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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, December 19, 1876, Image 3

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Struggles of the Rival Governments
in South Carolina.
Hampton's Policy of Peace and Chamberlain's
Programme of Force.
Secret Session of the Senate Investi
gating Committee.
Columbia, Dee. IS, 1376.
Tbo democratic programme or memorializing Con
gress lor Its recognition of (ho Hampton government
and of otherwise arriving nt a peace I ul solution of the
present complications, indicated In the Hkkalo de
spatches yesterday, is bclug carried out. Governor
Hampton and his advisers were engaged to-day
framing tho memorial, which, when completed, will
bo promptly forwnrdod and presented to both
housos of Congress. In further pursuance of the plan,
Governor Hampton to-day mado a formal demand upon
Chamberlaiu lor tho possession or the Executivo De
partment of the government. Hampton hascstabiished
the prcsont temporary Executive Department at tho
rooms on Richardson street formerly occupied by
tbo Democratic State Committee. Chamberlain
holds forth in tho Executive Chamber at the State
House, guarded by United States soldiers and bis
special constabulary, who admit no ono but republi
cans, members of the press und a few other privileged
persona, Including the members of the House and
Senate and the committees ol Congress when properly
Identified by some well known republican.
Hampton's letter to-day was taken to the State
House by a distinguished democrat, who was denied
admittance at tbe front door, and was flnallr com
pelled to Bend the latter in by a negro wearing iho
badge of a sergeant of the special constabulary.
Hampton's representative was obliged to withdraw; and
an hour afterward Chamberlain's reply was convoyed to
Hampton by bis negro usher, who said bo was
Instructed to deliver tbe precious missive Into no
other but Hampton's bands. Tbe dusky ir.cssengor
found Governor Hampton seated at dinner in Pollock's
saloon. Ho handed the loiter, with this brief ad
dross:?''General Hampton, Governor Chamberlain
told mo to give this letter to yourself."
Tho following aro exact copies of this interesting
correspondence botwecn tho two Governors:?
Statk op SOUTtf Oarolisa. 1
Kxkcdtivk Ciiamiikk, }
Columbia, Deo. 18, 1870.
Fir?As Governor of South Carolina, cboscu by tho
people thereof, I bavo qualified In accordance with
the constitution. I hereby call upon you, as my
predecessor in tbo ofllco, to deliver up to mo tho
Great Seal of Stat3, together with tho possession of
the Stale House, tho public records and all other mat
ters and things nppcrluiuiug to said ofllco. Respect
? '- -" sflfi
imiy jour obedient ,aut,
D. H. Chamdkrlain, Esq.
To this the other Governor replica:?
Statk op South Carolina, 1
Exrcutivb Ghakrkr, Columbia, Dec. 18, 1876. }
Sir"?1 have received the communication in which
you call upon mo to deliver up to you tho great seal ot
tho Slate, Ac., Ac. 1 do not rocogtiizo in you any right
to make the foregoing demand, and I hereby reiuso
compliance therewith. I am, sir. votir obedient ser
Wadk Hampton, Esq. Governor South Carolina.
governor Hampton's plans.
Tho letters place tho dual Governors on reeord as to
the respective positions they occupy. Regardless ot
Chnmbcrlain's refusal to dollver up the great seal,
records, Ac., Hampton is s'owly proceeding to establish
his government. He is determined that tt shall not
end tu a fizzle, as McEucry's did In Louisiana. The
methods he adopts aro tlioso of peace, appealing in all
cases to tho courts lor thotr protection in the cxnrciso
of the l"gal and constitutional rights. Ho hasamplo
assurance from tno property holders In tho State and
from the banks that nil tho lunds he requires to enrry
on tho government will bo forthcoming to be here
after paid when tho legal Legislature passes
n tax bill. A significant fact as to tbo stability of
llumplou's government Is found In tho rocelpt of
letters hore from Northern bondholders of tbo State,
woo arc anxious that Hampton should bo recognized,
ns they would then ho sure ot the Interest en their
bonus, while they are satisfied of tbe inability of
Chamberlain's government to collect taxes, nnd conse
quently their bonds would become worthless.
circular to promixknt ciAskns.
As nn inatcation of Hampton's purpose to proceed
Itendiiy and systematically to establish a perfect gov
iTLtftaiit throughout the State the following circular
letter is being sent to tho democratic Senators and
Representatives and other leading democrats in every
county in tbe State:?
Statk op South Carolina, 1
Columbia, Deo. 18, 1870. )
Sin?I will thank you to givo me, at your earliest,
Opportunity, the lull namca of iho persons In your
county row Oiling iho tallowing olflces:?Ci iiuty
Treasurer. County Auditor, County Clerk of Court,
County Sheriff. County Probate .Judgo, School Corn mis
atonera, Jury Commissioner, Klnction Commts?loucr,
Count} Commissioners. Trial Juslico.*. Should any of
the above offices be tilled by an Incompetent person or
by any one refusing to acknowledge the lawful govern
ment, you are requested to suggest the name ol tbo
citizen beat titled to (111 the oflico. As ihcso appoint
ments aro of vital importance to Iho welfare of tbo
State, I urge upon you to submit the names
ol none but those possessing undoubted ability
? ud iniegrlty, prepared to actively support and ener
getically carry out all the much needed reforms to
which we are solemnly pledged. In me performance
oT this task success depends upon the support ol the
people, and I couildcntly appeal to Ihelr patriotism to
let no personal leelinga cause them to swerve Iront the
line of public, duty which thev have mthcrto so faith
tully pursued. Very respectfully,
WaDK HaMPTOX, Governor.
It Is anticipated that tho first clash or conflict be
tween the two governments will probably originate
with tbo county oillcials appointed by tho respective
Governors. Chamberlain has already attempted to re
move cert tin Trial Justices and has appointed others
In their places, bin the incumbents persistently roiuse
to acknowledge their preionoed successors. In this
way a clash is possible at any moment.
rttoo.KiiiMsa in tux lturt iti.t,*,\n Horn.
The proceedings in the ilackey bouse to-day wero
Important In so far as tltey indicate tho purpose of tho
Chamberlain goecrnnjent to push matter", and, I! pos
sible, to provoke a conflict thai will bring in tho United
3talcs troops. The bill to prevent una punish any
person or persons lor setting up a government In oppo
sition tc tho legitimate government, as they claim
Chamberlain's to he, passed to its third reading and
Was scot to the Senate. It Is ns (allows: -
lie It enacted Dy the Scnnto ami House of Hepresen
??atives of the State of South Carolina, now met nod
anting in General Assembly, and by authority of the
($Action 1.?That if any person or persons shall set
up, or attempt to set up. or maintain, or attempt to
maintain, a government lor the IS tat vol South Carolina,
within tho limit* ol the snul .state, in opposition to
tbo Icgltininte and lawful governinetil thereof, lie or
Kiev shall bo deemed guilty ol a lelnny, and on con
viction thereof shall he punished by Imprisonment In
the Penitentiary 'or u term of not leas than ten nor
more than forty yours, or pay a lino of not less than
$10,000 nor morn than f 100,000, one or both, within
the discretion of the Court.
Titt: oovKUNOit'fl row KB.
SBC. 2. That II any person or persons shall set up, or
ftltcinpt to aet up, or to ilntato, or allumpt to maintain,
ftfeveruuieui witblu tho limits of Use State ui South
[ Carolina, in opposition to tbo legitimate and lawful gov
eminent of tne Slate of South Carolina, It iliall be
the duly of'l!ie Governor ol tbe Stale, ot the
legitimate ami lawful Governor of tbe State, to usuo
IV? proclamation commanding aa:d person or persons
to desist forthwith Irota aeit.ng up or pretending to
set up such government, or maintaining or attempting
to maintain sncn government, and to submit to the
lawful ?nd legitimate government ol tbo State;
and on failure of said person or persona to
obey said proclamation, it shall be the duty of
the said Governor to call on any sheriff or constable,
or any member or member* ol tbe constabulary force
ol tbo State, or any mllitta of tbe Slate, and If in
bis judgment the necessity require* It, the President
ol the I'nited Slates, to md htm in forthwith suppress
ing any such government or pretended government of
the State.
pkxaltt for takixo orricn cni.awiti.lt.
Sic 3. That II any person shell accept and attempt
to hold any oltlce under or by virtue ol auy appoint
ment or commission under such government bo shall
he punl-be<t by imprisonment at hard labor in tbo
Penitentiary lor not less than ono nor more than ten
years, or pay a fine o! (3,000; ono or both, witblu the
discretion of the Court.
Iu addition to this another was Introduced, author*
izlng Chamberlain to employ as many special con
stables, tbo number ol 500 being suggested, as in his
Judgment may be necessary for the protection of tbe
witnesses from Aiken and other couatios now la at
tendance upon tho Senate committee.
It Is understood that the appointment of these spe
cial constables is tbe beginning of Chamberlain's plan
to inaugurate disturbances and causo bloodshed, aud
then to proclaim martial law.
As soou as the hill to punish persons for setting op
a government in opposition to tho legitimate govern
ment passes tho Scnato It is understood to bo tbe pur
poses ol Chamberlain to Issue a proclamation requiring
Hampton's government aud tbo democratic llouse to
disperse. If tills is not compllod with the gpoclaj
constabulary are to attempt to arrest tbo parties,
which will be resisted. Tbe troops will then be called
in, martial law proclaimed and Chamberlain will be
appointed Military Governor ol South Carolina.
Tbo House committee break up to-morrow into sub
committees. Two of them will leavo lor Caarlcston
to-morrow night, each consisting of two democrats
and one republican. Thoothcr three will remain hero.
Hon. A. G. Cochrane, of Pennsylvania, and Hon. J. K.
Phillips, ol Missouri, are tho chalrmou of tho two
committees that leavo. They will at (lrst bold sessions
in tbe city ot Charleston, and will then visit Ueruiort
and other counties whore negro intimidation by ne
groes was extensively practised.
The session of tho House Committco was demoted to
republican testimony as to tne llobbins precinct in
Barnwell county. This Is the place where tho repub
licans left tbe regular precinct and wont to a placo a
mile oil nud cast their votes, which is known as
tbo Bobbins or f.csbio box. Thirteen hundred
and seventeen votes wero oast at this box
between tho hours of one P. M. and six P.
M., and tbe republicans allogo that tboy were driven
away by firing upon tbo negroes at tbo regular
placo by the democrats. Xho point established was
that It was an impossibility for the managers to admin
ister 1,300 oaths to the voters in 300 minutes, tne ttmo
between ono and six P. M. This box was not counted
by the Secretary of Stale and the llonrd of Stuto Can
vassers In the count of the electoral votfli
Tbo Senate committee's sessions aro secret, and tbe
prossurc on tbe part ol tho republicans on tho members
of tbnt party on tbe committee Is so strung that no
democrat, even a member of tbe press, can bo admitted.
Tali.aha.sskk, Doc. 18, 1670.
Tho House committee got Into deeper water to-day
and produced somb racy developments. They reopened
tho care ot product No. 13, in l.con county, Tor the pur
pose ol Introducing certain voters whoso names were
written on tho poll list as having voted at that pro
duct. They Introduced eighteen negro witnesses, who
sworo point blank that tlioy had uot voted
ui this precinct. When shown their names
on the list they still denied It, and etch
named tho proclnoi at which he did voto Upon refer
ring to tho poll lists ot thoso precincts tho names wero
found, Mr. Parkbill was introduced, who swore that
the names of six negroes working on his plantation
were registered on the poll list of precinct Na 13, and
that to bis positive knowlodgo they all voted at precinct
No. 7 and did not leave tho farm during tho day.
Tbcro Is no longer any possible doubt thui tho poll
list ol this precinct (No. 13) was absolutely si tided with
false cntrios to covor tho false votos placed fraudu
lently in Ibo ballot box.
Mr. Dunnell, the repubheun member of tho commit
tee, did not say a word, as the witnesses, one aller
tho othor, sworo to tho falsity of the poll list which ho
bad been defending for tbroo days, it is easy to see
that under the liberal policy of investigation adopted
by the committee tho truth will be reached much
moro surely than under the repressive ex parte method
pursued by the Canvassing Board.
Tho Supremo Court has been iu session all day and
adjourned to-night, pending tho argument ol Mr.
Campbell for tho democrats. The argument will ho
coDdudod to-morrow, and it is said tho decision will
be rendered in a very short time.
The opinion grows stronger daily that the demo
cratic managers made a mistake in pleading to the
merits of the case of the electors beiore tho Board,
rather than pleading against the jurisdiction of the
Board. It Is believed that the Supremo Court would
havo ordered the Board to canvass the lacc of the
returns, which woald nave givon the State to Tilden
by 1 29 votes.
The Senato committee changed lis Intention of going
to Jackson county this morning, as several witnesses
from that comity were on the way to this point upon
the summons of tho House committee. The Seuaio
committee consequently met in tho State Treasurer's
oillce. No newspaper representatives were admitted
to the session. Their exclusion was without the
knowledge or assent of Sonatbr Cooper.
Mr. Pasco, Chairman of the State Democratic Com
mittee, has prepared a letter to the committee request- j
lng that the investigation be made In public. Corap- i
troller Cowedl was noticed in the room with the com. j
mlttco prerty fnuch all day. Tho day was spent in ex- j
aminlng tho republican members of tho Canvassing ;
Board and other witnesses.
As I he House sub-rommitteo left the depot yesterday
in the train for MonttcLio two large rocks wero
thrown through the glass wintows of the car. This is
supposed to have been done by two nogrocs who wero
seen hurrying into tno woods.
Your correspondent has looted ovor the papers In
the caso of Jasper precinct, In Hamilton county,
thrown out by tho Returning Hoard. In the first
place there Is uo attack made upon the truth and cor
rectness of the ofllctol return. It is signed by the two
democratic and one repubhcin inspector, being the
whole Board. Tbo return sags that the voto was 323
domocralio and 185 repub.ican. The truth of this re
sult Is not attacked or denied, the precinct was thrown
out on purely technical grounds Tho re'publican in
spector who witnessed the coma and signed tho return
giving the above result swears o the following lrregu
jarttlea:?First, that the Boast adjourned alter the
count was concluded without making up tho certifi
cate, ns the t.iw requires tbey shall do, and that the
certificate was not made out till nine o'clock the next
morning; second, that the nattcs during the count
were called out by au outside)-, the head Inspector
holding tho list; third, at internals ono or other ot the
inspectors was absent from lhaToom. These are the
total charges.
The democrats reply as followsTo the first
charge, that tho adjournment whs bad before the cer.
ttficntos wero made because it was four o'clock in tho
morning when the count was flntelicd ; that the count
was made publicly and tho resultnnnounced in bearing
ol a number of witnesses; that the certificate was made
in accordance with this result, tie republican certl- '
fying to Ha correctness; that the adjournment was a
physical necessity and made by unanimous consent.
To the second charge, that the head Inspector bad
bad eyesight, and for this reasot asked an outsider to
call tho names as he hold the jOpor; and to the third
charge, that all the Inspectors lover left the room at
one liaio, and that tho republics! inspector was at sen
as often as any of them. This Is the wbolo caso. There
Is no charge of fraud, or incorrectness; but simply of
Your correspondent aslted Mr. Paseoe why the case
?.<u not put moro promlnontly before the Board
Bo replied:?" Because we had no Idea that it would
be touched; we did not think it was really In contest
and dismissed it with a slnglo paragraph. You see we
thought the only trouble would be over Manatee, Jack
son and Monroe. We had no Idea they would throw
out Hamilton. You remember our surprise when
wo heard of it. It was done simply to give Blsbeo a
majority in his Congressional race. There was no
charge of fraud, but simply of technical irregularity.
The only charge ol fraud brought against the demo
crats waa in Jackson county."
Mr. Thompson, chairman of the House Committee,
says:?"You can say that we have positively fixed a
case ol lraud to-day in l'rectnct 13 of Leon county In
volving ITS republican majority. That would balance
Hamilton county, anyhow. We shall, however, inves
tigate the Hamilton county matter very thoroughly
and report the truth to the country."
The reception of a despatch giving General Barlow's
views creates great rejoicing among the democrats.
General Lew Wallace arrived to-night.
New Orleans, Dee. IS, IST6.
George Johnson (colored), who testified a few days
ago bcloro the Houso of Representatives' committee,
was recalled and staled that ho had been assaulted by
colored republicans since ho testified before tho com
mittee; knows other witnesses who fear violence If
they testify.
E. W. Barnes, manager of tho Western Union Tolo
graph Company, who had been subpoenaed to pr.iduco
despatches sent and received by'Messrs. Kellogg,
Packard, Dibble, Warrnoth, Carter and General Augur
lrom and alter tbo 15th of August, 187(1, was called
before tbo committee. In answ%r to questions Mr.
Barnes Rlated that bo bad not btougbt any messuges
with hi tit, and tbnt be had been instructed by General
Superintendent Van Homo nut to deliver nor produce
any messages, consequently ho must, under his in
structions, reluse to deliver tho telegrams called for
by tho subpoena.
Tho committee, alter consultation, adopted tho fol
lowing resolution, which tbo Chairman was instructed
to communicate to tne Houso of Representatives by
Kooulvvd, That for tlio efficient prosecution of the Inquiry
ordered by iho lloa-o, this committee cumminiic.ii? to tho
House lor its consideration tho refusal of R. VY. Barnes to
produce belore tue commit ten telosrnm* referred to In tho
snbptrna ittur* tfTuiH served upon him December lit, 1H7H,
his refusal being in contempt of the House of Representa
General Hurlbut moved that the last clause, "His
refusal being in contempt," Ate., bo struck out. as the
House Itself was the host judgo ol the contempt, If
tbcro was any. Tho Chairman put tho question on
Goneral Hurlbut's amondmcnt and it was lost, tho re
publicans voting for and the democrats against It.
Tho resolution was then votsd for and carried by a
party vote. ;((cH0I Ag TO ?K cocsTSD out.
John Young, ol Do s?oto. was tho next witness, who
testified as follows :-Uoard State Senator Dave Young.
? republican, say before the election that Nichols
would be counted out, even if he was elected; knew
of intimidation by republicans of negroes who In
tended to vote the dcinocratio ticket; they woro
threatened, aud lu somo cases had to have protection
from tho ounservativcs; colored people were alrald to
vo'o tho democratic ticket. vnt.no is
Grnss examined?To Gonoral Hurlbut.?Young
tbo holding ?vor State Senator; know of oue Instance
where, on the Tensas River, a white man, democrat,
from Chicago, was maltroaied and whipped by negroes,
wS Pledged ourselves to protect negroes who desurod
to vote the dctnocialio ticket even with our lives, had
no organ xaiiou or society organized for mat purpose;
uo.ness Is aln attorney; practises In the parishes of
Concordia leusas. Cukhoula and others; Is a con
scrvattve democrat; at Vidaha about 100 uegrocs votea
lor 1 llden and 150 lor tbo democrutto Stato
tin. colored men woro alraid to vote Hie dem
ocratic tickot unloss guaranteed tho protection of
deterred, llu0ug the negroes was that
can party *r. known no vlolcnco to colored
colored democrat, bu^ aUempu er
PS il-fb ?S'ftaa:
wcrcmndo; witness made out some ol these protcats,
p" r : * !nw no violence or Intlriiidatlou except
counirv u ivery place iho Colored men ooslred
in vote'the democratic tlcset, but were restrained
l? , . , . ..r.no killed; on tbo Morgan plantation
Thomas Dawson (colored), a resident of Conwdla
parish .cau 110,1 that he had worked on the Morgan
. .!,? democratic ticket bocapae no wanted to;
a protection; no violence was done to colored demo
TIO.X- , _ .
F C Whitney residing in New Orleans, testified
thai hi aS ed upon James Andersen, .supervisor of
"?"i'Bu'r "ESKirSS bl ss
Charles T Wade (colored), ol Concordia parish, voted
cuarics i. " ? " \ ticiict and the democratic
r ess v ?'d vSEJi as-* sr
cratic ticket, but was atraid ol vio.ence.
c- n ..r.rnnr WickhfYo tcsiiflod?Resides in tno
pnristi'of West Feliciana; did nothing to pre??n| tho
Cmaatlon o,
ticket'81 he y w er e e n t he si asu o and acted voluntary;
the relations between iho whites and co orod people
iiaiory he promised tne colored people that
before the election; some colored men did *?"} '*
t ihjt ihpv voted the democratic ticket, luey
^'^allv did not want "heir wives le know It; he
m ,Vk. more negroes would have voted the democratic
i^keUrthey had been i.lt entirely free of improper
i i'hiences iho negroea take more interest in "j&ool?
than in eAv other quest.ot, almost every man In the
turi-h. colored and white, goes armed.
nvyocRATlC KFFORT r?)R A ql.lKT CAtrAION.
I., '.V Kennord teitiflcd.?Is a acinocrat; was one of
him m.K? ??o ?? Inwt.Hled luo
maOo ..cure. I.ir ??0 jw.W.ble
heved they icared ett<m th# democrats car
l ,r wS..C, T, rurn liyabont MO majority , it wa. car
ned t\eit f ei.ruLa v) mu t^cro were
rtod by called "Rcgulatora,1' who were
chins in the parislt rai'C'i ' ?? lftc
?r|gT\?n.evea uT'thro'hlug them, ' be did not
Lnow .? -?ch club.; he thlpaa
tho organizations csasod alter the organisa
tion ol publics I clubs; lliero ?'j; 110 collision in 1 tie
parish except tlie assassination ol Weal, the democratic
candidate lor Slteriir, seven or eight utiles Iroiu Bayou
Sara, 011 bis way 10 ? political meeting.
Tho House sub-committee for Baton Kongo and ad
jacent parishes lett lor Uatou Kouge to-day. Hub
c iinmiitees lor Sbreveport and Monroe will leave to
Ex-tJuvernor Wells stated In conversation this even
ing tbat be sbould decline to answer questions as to
tbt rdasoa lor throwing oat the voles of uny poll or
N'Kf ORLEANS, Dec. 18, 1970.
The Senate Investigating Committee met to-day in
the I'nnea States District Court room in the Custom
There were present Messrs. Howe, of Wisconsin
(chairman); McMillan, ol Minnesota; Oglesby, of
Illinois; Wardleigh, of New Hampshire; McDonald, of
Indiana, and Saulsbury, of Delaware. A number of
prominent local republicans were in the room.
The committee having been called to order, Mr.
Howe slated that in the interest of harmony there
would only bo a certain number of persons present?
viz., Ave representatives of each party to
act as counsel and the members of the
press. He also said that counsel for tno
8arty objecting to tho action of ilio Returning
oard desired to submit a statement of their objections
in writing. Such a statement the Chairman thought
would greatly lacilitate tho business of the committee.
He wished the document to bo brief and to be sub
mitted as early aa possible.
Judge Catyp'ocll desired to fllo a counter statement,
and was accorded mat privilege.
The Chairman said it was desired to procuroa tabu
lated statement ol the voles as returned to the Hoard.
None ol the democratic counsel were present.
Tho commlltco discussed the best mode of obtaining
a lull stuioinent of the votes returned.
It w as urged by the democratic members that a copy
should be procured, not only of the Supervisors' tabu
lated statements, but also Hie Commissioners of Klec
lions' returns to tho Supervisors, in ordor that It
might be clearly aeon what polls were thrown out by
the Hoard. Governor Wells, president of tho Return
ing Hoard, was called in to give some iufornintion on
the subject. Ho said he would furnish the committee
with the required statement of the votes polled and
votes excluded, but us the Hoard was busy preparing
ita report to the Legislature the clerks would uot have
time to make copies.
The Chairman said that tho six stenographers of the
committee would do tho work.
The ooiumlttee then adjourned until eleven A M to
Witnesses have been suinnioued to testily In tno
case of East Raton Rouge.
The work of the Senate coin uiitlue will be noccssarlly
slow at lirst as it Is the object of tho commiltco to ob
tain from the Returning Hoard tho aggregate vote of
the State as returned by the Supervisors of the differ
ent parishes and tho votes of tho parishes
rejected br tho Hoard; also tho vote of
precincts in soveral mulshes which woro
rejected. It is doubtful It the committee will lie sub
divided as was tho House committoe, as a large num
ber of witnesses are already here to testily beloro the
commiltco and others are on their way. Tho commit
tee hope to finish their work by January 15, but it is
liardly probable that It can be dune by that tune. Thus
far the House comtnltleo have examined no witnessos
on Iba republican side.
At tho night session of the House Investigating Com
mittee, William Huuter, o! Concordia parish, testified
us follows:?Kinployed from thirty to sixty colorod
people; hoard Ilavid Young (colored) in a speech say
that S. B. Packard would bo the next Governor; that
it was no use lor the democrats to do anything , that
the republicans wore lu power lu this .Sluts and
intended to remain so; that If not succcftslul
at the polls they would be counted In by
the Returning llonrd; that democratic majori
ties had boon overcotno by the Reluming Hoard
beretolorc nod had been sustained liv bayonets, tiud
they would be sustained In doing so again; heard
She'lton make a speech saying do could cut of! tho
bead of any negro votlug tbe democratic ticket and
drink his blood; heard another colored man say that
the negroes hud persuaded Ins wife to Icavo him Do
cause he voted the democratic ticket; thinks about
tilteen colored mou voted the democratic ticket at ins
Sax Fraxcihco, Doc. 18, 1870.
A Portland (Oregon) despatch rays that Uovornor
Grover lolt to-day lor Washington via Victoria, V. I.
He has proporod an elaborate urgument sustaining his
action in the Cronin case, with a multitndo oi authori.
ties. It Is printed in pamphlet lorm lor circulation in
tho East, hut the printers havo strict orders not to
allow It to be made public nere nor let any copy of it
get abroad.
Owing to the preparation of tho document, tho Gov
ernor was unablo to leavo ou Saturday with tho other
The committee appointed lost week by the House of
Representatives to inquire into tho "ways that are
dark," allogcd to havo beon adopted by aomo of the
politicians In New York, Philadelphia and Jersey City
at the lato November election, met at tho St. Nicholas
Hotel yesterday morning, and organized with Horn
Samuel S. Cos .ts chairman. * The committoo then ad
Journed until eleven o'clock this morning, when tho
llrat working session will bo bold. So r genu t
at-Arms Thompson, ol the House of Representatives,
is attached to the committee, ana will remain with it
throughout the .nvcatigation As yet no documonia
have been received from tho roprosentailves ol cither
political party.
In conversation with a reporter yesterday GonornI
Rice, one ot the committee, slated that tho session In
Now York would, In all probability, be a snort one, as
he understood the election hero to havo been con
ducted with entire fairness on both sides.
Owing to a typographical error in tho Hkrald of
yesterday a sentence in the last paragraph but ono of
Goaeral Francis C. Harlow's lottor was mado to road:?
"1 certainly have bad my doubts as to what my
own opinion was except as to this prcctnct." It should
read:?"1 never had any doubts as to what my own
opinion was," Ac. The Importance of tho mlstako Is
Mr. Samuel B. Duryea, ono of Ibo trustees of Ply.
mouth church, has addressed tho following letter to
the Board of Trustees of the church:?
Brookltx, Doc. IS. 1870.
To tii* Board or Trustbks of Plvmoptb C'Ickci ?
Gkxti.kmk.n?Tho great less ol life occasioned by tho
inadequate uioans ol escape from the Brooklyn Thea
tre directed my attention 10 Plymouth church.' 1 bavu
examined the same with great care, and am convinced
that tho aisle acuis should he removed. 1 h ire also
examined the doors and do nut believe tbey urn prop
erly constructed. Thvre is no apparatus for the
extinguishing of lira. There should be sufficient con
nection with the water pipes and an ample supply of
hose distributed In sovcrai places that are easy ol ac
cess. 1 havo obtaiucd the writinn op.ulon o; porsous
whom I have consulted und herewith present to you
their reports. II thore should arise in your minds
sufficient grounds of objucnou to these alterations
and you should desire turiher Information 1 shall be
glad to appear before you and furnish you with such |
lacis as are within my poser. 1 am confident that j
you will give it the consideration which tho gravity of |
the question requires, remembering that the lives of
many persona are it. your bands, nnd should any accl
dent occur you will be held responsible lor the peril
and the loss of (life wbicb must Inevitably result.
Hoping you will givo this matter your earliest atten
tion I am, yours very truly,
Tho opinion of Mr. Duryea as to the dangerous con
dition ol tho church la concurred in by R. M.
Upjohn, G. L. Morse, O. K. Buckley and M. J.
Morrill, architects nnd builders, who havo addressed
to him. alter making a thorough examination ol
tpe building, a aeries of rvcommcndnnons as
to the alterations to bo mado in tho
church to render it sale. In tneir opinion
n crowded audience would havn little chance ol escape
in case ol a panic as the interior ol tho cburcb is now
constructed. I ho recommendations, If adopted, will
necessitate an almost entire overhauling of the build
ing from the celling to the ground floor.
At a mooting of the Society for the Relief of Hall
Orphans and Destitute Children held last evening tho
annual report was read. It showed that the cnuro re
ceipts were $18,140 91; tho expenditures, $17,097 98;
balance in treasury, $442 54. Elghty-ono ch.ldren
bad been admitted during tho year, an.I that eighty
two bad left. 01 these lllty-eight were returned to
their parents or Iriends; twenty-one bad secured situa
Tho following Board of Trustees were elected:?Mr.
Charles Bailor, John N. Bradley, Robert I.. Stuart,
M. K. Jesnp, John IV. (Ju ncey, James II. Banker,
Daniel D. Lord, George Bliss an I F. A. Tallraudge.
As officer*:?Mrs. G. 1). I'lielp.-, Mrs. William G. Bull,
Mrs. John N. Bradley, Mrs. Daniel D. Lord.
The Overseer ol Poor of Newark complains bitterly
ol the parsimony ol the City Fathers. He has 2,'ioO
families to support or assist and was allotted by Couo.
cii only $2,OuO for tbe month, or less than twonty-flre
cents per week per family. Before the month is over
1.Odd more names will probably be on ibe hooka tor
assistance. The number ol respectable inecliauics who
seek aid is very great and far in excess of that ol uny
ormer winter.
General Shelby Will Sustain
Grant's Decision.
He Distrusts the Northern Democracy?
Muttering* of a Storm.
Sentiment Divided on the Presi
dential Issue.
St. Loci*, Mo., Doc. IS, 1876.
Tbo declaration of General Jo Sbolby, the ex-cunfed
orato cavalryman, that bo will support President Grant
In any decision .ho may make witb referenco to the
contest betweon Hayes and THilen, has created a de
cided sensation here, bis past an J present promt
nenco giving much significance to what he
may gay on that subject. Your correspondent
called on blm again this evening at his hotel and round
him considerably excited over tbo severe criticism
which bo had encountered during the day while mix
ng with his friends.
huklhy's decided positiox.
He said that ho had been to the Merchants' Ex
change and other public placos and bo had been told
liy many prominent democrats that ho had committed
a grout error in talcing such a position,
nevertheless General .Shelby said bo hud made up bis
mind, alter great deliberation, and bo was saiisllcd tbo
best lighting element of the Conicderuics, it not nl
ready with him, would bo with him when thu lug
In speaking ol tho crisis likely to occur
at the counting of tho l'rosldential vote, bo said:?
11 tho I'rcsidonl of tbo Scnato alter opening and count
ing the electoral votos declares Hayes elected und tho
llouso should pronounce in favor of Tildou, the course
ot the Executivo branch of tho government should and
will undoubtedly be decisive, it tho Seuato deolareB
Hayes elected and I'rcsidonl Grant conducts him into
the Capitol, insuring tils inauguration by au intervention
ol the army and navy power, iboro is nothing left but lor
the peoplo to submit. At all events, 1 will say this?
that If I'roaideut Grunt concludes to sustain Mr. Til
den I am witb blm; II bo upholds Hayes, 1 am with
him. I consider that in tho event ol a disagreement
between the two houses of Congress on ihis subject ho
is tbo decisive authority, and that to oppose Exocutivo
action will bo robollton. I was lor rebellion once, but
am not now.
I, In common with other confederates, was Induced to go
into one contest for what wo concoivcd to bo constitu
tional liberty, witb tho assurance that wo would re
ooivo the support of tho Northern democracy; but
said Northern democrats, lutlcad of joining with us
in our struggles, colluded with tho enemy and shot
bullets at us lor four years with an effectiveness that
decided the cuancos of war in favor of thoso who op
posed us. I have little lullh In the Northern democ
racy ; nevor had.
I was satlsiled in 1801, when 1 joined the fortunes of
tho Coulederacy, that the chances woro all in favor ol the
South getting whipped. I did not bcllovo tho Northern
democrtcy would stand by Its plodges, that the South
would have to light its battles alone. Convinced that
tho general government is snpromo, und that tho
1'rcsidont is tho meat authoritative exponent of the
wishes of the government I will regard his action as
He has the army and navy to back him, and to op
poso his tut it would be coccssary to rulso an army of
opposition. It he decides in lavor of Hayos ol coarse
he will seo to it that Hayes is installed In tlio Wbito
House and that he has tbo continued protection of tho
army and navy.
If tbo domocrau dctcrimno upou an actlra opposi
tion It will bo necessary to inaugurate Tilden In lomo
sort of fashion, giro him his Cabinet and establish a
separate soat of government, and to appoint a new
and distinctive list of rovenuo and i'ost Office odditis
tbronghout tho Union. Tbon the Isaac will
bo reduced to a question of force. I for
one will go with General Grant In whatevor
decision he may make under tho conscientious
conviction that In sucb a contingency bo has a right,
as tne Exocutlvo of the nation, to dotermine who Is
elected. If actual war should occur between tbo two
parlies, and President Grant should lind It noccssary
to call lor voluutoors to sustain bim, I should not loso
two houib in responding. I sneak only lor myself,
bat I am sure that my opinion roilcota that of
thousands of those who followed myself and other
Confederate officers.
Tho Southern poople were grossly deceived In 1861
by tho Northern democracy. They woro led into a
ruinous war, which ondoJ In their disfranchisement
and impoverishment. Having boon reinvested by
their conquerors with the rights of citizenship and
having robuilt their tallon fortunes to a
great oxtcnt, they are now In a state of
comparative prosperity and independence. My
opinion is that there ts no desire for a new strife.
TVlnlo the South Is for Tilden, it has no desire to fight
for him, though ho were elected by a majority of two
millions ol votes. Tbo South Is in no mood foramen
conflict. It has been engaged for eleven yoars
in rehabilitating Itsell, and the result is ol tbe most
gratilying cbaractor. Hong devoted to tbe work ol
material progress, It will lake a most extraordinary
emergency to excite a feeling for active participation
In a struggle of politicians for control of the govern
ment. Tbe prize is really not worth lighting for.
Shelby is convinced that tbore will be trouble, and
that It will lake the promptest Executive action to pro
vent a sanguinary fight. There was no longer nny
donbt that an armod conspiracy was being
organized throughout tho cnt.ro country to
put Tilden in the Executivo chair by lorce.
It is evident thai at this time General Shelby does not
have a very largo following in bis opinions. The North,
cm democrats here, almost to a man, are in favor of
standing by ftlden to any extremity, and the great
mass ot tbe Confederates, though more conservative,
are disposed to follow their leadership.
Ex-Governor Reynolds, one of tho most prominent
ex-Confederates, stated to-night that there was no
doubt ol Tllden's election, and that if be was not sus
tained by those who elected him It would be s clear
surrender of constitutional liberty. If tbo investiga
tion m Louisiana showed conclusively that Tilden
carried it It would be impossible to prevont his in
auguration, and that a very large army would spring
up almost immediately to maintain him.
Secretary of State McUratb, an ex-Confederate offi
cer, said, in an interview with your correspondent to.
night, that the pooplo who elected Tilden would pat
him in tbo Presidential chair and keep him there nt
any cosh He did not think it would be necessary, but
If so, ho was In lavor of lighting to perpetualo tho
legitimate results of tbe election.
TWO MOliK or Til EM.
A- J. P. Gtrescho, former member of tho Democratic
Central Committee, and John T. crisp, a prominent
politician, both ex-Con federates, held a similar opinion
to PcGrstb. They believe Grant Is determined to in
stall Hayes as his successor, right c wrong, and that
It would bo an unpardonable surrender to tamely sub
mit to such a revolutionary act, ?
a raosrrcrivB commakder-ix-ciiikf.
General Mnrmaduke is a Conledcrate cbioiiain second
In lumo only to General Shelby. He is now in New
York and It is positively ullcged by responsible parties
hero that his uilsston there is to confer with Mr. Til.
den's trusted friends with reference to s speedy organ
ization of Missouri democrats to aid in en
forcing tho eucceseful inauguration of Tilden. It la
stated on evidently good authority that before leaving
he consulted with Governor-elect Phelps and other
leadlug democrats of the State, and that sn arrange
ment waa made wiroreby Marmaduke was to be in
vested wttb tbe leadership of tbe Tilden forces In Mis
sourl. Governor Pncips was a colonel in me Cetera!
army and Lincoln'* miliary Governor of Arkansas,
but thinks Tilden should bo su-taincd at any cost.
Colonel J. C. Nornnlln, an ex-Colonel ol a federal
regiment ami an influential democrat, si Id to night
that if the investigations now In progress ah iihl show
that Louisiana went for Tlldun it would establish bll
election beyond a doubt and tu.il the democratic party
should Inaugurate and sustain him, cvon if It took an
army to do it, end that an luitnouso artuy. Including
many who did not vole forTllden could bo raised lor
tbai purpoao.
Colonel Clay King, of Lafayetto county, formerly a
Confodorato colonel, said to your correspondent to
night that bo agreed with General Shelby and believed
that President Grant's course ought to be decisive
with both parties, lio is one of tlioso who have no
faith in the sincerity or tbo fighting qualities of North
ern democrats.
A prominent citizen who returned to the city this
evening from an extensive tour through northcasl
Missouri, says the feeling among both union and robel
democrats is strong for Tilden or war.
A. If. Buekncr, Congressman from tbo Thirteenth
district of Missouri, has written a unmbor of letters
from Washington to bis constituents saying that war
seems to bo Inevitable.
Colonel A. W. Slay-buck, a representative demo
crat and ex-Confcderato colonel, was interviewed at
a lato hour lo-nlgbl and indorsed tbo sentiment ex
pressed by Gonarnl Shelby. Ho has no coniideuce In
Northern democrats, and holds them responsible for
the lato war.
Cincinnati, Dec. 18, 187?,
Considerable excitement prevails bore this evening
over the result of a mooting called lor democratic sol
?I10rs and sailors of Ibo lalo war to adopt some
expression on the present political Issue*,
which meeting was ''bulldozed*' and captured by
a number of republican ex-soluicrs aud ofTlco
holders, and run by them to suit tholr own Ideas o(
proprieties. Tho mcctmc had been cailod for lour
o'clock, at tho gentlemen's parlor of tho llurnel
House, tho call being made for those who had fought
on the Union sldo In the lato rebellion, and who, be
lieving that Mr. Tildon had bccu lalrly elected,
were prepared to Insist upon bis Inaugura
tion, The meeting was organized by William J.
O'Neill, member of the Democratic Slate Committee,
and Colonel Lewis D. Cnmpboll, for twelve years
Congressman from tho Dayton district, was appointed
president. By tho lime theso formalities bad boon
completed tho I'ost OfTlco clerks, whiskey gaugors,
letter carriers and like republicans osine crowding into
the room to the number oi 100 to ISO, filling It to ihs
utmost, and extending out Into tbo hall.
When Colonel Campbell began to speak they sainted
blm with tho cry of "Down wltli tho robols!" "No
tlmo for traitors yet!" "Democratic rebelsD' tbo
rebel yoll nnd such liko expressions fairly drowning
bis voice In tbo hubbub. They crowded arouud the
stand In such throatening numbers that Campbell
dually jumped on tho tablo, and holding an address ho
was about to oder, said he was not to bo Intimidated,
and |thcy could only dispose of bis addreas by laying
him on tbo table.
si.-nsTA.xcK ox x||R address.
The nddross, after reciting tho loyalty and patriot
ism of tboso who bad called tho mooting and referring
to tho bayonet rulo in the Southern States, aud tho at
tempts of tho republican party to perpetuate its
power by Iraud, closed by calling for a meeting of con
servatives, soldiers and sailors, without distinction ol
party, for a council of peace, to be held at Columbus
on January 8. Roioro getting through with its read
ing the disorder was so great that Campbell put tho
mutton for adjournment and declared tho meeting ad
The republicans, howorer, romaincd in the room nod
organized another meeting, with Cnia?-t J. k.
Guiherlo, ol this city, as chairman, and appointod a
committee to roport a Bet of resolutions, wblch wen
?bortly after roportod in the following language:?
Resolved, That on the election of Governor Hayet
as i'rostdent or tbo United States wu d? not see anj
cause tor alarm or apprehend any disturbance of oni
national ait'airN.
Resolved, That wo deprecato any movement* oi
meetings tending toward a disturbance el tho peace,
and are wholly satisfied to leave tno .conduct ol oui
nanoual alUtrs to the control of the logatly constituted
Tho report wns signed by L. Si. Dayton, John V.
Lewis and A. K. Hetghway.
Theso rcsolatlons wero adopted and tho meeting
broko up.
Afterward tbo democrats again rallied and returned
to tho Qold which had been abandoned and heard
Campbell finish reading bla address and appointed a
committee to arrange lor tbe 8th of January meeting.
A good deal of bitter talk is heard on tbs streets to.
nlglit, aud it Is thought Hint tho democratic Indigna
tion meeting which is appointed for next Wednesday
evonlng may bo productive of violence betwocn tbo in
temperate leaders ot both sides.
George W. Tyson, alias "Buckshot," aald to be one
of tbe dosperadoca composing the Tenth avenue
gang, was arraigned at tbe Kil'iy-seventh Street Court
yesterday on two charges, one ot which was breaking
windows, and tho other of .ass mltng Officer McGinn,
ol the Twenty-second precinct Wucn tbe oillccr at
tempted to arrest Tyaou on tbo cbargc of malicious
misctuot Tyson assaulted bun and called on a crowd
of sympathizers who had gathered to come to bis
rescue. They responded by throwing sionua at
tbo officer, one of which hit linn, splitting his lip and
knocking out two of his teeth, i'he officer, finding that
allaira had taken u scrixiis turn, rushed his prisoner
Into n liquor siuro aud locked the doors. A section of
uicu from tbo Twenty-second precinct station bouse
finally carno to his relief, and Tyson was lucked up.
He was committed lor trial on the two charges. Mo
said he was too drenk to remember anything about the
affair except that part of it Where he had been clubbed
sovi-r.ii tunes en tne head by Uillcer McGinn, lysoa
baa been on the Island sevcr.il times.
KirLET, Ont., Dec. IS, ISIS.
Tbe dwelling ot R. Mclnnos, In derond Concession,
Ilnron county, was destroyed by lire this morolng.
four children perished in the damns. Mr. Mcinnei
was sovorely burned while attempting to reacue them.
The first l.olos Undies' Day of the present fen son
was giren at the l.olos Club House, In Irving place,
yesterday, and, despite the tcvcra storm of snow and
sleet, was attended by a large number of Indies and
gentlemen. The musical programme was varied aud
interesting and was interpreted in a carelul and arils
tic mannerby >ime<. > arrino -^iirei andCianiUlaer,
Miss tin-an ISaltuD, and Messrs. William Castle, M.
Werner, liaiiuu, tlauu'ieig, Itisch and John CarroiL
The exhibition oi paintings waa exceedingly hoe.
At the Tombs Police Court yesterday Peter Allen,
ol No. "3 New Chambers street; Maurice Courtney, ol
No. li# James street; Mlcbsel Kennedy, of No. 137
Chatham street; James W. Higclns, ol No 333 Front
street; Michael McM ihoti, ol No. 1S7 Kiviuglon street,
nn<l otto Drover, ol No. 373 (ireenwlch street, were all
hold lor trial in default of hail tor violation Ol the
Kxoiao law in selling liquor on duoday.
The losses by the Burlington (N. J.) fire of Docembcf
10, by which twenty-seven buildings wero destroyed,
arc almost exactly as first reported, ttlo Insurance!
being, however, in smaller proportion than was ai
flrat supposed. In addition to the losses, aa ofllciallj
reported, arc (hose of lurnliuru and smaller nrticloi
lost by a large number of Inmilics w no occupied tenc
nieuis, those ol this cla?s hoing luliy hall ol ilia loriy
iHltillies who wore rendered houseless. They were
almost without exception uninsured, aud their lossef
cannot be estimated witn any degree ol exactness,
though probably reaching $8,000 to $10,000.
Taken with tbe lurniture, Ac., destroyed, the losses
will probaoly be not less than $30,0o0, while the avail
able insurances, allowing for those who were over-in
sured, will not probably reach inoro than $10,000 to
SIT.aOO. The rcliel limits amount lo about $3,000, and
the measure* proposed bv the Common Council will
probably nbvluio almost ail the real suffering watch
?oat aeceeaarilg result.

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