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Capture of Ardahan by the Russian Forces. KARS CLOSELY BELEAGUERED. Immense Preparations for Crossing tlie Danube. QUARTER OF A MILLION HEN IN LINE, The Gzar in Person to Give the Order to Advanoe. THE CAPTURE OF S00KG00M-KALE England's War Feeilng and Preparations. ATTITUDE OF THE OTHER POWERS [by cable to the hekald.] London, May 10, 1877. While the movements of the Russian army taking up position in Roumauta ulong the left hank of the Danube are naturally watcheu with the greatest interest, it must not bo forgotten the present theatre of actual hostilities is in Asia, both on Turkish and Russian soil. The forward movement across the Danube is ior the moment delayed by the determination of the Russian commander to have at least 'J.",0,000 men in position along the river, with Btores of ail kinds," before the invasion ot Bul garia is definitively ordered. These conditions are being rapidly fullllled, but it may take a week at least to have everything ready. The most important news from Asia Minor is that of the fall of Ardahan. This fortltled town, lying close to the Russian lroutler, lias cost the army oi the Czar some effort, as at least two at tacks in force were made upon it, both or which were repulsed, before the final assault which gave it to the Muscovites. A St. Petersburg despatch makes the announcement of this important victory tersely as iollows THE CAtrCKE OF AKDAUAN. ?The Russians have tuken Ardahan, with sixty guns and large quantities of stores. The Russians lost 233 men. The Turks fled.'' A Turkish despatch from Krzeroum states that the Russians, alter a repulse along the whole line ia the morning, resumed the offensive in the uiter noon, when telegraphic communication ceased* The news had gone far enough for Turkish leelings* By this successful operation probably 20,000 Russians will be enabled to go forward along tno road to Kevlsolink and roll up the left (lank ot Makhtar Pacha's forces in the Sougliaiu Mountains. It ia certain that Kars has not yet fallen, bnt the Russians assert and the Turks admit that the Muscovite lorces maintain their positions in front ot the town. The Russians recently made a reconnoissance in force, and a partial bombardment continues. A despatch from Erzeroum reports that a regular investment of Kara is taking place, and a great battle is shortly expected. Telegraphic communication with Kars ? interrupted and communication of any kind is extremely difficult. The Russian headquarters are at Kuschik. The Turks at Van compelled the left wing of the Russians to fall back on Peck on the borders of Ottoman territory. A despatch from Batourn dated yesterday after noon shakes its gory locks, apoevyphally, to the effect, that the Russians in the vicinity oi Tchuruk eon hhve sacked and burned all the villages and massacred the women, old men and children. TltK TURKISH SUCCKSSBaT BOO KUOOU-KALE. It is officially announced at St. Petersburg tnat the Turks have bombarded Sookgoom-Kale again and burned the town, which was consequently evacu ated. A Pera despatch says:?"Fuzli Pacha has been named commander of Sookgoom Kale, and left Bhumls yesterday, lie is very energetic." The correspondent adds:?"1 witnessed yesterday the embarkation of ten battalions ot troops, accom panied by batteries of artillery, for Asia." The Sultan has addressed a proclamation to the troops sent to the Caucasus, saying he Intrusts to them the mission of delivering their Circassian co religionists from Russian domination. The Caucasian insurgents are fortifying their mountainous and almost Inaccessible strongholds. Reinforcements amounting to tio.ooo men have been ordered to the Caucasus from Central Asia. TIIK RUSSIAN MIOHT ON TIIK DANUBE. A Vienna correspondent says:? "For some time a movement, on a large scale, of Russian troops westward has been observed, which wus supposed to be directed to Siinnltza andTuriiu Magtircil, which seemed to reveal an Intention of trussing there with one column to operate In the rear of the Turkish positions of Kustchuk, Hiiistrla, Hhumla and Varna, or else tuwurd Tirnova and the llulkan passes. As far as trustworthy intelligence goes the Rus sians do not seem to have gone much further west ward than Hiatina, on the Alutu, uud Korbu, from which tnero Is a fair road down to the Danube at Turnu-Mugurell and Bimnltza. It Is rumored tliata portion of the troops which arrived atblutiua are destined for Krajovu and Turnsevrsin to act with the Roumanian army corps already assembled there. This agrees with the report that the Russian Am bassador at Vienna hail been instructed to explain the necessity imposed on the Russian commander 01 operating beyond the Alutu, which was the boundary agreed upon between the two goverumonts, beyond which the Russian right wing was not to extend toward the frontier ot Austria. Tills report, If true, only shows how utterly Illusory It is to trace lines of demarcation for military operations the exigencies or which cannot be foreseen. Thus the Russians could scarcely be expected to adhere to the line of the Alutu. If the Turks carried out the oft repeated design of entering Ronmania from Wlddln, and just now It is rumored that ihe Turks are pre paring to cross at Florentln, to the north of \\ id din, a successtiil crossing there would endanger communications with Kalatat, especially by railway to the north. If the Russians really carry out the design attributed to them oi operating in l.tttie Waiiuchu, it would Indirectly confirm the report that considerable reinforcements are coming up, ?ud that the Russian army on the Danube srlQ b# Increased to eight army corps?that is, to double what It is at present. Resides the four army corps lormlng the first line, another, orlgln nll/ dastuisd lor the duleucu of the south coast, is said to be on its way to join, as well as tUe Fourth, Thirteenth uu<l Fourteenth army corps, it Is said a portion of the Fourth has already passed Jassy. If complete, eaeh of these corps ought to number ti5,ooo, thus giving the army an effective strength of 2bO,oou men." WI1Y TIIK RESERVES AUK CO MI SO rp. A lierlin despatch says:?"The experience which the Russians had of the Turkish needle Run during the tlrst few days of the campaigu lias caused rein lorcemeuta to be despatched to Uouuiaula aud the Caucasus. In lloumania the three corns which were to have acted as reserves are added to the operat ing lorcc, and lrcsh corps ar<- being mobilized in their stead, while In the Caucasus a similar thauge is being brought about. The Russian com batants in Kounianla sre thus raised to about 240.000 men, which will require the Turks to make a corresj ondlug effort. Bel ween Kahova and Uls tovu the Danube u almost unprotected. Probably 110 attempt will be made to cross the Danube before the arrival of a portion of the reserve. GETTING HEADY KOtt THK TBANSDANUBIAK JUMP. A Bucharest despatch savs that the infantry col umn which w:i9 expected there yesterday did not arrive. It was probably detained by the storm ot the day before. Commenting on the removal of the llnsslan headquarters to Cotrocenl It says:? "The establishment of the Russian headquarters there indicates a purpose of expanding the Russian operations over an extended (runt. This leads to the natural conclusion that the passage of the Danube will not ho made for some time, us it will be necessary to bring all tho Russian reserve stores near the river iu order to prevent any delay after It Is crossed. With a Russian corps stretched along the extended front It will not be difficult to throw a lorce across the river at some undefended point where u tile (lu i>oru may be seized and lortiiled to protect the crossing of other corps In the vicinity. As there are no heavy masses of Russiuu Infantry on the bank of thu Danube west oi Ibruil, It is scarcely probable that any passage will be attempted until all the corps are in posi tion." The above sketch represents the strategic situa tion. The tactical situation is us follows:?The Russians appear to have crossed between Kenl ami Ibrail, in spite of the Turkish monitors, and are now uwuiting deployment of the centre and light wings on the line of the river, while the Roumanians and Turks are exchanging comparatively harmless com pliments across the river between the .Itilouinltzu aud Kalafut positions. These Turko-Roumanlau operations seem to be contliieu to attempts to ascertain the number, calibre and position of each of the other butteries 011 the respective sides of the Danube. (The crossing referred to is doubtless that of a reconnoltering party.j Four monitors appeared before Ismail yesterday, one returned to the mouth of the Duuube, another went to Tulteha aud the other two remain watch ing the Russians at Ismail The Russians have been trying experiments with Krupp shells tired into the river. They succeeded iu exploding them under water, fragments Hying a great distance. The Roumanians are so inucn In need of officers that they intend to prematurely give grades to the llrst class of the Military Academy. Strong bodies of Russian troops are moving In tbc direction of Oltenitza, but the Russian Hue all along the Danube remains stationary several miles from the river bank. Advices irom Oulrgevo of this date say the movements of the ltusglans show that their chief point 01 operations will be the Upper Danube. The movements at the mouth of the Danube are mere feints. THE CZAR'S MOVEMENTS. A despatch from St. Petersburg states that the Czar will start for the headquarters of the army ou the 21st Inst., arriving on the 25th or 26lh. llo will be accompanied by the Czarewttch. It Is behoved his arrival will coincide with the commencement or operations on the Danube by the Russiuus, whose concentra tion Is nearly completed. Prluce Charles of Kou nianla has been notitled of the advent of the Czar. The Herald's Vienna correspondent states that during the Czar's visit to Bucharest the Russians will attempt the crossing of the Danube at rour points on the same duy. The lirand Duke Nicholas has ordered the whole army to he ready for aetinn next week. All the strategic points have been tuken up. Fourteen trains bringing reserves to the (Tout leave Kiew daily. A Bucharest despatch states that the Grand Duke Nicholas will transler his headquarters to Bucha rest on Sunday morning. The Prince has offered lilm liis summer palace, but he will probably stay at the Russian mission, while his im mediate personal suite and stuff will be lodged at Cotroceui. He is expected to remain here about live wcokH, by which time three army corps will probably be formally established in Bulguria, when he will definitively take the field. Tne Czarovltch is also announced to arrive in Bucharest shortly, as he will witness the crossing of the Dannbe. TUB MONTENEGRIN CAMPAIGN. A despatch from Danilograd states that a council of war has been held, and measures decided on which, It is hoped, will cause the Turks to abandon their attitude or reserve. They appear to have given up their Intention of attacking ltagonl, Had ing the position prepared for defence. Advices from Scdtarl announce that the Miridiles have been defeated In the ntdghborhood of Guslnge. Two chleis?Don Prim and Dion?wcro taken prisoners, TUB RUSSIAN NAVY. The IlkHAi.D correspondent at Vicnnu telegraphs that the ministerial paper, the I'olltWal Correjtpon iti-tu, publishes uews from Mesopotamia stat ing that a Russian man-of-war has been taking soundings in tho Persian Gull. Hence it is concluded that the Russian Pacific squadron may cruise in that direction in stead ol up the Mediterranean. The 11 rkald cor respondent at Rome telegraphs us follows:?fifty Russiun naval officers and sailors passed through Rome to-day, on their way to Join the Russiun ships at Spezzla, in consequence of an accident to their vessel at Naplea ? EN (I BAND'S WAR PEKBINO. It cannot be doubted that a strong war feeling prevails in I.ondou. So pronounced hus this be come that flic question in discussed here us to what geucral should command the British army contingent. The most popular ideu Is that the Prince of Wales should tako the nominal command on the Herman plan, with General Sir Uurnett Wolsey as chief of staff, us Von Moitke was to the Kaiser in the 1'runco-Prussian war. The main feature of the week has been tho debute on the Eastern question Involved in Gladstone's proposition. The j plan now resolved upon sucms to be a pilgrimage | by Gladstone throughout England to foment the agitition against Turkey. This domestic crusade, which the ex-Premier is to preach, will begin at ; Birmingham, on May ao. An extraordinary ovation ! awaits him there. A PRAYER KOll TUB SFFFKRISU CHRISTIAN*. The Bishop of Lincoln has issued a special prayer about the war, in which lie says:?"Have coinpasstou, U Lord, on our suffering fellow Christians and de liver them iroia the oppression of wrong. Re store the diuretics m the East to their primitive purity and truth, and join thein, together with us, in bonds of faith anil love. A men." The limes and Daily Xews both announce that live vessels are loading at Woolwich with ordnunco stores for Portsmouth, where a large supply of warlike material, bat rack necessaries and camp furniture have already ueeu sent. Another large steamer is embarking 'irou forts and other cargo for Malta. The Array and Xavg Gazette says all applications oi retired oitlcers lor permission to enter the Turkish navy are refused by tpe Admiralty. A de spatch trout Cairo says the Duke of Edinburgh has returned to Port Said. LOOMING CLOUDS. ? Pesth correspondent says:?Some extreme Hungarian papers demand that Count Audrassy should treat the approach of the Russians to the neighborhood of the Austrian frontiers usacam* belli. Military men consider that the timo has arrived for concentrating a corps of observa tion in Transylvania. I hear irom Semlin that military preparations of the Servians are now quite evident. Prince Milan to-day nominated Colonel Dragaschevltch Chief oi Stair, and or dored General Ollmpica to resume command on the Drlna, toward which the urtillery arc marching. The Austrian government has received simulta neously from St. Petersburg and Belgrade formal assurance tlrnt Servia will not take part in the wur. Prince Milan will not go to sec the Czar. The Polish papers arc by no means favorable to the ideu of aiding Turkey. Only in the event of Austria taking part in the war will the Poles be in duced to run the risk of irritating Russia. No doubt were Austria to Interfere Russia would re quire a stroug force to keep Poland quiet. The Russian Telegraphic Agency denies the re ported arrival ol a Persaln Envoy at St. Petersburg to conclude a convention lor the passage of tho Russian troops over Persian territory. The Political Correspondence of Vienna bus tho following news from Athens:?"Under the pres sure of events a coalition ministry is in process of formation, composed of the leaders of all parties, such a cabinet would slgnliy the abandonment of the policy of inaction hitherto maintained." A Constantinople telegram says the Prince of Rcuss, the German Ambassador, urnl Count Zicliy, the Austrian Ambassador, have not received identical instructions. Count Zlchy is ordered to await a favorable mo ment lur offering mediation and to assure the Porte that Austria still desires the maintenance of the integrity of Turkey. WAR liAl'H AND UISUAPS. A freight train on one ot tho Roumanian railways collided with a troop train yesterday, seven wagons were wrecked. Several were killed and many wounded, one Russian General has since died from his Injuties. A Turkish despatch dated Loin Palauku, says:? "The report received here of a Roumanian vessel full of Russian soldiers having been sunk by the Turks is conilrmed." [Nothing bus been heard of this before. It Is probably untrue.] A Vienna despatch asserts that the Commander of .Sebastopol has ordered civilians to quit that city, us an attack is expected. It is said the Rus sians will establish a camp in Northern Moldavia, where large transports arc arriving from Poland. The IIkkald correspondent at Berlin telegraphs that the Russian government is engaging ut high wuges a great many German engine drivers for int inedlato service. A WlcltUu despatch of yesterday reports that 0,000 Clrcnasluus are Joining the Turk ish army us volunteers. Till liRK.VBI RO KAILKOAD. A Berlin despatch has the following:?"The Czar has finally sanctioned the construction 01 the ureu burg and Tashkenil line 1', will avoid the deserts uud steppes by a circuitous luute. Eighteen hun dred verals of rull will be required between Oren burg und Tashkeud, nut Including the braneli line to TaVltisk, which is ;jik> vcrsts long." PF1N UST-MO N T AO. Pllngsien will bo celebrated id the uveal 1 lo by the Gormuus to-morrow. Tho societies belonging lo tho Social Reformers, which luclutlo iho Armil Man ueicbor, Concordia Livderkranz, Beethoven Quartet Club, Edclikoher Society, f ruuz Abt Scnulor, Hudson Mftuuercuor, Mmnzcr < urinvai l.iederialol, Kruut/.cr Quuriot (Tliib, New York Niingorlrlonde, Pial/.or Bar mooio and Hiinauur l.uiuhoy Fust Vcroui, will huvon festival si Harlem lllvor Park. The Now York 1 or nors wdl hold their twenty.seventh anuual festival at Jones' Wood, parading from l'nrn It <11 at muo o'clock A. M. The Kidclio Quartet ciub will have a celebra tion at National I'ura. Tho societies ol tho Mozurl Union, Including the Arion Quartvt Huh, ilailem M m heictior, German Munnerrlmr, Mozart MnBBttClior Uuiiiionie, Liudertiiiin and Heiseudor Quartet Club, will go lo Beiievua Park, and the iiioouiiBgUale Tur ners will hold their leaitrai at Lioa Perk. OBITUARY. JUDGE KDWABD KENT, EX-UOVEENOR Or MAINE. Kow men In Maiuo wore better known or moro ven ernliy respected than ex-Oovernor Edward K.ont, who dlod In Bangor yesterday morning of heart disease, alter a briel illness. He was born iu Concord, N. II., Junuury 8, 180'J, graduated at Harvard lu IS?1, and studied law in the olllcos o( Chancellor Kent, ol New York, and Judgo Urr, ol Muiuo. Ho went to Uauuor aud commenced tho practice ol law Iu 18'?j, wheio he became cuiiuuut in his prolossiou, boing lor uiauy yoars tho partner ol tno late J udgo Cutting, llu wu? u tneuiborol tho Legislature Irom 1S-9 to l?J3, and the second Mayor ol Bangor, serving two years. His hntU character, as well as his eminent ubilily aud popularity, mftdo him a promiuent loader in the wing party of Maine uolore he wa? thirty-live yeurs ol age. Ho was several times uuuudldutu lor Coventor, ana was elected iu is:;s uiid 1840, results very inuclj due to bus porsouul popularity aud strength, as his purij was always iu a minority in thai 8tiuu usually indicated by thousands. Ho was elected tho last 11mo in tho September pre vious lu tho election ol Harrison in November, ls40; and tbu campaign In Maino was the most oxcuiiig w hich uad over occurred up to that dato, aud result ing as it did In September, in tho olectiou of Ju.'go Kent, was u victory lor tho wings winch guve a fresu impetos to their c.iuso and gavo rise to these (unions linos, which begin:? lines you heard the news from Maine? lluw it woiil.hrII heat, lor lioveriior Keut, Ac. In 1843 Governor Kent was olio ol tho I anted States Commissioners in settling the Northeastern boundary depute under ttiu Asnbunoii Ifoaiy. Ho was ap poiutod by I'resiaciii I'uylor Consul to llio Juneiro. In 1864 no returned io liiuigor una rosumeu tbe pruc lise ol bis prolussiou. Judge Keut was ouo ot the piouuors in tno formation ol tho republican party und look all aclivo part in tho campaign ol lBitk lu I860 ho was appointed Associate justice ot me Supremo Court ot iiaiuo aud reiippointod in lstfti, but re in oii in 18TU on account ol his uge. His lust" public service was us a member of lbs Cousliiutioual Commission ol Maine to consider the anieudiuenls wuioli it was deemed necessary to mako to llie State coustttuliou. flo was unani mously chosou President ol ttiu Couim.sriou and brought to tho ro.ponsiolo duty tho re ults ot wido experience and sound judgment, lu 1866 Watorvino College, now Colby University, conferred upou Judgo Keut tne degree ol I.L. D. Ho louvos a widow sud ouo child. An ablo chisl magistrate of the atato, a ju,t aud lesrued judge in the higuest court and a citi zen ol pure and puim.tic Hie, he lor foriy years occupied u place lu the respect and slfectiou ol tho people ol Maine which lew, if tudeod, any otuor, ol ita most distinguished ctHzons ever held. DANIKL A. BOBBINS. Daniel A. Robblns died at u:s residence, No. 37d Poarl street, Brooklyu, yesterday, ol paralysis, at the age o!sixiy-Uvoyeur*. Deceased, who was born July 31, lslg, atuussed a largo fortune sud retired Irom business, which had boon llmt ol .? builder, about uvonty years ngo. He wus u director iu iho Brooklyn Dank, iu tho I.oug island Ihsuranco Company, tho DrouK.yu Cuy Kuiiroad Company und oilier corporations, lie served ouo term as Suporvisor ol the fourth ward. HON. KDWABD CABLE. A telegram Irom Worcester, Mass., under date of tbe llHh lust., reports as follows:?"Hon. Kdward Earle, ex-Mayor of Woreoslcr. and lormerly an ludlun Peace Coniuiiesloner unurr President Grant's udmiu airat.ou, Uifd here this morning.'1 Mr. Eartc was a wed kuowu cilixeii. and greatly respected tor his upright ottlcial conduct. _ EX-JUDGE KLlAb J. BEACH. Ex-Judge Ellas J. Beach, ol Oyster Bay, who died on Friday morulas at his rcsldouco iu (Hon Covo of paralysis ol tho brulu, was a unlive of the town of Woodbury, Now Haven eouuty, Coon., und came to Queens county as a school teucner in 1840. Ho studied law while teaching, aud alter his admission to pructlce soon became prominent as an advocate. Ho was Hie law partner ol E. H. Carpenter, ihtiUrin nuiuo ooiugCarpen ter k Beach, having an oillce at No. 16 Nassau struct, New York. Ho was twice County Judge ot Queans itnd u prominent leader In the democratic coun cils. His Queens County Bur Association hold a special meeting at the Court House m I.oug Island City yesterday morning to luko suit able action in reieroiice to Judgo Beach's death. County Judge John J. Armstrong, President ol Hie 'Association, called the members to order; Henry W. Ku-.ini.in was cailod io preside; Pierponi Potter and Hubert C. EuiOreoWoro chosen Vice Prosiduni* ;S M. hi. Vuu Nosirsiidaud diaries D. lowntund Secretaries. There were present besides Messrs. Giioert Say res, A. T Payne, Hon. Alexander llayunr, W. s. Cogswell, Thoouoro Cogswell, Edward K. .-pi.igt.e, J. Seymour , .siieflikor (? J. Garrotson, Hon. Eiclurd Bustued, lluu. Win. 1.. Peart o, Magnus U. Gould, A. It liriiUu, George W, Denton Soiotuoli tl. Notile slid UlcbalU Hush-ed, jr[ I'ho looting was uddrsasod by lion. Henry \v! KustniuU, a memorial was read ny Judge Armstrong, nudresaea wcro also delivered by Mourn. Putter, Busloed, Cogswell, Noble. Deiiloil .and others, und resolution* In Hie Usual form were adopted, alter which the Hireling ud|uUrned. lite Kings Comity Court adjourned >e-turua> out of respect to Hie iimiii nry ill the lately dsceasod .luu,r?, John \ underbill, ol Klutbut h, aud I .lias J. B< ai It, of Quo. lis u runty. K'llo L'luins wore pronounced upon llie deceased jurist* by General P. .8. Croolle and 8 D. Lewis, aud.luuge Moore ordered tbe facts to bo spread upon lbs minutes. MATTHEW BAtHD. Matthew Ualrd, u well Known citiv.cn of Philadelphia, and lor many years connected with the proprietorship I,I the Uaiuwin l.ocomolive Works, died yesterday uioruiug. __ HKEPHAN1AH PRF.HTON. Beophantah Pre .ton, a highly esteemed resident ol llarl lord, Conn., and Vice President ol the Connecticut Mutual I.Ho Insurance Company, died at his residence yesterday at un advanced age. He was one ol the Ion inters ol the company, and bus lor aeveral years I honored Willi an election as vice president, al though in health lies prevented Inm liom giviim much attention to Ins olllcial Ulities. One ol lil? sous is KeV. Ilioinas 8. Presiou. Chancellor ol tho Kouiau Catholic Archdiocese ol Nuw York. JAM KM MANDEVILLE CARLISLE. ?lames Mitudevillo l.'arllslo, lor muuy years ono ot the leading uieinliers ol the old liar ol llie Dim net ol Coliiiuoia und also ol tno Supreme Court of the I n.ted Stat"*, died nt Wasliiiigton yestorduy morning, aged alionl sixti nve y.urs. lie stood very high .it the liar ol Hut."?Uproiiio Court and thus became known und appieoisted by llie leading Jurists li.rougi.out the lountr) Hu was also touusel lor several loroign government*. A NEW CAULK. The Maritime A -oetaHoD yesterday laid a Iclegraphio cable, connecting its KxcUange with the Lowtr Quaran tine and the hospnal ship, thus adding another Halt le ita iaciiti.es lor tne ooliecuoa ol Uafuur news. A Hi Gloom in Paris Over Mac Mahon's Blunder. THE REACTIONIST CONSPIRACY. A Step That May Lead to Civil War. THE MINISTRY'S HOROSCOPE. Germany I ) is pie.' ised?11: tl y Distrustful. ENGLAND APPREHENSIVE. fl'T CABLE TO TUB HEUAI.D.] llKKALD Bl'KKAC, 01 avsntk he i.'Qpkra, I Paris, May iy, is:-. j The thunderbolt which has fallen on France came out of a clear iky. Doubtless those who conspired in the Klysee to bring this trouble upon France were tolerably certain of what was about to coine to pass, but to tlie mass of the people and to the Ministers themselves the mad act of iho Marshal was, with possibly one exception, totally unex pected in the most moderate circles the turning out of the Ministry and the disasters that it may bring to France are regarded with deep sorrow, while among the radicals, who were lulled tuto moderation by the belief that reac tion was at an cud, and that the Re public would progress logically, If slowly, to its goal of a genuine popular government, a feel ing of enraged disappointment prevails, in all the political vicissitudes through wldeh France uas passed since i*4s I never recollect to have seen sueli gloom us now pervades the coinmuult.v, save among the extremists of the legitimist uud clerical factions. The gloom that succeeded the coup (Vitat on the 2d December, 1851, was not greater. The worst wus then known. The great usurpation hud been plainly loreshudowed; the materials which made y. possible had been gathering lu his bauds for months, and the use to which lie would put them was not doubted. That except to lits coconspirators, such us l)e Moray; his willing slaves, such us Rouher, and Ids swash bucklers of fortune, such as St. Arnaud, he main tained a hypocritical exterior, did not deceive the natiou which felt itself hopelessly in the to.is. The barricades were simply despair iu arms; the drunken soldiery, with their pockets full of gold stolen a few hours before from the Rank ot France, and the massacres that followed were unscrupulous power making sure of its prey. The fall of the Commune, with Its baleful llrcs by night and whole sale slaughter by aay, was hailed by tens of thou sands with satisfaction who to-day are full of uugry resentment and painful forebodings. "WE AHE BETRAYED." The atmosphere seems charged with electrical Influences whlcluuay dovelop one knows not what convulsion of the elements, liven those wtio hope to proilt by disturbances seem uot altogether trun quit us to results. A lour of the workmen's dis tricts, where the blue blouses swarm like bees, re | veals an Intense state of excitement. Led habltu j ally by the most extreme radicals and socialists, they had of late In great numbers become amenable to mlldor counsels, but the natural effect of Mac Million's reaction has been to throw the workmen back en masse among the most extreme republi cans. So bad faith broeds distrust and reaction in ouc direction and reaction In auother. ".Vous sommrs trahls" Is heard on every side, In Belleville and out to the Bostlle. This bus Indeed been the stock cry In those quarters since l"y3, but, unfortunately for France, they utter It with truth to day. All Franco has been betrayed, and tho question now discussed lu iear and hope by tho best men of tho country is, Can France await lu peace the day of legally punishing the offenders? The answers are far from reassuring. WHAT DOES MACMAllON MEAN? The slnguiur semi-official notice published a few hours after the dismissal of the Ministry, to tho effect that tho Marshal means peace aud Is dotcruitned to suppress ultramontane demonstrations, sots the people to uskiug what MocMulion really means. Among those who hoped that ho hud intended a coup d'itat there is now a suspicion that he Intended only a coup ue itte; but of this wo can only Judge by the logic of facts. In the first place the Ministry Is nomistak. ably one of reaction. Whatever may be the Presi dent's personal views, doubtless the men at the head of the Cabinet will drive lilm to acts which will end In re volution, and, probably. In civil war. It Is necessary to recollect that we liuve hero a con stitutional ruler dismissing his Cabinet, not be cause the majority opposed It lu the Chamber, but because of tho majority sym pathulng with and supporting it. In other words, the Marshal has taken Issue with the nation under the most absurd pretence that he alone under stands ami represents its interests. The con stitution of a Ministry thoroughly reactionary ren ders inevitable, therefore, the following clium of eventsThe prorogation of tho Clumbers for u month is to give the new Ministry time to organize, but <xi tho Legislature's reassembling the Ministry wilt meet au exasperated Chamber ami be beaten by overwhelming majorities on the nr>t measures presented. Then will follow a dissolution and a general election tu three months, which win i>e too short a time lor the ministerial agents to control the returns. The next Chamber will consequently bo more republican tlmn the present one and stronger In the support of their Indignant 1 constituencies. The faction In power, defeated and humiliated in every contest with the majority, will certainly pu*h the Mar-hal to a coup d'clat. livery- i thing will then depend upon tho old soldier's scn-e i of honor and patriotism. I do not believe ho wants 1 to play the part of Mom k; he certainly has not the stuff In him to play the part of cromwoll. '1IIK OKAl i ok or V H E. The scramble (or office* has already began. De crees revoking tho appointment Of flfty-slx prefects are signed and ready to appear. It Is rumored that among tho first acts of the new government will be the dissolution of the Municipal Council Of Carts and the reieivnce of the Inflammatory letter of tlie bishop of Movers to the Council of bUtc. This is L what tho Uerinaaa call tho ?/?tern of compensa* Hons?that in to pay, It will Impose a slight pun:si meat on the Ill-hop lu order to be enabled to iniUet a heavy one on the radlcuU of the Council. It In curious at this conjuncture that La uiftnn ? Archbishop Dupanloup's organ, predicted all that has recently taken place a lew weeks since. It then asserted that a bishop and an orle tuUt were at the bottom of the lutriguo which upset the Simon cabinet. Dupanloup wan the bishop and Duo Deeazes the Minister alluded to. Mgr. Dupanloup Ik now the power behind the throne, aud Hecazea occupies the foot!.tool of honor in front of It. Tlu? Milliliter of Foreign Aitalrs see ma destined to re vive the traditions of diplomatic versatility in which Talleyrand so iaithiiilly carried out the niaxiat of the elastic ecclesiastic of the Berkshire village, who, from the reign of Henry \ III. to that ol Elizabeth (twice a Catholic ami twice a I'rot* eMuut), simply said to cavillers:?"W hatever king may reign, my principle is to live aud die Vicar a! Bray, sir."' The republican I.elt has ordered its bureau to remain 111 I'ana lu coustaut communication witg the members during recess. ?rui-: cakisian press ok tiik crisis. The republican lournnls are almost exclusively occupied lu discussion of the manifestoes of the republican Senators and Deputies, They declare that republican France is surprised but uot alurmed. aud is confident of the luture. The Journal iirn Dibats demands tiiut the gov ernment consult the country immediately, and thus terminate tho crisis. The Ui'ftubiLfue JPrawjaise sii.vb President Mac Million's message allies him personally with thin movement it advises Hie republican* to avoid bravado nud act calmly. Tho Contiiluiiowwl and Paris Journal defend MneMalton's cour.-e as perfectly legal. M. Titlera has signed the manifesto o! the Deputies of tho Left Tiie MonUeur says the Ministers have decided to vigorously repress all attempt* to misrepresent Marshal MacMuhon, attcli ns insinuations of war or a coup d'etat. It is said President Mac.Mahou will go to the provinces. The ilarnfilUtiao stales that two Deputies have drawn up .1 proposal lor the iuipcacliinent of i'resi dent MucMahon. A HONAPAKTlBr IN OFFICE. It Is oniciully announced that Karon lleillo, Bona partial Deputy for the Turn, has been appointed Under Secretary lor the Interior. GERMANY DISPLEASED AT THE CHANGE. [BY CAULK TO THE UEiiALD. ] Berlin, May i?, 1877. The ehuugo la the French cabinet has greatly displeased the German government. There exist* l I here a well-founded fear of the results of ultrnmon tune intrigue. The sympathy which the German nltriunoutanes received during the era of Bis murckhui persecution under the Falk laws from the French Catholic, party and their mutual Ucinrnnce to the alms of the Rotnua Cliurch have made otllclal Germany very sensitive to anything which looks like giving them the com mand ot the resources or a great nation. Hence Germany Is tuklug measures to strengthen the de fences o( the western frontier. It Is definitely fixed that two new regiments of Inrantry aud tnree of cavalry snail he Uesi>atrhed thither immediately, with more to follow in case of the slightest symp tom of daugcr. WHAT 13 HEABD AND THOUGHT OF THE MAR SHAL'S COUP IN LONDON. [ill CAOLH TO THE HEBALD. J London, May 1?, 1877. The French crisis excites grave apprehensions here that MacMuhou, oy plunging Into uitrumon taulsm, will necessitate u controversy with Ger many and Italy. The London papera unite lu con demning Mm Muhou's precipitate demeanor. Tht Times, especially, reprobates the Interference which the President has taken It upon himself to make with flic republican Institutions of the French people. In n leader on President MacManon'E course It says:? So fur all ho has done Is perfectly legal, nor would ho step beyond ilio bounds of the strictest constitu tional authority If, with the consent of the .senate he should dissolve Parliament. But as ruler duel a very small part ol Ids duty by strictly conform ing to thu letter ot the law. Within the loul corners of the safest constitution the wil of man ever Irnmed there is ample room lor ui 1h laden with national disaster uud even rum. It will not be enough for .Marshal Mac Mahon to plead that he lies acted constitutionally 1! it should tie equally clear that he has acted tin wisely, and respect tor his brilliant reputation makes us wish wo could overlook the grave reasons fot misgiving in his message, lu truth It sols up claim* which will, we tear, bring litiu Into collision watt the country. t'l.TKAMOXTANKS IMHsncNSAHLK. The I'uris correspondent of the Tunes says:? The administration lulls hack Into the hands Irorq which universal suffrage snatched it at the last elec tion. If M. Buffet ami M. l.uyrentlodo nut figure in tlio Cabinet it is only because tne im pressions gathered induced hesitation to change the Foreign Minister nml be< ause M. Fourton refused *.o uct with two absolutely clerical personages. To M. Fourton must lie attributed lint IUv.is mite already published, protesting before hand against ultramontane intrigues. The note proves mailing. The Marshal, aiming at dissolu tion, cannot dispense with the ultramontane votei lu the Senate, lie Is henceforth their captive, everybody Is firmly convinced that the now elec tions will protest ugaln-t the Marshal's recent acts. As to the llouaparilsts, th<jy declare themselves uninterested In the duestiou. "We had two formi dable udtcisaric.s." said ouc of the most ardent to me to-day?"tl.c orleantsts and republicans. They are now fighting furiously while we look on ami wail. We can no longer be reproached with any thing. Wo had the *Jd of liecember, the republican* tfie 4th of Heptemiier; f lie orb unlsis h ive now the loth oi May. As to the legitimists they ean claim iio credit. They rauuol even attempt a omp a'dtiu." A HOLLOW Al.TEKNATIVK. The I'all Mall Oiuelte this afternoon says It think* either In pretence or in truth that the iilteruuti\<> submitted to France at the elections un the event of a dissolution) will be the return of u conserva tive maturity or tlio retirement of .MacMuhcn, ami that to n Urgo class of Frenchmen the retention o^ Mac.Mnhuti will seem the best guarantee for thstj maintenance of order and the undisturbed progres^j of trade. Tim Uaielle's Parts correspondent says: "ltlg[ considered doubtful whether the Senate will vot^ for the dissolution ol the clumber." ITALY lllsTltt'STKl'L A despatch says:?"The French government hatf assured the Italian government that the crisis will produce uu change lu its altitude." The Ministerial organ, Dlrltto, say?:?"Front the manner lu watch the crisis happened and the antecedents of tbo new Ministers cveiything counsels us to raftlvg i these assurance* with rescrre.''