THE HORHOII MASSftCRE.
Names of All tlie "White
THE SEVENTEEN SURVIVORS.
An Official Lint of the
WHERE ARE 'THEY NOW?
How the Children were Separated and
MRS. WORLEY'S STATEMENT.
Salt 1,akb Citt, May 12, 1877.
I am able to send you tn this loiter a list ol the names
or all the white men who aro alleged to have com
muted the Mountain Meadows massacre, and a llei also
or the children who survived it Neither or these lists
has hitherto been published. The first, In the hand
writing or John 1). l.eo, reads as follows:?"To the
best or my recollection tbore were fifty-four white men
at tbo Mountain Meadows massacre. The men who
composed the preliminary council of war were tbeso:?
John N. Hlgbee, Major and First Counsellor to Presi
P. K. Smith, Bishop.
Samuel MoMurdy. Bishop.
Ira Allen, High Counsellor.
Richard Harrison, High Counsellor.
Charles Hopkins (dead). City Connsellor.
Robert Wiloy (dead), High Counsellor.
Thomas Oartrigbt (dead). City Counsellor.
Samuel White (dead), City Counsellor.
John I). Loe, Indian farmer.
Samuel Jerks, Joseph Clews (In Cal.),
Joel Whits, J. Pugmiro (Ueud),
W. C. Stewart, Sam Pollock,
Klllott Wilden, James Williamson (dead),
Dan McParlnne, Curl Shirts (interpreter),
Humphrey, Nepht Johnson (Inter
Oscar flambltn (dead), prelcr),
Sam Knight, Dudley Leavltt,
Bcu Arthur, Stratum,
John W. Clark (dead), William SAde, Sr. (doad),
Harrison Pearce, William Slaile, Jr.,
Janpcs Pearce, William Ilandly,
William Young (dead), Satn Adair,
John Maugrun, Niito Adair,
William Batoman (dead), Gnorge Adulr,
Columbus Freeman (a George H.tnlcy (dead),
mere lad), Huirg raves,
Two men namod Curtis, William Hamhlln (dead).
"Besides the above there were some fivo men who
have gone to Texan and two others whose names and
Wheraabouta 1 cannot recall."
Of the men whose names are above eited John D.
Lee alone has been brought to punishment. la (act,
be is the only Mormon among tbo murderers who have
stained the soil ot Utah with the blood of hundreds ot
apostates and gentiles who has been exocutod for his
crimen Some et his companions whom he mentions
long ago removed beyond the borders of Utah; others,
ino'uding Halght, Htgbee and Slow-art, have for years
been fugitives in mountain canyons and the distant
wilds of Arizona. Warrants lor their arrest have been
issued and experts are on their track. It is hoped that
aaveral of these criminals will bo arraigned fur trial
this summer. The evidence against them will convince
the country of their guilt, whether or not It falls to
wonvlno* a Mormon jury.
? -tae r,nn?n? wslo ?im ei'jLuvu.
Tbi history of the child survivors ol the massacre
Is contained In some official doouments recently traus
miUed Irons the Wer Department. Tho survivors, it
seems, numbered seventeen. Tbelr ages varied from
three to nine years. Sixteen only are here accounted
lor?six beya and ten girla. The flrst was a boy named
Calvin, between seven and eight years old. He did
not remembor bis surname, but said be wits near his
mother when she was shot, and pulled I ho arrows out
of her back until she died. Ho said he bad two brothers
Older than himself, named Henry and James, and three
aistore?Nancy, Mary and Martha?all slain.
The second was a girl, who did not remember her
name; her companions said It was Deninea.
N'ext was a boy named Ambrose Miriam Tagil, who
said be had two brothers older than bint no II aad one
younger brother. His father, mother and the eldest
brothers were killed; bis youngor brother was brought
to Cedat City. He said be lived lu Johnson county,
bat did not know in what State, and said it took oue
week to go from where bo lived te bis grandfather's
and grandmother's, who were stilt living in the Stales.
, Fourth, was u girl obtained by Dr. Forney from
John Morris, a Mormon ut Cedar City. She was too
yonng to recollect anything about herself.
The fifth was a boy who coold not tell his own name,
but said the girl obtained from Morris was named
>lary, and was his sister. This little boy bod been
living since tho massacre with one E. H. Grove.
A girl, who said her name was Prudence Angeline,
was the sixth. She had two brothers, Jesse and Jobn,
wbo wero killed. She said her father's name wac
William and tbat she had an unole named Jesae.
Tbe seventh waa a very little girl, who gave her
name an Frances Harris or Heme; she remembered
nothing e( her family.
The eighth waa a boy too young to ramember any*
thing about himself.
Tba ninth waa a boy wbo said bis name was William
Tba tenth wss a hoy who gave hit name as Charles
The eleventh waa a girl; her noma sho gave as So.
Tbo twelfth wet a Utile girl who called herself
The thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth ware three
Bisters, samed Rebecca, Louisa and Sarah Ounlap.
taese bed been staying with Jacob Hamblin.
Tbara is no description and no natno given of the six
The seventeenth was a boy baby, wbo was ooly six
weeks old at the time af the maasacro. Hanibhn'a
wile look tbia little fellow to the camp of the First
United States dragoons, coramandod by Hrevst Major
Juines Usury Carlaton, at Mountain Moadows, May 19,
l!ii9. He was the last child recovered, and was then
about a year and a half old. Major Carleton describes
btm as a protty lltilo boy, who slept thai night on tho
ground wbcro nla parents bad been murdered and was
next day sent on to Salt Lake City, where Dr. Forney
bad by tbat time collected most ol the otaer cblldreu.
nOHUOX rMILAXTIIKOI'V exillBITKb.
Although at least lour of the oldest children are said
to havo knowu, without doubt, enough of tbe material
(sets of tho Mountain Meadows maasaoro to be good
witnesses against lbs whites who participated lu it,
tbey could not bo induced to make any developments
wtnle thsy remained with tba Mormons. "N'odoubt,"
said Major Carleton, "they refrained from fear, having
been Intimidated by threats. Dr. Forney," continued
lbs Mf)or, "enme southward for tham under the im
pression tbat he would find them in the bands of the
Indiana The Mormons protend tbe children were
In ihe bands of tba Indians and were purctiasod by
themselves for rifles, blankets, Ac. Hut tho children
iay they never havo lived with the Indians at all.
The Mormons claimed of Dr. Forney sums of
money varying from $300 to $400 for attend
ing Ihem when sick, for Icodtng and cloth
ing them and for nourishing Ihe infauts Irom
the ttmo when they assumed to havo pnrchated
them from tho Indiana Murderers ol lbs parents
and dcspoilsrs of their property, these Mormons,
rather these incaroate deads, dared to come forward
\ad claim payment for having kept these little ones
tsroly alive?these helpless orphans whom they them
telves bed already robbed of tbelr natoral protectors
tnd support. Hat there ever been an act which at all
tsoalled this In davtllsh hardihood, in more than
ess. wontsr'a arcoi.i.rcriovs.
Tho ehlldren who ware brought to Halt Lake City
per* fai in charge o! Mil. W or ley, with whetalcon
vttMd at her bona* laat evening. She describes tbelr
appearance, when the wagon containing them stopped
at her gate, as moat piteous. Not more than one or
two of them had received decent earo since the manna
ere. Many of them bad sore eyes. Moit ot them
wero unwashed, unkempt and afflicted with vermin,
and tbelr clothing was scanty, filthy and ill-fltting.
Mrs. Worley was at once compassionate and euorgnlio.
She look those little ones, who arnvod early In tho
afternoon, and by evening had thoroughly washed and
decently dressed tbetn, and so led them with food and
tenderness that when Or. Forney called to soe them In
tho evening he was struck Willi astonishment.
Whllo she had charge of the children Mrs. Worley
was ton much engaged in making tbetn comfortable
and In modifying tne wild and almost savage mauuers
which soma of them bad acquired to qucatlon them
about the circumstances of the massacre. She ta now
a (coble old lady, but she has a vivid recollection of one
intolUgent child; uatned Mary Dunlap, whose little
brother was killed. One day, when Mnry Dtinlnp was
in the room, says Mrs. Worloy, one of the lattor's little
boys cutcred, wlloreupon Mary cried out:?
"Oh, dear! you look just like my brother!"
"Where It your brother?" asked the little boy.
"The Indians killed bint," unswored the child, with
Mrs. Worloy described an old gentleman from ono of
the Western States who came to bait Lake aod called
on her and Inquired alter his grandchild, an orphan,
who wos Journeying with a tantlly belonging to the
domolishcd train The boy wau not among the
orphans ol the massacre whom she bad in charge, and
the old inau's griel was groat.
"My Oodl" said he, "Mrs. Worley, I pray you to
seek for him. I am rich, nod II you flod him 1 will
never stop rewarding you."
It was ascertained that the child bad been butchered,
?nd his grandfather started eastward, utterly broken
WHAT SI'.CAME OP TUE CUII.DRE.Vi
Arrangements having been made by Dr. Forney,
who was then Superintendent or Indian Affairs In
Utah Territory, tho seventeen fatherless, motherless
and penniless children storied across the Flams in
company with himself, his wife and throo other le*
males, including Mrs. Worley, In 1850. Dr. Forney
bad previously written on to Irlend* of the children,
but all that Mrs. Worley recolloc's about the disposi
tion ol thorn alter their arrival at Fort Leavenworth Is
this:?Two young men and two young ladies whose
names she hus no record ol came to Fort Leavenworth
and took ail but one of the cbildrcu away immediately,
she believes they were bound lor Arkansas and Mis
souri. Tito otner child, a boy, was received at Fort
Loavcnworlh by bts uncle from Arkansas. Mrs.
Worley made no note of tho names of
any of these persons, and 1 havs not been
able by dijlgent Inquiry to ascertain to whom
the cbildran wero at that time committed. It Is dif
ficult to louru about the fates of the children. Only
ouo person In Utah ("Idauo Bill") claims to be s sur
vivor of the massacre. He .calls himself Churlcs
Thatcher. You have received hia history aa recited
by himself. It is rumored that a lady, wife of a con
ductor ou the Union 1'acilie Railroad, who resides st
Cheyenne, is ono ol the seventeen saved.
Ferhups the inlormutlon In this letter, comprising,
as it docs, the names of the children and the ugea of
some cl'them, may, if It be copied uud commented ou
by Missouri, Arkuusns and Kaa.tas newspapers, help
to uncover the mystery which has enveloped their
lives since 1809 and brlug to light Irom one or more of
the eldest among the survivors ot the Mountain Mead
ows mussucre testimony in aid ol tho prosecution to
he commenced against the murdorers who have bad
such loug immunity.
* These usraui were mentioned by Idaho Bill lu a pre
vious letter recounting ou iuterviewr win. Lint.
A THIRTY YEARS' RECORD.
[From the Bait Luko Tribuue. May 15.]
Brighum Young tells the Hekalu correspondent
that if be had Known ot the tnleutiou of his followers
In Southern tub to aosassinato the Arkansas company
of emigrants his disposition is t>ucn that ho would
have gone to that oauip and fought to the death the
Indians and whits men who commuted the massacre
rather than such a deed shuuid be commuted. Uulor
lunatoly bis "disposition," as snown in his thirty
throe yqars' prophetic rulo of the Church, docs not
give color to thlf asportlon. Ho bas been relentless la
hisexercifte of absolute power, and the toss and man
ner in which be has gloated over tho fall of "his ens
nnes" are really domoniao. The emigrants wero re
fused needed supplies In Suit Lake by his order, and in
Ibelr toilsome Journey through the Territory ihey
were hounded as enemies and the necessaries of Ills
THE MORMONS DENOUNCE THE GOVERNOR.
[From tlio Knit Lake Herald, May 16. J *
Governor Kmory places himself in a very unenvia
ble position when bo lends bis official position to lor
ward the ends of the rascally radical class who are
seeking the destruction ol Utah's business ana pros
perity.* We are unwilling to believe the Governor ie a
knave, and cannot consider him a loot, yet we are told
by his organ, aud it has been lelegrupbod to tbe New
York Ukkami?doubtless with bis knowledge, If not
by his authorization? that lie bos asked tbe War De
partment to send more troops to Utah to preserve tbe
peace aud protect tbe lives and property of cit zeus.
Governor Emory known there Is not the slightest occa
sion lor four from a Mormon uprising, and tins so ex
pressed himself within the week; yet we find hun not
ing directly contrary to bie own knowledge ol the fuels
end against ills bolter judgment. Uc realizes the situ
ation, understands the uujuuiucpb or the ineonsidorale
paper war being waged against tbe Mormons, coinpro- j
honds tho injury ui the Territory that is being wrought j
by this clamor, and is knowing lo tbe desperate height
to which popular excitement host and West Is being
raised, and with all this knowledge he wittingly adds
hie might to make matters worse end feu the florae
started by wicked und unscrupulous men.
As His Excellency I* neither knave nor tool we can
only consider turn as one who lias boeu whipped of hie
manhood by a blackguard editor, whose eim und vITort
are to got beneath his thumb all lederal ulllciale who
come to Utab, and tben play upon them at will. The
Governor gave promise ol withstanding Ibc lash of this
renegade Konean and holding to tbe dignity of man
hood; bui or late beexbibued evidences ol weskeess,
and boa at lost fallen into line of official tools of the
Tribune. He must know that In so doing be foregoes
all claim to the large rogpooi In whiob he was held by
tbe law abiding and peace loviug portions of the com
munity. We tail to see upon what lie can base his
action or how be can Justify bis course. II Governor
Emory wero esked by the War Department If there
was not poace in Utah be would be obliged to perjure
himself or answer in the alllrwative i If be were called
upon 10 state whether nny law abiding citizen were la
danger of bodily injury or lose ol property he could
only answer that ha know of nonn. He would ho
bound lo Mule that tho courts are lo uninterrupted
oporation, and that ltlo and property of all citizens
end residents uro us sale la Utah as In New York or
any other State ol the L'niou. This Governor Kmory
knows to be n lact, but hu dare not proclaim it lost tie
should be rionounccd by the Tribune, and probably
lose bis official position. Hah! such tender lectt
No one here wbo is obeying tbe laws lanrs tho
troops, 'fan thousand soldiers would bo u bonellt to
the Territory, because they would bring money here
and spend it. Tbe objection does not lie to tbe troops
coming, but In the manner ol ibeir being called.
Now that His Excellency cuu do longer bo rolled
upon to stand by the right wo again appeal to loading
citizens lo net for themselves. It Is to their intorest
end lb" Intcroatof the country In do fo, Cell a nuise
meeting, and. retting lorth tbe real tacts ns tlieyi-x<sl,
orspcctiully and earnestly proiest against this unwar
ranted ruld on uniortuuaie Utab. Call lor an investi
gation and let tho truth be known, end offset and
thwart, II possiblo, the effect ol the lies. In tbe mcau
tiiiiw we advise tbe people to observe caution In all
they do. Wo know, as all do, tbaliliorais no danger, but
In the present state of excitement an uiterance or
demonstration, which in tlsoll had no slgnillcanco,
might lend to Irouble ntid serious conrer|ucnces l.et
the howlera, (he falsilleiM und tho scubailooinikts do
leal. themselves hy having to swallow their own base
calumnies and lalscbood*.
THE MORMONS DEFYING JUSTICE.
[From the Philadelphia Times, Mey 'JL )
The United Stales government has been very
lenient toward the (Alter Day Saints, but never was
leniency less appreciated. Tbe day Is at hand, how
over, when tbe consideration of Iboir crimes and their
contempt ol the benign Influences of the free Insti
tutions which has in ado It possiblo lor them to build
an a garden ia tbe wilderness must demaud serious nt
teeetow odd such offences receive tbe punishment tbey
Gchiy merit. Of Ute, inspired by tbe revelations at
tending tbe trial of Bishop Lee ler murder* in which
Brigham Toung wae bis accomplice, the New York
Hksai.d has taken this matter In hand, and although
its discussion of the subject has had a sensational
flavor, it is not to be deuied that it has, tbrough able
correspondents in Utah, unmasked the villaulesof
Mormonlsm as they never bad been before 11 tbe
people of tbe L'nlted States have not been stirred to in*
dlguatlon by these disclosures it must be because they
have not read them. But as the conttnual dropping
will wear away tbo rock tbo Uciui.n la bound to
wake an impression il it keeps on st this rate. K von
It the pioturo is not as black as it ia painted it la black
enough In all aonactence to arouae the ire o! every one
who bus the least respect lor good morals or sn in
telligent comprehension of the spirit of Amsricsn In*
A FEW HANUED TBAITOBP.
[l'rom the l'hlladelphlnTimes, May 21.]
The question Is, How long Is this community of
polygamists and cutthroats to bo tolerated f We sre
not prepared to say tbat tbo ttiya has arrived when
tbe federal government should proceed to extreme
measures, but we do say that the day is not far distant
snd that the Mormons themselves are haatemug it.
Tbe leading spirits among the polyg&mlsts know tbat
thoir race Is nearly run, and instead of iuatitutlng
reforms that would Insure to them the protection or
tolerance which thoy h ive so aadly abused seem to
buvs bariieued their hearts for the provocation of tne
sword of justice. Governor Emory and District Attor
ney Howard, the most responsible loderal ulllcors In
the Territory, condrin the report tbat tbo Mormon
militia baa buou reorganizing and drilling with a view
to tuo defeuce of their leaders against prosecution lor
crimes of which tliey uro known to be guilty. This
means war ou Lho United States government and
nothing else. Meanwhile Young and bia satellites are
doing all In tbslr power to fau lho flame. Tbe Taber
nacle is crowded weekly with andlonces lushed Into
excitement by tho proiaue and disloyal ravings of
apostles, bisnops snd elders. This cannot go on long
without an outbreak. If tbo crisis docs come there
may be bloodshea, but the end Is certain. A few shots,
a few hanged traitors, and America will ba rid of tbe
lonlest spot now blackening bor osculchoon.
A MOIIMOH CONUKDBUM.
[From the Ocden (Utah) Junction, May lo.J
Are special laws wautea agaiust a balielf Must an
army bo sent to Utah to "crush" an opinion ? If In
this small community only a vory small proportion of
tbo men have more wives than one what does all this
rumpus mean? And why is the whole nation to be
aroused, as the Herald demands, to stamp out that
which, if It be an evil, is like an Inflnitositnal spot com
pared with the deep social stains wnieh broadly brand
tbo body of tbe State and city where tho Hkkalo
flourishes ? And will the Hkhald inan show ua tho
connection, in bis latest oflusiou, between the ex
tinguishment of the twin relic aud the "(rial and elo
cution of Ilrigbain Young sua other Mormon mag
nates Tor participation in a horrible and inhuman
TUB VOICE OF THE ADULTEBEIt.
11 rom tbe Philadelphia Times, May 21.]
Bat happily we are not dependent solely upon tbe
Gentileciilzens for an insight luio tho purposes and
methods ol the tollowerj ol that blasphemous, adul
terous and murderous wretch, Joe Smith, fho history
ol the Mormons is literally written In blood. Tbo
people who compose the colony aro drawn from the
lowea classes lu Europe through lho lies ol Mormon
missiouaries, the increase Irom this source boing from
3,000 to 0,000 a year, and their growth is further ac
counted ior by tho fact that these Immigrauts are
mado to bolleve that It Is their chief duty and high
privilege to marry and have chlldreo. There are
nearly 40,000 obildren in Utah who have been born
there, and tboy are to grow up under Influences in
every way hoatile to virtue and loyalty. Tbey are
taught, us their iguorant lathers and mother* have
been, that adultery ib a Cbrtstiau duty; that the life
uf a (ientlle m worth no more than tbe life of a dog if it
stands tu the way ol Mormon advancement, and that
tbe United States government, whtclt has given them
a homo and all tbul they have, is a creature of tbe
devil, to lie iought with Qro aud sword. They aro
taught and believe that Brighatn Young ia th* friend
and confldante of Dotty, that he "meets God face to
faee every day, ana thai the voioe of Brighatn, .>1
teror, perjurer, murderer that ho is, moat be obeyed
above all other voices, eveu should obedience involve
all tbe oriraos known to tbe docalogue.
POI.YGAMY TO BE PEUPKTCATED.
[From the Ogden (Utah) Junction, May 16,]
The N*.vf York Hbhald treats Its many thousands
of readers to a daily disquisition oo "Mortnomstn. "
Wo cannot say that those articles aro up to the general
standard ol tno Hkkald'n editorials. The writer is
evidently working in the dark, understanding nothing
ot tho subject of which he treats, and, in addition to
his ussumpliou ol errors lor lacta, he reeehcs Tory
stupid conclusions. Deferring to the rubbish tele
grapbod from salt Lake about "Mormons" arming and
drilling and preparing for resistance to legal process,
ho asks, "Are tboy efrsld of Justice?" Wo answer,
tbo "Mormons" are not at present In tear ot anything.
They are most of thorn bard at work, minding their
own business, pursuing their various industrial avoca
tions. serene ol mind, cheerful ol heart and regardless
of clamor and lbs loolory of aensai'oaet Journalism.
And as to justice, taut is Just what they nek for; but
hitherto they have asked In rain, particularly trora
the leading Journals of this great nation.
Whether innoceut or guilty, how would tbe exeou
Hon of "Mormon muguatea" for murder abolish polyg
amy? Yet this is tbe "extinguisher of ihe twin
relio" which the Hkhauu writer gravely proposes, and
which bo oonslders would be "the doom ol Mormon
ism." Wo aro surprised to And each balderdash In
tbo leading Journal of tbe country.
bishop mormon snow.
[From tbe Sell Lake Tribune, May 16.]
If tbe Mountain Meadows Cbnrcb bee no wiser conn
oil chiefs or no better generals tban Elder Eraslus
Snow It would be well for its leaders to throw up tbe
sponge at once, as any attempt at defence will rosult
In speedy overthrow. Hie savage attack upon lbs New
Yokk Hksai.o and bis ribald abuso ol the Salt Lake
Tribune reporter In tbo Tabernaole, on Sunday, show
that he Is as void of oommon sense as be Is utterly
lacking ot decency. Tbe Hkkali> be oharges with
lying; it bee banded with numerous other Pbiliaiiue
journals to bring confusion npon the Saluis; its corre
spondent In this city Is basely fabricating tales stories
to mislead tbe world end set the healhoe raging round
Qod a eleci. Bui lbs Lord will Irusirate tbo designs of
His oncmies, and the Ktdcr will yet see that mammoth
newspaper establishment lift up and oast Into tbe sea.
BRIGHAM AND THE MAftftACBK.
[From tho Salt Lake Tribune, May 16. ]
II Brighsm Young had been In tbe Second District
Court, with Mr. Bsskiu to cross-exemioo him ho
would bsvo been made as deathly sick as Kllsha
Hoops became, tnrough retailing that stala and ex
cluded lie that the Arkansas company ol emigrants
angered the Indians by poisoning springs and infect
ing dead carcasses of callle, by which a number of red
men died. Telling sh fair a story as be could to tbo
Nsw York Hkkai.o correspondent hiseesiost resort
wss to e fertile fnrulty of Invention. The emigrants were
desd and John I). I.ec, his Iscilo Instrument in .the
treacherous assassination, bus neon put out ot the way ?
so ho thought it a perfectly safe proceeding to lay the
blame on tno former and ibo Infamy ol their taking
ofl upon Ihe letter, end himself play tbo ritfr of the
virtuous patriarch. But nn ordinary Ho nocds fifty
others to sustaiu It, while this lie caunot be made to
pile* current If be should devote his inventive fscul
tios to smoothing and polishtDg It from uow till
Doomsday. Ho should havo remembered that ho wus
dealing with s subtle querist, uud that his shallow at
tempt to hoodwink the Journalist would be fully ex
posed by subsequent Investigation. His lalso sta'c
ment has gone te tno world, end tbm will shortly be
followed by historical evidence which will prove to
millions of Americans, who nave devoted no previous
thought to the matter, that tbo leader of tbe Latter
Day Church lied to tho Ukkami correspondent to
bide his own guilty complicity in the damning crime.
QUEEN VICTORIA**} BIRTHDAY.
[BY TXT.EORAPH TO THE HERALD.]
PrTRRaiiORM, Va, May 21, 1*77.
Delegates to tho iDlnrontioeiil British celebration
ere beginning to arrive. A large bodr or Canadian*
reached Kiehruopd yesterday. The Philadelphia dele
Cation, nitmberlbg liliv, aro now on the way. Tbe
fnlteit Mutes government has loaned flags and banting
for tbo celebration. The festivities will be on e mag.
A ?AT or REJOICING IN CHART.OTTE?CANNON,
SELLS, ORATORY, FARADES -GOVERNOR
TANCE ON THE SOUTH 11KDKEMFD.
IBT TELEOftAPH TO THE HERALD. ]
Charlotte, N. C., May 21, 18T7.
Ktrly id (#e mornlu< people were CMiilnf In hy all
roads to participate ill llie celebration of lite lOJd
annivors iry of tbe Meclcicnburg Declaration ol Inde
pendence. At sunriae artillery salutes shook the '
morning air, United .States flags were Hung 1
to the breeze and all tbe bclta of tbe ?
city pealed lu joyous refraIn. At nine o'clock Adjutant '
General Jones and Governor Vance reviewed tbe
military. Tha Kire Department and Military lormod
a procession, paraded the principal streets nnd
escorted Governor Vance to the speaker's aland in
Bryce'a Grove. Klrel In order on tho programme was j
n prayer, next reading of the Declaration of Indc- (
pendence by Hon. George K. Wilson, deseondant ol
one of tbe signers.
Govea.N'oit vasi k'm auukiis.
Governor Vnnoe was introduced as the orator of the
day. His rising was greeted with cheers by the us
setnblod thousands, and ho matju a telling speech of un
hour's duration, which was loudly applauded. lu tbe
course of bis address ho said
The last twelve years have been the soverest strain
upon those bulwarks which were eaiaulisbed to pro
tect our Iree Institutions lliul they nave ever beou
subjected to sinco their ereotiou. lu those
twelve years they bavo beou u*?ailcd by all
the chaotic disorders which lollow rampant in llio
wake of civil war. .Sectional hatreds, political dtsu
Sreements, ruihitlentd by generations 01 accumulated
lalike and tempered by but little honest dillerence,
battered ugnlost their ramparts, while unscrupulous
ambition, lusatlato venaliiy and corruptiou, wide
spread and indescribable, pervaded all rauks, ttui
heart of every patriot la the land wus hushed with
tear, and thdre was good reason to bnllere we were
drifting rapidly Into ibst chaotic anarchy Iroin which
there is no escape save through the nets ol despotism.
It wea only by revcrilng to tno history of tbo people
from whom wo aru descended that wo wrro enabled to
preserve any hope. When wo read ol tneir persovnr
lng, llberty-ioviug characteristic*, with what periiuac
ity they resisted tbe encroachments of tyrrnuy and
battled against corruption in the end gaining victory,
our hopes revived ib tbe capacity ol our
people to follow their glorious example, and the
preaent glorious success is au evidenou ol the benefit
derived Irom tbe struggle. After many yoars of ob
scuraliou tbe Supreme Court of llio I'Diled Stales hae
once more begun to intervene to protect tuw against
the violence 01 inluriatcd majorities; the representa
tives o! the people iu both Stuto and national legis
laluies bavo in great muasiiro censed to ennui
statutes Di.??d upon mere injIiiiciiI and sectional
batreu, and lor the first time in stxtoen
years questions are being solved upon con
siderations solely relating to tbo public good.
The President, obeying a simplo and unmis
takable provision of the constitution, bus withdrawn
federal soldiers Ironi interfering with tbe freeuctlou of
tbe States, and lor the lirst litno since 1801 tbo States
ef the South are loll to shape tboir legislation abso
lutely unawed by physical lorce. The ,<cst results for
the Americau people may bo expected Irom these be
ginnings. One of toe most important bas
alieauy breu experienced. Tbo very moment
Ibe unnatural attempt to torco one rnuo
Into a pouuiou for winch lu regard for another it wus
not Oiled, that solf suiuc moment all danger of a race
conflict ceused uud things began to settle themselves
between the two usturully. Good will took the place
Ol animosity, peace the place of slrite; and when
peace and good will prevail, prosperity is certain as tbo
promise of God to be always In our midst.
Cannon were fired ropcatedly daring tbe day and
bells wcro ruug at sunset. The day was clear, hot and
dusty. A grand ball lo-uigbt closed flic celebration.
THE WAY OF THE TRANSGRESSOR.
A BROOKLYN PIE DEALER BROUGHT DP WITH
A ROUND TURN?BIS ALLKOKD EMBEZZLE
MENT OF THIRTY THOUSAND DOLLARS FROM
THE CITY OF CAMUKILGE, MASS.
[BY TELEGRAPH TO THE HERALD.]
Cahbkiduk, Ma?a. May 21, 1877.
The community hereabout* bas beeu considerably
surprised and excited over tbo disclosure oi the exleut
el the ileialcaltons or Ablel F. FiUeld, formerly Water
Register ol ibis city, but more reoenliy a pie and cake
dealer la Brooklyn, N. Y. Ha was brougnt bore by
officers on Saturday uigbl and arraigned in tbe Police
Court this mornlug on several indiciuiocts which bad
been previously fouud against bun by tbe Grand Jury.
He waived an examination by advioeol counsel, and In
default of $1,200 ball was committed for trial in tbe
a Opart or Court.
TSMPTATiOJf AND DISGRACE.
FlQeid, while be bold tho responsible ollleo of Water
Registrar, was bold in bigb esteem until tbe discovery
of these indiscretions wblcn have brought him to
grief. It seems tbat be anticipated exposure, for be
suddenly absconded when It was certain that an in
vestigation waa to be mado, and several months after
ward bo was discovered carrying on tbe pio and cake
business in Brooklyn, N. Y? under an assumed name.
Upon botng arrested be consuntt.1 to come 10 Cam
bridge without tbe formality or a requisition, and was
bound over in tbe sum ol $1,000 for trial at tbo Supe
rior Court, anil, luraisbing tbo required bonds, be re
turned to Brooklyn stid resumed bis busiucss. Tins
was some tbrro months ago, uud since tben
investigations linvo shown that tho peculations
of tbe accused were more numerous than
was at first supposed. IndidU, it is behoved
tbat Ills Delicieoi ifs bill amount* to $30,000, and on
ibis siuonnl it was doomed prudent to have tbo ac
cused brought on here a socaud nine in order Hint too
ball might be Increased to a sum aiiOieient to insure
bis appearance for trluL Amoug Hie recent disclo
sures is the fact that in December,,11>74, KtUeld went to
a nvory stable in Cambridge and collected $500 ou ac
count ot a water b li which was then due. lor which bo
gave bis receipt, but ucver made any entry ot Iba pay
ment on bis books at tbe Water tinicj. Hut, It may
lie added, this Is but cue transaction ?t hundreds ol a
similar kind, aud even up lo this tune receipted bills
lor wblcb no entries appear on the books have
been preieutod st the cauutcr, uud there lore It
Is almost impossible to determine tbo amount
ol the frauds which have been commuted.
Within a short time a book ol original Chinos, mono
by KlUeld, of cosh received from day to day in ltf?4,
bos been found bidden uway iu an obscure corner oi
tbe olQce vault, and some #ti,000 of the sums bore re
corded wero not upon me book wbtou was kept for tbo
inspection ol tbo Water Board. fiie sums entered
upon ibis book, wblcu be bad carried lo the cash book
to be submitted to me Hoard, were checked oir, but
those appropriated to nis own use were uncbet kod?
a fact wbloti bas been of considerable assistance lo the
committee now-investigating tbe accounts. Diner
memorandum* have been found checked In a similar
Manner, ana It Is believed that Killeld kept a correct
private account of his stealings in order to falsity and
prepare his books lor the examination of tbo Auditing
Committee ol tbe Board. .
uxsrosiiK.vcT or the acci sen.
rifleld was terribly ailccted by ills second arrest.
Tho officers found linn in Brooxlyn early Friday even
ing. standing on Iba sidewalk in Irunt ot hut store
MuoKiDg a cigar, and utterly uucoi vcious that the
ministers ol tbo law were upon hie track. Wben bis
eyos loll upon ibom be war utterly confounded. Their
business was told in a fow words, ano when Its pur
port was understood be uxprcsaod ills willingness to
accompany them. Ho was taken to the Wasmnglou
street police Miuliou and locko I up for tbu uigbl, and
In tbe morning ibe officers started witb bim lor Cam
bridge. He line been terribly delected siuca hla ar
rival, on account ol bis Irionds being unable to secure
the requisite bonds for his appeurauca lor Imure trial
JUDGE iiMMOJiS' SUCCfcSfciOR.
A PROMINENT KENTUCKY JUDGE PUT FORWARD
roil THE VACANT POSITION.
|UY TELEGRAPH TO THE HERALD. 1
Lotisvibkn, Ky., Kay 21. 1877.
A vigorous elfort is beiug m ide hero in fsvor of tbo
appointment of llou. Bland Ballard, now uuitod States
District Judge ot this State, to tbe uluco made vacant
by tbe death ol Judge Fmrnous. The lx>u svillo liar,
without distinction of party, havo signed a letter ad
dre.-sed to tho President urging Ballard's nomination.
Among those in (aver ol his nomination aro James
Speed, Benjamin H. Brialow and J. H. McLean. It is
noi understood that Judge Ballard is himself an appli
cant, but bin friends will press Ills name.
Judge Milliard Is about nlty-llve yearn of age, und In
Kentucky is regarded *s one ol tbo greatest lawyors ol
the country. Ho was one ol the early uboiitluuisis ol
tho .State, and voted lor Liocolu tn Ditto. Ho has bcon
District Judge sinco lRttl, and the enorgy mid ability
wilb which liu has dHctiargod Ills duties causes liulu
democrats and republicans lo uuitn in his support.
His docialon* In tbo caiebrsted Ku Klux cases excited
tho attention ol the entire nation.
TREASURER bOOl'ri SURETIES.
[BY TKLEGRtPH TO THE HERALD.]
Thtsrox, N. J-, May 21, 1S77.
In -ho Mercer County Court to-day the cuso of Tbe
State vs. the sureties of tho former Stale Treasurer,
Jo-ephut Sooy, Jr., now a oonrlut id State Prison, to
recover about lorty-four thousand dollars, the amount
of hie defalcation, waa brought to a termination by
the jury rendering a special verdict lu accordance wtln
a long statement agreed upon by the respective coun
sel finding that there existed a defalcation. It was
agreed lo submit tbe following poiuia lo the Supreme
Court:?First, Whether tho bondsiuou wero responsi
ble before tlio defalcation occurred; sscoud, Wueincr
tbey were liable for payments MMoy by tbe Pennsyl
vania Railroad Company as loans to lliu Stale t tbird,
II the <lc,a cation c ommenced with the dale of ibe
bond, tben they claim tbey are entitled tn a credit of
$44,(100, wbiob nearly covers the allege^ delalcatton.
CHICAGO WHISKEY CASES.
DECISION or THE 8ECBETAIIV OF THE TREAS
UBT IN THE UAbE OF JACOB HKUM.
Washijwtok, Mar 21. 1877.
The following ii the decision or the cecrelary of the
Treasury to ibe esse o( Jucoo Kelirn, o( Chicago:?
i'KK/mcitY Itfi-ARrnKSr, May .'I, 1877.
The cane of Jucob H?blu fx before this department
only on an application to oixratss a civil milt pending
before ibe Circuit Court of Kiel oiled Slates lor tbe
Soutoorn District of Illinois It is based on Iho alle
gation Ibut this suit, tliougb civil In lori.i. is lor penal,
ties imposed by luw lor an ucl lor urlilcb bo was
mdioteil, convicted and Dually pardoued, and, there,
lore, mat he is not liable to (unbar prosecution or
puulfbmont. Una purely legal defence is proper
to ho tried only try the court beloro which tbo usee
is pending, and this depar'ment should not Interfere.
I bo second ground of tuis upplicaiion is bused upon
the allegation that ltchm. on his trial lor the criminal
offence, was promised by the government immunity
Iroin all civil and criminal liability and punishment
lor the acts complained of, not nuly'in the ludietnieut,
but in the penning civil suit us well.
II 11)is allegation is established tho suit should not
be prosecuted, for tbn public laith given even to the
worst criminal is ul more worth thun any argument of
public policy demanding tbu punishment of tho guilty
without lear or fuvor. The written sialuu.eLtx of
the District Attorney mid or me eminent
counsel who acted for the lulled .Slates in
Hie criminal trial nmku a strung showing
that such Immunity was promised, ami that ltahin,
upon nix Hum tu It, disclosed the conspiracy, of which
ho was a conspicuous member, and litllllled his purl of
ihe agreement. Tbe latter of Assistant .?secretary
Krcuch strongly supports this view. Still, a careiul
examination ol these paners and the attending oircuin
slauces leave it doubtiul iu uiy mind whether the tin
muuity stipulated tor extended beyuud iliu case thvu
pending, which appears a'oue to Uavo been the aubject
ol negotiation. The question ol line and imprisonment
imposed by the Conspiracy act, una tbu extern uud tim*
nation of them, seem lo have beeu (be only immunity
contemplated by either the agreement or the pirdou. If
the presoot suit is lor ibu same ollence and lor the
sline liability covered by the indtctmeni, the dr.
fence ol Kehnt Is complete, for bis pardon cond. ucd his
ollence. Ho could not bo twlco put In Jeopardy for
the huine ollence, and me Court and tho govcrnmiot
would sco to it thai lis ugr etnont lor liumunlty is not
evaded or disregarded. Tho doubt with me is whether
this suit is not for a dillerenl canto ol action uot
mnrcly in form but in substaoce Irtmi tho one lor
which immunity was promised and granted. II the
present su t was either lur taxes duo or lor tbo breach
ol tbe ioi ms ol a bond it would clearly not full within
the terms ol tho immunity or pardon. This suit la to
recover money due lo the L ulled States lor laxos of
which the I nitcd States has been improperly do
prived by the act ul Kehro and his associ
ate*. Is not tuch a liability clearly distin
guishable Iroin a criminal cnurge of a conspiracy V
The suit is founded upon section a.'JOC ul the Re
vised Muluto*, which creatos a liability of double tbe
tax imposed on distilled spirits improperly removed
frotn a distillery wsrebouso, not oa'y ux ugatnsi tho
owner or tbo spirits, out also against auy person who
aids or abets such removal.
II tms suit was aguinst tbe owner of tho spirits, who
was directly interested in evudlng the tax, It could
not latrly bo claimed that tho Immunity promised in
this case would reiosse nun from civil liaidtity lor the
payment of the taxes actually dno and unpaid. Does
not tbe same rulo apply to a person who aids or
abets in ovadlng tbo tax? Tbo Intent of
tbo luw Is plain to impose a civil liubiiitr lor tho luxea
duo, and * penally equal to mo tuxes against any one
who participates In evasion of ibe luxes. This Is a ques
tion not lor me to decblo, hut lor tbe coort be oro
which the caso must be tried. If the court regards
this liability as an integral part of tho penalty imposed
lor the crlmioil act lor winch liobm bus been tried,
couvioted uud pardoned, It will be covered by tbe pur*
don uud immunity granted. II nut, 1 can see ncibing
in tbe agree men I lor Immunity set out in the papers
beloro me, that either in law or honor, would justify
a purely executive officer ol the government in releas
ing lion in Iroin this civil liability.
In couung to this couc'iisiou 1 havo taken the state*
moms of tho tcraiN of tho aiireomont us given by the
gentlemen who conducted tho criminal oixe on bobalf
ol the government us lull and complete, but it must bo
remembered that while tbu lucis xiaod by them are
fully admitted by tbo oounsel representing the govern*
incut in the civil salt, yet the completeness, and et>*
penally their application to tbo civil sun is stoutly
deulcd in an elaboruto argument, and that the case,
alter full argument on both sides, has been submuiod
to Judge Drummond to decide the civil suit. Under
the circumstances I would not feel justified in dis
missing tbo suit, even II it were clear tbat civil Im
munity was promised tho deleudaut. .Nor do I deem
it my dnty to discuss the legal right ol the officers
of tho goverumoot to grant civil inimuulty Involving
ilia release of taxes as part of an agreement iu a
criminal cauno to secure tbo ovidcnce of a party ac*
cused. II a Secretary ol tho Treasury has not strict
legal power to do so no donbt Congress, tu a proper
o*xc, could mskogood bis promise ol immunity. The
disorotiun loll by law to the Commissioner ol Internal
Revenue, with the approval of the socrotary of ino
Tieaxury, to determine what suits to pro*eoutu might
fa>rly authorize these officers to discontinue suits
when either good laiUror clear public polloy demands
Uiit tbsr should not be prueecu.ed, and the United
States Courts would no doubt. In proper cases, give
effect to promised Immunity, liut these remedies
?honld not be resorted to while the terms ol the im
munity. the completeness ol toe poouf aud Its appli
cation to tho civil suit are still contested in the courts.
Home, if not all of these point*, are now belore e court
ol the highest jurisdiction, wboro 'Videueo can be best
siflcu at the placo whore tbe defendant and the wil.
uosaes live, where they and others oan be fully ex*
atmnod belore a Judge familiar with the Jaw and the
facts elicited In tbe various trials growing out ol' tho
\Ylion the liability of too defendant Is ascertained by
the juogmentol this court It will be time enougti lor
him to present his offer of oomjir< tuise or claim lor
Immunity, either to tbo officers having authority to
compromise or lo Congress. I, therefore, leel It my
duty to declino to mnko any order or request In regard
to ino pending suit. JUHN SHKRMaX, Secretary.
OVEli ZEALOUS MAitSHALS.
SEIZURE OF LUMBER COT FBOM PRIVATE
LANDS?HARDSHIP CAUHED TO THIS I.OOMliN?
TROOPS OFF PUB LAKK CHARLES.
[BY TtlJtOKAPU TO THE HERALD.]
NkvOklranr, May 21. 1877.
Two companies ol troops, with U tjr deputy marshals,
left this evening lor Luxe Charles oo the revenue
cutter Dix, which was provisioned Tor thirty days. A
despatch trom Lake Charles atates the lumbermen may
The following statement of the Calcasieu timber
question Is Irotn Lake Charles:?The District Attorney
filed in the Uuilod States Court In New Orleans a suit
ogulust about a dozen citizens or Calcasitu parish, al
leging that tbi-y and othnr persons unknown bad cut a
large quantity ol ploe logs iu Calcasieu ou public lands,
and |>r iylng lor the sequestration and sale of the logs
lor tiie benefit ol the government. A writ wae Issued,
and a deputy marshal seized some 40,000 logs in creeks
floating into tbe wet fork ot the Caicasleu River, and
stretched a chain boom acrosa the mouth ol the Wost
Fork, thereby blocking it. The logmen say that more
than nino-it'Oths ol the log* were cuton private lands.
An unuaually delayed rno In tbe creeks Uas caused great
destitution and suiloring to logmen and their (.tuiHies
by the failure to get their logs to market. The soizure
intensifies the aufiortug, because enough logs have
reached the West 1'erk to give present rebel if It were
not lor tbo seizure, and blockade. 'Ibolact that thou
sands ol these logs wero notoriously out on private
lain) causes greet tuduuation at tbo arbitrary action
ol the .minorities, but no violence has yet been
attempted And none threatened, except by two or
throe persons, who protested against tbe unjust seizure
of their private property. No one here thinks of uny
except legal resistance. Several conferences have
occurred between the logmen and government agents,
and it I* now confidently expected that tba matter
will be amicably adjusted and tho b.ockado raised in a
THE RECENT ENCOUNTER IN LEE COUNTY BE*
TWEKN MARSHALS AND 1L11CIT DIHTILI.KRM?
ANOTHER DZHPEIIATE rtOHT EXPECTED
[BY TELEGRAPH TO THE HERALD.]
Kiciimoxd, Vs., May 21, 1877.
Tho llr.RAf.o correspondent at Bristol, Tenn., states
' that tbe true report of tbe conflict between tSherifi's
| posse In I.ee county, Vs., and tho outlaws, or illicit
' distillers, was contained in his telegram, published in
I tho Hkrai.:> of Futurday lasL All the previous reports
I rotative to the killing and wounding of United States
I Deputy Marshals are wholly untrue. Not one federal
| oUlcer was k:llo<l or wounded; and Deputy March il
i Joselyn, who was caid to bo killed, was Ion index Irom
I the scuue at tbe nine of the < Otifitcl.
I One cttlxea, who was aiding lb- oftlccra. was killed;
t>no outlaw Killed and three oSllawa wounded. Cap
I ti<tu Austin, (he Deputy Marshal in cnaygsol tho
posse, speaks in the highest terms of the conduct ol
the | eoplo ol Lee county and ol all bis assistants. This
Information Is ?OBtlrined by th > Sneftfl ol Lee county,
who is now in this city. Nothing has been heard
from Deputy Hnerifl Doyle's posse, which bdt >>n Fri
day Issl -n pursuit <tl the outlaws, but Irotn the do
penile character of the latter and the determination oi
the citizens to exterminate them the bberifl aiye it
appalls him to thluk ot the consequences when an en
counter lakes place.
iiX-GOV lilt NOW KENT.
FUNERAL I BR V1CH OVER BIB REMAINS AT
DANbUII, MB. -ARRANGEMENTS FOE THE IN
TERMENT IN MAHHACHUOKTIS.
[BY TELEGRAPH TO THE HERALD.]
Hax?OR. Met, May 21, 1177.
The funeral services over tho remain* of tbo late ex
Governor Edward Kont were noid thle evening at five
o'clock end conduclod by Kev. Mr, Knepp, of the
Unitarian Church, end Kev l?r. Field, ol the Centml
(.oilgregaiion*l I'hnrch. Tbe pell bearer* were fene
tor Hamlin, -fudge J, Applatorj J. A Peters, I K. tlod
irey, Chorion bioteon, Hon. A. W. Paine, IV. H. M<
t rulls, A. i?. Wakefield, Mollis Hoe man and A. M.
Roberta. The rctuaine will be takon by trim thie
evemsg to Mount Auburn, Mate., lor latc/ment.
Lerdo and Mariscal Sending De
spatches to Diaz.
IECMITS WANTED IN NEW ORLEANS.
Consultation at Chicago Between Gen
erals Sheridan and Ord.
FUTURE POLICY OP THE GOVERNMENT.
[BY TELEGRAM! TO THE HEBALD. ]
New Ori.saxm, M.yjl, 1877.
There lias bosu considerable excitement here tor the
last lew days relating to Mexican stT.nrs. The Mexi
can ateamer which wm to have leit oa Sunday inoru.
ing, and winch wna detained by a deapatch from
Washington, left last evening with doepaichen from
the Mexican Minister to limz.
Consul Arendunu acknowledges tboso despatches
crime ironi New York, where the Minister Is with
l.erdo, but roluses to give tbcir Import.
It Ik stated that efforts have been made to recruit
men among ihe foreign population bere lor Mexico to
tbo name of President Lerdo, tbo luen to go to San
Antonio, Texas. Colonel Price, ol the Eighth United
States cavalry, is bora on bis way to join bis regiment
on the Rio Grande, his leave of absence having boon
GENERAL ORD OOINQ TO THE BORDER?MO MORI
D.VLLYINO WITH MEXICAN AUTHORITIES.
[BY TELEGRAPH TO THE HERALD, j
Chicago, May 21, 1877.
General Ord arrived bore from Texaa last mgbt, and
bas parted most of to day In consultation with General
Sheridan upon the ullairs of tbo Mexican border. In
viow of the unsettled condition of ttunga resulting
from repeated revolutions and raids and tbo antici
pated Lerdo expedition, liouoral Ord urged tbo pro
priety of. the adoption ol a new policy on the pun of
the Lolled States authorities, lie says tnat then*
marauders should bo pushed wberovor found and doalt
with Just as the Sioux are treated iu tue North.
CHASK TUK RAIDKRS INTO MEXICO.
He wants Ccueral Sheridan to give blm power to tal
low the lawless Mexicans across the border, and not
appeal to tbo coutral government, to which tboy owo
no allegiance. It la asserted In military circles tbat
this is 10 bo tbo future policy of our government, and
raids must cesso. Too United Stales troops are to bo
slightly augmented upon the Rio Grande.
MEXICANS WAST ANNEXATION.
General Ord remarked to the Hkkai.o correspondent
yesterday tbat the conservative people ol Northern
Moxieo favored the Lerdo movement; many of tbo boot
classes are aaxiousfor annexation to tbo Untied State*.
He said furtbor, "We must deal wltb those follows
directly; we might just as well send to some king In
the Interior ot Africa to deter the natives from attack
ing Stanley as to ask the Mexican government to re
strain tbsse lawless revolutionists aud robbers."
COLOMBIA. AND SOUTH AMERICA.
THE TAX QUESTION IN ABFINWALL ?NAVAL
Panama, May 12, 1877.
The tax question Is sgltating tbo Aspinwall public.
Tbo government baa decided to enforce doable taxes.
Tbero Is talk of resistance.
The United Slates stoamor Omaha, Hour Admiral
Preble, left Panama for tbo South Coaat on Saturday,
tbo 6th Inat. Tbo Orat port at wbiob she will atop will bo
Guayaquil, whore It is the intention of the Admiral to
remain several davn, and tbnnce she will go to Payta
There la now only tbo British man-ol-wsr Albatross
By s private letter from Bogota, dated April 18, in*
telligfaue la received tbat the odious ice tnouopoly baa
been aboilsbod by a decree of the Supreme Court.
This decision will be sustained by notion Of Congress.
Colooel U. J. spulding, of Albans, Ala, arrived at
Panama from New York on Ibe 9lb lust. Colons!
Spalding has been appointed ono of tb* special In
spectors ot Customs of tbo United Slates, resident oa
PERU AND BOLIVIA.
JCJHTICE IX PERU?A MAM AWAITINO BIS TBIAli
FOB TWENTY YEARS 1?THE PEBOVIAN DEBT?
IMPORTANT FROM BOLIVIA?TWO VICTORIES
OVER THE REBELS?BOLIVIAN FINANCIAL AH*
BANOBMRNT8 IN LONDON.
LIMA, April 13, 1877.
Che I.lma press is somowbat exercised regarding tbs
proceedings of ? Mr. William Clarke, sent oal by some
or tbo Peruvian bondholders In London U> protest
against tbs contract entered Into between General
l'mdo and tbe Messrs. Knpbael b Cot, in 1870, for lbs
sale of 1,UU0,000 tous ot-guana By this arrangement.
It will bo remembered, a certain stipulated sum was to
be paid yearly to Peru for her Internal expenses; lbs
bonds were to be converted and no Interest paid op to
1M8U, when the bondholders would again be punctually
served. Mr. Clerke declares that Peru should deny
herself tbo smulf amount cotaiug to ber and apply all
to tne claims of tbe bondholders, even though tan
people In I'era were reduced to starvation. Tbe Presi
dent refused to receive this enterprising delegate,
asking why tbe protest was not made at tbe proper
lime in London, nod it is not to be supposed that bii
mission will be n success.
now jrsTtcn is roraoxno oot.
A curious instanoe ol tbe manner in wblcb Joatlee I*
exercised In tbe Interior ot Pern la tbe following:?
Kxacily twenty years ego a poor Indian in Ayaoucbo,
crszy with drink, killed another man In n street light.
According to law tbe penalty for auch a crime Is hard
labor on one ol tbe guano islands tor bve years. The
offender w*s Immediately seised and oommltted to
prison, where he bos been oonfloed ever since?twenty
years?until three weeks ago, wben bis cose was called
in tbe court lor trial Then bo was sentenced to tbe
five years'hard labor 1 Wben the President beard of
this most extraordinary abuse be called for ail tha
papers ol thecaeoaad has submitted It to the Attorney
General. The Indian can at best get off bis Ave years'
MTVitude after twenty years of patient waiting lor
TUB WAR I.V SOU VIA.
General Villegal, who commands me second expedi
tion rent Iroiu l.a I'a/ agaiuit the rebels at danta Cruz,
reports that ho rescued the latter place alter n severs
inarch over most difficult country on tbo 3d of last
: month, and on tbe ttii colored tbo city without meet
I in/ wuli resist nice, lhuflex, with tbe comparatively
I small number of men under tils orders, huving lied to
' ward the Brazilian frontier. But, in anticipation of
, such a inovrinaiil, the Prelect of tbo llopnrimeiil of
tbe Hem bed detached troops to head off the fugitives,
I and the probabilities are that they have been forced to
surrender. Ibis achievement not beiug expected,
owing to tbn great difficulties wbicb it was sup
po-eu would prosent themselves, was hsilea
with delight by the Ii.i/a government, sod
thn prospects ol Dr. Corral, tbe bead centre of tbs
revolution, sensibly diminished. About tbe mmo time
the general government received tbe intelligence of
sifeibor victory gamed by their forces over tlia small
rebel column winch attacked Caracoles on tbe Jni b
ult. Ihe untur/cal* managed to capture the lowu,
proclaimed Corral President and brld their ground (or
two days, when itioy were dislodged and routed by the
reitilotced garrison. Ihe e simultaneous successes
Will go tar towtid pcr|>etuating tbo rule ot General
Haze, who will shortly cell lor e popular electtou ; but
with the (Mills, iu tbe po-.-essiou ol bis adherent* there
is smell doubt onirris.ued as to tbe result ol the vote,
HKI RZSIII Mi TO TIIS IIONDHOI.nXHS.
An arrangement bos been perfected between tbe
Minister ol Finance aud ibe representative of tbe Bo
livian bondholders in London, by wblob tbo Republic
is relieved I rout lurtber responsibility regarding those
obligations. The roeervesum of ?400,000. lor |a>ymcut
: oi bond/ deposited in thu Bank of England, le to be
' returned to toe bondholders in lull payment of all
does, interest or sinking lund. In their turn tbe bond
holders declare themselves satisfied, receiving about
II ly per cent of tlieir debt, as tbo bonds aio now
quoted nt from eighteen to niootcou par cent, sad
tbcro was no remote or near possibility of their re
demption. i nloncl Churco, who has the contract tor
the Madera and Mil mors railway, lor tba construction
ol which tot loan was principally Hosted, may protest
1 ngsinii snob a diversion or the lunds, bat Irom tbs r?
; port of ihe Minister of the Treasury the operation ap.
' pears to no an accomplished lack
Tbe body found in tbo water at the foot of Leroy
' street on Sunday was yesterday identified as Alexaa
I der Nsvorsky, wbn, on tbe evening of May 8, offered
I lits portrait to s number of people on tbs 1'svoal*
Vferryboat sad tbsa jumped, ibm tbs river,
xml | txt