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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, May 21, 1877, Image 4

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THE DAILY HERALD, puUi-hnl terry rtoe to Ihr year.
IT re. cut* per ropy iSnmlny excluded!, Trn dollura per
veer. or Mt i.tr nl ?>iiv oollur per meitili lor any iierliwj lr.i
than tix in. uilu. nr llvr dollar. lor >ix month*. Sunday
coition included, Ire. of poalngr.
All hn*>lt#M. pew. letter, or telegraphic denp.tche. mn.t
be addrr*?ed Niw Fork Union.
Irlteis cud package. ?honld lor properlv aralrd.
Rejected comicnnlcaUoo* will not 0. returned.
Stil. nrlpilon* and advert Urineut. will bu re or I red Mid
Jcrwart'eu on tbe ?unie term. a. in New York.
i ..
GRAND OI'KHA HOUSK?Tax I'ai.vcx*. Roroi.
TIVoLl THEATRE.-V.utirrr
The Adam. Exprem Company run ? Mental uwiptpw
."rain over the Fcmi-vlvania Railroad ana iu connection.,
leaving Jertev City at w qunrtTpait foar A. M. dell; and
Sunday, carrying the r.trnlar edition of tbe Hriiald an far
We.t aa Harrl.burg and South to Washington reaching
1'bilad.iphia at a quarter pait *lx A M. and Waahlnglon at
one P. >L
From our rrporta thin morn in// the probabilUiet
are that the weather in New York to-day will be
warm and fair or partly cloudy, poeeiblg with
light thouers.
Tiif: Carnival is dead, ami yesterday Dr. Tnl
muge preached its funeral sermon.
The School Teachers will be delighted to
learn that tliey are tu be paid tlieir salaries
before the summer vacation.
An Impressive Ceremony at Halifax. N. S.,
was the consecration yesterday of Archbishop
11 aiinan. a full account of which is published in
our columns.
The Fink Weather yesterday tempted many
thousands of our citizens to the country, unrl the
parks, rivers, isluuds and gardens near New
York were gay with pleasure seekers,
A Correspondent, over the appropriate nom
d> plume of "1'liilantbropy," iulorms the Herald
readers how ta keep cool, a piece of information
which will be appreciated ut this season.
Queen Victoria's Birthday will lie cele
brated at Petersburg, Vu., by the British resi
dents, and many Americans will joiu them in
wishing Her Majesty many happy returns of the
Tiie Etiquette of the reception of General
Grunt in Kiighind is a subject of anxiety iu that
country. Treat hint us an American sovereign
should be treated and that will bo well enough.
Trout Thieves.?There is something particu
larly repulsive to the miuds of true anglers iu
the burglary of a brook. The lislt should be en
ticed from his liuunts, not kidnapped. The arrest
of the |s rsons who stole trout from u preserve on
Long Island will give general satisfaction to the
spoitsiMiiu, for what is culled pouching in Eng
land is very different from roblwrv here.
The West and the South,?The puciiic.ition
of South Carolina, under the conservative policy
adopted by Governor Hampton, is already hav
ing a good cHcet. The \ isit of Western capital
ists to ('oliunliia and the study they are making
ol' the Southeast indicates that the West begins
to have faith in the future-of the cotton States,
and that cupitul?the great wuut of tin- South
will lie forthcoming for sound and profitable
The Tkmi'KRaXCK Revival, which is extend
Jug through the country, is to he apparently
pushed with energy and enthusiasm in this city, j
wliich certainly in in need of reform. If the tem- 1
pern nee leaders will net with judgment and
moderation niuelt good can tie mplished,
but nothing can he effected hy bigotry or inter
ference with the rights of iudiviilanls. A meet
ing ot'ilio American Temperance Union wue held
yesterday at Cooper institute, and the address
ot the Itcv. Mr. Bell is entitled to consideration.
Till" Smmions Yi:stf.iu? vv.~-The solemn anni
versary of the dnj of I'? nteeost gave a deejief
interest than nauiil to the services in tho
rhurelie* yestcrduy, and the suggestions of
the occasion were tildy uinl eloquently used hy
the mujority of the elcrgy. All denoininatious
can join in the commemoration of such events,
which are a part of the earliest history of the
Christiau religion. The sermons printed on this
subject, and on the ancient question whether
friends will recognize each other in tho future
woihi. will he read with irit< rest and profit.
Tiik Bhi'sski.s.- The safety' of the City of
Brussels is confirmed hy the report of the Celtic,
which rmohed this port yesterday, having
spoken that steamship on the 1 tth Inst. The
Brussels was proceeding under sail, with all
well on hoard, and she will probably strive at
t/ueenstown in the early part of this week. So
long as site is on fho ocean every item of news
will he eagerly read by the thousands who are
Interested in her passengers awl en a . There is
no reason now to doubt 1hnt she will conclude
Ja r long ami tedious wysgo without further dis
The Wk* i heii. - The storm centre iti the
North wist has developed considerably sitae
yesterday. The lowest pressure is in the
t'pper Mississippi Valley, with high winds
chiefly on the southern margin. The tem
perature continues high, hut is gener
ally lower than that of Saturday. The
barometer bus fallen all over the country,
hut is highest on the South Atlantic coast.
lh ?avy rains have fallen in tin northwestern Mid
centtul sections. On the Middle Atlanticcoast
the weather is fair, with a high temperature.
Southward the conditions are more threatening.
Tin- beat area within tin- isotherm of seventy
degrees extends into Canada, the hike region
find the Northwest. It is very warm in the
Central Mississippi an I Ohio valleys. Tho
weather in New York to-duy will Ik- wurm and.
fair or par My cloudy, possibly with light
?bow era.
The Co?*UI??n of
A correspondent commenting on the polit
ical outlook trom Washington remarks, in a
letter printed elsewhere, that while l>oth the
present parties are divided into apparently
irreconcilable factions the republican organ
ization, by the confession of some of its lead
ers, has suffered so far the greatest disorgani
zation. The party lias been in power so long,
he remarks, that it has two sets of natural
leaders?the older men, who have long had
control, and who are naturally determined
to retain it if they can, and the young and
ambitious men who have waited lor a chance
and do not get it; and these factions disagree
about a policy. There is, no doubt, some
thing in this suggestion, and it accounts lor
the ease with which tho President, who be
longs by his opinions to tho younger men ol
his party, been able to gather them
about him. The old party leaders,
with the exoeption perhaps of Sen
ator Morton, are either sulkiDg or in
.open mutiny; bnt the young men see their
opportunity aniLgather about the President.
Thus in Penns^vania Mr. \\ uvne Me"\ cagh
stands opposed to his kinsmen the Came
ron* ; in Ohio Stanley Matthews and Gen
eral Cox stand against Tutt and the old
fogie*; in Miohigun George Willard leads
the young men against Chandler ; in Now
Jersey Phelps is opposed to Frolinghuysen,
Robeson and the Newark-Camden lting ; in
Indiana Ben Harrison and Judge Oresham
give the President even a heartier support
fVmn Morton ; in Massachusetts young re
publicanism is encouraged to new struggles,
and even in Maine Eugene Hale and Frye
rebel against Blaino and Hamlin. I
There i* a measure of truth in the remark
our correspondent quotes from aw ^'inde
pendent Republican," that the republican
party ought to die first, because it has been
of late the most dangerous to tho country.
But we warn the democrats that they must
not depend too confidently on the Appar
ently moribund condition of their oppo
nent*. Two spirits huve long contended in
the republican party-one wishing to main- j
tain the predominance of the party in the i
country by making it the exponent of new
ideas, of a liberal political and commercial ;
policy and a courageous treading in new
ways ; the other holding back, wedded to
old notions and to a policy of repression
bred of the war. General Grant who was,
unhappily for himself and for the country,
as he confessed in his last Message, igno
rant of civil affairs, ullied himself to
the old fogy fuction of the party, and,
being a strong and very self-willed and
resentful man, upheld that wing dur
ing his administration, and drew to it, by
the force of patronage, a number of
men who would gladly have seen the other
wing prevail, but who were content to shut
their eyes and wait for a change. With
President HuyoB this change has come, but
it cfliuo too late and too suddenly for many i
of the old leaders. Even Mr. Blaine, who |
in other years was looked upon as the !
natural and probable chief ot the young and |
progressive republicans, and whose ettorts |
in 1875 defeated tho Force hill, has shown
by his recent course that he belongs to the j
old fogies?to the men who cannot or will ;
not see that the country will not longer
stand still.
There is, therefore, an undoubted and
serious split in the republican rankB ; but
it is too early for any prudent man to
prophesy that the party is ruined. Tho
young republicans are able party men ; they
have n President after their own hearts ;
they support him enthusiastically in what
at least promises to be a really progressive
policy ; they have helped him to his first
great achievement, to eliminate the South
ern question from national politics ; they
will stand by him. and we have no doubt lie
will stand by thorn. Their hope is to gain
control of the party and to turn it toward
the liberal, reformatory and progressive
policy which they desire. There will
be a bitter struggle between them
and the old fogies. But suppose the
progressive men win. Suppose, with the
help of the President, tiiey not only
capture the party machinery, but use it
wisely and energetically to restore specie
payment*, to abolish the iniquitous naviga
tion laws, to liberalize the tariff, to revise
commercial treaties, to revive onr foreign
commerce, and to reform the glaring and
scandalous abuses which have in the last
eight j ears crept into the federal civil ser
vice. A good deal can be accomplished in
four years, even by a slow moving man
such as we take tl:e President to be, if he
knows how to draw to himsen nml his
policy the zealous support of tiio progres
sive element in his party. And if he
should succeed in such a programme as
we have set down the democrats will
have to bo veiy wise indeed to carry the
country in lHHO. They will have to
reform the State and city governments they
hold; they will have to show that thoy
know how to "run" New York, for instance,
in some far less extravagant way than that
now iu n?e; they will linve to oppose with u
bold and uncompromising front many silly
nud some dangerous political hi resies which
they now at least tolerate.
We advise the democrats, tbereiore, not
to count on a "walk over' in I8d0. They
can succeed then only by superior merit.
Wo do not deny that they will have nn ad
vantage in the disgust of the people over
the scandalous misconduct of the repub
lican leaders in the Inst canvass. But
that alone will not save them, especially
if the country shall be made to see that the
men who outraged and insulted it are out
of favor in Washington. Nor have they
much to gain from the fnctions op
position of these men to the Presi
dent and his policy. Mr. llayes is said
to hate little fear of Blaine, Chandler and
the other recalcitrants, and ha is perfectly
right. These men may rage as they please,
but they have nowhere to go ; they have no
place in the democratic party, and il' they
set up as chronic "soreheads'' in their
own they will quickly become ridiculous.
If Mr. Hayes is equal to his* Opportu
nities he may yet revive the republican
party to such u degree that it will give a very
hard tug to the democrats. If ha has the
grasp and courage to initiate n really broiul
und progressive policy the country will look
twice before it turns out the republicans in
lfcsyu. Of course, it he Bl.ould be I d into
blunders such as buying support in the
South by ill considered internal improve
ment schemes, or if he should become timid
and show furor to the old and reactionary
leaders of the party, in that case We believe
the country would accept the democrats
gladly in 1880. But it is too early in the
new Presidential term to speculate either on
the folly or the genius of the President. Be
has begun very wisely. But he lias only
begun, and one thing is tolerably certain,
the country is no longer to be put off with
The War Movements.
The capture of Ardahnn, with all its guns
and military stores, by tho ltussians is the
first success of the war. The occupation of
Bajazid recently by a column from Erivan
gave them a decided advantage of position,
but it was one yielded without a
struggle by the Turks. Ardahnn, on
the contrary, has withstood a bombard
ment and two assaults, the second
of which was successful. Perhaps the
Turkish commander, knowing that the
town would be completely isolated in a few
dnys, and needing the garrison to strengthen
his own position at Burdess, may have in
structed the commandant not to make a
tUjenae u la mart, but to retire when he saw
that a further stay would endanger the whole
body of the garrison. The next news from
Asia Minor will undoubtedly be of a great
battle ut Burdess, followed, probably, by tho
retreut of the Turks on Erzeroum. Our
special correspondent at Kisohcneff gives a
graphic description of the city and the im
mense oamp surrounding it. His letter,
which we publish to-day, is peouliurly in
teresting in view of the latest developments
of tho war on the Danube. The mass
ing of troops on the Russian right
looks like a movement in force across
the Danube between Widdin nhd ltustchnk
and tho practical severuueo of the Turkish
communications with the west. If this
can be accomplished the passes of the
Balkan, via Sofia, will be in the hands of
the Russians very soon, and tho bulk of the
Turkish army must change front to tho
westward to cover the quadrilateral. An
other large force must be hurried to defend
Roumelia on the westward. The Turkish
fleet is still operating on the Circassian
coast, but its attacks are upon unimportant
points. Bntoum will soon be completely
invested hy the Russians.
Country Bosnl and City Home*.
The intense heat of the past few days has
turned tho thoughts of those who dwell in
cities to the 'country. They look with the
mind's eye upon the blue ranges of tho
Cutskills, crouched by the side of the silver
Hudson; upon the White Mountains, tho
fair islands of Lake George, tint cliffs of
Newport, or the green vales of Wyoming,
and say, "O had I the wings of a dove ! that
way would I fly for rest." It is the season
when those who can get away begin to look
for country board, and to study the seduc
tive advertisements of the benevolent
farmer and the generous hotel keeper.
Visions of unadulterated milk nnd houey,
of butter that can trace its ancestry to the
oow, of eggs whose freshness is announced
each day at sunrise by the maternal hen,
of waving woods nnd refreshing streams, are
inspired by these advertisements in which
every place is pictured as a Paradise. Daz
zled by the multiplicity of attractions, the
eager family discusses whether it shall
spend the summer in a castle in the moun
tains, a palace by the river side, or a villa
by the ocean. Wherever they decide to go
they are likely to prove that distance lends
enchantment to the view. The castle
frequently proves to be a ruin, nnd
even the hospitable farmhouse a delusion.
The purling brook is iound a stagnant
pond and the shady forest is olten
suveral miles away. The new milk, butter
and eggs are brought from tin? New York
markets, where they ecu be bought better
and cheaper than they can be raised, while
the playground for the children, so beauti
fully described in the advertisement, proves
to be merely a dusty yard before a
dusty road. Paradise often turns out
to be purgatory. In fact, there is
nothing more deceptive than the title
of "Country Board," particularly when
it is associated with all the comforts of a
home. Home is precisely what the seeker
for rtistic pleasures does not 'want; but
when be makes the fatal mistuke of fiuding
a desert out of town the name has
sweeter charm*. Home then become dearer
than ever, and he frequently returns to it
with greater joy than wh^n he left
it. So do not let all who cannot
leave the city too much bemoan their fate,
for there are many attractions in town which
balance the discomforts of the country, and
the true philosopher w ill know that content
is. after all, the only basis of domestic en
joyment. It the millions in great cities
cannot have country board as they wish they
can at least have corufort at home.
Mummer Advertising.
Our issues of quintuple Hkiulds ho far
into the summer this year are evidences that
advertising during this season is unusually
general. As regards the Hikalo quintuples
we have never before hud to issue them so
far into the summer. This fuct proves cither
of two conditions of trade -unusual dulness
or unexampled activity. In tho first case,
advertising would be resorted to as the very
Lest moans of forcing business. It presents,
even to those not intending to pur
chase, so many attractions, both as to
goods and prices, that economical res
olutions mult away before the tempting
opportunities to secure good bargainn, and
lagging business is therefore spurred to
activity. On the other hand, tho brisk
competition of thriving trade would be
manifested by advertising. In anticipation of
a prosperous seasou all our merchants have
stocked their stores with the most attractive
novelties suited to the wants of the commu
nity. Thene must be disposed of during
the early summer months to make room for
the fall and winter stocks. Therefore the
merchants advertise to attract to New York
customers from other cities where goods are
not so cheap, so varied in kind or so
abundant. Whatever may ho the objects of
the advertisements the Hkkai.d quintuple is
the tuvorito medium for advertising.
De BNgllt't TJwotf ?** *,MtU* ot
By our news from Paris it will be observed
that the De Broglie Ministry, like the fa
mous General Trochu, has a plan. It was,
however, the great peculiarity of Trochu s
plan that he kept it to himself-never
dazzled the understandings of mankind by
the disclosure of its startling conceptions
while the De Broglie plan is given loar
lessly and pitilessly to the world.
All men in France have foreseen
that the danger of the game played
for the spoils by De Broglie and his fellow
adventurers is that it will extend the laith
of the people in republican institutions as
a guarantee against the surprises that are a
purt of the scheme of personal government,
and consequently that if the present Cham
ber is dissolved the inevitable new
election will result in the return of
a Chamber of Deputies more strongly
republican than even the one that now
stands in the way of Do Broglie's schemes
and MacMahon's delusions. It is against
this possibility, as the critical point in the
case, that the plan provides. The great
feature of this plan is a proclamation. It is
proposed to suddenly change tho French
people from republican to monarchical by
proclamation. If simplicity is any advan- ;
tage iu a plan it certainly exists in this one,
and we venture to say that if the pro
ceeding is successful it will be imitated
on nil like occasions in ot' er countries.
This proclamation is to inform the French
people that if they do not scrupulously elect
a Chamber less republican than the present
Chamber, then MacMahon, President, Mar
shal of France, Duke of Magenta, Ac., Ac.,
will incontinently and absolutely resign his
position as tho saviour of his country, and
abundon and give over this wretched French
nation to its own impulses and inevitable
destruction. There is no indication by
which it may be judged whether tho Mar
shal will actually resign if it comes to the
pinch, and the country, seeing a cheup and
easy way to safety, shall take him at Ins
word. It is apparently not contemplated
that the nation will be able to calmly face
this dreadful danger. It is confidently
thought by the Ministry that this
threat will throw the people into
paroxysms of reaction and so save tho
"conservative" cause. All this is given out
by M. de Fortou. If that gentleman were
more disposed to tell his thoughts plainly
lie would have said that the Ministry does
not deem it unwise to have two strings to its
bow. As the Cromwellians trusted in God
and kept their powder dry, so these gentle
men have every faith in their plan lor a
proclamation, but they do not negleot the
precaution of concentrating in thoir own
hands the machinery of the elections and
the great processes of "oounting in" the
right candidates at important points. The
change of sixty-two prefectures in two days
shows how practical they are in this par
Polo In England.
Polo, which was originally imported from
India into England and thence transferred
to America, is not, like many other foreign
games, a matter of mere brief curiosity, but
grows rapidly and steadily in popu
larity, and is destined to be a per
manent amusement. The( season has
begun already with our own clubs, and
yesterday we published an account of tho
first games played in England this spring.
They took place at the Hurlingham grounds
on the Pith and 19th of May, and were con
tested by the Hnrlingham Club and the In
ternational Polo and Gun Club. W c learn
that the attendance was brilliant, and tho
display of skill in the game and equestrian
ism excellent. The points made by
each club being equal, the decisive
mutch will be played next Saturday;
and in June there will be a battle
for a champion cup. Polo is not only
a fashionable sport in England and this
country, but one which is based upon
enduring elements of skill and exercise. So
long as men value physical strength and
culture, and so long as the horse is of all
the lower animals looked upon as the most
useful, such games as polo will be popular.
It is now one of the leading amusements of
our wealthy young men, and it is not one
of its least merits that it furnishes a beauti
ful outdoor entertainment for the ladies,
who have honored it with their complete
approval. We hope our English cousins
will have a successful season, nnd do not
doubt that our own clubs will do the best
to emulate their skill.
The Political Capital of the State.
Several of our city contemporaries are
making Governor Robinson's veto of (he
appropriation for the absurd and extrava
gant new Onpitol nn occasion for advocating
the transfer of the State government from
Albany to New York. Merciful heaven, de
liver us ! This suffering city is bad enough
without a new accession to its dangerous
classes. The effect of the proposed removal
would be merely to bring the Legislature
uuder the immediate control of Tammany
Hall uud the Custom House, which are al
ready the cbiof agents of corruption. The re
moval would save a great deal to those inter
meddling ugencies in railroad fares and hotel
bills, and enable each of them to practise
all its arts upon raw rural members with
slight trouble or expense. Such a change
would substitute Tammany Hall for the
democratic side of the Legislature and the
Custom House for the republican side.
That body would be even more servile to
these bad influences than it bus been here
tofore, and they havo been altogether too
potent at the distance of a hundred nnd
fifty miles. The city lobbies have long
been the curse of State legislation. These
lobbies would be not merely influential but
omnipotent if the State capital were trans
ferred to New York. Apart from this de
cisive objection Albany is a better place for
the seat of the State government. There is
not a county in the State which has not fre
quent occasion to transact business with
executive departments which are more ac
cessible to a majority of the counties than
they would be in New York. During the
season of navigation our great system of
public works, with its swarm of engineers,
1 collectors and superintendents, must be in
> constant intercourse with the State capital,
and Albany is the natural centre of this
great branch of the public business. At the
eastern terminus of the Erie Canal and the
southern terminus of the Champlain Canal,
it is the proper administrative centre
of our vast system of public works,
which could not be transferred to the
mouth of the Hudson without great in
convenience. The current discussions are
idle and futile, and are, therefore, a very
harmless amusement for the journals that
indulge in them; but if there were any seri
ous prospect of a removal of the State capi
tal from Albany to New York we should
deprecate it in the interest of oity morals,
purity of legislation, and the convenience
of the county and canal officers, which
maintain a constant intercourse with the
executive offices at the seat of the State
The Country Girl and the City
How can we choose between roses?be
tween the wild rose of the country and the
velvet-leaved flower of the conservatory?
Yet our correspondents of both sexes who
are interested in the matrimonial ques
tion seem resolved to imitate the wars of
York and Lancaster, when the red rose
turned pale with passion, the white
rose was crimsoned in battle, and
both pierced old England's bosom with
thorns. They are greatly in earnest in dis
cussing whether young men of moderate
means and domestic affections should
choose thoir wives from the country or
the city. The arguments are able on
each side and might well embarrass the
anxious bachelor. One of our contempo
raries has given the subject some attention
and asserts that there are more pretty girls
in New York than in any other city. Phila
delphia, Baltimore and Boston makb simi
lar claims, just as every good museum claims
to possess the original club with which Gap
tain Cook was killed. We oannot say that
New York has prettier girls than the coun
try, for the debate is too early and the
weather too hot for a decision; nor can we
agree with our experienced contemporary
that young men should not hunt alter love,
but should wait till they are caught. As
Time is to be seized by the forelock, so
must Cupid be as he flies, and he should be
shot with his own arrows. Love, like all
the other blessings of life, should be sought
for, and the young bachelors should no
more sit idly in the expectation that a wife
will come to them without asking than they
should hope to obtain fortune without labor.
With perfect felicity and truth a great poet
All precious things, discovered late,
To tdoao wbo Reck idem issue lorth;
Tlius Love lu sequel works wild Fate,
And draws the veil lroin hlddeu world.
The advice of our experienced contem
porary to delay courtship is. wo fear, dan
gerous, and perhaps the fact that it is taken
too often may occount for the large num
ber of bachelors of which it justly com
plains. We should rather think that,
whether it be the country girl or
the city belle that is best for the intending
Benedict he would do well to seek one or
the other with intelligence and sincerity, or
he may discover some day that Love, indig
nant at his neglect, has flown away to return
no more.
Wo bad a cool winter,
l.inon collars arc at hall-mast.
Iter. Mr. Fulton says that lager menaces Ameri
Tin cane on dogs' tails are now cat In the princesso
Dolors cutting a steak pais your gnlfe once through
a garlic.
/.ach Chandler, alter ell, does not believe In the eea
Lord Duffcrln, Governor General of Canada, Is at
tbo Gtlsoy.
W.mted a reform party of which no member can
havu an ofllce.
Mullet now goos to church and sings about "man.
slons In the skies "
Judge fait is likely to be nominated lor Governor by
the Ohio republicans.
Or. Russell, the London Timet writer, will seek
election to 1'arliament.
Aftor ail a Turkish war map doee'at look as well
cookod as beelsteuk and onions.
The Springfield Jiepublican says that Grant, Cameron
and Jones wore Conkiing's special pots.
It Is said tbut Key is tbo Cablnst mouther most popu
lar with the old Grunt republicans ol Washington.
A New Kngland paper Buys that nearly all ths men
in its town are falbora Must be a growing pop-ulallon.
Here and ihero you llnd a Northern man saying
that tho North ought to bo sorry for the result of the
late war.
Hold a Yonkers boy to bit father last evcalng, " That
was correct tie /acta, but as a licking It was a fraud
Ue jure."
Hither Randall or Banks would make a good
Speaker; Randull un houcat democrat and llanks a
respectable compromise.
James G. lilaine is accused ol going into the political
baidwuro trade. Jim, a dealer lu sasspansV No; this
is suioolblug trouy too much.
ileal critical Christians ure the only people who have
u right to quarrel oil Sunday. It mates them loci ugly
to think that other pcnplo aro winked.
Since Secretary Kvitrts decided to remain In the law
business several clorks In the Department of State
have decided to lenso groon-grocory stores.
When ben butler meets a newspaper man he mat
ters a dlroiul malediction, something like a wush
boiler lulling otu or a midnight window on u oat.
a lump ol hrcaa tho rl7.o ol a billiard ball, tied in a
llnou hug, and put into a pot In which greens ure boil
ing, will absorb the gases which provide lndoitcaie
?? Duly " Carr, tbo republican manager in San Fran
cisco, has nam that he will own the Chronicle, which
he claims bas ilbollod hlra, and the Chronicle defies
UI in to u fight.
II wioked musicians, men and women whom we
slander si\ days In tbe week, are permitted to sing the
glories ol liMtvuu iu our churcbov, why not hire people
of the ssine quality to preach the sermonsf
There Is n minister ol tho gospel who Is now think
ing of his vacation, so that he may take tbe place of
a poor gardener w ho has not had a vacation In ten
years. This minister lives In our Imagination.
When a fond wifo decides to aocotiipany her hus
band to a sod a wator fountain, and while sbo says
"sarsup.trllla" and ho leans over to whtspor to the at
tendant, the syrup he takes comes irotn under the
counter and looks like thin molasses.
A tail, hundsomo woman, with a frank smile, a
pleasant voice, a beauillul hand. She wears a close
fitting black dress ol some solt stall. It Is not fash
ionably made, and yet there Is oothinggrotesque about
Its plainness. An iron erosa hangs on her breast; its
purple ribbon and thu thin black net vail tbut droops
Irom her high comb are her only ornaments. So looks
Mmc. Loyson, tbe wile ol Father Hyaetntbe.
Conrf Journal:? "It is staled that His Royal Highness
tho Duke of Edinburgh Is In treaty lor the purchase ol
Oldwny House, 1'uiugton, Torbay, the splendid man
sion recently erected by tbe American miillonnoiro, the
late Mr. Singer. Tue house contains a prlvnte theatre,
in addition to every roquireiuool (or a family of the
first rank. Torbay has long been a favorite resort lor
tho Russian royal family and nobility, and the climato
ha* boon considered ae especially advantageous to tbo
Duchess of Edinburgh."
Massing of Troops and Preparation
for a Forward Movement.
The Fighting at Sukum-Kaleh, Batonm
and Ardahan.
Russia's Right to the Bosphorus
[BY cable to the herald.]
London, May 21, 1877.
Tlio news from the seat of war to-day
does not show any Immediate movement of
importance', though It is quite evident that
the Russians are rapidly mossing large
bodies of troops in front of the Turkish
main position. This concentration of the Russian
corps is an evidence of their desire to force a battle
m the open Held, and the engagement cannot
be long delayed. When it does occur the
strugirle will undoubtedly be a terrific
one, and have a most important bearing on
the campaign. The opposing armies' now ap
proaching each other are so large that the battle
will be decisive and bloody.
The|Hi:RAM> correspondent at Trebizonde tele
graphs the exact situation in Asia. He says that
pcrrect tranquillity prevails In that city and in
Erzeroutn. Ho confirms the report of the bom
bardment of .Sukum-Kaleh, and says that the in
habitants uud the Russian troops retired in the
rear of the town. It is probable that a
general rising of the tribes in tbe Caucasus will
soon take place. Skirmishes occur daily in the rear
of Ratoum. A strong attack by the Russians on the
11th was vigorously repulsed. Kars is not com
pletely invested.
A despatch from St. Petersburg gives the following
official account of the battle of Ardahan as telegraphed
by General Mellkofl to the Grand Duke Michael:?
"The outworks of Ardahan, Its fortifications, citadel,
sixty guns, immense stores of provisions and
ammunition, and the camp formorly occupied by
lourtoen battalions of Turks, lie at the feet of
the Czar. On May 17 the admirable Are of our artil
lery between three and six o'oiock in tbe aftornoon
made a broach In tbo walls. At tlx o'clock thd
Krwan, Tiflis and Baku regiments and the sappers ad
vanced to the assault. The enorny could cot withstand
the onslaught and tied, leaving a great number dead.
At nine o'clock our troops traveraed the whole town
and fortifications, tho band playing tbo national
antbem. Tbe troops are lull of enthusiasm. Our
loss Is bolieved to be one officer and fifty soldiers
killed, lour officers and 180 soldiers wounded. 1 can
not find sufficient words ot praise for the courage and
coolness of our young soldiers, or for the good dispo
sition of tbe troops made by tho officers A solemn
servico will be held at the central point of the fori ill
A Bayaztd despatch says that tho Russian l?tt wind
Is at Ipeck, not *'Peek" as heretofore reported.
It now appears that tho expedition undor Fazll
Facha which siuriod lor Sukum-Kaleh on Friday con
sisted of four largo transports, four iron-clad
frigates, one despatch boat, ? ? 10,000 troops
aud Ave batteries of artillery. A despatch
from Constantinople received yesterday states that an
official bulletin, Just Issued, announces that the Turk
ish forces operating near Sukum-Kaleh were attacked
by 0,700 Russians near SleL The Turks completely
annihilated a company of Cossacks They took Ave
prisoners, besides some arms and provisions.
Tho lighting continues. Tho fleet has destroyed
Bourgdjardjare. The Russians lost 300 killed
and wounded In tbo skirmish near Kara.
Despito this official announcement considerable
anxiety is manifested at Constantinople whotber the
Sutum Kaleh expedition will succeed In raising an
insurrection In Csacusus. An evidence of this fact Is
found in the statement that 8,000 trohps, 1,500 Circas
sians, 50,000 rifles and some mountain batteries have
already been despatched thither.
A despatch from Constantinople aays tbo Russians
attempted to regain Sutum Kaleh, but were repulsed
witn loss.
notks piiom vaniois points.
An Krzeroum despatch says a decisive oattlo Is ex
pected In ilio Ksnly Mountains. An attack
on Kars was repulsed with heavy lo.s. Tho
Turks have, sent reinforcements to Nicko
polls to guard ugnlust any attempted passage
of the Danube there. On the 1st of June all traffic on
Roumanian railways will be stopped to allow the
passage ol stores aud siego artillery. The Czsr will
roruuin at Bucharest until tho oud ol the war. He wll
witness the passage ot tho Danube by the main body
ol the aruiy.
A Berlin despatch says tho Turks oodQqo their prep
orations to strengthening the Danubian fortresses.
All these arc being uindo more or less formidable, but
strengthening their garrisons detracts from tho num
bers of tnoir Hold forces. With all tbs re
inforcements recently brought up tho Turks,
it is believed, havo no uioro than 200,000
combatants north ol the Balkans to resist
250,000 Russians. Tho positions which the Russians
have occupied near Ihrall will soon enable them to
prevent the Turkish gunboats approaching the shoros
of tbn Dobrudscha. A Belgrade despatch says the
elections of the Skuptechlna aro ordered.
I.urgo bodies of troops aro directed to Teehnla,
Dorvani and Doboy, with extra wagon load* of arms
and uinmunltlon. A Culatz special, dated Sunday,
snys to-duy a small Roumanian Iron-olsd was
armed by the Kussluus with lour guns
and manned with Russian sailors. It is reporiod
The Russians will also use their two remaining psddls
gunboats. A RtiMchuk despatch, dated Saturday,
says the Russians are bombarding Nlkopolla. The
Governor or Rustchtlk lias resigned and leu tbo town.
A Bucharest despatch, dated Sunday, aavs the ad
vance ol the column ol Kusslun infantry, mentioned
In previous despatches, passed Bucharest at on*
o'clock thin morning. These Infantry belong to the
corps uosilned tho Bucharest and Giurgovo positions.
Tbo Danube is so high at present that It
would bu difficult to placo a pontoon bridge
Tho Clrcaasuins who landed at Sukum-Kaleb have
arrived at the capital of tho Abchasian country. The
Abclinslnns arc ulrald to join them. In Moldavia com
munication with Jassy Is entirely interrupted by floods.
The valley oi the Bistritsa is like a sen ot water waist
I deep. A Berlin despatch says Count Andrassy has
requested tho withdrawal of (ho Russians from tbs
It ih rumored that the Emperor of Austria will visit
the Czar. The Russian commissariat is working rather
unsatisfactorily. Tho Russians occupied Kriyova on
Friday night and Ultenilza on Saturday. They will
occupy Tnrii-Severln and Kalafat on tbo 20th.
The week's telegrams con Arm tho Russian advance
to the Alula at fumu-Magureil, Islaah and Slmnliso.
Tho lorces actually at these places are only sdvancs
posts The uiain body Is distributed In tbe roar
between Alexandria, Komnnl and Uuscbedsvode,
68,000 men being at the latter place, from whenco good

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