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HIE SKIS "MBS."
IIow the "Uncle Sam" May Be Wrecked in Congress Next February. BUT THIRTY" WHITE CRUSTS WANTED. The Plot to Inaugurate Ohio's Governor on Southern Votes. SCATTER THE HAVES' SEEI) AROUND 'EM! CIXCIMUTI, Dec. 24, 187(5. 1 havo liad a long and lull conversation wilh a gen tleman who has within three or lour days left Wash ington, whither he went to take part in the movement bo much spoken or lately to win some Southern men over to Governor Hayes; and the following account, which I take frotn his conversation and from that of Influential and Intimate friends of Governor Haves, may, 1 believe, bo relied on as correct unit authentic. Briefly stated, those are tho main features or what Governor Hayes and his friends hopo to accomplish:? NAK1NO APrilOACIIKS. There have bcou in Washington careful negotiations with different Southern men to bring them over to the Bupport of Governor Hayes. Some of these havo Tailed; Mr. l.amar, for instance, is counted out; Mr. Hen Hill, though a promising subject for a while, is no longer depended on. Soverul Tennessee, North Car olina, Missouri and Mississippi Congressmen, prom inent among them Mr. Cnsey Young and Senator Alcorn, nro now believed to bo willing to lead a break front tho democratic ranks, and tho design Is to push tho work of making converts until nt least twenty-Ove, and If possibio thirty, Southern democratic members shall agreo and bind themselves to commit their fortunes to Governor Hayes. Mem bors with wing antecedents are sougliloutas being most likely to svmpnibizo with this movement, and 1 Judgo that every member of cither housoofsuch antecedents has before this been sounded, and a considerable cum ber are at least thinking over tho propositions made to them. TIIB CONSIDER AT I OX. Those propositions Include lor prominent men the afler of ofllco under the Governor's administrat on; for all, the energetic support of tho federal admlnls tratlon under President Hayes, with an understaud inc that thoso who now giro their ni(t lo tho Governor sl.nil tako tho plaeos of tho carpet-baggers in the fed eral pflicos in tho South, and that the carpet-bag gov ernments shull havo no favor shown tbem. It is understood that Govoruor Hayes will make a clean sweep of the leading men under the present ad ministration as soon as possible after he becomes President. KKKFIXO DARE. But tho Governor has been advised to make no public declaration ou tho subject at this time, nor until aflcr ho has been declared elected, bo causo it ia thought imprudent for blra now tochallengo In this way the hostility of influential persons In tho present administration. While, therefore, I havo cer lain assurances that tho Governor Is in entire harmony with bis zealous friends, and has given them full authority to net and promise for him, ho has not in any public way committed himself, nnd will not TIIB mOGRASI 11E.' The object of securing iwenty-five or thirty Sooth em members of the House of Representatives isthls:? It is planned by the Governor's friends to insist on the Vice President counting the electoral vote. It is oe Iicved lhat tho deliberations of tho jolut committee can bo so managed that it shull como to no agree oicnt; but that it shall make no roport until the day set lor the counting of tho vote. It is then expected that tho democrats in the House will cither rolueo to go to the ,*enalo for a joint meet ing or that, having met there, they will resist tho ofler of iho Vico President lo count and declare the vote nnd roturn to their own chamber. In that ease, cither the republican- will reluso to go with them, or, going, they will move in the House that tho Vico Presi dent shall count aud declare the vote. In cither case the Southern Haves democrats are to act and vote with the republicans, rnxl hv doing s<> give them a majority. TRIRTT KXOdU.'I. Supposing a full House, it would require a change of thtrtjr-flve votes toovercomo the democratic majority ol seventy ; hut the Houso of Itoprescntatlvcs is rarely lull, and it is taken for grauted that como democrats will be absent on this occasion, so that thirty votes may answer. It is also believed that so many men changing at such a time will deinorslizo others and lead them either to absent themselves or lo follow What will appear to be tho winning side. SkCVKIXU A HKliU.AK COUNT. Supposing tho plan successful so Isr, of course the republicans will have a majority in both houses, and this tnajorily will, by a regular vole of both bouses, give tho counting of the vole to the Vice President. Ue will thereupon go on lo open, count and.declare the /otoe, determining which are the proper retnrns; and, while tho recent developments in tlorida seem to ?ugur trouble in the voto of that State, the Vice Presi dent will bold lhat be cannot go behind the regular re turns, and will fling himself upon tho two houses; while these, both having under the supposed rase a republican majority, will refuse also to go behind those returns which tho Vice President will have read, lu this way, If the Southern voles can bo got and held, Governor Hayes Will be declared President without In formality or irregularity of any kind, and the demo crats wii! have no peg to hang resistance on. A regu lar aud lawful majority In each house will carry and Justify every step of ibo proceeding*. run cUascis or scccb**. 1 remarked lo my friend lhat there was a certain Binountof risk In this plan. Kor instance, ir u were recovered, Messrs. Chandler and Cameron might not lavor it. He replied, "Governor Hayes and Pcnaior Morton hod a long talk when Morton went out to Indiana tne other day. Hayes satisfied Morton, and I gu"S* tie II hAve to let him In, and has told iiitn so. for Mortou is bsppy. Ol course somebody has got to ba ielt out. But the danger is not so great as you think. Tho republicans of all sorts will have to come In wbethes thoy want to or not. Party discipline will keep them from kicking out of tho traces, and, he side, whsre can iboy go? Tl.ov may not IIko Hayes, in fact tlicy don't; but they can hope for tnoro front him thau they could from Tildcn. 1 have not much tear on that head; let us only gel the Houlhern men, and I believe we cau get inem. They're mlglny hungry, and the old wblgs down South don't agree well w tth the democrats anyhow." ruaTTT AS IT STANDS. It seems lo me what they call on the river a pretty flue game; but after all It maykucceed. if the Governor pl.iys it flue enough. II be can bag his Southern men, he can go iu under tho constitution, aud be believes that If he docs not go In It will be bad for the poor negroes down South and that to put him into tho White House will be an act of humanity. For my part I believo the Governor means well, nod II he sets In he will do bis best to make a good administration. HON. li. H. HILL. A PALM VIEW OF THE SITUATION?HE EX PLAINS HIS POSITION?SENSATIONAL STORIES DENIED?OITB SYSTEM ON A MAGAZINE OF POWDER?THE ATTITUDE OF PARTIES. [From the Atlanta (Oa.) Constitution ] Hoosk or Kbfkshkxtativks, 1 Washington, D. C.. Doc. 21. 1876. ) Mr Dsar Sir?I trust yon will believe mo when I assure you that your letter is esteemed as worthy to conio hom on? who has been a "lifelong friend," as you truly style yourself Every mail is bringing mo letters Irom every section of the I'nlon, and those Irom the South disclose a "panic" among ray friends which Is most remarkable. I will not pretend that 1 am Inscnslblo to tho effect which may bo produced on my personal political lor tunes, but I do say that iny chief solicitude Is excited by far dlfTcront, and, 1 will add, by far higher consider ations. II the reputation of a public man can be tarnished by agencies so trilling and no false as thoso now at work then there can be little encouragement for unselfish patriotism. 1 do not protend that I have sorvod or can serve my country with ability, but I cau say that I have glveu, and am now giving, under tho most embarrassing dis advantages, to mat country tho very best abilities 1 possess. syllns PROM WASHINGTON. Under the soverest trials I have made a record of fearless fidelity in defence of Nouthern civilization aDd manhood and of ttnltlncblng adherence to consti tutional government which no tnuu can deny. Hut what is all this worth if it cau have no ellecl'ln pro ? tecting mo Irom Irresponsible squibs from Washing I ton city, some of which, at least, are inspired and i many encouraged by tho most unworthy motives pos sible* If such squibs, whether thoughtless or design ing, can throw Iricnds into a panic auil encourage ene mies to refresh tbelr malignity with tho stereotyped slang, "I always told you he was not reliable!" tlicu our free liisiltulioiin and popular government bavo ar rived at a period where a public man can have no pro tection snve in the nothingness of Ins imbecility or ihe callousness ol Ins corrupnon. Ha Is cafe almio wlion ho does nothing that lools can criticise or does only whut hlroltngs will pull lor a consideration. Now. sir, l do not believo the people of Georgia hare nrrived at this point, and I shall do mem the Justice to say i hat I have not the slightest lear that they will allow themselves to bo msdo parties to the wrongs which some are now plotting against me. On tho con trary, I uo not doubt that when they know the truth as they will Know It, ihey will npprovo me with cheer fulness and unanimity; and, In the meantime, they will not withdraw that confidence and trust without winch 1 shall be powerless to serve either them or mv self. ' WHAT TUK 8KNAT0K HAS HONK. What have I dono or said that "friends should be alarmed mid enemies eucotiraged." ns numerous letters say * Without going into details (as I will not he cowardly enough now to do), I will state some facts 1. Sinco the assembling or this session ol Congress the democratic members of the House bavo mot throe times in general caucus. I have nindo but one motion in general caucus, and that motion wns adopted unan imously. Tliero was not a dissenting voice?not one 1 accompanied that motion with a short speech the temper and spirit of which every man In the caucus approved, und tho mam point ol which was warmly agreed to by a largo mnloritv. Including I believe, every member from the Southern or l ite Con federate States, and certainly every one present from Goorgia. 2. We nave had frequent conferences, composed of a limited number of democrats, Irom live to twenty in a conference. To several of these 1 have been Invited nnd attended. jn these conferences I have mado several motions and suggestions. Every one I havo yet made has been adopted, and sometimes unanimous! v adopted, tin one or two occasions mv suggestion's have beeu roceived with a consideration tliat was pleasant und adopted with expressions that were flat terlng. SKNSATIONAI. STOUIRN I) KM Kb. This Is ray work. What am 1 charged with ? 1. It is said that 1 bavo expressed distrust of north ern democrats, and speeches to tliIs etrect aro ailing tho papers as II made by me. Not a single word pub lished on this subject Is true?not one. 2. It is said that myself and other Southern mon have lost faith In Iho election of Mr. Tllden. and bavo , made, or aro making or nro willing to make, sorno bargain or trade or arrangement with Mr. Hayes. All Intimations of tins kind arc simply manufactured manufactured by sensational hirelings for republican nso und honedi. Mr. Tilden and ihe democratic party are reduced to a sod bope of success if the elllv or de signing democrats who iifloct to believe such "charges arc to bo accepted as the only trusted advisers of the party. It might bo Interesting to givo you on explanation ol how easily a public man hero may he mlsrcpre sonied l?y news gossips and Ibtervlowers. and espe cially If ho be it public mon who Is wortb misrepre senting. but I have not the time to do so now. , Tint "POLITICSI, SITUATION. A lew words In conclusion Tno political situation was never so critical as now. Our constitutional sys tem Is on a magazine of powder, and 10,000 fools and somo that aro not fools are striking matches all around it. None but cool men and patriots who lovo country more than udlee can avert the most horrible civil war that over disgraced and destroyed liberty and Iranian i Ity. And yet there was never less excuso lor any war in the history ol the world | Such a war, If it come, will bo the culmination of human crime in tho dastardly destruction of human j rights by a disgraceful srramblo lor olllcc. In the late election both Mr. Tllden aud Mr. Haves j received some votes. Will it not bo better to havo either lor President than to havo a ruler who received ho voles* He is too stupid lor argument who does not sec that the lust alternative Is possible. Hut who j over may or tuny not be made Fresidcnt by returnin** boards or bayonets, one thing is cortuin:?Mr. Tilden caunot and will not be ma-lo President unless be Is inude so by a lair, honest count of the votes of tho people. That count enn bo neither fair nor honest unless it be had trader Interpretations of tho eoimttuiion long accepted und by methods of procedure long established The parly that now demauds new interpretations or a new tortn or method of count will be a party In rebel lion and treason against the constitution, tho t'sion and tho people. I am, therefore, in Isvor of a fair and honest constl ! lutionnl count of the votes of the people. I am tailoring to secern that count, and when secured i I shall abide Its result; and so will ovcrv other man ; North and South, who Is not willing to destroy his j country. ' 1 am brave enough to want peace, hut not cowardly enough to accept dishonor. It Is unpleasant now to have to write letters, and I ; confess, a little wounding to my pride to be cnlied on by Iriends to deny charges so plainly absurd and so wickedly circulated. Hut I will make an allowance for a natural anxiety In these evil tunes. I ask you, Ihorelore, to give this letter to the pre*s and I respectlully ask every paper In Georgia to give it an tusertion. I make one repjest of the peoplo of Georgia, and that 18 that they will believo nothing a?t?ribr?t to ino utiiPKs it appear* over my own sigDuture or in the ofh eiai proceedings of Congress. I can see no other possi ble protection irom misrepresentation. I believe we ran avert all the calamities I now so inurh dread. If wo can peacefully Inaugurate the man elected b.v the people we shall have a new and long lens.* of constuntioual government. If wo cannot then our beautllul. glorious and constitutional system will perish and my Iriends will (Hid me on Iho' front i line of the last fatal charge in Us defer.ee. Yours very ! . r'n r. HKNJ. J|. H1LU A. B. Culiirrnon, Esq., Atlanta, Ga. GOVERNOR GROVER COMING EAST. j Sax Francisco, Dec. 26,1876. Governor Grover, ol Oregon. Iclt hero this morning* I for \\ osblngton. 1**1 evening he was serctiaaid at i the Cosmopolitan Hotel. Governor Irwin, who Intro j duccd him, said Governor Orover's action would hava the effect to compel Congress to go behind the faco of ; -he returns, in which case it was believed the Senate wmild refuse to give Hayes the elective vote Govcr | nor Graver spoke very briefly, justifying the constitu tionality otitis action. Resolutions were adopted in oorsiog Governor Orover's course. About 2 <i00 or ' .i/oo persons were present, ittcludlng a number of j prominent democratic politicians. j THE STATE COMFTBOLLEKSHIP. [BY TSUF.GIUrU TO THE HKRAID.J Ama.>r, Dec. 26, 1870. Tho question of a State Comptroller It still uncer. tslu. A rumor bss prevailed here for some days thai the appointment would not be made at all by Governor Tllden. but would lay over, and Governor Robinson on his inauguration would send in the mime of ex-I.icuten iot Governor Allen C. Reach, ot Jell, r-on county, fno reason elated for tho action ol Governor TilUru is that tie has not sufficient lime for a full consideration of in0 subject in ihe midst of the Presidential tluriv, and while be bas uo objection to Lieutenant Governor Reach, lie does not ?-aro to appear to bo withdrawing Irom the canal policy of last year when I.Untenant Governor Mourn was assailed l>y the ( anal Investigating t'om missiou. Another reusou for his Isilure to appoint was in the tact that the luuntb has grow u so near to a close III.,I It will lie necessary lor the Governor elect as t oiupirollor, p. sign the usuai monthly warrant*. In ease the appointment coes lapse Controller Rotdnsou win ro?nn on Mondey morning, and Gonrnor Rooin | son will sppuint n new Comptroller directlv alter Ins inauguration This wilt take piece at noon, w ithout parade or ceremony, the Governor and Oovernor-eiect going to the Assembly chamber Irom the Governor's Room, attended simply by the stsn Governor Robin sou will lake Hie oath, and If Governor rildrn el.oo.es to say anything he will respond Governor Robinson s privets secretary will he his son, l>avid G. Robinson a young man thirty years o: age, who has be-a tho j pirin-rot his father in Ihe law busiuesa in Eiinira | ior several year.. THE NORTH POLE. PROPOSITION OP CAPTAIN H. W. HOWOATB, OF TQK SIGNAL SERVICE, POR A SEARCH EXPE DITION VIA SMITH S SOUND?COLONIZING IN THE ARCIIC REGIONS. Tbe expedition of Captain Hall In tlie Polaris in 1871 and of Captain Nares In tbe Alert and Discovery In 1875 have shown that by tbe use of steam it Is a comparatively easy matter to reach tbe entrance to Robeson's Channel in latitude 81 deg. north, and that tbe sorious dilllctiltics to be overoome in reaching the Pole lie beyond tbat point. Parties from the two ex peditions have tnade five surveys 140 ini'es north of this, leaving only about 400 miles ot unexplored regions between that and the goal of modern geographers?the Pole. When Captain Hall reached the upper extremity or | Robeson's Channel, the lookout of the Polaris reported I open water in sight and just beyond tbe pnek | which surrounded the vessel and prevented further j progress. This open water was afterward 1 seen from the capo nt the northern opening of New i man's Bay, and It was tbe opinion of tna crow of that ! til-fated vessel that if she had been but the fraction of | an hour earlier In reaching the channel they could have steamed unobstructed over a veritable "open sea" to tbe Pole Itself. We know that they did not succeed, but were forced to winter almost within sight ot ibis sou, and subsequently, disheartened by tbe loss of their gallant commander, abandoned the enterprise. Where this open water was found Captaiu Nan s iu 1875 and 1S7U found solid, Irapcuetrablo ice, through which no vessel could forco its way and over which it was equally Impossible lor sledge purtics to work. These luois show tbat within the Arctic circle the aeusons vary us msrkedty as In more lein pcrule southern latitudes, and that the Icy bar riers to the Pole aro sometimes broken up by favoring winds and temperature. To reach the 1'ela prompt advantage must be takon of such luvonug cir cumstances, and to do this with tbe greatest certainty and with the lesst expenditure of time, money and human lite, it Is essential that tbe exploring party be on tbe ground at the very time the icu givos way and ope us the gateway to tbe long sought prize. AN Sxl'LOIUMI OOLo.VY. This can only be done by colonizing a fow hardy, resolute and experienced men at some point near the bordersol lHo Polar Sea, and the most favorable one lor the purpose appears to be that wnero the Discovery wintered last year. Such a party should consist of at least twenty men, and should bo provided with pro visions nud other necessary supplies for ihrce years, at tlio end ol which period they should be visited, and, If still unsuccesslul In accomplishing the object, ro Vlctualled and again left to their work. Captain llall spent eight years among tho Esqui maux, and each year touud himself butler flttou to withstand the severity of the Arctic circlo, and tbe party ol which I speak would, in like manner, become ucrlnnatcd and eventually succeed m aucomp.isbiog tbe lung-sought end. With u strong, substantial building, such as could easily bo carried on ship board, tho party could be mado as comfortable and as safo from atmospheric dangers us are tho men of the Signal Service, sintioned on the summits of Dike's Peak and Mount Washing ton, or mo employes of the Hudson's Hay Company stationed at Fort York, where n temperature of minus sixty degrees is not iincommou. A good supply of medicine, a skilful surgeon and such fresh provision as could be found by hunting parties would euablo them to koep olf scurvy and to maintain as good a sanitary condition us tho inhabitants ol Godnaven, in Greenland. SHUNS OP SIBH18TKNCK. Game was loiind in lair quantities by tbe Polaris party on the Greenland coast, and those from tho Alert and Discovery on the main land to the west, especially iti the vicinity of the last named vessel, where titty-four musk oxen woro killed during the season, with quantities ol otucr and smaller game. A seam ot good coal was also found by the Discovery's party, which, would reudcr the question ol fuel a light one, and tnus remove one of the greatest difficulties hitherto found by Arctic voyagers. Lot an expedition be organized to start In tho spring of 1877, and 1 llrmly believe that by 1880 the geography "ie Po" of the Polar circle would be definitely settled, and that without loss ol lifo. THE VANDERBILT TELEGRAMIST. A DENIAL OF WHAT WAS NEVER CHARGED. Mr, Condlt, charged with forging the name of Rev. Dr. Dcetns to a telegram, prematurely announcing the death of Commodore Vandcrbllt, has sent tho subjoined communication: ? To tub Editor of tub Herald:? My attention has beeu called to several newspaper articles, implicating me In transactions ot a serious ua ture. I dony, in toto, having anything whatever to do with them, as will be clearly establish)'! at the proper time. The following paragraph shows how groundless is one ot the charges which were circulated against me. EDWARD A. CONDIT. A DENIAL. To tiik Bditor or run Oranuk Cu'roniclk:? An article In the Nkw Vohk IIkualp of last Tueadar, among other false charges against Kilward A. Gondii, said he had committed lorgery against the Orange National Bank ton large amount, a tew your* agn. I have made in quiry at the bank lor tlio fans In tliu case against E. A. ? nndll, and Thomas J. Smith, cashier of the bunk, sa.vs : - ' Edward A. Gondii has never committed forgery on this bank, to my knowledge and I believe the statement In that effect to be untme." Other charge- a-rainst Mr. t'ondft are untrue, and lie says ho run prove the one lor which he was at rested equally Ial*e. That he has been unfortunate In buxinr** and unable to meet Iti* obligations lie doesn't deny, llow ninny are in the same predicament 7 Rowland JOHNSON. Oravgk. N. J., Dee. 22, 1870. "Iho gontlcutun Is mistaken. Tbe Hkrai.d did not allege that Cumlit commuted a forgery on I he bank. It sluled,-In the articlo nlludod to, that Condlt bad given nut checks on the hunk, and when tbey were presented for payment there were lonnd to bo no funds to his credit to meet them. BROOKLYN'S COMMON COUNCIL. CLOSING THE BUSINESS OF THE OLD YEAR. The last session of the Brooklyn Hoard of Aldermen for tho yeur 1870 was bold yesterday sllernoon, Presi dent French in the chair. Tho nomination or Ray W. Potter as an Assessor, which was laid on the table last week, was confirmed by the Hoard. Mr. Potter Is n republican. Tbe Hoard of City Works was directed to advertise for proposals for street cleaning for 1877, on specifications, the same as last yoar, with some slight changes. The report ol tbe Assessment Committee In regard to the paving of Real avenue was acceptod altera lengthy debute, there have been several protests made by properly owners on the lino ol that improve ment, who dcnounco tlio assessment us exorbitant. The committee slate that while they coDcur in tho latier view iho property owners must seek redress through the court-, ns the Common Council has no longer power to reduce assessments. The Corporation Counsel has rendered uu opinion in accordance with this report. To tho I at w and Railroad Committee an ordinance was relerred to prevent tlio scattering ol salt upon pavemeuts, roads or car tracks In any part ol tho ctiy. A report was presented by the special cotnmIttce on the new municipal building. The appropriation Is $200,000. Of this sutu $187,705 45 has been appor tioned lor the several contracts. Tbe report was adopted. BROOKLYN THEATRE FUND. The subscriptions received by His Honor Ma Sdhrooder up to yesterday afternoon in aid of tbe i ferers by the Brooklyn Theatre lire amounted $11,345 25. Among ibe subscriptions Was a draft I warded by Mayor Yates, of Newark. N. J., for $20', "the proceeds of a concert given by lbs Cresc Quartet Club and other artists of that city on Thurs evening last." The joint receipts of tbe Presidents of the Mech ics' Bank of the city of New York and Rrook! respectively, up to yesterday amounted to ?e,61T 21 THft IIKUAI.I) SCHHCKI 1'TIONS. The following letter wifa received yesterday:? To tiik Kditub or tiik IIkkaid: ? Please Unit enclosed a eliera to vonr order fur $212, proceeds of a outlines by the Nclriene opera t'ompun thl* city, a* promised throng i yo ir journal l?y it* ttmnu Mr. A. < liiiroi* It had to be given hurriedly, ot riitinl nt the exigencies of travel, Ac , and >i much rn It i,id not produce mure. The theatre. Ford's Grand 0| House orri estra and all the attwli. s >olunteerrd with Soldene company Kindly place It with the llrvoklyu f and oh ige. Vers respectfully, yours, .1 J, KO I) Bai.timork, Dec. ltl. I?TO. G. A. ClilZEOL RKOAMTl'I.ATIOS. Previously acknowledged $1,43' Proceed* ol a matinee by tbe Soldcoe Opera Csnrany, Baltimore 21i A. Schmidt k Go 2.' J. G K Total $1,684 72 STREET CAll HIGHWAYMEN. DARING BOBBERY ON A FOURTH AVENUE CAB IN GENTBE STREET. Mr. Ambrose M. Green, a merchant of Illon, Her i klmer county, staying at Karle's Hotel, was robbed of $',50 on a Fourth avenue ear last evening. I o came to | thU city on business yesterday by the seven o'clock train and took supper at liirle's, changing a five dollar bill in paying lor tho meal. He then started to ;o up llvi with a irictid about eight o'clock, carry > tug the *' 50 in one ol bis pockets. He jumped upon ' the platiorill ol Hid car In teutrc street : aud so did a gang ol young men. One i oi thorn threw up Mr. Green's burnt wbieb ; held a satchel, to save which ibe owner hud : l" use the other While both bis bands were elevated i the others put tlielr hands in his pockets, and In the acnltle Mr. lines was thrown Irom the oar. satchel nod all. When ho regained his tret he lelt lor : hi* money. It was gene, and no were the thieve*. Mr. Green was rccotnmemicd to come to police head quartern and siste lit* case, unit captain Allaire was I uct.Uud to aenu his detccuvos to look for tko thieve*. Til K MUCILAGINOUS MAUL'S NKST. NO WRONG DOING DISCOVERED BY THE CON GBEMSIONAL COMMITTEE AT TUB POST OF FICE?GOLDEN OPINIONS OF POSTMASTER JAMES. Leaning back In an armchair in Postmaster James' ofnee and com place ntly pulling tbo smoke of a fragrant Havana toward the frescoed celling, Mr. 3. S. Cut sat yesterday morning, surrounded by the other members of tlie Congressional Investigating Committee, ana only awaiting the arrival of Mr. Abratu S. Hewitt to begin an inquiry into tbo charges preferred by ihut gentle man against the l'osl Olllce officials. Mr. Hewitt ar rived half an boar later, and It was resolved to go on with tbo Investigation. Mr. Jobn \V. Hraay, a clerk in the Post Oflice, was called, and testified tbat be know of no tampering witb letters in bis own or uuy other department ana that be did not believe any ouc could meddle with loiters without being discovered. Whllo the witness was being questioned Mr. James in troduced several collectors Irom tbe street corner boxes who bad just arrived from their rounds. Their pouches wore emptied upon the table and tho members of tbe committee gathered around and began poking like ckijfomeri through the heap. Gcucral MucHougall picked out a number of letters, tbo backs of wbicb were corrugated by the dumpness of tbo weather, und wuicb bore tbo uppearanec of having euber beeu opened and rcpasted or else improperly sealed In tbe '?rst lustaucc. After the gentlemen bud Hrod of this amusement tbo examination ut tbo witnoss wus re sumed. Ho stated that no had met with ooe letter ad dressed to Mr. llewtlt and uusealod; its contents were clippings irom the IIkhai-o upon the political situa tion; on the back of another letter addressed to Mr. Hewitt and received. unsealed wus Indorsed by the Postmaster of the place where It was mailed, "Openod by tho sender for ellecl." Charles Forrester, Jr., Superintendent of tbe Regis tered Letter Department ol the New York Post Olllce, tcstitleu that many registered letters and packages are received unsealed; kuew of no tamperlug with letters, und believed it to be Impossible under the present system. Mr. Kdw-ard Cooper was uext examined, lie had no direct knowledge that letters bad been tumpcred with, but had derived au impression that some bad beeu, from tlie uppcurnnco; ol tDcir envelopes; Mr. Hewitt, wno is his business partner, bad returned hiiu the en velope ut a letter with a noie culling fits uttc.'itiou to tbe tact tbat It seemed to have been opened, and di recting htiu to send special letters by express there after; witness made no coinplu'ut to tbe Post Oflice auiuoruies; showed the letter to Mr. I'etor S. Watson, who was connected witu the War Department during tbo rebellion, und had bccomo au expert In the matter of opcuing letters, and that gentleman gave ft as his opinion that the envelopes in question hud bee uopenod l'wenty or tDirty envelopes uud package! which hnd just arrived on tho steamship Celtic were placed upon tho tabic, und alter members of the committee bad selected several dilapidated letters uud added them to the pilo thoy nad selected Irom tho city mall, ball a dozen were nanded 10 witness, and hu was asked upon how many the seals were perieot; tbo reply wus, ??Not one." Witness was then banded a score of letters one alter another, with tbo question, ?'What do you ihiuk ot this flap!"' "Look at tho jnunlugu on that aud say what you think of ity" und fifty other questions equally profound. Then, us several of the envelopes were scaled with wax, a learned inquisition lulu tho consistency, Iraugibility and other qualities ol that .substance was begun, but the witness ut uu early stage declared ho knew nothing about wax. Little Inlormatlou was obtained. Mr. Hewitt was present while Mr. Cooper was testi fying, and he wus now handed tbe suspicious looking letters uud usked bis opinion of tbem. Sumo he pro nounced to bavo uoi beeu opened, while a few, be thought, bad beeu, and nearly all looked more or less suspicious. Not one ol tbem, he contended, boro such a decided appearance ot buvmg beeu opened as tbo letters be complained oi: lie explained to the coin tn'.ttre that a siripo ol mucilage lolloawiug tbe curve of tbe flap and projecting beyond II upon the back of tbe letter was not, in bis uiintl, strong uvidcuce ol a letter having beou opened, us it might have been doue in sealing; but when there was a narrow stripe of gum around tbo flap and scpurutod Irom the edgo ol tbo latter by a space however slight free from gum, it could only happen Irom opening the flap und gumming It down again, in not precisely tbo same place; whore mucilage exteudrd from under tbo flup upoa the envelope and boro the apjiearanco ol having been wiped with warm wuter and u sponge, ho was certain there hud beon Illicit handling. Mr. Uowilt acquitted l'ostmaster Jatnos of all sus picion ot opening letters aud spoko of that oiflcial in terms ol praise. Oolouol IV. T. I'elion testified ho Uud rccived letters at the democratic headquarters In Lib erty street aud ut tho r.voreu House, which looked as though thoy had been opened; could not posit Ively u.-seri It: regarded Mr. James as un honest and capable official and thought it oould not have occurred In his olllco but In souto smaller one. Post imice employes, embracing men from everv de partment, and including those who bandied the Wash ington inulls, and those within whose care tho lock box ol Cooper ii Hewitt came, were uli placed upou the stand. Tbcy were iftianinious in their testimony that no tampering with letters was known in the oflice, and that such a thing was almoffhtmposelble in single in stances, and absolutely Impossible to be carried out to any extent; tout the establishment had never before been ao well managod as since Mr. James' accession to oflice, and that he had never permitted political huts to allect bis action in any wuy. Mr. John I. Davenport testified I bat he bad made a special Btudy of tlio workings of tho Post Olllpe, and knew ol no letters being tampered witb; believed it to be Impossible. The committee made a tour of the building, observed tbe working ol the various departments, then returned lo Mr. James' room, where tney examiued Mr. Daniel lioyd, au expert lit the matter of envelopes, and w ho trended lliat all the suspicious appearances described by Mr. Hewitt could be caused by damp nimosphoro and carelessness in sealing the letters. Tilts ended tbe Post Otlteo investigation and an adjournment till ton o'clock this morning was declared. THE TAXPAYERS' GRIEVANCES. OPPRESSIVE BURDENS IMPOSED UPON TAXPAYERS BY NEGLECTFUL OFFICIALS?ARE THEY CAUSED BY "A MORBID DF.8IBE TO AXNOT" PROPERTY HOLDERS? A long communication was received by tlie Board of Alderuieu yesterday, which was referred to tho Law Committee, from Mr. Richard Lathers, appealing for redress against the maladministration or ihn Bureau of Assessments. Mr. Luther* in tho communication says:? Habitually, In paying my annual taxes. I have Inquired If any arrears of assessment existed against tlie property, having observed that great irregular!) v was practised in the Bureau of Assessment*, more than half the time tailing In giving me the required legal notice to which 1 was eniltlad by law. as well ashy equity, to en.ble un- to Intesligitte the fairness of the contracts anil allowances, and the adjustments under which my t roperty must ecutribute. This neglect or clerical duty, as yon are aware, hardens the asse-sment witu heavy penalties in the way of ensts and twelve per cent annual interest, and If these claims escape the notice ot the property owner, leads ??> actual cnntlsca tion under the city tax sales ot the properly Itself. In the year IK7I 1 found on my annus! tax Mil notice ol arrears nmonntliig to iftt). heiny an unpaid assessment for opening Sixty-third etieet, or which 1 had never had notice In any stage ol the proceeding, (lie assessment having been ronlirmetl nearly three years. I paid the amount ut once with my annual luxes on the same property. The assessment which I have referred to lor opening Sixty-third street, In-tcad ot #tt i, a* reported in my tax hill, which I had pain to the cilv, proved to be lor $A77 dp, with llireo yeurs" Interest. 1 paid all these assessments, including tho correction ol the error lor opening Sixty-third street, amounting to nearly fk'.tklO, ol which I had now the hrst notice. It is due to the Comptroller, however, to stale that be relieved me of the penalty on the ground ot the gross neglect of the official's and intimated that snrh irregularities and neglect would not occur under his administration. In February. IH7:t, my ag-ni, Mr. Charles F. A'leu, called at the Bureau lor the t'ollectiim ol Assessments to pay an assessment, ot which I hnd notice, tor widening Broadway, aud, as usual, made In quiry tor nn.v other nssessaiants or arrears on the sane prop erty. The clerk, alter looking over the books. Informed >|r. Allen that there w.s an assessment In arrears nn the lots for Improvements on Riverside I'srk, and gavo Mm a Mil lor the seme. Mr. Allen then asked Itlui IT there were auv other unpaid assessments, and he replied "That Is all " I enclose Mr. Allen's letter herein, giving a lull statement of the facts, rhese assessments were all paid to the city, and I had well honed that this iiuusual rare on the part of niv agent, Mr. Allen, in ndditimi to my own circumspection, would avoid further difficulty; but Judge of my surprlaowhcn my annual lax bill for the year was procured, a lew months niter, to lind anotbei assessment In arrears, confirmed us Inr back ns June. IH72, for laying nut a jinbilr place be tween the I'oukvard mid Mmli avenue. I called at otiee on tnc Comptroller, but lie regretted that lie could not re- ' Hove me. as the law gave hint no power of discrimination lor relief under any degree ol injustice. Finding r.ivclf without remedy, I paid too assessment nnd the penalty, although the improvement lor which mv property a as thus assessed has never been executed to ibis day.'the exca vation ot a round hole lor u tuuniaiu and a pile of bricks bflng the onlv evidence that the Commissioners ever meditated the Improvement for which I was ass ssed In September last I sent as usual foe my annual lax Mil nnd * as agaiu coufrnatcu with still another hill of arrrars for Fd.HbS !ti. with twelve percent Interest front June. IH71 against the same lots which, you will admit, I had taken every possible means to proteet ngsin-t these ruinous penal ties, which Hi this ease amounts to fltiv per eont additional to the orglnal assessment. Alia I li.un'it on inquiry that my I property was actually advertised lor sale by the' citv, be cause ol an alleged default In not pay In : an assessment of winch I had no notice nnd ol which It was practically im possible l?r me to a-certain, having exhausted even means to procure the Information In the public Mitres of record. In common with other taxpayers of this mncli defrauded city I have had my lull share of the public burdens under the Tweed administration very little ameliorated,! regret to say. under the rrlorm movement. Modern municipal re form seems to develop expensive litigation. In which the cut pay s the costs, end emploi ? a rorps or lohnv members 111 Albany tor amending the charier, culeflr to entrap tax payer-or to prolong t ho tenure ot officials who-e adminis tration of puidle all sirs doe- not eomir.end thein lo tlie suf frage of the peoplo at the polls. GIVING ThEM ELI30W ROOM. A resolution was passed yesterday by the Aldermen approptiuting three of ihe rooms on tho third floor of tbu brown stone building hi tha Dark lo the Judges of the Court of lleurral Sessions lor tbe purpose ol being used as Chambers. TROTTING IN CALIFORNIA. Sak Ftuxrraco, Dec. 20, 1876. OAtuit ran*, Doe. -in.?-I'urso $1,000; mile beat*, Iwst three In Uvo in harne-s. SL Jain' F 2 111 "?J Howard ...i i j .j J Time, 2;S1\?2;S1?<. Governor Stearns Submits to tbe Supreme Court Decision. FLORIDA TO HAVE A DEDCRATIC GOVERNOR. South Carolina's Two Governors Watching Each Other for a Misstep. Chamberlain Confident of His Advantage and Indisposed to Yield. INVESTIGATION IN LOUISIAN. FLORIDA. GOVERNOR STEARNS BOWS TO THB SUFBEMK COURT DECISION?A NEW COUNT TO BE MADE TO-DAY?DAD ADTICK F|OM WASHINGTON. [BY TEI.EORAPH TO THE HERALD. 1 '? Tallahassee, Dec. 28, 1878. Gorernor Stearns savs the decision or tbe Supreme Court settles the election question m this State, and tbav he has ndvlaed tho Canvassing Board to obey tho order ot the Court. Secretary of State HcLin notifies tbe other members of the Board ot Canvassers to meet bis omce at cloven o'clock to-morrow to rccauvass according to tho Court'* mandate. imtkhtinknt and dangkhocs adn icr.. An apparently woll founded rumor Is nlloat to-day that Instructions have been telegraphed here from Washington to disregard tho orders or the Court. Whether tncro Is truth In tnls or not it is not constd ered probablo that the Board will regard tbo advice. WORK or THE SENATE COMMITTEE. The Senate committee concluded their labors here and left tor Jacksonville this morning. THE SEWS THROUGH DEMOCRATIC CHANNELS. The National Democratic Committee la this city yosterday received the lotlowtng despatch from Florida:?"It I* reliably ascertained that W. h. Chandler has telegraphed Governor Stearns and Gen eral Wallace to disregard a mandamus of tlio Supremo Court or Florida, saying, in substance, that, having started, no step backward must be taken. General Wallace is also notlflol that Judge Wood, of tbe United States Circuit Court, is on his way to Tallahassee." SOOTH CAROLINA. STRANGE QUIET AT THE STATE CAriTOL?BOTH GOVERNORS WAITING?THE QUESTION OF OF FICIAL AUTHORITY IN COURT?CHAMBERLAIN APPARENTLY MORE CONFIDENT OF HIS AD VANTAGE. [by TELEGRAPH TO THE HERALD.] Columbia, Dec. 20, 1878. Tbe adjournment ot the threefold Legislative body of this State, on Friday lust, has been lollowe.i by a period of quiet, strongly contrasted with tho exciting scenes which marked tho weeks immediately preced ing that evont The members loft in a body for their respective homes a few hours after tlio adjournment. There was nothing about tho Capitol next day to re mind ono of the occurrences so latoly onacted, savo the presence of tbe soldiers, a score ol whom still remain ou perpetual guard In tbo lower Hull and bc loro the doom or tho Executive ofilco. A rumor has been prevalent for a week that those would bo with drawn to-day, but as yet thore ore no signs ol Its Iming doao. A direct inquiry addressed to a subaltern on this point to-day was met with the courteous but pointed reply. "Excuse me; our orders now are not to speak to a civilian." WORK OF TltK CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES. Poblio attention is now directed principally to tbo movements ol the two Congrcsionat committees. That oftheSonate has held Its sessions with closed doors lrom tho outsot, all outsidors being rigorously ex eluded. Tho House subcommittee ot three have been occupied for several days Investigating cases ot alleged Intimidation ol republican voters in the counties of Barnwell. Aiken. Edgefield and Abbeville. Tbe last two davs particularly have, been assigned to Judee Lawrence lor ibis work. Among oiber wit nesses examined to-day were Major Kellogg and Lieu tenants lloyt und Anderson, ol ilic Eighteenth regi ment Untied States lufuutry, and Hon. D. U. Corl.in, United States District Attorney. The testimony is verv voluminous already, ana those summoned in behalf ot tho democrats have not yet been reached. HOTII GOVERNORS WAITING. General Hampton and Governor Chamberlain seem ahko disposed to net on tno delous.ve, ouch lea - tmr it to the other 10 assume tlio aggressive. Nothing ' "a direct nature has been doue by oitber for several (t-ivs nasi the only approach lo nn attack being a suc Sn effort on tlio part or General Hampton's friends to throw the question as to who is really Gov ernor into tbe courts. ^ ^ The Issue was preseutod before Judge Carpenter, ot this (the Eighth) circuit, to-day, ut>on a writ ol habeas enrolls tbo petition sets lorlb that the petitioner, u lLJamiii, h convicl in tho .stale Penitentiary, was pardoned by Governor Chamberlain on the 201h mi? ?n i id now illcisullv deprived ol hi* lilxjrty hy Colonel i? ?? flu(. the Superintendent o( tho Penitentiary. The Veutrn ol tno fatter rectos tho well known tacts ol tho recent election, snd claims that under the decision ol the Muprotuo Court the ? 1,-^ Holme was illegally consiimied, and all Its arts, including tho declaration ol tho voto lor <?over . .I.H ih? tnatiKuratton of Chamberlain, ns null and vobU and lhat^Umpton is and was at the data of the InecetToardtin tbo lawful Governor ol tho .Mate; and that tho alleged pardon is. therefore, of no effect. 1ho '?'! ,,f counsel on each side is formidable, and md.ca live of tbe great Interest manllesicd by tbo entire Slate in Ibo settlement ot this case, which is regarded as a legal "judge Carpenter evinces no disposition to shirk;the n.doliiv thrust upon hlui; aud has appointed Kridav nexl for affr.aI bearmg. An appeal will be taken' whatever his decision may be, by the one side or tbo other; but an appeal only carries il.e wlioio manor beck to the Supreme Court, wbirh has already ?teclded It a month ago. TUB QUO WARRANTO CASS?REPUBLIC AN' IlKFKAT The case of T. O. Barker, ft a/., the democratic Prcsi dent nil electors, vs. C. C. liowen, <t a/., the repuhlioan efcctor. was heard in the Supreme Court today, on tho pel it ion ol the latter parties to trans.cr the cauaoto tho United Slates Circuit Court, on the grounu that the matters therein arise under ihc consut.it on o he Untied Slates. The petition was dismissed, all the just'ees concurring. ' CIIA.MBKUI.AIN ENcorRAfirn. Governor Chamberlain's late fioaucml agent H. H. Klmptou,orN'eW|York,spcni lust Sunday in this city. His visit was unexpected, aud occasioned no luile amount ol surmise; especially when It became known Hint be had been closeted for several hours with Governor Chamberlain at ihc residence ol tbo laucr. riio ob isct ol bis visit could not bo ascertained because ot tho reticence of himself aud bia ac iiuamtanccs, kbut It is now verv t appa rent that Governor thamnerlain has bceu, In lha language ol ono of his lrlcnds, considerably ? stiflonod" by the visit, and his utterances ot ve-t.r lav to a visitor would seem to indicate but lutlo ..tspo smon on hi-part i? yield ahy portion ol his claims. He said, lo effect, that he was not responsible lor any offers ol compromise and that he had never fugge.-te. or authorised auy such adjustment. lucre might be surrender; but if by coniproniiso ismesut amuluat yielding of advantage, thetc could be none. I be Gov ernorship was iho strategic aim ol each party; that i,nice alone commanded the whole situation, and he ha? much more respect lor Butler and Gary than lor republicans who went lo purchase peace by consenting to rocogntso as valid tho apparent results of the late campaign. NO I.NTKNTI0N TO TIKLO. ??1 do not," raid he, ??tuiemt to break the 'aw or to overstep the law. but I do mlcud to exhaust all 'awful remedies and defences bcloro 1 yield, and if lh.V"? choose between the letter and tno spirit ol the law shall choose tbo spirit." He declares that tie would not accopt the I nited States Scnatorslnp tn order to nssist a compromise and would uot be a candidate for the place under any circumstances. _____ LOUISIANA. PREPARATIONS for ORGANIZING A DOUBLE LFGI8LATURB?THE CONGRESSIONAL COM MITTEES?PRESIDENT OBTON REPORTED TO THE HOUSE AS IN CONT1MPT? TESTIMONY ALLEGING FRAUD AND VIOLENCE ON iklTH BIDES. [BY TELEGRAPH TO THE HERALD.] I New Orlkaxk, Dec. 26, 1876. Members of the Legislature, which bony will con vene here next Uouday, arc rapidly arriving. About thirty of tho democrats met In caucus this morning, but nothing definite w?e determined upon. Within ihc past few days tho Stale House has been strongly barricaded and all the oocutnea closed cscot one on >u i.ouis Mrcct, wnicn is closely guarded by a detachment of police. It 1b arranged that on Monday persons will be admitted who are properly certified by the Itetuming Hoard. DKJttM KATS TO ORCAX1XC SKPtUATKLT. The democrats in a body will demand admiatlon, and on being denied will organize elsewhere. Only I four of the latter have so Tar exhibited an indlspost Hon to act with tbe seceding body. THK SXMATK CMMMlTTKk. Chairman Howe uauicd Senators Wadlelgh, McMil lau and McDonald a sub-committee to lake the testi mony of Eliza t'lnksioa. On the call of Senator McDonald, Colonel J. W. Patten, chairman of tbe Democratic State Central Committee, took tbe witness sland, and occupied It during the whole session, some six hours. lie testified that the lute canvass was conducted by his party In a wholly peaceful mauner, the instructions of tbe central committee to local leaders having been that in no raao should force bo resorted to except in sell defence. A circular, with the signature of witness, was marked "confidential," In order to attract more attention trora those to whom it was addressed. Mr. Pntion produced copies of soveral republican circulars circulated during tho canvass, including one addressed to Supervisor tioudroaux, of Assumption, instruct I lug him "to see that a lull republican rolo was polled, and that his observance of that duty would secure recognition by his party." lie was confident that the State had given a decided democratic majority, but tho Upturn ing Hoard bad reversed the verdict of the people. Ha thought tho registration of the Elate, conducted oy Hon. Michael Ualin, a republican, was grossly unfair. Supervisors of registration were appointed by Kellogg and by Lieuieusnt Governor Antoiuc, and frequently did uot resido iu the pmsb. Tbe republican managers were prompt to give a political complexion to any broaches ol tho peace which occurrod in tbe State. Witness made long statements in reference to taxaltoi and the action oi tho Helurning Hoard. Ho stated that many murders iu the .Stute huve no political signif icance. TliK IIOCSK COM WITT Kit. la the session ol the House Committee a resolution was adopted instructing tlio chairman to report to llio House ol Representatives tbe refusal of President Orion, of the Western I'niou Telegraph Company, to appear before tho committoe, and of Mr. Barnes, tho manager here, to produce despatches, as la the opinion ol the committee in contempt of tbe process of tho House. The sub-committee, of which Mr. Morrison Is chair man, took the testimony of several wilcessos, who proved republican violence and intimidation, as well lis the declaration ol an intention on the part of Kellogg and other republican mauagers to couul out the dem ocratic majority. O. H. Morgan, lato a Custom House nraployt*, testified to the alteration of affidavits In the Cu-torii House In relation to the election. In the sub-committee, of which Mr. Blackburn It chairman, soveral wiincs?os affirmed that tho election was quiet and orderly In I-atayollo, Livingstone and Tangupihoa puristic*. Henry H. Mich Hot, parish treasurer of La Fourebe, gave the history ol tho elec tion In that parish, charging fraud upon the republican election officers. FINKBTON A DEMOCRAT?HIS WIFE HOT TRUTH FUL. [ur TELEGRAPH TO THE HERALD. 1 Monroe, La., Dec. 26, 187& It was proved to-day before the sub-committee that Henry 1'iuksion voted tn 1874 tho democratic ticket, and was then threatened by republican negroes. Ho is shown to hare been much llkod by tho whites, and to huvo been a man who nttended to blR own business. Eliza l'ink-ton is shown to have killed a woman in Union Parish and to huve bean notoriously a bad char acter. LITERARY CHAT. "Sldor.ie," from the press of Mossrs. Apploton It Co., Is a translation ot Alphonso Daudel's "Zisler Jeuno ct Fromont Alne." I)audnt, for some timo oce of tho most charming ol feuilletonittt, in bit "Conies do Lotudl" suddenly broke upon tbe Parisian public as a novelist, a surprise and a success. The subject of "7.lslor Jeuno ot Fremont Ainu," tho ever recurring rapture of tho sovnnth Commandment, won so dramatically treated that It was at onro adapted to tho stngo, and made a furor at the Gymuase, tinder the name of "Sldonle," tho title adopted as more euphonious by tho translator. The scene Is laid in the prtit hoiirifon or "Marehaud" sooloty of Pans, and de tails events that could only occur in the imagination of tho writer, yet depicted with such truth and llle ltkcness that It seems a family history. Whatever in the novel tuny be deleterious to tho morals of the reader has, In tho translation, been so judiciously softened and adapted tn the susceptibilities ot tbe American public tbat tho story loses none of its In tense interest, and will not offend the most fastidious. Wo particularly commend tho translator lor the excellence or his English and tho freedom from idiom* Incident to most translations. OBITUARY. JDDOE EDWARD J. WARREN. Judge Edward J. Warren, who died at Washington, X, C., Sunday, December 10, was one of tbe prominent lawyers ol the State. Ho was born in Vermont, Do cember 23, 1826. lie was admitted to tho Bar of tho county ol Beaufort, North Carolina, and was a member of the Convention o' 1800. He sorved sevoral terms In tho Legislature. In 1871-2 bo was Speaker of the Senate. From tho rloso of the War till tho adoption | of tho constitution of 1868 he was Judge of tho Superior Court ol North Carolina, the court of hist appeal. He roceivcd his degree from Dart, tnouth College, with Moody' B. Stntih, Esq., and Whitney liars tow, M. I)., of tills city, and other mem bers of \be class of 184". About twonty years aeo he had full charge ol the prosecution of a clergyman nr ruigncd lor murder. Immediately alter thejury an nounced their verdict of guilty the minister rose and shot Judge Warren in the loit sldo. Tho bullet pone, trated tho Inppei of an overcoat, an under coat and vest iiu.l touched his undershirt Ills skin was unbroken. He was thrown down nod the shuck compelled hiui to take bis bed for six weeks. Tbe elergymau blew his own brains out in open court. Judge w arren's purity ol character and high legal talents wero never called In quest'ou. DR. EDWARD 3. FINLAY. Dr. Edward S. Finlay, of this city, died Monday evening, at ten o'clock, at his residence, 159 East Forty-sixth street, in tho sixty-fourth year of his age. Ho w is bom in Sautn Cruz, and received his early edu cation in the West Indies. Subsequently he wont to Ireland, and gradu.itod at Trinity college, Dublin. He siudied altcrward In London. Paris and Copenhagen. In 1844 lie citno to ihe United States, and practised medicine in New York until Ins brtet final illness. Dr. Finlay was a ripe scholar. He spoko and wrolo sev eral languages, nud wns well known by ?hla contribution* to the scientific periodicals of the timo. Ho was a menu or of several learned societies, mid one of tha most prominent I members of tho Arcadian and Palette clubs. Though | ho had a lucrative practice his genoros ty w as such that he died in by no means good circurn i stances. Iu his earlier days Dr. Finlav lonnded n charity hospital in this city at his own expense, and Inter ha established a large medical scnool, which, however, proved financially a Inllure. His tuueral will probably take place to-morrow morning ut ten o'clock. DAVID CRAWFORD'S OBSEQUIES. The funeral services at Dr. Hall's church over tb? remains of the laic David Crawford wcro yesterday attended by a large I ody of our most Influential citi zens. Few inon huvo left behind them more affection ate memories or will he more deeply mirssod by those who appreciated bis sterling qualities of hood and heart. II is loss has cast a gloom over the Union Club, ol which he was lor many years a governor. ICE IM THE BAY. The northeast wind and ebb tldo yesterday drove largo qusnilites of heavy dr.ft Ice down tho bay. No vessels ore now at anchor In the Narrows or the Upper Bay, all of them having been towed to places of safety, j The quarantine hospital ship Illinois, tho reveuno j steamer Grunt, six large squarc-rugcd vessels, besides a number ol pilot bouts and schooners have been hauled in ai tlio'American docks. Tompktnsvillo. Tho ; Maien Island terry bonis had considerable dilllculty in* reaching their land ngs at Tompkltisville, Sl.iplcion ! nud Cluton, ilic superintendent accompanying each boat along tho landings to assist tho pilots in handling I them. FIRE IN SOUTH WILLIAM S1REET Nicholas Bath's placo (liquor store), No. 28 Sontl William street, was Injured by fire, winch broko out it the cellar, yesterday evening, Tho damage to stool was $1,504; to building, owned by K. Gary, $500. Th< placo was insured. The cause of fire is unknown. FIRE IN WESTCHESTER, Shortly after six o'clock yesterday morning a two story frame house on Htvcrdelo avenue, Yunkcrs caught fire, which soon cominunloated with a three story building adjoining, both of which wero nearlj destroyed bo.ore the llamcs were subdued by the Fin Department. Tlio two-story house belonged to the Mo Dcvill estate and was occupied itxu lager beer saloon uni dwelling. The loss on iho liou-o is about ll.uOd winch is lully insured in the Jtoyal Insurance Com puny, ol New York. The three-story building wa owned by John McGlde, andg was let out In doors. 1 was damaged to iho extent of fl,.*>o0; insured in Ihi Manhattan, of New York. I lie loss on stork and fur niturc in holli house* Is estimated at *1,500. The fire tt is believed, was occasioned by au overheated chtta ua*. ?_