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NEW YORK HERALD
BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR THE DAILY HERALD, published every day in iht year. Three cents per copy (Sun day excluded). Ten dollars per year, or at rate ot one dollar per month lor any period Icsb than six months, or live dollars lor six months, Sunday edition included, free of post aire. All business, news letters or telegraphic despatches must he addressed New York Herald. Letters and packages should be properly scaled. Rejected communications will not be re turned. PHILADELPHIA OFFICE?NO.112 SOUTH S1XT11 STKKET. LONDON OKI-TOE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD- NO. 46 FLEET STREET. PARIS OFFICE? AVENUE DE L'OPERA. NAPLES OFFICE- NO. 7 STKADA PACE. Subscriptions and advertisements will bo received and lorwarded on the same terms as in New York. volume xli Vft 36] AMUSEMENTS TO-NIGHT. black crook?*?.. mTKIU no,'SE R'CHARD II,.. J#? i" LITTLE NELL. ?t V.,''V.J'"1 TUB A.MERIC1"'!,, ^-"^"HATRK the shacohrai'nA?'t n k MriTKATR MISS MVLTOSmZPX 'UR T"KAT?R CONC1RT ANDVH\LL '"AltK ~<>ARDKN. AZrRi nr. Mltl.O-T'iiAiToEN. DAN'L druce. ^^^'c^I iTkatke. GORRINtA. afs |'"rADWAY TilEATUE. .??8?si?^saL.., r. ?8 P.M. KK1,t'Y * LEON'S MINSTRELS, PKESTI D101TATI0NrS^'E ATRE J VARIETY. HOME. VAIUETV. lit 8 pTMEArnE COMlyUK. VARIETV AND U&ISJ*tV"WK VA R'ETV. P'mATRR VAIUETV. M8P.M.VOU 'IIKATKE. rattooe'd'gheek av,:u'can museum p..u. u "KL,-k. "p?n .imiy rrcmi 10 a;'m. tin ? VARIEir. at 8 P. MA(3Lfc T"RATRB. Open dally. NtCW YORK AQUARIUM. VARIETV. at 8 PAM ISUN Va|TkTIES. ? t 8 P. M. "SAJ< KRA VCISCO MINHTREeS, GII.MORK'S liAKDRN. 5RAND EQUESTRIAN KKSTTVAL. at 8 P. M. PHILADELPHIA THEATRES. NF.W NATIONAL THEATRE. IATARACT OK THE GANGES. KIR ALKY'S Al.il AM BRA PALACE. |/.URINE: OR. A VOYAGE TO Till-'. LA It Til. NEW YORK, TUESDAY, DECEMBEU Sfi, 1870. A Stbange Coincidence in theatre frights occurred yesterday. At the Newark Opera House a small boy mistook tho nature of a calcium light and shouted "fire !" with the pffect of clearing tho house and causing two persons to be severely crushed by the crowd. In the National Theatre at Washington, the play heing the "Two Orphans," and the occasion being the first appearance of Kate Claxton and this play since tho burning of the Brooklyn Theatro, a cry of "fight!" was mistaken for "fire," and a panic immediately resulted, in which several persons were severely brnised. Managers will find some useful hints in the reports of these occnrre-nces. Thk Great Storm which passed over Eng land and Scotland during the past few days has proved terribly disoHtrous to shipping. Our cable despatches announce, besides the wreck of a great number of vessels, a distressing loss of life. The storm is the some one which swept our coasts on the ICth and developed such tremendous energy off the Newfoundland coast. The Herald gave timely warning as to its probable course across the Atlantic, and even stated the number of days it would take to reach the British islands; but unfortunately no intimation of its move ment in that direction could have been published in the English press, otherwise much valuable property and still more valuable lives might have been saved. The i meteorology of commerce must be considered In future on tha broad basis of international j From our reports this morning the proltabilitics are that the \eeather in A Vic i'ork to-day trill be cold and rlmitly, trith snotr, followed by still cohler and partly cloudy or cloudy ireather. The Strangest TniNo Out.?A North Carolinian was killed in his own house four days ago and no one has jret pronounced it a case of political murder. Fob Information About Bismarck's health and his good will toward America, and also about the mischief which foreign born ladies play in Gorman diplomacy, read our Berlin letter. Even the London Times laughs at the idea of a war over the Presidency. When Eng lishmen compliment us on our inodoaution and good sense it is time for a general bull dozing of our native born croakers. The Indiana Drmocrats are getting ready to celebrate tho anuiversnry of Jackson's victory at New Orleans, and timid republi cans fear the festivities will cloak a gun powder plot with the terrible "Blue Jeans" Williams in the character of Guy Fawkes. The English papers carefully explain why the Cambridge University oarsmen were justified in declining tho challenges of Yale and Cornell, but the single word "cowardice" can be read between the lines. Our- Special Despatch from General Crook's camp seems to indicate that the pur suit of the Sioux will be abandoned for the present. It is difficult to imagine how anything better ran be ' done. Without the Indian allies which wore to have come from Red Cloud, lacking any information of the detachment with which Major Randall started in search of Crazy Horse, nud with short rations and half forage, Crook's little army can do nothing better than return to Fort Fetterman and refit. Illghrr Ed?e?tio?? l? s?w York?Tk? Condition* of ? Great l?tr*r*ltjr. Mr. Jay'* excellent and timely centennial discourse betore tlio Alumni of Columbia College, our oldest institution of learning, supplies as fit an occasion as we are likely to have for offering suggestions about im proved means of culture in this metropolis. Plans hnvo been discussed for elevating Columbia College to the rank of a great university. Wo are willing to con cede that it would be better to build on this ancient and respectable foun dation than to add another to the mushroom institutions springing up in all parts of the country. Wfaab we want in not to multiply the herd, but to improve the breed. Colum bia is the stock on which improvements can be grafted with the best hopes of success, because she has already pecuniary menus ample for a good beginning, with a historical prestige and an associa tion with illustrious nnmes which would protect her against the distrust that impairs the usefulness of a parvenu institu tion. It cannot he doubted that there is a field in this city for a university of the high est elass. Within a radius of thirty miles from the Fost Office there are two milions of people, forming a community of great wealth which appreciates the importance of education and is ready to promote it NV o aro not deficient in colleges of average standing. Besides Columbia College we have the University of the City of New York, the New York College (formerly Free Academy), throe Catholic colleges, which give instruction in the higher departments of learning, besides two law schools and several medical schools of excellent repute, and two theological seminaries of name and standing. We insert a list of onr principal institutions, with the number of their pro fessors and students :? A , /"'(""-tor*. Students Columbia College (arm an?l science*).. IS I? Columbia College (nchool of mines).... -4 -?? Columbia College (law school).....-.. ? University or iho City of New York (arts and.sciences) l? University of Hie City ot New Sork (medical department) f College of l'livsicmns and burgeons... 2<j St. John's College 27 ? College ol St Francis Xavler. 43 Manhattan College 13 100 Ceneral Theological Seminary 0 Uuion Theological Seminary U College ol New York 34 e-? This table shov. s that we are not ill pro vided with institutions authorized to confer degrees. They compare favorably with most other colleges of the same kind in tho United States, but none of them reaches or approaches the rank of tho great Luropcan universities or has a standing like Harvard and Yale in our own country. But their aggregate attendance of nearly four thou sand young men proves that an institution of the highest class would not luck stu dents. It may be said that the multitude of ex isting colleges in this city and everywhere in the United States leave no room for a great university. This is true if Columbia should bid against them on their own ground and pursue their methods. But there is ample space above tboir heads. Swift, whose wit often conveyed valuable mean ings even when it seemed most whimsical Drmocrihw, dum ridet, philosophatur?said :? "In all assemblies, though you wedge them ever so close, we may observo this peculiar property, that over their heads there is room enough, but how to reach it is tho difficult point." Wo com mend this idea to the authorities of Columbia College. Lot them raise their institution into the vacant space above the heads of the crowd of American colleges. Disdaining a vulgar competition in stone and mortar, not relying too much on the growing demand for polytechnic instruction which so many colleges aro properly attempt ing to satisfy, they should feel that for them lias been reserved tho high mission of creat ing a university which will make culture an end to be pursued for its own sake and not a means for fitting men to be instruments. Jnst as athletic sports aro pursnod for the pleas ure felt in them, although they strengthen the body for every useful purpose, so intel lectual culture should be pursued for its own nobleness and as its own great reward, and the mind will meanwhile be invigorated for all the exertions of practical life. As the country grows in wenlth we shall hnvo a constantly increasing class of young men who inherit a competence, and who will start in life with the means of gratifying a taBto for art, a love for manly recreations, a delight in foreign travel and a desire for intercourse on an equal footing with able and cultivated men. If wo hail a univer sity organized on the principle that culture is to bo prized for its own sake and is to be courted for its beauty more than for its dowry, its standards of excellence wonld be so raised that all our colleges would bo stirred to emulation. Nothing tends to dif fuse itself like high excellence, even in trivial arts. Tho champion billiard players havo filled all our towns with billiard tables ; tho champion boatmen hnve covered our lakes and rivers with a healthful and ex hilarating sport; the race coarse is filling the country with improved broeds of horses. One Pope or one Tennyson spawns a school of imitators, whoso productions Heaven save us from reading, although tliey illustrate tho tendency of excellence to excite effort in the same direction. All kinds of culture descend, like streams, from their sources j but IT there were no moun tains to give them birth there would be no rivers to diffuse fertility and beauty through less elevated regions. A univer sity which erects the loftiest standards, and pursues noble culture with disinterested aims, imparts something of its dignity and spirit to institutions of tho next lower grade, and these in turn to seminaries of the third order, operating like the littlo leaven which the woman in the parable "hid in three measures of meal till the whole was leavened." If Columbia aspires to supply this great central want?tho want of a potent stimu lus in American culture?she must take hold of the problem by the right handle. Her thoughts must not run upon a campus, and edifices, and laboratories, and ob servatories, and apparatus and vast ex ternal appliances, which are the mere husks of a university, but her first effort must be to assemble a galaxy of able and brilliant professors. For propagating re ligion on* tit. Paul would b* worth all the church Architecture in Europe. In the last generation men thronged to hang on the lipa of Clay or of Webster, careless whether they sat on cushioned seuts in a public hall or on rough slabs in an extemporized tent. A great man eclipses his surroundings. To hear Burke talk for half an hour in a shed where he had taken refuge from a shower was an event in a man's life. When Peter Abelard (famous for more romantic reasons than his learning) drew thousands of youth to the University of Paris from all parts of Europe to listen to his lectures they were seated on plain, hard benches. During the ages when tho universities of Padua and Pisa were the most famous in turopo they maintained their celebrity solely by the great ability of their professors. At a later period the University of Leydon held the same primacy by the same means? a primacy which she did not lose until Goettingen first and afterward several other German universities adopted her policy. In the latter part of the last and beginning of this century the University of Edinburgh blazed inio renown by the ability of its professors, of whom Playfair, Dugald Stewart and Black were the most illustrious. It was customary for the best families of England to send their sons to Edinburgh at that period for an education and then to Oxford or Cambridge to tnke their degrees. Lord Palmerston studied three years at Edinburgh. He said in his autobiography:?"In those three years I laid the foundation of what ever useful knowledge and habits of mind I possess." Brougham, who had tho prepossessions of a Scotchman, paid in later life a more glowing tribute to the excellence of the Edinburgh professors of that period. "I have heard," he said, "the commanding periods of Pitt's majestic oratory, the vehe mence of Fox's burning doclamution, have been carried away by tho mingled wit, epigram and argumentation of Plunkett," but for mero intellectual gratification ho preforred the lectures of some of the Edinburgh professors. Praise so enthusiastic at least proves how deep an impression may be made on young men by teachers of the highest gifts. If Columbia could bring together a constellation of great professors her prosperity would come up to her most sanguine wishes. As Emerson has said in his piquant way:?"Thero is no in terest or institution so poor or withered but if a new strong man could be born into it bo would immediately redeem and replace it. A personal ascendancy?that is the only fact much worth considering." The Christmas Celebration. Christmas was enjoyed yesterday as thoroughly as if hard times had never been heard of and as if everybody knew who was to be tho noxt President. The partition of turkey was accomplished with a thorough ness which offered ltussia some valuable food for reflection, while Great Britain learned that plum pudding can never be an English monopoly. Some extra good din ners explained to the inmates of prisons, almshouses and charitable institutions that Christmas is different from other days, and made an opening in the hearts of these un fortunates after the practical manner of the Master Himself. Some hundreds of men celebrated the day at rum shops without getting as mucb. enjoyment as they had ex pected; but scores of these, as they found hospitable entrance to the cells of police stations and the apartments of the city's grand hotel in Centre street, learned that there ure times when even corporations have souls. Thousands of children roamed about with full hearts, fuller pockets, and stom achs to which no adjectives can hope to do justice. The wildest advocate of the evo lution theory could have pointed with con fidence to the juvenile abdomen yesterday to show how in the dim age of antiquity it became necessary for the camel to have five stomachs. The consumption of candy utterly annihilated the theory that demand regu lates prices; for if this idea of political economy were true sugar would be worth its weight in gold to-day. The martial note of the drum was heard in many a house hold otherwise peaceful, and sent pangs of terror into the hearts of mammas with tender hearts and tenderer ears. Santa Clans did his duty After a fashion, but he acted too much like an aristocrat to meet the approval of those most in terested in his performances. Perhaps the heathen old saint had found a Bible, read the passage, "Unto him that hath to him shall be given, "and then did his best accord ing to the dim light he had received; but it is very certain that Christmas trees were as scarce in tenement houses as policemen near tho scene of a burglary, and thousands of poor people fed only on that faith which does not fill tHe stomach. When such blunders are made it is not always too late to mend them, and no amount of respect for an old public functionary like St. Nicholas should deter any one from usurping-his office and playing tho reformer. A Wateb Famish and a general suspension of manufacturing business in Massachusetts is feared by close observers of the conditions in that State. Indeed, judging from the Accounts which we publish io-day in another column, the first named troublo has already come, and tho second is beginning to exercise n serious influence on trade. Wo have already warned Europo to expect a severe winter, and dangerous if not destructive floods in the spring, but wo feel that a similar condi tion of things is more than probable nearer horns. Where mills are operated by water power only there can be no doubt that the present unfavorable weather prosents a great problem to tho proprietors. The introduction of steam power can ahine solve it and enable tho owners to resume work. The addition of enforced idleness to tho many discomforts of tho winter season ren ders the lot of the mill hands peculiarly distressing, especially when work is plenti ful if tho means of executing it can be secured. Another danger also threatens the manufacturing districts of New England? namely, the possibility of a sudden thaw and disastrous floods and inun dations. If the authorities do not take steps immediately to ward off this great danger we may have to record some terrible scenes in the New England valleys. Presidential Contingencies and Pos sibilities. Greatly an the prolonged Presidential complication is to be deplored it is having an incidental good effect in educating the pnblic mind respecting one feature of our institu tions. During this period of anxiety and sus pense nil our best political minds are exert ing their astuteness to discover some so lution of the difficulty, and this part of the constitution is surveyed on all sides with a keener scrutiny than was ever bestowed upon it before. As every new idea or new crotchet is immediately ventilated in the newspapers,' and as the public interest secures it an at tentive examination, a greal deal of fog and ignorauce is likely to be cleared away in the progress of the discussions. Although but little light may be shed by the proposed so lutions yet, as they must all set out from acknowledged principles, the settled and admitted interpretations of tho constitu tion are becoming very familiar to the pub lic mind. That habitual phraso, "the Electoral College," does not meet us with its former froquency, loose and half informed writero having come to perceive that there is no such aggregated body, but thut each of tho thirty-eight States has a sep arate electoral college, and that it is inad missible to employ the phrnse in the singu lar except with reference to one of these. It is not used in any other form in any statute, nor would it have been in popular parlance excojit from looseness of concep tion as to the prociso organization of the Presidential electors. Another point on which vague ideas have been rendered more exact relates to the final counting of tho electoral votes in the pres ence of the two houses of Congress. Hereto fore tho popular mind has been too ignorant of the subject to perceive its difficulties. These difficulties may not have been solved, but they ore now pretty well understood.' The effect of throwing out the votes of any State is also better appreciated than it ever was before. When one political party has had a great majority the rejection of a few votes was of no practical consequence and nobody looked very closely into the consti tutional points involved in such a rejection. It is now at length perceived that it may lead to questions of great delicacy. If the Florida votes or the Louisiana votes should be found illegal would that insure Mr. Tilden's election by the Electoral Col leges? This is a difficult question, because it is not yet decided what constitutes a ma jority in such a contingency. In order to elect a candidate must there be a majority of the votes to which all the States are enti tled, or onlj a majority of the votes which are counted? If the former Mr. Tilden would not be elected if Florida or Louisiana is thrown out; if the latter he would be elected unless some of the States voting for him should also bo rejected. The rule established by the constitution seems perfectly clear where, thero is real doubt respecting the facts. It only requires "a majority of the electors appointed." If none are appointed from a particular State that State has no more influence than if it did not exist. But if it appointed electors and for any reason they did not assemble and vote, the fact of appointment remains, and the electors to which it is entitled must be counted to ascertain what is a majority, although they cannot be counted for any candidate. If, for example, Florida should be flung out on the ground that the Tilden electors and not the Hayes electors were legally chosen on tho 7th of November, they could not be counted for Tilden, be cause they did not vote and certify accord ing to law, and yet they would have to be taken into the estimate in determining what is a majority. The result would be no choice by the Electoral Colleges, and the House would choose the President and the Senate the Vice President?a result which is now generally expected by people who frankly avow their opinions. But even on this point a difficulty has been raised in connection with the fact that Mr. Tilden and Mr. Wheeler are both citi zens of New York. A careless reading of the constitution has led a few people to believe that it forbids the election of a President and Vice President from the same State. A careful examination of its language will show that this is an error. The constitution does not permit the electors of New York, for example, to vote for two citizens of New York, but it leaves them free to vote for two citizens of Illinois or Virginia or any other State than their own. It neither declares nor implies that the President and Vice President shall not be from the same State. But it will be a coincidence without any ex ample in our history if bdth of the highest officers should bo citizens of the same State. What Are the Police Going To I>o About Itf As great an outrage as any connected with the ltavenswood burglary will be the escape of the thieves if they are allowed to go un punished. There is at least one clow to their locality, for the four men in the boat which was Been passing Hell Gate on the night of the burglary could not have been either a pleasure party or a quartet intent upon legitimate business. The affair does not concern the ltavenswood police alone. Men with the daring of these burglars aro not going to neglect the chances of their peculiar business that are to be found on tho river fronts of our oity and Brooklyn, and in the thinly settled but rich neighborhoods of our extreme uptown wards. The ruffians undoubtedly belong to New York, which city is the university from which tho most accomplished thieves graduate, and their plunder is probably now being turned into cash among New York pawnbrokers and "fences." There is ability enough in our police force to dis cover these scoundrels nnd bring them to justice, and tho people rightly demand that this ability shall be put into active use. If the police cannot take care of great offenders like these and mako of them a terrible ex ample to evildoers their minor services will not save them from being pronounced utterly incompetent. AVe hope this ltavenswood outrage will arouse the authorities to the necessity for an efficient patrol of the East ltiver "by .i?et steam launches, manned by alert office^. The river is the natural highway of thieves bnt thoy might travel ii> in squads and bat talions without any one to molest or make them afraid. Until such an arrnngement can be made the police boat Seneca might be useful in some other way thun in hug ging a pier and keeping the ice from chafing rotten piles. For her to Bail up the river enrly in the evening, before any sensible thief is awake, and again in that morning duylight which the burglar hates as it it were a police court, may be a good way of consuming coal which the city pays for, but as a warning to thieves it is the hugest joke afloat If she could bo soaked in kerosene and set on lire in the river at midnight she might bo useful for ut least one night in frightening thieves, and thus fulfil the duty which she is intended to do. The Esit River Bridge Investigation. It is to be regretted that any doubt should be cast on the accuracy of the calculations of the engineers regarding the strength of the great suspension cables for the East Itiver Bridge. Still, when these doubts are ex pressed and an array of llguroH is presented to sustain the objections, we must regard it ns very fortunate that they have como up lor discussion beloro any steps have been taken to convert a mathemati cal inaccuracy into a scrions practical blunder. The scale of the .work itself lends a gravity to apparently trifling errors in cal culation which they otherwise would not possess, and we believe that no pains should be spared or time lost in arranging for a complete revision of the plans and specifi cations, with a view to determine whether or not mistakes have been made in the prep aration of either. The Herald has already commenced an investigation of the East River Bridge works, and the rosnlts are suf ficiently definite to warrant the suspicion that "some one had blundered." The fact that an engineer of acknowledged ability has taken exception to the calculations of Chief Engi neer Itoebling, respecting the specified strength of the most important part of the structure, renders a formal investigation by a board of disinterested experts absolutely nec essary before any more money is expended on that past of the work. Not only should the engineering calculations be carefully re vised, but also the system under which ma terials are supplied to the work must be in vestigated. The diroctors owe it to tho public, whose money they ore spending, as well as to their own reputations, that no stain of doubt should rest on their manage ment. Tho bridge is now the joint property of tho cities of New York and Brooklyn, and not that of the Board of Directors; there fore the Mayors of the two cities should at once appoint a commission of in quiry. This should be composed of United States military engineers, whose scientific attainments would entitle their opinions to the fullest confidence, and whose position places them beyond tho influence of overzealous partisans. No one who is a party to the present contro versy should be permitted to have any voice or part in selecting the investigating board. Indeed, no respectable engineer should be willing to servo merely as the representative of either Mr. Hill, the Board of Directors or Chief Enginoer Roebling. What we need is a wholly disinterested board of exports, whose opinion will be accepted by the pub lic without any lingering doubt as to its honesty. If it is proved that mistakes have been made no one can complain of their exposure, and the remedy will be sim ple and inexpensive. But if all is shown "to be right and that no cause for alarm exists then the present managers and engineers will reap additional honor for their probity and scientific skill, and the work can pro ceed without further interruption. One of the first acts of Mayor Ely's administration should be the appointment of such an inves tigating board as we suggest. Tit* Weather. The Gulf depression has now reached tho Atlantic coast and in the vicinity of Cape Hatteras heavy snow and high winds have provailed. A small area was detached from the main disturbance before it passed the southern extremity of the Alleghany range, and is now moving northward along the western side of the mountains toward tho entrance of the St. Law rence Valley. Snow is falling over an immense area of country from the Missouri River to Toronto, Canada, and as far south on the coast as Augusta, Go. In this city the weather was threaten ing throughout yesterday, with a slight fall of snow at about five o'slock Jf. M. The temperature continues remarkably low in the Southern States and, indeed, throughout the entire country, particularly in the North west The Herald's prediction of Sunday, regarding bad weather in tho northern and southern sections of the United States is being fully verified. Although the de pression noticed in the South has produced extraordinary rains the press ure has fallen but slightly below the mean of 30 inches, and in some cases is only relatively low. Stormy weather, with snow, may bo expected in the Atlantic, westward of tho fortieth meridian and be tween latitudes 30 and 55 degrees north. Tho weather in New York to-day will be cold and cloudy, probably with snow, fol lowed by still colder and partly cloudy or cloudy weather. The Trkktok Fioht.?This morning a few hundred Jersey braves will fight a mock battle at Trenton and explain how, a hundred years ago to-day, Washington bull-dozed the British and led tho Hessians in a "gorraan" of which the stop was anything but that of a ballroom. They will first cross tho Delaware by night, but if an electric light could be suddenly thrown upon them it would reveal warm gloves, heavy overcoats and good shoes, for any of which tho patriots who made the original crossing would cheerfully como out of their graves and take hold of tho oars. The fight was not such a wonder ful affair in itself; many on unreported skirmish of the late war engaged more men and resulted in greater loss ol life, but tho battle convinced - apprehensive Ameri cans that Washington could and would fight, and it showed tho British that the patriots did not constitute a mero army of observation. Men who are fond of puzzles will wonder what would have happened to Washington's ropntation and the patrloi caise if the battle had not been foaght; bat men of itenso will appreciate the importance t of the first engagement of tho Revolution which fully displayed Washington's daring and the ability of the undisciplined Ameri can yeomanry to vanquish the trained sol diers of Europe. Coal ?? ? Muni.(Ion of War, Although the progress made toward per fection in naval architecture lias been re murkable during the past ten years, nnd almost invincible iron-clad war ships, pro polled by steam, have taken tho place of the old wooden sailing ships and slow-going steam frigates, the difficulty of maintaining an effective fleet in active service has iu creased so enormously that we must not overestimate the value of recent improve ments. The power of marine engines must be proportioned to tho weight of the vessels they are intended to propel, and this power is only to be obtained by the consumption of immenso quantities of fuel. If a war ship liko tho English Inflexible, with a displacement equal to 11,1G5 tons, requires a propelling horse power equal to eight thousand, we enn readily see that in order to keep such a monster ves sel undor control for war purposes she must consnmo an enormous quantity of coal. This fuel, therefore, becomes as important to her effectiveness as her massive armor plates and monster guns. Indeed, it may bo considered more important; because, with sufficient coal, even an nnarmored cruiser can depend as much on her speed as on her batteries for defence. Hence, in order to keep a great iron-clad fleet ready for service and maintain its effectiveness when engaged in the operations of war vast depots of coal must be established at points easily reacha ble by the fleet. The greater the distance from which this all-important fuel is brought to these depots tho more uncertain tho sup ply must be; nnd for an English fleet cruis- ' ing in tho Black Sea largo stores of coal must bo collected at Constantinople, Varna, Sinopo and Trebizond, as well as at Malta, Gibraltar and tho British home ports. Eng land has a 1 way a endeavored to maintain a certain supply of coal for her fleets at the various points on the globe where grave necessities are likely to arise. Her depots on this side of tho Atlantic are at St. John, N. B.; the Bermudas nnd in the West Indies. Her chief European coaling sta tions are necessarily Maltn and Gibraltar. At St. Helena and the Cape of Good Hope she supplies her steamers with fuel, nnd again at Aden and the Indian ports, and Shanghai, in tho Indian Ocean, and the Western Pacific. Australia and New Zea land also furnish places where depots are formed for the merchant service, and there is no doubt that the recent acquisition of the Fiji Islands by England was intended to perfect her system of coal supply in that part of the Pacific Ocean. Russia, having a limited sphere of operations for her navy, will not suffer the same degree of inconvenience aff England should both engage in war. Hor ports of supply will be near at hand and alwnys accessible, besides being well do fended. Tho immonso coal deposits of the United States will furnish an unfailing re source to European belligerents snould their own supplies fail. We are willing to do business with them on a fair cash basis?? quick sales and light profits?and con as sure tho "effete despotisms" that, so far as we care, they may batter tho map of Europo into any shape they please. Thi Western Union Telegraph Company's directors resolved, on Friday, to destroy original despatches as soon as copied. Now for hqwls about heartless monopolies. The correspondence on the demand of Congress for copies of certain telegrams is given in. another column. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. A broth of a boy la a aoup-aon. Becker, the artist, is a model man. Hark Twain bus a wrinkled brow. Rutherford, N. J., has a tree-toed man. A quail on toast Is worth two in tho bush. Never accuse a baggage-smasher ol putting on lugs. Flity Cincinnati tramps roiused two wovks' work In a coal yard. Mrs. Gwln has gone to Cal'fornla, while the Dnke remains East. General McClellan is in Washington making a feint against Baltimore. Senator Jerome B. Chaffee, of Colorado, is at th? Filth Avonuo Hotel. Statistics show that the greatest number of cases of hydrophobia occur in March. Among the ball-dozed citizens of Louisiana Is a Mr, Berry. He is a black Borry. Genoral Sherman ucems to be a vory bosy and Im portant factor In Washington politics. F.verytbing is falling in tbeso hard times, and even the thormonieter has gone down to zero. General Anderson, of the Returning Board of Louisi ana, arrived at Washington on Sunday night The gentle kleptomaniac of tho St Louis Globe-Demo? era/wants a scissors factory to locate in that dnsty village. Senator Cbrlstiancy walks with bis hands clasped behind htm as if his Christmas slippers wore two sizes loo smalL Mme. Essipoff will romaln Ift America anil! spring. Her husband, Lesehotizkt, the composer, Is tho Stem way agent at St Petersburg. Everything is slippery In Portland, and a man o? woman who Is standing up on the sidewalk is though! to be too prOud for anything. New York Commrrcia1Tho man who waa all '?doubled up with a kick" is supposed to have been kickod by a pair of double uppers. Said Smith, a toper, tho other morning, ''Even water tastes as If It wore lull of liquid lire." And Cast Ina replied, "That Is what your aqua-forte-ls." Washington A'afion:?"Tho only difference between Chnmberlaln and Hampton la that ono is trying le make troops or friends and the other friends of troops." Grant's first move alter leaving the cbnlr will be toward Cuba. Ho wants to see tbe place where Tweed look ont hie hairpins and wept when be remombercd 7. Ion. Probably the sickest man on the face ol the earth la Ibo paragraphor, who, reading his own column, dis covers that a joko Isn't hall as smart as ho thonght it was when bo wrote it. Seerelary Gornam, of the Senate, who has just mar ried a Treasury girl, was it widower with six children. Mr. Gorhnm Is the Bob Ingorsoll of California and la known as a "good fellow." "George," wo cannot toll yon tho meaning of those words appended to poems, "sol to music." Wo think, nowevor, that Tom Allen nnd Joe Gods had some set te music a while ago, and Allen got cremated, Tho critic of the Chicago 1 im't beautifully finds latin with tho opera and its arrangement of seats; and everyboJy knows that when the Timet roan has a night off ibo only rows of seats he rocs are In ? bag roost. Now Is tbe time when tho mnsio of the bells and tbe curt air kin ilo enthusiasm lu the youthful siolghers; and as tho asks him why he rubs Ills frosted mus tache against her flowing check, ho seye, poetically, "Ob, I've found i red our,"