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NEW YORK HERALD
BROADWAY AND ANN STHEET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. THE DAILY HEliALD, published erery day in the year. Three cents per copy (Sun day excluded). Ten dollars per year, or ut rate of one dollar per month tor any period leas than six months, or five dollars tor six months, Sunday edition included, free of postage. All business, news letters or telegraphic despatches must be addressed New Yoke Herald. Letters and packages should be properly sealed. Rejected communications will not be re turned. PHILADELPHIA OFFICE-NO. 112 SOUTH SIXTH STREET. LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD-NO. 4f. FLEET STREET. PARIS OFFICE AVENUE DE L'OPERA. Subscriptions and advertisements will be received nnd forwarded on the same terms as in New York. VOLUME XLI NO. 8?8 AMUSEMENTS TO-NIGIIT. NIBLO'S BABA. at S P. M BOWERY THEATRE. DEAD TO THK WOULD, m n I' M. Sid C Franc*. UNION SQUARE TI1EATKK. TWO ORPHANS, ?t S V. M BOOTH'S rUKATKK. RARDANAPAI.US, hi s I'. M. Mr. iiuii?? and Mrv AfWM Booth. 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GERMAN1A THEATRE. FERREOL, at 8 P. II. EAGLE VARIETY, at 8 P. N. PHILADELPHIA THEATRES. NEW NATIONAL Til E ATRE. TI1E BLACK CROOK. K It F.l'TZ BERG'S ANATOMICAL MUSEUM. THE GKfcAT SIEGE OK PARIS. Dally, from 8 M lo 10 P M.. ruM of tl.e Philadelphia Jiaui Exposition Building. PHILADELPHIA MUSEUM, fiath and Areh streru ?TWO ORPHANS. ZOOLOGICAL GARDEN. KIKAI.KYS M.llAMiRA PALACE. AROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS. VOX'S AMERICAN THEATRE. TRIPLE SHEET. NEW YOKK. TUESDAY, OCTOBER 24, 187C. NOTICE TO THE PUBLIC. Owin(5 to the action ol a portion of the carriers and newsmen, who are determined that the public atiall not have tlie Hkrald at three cents per copy tf they can prevent it, wo have made nrrangcmcnls to place tho Herald in the linnds of nil our readers at the reduced price. To that end wo have secured wagons and newsboys to patrol every thorough(aro ol this city to accommodate our realtors. Newsboys ran purchase sny quantity they may desire troin tno wagons at the usual wholesale prico and also at 1,265 Rrodway and No. 2 Ann street. From our reports this morning the probabilities ere, that the ireatlwr 0>-<Uiy icilj Ih clearing, xcith fog, and worm. Wall Street Yesterday.?The stock market was fairly active, and at the clone prices were generally firm. Western shares show the greatest improvement. Gold opened at 109 7-8. declined to 10'J 5-8, and ad vanced to 110, which was tho closing price. Government bonds were irregular, but rail way bonds were strong. Money on call was supplied at 2 1-2 and 1 1-2 per cent. The price of the Herald te>-daij and hence forth xcitl be three rents. It Is Interesting to see how the politi- j cians figure, and so we have taken the trouble to obtain a little arithmetic from the party leaders on both sides in the Presiden tial contest who have licadquartyrs. As a i matter of course their conclusions are widely ; apart, but the reader can compare their | tables for himself, and then make up his ; mind as to which is nearer tho truth. Jebsey Justice is notably severe, but in the case of the indicted prize fighters for murder in abetting tho death of young Walker it is an injustice to the accused not to grant immunity to tho spectators of the fight who could testify in their bfhalf. There is no reason or justice in holding the terrors of tho law over persons whose brutal instincts lead them to look at a prize fight, disgusting as the exhibition is. 2he price of tlx Herald to-day and hence forth will be three cents. A Dbsaditjl Murder in a railway carriage in Balgium is reported by cable this morn- 1 ing. The story is an unusual one. A police officer was conveying a prisoner from Ustend to Brussels, and while on the journey the , latter crushed the officer's skull with his manacles. Such an appalling crime would I not be possible in the American railway cars, while murders and other offences are Ire- 1 quently committed in the closed carriages on the European railways. 'hb United States Supreme Court reu ed an important decision yesterday, af :ing scvernl Now York life insurance ees. The Court decides that policies in icb residents in the South have un inter but in which payments have failed to be ie, such failure being cuused bv a public they *re entitled to recover the cquit e rait# of the policies. The Pr?itd?nttsl Election and ?he National Credit. An active discussion has been going on for the last three or four days in the party press relating to the public credit?a discussion so mischievous that un independent journal mhy be justified in interposing as a modern tor. This discussion has grown out of a trivial circumstance. The "Washington cor respondent of a respectable evening paper telegraphed that letters have been received from London in which the opinion was ex pressed that the success of the democratic j party would arrest the new four and a half per cent national loan. As the corre- j spondent gave neither the text of the letters nor the names of the writers his effusive despatch deserved no attention. Carlyle, in ono of liis bitter moods, described the English publio as consisting of "thirty mill ion people?mostly tools." Without in dorsing this ill-tempered sarcasm we ma) safely say that among the thirty millions of our British cousins there are at least thirty fools, and if any two of the thirty wrote such letters as are described by the Washington correspondent of the Evening Past his truth fulness might bo vindicated without making his despatch of any importance. The letters in qnestion conceding them to have been written and received-nre of no consequence so long as the names of their authors remain concealed; for any free born Briton can write an absurd letter to any Yankee on any subject ho pleases. If the writer is one of Mr. Carlyle's multitude of "fools" his opinion is of 110 con sequence. and whether ho belongs to thut category or some otber no mortal can know so long as his name is shrouded in mystery. The importance given to the statement of this Washington correspondent is ridiculous. Mr. Belmont 1ms lilted hiin into factitious importance by deigning to reply to his loose assertions. Whether the letters in ques tion have any real significance depends 011 the standing of their authors, and so long as their names are withheld it is all the same whether the letters are apocryphal or the writers partisan idiots. Until their names are known their opinions cannot be weighed for a moment against the statements of Mr. Belmont. Until the letters and signatures are pro duced, so that the public muy judge them, they will be regarded as a desperate election eering device; and of all electioneering de vices none deserve severer Bcorn than ono which trifles with the national credit. Web ster once nobly said, in a Bpeech in Con gress more than gixty years ago:?"Even uur party divisions, acrimonious as they are, cease at the water's edge. They are lost in attachment to national character." We sin cerely wish wo could speak as favorably of party contests in 1876 as Mr. Webster did in 1814. We wish we could say now, as he did then, that "party divisions cease wit the water's edge," and that our people are so truly national that party differences "are lost in attachment to national character.'? There is a reprehensible want of patriotism and pride of. country when one of our political parties is willing to 6acritico the national credit to partisan ambition. We have no doubt that the opinions expressed by Mr. Belmont in his letter to the IIkrald, so promptly seized upon by the whole republican press as an electioneering topic, are us sound as they are patriotic. Mr. Belmont said: "Every intelligent nmn in Europe knows that our country is rich and that the people will keep their promises, 110 matter what ephemeral politicians may say. The bondholders are aecure under a democratic or republican ad ministration." Wo entirely agree with Mr. Belmont when he goes on to say "The at tempt, for the mere selfish or partisan prejudice of an hour, to obstruct the great and necessary process of refund ing the national debt at a . lower rato of interest is shamefully unpatri otic as well as silly." Whoever the un known English letter writers may be whose correspondence is alluded to by the M ash ington correspondent of the 1'osl, it may be safely assumed that they know less of the subject', than Mr. Belmont and the Roth schilds. The truth is that the great houBeof Rothschild is the main pillar of the Syndi cate. It is no exaggeration to say that that house is the Syndicate ; that without it Sec retary Morrill could not have had the success of which he has so often boasted to Wash ington correspondents of the Herald ; that if the Rothschilds should withdraw from tho Syndicate the new loan would fall flat This is notorious, and Secretary Morrill would be the lust man in the country to dispute it. Now, if the new loan were in jeopardy by the pros pect of Mr. Tilden's election, the Rothschilds would bo tho first to scent the danger. They have been accustomed tor more than half a lifetime to roly on the judgment of their sagacious agent in New York as to the safety of American invest ments ; and certain it is that neither ho nor they have any upprehensi^ns founded on the* possibility of Mr. Tilden's election. When we consider that Messrs. Rothschilds and Belmont are really the Syndicate, and that they feel no alarm respecting the result of the Presidential election, tho Washing ton despatch to the Poti will seem small and ridiculous. If there were any real ground of alarm tho Rothschilds, as the party chiefly interest, <1, would be the first to feel it. The prospects ot the new loan de pend very little on our party contests. As Mr. Belmont justly said in his letter, "The safety and wisdom of investment in the j funded debt of the Unitcd^tatos do not de pend ui*>n the Presidential eloctions. in the opinion of European capitalists and bankers, any more than the soundness of the English consols diqtends on whether the Ministry is tory or liberal." The credit of our govern ment in foreign countries rests npon onr in comparable resources and the well estab lished character of our people for honor and integrity. Wc arc not only 011c of the richest nations of the world, but tho ono which hus the siuullest drains on its wealth. Separated by a wide ocean from Europe, and having no pnwerlnl neighbors on our frontiers, wo are uifflor no necessity of main taining a great standing army, like the na tions ot continental Europe, whose military establishments engulf their resources. Our national credit is goo.l because wc are ono of tho richest of nations, | anil car situation exempts ns from the chief source of expenditure in na tions which lire compelled 10 maintain great armies against powerful neighbora on their ! frontiers. Our national credit ought, there : fore, to be the heat in the world, and next to that of Qreat Britain it is the best. As Mr. Btdmont justly said in his letter, "The bonds of the United States ai^ in London next to those of Great Britain herself, be cause every intelligent man" in Europe knows that our country is rich and that the people will keep their promises." The result of the Presidential election will have no effect on our national credit. There is not the slightest reason to believe that a democratic administration would repudiate the national obligations. The democratic j House, which evinced so much zeal for ' retrenchment at the late session, did not show the slightest disposition to withhold appropriations for paying the in- ; terest on the public debt. Since the passago j of tho act of 18(50 declaring %liat the public j debt is payable in coin no prominent j democrat has disputed that, obligation. Tho j new "bonds about which this lato contro- ; versy has arisen are expressly made payable ; in coin. Nothing is left to inference, as in j the case of the five-twenty bonds. A spo- j citic stipulation to pay the uew four and a 1 half per cent bonds in coin will not be dis- j regarded by any political party. It is ab- ! surd to think that a political party whose j leaders are men like Mr. Tilden, Mr. Bc-1 niont, Mr. Charles Francis Adams, Mr. ! Thurman, and Mr. Bayard, would repudiate j an explicit and unequivocal contract of the j government. The public credit will be as safe in the hands of one party as tho other, and it is unpatriotic for either party to pre- j tend the contrary. The price of (he H12bald to-day vnd hence* forth will be three ecu Us. The Oriental Entanglement. In the new series of notes and memoranda that is threatened the different attitude to- | ward one another of the parties to the nego tiation is important. England no longer leads the diplomatic dance. Her ultimatum was declined by Turkey, and 6he cannot consistently with her own dignity make any new propositions ; but she does not, as Rhe threatened she would, relinquish all interest in the Sultan's fate. In fact, that threat was made without due consideration of the indis soluble ties which bind together the Fadi shah and the Empress of India as the two great Mohammedan Powers. In this regard the English statesmen were less perspica cious than those in Constantinople; for the latter, aware of the thoroughly selfish na ture of British policy, did what they chose, conscious that England, though she might bluster, would accept their acts, inasmuch as the abandonment of the Saltan is a moral impossibility to the government that hopes to preserve its prestige in India. But England stands aside at least, and the initiative at Constantinople is with the Rus sian Ambassador. Hitherto there has been in these negotiations a difficulty not nnlike one that formerly troubled our relations with Spain. It has frequently been experienced by us that we could gather almost any season a plentiful crop of outrages in Cuba, but to get a remedy for the least of them we had to go to Spain. The power to murder our citi zens or put an indignity upon oar colors was at our doors; but the power to make reparation was on the other side the Atlantic. So between Russia and Tnrkey the capacity to excite tho wrath and in dignation of the Russ was at hand on the Danube, but a note could only reach the Sultan from the Czar or the Czar from the Saltan by way of London. It is a great promise of progress to have changed that, and in the hands of General Ignatieff the settlement of points in dispute will go for ward rapidly, with due regard at once to the will of the Northern Emperor and the possi bilities of the Sultans position; for the Am bassador has been at Constantinople many years and has the full confidence of his gov ernment. It may bo remembered that he also had the confidence in some degree of Abdul-Aziz, and that that prince was accused of a too favorable opinion of the Russian purposes. Some suspicion that thero was ground for tho accusation may have induced England to look with favor upon the fanat ical revolution of the softaa, which led to that Sultan's assassi nation. It is an odd coincidence, if no more, that tho return of the Russian Ambassador to Constantinople and the occurrence of a situation which compels the Sultan to accept the terms this Ambassador has to propose is distinguished by the discovery of new plots for the murder of distinguished persons by fanatical Mos lems. The fact that the lighting is pursued with some vigor in the valley of the Mornva and that it is not fiattering in its results to the pride of the Slavs will add zest to the de termination ot the Russian govern most to have immediately a six weeks' armistice, or to have, through tho acknowledged failure of the negotiations, the right to move its armies into Turkey. Within a day or two one or the other of these will be secured. From the prorogation of Parliament nntil I)n ; iber it is evidently believed in Eng land i hat the pacific alternative will prevail. The price of the Hi.bald to-day and hence forth will be three cents. Pauk Bank Defalcation.?It was as certained yesterday that the National Fark Bank had been robbed of thirty-six thou sand dollars by a teller who had been eighteen years in the employ of the bank in different capacities of tfusL The crime was committed by a man whose integrity wnn beyond qncstion, and it is attributed to a sudden impulse immediately put into execu tion. If this theory in correct it is extraor dinary. Sudden impulse to commit the crime there certainly was, but tho impulse must have sprhng from a desire to be rich, caretully nursed for years before it was put into execution. Here was a man surrounded by money which nobody believed ho would ever think of appropriating to himself. Ho knew the uses ol it. His salary and posi tion were sufficient to lead him to the thresh old of luxury, but insufficient to enable him to enjoy the pleasures allowed only to the rich. He brooded over what he saw and whAt he desired till in an ungnarded moment fio yielded to temptation and blasted his life forever. Yesterday be was an honest man, trusted and respected ; to-day he is a fugitive from justice, and in a few days he may be a felon. 77ie price of the Hebai,o to-chiy and hence forth it ill be three cents. The Next Cabinet. The President of the United States is an officer with great but limited powers. He is, necessarily, the head of a political party as well as the Chief Magistrate of the conn try, and in both capacities his powers are limited in the last by the constitution and in the first named by his obligations to the party which elects him. He stands com mitted to the published and clearly asserted policy of the party which chooses him. His obligations in this regard were so clearly stated tho other day by Senator Conkling that we cannot do better than repeat here his words:? Few men are base and presumptuous enourb to so ?r |,0l,lic tru*w ? representative syst*m, ud ilicn. on pretext of independence or superiority, to lil.-V u.'" conviction or the constituency watchjl-tsiatso power to ihcn. There hnro been such men, ana parly iroa.sou has been applauded lor u ' ,bul wntempt and disgr.ee lor all time waits ,b? t>" rayer of every trust which rests in honor h , understanding of men. Thnt^aeh of the candidates for the I rosidcucy will maintain and lllus trau the policy aau spirit of his party Is as certain as food faith in man. This is so true that in practice it is olwnvs expected that a nowly elected President will select his Cabinet entirely from tho most prominent leaders of his party. Mr. Lin coln chose his first Cabinet from among his rivals for the nomination; and, whilea Presi dent is held entitled to make his selection such as to harmonize with his own pub lished and well known principles, he is still rightly required, as Mr. Conkling says, to keep within the party lines und to select the most conspicuous of his party's leaders. o say rightly required, because the ox ample of General Gr?nt, who called mainly his own personnl favorites to his Cabinet, had not such success as to lead any Presi dent hereafter to follow it, or to make the public satisfied with it. Nor is this all. The Senate exercises a power over the new President's choice of his Cabinet. It may refuse to confirm his nominations ; and it is very apt to scrutinize closely those of a President who represents the dominant party in the Senate. In fact, the republican Sen ate will give Mr. Tilden far more liberty of choice than it would give Mr. Hayes, be cause jealousies and rivalries in the Senate itself would make their influence felt in its consideration of his nominees. It is not probable, for instance, that Mr. George William Curtis would be confirmed to a Cabinet position by the present republican Senate; it is hardly probable that Mr. Evarts would get the favor or consent of the repub licans in that body. But a Cabinet makes the policy of a Presi dent. Its members are its constitutional advisers; and on their character and their political opinions and prejudices depends very largely the policy of an administration. It is important, then, to consider whom Mr. Hayes or Mr. Tilden would be likely to call into the next Cabinet. The range of choice is not so large but that tho list open to either can be easily put down, and we give the pos sible names in parallel colamns below of the Cabinet material of both candidates HAYES CABIXBT. TILBEN CABINET. Blslne, Thnrnian, Morton, Bayard, Brlstdw, C F. Adams, Chandler, lldmout Conkling, Trumbull, fT?rttL I> A. Weill, Judge Hoar, Randolph, General nailer, Morrison, Logan. Hewitt, Morgan, Gaston, Sherman, l'avne. Governor Palmer, Jewell. Hubbard (Connecticut) And to represent the And to ropresent the South:? South:? Spencer (Alabama), Gordon (Georgia) Kellorg (Louisiana). I. Q. C. Lamar Chamberlain (S. Carolina). Of tho gentlemen in this list from whom Mr. Hayes will, if elected, eelect a Cabi net, it is pretty certain that Mr. Curtis would not be confirmed by tho Sen ate. Probably Judge Hoar and Mr. Evarts would be confirmed with difficulty, if at all. Messrs. Blaine, Morton, Conkling and Bris tow, with one of the three Southern men on the list, would be tho prominent members; for the other two places, Senator Logan, Secretary Chandler and Senator Sherman would be tho most conspicuous candidates; or, if the personal hostility of Blaine to Conkling and Bristow and of Conkling to Blaine and Bristow would make them in compatible or impossible members of one Cabinet, then there remain for selection MeHsrs. Chandler, Logan, Sherman. Morgan and Jewell, with one of the first named. Of the gentlemen in the list from whom Mr. Tilden will, if elected, select It Cabinet it is needless to say that there would bo no question of confirmation. A democratic President would not find a republican Sen ate opposing his nominations, except in very extreme cases. Either Mr. Adams, Senator Bayard or Senator Thurman would make an excellent Secretary of State; (he treasury would bo safe for sound currency in the hands of either Mr. Belmont, Mr. Wells, or Mr. Hewitt; Governor Palmer, a bravo und loyal soldier, would satisfy every body at the head of the War Department, and from the rest of tho list it would be easy to pick out the remainder of tho Cabi net, including one representative of the Southern States. The Tilden list shows further that it is easier for Mr. Tilden to pick out a Cabinet favorable to a reform of the civil service than for Mr. Hayes. Indeed, with two or three exceptions?and ull those gentlemen whom the Senate would refuse to confirm all the names on Mr. Hayes' list are of men conspicuously opposed to this reform; aud, friendly as Mr. Hayes doubtless is to it, unless he begins his administration by ad outright quarrel with the Senate, through selecting a Cabinet which that body would not confirm, he must find his hands abso lutely tied. Chandler, Morton, Blaine, Lo gan, Conkling, Sherman?not a man on the list unless it be men sure to be rejected, but is known to bo opposed to the reform whioh Mr. Hayes would no doubt like to make prominent, but which, without their united help he will be power less to advance oven one stop. Mr. Tilden is more fortunate in his range of selection. Messrs. Adanyt, Bayard, Gordon, Trumbull and others prominent in his list are pro nounced friends of civil service reform, gjhd he could without difficulty constitute^ ? Cabinet nledced to this measure. ^ Oar Croton Water trpplf* Just now the question of quantity domi nates that of quality when considering this important subject. We recently had occa sion to complain that the impurities sus pended and in solution in the Croton water were such as to give grave cause for alarm to the million of inhabitants in this city, bnt if possible a still greater danger threat ens us in the failure of the supply needed for the common wants of the population. The quantity of Croton water available lor this purpose is unhappily made to depend on the variable conditions of rainfall and evaporation over the Croton watershed. In selecting this collecting area we fear that more regard was paid to its convenience than its water producing character, and in this seems to lie the whole root of the pres ent trouble regarding the supply. Topo graphically considered the Croton water shed region is admirably adapted for the collection of water in natural or artificial storage lakes, but in this respect its merits cease. Geologically it does not afford an adequate capacity for retaining the rain shed for regular delivery into the lower levels, because its formations are barren of those absorbent qualities which arc necessary to that end. The rainfall flows rapidly down the abrupt slopes of the hills and quickly fills the existing recep tacles, whence it as speedily flows as waste ' over the Croton dam. The country does not hold the water for any time during which a reserve supply from spring sources can bo relied on for a dry season ; therefore we are wholly depondent on mere storage in lakes, and tbnt only to a limited extent. Viewed from a meteorological standpoint the position of the Croton watershed is still more unfavorable for the purposes of secur ing an adequate supply. It is located to tho eastward and on the sheltered side of ' the Alleghany Mountain system which ex 1 tends northward into the Catskill range and which acts as a physical barrier to the | movement of the rain areas that traverse tho continent from the west and northwest. We have so often explained in tho Hbkald the influence of this mountain wall on the movement of storm centres and the precipitation over the Middle States that it is unnecessary to re i peat here what is now generally known to i our readers. The only great rivers having outlets on the eastern side of the Alleghanies penetrate that chain of mountains and de l rive their waters chiefly from the regions to the westward of the divide. Hence the regions eastward of that line receive only a small share in proportion to their areas of the rainfall of the year. Now, it is evident that in selecting the Croton watershed as the collecting area for the supply of New York the foregoing facts were either unknown or ignored, with a strong proba bility in favor of tho former, by the Commis sioners and Engineers of the Croton Aque duct Department. The supply at the time was sufficient for all purposes. Why not for all time ? said the wiseacres who adopted iU It is proposed to build a new aqueduct; but are we certain of having the aqua ? We do not think bo by any means, although a tem porary relief may be obtained by such a work, supplemented by new storage lakes and the prevention of all water waste over the Croton dam. To insure an inexhaustible supply we must select a watershed far to the northward of the present one, and to secure it may be compelled to go toward Albany for the liquid as well as the legis lation. The. price of the Herald to-day and hence forth will be three cents. The Return of Tweed. When Tweed, by some mysterious means not yet explained, fled from the Ludlow Street Jail, the old man believed himself free. But from what was he free? From a comfortable room, from an easy restriction, from the society of his friends and his fam ily, and from the city which he loved, served, betrayed. He escaped in*the night, and imagined that flight meant liberty. But Tweed was not really free, for to such as he freedom is impossible. The poorest slave in the South before the war, who never built a county court house or engineered a river dock, might enjoy greater freedom than the man who once dictated politics to the metropolis of the American Republic. He fled like Cain, a perpetual fugitive, pursued by a remorseless foe. The brand of crime was on his forehead, and he could only obtain liberty to wander over the face of the world bfy the sacrifice of his friends, his family and his name. Instead of Tweed he had to be Secor. This is not freedom; to be always in disguise; to be like tho Man in the Iron Mask; to surrender all of tho past, without tho hope of the future. The world is a prison, Hamlet said, "in which there are many confines, wards and dungeons, Denmark being one of the worst." So it was with William M. Tweed; he wns in prison hero in New York, in Santiago and in Vigo, and conscience and remorse were his jailers. Ho could not escape from tho crime he had commit ted?"Where should Othello go?" In a short time Tweed will be returned to New York. Ho will have had a holiday of nearly a year; yet we doubt that ho regrets its termination. What pleasure can there be in continual flight ? llo had better have tho moral courago to accept the inevitable. Ho should surrender to New York tho prop erty of which he robbed it, and should trust to man for pity in his old age, and to Heaven for mercy in bis repentance. The price, of the Herald to-day and hence forth will be three cents. Civil Service Blackmailino.?Wo print elsewhere a definite and serious charge against Secretary Chandler in relation to extorting political assessments from clerks in the government offices. Our correspond ent signs his name and address, and ho remarks rightly that being only a white man and a skilled officer of the government ho was without defence against Secretary Chandler, though if ho had been black and a Southern planter had so treated him ho could have sued his employer lor damages. Tho republican speakers and organs liavo dropped tho demand for civil service reform. If they wore in earnest would Mr. Chandler be managing their canvaer ? Tli* Slomx Tnwklt. Considerable light is thrown on the hearted and dishonest policy so long pnr , sued in onr dealings with Indian tribes by the interesting letter of Colonel Poland from ! Standing Rock. The story of that agency is j but a repetition of what occurred in all the ! others?acts of dishonesty on the part oi the whites, leading to acts of violence on the part of the red men. This whole system | mast be chaDged. Its result is seen in the re lations existing between the government and ! the Indians of tho Sioux agencies, now on | the verge of war. So dangerous is the posi i tion of affairs that unless unusnal firmnesa is shown in carrying ont the order of die* armament we shall be obliged next spring to fight the whole Sioux nation. Red Clone's band have refused to surrender their arm* and ponies. Rather than do so they have elected to abandon their agency at a time when they will find great difficulty in sup porting themselves by the chase. Their action is, in fact, a defiance of the national government, and may render it necessary for the troops to nse force to com. pel obedience. The present is a very propitious moment, as the Indians can not move with their accustomed celer-. ity, so that the troops can make them surrender or fight. There should be no time lost parleying with them. Generals Terry and Crook have ample means at their dia posal to enable them to reduce Red Cloud'l band to submission, and they should do it without unnecessary delay, even if it should involve a little fighting. Tho Custer mas sacre has produced on tho minds of the savages its natural effect, and if they are permitted to nurse their courage through the winter we may bo prepared for an In dian war on a grand scale. From the out break of the Sioux war it has been suspected that the warriors at Red Cloud and Spotted Tail were in sympathy if not in active al liance with the hostile bands under Sitting Bull, and their present attitude shows how well founded was that suspicion. Men who knew the frontier well advised all along that the proper place to strike at Sitting Bull was through the agencies, and now that the government has at length adopted this same view we hope the generals com manding in the field will be instructed to act with energy and decision. With the thorough enforcement of the general dis armament of the tribes we shall enter upon a new era in Indian affairs. The price of the Herald to-day and hence forth will be three cents. The Newsdealer*' Folly. Some of the newsdealers in this city who are opposed to the reduction of the prico of the Herald to three cents carry their fac tious opposition so far as to assault the newsboys who have undertaken the sale of the paper. In numerous instances yester day the boys were roughly handled by the dealers, and in every possible way they were impeded and discouraged in theii work. These dealers must understand from the outset that such conduct on their port will not be tolerated. If protection is neces sary the courts are open to the boys and will be invoked in their behalf. Besides this, if the resistance of the dealers becomes serious other and adequate means of supply ing the paper to the publio will be put in operation. In reducing the price of th< paper the proprietor of the Herald con sulted tho interests of the public rather than the dealers, but a sufficient, margin of profit was left the middlemen for the work they performed in distributing it. With a papei of the immenso circulation of the Herald half a cent per copy is sufficient profit foi the dealers. If we can print the paper for two and a half cents to the trade there is no reason why the middlemen 'should not sell it for three cents, and we are determined that the public shall be able to get if at thai price. If the dealers persist in their folly other persons will take thoir places, and thai is all there is about it. The price of the Herald to-day and hence* forth will be three cents. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Minnesota venison is ttas best. Hart lord has organized a polo clob. General Loga* is stumping Missouri Tho bark of tho sausago is beard ia the land. In tbe lako about Chicago many ducks are shot, Mr. Hewitt now says:?"Horn sot qui tnuly ponso.* Tbo Marquis do Mari, ol Italy, Is at tbe Brevoort House. The price of the Hesald to-day and henceforth wilt be three centi. Mr William S. Groesbock, of Cincinnati, la at till Everett House. Tbo aulumnJs warm, deep brown?like th* uppei side or a buckwheat cake. Tbo Bank ol Nevada (tbo Big Bonanza) baa donbM its paid up capital slock to $10,000,000. Mr. Henry S. Stanford, formerly United States Min uter to Belgium, Is at tbo Brevoort House. M. de Geolrny, French Minister to Japan, arrived la tbo city ygstcrdny, and is at tbo Brevoort Honaa Professor Seeley says that Shakespeare at school studied mors In Ovid than in any other classie antbor. General Early says that Henry Clay, II he war* alive now, would be the loader of tho democratic pariy. Bight Rev. Arthur Cleveland Coxe, Protestant Epis copal Bishop ol Western Now York, Is at tho Claren don HoleL Senators Aaron H. Cragin, of New Hampshire, and William H. Barnurn, of Connecticut, are at the Fifth | Avenue Uotol. Isn't G. W. Curtis' description of Disraeli's splendid exile or tho Upper Chamber much like the description ol Chatham falling up stairs? Portland has a man so dreadfully mean that be won't let his wife, from whom be bas beea separated, straw flowers on the grave or llieir little boy. Tbo sensitive man who is not prelty goes shout accusing others ol having it worse, as Tupper accused Wblimau of having rhetorical influenza Thomas Jefleroon and Patrick Henry, the two early statesmen who roused American sentiment, were am alcuri of tbe violin, according to the Danbury JVetes. Southern papers aro asking whether Don Cameroi is a fool. Auy thing elso you may call lnm, gentle, men, but don't mako tho mistake of calling him I fool Prcsldonl Grant has appointed Robert Ogden Tyler, of Hartford, to a cadetsbip at Wmt Tolnt, in recogni tion of the distinguished services of his unclo, the lata General Robort O. Tylor. "Out ol savages," says Professor Tyndsll, "unable U oount up to tbe number of their Ongcrs, nnd speaking a language containing only nouns and verbs, arise al length our Newlons and Shnkespesres." In less than tweniy-flre years India has been cov ered with a network ol railways, which low reaction upw.ird of d.300 miles, and a closer network ol itln graph wires extending to some 35,000 mile*. Seventy.three years ago the English settled Van Dleman's l.and, near Australia, with convict*. Them wero *,000 Tastn mian natives ou tbo island. Th* last of tbe race, who were hooted to death by coavMt settlors, was n woman, who died this year.