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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, May 17, 1877, Image 6

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NEW YORK HERALD
BROADWAY AND ANN STREET
JAMES GORDON BENNETT,
I'ROI'RI K TO It.
THE DAILY HKHALD. rrrry Jay in tie vrnr.
Three cent* per copy (Minday excin i'T Ten dollar* p*r
leer, or at rate "t one aollar per month for any partial lens
tbati six month*, or five dollar* Jor *ix month*, Sunday
coition included, tree of poxtatrf*.
Ail busine**. now* letter* or telegraphic dopntoblt luuit
te addressed 4\tw ^ okk llrtiai.n.
Letter* Miid package* xluoild be properly sealed,
livjectcd commun.cations will not be returned.
PHILADELPHIA OFFICK-NO. 11-' SOUTH SIXTH
hi Itf-hi.
I.O.Nl>tOFFICE OF 'HIE NEW YOKK UEKALD
Mi. dr. FLKhT STREET.
PARIS OFKli'h AYKM'K DE JVOPER A.
>WP1J?S o| FIOK-M>. 7 STKAUA I'A'K.
Subscript ionx iiiid advertisement* will be received and
ft rv anted on tlie same terms an in .New York.
voluui: xi.i i no. w
AMUSEMENTS TO-NIGHT.
GRAND OPERA HOUSE?Tnie I'imxi k.is Koym.
BOWERY THEATRE.?Jack 11 auk away.
NEW YORK AQUARIUM ?Qokkr Kimxi.
HAKK THEATKE?Colosm. Skm.v ks.
WALLACE'S THKaTKI..?Koukdai*.
BOOTH'S THEATRE.?lion.o and J11.IKT.
UNION SQUARE THE.V IRK.-SMOCK.
FIFTH AVENUE TIIEATKE-GVMWUWK.
OH1CKKRINO HALL?T?Tk T*Kt.KPnosit.
TWENTY THIRD ST R B E TTIIK AT It E. ?TmtIKOXIAL.
Tl VOI.I THEATRE.?Vahikty.
EGYPTIAN HALL.-Vakiytt.
COLUMBIA OPERA IIOI'SP.?VaRUTT.
THEATRE COMIQUK?VakiktyT
TONY PASTOR'S TH E AT It E.?Va bi t TT.
HELLER'S THEATRE.- I'kkhtidk.itatios.
TRIPLE SHEET.
NI'.W Y011K, TIIUnSDAY. .MAY 17, 1877.
NOTICK TO COUNTRY DKALKRS.
Th? Adam* Express Company run * special newspaper
train over tiio I'enntjrlvanla Kail roail and li? con auction*,
leaving Jersey i iiy ut a quarter past luiir A. M. daily ami
Sunday, carrying the reriilur edition nl the IIkKalm a? lar
Went u> IliirrisUurp ami South to Wi<sliiui>-ton. rem: bins
Philadelphia at a quarter pa-t ax A. M. ami Washiuiilon at
one P. M.
fYom our reports thin morning the probabilities
are that the ifeather in New York tinlay icill be
itanner and generally clear or partly cloudy, prob
ably with a thunder storm and heary ruin in the
early morning or the afternoon.
Wali Street Yesterday.?Tbe stock market
was more active, luit not u[> to tbe business of
lust week, in tbe afternoon, in response to a
strong; attempt to bull tbe coal stocks, tliey ud
Yiiueetl slightly. Gold opened and closed ut 1(17
ami in tbe interim sold at 107*8. Goverainent
bonds were firm and lute in tbe duy something
higher, while railroad were irregular. Money on
call continues easy at 2 a 2*g per cent.
The Leading Conundrum now is, Where is
the Kussiun iicct going t
The Custom House Weighers bad an op
portunity to defend themselves yesterday, and
they made good use of it.
H aving Paid Its Deiits, tbe Academy of De
sign now proposes to give free instructions in
art. There is no city where such teachings ore
more needed.
The Story of Damon and Pytuias is east
into the shade by that of the Missouriau who has
just barely escaped being hanged lor a murder
Committed by liis brother.
Another Story of the New York policemau
Is told in o'tr columns this morning, and it lucks
the familiar features of such talcs, the victim
having been a woman.
Mr. O'Conou's Address to nearly three hun
dred young lawyers who graduated yesterday
was full of noble injunctions which some estab
lished members of tlio liar might follow with
credit to themselves and benefit to the com
munity.
The Secretary or the Treasury does not
Intend to be ileal'to otters of compromise by the
rrookeil whiskey dealers; but neither does he
discontinue legal pressure. Such a state of
affairs generally means that settlement in l'uii is
to be obtained.
Some of Our Citizens are complaining of what
once was considered a special evidence of divine
favor; they find their Crotou water has an inter
mitting tendency. Let them console themselves
with the thought that an intermitting spring was
one of the treasures reserved for princes.
Ex-Policeman Cucary was acquitted yes
terday, but it is linrdly likely that his success
will tempt other otHoers into mischief. Juiics
are its likely to be unreasonable in one direction
as the other, especially when controlled by that
instinct of self-preservation which the police
man's club bits aroused lately.
Another Lamkntaui.k Case of insanity in a
wealthy iitid prominent man points a moral
which lutsiusss men should heed more frequently
than 1 hoy do. To suddenly ciul a successful
business career at the grave is bad enough, but
to close it ut tbe door of a lunatic asylum is a
thousand times worse. Vet Dr. Ayer's end is
exactly that for which hundreds of rich men uro
preparing themselves, and without the slightest
excuse
A ( ovMiTTF.r. or the Hoard of Education
nsis Ill-en instructed to report upon the ml vis
it hi lity of restoring the custom of corporal pun
ishment to the schools. I his order was adopted
on the smile evening in whieh was passed a reso
lution deducting three ami a half per cent from
the teachers salaries. Moral t?When a person
accepts reduced pay he should haso ndditiotinl
iiml meaner work impn.-cd upon him, this being
the usual lute of underpaid people.
1 lit. \\ father.?As we indicated in yester
day's weather article, the great urea of high
pressure has emit imied to move to the southward,
and the /one of territory embracing the llritinli
Provinces, the New England and Middle States
uud the hike region as well ns the upper valley
of the Mississippi, has been visited by ligbt
rains, except at Iscuvonv ortlt, where the fall was
quite heavy. The lowest picssurcs arc now in
areas extending from the trans-Mississippi States
through the far northern portions ol' Clamidu to
the vicinity of Newfoundland The ivgions
devastated by the /orrst tires have, therefore,
been lightly sprinkled with rains of short dura
tion. and the condition of affairs therein i not
much improved. The thermal areas continue to
t: vteiui into tint northwestern and northeastern
regions, iimi ilie lowest temperature being now
in Nova .Votia and flic lower St. Lawrence Val
ley decided contrasts teinperutnrc and pres
sure are presented in the lower Ohio Valley,
wlrcrc n tornado miiv be developed. 'I lie beat
in this city yesterday was very great, but the
general temperature was less than that indicated
l.?v thrI'Mioineters along the streets. As we .sup
pus..! was probable, a thunder storm wasnppur
cntfotlio westward toward night, with judica
tions of increasing and threatening cloudiness at
this city. We may be certain tluit to-day will
not pass without a sharp thunder storm and pos
sibly heavy ruin during it- pnssngr. The weather
wi.i gxvvr sub warmer durum the day.
The Excitement in Vlah>
j Lust Sunday morning, after the prophet
Jtrigliam Young had denounced woe and
destruction upon the enemies of tlie "Lat
j ter Day Saints" in gfnerul from his pnlpit
i in the Suit Lake Tabernacle, the prophet
l Erastus Snow was deputed to do a little
particular denunciation of the press, and
j especially of the New York Herald, which
seems to have created an unusual comrno
i tion among the Mormon lenders of late.
{ "You lying scribblers," he shouted, "are
I falsifying for the purpose of destroying the
! Saints ; but you will not succeed 1"
We advise the apostle Snow to keep his
' temper. So far as we know he lias no oc
| casion for alarm. If he has been party to
the Mourtnin Meadows massacre or to uny
I other murders we hove not yet heard of it,
I and the Herald's object just now is to stir
| up the officers of justice and the adminis
tration at Washington to make thorough
work of the investigation of numer
ous murders which District Attorney
Howard has on hand. Why do Ilrigham !
Young and his apostles fall into a fury over I
a judicial investigation whose only object |
is to bring assassins to justice ? We should j
have thought these prophets and head
saints would be but too ready to help Mr. j
Howard and the other federal officers search j
out the authors ot one of the most atrocious i
and wanton assassinations on record, which !
occurred within their Territory, in which j
Lee, one of their leading men, is known to
have been a lendiDg actor, and lor which, ;
certainly, all who had a share either in
ordering, planning or executing it ought to
ue iiuiigiHi,
The federal District Attorney and Marshal
in Utah are making a judicial inquiry into
the history of an atrocious murder of men,
women and children. The Grand Jury,
which assembles on the 21st, and is com
posed lor the greater part of citizens not
Mormons, will hear the evidence of a large
number of witnesses who havo bean
subpoenaed because they are believed to
know something about these murders. An
ingenious uttempt to blacken the character
and destroy the efficiency of the District
Attorney has broken down. Mr. Howard,
it is iound, can neither be bought nor
scared, and so, suddenly, Young nnd the
other prophets begin to bellow about perse
cution and to prophesy bloody times. All
this is very silly, unless, indeed, these
prophets have something to conceal?unless
they have reason to fear for themselves at
the hands of justice. If they are guiltless
they can have nothing to conceal, and in
stead of denouncing the Hkiuld they ought
to be helping the District Attorney.
We copy from the Salt Lake Herald, the
Mormon organ, a general denial of the re
ports that the Mormons are privately arm
ing and drilling. "There is no occa
sion for alarm," says tho Mormon jour
nal; "yet two or three scoundrelly
newspaper reporters have put in cir
culation a base lie which, if unchecked,
might bring ruin and desolation upon a
whole Territory." Here we do not agree
with our contemporary. No newspaper re
port, even if it were entirely talse, could
ruin Utah or desolate it. That is all non
sense. If the Mormons nre not arming
and drilling misstatements in newspapers
will do no harm; their falsehood will be
quickly discovered, and there an end. Even
if the Mormons are arming nnd drilling
"ruin and desolation" will not follow unless
they should, at the bidding of their proph
ets, commit the incredible folly of making
war against the United States. We havo
several times said that we do not believe
?they will venture on this. It has never
been their policy. Brigliaiu Young has
caused grass and forage to be burned,
cattle to be driven off and larms to be
destroyed, to impede the advance of federal
troops ; but he was careful even then to
warn his people to keep their hands off fed
eral soldiers. It was the Arkansas emigrant
train which wus murdered, and not Har
ney's or Sidney Johnston's army.
But the Mormon organ's denial comes too
j late. Our correspondent's reports of the
arming and drilling in Utah are confirmed
by a request for reinforcements iuude to the
Secretary of War by Governor Emery. We
do not suppose the Governor fears a violent
and general uprising, but he knows very
well the great power the Mormon leaders
still have over the more ignorant part of
their followers ; lie knows privately, in all
probability from the District Attorney,
that it may be necessary presently to
arrest some of ihe higher Mormon chiefs ;
he "knows that a rescue may be attempted,
and he means to be prepared against such
an attempt." In all this he is wise. A let
ter which we print elsewhere to-day lrom
our Salt Lake correspondent contains mat
ter which may turn out to bring home to
Brigham Young himself a guilty knowledge
ol the Mountain Meadows massacre. It is a
very curious and extraordinary story which
our correspondent relates ; he is a careful
and trained investigator, arid it will be no
ticed that he dors not give entire laith to
I the revelations of Thatcher or "Idaho Bill."
| But the identity ot this man witji one of
i the children saved troui the massacre seems
to bo at least probable.
Now, we warn Ilrigham Young and his fel
low prophets not to attempt any nonsense,
if, as seems probable from the despatch
ol the federal District Attorney and from
the reports of our own correspondent, there
shall appear before the Grand Jury evidence
warranting tho arrest of Brigham and other
prominent Mormons they must submit
quiet.y. Wo liavo heard enough about
blood and destruction. The country is not
in a humor to stand much bluster from
Young. Il his arrest should be ordered ho
had better go at once and quietly give him
sell up. Ji th<- arrest of hulf a dozen other
prophets should be ordered we advise tliem
also to surrender at once and without
the least bluster. W hoever is ui rested will
be tried ; under the circumstances ho is
likely to have rather better than a fair
trial, for almost any jury empanelled
in Salt Lake is more likely to
acquit than condemn i.n influential
Mormon. But it Brigham Young himself
should be found guilty of murd r he will
have to hang, and the Mormon leaders may
as well make up their minds thai thov arc
no bettor than anybody else. The rime*
when they couhl Lar the advance of n fed
eral army, when they could compel silence
on pain of death in their capital, when they
had an army of Indians at their command,
when a "Gentile" was only tolerated in Utah,
and they ruled as despots in the Territory?
these times have pone by. Their influence
over a great purt of the Mormon population
has been slowly on the wane ever since the
Pacific Railroad was completed, and justice,
which first made itself tell against Lee, will
no longer bo balked there. "We hope the
Attorney General is awake to what is going
on in Utah, and that he will not fail to give
the utmost support to the District Attorney
and Marshal in their labors there.
News from the War.
Alter having been cut down in swaths at
Batouxn, as the excited correspondent of a
London journal hastened to inform the
world, the Russians, according to another
correspondent at that place, are concen
trating in front of the town prepara
tory to mukiug a determined attack.
Compuring the two stories and as
suming that the Russian general
is not a hotheaded fool who will recklessly
sacrifice his troops against batteries that
cut them down in swaths, wo conclude that
the recent fight before Batouui really re
sulted in an occupation of un advantageous
position by the Russians. They are now
probably about to push closer to the
town, so as to be able to destroy
the Turkish mnguzines established there.
We do not believe that the Russians
will seek to occupy Batoum, for it
can be rendered untenable by the Ottoman
fleet lying in the harbor. On the Danube
side of the greut arena of the war the Rus
sians are massing their corps in snch posi
tions as will enable them to be rapidly di
rected toward the most favorable point or
points of crossing into Bulgaria. If the
northern front of the Turkish quadri
lateral is cut a concentration of the
troops at Rustchuk and Kilistria against
the Russians will be prevented, but the
latter will be placed temporarily between
two fires. It is therefore probable that in
order to occupy the Turks at Silistria an
other crossing will be made below that
fortress, and that a force will be thrown into
Matchin or Hirsova, and possibly Tultcha,
so as to cause a further dispersion of the
Turkish army. Thus the two railroad lines
between the Blaek Sea and the Danube
on which the Turks mainly rely for their
supplies would be practically cut, for the
Russian cavalry would quickly tear up the
tracks by a series of dashes ut the nearest
points on these lines. Onoe the Russians
establish a footing in force on the soil of
Bulgaria we may look for a rapid concentra
tion of the Turkish forces against them,
when the fate of the Empire of the Sultan
may be decided by a Sadowa or a Sedan.
Playing at Investigation.
The farce of the examination into the
charges of official incapacity and neglect
brought against the Superintendent of the
Bunking Department was . continued at the
St. Nicholas Hotel yesterday, the Superin
tendent's counsel raising an objection to
nearly every question put to the adverse
witnesses and the committee in many im
portant instances, showing their knowledge
of "how not to do it" by sustaining the ob
jections. One witness, however, an expert
who had examined into the affairs of the
Third Avenue Savings Bank, threw a bomb
shell into the camp of the defence by the
straightforwardness and clearness of his
testimony. He showed that two hours' ex
amination of the books must have enabled
any competent person to discover that
during Mr. Ellis' term of administra
tion the entire dividends were made out
of fraudulent entries ; fraudulent entries
were inude of pretended assets and the
whole revenue account from interest was
falsified. An offer to prove that on* hun
dred thousand dollurs had been illegally
added to the cost of the bank building by
entries which must have been seen by the
bank examiner, whose duty it was to ascer
tain the actual cost, was ruled out on the
ground that the "dates of the items were
prior to the examination," as if they could
have been discovered if tbey had been niude
subsequent to the examination. The Pres
ident of the United States Trust Company
and two or three others testified that they
had counselled Mr. Ellis to act cautiously
and not create a panic by unnecessarily
closing the Third Avenue Bank; but ns they
knew nothing of its wretched condition and
rascally frauds their testimony did not ben
efit the Superintendent. Besides, Mr. Ellis
did not ask their advice until after Duncan,
Sherman & Co.'s failure. As this occurred
the last week of July, 1875, Mr. Ellis could
not have consulted them until August, and
that was more than four months alter the
bank's rotten and fraudulent condition was
officially made known to him, and less than
two months before the bank shut its doors
on its depositors by its own notion.
The Fire Fiend in the Woods.
Onr latest despatches from the scenes of
the devastating fires now raging in Northern
New York, New Hampshire, Massachusetts
and Canada give little encouragement (or
the hope that the march of the fire fiend
will be stayed yet awhile. Keports from
the Green Bay region in the Northwest
indicate that the valuable timber
lands bordering Lake Michigan are on
five, and that nothing but a heavy
rain can prevent tho destruction of an im
mense extent of forest as well as other
property. The light rains of yesterday had
no effect on the raging fires, which first
scorch the trees and lesser vegetation into
a condition of absolute dryness and then
devour them with irresistible flumes. The
intense heat developed by these tempests of
lire drives those who would combat them to
u distance aud renders their efforts vain. In
districts where the undergrowth is thick
and dry "backfiring" is but. a desperate
measure after all, and sliouln" not be
adopted unless for the protection of valu
able mill buildings or villages. Forest (ires
are best fought when they are descending
hillsides, and. ad we stated yesterday, by
felling a belt ot trees toward and from (bo
advancing Humes. Our weather indications
point to the probability of light rains over
the-devastated regions, but we fear ?hnt
their effects will be inconsiderable.
M. Ilmon'i
Ultramontane agitation will not be fruit
less certainly if it forces the reorganization
of the Ministry in France; but it is very
likely to prove that it might better be fruit
less, bo far as touches the real interests oi the
Church, than to score suoh a victory; for the
necessary consequence must be a Ministry
more in sympathy with ihe ideas of the Lett
or a recurrence to elementary difficulties
that the clergy should especially desire to
avoid. On the 4th inst. the Assembly, by
?an overwhelming vote, authorized the gov -
ernment to "use the legal means at its dis
posal" for the repression of the clerical
demonstrations, which had gone to such
lengths that they not only threatened the
tranquillity of the country, but bude lair by
their declarations as to Rome to compromise
the relations of France with the government
of Italy. There was no doubt when the vote
was cast that it expressed the intention of
the House to rebuke the spirit that inspired
these disturbances and to furnish the gov
ernment a required moral support for en
ergetic action; but the phraseology of the
order of the day rather opened a new issue
than determined the one already open. The
authorization for the government to "use the
legal means at its disposal" necessarily pro
voked tho inquiry, What are the legal means
at the disposal of the government for dealing
with ecclesiastics who seem to exceed the
limits of their function and provoke politi
cal agitation ? This was the ground for a bat
tle between the republicans, who demanded
that the government should not palter
with the evil, and those supporters of the
agitation whom it has been said the Marshal
President does not regard with the greatest
aversion. In this conflict, teased by the
republicans and taken to task by the
President, M. Simon has found that it was
a bitter glory to hold a pre-eminence into
which the logic of circumstances had thrust
him, to the exclusion of the more legitimate
head of the dominant party, and has re
signed, the resignation being promptly
accepted. As usual, the fall of the Ministry
was felt on the Bourse, and of course the
city was full of rumors of clerical and
OrleaniBt intrigues. The resignation of a
French Ministry unaccompanied by general
consternation, an agitated Bourse and star
tling rumors would be unprecedented.
Nothing certain is known as to M. Simon's
suocessor, but the crisis is said to l>e re
garded as grave, and the Left is preparing
to make the most of it.
HlanghUr ot the Innocents.
Governor Robinson has freely availed
himself of the privilege conferred on the
Executive by the amended constitution ol
vetoing such items in an appropriation bill
as may seem to him to be undesirable and
approving such as are unobjectionable, ihe
Governor, exercising this salutary power,
has rejected the extravagant appropriation
of one million dollars lor work on the new
Capitol, contained in the Supply bill, and
over half a million in smaller items, em
bracing amounts for law libraries, asylums,
hospitals, reformatories, monuments and
the relief of private individuals. The Gov
ernor gives a reason lor his rejection of
each item, mainly based on constitutional
objections or the untimeliness of gener
osity while the country is in a condition of
business paralysis and general depression.
There will, of course, be a .difference of
opinion as to the expediency of some por
tions of the Governor's action, but the lesson
of economy and of strict observance of
constitutional requirements which he reads
to the Legislature will be useful. It is un
derstood that an appropriation of half a
million for work on the Capitol would meet
the Governor's approval, and this is all that
ought to be used during the next twelve
months. The rigid economy which induces
the Governor to veto appropriations for re
formatory and charitable institutions, and
for law libraries, seems to render it diffi
cult for him to withhold his approval of
the Omnibus bill, which sweeps away a
number of utterly useless offices in the
New "York city government, and lays the
foundation for far more important reduc
tions in the expenses of the departments.
The Genesis of the Carnival.
New York, we suppose, will l>e accused of
having attempted to make a carnival and of
filling. Nothing could be further from the,
fait No one asked for & carnival and few
niderstood what it was to be. But a low
pirsons who claimed to have introduced the
M&rdi (Jras of New Orleans into Cincinnati
and other cities assumed the responsibility
aid ohtaiued a certain measure of pecuniary
slpport. They made many promises
which, it is now evident, were not in*
tmded to be kept, and it is to be
Hoped that the result will teach the
H'speotable citizens whose names they
rtmsed u much needed lesson in prudence.
Xuyor Ely very wisely refused to allow the
dignity of his position to give sanction to
the deception. The carnival was brought
ilto this city, liko uny other circus, merely
t? make money for its managers, and 110
i^onbt they succeeded well. Hotels, res
hnrants, advertisers, tradesmen, merchants,
<nd fools who liko the notoriety
If acting as harlequins in a street
jarade, were mulcted, it is said, to the < x
1 t*nt of about fifteen thousand dollars. Upon
j his borrowed capital the curtiival appears to
' lave been established, and we judge that
j 'cry little of it was expended. Who has the
1 soney that was subscribed we are not vet
I .
! mo, but it is impossible that it shonld have
li en expended on the most miserable show
?ver permitted to occupy the streets of the
4ty. Some of the facts connected with tho
I jiHgracefnl burlesque are given elsewhere,
I fid we hope that the imposition so daringly
jractised on our citizens will meet with the
iward it so richly merits.
Gone Vp.
Dr. Isaac Hayes made u vigorous attempt
iestcrday to discover u passage for his fa
lions horse cur, slowcoach, tenement houso
property owners', anti-rabid trunsit bill
through the Assembly, but the obstacles iti
i\s way were too great to be overcome, and
I >, despite his well known energy and pex
leveruUce, ho failed, Immense icebergs
floated down upon him in the sliapo
?f Assemblymen 1'urdy, Eoclenine, Mol
|er, Hepbnrn, Hogeboom, Alvord and
Mitchell, all of whom turned a very
cold shoulder to the bill. They may,
im oed, Lu said to have raised Kane with its
prospects, and to hare set it adrift without
rudder or compass on an open sea. l'lie
desperate effort to move it forward was
defeated by so large a vote as to bring
despair to the hearts of all the horse car
corporations in the city. The abomination
may now be considered as dead as if it had
been carried out in the schooner United
Whites, seventeen years ago, and sunk in
Baffin's Bay. Nevertheless, if Dr. Hayes
should start on another political voyage he
would be likely to encounter its ghost at the
poll.
Tl?e State Apportionment.
A census of the inhabitants ot the State
of New lork is taken at intervals of ten
years, and the State census* falls midway
between the preceding and succeeding fed
end census. The last federal enumeration
was taken in 1870 and the next will be in
1880; the last State census was taken in 1875
and the next will be in 1885. The State
constitution makos it the duty of the next
Legislature after each enumeration to recon
struct the Senate and Assembly districts,
giving, as nearly as may be, an equal num
ber of inhabitants to each. This duty was
neglected by the Inst Legislature and falls
to the present. Both branches of this Legis
lature being republican it was expected
that they would attempt to gerrymander the
State with a purpose to give the republican
party undue strength in the Legislature for
the ensuing ten years. But the bill reported
by Senator Woodin, which will probably
pass, is so much fairer to the democrats than
they had any reason to anticipate that we
do not believe Governor Robinson will think
himself justified in vetoing it. It gives to
the cities of New York and Brooklyn three
Senators and eight Assemblymen over the
present number. Governor Robinson can
not afford to veto such a bill, for the gain of
members in these two cities may determine
whether the next Legislature will be demo
cratic or republican. It is really the
fairest bill of the kind ever framed
in this State by the representatives
of a dominant party, its fairness being
no doubt due to the Tact that the veto power
is in the hands of the opposition. Mr.
W oodin's bill will probably pass both
branches, and Governor Robinson cannot
veto it without hazarding the supremacy of
his party in the next Legislature. The
throe additional votes in the Senate and the
eight in the Assembly from the great demo
cratic counties of New York and Kings
may determine the party complexion of the
next Legislature. If the bill is vetoed
neither county will gain any additional
members, although both are entitled to
gains by the large increase of their popu
lation. The fact that the gain in Assem
blymen is not in proportion to the
gain in Senators is no valid argu
ment against the proposed apportion
ment. The constitution requires the
Senutors to be apportioned on the simple
basis of population, but it modifies this
rule in relntion to the Assemblymen by the
provision which gives each county at least
one member of A sembly without regard to
its population. The consequence is that
several counties must have Assemblymen
which would not be entitled to them by the !
mere numbers of the census. The remain
ing Assemblymen are to be distributed after j
these members are assigned, and it is not !
politics but arithmetic which prevents an in- '
crease of Assemblymen in New York and
Kings in the exact ratio of thoir increase in
Senators. ,
Governor Hampton Succeed*.
The Bourbons of both sides in South
Carolina united their forces to defeat the
selection of Judge Willard to be Chief Jus
tice oi the State. The Patterson kind of
republicans hated Judge Willard for his
honorable and dignified conduct during the
counting of the Stute vote ; the Bourbon
democrats opposed him because they wanted
an extreme partisan lor Chief Justice. Gov
ernor Hampton supported the election of
Judge Willard and he was chosen by a large
majority, to the delight of every sensible
mail, of both colors, in South Carolina.
Judge Willard is an able jurist, a dignified
and impartial judge, and he showed himself
the fearless opponent of corruption and
inisgovernment last year. Some people Bay
that there is to be but one party in South
Carolina for some time to come. Well, if
such men as Governor Hampton are at the
head of it and it selects such men as Judge
W illard to prominent places, we can wait.
PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE.
Very lew Hussions can read or write.
Lamar inubt weigh two nuudred pound*.
Radishes look like ladles in a puilbuck dress.
This week, Saturday, Mmc. Ksbipoff will sail for
Russia.
William I.loyd Garrison will spend the samtner In
Europe.
No neighborhood should be without mosquitoes and
tnclodcous. ?
Judge Charlos ?. Daly knowsqulte a good deal about
geography.
Kx-Judgo Noah Davis Is a chunky sort of a man;
not very fat. oithor.
II you want to set your watch wroug ask a railroad
man what time it la.
Catharine Clayton will soon burn down another re
porter's .imug iuut Ion.
William Winter, the poet, will help the goals to
climb the Alps this . umtacr.
Mayor Ely la an honest man who ought not to Tool
too muili with his dysi cpsi.n
A Rostoa nun yesterday heard that la Kallfal there
are six different ways oi cooking beans.
The United States nni Russia possess horses in
greater numbers in in other nations <to.
When you come to consider what great geniuses bo
w hipped, Grnfit 1s n good deal of a man.
Mural Halstcad likes green lurtle soup, and he would
get tired i.ven If he did go to Constantinople.
itOii. General James W. Hunted is us naked on the
top of his head ms the sour side of a postage stump.
old General .Sherman u about the only big man wo
have who has the bravery to say that hit soul is his
own.
Worcester Preu:***',A Call lorn I a newspaper says that
the Dew and elegant Jail at Redwood City 'Is now open
to the public.' "
Dsn bury %>??.? ?"Always speak well of tho dond,
and once in n while a good word of the living. If you
have the time."
lu Arkansas neckties are chcup. The crowd puis
ouo round your neck, slings It over a treo, and it
docsu't cost you anything.
A Frenchman, criticising the effort of laymen to
speuk iii pulpits, makes a suggostivo remark ubout
"the (rock coat taking the place of the surplice."
.Senator William W. Futon, ol Connecticut, Is at the
New York. Seiior Don I.uls Polo do Dornabd, Third
Secretary ol the Spanish Legation at Washington, Is
at the Albemarle.
THE WAR
The Independence of Roumania Cer
tain To Be Proclaimed.
AR1NG TO CROSS THE DANUBE.
General Activity of the Russian Army?
Significant Movements.
THE STRUGGLE IN ASIA.
Attitude of the African Moslems
Position of Egypt
THE LONDON STOCK EXCHANGE
{&? CABLE TO THE HEBALD.]
London, May 17,187T.
The Hehai.d correspondent in Vienna telegraph*
that there is the best authority for stating that the
proclamation of Roumanian independence lias
been positively fixed for May 22. All lies,
nation is now at an end, and Rou
mania has decided to cast in her lot with
RusBlaand to make a bold etrort to shake off once
and forever the yoke of Turkey. Whether the
great Powers wl.l permit her to take her place
among the nations and recognize her as a sovereign
State remains yet to be seen: but there can be no
question that this is decidedly the best opportunity
the principality has yet had to strike for complete
freedom from foreign domination. The Chamber
of Deputies have voted a credit of $2,000,000 lor
the maintenance of the army.
The Political correspondence says the Roumanian
Ministers have made arrangements with the Rus
sian authorities to further expedite the passage of
the Russians through Roumania. Prince Charles
has lnlormed the Grand Duke Nicholas that, in
token ol Roumanians sympathy with the Russian
cause, the Russians would be allowed to pass
through Bucharest.
In the Hungarian Chamber yesterday, Deputy
llefly asked the government whether, in conse
quence of evcuts in Roumania, they did not con
sider the time had arrived to take decided action
in conjunction with the other Powers to insist
upon the maintenance of the Treaty of Paria Pre
mier Tlsza pointed out that Russia's action in Rou
mania was not in contravention of that treaty.
THE PASSAGE OK THE DANUBE.
Simultaneously with this announcement in re.
gard to Roumania conies the intelligence of Russian
movements that indicate an immediate attempt to
force the passage oi the Danube. The Herai.d cor
respondent iu Vienna telegraphs that at the eud ol
the present week all the Russian corps will take up.
strategical positions, with a view to the immediate
passage of the river. It is certain that tlio crossing
will take place nt GHirgcvo. Sixty thousand roeu
have beeu concentrated at tnat point, and all the
necessary prcparaiiouswill be completed by the time
above mentioned. A correspondent at Bucharest,
niter recording the visit of the Grand Duke Nicho
las to that city, says that the campaign will now
pro ecd according to the original programme, the
Roumanian army remaining on the defensive
within its own territory, the Russians crossing the
Danube at eight points simultaneously und press
ing forward toward the Balkans with all possible
rapidity, leaving behind in Bulgaria civil officials
charged with the reorganization of the institu
tions. A despatch from Rustchuk Tuesday says:?
"A great movement has commenced among the
Russian troops on the opposite bank at
Ginrgevo. Right batalllons of RuBsian infan
try, several batteries of artillery and squad
rons of cavalry passed through Ghrrgevo
following the road to .Simitiltza. They have a con
siderable force at Komana. Desultory firing is
going on. The Turkish troops," adds the despatch,
"are enthusiastic. " A f'era despatch, dated Tues
day, says:?"The Russians are apparently attempt
ing to force the Danube, or by a manoeuvre draw
away the Turks from other points. Up to last night,
however, they were not successful." From
Bucharest cornea the intelligence that there was a
two hours" cannonade between Tnrtukol and
Oltenilza yesterday. The Russian heavy batteries
at Ibr.iil throw shells into the Turkish defences at
Matcbin.
A despatch from Bucharest say* the Roumanian*
lost 110 killed and wounded In the artillery en
gagement between Kalitfat und Widdlu. The
Russians liave constructed a battery of heavy gnus
at (Jhlacet to stop navigation through an arm or the
old Danube. Kx tensive movements of Russian
troops are taking place between Ualatz and Piol
cstl. The cannonade between Turtukai and Olten
it/.a recommenced at noon yesterday.
Relative to the contlnuul cannonading ?>*
the Danube a Vienna despatch says:?"Al
though the losses nre kept secret it
scents tliey have been considerable, especially
at Kalnfiit, where several hundred men are said to
have been killed und a portion of the works de
stroyed. It has been somewhat the same at 01
tenitza.
SECKITY OF TUF RtVSliV MOVKMKMH.
A Vienna despatch suvs the grestest possible
secrecy Is observed M to the movement of the Rus
sian troops; still, from various indications it wonld
appear that tho troops on the left wing which had
at IIrat extended all along the lower Danube have
gradually been drawn nearer to Calata, Renl and
Ibrall. As lor the troops whlrh have passed
Bucharest, they are reported to be bearing on
Oltenltza, in order to better disguise their move
ment.-. There nre comparatively small numbers
actually in position on the Danube. Most are
echeloned further buck, points being chosen
at cross roads so that troops may he
moved in one or another direction;
thus tho e smith of Bucharest may be
available for advance either on ultenltxa or Olnr
gevo. At the same time there are signs that a
Russian column is moving still further westward.
'I his column is kept the moat backward, so that it
may be monnt ftir furnu-Magurell, opposite Niko
pull, or for .siiimltza, opposite Historo. It will tako
Some time, It scorns, before the whole force Is '.n
position. According to an estimate not more than
h.uf can be said to be already so, wltn all their m

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