190 ixcoms or thk basic. Hate Amount Kerenue. oj ut jtar. Interest Tennessee Bonds fi 1168,000 $10,030 Bond and Mortgage and other Bonds 7 1,914.660 134.026 Cash in Bunk 4 22,707 910 Keuts ? ? 1,670 Total $116,636 Deficiency of Income 14,191 Charges $160,778 ITKUS <1V CIIAKUKS. Interest to Depositors $141,000 galanes 12,9"0 Internal Kovcnuu Tax 1,200 Other Taxes 778 Ail other charges 4,9uo Tola! '. .$100,778 lite action which was. then taken by the Superin tendent ueiuoustraics that the statement wmali is muds by Mr. Best In his sixth count is inaccurate. The special examination showed a small deficiency. With such evidence of ibe condition of I bo hank the Superintendent addressed thie letter to the President ol the institution :? SrATa or Nkw Yoax Uavs DgVArruvxr, I Albaxr, Oct 10. ? m7-4. I A. T C'oxxLixc, I'reddeut Mechanics and Traders' Savings liana Dkan Sib? By the recent special examination made by Mr. Ktid and myself of ibe rendition id ttie .Mechanics and Traders' Savings Bank it appears that the bank. Instead of having a surplus, as Iteretolorn reported. Is deficient to the amount ol $.'4,981 till. l'he assets ol the bank consist largely of .Southern slocks, wbicli are very much de pieulatud and the market for which so unstable and Rucliiailug tliat It ie a matter of uuliiloii ami Judgment what the exact deficiency It. It wouni undoubtedly. In the Judgment ol tume, exceed the amount named, aud. lit fixing tfia valuation of some of the securities where there Is no determined valuation by sales In the market, it would, per hups, be as (air and equitable to name a price which would Increaso Uie deficiency to r.aj.ia*i. Instead nf ifie sum re ported to me. It certainly I* deeirablu Tor the bank to rid Itself of this class of securities as fast as possible with Ouo regard to the ulliinnte interests ol depositors and substitute tor ihsiu securities now proiniueut aud certain. I regret 10 find a lack ol bariuiliy ill the Hoard of Trustees, woicli tends to cripple toe success of the bank, co-operation on the putt of the managers can only insure the growth and prosperity ol tlio institution. In ?lew of your present condition It will bo necessary for the trustees to make good the existing deficiency to depositors sillier by dir. CI payment or by satisfactory personal Ponds guaran teeing I he depositors against loss by the present impairment of the assets. I would also suggest tbat all expenses not absolutely required In runulug lbs bank be dispensed with. It wonld seem that ouo paid officer with his subordinates would be all that would be needed until such time as your defirieecy Is tnado good. Trostlng you will snbmlt this letter to your board at the earliest opportunity and awaiting their action and reply, 1 am yours. Ac. L> C. ELLIH, Superintendent. To this letter reply was tnado ss follows:? M?C HA* ICS AMI TraDKBS' HAVIXOS I XSTITI'TIOX, J No. 2h:j Uowknv. Nkau Hovxtux STuaxr, Nuw Yohk. Nov II, I8*NI. . Hon. D. C. Ellis, Heparlulcedeul Uauk Department. A! hail., N. *. : Dkak His?The regular monthly meeting el our Board was held on Menday evening last, and yonr letter to the I'rrtldent duly pre-enled and read At the President hat hern confined to Ida room by Imiest for the past two weeks, and coneuqueutly unnldo to confer with the trustors on the subject matter of your communication, and at In addltlou ?lie attendance ut members wet Limited tone-third absent). 1 It we? deemed bad. la order t.> facilitate boelneee. to ap point a committee to take th.? uiatlrr In liaatl and rew.it week* f,ou *' *" ??UoBrueil meeting to ba held next Dueling to ba able to sdvUe you of a eatiafactnry deterul nailou ol tba matter, 1 aui, very re?i?. i tlully. youra. Ac II. t' KISIiElt, Secretary. The Illness of the Presitfctit wtin tho occasion of de lay for a few weeks. Ou December 'if, 1874, the Super lutuutloni was advised by letter Irmu Mr Conkliu thai u committee. cnmposed ol Mr. (Jouklin and Mr Hove, Urrl Vice 1'rcsidenl, would meet bun a'l Albany on the ?tit It of December. Tins committee did so meet the superintendent ou that day and exhibited to him satisfactory proota that tbe dedcieuoy found in October in the assets bad been made gooJ, ami tbal there was then a surplus of over $7,uou, alley valuations made by the superintendent of souio items of usaets whose valuo was thou largely a matter of judgment. The report of the trustees for Jsnuury, 1, i?76. filed in the Bank De partment January lib, 1874, showed a surplus of $07,240 US. The regular examination was made In March, 1870. The examiner was specially admonished to scrutinise everything relating to the bank. Bis re port was Hied in the department March 111, 1870. This report Is as follows:? l dloa. D. t-'. Ellis, Superintendent Hank Department Mk-TIio uiidersiiiued. appointed U- examine lute the con dltiou, working, Ac., of the Meciiauica aud Trsdere' Sayings Bank reports:? I , Kr"^ V'# accompanying papers It will ha seen that there is a deficiency of assets of sful .Hths Dp .counting their rent estato at cost, and a dt-rt lency of ineuin* uf $3 1,5IH 18 I ha rata of Intorest paid to dopiaiiior* nveregt-* .? Ill list per cent oil the last tinea payment* of six per cent Um dends on all sums, the largest in the state by at least thirty per i ant This may artve from there being a larger I amount due depositors than appears from tba general ledger. There lies b -en no a ?tra:t taken ttom the d- #ler? ledgers for some years tutosttlie accuracy of the reneral ledger Ke.pcctfuily subnutird. .. _ tii.OltiJE IV. KKID, Examiner. March 7, ltwtl, aud subsequent days. Straightway the Superintendent made a requisition on the trustees to make good tho debcinucy in assets. Their performance wus not satisfactory nud gave uo assurance ot their accomplishing tho result. There fore, on the 1st day of Juno, 1 recommended thai the Attorney Gouern! close tho hank. Tho Attofney General thuretoro closed tho Institution by injunction, but the appuiutmuui ot a Deceiver wn stubbornly re' aiated by tho trusiei 8, who atill claimed that the iu stltutiou was solvent. The last report of lh? examiner coutalnod tho llrsl hint which tbe Superintendent ever received?as It was the first one evor given thai more was duo the depositors tlisu the reports by the bank showed. This Item considerably Increases the deficiency, In a way never before suspected in tlio Bank Department, and certainly nevur mentioned In any statement by the trustees through the special com ui 11 lee. Y As to Mr. Best's assertion that one-halt tho defi ciency-which is 1360,000?which ho found, might have been saved had tho hank been closed in 1S74 two remarks may bo nisdo:? Pint?Could the Dank Superintendent be expected then to foresee tbe repudiation by Alabama ol lis bonds in l&75j cmu lid bo bturned lor uui lorctfctiuii tnnt? e Second? No more can he be hold at fault for the con tinued docliuc in rem estate. It is busier to declare now, alter the repudiation by some Southern S la tea ol their bonds and iliu suspen sion ol interest by outers, that It would have boon belter to have done some other act in 187-t; but who could tell this then so well us ho can now* ' And those Investments in Southern bonds wore made by the hauk long beioro the present Superintendent cnnic into office aud tho act can, In no sense, bo charged to any agency of bls- _D. C. ELLIs. The price of the Hmuald to-day and henceforth will be three cents. THE PRIZE RING MURDER. TU1AL OF FBOMINliNT PUGILISTS FOB PABTIUI PATION IN THE FATAL FIGHT AT PUNS VILLE, N. J.?A GLOOM? PBOHPECT FOB THE PBOFEBSOBS OF "TIIE NOBLE ABT." Salkm, N. J., Oct. 23. 1876. Tho trials of Jatnes Wecden, Sain. Co I Iyer, Fiddler Neary, Hichard Goodwin, alias Spring Dick, and Johnny Ciarx, all Jointly Indicted lor murder In hnving caused tue death of young Walker, tho prize? fighter, last Au gust, in tbe ring, eight tuiles distant from here, at a plaee called Feusvlllc, will commence to morrow morn ing, providing tbe delenco Is ready, as the prosecuting counsel, Alfred Hope, informed me just now that he, representing tho Stato of Now Jersey, Is ready. The trial will take place in tho Court lfouae, in Market strcot, which Is next door to tho County Jail, in which the prize fighters are confined* A O LOOM Y OUTLOOK. Probably no prize fighters wero ever placed la as serious a predicament In tho United States as these five men are In at presont, but they do not realize the fact, as they aro in good spirits and eat their three meals every day. All tho fivo men will have to suffer the same peualtv, it convicted ; and us the indictment Is for murder there ie very little chance for lun tn the mailer. Tho trial will take place in tho Court ot Over and Terminer of Salem county, before Judge Allrod Heed, assisted by Judges Maskeil, Ware and William sutumeU. Fiddler Neary will be defended by Harry L. Hope, ot Woodstown, and rtam Collyer, .fames W ecden and Spriug Dick will have lor counsel ilou. James M Scoville, ol Camden, assiatod by Harry L. Hope Col onel Valentine, of liackettstown, will defend Johnny Clark, who is a pugilistic savant of distinction in Phil adelphia. The Slate will bo represented by Hon. Albert H. Hope, or Salem, and possibly some other lawyer S1ATUTORV PIKALTItC. If found guilty Ol murder in tho second degree the penalty under New Jersey statutes is confinement at Bard labor in State Prison for twenty-one years. Spoctalors attending tho flgtit would bo guilty of manslaughter under iho samu law. The Sheriff re grots that lie did not have tbe opportunity of arresting tho press reporters who attended the light, thoy also by the statute, oeing guilty of raanslabgbter. ' No one but tho couuseland relatives are permitted to aee ihe prisoners, and two very showily dressed young womeu who ealled to sec Collyer, under nro jai'i0* ?r be'nif r'Ut,VM' dla 001 admiseion to the WITNKSSR8 UK WILLING TO APPRaR. The result ol the triul la lookod for with convlderablo mtereat, as It will settle forever the status ot prize fighters la tho Stale of Now Jersey, A num ber of wUucsscs could be procured lor tbe defence, and- It is said that tbeir testimony would materially aid It; but any that wero present at the fight on appearing in ibis town would be arrowed by the Sherirt iuuuudiaiely, and lor this ruasou Arthur Chambers ?nd Tom Kellly, ol Philadelphia, havo re fused to come as wttnosses. thus leaving the defence m ai bad position, as it is hinted that they could testify that Walker died ol exposure alter the lignt bad oc curred were all witnesses grunted immunity lroni pro secution by the State. Saiom Is a town oT 5,000 inhabitants, and goes demo cratic yearly, whllu tho countv ol Salem ih republican. Four of the twelve jurymen are residents of the town lh? remaining eight are from different parts of Salem county. The trial will lie largely attended, and is caus ing a good deal of cxeltnmenL I have not been per veryCatr'cLM* lh? l'r',onc^',? "* 1,10 r?kU'?Uons aro The price qf the ILkhalu to-day and hencejorth mill be three cents. ANOTHER MOLLY MAGUIRE. ' JACK O DIAMONDS ' ABRE3TED FOB ATTEMPTING To SHOOT A WOMAN WHO BETUSED TO ELOPE WITH HIM. WtLKRsnARRR, Pa., OoL 23, 1871 John O. Lewis, alias ''Jack o' Diamonds," a noted Moilio Maguiro desperado, was to-day captured at bis hoino on Whiskey Hill, neor this city, and lodged in tho county prleon by the coal and Iron nolle* of the Upper Lehigh Among other crimes tho charge ot making a determined attempt on the life of a Mrs Anno Hughes, or Kckloy, in tbo Lehigh region, on Sundsy, tho 16tb Inst., is hrougnt agaiuzt him, and this last brutal act led to bis arrest. Heretofore nolh ing definite could ho proven against him. It acorns that ho sot his eyes upon Mrs Hughes, although ho is a married man, and sought to induce her by means of the most fiendish threats, to elope with hint. Tlio Isdy threatened to h.avn bltn arrested in stead ol listening to him, and ho left her vowing ven geance. On the .Sunday in question ho Isy in wall lor her, aud as she issued from church with her friends lie, aided by a leliow "Mollle," flrod several shots at her with a revolver. Tho shots missed the Intended victim hut wounded several others severely. The as sassins fled to White Havtu. Lewis mailed a letter to Mrr. Hughes containing tho most horrible oaths and threats on bcr lite, ornamenting It with revolvers skulls, colllns and other characters of a "Mnily" na ture. The coal and Iron police wero set at work to hun( him down, and have thus lar accomplished iliolr hiiMucss. The prisoner made a determined effort to escape shortly after nis Incarceration while boiDg chaugod Irom one call to another, knocking the war den down, but bo was ovurpowered and placed in airocg Irons THE TRIM MURDER. Huckrport, Me., Oct. 23, 1870. The examination of Edward M. Smith, charged with tho murder ol tlio Trim family, was eommoneed here to-day. TRIAL FOR INFANTICIDE. Euxabbtb, N. J., Oct. 23, 1876. The trial of F.llon Shelton (colored) for tbo murdor of her deformed child was beguu to-day belore Judge Van Syckol at the General Term of tho Quarter Ses sions Tho child was Dorn somo timo about the month of July last year aud had lour arms and three logs. When It was about three months old the child disappeared and the mother said she had sent It away to have the superfluous limbs amputated. In July last tho body of tho child wss found in a well near West Hold, N. J. The trlel causes some excitement. SUICIDE AND INFANTICIDE. ? Chatham, tint, Oct 23, 1876. ^ esterday a colored woman named Vlck drowned herself and child in McGregor's Creek. Efforts were made to save them, but the mother refeaed assistance and sunk, pulling me ehild under with her. ? MARTYRS OF IRISH LIBERTY. LBCTDBB BT J. l>'CONNOR POWBB, M. P., AT ooopeb nniTcn last night?thk kbem h REVOLUTION THE TOUCH WHENCE THE BP ACS OP IBIBH PATSIOTIBM WAS LIGHTED. A Urge audience gathered last night in the ball o( Cooper Institute to nstou to a lecture upou the "Muriyrs ot Irish Liberty," by John O'Connor Power, the Irish member ot Parliament returned by the borne rule party trom Jhe county Hayo. Asidu from the at traction of the speaker charity was an Incentive t? attend the lecture, lor the proceeds wero devoted t? the poor ot St. Bernard's parish. Despite the disagree, able weather a goodly number of ladles graced the occasion, and seemed to be no less enthusiastic In their applause of the speaker than their masculine friends. Kev. father Healy, pastor of the parish to bo bene, tiled, Introduced the orator of the evening with a fow complimentary allastons to the geulleman's reputation and career. "When the history of the struggles and the trials and triumphs of human ireedom comes to be written," Mr. Power said, in beginning, "one of Its brightest pages will bo tho record of the sacrifices made by the people of Ireland in defence of national independence. When the fierce Scandinavians overran t'eutral Europe, and when they compelled tho proud Gaul, at well us the churlish Saxon, to acknowledge thetu as conquerors, they made a tiual efiurt to subjugate the Celt, but his tory tells us that the power of Brian confronted them on the Irish coast, and that their power was HUATTSJlkD BY IRISH CLANS*AX on the shores ol Cionterf. Throughout 400 years ot struggle lor the domination of the uuconquered island," continued the speaker, "Irish patriotism continued la wage the sacred war of Independence against foreign usurpation. Later still, the gallant O'Ncil routed th? ouemies ot his country, and Harslleld wloldec a patriotic sword nigh above the walls of Limerick an< compelled sn English King to guarantee the religious liberties ol Ireland. (Applause.) I u 1782 Irish volun teers bad armed in deienco of national right and tin. partial history bore testimony to the fact that when their bayonets gleamed in tna streets of tbo Irish capl> tal tbo light of unborn Ireedom dawned upon tbull long oppressed laud. Thus, said tho speaker, the struggle for Irish nationality lias been curriod on from siru to son, and eacb generation ol Irishmen has gives its own contribution to tho martyrology ol Irish Iree dom. This long.continued strugglo told of a race in whoso I niauly hearts the God ol Liuerty h.td planted the spirit | ol iiidestructihlo Ireedoui." (Applause.) Mr. i'ower was convinced thai now n period had been reached In the history ot Ireland when the spirit of country hag risen high uhovo the enuctiuunts ot a loreigu parlia ment, wtieu Irishmen ol every race aud creed, not In one provinco, hut in lour; not in ono county, but IB thirty-two, ALI. JOINED IN A UKAND PATRIOTIC UNION Which, lie was convinced, was destined to remove lha civil dissciiaious produced by miagovurnueut and the crown ot liberty ol Ireland by assertlug the princi ples of national Ireedom. (Cheers). Tho speaker be lieved that the uoble enthusiasm wuick fired lbs hearts of Irishmen in times past had again taken pos session of the Irish national mind. It seemed but Just, therefore, that Irishmen should pause a little whilo in the progress of political agitation to catch, If possible, something of the spirit ot that patriotism. The American patriot glories in the name of Washing ton, tho Swiss hi that ol Toll, the spirit ot llofor was worshipped In the passes ol the Tyrol, the Pole re membered with sorrow that, "Freedom shrieked when Kosiusko fell," and in Ireland, loo, tbo names of her heroes were honored uud perpetuated. Ireland, Mr. Power said, was indebted lor the first Uriel spark of the sacred lire which burned in 1798 to tho French revolution. That spark had lived but a moment aud gone down lorever. Mr. Power did not hetitate for one moment to do claro bit conviction that the primary motlvoa which actuated the French people in that movement were as pure as ever stirred the bumau iieart. (Applause.) The principles they laid down were the purest and the brightest, the most self-evident and natural, and, though one might clothe tuom in hatelal colors, aud although they hud becomo the property of an Irre ligious faction, the priuelples of LIBNKTT, KqCALITY AND fRATKRXITT are, In themselves, the sacred principles belonging to all uiorullty aud religion. I hope, added the Speaker, that the lime will come in the history of the world when the leader ot public opinion will buve sufficient reverence for God aud sufficient sympathy for humanity to stand before llio people, with the Cross of Christ in one hand and tho banner of popular freedom in the other, prepared to strike down with equal energy the foes ol civil and religious Ireedom. (Applause.) The speaker proceeded tb describe tue founding of tho Society of C'nited Insnmen In Belfast, and, amid loud applause, spoke ol its leader, Theobald Wolfs Tone. Although ti e Irish had obtained some conces sions nine years before tbo society was organised, many ot the most oppressive penal laws still remained upon tho statute book of England, aud Catholics, who then as now formed tho groat mass of me people of Ireland, could not go to Parliament. Tbo speaker a-ked his hearers, whom he presumed to be Catholics and lellow countrymen, to remember that in that hour ot peril the migbty pkotkhtant hrakt ov wolvb tons was deeply moved at the sight of the Indignities inflicted upon his compatriots. (C'buors). Tracing the carrel oi Tone trom the time when he foaght only in do ha is una within tho constitution until those who wers sworn to protect that document trampled upon It and drove him to light with the sword aud bullet aud finally perished In a felon's cell through tho Implacable hatred uf England. The speaker challenged history to find an Instance in which that nation had shown either generosity or mercy to a fallen loe. Robert Emmet was the next hero whose career was pictured arid whose patriotism was eulogized. Il Km met hod been properly sustained by his foreign allies and his fellow countrymen the speaker thought be might now he spoken ol by Irishmen us the American love to apeak ot Washington. However great the ser vices or those two men, who had laid down their lives lor Ireland, Mr. I'ower thought that no two men had done inoro for Irian nationality than Dauiel O'Coouelt and Thomas Davis. The names or Meagher and Miichst excited the applause of tbu audience, and tho lecturer concluded with a brier but stirring refcmnct to the scene that occurrod in Manchester, England, on the 23d of November, 1807, when the tbrjo lri4h political prieouers were executed. The price of the Hkualo to-day and t.r.nr.ft<-r:\ will be three cents. MASTER MOTIVES. LECTURE BT THBODOBB TILTOW AT CtllCEBR INO HALE. LAST EVEN 1 NO. * Chlckerlng Hall, Eighteenth street and Fifth seenue, was well filled last evening. Fully 3,000 persons wen prevent. Many intimate friends of the lecturer wen sprinkled through the congregation and Joined enthu siastically In tho frequent applauss which interrupted the discourse. Conspicuous In the Audience were Florence, Carroll and Alice Tlltoo, who paid undivided attention to the lecture and tbo lecturer. It waa some minutes post eight before Mr. Til ton en tered the side door leading to the platform. His ap pearance was welcomed by a burst ol applause, which Mr. Tnton acknowledged by a bow. When it had sub sided he advanced to the Iront ol the platform and said:?Ladies aud gentleman?Alter a month's ab sence I find, on coming bock to New Fork, that the at mosphere la not only full of logs and vapors but full also of the Presidential election, of tne cainpalgn. Bat this Is neutral ground, and 1 am to apeak to you this evening, not on any exciting topics of the day but on the ruling motives? those uiaator pusaiona that rale the human breast, nut lor tho day simply, but lor all time. Every set has a motive. Wiieu the student lights his lanig aud bends over liIs books we inter tbal he has a mo tive. Aud what is motivef You may answer ou tb? spur of the moment, "Motive Is what movoa a inau'l mind." That Is not enough. Molivu is not nieruiy a thrill of the imagination ; it Is not a mere thought ot the intellect. A motive Igibe steady pulse, uol only of the heart, but of the heart of hearts A man's motives are the pith of the purpuaes ol bis soul Well, tben, tbeso are our motives, and It Is of these which wo propuao to inquire The speaker divided motives into classes. There was the love of money, which was asso ciated wltn genius aud rellgiou. Nearly all men had tins motive, and it was the power of the world. They were all coininereialisls. Thero was fame; llex colled the love of wealth, It oxcallod the love ol ease, II excelled the love of love, tt excelled the love of lilo, llie most masterful, ibe most measureless of all mo tives. Wlion it planted itsolf in tho human breast II nutue Itself master. A uiau's ambillou ought to ba turned upou tbo background ol the world; nay, further, upon the background of lime; uay. further, upon the background of eternity. The best and noblest ambition was to do onu'a duty. Tbere was revenge?that was one of tbo strongest, one of tbe basest ot human motives. It ssoemod as thoush when God put It in the human heart be Instantly revoked It and said, "Vengeance is mine." Tbero was pride In revenge, more was passion in It, there was murdei in, but tllere was no honor In It. Then we mid the question of statesmanship on this motive?not meaning party polities. Nevertheless wo had had enough war in litis countrv. The red savages of lbs earlier Uay were holding illustrious places In All* memory of Americans I'onilhc. of tho Northwest, was represented in white marble In Washington; "putlog Bull" was the Gilo of a stage play in Now York, and other savage chiefs were similarly Immor talized among American peuplo. If It has taken 260 years to forget sod lorgtve the wrongs they perpetrated, bow is my years must it be belore wo extended tho rlgbt band uf fellowship to ourBootbern countrymen, whom for loor years we bad been bating? We find bod our vio lory. We sboulu forget our revenge. Vanity, patriot, ? am. love and religion were all eloquently treated bp the speaker as the component parts of man'* motive* In discoursing upon religion tho speaker held It oa the most sacred of all motives. God, tne Judge ol all motives, carod little whether man's ambition soared as high as a star, but whether it was as white. "1 speak as unto wise men" (onld Ml l'ilton In closing); "Judgo ye what I say."