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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, November 29, 1876, Image 7

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NEW YORK HERALD
BROADWAY AND ANN STREET.
JAMES GORDON BENNETT,
PROPRIETOR.
THE DAILY HERALD, published ex'ery
day in the year. Three cents per copy (Sun
day excluded). Ten dollars per year, or at
rate of one dollar per month for any period
less than six months, or five dollars lor six
months, Sunday edition included, free of
postage.
All business, news letters or telegraphic
despatches must be addressed New York
Herald.
Letters and packages should be properly
sealed.
Rejected communications will not be re
turned.
PHILADELPHIA OFPICE-NO.112 SOUTn
SIXTH STREET.
LONDON OFFICE OF TIIE NEW YORK
HERALD?NO. id FLEET STREET.
PARIS OFFICE?AYENLE DE L'OPERA.
NAPLES OFFICE?NO. 7 ST11ADA PACE.
Subscriptions and advertisements will be
received and forwarded on the same terms
ns in New York.
VOLUME XL? NO. 334
AMUSEMENTS THIS AFTERNOON AND EVENING.
nowr;i(Y theatre.
riDE OF LIFE, nt H I*. .M.
UNION SQUARE THEATRE.
MISS MULTON, at S 1'. ,M.
GRAND"oUERt HOUSE.
UNCLE TOM'S CA1IIX. a' > IV M. Matinee at 2 r. M.
BOOTH'S THEATRE.
SA RDANAPALl'S at S I*. M. .Mr. Jlaii^a and Mrt. Apnea
Booth.
OR KM A M A TI IE ATRE.
DER GROSSE Wl'KF, at M P. M.
LYCEUM I'll E ATRE.
FOOL'S REVENGE, at s P. -M. Edwin Booth.
FT FT II A V V. N U E f 11K AT RE.
BROOKLYN THEATRE.
JULIUS C.ESAR. at S U. M.
GILMORE'S GARDEN.
BARNUM'S CIRCUS AND MENAGERIE, at t and 8 P. M.
WALLA UK'S "THEATRE.
niE SHAUGHRAI N, nt SI' M.
PARK THEATRE.
MUSETTE, at 8 P. M. L. tta.
STUIN WAY II ALU
niEO. THOMAS' CONCERT, nt 2 I*. M.
c it it; Ki'H'.iN g ~ir all.
CONCERT, nt 8 P. M. Mils Ei<iuiuicer.
STEIN WAY 11 ALL.
CONCERT, at 8 P. M. Mint Lilian Norton.
NEW TO UK AQUARIUM.
Dpen daily.
EAGLE THEATRE.
VARIETY, at 8 P. M. Matinee nt 2 P. M.
SAN FRAN CISC O MINSTS E LS.
at 8 P. U.
KELLY A LEON'S MINSTRELS,
?t 8 P. M.
11E lle!us~t77e AT RE.
PRF.STIDIOITATKUR, nt 8 P. M.
COLUMBIA OPERA HOUSE.
VARIETY, at 8 P. M.
THEATRE OOMIQUE.
VARIETY, at 8 P. M.
OLYMPIO TIIKATRE.
VARIETY and drama, lit 7:45 P. M. Matinee at 2 P. M.
TONY PASTOR'S THEATRE.
VARIETY, at 8 p. M.
THIRD AVENUE THEATRE.
BURLESQUE DRAMA, ai s P. M. Matinee at 2 P. M.
M A BII.T.K THEATRE.
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PARISIAN VARIETIES.
VARIETY, at 8 P. M.
TIVOLI THEATRE.
VARIETY, at 8 P. M
PHILADELPHIA THEATRES.
ZOOLOGICAL GARDEN.
KIR A LEY'S ALHAMBRA PALACR.
IZURINK pOK, a VOYAGE TO THE EARTH.
NEW NATIONAL THEATRE.
li'ERPIONNE KRANOAISE.
TRIPLE SHEET.
NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 5i!>, 1876.
NOTiCE TO ami THE rCKLIC.
Owing to the action of a portion ol the carriers,
newsmen and news companies, who are determined
that the public shall not hare tho Herald at three
cents per copy II thev can prevent it, we havo made
arrangements to place tho Herald in tho bands of
?11 our readers at the reduced price. Newsboys aud
dealers can purchase any quantity they may desire
at No. 1,265 Broadway end No. 2 Ann street, and
also lrom our wagons on the principal avenues. All
dealers who havo been threatened by the news com
panies are requested to send in tholr orders direct to
us, at No. 2 Ann street.
Prom our reports this morning the vrcHxibil
itics are that the weather to-day tciil he cold and
partly cloudy or dear.
Wall Street Yesterday.?The stock mar
ket closed firm and with a general improve
ment on tho prices of tho preceding day.
Gold declined from 101) to 108 5-8. Money
an call loans was supplied at 5 and 4 per
?cnt. Government securities were lower.
Railway bonds were steady.
Jett Davis came and went like a summer
cloud. The strangest part of it is that his old
friends in this city saw nothing of liim.
Tue Statesmen about the City Hall are
busy speculating in regard to Mayor Wick
ham's nomination for Comptroller, and somo
very wild and absurd theories are advanced
in which the name of Jobn Kelly appears
with unnecessary prominence. We presume,
however, that tho Aldermen will confirm Mr.
Thayer's nomination, that Mr. Thayer will
accept, and that that will be the end ot it
Crime Follows Upon Crime, and our col
umns this morning bear ample testimony to
the frequency of homicide in this neighbor
hood. Wo have fuller details of the Hun
ter's Point tragedy, together with an ac
count of the commutation of the sontcnce
of Schwamb in New Jersey to imprisonment
for life, and the story of mistaken identity
upon which Ryan and Oschwald expect to
receive a new trial. And these are only
part of the record of crime for a single day.
The Elevated Railroad in Greenwich
street and Ninth avenue has grown from a
small beginning to a most important under
taking. After this week two hundred and
four trains daily will bo run aud tho inter
val between trains will bo only eight
minutes. This is a great public accommo
dation, as is evidenced by these increasod
facilities, and what is most remarkable is
that there has never been a serious accident
on the line.
Thanesoivino Dinners have become the
essential featuro of Thanksgiving Day, and
our news columns this morning show that
the public aud private benevolent institu
tions of this city will afford them to
their inmates to-morrow. Rut while
wo are feasting, as is our wont on
this annual season of thankfulness, it would
be well to begin to remember that thoro are
many others who havo loss reason to bo
thankful. The winter will bo an unusually
severe one and Thanksgiving Day is an rx
oellent season to begin the work of practical
banrroltnoe.
At Colombia. Yesterday.
Wo congratulate the country that the
exciting day at the capital of South Caro
lina yesterday passed without any breach
of the peace. Whatever there may
be of shame or reproach connected
with the extraordinary proceedings at Co
lumbia does not lie at the door of Wade
Hampton and liis snpporters. Wo doubt
if tho citizens of New York or Massa
chusetts would have gone through n
similar trial with equal credit. If,
in a contested eloction, when both parties
claimed the Legislature of this State,
federal troops had been stationed at
Albany; if the soldiers had taken pos
session of tho State House at midnight
preceding tho dny when the Legislature
is required to meet ; if they had barred the
entrance of members claimed to have been
elected by one political party ; if they had
thus given the organization of tho Legisla
ture to a party which had to strain
the law to give it the false
appcaranco of a quorum, wo doubt if the
citizens of New York would "have been as
patient, as forbearing, as self-controlled as
tho citizens of South Carolina showed
themselves to bo yesterday when federal
bayonets hedged tho passage to the legisla
tive hall against jjersons who had at least a
colorable claim to take part in the proceed
lhe bearing of South Carolina citizens in
the great trial to which they were subjected
yesterday was admirable. Thero has never
been a moro critical and dangerons con
juncture in the history of Ameri
can politics. The whole country
bad its attention fixed on the proceedings
at Columbia, and thero was a great strain
of anxiety and apprehension lest scenes of
violence and bloodshed should sot the
whole country on fire and inaugurate
a new civil war. Public passions are in so
inilammable a state that a mere spark might
have kindled a conflagration of which the
consequences would have been appalling.
Happily no spark fell into the dry tinder,
and wo felicitate the country that the point
of danger is passed.
The credit of preserving the peaco at
Columbia yesterday is duo to General Wade
Hampton, the democratic candidate for
Governor. lie had only to lift a
finger, ho had only to signify the
slightest assent, and the State House
would havo been rescued from the federal
soldiers and his supporters could have
controlled the organization of the Legisla
ture. 'lhe federal troops wore only three
hundred, and thero were at least eight
thousand democrats present in Columbia
accustomed to the use of arms, with arms
probably upon their persons, who could
have crumpled and annihilated the small
federal force had thoy given way to their in
dignation and their sense of wrong. It is
fortunate that thoy have a leader so strong,
so sagacious, so self-poised and so thor
oughly trusted as Wade Hampton. Ho per
fectly understands the sanation, and, if we
may judge by his conduct yesterday,
he will make no mistakes. Thero
was danger at one critical moment
that tho excited citizens might press
their way into tho Stato House in spite of
the federal soldiers, but General Hampton
came forward and made a speech to the in
censed multitude which calmed tlioir pas
sions and caused them peaceably to disperse.
His supporters havo too much confidence in
him to do anything against his wishes, and
he understands the situation too well to per
mit any resort to violence. Ho is too clear
sighted and cautions to give tho republicans
sucb an advantage, and wo are encouraged
to hope that this difficulty will bo settled by
peaceful methods.
It is clear enough that the use made of tho
federal troops yesterday was without
any constitutional warrant. At tlio very
utmost there is nothing which they
could legally do beyond the preser
vation of the local peace. But they
undertook to decide what members are en
titled to seats in a State Legislature. They
assumed to overrule the judgment of tho
Supreme Court of tho State and to decide
that claimants to scats should not appear
to present their claims. There is no federal
law which authorizes this kind of interfer
ence. Tho constitution and laws of South
Carolina make tho Legislature itself the
sole judge of tho election of its own
members and their titles to seats. But the
federal troops took tho question out of their
hands nnd decided in advance that demo
cratic members shonld not only bo excluded
from seats, but that they should not
even be allowed to enter tho legislative
hall to present the evidence of their
title. Thero could not be a
more wanton, monstrous and indefensible
violation of law than this assumption by
tho federal army of a right to decido who had
nnd who had not been elpctod to a State
Legislature. This is not merely tho opinion
of tho Hebald?it is tho opinion of
tho ablest republican lawyers. If we
had space for quotations wo could show
that it was the opinion of Mr. Evarts,
Judge Sehlen, and the most re
spected members of tho Bar of this
Stato when a similar outrage
on law and decency was perpetrated in
Louisiana in January, 1875. Tho wholo i
speech of Mr. Evarts at tho Cooper Institute I
in that memorable month was an argu
ment to prove that no such powor
exists and a vigorous denunciation of
the attempt to exercise it. Even President
Grant himself was forced to admit that tho i
federal government has no such author
ity. A few days after tho gieat in
dignation meeting in New York ho !
sent to Congress a special Message !
on Louisiana affairs, in which he admitted
that the troops in Now Orleans had exceeded
their anthority. Ho professed that tho in
terference with the Louisiana Legislature
was without his direction or orders nnd
without his previous knowledge. He told
Congress that Lis first information of
that transaction came to him through
tho newspapers, after tho thing had
been done. He proceeded to make
a formal and emphatic disclaimer of
any federal right to interfere with
the Legislator* of a State. We may bo per
mitted by way of reminder to quote his
language:?"My first intimation," said
President Grant on that occasion, "was from
the papers of the morning of the 5th of
Jannnry. I did not know that any anch
thing was anticipated, as no orders or sug
gestions were given to any military officer
in that State prior to the occurrence."
Now mark the language in which Presi
dent Grant proceeded to deny and
disclaim all right of interference. He
stated the truo doctrine on this subject
with a precision and force which
would have left Mr. Evarts himself
no ground of objection. "I am well aware,"
said President Grant in his special Message
of January 13, 1875, "that any military in
terference by the officers or troops of the
United States with the organization of a
State Legislature or any of its proceedings, or
with any civil department of the govern
ment, is repugnant to our ideas of govern
ment. I can conceive of no case, not involv
ing rebellion or insurrection, where.such
interference by authority of the general
government ought to bo permitted or
can be justified." President Grant, on that
occasion, shieldod himself from censure
by professing that the interference with
the Louisiana Legislature was without
his direction, sanction or knowledge, and
to clear himself more fully ho made
tho sound statement of constitutional doc
trine which wo have just quoted from his
Louisiana Message. I3ut can he pretend
ignorance now? Can ho expect anybody to
believe that what was done at Colum
bia yesterday was done without his
sanction? Unless he can plead ignoranco
and disclaim responsibility now, as he did
in the Louisiana case, he stands condemned
out of his own mouth. But who will accept
such a plea with respect to the transactions
at Columbia yesterday ?
Judged by his own declarations the mili
tary interference yesterday was utterly with
out warrant or justification. For him to re
peat his former plea of ignorance in this
ense would be ridiculous. If he ordered
this plain violation of law, or if, with so
many reasons for supposing it would
take place, he did not prevent it, he
must shoulder the whole responsibility.
Judged by his own declarations to
Congress it is a monstrous violation of
law and of the spirit of our institutions.
With that message on record we do not see
how he can escape on a plea of ignorance.
If the law is such as he described it he
has clearly made himself liable to impeach
ment by this new interference with
a State Legislature. Unfortunately for him
the impeaching power is now in the hands
of his enemies, and there is no reason why
they should not exercise it. We pre
sume the first business of the House
of Representatives, when it assembles next
week, will be to vote ?his impeach
ment and appoint a committee to
draw up the articles. It will easily
he made to appear that President
Grant has not only violated the constitution
but sinned against knowledge. The passage
we hnve quoted from his Message leaves him
without excuse.
Mackenzie's Fight.
The Powdor "River column has succeeded
in finding the enemy, and seems to have
found pretty tough customers. After a
march uninterrupted for twenty-four hours
the column of cavalry, ono thousand strong,
under the command of General Mackenzie,
came upon the village of the Cheyenne
Chief Dull Knife and at once attacked.
Owing to the difficulties of the ground
the Indians were able to offer
a determined resistance, and by last
accounts they wero not inclined to abandon
the battle field. The mistakes of the last
campaign have reacted on the savages, and
they no longer fear our soldiers even when
these happen to be in superior numbers.
However, it is satisfactory to know that the
savages have now in front of them a soldier
who ?is esteemed not unworthy to rank be
side the lamented Custer as an Indian
fighter, and the bad weather will seriously
hamper the movements of the savages, en
cumbered as they are by their families and
camp equipage. General Crook has now a
good opportunity of showing how much
he deserves his reputation as a soldier
by at once going to the help of his subordi
nate and trying to prevent the escape of the
savages. If our cavalry are good for any
thing a thousand of them ought to be able
to hold the Indians until Crook comes up
with the infantry, which ought to have been
sent on behind the cavalry, unless our gen
erals learned nothing from the experience of
the summer campaign. General Mockenzie
will probably try to prevent the escape of
Dull Knife and his band, and though In
dians aro very slippery he certainly ought
not to allow them to escape in view of the
great numerical superiority of his force,
which is wholly composed of cavalry.
The troops acted magnificently, and our
gallant correspondent with journalistic
chivalry rode among the foremost into the
midst of the fight. "NVe hope soon to hear
that a complete victory has been won, as
some compensation for the loss of valuable
lives. Among the killed on our side was
Lieutenant McKinney, whose early death
will be regretted by his comrades, by whom
he was esteemed and loved.
It Seems Habdx* to establish the identity
of the man charged with forgery under the
name of Ralston than to prove the forgeries
themselves. One intimation thrown out in
this case is worthy of careful consideration?
namely, that the accused is only a sneak
thief named Sheridan, who was arrested for
the purpose of securing the reward. The
criminal classes have no friends, and when
there is a resemblance it might bo easy to
hold and oven convict ono in place of the
other. The case will be given to the jury,
and some interest will be felt in the verdict
owing to the peculiarity of the defence.
Chabi.es Reade'h Dksciuition of the flood
which swept everything before it, as in the
case of the Mill River disaster, would scarcely
snftico in its intensity for the thrilling and
terrific accident reported in our columns
this morning of a runaway coal train dash
ing down an inclined plane in the moun
tains of the Pennsylvania coal regions. The
scene is one which may be imagined, but it
is easier to describe the velocity and de
Btructiveness of a cannon ball than suoh ?
spectacle. No words could picture it, and it
must be left to the imagination.
The Oregoa Presidential Electors.
We have received the following communi
cation from one of the most eminent jurists
of the United States. As we are always will
ing that our readers may see the strongest
arguments that can bl made against any po
sition taken by the Herald on important
public questions we give a prominent place
to the letter of Mr. Lawrence :?
To tux Editor or Tits Herald:?
I?o you do justice to the Governor of Oregon and to
tbo democratic party Id your Article id tuis morning's
paper IB repard to the electoral vole in that Slate?
1 would first call your attention to the fact that the
President, so lar Irom being chosen by a popular onto,
Ibo opcrallou of the electoral sy stem has been such
that in several cuseii the successful candidate iias been
In a minority. In Mr. Lincoln's ca'o, while he had up
ward of 200 electoral votes, and there were only T2 lor
all other cr.ndid.nes, ho had in the popular
vote a million lose than tho aggregate vota
of bit opponents, and now Mr. Tildeii Is
hail a million confessedly beyond Mr. Hayes.
The constitution is not less explicit that all votes given
tor electors who hold oltlces of profit or trust under the
United States shall bo void than that Oregon, with a
population scarcely entitling her to one KrpreacnUtive
in Congress, shall have the right of caslitig three elec
toral rotes mr President; and if this highly lavored
constituency are not competent to select qualified
electors assuredly no oaa can complain that fiagrunt
Inequality should be diminished as a result of tbelrown
Ignorance, or, If vou please, py accident. D is one of
the res'ills of tho electoral machinery, which does
not pro less to make the election on exclusively popu
lar grounds.
It seems to me Inconceivable how, In any event, ex
ception can be taken to Governor Grover's course.
The law of Orcgou requires that the canvass for elec
tors shall be mailt In tbe same way as la provided lor
that of members of Congress and State officers, the
voles being counted by the Secretary of Staio iu proa
euco of the Governor. Tbe Ineligibility of the i'o.-t
mastur must have been supposed to hjve been known
10 alt electors, which would meet any points raised in
the decision of some of the State courts, but whether
known or not it Is an immemorial rule oi that common
law which wn have Inherited from our English ances
tors that votes cast lor incompetent persons are void.
Tho case of John Wilkes, which occurred In lTfifi. Is
In point. After his expulsion Irom the House
of Commons he was repeatedly unanimously
re-elected, tho House reletting to receive
hlin. At last Mr. Luttrel was induced to run
against him and the House admitted him, though be
had only 290 votes against 1,14.1 lor Wlike*. There was
no question that votes given lor a disqualified can
didate were void, but It was contended that expulsion
did not exclude rc-elcctlon to Parliament. I may
add that considering what la going on In Louisiapa and'
South Carolina It seems moat extraordinary that ex
ception should be taken to tbe democrats it' (boy avail
themselves ol all constitutional mean* to meet tho
frauds. As to Uio Governor, he porlorroed a simple
duty, ns I understand it. and as I believe It is under
stood by most constitutional lawyers.
WILLIAM BEACH LAWRENCE.
Great as is our respect for the legal attain
ments of our distinguished correspondent
wo must bo pardoned for saying that in
t his instance be has given expression to a
hasty opinion formed without due investi
gation. It by no means follows, as Mr.
Lawrence seems to think, that when an
ineligible candidate has received a majority
of votes his competitor is elected. The
Court of Appeals of the State of
i ew \ork has had occasion to
adjudge a case of this kind, and
its judgment does not sustain the view
of Mr. Lawrence. Our Court of Appeals
decided that the ineligible candidate who
received a majority of votes was not elected,
but that it did not thence follow that the
candidate receiving the next highest num
ber had a title to the office. The decision
was that there was no election at all, and
that the office still remained to be filled. The
Court of Appeals made a distinction between
blank votes and votes for> an ineligible can
didate. Blank votes impiy that those who
cast them aro willing to waive their right of
choice. They aro of no more account than
if the voters had stayed at home. But
votes for an ineligible candidate are pre
sumably cast in ignorance of the fact of in
eligibility, and instead of implying indiffer
ence indicate a choice. They show
that those who oast them prefer
a different candidate from tho one
who stands next on tho list. The
Court decided that tho intention of the
voters is so far to be respected as to prevent
the election of a candidate whom tho voters
clearly did not want. The office, therefore,
remains to bo filled either by a new election
or by the appointing power authorized to
fill vacancies.
Applying tho principle thus established
by the New York Court of Appeals to tho
Oregon case it follows that only two Presi
dential electors were chosen in Oregon,
and that there is a vacancy to
bo filled according to law. By a
statute of that State (if we are not mis
taken as to the Oregon law) the other elec
tors are entitled to fill this vacancy when
they assemble as an Electoral College, and
they will, of course, fill it with a republican.
This accords not merely with strict law, but
also with fairness and equity, for there' can
be no doubt that the citizens of Oregon in
tended to give their three electoral rotes to
Hayes and Wheeler.
Tiae Weather.
True to the Hebali/s prediction of several
days ago the areas of low barometer that
traversed the northern sections of tho coun
try during tho latter part of last and the bo
ginning of this week havo merged in one
off the Nova Scotia coast, and high winds
prevail along the valley of tho St. Lawrence
below Montreal. But when the depression
so formed, and which yesterday morning
exhibited a pressure on the coast of only
2!>.19 inches, reaches the open ocenn, the
storm will probably bocomo very violent and
dangerous. An area of high barome
ter is now moving southeastward from
Manitoba, which tends to separate the de- I
pression in Dakota and Nebraska from that
on the eastern coast. Tho interposition of
this volume of dense cold atmosphero be
tween the two low areas wili cause a heavy
precipitation ol suow on the advanced mar
gin of the western one. This has already
commenced at Bismarck, Fort Sully, Yank
ton and Omaha, but as yet to a limited ex
tent. Tho area of snow and rain that accom
panies the eastern storm centre extends
westward as far as Lake Michigan, causing
a snow fall at Grand Haven, Oswego, Mon
treal, Quebec, Chatham, and at points on
the northeastern coast. Rain has fallen ail
over the lake region and along the St.
Lawrence \ alley. A barometric fall is
noticcnblo in the Gulf, with rain at
New Orleans. The wind directions also
indicato a small local disturbance
near the Texas coast. The temperature
yesterday shows considerable variations, ac
cording to locality. Thus, at Breckenridge,
Minn., in the morning it was 20, and at
Pembina 10 degrees below zero. At Chey
enne 1, SL Paul 3, Duluth 8, Chicago 14,
Indianapolis 19 and St. Louis 23 degrees
above zero. At New iork it was 33, Wil
mington 50, Jacksonville, Fla., 65, New
Orleaus 58, and at Nashville, Tenn., 40 de
grees abovo zero. It is probable that in tho
New \ork canal region tho temperature to
day will lall to or even below freezing point.
I he weather at this city to-day will bo cold
and nartlv alnndv or oJml
Nlanlrjr, the lUmblrehi and the Fellows
of the Royal Geographical Society.
One of the Fellows of the Boyal Geo
graphical Society has undoubtedly suc
ceeded in winning nomo notoriety in
England by his attack upon Henry M. Stan
ley, now in Central Africa. Although
defeated as mnch by the good sense of the
members as by a technical objection raised
to the introduction of his condemnatory
resolutions, Mr. Hyudmnn, F. B. G. 8.,
is one of those individuals "not to be
put down," and renews the assault on
the absent explorer in the columns of a Lon
don journal. Whether this ultra philan
thropist's views represent the opinion of
a large number of his follow countrymen
or not we cannot say, but we sincerely hope
for the credit of English consistency that
they do not. Viewed from Mr. Hyndman's
standpoint, and at a safe distance from
Bambireh, a strong case can undoubtedly be
made out against Mr. Stanley. But when
we look at the question with the solitary
explorer's eyes, and from the uncertain
refuge of a frail canoe on the stormy Vic
toria N'yanza, then Mr. Hyndman's virtuous
indignation becomes supremely ridiculous.
In the prosecution of his arduous under
taking, a work surrounded with peril, in a
region far from the friendly white inun's
aid and peopled by savages who do not
hesitate to destroy villages and desolate
largo districts in order to secure a few of
their own race for the Arab slave traders,
Mr. Stanley has been forced by the supreme
law of self-preservation to kill sevoral na
tives as a punishment for their attacks and
to deter the survivors from repeating them.
There is no difference in the motive that
induced the British commanders in India
to blow their unfortunate Sepoy prisoners
from the cannon's mouth and that which
actuated Stanley in firing his elephant rifle
into a canoe full of bloodthirsty savages. If
Mr. Hyndman believes that the first act can
be justified on the grounds of stern neces
sity, sorely he must more readily grant that
the second was infinitoly less tainted with
sternness while more justifiable on the
grounds of necessity. If a small but well
equipped Indian army, acting under the or
ders of a civilized government, found it ad
visable to strike terror into the hearts of a
large hostile population by such a barbarous
expedient as blowing prisoners from the
cannon's mouth, how much less blamable
is the dernier resort of an individual whoso
position is rendered desperate by its
isolation ? Does Mr. Hyndman imagine
that Stanley has returned to the Afri
can jungles in order to afford the Boyal
Geographical or any other society an
opportunity to spout onlogistic obituary
speeches about him as a martyr to science ?
No, ho has gone to solve the mystery of the
Nile and the Congo, and has wisely resolved
that if the Bambirehs, the amiable cannibals,
for whom the "arm-chair geographer" Mr.
Hyndman is so solicitous, undertake to kill
him and plunder his train they will not suc
ceed if he can help it. If he acted other
wise he would be unfit for his mission in
the field, and worthy only of a seat beside
Mr. Hyndman, listening to his goody, goody
Btorics about tho gentle Bambirehs.
Constitutional Turkey.
Few things could be more incongruous
than the proposition to suddenly convert
tho Ottoman Empire by decree into a mod
ern monarchy of the European type, with
parliamentary limitations ; yet the an
nouncement made by cable that the draft of
the law, promised by the circular of October
12, has been already sent out, seems to imply
that tho Turks are in earnest on this subject
and that {he half-drowned sovereignty grasps
desperately at the parliamentary straw.
In theory tho Sultan is an absolute monarch,
but this is in theory only ; yet the limita
tions to which his will is subject are
not of the kind that are made effective
through public opinion or that can have
any possible relation to the functions of a
representative ohnmber ; and therefore there
is little chnnco that this attempt to graft
English institutions on Turkish history will
be successful. Tho notion of making Tur
key a constitutional monarchy originated
with the progressive party of the Sultan's
Mussulman subjects, and pre-eminently
with Fazil Pacha. It was tho theory of this
party that the troubles of the country were
not due to Mohammedanism, and, therefore,
thnt there was no insurmountable obstacle
in the way of a remedy. They at
tributed all evils to maladministration,
and held that, the reconstruction of
the administrative system on the
basis of a constitution which should recog
nize the equal rights of every portion of the
people would put the nation in harmony
with other nations of Europe. They de
manded a constitution which should establish
a perfect equality of rights and duties be
tween Mussulmans and Christians. This
the Sultan has now promised to give; for,
being very sick, he is very contrite. In the
anticipation that a Turkish movement for
reform will take the wind out of the sails of
the great Power now resolved to enforce
reforms in Turkey the Ottoman Ministry is
mistaken.
An Amlrinii Crlal*.
Upon the overthrow of Austria by Prussia
in the Sndowa campaign tho ancient impe
rial government was tlirnst out of Ger
many, and, by the loss of its relations with
tho German people, underwent a great
change in its internal equilibrium. In that
crisis the Austrian government was very
much like Washington Irving's great man,
who was so tremendously great that when
he went to the West the East tipped up. Its
principal anxiety was to steady the ground
it stood upon. Thitherto Hungary had been
a merely dependent part of tho Empire, un
able to make its lights respected in the impe
rial councils, and equally unable to conquer
those rights by revolt. But by the change
i referred to tho rest of the monarchy as
: sunied very much tho appearance of a de
| pendency of Hungary, and tho Hungarians,
| as the most important Ringlo element of a
! composite monarchy, assumed a dominant
position. Since then the main labor of
| Austro-Hungarian politics has been to keep
i the balance betwocn the parts of the Em
pire, and compacts have boon constantly
made, revised and repealed for one or an
| other reason. They are still engaged in
I this Sisvuhian labor, and their latest ex
citement is due to the endeavors of 4h#
Austrian National Bank to defeat ths
scheme for a reorganization of the financial
administration in the interest of the Hon*
garians.
??od Sens* In Month Carolina*
There is at least one fact in the news from
Sonth Carolina that will be contemplated
with satisfaction by the whole country.
This is the attitude of the people at Colum
bia. They exhibit a forbearance in circum
stances that inevitably excite deep passions
and a respect for the majesty of the law
worthy the highest praise, and which indi
cates also the disciplined spirit that per
ceives how easily in this critical hour a
trivial explosion of wrath might imperil the
just assertion of the most important princi
ples. Before any one loosely declares that
the people of South Carolina submit
because in the presence of ths
troops they cannot help themselves
it will be well for him to reflect upon the
particulars of the situation. There are three
hundred soldiers of the United States Army
in Columbia. This is not a great force, and,
even if we concede that the troops are
supremely excellent, it is plain that num
bers so small could be readily overwhelmed;
for there are in the same city five thousand
men, members of the now notorious rifle
clubs. It has been reported by Governor
Chamberlain and his friends that these rifle
clubs are regularly trained military organ
izations, made up in great part of the veteran
soldiers of the Confederate army. If this be
true it is evident that a force of that na
ture in such numbers, or even in far less
numbers, could be supreme in Columbia at
any moment. It is true that if they assailed
the force thoir triumph would be but tempo
rary ; but men in such a position and under
the influence of great excitement seldom com
monly reason well, and we are glad to note
that the people of South Carolina are an ex
ception to the rule. They protest against
the use of the United States troops simply
as it is an appeal to force in the settlement
of disputed issues ; but they recognize that
that force represents the law, and they bow
to the law.
There Is a Mystery about the Moots
zuma, but it is not unlikely that the theory
that she was to carry arms to the Cuban in
surgents and then to be sunk is the trae
one. She could scarcely have been at Bea
since her capture by the Cubans without
something being heard of her whereabouts,
and it is probable that the first news we
shall have of her will be from Cuba.
PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE
Black Ink Is again fashionable.
Senator Bayard has eleven children.
Cardinal red sbtrts raako bulldozers mad.
The German Emperor has the best living cook.
Mrs. Ireno Honse is looking for Daniel Dorondo.
Several freshmen are trying to eater the elect or A
college.
Toombs will bet $10,000 that Tildes will be lnau
gu rated.
Eighty-five Chinamen (Tom Nevada will eolonlse la
Chicago.
There have been great snow storms la the French
provinces.
Do not wash lamp chimneys with soap and water(
use a dry elotb.
The rovivallstof the Cincinnati Time* sings, ??Return
Board, Return."
Lord Rosebory leaves to-day for England en ths
steamer Russia.
Some of those canvassers la Louisiana seem to have
taken time by tbo fetlock.
St. rani, Minn., has s population of 33,694, and Its
snburo, Minneapolis, 40,012.
In Prussia thero is ono savings bank depositor t*
every sixty-two of the population.
A pariy of English bloods sro la Omaha getting
ready to destroy hufTaloos for sport.
Mr. R. von Pastel, Minister for the Netherlands al
Washington, is at tbo HofTman House.
The St. Louis Republican says that the days are
only half as long now as the gas bills.
Senator William B. Allison, ol lows, is at ths Bra
voort House, on tbe way to Washington
The fashionable "Polo Club jacket" for ladies Is of
wool?sleeveless and trimmed with silk.
Harriet Beochor Stowe and family have left Hark
ford lor their winter home at Mandarin, Fie.
James G. Fair, tbe big bonanza man, bas bought ths
old Oakland (CaL) roaidence of J. Ross Browne.
Mr. George Williamson, of Louisiana, United States
Minister to Central America, is at the Astor Honse,
An eel will lire over twenty years, and yet as a flrsf
rate wrugler Andy Curttn will beat him by a good eel
Naibantol Hawthorne's daugnter, wife of G. B.
Lathrop, assistant editor of the AUartfie, has beautiful
blonde hair.
Ex-Treasurer Spinner says that there will be trouble
before ibis affair is over, anil that he is not too old to
shoulder a musket.
Old Abo, the veteran war eagle of the Eighth Wis
consin regiment, is to be exhibited In the Old South
church in a few days.
General Scbeuek's daughters are not eonsldered
handsome, but are said to he the clorcrost and wittiest
girls In Washington.
Ex-Erapress Eugenie and the Prince Lonls reeelre
popular demonstrations of respect nt Florence when
they appear in public.
An interest in tho Xorth American Review has been
purchased by Mr. A. T. Rico, an Oxford gradaate, who
has become its editor.
Colonel E. 1'. IJrooks baa resigned from the Wash
ington A'atirmal Republican and has been succeeded by
Colonoi Nat. Davidson.
The UYilmnc of yfesterday says:?"A new journal
has appeared in Now Orleans, called the Empire,
which lavurs making General Grant Emperor."
The geologist of tho nurllngton Hawk Eye thinks
that toads get into rocks by digging down with
toads'tools, This Is incorrect; they get into the rock
because it is a sort of trap.
Dr. II. S. Redllcld, whose mind Is usually Inclined to
be fair, writes that Louisiana ballot boxes no doubt
contained 7.two or 8,000 majority for Hayes, but that If
ihe negroes hud voted as lreely as they could in Ohio
Hayes would have had 16,000 majority.
Our vcrsatilo ami imaginative contemporary, tbn
World, contrived yesterday morning to build an airy
palace of tnferenco on a very small foundation of fact.
Eruppcd of roinauco the story of Lord Conyngham's
Eftvrcs ornament is simply this.?That His Lordship Iflin
sold a piece ol Sevres furniture to an anonymous pur
chaser, who, while bo has removed and paid for bis
cosily plaything, lias roinsed to discloso his name,
lint not tho wildest dreams of excited Jameses or of
elderly spinsters, feverish for strong gossip to mix
with their weak lea, have ever equalled Hie explana
tion 'Urn by the World'i ''member of the British Par
liament" (by whicl
which attributes if
Who tbis "mcmbi
unless he be instan
we suppose it means an M. P.),
lis purchase to the Prince of Wales,
r" may be we cannot guess; but,
ly placed In a lunatic asylum oi
created a peer, a gt ive stigma rests upon the House ol
ffeMWns. wntle n (thing can oxcuso tho Wor d foi
credit to pis incoliorent utterances.
? bill ol fi.ro for policemen:?
^ ??S?* ?" ?-i- -err r<- rr cccCffttf4 ^
* sour. ;
5 Pence soup. >
* risn. i
I B'sr ash?anything caught irom the docks. i
5 i kntskks, |
5 Pluck, wuh club*aneo, ;
I f KOA-T, 1
I ; Lamb, w'.th horse radish lor the mounted squad. >
: } vkoktahlxs. ;
I ? Heats? broken heaus of cabbage?green H. P. 's. j
! ; (itSK, ? |
| ; Wild gojeo. I
i UK RAD. .
; Pat-roils. i
! DRINKS. I
? No specialty?anything that ean be taken In. >

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