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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, November 11, 1876, Image 9

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SMALT, ARMS.
IIow Rifled Breeeh-LoadiiiE Arms fame To Be
Used as Military Weapons.
OLD AND NEW RIFLED MUSKETS.
Lou;; Kuuge Hides for Infantry Soldiers, and
What They Could Accomplish.
THE SCIENCE OF SHOOTING.
I'H.i.iliKLI'UIA, Nov. 8, 1976.
It was expected by many military uieu that the
foreign rowers would have placed on exhibition lulier
assortment* ol ariuy small uruis than aro to be Diet
with m any ol their departments. Kxcepting tbo
Ktupp gun anil a tew other pieces of artillery in the
Rum .ui nod the llriuilian departments, very lew
weapons of ? ?r are on exhibition. Whether this ub
reuco ol military show is attributable to a delicate
compliment wliirh the other Powers Intend lor tbo
United Staler lu honor ol their tradltlonul "peace
JHlltOV," or that KuropSM gunuiakers thought tbo
bringing their warts to I'biladelphla would bu like
carrying coal* to Newcastle, does not clearly appear.
At an\ r lie there aro to ho louud 111 Machinery Hull,
the ordnance department of the I'ultod States build
ing, and stowed away In ? eveial corners of the main
edlllco, a snttlciont numhor of portuble military arms
to cnaiilo lis to form a pretty correct op.nion ol the im
provements u hieb have lately been introduced into
the method of their manutacturo uud mode of use.
The ?>>tum* which are mostly adopted by the prtuapal
military Powers are? u France, the chasiepOt; lu Kug
lMDd, tbe Martin.-Henry and the Snyder; tu Prussia, an
Improved model ol the BSudl* gun; In the United
Slltn tb? lti'itlligtOR a^d the Siiringllold rities. Ill
Hussla, Brazil, Att'iria, Spain, Egypt au l other minor
power* one or mi re ol tbe>o system* aro used. Kus
sia, Kgypl, Mrsztl and other >outh American peoples
buvo ndoptud the 1'. mltuton military km to a greater
or less degree, and the Americas house has Met to all
parts ol tbo world hundreds of thousands ol theso
army, whnu, thus tar, aro unsurpassed tir anything
that has beeu produced in Kuiope.
Taking a retrospective glanco at the history <>' the
Invention ol ilrearins, we tlnd a number ol amusing
and instructive facts w hich tend to tl usirate fie Mages
by which lt.?* present perfect stato ol elliciency lias
beeu reached, ihu<, tho IihimI kuu was adopted about
the middle or tho ultootith century. About tho year
1MM the invention of tho Krcnade pave rise to the
inilctl respected name ol grenadiers, uud tbe dragon to
that ol drugoous; tho Iu -11 to that ol lusilotrs, und tho
lnusketoiu (which appeared about tbe year
lGttO) lu that of musketeers. In tbe artillery
museum ol Purls Is to ho foutid ono ol
th>' most extensive and Interesting collections ot small
aims Hint cau be seen am where. Of these ;H1 sped,
mens aro ol calibre ,6S inch and under, and the har
lo s ol' 33 of them do not o.xceedltf', inches long,
white *Jti7 aro between 19and 39 inche s in length.
Nineteen have straight and 3"Jl inclined grooves, l->^
have the grooves uutturmly inclined to the u\is ol tho
bore, while In K1 the twist diminishes Iroin the breech
to tbo muzzle ami in J9 it Increas e in tho same direc
tion. In 83 the twist increases ucar the mludle ol the
bore; in 07 the grooves make (like many ol tho arms
now in use) a ball turu Irom breach to muzzle. The
grooves in ;!19 ot them make irom a ball to a whole
?urn uiul in .'>j Irom ono to two turns. Two hundred
and six havo an* even number of grooves, 117
uti odd number; 7D Invo Irom two to six grooves
and 232 irom seven to twelve. Tbeso tacts serve
to remind us that tilled arms are not of re
cent invention, lu 1GSU tbo Lite Uuords ol Chariot 11.
were purtin ly provided with rilled carbines, and eleven
years ullorward the Surcdltb dragoons had the tame
sort of arms, l'ru-sla did cot adopt this kind of
wc.ipou till 1700, and uuiety.three years ultcrward the
first lobulation model carbine was made *t Versa I Ilea
tor the French army. Iltlt ritled arms were soon aban
doned by ihe French, oil accounttof the diRhulty
which whs then tound in Haling Ihcin. fcngtand did
not take up ltie rule us a military weapon till 1704, and
two years uliorward Austria bad lllteen battalions of
light inlautry, the most or whom earned rilles.
Seventy-si-. years uyo Uvo battalions of the Uille
Uiljjado iu tho llriti-h service were
,, I:MK1> WITH KIKLKS
ot lo1.. pounds weight, including the swor I. These 1
weapons were sighted tor aietsncM i>?t?c?u loo |
and -l'u yards; they liad seven grooves, ami the rifllnc !
nut do u quarter ot a luru in u -S leet barrel. Tho :
ipnartcul bull wuii'h they carried v.as driven homo to
its euai in the breech by a mullet. When Wellington
was in tho l'eainsuLl his rilleincn had bulleii
ui UHlerent n/.es lor tho *Mmu puce; iho
smcillcr cue bems intended lor <|aick llr
lug, i hu uianuluciurer of these rifles stMrs
thai -(H) yards was lliu ^r< attest distance at wnich
they could be fined with any degree ol certainty. lie I
sometimes louud good results, wnen the witidwus
Caliu, at .nju yards, uud frequently Ured them at 4<>0
tuu->OU yards, sometimes striking thu object, though
liiu thoia vamd much. In lsa# the Brunswick riUe !
s.ti introduced into the British army, uud in lM-i a |
JwmmiUee ol olticers who had oeeu assembled al Ku
su.U lu toporl iiptiii the matter louud that all practice j
a* > o?i 4wtl > ara? wttii this rifle was ?too wild to give
> corn et "ii. iu nt it< elevation "
Kurh iu the seventeenth ei-mury ilio French Intro- 1
dui ed II? nt loi r;.-! Into their band guus, bul the obstinate '
hiunau wodU not have uny Hung to do with the new
iuv ttiMU until tiearly ball a century luier. Tho tliut
i'ck method ol comuiun.anting lire to the charge con- I
unueu in use lor upward ol UM years. A luiui objec- ;
'.nni to I lie 11 hi lot k w.is that it wim unable to e float ?
ivi l> protect the pTiluiug pan from ^et'.ing wet; also I
the Unit lrei|Uentiy lulled to lire the pruning, leaving !
'.he soldier si the mercy of In* enemy. lu 1807 the 1
Rev. iir. Forsyth obtained a pntent lor a new system
>t priming by means ol a <oui| ostllou ol suipbatu
?i |n>ta-li. clisrcoul and suiputir. It wax lounu |
to be tuu corrosive, .aid hud to ho changed
lo a composition ol chlorate ot potash, fitliniu.itu ol
mercury uud ground glass, spplied by means ol tho
percussion cap. which is now rapidlv lalliug luto dis
u e. The va.ua oi Mr. Forsyth's inventioii was tested '
in IM14 agaiust the liint lock, ivtien it was louud that j
out ol li.tiou rounds tho lorinor metliod t?vc out fix \
iniSfUres, whereas by the latter there wore 92-. lliat ;
triai sealed the late ol'the II lit lock, which had been ,
borne in many a bloody irny by the heroes ol tno
American Revolutionary war and the bravo soldiers ol'
other countries.
i Hi: OLI) l>SKi:t'MIOS MCSKKT,
which we nro now learn in,: to loon back to with that
TeglMtlut respect that our lathers had lor the llmt lock,
gave way to Hie lined arm which was adapted to carry
the improved Mime bullet conical shape. A* la e as
I KM we Hud I.icutehaut Colonel McKerlio, ol the Kuyul j
{Itritinti| Kngineeis, reporting such sluil as tho fellow- I
lug:?"Musketry fire should never be opened bevomi !
lad yard*, hud certainly never at a distance exceeding ;
too yards. At tins dwtsnee hall tho numimr ol shots i
missed a target eleven icet six inches, anil at 150 yards j
a very largo proportion missed also."
The Kronen, in order to place themselves on equal
terms with Abd-ei-Kuder's followers in Algeriu, udopioJ I
the |Ioivi;im liuliet, which could no mane' to outer the I
rule reaully and altera.ird to leave It lu an expanded
condition, it was soon discovered that alter liei|ueut !
liriug the chamber itot tilled With residuum, to obviate
which difficulty Colonel Thouveuiu llxed an non pillar,
Br st thu breech ol the piece, around winch the
powder distributed tlseil, and the bullet was expanded
bv two or three an.art biowa of a heavy headed raiu
rod. Home years later Captain Mime proposed a bullet
Which would obviate ail the dillleulties experienced lu
loriucr system ol projectiles. Thin was to
lake tits expansion iroin an iron cup Htted
Uito the base of an elongated, or conoidal,
kali. In 1^50 tho rifled musket constructed
ou lb is plan was received luto the 1'reuch service, and
joext year the Mime rihe mud partially adopted by thu
British. But the Ddvigne and Mmie projectiles were
by no mesus the fit st ot their kind proposed lor mill
tar/guns. lu 1S46 the celebrated Hobbius recom
mended the use of egg-shaped bullets, lo
be fired With their heavy eml foremost, so as
to keep the centre ol gravity m iront of
that ol lijjiire; but they were a failure. Again,
In liSo M. Turptti experimented at Met/, with elongated
projectiles loi portable arms. They were also icstod
during tho llrst years of the French Revolution, by M.
Sanaa do Moresu, and in 1816 thu Prussians tried
.iieir bauds at ilium. All these diilorenl trials allowed the
Mperrarlty Ol the elongated bail to the spherical when
i-ed iii 11tied arms, until at last the memorable iuven
Uoo of Captain Minus settled definitely tho question in
;av<>r ul tne conoioai projocttie now almost universally
tsed.
HRKKCH LOA PICKS.
The next Important step in advance was the Intro
dactain Ol breech loaders Tin* advantages claimed
lor tins specie* of arm were:?facility and rapidity in
losd ug and bring; greater accuracy resulting irom thu
u>.> ui a ball Citing snugly into the grooves ol tho
rilling; a longer rangu and liatter trajectory than could
b? o naiueu lion the muxzie loading system and the
Use ol an elongaieu bullet. Tbo idea ol inserting the
?hargo at lae t.teucia, like that of rtfling tbo barrel, is
U?t a new oos. Ou the Continent of Kuropo, lu the
Museum* ol ? rauce, Oermany, Austria aud other Pow
tta, are to be seen models ot breecn-loading guns and
revolving pistols that are almost as auclent us
the use ol powder itsell In the United states we
?ad that Mini's brtech-loading Hint lock musket was
introduced lolottae service a? early
the system never became a *reai favorite id '
aid itgradually abandoned alter the
asarsr
rr.;r-!ir.? Av.7"?.'h.?.. ????"> i
arm her soldiers with a weapou constructed upon
th at was able to command victory uudcrvoryd'mc ult
circumstance*. The principal ^,"lu't\?o . |e cTu u
now iu use aro the nxed chamber, me movable cnurn
her tue bolt or horizontal action and tho hamu ?
iicrm'u .icular action. It would occupy too tuuUi kpa
to ,vo even a list ol Inventors' name,
Improvement* ol more or loss value, el It sulllcc to
a lew of tho systems thai liavube-tsl Wje
f t.i.io it it ti bard service. The ReininKlou
nam
U.l of mac and hard service Tho
and SpriuiMleld r.ilca adopted by the regah.
aud National ?iuard for^K. !? Kr*nch the
States; the Chanaepot. used by lbo ' lbe
Mauser, or Improved l,e,d'V?kHenry
ha'ids of the Prussian troops, and the JUrUnt lie y
and suydcr guns used by the British. The Swedish
?ud Austrian systems aro MinhinationB of ^
other ol tho above models. A gunsllup|,ciiy
come into prominent uotice, because ol p|g an
ol its mechaniwn and efllclency id I ? rl_
Amon<%i invention by Burton. A* vcttCbluVcd
?,g rules those of Sharp aud Winchester ha% o acnicvcu
ur miliar .11 r.c.iv.d ' "'J?'?" ^Uig
luvcutors, aud tho aPl^'*""'c |aforrtblo evidcuce ot
rlllea and magazine guns gives lavir oi Alucnra
the successfuloess ol their lubi roaliv olliclent
is the only country . ? ^ rtnuww "?
repealing or '"^Tltarion magazine gnu and tho
possessing tao .-tbc iirtoD k plt.ct.g being
Winchester repeating rille, , , * ,weivo to
?*M" ? .??
sixteen rouudf, wniie ? breech-loaders. Utely
tit'uo to use them "? ?????? of Kvaus,
yun la capabl.-ol curr^t..fc"b|e ^ 6Un|1 lhu le,?
pructicc u ha- . n i*-** fov tho Urduauce Board
i=i55=SEK=|
h brttUi iouuiuk winch was composed ol .
Sr^ne rv. Colouela Hagnor and Clltr, >U|or Kern, j
^ . ,i',w. i.iv i.g--i?'i., did not hesliale in expressing i
S2HSS55!
T "'.cl,r* 7ibrrecli-loadliiic arm.. and at the
l,e*t of Il?o ?u?l.? . t.?u?Ujr inaiiftpuUted mnfir
' a ?i" e 't'v8ry *ou?ider?tiou of puulle policy .bail require It.
Udll^::'v.d further. That the .^'rll-Bur^
with tie luaicasitie e"rblue, uii , Metcaito
O.I.M.I at the Sprii.?tlejJ Anuory aMU UM |lcv of
e?riri.l^e, have ?u ?>..|.rew.ed t he' ?0"~r*,,?l|il|,nB the con
ihu". mis'" love VpXlttrd" ilian any other m?K?>M gun tried
b, them or ol which they have any knowledge. 4c.
jtMMUSITIOX.
With the Introduction ol ureoch-loadln* arras came
cap mid I or % ihiuuH Combustible* cart
tried' but in pruct.ce they would not
r ?h tho v\ rappiu>? couid uot bo couHUUied anil
' ml^uA''exp"oslo<ir'l?f he idea^l^omptaliely destroy
doucil, til U i? u U or bruBS head,
sSSfer.*:
l?ars ai d IU conleiils kept absolutely dry, so that tho,
uki-ri"S
to . he ?ov?rr^|[:^ulu'urtUl1t'Vcltou '''ilio'"breecb-loading
a'riui can be hr. d'so rapmly. it U.llow. that a frequent
wa?ic o. ainmuu,uouJsth0re;uH.AT.o2|
The dlHerent .ysiotua ol small arina oxhlbitod hero
tin uiih r?ii? j rall,... and elloctiveuess. Mili
S|v. v^ious decrees .^rau^alg.ghted up to
r.?M
r'l'. .r TTi ii nice tho long range rille is fsr more effective
t'iiau the W'1.tary r;'l|e ^ ?t ?00 yards.
-" FE?::rrv:v:;srs.r'h
r.' ".1.. r^. n..*,e rs lo be no go.nl reason ut all why our
t 'hlieM whoW uustiiesa U is to bo expert shots should
si.blurs, ?uo _ tabids tho bust arms that lne
n.,1i.ave plated^in ^ ^ l p U( fl00 or boo yards
cnaUieal t*11' L ' , U1 tno hands ol the army aud
o\'\lT?Na?l"ob ?Uiuard a^e reliable euouBh. but beyond
ol the Aaiiou to ba jem.uaed upon. Iho
these dlslaticea lU riUo u ?iu,Kothor loo largo
present hill nrnli'clile luultv In shape aud tho
in tho bun, the J 0qo r*a?on lor i
:%^Sr;rw "?ur%
: n? r.i war l ? mnclpal Silitary Cowers of hurope
art,i*. even thl? reason or touiijiu nfc |u|liury mlJsll?
inch i"^|or the purpose of destroying lilo It
WC;,l,? i^t w a nrcc.ate tlii reason why cvUl/.od na
<s dilhLUtt II explosives iu sinall arius but
ttons exc Udt th. U.IirP|u tiront yuDg. T(l0 qt,0S
S? VLS*.f^-is JSHa 8e;lc:by
mIjiUry pu^tMMes^Thls i^^^mjiroiniM^^iwei^n^ho
'"V.'.'^i'ii l ti.e h? tv !<>"?? hundredths, or small bore,
s5srs?s^?^5^.
^ W Iri.r Which Lives the i-ost practice, lhe military
U,U ol lead and " grams of
?,owder I he result cannot be doubtful; the best marks
u.uu could uot make a creditable record with the nun.
^ ?r.. atanv distauco over 000 yards, while an
.? lh?t would get on the target nearly every
axcrann *h ?i a??tanc#i witli the ?m?il bore arm.
AaVt 'is tlie^usiness of regular soldiers to be expe.t
i * asm cifialDlv vhuirillo and aminunitiou wblcil
aite'uie' iKsi p^aetice at extreme raiigis suouia be ,
f,** t,v them. The Kemiugtous Intvo ou exhi
h. . !i. I n. which is kuown as the -epeciul inih
' !"! r" L. , ,I1S J.?n is ol calibre .44. carries the cylin
? i k.11 ..i ibree and a hull calibres long, and
Uro-conical ball "I three anu a w?ei. accu
",kM ibome?"gr"es satislactory pracllce at
rs :H r:i" r=,^ jsssu-s
SSEsssruM
?*!? on * be i-oiul lor Ouo v.irds Tne Slates ol Coonw:
ncut and lth^r. is,and have botn adopted the 45
ticut """ . . ~hUit< us Witnessed du tho
call ore rillc, and ll? wuri ^ ^ l>lOV|dMlco have
["'Iu1 "exceedinniv lavorable lo the change, which is
v,7ouchi To ?e much lor tno lieiier. l he great num.
^ .?? ?s;,;r :;y
i rt r or hkil'iuch uur. .|k(iimm wl uu[ Atti.ric.n
; "? r *&?
tary rillc*.
? UULI-UIAMM) UIHll KAN'UK lilVLKA
Major Leech, iato Captain ol ilia Irish Kille Team, {
ha* gouo Into nu elanorate statement tu show that itio 1
four successive deieats ?l In* countrymen urn ullribu- i
table la mi unaccouulaulo series ul accideuis winch
linvu always wrested victory Irom their bauds. It i?
true lliut the scores ol Johnson ami ul >iillnor, at uuu
aud l,utH)yards liuvo never been equalled. Their achieve
ment* an- credited 10 the excellence ol tne uiuxzle
losding itiin which lin y handled, whereas lliey niiitl
bo utiribuiod loexcellehce id nidiv iilu.il insrksumuship.
To allow that Ilia Auioricau breech-loader Was the |
butler piece, it is only necessary to stsio I
that all through too great Ceuienmal m <lch the
American tram had lowor outers and inner* and mora
bull's eves thin their opponents. I no reasou of ibis
U trial ine breech loader wis always shot under the
same conditions, these are, a dealt luifrl and an
equal hiiiouui ol dry powder. Thia can hardly bo said
ol ibc muzzle loader; lor ibo charge, on It" way to
the breech ol the piece, must Icavu adhering to the
residuum along tne tvalla ol tlio barrel u certain
amount ol powder, that Irom the varying imglo at
which It ts onioned into the bore must always be .
unequal; therefore the mtrksman is ooliged to shoot
with charges sometimes heavier and sometime* lighter
tliun nl others. Also, us tlio barrel at Uill- reiit tliues '
of the day shows different degrees of moisture, ill* ,
susceptible ol being made more or leys clean by the
greased w.td which Is passed down ou lop ol the 1
powder. The bullet, loo. It liable to tmplugeat dillerent
angles on the lauds ol the rilliug, and io require blows
ol dillcreht force to set it home, and. consequently, at j
the moment of explosion the inertia of the hall
overcome with dillarent degrees of facility, giving
doubtless more or lo?a horizontal or lateral deflection
as ibo case may he. With lite breech loader the |
charge always goes into tne chamber and leaves the j
tnuz/lu under precisely the samo^couditious, conse- i
qi.cully u moro uuilorm practical result must be looted
lor.
Trio greater number of misses at Croednioor by the
American leain than that recorded sgaiust their oppo- j
ntols is to he accounted lor easily enough. The '
Kigby bullet Is hardened with quicksilver, tho per
centage of which lias not been altered lor yours,
whereas the Americans wore using
PKOJBlTILKH UARDKMKO WITH TIM,
and different percentages of that alloy were employed
in dillereni batches ol the bullets, some oi which were,
ol course, harder than others. Tho ron-cquonee ol
this inequality wus that some ol the softer bu. ets had
loo much "upset" and leaded tho bora, wbnc the
others wore too hard and did not lake the rilling. I
.Notwithstanding this great drawback, which was uu- j
derstood by tew present ou the day ol tho match, the
Americans won; and when they shall havu obtained a
bullet of mora auiiorm density than thai now used j
they will. In future contests, be further ahead of tbeir
rivals thin hitherto.
Kroiu ibe iint> * pec i men of arm* on exhibition here
it la plain iliat the most satisfactory degree ?t perfec
tion uas been reached in their manufacture by Ameri
cans. ft is a ^reut military truth, tacitly acknowl
edged by all professional soijlers, that the country
which own* the bett gnu* la likely to be most success
ful in the field; and, loukicg ut the subject from this
point of view, the American people have no reason to
bo envious ut their neighbors.
SHOULD T1IICKK PK AN Y UROUXtOF BC SPICI OX OF
nucocun coubtwo ox either bids ir should uk
RXRORTKD AMI) UHOnCIII AT OXCB.
No mam worthy tuc owoi or I'iiksidknt should
BK WILLING TO HOLD IT I? "COC'XTSD IX'' OK PLACED
T1IKKK BY ANY FRAUD. KlTUKR PARTY CAX AfROKU TO
BK DISAPPOINTED IX THK RESULT, BUT TUB CO IN THY
CAXXOT AFFORD TO 1IAVK TUB RESULT TA1XTKD BY THK
suspicion ov illeual ok false returns.'
U. 8. GRANT.
THE RURNHAM TRAGEDY.
Coroner Croker was notified late on Thursday night
ot the affray In the "Burnt Rag" No. 2, at No. 263 Weal
Seventeenth street, which resulted in the dangerous
wounding of Charles G. Burnham. lie at once pro
ceeded to Bellovue Hospital to take bis ante-mortem
deposition. It was iiupos?iblo to determine who the
person was that Indicted the injuries.
After declaring that bo believed that be would re
cover from the effects of bis wound, Burnbam mauo
the following statement:-?
I attend bar for Mr. Bums at No. 263 West Seven
teenth street. On Wednesday night wo hud a ball
buck of tuo saloon, and we borrowed a coupio of bot
tles oi wine iroiu a man named lloiuu, who kept an
oyster saloon on .Sixteenth street and Klglitb uveuue.
Alter we .shut up 1 went to the saloon ol llolan to get
a slew. Mr. llolan and my boss were indulging in a
bottle of wine. My friend, George Cavunagh, and my
belt (oiued in, and wo bad four or tlvo bottles ot wine.
Wo remained there until about lour o'clock in the
morning, nud then ail went away, except myself and
tliu man who kept the saloon. We wont out on the
Sidewalk, and tliero 1 mot a woman who had walked
down Iroin Thirty-ninth street and asked
me lor live cents. 1 look her dowu to our store. Slio
wanted lo sit there till daylight. 1 began to go to boa.
A rap came on Ibe door *nd 1 opened it, and Mc(>uire
uud another man cume iu. I'hon there were three
men and the woman in the room. 1 missed a pin out
ol my khlrt. The woman told me Mcliui.re had takeu
It. He denied it Hud abused mo. lie got drinks uud
would not pay tor them. 1 wanted him to go out, but
he would not do so. ilo called me a llur lor accusing
bun ol stculliit: the piu. 1 ordered him out, asd he
struck at me. Then 1 wont behind the our and got u
club and struclc McGuIro and the other l'eilow. llu
companion ran out. Mctiulrc washed the blood
oil irom b lie self, and then threatened to kill ma lie
then Marled to go away. The woman was standing at
inc glass, and 1 was lying on the bed. While lying
lliere a man camo in and oegun shooting at mc, firing
throe shots. Tlio first missed mc, but the oilier two
hit mc. It was not Mcliuire thai shot me. 1 don't
know tho man's natno, but It was tho man who wus
with McGulrc, and the same man 1 bit witb the club.
1 Jumped up, went three or four steps, and loll. 1 am
tHeuiy-elyht years of age, and whs born at Utica, N. V.
I never taw Hie man before seeing him with McGnlre.
This all occurred Thursday morning, between five and
six o'clock.
S30ULD TIlKItK IIR AXY UROUNDS OK SUSPICION OP
FRAUDULENT COCJfTlXO OX KITUKR S1DK IT BUOULD UK
REPORTKD AXO DKXOl'XCED AT OXCB.
No MAN' WORTHY THK OFFICE OF president BUOULD
BK WILLING TO l!OU> IT IP "COUNTED IN" OR PLACED
TIIKKK BY ANY PR A CO EITHER PARTY CAST AFFORD TO
1IK DI.- APPOINTED IX THE RESULT, HIT TUB COUNTRY
CANNOT AFFORD TO 1JAVK THK RKBULT TAINTED UY TUB
SUSPICION OF ILLKUAL OR FALSE RETURNS.
U. a GRANT.
TRIAL OF COMMISSIONER FOWLER.
THK ONE MILLION FOUR HUNDRED THOUSAND
DOLLAR STORAGE RESERVOIR CONTRACT.
Yesterday afternoon tho members of tbo Brooklyn
Board of Aldermen mot again In tbo Common Couucil
Chamber, uud resumed tho trial ot Commisioner of
City Works, William A Fowler, who was suspended
by Mayor Schroeder for alleged nonfeasance In ofllce
lu relation to the Hempstead storage rosorvoir. Presi
dent French presided. There were only eleven mem
bers of the Board present; but, by mutual cousoul of
Counsellors 1'ryor and De Witt, thai number was ac
uopted us a quorum. Secrotary Duniel N jrthrup, of
the Board of C'uy Works, was examined by Ibe Corpora
tion Counsel, and testified mat. lie did not know
when tho bids lor the contracts of the reservoir
were received by the Board of City Works. The
bids ttero opened January 4, 1872, as shown by wli
noss' Indorsement ou the papers at the nine. In the
course ol ihu cross-examination of Mr. Northrup by
General 1'ryor the witness smd he bad never seen any
act of Commissioner Kowlor's which appoared to hliii
a disposition ou his pari to sacrifice tbo interests of
the city; bad never seen lilin show any partiality to
ward Honrs. Kingsley and Keenev, ihe contractor*.
John Cameron, a furmer, oi I'lainileld, N. J., testi
fied that ho wis familiar with earth excavating; In his
vp.niou iwouty-tlve or twenty six cents por yard
would btivo been a fair prico tor ttio excavation ol the
soil iu tho Hempstead reservoir in 1872. A largo
buich o! documents beariug on the work were Intro
duced by the Corporation Counsel In evidence, aud
Ihe Comtnun Council then adjourned until two o'clock
this aiternoon.
Should tiierk he any grounds or suspicion or
FRAUDULKXT COUXTINO OX EITHER S1DK IT SHOULD BK
REPORTED AND DENOUNCED AT OXCK.
NO MAX WORTHY THK OFFICE OP PrKBIDEXT SHOULD
BK WILLIXO TO HOLD IT IF "COUNTED IX" OR PLACED
TIIERK BY ANY FRaCD. EITHER PAKTT CAX AFFORD TO
BK DISAPPOINTED IX THE RKBULT, BUT THK couxtry
CAXXOT AFFORD TO HAVK THK RKBULT TAINTED BY THK
SUSPICION OF ILLKUAL OR FAL8B RETURNS.
9 U. S. GRANT.
MUNICIPAL NOTES.
Flags wore again profusely displayed from the City
Hull yesterday In honor ol the supposed election ol
Mr. Tildcn to the Presidency.
It remains (or tbo Board of Aldermen to pass upon
ihe provisional estimates (or 1877, and they will take
them up at a special meeting.to bo hold noxt week.
Mayor Wickbatn was absent Irom official duty yes.
terdav. He is evidently very much Interested In the
result of the national contest.
It is understood tbut 11. C. Thompson, prrsont pri
vate secretary ol Commissioner Campbell, will be ap
pointed Deputy Commissioner ol Public Works in
place of Henry A. Uumbleton, who has Just been
oiocted County Clerk.
Amottious politicians, now that tbo election is over,
are busily engaged in forecasting ou the Vacant com
missionerships under tho city government. Mayor
Kly has several place* to give away during the first
year ol his administration
THE EXCISE IMBROGLIO.
The caso against Kxcise Commissioners Morton, Pat
terson et al., whereby they wero charged by Mr.
Mundy with illegal practices in the exerciso ol their
official dutios, enmo up yesterday alteruoon for a hear
ing, lieiore Justice Morgan, at the Tombs Court. Mr.
A. U. Hall appeared lor the prosecution and Judge
Hiotendorf lor the defence. Alter the hearing of
counsel on both sides, on u motion made for h post
ponement by tho di-lencu, hi* Honor ordorsd an ad
journment of tho caso lor ono week from next Tuos
day, at three o'clock I'. M.
Should there hk art orouxds op sudpiciox op
. rRArl>Ul.t.*T COt'.NTIXO OX B1TIIKR SIDE IT SHOULD BE RB
PORTED AND DKXOl'XCKD AT ONCK.
No MAX WORTHY TDK OVFICB OP PRKSIDBXT SHOULD
BK WILUXO TO HOLD IT lr "COUXTKII U" OR PLACBD
TI1RRR ilY ANY FRAUD. KlTnKIt PARTY CAB AFFORD TO
RE DISAPPOINTED IX TUB RK4ULT, BUY THE COUNTRY
CAXXOT AFFORD TO HAVE THE RKHULT TAINTED BY TUB
SUSPICIOH OF ILLROAL OR FALSE RIETURXS.
U. S. QUANT.
JOHN POEY, THE DhCt-ASED CUBAN.
Broo*lyx, Nov. 7,1878.
To thr Editor op tue Herald:?
lu your last Sunday' edition appears an obituary
notice ol ray uucle, Mr. John l'oey, of Cuba. The
writer ol the same, while doing him Justice in somo parts
of It, does mm gross injustice In others, and should
have remembered thai of tho dead we should alwa.Vs
write the truth and not wanler into expressing ideas
ol which I doubt If he knew anything positive. In said
notice it is said that my RBSle Invented the mode of pun*
Isiiing bis slaves oy pouring cold water ou their heads,
and this is not so; lor in no piuutatiou lu Cuba wore
tho hands hotter treated, us is proved by tho fact that
out lit the l,o*hj bands in l.?s Cartas there lias iieen no
runaways tor ii:uny years, us there Are in ail other
estates where the men uro not woll treated, and 1 can
voucb that lu l<as Cartas tho slaves have always been
treated in a manner in accordant* with tbo system of
advance mantles.ed in the management of tlio whole
estate. Again, the notice accuses my uncle of making
money nut ol tho embargoed estate*. This I again deny.
He was moreiy a member ot the commission appointed by
tbo government to take charge ot the embargoed prop
erty, and bo accepted more lor the bcnttitol tho sultcr
urs, ol wbotn I was one, lliun aught else, and no ono
has as )ot even surmised that he over made money by
Una. Kespeotiirg politic il opinions nothing should bo
said, as his were a f*cret he never thought proper to
divulge, and even Ms children * ere not a#ar?? ol bis
opinion*. It is much to lie regretted mm the said no
nce was ever published, us it liasdono more harm than
I good; and, even it true, tbo aacretlness ot death
! shoual have been sufficient to protect my poor uncle
' irom slander. He so kind as to iusert tho above, and
I much oblige your obedient servant,
I QONZALO PusiV, No. 71>f Third avenue*,
THE COURTS.
The Fire Association of Philadelphia and Its
New York Agents.
RAKING IN THE LEGAL SPOILS
One of the Victims of the Ocean
Bank Robbery.
MOTION FOR A NEW TRIAL DENIED.
lu October, 1874, the Arm of Cheppee, l'eck k
Howell, carrying ou business as iusurauco agents In
this city, were appointed to aci as tbe representative*
ol tbo Fire Association of Philadelphia. Ilia agents
agreed to reudera statement ol the business trans
acted on tbo l&th ol oacb month to tbe Fire Associa
tion, and on tbe 16tb ol tb?t succeeding month to re
mit all moneys. At tbo time or tliulr appointment
they gave a bond with several sureties* in the sum ot
$."jO,UOU, lor tbe faltblul performance of their duties
as agents, and lor tbo prompt remission of all moneys
collected by them. I'cdor tbo appointment the llrin
ol Cheppee, Peck & Howell transacted a lurge
amount of business lor tho insurance company.
On tho '.'Olh of May.1875, ilieimppoinimcul as agents
was revoked tiy the Fire Association, tor tboir alleged
(allure lu settle and make good their account*. Coon al
ter this revocation suit \vus instituted In the Supreme
Court, of this city, by .Mr. Dos I'assos, eouusol lor tbe
company, againsi the llrin of Cheppce, l'eck & Howell,
and their sureties, which action was reloirod to ex
Judge Uoiworth as referee, to bear and determine tbo
matter In issue. The sureties, through their counsel,
Mr. U. W. Johnson, interposed three defences. which
In view of tbeir novoliy, uud the high standing of the
referee by whom they wore decided, renders the case
an important precedent. The sureties Interposed us
ufRwer thut at the time they entered iulo tho bond
there was an iudebttducss sub. Is ting between the llrin
ol Cheppce, l'ock & Howell, which the sureties, at the
tlrno ol the alining ol tho aitreemout, were not In
formed ol. but that the same was Iruudulently concealed
from them by tho insurance company; that there had
been u Jailuro on the pari ot the agents to render ac
couuts on the lath ol each month, us provided in the
agreement, and that ibis constituted such a modiiica
tlon and alteration of the contract between
tbo agents and the company us to discharge
the sureties, and third, that beforo the revocation of
the agency time had heen given to the agents l>v which
the |>ayiiients due to thu company were extended.
These various points wero litigated bclore Judgo Hos
worlli, but, in an opinion just made, ho has overruled
these defences and decided that the msurance com
pany were entitled to judgment against all tho delend
anla in the sum ol $'J7,000. Ail application wns niado
yesterday bclore Jutluo Spier, boldiu^ Special Term of
tbo Superior Court, by Mr. Dos I'asi-os, toe counsel lor
tbe plalntiir, lor an extra allowance, when the above
facts appeared. Alter hearing counsel for both parlies
decision was made grunting to plaintills' counsel an
extra allowance of $800, in addition to the regular costs.
SHOULD TtlURK UK ANY ('.ROUNDS Or SUSPICION OP
FRAUDULENT COUNTING ON EITItKU SIDE IT SHOULD UK
REPORTED A NO DENOUNCED AT ONCE.
No M.1N WOKTI1Y TUB OFFICE OF 1'KK.SIDKNT SUOt'LD
HE WILLING TO HOLD IT IF "COUNTED IN" OK PLACED
THKKK RY ANY FltAl'D. KiTlIEK PARTY CAN AFFORD TO
UK DISAPPOINTED IN THE RESULT, 111T TUK COUNTRY
CANNOT AFFORD TO 1IAVK THE RESULT TAINTED UY TUX
SUSPICION OF ILLKOAL OH FALSE RETURNS.
U. 8. GRANT.
THE OCEAN BANK ROBBEIIY.
A burglary was committed at tho Oocan National
Bauk In 1870, by which Samuel L. Archer & Co. lost a
qumtily of bonds. Suit wub brought in the United
Mates Court lor tho rocovery of the valuo ol the bonds
UDd a verdict was glvon for the defoudant. A motion
for a new trial was made on tlio ground that erroneous
instructions wero given to tho Jury. Judge Wallace,
lu his decision, says that tbe jury found specially that
tbo bonds lu question at tbo tlino they wero ab
stracted wero not m custody of tho defendant as a
gratuitous bailee, aud that tbo defendant was a
pledgee of tho bonds at tho time, ll it should bo con
ceded that erroneous instructions were given to
tho jury as ihc deureo ol cure exacted of a
gratuitous bailee, or as to the ollect ol tbe evidence m
determining whether thut degree ol care had uot been
observed, the plaintiff could not bavo been prejudiced
thereby. Tbe jury was Instructed thut tho defendant
wi.s liable, it tbe loss was occasioned by the failure of
Its otllcers to observe that care in tbo custody of the
bonas which would havo been exercised by a prudent
aud curelul business man under tho same circum
stances. They wero also Instructed, lu substance, that
the defendant was not necessarily to be held liable
because ol tho ueglect ol some of its subordinate
servants lu the discharge of some particular duty in
trusted to such servants; but II the otllcers of Ihede
lendant employed were competont and trust
worthy, and wore not negligent in retaining
them alter notice of any lact Indicating
tboir incompetency or unfuiihfulness, lliov had
douo all that could be expected ol prudont business
men, and were not chargeablo with negligence. Judge
Wallace says further thut he is satislied this instruc
tion was erroneous, and that tbo nogligenco of any em
ploye within the scope of bisduiies is tbe negligence
or tho defendant. The evidedco to show thut any neg
lect which entered into tho cause of tue loss on the
part ol auy employe look place was so slight thai a
verdict predicated upon tho existence of kimIi neglect
would bo set aside as agu<nst tho weight of evidonce.
Conjectural inferences would nol sustain a finding con
trary lu direct and unconlroverled evidence. The
motion for a new trial was therefore denied.
SUMMARY OF LAW CASES.
Judge Laprcnce yostortUy granted an injunction
forbidding lurtbcr theatrical performances at
"Meagher's," on Sixth aveuuo, until after the pay.
meat of the license fee.
Judge Douohue Is evidently beyond the reach of tb?
present political excitement. He held live inquests
yesterday and tried lour cubcd, but none, however,
possessing any points ot spccial Interest.
Bolore Judgo Sedgwick there was commenced yes
terday the trial or a suit ^irougnt by Martin Jacuson as
assignee or N. 11111 Fowler, against Fernando Wood,
to recover $800 claimed to hav* been paid by Mr.
Fowler lor Cliarics McCarthy, iu settlement ol a claim
duo by Mr. Wood. The answer Is a general deniul.
Judgo Barrett yesterday uenied the motions ror
niuudatnus against the Commissioners or Public
Works 10 sign contracts made respectively by tbecity
with Jobu Sauitsbury. Jr., and Isaac l.unney lor
grading and regulating Nitiety-third street troin Sec
oud avenue to Kast Uivor, and Ninety-nlntli street,
between Firs', and TbirU avenues. The applications |
were denied, however, with perinissiou to move on |
lurtber allldaviis.
In the case ol Otto Aurls, administrator ot tho ostat<f
of Gabrielie Auris, deceased, wile of the platntit!, I
against Jonn and Margaret Schottor, to r/covor prop- I
erty alleged to liave been wronglully detained by llietn,
tried yesterday iu the Marine Court, Fart 3, u verdict |
was given lor tho delendunts.
A verdict was rendered yesterday, in the Marino i
Court, Fart 2, Judge Aiker presiding, in the suit of
Jennlo l.owiukie vs. ShorilT Conner and Leopold and I
Charles Wise, lor au alleged illegal seizure ol property I
claimed by her on a Judgment and execution obtained
against her husbaud. Tho jury assessed tlio damage*
al $84. I
In the cose of John Volz, convicted at the present !
term ol the United Sutes Circuit Court ol perjuiy, iu
making oath that ha possessed certain property to en
title hint to act os bailsman, to wliicli he had no title,
motion was inado and argued > e*tord?y belore Judge
Benedict, in arrest ot judgment and lor a new trial.
Alter considerable argument l>y defendant's counsel
and the District Attorney Judge Benedict denied the
motion.
The General Term of tho Court of Common Pleas
yesterday heard a lengthy argmneiu in the suit
brought by Mary A. Cnntreli against Judge Freed man.
This was the suit m:<Uo memorable by the remark of
Judge Freedinan tuul It look thirteen men to try a
case iu his Court. Between Mr. Henry II. Morange
and Judge Freedinan, who appeared on his own behuli,
there were several saarp and spicy rencontres. The
Court took the papers.
Iu tho suit ol James Bmsse against Wood Bros.,
which is brought tor taxes on property leasoil
to C. B. Wood, the lease contained a clause assuming
the taxes and assessments, an I waa assigned to Fred
erick Wood. Defendants stipulated io make no answer
if time to demur Mas given, and the case camo beiore
Judge Lawrence yesterday on motion lor leave to
answer, which whs oppose ! and decision reserved.
In tlio Court of General Sessions, Part'?!, bolore Judge
Oildorslceve, John Carroll, a servant in tho Wesu
minster Hotel, was tried yesterday and convicted of
aioalimr a tiu box continuing $-, 12r> irom Mr. Britton.
and sentenced to tlvo years iu Sing Sing Prison.
Caroline (irons pleadoa guilty to stealing a set ol lurs
worth $7i, and was sentenced to the Penitentiary
tor one yenr. Bartholomew Cordon, a boy,
was sentenced to Sing Mug Prison lor two
years nud six months, lor snatching u pocketbook
irom Kllen Howard. John McXaily was soot to the
Peuttentiary lor a year ior stabbing Kugcuo lless, ot
No. Tenth avenue. ltecorder Hacketl senteuced
William Maher, a boy, to the House ol Refuge lor rob
bing another boy ol $70 worth ol watch movements,
and James Wetmore to llvo years in Ihn Statu Prison
lor seduction.
DECISIONS.
Bl'PBEHK COUItT?CHAMBBBR.
By Juuge Lawrenco.
Van Iloeson vi. Howard.?This appears to be a pro?
per case 'or the appointment ol a receiver. Soo In
surance Company vs. Mebbins, S Paige, 66i. Uoorge
A. Halsev appointed receiver.
In the matter ot Barues.?A day should be assigned
for taking prools, as required by section 6 of 2 It. S.,
chap. 6, Little it, kd Wards MM.
Sloune, kc-, vs. Williams (Nos. 1, 2 and 3). ?Granted
by deiault.
Uarriein vs. Sinsheimer.?This is in the Court of
Common Pleas.
Carletou v*. The Mayor, icc. ; UaitT vs. Socorily in
surance Company; Thayer vs. Murah; llobm va Nuss
buum; -slue vh Same; Morris vs. Sorter; Society lor
Reformation of Juvenile Delinquents; Mluor vs. Willis;
Leonard VS. Leonard.?Granted.
Murray vs. UedelL?Order granted.
SUPEEIOE COl'ET?SPECIAL TEEM.
Dy Chief Judge Curtis.
Brennan Ta Arestcn et al.?Motion to vacate Judg
ment and execution and for leave to come iu deien d,
deniod with costs. See memorandum.
By Judge Speir.
Lyenbein vs. Hall el at?Order continuing action
aguinat Louiaa Walter aa executrix of tbe last will and
tcslaiiioul ol August Waller, deceased.
-uilou vs. Thus el al.?Undertaking approved.
Ogdcn vi Norii ?Allowance of live per cent on sum
claimed, $15,oou
Kaultnan vs. Hamburger.?Motion lor reference de
nied.
Whitehead va Uarrlion et al.; Cbadwlck va. 1 Jkr
touretle?Reference ordered.
Tbe Firo Association of Philadelphia va Cblppen
et al.?Kxtra allowance to plainlilt of $800.
McDermolt vs. Tbe Lycoming Fire 1 insurance Com
pany.?Order to advance cauae on general calendar.
Sowrely va. StauL ? Kxtra allowance ol $U50 to de
fendant.
llrady v?. Crowe et al.?Motion denied, with $10
costs to plain tin. ?
Leonard vs The Now Yortc Central and Hudaon
Kiv?r Railroad Company.?Caae settled and orderod oa
llle.
MAE1XE COVET? CHAMBERS.
By Judge Mr Adam.
Potts v*. Woeks.?Opinion filed.
l'lorzbeimer va Tucker.?Motion granted.
H. L. Joacbimson, appointed Commissioner. See In
dorsement ou the papers as to form of order, Ac.
Woolwortb va Lawrenco.?Case settled alter agree
ment.
Harrison vs. Harrison; Flasbhauor va Blum; Same
vs. Hagyerty; Gulllg vs. Hubb; Sclimitt va O'Don
nell; Same vs. Cqi ley; Hasaell va Cole; Stuart va
Stein.?Motions granted.
Wilto vs. Cbaiviu.?Default noted.
Anapeck vs. Green.?Sureties approved.
Coolm vs. Harria?Motion granted conditionally.
Anderson vs Newman.?Proceedings dismissed.
La lor to vs. S'ein.?Motion denied.
O'Neill vs. Pentz.?Plaiutlff's attorney must dls
close his client's address but need not produce bis au
thority to prosocuto.
Sonneboru va Lelpziger.? Injunction continued on
terms.
Cromwell vs. Burr.?Seo Indorsement on papers.
Clougb vs. 11 urue. ?Receiver authorized to sue.
Kplaitiuer vs. Leopold.?Order continuing action
aguinst personal representatives granted.
Mai res vs. New York Atbloilc Club.?Defaults
ope u ed.
National Toy Company va Dobbins; Welsh vs.
Schuyler; Haln vs. Matlaban; Latourette vs. Bellows;
Watson vs. Park; l'eck vs. Milner; Martin vs. Miluer;
Conlin vs, Harris; Dohcrty vs. Ready.?Orders
granted.
By Jndge C. Shea.
Dalton vs. HofTmau; Kills vs. Connelly; Butler vs.
Baldwin; Smith vs AIlL?Motions granted.
Menzesheimer v.?. Cohen.?Motion denied.
Swarz vs. Oppold.?Order deny lug motion signed.
By Judge Goepp.
Rothermell vs. Conner; Ackerman vs. McDcvitt.?
Cases settled and tiled.
COURT OP APPEALS.
Albany, N. Y., Nov. 10, 187&
Tbe following Is the Court ol Appeals calendar for
Monday, November 13:?
No. 1?Tbe People vs. Cbrlstophcc.
No. 2?Meyers vs. The People.
No. 3? The People vs. Pratt.
No. 4?Lawrence vs. Lindsay.
No. Ji?Lawrence vs. Lindsay.
No. 0? Lawrence vs. Lindsay.
No. 7?Sistors of Charity vs. Kellcy.
No. 8?Embury va Sheldon
The Court will convene at ten A. M. Tuesday, No
vember 14, will be a motion day.
CAN THIS NOT BE STOPPED?
' John McGratb, aged twenty years, of No. 45 Mul
berry street, was arraigned before Justice Flammer, at
the Kssex Market Police Court, yesterday, charged
with hlehway robbery. The complaint against bim
1 was made by Mr. Charles Koch, of No. 110 East Hous
ton street, who alleged that while passing through
Hester Btreet, at one o'clock yesterday morning, he was
assaulted by the prisoner, who snatched his gold watch
and chain, valued at $75. Mr. Koch endeavorod to
arrest McGratb, who, however, proved too stroug and
ran awuy lrotn lilm. Mr. Koch's cries for help wore
heard by OOlcer Brennan, ol tlio Tenth precinct, who
alter a long chase arrested McGralh. On boing ar
raigned boforo Justice Klaminer, at the Essex Murket
Court, yosterday, McGratb admittod having committed
the roboery, but said bo was so drunK that be did
not know what be was doing. He was held for trial
without ball.
Should there be any grounds op suspicion cr
PKACDULKNT COUNTING OX KIT1IKR BIDS IT SHOULD BK
REPORTED AND DENOUNCED AT ONCK.
NO MAN WORTHY THK OFPIC1 OF PRESIDENT SHOULD
BE WILLING TO HOLD IT IP ''COUNTED 1?" OR PLACED
THERE BY ANY FRAUD. ElTUER PARTY CAN AFFORD TO
HE DISAPPOINTED IN THE RESULT, HUT THE COUNTRY
CANNOT AFFORD TO HAVE THE RESULT TAINTED BY THK
SUSPICION OP ILLEGAL OR FALSE RETURNS.
U. S. GRANT.
STOLEN PAINTINGS.
Tlie police of the Fifteenth precinct were yesterday
notified that on election night, white the tire was
raging in Miner's art gallery, No. 845 Broadway,
thieves succeeded in carrying paintings away worth
$3,500. Tbo principal one is outitled "A Lake Scene in
the Rocky Mountains," by Biersladt, and valued at
$2,000.
HEAL ESTATE.
The following business was transacted it the Real
Estate Exchange yesterday:?
Richard V. Harnett sold, by order of the Supromo
Court, In foreclosure, D. A. Cusserly, referee, oue lot
25.1x100.5, on West fifty-fourth street, north Bide, 176
feet n est of Ninth avouue, to Ann N. Beyer, plalntlS,
for $8,06a
A. J. Uleecker & Son sold, by order of the Supreme
Court, in foreclosure, Philo T. Ruggles, releree, a
house, with lot 25x93.11, on Mulberry street, oast side,
126 feet south of Davard street, to New York Mutual
Lite Insurance Company, plaintiffs, for $10,000.
Poter F. Meyer sold, by order of the Supreme Court,
In foreclosure, John Lindloy, referee, a house, with
k<t, 20xV&9, No. Ill West Twenty-third street,
north side. 84foet west of Sixth avenue, to Ira Sharer,
lor $17,0001
AUo by order of the Supreme Court. In foreclosure,
Willium 1'. Dixon, referee, one lot, 25x100x23x101.3,
on Rioomingduie road, northeast corner of 120th
street, to Frances Keweodorlf. for $5,000
Miackweli, Riker & Wilkins told, by order of tho Su
preme Court, in foreclosure, Franco Forbes, referee, a
house, with lot, 14.1xi0, on Ka?t Forty-sixth street,
south side, 22:11 leet ess. of Third aveuue, to Patrick
Kennedy, tor $6,600.
TRANSFER*.
43til St., n. a.. 226 ft. w. of 2d a*., 23x100.5; P. Fuchs
to M. Hlanke <15,800
5th av.. e. 73.11 It. n. of 110th at.. 2SxlOO; U. 8.
l.opinasao tot!. M. Kemp Nom.
Beach at., n. bO It. w. of ht. John'a alley. 20xUH 11;
A. -M. l>e?llo and wile to W. 3. Livingston 28,5 0
2tilli ?t., ?. a., 1-tO It. ?. ?r 4th av., 2<'xWiil; \V. K,
l.aiiubeor uul wife to II. T. Ili'iiiioraon 16,000
Grove st.. ii. w. corner Concord av., 11U.\126 (23d
ward) ; O. Morris to li Tlioin|?ou l,7CO
Heater Hi., n. a. (lot .No. ri3l), ~.>x73; alao lleater St.,
a. a. (lot 4HH) , li.'iX 1(>); ?Imi Bowery, e. a., u. corner
bayard si.. 23x64 (deed dated 1hi7> ; T. Mcknight
mi.I wile and other* to II. M. Uetoian Nom.
104th st.. ?. a.,f>0lt e. ol 4th av., KiOxlOO. 11; J.
MeNearny and wile to 1'. \ nn Aiatyne Nom.
SOth at.. n. i. 7H.il It. vr ol Mh av., ~M.3tMB8.ii 1J. K.
Newton and wife to C. Hall A 8,000
42d at.. a. a., 4.'m ft. w. of loth av.. lU.7x:?8.U; Mary
>pe?rint; to J. II. Witte ... 1J.000
13 >tII t., U. S., 330. ti It. w. of Willis av., 23xit?l (23d
wird); J. tterrvn lo M. K. Con Klin 2,000
Walker at., n. a. corner ofCourtland allay. 4Mx!?. 1.7;
C. H. Wood to K. S. llrowu 52,000
7'itli at , ti. a., 12.ilt. o. of Madisou av., 00x10 '.5;
?nine to C. A. Urown 27,500
Boulevard, n. w. corner of UJil at.. UjxIOO. 11 ; ?iimo
to same ? 13,000
lloustou at , a. a., 04 It. e. ol Crosby, 2tlxl2i?.S; lame
tj same 19.00J
Boulevard, w. a., 25.11 ft. n. of 114th at., 73x10)); 11.
K. llowlaiid irelaree) to <!. i.'arruan. 8,OOU
Ludlow at., w. .\os. 41 and 43, ;*5xH..M; U. I*.
smith (releree) to M. Goldstein 2,500
Kllstai., a. a., 1H.'? ft. w. ol 5t!i hv., 100x00.11; 8. 11
Olin (roleroel to A. \V. Austin 7,500
71 -t ?t., a. s., 425 It. w. of Hth av., 25x100.3; aaine to
anine 2,300
71?t at., a. a. 373 ft. w. of nth av., itoxlUU.5; aama to
aame..,. 4,0 O
71st at., a. 43oU. w. of 8th av.,,.3x!0 i.5; same to
Si.oOO
71st St., n. 100 ft. w. of Hth hv.. ^3x100.3; aaiue to
4,OOJ
00th at., 11. *., 373 It. w. ul utu av., 23x100; same to
same 3,600
LKADK.1.
15th at., n. a , w. of Unlou aq.. Noa. 17, 10, 21, 23,21
year*, M. S. Vmii . cureii to K. il. L, TowilMilld.... 2,000
Hjllctt sf?* w. a., s. of Houston at.. 21 yeara; W.
how n to F. Spoien .......... &00
14tli si.. w. s., w. ot Utilvemhy place, -il years: M.
&. Yuu Ha*uren to J. I'. U. hosier 1,7jU
MOKTtiAl.HS.
Bradhurnt, 11. M. and wife, to tireenwich Savings
liunk. Oreonwich St., w. ?., No. I.>7 lo,00O
Beyer ii. 1J. anil wile, to \V. C. *? w* r
c-i:Bfr Olii av. ami 17th ?t; & yen re at'/XJU
Butu? r, J. ami wilV, to v.. stenmitlt, MadUon ?t., u.
.*?. i^7, ;t 1.0UO
CoyK*, H. and wife, to S. Valentin*, Ilobbin* nv., w. p.
'23 i wanl) ; 3 years ? ? ? ?
Fqciis. Tm to T, Scliutnncher, 4^th ?t., u. a., w. of M
av.; 3 years NMXJU
The First Kuionusd KpUcopiil church, to K. Jos?j|ju*
tii.il, ti. e. corner Maa.s >u nv, aud 5^tl? St. ; ?? yoar^ BJ.uuu
Huiliiiitn, ? . aii?? husband, to M. J. K)#r, 3d St., u. s.
(?3cl ward) ;3 years
llulse, K. U. and hunbaud, to H. V a ciitlne, 16?U si.f
n. s <-3d wariii: 3 ?
Paul, Cliarltm, to i). F. Now too. ^>th st? n. w. or
Hili av,; 3yosrs :*?**
O it'll. II. auU liusband, to It. ileiUms, Haiiroad av.
(^4th ward) ... _
Thelss, J., to W. ,s JarviH. UtU st.. n. ??? w. ot 1st av,.
4,
303
5,000
f UompwMi'.'kVand iiuVbaiad. to j. M. Brlgga, Concord
.v., w. a (23U ward; i U
THE CROTON WATER.
A SLIGHTLY INCBEAKED SUPPLY FROM THE BE
CENT BAINS?THE METEB 11EUEDY SUG
GESTED?SALT WATEB BECOMMENDt D AS A
BEMKDY FOB ALL OCB TBOUliLES?SUFFEB
INGS IN THE WATEBLESS DISTRICTS?LEC
TURE ON WATEB BY PBOKESSOB DOBEMU8.
Chief Engineer Campbell, of the I>epartm?nt of Pub
lie Works, makes tbo gratifying aunouueetuent thai
the recent rains have increased the depth ol water in
the Croton dam twenty-lour and one-half Inches. or
about 1!50,000,000 gallon*. In tbo Central Parte
reservoirs tbe department notes a rlM
ot sixteen and ono-half inches. Mr. Camp
bell attributes a portion of the rise in tb?
latter reservoir* to tbe caro exercised by consumer*
in tbo city in preventing unnecessary waste. He
anticipates a still inoro marked rise to-uiorrow in tb?
citr, as tbe riso in tbe Croton dam will lorco a heavier
volume of wuier tliruugti tlio aqueduct, une of two
events Is absolutely necessary to secure a supply s- (11
cient to meet tbe consumptive demand. First, un old
lasbioned three days ruin, or. If we are not to be sojq
blessed with a heavy rainfall, greater care on tne part
of water consumers In nusbandlng tbo supply.
SOOt'LD THE It K UK ANY OBOCXDS OF FtSPICIOX OF
FRAl'Dl'LEXT COCXTIXO ON KITIIKU SIDB IT 8HOCLD BB
REPORTED AMI IIEXOl'XCED AT OXCB.
No MAX WORTHY THB OFFICI Of PRX8IDEXT SHOULD
BE WILLING TO HOLD IT IK "COUXTBD IX" OR PLACED
TI1KKK BY AXY FRAUD. KlTIIKR PARTY CAX AFFORD TO
BB DISAPPOINTED IX TUB RESULT, HIT THE COCXTBT
CAXXOT AFFORD TO HAVE THE RBMl'LT TAINTED BY TO*
SUSPICION OF ILLEGAL OR FALSE RETURN'S.
U. tf. GRANT.
MEETING THE DIFFICULTY WITH METEBS.
New York, Nov. II, 1874
To the Editor or tub Hbrald:?
The alarm o( our citizens created by tbo Impending
water famine would bo quickly dispelled If oar sage C jiu
mlssloners would lay aside old political jealousies and
prejudices and put lu general use good and reliable
water meters. It is not now reservoirs that are re
quired, oat a rational and reasonable use ol the water
we receive. It is estimated (eirfs statistics) thut over
three-tilth* ot tlio water brought into tbe city Is wan
tonly wasted. Stop tho waste uud the "lamiuo" van
ishes. Iteliuble meters will do this by compelling con
sumers to pay lor auy excess beyond a reasonabli
allowance. ' tSo here you have a practical, common
sense remedy, that can be applied at much loss outlay
to the city than building new and expensive reservoirs,
und certainly more quickly. CKOl'ON.
A PLEA *OB HALT WATKB.
New York, Nov. H, 187AL
To the Editor of the Herald:?
I will now ask tho question it tbe saving of twenty
Ave per cent ot the fresh water would not havo pre
vented tbe present water famine ir, over two years
ago, tbo city authorities bad adopted tbo salt water
supply? Then nil or tbe numerous slaughter bouses,
railroad companies, livery stables, private stables,
omnibus stables, water closets, sidewalks, street
washing, sewer cleaning, steamships, steamboats,
ferryboats, public fountains, and, although
lust, not tho least, lor extinguishing Urea
and purifying tjje foul air tuat enters tbo
bouses from tbe sewer pipes, which cause*
Diphtheria und other fatal diseases, 111 nearly all our
bouses in the city Cau any saue person lor one mo
ment object to what Ihe Almighty lius blessed ibis city
with?the abunuanco of pure sail water from tho AtlantU
Ocean, a never lailtntc supply, lor ull ana ulmost every
thing but drinkiug aud cooking purposes, and unsur
passed lor health in bathing purposes, which would
be tho saving of thousands 01 lives, young and old, who
cannot no to tbe sea bench lor salt water?
It may again bo well to let the public know tho cost ol
tbe Introduction of the suit water into this city, as was
presented to tbe Assombly May 15, 1873, No. 1,03*2, by
the lion. I. IMumentbal, and read twice, to Incorporate
the Salt Water Supply Company ot tbe city of Now
York, section 2. The capital stock was to be $10,000,000,
In shares ol $100 each.
Sko. a Tho said corporation is authorized lo issue
bonds to tbe amount of tho capital stock, payab.e la
tlfty years at the rate of seven per cent interest
s>kc. 11. The company may purchase, loaso, bold,
acquire and transfer all real and persoual estau
necessary for the purpose ot supplying tne City ol
New York and its inhabitants with salt water from the
Kast and North rivers, may lay und construct any
pipes, couduits, aqueducts, wells, reservoirs, tanks
or other works or machinery necessary for
said purpose, npon auy lands so entered
upon, purchased, taken or held; stroets, highways,
road*, *tc_ leaving them iu the same condition, or aa
nearly as may be, as they were beloro said entry.
Sec. 12. The coinpauy may own steam and other
vessels, to be used by them for ite purpose of extin
guishing fires.
Sec. 13. Tbe company shall pay for lands takon o?
belonging to privato individuals, Iko.
Skc. 15. The main pipes and conduits shall belaid
parallel with tho streets ol New York.
skc. 10. Tho corporation constituted by this act Is
hereby authorized to levy and collect the following
sums:?Krom every freeholder in the city ol Now York
at the rate of twenty cents per foot annually for each
foot ot land owned by him lronting ou the streets and
alleys of said city; from fire insurance companies, $200
per year; Irotn murine Insurance companies, $100 per
year; for steamers each foreign voyage, $5 per voyage;
lor coastwiiM vessels, $10 per year.
Skc. 18. ownors and occupants of property shall
have tbe privilege of tupping tlio mains to introduce
the water at their own expense, and no charge (torn
tho company.
Skc. 19. Tbo surplus* funds of tbe company, after
naylug all bonus, debts aud duos of tho company,
shall be appropriated toward tbo payment of the dsbt
of the city of New York, fcc.
Such is the privilege asked from the authorities ol
the city of New York, as tlio Legislature has no power
to grant this concession, or any other concession lot
tbe city ol New York, and tho Mayor alid Board ol
Alderiuen alone can save us Iroin water famine and
tho expenditure of many millions ot dollars by allow
ing responsible private individuals to provide our city
with salt water. L.
Should thkrk bh any grounds or suspicion of
FRAUDI'LEIIT COt XTINO ON KITHKR SIDE IT SHOULD US
REPORTED AND DENOUNCED AT ONCR.
No MA* WORTHY TUB OFFICE OF PRESIDENT SHOULD
BR WILLING TO HOLD IT IF "COUNTED IN" OR PLACED
TUKRK DY ANY FRAUD. ElTHKR PARTY CAN AFFORD TO
BB DISAPPOINTED IN THE RESULT, BUT THE COU.NTR1
CANNOT AFFORD TO HAVE TU* RESULT TAINTED BY TSI
SUSPICION OF ILLEGAL OR FALSE RETURNS.
u. s. g3ant.
HOW nOUSEHOLDEBS 8UFFEB.
New York, Nov. 11, 1870.
To tub Editor of the Herald.-?
At present our home* are getting uninhabitable fot
tbe want of water. Millions ol gallons aro running to
waste daily, and yet wo are in such a fearful state.
In the block I live on tbe stench from the closets Is In
tolerable. In some bouses for over three weeks not a
drop ol water has run in a closet. Will tbis not cause
fever in its worst form ? Can nothing bo done to re
lieve this suffering ? A PROPERTY HOLDER.
A GOOD PBOrOSITXOX.
To Tni Editor of tub Hbrai.d:?
There aro no class of men moro capable of koowln|
liow our precious croton is wasted than tbe pluinbor*.
No, not even our worthy Commissioner, with all bis
subordinates included. These aro the sentiments ot a
plumber, and he knows wtiat ho is writing, and there
is no bosh, braggadocio or self Interest about it. Uia
only doslro is to provo to the powers that be that If a
certain courso bo adopted millions upon millions ol
gallons can be snvod daiiy.
Let Commissioner Campboll select as many as thr
case may requiro of our most reliablo journoymei
plumbers to examine thoroughly tho plumbing work
In evory house, and particularly the water closets and
urinals; let tho city bo mappod olf Into districts, be
ginning at the Battery, aud let thorn more cirolully
note down the different streams running Into tliesa
closets and urinais, and, whon this Is done, loot v
np the amount thus consumed, aud if it does not as
tonish tlio puoplo ol tins little cuy nothing will. One
may go int>> almost every piano of business und dwell
ing wiiero there is a water closet or urinal, and vuriou*
streams of water will bo louud running lo waste. Till!
is done in winter to prevent freezing and iii summer U *
prevent smelling. Now, ihfse small streams let line
closets and unuals sro of no us<>. They do not clean
tlio closet or urioal, owing to their Improper tonsil uc
tion. Not wisniug to tako up too much ?pnco in your
valuable paper 1 will simply assert that 1 will Uk?
the water now consumed and wasted in uue urinal nnd
supply and keep clean 100 urinals at least ai.d on the
average as many waicr closets, and guarantee thorn
not to iroezo In winter. Tula, In my Judgijiont, will
save to the city of New York Irom 20,000,000 to
40,000,000 gallons daily. PLUMBKR.
Should thkiie iik any uhounds of suspicion of
FRAUDULENT COUNTINO ON EITHER SIDE IT 8HOULD BS
REPORTED AND DENOUNCED AT ONCE.
No MAN WORTHY THK OFFICE OF PkEKIDBNT SHOULD
BE WILLING TO HOLD IT IF "COUNTED I*" OR PLACED
THKKh BY ANY FRAUD. KiTHKR PARTY CAN AFFORD TO
BE DISAPPOINTED IN THK KKXUI.T, BUT THB COUNTRY
CANNOT AFFORD TO HAVE TIIK RESULT TAINTED BY TUB
SUSPICION OF ILLEOAL OR FALSE RETURNS.
U. 8. GRANT.
WAX KB AND CBOTOJl WATKB. ,
Tho Sclcnco aud Art Asgocitnon of th's city will
open its annual rouise next Monday evening, Novem
ber 13. The lectures will bo given as boretoloro In tbe
LUvJNTIN'UfiD Otf NLtflH PAGEL]

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