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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, December 07, 1876, Image 8

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Electoral Votes of All Three Cast
bj Rival Colleges.
HAYES THE WINNER
Democratic House in South Carolina
Has a Legal Quorum.
LOUISIANA COMMITTEES REPORT.
Florida's Returniog Board Completing the
Award of the State to the Rrpublicaui.
PROTEST OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL.
SOUTH CAROLINA.
?OTB Or THE STATE CAST UY TBI RIVAL EI.KO
TO IUL COLLEGES FOB HAYES AND TILDEN?
THE DEMOCRATIC HOUSE HAVING A CONSTI
TUTIONAL QUORUM TJIE SUPREME COURT
ORDERS THE ELECTION RETURNS TO BE
GIVEN TO SPEAKER WALLACE?PREPARATIONS
FOB CHAMBERLAIN'S INAUGURATION.
[BY TELEGRAPH TO TIIE HERALD.]
Columbia, Dec. o, 1870.
To-day has been eventful In ttie annuls ol South
Carolina. The democrat* havo been singulurly fortu
oato and triumphant at every point aud in every pro
ceeding they undertook. Their luck commenced by
tbo accession or tho sixty-third member hold
lug the certlilcate of tho Secretary of Stale
under the authority ol tho Hoard or
Btato Canvassers, which gives them a constitutional
quorum exclusive of tho two delegations from Kdgc
flold aud Luurens counties. This eulillos them to tho
recognition ol tho United States government, if report
?peaks tho truth in reg.ird to the views of President
Grant on tho subject. Tho most important matter,
?nd which, to them, is of vital intorest, were the
proceedings In tho Supreme Court to-day,
where opluious wore delivered by tho Chief
Justice and Associate Justices in tho man
drnus caso ol Wallace, democratic Speaker,
against llavne, Secretary ol'Stato. undK. W. M. Mackcy'
Speaker ol the Bayonet House, to compel them to de
liver to Wallace, as Speaker, the election rolurns lor
Governor and l.ieiiteiiuut Governor. Tho Issue brought
up squarely the legality ot the respective houses and
was watched with greul interest.
DECISION OP TUIS COURT.
The Chief Justico said that they had listened to
?rgun.ent upon tho question of tho Jurisdiction
?f the Court out ol respect to the counsel from
?brosd who had desired to nrguo it, but the very
Nintters now drawn into discussion had hoen argued
Hid decided by tho Court in cases which had arisen
?ome lime ago and which wero reported in tho pub
lished decisions of the Court aud that they saw no
reason to change tho result then annonncad; that tho
argument had boeu pushed upon them that under the
constitution the Executive, Legislative and Judicial
departments were distinct and that noitberone could
interfere with the duties of the other; that tbo
Court conceded this legal proposition iu Its iullest
extent; that the judiciary could not assume to dis
charge duties which devolved by law upon either of
tho others and this Court laid no clulm to any auch
power, but tliat the cases were innumerable in this
and in every .State of tho Union where tho Judiciary
hud exercised Jurisdiction to compel executive officers
to discharge duties which the law required them to
perform and which did not involvo the exercise of
discretion on the part ol the executive ofllcera- Ibat
without this power the right of tbo o'tiizeu
would be regulated not by law, but by tho
will of the executive officer. Take the
ordinary insianco of mouey appropriated to an indl.
ridual by an aet of the legislature, aud the Treasurer
directed to pay it and refuses. Where Is tho remedy
but in the justiciary r That tho question as to what
constituted a quorum was distinctly laid down in the
constitution, a majority of the whole number; the
?ruole number fixed by the constitution wu.s 124, aud
sixty-throe waa necessary to a legal quorum for too
organization of tho House; that tho point had been
ixpressl.v decided in tbe case ol Morion, Bliss k Co vs.
Hie Comptroller General, 4 Hlchardsou New series; that
the House, or which Mr. Wallace was cnosou Spoakor
Was comp- scd of sixty-five members; that it appeared
in ilie proof and was conceded by tho respondents
that all of the members except eight had the comO
cales of the Secretary ol Stale, and that these c ghl
had certiUrates under tho judgment ol the Court
that tho Board of Slate Canvassers had made or certl
U?d return to this Court, stating the name ol any
caudidato in any county aud tho votes cast for such
candidate, and thus showing tho candidates wdo hud
received the greatest number ot votes; that the Court
had then required tho Hoard to perforin their minis
terial duty ol certlt/tng the person who had received the
greatest number of votes, and thus lo entitle the per
son so receiving to access to the lloor and a prima
faci* right to participate in tho organization of the
House; that to avoid tho performance ol this duty un
der the laws and under iho order ot this Court, tho
Hoard bad adjourned <fte; that the law could not
thus be evaoed or the counties ol Edgefield and
Laurens thus deprived ol their right to representation
en the lloor.
THK DUTT ON CITIZENS.
The Court then admonishod tho citizens or their
duty, even in this period ol political excitement, to
yielu their Individual opinions to the law and to the
Judgment ol these upon whom the constitution had
devolved the duty and responsibility of construing tho
THK ORDER.
The Court then passed au order adjudging Mr.
Wallace to bo tbo logal Speaker or tho legally constl".
tilled House ol Representatives, and reserving for lur
ther argument the question whether a mandamus
could now issue to me .secretary of Slate, ho haviug
already delivered tho returns to Mr. Mackay. After
hearing tlie argument tlie mandamus as to Mackav waa
dismissed on iho ground that he was a private citizen
aud not Speaker, aud therefore a mandamus could not
bo issued.
The 7wo varranfn proceedings by (he democratic
elector* against the republican electors were taken up
General C onnor and Mayor Barker, ior the democratic
electors, wore ready to proceed, but Mr. Corbvn
I nite.1 Stales District Attorney, cuuusel tor respond
ents, asked lor further lime, and tbo Court grauicd a
postponement until to-morrow.
the mack XT HOUSE.
The llackey House was called to order Ibis morning
St twelve o'clock. All persous except reporters mem
bers and a lavored lew were caroiuliy excluded by
Cbamlierlain'a constabulary from not only the ball but
from tha Stale Houso itsell. Alter swe.iriog lit a
colored ninn Imm Abbeville county the Hou^e pro
ceeded to business. The only thing of any Importance
done was to pass the bill allowing tho Governor aud
Lieutenaut Governor to be sworn in before any officer
qualified to administer an oath to its third reading
and engrossment. Another mollou was introduced
by GloMer Holland, a negro from Akin couuty who
bas become somewhat notorious, looking to an appro
pnalion tor tbe roliet ot widows and orphans ol the
men killed at Hamburg, Eilentou and Rouse's Bridge
Holland stated that he -desired tbe bill to b<- passed as
soon as possible, ss widows and other witnesses were
at present in the city, and the committee could inves
tigate ihoir claims and aetllo them immediately He
Mated that there were widows. The met killed at
blJcntOQ anu Hamburg wore fifteen. Ttiov left there
fore, an average of ilfieen widows to oach tnnn '
Iteod called up tho bill providlug for future organiza
tion of tho Legislature. This b II provides that In
'?l"re ??'e electors' list shall be ma.io up irom the list
of those holding the Secretary ol Mute's certificates.
Til a SIN ATX.
The Senate also met at twelve o'clock. The only
>u sin ess of imporlsnre transacted by it was ordcrine
ibe oill retarding the persou before whom tbe Gov
?rnor and Lieutenant Governor shall n? sworn in to
be passed to Its third reading and engrossment Bn(] .
resolution to proceed to iho c-iecliou of Lnited'siai.s
Senator on Tuesday next.
Tin. KI.KCTORAL COLLEOR.
The republican Electoral t'oilngo met at twelve M
In a room at the .Sine House. The meeting was
Strictly private. No outsiders were admitted and up
lo the time of the meeting the place where it was to
take pljce was kept a profound accret. The session
lasted two hours and over, and it is slated that quite a
llveiy discussion took place, tho nature of which has
not transpired.
THK VOTK or SOUTH CAROLINA FOR HATXS.
The seven votes of the Mate were cast lor Ruther
ford B Hayes for President and lor William A. Wheeler
?or Vice President ol ttie United Mates.
C. C. Howcu, of ( harlesuin, as Chairman, appointed
a messenger to carry the vote ol the Elate to Washing
Ion. s
Tits iixmocrartc khutors.
The electors voted loron the democratic ticket on the
fib of November, uuil who claim thai they are elected
?tso held a mooting at twelve 11. at tho democratic
M ue headquarters.
THK VOTK VOK TH ORN.
The sos on was a long one, and they cast the seven
Vote* ol Hie Mato lor Hi-Jen aim Hendricks lor Presj.
dent and \ ice President ol the United States. Accom
panying their rote, when it is forward- d, will ben long
aim I'-rrilde stal- iiieui of me circumstances connected
?uh the counting Ol tbO vulva by the Mate Board ol
Canvassers, substantially us aJrcttdj published in the
Hirald, and this will bo supplemented by a pr?tm
avsiual the rusting ul the voio of the State (or Uuvca
and Wheeler.
RK?)l'*K|l|*<JJ I SI Tea PKHIM'RATIC HOl'AK.
The democratic House, wbicli is now composed of
sixty-throe members w:th certificate* lr<>m the .State
Hoard of lanvusser* and right with certificate* Irom
the Muprcmo Court, met to dav aud referred the mat
tor of tbo legality of the election ol thu mecnhert irom
r.ogeQeid and Laurens to the Committee on
t*riviiegeo and Election*. The dewoc rata are
nopeliil, and propose aa iioon an every pearo
measure ih exhausted to tnovo decisively.
Wll.L ( H AMUkKLAIN ng IXAl lil'KATKP ?
The republican program tnu la to Inaugurate Chara
berluln at oue o'clock to-morrow afternoon, ae by that
time the bill to provide Tor hia Imhuk iwurn in by any
magistrate, tn placw ol the Supreme Justice, will have
been pass, <1. United Suite* troops still occupy llio
j Capitol. Governor t liainberlain wan asked to-uuy by a
representative ol the press to furnish him with a copy
ol ti a inaugural address, wnh the view ul obtaining
Irom him an expression a* to whether lie would uc
cept the inaugiiratiun alter the decision of the
Supreme Court declaring the democratic House the
only constitutional House, lie replied by nolo as fol
lows:?
"I cannot say auytbing now. In a perioral way will
say ihat I .-.hall ho glad to luvor you II I can in litis or
any other way. It. ?. CHAMBKRLAIN."
It is currently rumored that Chamberlain is loo n?
lute a lawyer to accept an inauguration Irom a body
declared hv the Supreme Court to bo tllogal and un
coiisliluuonul, and Irom the fact that be dodges tho
ij u oat ton unu nays "hct would if lio could." fcccins to
warrant a belief in tlio rumor.
TilK Kl.I.ftJVTOX KIoTKKK.
The moiion ol llr. l.eroy K. Youmans to quash tho
luturmation llle.l by District Attorney Cortuu against
tho alleged Klleutou rioters was again discussed this
morning before Judges Bond aud Bryan in the United
States Ciri uit Court. Mr. Yountaus, in support
of the ground that the crimes charged wcro
infamous, relied on an unbroken current of
authorities Iroin Coke and ltrlddles (Case
I Head, Crown Cases, 404) down to tho last de
cisions, and showed conclusively that tho uctlon of the
District Attorney was without Knglish or American
precedent, and alter loavlng adjudication he particu
larly directed the attention of tho Court to the struc
ture ot our government, the poople be ug the sov
ereigns and the ballot box thoir highest exercise of
aovei eighty. He argued that If conspiracies for
the prevention of justice, bribery of witnesses to ab
sent themselves, Ac., were by the decislous inlstnous
a fortiori,
LOUISIANA.
ITS VOTE CAST FOR HAYES?THE DEMOCRATIC
EI.KCTOKS, WITH M'eNEBY'B CERTIFICATE,
GIVE THE STATE TO TII.DEN?A CuMINO
CONGRESSIONAL CONTEST?REPORT OF THK
VISITING REPUBLICAN COMMITTEE AS SUB
MITTED TO THE PRESIDENT.
[BY TELEGRAPH TO THE HERALD.]
Ntsw Okliass, Deo. 0, 187a
At the Stato House every face looked Jubilant this
morning. The State electors met at the Governor'*
room early in the forenoon and talked tho matter over
with leading politicians in the prescuco of the Gover
nor, who, shortly before twelve o'clock, stgnod and
delivered their cortlticatos. It was then announced
that tho electors would meet In the Senate Chamber
at two o'clock J*. M.; at which time they proceeded to
cast the vote of the State for Kutborford II. IIayes and
William A. Wheeler for President and Vice President.
ACTION OF M'SNXRT'S KLKCTOR8,
In pursuance of the course already Indicatod the
democratic elector* appeared in tho llall of Repre
sentatives this morning at half past eleven o'clock, all
armed with Governor John McEuery's certificates of
their legal election, and proceeded to cast tbo electoral
vole of the State lor Tlldeu and Hendricks. While
this ceremony was in progress Governor Kellovg,
from his room tn another portion of the State House,
ordered the ball to be closed by the pollco; but
afterward thought better of bis course, and treatod
the atlalr as ono of no Importance. It is
understood that this plan was adopted by the demo
cratic electors, with the advice aud conseut of the
democratic visiting statesmen, for the purpose of
establishing two points in the conlest:?First, reopen
ing the question as to who is the legal Governor of
Louisiana; secondly, and mainly, In support of the
principio that it is not in the power of tho Returning
Board to act upon and count the returns or other than
a strictly State election, the law croating the Board
specifying that it is to act in ull elections not other
wise provided lor; the democratic statesmen holding
that the national olections were and are otherwise
provided for.
ADDKKS8 OF GK.NXRAL NICBOI.LS.
General Nicholls Issued an address to tho poople of
Louisiana to-day. In which he characterizes tho actlou
ol the Hoard as an "outrage" und its members "un
scrupulous." He says the liberties of tbo Union are
threatened through those of Louisiana, and ends with
an earnest appeal to tho people, as their duly elected
Governor, to "keep the peace, and hold in check any
attempt at violence, leellng assured that tho Ameri
can peoplo uro moving tn your, in their behair, and In
that ot free government and constitutional right"
While much ludlgnatlon Is uianllesied by the people
in a private way thero is not even an oppearanco of
excitement.
The largo majority, twenty-ssven on Joint ballot. It la
conlldontly believed, was arranged to secure for Kellogg
and Anuersou iltoir election to the Lulled States
Senate.
Tho remaining visiting democratic statesmen will all
leave Io-niorrow evening lor Washington. They treat
tho result very good-humoredly, and still proless an
abiding faith in tho ultimate success of TilUeu. In a
conversation with them this evening Senator Tltur
man's letter to the Herald upon the De Soio returns
published on4Dccember 3. was severely criticised and
a direct tssuo ntado with his statement therein con
tained.
DKUOCRATS KLKCTKD IN OKLCANR.
Tho Returning Hoard ilnlsliod canvassing the votes
of Orleans city and parish this evening, and counted in
all tho democratic candidates.
AN ALLIGRD FLAW IN THE ELECTION OF THE
HAYES ELECTORS IN LOUISIANA.
[BY TELEGRAPH TO THE HERALD. 1
Washington, Dec. 6, 187a
A serious Haw In the validity of the election of the
Hayes eloctors In Louisiana is said to hnvt been dis
covered by the democrats, who claim that thero is no
law of Louisiana providing for tne holding ol elections
for electors, hut, II there is any law, it is the law of
18t>8, which requires that the voto for electors shall
beranvassed, not by tho present Returning Hoard
but by tho Governor and other State officers on n given
day in November. The republicans do not appear to
show any concern about tbo matter.
senator Sherman's Louisiana statement.
Washington, Dec. 6, 187a
Tbo following Is the message on Louisiana election
matters which the 1'roshlont sent to Congress to
day:?
To THK SKNATB A?I> HOI K! OF Rhl'liSSKX TATI VKB:_
I havo the honor to transmit herewith a letter, ac
companied by testimony, addressed to mc by Hon
John Sherman and other distinguished citizens in
regard to tne canvass of the vole tor electors In 'the
Slate of Louisiana. U. S. GRANT
Exkcutivk Mansion, Dec. tt, 187a
The letter transmitted by tho President Is as fob
lows: ?
THK REPUBLICAN VISITORS KKPORT.
TO THK I'SK.UPKST or TUB I'NITKD STATKSi ?
In pursuance of your request tdat several of the under
signed should proceed to New Orleans and there witness tl.s
c?nvus? by the Returning Hoard of the .State of Louisiana
?' the votes cast In that State lor elector, of 1'resldrni and
Mee resident of the I nitrd Stairs, we hove pertormed
that duty, and now most respectfully report that
on our arrival In ||i?t cltv, we found .event!
gentlemen Irom other Mate, whd had proceeded
there at the request ot the Uislrmnn ntthn Nations! Demo
crMtic l ominUt' t* And wi> Alao found there severe! entitle
men who csms, representing republican .Slats orgauisn
tion?. who h.ive throughout co-operated with those who sent
at your request and whose name, are also appended to this
communication. Between the gentlemen representing the
democratic p*rly nriil ourfclrcn n correspondent* in writin * I
? ".oed a copy ol Which Is appended haret >. Reference to
It will dociose that a conference with us lor the purpose of
exercising so InHuenre upon the Returning Hoard was de
clined upon the ground thai the ouly dutv devolved upon u.
was to attend helore the Board, esnful.y note it a proceed
ings and tinal y to report a laiihtu! history thereof with
such opinions concerning tho same as truth ami Justice
sh 'old demand. Mich report we are now utile to prrteul
Slid we tase pleasure iu .taliug that our ahiitty tii
do so is due to the exercise of a r nrie-v and
kindness hy the Returning Hoard whieli entitle
it. member, not only to ??r tloinks, but to vbal
conn Irtice which a just puhhc extends toward evere irt
htinsl II hlch desires that all its proceedings should he'riniy
presented to politic scrutiny. It was our earnest wish that
this publicity should be attained, bat we should liava felt a
drlicoey in requesting anv privilege not in harinonr wliii
the usage of tha Hoard, We were, however, relieved froni
?ill O'nberras.incnt hy the receipt ot It* formal iuvllntlon
hereto annexed, delivered to us anil to the griiiirm-'ii
who attended at the request of the chairmen of the demo
crate committees, inviting the attendance ol five genilo
men irom escli delegation as spectators mid witite-srs ol the
proceedings of lit" Hoard, and thia liivltutiou was accom
panied wit It an offer to permit stenographer*, selected he
each committee, to be present and make a lull report ol all
th.- proceeding, and testimony and to secure daily put.ilea
lion thereol by the press. Tne undersigned madi* arrange
ment* lor that purpose with .the proprietor, of one.
, ''ally newspapers, prime.I In New Orleans
perhaps. there md elsewhere hnvn
been enable I to give such prorcedlnc* and lostimnnv the
widest cirenlatton In Justice to the Hoard, it should ulso
ve-tuted thai this pr vi.ege was freely accorded br it,
uio'edw.* I'll .ut s. latintis, sml i u at thev cordially
mo h.hlt !?'*.' Irc lu "HV" "" lhrlr Proceed toga
hv the rnnill i "*!! 1 country. I ha scrutiny invited
ar ; ?-3? - ----
S-r A??;r ? I
examination. and hate usually he.-,, carehillyinspccted'
f.ir ,NVt ?r'TlrmJ*.1?,1!,''" ?'>angi- in to. re!
tees were rnrm.ne,! ,i' P?1ahea both comtnlt
?r , J . 1 i respcetiv# parile. with .tat.
n? .nl* i i tie %i?tt- ha el ts.?*??(! I?jr th?m r?n?i?ect; vel \ ti?Hi
hy comparison it nih ht he known it spy alteration had
aid* jkiiitr* i ?-m iJjd return* u*it;i)iy
t?? ilir illHV a* rrltirn
intrAicil the AttornevA for |h,? i AM.ti.Uton intfi
W hi*r
r j.i. in ait ?? c. lemony i?i fspoMlii
ttuu wjoii jiic.i hiionrJr?itfo * *? utuiu?bte obi/ipAvec
I tlon of Ilia Inside ?f Ih? pa. k*;e c ? ti I it i n i r> such return,
these iltoriura were Invlt. d to b? preitnt bil'uri amy ac
tinia vta ukan u|Kin it. Titer* wh? thus c, uroil iu tlio
manner metitione 1 publicity of all the proceeding* of tb*
Mo.rd, III. In..,: raiel.il scrutiny of every package of re
turn, b\ it iiytuad mul an option unity Inr i-antll <i ? t ???> In
tut in a 11 pmi tUe validity ol retaru* to appear per?- uatly
and by cnuunrl helur* the Hoard in mall) instances tiulom
returns were opened and iu eeeiy Instance be lure action
tat liaan iipota them. It hta been lielli-e*i| quite ntiutinal
j to irivo ,ueb lit I mid widespread publicity to tba proceed?
ing* of a returning lioard. nor do te? think tli.it belter
means lor periuaneutly recoritlnir every word and act of
iu Member, wliile engaged III tho discharge oftbeir dulte*
could have been afforded man ?a< enjoyed! Having lima
preaanteda aiateiiieul ail tin- uiaan, acrorileo ol witnessing
I I be canviax it iu,y be well to atele brletly tin- c?u-o, va iiit-lt
led to tbo creation aafaucb a board in Louisiana and to call
attention tn the slaluie whlcli derolve* on it power* and
dutie* of great public Importance. The white p op.e til it
mid otDer Southern State, lied by their rebellion lorr-itod
*11 right to repreaentatiuu in l,'uugre*s or to out parllcipa
tiou In the Korerniuent of the I uiou, end he I been com
pelled at a c.uuuiuu of resuming their former
political rights to aaaent to tbo conat: lutlonal
ameiidiiieuta, br which, iu hostility to their will, I
tnoae who bad been their slavus weia made
cilit-na and although it waa their duty to aiibmit to tliia
political reorganisation. tho annala ol tho Sooth, and <
a,penally ..f Louisiana, dlacloaa a widaapread and peraiat
en; determination ol lie ruling white people to prevent the
exercise ot the elective f.-micliiae by the colored rare except
mined to their will. 1 h * wa? munife-tad by the violence. !
oiiliai(ea and murder, perpetrated in that Stale just pre! I
ceding tho f're.oleiiilal election of leaps. Ihey will bo
louiiil elated in varnous i ougreaaioual report*. I rum tbo,e
It appears tb d over 2.IOH prisons were killed, wounded and
othcrwiae injured In that State within* lew weeka ol the
I'rcai.lcntial election ol that year; that ball the State wa*
I overrun by violence, midnight raid,, turret murilora mid
j open riola, which kept the people iu couataut terror innil
lue rrpublicaua surrendered all claliu*, mid then
! the election wni carried by the democracy. Tlie
pariah ot Oilcans, which contained Jit, i])) vote*
l.'i.ir.'n . of which were roloicd. and which in the
? print; had given 12,117-1 repuolican vote*, in the tall caat lor
(Jrneral I.rant but 1,178, a tailing off of 1U.7H.% vote*. Kiel*
prevailed for week*, tilling iirw Orlemia with acene* of
blood, and Kta Klux notice* were unaltered throughout tliu
city warning colored men not to vote. In the pariah of
tl.oldo tlu-re *rr? ? !? -4 republican*, who, in tho spring of
IMP* carried the parish, which in the fall pave to Ocuerai
(Irani but one vote. There, alao, bloody riota occurred. In
the pariah of St. I.amlry the republican, had u registered
majority of l.OTl vote*, and in the spriug ol that ynu car
ried it by ?7s vote*, while In the fall not a voto waa can lor
Ueuerul (Irani, the democrats castiuc the fall vote ol the
parish?4,787 vole*?for Seymour and HUlr. in that tmrUli
occurred one of the bloodied rial* on record, in which tlin
Kit Klux killed anil wounded over 2'Ai republican*, limiting
ami cha>lug them lor tw.. day* m d nights throuyli' liel.'* and
swamps. Thirteen cuptive* were taken from the jail and
allot, and a pile of twenty-live dead Uodie* waa found burled
111 the wood*. IInrintf lima coni|uerei| the republican*, and
kilted or driven off their white leadcra, the ma**c, were
captured by tli ? Ku Klux, marked w ith badges of
red llannel. enrolled in club*, led to the pull*
and compelled to vote the democratic ticket,
alter which tlu-y w ere given certificate* ol that tact, j licse
are eofiie ol the on I raw* which marked the pathway to
political ,upreinacy of thoae who but a lew year, beloic had
ohfiiim-d the money ol a government ttt.der wlioae law., the
black repiibiicau and Ilie white democrat were entitled to
eiiuul protection, it wan but natural andjuii that the col
ored race ?huuld unite with audchug to the parly to vluno
principle* they owed llinr freedom and protection, aud tide
aecui* to have marked their political courae from the time
they were (riven the . lectlve franchise, uuil their lii,tory in
l.ouiaieuu has but illuatrated till* whenever they have been
lult free to vote na they pleased. Until a radical change could
he effected in the nature aud purpoae* of thoae wliohitd ha.-u
their owuera. and who repudiated tho idea ol being placed
upon terra*or civil equality with tliem.it waa evident that
a lair election could not bo held in parishes containing any
considerable majority of colored vote*, and hence the act ot
1870. acquiesced in by both political puttie, and amended
iu 1872 waa passed, creating a detuniing Hoard authorised
to sit Iu New Orleans, having supreme atitli jrity to canvas*
the vote* caat throughout tlio entire state, and authorised
If convinced that riot, tumult, acta of violence, Intimida
tion. armed disturbance, bribery or corrupt influence nail
prevented votera from registering, o- had materially Inter
lercd with the purity or Irceilom of election at any poll or
vol ing place, or had materially changed tlio result ot tlio
election, to exclude vote* cast at sucb poll or voting pin o '
front tho final count. This law, with satuo amend
tnent* not materially chnngiug ita nature, ia that
nnilor which the present Returning Board of
Louisiana I* now organised and sit*. That some such
independent tribunal wus necessary for the protection of
the legal voter, nnd a* a check ution the violence and in
timidation which hud before prevailed throughout tho
Slate, no one can deny. It will be seen, when the ?tututo
organizing this Hoard and defining it* duties I* exuiuined
lievv inadequate nra it* provisions to nllord full relief
against the wrongs it was designed to prevent, 'ihui the
power* of the Hoard are limited to the rejection ol' votes
Polled lor the causes stated, while it cannot in any
case add to the returns vote* which would huvo been
polled but lor ibe intimidation, violence. Ac. meu
tioned. To illustrate, the undersigned will refer to tlie
fivo parishes of Bast and West Keliciutia, Last Baton Kongo
Morehouse and Ouncliita, which appear, as the eviuence
discloses, to have becu especially selected for the perpetra
tion ol' such violence and intimidation aa should he neces
sary to pruvent the republican, lrnm casting any considera
ble voto in either. In each and all of these there is a large
republican mujority. Iu all ol them the white voter* regis
tered lor this j ear numbered 5,11)4 aud the colored 111,244 a
majority of 8,110. II by intimidation and violence the demo
crat* could secure iu ea h of these uatiahes a majority nu
Immense gain would thus be achieved; for If the Hoard
should, upon the canvass, respect the voto ot all
it wouid be powerless to administer that complete Justice
which would consist ouly iu declaring (or the republican*
such a majority in each parish as. but lor tho intimidation
aud violence, would have been cast Tor their candidates.
The law, therefore, in this but provides a pnrtial aud inade
quate remedy lor the grave wrouga from which the colored
people and white repuollcsne ol Louisiana have long suf
fered, and when the proof taken by the Hoard is examined
and weighed it will he found, as we believe, tl.at the re
I turns by It excluded for the causes mentioned
arc generally from polling places which, but for
Intimidation, violence, outrage and murder, would
have given republican mgjoriliea. thereby greatly increasing
that declared by the Board. In considering its powers and
duties this Important feature of the law should be borne
constantly in mind; for while that tribunal may. upon proof
and iu the exercise or judicial discretion, reject its votas for
the causes mentioned, it cannot, upon so duing, return anv
but actually cast. It will, then-lore, ruailily occur to anyone
that a careful selection of political manager* of certain par
ishes known to have large republican majorities lor scenes'!
of Intimidation and violence, in the belief that other par
ishes within the Htat* would enable tbem to carry it lor
their party, even should their majorities in parishes tliue
selected be rejected, inlgnt well be a favorite method lor
achieving success, and as we proceed It will be apparent
that such was the mode adopted to carry Louisiana for the
democratic party, while from the very nature of the mis
chief to he remedied the law conid but partfallv repair
it. lite statute under which tile Hoard acts ia so framed
as to prohibit the rejection of voles cast at any poll or vol
Ing places, unless certain solemn formalities are IIrst com
plied with, which must be supplemented by the testimony
ol witnesses. The statute organising the Hoard declared
In subatauce that whenever from any poll or voting place
there ahull be received b.v the. Board the statement ol any
supervisors of regi-tratlon or commissioner ol election con
firmed by I he atUdavita ot three or more cltlsen*. of nny
riot, tumui*. acts ol violence, intimidation, armed disturb
ance, bribery or corrupt intiueuce*. which prevent, or tend
to prevent, a lair. Iree and peaceable vote of all qualified
electors entitled to vote ut such pop*, the Hoard shall pro
c?Jd ?? Investigate the facts, and II from such statement* and
affidavits they shall be convinced tliat such causes did not
materially interfere with the purity nnd freedom ol such
election, or prevent a sufficient number ot qualified voters
from voting to materially eliange the result ol the election,
then such voto shall be caurussed end compiled; l>ul It'
tliey are not thus inlly convinced it shall he their duty to
examine further testimony Iu regard thereto, and to 'that
end shall have power to send lor persons and papcis; and
II aitcr examination the Hoard shall be convinced that
such acts of Violence, intimidation, Ac., did materially in
terfere with the purity uttd freedom of the election at such
poll, or did prevent a sufficient number of qualified voters
from rogisteriug or voting to materiallv change the
result of the election, then the Board shall not can
vus* or compile the votes of such poll, but shall exclude It
Ironi their returns. Nothing can be more simple, more |usl
then these provisions. Ti #y are. lor the reAaon before
stated, inadequate to seeure the administration of a com
plete remedy ; lor it may be fairly said that ir, by reason ol
vio ence and intimidation committed in the iuterest of one
political party the adherents ol another are restrained from
voting through fear, an equitable remedy, if practicable for
the outrage would he to count in favor of the iujured every
vote they lost. The ascertainment of thia being, however,
difficult, the statute of Louisiana ha* provided only for the
rejection of votes, nnd it is worthy ot remark that the most
flagrant cuses submitted to tho Board have, as proven oc
curred In parishes where the republican rrgirtcrod
vote?which would undoubtedly have been caat
but for the intimidation and violence?largely ex
ceeded the registered vote of the democratic party.
W r hare tints alluded to some ol the causes which led to
I lie creation of this Hoard, and have also called attention
to lie duties and the proof iipou which it is authorised to
act. It Is a tribunal established by the laws ut Louisiana,
entirely independent of the laws of any other State or o?
the I uited States. Jt i* empowered, Auiontt other tallies,
to can* a-s and finally determine the number ol vote* legallv
cast tor elector* Of President nnd Vice President ol the
I ulied Stales; but iu the discharge of that duty It acts o\.
cluaivrly under authority or the laws of that state, tho
constitution ot the United tates having declared t.iat
each state shall appoint, In such manner hi the Legislature
| thereof may direct, a number of electors equal to the whole
I mimher ol .-euaiors and Heprcsentativcs lo which the state
may be entitled In the Congress.'' Not only is the action oi
tin- Board independent of State ot national laws other
thun those ol 1-oulsiana, but it* determination as to the
votes cast aud candidates elected Is final and substantially
conclusive, as appears from a decision ot tlie Supreme
( oiirt u that state, reported in the twenty-filth volume of
the l-oiPsiana Annual Report*, where tlio t'onrt. at pago
-'tis, says; - "No statute conferring upon the courts the
power to try eases ol contested election* or title 10 officii
authorise* thcin to revise tho action or returning
n urd*. If we are to assnme Hint prerogative, w e should
ha>e to go still further and revise the retnrns of supervisor*
of election, exaiuin-the rights or voters to vote and in
short, the Court would become in regnid to such eases mere
officer* for counting, compiling *nd reporting election re
turns The legislature lia* seen proper lo lodge the power
to decide who has or who has not been elected in the Ke
turning Board. It might Imv? conferred that powtfr nil the
court*, but it did not Whether the law be good or
nil J i. ui.?"a d."13! 10 ul")' '?* provisions and
not to legisla o. It become onr duty Immediately on
! ?rl* 'horo.tsrl.lv understand the con
?tltiitional powers and duties ?.r this Hoard, and to examine
with care the statutes under which It was bound to art and
b.**" "rJ,.U" l" ".h"w ,lmt " "'<">??' charged
with nch duties and Invested with such powers, the mem
ijn.fLr.- .5 WCr? ""K'nallv appointed by the Nrnate. is
r till n"0,he, '??P",t ol ell ritlteus until it shell he lor?
i? ^ qq 2 V'? 1 "f ?r ministerial obliga
tor!!.^ lieu national Importance of the du ins to he tier
formed by the Hoard invested each member wiih much
.h o? .. ." 1m?";tr?Port? had hrencfr nlsted concerning
them, we were led to m ike tome inquiry as to ihdlr indl
I'mM.nffiii.R*0 * ""V" """' Madison Wells,
I resident of th? mid Ucnernl IhornA- C. Amler* hi
next senior ins;iin?r- nr? 8uuthern born hik! of old nnd
hi! ilonT'.'t w u Thp l*,h" ionner was
in. lion L_rl wells, ot the parish or llnpides, who in 1812.
to., o or .h . ,'all?'1 "> f'*nie the eonstl
tiition of the State or Ie>uisi?na. t he >en rceeiv d a hoeral
!^"ie , ."1?.?"?. 7*" *."r,Jr,e"?*<*d in ?"? euro ot the planting
end other interests of his lather. Ila was a I nloti
man from the II,war broke oo" and a
Ihougli lie sunered ar. atlr by ,t In tlm lne* of
property, he never lal.ere.l in his devotion to the I'nlm!
l7,Mn I "i 'he hank reeonstruirmii scheme, lie wa*
* ! ,. ! . ! (lovernor on th- ticket with the Hon,
Mirbitrl lUbii who vo oleotod Governor, nnd upon tho
election of the hilfer to the S(>u*to i% vear after Air Wells
became Oovernor of the 8|??. which offlce h. wa!
a most unanini n-lv re-elected under ihe reionstrn.tfon
5'"." ? Hi, experience "a
lib u??? been irrcut stid vnri?*d nnd
Inn ' ?ipncity to dlseliArffs th? duties usitfuttisd cannot be
f|U?|Mioue.i General Aitdsr?ort Hit horn in Vlriritila I um
resided iu the parish of St. I.a indrv for tlio portiM) ot sorno
Vnli J..V.'0";,n.Kr? whoconimaii-led
roil fs it in t - r at tlii- nut break of the war, was educate! a law
SdwiVlino 1"!!h i"."1 Cl"ni" "" ?*T?r*l plantation*, t.
widely known sud bi^iil? respected throa^iiout the .^tate.
has been Intimately associated in the promotion of a-.ctal
and Ind sirlal interests of hie parish, and ha* represent tl II
In both branches ol the Ixgislatnre more than twenty vears
o!.!;""".!-."-/1" 'o'"1 m"?"" 'he Hoard, i. a man or
intelligenee, of i-xc-llent tliarseter eiol l.tislu.-ss i. .hit* not
aependeai on office for . I|v.?g. ,,or seeking but "wed
educated cltlicn who ha* long conducted u prn*,,erou? and
respectable business in the tulv I New Orleans dr Ken
ner, the Junior member of the Board. It a young man orn
end reared In the city of New Orleans, Intelligent sudor
II.e. Who was for some lime In charge of tlm street I'ontmU
h>frvnu in the Oepnrtment ?t Improve.
7." .Wl1 n"w ?? outline
ol the prools a* disrlose not only such vlolenee aud intimt
d*lion as prevented a fair election in sc.crai parishes and
"Vre'rlm1"' mJI""""? -1"' ??'-? these grave offences
rr i mmnltied in purntirince of a prtcoiircriod <iud ^cilled
pi >%n formed by th? dr inner At if leodr r* to , r.-v-nt rr nuhli. m
! ZnTJ.7 lhr ui.Uwi.li Ur.
I ?rL r? f ?wiu Ally Accttm pi inii?d, iih no I oiiiv to inter or?
I nlth Hit Dunir And iruodoni pi iae cluciiuu, um lunAnfinUf
Oh..,, it. result. To ??!???{?
,he political csuipni'.'nwa? |, ad r. of
pi nn mentioned contrive hv ?? ,T?
hr -tssasr
result <>l tbe election shoulJbe M" *," ?f carrying tlie
-lusmn a? <?? have the . , - careful
^c,i?? mill Intend to do >"?ii'JV t,,?.
to ?4y ?ud do ninUiii', . v " )lHt|,lll ?.r any
strued Into ? threat jr ?j t|,ut there
character." fho circular .No r ? f?r,?r.l
should be frequent meetings "I . ...vur?| pieces ?l
ami that occasionally turm ? to lib central
tueeliug ami priwe#'! tnrD(iJ o ^ rharact r
nMiUcxvous, *t*tiii;t tlmt P ' * , vOUl- untli'd
would ?mpiW ib* Ii?icrua? w 1 11 * ??? ?? - ,, iV ?f
btroiiKtb and it further ^ | 1 4' j,,. *?!uUv.ts
cVctiao At ?*???? JH'IIiiiic pUcn litem ?",,u 1 ' i . ti .,,
prep iretl to ttie eTrct that "there ','"'I?!
.ml no dUturhaiice .... account ?' ?!'forts'T *
,-r.illi- conservative p irijr t?? P^*1 .TiVtlmi of servitude '
riled. T!?? r* were in the hiat* otU 1 , A |.-b.:*iu
tZZ B. V
in vote unlnfluouied by'violence <.rln<lml.Ult.m.tl,?td.,il|?
would be almost unanimously republican ? 'J L to
wl.it* republican vote It' majority would be ? >?? I
* wi.bT.Vd iudicied. Toe til".. "PP"1".,
i ? f. . ? k. ftiirno^ 'S of init-iiMutton aod vloiem-* ??*
periSho ?? posslCle iKor I.. forty ..I Hfl>
????"? tlol employed the ^rid
Rut to salecl those In which tlie i0|** M,?lr.i? unlaw
X pt,bA-en^d.-fnrW,,.,Lld sowing'"' ?I|M h. ?;
w11";1,i'.T ?lnd\Vi?u''roh'1'uttT'whmb'lood"'" m'?t
?tac^p"3^xr^svvs?35!'
s" Svr
"as
EH. ^
thrio Ave ?ceoinplUliM(l tUnu w** tb? irrent
ui'iproportlon rO.Un^|.,r 1ft?*"wII,i>?r*d"".Vt'I:tU
theso Hv?. p.ti.'ttt* ?"-'l??"tk ..e'urli.K d*mucrutiu
Tuwriti U.er.ln 'h.d U,."' proo'f
lencu "ltd It.tlmldirjloii on.ciu.ll^. wldlo i l ^
d^lo,*. brief ?X;^?oi?^ Zi ll wiM. inef
netted:?Tl?ni where %i ft...?!lnti?xi aikI whipping wore
ficle.it, 'murder, '^,,^,".1 OUCHIor l '*>? which
reuorted to. '"V^m m,vo " ? l . . ? p?rl?U-? upon :i
the reptibl.c.n.Hhonld have, " , t brt Koturn
? l.ir election ?ll"rr. " inXrUr Vi. Um p.ri.hcn of Ku.l
Iiik Bo.rd o demurruti j t - , mta of S.nlH,
;.ud We.t Ke''?'???;illM?ruJV;eT the ro^tercd coiorci
?ud in K*?t feUclan*. ^ r?pUblic?i vole lor
voter* number R0u.ro. coulAlnlng J
elector was cukI. I" lll4 ?,?? 1 81)1 whtton. the doiu
colored leglftereil ^ptrb but for tbe rejection
ucr.t* cUlm " >"";J" hye c-oram^Mloncr, .n<l ?n,..rvi.or? of
of ?evert.l P"1 * '?* 1 ' r?.I,1,1?,l to the ItnliirniiiK lio.'d
election, wouldhnroue... "'X'demoor.tic majority front
??votee uctuelly c*?t. if ,t?ted. wo ltdd the <U7
the lour p.rt-hce, ?e * before the Keturn
thus eUimed ?ud ln?l , f, of .,i4.|.-, i? the result
in It itnerd.j ? democrntic m J J" colored ro
ot an electlor, In Ave per1'?1,";nc^,?\HelnvVe. ? The conolu
rn,'?pid,.3.M
^r.^loJod p wo^ sopp^-nt.^^
to the rot?cn*t in lhe?o II p ^ |ntluoi?-e
obtained by in can i tbe mo* farmed and reoommeuded
waaSSS^'s^
country at ntirht. ninraiuit .?? ? ? d nlurjerof
oliootiiiK. woundin*. ni.in'l'h- ( houses were
women, children nml detence e ^ tliojr lmllBU.? lied
forcibly entered while they kllif(, ;lIuf the rope were
through r.ar the pisud. tl eride tbe kn^o ena p l(.8tl.
employed to d- tb.ir horrid w.^ emp,0.Ved I.,
fled toby acoreenl witneweik w?r tUf t-n|le,i Staten,
Louisiana to elect n 1 re glories ol tbe Kepublle
and when they shall _nil i,l)rr0r will supplant in
Will have denerted. t" ; '"; ,' ,10 venciKtioi. with
the heart, of oar people thnt^ lo?J "'? \tltutlon. ol their
which they haveand armed
country. The proof or vlo i |a of nenerul
dlsturhan^e in many 0 J'BrBi an,| decisive ?s to tne live
cherscler. allhouKh more geuerY andaec...^^ ^
parishes part.cuurly reterred BV mBnv ul which
prevailed at partUular p(?? t Pr eon,M,rable extent
a republican vote w? uh full _,et B)l
prevented. ? e hope i<>'>??" Jusltce or its conclu
testiraony taken by the^Bo tribunal Irom whicli theio
Hons may be appreciate . )f bu gl|W# consequences
can be no appeal, observed its proceedings,
of It. adjudication weih.v?, closely raa.s ot the
and have caeetully weighe adjudication has been
testimony unon whlcU that ad^ca
rescbed. Members ot ^ convluced by
der oath were bound by law.
testimony th. t Hot. tnim ? , wl(ll lhe p?r|ty and
disturbance aid tcetertaMT in. voting place. ->r did
flfeedom of the election ? **{ft*''.feVtlon thereaf, fore
materially change the^result or ti e e e their
Ject vote, thus ca.t and *?u'Jeof ?ich testimony
final return. Ol the en Indue Bnd It, in
the Board was sole and ? e??a ,,1,1,.
reaching a c,'"c1"*'' '? . t(cslre to d ?Justice, its deteri
and was int ded by an honest desire t a ) llkp pr0?f B
n-itiatioii should be respectea, reB, l,ed by other trt
dilTeiont conclusion might bu?e been renin. j ^gt lQ
bnuels or person. To ^ * |u, exercise
protect the ?iU?on In the 'roe .? h>m B,.,lltut ,v,o
of his rl?ht!'. \? .'tr ice and especially murder,
lenre. Intimidation ,hniild be the Ueaire
when he " i Tlx ^representative govern
or all men and the nun I e 1B|ni.,i by auch violent
ment. If political suecea. iihal be attalneit^oVy of
?nd terrible means as were _ Jf fol(i? lhll# 0fc
larnedTermmnced'WtUelal trlbnual. .Ad nil honest
men as illegal and void . s|lFRMAS> oh,0
K W. STOUtlHTON. sewkork.
j' 11 V \ N ALI.KN. Now Tork.
KDl'KNB I1AI.I-. Maine,
i a (IaRKIKLI). Otto.
c'oKTI. XNl) I'ABKKK, New Jeraey.
W 1> KKLI'KV, Pennavlvania.
BlitNHV in.AUK. Kansas.
J. 0. tVIhSOX, Kansas.
FLOKIDA.
THE RETURNING BOARD CERTIFY THE ELEC
TION OF REPUBLICAN ELECTORS, STATE
TICKET, CONGRESSMEN AND LEGISLATURE?
INDIGNATION OF THE DEMOCRATS?ATTORNEY
GENERAL COCKE DISSENTS FROM THE DE
CISION.
[BY TELEGRAPH TO THE HERALD.*)
DmrroK, Dec. 6, 1876.
The Board of Stale Canvassers 11 tils hod its labors nt
three o'clock this morning, giving tbo llaycs electors
a majority of 024 votes. Attorney General Cocke re
fused to sign or cortify tbo vole and left the room.
He will prepare a minority roport and give it to tho
democratic electors to-day.
Tbo wires rfve rut last night at seven o'clock, and
this is the first despatch that parses over them.
RKITHLICAN XKWS FROM LOUISIANA.
Tho first excitement of last utght, after my earlier
advices, was caused by the news circulated busily by
tho republicans that they had received a despatch from
Louisiana slating that It had gone republican by 3.4O0L
This was denied hotly by tho democrats, who con
tended that It mrnnl "blutl," nothing more. The dis
pnto ran high, and, nt length, a prominent Northern
democrat, bursting with indignation at what he be
lieved to bo a transparent hoax, and bearing that a
similar despatch had been sent to I<ouisiaua Just before
tbo wires were cut, met Mr. Chandler and denounced
him In the severest terras. Tho crowd adjourned to
the telegrapn ofllcc to try conclusions over tbo wiro.
It was found then that tho wiro had been cat lour
miles from this city, and that no work could be dono
for the night.
ALMOST a BKfACn OP Title l'RACR FOR A BROKKX WIHK.
Siraugo as It may appear to those who do not un
Jerslaud the painful tonsion to which everything was
brought In this city, the cutting of the wire ut this
critical time came nearer to lorcing an outbreak than
anything that hail happened yet. Tho democrats
charged openly that tne republicans had cut the wire
lor tbo purjmse of keeping up their alleged game ol
bluff. Some pretty ugly talk was Indulged in all
round.
FKDKRAL SOLDIKRS AT TITR STATE HOt'RB.
While tho excitement attendant upon the cutting of
the wires waa at Its height tho measured tread of
soldiers was heard and u company of bine coats, march
ing past tbo crowd, (Hod into the Slato Mouse yard and
look possession. Their officer, Captain Hlntoo, tn
lormod your correspondent that be had simply been
ordered to camp lits men In the Cajutol grounds lor
tho night.
The crowd then assembled in tho Capitol, the re
publicans massing nronod tho Governor's rooms and
tho democrats holdlug tho Attorney General's end ol
the buiidiug. The first news from tho Board wa^ oIh
talnod at half-past ten o'clock, wlicn duuge Cocke
come Into his oltlce lor n law book, holding 111 nls baud
a written memorandum. From tins memorandum the
democrats raugbl tho sentence, "Democratic majority
ill Uukor sustained:" and "Democrats lose 150 In Ham
ilton." It will be rotuotnbered that liaker is the
county from which ihu chairman niiumjiiud to sup
press tho true returns by iiling a bogus paper. The
news that the Board had sustained tno true roturns I
w is received a-> n good s.gu. The reported lees in
Matuiliou was looked upon a* n mistake, as no open j
contest had been made in that county. Altogether tbo |
de hum .this were lu magnificent spirits, and they passed
the Ions hours of the night cheerfully enough.
TbK NRSL'LT okci.akmi.
At Just hall pust two in the morning, while Mr.
Meliurs, of Pennsylvania, was explaining the jury laws
ol this Stale io the crowds tout Lad a Inr-oil look in
their laces, the tall, oomiiiatuilbf lorm of Atiorm y
General Cocko poshed through tho half opened door,
bis gray hair railing over his lore head and Ins race as
White as oRI Barbie, "I Woulnu'l ?lgl| It," liu called
? out, bauiy seeming tu kuovr what ho said, so
thoroughly excited was he; "1 wouldn't eizn It."
lii-lautly he true bolted about with a circle of human
iiHf>ni|iiiiM patnin la in jr deep at Icum. Quo-hub*
l our ? I In upon htn: so Cri ck ihat be could not open
bis lipa In answer. Hi* excitement wan hterailv i>aiu
lill. The twelve l our ' -?n#ioa, with intense nnxlety,
had drawn u;h?u h in '.'srtully, It appeired very aooo,
however, thai the republican member* hud voted
solidly together *uil had thrown out enough demo
cr itic vote# to |!tva thein about 1.000 majority lor
tlnyes, sua to count iu St arns, the Legislature and
both mem bar* of Congrnea.
Til h UOKTB-T IX rHK I1OAR0.
Tna first t?.-ue bctwei'n the Hoard w;u on Dnvnl
couniy, wh.c.b .liui ;e t'-ieka instated on throwing out
on (be thirteen apeuilicatieos mhiucod inerufor. H* |
wmh promptly voted down. Then canto Jarlt.son !
c anny, with Ha democratic mammy. Tfc'S county
wttt thrown out ho>ttly. Then cunc Ifauatce, w hich !
?tm thrown out in a lamp, with it* 388 democratic I
maiority; I lion Monroe county, with it* till d. tno- j
eraltc maturity, was tumbled overboard; then i
Jtlui Una was su-lnined.
STRICT PAKTISAX ACTION.
Kvcry radical majority wa* -u-tuiuad. Democratic
msjorilM were tbrown overboard until a margin
largo enough to claut ihc whnti ticket? national. Stale
ncd Congressional?wm ranched. Then the cut.- j
vasa wa* utesed rapidly, comptroller Cow gill run d i
with MoLln on every issun; he never pratenioit or din- I
agreed on a single point. The democrats took the re- j
mill quietly, althougil they were aiunn d at it* -weep- i
ing and wiiole?alc cli iractcr. They had ex|>ected that j
at tho iud?i tbe republican# would baruly daro to couut j
lu the elector#.
uk. marhi.b's naxtrxcuTton.
As your eorre.-pondenl huiriod to start the courier
wilh despatches ho mot Mr. Marnlu and Sir. Saltoii.-lall.
'What have von to .-ay?" he asked. "1 say," replied
Mr. Marble, bis words falling like new-made coins el
silver on the night ail'. "I say that it was a piece of
wiliul, deliberate, premeditated vdl iny."
I'M' lit A I.K 1.1. Kb IXVAMY.
Following these quick, rnsppy words came Mr. Sal
tom. tail's hu.sk.v syllables, heavy Willi sincerity and
sad ties#:?'*1 am ashamed to think." said he, "thst
two men, calling themselves American citizens, could
take on themselves such In (amy as this decision cur
ries with it "
rRoi'osan mkahckks kok rkdrkm.
The democrats will contest the denialon at every
point The democratic electors will send oil their rotes
to Wnshiugiou. The democratic candidate Tor Gov
ernor will apply lor redress under a writ of <[uo war
ranto against bin opponent. Messrs. Davidson and
Fioluy, tho democratic candidates for Congress, will
contest before tho tlouse, and ihc members of tho
Logntlaturo thrown out will go bolore that body, so
that tho Florida election matter will be thoroughly
ventilated.
A writ n! quo warranto waa Issued and served on the
Haves electors belore tliev cast their votes; al-o a bill
ol injunction was obtained iu behalf of Governor Drew,
against the members ol tile Canvassing Board, and an
order grantsu restraining them from completing the
canvass on the basis of tlie vote us canvassed by u
majority of the board lor elector*.
The Attorney General, William Archer Cocko, of tho
Hoard ol Ganva*sers. protested against tho actlou of
the Board, certify lug a majority ut votes In lavor ol
the Haves doctor*, and denounced tho same as crim
inal and
A (JItOSS VALSIKICATruN.
of the returns on file in the ollloo ot the Secretary of
State, a* will uppunr by 111* protest, nUd be also gave
certificate# of election to the Ttlden electors, stating
that tne roturns on lllo and cunvassod by tlio Hoard
showed a clour majority tor the Tildcn and ilondrick#
electors.
MKKT1KO or TUB DKMOI.'IIATIO CO LI. BO*.
Tho democratic electors, Messrs. Wilkenson Call,
Robert Bullock, Kobcrt B. Hilton and James K. Vctigo.
met ut ibu Capitol, In tho ollleo ol tho Attorney Gen
eral, and cast the voto of the Stale according to law.
They also Issued the accompanying petition to tho
Senate aud House of Keprusantatives.
VKKI.IXll IX TDK CITY.
The city Is perfectly quiet, the only evidence of dis
order being a.mho drunken uegrocs shouting lor -loam*
and IJayes. TUe excitement caused by the cutting of
the telegraph wires ha* been all day intense. It was
found that nut only had wlrus been cut. but poles iu
one or two instances were cut down, and sontu torty
feet ol wire taken away.
POLITICIAN!! ItOIXO HOXK.
Messrs. Marble, SallouRtail, Middle, Sellers, Hay,
Read, General Young, Governor Brown, 1'. H. Smith,
Gibson of Missouri, and Colonel Woolley, of the
democratic visiting committee, leit to-day on a spe
cial train, as did ulso Governor Noyes, \V. K. Chand
ler, General Wallace, General Barlow and Mr. Little of
Ohio, and Messrs. Coyle and Harris, democrats, re
main to a wait the coining ol the Congressional com
mittee,
KKFCRLK.'AX COLLCOB CAST THK VOTK FOR HAYK8.
The republican electors met iu tbe Executive
Chamber and organized by electing K. C. llutnplireys,
prosident, and A. N. Leonard, secretary. Tuey then
proceeded to cast the voles lor Hayes and Wheeler.
C. H. 1'eurco, colored, one of the electors, a par
doned felon, was selected a# the inosseugcr to convey
the returns to Washington.
THE ELECTORAL VOTE.
MEETING OF THE ELECTORS YESTERDAY IN
THE VARIOUS STATES?SENATOR BEN WADE
SPEAKS?AI.DRIcn, OP VERMONT, AND 8TEI
FEL, OF MISSOURI, PROTEST?GREAT INTER
EST IN MASSACHUSETTS.
The electors of tho colleges of the various Slates
met yesterday end deposited tboir ballots for their
respective candidates. In Missouri, a republican,
aud In Vermont a democratic elector, cluiuiod to
take part in tho deliberations. In both colleges tho
request was denied. In Massachusetts Mr. T. Felt
Osgood made an explanatory, enthusiastic and short
speech, and In Ohio Senator Ben Wade delivered an
address that was somewhat significant in Its relation
to tbe preseut crisis. Below will bo found a table
showing the vote ol tne States, as tar as heard trom
THK VOTK.
warn, liai/ft,
Stale*. Drm, j/rji.
Alabama....? 1" ?
Arkansas <1 ?
Colorado. ? ;i
California ? 0
Connecticut..... fl ?
Illinois. ? 21
Indiana. 15 ?
Kansas ? 6
Louisiana... ? #
Michigan ? 11
Massachusetts ? l.i
Maryland 8 ?
Missouri 15 ?
Maine ? 7
Minnesota. ? 5
Now Jersey 0 ?
Nevada. ? S
N cw York 35 ?
New Hampshire ? 5
Ohio ? 22
Oregon ? 3
Pennsylvania. ? 2'.i
Khode Island ? 4
South Carolina..' ? 7
Vermont ? 6
Wisconsin ? 10
Florida ? 4
1) law are 3 ?
West Virginia 5 ?
Kentucky 12
North Carolina 10 ?
Virginia 11 ?
LOUISIANA.
The republican electors met formally at twelve
o'clock, when, Messrs. l.cviseo and Brewster being
absent, their places were declared vacant, and the
meeting adjourned until four 1'. M. At that hour they
rea.soiubled, and proceeded to elect Lcvisvonnd Brew
sler to till their own vacancies and cast lliu role ol the
Statu lor Iluycs and Wheeler. Both Leviseo and
Brewster aro United States ofllclals, nud I his course
was pursued to guard against any future complica
tions arising Iroiu thai lucl.
Mis-ouni.
The Missouri Klectoral College met at Jefferson Clly.
Previous to the meeting Charles II. Stellol, republican
candidal* lor district elector in tho Third district, sub
milted to Governor Hardin a letter stating that General
D. M. Frost, bis democratic oppouont for
elector In tho Third district, was in
eligible to the office because, having been a
graduate of West Point and an officer iu tho ariny,
he afterwnrd participated iu the rebellion, thus being
debarred iroiu holding ofltco by iho ibird section of
article 14 ol amendments to the constitution,
upon wblcb ground Btoilel claimed that be was the only
eligible candidate lor elector In that district, having
received the highest number of votes aud there ore
entitled to a teriiliciilo aud authorized to sit initio
Klectoral College. The Govornor replied that he had
already Issued the certlhc.no to General Frost.
The electors met at two o'clock, except General
Frost, ol the Third, aud Charles 11. l'horutou, o( Ibo
First.
Governor Hardin suggested that tho vacancies
caused by their absence be filled by tbo election ol
new members. Here Mr. iStcllol, the icpubllcan claim
ant, urusc ami claimed the right to a seat as etcctor,
and asked to submit the evidence ol Frost's ineligibility,
but Governor Hardlu decided the matter was out ol
order, aud tbo electors then proceeded to elect Michael
Heiubucker, Iroiu tlio 1 irst district, in plnco of Thorn
ton. G. II. 8bields, chairman of the ilopohllcan Slate
Committee, then appeared and mad# a lengthy speech
In beliull in Stand, claiming that lie was u duly oieciod
elector and (hat he should bo allowed to sit in tho Col
lege and MM Ins voie lor II iMa anil Wheeler.
Mr. Shields, on hchali ol tho republican party of the
Staio, tiled a protest w hich, on motion, was laid on tho
table, and Hie body proceeded to elect Legraud Alwo d
in the place of General Frost.
Tin) vote ol iho Missouri Klectoral College was then
csst lor Ttlden and Hendricks, and K. V. Conway was
selected as niossuugnr to deliver the vole in Washing- i
toil. I he College then adjourned.
The roptibhcnns claim i lint there Is no siate law au
thorizing tho Klectoral College to till a vac nicy can-oil
by inability ol the candidate, and it necessary lliey
will bring "tbo question Delorc the two houses of Con
gress wbcu the electoral voto Is counted.
MAS8ACHI 8KTTS.
In this Stato ttjrre wss an unexpected public Inter
cat manifested In tbo mooting ol tho elcc'.ors
lo-da^r and a large uumber of Spectators weiu
I pruajuh. iho inioruMioB having bcutUhonuM*! that
there wui a popatbtlity thai Jame* Russell Lowell
might ii oi ihrow hi* ?oi?i I or Governor Hayes.
If this expectation hail beon put aeido by the
derlarat>ou ol his purpose soino d ays ago to cast his
voto to burtuon.v Willi the wishes ol his constituents,
tin*!* wai a more roaaonabln expectation that ho might
preface the c isling ol bis oaliol with a speech. Mr.
Lowe.i contented himself with simply casting his bal
lot Tor Huihurfnrd U. Hayes, which was received with
front upp auso.
Mr J. Pelt ('-good wlion his name was called re
sponded as ollows:?
Mr. t'easiiiaxT As a <l??l. gate to tha Cincinnati Con
veiliion. unpledged to eiib-r party, I voted lor Beuja
iiiiu H. Dnslow until llio niument when tuo
late ol the natnm seemed in the balance; end when
New York ana Mussnr.niisetis met in the annex and
lliuro a rei'ij anil (lid lall into hue ami cast their votes
lor Kulherlord B. li lyea, l thou cast my vote with the
majority, and now. sir, as au elee.tor exercising my
priv leges, iceluig thai the hue ol the couotiy is iguin
in ilie balance, I cast my voto lor Itulhenord B. Hayes,
of Ohio.
When Mr. u.sgnoJ began to speak there was visible
excitement among tliu siioctAiors, and wbeu be riosod,
niter having voted lor General Hayes, tliure wero load
expression- ol relief and graiiflcaiiou, the ballot hav
ing been taken. I ho commitieo retired, and in a lew
minutes ruiuruud and reported that thirteen bullous
h .d hocii en.-1, .ill of which wore lor K. it. Haves, ol
nmo The voting lor Vice President was then pro
ccedod with in the aumo mauuer.
MICHIGAN.
The Electoral College ol Michigan met at Lansing,
all mo mtimbors being present, with one exoeptton.
Daniel L. Grossmen w is elected 10 till tbo vacancy,
and eleveu votes wore cast lor Hayes and Wheeler.
KXW JRliSKT.
The Electoral College of the above State met in the
Scnato Chamber. All the members were present,
Willi tbe exception of Benjamin K. Williamson, whoso
resignation was received and accepted, lie having hold
tho oltlcu ol United Stales Commi-sloner. Wnlluni K.
lloy, lately the democratic candidate lor Mayor of
Elittabolb, wus chosen to (ill the vucuncy by the other
members ol the college.
OKBGON.
The Governor issued a ccrtlQcato to Cronin, the
highest Tildeu elector, In the placo ol Watts, the In
eligible postmaster. 1'lic two Hayes electors re!used
to act when they met, whereupou Cruniti appointed
ihe others, as prescribed by the Oregon statute, and
the three east one voto for Fltdea lind two lor II ivoa
All the certificates are aliachod to the returns. l'Uo
two Huycs' electors appointed Watts, and cast three
votes lor Hayes. Ho certiiioutua attached to tnotr re
turns.
OHIO.
Counters, Dec. 6, 1876.
During tho session of the Ohio* Kluctoral College
Senator Bou Wade niado a speech, during which ho
used the following language, which becomos significant
when uttered by a inau of bis promtneuco:?
I deem my part ol tho work to-day as tho most im
portant ollicial act ot my Me. Wo ure iu tho midst of
critical times, more critical than at uny tune since
tho war, and porhnps bolore in Wo must all be vigilant.
1 ay now that if Mr. Tildou has received a majority
even one of tho olccloral votes, bo in^st bo In
augurated peaceably, tind we must acquiesce
In it, no matter how much wo may dislike
tho re-ult. On alio other hand, it Haves has roooived
a majority of votes he must be inaugurated, f or us
to shrink troin our duly, whether there be civil war or
not, would be too hate lor any one to think of There
must be no shrinking in this matter. I think wo hare
carried our magnanimity outirely too far; we have
forgiven our enemies, and buvo taken nothing
from them they could Justly claim or that they
owned, lor they had no right to tlteir slaves, hut we
went too tar when wo put power in tboir hands and
took them back into the couuctls ol tho nation. There
is one thtug 1 have loarod tu this connection, and thai
was the persistent, eternal vigilance of those we op.
pose lu corrupting tho elective franchise. When Ires
men are violently robbed of iheir iruncbiso something
is taken which cannot bo restored.
Alter indorsing President Grant as an honest man,
Mr. Wade said Do bad tio (ear, with President Grunt at
the helm, uud added, "llo is the grout sheet anchor of
our cause at lilts lime."
PENNSYLVANIA.
Tho Pennsylvania Electoral College met In the
Senate Chutnhor, and was called to order by tho Hon.
Charles Thompson Jones. Hon. Benjamin H. Brew
ster was chosen president. Hon. Daniel J. Morrill
being absent. Henry A. Haggs ol Cambria county,
was chosen in his stead as elector, tho unanimous
Voto of tlio college being cast tor Killhorford B. Hayea
lor President aud William A. Wheeler lor Vice Presi
dent.
RIIODIS ISLAND.
The Presidential olectors met at Bristol and cast
four votes (or Hayes and Wheeler. Mr. Corlles de
clined the position ol elector, and the vacancy was
filled by elocnug W. S. Slater, who was also elected
by tho General Assembly.
VERMONT.
Aldricb, the contesting elector, appearod with coun
sel bcloro the meeting of the Electoral College ol thii
State. Tho eounsol UtlormuU the college that Aldricb
wished to take pirt iu the deliberation of the college,
and to protest against Henry A. Sollaco taking any
part Roswell F.irnbam objected to hearlug outside
parlies and the college proceeded to ballot, mid Aldricb
offered his voles lor Tilden and Hendricks, but the
same wero reused. Five votos were declared lol
Hayes and Wheeler. Ai&rich called the apodal
attention ol the chairman to lbs fact that bo olfured
Ins votes. George Nichols was appointed messenger
to carry the votes to tho President ol ttie Senate. The
| College rolu.-od to hear anything Iroiu ilie counsel lor
I Aldricb, and adjourned. Aldricb submitted tbe lot
| lowing protest:?
j To rim Klsctohs or Vk.rmont:?
I solemnly protest against the action of this Roard in per.
. milling Ifenrv H. Hollars to vote in this meeting and ex
I eluding ine trem voting in Ibis Electoral College.
AMOS AliDKlGU, Elector.
I Montpkuku, Vt? Doc. 0. IB7H.
Aldricb then nsked Nichols to carry his vote to
| Washington, and was refused. He then appointed
I himself messenger to carry his own voles aud signed
I his own rt-rtillcHio ol votes, which was lu the common
I lurm. certifying to one voto lor ftiden and one for
I Hendricks. Aldricb gavo Nichols notlco that he
should go to Wasinnlitou the sutuo time he did and
presout his votes and tight it out lu Congress. Aldricb
uuver bus been aworn In us au elector.
THE RESULT.
A Miss MEETING ON THE SUBJECT IN CINCIJf.
NATI.
[BY TELEGRAPH TO THE HERALD.]
Cincinnati, Dec. 6, 1876.
The announcement of the result or the election IS
Florida and Louisiana was recolvcd hero without caus
I ing much excitement. Ihe republicans refrained
I from making any boisterous exhibition ol the gratifica
tion they felt, while the democrats forbore expressing
their disappointment. It was in fact an unexpectedly
quiet ending of Hie long suspense. Tills evening soirn
forty or llltv leading citizens, most ol them democrats,
but all ol tboui believing that a great wrong hud been
perpetrated in the bout of the voto in Louisiana and
Florida, held a prenutiuury meeting at tho Uuruol
House and appointed a committee to call a mass meet
ing of citizens. Irrespective of party, to give ex
pression to tticir feelings on the result ot these elec
tions. This mass mset-ng will take placo probably
Saturday night.
COLORADO LEGISLATURE.
A rROTFST AGAINST THE EXCLUSION OF HER ,
MKMI1KB FLOM THIS HOUSE OF BEFBEfiEN
TAXI YES.
Dkicvkr, Dec. 6, 187ft.
Tho Legislature to-day adopted tho following by? .
nearly unanimous voto
Whereas by net of Cottffre?t approved March 3, 1873, It
whs provided thin the people ol Colorado should We per
mitted to lorrn and organ!* ? a State government. under
which net a constitution duly framed and presented was, on
the 1st day of duly, ls7tl, ratified and adopted by the legal
voter* of Colorado hy an almost unanimous vote, said con
?t tution beiup conform aide to tho constitution and laws of
the United State*; and .
Where** on the 1h; Uay of August, 187(>, under and hy *
virtue of the provisions of said act of Congree*. the Fretl
dent ot tho United States did issue hi* proclamation admit
litis' the Siate of Colorado into the Uuiou on au equal loot
ing with the original Stain*; and
Whereas wo have learned with profound surprise that
the HotiM of Represent at I v t ? i? Congress has refused, and
still d ?ea refuse, our duly elected member, tiie lion damns
H Hailurd, a seat a.id vote In said House, and believiug *1
we do tiiat he was legally elected and that our Stnto is duly
entitled to full representation in Congress; therefore, be it
Resolved, by the house of iiopreseulutives of the otateol
Colorado (the S mate concurring herein), that we, as the rep
resentatives of the people of this State, do hereby most earn
estly protest against this injustice and wrong in depriving
our people of ,a voice in the Congress of the. nation, and do
request that our said He present at ivo be received and recog
nised a* a member of Congress from tho State <?t Colorado.
UosolvHit, That a copy of this resolution be forwarded at
once by telegraph to our Senators in Congress, and that au
engrose'd copy l>e-a I so **nl hy mail, with u request that the
same he pre?euted to the ilottee.
THE NEWARK HOTEL MYSTERY.
The man w!io gave Ins name nsD. Lamoig, of Pbiln.
delplua, and (tupped al the Newark Hotel, Newark, on
Mouilay nig lit, where lie foil sick and was louiid tv,.
couar iou.. the same night, died yesterday morning.
Wnether ho died ol apoplexy or (rom a self-udtniuiatered
dose ot poison is a mystery. I ho alntngcr's body was
removed to Uio.Vfoiguu. All the money he li.idwt,
nine cents, ilia undershirt bore the name Myiard.
In lita pocket was found n New York newspaper slip
giving a sketch of the adrontiires In Golorgdo 01 an ai.
Ieg.nl tieico ol Gliarlee Dickon*. Who the m il wna,
where be catuu from or what ho died of are ih tig* v- t
to Ihjsolvi'd. Tin- tnidy will be kept sutuo days tu tba
L itoua ttijetaw.t* uiromx us to ulaun U.

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