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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, June 14, 1877, Image 6

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NEW YOHK HERALD
BROADWAY AND ANN STREET.
JAMES GORDON BENNETT.
PROPRIETOR.
THE DAILY 11F. It A !.D. /.mUi'.W 'trry -i-tu in th? y*ar.
TUi?v eanls |<?r copy iKuuday excluded). Ten dolim* per
?*ui , ur ?t rate ut olie dollar per month lor aj.y period le??
Until !.i\ mouth*. or live dollar* lor tlx month*. suuday
edition included. Wee ol po?la?e.
.ill bu?lne*?. iitw> letter* or telegraphic d*iputchei must
be mldre?*ed N? w Vokk lltiuui.
Letter* mill paekave* *hntilit he properly waled.
liejtctfd comii.uiiliatlotu will uoi be returned.
PHILADELPHIA OFFICE-NO. 11-' SOUTH SIXTH
stkefct.
LONDON OFFICE OK THE NEW YORK HERALD?
NO. 4?; FLEET STREET.
fAkl.s OFFICE?AVENUE DE L'OPEItA.
NAPLES OFFICE?HO 7 STKADA PACE
Subkcriptlon* und ad?erti?euieut* wilt bo received aud
forwarded on me nmue term* a* in New York.
VOLUME XJ.II
AMUSEMENTS TO-NIGHT.
BOWEP.Y THEATRE?Sav?p at Sis tux
OK AND OPERA HOUSE?Colomu. skllirs.
WALLACE'S THEATRE-W~aT*Z
FIFTH AVENUE TUEA/UE?EvaXuclixc.
T1V0LT T11EATRK?Vmutr.
TON Y PAHTOlt'S?ViRJkTtr.
COLUMniA OPERA IIOlfsK-VAitlKTT.
CENTRAL PARK OARDEN?Vaunt nr.
CilLMOItL'S CONCERT OARUEN?SuMxsa CoattUT.
NEW YORK AQUARIUM?IjUktlt Fuau.
TRIPLE SHEET.
NI.H YORK, THURSDAY, JUNE 14. IN77.
fYoui our report* thin morning the probabilities
are tintt the neathrr in Xrw York to-day trill be
warm and hu:y or partly cloudy. Squalls may be
trpee ted in the JjOtrer Hay.
Wall Street Yesterday.?The stock mar
ket was very active aii?l there was a good deal
of irregularity in the closing prices compared
with thoseof Tuesday. Western Union suffered
a heavy decline, while the eoal stocks advanced
slightly, Government bunds were steady ami I
railroads irregular. Gold opened at J 05, fell to
104 uml closed at 10.r?l#. Money on call lent
easily at 1L^ a U per cent.
W 'anted?Keepers to keep the keepers in the
city prisons.
Governor Hendricks sailed away for Europe
yesterday. lie aud General Grant will have a
chance to discuss Tildeu aud Hayes quietly in
London. Will they lead their respective parties
iu 18?0 I
New York Had Ninety-three Vires last
Fourth of July, all from tire works. Fourth of
July celebrations have cost more than the whole
Hevolutiouury War.
The Prices obtained at the sale of eoal yes
terday were, somewhat lower thau those of last
month. Let us see whether it will make any
di lie re nee to the consumer.
Kocmania Notifies nil whom it may concern
that neutral vessels with supplies lor Turkey
will not be safe in her portion of the Danube.
Tluit river is now pretty effectually closed to
navigation.
Mr. Hlaine, before leaving West Point yester
day, took the colored cadet, Flipper, aside and
told him he would be his friend iu Congress.
What a godsend uu outrage on Flipper would
be to Mr. Hlaine !
It is a Cl'riocs Commentary on the adminis
tration of law iu this city that of tbe places
whore liquor is sold one-seventh have no author
ity whatever to do so. What is the uso of a
Hoard of Excise
NO. ICO
Mit. Th.uk> is still in trouble about Lin income
tax. The 1'uitcd St a ten District Attorney yes
terday tiled his complaint. charging that Mr.
Til den uwei $150,001) to the government. The
answer will be awaited with some interest.
Mu. Joiin I). Tow nsend made Home pungent
remarks yesterday in reference to Attorney
General Fairchild and the Tweed ease. It in to
he hoped he will take, ax he promises, the public
into his eontidence and let lis know all alniut it.
Tut Great Event in college regattas this
year will be the race between Harvard and
Columbia 011 the 120th inst. The sympathy of
Kew York will, of course, be with its favorite
college, anil nil the more so because it is the
chalk-liking party.
Tim Necessity for some general law regulat
ing city contracts is shown in a ease which was
decided yesterday by Judge Van Brunt. The
plaintiff was non-suited upon his own testimony,
and yet. under the laws as they have been ad
ministered. he thought he had a good claim. As
the Judge remarked, the whole trouble lies in
the crude legislation at Albany.
The Jckv in the Wiixiaus Cask have found
that the deceased died from injuries inflicted by
the policeman Doyle, who, they further say,
overstepped his duty in following Williams into
his house. The brutality of New York police
officers is so notorious that public sentiment de
mands an end of such outrages. The force sadly
needs to be taught the lesson that its duty is to
prevent crime, not to commit it.
Tub Weatheu.?A general rise of tempera
tiu'e was experienced yesterday throughout the
country, except in the upper lake region and
over Long Island Sound. The heat area of TO
degrees embraced L'pper and Ixwer Canada,
the lower lakes and the Upper Mississippi Val
ley as tar as St. l'aul, but excluded New York
and New London, New llrmiswick and Nova
Scotia and westward id' <>v?aba. The isotherm
ot .">0 degrees followed the eastern slopes id'
the Allcghuiiics to Ilurlingtoii, Yt., and
thence curved south westw ard to St.
Louis. excluding Ibilfalo, Toledo and
Chicago, but including Oswego, Roches
ter and Cleveland. The depression now
central in the L'pper Mississippi Valley, and ex
tending westward to the Kocky Mountains and
eastward to the mouth of the St. Lawrence,
presents an area in which the winds are varia
ble and light rains have fallen. Although very
extended the depression at no point shows a
Tcry low barometer. Approaching the coast, how
ever, it may contract into a storm area, with
heavy rains. In the Gulf and Southwest the
pressure is falling. Yesterday forenoon heavy
rains l'ell ou the South Atlantic coast, :uid the
shore winds have been chieily easterly. '1 ho
depression inducing these is well to the
southward, Iwing held, as it were, by
the II ran of high barometer now oil"
the Middle Atlantic coast. There arc
strong indications of the probable develop
ment of a tornado in the vicinity of St.
Louis, possibly attended by violent rains or
hail. Any psrt of the region between Chicago
and Cairo, Cincinnati and Omaha nuiy be
visited uy these destructive meteors, from present
indications. The weather on the Pacific coast is
threatening, the pressure having fallen there
unusually low, with strong winds. In New
"York to-day it will he warm and hazy or partly
floudy. probably with mi afternoon threatening
cloudiness, with rain. The wind in New York
Buy will Ik< generally from the southwest
throughout the day, bilt yachts should not carry
too much canvas, as sudden gusts of wind may
bo expected.
Politic* V?t?u? Prair.
The objurgatory speeches made at the
Manhattan Club reception would have be- j
come almost any other mouths better thnn >
those of the disappointed democratic cundi- '
dates. These defeated gentlemen seemed
conscious of the indelicacy of appearing be
fore the public to parade their grievances
and complain that they do not hold the two
highest oittoes of the government. They at
tempted to parry the criticism which con
duct so extraordinary wouid naturally elicit |
by profuse and reiterated disclaimers that
they were speaking in their own behalf.
Oh no! they came forward only as tho
champions of the four millions or more of
American citizens whoso rights had been
trampled upon by the inauguration of
Hayes and Wheeler. What a disinterested
regard tor the sacredness of the popular
will ! Mr. Tilden and Mr. Hendricks unite
in declaring that they have 110 more interest
in this question than any other two citizens
of the country. As wo have their word for
it we suppose we are bound to believe them.
Mr. Tilden professes to think that com
plaints of the kind he makes are unexam
pled. He said in his speech "This is tho
tirst time in American history that anybody '
has ever pretended that the government of I
this groat country was handed over to any
set of men through fraud." Instead of
being the lirst time it is the third. After
the election of 1844 it was a general
screech of denunciation in tho whole
whig press that Mr. Clay had been de
feated by fraud. In tho "Whig Almanac"
of tho next year Mr. Greeley maintained
by an elaborate exhibition of proofs and
statistics "that systematic, onormous, atro
Icious frauds were perpetrated in our late
election, and that James K. Polk is chosen
President by virtue of those frauds." On
the title page of the almanac for the follow
ing year there was a staring exhibition of
the same thing in display type, the recital
closing with the statement, "By virtue of
such frauds Polk is now President." Clay's
principal biographer, Mr Colton, said:?
"It is evident from the facts disclosed
in this chapter that the frauds in each of
these States were considerably, and in two
or three of them largely, in excess of Polk's
majorities. It is therefore undoubtedly
true that, by legal right, the electoral voto
of tho States of New York, Pennsylvania,
Georgia and Louisiana belonged to Henry
Clay, in addition to the vole actually re
turned for him, and that he was legally |
elected President of the United States by
an electoral majority of 183 against 92; but
it is not true that the forms of law
have so operated as to declare it."
The other instance in which Mr.
Tilden's statement contradicts history
is the defeat of General Jackson in 1825.
Jackson had 155,872 popular votes against
105,321 for John Quincy Adams, and 99
electoral votes against 84 for Adams,
and yet Adams was made President.
It is notorious that this result was persis- 1
tently denounced by democratic politicans
and journals as a monstrous fraud. "Par
gain and corruption" was a leading party
cry for the ensuing four years. It was in
dustriously charged that the will of the
people was defeated and that Adams wa?
made President by a corrupt trade between
him and Clay.
It i? not true, as Mr. Tilden declares, that
this is the first time in our history that u
defeated political party has ascribed its
disappointment to fraud. But there is one
thing which is quite unexampled. Until
Mr. Tilden made his singular speech at the
Manhattan Club there was never an instance
of a defeated candidate for the Presidency
coming voluntarily before the public to
parade his own disappointment. Clay did
nothing of*the kind, although his whole
party believed that he had been defeated
by enormous and atrocious election frauds,
and if General Jackson was exhibited in
this complaining and denunciatory attitude
it was only by a guest in his house repeat
ing his private conversation in a newspaper.
He afterward said in explication:?"The
origin, the beginning of this matter, was at
my own house nnd fireside, where surely u
freeman muy be permitted to speak on
public topics without having ascribed to
him improper designs. I have not gone
into tlie highways and market places to pro
claim my opinions. Who has heard me com
plain? No one." Jackson felt and Clay
felt that however deeply they might have
been wronged by frauds in the elections or
corruption in declaring the result, it would
ill befit the dignity of a citizen who had
.been the candidate of u great party for the
first office to stand up before the public and
rail at those who had caused his defeat. If
the people feel wronged they hold in their
hands the means of redress, and it is an un
dignified proceeding for disappointed can
didates to strip the bandages from their
political wounds and expose them to the
public.
Even if these speeches hud been made by
other gentlemen than the rejected claimants
it would be impossible to commend their
substance and spirit, although in that case
they might be less objectionable in point of
taste. The logieul effect of such speeches
would bo an attempt to oust President
llayes Iroin office. We do not suppose that
there is uny sueh design, for no party would
dare to plnngo the country in the civil con
vulsion that would attend such an attempt.
Hut one of the echoes of the disap
pointed candidates made a suggestion
which looked in that direction. Lieu
tenant Governor Dorslieiiner said he had
been told by a democratic member of Con
gress that Mr. Haves' title would bo over
hauled and investigated at the next session.
What has the next Congress to do with the
subject? Why should necessary legislation
be interrupted and the country be disturbed
and unsettled by a movement which can
have no practical object, if that object bo
not to depose tho President and Vice Presi
dent and install Tilden and Hendricks in
their places? The Lieutenant Governor did
nol tell the name of this marvellous
member of Congress. It cannot be David
i Dudley Field, for although lie may acho to
j have sumo democratic member resign there
is no disposition to accommodate him.
Field being out of the question it has been
surmised that Sunset Cox (to whom the
Lieutenant Governor significantly nodded
at this point of his speech) is that enterprise
ing individual. We fear the handsome Mr.
Ltorsheimer is the victim of one of the irisky
Mr. Cox's practical jokes, aud we can imag
ine how the jovial Cox enjoyed the success
ful "soil." A pretty leader Sunset Cox would
make in impeaching the title of the Presi
dent, to whom he wrote that gushing letter
of recommendation in favor of General
Butler's scapegrace nephew. If the hand
some and solemn Mr. Dorsheimer were
gifted to see the ridiculous side of things
he would not have marched with such high
statcliness into the trap set for him by
Cox'k practical joke.
But Cox's sprightly chuffiug and Dorshei
mer's solemn use of it are not more absurd
than the speeches of the disappointed can
didates. The question who arc President
and Vice President for the present term is
pretty well settled, and the question who
will be their successors remains to be de
cided in 1880. Messrs. Tilden and Hen
dricks cannot get the places of their late com
petitors, and other people than themselves
will have something to say about the next
Presidential election. Mr. Hendricks, with
a grave pomposity which would do no dis
credit to Mr. Dorshciuur, announces that
"he who is elected President must be inau
gurated," and adds that "until that is set
tled and made sure no democrat can be
seduced from his devotion and ullegiunce in
anyway." If this applies to the pust it is
nonsense. If, as is to be presumed, it
upplies only to the future, it is an
admission that the next Presidential
election may be close and doubtful.
But if the people are as wronged
and indignant as the disappointed claim
ants would have us think the next Presi
dent will bo elected by a majority so over
whelming that no question can arise as to
his inauguration. What sense is there in
making the inauguration of an elected Presi
dent the paramount issue in our politics if
the democrats are going to sweep the coun
try in tho way they expect in 1880?
The parade of their disappointment by
tho defeated candidates is indelicate, un
dignified, unmanly, unusual and regard
less of the tranquillity and business in
terests of the country. It is a recklcss at
tempt to reopen a settled question. If these
sore gentlemen feel called to denounce any
body they should denounce their own sup
porters in the late Congress. The Electoral
Commission could never have been carried
without strong democratic help. Every
democratic .Senator voted for it with
a single exception, and a large majority
of the democrats of the House. Alter
agreeing to the commission they were
bound to accept its decision. When Sen
ator Thurman, the ablest democrat in either
House, was asked how he thought the com
mission would decide, he replied, in a tone
of rebuke, that he had 110 opinion, and that
if he had had an opinion he would not have
voted for the commission. This was his
emphatic way of saying that democratic
honor and good faith were bound to accept
the result, whatever it might be. Messrs.
Tilden and Hendricks have mis
timed their energetic protests. Their
indignant remonstrances should have
been made when the Electoral Commission
was proposed. Having been silent then
they should' forever afterward have held
their peace. If they have reason to blame
anybody it is their own political friends in
Congress. When their own party had con
sented to refer tho question to the commis
sion its honor, sincerity, good faith
and manliness were pledged to abide
the result. The unseemly scolding and
whining of the defeated candidates
are an imputation on the democratic Sena
tors and Representatives who spoke and
voted for the Electoral Commission. With
out active democratic support the commis
sion would have been impossible. The
democratic candidates dishonor themselves
by rebelling at this late day against a settle
ment in which their own supporters in Con
gress participated and to which they con
sented by their silenco.
I'rojjrt'n* of the War.
Even in Constantinople it uppeavs to
be admitted that Mukhtar Pacha is
in a critical position. All the parts of
tbe forctf be commands are isolated.
They are, therefore, no longer mutu
ally self-supporting, and it would be
impossible to concentrate them for a su
preme effort in case he saw his way to a
buttle that might otherwise have any
promise in it. Unless some calamity, the
possibility of which is not yet apparent,
shall suddenly overtake the .Russians, Mukh
tur's divisions will surrender >iu detail, one
after the other. Some extravagant sympa
thizers with the Ottoman causo pretend to
see the likelihood of this calamity
for the Russians in the operations in
the Caucasus, where certain wretched
urnl barbarous successes have bocu gained ;
bat it needs a marvellous power of distor
tion to discover in these events any military
promise. They apparently do not regard
them as of much vulnc in Constantinople,
for there they are convinced that the for
tunes of the Empire are in a dospcratc way.
The preparations to torpedo the Bospliorus,
the Sultan's civilities and honors to the
Greek l'atriarch in the first months of a holy
war, and the holding of a great military
council?a sort of grand inquost on the pos
sibilities of more effective resistance?all
these indicate that tho Ottoman government
does not stolidly contemplate the great and
sudden successes of the Russians in Armenia,
and apprchonds that they will advuncc as
rapidly in Bulgaria when tho river fails
sufficiently to permit thoir passage. Al
though the preparation of the Bosphorus
and tho irado declaring every Ottoman sub
joct liable to military duty huvo u somewhat
desperate aspect the advice of the great
Military Council is likely to be less extreme.
Councils of war never tight, and a council
called to advise in this criticul occasion can
scarcely l'uil to tell the Sultan tliut the only
hope of his Empire lies in accepting such a
peace as bis enouiy is prepared to accord.
P?ri?rnllnf tlm Snlnta.
A clergyman was arrested yosterday at St.
.Johnsbury, Vt., to nnswer live indictments
for forgery and misappropriation of money.
Of course the reverend gentleman is entitled
to a fair trial, and, like every other man
charged with crime, may properly claim to
bo considered innocent until his guilt has
I been established by proof. But the tele
grum which brings the news of this arrest
mltls that the prosecution is alleged to be
influenced l>y persons having u spite against
and interests 'inimical to the accused. It
has become the practice nowadays, when
over a charge is brought against a minister
ot the Gospel, to interpose the plea that the
alleged offender is a victim to the persecu
tion of wicked and vindictive enemies.
Whether the accusations are of a felonious
nature, as in the present case, or only cover
those tender peccadilloes from which the
surplice scarcely seems to be a certain safe
guard, the defeuce is the same. What is yet
more singular, some members of the sup
posed backslider's congregation aro gener
ally found ready to take up the cudgels on
his behalf and prepared to regard him as a
saintly martyr. The fact cannot be encour
ag'ng to those who find themselves saddled
with the unpleasant duty of exposing and
punishing the evil deeds of a reverend sin
ner. Hut how is it that clergymen, whoso
pure and simplo lives ought to disarm en
mity and whose mission is peace and good
will to all men, happen to be so frequently
troubled with enemies bitter and unscrupu
lous enough to make grave and sometimes
criminal charges against them ?
Wh.t Is Local Self-Government J
Wo have heard a great deal recently about
local self-government. Governor Robinson
has stoutly and honestly advocated the
right ot the peoplo of New York to manage
their own affairs. The orators who figured
in the recent ovation to the Governor have
declared themselves very emphatically in
favor of the principle. If their words mean
anything, however, it is that the whole
people of a city like New York shall have a
controlling voice in the choice of their
rulers, without dictation from any outside
party, whether a State Legislature or a po
litical oligarchy. To bo compelled to accept
only such candidates for municipul offices
as a single domineering leader or a clique of
leaders may dictate is certainly not self
government. To have a Mayor, who is
elected by the people and clothed by the
law with tho responsibility of select
ing heads of municipal departments
as vacancies occur, "bull-dozed"' into ap
[ pointing only such persons as a subordinate
in tho city government holding his own
| office by appointment may choose to dic
I tate, is anything but "self-government."
j Tho Tammany leaders make the mistake of
confounding local "solf-government" with
the government of the city by an organiza
tion which, while pluming itself upon hav
ing the stamp ot "regularity" in a political
party, really represents a minority of the
peoplo and is suspected and mistrusted by
the majority.
Two years ago, , jtvhen the Tammany
leader who is now endeavoring to coerce
Mayor Lly into obedience to his demands
in regard to the Police and Park Department
vacancies, strove to force an honest and
fearless Recorder from the Bench
and to place the criminal courts
and tho District Attorney's office in
the hands of his own tools, qp democrat
could have been found more emphatically
opposed to sucli a programme than Lucius
Robinson. The people emphatically re
bukod that attempt, as they now rebuke
the effort of the same overbearing dictator
to compel Mayor Ely to place Tammany
partisans in tho Police and Park depart
ments. Governor Robinson, as an honest
democrat, standing by the sovereignty of
the people, cannot fox a moment lend him
self to Mr. John Kelly's arbitrary and dicta
torial policy. The Mayor is elected by the I
people of tho whole city. He, more than I
any other public officer, represents the popu- '
lar will. Governor Robinson appreciates
this fact, and hence the ill-judged attempt
of Mr. Kelly to bring the influence of tho
Governor to bear on the Mayor in the mat
ter of the Police and Park Commission
vacancies has proved a decided failure.*
J run Jat'<iiiv? Routnenu.
It has been well said that there is but ono
step from the sublime to the ridiculous, and
we have ut present to chronicle an instance
of its truth. Alter our own glorious centen
nial, wherein we celebrated the hundredth
anniversary of the foundation of the greatest
Republic the world ever saw, and proved our
capacity for self-government, and shown a
growth of power, wealth and influence une
qualled, numerous other centennial demon
strations ure proposed in ether places and
for other objects. We now hear that forty
eight members of the Municipal Council of
Paris propose to celebrate in 187H the cento
nary of Rousseau's death.
We cannot see in what way Rousseau is
entitled to tiny such distinction. Certainly
Frenchmen have many heroes more worthy
of honor than one whose wholo life, from
youth to old age, was a weak, vicious and
immoral one. When young he abjured Cal
vinism and embraced ltoman Catholicism to
forward his own worldly views, and again in
due time, to be reinstated as u citizen of Gen
eva, again abjured Catholicism. Rousseau
was lalsc and ungrateful in his domestic rela
tions, quarrelled with all those who had
befriended him?with Quinn, Voltaire,
Diderot,' Ilume, and his lirst and great
benefactress, Mine, de Warens.
He lived the greater part of his life with
the Levasseur, one of the most ordinary of
women, and, without one touch of shame or
one throb of parental uflection, sent to the
Foundling Hospital the successive children
of their union.
His celebrated works, "Emilo" and "Con
fessions," tilled with meretricious senti
ment, liavo now fallen into well deserved
negloct, and even at the time of publication
"Emile" was anathematized by the Arch
bishop of Paris, and by arret of Parliament
burnt by the hands of tho common hangman.
His "Social Contract," which gave a power
ful impulse to the French Revolution, is
now regarded as a work full of paradoxes,
and possibly only then attracted attention
by the novelty of the doctrines propounded
of tho equal rights of men?a doctrine not
derived from reason or religion, but from
his theory of man's equality in a state of
nature.
This unhappy man is supposed (although
on no positive evidence) to have committed
suicide, and ho recoived the very doubtful
compliment of tho Constituent Assembly
voting hlin a statue. We really do not see
on what grounds such a celebration can j
be nmde. There is not one bright spot j
in his career except, perhaps, that he was
suiuewhat instrumental in sowing the seeds
of republican ideas, mixed, however, with
the tares of Communism. '
His French admirers should place on tho
pedestal of the statue proposed to be erected
to him Byron's epitaph
His life wm one loug war with Mir-?ought foe*.
Tl?i? Tarlitlng Neuion.
The yachting season begins with all the
advantages of fair weather and a complete
organization oi the leading clubs which
have for years mado the waters of our Bay
and the Sound famous for aquatic contests.
The shadow that last year rested upon the
bright waters of Staten Island, when a noble
vessel with her noble crew suddenly van
ished irom the sight of man, has been re
moved, and if the lesson of the Mo
hawk is remembered as it should
be no similar accident will darken
the record of this year. Bailing in tho
adjacent waters of New York is as safe an
amusement as any which we have, if the
vessels are properly ballasted and under
skilful control, and must remain one of tho
most popular so long as seas are blue and
winds are fresh and tho gallant bark sur
mounts the opposing waves. The season
hero has begun already by some of our
clubs, but to-day will be grandly inaugu
rated by the annual regatta of the New
York Yacht Club ?an event which is antici
pated with eagerness by all lovers of aquatic
sports. Although several famous yachts
will bo absent from this raco quite
enough good sailers will participate in
tho contest. The race will be bailed
over tho usual course, and there are eleven
entries, among which are such yachts as
tho liumbler, Wanderer, Peerless, Comet,
Vision and Active. The weather to-day will
probably be fine, with southerly or
southwesterly winds, and the regatta will
be enjoyed not only by the ladies and gen
tlemen on board of the yachts, but by the
thousands of excursionists who will attend
them down the Bay.
Temperance Apontltx ut Fault.
During the legislative session we urged
upon tho temperance advooates and the
representatives of the people the expediency
of enacting a license law which, while per
mitting the sale of liquor to be drunk on
the premises, should place such restrictions
and obligations on the venders as would be
likely to best protect the public against any
abuse of the privilege. Nothing was done
at Albany in the matter, and we are
now in the position the Hbbald fore
saw. There is virtually no license law
in existence so far as a city like
New York is concerned. Liquor will be |
sold just as froely as ever, for it would re
quire quadruple our present police force
and courts to prevent it; but very few peo
ple will take out licenses. Those who do
will notoriously evade and cheat the law by |
making a flimsy pretence of keeping "three
beds for strangers," which tho Excise Com
missioners themselves will know to be a
sham. The city will lose & great portion of
the money realized from licenses, and which
went to? support our pablio charities, but
rum selling will be as free as ever, even if
the opportunity of selling without a licenso
fee does not lurgely increase the traflic.
The Excise Commissioners announce their
intention to grant three'lrinds of licenses
one to the keepers of inns, another to shop
keepers who sell by measure and a third to
: ale and beer dealers, to whom they claim
their right to is:->ue licenses under a separate
act of the Legislature passed in 1861. Now,
it is very certain that all saloon licenses
granted to the proprietors as "innkeepers"
will be a sort of official fraud. Evory Excise
Commissioner will know that the "three
beds" for travellers are mythical, and
we shall, therefore, have the mortifying
spoctacle of a public department winking
at a flagrant evasion of the law. This will
bo more demoralizing than the open and de
Hunt sale of liquor without any license, for
it is calculated to bring all laws into con
tempt. The truth is that the temperance
fanatics, by opposing the euactmcnt of a
stringent license law, have opened the door
to a free trullic in rum in the city and have
entailed upon us a serious loss of money
which is needed by our charitable institu
tions, and a great amount of trouble and
litigation.
Litt Vu Iluve a. Fall Balmic* Slie?t.
The settlement of the Sweeny suit revives
tho inquiry into the actual condition of the
debtor and creditor account between tho
city and the King prosecutions. Tho
Comptroller reported to the Legislature, in
March last, that the payments into the city
treasury had been just upon six hundred
and ninety-one thousand dollars, made up
of three items?namely, one hundred thou
sand dollars on account of Woodward; a
small amount, under five hundred dollars,
interest from tho Union Trust Company,
and the balance from the Watson estate.
The disbursements to lawyers had been a
little over a quarter of a million, of which
Mr. Wheeler H. Peckham had rccoived sixty
thousand dollars.
liut tho Comptroller's statement can
scarcely embrace all the rccoipts. When
the King robberies were first detected, and
the most timid of the thieves stood with
slinking knees before the outraged people,
Keyscr made an assignment of a largo
amount of property to Mr. Jackson
H. Uchultz, for the benefit of the
city, to reimburse the public treasury
for any money unjustly taken from it
through any act of tho assigner. As
Koyscr had raised his bills for the purpose
of robbing the city the property in Mr.
Sohultz's bunds was public property. What
became of it'( Where is tho money, if any,
realized from the assignments? In those
suits every dollar received from any source
is the property of tho city, and should be
paid into the city treasury, while eveiy
dollar expended is a public expenditure
and cannot be properly paid except on a
regular city warrant. As there seems to bo
a disposition now to mako a money settle
ment all round, it is proper and just that
the peoplo should know of every single
dollar that lius been received and of every
single dollar that husbeon paid out in theso
suits. We have no doubt that the explana
tion will bo satisfactory, but Mr. Schultz
should furnish ? statement of what wa?
done with the trust money placed in his
hands lor the city by one of the Ring con.
spirators.
"Obt Whm Was Roderick Th.n1"
Mr John Kelly, the Tammany dictator..
alter taking upon himself the management
of the reception tendered to Governor Rob
inson in this city, thought proper to absent
himself from the final and crowning jubila
tion at the Manhattan Club. His absence
has naturally given rise to a variety o ru
mors as to its cause, and we give a few of
these for what they are worth. Some declare
that Mr. Kelly was led to believe that
Governor Robinson, highly ^censed
against the republican State Legislature
for having .ejected We nominat.one end
refused to.paee en apportionmentiUIm
prepared to denounce the policy of appoint.
L , republican Police Commissioner- in
i i fikVAi* war to tbc kniw
this city, and to favor war
against that party. Others assert that he
cot Governor Robinson to New
and cast around him the Tammany
shackles in the expectation of being
enabled to privately enlist the Gover
on his side in the vacant commissioner
ships fight, and to induce him to renlo?
strate with Mayor Ely on his opposition to
Tammany dictation. But Governor Robin
son's speech did not come up to Kelly s ex.
pectation, and when the Governor visited
the institutions on the islands in company
with Mayor Ely and a carefully selected
Tammany party, he paid special attention
to the Mayor as the head of the city govern
ment and very little to the rest of the party.
Of course Mr. Kelly's absence was of no
particular moment in a company sue a*
assembled at the Manhattan Club on Tjies
day evening. He was not as essential ther
as at a wigwam council. Still his presence
would have been welcome and useful, and
many a sinking Tammany heart whis
pered, "Where is our Boss? It wou
no doubt have gratified him to wi -
ness the warm reception accorded
to Tilden. He would have led and inten
sified the enthusiasm. When cheers went
up for the St. Louis nominee, and lamen n
tions filled the air over his failure to a^ure
the Presidency, one blast upon the Tam
many chieftain's bugle horn would have
been worth the voices of ten thousand
his faithlul henchmen. But K?11*
sick-sick of the Governor, sick of tuo
Mayor, sick of his reception experiment.
Sic transit I
PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE.
General Banks is on his why home.
BUhoD Kip. ol California, Is coming ~ast.
Joseph Medlll, of the Chicago Tribune, 16 in Washing.
10 A lady writer say. that Mrs. Hayes w.U not talk
"Senator J. Donald Cameron, of Pennsylvania. 1. a.
^UoTs^lf there will he a republican break when
CUSrBl.8cechTsl silver Beu Butler must have resumed
"'ItSTl'w.s recently held In New Jersey
and the Bergen fellows licked the other tellows who
^Scnalor^onkliag will sail for Europe on Saturday.
He has not, during hi. visit In Washington, called
! ^/dyTo^va pageants are held In the old city o,
Coventry; hut whether the lady appears a la Pompadour
?TAa\lem?ouTom Thumb growing up with the coud
try should have been credited to the Daubury
Though lost to slgnt to memory dear.
TboQulecy (lilt I??">" ?>?' "" """
| p.,,,... Joern.llam I. Wcrtl.
ll 'ence Is, of course, another thing.
"French lady art students .n Paris do not join^ classes
ol meu where studies arc made from nude life, bu
Amer.can girl students of art In that city do.
Mr William J. Ehrlch. or the well known honso of
Fhrlch & Co.. leaves to-day by tbe steamer H.mmonla,
o^hl Hamburg line, tor a three mont^ropean
Pl Oswego10"' Indian lor "Osh-wa-kee. Osh-wah-ka >'
? being interpreted means. "I we everywhere
In,; 1 see nowhere " It was originated by Zach Chan
filar oarlv odo morning* . ..
wt.n b.d Huller l~'? ? .a ordm?rr ir.n me Hera
or ".?n .r. like the e.ble ?? ?'? ?'??*: """
when ho looks at a nowspaper man they are like a
Turkish war map struck with Walt Whitman's poetry.
When the crier of a Russian court takes a hundred
Russian names out of a jury box and call* them It
takesntmtwowookstncrythonioir. and then ho goos
home and has nlmselt kicked In the jaw by a mole as a
counter-irritant
The Central Pacific Railroad, which throws its con
trolling Interest in California politics on whichsoever
side it pleases, has a president, I.eland Stanford, who
declines to be a candidate for Unltsd States Senator.
Once ho was Governor.
To eat a pineapple. Do not peeL Cat off tho bottom.
Insert a fork over one of tho lower "eyes," press
downward and thus pull of a little cone. The cones
gradually torn oil'aro much softer than slices of tho
pine bitten across tne gram.
One day in the loug ago a boy catno out of an or*
chard with a little hatchet In his hands. Said tie,
"Father, It was not I who cut down your cherry tree."
"Come to my knees, ray son," said the father, as ho
took oir his slipper. That boy was Jimmy tiarflold.
"Dear Farmer Cousin Wo are very sorry to hear
that you are afllictod with potato bugs, locusts, cut
worms, aphides, drought. Sic., ic. We, Including all
the children, send our love to you and your poor tlrod
wife. Wo shall bo alotfg to make you a long visit about
tho 1st of July. Just polish up your gun for me."
A good glass of beer costs flvo cents and a poor glasa
of milk or colTeo costs ten cents. If you order whiskey
you may take all you wish from a generous bottle; If
you order soda a bottlo holds half a glassful. Wo do
not argue for beer and whtskoy, but wish to show that
practically, temperance drinks In Now York aro weak
frauds.
Secretary of the Navy Richard W. Thompson, ac
companied by Commodore Daniel Ammen, Pay Dl*
rector J. H. Watmough, Englneer-ln-Chicf William H.
Shock and Naval Constructor J. W. Kasby, United
States Navy, and Lieutenant Colonel C. O. McCawloy,
of theUmtod States Marino corps, arrived at tho St,
Nicholas Hoisl last evening from Philadelphia
THE TELEPHONE.
Dr. nsnry Morton, president of tho Stevens Institute
?f Technology, at Hoboken, last night delivered an
interesting and Instructive Icclnro on the subject of
tho Telephone. The various experiments with the in
strument havo already boon ra.tdo familiar to tho
readors or tho Hkhald, and no facts woro developod
in tho conrso of tho lecturo that havo not been
illustrated before. Tho Professor, however, by
roason of superior apparatus, was happy in
domonstratiug to toe audionco tho ofTtfCt of
sound wavos, and made many soiontiflc experiments
bearing on tho telephone question. The first part of
his lecturo was puroly explanatory and theoretic.
Tho latter Durt was illustrative, communication being
established bctwoen the hail and sotnn of his students
three-quarters of a mile away, who sang songs and
communicated by voicu with tho audience. It must lie
confessed, however, th it tho results woro not a?
sharply dcilnod as souio which havo herotoioro boon
described In tlieso columns.
Protestor Morton, like his coadjutors, acknowledges
the fact that the discovery, although yot In its infancy,
promises to becomo one of tho astonishing events ol
Christendom. We are, ho said, at the mere beginning
of a great work which, in tho course of tune, will be
romo of vast public uso. Tho capabilities of t?e tele
phone aro thus far unmeasured. The theory of Its use
is comparatively familiar, bat as regards Its practical
value time iilouo can prove to what extent the discov
ery may bo mado available.

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