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WITH MEHEMET ALL
The Last Days of the Late Com mander's Triumphs. DREADFUL DEEDS OF THE TURKS. Scenes on Battlefields and in De vastated Villages. NO RUSSIAN PRISONERS Camp or thk Tlrkisii Army, 1 KoFAYCUK, 1WXSTY Mll.k.S KaBT or U.IM.A, J Sept. 'JO, 1ST7. ) fills charming and ouco poacoful and equally pros porous village lies ou the direct road troin Popkoui ou llio Loin to Bjcla, und is about oigbl miles Iroui tbo former and twenty flroiu tbo latter plaoo. It is at present tho lurtbast point at which non-combatauts can stay; lor immediately beyond, at a distance ol ubout four miles, tbo main body of tho centro of linbemel All's army llos encamped, and tbreo miles beyond that again we know that wo are conlrouted by tho Thirty-second division of the Eleventh corps of tue Kussiuu army, which forms the advanced guard of tho larger force, which bars tbo way to BJola. Tbe bouHO which I und a colloaguo who started with mo Iroin Shu in la huvo "annexed" is situated closo to tho Bulgariuu church; next to it Is anotner house, which wo huvo also appropriated for the use of our servants und horses. Tho day after wo arrived a Turkish "vil lager," who carnod about his person many tools winch aro quito useless in husbundry, presoutod him coll und announced thsl ho was the owner ol the prom ises, which, Boeing iliat tho houso is In tho Bulgarian quarter, was a statement requiring conflrinWton. Our visitor, bower, said he proposed to occupy the premlsos, but, as we pointed out to him in iorciblo language tho exceeding improbability ofsucb an event while we rcmainod In them, ho grow contemplative, aud said that what ho meant was that alter we lott he should tuko possosston, aud as wo had not the slight est objection to that courso ou his part wo parted quite amicably. Probably this Ingenuous villager thought ho had a fluo chance of levying blackmail from tbo rich "Ingloes Pachas I" UULOAK1AN WillSKEY. After the horrors ol Kotchiler and Karahassuu camping in this village Is comparatively pleasant?as pleasant, Indeed, as the mtserabio squalor of camp Ufo can bo. I havo annexed two houses, with all the outhouses and yards belonging to them, and havo made myself at home under somebody else's tig ireo. lhe villago is full of wheat, ryo and barley, stuckod by the inhabitants In their gardens, but abandoned to the Russians and by them to us. The "Moscov," vory obligingly, did not burn tbe stacks during his rolreut through tho village, and our overworked horses aro luxuriating In tbe plonnlul supply of grain. We sleep ou boils of unlbrasbed wheat, und a gourbie which our sorvauts have built ol brunches, arched aud tied to gether, is covered with musses of splendid barley, so as to be wind and wouthcr proof Ao lor tho ryo, we light our Bros with It ana hod dowu our horses In it I 1 romurkod to tho Turkish "villager'' who is in my employ as special mossenger between mo and tho telegraph offlce at Sbumla that the Kopatcbean bur gers would not have much rye bread this wlutcr if thoy caino back, "ltye bread I" ho oxclalmud, with a grim grnllo, "tho giaours don't make bread ol tbelr ryo; tbey make it all into rath" As a proot of his Italomout ho plckod up in the garden a curious little earthen tlask aud told me to smell the mouth of it Rye whiskey and no mistake I In tho yard of our house a huge Ore of logs burns night and day, aud in the lulervuls when we are not writing wo are cooking and eating. Marvellous stews of goose giblets and vogttablos; soups ol Lieblg'a extract, flavored with au onion; puddinga ol rice and condenaed milk? such is our cuisine; for sauco we have tne best?hun ger. And so, although the evil day is drawing near when our last goose must die and our last spoonful of Liobig dissolved, we cannot complain. Perhaps, be lore we get down to the "hard pan" of army biscuits aud cold wuler, tbo great baitlo will ho tougni aud wou aud wu shall be llying back to the comparative luxu ries of the "Restaurant at Shumla." A MlLbhkiUNU KBCOLLBCTIOH. Tho peace and quiet of our liio in Kopatebo Is a pleasant relief irota the odious und disgusting exist ence wntch we led in Kotchiler. There, in the yard behind the uext houso to tuiuo, lay mo swollen body of a Kussiun soldier who had uoeu killed In the light when the Turks carried the village during the buttle Ol Karabassau; tbo wretched mail's head bad been hacked ofl?no doubt by tbe basbl-basouks?and as tbo body luy naked, save lor a cotion shirt. witb extended legs aud one arm doubled over the breast, the Hies swarmed over it, aud llio borrid rod neck was black Willi tbe disgusliug tusuctu. 1 used to wuko up at night with a marl aud broke luto a cold sweat as I thought of Ibul horrible uuburlod tlguro, butl llually luduced the doctors, wuo had no sucu petty scruples, to bave it put away outot sight underground. For a few piastres?but not without?some basUi-Uaxouks wero luuuceu to bury the dead giaour. To this uorror suc ceeded u worse ouo. 1 turn heard when 1 Urst cuino to tbe vlllugo that there wero live or six Russian Heads kicking about tho road, but 1 bad not cared to go aud see them.' Every moruiug aud afternoon duriug tuu few days 1 was in Kuichtier it was my custom to walk down to tne fountain, wnich was situated iu a tleld across tbe road, aboui a quarter ol a mile dlstuot Iroui uiy quarters, to wash. Ou tbe third day ol uiy slay 1 liuppeued to return by anotner puth, which passed by a dry ditch. 1 was walking slowly along in the heal ol iho burning sun, thinking at tbo moment of ubseut lrlends and homo, when 1 suddculy slopped horror s ricken at tbe edge of tbe ditciu There in tuo ruobish and weeds lsy ouo ol tbo headsl It was tUal ol a young man with crisp, light hsir, but without bourd or mustache; tbo swollen eyelids wore dosed and tbo uiuuib was hull open; there was an expression Of peacelul repose ou tbe features, but the whole head was ol a ghastly livid, brownish, gray color, wuich tuado It the most horribio object 1 ever saw. Myriads ol Uios wero buzzing about it, and thero aroso Iroin tho Uilch tho sickening odor ol corruption. 1 did uoi pass by that ditch in iny lulure expeditious to the loun t.ni, but 1 beard that lhe houd was aliorward buried with tbo cap?the kepi of a private soldier, with tbo number "Ho" on tho iront?which lay bosmo It. ATROCITIES. I huvo studiously rofruiuod during tho courso of this War lrom liuhllng for atrocities. There has boon too much aiiocny uiougoriug already, and tho market has been overstocked. 1 have simply recorded the fuels which came under my observation. Tho Mussulman women und ctuluron, wounded to the death by Lance thrusts and sabre cuts, whoui 1 saw at Rusgrud, wero uccutar evidence lo ine ot Cossack brutality, and tbo headless body und the severed houd which I saw at Kotchiler teslltled to busbi-basouk boudisiinesa. The lullialo of tbo utrocilles commuted by both the par lies engaged in this tumentsbio struggle will never bo known; probably hall the stories will novor ho be lieved. The deeds of tho "Legion ol VeugeuDCe" ou tbo ono side and of the basnl nazouks and Circassians ou tho other form a chapter of horrors such us tbo his tory ol war has ruroly known oven in tbo old story of conflicting religions aud uuuous struggling lor exist ence. Tilk VATS OV TUB WOLSDKO. When It Is considered mat In ullihe engagements fought in Bulgaria in winch lhe l urks have been vie toriuus there have booh no Russian wounded brought into tho Turkish bosp'.luls lUo inioronco is obvious; either tho lluseiuus invariably succeeded, oven in tbo liuaio aud coLilusioii ol rutruui, iu oarryiug oil all Luoir wounded, or else tbo wounded wero kiliei by tho vic tors. Alter every b.itiie I but has beeu lougbt, on ibis sleo ol tbo J antra, at least, tbe bashl-baxouks who swutui uround the I nrkiMi regular urmy Uuvu overrun tbo Uuld iiuinediatoly alter tho closo ol tho engage ment. 1 was inlormod by uu eye witness thut on ono occasion ho saw loo busbl-buzouks go up to tnleo wounded Russians In a Wood and morcilessly cut thuir throats. Buring thu batlio ol Karahassun a ltusMau ollicer was tukeu prisoner in the village bythu.Ni suns, or roguiur troops, who relieved him ol his sword, revolver und watch, but ollered bim no porsonsl Injury; eoou afterward sonic rodlls, tho soldiers ol tbu second ban, or reserve, came ru.-biug up the stroct, mad with fury, aud in itautly killed llio untoriuiiiilo ulEoor. :-o lar as 1 can ascertain there havo been no instances In woich tun soldiers ol llio roguiur aiuiy havo broken louao from the control ol their ulticeis, won in tnu heal oi battle, altbough probnuly even lliey bave occasionally wreukod thuir vengeance on llio dead bodies of their Oticinies. It s<ems to he a Mussulman lulling lo cut oil the heads ol their loos ulur Ueulli. ntoou riKT. I was told that duriug llio bu'lllo of Karuhassau, while Nedjlb Taebu, the general commanding llio main attack on the village, was standing beneath a tree, looking at tho progress of tho fight, u Turkish soldier passed by currying, skewered uu bis bayonet, mo head ol a Russian. As bo passed tlio geuorul ho luid tho bond triumphantly ui his loci. Nodjib Is an exceedingly humane aud enlightened man and turned away Willi an angry exclamation ol disgust, whereupon tho soldier promptly ran ins huyouel through llio head again, shouldered bis ghastly tropny and marched on. A similar incident occurred | at llic Uatllu ol KuzeljoVO at Which Ml hornet All com Ti.niniod iii parson. Tno Oenorul was standing wuh n.s Mall loukiugou at llio dovulopin< III ol the attack ou H,o Russian position, when a Turkish trooper galloped furiously p.mi holdiug out, at arm's length, a dripping head wlucti lie grasped by llio hulr. llio man was mud with tho liiry oi battle, and actually sliook tho dripping bead?so tin y say?in tho tare ol tbe eouumtmlcr-iu cuief, wno iiiimeuiately ordered him uuuer arrest. MPOBalUi.lt TO liKSCKIIIk Tncre Is auutuer and moro loarful story which was currant Id Knrabasmin after the battle, una which was tola mo by creditable eye-witnesses. On the d?v alter th* battle there were gathered In Kurabassiiu lour doctors of the Stafford ilouse society una several correspondents: and, as was nalur.il wo a pout the whole day in sootng the lights ut the place and going over tlio buttle Held with a view ol getting a good Idea ol the positions of the armies. 1 have already mentioned the heada and the headless body, but there wit* another "sight" which 1 am glad to suy 1 did uoi ??o, but winch somu ol the others saw. By the side ol ino main road leading through tho villugcs ol Kolchilor iud Karahassau which was the nue ol advance of theuliaekiug brigade' there was tho stark naked ho^i ol a Russian soldier with a slake driven Into bis body In a shuuiolul and disgusting Manner. From what ! could gather tho man had bees killed by the loremosl troops during tho attack, lor it was ndated to me thai when the luain body und supports pa*Xd along Die road the dreadful object was there, u\id was greeted bv some ol tuo triumphant soldiery with brutal jests and laugh ter. Tiny recognized in it the retaliation lor tho women and childrun ol their I ? ttti massacred oy tho "Legion ol Vengeuncu" south ol the Hulkuns and thought, perhaps, of tho honna stained lingers hacked Iroin tho hands ol the women, ol the lAiecn women locked lulo a house, abandoned lor a while to the lustol the Bulgarians aiyi then burned alive. urinonkks or wag. It may Dc imuguicd that there have been very few prisoners taken on either side during the war no quarter" lias boon the rule. There are, however at proseut tuiuo eighteen Russian prisoners ut Bbunila most ol whom wore captured alter tho skirmishes on the Lcim. I wus at Karabausau when one or ilium a very young man, was brought ;u ; he had been wounded In tho loot mid hud hiddou binixeli m a hclo in thu hills, whore ho hud reiiuunud lor forty-eight hours without lood or water. He Uieu gave himself up aud loll into the bunds of tho regulars who were stationed In thu village. He wus kiuuly treated, und wliou ho had been examined by the Pacha in command was given a horse to ride, ns ho could not walk and takuu to tho English amhuluuce to have hi* wound dressed. AN ATTACK UN THK LRFT WINO. On tho 13th the Russluns uttocked tho leit wing of the Turkish army ncur the villugo ol ttinaukoui, und I wus enabled by the courtesy o Meheiuet All, who gave mo tho details of tne ullair bitnrell, to telegraph them to you by the hold telegraph via Sbumla ou the lollowlng day. Moheunut All wus not present himsell ut tho hght, hut it WHS scon from the heights ubuve ! this village by the generals iu command ui tins part ol thu army. The Russians were observed to bring 1 up three guns, two battalions ol lufantry and u regi ment of cavalry, and moved out to attack the posiliuu j of Sablt Pacini upon the high ground anove the right buukol tho Baulschkt Loiu. Boou four more guns and two more buttullous were seeu to advance, and u heuvy caunouade commenced on hoili sides Saint's urtlllerv opeiiod Iroui two batteries, which were uboui a mile apart, and lor two hours a tromeudous artil lery duel went on, when there came it lull. Tbreo more battalions of Inianiry and sumo cavalry were ttien seen to udvuuce along the valley under the lire of eight Turkish guns. The result ol this suvero combat was the failure of the Russian attack, saoit maintaining his position ou iho heign ts. THE DAT BEFORE THE CRUSHING TURKISH DE FEAT AT CHEBKOVNK?THE ADVANCE OF THE ARMY OF MEUEMET ALI? A GLIMPSE OF THE RUSSIANS?THE DEFENSIVE POSITION ON THE BANISCIIKA LOM?THK EVE OF UATTLE. With tiik Army of MuiiKAiKr all ) VoniTsciia, Eiuutkkn Milks East of Bjkla J Sept. ZO, 1877. 'J My last letter was dated from Kopalobe, a village abuut lour miles in the rear of Vodltsoliu, which Is our preseul stopping place. Tho iudolalignblo pair ol fighting pachas, Sullch and Valentine Baker, have con tinued their dally rcconuolssunccs, aud, as a result of the last one, tho huadquurtcrs camp has pushed on auother four miles and Is now situated ou the heights immediately above this village. Tho recuunoissauco made yesterday established the luct that tbo enomy Is iu force id our Immediate neighborhood, aud that tho country ruuud about us is a dllllcult one to doleud iu case of a revcrao. * 1IKTTKK THAN THK RUSSIANS. Sinco the advance ol the army from Its positions on tha Lum, I have been much struck with the wonder ful aptitude which tho Turks have shown In maintain ing their (olographic communications aud lu making roads for tho passage of their troops and artillery. Whurevor Mubemot All goos he hitsa telegraph instru ment under his linger*, and is in direct communica tion with Constantinople. The wire is run ufoug polos, or stroichcd from treo to troe along tho wbolo Hue of udvance, and the moment that tbo camp movos tho telegraph staff keeps pace with It; the poles are set up and the wtro stretched witn a rupldity that could not be surpassed anywhero. Tbo tclcgruph Is ono ol tho lew western institutions which have takuu Orm root in Turkey, und its value is thoroughly appreciated. The lauguage singularly lends itself lo telegraphy, und I am told that the pachas and generals delight iu sit ting at ouch end of a wire and having a chat of hours In the intervals between their coffee and cigarettes. It is a good sign. In roadinaklng tuey uro equally to the Iront. I have meuuoncd how, iu u marvellously short space of time, roads were cut through the thick woods up the dllllcult heights ol Klrlehon ridge over looking l'opkeui auu the Valley of the Lorn, and Krupp guns drugged to the top of thu crest aud even to the summit or the Sakar Top6, iu highost point. Tbo mere prcsouce of guna on that commanding posi tion would have rendered tho village ol Popkeui un tenable, without tuo necessity of uu attack ucross tho valley, aud the Russians wore evidently tukeu by sur prise wbeu tbo putts of smoke darted out from tho peak, toward the close of tho buttle ut Karuhassau and the Turkish guns rainod down shells upou them from uu elevation of 700 lout. The rouds are well and sol idly couetruciod and practicable lor the heaviest held guns, strong ballorles being thus estab lished at points which, ut drst sight, appear quitu in accessible to artillery. No sooner in the roan cut aud laid lo iho required point than guupits und shelter trenches are dug uud powerlul redoubts thrown up iu a twinkling, auu thus, iu tue course ol a Muglo nigni the edge ol a ridgo or the top or a hill, which wus oe luro uu unbroken lorcst or a smooth tlold, will bristle witn Krupp guus aud suddenly hecomo an impiegna ble stronghold. In tho use ol the held telegrupu uud lu thu coustructiou ol military roads and eartnworks the Turks are level with the most udvauced Powers ol Europe, uud their piollciency In those Important mat ters, brought out and developed by tho present war will no doubt ho rocognizod when its history comes to be written. VOUIT8CHA. The momont I heard of the Uoclsion to advanco the headquarters camp another stage, I prepared to leave my quarters at Kopaichd uud lusutl mysoli ut V oditscba, a largo village which lies at a short dis tance from the BJela roud, aud is, like all the other villugcs along the route traversed by the Kussiuu army in da rutreut, empty und desolate, tha wuole of tho Bulgarian population, uieu, women uud childron, having gone over to tho enemy wbou bo hrst arrived In the neighborhood. The men are no doubt doing good service lor their liberators as drivers ol wagons hewers ol wood und drawers of water; lo deal with the women and children was perhaps a more uilllouli and dolicaio matter; 1 sunposu tncy hnvo been dis tributed among the villagos whicn iia on tho belt of country occupied by the Russians, and have taken up their homes In the quarters Irom which the Mussulman Inhabitants Ilea when ibo tide of invasion rollod toward them. .Suite tho dcdeul of thu Russians ou the Lum ami the advance of the 'furnish urmy ueross the river, there bus ooeu a steady How ol lurnisn villagers in its wake. Some ol them are returning lo their own villugcs, and if their homes happen to have been burned luoy Usu up llioir quarters in llio Bulgarian houses, which were, ol course, ?pared by the Russians. Tho advanced guard of uioso returning rolugces, consisting ol parties ol a dozen or so ol busbPbasouks, luvariubly tuliows cluso ou iho heels ot the Kus.uns, aud iminediulcly lakes possession ol u villugo as aoou as they huvu uvucuuied it. llie n.tbhls proceed at once lo "loot" iho Bulgarian quarter oi ail thu grain and loddcr ana to carry oil irom ins Uuutos evury portublo article tliut remains. A ULlNI'Sk OF TUN F.NKJSY. 1 liuve slrc&ijy mentioned that tho rccohnotSHUUCCH oi Salicn und Baker Pacliu has resulted in "tooling" tho enemy, and llndiug him established lit lorco, ap. parently prepared to bar our lurther advanco upon Ljola, 1 resolved, therefore, although correspondents I "are not expocled" tu approach the positions ol the 1 army bciuru u oattie, to uiukc u little rueuuuoisnance i uu my own account, uud, II Ucssiolo, g. t a glimpse ol ! the enemy lu our trout und make a tew notosin to the general topography ol tho couutry. So 1 started early yesterday morning una rode up to tho plateau uu i Which tuo heauquaitor cump Is pilch,d, giving the [ camp itself a wine berth, and keeping cieur ol the ! Final! detachments of cavalry which were stationed ' about. Alter riding lor uoout u tune along too road. I winch runs parallel to tho valley ou the heights 1 reached a ouo gun battery which had been thrown up at ino end ol the ridge commanding tho approach to the valley (rorn the west. The braibustii (major) iu command Iruiornized with mo una pointed out the position of the "Moscovs' uud of i the other lurkisu butteries. The Russian position ! was on a bare, rounded ridge, winch irom our point of view seemed lo extern] across the valloy and close it i but which rues at right angles to the general lino o'l ' the valley south ol thu river which llows through it This lutlo stream, here cum a the Cherkovne is the uiq.ur course ol tho Buuischku Lout. 1 mentioned lu ! a recent letter that it appeared probable that the ' Russians would iiisko a stand at some point along this 1 river, aud the supposition has turned out to bo cor rect. The camp Ures ol (he Russians wore plainly to bo seen ou the ridgo, und 1 euuglii uow and then the glitter ol a buyonut and Iho gloum of too sunlight along the polished metal ol Held guns in position on tlio crest; it was evident that tuoonnmy wus mi lorco upon and behind trial mil, and would ills, pute with us upon that ground the possession 0| the i rood to lijela. Leaving the trteudly mayor oi uriUlory I vo'Ui on down the lull, proposing to push as lar ns Uierkovnc, tho village which Bus in the valioy im mcdlateiy uoneuth thu Russian position. Ilk yon l> THh LINKS, Tho road led tmongu denso thickets ol brushwood anu was guarded at short inn rvuls by pickets ol eav airy, tha troopers lying in the shade, with ttioir nurses (saddled and bridled) letlorod around them, while two ol their number stood ou the u.ok-o .t down the road 1 wont ou p igl what 1 supposiwas tho last picket, as it gaumed to ho more vigilant than tho othois; the two sentries wore perched high up in the blanches ol two trues on eithor side ol Iho way, tho barrels of their \Vihcheslor csihines, ready lor instant use, poking out threateningly Irom tho leaves. Beyond this picket 1 came upon a bottv of bashi-baxouks, soiled in a eirolo iu the wood, uo douht discussing itic prubal i lilies of future sirutegtma uud spoils. As t was aware of (lie custom of employing Hie bushi-buzouk* us advanced soout.i and iclaireurs wuoo iu pre.touce of ttic enemy I began to think tpat 1 bad cone lar enough and night ruu a risk ol being cut off by tbu Cog-acks if 1 ven tured further. The busbi-buzouke told mo, iu answer to my luquines, that tli.ro wore uiauy "Moscovs' close by, and tbal tbu scouts of both armlos used Cberkovua us a surl of Tom Tiddler's ground for waylaying each oilier. A Bulgarian bad come down from the Kusmu positions into ihe village, u lew day* ago, uppareutly lor the purpose of Boeing wbelber ibcro were auy Turks there; a bushl-hazouk w is there, unfortunately for the Bulgarian, and bud u quiet shot at him us lie upproactied, ibe nun staggered uwav out ol sight, hut was found dead next morning beluud a busli. On the whole, tberoloro. 1 thought Cburkovue wus no place lor a peaceable non-combatant, and returned past the vodettus In I lie trues, wuo smilod grimly as I wont by, lo the plateau 1 was disquieted to bad a whole regiment ol infantry drawn up across the road, apparently ueing reviewed by a picbxundbis staff who were slowly riding along the line. WOKSK THUS W.IOI.SKY. I thought the pucbu looked very llko Sal'cb, Ibe genera1 coiutuauding the division stationed hero, uud as no is particularly obnoxious to correspondent-.?1 bug his pardou, us corre spondents arc particularly obnoxious to bun? 1 thought I bad bettor rcuiuiu at a rcopectlui dlsiuuco until lie laid gone by. It was as Weil, perhaps, that 1 did so, tor 1 fancy HisSoraue Highness i'rtoce tlassan ol Kgypl, who from liio height of bis ssri-uity also condescends lo regard correspondents witu aisiavor, wus riding alongside, and if I had been hauled up be fore these two august personages [ might have expe rienced the houor ol beiug snubbed by them, lle-re, 1 conle-ss, I am Inclined to lay down my pen, get up and walk about, gnash my teeth uud foaui at the mourn tor u white, and then rosumu uty seat to pour furtb my soul in biiie-r tuv.-cuve against in- wretnbod treatment which oorrespuudeuls whose miserable lute It has been to follow (he Turkish army have bud to ?ndure, especially those ol us who are considered to represent Journals "hostile to furktsu interests." But I reirutu Iroiu luuncblug out into the long story ofour woes uud difficulties, which would only tire tne patience of your readers und cause wo lo i xpeud much uuorgy which uud hatter bo reserved lor wortbiar pur poses. Alter ail, I hgd paid au undisturbed visit lo tbu uiosl advuucod position ol the uriny on tbu lljclu loud, uud it 1 was compelled Irom motives ol policy conducive lo the discharge of my duty to ruiu in uiy horse behind a tree in stead ol laciug the U-rriblo Saitoh, tbu conqueror ol Abyasiuls, auu a whole regi ment ef Turks, it was no gruil mutter. Tbu fate of empires did not bang ou tne result of my trip tu tbu outposts. I ho prusenco of this regiment on tbo plateau and tbo kuuwiudgu ui tno tuct that u rainlorcemeat of six bat taliuua recently arrived at Varna lrom Suukhoum Kale bud beeu pushed lurward to this neighborhood iu all baste convinced uie that there wus so ice truth iu the rumors which bud huon finning about the cuiupihulu battlo wus itnmiueul. Hither Mehumul All uxpoctud the Kussiuus to utluck him ou the road and check bis udvauco or else bo wus going lo ultumpl to disiudgo tbew lrom their pusltiou ou the riogo above Cburkovue 1 returned, thureloro, us quickly as possible to uiy quarters at Vodilsoba, u flltny Bul garian hovel, swiimiiug with vertuiu uud reeking with littered oltul, to write u description ol Ibe grouud upon waiuli the battle will bo louguu TUK 11ATTLK UKUL'ND. Vodltscbo, the present heauqu irters of tbo Turkish army uudur Muheiuot All, Is uuout eighteen miles iu a straight Hue Irom Bjelu, between the Junlra and the Lorn, but by tbo road about twoniy-llve miles. This road, wblcb is u eunliuuulloa westward ol the muin road lrom Bhumlu uud Kski Djumu lo Popkoul ou tbo Lorn, loilows the course oi a valley lu a geuoralsouth westerly directlou until it roucbea the village ol Cher kovue, where it tonus an angle uud turns to the north westward to Biula. I bo vniagu ol Cburkovue, which lies at Ibis unglu, Is also at the intersection ol a road which runs north uud south from liacuijovo, ou the Luiu, to Tiruovu. Alter leaving Cuurkovna this Inter secting roud crosses lOo upper course of tbo Buuischka Lorn by a bridge, uud runs behind a wull marked ridge soulhwosiwaril to the vilingo ol Chutrkoul uud tbuuuo to Tirnova. This ridge, which extends southward from tho loft buok of the Banlscbka Lorn lor a distance ol aoout throe inllus, is the position upon which tho ltussiuus have resolved to uiuko a stuud uud light u buttle lo chuck tbo further advance ol Mebeiiiot All upou Bjelu. The uuluro ol tbo ground and the importance ol Hie ridge, covering us it does the intersection of tbo two roads, render u probublo that a desperate resistance will bo mado at this point. TUe buttle ground is cuntuinod within a quadrilateral liguru termed by the villages ol Inkier, Yerbuca and Keprivca ou tbo western or liuss au side, and llioso ol Vodilscha, Oslkovu uud Huujekikuui on tho eastern or l'urkisn side. Tho valley ol tbo Banlscbka Lorn passes through this llguro In a curve extending irom Voditsona and Koprlvca, tbo concuvuy being presented towura tbo Kussiaus. Close to the village ol Vrrboca, but on tbo opposite bank ol tbo rlvor, in the valley, Is Cberkuvue, a once considerable village, which whs entirely burned by the Kussiaus wbon tboy passed through. Tbo height* which bound tbo valley ou tbo northern sldo are sto- per than those on the opposite side, and aro broken into narrow ravines wblcb extond down to the rivor. These heights over the vllluge of Cherkovue are covered with brushwood lrom the rivor upward, but the Hat summits are partly cultivated. Tbo Banlscbka Loin is here Irom eigtil to nine loot wido and lrom ibreo to six l'eet deep, and like the thrco other Lome, ibe westernmost ol wbicn, the Kara Lorn, It Joins, It flows within deep bauks, the surfuco of the water being uuout leu leet beneath the level or tbo ground. There Is a bridge over the stream about half u mile below li.o village ol Cborkovno; Hie others liavo beeu destroyed by the Kussiaus. Verboca lies iietwccu tbo bare rouuded ridge occupied by the enemy and another and nigber ridge, tbu upner part ol which la wooded, while the lower slopes tonrnrd the vllluge aro occuplod by vineyards. TUh KCSS!AX POSITION. Tbo long, rounded bill which has boen so skilfully chinch by the Kussiaus as their ueteusive pusltiou is a cultivated slope cut into low terraces uud sparsely dolled with tress. The Works constructed by them on the summit ol the ridge, and ou the slopes towurd tbo rivor, consist of gun pits and shelter trenches; tne whole hillside is dug over with riUu pits, uud the postliou Is ouo of grsul strength. It is bulievod that the lorce gathered io withstand Meboinot All consists ol the Thirty-second division (Klovoulb corps) and a portion oi ttio Thirteenth corps, while lurtlier to tno north and probably unavailable at Ibis part ol their line, lies tbu 1 woitlh corps, opposite lo Which are tbu lorces ol Acbmet Hyoub, lorming tho right of tbo Turkish uriny. Immediately coti Irootiug the Russian position are the di visions of Bali'-b l'acba and f'rinoo Hassan, wlnuu have bcon rocuutlv reinforced by tbo batiahous withdrawn from Asia. With tb.-ir usual energy the Turks have erected batteries ou Ibe best positions on the heights opposite the Kussian position, auu huvo tho advantage ol dominating It, although at a vary long ranga. It Is believed that all the preparations aro complete eitbor to make or oppose an ullack; in auy case tno struggle wi I be u dusperuto one. The Turks, tlusbod with tueir victories ou tbo Lorn, are eager to slriko another plow at the relruulinu eueiuy, while the Kqssiuns bavu probably made up their minds that Mehemet All shall nut advance In tbu directlou oi Bjula beyond the line of tbo Banlscbka Lorn. Lturlng tbu whole ol to-day a dense tog lias overhung the entire couuiry and the hostile armies aro invisible to each other. A solemn stillness and silence?broken only by au occasional trumpet call has reigned Iu the camp uud upou the hills around it, and the long lino of watcn fires wblcb light up tbeir summits and mark the position ol tne Turkish army Is shrouded lrom view. 1 lie down m my clothes for u lew bsurs' sleep beloro daybreak. with a strong presentiment that if llio log In is the sound of the guns will he hoard iu tne morning and the attack begin. I believe that I shall bavo to write tbo story ol u groat buttle at Cburkuvno to-morrow. It may bo thai Melioinol All Will have (ought ono battlo loo much. THE CKESENT AND THE CiiOSS. The ladies ol New York aro nover backward when suffering appeals lor roliol. Tboy raised over f l.iAM,out) on a single occasion lor the relief of the wounded in our own war, and now thtlr sympathies extend toward lbs wouuuod and dying soldiers in lbs Last. Meetings wore held lust weok si Mis. W. K. Vunderbill's and ut Mrs. Mursbull 0. Roberts', und among the ladles proient were Mrs K. M. Vail, Presi dent; Mrs. 0. L. Perkins, Secretary; Mrs. Thomas Hitchcock, Treasurer; Mra a. L. M. Uurlthv, Vice President, and muny others. A conslderublo sum of mouuy wus subscribed ou tbo spot, uud it wus decided to give three entertain menu In aid of tbo cause. The lirst, to bo a performance by tbo brilliuul com pany ol tbo The.itro Fruuculsc, which baa kluuly volunteered Its services, will take placo Friday, No vember 2. The lirst piece will bo "Mauemoiselle Hsigliore," s coiuedy in four acts by Kmile Augior and Jules Jardou, uud the second "Lo CUnpoau d'un horiogor." Mr. Marshall U. Huberts, lb* owner ol tbo L)c- uIn Tbuaire, has pluceil it ut the dis position ul the ladies lor the occasion. All tho boxes and most ul too seats huve been lukou by the lady managers and their friends, which wl.l lusuru a lull, lushlouabls bouse. Ihu re maining souls will ho lor sale to-diiy at No. 11 LaXtlig tou avenue, and tberualier until Friday at the Kronen I huuiru iu 1 wenty-lliird street. I he second euturtuih moot will bo a private concert at the house ol Mrs. Marshall O. Huberts on Hie evemug ol November J7, and the third will be a grand ball ul the Academy of Miisio on liocemher 11. Wu understand Hint u very liberal and b hevoletit gentleman (not he who trans ports the obeli.-*) has hired tin- Academy lor the occa sion, mid present* Hie use ol It to Ihu IsJles, who, wo hope, will ruusivo abundant oncuuiaguiiiont lrom the puolio. NEW VOliK LIBEUAL CLUB. Tho following tinnp'd persons have hoeo elected olllcurs ol tbu New York Liberal Club lor tbu year lbiJ-8:?l're-ldent? Mrs, Klizubotb Thompson. Trus tees?Robert A. Ounn, M. H. ; It. T. Hullock, M. I),; John 11. Johnston, Stephen S. Nash, Corlluiidl Pal nior, James Parton, (lonorul Frans Nigel, rilinou Sterne and P. 11. Van dur Weydo, M. 1). LcMuru Com untiee?JJauIcI UHnrducr, A. L. It iwmui, LL. It., lt.it , and Chnrius Aolberan. I roasuiof?James M. McKinUy. Secretary?Itaniel 1. Huroner. Ineoiub also elected (Jbarlos Suihurun to act us socruiury und stopbeii S. Nash us member oi the Lociiire Committee duriug the nhsmice ol Ihintol 1. Uurdnor In St. Petersburg, Rus sia. In accordance wild utnondmcnis iu ibecousn liition ol the uiult, adopted a lew mouths ago, tho oillcos ol corresponding secretary and lust, second ai d third vice president! are abolished. 'I no I reus urer in his uuuuui report showed the club to he out Ol debt, with u baluucu in baud. THE CUBAN WAtt. Spain Milking a Supreme Eilort to Crush the Insurrection. MARTINEZ CAMPOS' PROMISE. Thirty-two Thousand. Troops Sent to the Front. STRENGTH OF THE INSURGENTS. Silence of the Spanish Press in Reference to the Progress of the War. Madrid, Oct. 7, 1877. fpuln baa definitely made up her mind to put down the Cuban insurrection, i| it cau be done by the sucrl flce of blood Hno has sent out hor best aud moat energetic general uud lurnished him lavishly with mun. Tbo telegraph has just announced tho urrival at Suaiiugo do Cuba oI tho transport which curried out the last detachment of 12,000 troops that have been despatched Irom various Spauisb porta siuco tho loth of last August. To theso must be uuded u lurthor rolnlorcemeut ol 20,000 troops, wbiob bad been do spatcued within tho past year, making in all a rein forcement of 02,000 men added to thu already consid erable lorcea operating against tho Cuban insurgents. When It Is considered that tho forces at the disposal of ttie Cuban loaders do not probably uinount, all told, to ovor 6,out) lighting tuon, poorly armed, badly clothed aud almost without ammunition, except what thoy happen to capture or obtain through treachery from tho Spanish soldlory, the Bonding out ol such a powerful army would sooui uuuecossary. Hut the Spanish people are becoming dissatisfied at the continuauce ol a war which tho government constantly declares to be unimportant and yet is unable to suppress, lu a fow days tho in surrection will have completed us ninth year, and it would bo difficult to estimato tho sucnflcos of blood and money which tho slrugglo has Imposed on tho Spanish people. Ana II Is conlcssod by tho more In telligent Spaniards that tho condition ol affairs in Cuba is to-day loss satisfactory than whon the rebellion was at its holgbt In tho first years ol tho war. Kacli suc ceeding government hua promiaod the Spanish pooplo that tho insurrection would bo Anally supDruesod within a given tlmo, with what result is airoudy | known. ukxkral campos* promise. 1 Tho government ol tho young King Allouso has also taken a public engagement to stamp out tho last spark ol rebellion, and Uonerul Marline* Campos, un taught by tho oxperiouco ol his predecessors, bus pub licly engaged to suppress tho Insurrection by next January. There is no daunt ho meuns to do It, lor he Is brave and energetic, lie has also a good military reputatlou to sustulu, aud he will leave nothing un done to fullil bis promise. Whatever the result of tho coining campaign, tho Cuban insurgouts cau couut on having rather a hard ttino until the rainy season comes again to shield them rrom their enemies. If the war In Cuba wore an ordinary war, whore tho cooibatuuis meet under soinothing approaching equal Ity, or could tbo .Spuuish gouorul he sure of being ablo to compel his adversaries to light, under even tho most favorable conditions for them, tho result of the campaign would not ho lor one moment doubtful. Tho Cuban insurgents would bo exterminated. Hut it u quostluuahlo whether Oenoral Murtiucx Campos, even with the immense forces st his disposal, can compel the Insurgents to give battlo. What ho no doubt will succeed in doing will be to break up the larger bauds and compel them to seek aaluly In the bidiDg places whlob abound In the woods and mountains of tbo island; hut when this has been accomplished, nothing will, iu reality, buvo been gained, for tho bauds will reform as soon as the torrential rains and compel the Spaniards to retire lrom tho field. There Is, therefore, reason to lour that the coming campaign will ho as fruitless as the past ones havo been, aud that tuo Cuban Insurgents will cclo brato tho toutb anniversary ol tho wur of Indepen dence, in spile ol General Campos' promise. a I'A.M.-II INCAPACITY, Ibe truth about the insurrection is that it would bo easy enough to put It down had .Spain a really Intolll geut government. But tbo systom pursued hero of suppressing all criticism of tho acts or tno men In au thorny naturally results in tho triumph of stupidity and Incapacity, Only a low mou have dared, even in the Cortes, to question the acts of the generals and governors in Cuba, and wliou General Salamanca, In tho la6l suasion, culled for tho production of papers re lorring to tbo conduct ol tho war in Cuba tho govern ment declared ft would not loud itself to such un uc* or treachery aa to muko public the official information which It posaessed concerning u wur whicu bud drugged ou lor eight years. Yet the government ol King Al fonso pretends to bo a put lluiueiilury govern men t, Out if It be so it K made ou a peculiarly Spuuiati model. Curing the nino years the wur in Cuba has coiiunuod Ibe successive .Spanish governments do not seem to have learned anything, iu this they have provod themselves, whether monarchical or republican to have been truly Uourbou. Kveu now thcie is no idoa ol dealing with the causes which lie at the bottom of tliu insurrection aud give it strength and tenucity of hie. It is thought enough to send out toldlers. who cau settle tne mutter Iu dispute with rule huliets. and the tuau who would publiciy ndvoculo the introduc tion ot rolortns whlcn would go lar lowurd conciliating tuo vast mass ol the Cubuu population would be looked ou as u had Spaniard ana a person to he re garded with suspicion. Huloru any ? Uorl in tho direc tion ol reform cuu he mudo the Island must bo reduced to obedience, and It is not very cer tain lliut even then much attention would Lu puid lo the prayers of ex-ruhulc lor ruioriu. Wlillo iDo governing class entertains these opluiuns the war muai continue lo be a war o! persecution, nud lis re mit must depend on whether the .Spuuisu sold.ors are able to hunt down and exterminate tbo aclivo and cunning enemies who have known how to bailie ail tbo oilurts ol overwhelming force directed against them during tbo past ulue years. And, in truth thu pro-poets are by no means so favorabio lor Spain us might bo judged Irom a hasly comparison bulweon the actual opposing forces. SPANISH INCAPACITY. It Is not alouo in the mailer of politics that tiio government tiuvu showu ttiutmliiy and Incompetence. Kveu in their favorite sphere thu conduct ol inllitaiy affairs, they have di* played aud continue to display ?u lucrodiolo incapacity, luge, for example, the system adopted in reinforcing the army in Cubs. on tho conclusion ol the CurlUt war Spaiu po.wHo.-ntM u rehpecUMo army inured to tno fatigues ol war, m whicu mo various regiments hud acquired discipline, soll-conlideuco uud that most necessary quality in the soldier, Mont de corps. Here was material mat could Have been used wiin groat advantage, to ho suit to the Canary I. les and mono Kico lo replncn tho garrisons there which wire in au oxovlleut state ot organisation aud' being acclimatized lo tho tropics, could have boeu son! to operate in Cuuu win. tno uimosl udvauiugo. Any intelligent govuriunont would either nave sent the veteran r. gluteals ol the Curlist war direct lo Cuba or ? wou.d Have usd them us 1 have liiuicaiuu lu replacing tho garrisons ol tho Canary Isles uud I'liertu K.co hut the .-.puiiisii government did neither the cue nor' the other. . HOW THE All MY WAS REINFORCED It resolved to sond out ;J2.0ou moo, uud iu order lo do this culled lor Volunteer* Civilians or -oldivrs wore equally accepiuble, but us tin- measure aid not | prove vury succos-iul the Minister of War was obliged . in nave recourse to what IS known in |?dn? as lo.ced volunteering. I hut is lo say, each realm, nt was | ordered to supp.y a coriain number of men to com i | 'ulu Ul" tnedotf by the government, and these military uiobs weio put ou buuiu transtiort and hurrieu off to Cuba. These .mm are ,3' m out cone/,ion or * corps. o.. iu1)ir ,u I Havana, or Sautiugo do t ubu, they arc ailoncd to various regiments, wiin which n.ey havs hud no association and no foelu g of comradeship, tho work ul ma King an aruiy out ol such heturo geneous material must impo-o heavy labor on the Gcuerai-iu-Cbinf, us well as ou his subordinates, ",.ii pfuablc i fiat a good deal of Mine, which should ho devoted lo active campaigning, will p? ,.o sorhed in tbo work of organization. Had tho mora intelligent course ol ennding out the veteran regi r"!f"t ' r u'0r"l'itti or?u" Zdi on uud the ox Concm espritcorps winch was u,w natural r.hiilt of their auc .easfm campaigns aga.ust Hie Carlisis hooii adopted, the same number ol men would have given ; very much better results. One of the reasons why this war. uot donowu-. perns pa, hac.use the troops j wore needed ui homo to sustain the new King ou his | not very secure throne. A I.I bkBklSVKM L'ttaolt FOR KNSKUY. '8 kov. riiuient In.s biun lored frightfully | n the system adopted to rclnlorio the army in Cuba, I It certainly deserve* the credit which is due to energy I and tenacity. Not alone have the 32,ouo troops bovii scut out with uu expedition hitherto unknown iu ; Nipunish military undoi takings, hut the effort to st.ll I luriiicr reiuforca the urmj is eontiliucib Kvery | steamer that leaves the I'Slilosuiu lor Cuhi curries out a detachment, large or small, according to the success whicu hus uticndud the Volunteering, ami iu all the tarn* centres ol population recruiting ollices aio opm to receive the volunteers of huogor und mls'urtuno If, therefore, tlio ntiilUll supply ol looU fur powder uud yellow lever can wear out the Cut an insurrection, 8paiu will tnmko the necessary sacrllico of blood. KICKNK - A AHUM TJIK TKOtra. Thero i?. how vo'. tuoili. r-.id to the picture, and this is luruikbed by the uioduai report ou tue Mili tary condition ot the Spanish army m Cabs. Id tins re|iort It is admitted that on the 1Mb ol ls?t August there were id Ibo uiinury hospitals ?-'W.uoo sick so diors, and, as we kuow how latal sickness is to Kuropeaus about this portou id Cuba, some idea may j be lormed ol tbe enormous losson sustained by tlio army without ever coming into contact with the enemy. This is one ol tbe uatura^rusults ol seuding troops direct frost Spain lu-toad ol' using tin- accli matized troops from the Canaries and l'uerto Kica STKKMOTB OS TUK ISSIWIUTi Notwithstanding tbe great success winch the gov erntuout claims attended General Campos' last year's campaign against the insurgents, It is coules.sod iu an olltcial lolegraiu irum Havana that there are still alupt iu C> maguey rebel lorces to the number ol 2,U0Q, Kour years ago, when the preseiil Miuister of War, Ueneral lh bailos, was Csptain Ueneral, he declared that there was no organized rebellion, that the hi. called insurrection had been crushed, and that there only remained bands of brigands, who sustslnsd them selves by pluuder and murder, and when pursued took reluge in their hiding places in the woods uud moun tains. Yet uow, alter the lapse of four years' success ful war, this same Ueneral C'eballoe proclaims that there are 2,0bu rebuts !u arms lu the Central Department aiouc, without counting tue lorces which may exist in the districts ol Holguin, liuyaiuo ana Santiago de Cuba and liurucou, in ull of which poiuls ibe insurrection has maintained llaell tenaciously from the beg.lining. wak naws or tub sriwu mum. The uews ptuluhed in the Madrid papers about tlio progress ol tbe Cuban war Is ol the most trivial und uninteresting character, and auch Is the reserve im posed by the governmental supervision ol too press that no journal dares to make any comment of uu ad verse character. I'ndcr the constitutional govern ment ol King Alfonso the Spanish press enjoys less liberty than aid the Frcucb press in lite worst duys of the Second Ktnplre. The ineu in |K>wor try to Imitate as closely as possible the French conservatives, whose '?moral order" cry they huvo auopled, with objects still more personal aud selfish even thsu the support ers ot Muu.Muhou. A goverumeiA paper tho ulbcr day published uu article regrettiug that dpanlsb jour nals were becoming meru retailors ot news, und that the active reporter, who merely recorded events, was taking the pluce ol the thinkers und serious writers. Ouc 01 the liberal papers, AT Impartial, replied, wcU uud wittily, that tlio conservatives should not bo usloulsbed at tbo decay ot polemical power lu the press, as It wus tho result ol utrophy, lor, while the government left the legs ol the reporters free. It let tered the minds ol tlio thinkers. In such a condition ot the press it is no wonder tliut tbe Cubnii war news Consists in the announcement that a certain column niude a reconnolssanco In tbe diruction of tlio enemy aud succeeded iu capturing one woman und a child, or that another column, more lucky, eucodnterod u baud of sumo lorty insurgents, aud, having exchanged a number of shots, let thorn gel away, with, ol courso, the loss of ouo Ulan killed uud two wounded. Thou lollows u list ol objects of hardware cupturcd from tho enemy, with, purbups, a fow horsus or mules. It nevor seems to occur to auy ouo to ask why tho com mander iliu not lollow up the forty men and leave tho buddies uud other hardware to ho picked up ufler ward; but if ofllcors wore to act In tnis-way tlioro would soon bo no rebels, und Othello's occupation would ho gono. AX KXRKIIKTIO UKXXKAI.. Tbo Information we receive ubout tho movements of Gcuerul Martinez Campos proves thul ho has lost none ol tho uuergy uud decision which distinguished hlui in his SpauisU campaigns. Uu bus put everything iu order lor tho opening ol tho cumpingn in the Ceulrul liepartmoiil, aud at latest advices had proceeded to tho Ksstorn Department, where ho proposes to super vise the preparations lor the cumpuigD, which be will direct lu chici. Tho result will no doubt be a very un pleasant liiuo for the insurgents. It Is supposed that Ueneral Campos will put himself at tho hcau of the troops In tlio Central Department us soon us ho hus concludod bis inspection of tho troops and looked after tho preparations fur the campaign in the Kustern De partment, as his plan scums to bo a general attack along tbo wbulo iluo. Unco begun tho attack is protty cortutu to be vigorously maintained us long as tbo weather will permit, lor Campus Is ouo of those generals who believe in ihu policy ol hammering Ins eneui es until tho last gasp is out ol them. Whether the Cubans will stand to bo bumiuorod is, ol courso, another question. As an ovidouce ol the kind of energy displayed by (Jen erul Cauipus, u t.ubau paper reluios that urriving in a gunboat ut Muclo ami tludtug that tho cummuudcr at this point hud sallied out with his regiment, the Gen eral took a guard of twenty men uud murchod on foot over tho mountains some thirty miles, until ho ovor took ibo oolumn and Its Commander. Uuvtug in spected tho troops uud given his orders to tho com manding oltlcer, tlio Ueneral next day retraced bis steps and couliuuod his voyage to Santiago do Cuba, where he no doubt found mure ugrooabiu quarters. With a general ui this kind at tho head of tho army an active cunipaign may he looked lor with corlaluty. Spain has made a great tdlori, and the next few montha will decide whether or not tho Cuban insur rection can be suppressed by Spanish bay ouo td. JOUKNALISM THE GUI AT PROFESSION. THE ABBU HD1TX OF KANKINO PHYSIC, LAW, THEOLOGY OB AIIMH AHEAD OF LITKBATUBE? THE SUCCEBBFUL EXPLOITATIONS OF THE JOUBNALIST CONXKASTEJ) WITH THE PITIFUL FA I LUBES OF A NAVAL OFFICE1L [From the London Anglo-American Times. J It bus bean noticed bow prouo journalists are, capo* clallj in Hoglund, to duprcclato their culling nud tbo way In which tbo worlc is pertormod. Journalism is scarcely pcrmlttod to pass as a profession, tliougb, perhaps, the most Important of any, ami that which now doos tbe hardest work ol all. It Is ludicrous to contrast what Journalists sro accomplishing all over tbo world with tboir reward; the mugnltudo ol tbo tusk performed with the crodil awarded; and, curl* ously enough, tbo want oi recognition is helped by tholr own action. In England, which moro or loss sets tbe huiblon to tno world, innovations aro opposed by tbo national gcntiraout and mako but slow prog ress. To tbe number of the lour professions?arms, physic, law and theology?prejudices work against ad ditions. Whatever may be tbe change in aociety, whatever tbo Importance of tbe new calling, It Is dii Ucuit to get It recognized as a prolossion, ana perhaus tbe most reinarkublo instunco ol Ibis is (urm-hed in Journalism. There is a great body of opinion against It, a prejudice all tho stronger the stronger becomes tbe claim. That prejudice permeates the four proloa slous; it permeates society and Is encountered all through politics. It Is soon in leiisrs, in tho druma. In legislatures, lu municipalities, among the managers of couipunles and Jotut slock operations gonerully. This being, lolt by Journalists induces many to adopt a supercilious tone shout tholr own calling, and has led to the habit ol dtcrying tho work of their lullow laborers. A "uioro nowsp.ipor correspondent," newspaper criticism." '<mf 1 suppose you saw that ill some newspaper." "A newspaper lullow wanted to thrust In in se it into our meeting," remarks a director. M> I'Kkhrt. WO HIK UAKMKT WOLSKUCV. "Bond me anything hut a nuwspuper correspoud eut" is tho common oxeluinalioa of toe general; and some Journalism write so us 10 re-echo the tone. Yet the truth is that nearly all who thus talk g. l their opiuious Irani the papers, 1'boy are supplied ny tho newspaper mcu with ibe very conversation they ro* lull. I he conclusions (buy suppose they liavu reached, and for wliicn thoy are ready to make u sacrilloe, are those worked out in oilier miuds, and wore they de prived lor a week ol every copy of a newspaper tnoy would begin to luurn Irom tho vacuncy wiiinu whence floweu the source ol their Inspiration. I'arllarnunt is supposed to bo the as?oiuuled wisdom ol ibo nation, built wo coraparu what is said lu 1'urhaineiu with what Is said in the press we Qnd that thorn is less nonsense mrculutud iu Uio latter, and lower mistakes itinile; that, on the wuolo, the journalist more than holds his own with the legislator. 1 his is a lair cms pnriMon, lor in the dally press tUu journalist hud even loxa lime lor aotialderallan than tho speaker Indeed the former alien bus to write olfh uid on a subject the member has been months preparing, "IB KKUAMT or HIS COWHTlTDkWCY," Hut it im not tno arduous labors ol tno Journalist lu bis oillce wliioh wo here propo-o in discuss, firiiups there is no protessiou so juu.nhs ol corr. spondee n is mat ol amis, and perhaps there ih no position in who li tho Journalist?meaning hy the word tie jiorsjn who uorivoa bis living troui lurniahiiig '?copy' to newspa pers?appears 10 better ad van tugs In tho llrst piace, ho has to hear all t ie hardships ami dangers ol iho hardest louglil campaign, lie lias to keep Ilia tin lid acuvoly employed ou Ins work to an extont Incum bent only on responsible stall olfloers, to gel u com | prehensive knowledge of nil the optrullons <il Iho country, ol iho urmy with whicli lie acives; uud lie is | oomptlied a,I tlie time to keep tho elows in haud and ' i himself up to iho changing pbasos each day or mgbt i ! in ay produce. Instead ol being aided lu this laborious ; I task lie is generally luipodod. Ila has to llml tils own I i means ol curnugu and sustenance in Ian is ol a strange ! language; and while nil ho thought* are cuu .eniru.ed | on lor work he has to pen dtspaiclies nud lorco tliom I through the post or hy w iro, w Inch urn to enlighten the world on what is occurring, and become the matter thousands eagerly read to criticise and expose, ttu cuiiuot ullord to blunder in numbers. In pcsinous, in assertions ol any sort ; lor it is ahovo all IblUgs necessary that he should he accurute. rOltllKS WoKTII A Do/.hx Of II UNWARY. To gather his Information ho has generally to neo with ins own eyes, and, as what is best worth -eeing is under tlie holiest lire, oo Ins to undertake risks lor wli.ch oDIcors r.eeive deuoritliona an i rowurds I uough ' tlie Itiiumnui hi surgeons may not have been ahio tor I many days after tbe onptaro ol the Wraviizn rndouot I to eutu it had ou> u < xplored hy tiumvrous correspond OIIIH, and though III III) a knight of thul self SR< r.lining body?the lied cross?full in a duty to the wounded ly ing hetwi ? ii tin l'urkishai.d Hu.-slan batteries thu spate w ? crossed .tmi recroesed irom end to ond by correspondents I'pw tho held, oven wmlo the asauulta on 1'levn i ware In pro ToSs. Ciptitltt Koro. t was writing lea despatches, with wuich he had to ride all night lo ge Ills di scri|Hioiu under way lur Fleet Hireut, yot so beautiful, an gr phlc and tmthful was I Hie narrative that It Was aecepied and published hi the countries ol both the combatant* as tho best acconui that co ild be penned ul the liali.ee. CO.STKA.11 TIIK riOHrlXa ASU TIIK WRITIWO. We have heard Kuihea pruisod: jot a tithe of Iho ability, tbo energy, the daring displayed by htm, and the brilliant aor vice rnndurcd, would have culled forth n mark ol imperial recognition, decoration auil promo Hon ; but nonody ih.uks aiiyihmg is due to a corre spondent. Auu so It la all through; though tho worn porrorjnM by biro l* of enormous importance to tbi n, . * _ , ' K?fttkinon wall lb* iU^iun army tl' ,JK oulJ really hav be*n known of Ibe rem*ou? Hd ,U"tU'1' wh' i:u"'* reached . i ? ? Loujeoture might have he-a rife; bat OO (be I acta other uuuon* cau bond up their policy and long ere this the British ( ,bloet urA mndiUoU IU intentions ut.d designs. Journalists may contrast with some suUllaetion tho way iu wlilcti the correspondents with ,h.. Kua-iao ,rtny <lou? to?iT m'e^ lVi.V'tr'Ja w,Ucu Ku.sian oUlcere did theirs. In iact, the correspondent* aid thoir work loo .V ibe world knew everything that wen coin* on, though 11 was not lor tho mieroat of Russia that the kuowiedgo khould L-e spread. """ UTA*I.ST'S ckowm.su tuirMm The most striking inauuce of ihc day,' however el Journalistic hucooks |S to ho found iu Stanley asM ?xp orer. Frolaaaor Ke.pert, ol the I n.ver," o iter I m, prououuces hie as "the greatest feat in ceo. graphical dwcoaery ever accomplished by any eiuttli Individual." there amine to be u quaint eort ol ide iu tho public mind that it is tho Kxw y,JkK iuk,L, aud the Daily Trlrgmyk that are wulking ilirougb Alricu; not that it is the ouihodimeul ol Hob auu bona organizing and achieving through luduui liable "pluck" and ruro energy a mighty work, aud Iu couseiuenca people uro alow to recuguize as thuy ought the groat benefit accomplished by Stanley to acieuoe c.vdiza. tiou and cuminerou. Hie lirst exploit was 'received with lucreuuliiy, though a splendid achievement. Aa a geographical discovery his tracing ot the Lualabu to the ocean is its fitting sequel, unit places Stanley in tho very Joro:uo?i rauk ol geographical explorers. IIOW A Mkb'TkN ANT UKSKKaL W AS MADk. He nccompauied, as the Hi;kam> correkpunuent, tba Aslianleu luicc to King Coffee's capital, regarding it us a paltry raid, though showers oqhouors loll-on all?not correspondents? who made that march. Compared with what he has uow none, the work ol the Aehantce war wae u mere holiday parade; but It Oin receive no olliciul recognition, although in magnitude, in daugar Iu powor of orgunlx itlon, uud, we tuay add, ol com mand, it stamps tho insu us s born gonvrul; one whose physique Is 011 u par with hla courage and will? Indom itable. II u navy man, if a military man, if u clergy man, oven it a trader in pursuit of gain, had done what Stanley has doue, the cry for tho recoguition of merit would he loud aud oooiluuous in the luce of any delay; but in the case of a Journalist be appears as the embodiment ol his Journal, stalking over the laud?a pteco ol sensationalism. A COMPLIMENT KItOM THE NORTH. (Prom the Edinburgh Soolsmau.] Muny Imluuutlal Autericaus resident lu London think it would be agracolul reoognlllou of Mr. Stuu ley's splendid services and groat geographical dis coveries il the Eugll-h government ordered a gunboat to take these bravo people to thoir homes. Ae It is understood that u large sum was vutod lor tba cxpedi. tmn by tho proprietors of the Daily Mtgrapk and "RK Hmhai.i), it is no question of money; but our American ir.onds say that Mr. Stanley has proved h msolf to bo a distinguished public servant, auu uti tughah guuhoul could reach Luuudu heloro u vessel despjtched on this spociul misslou irom uuo ol their porta Mr. Stauley Having dutermiued to remain at Louuda until his followers are slu piled for Zaun bar ?rJha oxpuutud homo 'or about three mouths.' 11 u It tiers, shortly to bo published, are auid to bo of oven groalor importance to commercial men lhau to mere geographers. " THE VAST COMMERCIAL IMPOliTANCK 09 TUg CONGO. [From tho Ualtlmoro American. J Ihe traveller .Stanley rcappeura out ol thick dark nosa?out ol tho "utterly unknown" into wnlcb ha vunlahca about two years since, when h?et sceu by Commander Camorou ut tho court or a prtneo of Can tral Africa. Ho haa turued up Into clvilixutlon ut St. 1 uul do I.oaudu, a Portuguese settlement on the At lantic coast, to which ho was brought by a Portugucss mun-ot-war from tho mouth of the Congo Kiver. He quitted /.unzibur In ls7f, ami bus macc crossed tho entire continent, uccotnpunied by u party of 313 na tlvea, ol whom 110 remain alive. Ho is not the Ural traveller who has crossed the Africuu continent, lor Llvicgstouu's curliest Journey was from west to eust uud Commauder Cuiuoruu has just publlstied the re<> ?rd* ol his journey "Across Alricu," which bruugnt him out at lloiiguulu, some hundreds of iiulos lurihor south lhau tho mouth ol the Cougo, whore Slauley reached tho sou. It hud beon Cameron's great wish to float ilowo the Lualabu, u river having its rlao in ona ol the great lakes ol Coutrul Alricu, to Its junction wlib the Congo, auu so emergo on tho Atlantic coast, v unous difficulties proveutud hint Iroru currying out his groat deaigu and reserved us accomplishment toI Mauley, w ho may bo said u? have won lor us aud lot Alricu uu enormous river, hitherto but vaguely known stretching almost across the African continent aud having its head waters so uoar those ol the N'ilu that Liviugbloue believed himsell to ho discovering the exact spot described by Herodotus when he was prob ably exploring the sources ol the Cougo. This river must necomo ol vast importance, being navigable iruin Us mouth '2,uoo miles, sud watoriug all the centre of Africa?that townlcss, mouniainiess, river less white spaoe laid down upon the maps wo studied in our youth as "Kthiopis," aud supposed to be inhabited by that black but "uUmelesa" race lor whose society great Jupiter and the Olympian deities withdrew their attention lor twelve days from Troy wnilo the wratn ol Acliilles was incubating the "Iliad. '? Prom tho uci ounta of modern travellers concerning tho petty potentates of this luierior wo cannot im agine what tho Olympian lamily could liuvo found au tructivo iu tho Mu in bo-J urn bo* who rule over that region. Why did they not diroct ujeir attention to North America and us Indians? or, porhups thera wore no Indians in Norm America at mat period, there Is so much in luiiiaii manner*, customs and ideas us they prevailed before wbite men cor rupted this coutlueni thai reminds us of the manners customs aud opiulons ol the Creeks described in the "lllud" that who knows hut that Americu tuay hava been peopled by shipwrecked wails aud strays from the great lorce ol suporniimeruriea that aaslstau at the tragedy ol Troy. ? ? ? .Mauley s honesty has long been well established, tliounb the Uoutils thrown on It at tho time of hla Ural enterprise prevauidd the payment of duo honors to him either iii his own country or lu Europe. 11 as we are led to suppose by tho very brief information thus lar afforded us, he has op?uea Central Ames tocommurcc by lollowiug up Li viugslonu's suggestions aud discov eries; i: he has proved that Ibu southern branch of tho Congo Klvor is navigubfo from its mouth a hog miles, and then, allor a succession ef csturacls 'be comes again an Important navigable river, forming a water highway almost across the Airicsu coutiuont lew uioucru travellers will have douu so rnueli lo cu'. lighten and beuellt muiiklnd. It is to be hoped that his success as an explorer will uow bo fully rocog. flirted, and that learned sociolios, tho public ol all civ il zed nations, and, ubovo sil, his own couu'rymen may unilo in taking advanlago or mis occasion lii tnnk# up to Mm tor a too turdy recognition ot h?-inerusuud veracity. MAD WITH HUM. Patrick Lynch, a man about fifty years of ago and tbu talitor ol two aona, Tnomaa and Ttmuiby Lynch, agoJ respectively tweuly-live and twonly-mrce yours, came lo his rcsidouco, No. 3PJ West Thlrtv-acvouth street, late on Saturday night, in ?> state of drunken frenzy, and commented an Indiscriminate attack on his family. In Ms passion ho seized two largo carving knives and ran ut hi? sou Thomas. Too latter dufemlcd himself as woll as possible and wariiod oil tno lather's must desperate lunges ut Mm with an axe that ho caught ug when bo llrst saw tho carving knives iu his parent's hands. In tho encounter, nowover, tho father inun aged lo strike the sou oi.co on ihc breast, cutting his Rinrt iu three places and Inlliutiug a alight llesh wound. Pur self-protection Thomas then struck the lathur over the head Willi too flat of the axe and knocked him down on tho floor, where he aud hi? brother Timothy held him till ihe arrival ol Officer Mulligan, ol tho Twentieth product, who touk latuor and son to the station bouse. Yesterday morning, when Judge Morgan noaru tho particulars ol the case, ho uociUcd to commit Patrick Lynch, tno father, lu $l,0U0batl, to answer on a charge ol felonious assault and battery. It was erroneously stall d III the published accounts yesterday morning that me son came homo uruuk and commenced tna uttack on Ins lamer. A BUM) AY StiZUUE. T'o tiik Editor or tiik Ukkald: W'e appeal to you lor udvico la ? matter that ws doom u downright outrage uudei the thin disguise of law. Wo wero coming homo Irotu an excursion lo Ktaten island this evontug uud ono ol our uuiriber hold lu his hand a covered parlur rifle, which had boon taken along lor sport, but which, on our learning of a luw prohibiting us use, was not removed from its oover. At wa wora about to go on tho boat a hand was rudely laid on tho shoulder ol ibe gentleman currying Ihc rifit- and a man wrlio Haunted a badge SOIZtld VIO lankly upou tho guu, uud. w-tliout asking or giving any explanation, hurried the goulk-mau carrying it ov<r t<> a liquor saloou, whore he wua mat by ituuthar man who wits addressed us "Judge," Without slopping lo Inquiro into tho equity ol the case tho "Judge" (named Doyle) observed, "It'll cost you rib hue I" He would not listou to auy uppoal, but dually a.Mud, "You can sottlo ii with the consta ble; ho jean do what be pleases lu the matter." It pleased the conalthlo?that is I ho Inau who made tha arrest, whose name is Peior Golden?to demand $PJu which had to bo paid, or else the currier of the rill* would huve been put iu Jail, (ioldou's only explana tion wa- that it mu iLKinut tho law to carry a gun no Sunday. Now, wo appeal to y< u whether paacoabla excursionists, rotiiruiug with u covered parlor rdlo from Ma ton Island can be seized with impunity by any person c-lliug himsell a t< nstable, and whcthoi Cltizrns are oompollsd lo submit to me extortiou ol t $ln lino, umler ide pretext ol an ordinance ol whosl ex Meeee they did not dream Kc?pccttaliy yours H tlliiV llECKKIi. SYI'NEY KOSENPkLOi i.hoio.l III>1.LANII. Ju-Kl'll Hiit.LANH. K II N PLY M Pi ON. KOBE 11 r SIKAKOECIL A. KOLLIN. NhW York., Get, 'J!t, Ps77. A BTKLKT QUA1UIEL. During a quarrel on Nuturdiy ulght last betwreo Thomas Couuclly, Edward Lowory aud Pater MeGin ma, at Ida corner ol Pulton and Middagh streets, Brooklyn, Connolly was knocked dnwu by Lowory and seven ly injured about the bead. He wits attended by a pnysiciau, who pruuounci-d bla Injury ol a serious chancier. Lowuryaud McGiuniswi.ru arrestedyM tarda/ morning.