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BAYONET AGAINST BALLOT.
Unavailing Threes of the 'Prostrate State. FKDIRAL TROOPS IN HER STATE HORSE. None bat Republicans Admitted to the House of Representatives. HOW THE DEMOCRATS WERE KEPT OCT. A Decisioo of the Supreme Court Reviewed by a Corporal of the Guard. SHUFFLING COURSE OF GEN. HUGER. A Dual Organization Com pleted. TILDEN AHEAD IN THE FLORIDA COUNT. Delay in Forwarding the Returns in Louisidha. SOUTH CAROLINA, usrara or tub legislature undeb the ALOIS 07 FEDERAL BAYONETS?TBOOP8 OCCU FTING TBS STATE HOUSE?DEMOCBATIC MBMBEBS BE FUSED ACCESS TO THE HALL? ACTION AND PBOTE8T OF THE DEMOCBATS? OBGANIZATION BT THB BEPUBLICAN HEM BEES?HOW OBNZBAL BUOBB's OEDEBS WBBB EVADED. [by telbgbafh to the hbbald.] Columbia, Nor. 28, 187& To-day haa bean a stirring day In Columbia. Yester day the democrats were In caucus and adjourned about one o'clock, aubjoot to the call ol thoir Chairman. The republicans also caucussed in one of the rooms of the Capitol. At dark the democrats reassembled in the hall of the Houso of Representatives and proceeded to agree upon a Speakor, Clerk and other officers of the House. By nine o'clock tboy adjourned. Tho House was shrouded in darkness, and there was an unusual (ulet in the streets, the tremor of expectation await ing lor the morrow. TROOPS HOVINO TO THE STATS HOUSE. At midnight two companies of United States troops left their camp and took possession or tho State House, Which was opened for them by order of Governor Chamberlain, and this morning the city awoke to the Shock of the legislative balls of the State garrisoned by armed men, all wearing the United States uniform, under the orders ol Governor Chamberlala THE EFFECT was prodigious, tbougn it has been expected by the democratic leaders. The Board of State Canvassers defied the Supreme Court, and were released by Judge Bond, and although the publio generally believed it shout to happen, the reality was to much more terri ble than the anticipation that men asked with bated breath, "What next? Are there any laws? Does Ute constitution ol the United States exist?" KEFUSEO ADMISSION. Soon after nine o'clock Generals Gordon and John ion, with Messrs. Peek and Jeffries, members of the Legislature from Union, proceedod to the Capitol, wbero they found all tho doors closed and barred ex cept a side door on the north end. They entered theie and found the rotunda filled with troops, their arms stacked around the statuo of Washington and two sen tinels with fixed bayonets pacing to and fro by the loor of the Supreme Court. They domanded admis sion, aud the corporal ef tho guard stated they would not be admitted unless by pass from Mr. Jones or Cen tral Dennis. The corporal was then requested to irlng General Dennis, which he did, and he also refused to admit any of tnom. Tho members exhibited tbeir Mriificates of eloction signed by the Clerk of the Auprerao Court, with its seal affixed, but wero told that they could not pass on it. In answer to General Kordou's questions the corporal said be was under the orders of General Dennis, who was a cltlxen. Mr. lones is the Clerk of the old House, and General Dennis a warm supporter of Governor Chamberlain. ACTION OF THE DEMOCRATS. The democrats met in caucus at ten o'clock, and as eleven proceeded in a body to the State House to demand admission. The orders appear tohavo been changed, and they were admitted alter the officer of the guard bad examined their credentials. If they were found Satisfactory to that functionary he demanded whether the democrats applying bad any arms, and required them to be delivered up. There bad been a general anderslandlng that all were to go there unarmed, and consequently only one or two, who did not understand It, bad any arms st all. They gave them to friends and passed the cordon. This process look probably an hour and a half, for tho officer was slow to read some Bf the papers. Judge Mackay says that the officer was revising tho decision of the Supremo Court of the Btaio and he saw tbe reason for everything in the manner ho read tho certificate. He had real tho constitution upsido down, and thus had learned to construe it that the civil should klways be subordinate to the military authority. Tbe republican members passed freely, without question as to arms and no delay as to examination of credentials. When the democrats had thus got within the first line of defences they waited until all were in and then moved in a body up stairs to the hall of the House. As soon ss they entered tbe rotunda they were con fronted by a company standing at ordored arms, guns loaded and bayonets fixed. When they approached the door of the llouso a more significant and impres sive sight presented Itself to thorn. On each side of the door of tbe Houso in the corridor stood six soldiers, with muskets shoulderod and bayo Deta gleaming. Between them stood two United States officers. One order would bring the guns down on the unarmed men who stood before them; one motion of the soldier and the Legislature of the State was transfixed on the bayonets before them. The democrats pressed on, however, headed by She members from Edgefield and Laurens, and de manded admission. The Doorkoepor, baoked by the military force, declared their certificates null and void, ana relused them admittance. A nSOOMEOISBAXOn. The members then withdrew down the corridor and sent one of their number la, armed with tk? propar papers. Ha fooad thai the H0141a bad organized, elected Mr. E. William Mackfer, of Charleston, Speaker, sad be ?u then transsctlng business. The Door keeper refuged to let him out until bo ?u threatened wtth proeecutiou tor falae imprisonment, wbeu be was allowed to withdraw. Then all the members with drew to tba space ia front of the Capitol, where the iullowiag protest was read to the military in the presence and hearing of the vast concourse ot citizens there assembled frotbmt or tub pkbockats. We, a majority of the members ol the House of Rop reseutauves elect, protest against the refusal to admit us to the Hall of Representatives. We protest agslnst the military power of the United States barring the pussage Into the Slate House o( members elect ol tho Legislature. We protest against the legality ol the proceedings, and especially against the army of the Untied States being placed lor tho purpose of this ex clusion under the command of one John B. Dennis, a partisan ol Governor Chamberlain. We protest against the s-aid Dennis* instruction to the guard to admit no one to the State Housa except upon his own pass or a pass of A. U. Jones, the former Clerk of the House, who may thus exclude ail except his own partlsaus, and who, by the republican programme, la to organizo the said House. * Wo have presented ourselves with tho judgment of the highest court of South Carolina, certified to by tta clerk, wltb the great soal ot the Court attached, as to our right to participate in the organization of the Mid 11 obso. We are refused by the orders ol tuo said Dennis aumlsslon to said ball, except upon his pass, the pass of said Jones, or tho certificate of H. E. Hayne, Secretary of Stale, wbo Is now under condem nation of said Court lor refusing to issue certificates In accordance With Its judgment uud mandate. In protesting against this barelaced usurpation, this trampling on the laws and tho constitution of the State, this defiance of tho highest tribunal of the State, It is ear purposo to offer no resistance to this armed intervention, but to maze our solemu appeal to tho American people, without distinction ol parly. Our vcnerutlon for law, our respect for tho Supreme Court and tho usages ot all legislative assemblages lorbid our participation In such unprecedented and revolutionary proceedings. ax ADVANCE BY TUB CITIZENS. When It spread through tho crowd?and It spread like lightning?that their members wore excluded by United Slatis troops, It sargod and swayed like a bugo monster. There wero few cries, no shouu nor noise but a subdued groan, us through clinched teeth, and by one common impulse it precipitated itself on the open door before which were the crossed musketa ol two aoldlers, and behind which the lull company of soldiers were now standing at attention. Silently, surely, swiftly tho pressure of the enormous mass forced tho sentinels from tho posts. No word was spoken, not a blow struck, but In a second the sentinels would have boon pushod aside and the Infuriated people would have been precipitated on the soldiers. CBXERAL BARPTOX CALLED OX. The officer in charge called on General Hampton to stop this. Hampton at once pushed bis way from the Inside and stepped out. Raising his hand ho motioned his people back until step by step he reached tho front steps, wbero he coold see and bo aeon by the whole multitude. It was an lmpreasive sight, as bronzed and bearded, with tho allver threads just shining In his locks, with a voice that rang like a bugle, he said:? SFBSCH OP OBXKBAL BAMPTOX. Mr Fribxds?I am truly doing what I have done earnestly during this whole exalting contest?pouring oil on the troubled waters. It Is or the greatest im portance to us all as citizens of South Carolina that peace should be proaerved. I appeal to you all, white ineu and colored, as Carolinians, to use every eltort to keep down violence or turbnlonce. One act of vio lence may precipitate bloodshed and desolation. I Im plore you, tbeu, to preserve the peace. I beg all of my Irienda to disperse, to leave the grouuds of the Capi tol, and 1 advise all the colored men to do the same. Keep j orfectly qc.. wtcthe sir els, and do nothing to provoke a riot We trust to the law and tho consti tution, and we have perfect faith in the justice of our cause. THE STOBK ALLAYBD. The ?fleet was magical; the storm was quellod and the lashing wares of passion stilled. The while men and many of the colored men left the square, and all danger of a'collision was then averted. QEXXKA1. BUGKB WAITED OX. The democrats proceeded to their ball, and soon General Gordon received a message by a staff officer from General Roger. The caucus appointed Generals Hampton, Gordon, Johnson and Jndge Cook a commit teo to wait on General Ruger and protest against the armed intervention with the Legislature of the Stato; to show him that the action of his troops was contrary to the laws cf the Stato and of the United States, and demand that they be withdrawn. It then adjourned until three o'clook to hear the report of this committee. * THE COXFEBEXCK WITH RUUKR. The conference of the committee with General Ruger amounted to nothing. Thoy found Hampton with him, and he reported to the caucus substantially what had taken place betwoen them. I have, how ever, the sccrot history ol all the interviews between General Roger and the democratic authorities, which 1 will give as necessary to a lull understanding oi the situation. As soon as the orders o( the troops holding the Capitol were developed, this morning about ten o'clock, General Hampton and Colonel Has kell, Chairman of the Domocratlo Stalo Com mittee, sought General Ruger, and not finding him In the city Colonel Haskell prooeoded to the Capitol in quest or him. Being refused admission by the eontinols at tho door of the Suprome Court, be went to the main entrance, which by this time hod ono-halt of a door open, and gave his card for General Rugor to one oi the two sontinels on post there alsa In a short tlmo General Ruger and Colonel Biuck ap proached, and, raising his hat, Colonel Blook very courtoously Invited Colonel Haskell to enter. The latter returned the salute and said:? '?I beg vou to excuse me, Colonel. I will nevor enter the Capitol oi my State under the bayonets of 'the army unless necessary In tho perlormance of duty. I respectfully request that General Rugor will give me an interview out here." THS IXTEBV1XW. General Ruger then came out and walked up the street, when be, Hampton and Haskell had a long conversation. They showed him the situation and how he had been Imposed upon by the falsch> od and misrepresentations of Governor Chamberlain, Haskell saying:? "You know, General, that ever since you have been In command here Chamberlain has been deceiving you. Last night, when you got off the cars, bo met you at the depot, took your arm and poured into your ears falsehood without measure' against our people. He told you that we were holding the State House by force, when fully an hour before your arrival our poople nad concluded their caucus, adjournea and gone home, and the Capitol was empty, dark and deserted. There was not an lota of truth in It." General Roger admittod that he had been Informed on his arrival that the democrats were actually holding the Capitol by force, and that was the reason he had occupiod It. He subsequently explained that be meant that this fact bad been reported to him by one of his officers. Hampton showed him that his troops then in the Capitol were excluding members of the Legislature and adfluttlng_ihem aooordmg to the will and order ol Dennli, late Superintendent of the Peni tentiary, and General Ruger aaid it wai without his authority and tbouM be corrected. CKMtHiL ItCGKKS ORDISl Tfcey then urged blm to say that all claiming to lie member*, whether holding certificates from the Su preme Court or from the Board of Canvassers, should equally be admitted. Colonel Haskell asked permission to reduce this order to writing; but Roger refused, saying his officers would understand >L lie tuen seut Major Magmnli, of his staff, to Colonel Kellogg, the officer in command of tho troops In tho Capitol, to convey these orders to biut. Haskell In a car riage precodod Major Maglnnls, who walked, and tound the General Assembly, headed by the Edgefield and Laurens delegations had been refused admission, be cause their credentials were not satisfactory, and were proceeding to read ihelr protost. Haskell slopped this, explaining that all would be right lu a few minutes, and then Maglnma came up, took Colonel Kellogg aside and gave bun the orders from Ruger. Colonel Kellogg stepped up to the door and Mr. Sbep pard, representative irom Edgefield, showed hie cer tificate from the Supreme Court, and was at once ad mitted. The next was also an Edgefield man, with a similar certificate. Colonel Kellogg told him to pass. OK OK IIS DISOBirKU Dennis hero stepped upaud asked Colonel Kellogg to stop a moment. Tho two then stepped aside, bad some conversation, and Kellogg begun carefully to read and examine each paper as It was banded to him. Dannls slipped up stairs to tho House of Representa tives, to which most of the republicans bad already been admitted and not ono democrat, ana in a few minutes a doorkeeper tamo down with tbe message to Kellogg that be could not keep the door unless bo had a guard. Kollogg then ordered to the door of tho House the detachment of officers and men before de scribed. Lot It be recollected that at tbla time not a soul was In the building unless by permission ot the military. Almost all of tho ropubileans wero In tho ball of tho House of Representatives; only two or threo demo crats had boon admitted at the lower door. Tbo sig nificance of this application for a guard suggested by Dennis, alter his private consultation with Kellogg, will be understood. If all the democrats were ad mitted at tbo front door they certainly would go into tho House unlesg a guard prevonted them, hence the guard. Meantimo Kellogg waa slowly reading and ex amining the seuls on the certificates, taking two or throe minutes to each. As each democrat came up ho was askea It he was armed and required to leave his arm* outalde. A HHAKP THICK. The democrats formed an extended line stretching from tho iront door down the steps, way out on the* plateau boiore the Capitol. The/ were alowl/ making their wa/ in. There were eeTenty-nlne of thorn of both houaes and it will be perceived at the rate admls sionewere proceeding it would take them several houra to get In. The/ began about hair-paat eleven but, owing to the varloua dela/a, not half a dozen were in at twelve o'olock. That hour la fixed b/ car torn lor the organization ot the General Assembly. When the hoar atruck the republicana were in their placea, the democrata standing in a line waiting Kellogg's some what critical and certalnl/ slow examination. The consequence of coarse was what mast have been ex pected. TBB HXPUBLICANS ORGANIZE. Tho republicans organized the House, declaring that tbey had a quorum, elected a Speaker and went into business before the democrata could paaa the lino of bayonets at the front door. 1 havo alroad/ dcecribod what occurred at the door of the hall of the House. As soon as the democrats withdrew General Hampton and Colonel Haskell imrne diately saw General Ruger again and showed him what he had done. Ho had put a guard in the Capitol and kont out members of the Legislature on false Informs tion, and when ho had ordered the admission of mom bers bla orders bad been renderod nugatorv by evasion and a trick. Hta bayonets had kept out the democrats, while the republican* got possession of the House and bad organized It against law, for their body was without a quorum. Hampton pressed upon him that the people who had been tor tured and oppressed for the last eight yeara aa no civilized people ever were oppressed and who had won the right to control their own government at the ballot-box peaceably and lawfully had now lest every thing tboy had won l.y hie Illegal acts and the disobe dience, blunders, tricks or worse of his subordinates. RUGER ANNOYED. | Ruger was sreatly oxercisod at the situation and ac knowledged that it was very unforiunato, and was anxleua to see a mode by which be could repair the Injury dono. Hampton aDd Haskell urged upon him that as ho and he alone had forced these intruders il legally into the House of Representatives It. was his duly to clear them out and restore the situation to what it was before he intervened. Ruger said he would think about it, and late this evening Informed those gentlemen that he could do nothing, and inno cently suggested a quo warranto as their remody. Tna REPUBLICAN HOUSE. Tne republican House, as it organized, consisted of fifty-four negroes and flvo whites. Tho sixtieth, Red ish, a white republican from Orangeburg county, felt outraged at the prcsonce of the military , and after de claring that he would not pass through a file of sol diers on his way to the House of Representatives, wltbdrow and is now acting with the democrata Their theory that only 118 members wore elected gave them this quorum of fifty-ulne, and on it they organized by the election of E. W. M. Mackcy, of Charleston, as Speaker. The voto as announced was?Muckey, 67; Myers, 2. But It turns out that a negro named Lee, of Chester, who was included In the vote Tor Mackey, says he did not vote at all, which would invalidate the election of Speaker. WHAT CONSTITUTES A QUORUM. The House is composod of 124 members, of which sixty-four are democrats, and the latter olaim that any organization without a quorum ot that number is illegal and unconstitutional. After the eloctlon of the regular officora and the members having been sworn In, this intensely black republican body appointod a eommitteo of seven on Prlv lieges and Elections, the number usually being eleven, allowing room for four democrata, should they rolent and como in. Tho only proceedings of Intorest that occurred was a motion of a member who wished to know whether the couutlee of Edgefield and Laurens were to have any representation in the Legislature, either by republican or democrat repro. seutatives, and that be did not think a Legislature constitutional In which tho entire people of the State did not have a voice. Some debate on the question ensued, but the matter was laid over. TUB RETURNS ?OR GOVERNOR. A concurrent resolution was adopted sppolntlng Wednesday, the 2?th, aa the day on wbleh the returns for Governor and Lieutenant Governor should be canvassed by the Senate and House la Joint session, and the persons ascertained to hav? reeved the highest ?umber of votes declared elected to those offleoat This operation, of courso, electa Chamberlain. In the Senate, the aenaiora from Kdgefleld. Laurene anil Ab beville countieepreeentod themselves ami were admit ted on certificates of tho Supreme Court, but were refused seats. TUe standing committees were appointed and tbo credentials of the above mentioned Senators wero taken In clurgo by toe Committee on 1'rivilegcs and Elections, and would be acted upon lu due time. Ibc Senate la composed of tblrty-threo members, three of these being excluded left thirty only. Of that number eighteen wero republicans and twelvo democrat!. Three of the republican* will vole with tbe democrats, which makes a deadlock in that body. The three excluded are all democrats, who have the best pros pects of being admitted. tuk ttsrunuaax situation Is not at all cheering. With a deadlock In the Senate and a baro quorum in the House, some of tbe members ol wblch may bo bought over, their case looks bad, and after all tbe presence of tbe military may prove tbe bane of tbo republicans. Tho outrage was so flagrant that leading republicans are ashamed of It, and it Is conceded here now that the sham government set up with Chamberlain will not last any longer than the soldtora are hero propping it up with their bay onets. ORGANIZATION BE THE DEMOCRATIC MEM DEBS?TWO REPUBLICANS ACTIXO WITH TIIEM?THE REPUBLICAN HOUSE LLIT WITH OUT A QUORUM. ? Coluxiiia, S. C., Nov. 28, 1870. Tbo democratic members elect to tho House ol Rep rcsentativcs met at seven P. M. in Carolina Ilall. Sixty-four democrats and two repub licans participated aud wero sworn by Judgo Cook. The Mouso organised and will claim recognition to-morrow. This loavos Ally-eight members In tbo republican llouso or one less than tho quorum clalmod by thorn, and flvo loss than tho num ber wblch tho democrats claim !? necessary for a quorum. Each llouso will demand of the Soerotary 01 Stale tho roturns of tbo vote for Govornor. All Is quiet to-night. The Supremo Court ha* not yet deetded tho qaoation of counting tho doctoral vote. OXNEBAIi GLOOM AND DESPONDENCY IN CBABIiEBTON. Charleston, Nov. 28, 1870. The events of to-day In Columbia have caused a feeling of profound depression in all busiuoss circles here. Capitalists and tradosmon say they must con tract their operations wtthtn the narrowest limits General gloom and dospondonoy as to the future pre vail. THE LOUISIANA COUP D'ETAT IN 1875. The events which took place in New Orleans on tbe 4th of January, 1874, aro deserving at this moment of serious consideration by the people of the United States lu view of what Is now transpiring in tho capi tal of South Carolina. They will long llvo In tbe annals of tho country as an Instance of tho exercise of arbitrary force, by which tho rights or a sovereign State were trampled under loot. In tbe early part ol November. 1874, an election was held in Louisiana. It was the year of the tidal wave, and there was no more reason to bo surprised at a conservative succots in tbat Stats than the similar victory In Massachusetts and the overwhelming majority in New York. The people of Louisiana had long suffered from tbo worst kind oi misrule, and it would bo strange indeed It tho political revolution that was accomplished in every part of tbe Unlou failed to have been loll in that Slate. Tbo reports published Immediately following tbe election showed that the conservatives had olocted their lickoL The Returning Hoard met, and alter a delay of six or seven weeks, which they spent in secret conclave, they declurod a result which contradicted all tbe public iulorraatiun on a subject opeu to general In spection, as eleetlon results always have boeu In the United Slates. There was authentlo evidence of whole, salo forgeries In the official returns. It was ptovod that mi of tbo Board its clerks opened tho en velopes, altered tbe returns and rosealod the en velopes. It was provod that returns from strong conservative parishes woro thrown out, and that radical candidates for tbe Legislature wore declared olocted In such flagrant violation of truth that the candidates benefited refused to take the offices. It wsa the general opinion ol tbe country that tho actlou ol the Returnlug Hoard was delib erately fraudulent, and tbat the purpose of their se. cret labors was to nullify tbo will of the people as de clarcd by their votes. PRKS1D1NT OBAXT's ACTIOS. While tbe Returning Board wore engaged in this at tempt President Grant made a i^blio declaration tbat be would support tbelr action whatever might be tbe result, and in order to make bis word good sent Gon erul Sheridan and a large military force to New Or leans. It so happened that tbe radical niujorlty of two In the lower house of the Legislature, which tho dis honest Returning Board had counted in, was destroyed at the last moment by tho ur rest 01 a member lor a lelony and tho honorable relusu! of two otUurs to take oUIcck 10 wblcb tbey knew they bad not bceu elected. The consequence wus an unexpected conservative majority when tho Legislature assembled. The lattor strengthened themselves by admitting to seats tlvo members whoso claims were not passed upon by tbe Return lug Board, hut referred to the House tor deci sion. In the inoaniimo a committee appointed by tbe House of Representatives, lor tho purpose of Inquir ing iu'o the condition ol allairs In the State, were in New Orleans. A lew weeks bolore the tlecllon In November tho Kellogg govern men t had been, by popu lar uprising, overthrown with gonerul ucquie'scenco, and relUMtuied by tbo federal authority against the wishes of tho pcoplo. Tho Legislature mot January 4, und what occurrod on that day la briefly told as fol low :s? TUB TROOPS ON HANI). The troops slutiouud In New Orloans on tbat day consisted ol tbo whole ten companios ol tbo Thirteenth Infantry, four cumpauies ol ilia Third infantry, seven companies ol tho Twenty-second Infantry, one com pany ol the First artillery and one company ol tho Seventh cavuiry?in all about 1,200 men. Tnls lar^o lorce was under tho Immcdiuto command ol Goneral Be Trobrlauu, find General Einorv had his headquarters ul the Custom House. General Sheridan wus at the Si. Charles Hotel nod all tho military movements of tbe day wero directed hy that oOtcer, lactlug under instructions lr?ra Washington. The White Leugue wero uudor urms, hut it was well understood that their object was only to prosorve peace, and there was no apprehension whatever that any cuuliiot would take place with tbo federal troops. Such an ovent was doeuiod impossible. The exterior ol the State Hou.-e wore u warlil. o appearance. The streets were crowded with people who seemed lull of auxlety and indignation at ttie course of tho Returning Bonrd, wbo, it wus rumored, wore again in session und Intended to issue lurthor certificates so as to make cer tain of the control ol the House. The conservative members, numbering iUiy, and about twenty contes tants were in caucus early in tho day, in a room adjoin ing tho Hall ol Representatives. The ,alter wero admitted to tbo floor of the House. Onlv forty-two radical members were reported present, in case of a conservative triumph in tbe olectioa ot olllcers It was apprehended tliut a riot would be instigated in the Hons" by tbo radicals, or else tbo retirement of all the radical mombcrs, who would theu organize separately and bo recognized by Kollogg. TIIK ItOt'SS OKGANIZKN. Shortly before noon tho w ork of organization of the House commenced. Wlllz, conservative, was choren Speaker, having received fllty-three votes; Hahu, radi cal, only obtained two votes. Ths Semite organized formally, without holding a session. Its l'rusldeni and tbo Governor refused to recognize Wiltz as Speaker. Tbey claimed that the Hall of Representa tive* was In tho huuds of a moo and not a Legislature. Tbo rtidtouls went into caucus with the iniontion ot or ganizing a Legislature which Kellegg would recognize. Meantime the sum House was filled with radical poli ticians, Kellogg was in consultation with General do frobrlaud and telegraphic communication was goiug uu between the Governor and General Emory. McKnory's headquarters were crowded with leading conservatives, all of whom appearad confident that they wore acting strictly within tho limits of tho law. THS MII.ITARV BJkeT TIIK MI-KAKBIt. At a quarter past tnreo the military moved up In front ol the Stale House, completely surrounding It, General de Trobrlasd, accompanied hy uii aid, now entered the House witn a military order directing him to unseal tho Speaker and the flvo members wtio, it was claimed, were Irregularly seated. This revolu tionary order was presumed to have been issued by Sheridan in rosponso lo an application from Kellogg lor nrmcd ledursl assistance. On learning of these occurrences McKnery advised Wills to remain in the chair until ejected, and he conse quently refused to obey Ho Trobriand, who appearod on the floor, backed by about thirty men. About lour o'clock do Trobriand, who bad retired for a few moments, bud poiutedoui to htm the Qvo mem bers to be romoved, each ol whom, alter making a protest, was marched out between two United Slates soldiers. The* Speaker was finally sxpelled by the troops, and all tbo conservative members withdrew, Wilts bolero retiring delivered the following remarks:? ?la the name ef the people of the United States and in the iiimi of mjr bleeding State, and to the came of the God of J u-lice, I again tuler my solemn j rolest against this uiterierciwe. (.eiiueto. n uf the House o? Rep reacotMirea, Vint Le.:!-iutirro Uas been invaded ami taken possession ol by toeTollltary orocsol the Limed -State*. U'ndor thoss circumstance* 1 uo not courier it my dsty to ion or remain." During the progress of these events- Mr. Lowell, one of the radical candidates lor Speaker, pro Bounced Lia protest against the em ploy main ol troops, ami ?a><i he had bceu elMied by civil authority and did nut wish to be rated by military authority. Tilt: K ill ( ALU IKSTALLKO. An iueiiatloa hid botti presentee to tho Congres sioual couiiiillleo to attend the organ./.atiou ol ihe Legislature. Mr. I'otter objected to us acceptance. He Mini that during tho morning be had tried to pass the State Hou-c uud h.ui been repulsed by the police, tup ported by the military, who occupied In lor, e Ibu sur rounding streets. Every citizen bud as much right to be present us a committee ol Congress, which body hud absolutely uu authority whatever over tho organisa tion or actum ol any state Legislature, ami uo thought, thcrelore, the committee should uol ue present in its offlc.al capaotty. The cutniuitoc. howi vcr, derided to go. They wsra slopped us they approached ihe State House and only allowed to pa- after having received parnnsslon (rout ,the officer on duty. After entering the House Ihey Were ndioilttd to the floor, except Mr. I'otter, who de. lined to enter an t shortly altor letl the building Tho | ollllcal complexion of the House lu lug Changed by mo lorotble ejec tion of five conservative member* an orpanizut'.oa wi.s cilecied by electing lluhu permanent .Speaker, and a commiuoe was appointed to wail on Uuveritr Kellogg and notify linn they uotu r -ndy to proceed to business. Tho Governor men transmitted his anuuul message and returned twenty-eight bull without his approval. Four members Irani lied liivor were sworn lu and tho House adjourned until next day. The Male House remained iu occupation ol the military during the night. Though thero was great excitement In the city no apprehension was auterlaiued ol any attack. All the members slept iu the bulldinix. SHKUIDAN'S HANOITri. Next day (January C) General Sheridan Informed tho Secretury ol Wur (Hc;<nop) that "a spirit of defiance to all lawful authority itud an insecurity lor lilo which was liaruly recognized by the geuerul government or the country at large" existed lu Louisiana, suggesting the passage by Congress ol tin act declaring the load ers ol Hie conservatives banditti; uud, further, that '?If the President would Issue n proclamation declaring thorn banditti no 1 urther action need l>u takon tlinn that which Would devolve upon luo." At a moot Big of tbe citizens ol New Orleans these slate* incuts of Sheridan wore denounced us posi tive untruths and a libel upon too community, those views were Indorsed by all the lending citizens of tho State. McE'.iery telegraphed to Presi dent Grant a solemn protest against tlie action ol tho military, us being sub vol give ol ropnbticuu Institutions. Messrs. Phelps and Forbes, or the Congressional Com mittee, declurod that they considered Now Orleans was comparatively us orderly ns New York or any other largo Northern city, nud that so far from being banditti, stated that they ncyor met u more genial or decorous set of people. Both gen tlemen (republicans) added they thought that "if they (the inhabitants ol Louisiana) hud a good government, one they had conlldciico lu and fairly elected, there would be as much security lor lilu and property iu New Orleans as thero was iu older mid more prosper ous times. " Unfortunate Louisiana has continued until the present hour In the grasp of tliu men placed In ottlce in the first place by ihe fraudulent Returning Hoard and subsequently maintained ny the Army of tho United States under the orders of President Grant. FLORIDA. COUNTING THE BETUBNS BY COUNTIES?A. SHARP THICK OF THE CHA1BMAN OF THE UOABD?HOW A SMALL MAJORITY FOB HAYES WAS COUNTED?THE KltllOB 11KCTIFIKD AND TILDEN AHEAD IN THE FACE OF THE RETURNS. [BY TELKGBAPH TO THE HEUALD.] Tai.laiia.ssrk, Nut. 28, 1876. The morning has been one ol universal excitement. The Hoard met at ten o'clock. Tho room was comfort ably tilled. General Brannon, commaudiug at this point In General Kuger's absence, eat lnsldo the railing with the Board and was au attentive obsorver, fre quently Jotting down short nolos on a piece of papor. Mr. W. E. Chandler was tho only visitor who was be hind the railing. Ue seemed to be tho manager tor his side, making continual objections and suggestions. rraoi.no the counties. As Alachua, the flrst county, was read, Mr. Pasco, for the democrats, gavo notice that ho would contest tho returns from that county at tho proper time. A SENSATION. When the returns from Baker were read, giving tho republicans forty-one majority, there was a quick und sharp sensation. Many ol tho domocrata sprang to their leet in open protest. All of thein were aston ished and atartlcd. They consulted their notebooks and then hurriodly gathorod uround Colonel Read, of Philadelphia, who had the certiliod copies of tho ro turnB beloro hiut. They found thul Baker was officially I put dowu as givlug a deuiocratio majority. They then , gavo notice that they would coutosl the rcturus Irom Baker. Tho republicans, during oil this exciting play, sat perfectly quiet, und Mr. Chandler put on tbut pe culiar smile that has become an exasperation to tho democratic circle, aud glared a trifle wildly through his eyeglasses at his perturbed oppononts.' It was generally felt that tho reversal of the uiu Jorlty that the democrats hsd been tearing was effected through Uakor county, aud the rest of the count proceeded without much excitement, tbo reading of the returns being usually mot with the ourt announcement ol proposed contest on tho ouo side or the other. When Clsy was reached ft was found that tbs demo crats were twenty-live short in tue return. It ap peared that the county canvassers had doclined to couut one precinct, giving twenty-three democratic majority, in tho general return, as the evidence that tho precinct inspectors were sworn dtd not coino up with tbo returo. They sent tho flguros, however, aud the votes will bo couutcd, probably without contest. When Duvul wus reached the democratic manager called attention to the fact that It was signed by only two members of tbo County Board. Wbon Muiiatuo was roschod Mr. Chandler and Mr. Martin both objected to Its being read, subject to future couiost. Tbo former said he would bo nblo to prove that the election was uutborUod aud regular, and tbo return iu proper shape. After some pretty sharp discussion, In which tho democrats called attention to tbu fact that Mr. Chandler displayed remarkable familiarity with tho lace of tbo returns, it was ordered that tho Uunatco returns be read. Wheu Jcffersou was reached Air. 1'asco handed In s bill ?( exceptions, wblcb wore lllod with the returns. Too reading of tbo counties wst suspended after Washington with tho uBUouncemcnt thai tbo returns from Dads bad not been recolved. Notice ol contest bad been given by one side or tbs other In evory county except six. TUB VI0UR1N0. As soon as tho reading was stopped evsry head In tho room, except Chandler's, which waa ornamented In Iront with tho aggravating smile, was bowed over a lino of llgurcs, working out the result. TUB RESULT. It was announced in a fow moments that Hayes was anywhere from thirty-llvo to forty-elgbt ahead. Tho result was finally settled with forty-two for the highest Hayes elector ami thiriy-alx for the lowost. It seemed to be pretty woll agreed that the twenty-throe voles of tho omitted preclnot iu Clay county would bo admitted without contest. This would rsduco Hayes' majority to thirteeu. Then there ure twelvo votes claimed by the democrats on a miscount In Jefferson county, which would cut Uuyes' lowest Oguru down to ouc. These claims are prima Jacie claims and do not itivolvs any discussion. INCREASED BXC1TKMEXT. When lbs Board adjourned lor dinner there was In tense excitement. The republicans wore la a sort ol uneasy exultation, while the democrats wero very Indig nant and rather noisy. The telegraph office was tilled to Jamming, and tho nows was flashed to every county of prorainouco In tho Union tbst llayes bad carried Florida by thlrty-alx votes on tbo face ol tbo returns. * A DEMOCRATIC VICTORY. The evonlng session, however, gave the democrats the most brilliant victory that either side has yet scored, and put tbe republican managers in s very bad light. As soon as the sosslon opened Mr. Pssco arose and Inquired of tbo Secretary of Stalo, tho chairman of tbe Board, If he had not rccslved another return from Baker county besides tho one he had read. The Chairman objected to tbe question and would not reply Mr. Pasco then charged openly anJ positively tbst such s return bad been sent to tbs Board, lis da scribed this return -a certified copy ol whlcb he had in his hand?as being older In date than tbe ono read by tho Secretary; as having been legally allotted, and a* having been signed by tbe clerk aud Justice ol the Peace, as the law require He theu demanded to know why It hsd been pressed, and Insisted on Its being produced at ouce. Tbe Chairman, though much confused, still relnsed to say whether be hsd re ceived any such return or not. Mr. Chandler came to his dofeneo with his nnmorous objections and teebni I csl points, and all flavored smartly with bluster. Mr. Pasco relnsed to be put off, however, and called atten tion to tbe rules, Wblcb said thai all returns should bs presented to tbe Board, aud that the Hoard should decida whlcb wero tbe regular and proper returns brat, by a look at their faco aud after ward upoa a eons Idem Ion of their merits. He then charged lhat, in utter violation of then# plait ruler, ihe Secretary of State, having received two re turue from una cu jtity, uud decided the question be tween then) bnnself by suppressing one and presenting the other. Ho llioa renewed hia demand ior tho pre sentation el the auppi eased return. thk aumtsMp KKTl'RX. The Chairman thou confessed that lie had reoelvod another return, and, going to lus dosic, produced It. It was a return dated tinea days beloro the other, Signed its described, by Mr. l'.uco, and gave tho demo crals 'JO majority. imof or TUB SBTUEX. It this return is admitted Mr. Tildeu'i majority II overlbO. With both returns before the Hoard uudol contest Air. Tildon has three electors uud Mr. Ilsyoo ouc. tub nrrnttsioa okeatbd. There is no doubt thut the republican! will suffer g.Tiou ly for tho outrageous assumption of authority on the pert of tho Secretary ot State. The suppro slou by one tnembor of tho Hoird ot s paper that tho Bo.ird alone could reject or sacr Is auspicious, to say the best of it. It is deuounced soundly by all con servative men, nnd will recoil upon the party. 11 u considered a piece ol douutful trickery, resorted te simply lor tho purpose of giving Hayes tin apparent majority on tho lace of the returns and evading the Indignation that would have bsen aroused had lbs managers been forced to reverse a majority in thn place of throwing out intimidated counties The democrats have never had any intimation ol any troublo in Dakor. It has never been claimed by tho republicans. It hue never been printed in a list of possible republican counties. It was nevel a doubtful couuty. Tho republicans kept thoir design! on it secret and when u new roturn irorn that county was in ado to-day tho democrats were thoroughly uud heartily astonished. rkfl'Bucjlx rktickxcs kxplained. Tho secrecy with winch this game has been con ducted explalus why the republicans huvo not been willing lor the just two weeks to give any figures. Without llakcr they could not havo figured a majority. To have claimed Baker would havo given the democrat* notice. TUB SITUATION IX BAKER. It appears thut in Baker county the Judge refused to cunvuss with tho clerk and the Justice. Thesn two olllcers then canvassed on tho luth, and sent up ? certified return, lu Duval county, where the republi cans have ?J0 majority, exactly tho sumo thing was dono; tins Judge refused to canvass, the roturn is now here signed bv only the clerk and Justice. II the republicans throw out Baker, with its ' 05 deniocralio majority, Duval must follow with its 930 republican majority. They are sigucd by precisely the same olllcers -and inado up in exactly the same manner; built appoars that lu Baker couuty lb* Judgo met on tho 13th with tho Sberlfl and another justice and mado another canvass, in which he throw out enough democratic precincts to give the republi cans a mujority in tho county. This return they for warded thrco du.vs after the regular return from the clerk of tho court uud reached tno capital. This Is the return that the socreUry read to the Board, illegally suppressing the first return ho had recolved. - The Board adjourned immediately after tho Chair man had produced and roud tho supprersod return, having been in session only thirty minutes. It will meet at ton to-morrow, when tho democrats will at tack tho Aluchua frauds. General Barlow declined to-day to act as counsel for for tno republicans, and sat outside of the railing I quiet spectator. DISPOSITION or TUB BOARD. Tbo work of the day goes very far toward showing that Secretary AIcLiu canuot bo dependod on for Im partial Justice. Judgo Cocke is flriu, well posted and ready. Comptroller Cowgill la the unfixed bird of the aviary. No one knows yet what to make of him. He develops a degree of ability and readiness abovo what was expected of him. Ho was fair and just through to day's proceedings, and his Irionds aver that he will con tinue so. LOUISIANA. FUTILE EFFORT OF THE DEMOCRATS TO HAVE THE DELATED RETURNS FRODUCFD?HOW FIVE BUFEBVISORS OF ELECTION MAT MAKE A PRESIDENT. [BT TELEORAPn TO THE HERALD.] Naw. Orleans, Not. 28, 18701 The Returning Board this morning, notwithstanding tbo reiterated domand o( the democrats tbat tbe re tarns of five par1' t known to be in this city now, should be sent lor, .^.nu refused. A FKkTINSNT QUESTION. Jndge SpolTord, addressing Governor Wells, asked whether the Board would pormlt tbe Ave supervisors ol theso parishes to make or unmake a President, te which tbe President of the Board replied tbat be bat no control over the supervisors, and tbat it the roturm were not in they would be omitted trom tbe count. The five parishes relerred to give, by official returns ovor 2,000 democratic majority. This ruling has cansei a strong feeling hero. PROCEEDINGS OF THE RETURNING BOARD. Nkw Orlbaks, Not. 28, 187& Tbe Returning Board assembled this morning. All of Its members, the republican and democratio com* mittees and their couuscl were present General Andkkhon mado another personal explana tion. Judgo SrovFoBD suggestad that tbe Board ahould Issus an order to compel tho supervisor* of the following parishes to hand in their return*, viz.:?Franklin, Grant, Livingston, Lafayette and Frangipaboa. Ths Judge remarked that In theso parishes there were large democratic majorities. Governor Wkli.s said tho Board waa entirely lnde* pendent of eu pur visor*, Judge SroKFiiRD?Is it In the power of these Ave supervisors, by illegally withholding the returns of live parishes, which give a democratic majority ol 2,900, to niako or uuuisko a President or Governor? Governor Wki.ls? It the returns are not here the votes cannot be couuted. Mr. Uai'tiiihkai'x asked II the certified copies In the district courts could not be produced, as tbe law pro Tided lor tbe use of these copies when tho origins returns wore lost or couid not be prepared? tGovornor Wki.i.s said he had already ruled on thai point, and thought it was unnecessary to say any more about it, us copies would not be received. Mr. G authKicAi/'x,aud Judge HrorroKn urged the ne cessity ol ordorlng supervisors to muke their return* Governor Wkllh replied that he would aive the order if tho returns wore not received by Wednesday. Colonel Zachakik llicd u motion to the effect tbat twenty-tour hours having elapsed, the party proposing Interrogatories shail tlx tbe time and place, and stale llin name ol tbo United -States Commissioner to take tho lesiunouy, and that ho shall notify cunnsol on tbe opposite side twonty-lour hours In advauce, so tbat both purties may bo present wbeu the testimony la Oeiilg taken. Ths motion was Immediately overruled. The Board then went into Executive session. ?xrisiOATtuM testimony. The Returning hoard hi executive session Inspcotad the returns irom tnu remaining wards In the city and Iroin three parishes. All ol them were laid over lot luturo action. Thou tbo parish of Uuachlta was takes up, much to the surprise of the democratic counsel, as Kast Baton Rouge was tbe parish tixud for to-dny. Four negroes were Introdueed at witnesses or tho republican side and were examined orally by bo liosru, according to Interrogatories The Board ruled in the Orel place, that unless the demo crats had cross interrogutorioa they would not be per* mined to oxumino the witnesses orally. Finally, alter remarks by the republican and demo cratic visiting committees, tho Board con sented to allow crosa-examination ol the wilueaoee by the democratic committee. The testimony ol the wit* ?it-s.-os was In regard to Intimidation and outrages, and they wero very diffuse In their statomeuis. The dem ocrats will luiroduce rebutting testimony to-morrow wlion tho cousiueration of the returns from Ooaehltr will be resumod. HUMORS ABOUT THE MILITIA. SENSATIONAL STORY ABOUT AN APPLICATION BT THN PRESIDENT TO GOVERNOR HAHTBANFF DENIED. [BY TELEGRAPH TO THE HERALD.] PHILADKI.milA, Nov. 28, lim * It wonld appear from a Washington special te a late edition of a Philadelphia evening paper that there Is ? rumor at tbe capital that, should the regular iorcea Is South Orollna be Insufficient, the President will call for militia, and that tbo eall wonld undoubt edly be upon Pennsylvania, Governor Hartraaft, II la declared, having recently bad a conieroaee with President Gfawt and the Secretary of War for tbla par* pose The despatch farther states tbat tba Seeretary of War has received numerous coaimaaioaMeas Iroai officers of tbe National Guard of Pennsylvania, express ing their readiness te rot pond la a eall to eapprcaa vtolenee. TBS ITOBV aaaiao. i I have Just sought the Adjutant Geaeral of tbo ttata National Guard of Pennsylvania la relation to this report. Ho proaoaaoea it lalas hi the maai pomuva