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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, October 30, 1876, Image 6

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The British Expedition Declared
To Be a Failure.
What Dr. Isaac I. Hayes Has to
Say About It.
New York, Oct. 29, 1878.
To th* Epitor or tiir Hkkaui:?
Knowing the earnest sy in pithy you hare for all mat
ters concerning geographical explorations, especially
with regard to Africa and tlic Arctic regions, 1 venture
to address you lu relation to tins Inst expedition from
England. The leading (acts were published iu tbo
Ht.kAt.n of yesterday, nnd you gave them such promi
nence that I leel that you look upon the matter ns of
sufficient Importance to demand explanation. It has
occurred to me that I might say a word in that direc
tion. I see it annouueed in the Hkkai.d that the expo
flilion reached "within 400 miles of the Polo"' and
that ''durlug the alcdgo journey the ico was ao
ragged that 11 was only possible to advance a mile a
day." Now this seems to me strango that the whole
thing should have proved to bo practically attch ?
tailurc. I have no disposition lo blow my own trum
pet, but if, Willi their great advantages, litis English
expedition could nut have accomplished something
more than tbey did. it were hotter had they not
made ao much luss about it. The Alert and Discovery
?re two tine ahipa; both are screw simmers. Never
was Ihcre an expedition titled out by any goverumcpt
io bountifully. Nothing was wanting. They bud
? very Bcieutille appliance, and the expedition cost not
ess than I'ftO.OOtJ. It was to go to the North
I'ole and make discoveries there, and tho Ilrltlsh flag
?rat to bo planted on the northern axis of tbo earth,
iml of courao the world was to bo astonished st
British energy and British pluck. What Is the rrault?
One year of trial, Ice eighty feet thick, nnd no chance
?f gelling to the North I'ole. In plntu terms,
uid I don't believe that tho expedition had any right
to return when It did. Why, 1 did nearly all lliey did
with my little bit of n schooner?I'mtod Slates?which
was not much rnoro than half the size of the Dauul
lesa. I had no stoatn, and could not work to windward
imoogtbe ice fields of Mmllh Mound, nnd, becoming
?ntaagled, I was forced to go into winter quarters,
ill a crippled condition, in latitude 78 deg. 17 mtn.,
It the mouth of that Sound. There 1 remained
leu months before the lee broke up and liberated me.
With steam I could have gone further, but I had no
Sthcr alternative thnu to await the sprlDg, nnd travel
jver the Irozen sea w ith dog sledges. I marked, as
nearly as could bo determined, latitude 82 deg.?say
180 miles from the I'ole.
The Journey was begun April 4, and the highest lati
tude was reached May 18, alter a toilsome march of
700 mtles. The return Journey was shorter, but In all
I estimated my journey st 1,200 miles, and It occu
pied sixty days. To do this I travelled
over a sea which tho English expedition
sslled over In tbo summer, because tbey had steam.
They reached, thereluro, by water tho point which 1
reached with sledges?that is to say, l.ady Erankltn
Bay, which I crossed and explored, l'ractlcally, there
fore, the English expedition began where 1 left off;
and why, with a winter harbor In l.ady f ranklin Hay,
they did not go on Is more limn I ran uudorslund.
My. winter harbor was In latitude 78 deg. 17 mln.,
as I have Slid; Dr. Kane, with whuin I .served as
surgeon, wintered In latitude 78 oeg. 27 mm.?both
on the Gree nland side o! Smith Mound. Kane reached
OD tho Greenland side near latitude Ml deg.; 1 crossed
over lo the land ol my own discovery, Gritinoll
Land, and went some sixty miles further, and looked
rut as Kane did upon au open sea. Kane was there in
June, I in May, and yet both were Interrupted by opeu
t.atcr. Neither of us had boats, tho Journey being
fciode with sledges. Tho Ice ovor which ws travelled
was tbln and rotten at tho lurtber north. I saw- but j
title Ice beyond tho last point. The northernmost |
Jind seen 1 named Cape Union, which I llxod, not ac- '
? urately, but aa near as poi-sihio in latitude 82 deg., 48
Sain .and for this discovery I received, after my rciurti.
medals and oilier tokens from most ol the civilized
nations of the earth, tor having discovered and nctu- !
illy wood upon the northernmost land ever reached by I
civ lined man.
The Alert seems to have reached Capo Union. Be
yond this Captain Hall ihonglit ho saw land, which he
named President I.and. The English t xpeditton re
ports that ibis land doos not exist. In this I believe
Uiey are correct. We aro
to favor of our own views. I liaro always believed in
the existence of an upon Polar r'ea. I think I stood
upon ttf shores in 1S0I. I believe that sea navigable,
and I am utterly at a loss to nuUerstand why tho Alert
and Discovery hid not aall upon its waters, unless wo
assume that the spirit whlcu animated ftaifln, Hons,
Party and the Ion;; list of Arctlu heroes has died out
sub the advuuee of steam, the telegraph
and homa comforts. Now, please remember that this
front Kngllsh expedition really started vrbero I loft ofT.
The North Pole was only approached by some eighty
mtlas nearer than 1 approached it. It is said that
the Ico was eighty leet thick. In plain Ka(ltsh, 1
don't believe It, and 1 don't nndersiand how It hap
pened that a grand expedition, lined out with such a
great flourish of trumpets, at such enormous cost,
should have got frightened alter one wlnier, and hur
ried home with the old cry that the North Polo can't
be roach;d. They did liot stay there long enough to
provo ft or toll anything about it. To
bo sure, the matter of" gelling to the
North Pole is or little consequence In h
business point ol view. It may be of no consequence
whatever, bnt hero Is an expedition titled out ex
pressly to do It; has unlimited lime; has ev ery possi
ble advantage; has the uuqnalillod support of the
British government, and yet, frightened by oue win
ter's experience, hurries borne to report another full
are. The Polaris did better, lor even after the death
of poor Captain llall It stuck until It was crushed by
the tee. Had Captain Buddington been imbued with
the same emotions as actuated Captain Hall
I believe lie could have steamed to the North Pole,
end I venture to say that, whether the Alert could or
cou.d not have gone there, one year's experience was |
nos enough to prove It.
1 am a firm believer in an opea Polar Sea. It Is
not a sea available lor the purposes of commerce, but
It is certainly a sea or ocean, as you tn.iy please to '
call l . Whatever interest atl iches to It is of a purely
scientific character To pursue MIIM NtpriM 1
patience, sad to go with a great 'government expedi
tion, especially to m ike scientific discoveries, with
the distinct understanding that there is no other
motive, seems to ine to require something more than
s simple "It can't be done.'' .Solar us getting to the ;
North Pole is concerned,
snd in failing to do it after culv ono year's trial I [
think this Kngllsh expedition has shown a lamentable
lack of Kngllsh pluck. Thejr any they bad a dreadful
tune of it; some people were frozen and three or
four of them died. That was their own fault. Travel.
Itug id the Aretic regions it not more terrible or more
dangerous than travelling any where else. It is a mat
ter ol care and Judgment. Aecldonis may happen, but
It i( the duty of a commander to sco that they don't I
happen. 1 believe I have made as long a sledge jour- I
oey as any one ou record I experienced a tempera
ture during that journey of seventy degrees below i
zero, and yet there was never in all the sixty days or- |
cuplcd by ths Journey so much as a irost bite toany of i
the party, and yet tins wm In the exact region where 1
the Kngllsh expedition Pas been, llbdiog, as they say,
eighty feet ol ice. Tne Polaris was in the same quar
ter and got nearly ss lar north.
Tbn Polaris met with no such Ice, but met with the
lame evident demoralization. In my opinion tbero is j
Bo serious trouble about getting In the North Pole, but
I dott't believe It ran be done iu one year and may lie
not in two, nud 1 must say, ami th?t most etnphat
leaily. that the results ol this last ol the Arctic expe
ditions are In no way commensurate with Its preten
sions any more than they are with Its opportunities
Its like will never bo seen again, and tlio i banco torn
(wK eekiev email has been thrown away, in sb.?rt.
the whole thine Is a lailnre without the' explanatory
eiauso "W'a stuck till the last moment, and did what
we could." They had food and all manner of stops
lor two years more, and should. ta my
lodgment, have stayed there until those
Mores were eaten up. I believe in exploration, and
1 txuieve In na Independence ol all questions as io the
eiibonof We may have our own views aa to utility,
bat when ooca undertaken I think u scheme should be
carried through to completion. According to your
telegram the r.nglish expedition ho* reached Ad dig.
go mm., and yet, with plenty ol food, abundant health,
11IK XT KM or Til K WORLD tl'OR TltS.M,
they say there is too much toe. Believing In an open
Polar Sea, I think it can bo navigated. The F.uglish
expedition saw great quantities ol Ire. They never
leti the land, and along the laud you always ilnd Ire in
all Arctic waters, i believe that 1 reached beyond
the land bell of Ice in 1MI. Willi a boat I
Could have gone to ilia Pole. An Ire belt in summer
depend* ranch upon (he prevailing winds, hut aa for a
Urge body ot water being at any lima frozen over even
with Hie lowest temperature, it la unknown Hudson
Bay, Haitin llav ami other Arctic waters, even though
comparatively small, are tovi r irozen over. The drop
aea water in all ths oceans and seas of iho earth has a
anilorni temperature of about 3.1 deg-eea. Tho surface
water under the equator is oftvu Sb degrees or even SH
In the Arctica It Is generally down to '?D degrees, hut
even there It does not freeze unless tho sir is entirely
calm, for water In motion does not freeze. 1 have seen
waves rolling at .10 degrees below zero, without n par
ticle of Ice In sight. The next day, when the air fell to
calm, the whole aea was covered with a crystal mantlo
The Arctic Ocean is over If. 000 miles in diameter,
end If any body will ouco gel over the land-rhngtug
ft* halt and mtb (be middle of the Arctic Sea lie might
sail about there to tils heart's content, and I, (or one,
raunot see why Una English expedition should ao soon
have abandoned the field There are certain avenues
to Una great, mysterious, unknown water.
There is the oft tried lie 11 ru ^ Mrait, there la
id the
Kalttn Hay, there ia the Spllzbergeu Sea and the |
Ureeniand sea. In thia last quarter the Uertnaus have j
louud a new land. This laud lie? inidwiy between Spits- j
bergen aud Nova Zambia, which land 1 predicted many j
years ago in an address before the American Geograph
ies! Society. It completes the almost continuous Hoc j
oi land that invests
In conclusion allow me to say that this great Eng
| ltah exjiodiilon from which so much was exp-cicd
I looks very lite a larco. '1 no Pandora waa -ent out 10
, carry letters, which she left at l.tttleton l-land. near
I where 1 wintered In lHfiO-'?l, and, with the bust inten
tions in the world, discovered the great expedition,
I not where it was expected to be, but in mid ocean on
I Its way home.
And now. after all, tha great object lias not been at
tained. The scientific world and the rurious of all
! civilized nations are grievously disappointed Kor
! oneo they were convinced that, alnce the Krltish gov
eminent had oxpcndod its heal ellorts and spent Its
means to tho extent of f*60,COtl. we should have
sonic positive knowledge as tu what nature is busy
with about tne North I'olc. Well, the world will roll
on us it did briore, politicians will have their day and |
grass will grow beneath
but still tho curiosity ol miu will never rest until tea <
and land shall be known from pole to pole, he It of use I
or not. The great achievement of tha English. or at
least one aehloremcbt ol sufficient Importunrc to he
cabled over, ia that "Ksquunaux traces ccaso on the
west shore :n latitude HI deg. 5'J mtu., where they crota j
to Greenland." This Is interesting, and to the s< Icn
list a matter of tm|iortance, but us 1 reported the
same lad from personal experience some years ago. it !
can hardly be looked upon us utws or information. It
is further stated that ''the impracticability of reaching
the North I'ole wu?-proved." I maintain ihst they havo !
proved nothing ol the kind, and will still further any |
that they have done with all their big sleumers very j
little more, viewed practically, Uiun I did ?iib uiy
little schooner in an expedition wliicn cost $'J6,U00. or i
Dr. Kane with Ins briguntino. And so ends that lor
wnlch be hoped so much. It is gratifying to turn
froui this to gather one spark of coinlort out of these
ley regions. Professor Nordenskjbld baa actually i
shown that the mouth ol the Yenisei Kivcr can be
salcly reached by the Nova Zemhla Sea, and to ull
intents and purpoves that tho northeast passage to 1
lathoyo ran be made through a watery highway, i
Who comes next? Norway has proved the predictions
of the early geographers. Kngiaud has failed in her
purpoao ol more than three and half centuries; will
America be the Ursttoplant her flag at the North Pole?
Philadelphia, Oct. 29, 1878.
Ibe arrangements for tho celebration of the German
American Day on Thursday contemplate a very full
representation ol (be Interior counties of the Slate.
Tho Mayors of Lancaster, Harrlsburg, Alieutown,
Heading sod Lebanon have beon requested to serve as
members of tho genorul committee of reception. A
largo committee is being organized for New York city,
ol which Mr. Oswald Ottendorler has beon requested
to act as chairman. A committee of co operation for
Philadelphia has also been constituted, and ins invita
tion to participate is addressed to all citizens and
otbors ol German descent and all German organiza
tions throughout tho United Stales.
The programme of the closing exercises on Friday
November 10, la still In the hands of the special com!
in it tee of the commission charged with Its preparation,
and on Saturday was read to and discussed by the
commission In executive session. The features of tho
cclsbration, so far as tlicy have yet been supplied
cover the delivery of brief addresses upon the various
branches of the work, by Mr. Morrill, chairman of iho
Kxccutive Committee of iho commission; President
ttelsh for the Hoard of Finance; Director General
Goshorn and President Hawley. with vocal and liistru
mental music by a volunteer body, composed of somo
of the best singers and musicians ol Philadelphia, undor
the direction of Theodore Thomas, nearly all the
choral societies of Philadelphia being represented
in the choruses, which will be rendered
probably by 1,090 voices. Tho exercises will bo
bold on the afternoon of Thursday, In the
centre of the Main Building, the music stand being
flltsd up as the platform, with rows of seats to the
number of 3,500 running north to the great organ and
In easterly and westerly directions along tho aisles.
A chorus will be stationed In the organ loft and an
Ttl? Ok' of ? America"
1>> the entire assemblage, tho -Halleluiah Chorus" and
the Doxology will be a part of the musical exercises
i, ^1" ths I tiled Stales will be present and
innke the formal declaration that tbe Exhibition is
closed 11 bee not yet been decided whether tbe Cen
tennial auihertties with the invited guests will pro.
ceed in a body t a Machinery Hall, there stop the grest
engine at the uppo'ntcd hour nod then proceed to the
main stand, or whether ibe engine will be stopped bv
a telegrapnic signal irorn the stand during tho exer.
ciscs. " "*"V
tbe raoccsaiox.
t i " l,0'"?.ded lbal tb* procession should form at
Judges Hall about two P. M. on the 10th of November
and, marching up the avctuo ot tbs ltepublic to tbe
centre of the main building enter Dial ednleo bv tbe
northern entrance. Passing under tbe organ sallerv
It win pats down the noribern transept to tno cemra'l
pavilion, where a raisod circular piairurm will lie
erected around the southern side of tho music stand
and behind It again a second platlorm tor tne orl
rLAras rbskrvbd.
t>.!..sClr.CU,V ,Plalform '? specially reserved for tbe
I- L. i ? i, " Cabinet, tbe President ol the Com
fh. pi'.H . refI,0r.,(3#ller*' of ,hB Exhibition and
Hon f!f T . lho,,Joar,l 01 Finance. I'pin a sec
tion ol the circular platlorm behind will be sealed the
foreign Commissioners and tnu Exhibition Judgea
I pon the opposite or west side will be placed the
members ol the Centennial Commission and Board of
rinance. Oilier places will be reserved for Invited
guests, the accommodation or ladies and the renre.
of tbc ?"??? In ?" tbero will bo hnroly
ee,lnJU SCItfs
Beyond tho platforms It Is expected that thero will
. .V lwmtDK* throng of spectators drawn together
by tbeeveni. In connection with the orchestra ihoro
will also be a chorus placed adjacent to the Koosevell
organ in tho northern gallery. The musical portion of
tho oeremoniet will form a prominent feature on tho
occasion. 'UD
Ou Ibo 10th artillery salutes will be flrcd In the
morning, at noon nod at dusk, by vcssola at tho Navv
1 ard and by a battery on George's Hill.
In tbe evening, boloro ibo cltiso ol tbe Exhibition a
graud formal Uiuner will be given in honor ol the
foreign commissioners by mo Centennial Commission
and Board of Finance. Tho dinner will be oatirelv of
an official character and tho number of guests will bo
llnmod to about J00.
A grand display of fireworks Is announced for tho
samo evening at George s Hill.
mrmokiai. ham.
The Pennsylvania Museum and School of Industrial
Arts, to bo established in Memorial H.ill, will probably
be closely paticrned alter the .-oulh .Kensington
Museum of London The original subscription lor this
institution wag $70,000, ol which lullv $2.'.,ooo have
already Iwen expended. Many objects of imorcht have
been voluntarily donated to ibe museum, iho contribu
tions being most liberal in the Jap .nose Chinese
Spanish, Egyptian and Swedish departments. Among
the more ro- ent donations are a large number of
piaster casta taken irom the Albambra in rtpaiu and
prcienied by Count Dona Dio. and 131 irau.oa ol
ihi nik !' for educational drawings, presented bv
the Duke of Richmond and Gordon. Tbo museum
Croper will not be opoucd until the lOlhof Mav 1877 !
ill arrangsmcuis arc now being made f?r depositing
the Objects secured and opening a school ol indusirisl
art early this winter.
An organization is being perfected by which Isclll
ties will be afforded to exhibitors, both foreign nod
American, to contmuo lbs exhibition of their good* in !
the Main Exhibition Building after the cio*? of the
Centennial Exhibition, that building baviiiS been pur
chased Irom ibe Centennial Board ol Finaure for the '
purpose of creating a |>ermanriii exhibition. The ex
hibits will comprise lbs following classo:?Mining i
manufactures, education and science, art, machinery'
agriculture and horticulture. The spars will not be 1
charged for, but the unpacking and rearrangement of
exfiiuits, and Ibe transportation. Ac., of new exhibits
mum bv done at iho expense of the exhibitors \ guar
antee to occupy for a period ot not less than one year
by thoss accepting space will lie necessary, and at
learn three months' noilco of withdrawal will be re
quired. Exhibitors nut desiring to employ attendants
may leave their goods in rare of tno in an.age moot, who
will then assume the responsibility ol their being kept
In good order. Exntbitorx must provide at their owu i
expense nil suowcasss, shelving, counters, pisiform*,
partitions, fittings and appurtenance* which are ee
quired, and all arrangements of thoir exhibits and dec
orationsaod ths installation gcnerallv must be subject '
to the approval of HieChiol ol tno Bureau. The man- I
sgeineut will take precautions for the sale preservation I
of all objects in tho Exhibition, bui it will in i
ho wsj be responsible for damage or loss of
any kind, or for accident* bv Pro or other
wise, however originating. Article* that are in any
way dangeroo* or oiren*lve will not be ,Minuted, and
:f introduced under laUc pretences will occasion the
immediate forfeiture of tne exhibitor * space Each
person who become* an exhibitor thorebvacknowlru*e* J
and iindnrlake* to keep the rules and regulations
established for the government of tno Exhibition
Fending tbe ner.ecsary preliminary step* now being
taken to organize tbe permanent management, and tbe
necessity of immediate action lu view of the approach
ing eloeo of the centonmal Exhibition, the Billowing
gentlemen, officer* of the fnitod states Centennial
Commission, have consented to receive applications
lor Mpaee:?
Usury Peltls, Chief of Bureau of Inspection Main
John S. Albert, Chief of Bureau of Machinery,
Machinery Hall. "
Burnet I^ndretb, Chief of Bureau of Agriculture
Agricultural Hall '?
Charles If. Miller, Chlof of Bureau of Uortlcullurc
Horticultural UalL
It ii probable that the opposition elements to Tatn
mauy wilt agree at the Aator House to day upon a
ticket Leading anti-Tammany ilea and members ot
Ibe German and Independent Citizens' org mizat.ons
were engaged in caucus yesterday at the I'ltih Arenuo
Hotel in discussing the political situation. The
chances of a union with the republicans have been
entirely dispelled, and It Is now proposed by these
parties lo place a Drat class ticket in tho Held and let
the Custom House and l'osl Office wings lake care of
themselves. Shrewd politicians differ materially as to
the probabilities of success for this lickol. It Is con
ceded upon all aides that .Smith Ely, Jr., is an exceed
ingly strong candidate for Major, but the lialauco ot
tho Tammany ticket does not by say means meet with
universal approval. The oulsldo tactions are, there
fore, very anxious to combine unon a reputable ticket,
so ttial the people may liavo a chance ot deciding their
preferences at to tho beat men when they go to the
ballot box on election day.
The large Increase in the registry has also given hope
to the outsiders. For some tlmo past they argued
upon a probable vote In this city of 145,000. Calcula
tions were made upon this baata alone. Now, when
the total registry loots up to 1S3,000, the politicians
suddenly awake to the fact that we will probably nave
about 100,tWO votes cast on tho 7th of November, In
stead ol 145,000. The number rogtsieted at each elec
tion is gcuorally filtccn per cent higher than
the nutuiier ol votes polled. Tammany op
poMiloui-ts now claim that tho increase means so
much In their interests ih-n these li.COn or
SO.OUO additional ballots will be cast In lavor ol
tbeir candidates il unexceptionable names are placed
upon the ticket. It seems to bo settled that Mr. Green
is to be nominated for Mayor by this coalition, and
Alderman Jacob Hess, a prominent republican, lor
County Clerk. Sanguine advocates ot thy proposed
ticket calculated as follows last ulgbt. In view ol the
registry figures snDOUUSed in yesterday's papers:?
Republicans fid,000
Hermans '.*0,000
Independent democrats 00,000
Total 75,000
Tammany ticket tio,000
Straight republican ticket.'. 2ft,i-OO
This estimato, ol course, may be considered as
comiug troin a very enthusiastic class ot our local
statesmen, but they formed their arguments upon the
supposition that this is a year for Independent voting,
ami tnai the masses will effectually separate lopnl irom
Slate and national Issues. Tumtuany men scout this
estimate as preposterous. I hey contend that their
whole city and county ticket will sweep to victory like
a whirlwind, running smoothiy along with the I'resi
| dential noinluoe. Their estimate stands about as
I follows, as against an opposition combination:?
I Tammany 80,000
Opposition fift.oru
| .straight republican 4o,OOb
Total vote cast 1*10,000
It will thus bo seen how,widely apart these gentle
men seem lo be lu ihelr figures, and the returns on
election night cnu alone settle this important issue.
In u Presidential year it Is considored sale to predtet
absolute success lor Tammany Hall. This time, bow
ever, some can bo found who ore not entirely confident
of such a result.
to-day's MOVXM1XTS.
Tho Conference Committees ol the Germans, antl
Tammany and Independent Citizens' parties assemble
at tbc Astor House at eleven o'clock this morning.
Tbetr session la likely to last through the day, as warm
discussious wilt probably arise In the selection ol can
didates. II a satisfactory arrangement is uiado all
around, then the anti-Tammany and German County
Conventions will probably be called togetbor to-mor
row evening In order to ratify tbc action of tbeir Con
ference Committees.
This afternoon the Consty Convention Is to tie con
vened to mako nominations and roinpleto Hi ticket.
A decided opposition exists iu many ot tho Assotnbly
distrlct.s to Andrew II. Green, and sumo of the other
nominations ure equally objectionable. The action or
the t'ouiereuce C'ouimttieo has been dilatory and their
fitiul report ts not nkcly to meet with general favor.
Tne rank and file have have lost confidence in success
and suspect some conspiracy to Injure the national and
State tickets, it ts reported ou reliable authority tbat
many or the delegates from Assembly districts will
cast ibclr votes lor Smith Ely for Mayor. If this in.'
formation is correct it will seriously Impair the pros
peels of the anti-Tain many parly.
At the headquarters of tho Independent greenback
party on Saturday the usual quiet atmosphere of tho
rooms bocame very lively. The explanatlou of the
matter was thus given to the writer:?-'Why, you see,
we have had n conference committee out to-day, and
! we have been watching the oihor conference commit
| tees. Tho greenback party, while it is a unit on the
national and Siato tickets, is split on local matters, and
we are obliged to bo earelul on thut account."
Another representative of tho party told the writer
that the "labor party''?a branch of the greenback
party?would support the lepnblican ticket provided
that party accorded them a small portion
of the ticket. The greenback party proper,
however, claims through somo of its representatives
that it will support nothing but a straight greenback
ticket. Messrs. Cooper and Cary, the candidal"* lor
President and Vice President on the greeuback ticket,
yesterday issued an address selling forth the prin
ciples they represent. It Is quite long, and Is prob
able the best explanation yet made ol the party prin
It bas long been a question with the local party man
agers how to get their ballots in the hands of voters.
A scheme was devised a lew days ago and Immediately '
put into practice. It was to send by mail to everv
voter registered a sealed envelope containing several
Cooper and Cary tickets This, it is claimed, will do
away with the possible bnying up of the party's
agents at the polls.
There was littlo rest yesterday for tho gentlemen In
charge ol the headquarters at the Filth Avonuo Hotel
or the Kverett House.
At the Kverett House the only topic of conversation
1 outside of local mailers was the address from .South
| Carolina, winch will be found oisewhoro. lu regard
| to the I am many nominations it was thought that tbn
refusal ot the republicans to unito with anti-Tammany
aud the Green party would result prradventuro in the
, election ot the regular itomorratic ticket. In rase of a
union Mr. Ely would win alter some little light, but
I the way matters stood It would simply he a "walk
: over" lor him. The probability ol the nomination of
> General Dlx, on tbe republican ticket, for Mayor, as
announced in yesterday's Hkkai.u, was doubted. It
I would bo simply suicidal, said one gentleman, lor the
I party to make any such nomination. Another \
1 thought that General Dix would not allow himself to '
be a candidate.
At tho Fifth Avenue TTotel tbe news received daring 1
ilio week had been most cheering. A'geutleman troiu I
New Jersey, in conversation with the writer, said that
In Ills opimou the large democratic vole polled in the
"tidal wavo'' campaign in that Slate would bo de
creased, and in many districts entirely done away
with. The election there hi many ways depended (
materially upon the local ticket. lndepeiidence In |
office was not looked upon with favor. Kor instance,
In the Fourth Congressional district, A. A. Harden- '
burgh would probably bo defeated by his own <
party (democratic), because ho hnd pursued i
an * independent course while In tho last j
House. lu tbe Fiftn Congressional district, I
combining the counties ot Dorgeu, I'assnic and Morris, !
Mr. W. Pnelps, the rrpubhr.au nominee at tho last
election, was defeated by his party lor the same
reason. Tho gentleman thought that there w-ss
strong grounds lor expactlng a republican victory in
the State.
In regard to local matters It was thought Hist the
nomination of General 1>ix would bn a most excellent
one, as his name would carry thousands uf vote* lor
the parly.
A circular Issued by the New Jersey Democratic :
State Executive Committeo a week ago has givon rise |
to serious mistakes, which, however may yet be recti. |
fled. It set lorth an Interpretation of the law in re- j
gtrtl to the voting lor federal ollices, alleging that no !
person will be entitled to voto who shnl! not have been i
naturalized ton days previous lo the election. Several '
prominent lawyers, including United States Commis
sioner >i airhead, of Jersey City, were nonsuited on the
subject, and have given llie following interpretation ol
tho law. which It is very imiwrtant should be
thoroughly understood throughout the State:?
First, any perton horn in tins couutrt
will be entitled to vote II he shall have arrived at tho
age of twenty-one on or before tbe day of election, pro
vidrd he ?h.ill have reentered. (The last day of regis
try is on the 2d ol November). Second, any person
wiio shall have declared his intention of becoming a
citir.cn of the United States at least two years previous
to the day of elrction and who shall have resided live
years In the I nited States, on that day will be entitled
lo vote, provided be shall have registered, the judges
ot election are required hv law to register such person
on the production ol hi* "lir-t papers,"' but the right
to voto on election day Is contingent on tbe produc
tion of bis naturalisation certiorate.
Colonel Michael C. Murphy says he has never In
tended to withdraw from ibM canvass as a candidate
for Congress, rumors to the eontrary notwithstand
ing. He accepted the nomination with ihe full inten
tion of running lor Congress, and ho add* thai he ex
pect* to win.
Nkw Havfx, Oct. 29, 1878.
To Tine Editor or tbi HxaatD:?
I notleo that the republican papers far and wide aro
, howling about "registration frauds" In New York and
Brooklyn, hut they seem to have entirely forgotten i he
^ jtct that Philadelphia bas already registered 19.\UdO
voter*, although she ha* 300,000 lees population than
New York; nor do they over msko mention ot iho
gigantic truudu winch Kellogg end Packard are perpe
traling in Louisiana. KAIK l'l.AY.
NabiiVILLI, Ti-cu., Oct. 'SO, 187d.
Tbe following responses have liecn received by Mr.
Childress, Chairman of the Slate Democratic Executive
Committee, In answer to tho queslion?'"Do you In
dorse TiMeu's letter on the War Claims V
W. C. Whlttborno says yes; nc could not have
written otherwise. A conspiracy of the radicals to
put through fraudulent elalma like Dave Ueattlea and
others, made bis letter a matter of necessity as well as
Justice to thnso who haro worthy claims and no oue in
the .South ever dreamed ot riding over tbe consti
tutional amendments.
William I*. Caldwell says:?''Governor Tliden's let
ter, being In accordance with my views, often eg.
pressed, meets my hearty concurrence."'
General William Cullotn says:?"I Indorso Tildcn'a
D. SI. Key, Cnited States Senator, says:?"I most
emphatically indorso Governor Tildeu's letter on the
war claims."
K. A. .James says:?"I Indorse the letter of Samnel
J. Tllden on Soutnern claims."
General Dibrell Is not at home, hut Senator Key says
that, "troui conversations with him, lio is with Sir.
Tllden on tbe claims question
John V. Hon.-c savs:?'?! most cordially Indorse
Governor Tliden's leiicr. The democratic member*
from iho South simply presented tho identical claim
prosed oy republican members tho Oral, second or
third session of Congress. It was a mere presentation
of petitions, without any Indorsement ot them.
John M. Bright, Chairman ot tho Committee on
Claims, say*:?"It required two-thirds of my lime
sluing as Chairman ol Committee on Claims.
The claims ate prosecuted ns in civil tribunals
| of tho country. A largo number presented
are fraudulent, tho amounts greatly exaggerated in
others, and such arc cuutlued to 110 section of the
. country. Tho small amount allowod by tho commit
tee last Congress shows there can ho no whoiesalo
alienances mado as claimed by republicans. I heartily
indorso Tliden's letter on the'subieet."
J. D. C. Adkius says:?"Tho loiter is well turned and
Governor Porter sayu:--?'I indorse Governor Tildcn's
letter on the war claims."
De.wik, Col., Oct. 20, 1876.
The vole of Colorado for member or Congress, mem
bers of the Legislature, ana Judges of tbe Supremo
Court, was canvassed yesterday, with tbc following re
sult:?For Judges ot the Supremo Court, republican
majority, 148; tor member of tbo Forty-fourth Con
egress, J. 11. llellord, republican, majority 1,0.18; lor
tbc Forty-fifth Congress, J. It. Bcilord, republican,
majority 030.
Tbo Legislature la divided na follows:?Senate, re
publicans 19, democrata T; House of Representatives,
republicans 32, democrats 17; republican majority ?u
Joiut bailot, 29; not republican majority tor Slate Sen
ators, 1,933; for members of ibe House of Represent
atives, 2,204.
Tbis Legislature will cboose throo Presidential doc
tors on November 7, and also canvass ibu voto for
Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Auditor, Treasurer,
and Secretory of date.
Tbo tollowlug letter has beeu addressed by Mr. J.
Jay Pardee to Mr. Wyman, Treasnror of the Ftilted
States, in reference to his dismissal from his clerkship
In the Treasury Department:?
Hon. A. M. Wa nas, Treasurer of tbo United States?
Two weeks ago to-day I was Invited to appear before
you for examination Into my political preferences.
You will remember tbat you the said to uio, "You aru
a good clerk. Mr. Graves, the Superintendent of tho
National Bunk Kedoinpiton Ageney, hue oltcu spoken
nbout you, but complaint has several times boon made
to mo that you are a democrat, and 1 wish to know
from you <1 it is lbs tact." You will likewise remem
ber that In reply to this 1 told you that "before
entering government employ I hod always voted
the democratic ticket, but tbat when under
the so-called civil serrice rules 1 secured an appoint
ment in the Treasury Department entirely on my
ability as shown lu competitive examination, I de
termined to entirely IgnoN politics an a be ouly ?
laithlul servant of tbo government, a determination 1
bad most faithfully kept." You will remember, too,
tbat you aakeu me about the trouble 1 bad in voting
last tall, and toy anawer toat. "in obedience io in
structions Irom tho Secretary," as 1 was then lu
formed, "I canto homo and presented myself for regis
tration and was refused; that believing It my right
under the constitution ot tho State ot New York 1
obtained a mandamus and compelled the Board of
Registrars to receive my voto; uud then, not willing lo
vote against ibe administration mat gave me employ
ment, nor yet to sell my vote lor place, I deposited a
blank ballot, fooling lu honor bound to do as much
as this for the party In power, although I well knew
It was doing vastly more tbau to cast an unopposed
vote lor tho administration candidates.'' You will
also remember that 1 related to you bow, after receiv
ing notice ot my appointment, distrust lug even then
republican professions of relorin, I went to General
Garfield and, as an old friend, asked his advice about
taking the pruirered place, and ibat on his advice,
alter telling him that 1 had not changed nty political
opinions, had never voted the republican ticket aud.
perhaps never should, I accepted the place.
Yon also said to mo, "If trro to vote according to
your sympathies, you would probably vote the dem
ocratic ticket." 1 replied Ibat "I most undoubtedly
should.'' All this you know la but tno plain and uii
ndornod truth, and it wus lor this candid statement
from me, 1 presume, that 1 was three days after dis
charged irom your olllcc.
1 ask you, sir, bow you reeoueile such action with
the lair sot.iidinc "civil service" dtnuae in the plat
form on which you and your party are trying to elect
Mr. Hayes" This clause says:?"The Invariable rule
lor appointments should have reference to the hon
esty, fidelity and cipacliy of appoiutcej, giving to
the party i ' power those places where harmony and
vigor of administration require us policy to be repre
sented, but permitting all otnern to be tilled by .per
sona selected with cole ro.ereuoe lo the etllciency of
tbo public service aud the righi of citizens to sbnre in
the honor ol rendering laithlul service lo their coun
try." Was 1 dishonest, unfaithful or Incompetent, or
did I interfero with tho l.arinony and Vigor ol the
administration, when en recently I suggested to the
Superintendent ol the "agency" chau^caund Improve
ments lu the plan <>l work, which were at once
adopted, and which eflected a saving of at least twenty
live per rout in tbe labor of the entire clerical lorce in
the Superintendent's mom, or, in other words, mak
ing It possible lor nine clerks lo do ibe work hereto
fore performed by twelve? l'erbaps you feared that,
emboldened by succoss, I, a mere "routine oicrk,"
might point out Mill oilier desirable improvements,
thus making it possible lo so systematize and condecao
the work ol tho enure "ageney" tlint there would be
no rause of complaint about reduced appropriations
lor that part of your odlco. Were any ol too toregoing
the reasons for jour action, or Inaction,
or with tho so recent fate of Mr. Ireland,
of Ihe Post (Mice Deportment, to warn yon,
did you tear?ns was more than hinted lo me?that it
you inicrtered to save one ot your "good clerks" you
would "he broken down lor shielding democrats in
olllcc," and your own oOtcial bead pay the penalty f
It such is your serv.tude to party, poor as 1 am t can
pity you. Believing that (be voters ol the couutrv, In
terested In "civil servic." reiorm," hare nil interest
in an answer Irom von I awaii your^eplv, and remain
very respectfully yours. J. JAY I'AHDKE,
No. 58 BRuanii vv, Nkw Yoik, Oct. 27, 1878.
County Clerk llrann, of Hudson county. New Jersey,
reports 1,212 persons naturalized within the past month
bearing orders irom tbe Democratic General Commit
tee; and ll'.i from the Republican Commuter. This
gives Tilden a majority of 1,087 ot the new votes. But
besides these there were about one hundred person*
naturalized who cams from neither committee, but paid
lor their certificates; nioe-lenths of llieec worn avow
edly lor Tlldeu, making 1,187 majority. II ibis be
added lo A.ono (tho majority for Governor lledlo), Hud
son county will give the rattling majority ol 0,187
lo Tilden, and us Hudson comity has always
been looked lo by the democracy as
the plvoial point In ine eanvase, the question of Tilden
carrying the State is virtually settled. To strengthen
his chances the democrat* have noinliialod fur tbo
Legislature In every district the strongest candidates,
as follows: First district, .Martin M. Drohan, presi
dent ol ihe Hoard ol Finance; Herond district, Tliomaa
J. Hiinnon, I hird district, Hubert M. Jar vie; Fourth
district. Alexander \V. Harris; Filth district, eg-Mayor
G. D. VanKeipcn; Hxth district. James Bleveni; sev
enth district, Rudolph F. It ibe (who hut already
served three terms and who will in all prob>
blltty be the next Speaker); Highlit district, Kdward
T. I'axlon. No suep body ol men as a whole whs ever
presented lo the people ot Hudson eoiinly for their stif
Irages. Indeed, candid republicans admit that, us far
ns Hudson county is concerned, there is little hope lor
tlicni. There are scores ol republicans who concede
the Htato lo Tilden, aou tliry i#o turning llietr atten
tion almost entirely to ibe Legislature, which they
hope to secure. In order to carry ihe Foiled States
Benator who shall succeed Frellnghuysen. Robeson,
Ihe chief aspirant, is Indetntigablo ihiuugbout ihe
Stale, but to carry this county be wilt make grot
sacrifices. His friends are working night and
daj'. They have pb nly of money and have
organized club-, in his name. Georgu a. Halsey is will
log to retire In bis Isvor, but General Scwell, of Cam
den, la not, and Sewell is the lavortte thus Fir with the
Hudson county republicans. Not a single man can he
found who will oiler odds tbat Hayes will carry New
Jersey, and there arc very lew willing io bet ovon. Ii
! n rumored ? hat Governor Tilden lies liccn invited to
join Governor Itedle in reviewing tho monster demo,
rratlc procession In Jersey C'ltv next Friday ovening.
it is expected lo ne the greatest democratic demon
J stratlon ol ihe campaign.
scifflnnt mas smonso.
Major Leech, of the Irish Toam, on
International Matches.
Why the Centennial Match Was
Won and Lost.*
A few days ago. while Major Arthur If. Loecb, Cap.
tain ol tUo Irish Utile Team, was preparing lor his
return homo, the writer had a long conversation with j
him on tho suhioRl ot international rillo matches.
During the tutcrviow Major Leech expressed his views '
ou many points that arc iulorcstiug to the rille shoot- I
Ids portion of the Autericpn public.
Mujor Leech said Hits the ido t of a world's rifle
match originated in Ireland. In July, 1878, the Irish
eight won at Wimbledon the Llcbo ctmlleuse shield
and thus became tho rbaiupiousor Great Britain. They i
were, therefore, for the lir?.t time In the bt*fory ot
Irish rifle shooting, in a position to challenge their
American Irloudr. Major Leech, ou behalt oI the
Irish long range snots, addressed a challenge to the rille- '
men ot AiU'-rirn. which communication was llrsl pub- ,
lished In the Nkw Yokk Hkuu of November fi, 1874. I
lu ibis letter the writer ea;d lint tho challenge was
given to docldo the title to Ute'eli^mptonship or tho :
world. He also draw Hie aitcnlton of the American 1
people to the inct that the laws of Ureal Britain lor- |
bade the lormttion in Ireland ol rille corps similar to '
thoee whloh exist in great nuniliers in Knghtnd and >
Scotland, and that any aRitt acquired b\ Irishmen in
rule shooting is the result ol Individual exertion under |
difficulties arising Innn discouraging legislation. With |
respect to the results ol the international return j
match, Major Leech fully indorsed Ilie views of Mr. I
Rlgby, as lately published tu I ho Irish nowspapsrs,
wherein he points oat the following significant facts:?
That to lo-o the match by eleven points oat of a total
of cannot bo formed "a dotcat fraught with dis
grace,'' when It is considered that tho Irish made but
during the wholo day, whilo tho Americans missed
eleven times. By constructing out ol the bull's-eye at
present in use a square one like that used in 1S74 and
1*75 in the Irish-Amorlcnn matches, the rosult Is?Ire
land, WW i America, 93S 1-tt, giving a majority ol 6 points
in luvcr ot the Irish. Applying tho same rule to the two
days' shooting in rile Centennial contest we licdtiiattho
Irish missed the target onlv sewn tunes in 72d shots,
while tho Americans hud twonty-ttvn misses. On tlio
square ouliVeye target tho grout match would stand
thus:?Irish loial in both days' shooting, 2,583; Amer
ican total, -.578; Irish majority, 5 points. Measur
ing the results ol tho return mulch on the 21st of .Sep
tember, when teams of six men a sido con
tended. the calculation would show a majority
of lb 2-3 points in favor or the Irish. If it he
asked how this curious discrepancy arises, the answer
is that In botli mutches tbo Americans had many more
misses than the Irish; and these are more detrimental
to tho tolaleunder one system o( scoring than under
tne other. In tho three days' shooting the Americans
had thirty-three misses against only ten that were re
corded tor the Irish.
The mode of selecting the target* (by lot) (or tbo
tenuis in the great Centennial match was perleotly
fur, but the good luck ot tho Americans gave them the
right of the line, from whenro the wiud was
blowing on both days, and in addition to this they had
the advantage of using the sumo targets at which they
ordinarily practised. Major Leach bolteved, as a moro
matter oi ins personal opinion, thai this advantage,
which was fairly obtained by Iho Ainorlcani, wasequiv
alent to a certain number of points, which it would be
Impossible lo tlx. The passuge of smoke across the
ranges was hardly worthy of notice, tills cir
cumstance being of very littlo disadvantage to
tho othor competing teams. The Atncriran
gam at the first two distances insured their
ultimate success. The falling oil' <>d tho part ol the
Irish at the llrst two ranges Is, perhaps, to l>e attrib
uted to some slight error in Judgment tn calculating
tbo force of the wind, and therefore preventing them
as soon as the Americans, whose shouting at these dis
tances was closer. The hitherto unequalled superior
it}' of the shooting made by the Irish at the last dts
tauco was insunicicnt to reduce the majority against
tbem lower than tlio twenty-two points l>v which tbo
match was won; not a very decided victory after all,
considering that each team could make a possible
score of a.tioo points; the Americans making 3,120,
and Iho Irish 5.104. The breaking down of the Scotch
and other teams?especially the Scotch?on the second
day's shooting, is one of those calamities that unac
countably enough visit competitors who aro most
hopeiul, and who tail wiieu they least expect it.
and ammunition. Major Leech behoves that the initial
velocity and consequently tho penetrative power of
the projectile thrown from iho muzzle-loader is su
perior to the'breeoh-loader; but this is only a personal
view of the matter, and IS not shared in by gentlemen
using the American breech-loader. The American
weapon manuluctured By lteintngion is second to none
of lis class, and, in tho hands ut skilful marksmen,
has always been abla to turn the tide of battle iavor
ably for the Americans. Major Leech would not wish
to he understood as attributing any unuue superiority lor
target practice to tho arm chosen by the Iriah team, hut
merely expressed iho result ol his personal experience
and observation, l'be powder used by the Irish team
Is quicker, and not so Well suited lor breech-loaders as
the American alowar burning article. Tho Irish uso
a charge of Irom ninety tu ninety-live grains of pow
der, with 630 grains ot lead?iho latter in ihe lorm of
a eylinUrrcunoidal hardened bullet?while the Ameri
cans generally employ 650 grain* of lead ol a softer
composition, with a driving charge ranging from 100 to
115 crams ol powder.
Here the writer said that as it would seem the claim
to superiority was advanced In laror ol the tuuzzle
loading rifle," and In v:ew of tho splendid individual
marksmanship of the Irish team, it might be asked to
whit circumstance did Major Loech attribute their
four successive failures.
Major Locoh said that Ihe match In 1874 was
the one last year ut 1> >11, mount tailed because n good
man of the Irish team broke down, making seven
miasos In hi* score, on account of the leading of bis i
rifle. A similar catastrophe hapi>eneii to a member of
the Amorican team in tlw return match, which took .
place on ihe 21st ol last month, at Crccdmoor?with,
however, h more fortunate result-for (he Americans,
who alter all won the maich.
Major I.jech stated that during Ills entire intercourse
with American gentlemen, not ulone has (here been no
misconception?to s.iy nothing ol miatimlersiand ng?
between ihem; but the greatest cordiality ins sub
sisted end still subsists, ha was happy to-s?y, between
the gemlemen with w horn it had bco'u bis lortune to
cope in eoiilaet, lus friends and mil. The arrange
ments made lor the convenience nml comfort of ilia
visiting lesms dur>ng tho days ot the match Were of
tho most ihoughllul and cunmderato character. "Aud
now," said the gnhaui Major, "ou tho oru of my de- j
pariure, I nm obliged lor ihe opportunity which the
III it ali> allorda ine ot repealili.' iny acknowledgments
for ihe courtesy and consideration with which wo 1
were received and nni.'ormly trained during ihis the
second visit ot ttic Irish rilie team to America."'
Hie nc<t match will necessarily lake place in Amer
ica, and there should beau annual contest Irom now
until 1*84. tuber eouuirles, in addition to those which
were represented this year, will probably participate
In the Ititure. In a general conversation which look
p'aee during the late visit of l he teams to Philadelphia
ihe American- sought an expression of opinion Irom i
the team captains as lo tho propriety of having the In
ternational match lake place every two years Major |
l.oeeh declined beings parly to making any sugges- 1
tlone lo ihe Amcrirans on ihe subject, believing mat
suctt suggestions or adorations should come from tho
Americans. 1'bo.se will, doubtless, invito tbe co
operation ol Ihe world's riflemen in the formation of
uew rules. II they are III, and it la understood lo lie the .
Intention ol Ihe National Kills* Association loinvitcthis
cxpre.-sion ol opinion.
ft does not seem thai the size of the bull's-eye
st present In us* could bo conveniently reduced; i
but it is worthy ot consideration whether it may not he
judicious tudi-pon-c wiih ilie 800 yards range and sub
stitute 1,100 yards for tho' l.uoo jar tie as the extreme
It is considered by sonv that Ihe great American in- i
ternatlonal match .should bu of a migratory character
even le thb I nltod Mates, or that it it is always to lie I
shot lor on ihe aatne grouuda the ranges should be
used only lor the purpose of tins match. as at Wimble
don, where the anneal mateh tor the Klcho Shield is
shot, and the ranges arc tl|cn closed to alt practice <
until the next annual meeting takes p!aeo.
rbo writer drew tbe attention of Major Leech to the
statement ol Mr Henry Hallord, who said that Inca-o !
tbo Americans snnuoi boat Ili? Seoioh and Irish they
woulu only conquer defeated trams.
Major I,eech thought that tho w *11 known Knglish
rifleman might us well have sabl, when the Irish won
the Klcho .Mile Id In 1R7-1, that lit# Kngtlah and Scotch
wero deleaied by a beaten team, for in previous years
tbe Ir.sh and Scotch had
hzatkn tiik ?.vui.iaw a*i> scotch
alternately, hut had not deleaied then, both In th* j
same year until 1873. And Ibc cainu argument applies
to the Irish victory In 1876, when they made the best I
score over accomplished lor the Klclio >hi*ld lu any I
team match in Ureal llrltatn; and this year at Creed- !
moor the Irish bad bettered their unequalled Wimble- I
don score by nearly 10b points.
Tina being the case. Major Leech was sskrd to state, ,
If he rouid, tho reason why the Knglish had no team ,
In theOnienuisl maich ]
The absence ol the Knglish Is to be attributed to a '
general misconception ou the part of those who were
conversationally engaged in noaotiatlona last year in
Kngland; negotiations which, when tncy came to bo
formulated Into written agreements, were found to bo
ol a character dlflerenl from what either fho Americans
or the Knglish team captain had Intcneed. But uuw
ihat ihe conditions lor tbo admission ol competing
teams hare been definitely st illed the situation will
no doubt be chncrfully accepted, and tbo Kngbsh
will send a team whe shall themselves be amazed s?
the excellent performance which they will assnrotiy
make lu America. Tbe awpertontr of tbe ecorta whlcU
| are made in America, aa compared with thwe In Great
Britain, in to lie attributed to a clearer atmfepbere to
th;* country. |
It t* to b<* remarked, but not with any lu&aiion to
detract trout tho importance of the American vitt'Tiea,
lb tt In Ireland there arc hardly twenty men caMble of
furniMlnng ihc /w-ikommW lor a imiu of eight, wneroaa
in Knglaml and Scotland tbey count
uiri.a.uxK ar tiii; Tiroraann.
It was then naked of Major Leech why there are ao
very many rillciuen in Kugtand and hcotland and eo
very lew in Ireland. Ho snld: ?
"Well, lei i lie world nnawcr that question. Wo have
no volunteers, and thus our periormnncea, whatever
they may be, aie tbe reault of private enterprise
Huionir a le v irentlemeo ."
To tbo'lue-tlon as to wliy Ihore are ao mauv volun
teer* in Ureal Britain and none In Ireland, Major Loech
"i inum take tho liberty of referring you to the
proper authorities for the Information sought; but 1
believe they do not want the service ot tbe Irish."
Tbe cause* which led to the recent depression of th(
slock of the New Jersey Central, tbo sudden change ol
liianagcnicut and tho troubles which culminated In
the strike ol the cnginoera are beginning to leak ont.
It Is doubtlul If a siuglo director hue any idaaol tbe
mismanagement ol the affairs ol this corporation,
which, up to six years ago, was the model railroad o;
New Jet?ey as regard* regularity, silcty, comfort ant
prospority. Alter tho death ot Josiah Stearns, thi
superintendent, who had lew peers as a railroad man
ager, tbe bartnouy which existed botwoou all tbe de
partments began to disappear, and a system of espiou*
ago, favoritism, distrust among subordinate olflcialc
and employes, the creation ot hnudreds ol sinecures,
all under a bold one-man power, succeeded.
A Hcualo reporter bad a convnri-ailon yesterday
with two old conductors ol tho road, and obtained an
insight into tho workings o( the now machine. If even
one hull the si dements tuado by them wore true no
railru id corporation was ever so gristly mismanaged.
The interests of the company seem to have been con
lided implicitly into the hands el an Individual. "1
tell you,'' said olio of tho conductors, "nuo ol these
days the directors will Mini out thai tho transportation
department has ooen run lor tho bouodt ol one man,
and not (or the interests ot tho coinjiauy, and
whou that comes there will ho a little circus. But
then it will he loo laio lor tho siockuolders.
Why, I could poiut out a hundred instances where ol
floes wore created that wera entirely now and needless
in order to help some needy favorites, uid aud laitb
lul men were removed without cause to make way
lor other favorites. And this lavontism was at ih?
bottom at the trouble which culutiuatcd in the strika
ol the engineers. For Instance, when the order was
IsiUitl that a redtict on of leu per cent would be made
In me .salaries ol all in the employ of the transporta
tion department wo grumolcd, nut wo conductors did
: not have the same strength to enter buttle as the en
gineers. When tho day lor tho reduction came a cer
tain conductor called mo and said, 'Why, what are yon
i saying about reduction y 1 have been advanced f)5
| a mouth, aud so have two others.' That is tosay,
out of forty conductors on tho line the reduotion at
! fccled all hut three, and these wcro actually advanced,
without any meritorious service to plead. But then,
i you know, a certain official who has something to say
; In the matter has a good umo at tho house ot one ol
i ibote men every second or third Buuday. To give
| anothor instance:?A detective on tho road made a re
I port involving the honesty of some of tbo company's
trusted agents?showing, in tact, a oolluslon lor down
right iraud. The dctectivo was warned to keep his
mouth chut, but ho relusod. and he was peremptorily
dismissed. This 1 consider a grievous outrage.
[ Yet Chancellor Williamson lias tho tacts in
bis possession, and I have wondered that,
as ho is a director and the legal adviser
oi tho company, he did not have tbo matter In
vestigated. The detective produced proois that bogui
names were entered ou the payrolls, and that thou
sands upou thousands of dollars were In this way drawn
Irom the treasury ol the company; yet, singular to say.
there was no investigation, hut tho man was casnierco
lor his ellorts to protect the company. Chancelloi
Williamson also knows this. To shoe uow far personal
pique la cacriod out, the agent at Kan wood station hat
becu discharged by Superintendent Kicker, the dismiss*
to take ellcct on' tbo 1st ol November, the very day
wl-.en Kicker's own connection with the road expiros,
although Ibe entire people of the town petitioned U
have the agent retained."
The conductor mentioned tho names of high officials
who are involved, but requested tbe reporter not to
publish them, as an Investigation will tsko place under
the new management, aud then the wholo detallswlll
come out. This conductor will bo a witness. He says
that there is general rejoicing among tho employes ol
the road at the appointment ol Colonel Moore to suc
ceed Superinioudoul Kicker. "Now," said he. wL
exultation, "you bet we'll buvo a road when old Moore
takes the reins.'*
At St. Thomas' Episcopal church, cornnr of Fifth
avenue and Fifty third stroet, last evening, the Neve
York Protestant Episcopal City Mission Society held
their lorty-fourtb anniversary. The church was wol;
tilled with members and others, and there was a largt
representation of Episcopal clergymen in tn<
chancel. The services were conducted by ' th<
Rev. Dr. Morgan, rector ol Si. Tboraas'
eburch, assisted by Rev. Frederick Courtney.
Rev. Dr. Morgan, after the opening services,
c.vmo forward and exprgssed for Bishop Potter his re
grets at not being able to be present on account of ill
health, and then Introduced Rev. Charles T. Wood
mil. the superintendent of tho City Mission, who read
the roport of the Executive Committee. The report
elated in effect that at no time in llie history of the*
society had lis financial condition been so low and dis
couraging as it was one year ago. For many years the
Income had fallen far below tho expenses, but by
menus of mortgages on the real estate of the society
and by legacies mo deficiency hud always been made
up. One year ago, however, nil resources had become
exhausted* and thecommlitee lound theuiselvos at the
beginning of a new year with no money far the futura
not only, but with none to pay bills then maturing.
Kalbcr than have the work stop two gentlemen of the
committee camo forward with $ 1,000 each to enable
tho Uoard to pay what was then due, and to begin the
year, trusting that God would in snmo way show thorn
how to go on without any reduction of their work.
The conviction forced itself on the committee that the
expenses had to bo reduced, and, alter a thorough dis
cussion, It was resolved to givo up Bethlehem chapel
altogetuer, to discharge the chaplain of ML Bar*
nabas' chapel and to reduce tho salaries of
tho missionaries remaining ten per cent,
and thus cut down tlio expeuxes $7,200.
Tins was done, and the society is now, thanks to the
?Id ol a uumber of charitable pcrsous, in a sound
financial condition During the past year SL Barns
has' Home has received and cared lor 1,471 women
aud children In addition lo the children ndmiited into
the day nursery; 20,881 free lodgings were furnished
during the year, ami 140,1171 free in?ais supplied, being
an Increase ol 333 lodgings and 30,500 meals over the
previous year. The total receipts for the year wera
$">4,249 55, and tho total expenses wcro (31,991 03.
The clergy in the employ or the society are the Super
intendent, who. besides his own work, has charge of
the New York Infant Asylum, No. 24 Clinton place,
and, corner of Slxty-llrat street and Tenth
avenue. is also chaplain of the Midnight
Mission; Rev. William tj. French, missionary to
the live institutions on Itlarkwcll's Island; the Rev. J.
<}. B. Heath, missionary to the Tumhs and tho Jefferson
and Essex Market, Yorkville and Harlem prisons; the
Nursery aud Child's Hospital, tho Colored Home and
?tie House of Detention; the Rev. Fred. Oertel. Mis
sionary to Helhlehcm chapel; the Rev. T. Van Roon
broeoli and the Rev. W. F. f.udlum. After the reading
ol the report addresses were delivered by Rev. Mr.
Brooks, Rev. Dr. Morgan ami Kov Dr. Fredorick Court
ney, all ol' whom spoke in thankful terms of tbesuo
cess that had alroauy attended the nitons of the soci
ety. and calling on the generosity ol the people to aid
them to tho best of the.r ability in the lulure.
Shortly aftor eleven o'clock last ulghl some little ex
ritement was caused In the I'nlou Square Hotel, corner
of Fifteenth street and Fourth grenue, by ? Are break
ing out in (tie kitchen. The engines wore soon on the
spot, and In ten minutes the names were extinguished.
Several of the guests, becoming alarmed, began pack
ing up preparatory to leaving, but President Perley,
of the I'irn Department, who board* in the hotel and
was present, succeeded in nllaytog their rears.
The lire was caused, it Is supposed, by boiling fat
overflowing Irom tho range. The total damage will no'
exceed $200.
A despatch was received at tho Central Office, left
night (rom the Brooklyn Pohco Headquarters, an
nouncing the finding of* body in the river by tne
Brooklyn police. Tlia deceaaed ts about forty year*,
five feet six Inches in holgbt, with dark hair and raus
mene and dressed In black diagonal pantaloons, blaeK
frock eoat, striped calico shirt und gaiters. A blank
book, upon which was written "Mr. Moix, corner ol
Houston and Clinton streets," was found in his pockaL
A visit lo that locality threw no light on tho Identity ol
deceased. A Mr. Met* keeps a drug store at the corner,
but the persons thero stated that Mr. Met* did not at
nil answer the description given. Ho left Ills store at
six o'clock last night to go lu Mtnten Island, and tbey
had no doubt he was sale and well at that place.
The body is at present at the Brooklyn Morgue.
Officer Bnfford, of the Steumboat squad, last nigkl
found the body of an unknown man floating In thn
North Kiver, near pier No. 49. The deceased It nhonk
thirty-five years or age, live feet seven inchnt in
height, light complexion, smooth face, black hair, and
was dressed In dark pants and vest, whlto shirt and
heavy boots. The police think It Is the body ol Hugh
rtark, of No. 37 L'larkson street, who has beoa mining
lor three weeks. The Cnrouar wa?

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