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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, December 19, 1876, Image 6

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A Lawyer's Experience with the
Bloomingdale Asylum.
How and by Whom the Con
cern is Managed.
Mr Julia K. TownsenJ delivered a lecture last even
lug iu Dr. Putnam's church. corner ol Monroo p'ace
and Piorreponl street, Brooklyn, ou tlio subject of
"Treatmetil of the Insaue."' lu view of recent de
velopments In the ease of Mrs. Norton, tho character
and mnn.igcmcnt of institutions for the rare nnd con
finement of insane persons havo become a matter of
tjreat interest, and the experience of tlio lecturer as
given below pbtnts nut soma of tho outrages perpe
trated in thein an i the means oi remedying them.
A'tcr reviewing tho manner of governing such insti
tutions in European countries Mr. Town-end camo to
his experience on the subject iu this country.
Before slimming np, he said, what would appear by
the evidence ol ail who have had association with this
class ol patients to bo their conclusion as to how such
patients should be governed, ana by wlint character of
persona controlled, he would call attcutiou to the man
ner in which such a-ylums ore conducted in this coun
try. ft was unfortunate that tlio same opportunities
wcro not afforded to us hero for examination as
are given iu England. There, superintendents seem
anxious to be considered progressive, nud when out
rages are perpetrated iu asylums there, they are, if
possible, tho Brat to demand examinations, aud
solicitous apparently of relieving themselves of any
odium attached, and o! seeing that the abuses nro
redilied. Here, tho opposilo rule seemed to bo in
vogue. II it was Intimated that an outrage had oc
curred in an asylum. Immediately all avenues to in
formation were clo-e.l; if possible, a denial was rnndo
that an;, such thing had occurred, or tl tho matter be
came to > public or grave lor such dl-positlon to bo
mado of it, then it wa- pooh-poohed as beiug a
delusion nndor which the patient was laboring,
nil I the ?tteDdant=, who aro usually tho creatures
of tho will of tho superintendent or tho hoard
above him wcro expected to lio tho caso
through or vacate their potlllona Woo to tho attend
ant, male or lentnlc, wbo.o conscience was tender
when such trial was impose! upon them. The
inprlnteudent, whea charges of outrage are
spoken of, gives Ills opinion that such things are
Impo.slbie. Tho "Board of Governor?," who know
nothing whatever about tho ca3o, and generally care
Jco:-, raise their eyes at tho audacity of any ono coin
pla.uingabout an institution which is supposed to de
rive croil t from their names, and then proceed to
rulogizo tho superintendent and all their employes.
I"mil a comparatively recent period this was tho result
? I u complaint made by a patient, and the poor dear
people shook their beads aud said, "Whut a terrible
lime these poor doctors must have, surrounded by
|.ich people.
It was luipv.il that sumo redress would bo obtained
When in 1874 wai appointed by the tlovernor a Stulo
Commissioner In Lunacy, with a salary of $4,000 und
a lund <ff $1,000 per unnum placod ut his disposal lor
Incidental purposes. The act by which ho was ap
pointed and its amendments empower him to ex
amine mi ? tho management and conduct ot asylums
for ilie insane, public and private, und the officers of
II.d a-ylums are dirceied to give hint tree access to the
patients ami all inlortnatlon mat he may require. He
has the power to i-sue compulsory process lor the
ntiemhincc ot witnesses and the proouction ol papers,
to administer oath and examine persons under oath in
all cases where complain.s are tnudo belore him and
there is rea-'on to believe that any person is wrong
fully deprived ot nis til>cny or' Is cruelly, negli
geiiilv or improperlj- treated in such usyauii,
(>?? whenever there arc inadequate provisions made for
their cure, supervision and sale keeping, and it is his
duly to n port ino facts tl the sumo shall be proved to
his rail-fact ton, together with lux conclusions thereon,
to a justice oi I he Supreme Court, who shall thereupon
gran; ilic necessary relief.
Mr. Town.end then criticised I tie uctton of the Com
missioner hi ilic case ol .Mrs. Norton, ulrrady detailed
ui our columns, and expressed hi; opinion Ibat the
otllcc was ciuiilru ilirouglt the agency ol officers of
usy lunts, and gave as ins reasons lor so behoving
K.i el, I ho conduct ol I lie exa initial Ion of Airs Norton's
charge. Second, the failure ol lite Commissioner io
present tuts c i-c to a justice of the Supreme Court, as
he was bound by law to do, if they
were proved to his satisfaction. Under tins
h cad .Mr. Tnwnscud contended that thcro was
no contradiction of Mrs. Norton's testimony,
tlint the wounds in her mouth nan throat wero in
llicictl at ll o hands ol an uttendaut jit Hloommgdulc,
ami ibat no man of ordinary judgment could look at
those wounds without being satislied they wore In
flicted in a mo-l brutal manner. I'mrd, because from
conclusion* based upon prolcssionnl experience, aided
by the testimony-it entirely trustworthy persons, lie
believe, that -outo ol the usylums in this fttato wero
Simmy f inks ot outrage and iniquity, and no in ore cal
culated to euro I tie insaiio than tnc mechanical pro
cesses in vogue in the last contury. Ho recommended
the ahoiiliuii of Iho ol'lee as a saving ot $5,000 a year
to iho .slate, and by that mums the patients and
their friends would oo relieved ut once or the Illusive
bo|M s ibey have cniertuinud that their wrongs wero
lo oe righted. By iho original act ol 1874, by wlilch
ibis Commissioner was couhrmca, he was directed
Ironi limo io t rao to report the results of iho treat
ment ot the Insane ot other States and countries, u>
g.'incr with such particulars as he might deem proper.
Hut as it to shut oil the last chance which our own
'?experienced ' physicians might ever have as induce
ment toward progression through the experience of
o-hrrs. this provision was repealed, leaving
him lo report upon what bis opinion was
ol the conduct o affairs In this Slate
only. .Mr. Towuscntl raid ho would adhere
in auy luiure transactions to tho old writ of hubcas
corpus, w li i h lie had ulways tound clhcaclous, not
only in bringing benelit io iho sutt.-rcr, out exposure
to uio wrongdoer. Ho then presumed them several
cases Which had come within his proiesslonal rare, and
?titled ihut Irani these cases they could learn liow peo
ple tray he lured into asylums, iho kind ol men who
aro called experienced physicians, the sort ot at lend
no is Jo whom patienis are iiitruMed, the brutality lo
win Ii they may oc subjected, the character ot tho
places in winch they may be confined, the food and
kin.i of exercise, mental und physical, I hoy inav ex
pect ; the (lifllculty they have of getting out without
the intervention of tho writ of habeas corpus, mid
how easy It is to get out when that formidable engine
is presented to the inspection ot officers ol insane
a paxuxrocs roMKssiox.
The first cose instanced occurred in .September, 1160,
nod was that of n gculleinun who was c .mined in iho
Bloomuigdalc Asylum. lie was conhned, as Mr.
Townsend subsequently learned, for having become
possessed ol a so. ret tho divulging of which might
create havoc with the affairs ol a preimnvnt man.
This gentleman wrote to Iiidi lroui the asylna In a
plain and businesslike way, requesting huu to call
upon him to Iho end tfm' be might lukc means to effect
his re'euse. Mr. Townsend eallod at tho asylum and
requested to see hi in. He WHS received with courtesy
by Hr. llrown, but was refused admission on the
ground that such a meeting would ccriitinly excite
Hi o patient and his mental condition would
not warrant it. Not lamlliar at that time
with the tactics of that insliluunu be loft, but soon
alter receiving another letter entreating hlrn not lo bo
humbugged, tie called again and was again re I used.
Mr. Towu-end then applied lor a writ o( hah. ax corpus
und had it served upon the Hector. Ileiofe the w rit
was Yelurnable the gentleman en whose brhalt it was
obtained apiwnrcU at Mr. fownsend's office, stating
that ho had been paroled upon hi* honor io return.
H.eing through this purpose Mr. Townsend directed
him to return to Hie asylum and thu* force the Doctor
to bring h.m Into court, which the Doctor did on tho
return 1 y. Utrtil Judge McCunn threatened to order
an examination Into thu circum?tuncM of h s confine
ment Hr. lirown would not admit mat be was sane,
lie was dlschatged.
AX IXWi.HtST fox.
The next esse occurred in March, 1870. The location
tho sumo asylum. This application was tuaiie by a lady
?evculy-two years ol age, who said she was detained
there by a wealthy soa, who desired to avoid the rx
penso o! her maiiitenatiee. 'litis .Mr. Townsend subse
quently discovered to bo the truth upon bringing suit
agmnst her son. who then made proper provision tor
her support. His application ni the asylum to see her
was rm t wtih tue same binud smile, but was refu-ed
upon the ground that her condition was such that an
Interview would be too exciting to her. Again lie re
sorted t? the writ ol habeas corpus, and upon the day
belore the relcrn she came to Ills office in a cab, wnh
her baggage, alone, and ho had lbo pleasure of restor
ing tier to her homo in New Jersey.
abotiiku rvTinxr kklkassp.
The next Insisuic occurred in,July, 1872, and was
that ol a gentleman lormerly a member of one of Ihs
largest firtns in Wall street. Ho also wrote in Mr.
Townsend giving the details ol his case and appointing
an Interview on tho grounds of the asylum. He met
film mere and told hitn to ? uy nothing of iliclr inter
view until lie had obiu.ned a writ, as he desired again
to sec il tliey would report to I lie mnuiruvro of dis
i-b. rg ns Itiiu before It wa< returnable. He willingly
assented, but unfortunately some one had witnessed
the interview, and ocioro the writ could be taken out
ha was discharged, with an Injunction not to show his
face on the grounds again. At the request of this gen
tleman he next applied for a writ on behalf of llo-a
McCabe, bolter known to her rollgiuua denomination
a* S'stcr Mai v .Stanislaus Boforn tins writ could be
served the officials at Bluomlngdatft transferred tier to
Hlackwell'a Island, and the combined interests of the
two asylum* had to bo fought. The caso was before
tbr courts for several months, the writa were twice
dismissed, and finally Dr. Parsons consented to her
discharge upon parole. She remain'd for two months
there titer at Mr. Townsend'a residence, and never
during that time evinced any evidences of insanity.
She iheu went in her brother's home, stneo when ho
had not heard Irom her.
rns stent or two attkxdaxts.
In August, 1ST J, he was called upon by (Irorge R.
Irwin ana w:tr, who told him that they had been for
l an years and a nail as attccunnts upon patieuta at
Hlnomingdale, and that they would no longer counte
nance by tliolr presence the outrages commuted
there. They gave him the strongest testimo
nials ol character tu the shape ot letters suit
in his possession, uud told him they had promised
one ol the gentlemen be had relieved thai as soon as
ho waB discharged thoy would aid him in an/ way tu
bringing the abuse of the institution to public notice.
He iheu read their affidavits, which were used in court
and published in the daily papers ol October, 1S7'J, re
counting the outrages and cruelties practised at tbo
Mr. low use ud said that although desirous of con
tinuing the work before the courts until ho Dud forced
public attention to the abuses, he was obliged to destsl
on account ot the eucroachment upon bis tune and
the absence of remuneration. Ho noticed ihat in ouch
instance he bad been met w itti the suggest on that the
complainants had been conllned In an asylum, and
Ircm that mere lact It was considered unsalo to rely
upon their testimony. The pro-s, ho said, was to-day
the great conscience of the people, nud without Its aid
few greut abuses could lie rectified, hut with ita united
efforts no wrongs could long exist.
The examination in the race of Mrs. Bertha Snyder,
the boarding house keeper, of No. 31 East Fourth
street, charged by Mrs. Knsobla Fitzgerald, of San
Francisco, Willi stealing her box ot diamonds, rnlued
at $4,000, was resumed bcloro Justice Ilixtiy, at tho
Washington 1'laco Coart, yesterday afternoon. Mrs.
Fitzgerald was accomp.inied by her son and Counsellor
McMahon. When shown the special despatch from
Fan Francisco published in yesterday's Herald re
garding her career in that city, she said to n Herald
reporter that At present she did not aeslre to mako
auy statement regarding it. Mrs. Snyder was seated
next her counsel, >lr. Price, and with her was a lady
I w no was heavily veiled an J whoso laco was not risiblo
' during the progress ol the examination.
| Wnon Judge liixby assumed his soul on the bench
Counsellor Price said, "Your Honor, I uesirc to recall
Mrs. Fitzgerald lor a lew moments." Mrs. Fitzgerald
j then took the stand and the examination proceeded as
! follows:?
Q. You have stated that you could not say in what
| pari ol Washington street, Sun Francisco, your bocso
was situated f A. Yes.
Q. Was it not between Webster and Buchanan streets?
A. (wiin herniation) Yes.
y. Was not your house ono of a block built by a Jew
] oiler named Tucker f A. It was sold in Air. Tucker's
' place.
| Mrs. Fitzgerald continued:?My present husband is
! not a clerk nt the rorncr ol Sixth and Market slroets;
! this is (lie first charge I have made ol robbery; 1 have
; no nephew named (iodtrey, but 1 do know a young boy
| ot that name in San Francisco; 1 did not have hiiu
i rre"tod lor stealing u ring Irom tne; 1 told him to go
to Gates, the pawubroker, with whom bo had pledged
it, unh i:et it back, and lie did so; 1 never bud a pawn
broker arrested for keeping my jawcls.
i). Did your liusbanu pnwn'.yoiir jewelry? A. Ask
me uooui tho living mid I will unswor you, but not of
the dosd.
I J. Worn you ever arrested in Nan Francisco? A. I
never wn<; 1 always llvod In my own house.
This terminated Airs. Fitzgerald's examination and
sho retired to the ants-room. During the progress of
-Mrs, Fitzgerald's examination Justice Bixby informed
Cnptain liyrnes. ot the Fifteenth precinct, that be de
sired tho attendance ot Colonel St. Martin, whose name
lias boon so fro ;uently connected with tho case.
Captntn Byrnes found Colonel St. Martin nt his ofllce,
No. J'Jf Bowery, und brought him to court. In answer
to the question- ot Counsellor 1'rtco, be testifiedI ho
first ilmo I over met Airs. Fitzgerald was at Philadel
phia (luring tho pnst July; 1 knew her lorincr
husband, Cohort Lee. but did not know
her; 1 knew ber husband in Kentucky many
years ago; when I met her I was walking in
Thirteenth street with the adjutant of my regiment;
we were in uniform; she looked at me as If she knew mo;
I purled with my ud;utnnt and, going buck, spoke to
lo r; when she came to tins city tier trunks were
taken irom No. 310 West Fourteenth strcot to Airs.
?Snyder's, sho had banned mo $260; but nt the lime I
paid her first week's board with Mrs. Snyder: that
squared accounts; 1 saw sixteen pieces ot her jewelry;
one of the solitaire studs was paste."
Colonel St. Martin then described Airs. Fitzgerald
announcing the robbery lo bltn on Thursday evening
last, und Ins testimony in that respect was ot n similar
character to that already given, ills evidence contru
(iicicd the staiemeni ol Airs. Fitzgerald in several im
portant particulars.
Judge Bixby thou adjourned tbe examination until
this afternoon, when it will be concluded.
Counsellor McMahon said:?Does Your Honor allow
tbe accused to go ou Iter own parole?
Judge Ihxby?Thai s iny ruling ui this case.
The parties then leit court. Tho Herald reporter
succeeded In obtaining an interview with tbe veiled
lady, whose appearance in court oxcited so much
curiosity as to who she was. She said:?1 caino here
to sec the counsel lor Mrs. Snyder because 1 deemed It
my duty to do so. 1 will not give you my natno be
cause I am married to a reputable merchant in
this city. This woman Is tin: cause of my being
divorced Irom iny former husband, who, Irom bolng a
young man in the prime of Hie and with every pros
pect ot success hi tore litni, is now a miserable broken
down wretch. He was .salesman tn tho Jewolry store ,
of John H. Tucker in Sail Francisco. Tucker owned a |
block of lund In Washington street, und put up housos
on it. My husonnd was given tbe sale of ihetn, and In i
return lor bis trouble was deeded one of :
tho bouses. This woman purchased ono
ol the houses. Sho frequently came with
my husband, bat 1 thought it was about I
her house. Finally I was enlightened, for my hits- |
baud said to her, "1 don't wont to have anything more
to say to you. I have no more money." Sbo had my
liusbiind and mysell arrested for assaulting her. Aly j
husband was in the street, and L?e, her former bus- |
band, attempted lo horsew hip him, hut my husband
brat nun badly, and Lne was fined $50. 1 understand
lier present husband is a drug clerk on tho corner of ;
Sixth and Market streets. San Francisco.
F.dwnrd F. Condit, tho broker, arrested by Dctcctivo
Sntnpson Tor sending the bogus telegram announcing
tbo dentil 01 Commodore Vanclerbilt, and also with
having pent another false despatch from Newark,
declaring that President Knight and others were
about to apply lor a receiver to bo ippoluted
to the Central Railroad of New Jersey, was ar
raigned before Justice Blxby yesterday alteruoon, at
tho Washington Place Police Court, He was rcpro
settled l>y Counsellors Peter Mitchell and Arrowsnuth.
Previous to In- arraignment at > oart, wlilie contlued at
the Ceutrai UlUce, lie was fully Idenlilleu as ibo man
who sent the bogus despatch iroin Newark. Dctectivo
W a in bo Id, ol that city, learned that a telegraph
boy, iiuniod -lames Klioues, received the despatch Iroirt
the person who perpetrated the forgery, and alter con
siderable trouble lound tiltn nnd brought him to this
city yesterday inorulug. Condii was placed in a room
at the Central Offlco with alrnut twenty different men
and then the uoy was sent In 10 identity hnn. flu
walked through the room and said lo Sergeant Kealey,
?'That's him ; that's the man." "(in back," said tho
Sergeant, "and put your band on him." Ibc boy
went back Into tho room and laid his hand on Gondii's
shoulder, say lug that Condll gave lilin tne despatch
shout the .ler-ey Central lor Johu J. Kicrnau, ol tho
Financial Bureau iu Wall street.
When ho was arraigned at the court an affidavit was
made by James Duuo, the ballboy at the St. Nicholas
llotel, that he received tho Vanderbllt de>|>atch Iroin
Condit, nnd auotber by Mr. llurion, tho telegraph ope
rator, that ho received It from Dunn. Justice Blxby
said thai he required the evidence ot Dr. Deems and
Mr. King-ton. and would adjourn the examination In tho
cuso until ten o'clock this morning. In the event of
these gentlemen not then being present he would bo
obliged lo uiseburgr the prisoner. Good it was then
taken back to Police Headquarters He denies having
scui cither o( tho tele/rams. and claims that ho eau
establish his innocence. Among the person* present
la court and interested in the case wore Mr. Underbill,
of tho broking firm of Buckingham <v Underbill, who
stated that Condit bad passed lour worthless
cheek s amounting In all to $2,200, on his lirm. Tho
checks wiredrawn on tbo Orange Bank, Orange, N.
V., and It was afterward learned ih.il Condit had but
12 deposited In the bank. Mr. I, K. Ferguson, janitor
of the Kvi ning Post Building, stmed that on a similar
transaction Gondii wns indebted to him in the sum ol
$21. Condit eluims to be perlentiy innocent In both
those transactions.
It is alleged that Condit was engaged to a young
lady In Newark, X. J., and It is further alleged that
she mourns bis lo?s to tlie extent ol 9800 hbo yes
terday stated that she believed him Innocent of the
charges brought against him, and exported him to
vis.I her Sunday evening. Condit was some time ago
one ot tho trustee* of the Calvary Presbyterian church
in Pennsylvania avenue, Newark, and while in that
position made himself very popular among the con
gregation by defraying the expense of frescoing the
wails of the Sunday school and presenting the school
with a I5c(> pin no unit a library ol Sunday school
books. Four y>nrs ago, It is alleged, ho was obliged
to lake a basly departure for Buro| e to avoid arrest
on n charge of forgery, he having, it la stated, lerged
eavcral checks on the Orange National Bank.
In the bristle care of l.evison Brothers, or this city
nrntnst Ptewart Brothers fc Co., of Pittsburg, Jndgi
Fanrhor yesterday in tho Court oi Arbitration gnvo ni
award in favor ol the plain lifts f?r tho amount dunned
$ji?s 4'J, lo bo paid lu golu coiu.
Tbero seems tp ho great divergence ot opinion
among the mercantile community as to the probable
effect ot the recent advance ol rates agreed npon be
tween the magnates of tbe trunk lines at their recent
conference at the Windsor IloteL A Herald reporter
yesterday made Inquiries among the merchants, and
bis inquiries showed that the results ot tbe conference
were comparatively little understood by some of tbe
heaviest shippers, while oihers greatly differed in the
view which they 'oclc of the eflects ol the advance. This
comparative Indifference umoug a numerous class of
shippers who would certainly be interested in It it tbeir
interests were either malerislly benefited or Injured,
would seem to indicate that tbe chango will not di
rectly affoct them 10 any important extent. Mr. Thur
bcr, ol U. K. Thurbor & Co., Ko. 173 Cbumbers street,
explained this indifference oy pointing out the fact
thst the heaviest shippers hud special contracts with
tho railways which would last till June, so that tor the
present the changes would have no personul interest
for them.
Kkvortkr?Will thla agreement entirely do away
wiili ttic iliscrimication formerly existing In favor of
Baltimore and Philadelphia *
l(r. Thukskr?If tlio agreement is aa I think?and I
got most. of my iulormntion Irom tnc* article In last
Sunday's 11khai.ii?then there la uo doubt that New
York is put upon a futror basis than it was. II people
ran ship as cheaply Iroin New York as they nan Irom
Philadelphia and llaltimoro and Huston it is mamlcst
that they will not hare to go from hero to those cillcs
and thus divert trudc which might be retained by our
city. The same principle holds good as regards ship
ments from tbo West to New York. The mile,,go basis
which. 1 suppose, has been superseded by tbu present
arrangement, undoubtedly worked to the detriment oi
New York's interests. 1 only regrot that on local
nuns as between Chicago and New York, llallimoru
and Philadelphia there will ft.II ho a discrimina
tion ol ns much us ten per cent in Invar oi liuliiiuoro
and ol about seven and a hull per cent Hi iuvor ol
Philadelphia, and that on tlio local rates between St.
Louis and New York, Baltimore and Philadelphia i hero
will silil bo a discrimination of thirteen per cent in
lavor of Baltimore and ten per rent in lavor of Phila
delphia. All such (Iiso!tininatioii cannot lie without
lis accompanying effects and must divert shipments to
those cities. 1 see one paper stated that tins is a vir
I tmil surrender ot Mr. Ynnderbill to tbo other lines, but
! whether ibis is true we -hall probably oniy be auto to
j toll alter tbo details of the arrangement have been fully
j and olllctally promulgated. I am personally inclined
I toward tbo opinion expressed in your editorial that tbo
I chango may work benpllcially; but, ns 1 said bclore,
wo shall linvo to await turther details
IlKroitTKK?11ns the advance of rates not yet elicited
a decided expression ol opinion Irom the lending Urms
I In your line ol trade 1 i
j Mr. riiritBKR?No, sir; it Is gcuerall.v assumed that I
the prectso terms ot tlie agreement are not yet known, I
' and that opinions on the probable ellects ol the au
vanco would be somewhat premature.
I Mr. Condil, ol the firm ol Acker, Morrill & Condit, !
I said he had paid but little attention to the subject unit 1
I that he could suy very little indeed about the advance !
: of rates, except that lor (lie tiiuo being it would ;
probably have the effect of checking business. "II j
j there is" an increase ot lrcight rales,'' said he, "It is :
not the spippers who havo to bear ilio consequences, j
but tho consumers, and our experience Is tbut in tbo j
saroo proportion In which prices rise dons consumption |
decrease. This Is our iinilorm experience, and it will |
probably not vary in the present instance. However, i
We shall probably have to wait soino time to see how
the new arrangement works, and whether we shall no ?
really us much beuelltcd by it as H U now claimed." {
Mr. Clufliu slated that he hud not yet learned tho |
preciso terms of the agreement, but alter carelully read
ing the editorial In yesterday's IIkralii, ho said:?
"Without entering into tho terms ol this arrangement
lean tell you In the plain words of a bu-me?s man
what it is lluil is really desired by New York. Wo
want that the rates shall be so adjusted that it will
cost Just as much to ship freight frotn Philadelphia
and Baltimore ns Irom Now York, and rice renin.
That would stop the great diversion ol' our trade to
those two cities. This Is, tlieu, tho qucsllon in a nut
shell :?Does tho present arrangement effect this result,
or docs it still leave a discrimination In lavor ol Phila
delphia and Baltimoref Now, in solar as this dis
crimination is. if not abolished, at least less
ened tho trndo of New York will beno
tiled. Hut one great objection which 1 have seen
urged, and which, to my mind, has considerable
weight, is tho provision that tho uniformity of raios
shall lio only applied to grain 'for export,' and not to
grain to bo used ut me lorininL Hut how can you tell
that n man wants to Bblp grain for export iraUo r Aro
you going to mnko tho shipper swear lo H, or how ?
And it ho does, how can you keep him to his word ?
Ho may say that bo did not design hie ?i.ipn,r??
primarily lor export, ana' that it was only an after
thought. Of course tho chut,, ivors New York as
far as tho carrying trade is ooucui d, and tho results
should, therefore, bo lavorablo tu ibis respect. I
think, however, that little caa bo said about it uutll
the whole agreement 111 all Its details is Known to the
mercantile community nnd until wo can see how long
and how well the plan ie likely lo work in its practical
bearings." .
The lollowlng are tho schedule rales adopted by tho
Baltimore and Ohio and Pennsylvania railroads to-day,
lor lending points west of Baltimore. The prices are
per 100 pounds:?
first class?Chicago, 43 cents; Cincinnati. 40 cents;
Columbus. 111! cents; Cleveland, U conts; Dayton, 38
cents; SL I.ouls. 62 cents; fort Wayne, 37 cents; Indi
anapolis, 40 cents, Toledo, 36 cents.
Second class?Cnicago, 30cents; Cincinnati, 36 cents;
Colum bits, 31 cent*; Cleveland, iiO cents; Dayton. 33
cents; St. Louis, 4U cents; Fort Wayne, 34 cents; Indi
anapolis, 37 cents; Toledo, 30 cents.
Third class?Chicago, 36 cents: Cincinnati, 32 cents;
Columbus, 28 cents; Cleveland, 30 cents; Dayton, 30
cents; hi. Louis, 42 cents; Fort Wayne, 30 ccnig; Indi
anapolis, 32 cents; Toledo, 27 cents.
Fourth class?Chicago, 2<t cents; Cincinnati, 24
conts; Columbus, 21 cents; Clevelund. 22 cents; Hay
lon, 22 ccins; St. Louts. 32 cents; Fort Wayne, 23
cents; Indianapolis, 24 cents; Toledo, 22 cents.
Special?Chicago, 22 rents; Cincinnati, 20 cents;
Columbus, 17 cents; Clove and, 17 cents; Day ton, Hi
conts; St. Louis, 20 cents; Fort Wayne, 18 cents;
Indianapolis, 21 cents; Tolodo, 17 cents.
Tlicso rates went into eltnct to-day. Boib companlos
have been busily at work upon the sclieiiulo to-day,
nnd other points showing a corresponding advance will
bo completed to-morrow.
Mr. William II. Ynnderbllt, Yico President, said Inst
evening, in unswer to certain questions put to liltn by
n 11 wiMi reporter:?'the Now York Cenlrnl, tiio
Erie, tho Pennsylvania and the Ualliinoro and Ohio
railroads bad come to u definite agreement among
tlietnsi'lves to establish uniform and nigbcr rates on
all tlirso lines The new scale ol prices," he said, "was
to have gono into force yesterday." The charge,
which ho regarded us favorublc lo all the corporations
concerned, had been effected without a "backing
down" by any of the companies becoming necessary.
"By tho "new arrangements New York city would," ho
added, ??continue to bo as lavorahly situated with re
gard to the conveynnoo of Wosteru Ireight ns either
Philadelphia or Baltimore, her morn southern and
not less advantageously situated rivals lor the West
ern trade."
The first of the new all-rail Florida excursion trnlns
! left Jorsey City last evening at alx o'clock. The tmio
j between New York and Jacksonville is now reduced
to sixiy-eiaht nourao
Thu Long Island Railroad Company yesterday re
duced the passenger rales from nearly every station
on the route of the road, and mauy oi the stations on
| 111 e leased roads.
Attorney General Nannttu, of New Jersey, applied to
Chancellor Kunyon yesterday morning lor a dissolu
tion of tho Injunction obtained by the Midland Hail
way Compauy restr uuing tho Delaware, Lackawanna
and Western Hallrifcd Company Iront raisins the Mid
; land track at the Intersection of tbe railroads.
Tho award made by Washington B. Williams, R. C.
Bacot and James B. Ogdcn, Commissioners appointed by
tbe New Jersev Supremo Court to assess damages for
lands required In the construction of me Hudson River
tunuel i? so unsatisfactory to tho tunnel company that
a notice of appeal has been given by the counsel lor
the latter company.
Tho New York Academy of Sciences last evening
held a special msetlng at tho School of Mines, at which
Professor I. Kgglestou delivered a lecture on the
smelting of native copper at Lake Superior. Mr. A.
A. Jnitcii and Dr. H. 0. Bolton gave a sketch of their
recent mlneraloaical lour through Western North Car
olina, and Mr. A. A. Jnlten spoke on the orcurrenco of
nur.rollte In Mn?.sachusetta and North Carolina. Tho
exorcisea were vcyy Instructive, and (hero was quite a
large number of jieoplo present
The following is tbe statement of the City Chamber
lain for tho past weekilalance. December 9,
$2, 478.896 "3; recetpta, $903,134 14; pnytnenta,
$2,4J9,2(J9 29; balance, December 16, $984,761 *3.
Comptroller Kelly will commence to pay the In
spectors of election to-day. He will first lake up the
downtown districts.
Warrants amounting to $1,093,039 98 were yesterday
signed by tho Comptroller. The principal Item con
tained interest on revenuo bonus ol tho city, amount
ing to $088,403 62.
Continuation of the Coroner's
Suggestions by the Grand Jury and
Aldermanic Committee.
Tlit Investigation touching the loss of life at the
Brooklyn Theatre flro was resumed yesterday after
noon m tho Kings County Court House. There were
but few persons in the lobby other than those who had
been subptruacd as witnosses. The Coroner statod
belore opening the proceedings that ho would like to
adapt the examination of witnesses to the convenience
of such theutro employ** as could attend during the
day, as thore wore several who could not attend in the
evening, being then engaged on the stage. Assistant
District Attorney Hnell wss in attendance, and watched
tho proceedings iu the interest o! the people.
Mrs. Mary Ann Karroo, actress, was the first wit
nes. called. M,o testified that her engagement at the
Brooklyn Ihcatro commenced October 9. 18J0- played
Frocbard In the "Two Orphans;" said to Miss (Jlaxlon
in the last act, "Ism alruid the theatre is on lire"
saw the ruol ol iho scenery on tire and a man was trying
to put out the flames with a.tick; saw a hose there
during Mrs. Conway's management; know nothing as
to what appliances were there to extnigu.sh nro um,or
tho management ol Messrs. shook Jh l'?|,?er
lelt tho t heat so in company with Miss Claxton and'
Miss Harrison; went out through the underground pas
sage way to the Pox office; had been In the habit of
using tnat mode of exit undor Mrs. Conway's man
agemoM; it was not thu usual mo,j0 of exit for actors
the lire when 1 saw It first was burning through the
rool ol "the hut;" saw the man trying to put it out
standing at tho side of "the hut;" the but was what
is railed au "enclosed scene;" saw no other person at
tempt to put om the flro; then I hastened from the
Stage; 1 was frightened, ol course; I might have re
mained there two minutes longer.
Q. Did you see tho audieuce or observe how they
acted? A. No, sir; 1 was too frightened; I hoard
Claxion say to ihc audience, "W'e ure between
you and the lire;" Mr. Murdoch and Mr Uurmuehs
also addressed the audience; Michael Sweeney fhu
",rec1,uJ :!s '? oul 'be underground,*;,
sage way, when I went on the stage at tho opening of
the last sot there was no sign or lire nor was i!
any comas,on; there are" six or 'ctaht persons
only who como out In uio last act ?r
that play; couldn't tr|| whether tho Johnson street
doors were open when wo went out ol loo i licit re or
not; on reselling the street i went directly home and
did not see the nr., alterward; there were aPo., ^
buoured people In tho lobby when I emerged Iroui lho
Pox office; wneu we were passing through (bo cellar i
saw some lire lull through the lioor; I think the last
16 1,10 "'tf wus M.M Claxu.n who
said, 1 il beg no more; did not hear Miss riavi,.
Say to the audience "this flro is in tho plav" thorS
was no excaciucnt or noise on the stage behind ton
scene, when 1 llr-t notlceu the lire. <-blhU the
Albert M Palmer, theatrical manager, and one of
he levees ol the Brooklyn lhcatre, lest,fled that ho
was also manager ol the Union .Squire TheaVcXew
Ur t'l r.I>a""ors '' *"h Mr- Shook; was at the
Brooklyn lheatro on tin Monday belore the lire- -tin
acquainted with tbe lac,lilies iht-re; there wua a'm?
the siago attached to tne hydrant uear
Iho dour; can i .nvenr as io tho date wneu I saw tin*
hose last; U was not within a month past; thoro was
water in the building, uud every possiblo snleguard?
Ure axes, notices and regulations In event of tiro
nobody was allowed to light a mutch in tho building*
border lights were of the most approved pattern and'
Iho gtis mau hud spoelal instructions us to his duties
there were pads ol water ,u the II,es; iho stage mam
agcr was J. tt. lhorpo and the business munugcr was
UralneKogers; in the beginning of thescasou i told
Mr. liogers to make u thoruugli inspection of the
thoatre and suggest such arrangements us would pro
mole the comlort and convenience ol the house- he
omifi,|UnVi rcl,or'*?> "?,no clmuges which lie 'had
liiadt, and 1 approved ol thein; .Mr. ltogers bus been
mauagcr iu several ol the largest theatres in the cou?
"1. and hud my oonlideueoj ar, rtlto,,k
the Brooklyn Theatre ,n miTSS were
negotiating lor a renewal of the louse lorlour'ycar* The
witness here presented lor iho Inspection of the'lurS
a pasteboard mouci of the stage ol the theatro as it
appeared when the tiro broke out in the lust net or
"1 he Two Orphans." The jurors gathered about th,
experienced manager..ana were initiated into the in
tncalo arrangements of a ploy hou*o behind tim
?cenee. "Border lights," "fliM,?&a, wsrHin .InSS
to the wonderment ol the jurymen Mr PalmSr . m
.bat the Brooklyn being a' "mar rheetre " where the
pints hud to be changed every week, it became in
cutnbcnt upon the managers to have a larger quantity
ol scenery ou the stage ibau is ordinarily Kent in li e.
ires. A juror inquired as to whether ?,at wo "d not"
interfere with trie safety, as compared 11.
where there was not so much property ol that nature
stored. The witness replied that it might do so.
Ohio is OF THE riSK.
.IT. I aimer was then examined as to his thnnr*
about the origin ol the l,re. He -aid that it might have
been caused by the light coming iu contact with iho
perforated border: there are two gas men oninloveu in
a theatre ; the border lights are loweroil and olovai^d
at the will oi the fly men ; do not think that more than
three mtnuica elapsed irotn the discovery ot thu lire
till the entire stage was lit flames, there was fully one
,h? fi"8 "amc <""ithewirowh.cn pro!
l.ctcd , the sccncrj could not get through tho wire
guards, us they are mane, except by an extraordinary
circumstance; the "flies" in the Brooklyn Theatre
were about twenty feet In height; the Unon "nuare
Uiiaire (lies are about twenty-two or Iweuly-ibrcd
fret high ; I understand that the effort to putoul the lire
on tbe stage wus made by the master cirpcntcr- the
h.!",? "f?"1"0'1 'hi pcriormunoe ol the last uct would
u h' h " lw#n'y thlnutes; at tho Uniuu Squaro Theatre
wh.ch is owned by Mr. .Shook, the appliances lor
safely arc superior to those which were ul the Brook
tu'V.i *i 1,1 a,*a'cr !ank on 'he roof, hose in the flies
two lire plugs Iu the dressing rooms and a steam puniii
under tne stdowatk. with au engineer constancy IE
S iho n r,1' DPltr It"u,? "Pl'lieutlon to the owners
ot the Brooklyn Iboalro lor nioro lire appliances
ri?owedn,"i|,olly fuar(JeU, "P""1'" "??? Witness then
?V ..Jury' hy 11,0 "?odel. the po
sition ol the tiro ulug ou the staco
and eoiiteuded that from tho location of the fire wm-n
it broke out it would not have been pnss'ble to reach it
owing to the position of certain scenery; thero never
was a particle ol scenery on liro at that theairc since
JJo leased Mr. ltogers, the hur.ners manager" f!2
had thirty years experience in tho theatricsl line
this cubimity bus led to iho ensctmont oi special pro'
cautious against Arc in the Union Square, and, 1 sup
pose, every other theatre in the Untied State,? <Tr
aM,ror,a at u,e ,iro?K|r? ??s About
,??",000, Iho men employed were skiilui, good mcu?
notoing ever occurred to load me to sm,'
pose that any ol my employ** had hnrttal
or rcxcngelul feelings toward us; ns io
the adaptability ol t lie building tor public
sulcty ,n the point ol construction "l is not lor the
mat,niters Io pass judgment; tho public provider Its
proper ofllc.l agents,..judge'that point; 1 beheVod
he safety ol the Brooklyn Theatro to be luily equal to
lhatol any theatre 1 had ever seen; stars who day"
^;:/<lv<| 'l "" 'heir opinion that lis accommodation*
wort equal to any first cln-s Hieutre in the land- wo
for If. "" "pr,l"'utl?" to 'ho owners ol Die theatre
for a terations calculaied to muko it stronger or s iier
which wns roluseo. 8Ucr
Mr. Sheridan ."-book testified tbat he was on* of the
lessees ot tliu Brooklyn Theatre at the time ol the fire;
never was inside that tbentro but oneo, anil that was
?luring a rehearsal; 1 relied very much upon Mr.
1'almer lor the management of thai tbeaire and cannot
add macli to Ills testimony, which I have heard.
Tho Jury, having no farther questions to ask the
witness, retired, mid an adjournment was mndo until
half-past seven o'cloek this morning.
tiik hki.ikk rtrsu
A meeting of the Finance Committee ol the Theatre
Relief Fund was held yesterday in the ofllco of Msyor
Rehroedi-r. His Honor statod that nbout forty cases
ol pressing want had been brought to his attention and
lie had given i hem relief. Mrs. Uayso, mother ot ono
of the victims ot life lire, hud d>? <1 yesterday ol pneu
monia, and the faintly wcro destitute. Relief wua
authorized to he given ihcm.
The total receipts at tho Mayor's office amount to
$8,203 07. 'Iho receipts by Mr. Dantol Chauneey
amount to $5,U10 83.
iDti.trrrau rx xkw tork.
Benjamin B. .Sherman, treasurer of the New York
committer lor the relief of eullerers by the Brooklyn
Theatre lire, acknowledges the following subscrip
tions:?Clarke, Dodge A; Co., $50; Kayne, Spring,
Dale At Co., $M; D. Applet on k Co., $f>0; Watson,
Townley fit Co., $50; Cb. Berteanx At Radon, $.'>0;
Hmtly <1. Nathan. $25; Falrhiink A Co., $25; John W.
Stearns fit Co., $25; Cheney Brothers, $25; Morrison,
llerriniati At Co., $25; Meriden Britannia Company,
$25; 8. Shethart Ac Co., $25; Brown, Wright At Co.,
$25; Ivisoii, lllnkeniun, Taylor At Ca, $25; Olobo
Woollen Company, $25; Collins, Wliltln At Co., $20;
Clerk ol Chemical National Bunk, $15; Comma, Stan
ion & Davis, $14; Kibbs, Chaffee, Btrieve fit Co., $15;
W. II. Meeker, $10; Sweaton, I'embroko k Co., $10;
B. F. Mitchell At Co , $10; Samuel Pike, $1; Jnmes I,,
1,1 tile & Co., $50; Ooorge Wells, $36; Rhoades,
tirosvenor A- Co., $26; linsehurst At Brother, $25;
Deerlng, Milllken .t Co.. $25; W. 11. Lehman, $10;
Manor Brothers, $10;.I. K. Fisher, $10; Buck Broth
ers, (10; Thomas Russell, $10; India Rubber Comb
Company, $10; Henry Maher fit Co., $10; James L.
Ubby, $10; Cook, Valenune fit Co., $10; Benjamin
Know fit Co., $10; Haines, Bacon A Co.. $10; K. W.
liolllwall A Co., $10; Charles /,lnn A Ca, $10; Cash
(F. B. A Co.). $?"?; Cash, $2; Cash, $5; Cu?h, $2; Cash
(II. II ), $2; B. I.. Collin, $?">; I. Morris, $3; I? |?.
Tucker, $6; roter lloflmann, $2. Previously acknowl
edged, $4,001 46. Total, $5,808 45.
A concert in aid ol the sufferers from the Brooklyn
lire took plaoe at Stelnway Hall last evening. Tba
following arliata pe t lor wed:?Meagre. Arbuckle, cor
netial; Alired H. Pease, pianist; filial, baritone;
F. W. Jameson, tenor; Tomluison, elocutionist, and W.
Colby, accompanist; and Miles. Marie SalrotU, soprano,
and Munier, cuniralto. The inclement weather pro
vented a very large audience from attending, but those
who were present thoroughly enjoyed the efforts ol
tho artists. The applause was frequent and hearty and
almost all of tho performers were encored.
At tho regular mectiug ol the Brooklyn Common
Council, bold yesterday ntteruoon, the special commit
tee appointed to exumine the public buildings and
places of amusement handed in a report of their work
and the conclusions arrived at. After reciting In de
tail the buildings which they bad visited and inspected
the committee suggest thai in all buildings provided
with stuge and scenery the owners should be required
to make the following precautions against tiro:?A
continuous tire brick wall lobebutli between the audi
torium and the stage, and that the same should
be carried up to the root and a tiro brick
wall bntlt across the proscenium opening;
that an Iron or wire drop curtain should
be provided so as to effectually shut oft' fires occurring
on the stage from communicating to the auditorium.
That all doors leading tram the auditorium to the
stage -hould be of Arenroot material. All places ot
amusement, halls and public buildings should bo pro
vided with an adequate supply ol Urn hoso and
hydrants placed In convenient locations. All sta.rs
to he provided with strong banisters or balustrade
and handrails; all doors to swing outward. A Are
alarm .should ho connected from the stage In theatres
or halls to the nearest engine company or station
bouse. That In all places of amusement and pub
lic halls not less than two competent men
should bo detailed to attend upon tba
means employed to extinguish Arcs, who should be
compelled 10 give such upplluncos their cxclustvo at
tention during iho time such places are open and oc
cupied lor performances and eutertainmonts. That
the owners or lessees ot all places of amusement, or
owners, trustees or corporations in charge ot all build
ings used lor public assemblages, be restrained Irom
using settees, camp stools, chairs, or any other i.!ud of
seats iu the aisles or pussasewuys of such buildings at
any lime. That in all eases the passageways in places
ol amusement between the outside rows ot seats and
the walls ol the buildings Should not be less tluin lour
feat la width, to afford atnplo and easy means ol egress.
That there is required a separate and dis
tinct entranco way, ot nn anipio width for
every purt of the house, In theatres aid halls,
so that collisions and jams in the passageways may
bo avoided. 1'nat the existing habit ol storing tnAam
mable materials on and under the stages in places ot
ainuseiucnt'should be discontinued. Tho committee
had beon unable to collect staiisiics respecting the
loss by lire of theatres, but enough was known to war
rant the committee in stating that mncty-mno out of
every hundred theatres or places of public, amusement
employing scenery linve been burned Irom hnzsrd in
inherent in tho equipping or management of tho
stage. The construction ami occupancy of a theatre
seemed nuturnllv to Invite tiro, and 111 almost
every caso the auditorium and the stage aro prac
tically one. Unlike a warehouse, where brick parti
tions retard the progress ot the llumcs, tho theatre Is
one vast room, in which a Are once started makes sud
den headway and has unbrokou sweep lor Its progress;
the scenery, tho properties, tho gaslight, tho use of
Arcworks in speciacnlar representations, and othor
means ol a similar nature, all combine to uicreaso tho
rlRks as compared with cdtllccs used tor other pur
poses. The highest talent und the greatest skill bad
been devoted to tho discovery and application ol
means lor tho prevention ol Are in theatres, and much
hud been done In that direction, but much more Is
tbi grand jury taking action.
Upon coming Into tho Kings County Court of Ses
sions yesterday, the Grand Jury made a presentment
in relation to all places of amusement. They held that
lor the safety of tho community at lurge, whom they
represented and wero bound to protect, whose lives
wore daily in peril, yot powerless to protect them
selves or muko their wishes known, nil theatres and 1
places of public amuscmeul now built should have
tho partition between the stage and auditorium plated
with sheet iron on cue side at least one-eighth inch
thick, Irom the collar foundation lotbu roof, leaving
an opening lor the stuge, and all doors through the
partition should lie of Iron. The drop eurtmn should
he of woollen malarial, substantially made and impreg
nated with chemicals, to make the same fireproof,
wnh iron or Areproof hanging. There should boa
hydrant on each lloor and iu the gallery and at each
end of the orchestra, with sufficient hnso attached.
They also demand that a competent Arctium, approved
by the owner and hocused by the Department ol Fire
and Buildings, bo stationed in tho orchestra with bis
trumpet during overy performance, in case ol Are and
panic to have command ot all employes.
The only theatre examined yesterday was Wallnck's.
Inspectors Dudley, McGinnls, Hyde, Green and An
drews niado tlio inspection. The auditorium of Wal
lnck's Theatre was lound to be separated from the
vestibule and main exits on Broadway and on Thir
teenth strcot by a brick wall running to tho top ol
the building lrorn the ground. Three wide doors opon
into the parquet, which will seat over 000 people.
The atslcs are wide. In the balcony the bisles were
also found to be roomy and two main stairs leading
to the vestibule on tho lower or ground floor are spa
clous. There arc two windows on the south sldo Iook
ing out on the roof ol a low building on Thirteenth
street. This tier will nccommodalo over 400 per
sons. The gallery contains two wide doors
leading Into a lobby" opening oti two wldo stairways
running to tho main floor ol iho theatre. Only one cf
these doors Is used regularly, hut in caso of trouble the
other can be thrown opon sit a moment's notice. The
Inspectors, however, intend to rrcomraend as an ad
ditional safeguard that tho two window s on the routh
side, as well as tho two ou tho north side, ho mndo
nvailablo In case ol (Ire. and that escapes from them
bo pluccd 10 tho building next door and into Conner's
billiard room. Ot coursu these nro only to be usod lu
eases ol extreme danger. A new iron column is sug
gested by the inspectors under the stairs leading to
the gallery to render thorn stilt stronger. Tho stairs
lending to' all ihc tiers In this theatre tiro very spacious.
Alter the front of the houso was inspected an
examination of the stagn was made. Tho scenes
not used In tho piece in representation are placed in a
separate building. In which thero arc no lights or Arcs.
On, under and above tlio stage, in the flies, hosepipes
regularly attached to hydrants are at hand at con
venient plnces, with water ready to bo lurnod on.
There are six or seven different ways ot loaving tho
stage In onsu of an alarm of danger. Tho dressing
rooms arc all underneath tho si age, and tho people em
ployed behind the curtain chu roach tho sireot by two
passages to the trout ol the houso nod ou two sidos to
an escape Into Fourth avenue, without going to tho
stage. The space above the flies is sepnrniod trom the
room ovor tho auditorium by a bulkhead.
The conduct of tho city treasury Is naturally an ob
ject of interest to tlie taxpaylng element of tins city's
population. Tho merchants, bankers' and trades peo
ple of Nee York are concerned In knowing how tho
Department of Financo is to bo managed. Mr. Kelly,
It Is generally believed, who takes Mr. Green's place,
b'isallofMr. Green's disposition to economize. Me
believes that when ttiero Is a fair opportunity offered,
that when the present unsettled condition of affairs Is
disposed ol, tho city will enter upon a scheme
of improvement that will onhnnco the valno
of real estato and inuro to tho benefit* of all
clnstos of citizens. Mr. Kel'y brings to tho dis
charge of the dutlos of the Comptrollershlp
no technical knowledge. All that kind of thing Is In
the line of his deputy, Mr Storrs;but Mr. Kelly knows
this city like a book* and he knows whereof it needs,
and be is alilo and honest enough, a great many of his
tellow citizens believe, to make such provision for
tlieso noressillcs as will meet the approbation ot ritl
zpus ol til classes. A IIkiiaio reporter bad a tnlie with
him yesterday in nis oillcc. He expressed himself to
the effect In the beginning of the conversation that oc
curred that he would rather not havo taken
the position of Comptroller, but he was
In a great measure torced into it, and
being so placed he would seo that tho
eilv treasury was carefully looked after. He would not
s<ek any additional legislutlou at Albany, because ho
believed a great deal ol that sort of tiling had been
dono in the phst lor political effect. Ho would air to
to administer the affairs of tho department to tho best
ot his nhillly and with the best lights he had to guide
him In what was correct.
Tim financial rot.irr.
He spoke generally and In regard to his financial
peticy as follows:?
??During the short tlmo I have held tho office of
Comptroller 1 havo been too much occupied in iho de
tails of official busintss to pay mucn attention to
special measures of policy, and havo not laid down
any programmo lor tlie Finance Department. My
views, however, uro very clear and decided lii
regard to the genpr.il financial policy of the
city. Tho great question lor consideration at tno
pre.-ent tlmo la the question of debt and taxation. Tho
presont time Is ono. ol unprecedented bu-lness pros
tration, and we are all deejdy Interested in this ques
tion. The burden of taxation and assessments Is now
felt with peculiar severity on aogounl of the general
depreciation ol values and the loss of Income and
profits. Economy is as necessary In public as in
private affairs, iinr nrst duly, therefore, Is to reduce
expenses as much as possible'consistent Willi efficient
public service. The lino must bo drawn sharply be
tween current expenses of the city government
and expenditures made for tho execution of
public works ol permanent value for future
benefit. Not a dollar should be added to tho debt of
the city lor current expenses of administration, and
when Incurred at nil, public debt should bo Incurred
only lor works which may ho made productive, or re
imburse the city lor the cost, ot their execution nnd uro
necessary to tho public wellnrn and of general utility.
,A large portion of the public dobl 1ms been Incurred
for great public Improvements ot permanent vaino,
which have enhanced the value of property aubjert to
tnxatlon Immensely and aro essential to Iho future
growth and prosperity of the city. Tho money
expended lor those purposes has not been lost. I
nin, however. Inflexibly opposed to any increnso ol Iho
ptiultc dobl for any oilier pnrpo.No than public worka
of permanent benefit, which are necessary lor llie do.
valupmaot of tho city and tho woliara of lite com
inanity. T tnstat also on the reduction of taxes to the
lowest rate possible, under hii economical adminiilfJe
tion of thecny government."
Vox I.ixnnx?Axurrwm.?At Stuttgart. Wlrtemberg,
on Saturday, December 2, Count Kiiukhaso vox Ux
ors, Chamberlain of the King of Wirietnl>erg and
Counsellor of the Legation at the Ministry ot Foreign
A Hairs, to Isahkl, daughter of the late Lorlng An
drews. of tbia city
Dektixe.?At Atncnia, Dutchess county, X. Y,. on
Saturday, the 16th inst., of pneumonia, Uoukht Bbr
tine, tii'the 74lb year of his ace.
Funeral services at bis late residence, on Wednes
day, the 20th Inst., at one o'clock P. M.
itoWLT. ?Suddenly on December 17. 1870, DAXlBL
B'iwi.v, aged 39 years, 4 months and 17 days.
Funeral services at St. t'aul's church, Duncan a*.,
Jersey City Heights, Tuesday, December 19, at 3 1\ M.
Baltimore papers plenso ropy.
ItKKvrsTKR. ? In New linvttn, on Monday, Mam
Gums, wile of the Jlev. J. Ilrowstor and daughter ol
the late Coventor (Jibbs, ot Rhode Island.
Funeral services in Christ church, New Haven, on
Wednesday, at two R. M. Interment In Newport on
Carrou On Monday, December 18, 1876, at the
residence of his uncle, 3<i West 13lb si, Patrick Car
roll, second oldest sou or Michael Carroll, Scltrltn,
parish ot Carnaross, county Moaib, Ireland, aged 29
Relatives and lrionua of tbo family are Invited to at
tend tho itinera!. Iroin above number, on Wodnoaday,
December 20, atone P. M. sharp. "R. I. P."
Cahktr.?At Utile Falls, N. V., December 14, 1870,
ol diphtheria, Rons*, wile of Rorc07.0 W. Carryl and
daughter ol Isaac Small, aged 27 years, 3 months and
7 days.
Coyvf.?On Monday, Decomberl8, Joseph H. Coins,
aged 29 years.
The relatives and friends aro respectfully Invited to
attend the funeral, from the residence of bis parents,
108 Kast 11th st, on Wednesday, December 20, at half
past one o'clock
Ci'RTis* ?Suddenly, on the isth tost, Ann M. Cce
tisn, wife ot tho late Samuel Curtisa, In bor 61st yosr.
Relatives and friends are respectfully invited to at
tend tho funeral, Wednesday, Docemnor 20, at two P.
M., from tho reaidcnco ol her son, 91 Harrison av.,
Brooklyn, K. D.
Dkmakkst.?At llackensack, N. J., Docember 17,
Mrs. Racukl Dkmakkst, relict of James P. Demarest
and mother ot P. V. 11. Domarcst, tn the 92d year ol
her ago.
Funeral on Wednesday, Decoraber 20, at two o'clock
P. M., Irom her late residence.
Donovan.?At tho rosldencc of his parents, 142 St,
Mark's place, Brooklyn, Charles Joskpk Aloysious,
eldest and beloved son ol John and Margarot Donovan,
in the 20th year of his age.
Xotlco of lunoral herealter.
Flahkktt.?Monday, Decombor 18, Mrs. Mart Flah
krty, mother of tho Into Harnoy Williams.
Tho funeral, of which full notlco horeaftor, will bo
from the residonco of her daughter, 143 Kast Sftth st.
Gannon.?On Sunday, December 17, 1876, Kate, be
loved wife ol Patrick Gannon, daughter of Hugh and
Catharine Gondo, native of parish of Cretgh, county,
Roscommon, Ireland.
Funeral takes place Irom bor late residence, 11911
St., Madison and 3th avs., Tuesday, December 19, 1876,
at one P. M.
Gunny.?Aftor a short illness, Desiree a. Gbrpt, In
her 37th year.
1'hc luncral services will bo bold ntSR Paul's church,
corner Broadway and Vcsey St., on Wednesday the
20th, at eleven o'clock A. II.
Gilks. ?On Monday, December 17, 1876, Jons
8tk:uikx, intuntson ol Stephen W. and Virginia Giles,
ugi'd 3 mouths.
Interment at Greenwood Cemotcry.
Gili.RX.?Alter a honoring illness, Joiiaxxa, bolovec
wife of Patrick A. Gillen, aged 28 year*.
Funeral on Wednesday, Docember 20, at haif-pasl
one P. M., from her lato residence, 137 Washington sU
Grimes. ?On Monday. December 18, Coxstaxtine.
sou ol the late Robert Grimes, in tho 38th year ol lilt
The friends of the Inmily nnd those of his late
uncles, John and Ruke Corrigm, also of Ins brothers,
Robert and Ruke C. Grimes, nro Invited In attend the
Mineral, from tho resluenco of Ins aunt, No. 1,378
Broadway, on Woduosday, Decombor 20, at ono o'clock
P. M.
Grumlky.? Sunday. December 17, Thomas, son ol
James Grumloy and Margaret Htnoy, a native of Goas
lilll, Kings couutv, Ireland.
The luneral will take place Tuesday, 19th, at one
o'clock P. M., Iroin his Into residence, 224 Erio rL,
Jersey City. Relatives and friends are respectfully ln^
?ited to attend. Interment in Calvary.
Haiit.?At High liridgo. Now York, December 17.
Patrick T. Hart, in thu 09th year of his age.
Friends nnd acquaintances are rospecllully invited
to attond. on Wcduosday, at nine o'clock, lniorment
at Greenwich, Conn. Truin leaves Grand Central depot
at twelve o'clock.
Haskktt ?Suddonly, on Monday morning, Decem
ber 18, William Jay Haskktt, In the 70th yoar of bit
Tho relatives and friends of tho family are respect
lully Invited to attend the funeral, at his Into resi
dence, No. 340 West 21st sU, on Wednesday, 20th Inst.,
at twolve o'clock noon.
Kkati.no.?On tho 17th Inst., Margaret J. Cor
coran, beloved wire ol John A. Keating, aged 41 years.
The relatives and lrlends are invited to the funeral,
from hor late residonce, 247 West 31st St., this Tuos
day, the 19th inst., at one P. M.
i.ccas.?On tho 18th lost., Mrs.. Jan* Lucas, aged 82
Funeral services on Tuosdny, 10th, at 4 P. M., at the
reslcimco of her son-in-law, M. D. MacGregor, 401
3d st , .South Brooklyn.
Macuktii.? On Thursday, Docotnber 14,1876, Hkstkr
Harrsnrrook, relict of James Macbeth, in tho 84th
yonr oi tier age.
M anson?At 80 Storm av., Jersey City, on the
IStli Dooombcr, William Wilson, youngest son ol
William and the lato Haohol Hanson, aged 6 years ant
3 months.
Funeral will take place on Tuesday, tho 19th Inst., at
one o'clock 1*. M. _
In Brooklyn, on Saturday, 16th Inst,
Robkrt MasaiLL, aged 72 years.
ltclatlves and l.-iends of tho lsmliy are Invited to at
tend tho tuucrul, from his late residence, 79 Park plaoe,
on Tuesday, l'Jth insL, at two o'clock P. M.
Moork.?At tho rosidoncc of her son-in-law, Chariot
Mctzler, Englcwood, N. J., Docember 18, ElsieMoors,
relict of the late John Moore, aged 80 years.
Notlco of funeral hereafter.
McBriok.?On Monday. Docember 18. at his resi
dence, 43u Bedford nv., Brooklyn, Joux McBrtok, i
nutivo of the County Mouagiian, iroland, In tno 58th
yoar of his age.
ills remains will betaken to St. Patrick'3 ohurob,
corner ol Kent and Wlllougbby a v.a, on Wednesday,
December 20, at 10 o'olock, w hero a solemn requiem
mass will bo offered up for the repose of his soul,
thcnco to Calvary Coinetory. Relatives and friends
ol tho family are respectfully Invited to attend
McGOWax.?On December 17, 1876. at her rcsldonco,
No. 20 Si. Mark's place. Miss MoGoWAX.
Funeral services at Howard Mission, 40 New Bowery,
nt twelve o'clock on Wednesday.
McGlirk.?On Monduy, December 18, Mart Mc
Gcirk, aged 66 years una 6 months.
Relatives aud lrlends of tho family are rospectfullj
invited to attend tho funeral, on Wednesday. 20ih
inst., ul one o'olock, from her lato residence, 04
llidgo st.
NoRTimor.?At tho residence or ber nloco, Mrs. D.
C. Saulord, New Mllford, Conn., December 15, Mist
Bally Northrop, ugod loOyears, 5 mouths und 18 days.
Funeral trorn tho Congregational church Wodu'cs
day, the 20tb. at two o'clock P. M.
Noyks.?Suddenly, of congestion of tho lungs, on
Saiurduv, December ill, 1870, A LICK Aoklia, lnlant
daughter of Dr. Henry D. and Anna M. Noyes, aged 17
Funeral on Tuesday, 19th Inst., at half-past two P.
M., from No. 73 Madisoa av.
Pbkstox.?Monday morning, the 18th inst, Georqb
It. X'rmstux. printer, in tho Slst yoar oi bis age, brotner
ol JosephT. Preston, printer.
HI* relatives and friends are respectfully invited to
attend tile funeral, from his lato residence, 105 Sands
st.. Brooklyn, on Wodncsday, at two o'clock, without
iurtluT notice.
Qcixx.?At tho residence of ncr son-in-law, Frnncil
SextOB, 47 lloach sl, on Monday morning, Ei.lki
Qcixx, widow of the late Hugh Quinn.
Kolatlyes and frienas of tho family, and thoso of hoi
son-in-law, aro respectlullf invited to attend her fu
neral, from St. Patrick's Cathedral, on Wednesday, al
10 o'clock A. M., where a requiem solemn mass will be
oilered for her repose, and thcnco to Calvary Ceme
tery, whoro her remains will bo Interred.
simiinsox.?At Newtown, L. L, Charlis Alrkrt,
eldest son of Charles and Francos A. Slmooson, in the
23d ycarol his ngc.
Sale in the arms of Jesu3.
Helntivos and lrlends of tne family are rospeetfully
invited to attend the funeral, irom the Newtown
Methodist Epl-copal church, at hall-past two P. M., on
Wednesday, the 20th Inst. Tram leaves Hunter's Point
at 2:05.
Sivii.ktox.?-Suddenly, on Decembor 18, of paralysis,
Hknry SlNOLRToX, agod 73 yenrs.
lt(datives aud triends arc rospeetfully Invited to at
tend i tie Itinera!, from tbo late rosidenee ot bis son-in
law, 37 Charles St., Wednesday, the 20th inst, al
eleven o'clock A. M.
SriiLow.?At Hldgofleld, N. J., on funday, Dcccmbei
17, Mr*. Naxcy. relict ol the late John Sudlow.
Funeral services to be held at hor late residence on
Tuesday, ilio 19th inst. Train leaves foot of Cham
bers street, one o'clock P. M., via Northern Railroad:
return trains at lour and six o'clock. Roiattves and
friends are cordially invited to attond. Interment on
fin,?At Morrltsnla. N. Y., on Sunday, Decem
ber 17, 1876, Piikhk, relict of tbo lato lsaao Webb,
agod SO yoar8.
Funeral at tho hoase or her daughter, Mrs. Do Voo,
Boston road, near Wall street, Morrisunia, at eleven
o'olock on i'lesdav, December 19. Carnages will be
In waiting at the Aforrisania station to moot the 10:35
A. M. train from 42d st. to convey lrlends to thohouso.
White.?At Brooklyn, N. V., on Monday, Dooombei
18, Ackklia, widow or Fowls White, agod 87 years.
Relatives nnd Iriends of the family aro luvllod to at
tend the funeral, Corn tho7retl<!onco of hor son, Bowli
A. Wl.lte, No. 204Bpoticer street. Brooklyn, on Wed.
Rcsday, 20th inst., at four o'clock P. M. Remains to b?
taken to Yorktown lor interment,
Woi.rp. ?On Monday, December 18, Mrs. Emma, wifi
of i). Wolll, in the45lll yoarol hor age.
Tho luneral will lake plnco Irom .her lato residence
No. 1,039 3d nv., ou Wednesday morning at lo o'clock
Wriomt.?On Monday, December 18, Kuba A.,
widow at the lalo Benjamin Wright, of Flushing, L A
I., In the 05th yoar ol ner age. ^
Funeral services at tho residonce of tier son. Robert
J. Wright, 218 East Odin si., on Thursday, December
21 .it eleven A. M. The remains will bo taken to
Flushing tar Interment Itciavtvos ?n4 fiWuds are in
I Tiled to attend without iurtbar uotioe.

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