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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, October 29, 1877, Image 6

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RELIGIOUS FRAUrSL
Ken of the \W\rM Wha Uw IK\>
linens a* a CUvJl
A Picture of So n* of f c rv>*vut v>. v ??
gcet et tSe FWi^t,
CAN HEAVEN BE BOtTJHT?
k?y. a Tiaxcy tHHwrwd, "-?? S..>1
1**11.'* UelhoJUl v - ??" *" '
a rather reo?*rkAtTe serw-v-"-. a * ' "*
Without gloves, so to 4 c-4*4 *'" "*TK' ..."
r vv ' 4 u
work of the revoreud g*=- ?"~4?^ *^r"V
?** .rem Luka. xix., *-"!? - ?* Uo?" "
the house ol prayer."
We are to ke?p m uiinJ, Mid **? reverend gentle
gieu, tnu dutiulioe in tbe e4*r*ci<r ur kind1
vice ol God's house?the *y wbolic and the real; the
one norloruied by j>r eau lor th> people, toe older v
the pevplo l?r tdemaalvae; tbe one perpetuating
balional I ecu end religious purposes by symbolic
odor lugs, tho oilier consisting in *?v"?ut nisUiuUons.
personal humiliation, oouiession and petition lor tbo
elevation ol tbo individual soul. To tne proper main
tcuauco ol tbellrsi numerous accessories wore noodod,
such ua materials lor sacrifloo?sheep, oxen, doves;
lor the second only tbo personal apj'carau.e o: tbo
Individual in devout framo of iniud. Flocks and herds
and individual selections of rare, cboioo excellence,
suitable lor saenfleo here, brought by muss possess
log them for tbo use by purchase ol tboso who bad
tnem not; and so a barter or oxchango, in courso or
lime, cauie to Im an acknowledged but not un ap
proved lack The traffic seems not to have boon objec
tionable, the place the appropriate ono lor sucb transfer
ol religious property; but iho eriiuo rebuked by Christ
seems to have boou the assumption on the purl ol
those engaged ill tratlic that thuy acquired tbe cliarac
ter ol pietists, or those occuplod In acts ol personal
devotion by beiiV in the temple, where they wore
limply merchants and exchangers, and not wurship
Ders. It was uot that thoy clieated in bullocks or
other stock; uot the dealing lalseiy in grain
or whom, or exacting usury iu j?0"?*
transactions, that uiade them lliieves, but the
assumpiiou ol a character to whicn they wore not en
titled. aud the display of a pretence ol 8^''?" b?
cause ol the kind ol goods in which they trafficked
una tue plaoes where business was doiio, us though a
man In our day should claim to be godly because ho
sold Bib.es and prayer books, or a saint bocauao
rented au office lu a cuurcb block.
tus mask or TUK kblioiocs HTrocxna.
They were thieves, in tbat they assumed to be what
they were uot, and wore worse thieves thun others,
d. iiiauuiiig special scourging because they prcioudod
to bo oeiler, to be pmus, to he devout, when they
were simply bout od making money?Unovvs stealing
heaven's livery to serve the world in, and inking ud
runlugo ol a place ol busiuesa to usseri
claims of paraonul goodness, using the chaucus
id laintllarlly with tlio devout to rnako a better
hvirp more ensily?talcing advantage ot tne religious
uahllo ol uicli who congregated there 10 d"*0 4 ****""
rain anil to iiuilto a Lradti. Couhpicuous liuuu.s uavo
urawn utieuuou to tuo lax morality ol men well
toowu. Tuo uir bas been inado sad by U?o oxclaDia
nous of horror called lorih by the discovered dishon
esty oi trusted individuals. Arrows ol criticism nuve
been shot at Christianity becuus.0 Wiuslow tho lugi
tive and Giluiau ihe couvtct made religious prulcsslou.
1 have not soon morality sneered ut because Morion
was a moralist, nor city government abandoned bo
cuuso Tweed was an elected officer. These men w?r(J
corrupt; their proiuseious or positions only decided
tue plans ol ihuir operations, not the quality ol their
sets. I do not to-mgbl desire to dwell ou
their crimes, but on iaults much inoro coiu
mou. and therefore much more likely to bo overlooked.
Men have been known to accept positions ou tho
boards oi coutrol ol roliguus oburities (or tho prom
inence It cuvo them la tne eye of the morcauiilo
world. It will not no donlod thai men have used tliotr
membership in churches and associations ol a seini
churchly character to advance their secular business.
1 inystdl nave not uulrcqucutiy been upproacbud upon
the probaolo amouut ol practice to be secured ill med
icine or law by association witu the church <>t winch
might he pastor. It is u good thing to give llibles
to clerks and to pray lor theiu; hut whou it is pub
lished in tho press us tho liubil ol tho house it be
comes a very questionable procedure.
A SOUKY Vl'TCKK.
And so tho whole class vf tutu aro liable to tho
Charge who seek p.r r.-.iglou:: patronnge m bu?ine#sou
the ground of their own goodne-s?the uien who ad
vertise in our religious press tmngs eslmoio or ior sale,
Y.i.ku have no relation to God's strv.ee, except that
they ure for sale ny those who prove Hum ploiy by tho
colnmus in which tdoy advertise. I speak not now of
thos.- who do this with the Intention ol loisling upon
|he credulity ol the good things in tlionnelves had;
not of the vendors ol cerium cures lor lu
cuiaulu di oases, believed uy scores to bo
inde ed ny religious men, because published
ui religious pujiers, nor of the attempts to
prevent bankruptcy by Unas who have worihloss
bonds or stocks, and who endeavor to guh widows
ami liio savers oi suxall gaiup luto buylug them by
such euormous outlay lor advertising lu tho religious
press as blinds tho eyes oi publishers to the awlul
wrong they are permitting. No, 1 speak not of these
things, tnejr are so gross they need no exposure here;
hut 1 do speak ol men wlio cultivate religious habits
for the roi-pcciaoiltty which it gives them, who rout
pews lu churches lor the social posiliou their lauiil es
attain thereby, who look to be employed pro less i on
Oily or advanced in business or in uiercbuudise
by tbo lacl ih at they Irequeul tho house
ol prayer, Theao make it, even at this
day too like a deu thai harbors thieves.
Iiio'mau who seeks gain from religion prostitutes that
religion to Hie use oi his own busiucss, desecrates tho
nohioct and the best, the highest service ot spirit to
the purposes ol ihe llesu, and makes, iu effect, too
house ol prayor a bouse ol merchandise, and so a den
ol thieves. But, brethren, are there tne only sluuers
In thiB directiont Are those who only ussuine lor
gam sinner.- above all others? Aro thorc no use, to
which religion is put by us, who hope wo ure actuated
by pure motives, that uXposo us to ihe gruvo churgo
ol perversion, H hot ol corruption ol holiuessr
la Lot the religion ot Christ the religion ou its
human mde ol good works, Uono at a co,l,
k sacrilice ol Belt? Is uot Cbrisliuuity the religion of
leli-sacrilico ? Are w.* uot taught thai our Master
'? pleased uol Himself," renouucod pcraonul good aud
?asc lor tbe sako ol othere? and are ?o noi directed
kud exhorted to he in these respects '-likn Hint?"
Did be not "go about doing good?" Was not Ills
it hole life a nubliuie exemplillc.iliou ol the idea oi lul
ailing obligations imposed by lovo rather than seeking
happiness aud dchglit lor Holt? Did Ho uot teach us
the high duty of sell denial, sell reuuu' talion, crios
jcitriuk? Hid Ho once put our own delight and salts
taction prominently lortn as olijecte worthy of
our high aspiring ? Were ease, couioul and
taiiBfaciiou tho objects at wnlch ho hid na sun? IT
lo 1 do not road His word ar.gbt; I there goo duly not
dehkbt 1 sec service of obllgutiou, uol ol graiiUua
tlon iot boloro us; Hid aa I look lo aoe how Uuu cau
suiuws us all soul suvers I am dUuiayed at tlio rest
takers and e'lloymout seekers lo bo lound everywhere
biuung us. lruu, mere is delight in gooduekB. hut
kuoduvkS, not del.gin, must he aimed at. True, heaven
ib urouioed at tuo und of lailhlul toil, hut tho InitUlul
toil tnu. t i?o our objuct, uol the tioavco. GoU 8 proiu*
iseol heaven is lo the imthiul, He does uol promise
lullhfulneMS lo the heavouly seckor, and tlioso ol us
wno are seeking heaven, except in taithlul work lor
God, have no iissururicc ol success. I know
that It is difficult to distinguish m expcrienco h.v
i w* on duty anil the delight we Logo in it, hoi ween heaven
aud tho work which makes un -'111001 to ho partakers
ol tlio inheritance 01 tlio aamis in light;" hut X sadly
fear that "maty will nay Lord, Lord,' whom Ho Dover
knew, and realize that it w.ia ho iVen and not duiy
winch prompted all their Uvea; aud I can adopt
thu saying that "tho man who uses Iho lumplu 111
order to avon! lor hlin-eli evorlasung misery aud in
tore lor himself the leucines ol au eiernal noaveu as
truly dosecratos it as the man who merely uses It lor
mere worldly gain." Iho uiau who wauls to got
heaven out 0' the lomplit is more extravagant In his
?oltisb greed than the rnun who alms lo get a good s.-C
alur living in lb
Kciigiou is not a moans to an end; It Ih the sub
llinesi end Itself. Thsio is notblug higher than Uus
In me univ rse P>r the cu-ature lo sun at; und yol,
ti.-rir.rsD, arc t. ere n ?? tir-so aiaong us "iiu prac
tically ignore this grand truth, Who think hoavou llio
end, religion only tho means to It; persons who ac
cent what little duty they may not avoid and call it a
cross, but bear it as il it < oiit.o 1 thsin 10 heaven ; who
look ou and encourags iho workers in too vineyard
by proclaiming how -iirotlicy arc 01 heaven, und who
do as little work as possible to make (his earth a
heaven ; who have hot yol learned that to have Christ is
hen von uno 10 do wrong Is hell ? Believing that religious |
living is the ?uy lo heaven, they mlond to resell
heav.-n sod 10 livu 111 thai Idea they call religious living.
Thoy are devout, nut inuy ure deceived; they Hiiou.d
think lesi ol heaven end more of how lu ho titled lor
It. They Seem lo tne to be making the l-Hilior'n house
u houae 01 merchandise by bargaining lor the rewards,
Thoy remind me ol hoy?, who steal rides ou toe loot
hoards of couches nml cars, only Intent on reaching
th'i terminus, and who keep up each other's courage
by assuring one siioih< r in conildonco that thoy trust
to bold on 10 the on.i.
MUXKT AND I1K4VKM.
All such soem to uio lo inimako wofully tho idea of
rel glon, whicn 1* not in any rens.: gain, out gaUline-H,
nnd which denounces worship with mercenary viewa,
wnether lo he realized h r? or herealter. Tor a bi.r
t; till is ju-tt us much n burgiou ,.nd hits Just tho Hani.)
mercantile ensr tcisr whether iho goods sought are to
ho delivered promptly or on time or 111 eternity. Ho
likiori is love which scorns bargains; religion is dmy
which rises iihovu conipwiaatioun; religion Is worship
ful obedience wrneb rsslir.os in godliness iu
Ea,n ami seeks not gain in godilu- s. All los-or mo
liven are impositions on ourselves or utioniptoil im
positions upon otn -ra. 1 hey bear a trademark; 1 may
helgnornntiy assumed, but it is nouo the less lalally
au creative of aitimato discomfiture and disappoint
..rent ireoepilon here is disiuior fhravar Christ's
whip of cords mar not be seen flying In the uirabove
our heads, but Its Inah will hd itono tho lightor lor
tbat U? "all bas bseo uueXKOCted.
s; ,\xt? st. pominqo.
??>( k?vu fun ivcrr tux
V ismtkiMl, Ofl, XT, 18TT.
fTr '.nwrvtvw vta ex J>?civury Ft?l? nod
?>/ ? K.iut** -vi * '? x kirn m rviuunoa ol Ur, Wen*
fv.. D v* *u v??r*? on ?x-f>rw#td#nt Grant, growing
s. ? *>urg'.'. .W!*?.?*, have an luter
*it yrvar. >*.* k> N> historic In ? ?mall way. At
? ol tto wt OA has been given and that which will
t.- .oi* bid ."tor to elicit (acts In oonuectton
<? <\ ?>? 'it# <.'otr.es Sumner ami lb# St. Domingo
treaty. ?n ?h np to thia tiui# have been shghily
J# v#?e4 Mr 1'niltipi w.ll, of course, not rcwaiu
? Ml ucder th# contradictions ot Ur. Fish, and
as a*!.-J!led exchange ol pou aud ink courtesy
stay :o*. uab.'y bo anticipated. To-day a corroapondvut
?iuit on Secretary Scburs, who was the irtend of
Sumner and a member of the Couiuitloo ou Foreigu
Ko.atloa* at the time ol tbo struggle over the St.
Domingo treaty In the Sonato. W title Mr. Schurz was
indisposed to be uiterviuwod on ItiU or 'any sub
ject, be politely presented a tew rotnlnlicouceg of
Su Domtugo timna and ol Ur. Sumnor's connection
with them. It will be remembered that Mr. Fish
stated that President Grant bad an Interview with Mr.
Sumner, pressing bim to support the troaly, aud tbat
Mr. Suuiuor proaenied "no opposition to aay or Ha
feature#,"*sua warmly expressed his "approval of
it." To this point alouo Mr. Soburs addressed him
self.
WHAT MR. SCMNKK SAID.
The duy after that intorviow with tbo President Ur.
Suuiucr told Ur. Schurz all aoout It. ho repeated tbo
exact words ol the answer made to tbe President,
when requested by him to support tbo Mb Domingo
treat According lo Mr. Schurz's recollection thoy
were sometning like those:?
"Mr. President, every measure ol your administra
tion wtU receive on my part tbo most respectful and
candid cc "'deration."
Mr. Sumner said that he bud good reasons lor not
entering into a discussion of tbe treaty ou that occa
sion, and tbat tbe l'resiuent uuving culled oo biin in
bis own bouse be tell bound to give bim tbe ino.t
courteous answer concerning a subject likely to lo.d
to tlifleroucus of opinion.
MR. Sl'VI.XKK'S CoClt.'K.
Mr. Sumner treated tbo SL Douuugo question from
the very beginning in so dellcute a in.uiuurus not even
at Ilrul 10 uitompt to impress nis opiu.oa ou any ouu.
I he compiuiut of tbe late ndminibiruliou wus tbut
Air. Sumner promised to support mo treaty and then
opposed It. Tins was not true. Air. Scburz know Air.
Sumucr'ssontlmonis wltb regard 10 tbe trouiy irum tbu
beginning. Mr. auuiuur wits never luvorable to it, but
wbun it was lir.it brought forward be never said ur did
uiiytlnug to discourage or obstruct an entirely Impar
tial consideration ol it. helore expressing any adverse
opinion be waited until all tbose ol bis colleagues wbo,
in the Urgl instance, bad charge ol tbe mutter, bur
lormcd and expressed their views, without endeavor
ing to Intluouce tnein, being, no doubt, all tbu tune
uwuro tbut the preponderance ol judgment was agaiusl
tbe trouiy.
Air. Sumner probably discussed these things more
In a spirit of intl'm.e coutldencu with Air. Schurz
than with anybody else, and Air. Schurz thinks tbo
Liumc of Air. Ashley, of OUlo, in connection with uuy
pbuso of tbe St. Domingo treaty was never men
tioned between llieui. Toe assertion tbat Air. Ash
ley, not being sent au commissioner to St. Domingo
bad uuyihlug to do with Ur. Sumner's views ou me
treaty, Air. Scburz treats us perfectly groundless.
Air. Sumner held back bis opinion ou tbo trouiy lor
u long t.wo, for tbe oxpross purpose ol securing to It
tbo most respoctlul and luvorable consideration tbut
It could have.
"Nobody who know Air. Stimnor well," concluded
Mr. Scburz, "could cvor accuse ill in ol any act ol au
truthfulness or duplicity la this or any oibor mat
ter. "
RtCCALI, OP Mil. MOTLET.
On tbe subject ol tbo recall of Air. Alotluy as Minis
ter to Kugluhd Mr Scburz courteously but positively
declined to tulk. While he believed that Air. Sumr.cr
was removed from tbo chairmanship of the Corn uni
te o ou Foroigu Halations bucause of tbo unfriendly
relations with tbo administration, a boliof in wuicu
the uuttou concurred, bo bad no desire to open a dis
cussion ou tbut or uny other question connected with
tbe lute administration.
THE LOUD BRIBERY CASE.
LLTTEE OF TUB ATTOBNKY OKNEBAL TO THE
DISTRICT ATTORNEY OF ERIE COUNTY?8E
VEHE STRICTURES ON THE DECISION OF TflK
COUKT?THE INDICTMENT FOE CONSPIRACY
TO UE PRESSED.
ATTORNEY GkNKUAJ. |
? or Nkw Vouk,
ANY, Oct. 27, 185 7. I
Albany, Oct. YS, 1377.
The Attorney General has soot tbu lullowtug com
munication :?
Officii or tiil Attorn it Y G?
or Tint Statb
Albany
To Cuarlbs X. Guoovaak, Esq., District Attorney of
Eriu county:?
I Ik a k Sib?The newspapers of today contour tho
following tclogrura:?
Rociikster, N. Y., Oct. 27, H77.
In the George L>. Lord bribery earn tbu General Term re
verse* the duel-ion of the Court below and discharge* tbu
prisoner Jus.ic* .'dulh n read the decision, wliich wan an
the ground ui IliultHtl u of tliu statute. Justice Talcutt
concurred; Justice Smith distentod.
1 ..iii sorry it tins be tree, for It in a sad failure of
justice. 1 hope, bevvuVol, and request that you will at
once take sucii stups us are uecetsary to ruview iu the
Court ol Appeals mis docision of tho General Term.
Tho lact that such Judges as uro Clinton, Duncls und
Smith have kivou upiuious contrary to tliosu of Jus
tices Molten nud t'slcoti gives soniu hupes that tho
Court of Appeals muy yet decide lu favor o> tho people.
1 never was ablo to discover any reusonahlo legal
argument tu luvor of tho tcuhulcal plea ot tho
stuiuio of liniitutions id this cone. There certainly
were uo uiorul ciiuilies to support it, for in the wiutcr
of 1876, ut tho very time when Lord wits pleading tho
iimiiaiiods of tho atniuto, the taxpayers wcro paying
to tho tax collector about $4u,0uu levied upon them in
consequence of Lord's crimes. Two-thirds of this
mouey wus, under ills sgroemuut, to go to h:m ns part
payment ol tho bribo Tor accepting which ho was be
ing tried.
TUB OTHKB I.NblCTMKNT.
I ulso.request tout you will now at oaco bring ou tho
oilier luuictmont ugainst Lord, lor cunsuiracy
to dulrauU the people, found at tbu sutuo
time with the bribery indictment. No quest iou
ol limitation ol statute can ariso lu tliut
case, aud you can lurulsh much tostiiuony to show
tho gravity of tho olT.mce cummlttcd winch wns not
ndinissiblu upon trial of the bribery Indictment. Air.
Lock wood and 1 had not luoug.it U nucessury to
pross the conspiracy indictment II Lord could bo
held upon the otner, It being only a misdemeanor,
aud the paniBhinoui being but one year tu the coun ty
jau, wiillu the puuishinoui under the bribery indict
ment could be 11 vu years In tne state Prison. Now,
however, justice requires that both oases be vigor
ously pressed, so that lithe prisoner escapes under ono
he may bo punisnoU, tosoiuu extent at least, under the
other. If such crimes as Lord's canuul bo, or are not,
punished when tho proof is so cletir, our govornmoui
Is a wretched thing aud its administration ol Justice
contemptible. 1 know that Mr. Loukwoud wisiiud
justice to bo done in this coso, and that you, who woru
his assistant and uro now bis successor, will do all iu
your power to thulena;and I hope that before the
31?t day of December uoxt, when boili your and my
term ol olllce end, you will bo ablo to secure a reversal
ol this decision of the General Term und the convic
tion and imprisonment ot Lord up <li one or both of
the indictments against him. II you need any assist
nnco lu these matters, pluaso notify mo and I will fur
nish it.
Very rcHpocllully, your obediont servant,
UJlAitLLd S. KAlltCiULD, Attorney UouoraL
FIGHTING HIGHWAYMEN.
EXPLOIT OF A PLUCKY COM AfFECIAL TRAVELLER.
[From the Cincinnati Enquirer, Oct. 22 ]
Uiu Clifty, Ky., Oct. 2i, 1877.
There was a desperate encounter between two high
way mon and a commercial traveller for a Louisvlllo
hardware house Saturday alteruoon, about lour o'clock,
tho particulars of which are about ns follows:?Joseph
M. flausen, travelling aalesiuan lor I'rait A Co., hard
ware merchants, of Louisville, was down tho railroad
nt W eil CliHy, Just three miles below this place, and
wishing to reuali i'lg Clilty he stnr'od to walk up, as It
was several hours licloro a train would be going lu ibnl
dli* tiiou. lis nasi proceeded :u; f.ir a* the bridge which
spans tne Nolut Kiver, whuu ho mat two Uesperato
looking characters who demaudod bis money. Tiio
place of meeting was lonely in tho cxlromo, not a
house or person visible, while tho bridge upon which
they met was over a yawning chasm, 140 foot in mid
a.r, and to gaze into tho same lroin tho bridge will
almost iniiko tlie brain swim, If wo might so exprma
it. instead ol delivering his money to the rascals, the
plucky drummer drow a rovoivur Iroui his pocket
and lirod at ins ussailsnts alternately, one Sbol ol
whicn took oilcct in alio of tnetu, stunning him.
One ol tho would-be robbers was unhurt and uliemplud
to llirow tho traveller oil the bridge, but, quick its
thought, the latter drew lroin a sample loll oi cutlery
a huge nuicber knile, and made a rush lor hi* u-saii
sut, aiHblniig him iwico, and pressing linn over to the
edge of tho bridge until bo was precipitated into tho
Nolin Kivur, one hundred und lorty odd lent below.
Ttioso who havo irnvidlod ovor the Krio and Pittsburg
H.illroad can appreciate ilia scene, na Ihoy will (eni"in
ber tbo bridge over tills giddy height. It w is Just tuo
spot lor tbu Hltnmplod ronbery and perhaps tnurder.
I no traveller nil the scene hastily, and, nrriviug ut
lllg Cliliy, related his thrill ng experience wllb tho
highway men on tho high bridge. Ilo was greatly ex
hausted with latlgue and excitnincnl, but lolly recov
?rod in a lew hours. In the moantimo His I w.? high
waymen were brought into llig Clltiy. bin were not
identified. They appeared to hi stranger* lu this part
ol tbo country, fliuy were removed to a larin house,
and it Is thought they may both recovor in ttuie, but
it is very doubtful, as their wuueds arc v>ry serious,
und it is a great surprise to us all how tho one who
loli Into lbs Noliu Jtiver managed to osoape death.
Doubtless iho water broke tho lorce ol tho I >11. Tho
aflair bus cuti-od great excitotnoiit In this peaceful and
ordarly neighborhood, whore such a thing ha* uaver
bolore occurred, and is nover likely to uguiu.
GENERAL GRANT AT BIRMINGHAM.
uH GITM bis views on English fees trade
PRINCIPLES.
[From the London Dally Neva.]
General Grant waa entertained in Birmingham last
nigtit (October IT) at a public banquet, the Mayor pre
siding. lu a totter apologizing lor Inability to attend
Mr. John Bright wroto:?"I do not doubt you will
give to Ueueral Grant a reception which will show
how much Birmingham has been Insymnathy with ann
uel! aud lua country." (Applause.) Mr. Chamber
luiu. M. P., who proposed the health o( Genoroi Grant
and closed bis spoeoh by a referenoa to the Iree trace
policy ol England as compared with the protective
policy ol tbo L'uitea Staleti, said that trade bad lallon
otr lately under the depression which was unl
iverssl; but whilo in 1870 tbo Imports aud
experts together amounted to nearly two aud
a quarter tiiuos as much as tweuly years betore,
that was the br.gbl side ol iBo picture, but, uuloriu
nutcly the increase was eutlrely on oue side. The
imports had gouo up wlitlo the exports bad comu down;
they hud enormously exiouded their purchases, hut
tneir sales were nothing like the same proportion. It
was natural mat this slate of things had given rise to
much uucouteut, aud the General had even heard ol
it uurlug his visit to soino ol the Birmingham munu
lactones. Some porsous? but a low, ho coulessod?
talked of the necessity ot going to protect themselves
(row such a statu of things? a theory which no sensi
ble muu or responsible statesman would .ndorsc. They
had oxlcndod tree trade because they believed It was
good lor tucin. They believed that lu the long run it
would be to tbo Interest of ail to bo ablo to buy in the
cheapest markot. (Applause.)
OINBKXL CiKASr'S RKI'LT.
General Grant, lu replying, said:?
Mil Mayor, Lauiks and Gknti.kmkn or Birming
ham ?1 scarcely know how to rospoud to a toast which
has boon presented in such eloquent language and lu
terms so coinplimoutary to myself and to tin
terms so "complimentary to myself and to the nution
to which I belong, and in which I Dave had the honor
oi holding public positions. Thore were some lew
points, however, alluded to by your Parliamentary
representative to which 1 will rutur. He uliuded to
tne great merit of retiring a largo army at the close
ot the great war; hut il he hud been In my position
lor lour years, and undergone the uuxloty and care
that 1 hud uudorgouu in lua mauugeuieut of that
large urmy, he would uppreciulu how happy
1 was to ho able to sue that It could bo dispensed with.
1 disclaim all credit or praise lor duiug that oue thiug.
,1 knew thut 1 was uoomoU lu become a ctizun ol the
T'nitud Mutes, una so lur as my personal means weut
to coutriouie my sburo to uuy expenses thut had been
buruu lor tbo support ot the largo staudmg army.
We Americans, however, claim to he so much
Eiigllsumuu, and to have so much geuoral lutein
geuco aud so inucU ; , sonai independence und so
much ibdividuulily, thut 1 don't quite believe it is
possible lor any one mult to assume euy more
right und uulhority thau the constitution aud
the laws give to him. Among the English
speaking people we don't thiuk such things
possible. W e can light among oursoives and anuso
each ollior, hut we will uol allow ourselves lo he
unused ouisldo, uor will those who look on our owu
iltue personal quarrels iu our own midst permit us to
lutcriuru witu tneir rights. Mow, there is one sunjoet
that has been roierred to here thatl don't know that 1
should refer to, auu that is llio great ad van luge tbnt
would accrue to the United Stales II free trade could
only be established. ("Hear, heart") lhaveasortol
recollection irom reading thut England bersell had a
protective tariff until she had her manufactories
established. (Laughter.) I think we are rapidly
progressing lu the way of our manufactures, aud 1
believe we are becoming ono ot tho greatest free
trade nations on the Ihco of tho earth. (Laughter.)
When wo Doth get to be Iree tradors X think it Is prob
able all oth.r nations had belter slaud aside and not
cooienu wiili us at ail. (Laugbtor ami "Heur, hoar!'')
It 1 had buou accustomed to publio spooking 1 would
have said more, but 1 ucvor spoke iu public In my lllo
until 1 came to Kugland. 1 think it will he hotter
policy lor me, however, to content mysolt with simply
insulting you. not only lor tho toast sua lor tho
language in which It bus been presented, hut lor tho
very gruinyiug reception 1 have had personally la
Birmingham.
THE RESULT OF FLEE TRADE.
[From the London Globe.]
A startling Illustration oi tho extent to which for
eign competition Is undermining English labor is
given In the arrival of the steamer Cambria with a
eaigo which Includes several hundred cotUus, imported
from Norway, ready lor immediate use.
THE CIG ARM A K EES' STRIKE.
A large meeting of clgarraskors and retail cigar
dealers was held yesterday ulternoon, at the Gormauia
Assembly Booms. The mooting was tho result of a
meeting hold a lew days ago, when tho retail cigar
dealers resolved to Indorso tho workmen. It was
called to order by Mr. Juhu Fuchsius, Jwlio stutcd that
its object was lo oppose all monopolies und lo aid tho
cigarmakers in thutr present strike. Tho touemont
liouso system was bitterly denounced, and character
ized as one of the main causes which has brought
aooui tho present compnoutiou. It was finally decided
to lorm a new organization, to bu known as tho
'?Culled Glgarmukcrs aud Storekeepers." The lollowiug
oillcers wero electedI'retldcnt, John Fuclisius;
Secretary. Edward Krait; Treasurer, Loo Hare. An
exocutive committee was also appointed for the pur
pose of conferring with other organizations and aiding
tbo cigarmakers who uro on slrtko. During tne day
mocliugs wore hold at Concordia Hall, ut the bead
quarters of the strikers uu Eiaridgo street, and prog
ress reported.
The business of tho cigarmakers' organization*
was principally conflued to the meetings ol com
mittees and the arrangement of details for the
current week's work. Tne Executive Committee and
the committees on Organization and Kutief, of the
Couirnl Organization, uiet at uiue a. M. at headquar
ters, Concordia Assembly Booms, avenue A, aud prog
ress was made In perfecting the sculo ot prices But
the subject is a very difficult one to handle, so Intri
cate und (different uro tho rates paid in the various
ciguriniikiug establishments, and it may he some timo
Vet hoturou uniform una satisluclory list Is prepared.
In the meantime some ot tho manufacturers are
awaiting the action ol tho strikora lu this respect bo
lore giving a final decision whether they will yield or
not.
A TAX COLLECTOR'S COLLECTION.
. David H. Crawford 1b the lax colloctor ol the Touta
ward of Newark. According to un affidavit made by
Mrs. Charles Golb, of No. 106 South Orango avonue,
that city, David has boou exercising au tusolence of
otllce which calls lor severe reouka. Mrs. Uoib alleges
that Craw lord called uthor house repeatedly In anarch
of her brother-lu-law, a delinquent taxpayor. Shu told
Cruwiord that Jacob Gelb did not live with her, but
elsewhere, giving liiiu tho uddress. Fulling to hud Gelb
there Crawford returned to Mrs. Gelb and demanded
that she pay the amount due by bun. This she re
fused, and dually, as the avers, Crawioril lorgol him
self iu his lury and struck a severe blow, knocking
her over mgainsl (ho stove. She laid tho complaint
before Justice Otto, wno caused Crawford's arrest
aud required iilm to give ball to appear before tbo
Grand Jury.
ITALIAN hUNDAY AMUSEMENTS.
During a controversy last night between ono Dcttces,
about thirty years of ugc, Letbeba Careesa and
F'ranchl l'ulamaso, Italian laborers, Dettsos received ?
severe cut over Hie loft temple with a razor. The men
lived ou Third avenue, ue.tr luoib und 107th streets,
and worn near their residence at the time tho quarrel
took place. The wounded until was attended by Dr.
Sieeuori, who stated that the temporal artery was
severed. >
l'etro I'ularlcno aud Giuseppe Dcvlllo got Into a dis
pute last evening in Newark, N. J., during which
l'etro stabbed (lioseppo six itinus in the back. I'ula
rieno then made g iod his escape. His victim's wounds
arc said uol io bo dangerous.
A REMINDER UF HALE'S FACTORY.
Foiuo pieces of human llcsh aud u lew bones wero
lound yesterday among I ho ruins of Halo's litctory.
Thirty-filth streot und Tenth nvnuue. It Is bohovod
thut tho irugmeuts are purls of somo remains already
recovered.
RAID ON A HOUSE OF ILL-REPUTE.
The polica raided tho house No. 114 Kllory streot,
WlLiaiiisburs't yesterday morning, and arrested three
women and two lucu, who gave their names as Annie
Markoc, houiekneper; Teresa McCauley, Anuio Wise,
James Jones and John Keller.
A SAILOR DROWNED.
Captain John Savage, litty youri ol ago, and maator
of the sloop Jan* Nulla, now lying at the foot oi
West Kloventh street, mysteriously disappeared on
the 2(Hb inst. and no traces of him could be lound.
As ho was known lo have boon intoxicated on thnl
day it was loured that ho had fallen itilo the river.
'1 licso (ears were fully reallzod yesterday morning, as
his noily wus lound flouting lu tlio North Kivor, near
where his sloop was lying, by two ol tbo sloop's hands.
Au examination was made ny the Coroner, who asour
tainod that death was caused by drowning, and the
body was sent to the Morgue.
bUJCllJE IN A CEMETERY.
Tho body ol tin unknown man was found yo
afternoon suspended by tho neck from tho IB
tree In a secluded pnrt of Green wood Couieterj
deceased was about alxly-Qve years of ngc. Th
homing lound on the body by whioli it could bo
lied. It was evidently a case of suicide.
A YUUNU HOPEFUL.
August Baumsurtner, ugod ten yenrs, of No. 34
Stockton streot. was in rested yostordny In Williams
burg lor steeling $11 trom his mother. Wlion
searched at lliu i>lutIon house an old watoh, without
hands or mainspring,- a brass chain and a pocket
knife wore ull lliai was found to represent the stolon
money. A lew woeks ago the lad commuted a bur
glurv in I ho vtrinlty. and was released, as tho parties
robbed by him would not prosccut* bun on account ol
>W jWHli
MORRISSEY'S BATTLEFIELD.
THE BTBUOOLE OOINO ON IN TAMMANY'S 8TBONO
UOLO?A WAHFAJUK THAT OVEBSI1ADOW8 THE
STATE CONTEST.
There is no contest in tbe Ststo or country at
present rivalling thai between Augustus .Schell and
John Morrissey. They are pitted against each
other in the most respectable end wualtby Sena
torial district ot the United 8taies?the Seventh.
It runs from rlror to river along Twenty-sixth street,
and east of Sixth avonuo along Fourteenth street, it
Includes all the great hotels and many aristocratlo
residences. Tbe following are some random Inter
views on this contest:?
Mr. Rouen B. Roosevolt, the ex-Congressmun,
said:?"i think that Morrissoy will be elected by a
considerable majority?not leas tbau two thousaua.
Kelly's ticket will also be bealon, and 1 think ho will
havo to rotire lrom tho head or affairs. Smith Kly, 1
think, will then go to the head of Tammany HaiL
That Is tbe present aspect of uffairs to mo. Kolly has
done as well as he knew how. with his disposition
and ideas; hut he has tired ilio public out with his
want ol piacutiou and adaptability."
"How do you consider Morrissoy to ho tho iavorito
In tills contest ?"
"He votou against the amendments rostriotiug the
suffrage oi the poor. Several other Senators opposed
thrin, In tact, nut favored lotting tbe people vote on
them. Morrissev opposed submitting Ilium sven ; so
1 bulievo ho will get the vote of tho poor genorally.
The republicans, with very few exceptions, will vote
tor him. The laboriug class on the riversides will
generally vole for him."
"What other roason can you give?"
"Well, tbe nomination went bogging around tbe
Maubaitau Club. It was offered there, and nobody
coveted iL Seuuiorsblps lor such u district uro to be
coveted. Hut it bad to be forcoa on Scbcll at last. He
is a crodilublo man; but 1 Uou't see bow bis peculiar
qualities and manners can eutbuso tho rich or attract
tbe poor."
Mr. Jobn Y. Savage, Deputy Koglstor, said:?"At
present Morrissey has tbe cull. Ho is an up and down
fellow, aud I ibiuk it is au especial Providence to buvo
him opposed by Jimmy U'llriou. Now Morrissoy ulways
opposod suy assault or orutalily lu Ills political con
tests. O'Brien lias loll u dreadlul record. The ox-prizo
lighter siands out oueu and big, and tukes bis punisb
nioni. Ho will run bolter una bolter us bis cumpulgu
extends. Tbe ricU pooplo know that be bus made a
good senator. I lie poor and rough uro rather proud
of hiin and know very well that be bus given them
plenty ol food aud help."
" You dou'i moan to say that be has given as rnuny
barrels ol flour to the old womou and tbe rlcketty
men as O'Brien?"
"Yes. lie bus done as much, and without ostenta
tion. Personally," added Mr. Savage, "1 think very
highly ol Augustus Si: he 11. Thoro is aot a bettor busi
ness man in New York."
Mr. John U. Hryun thought that Schell would be
elected. "II Tammany Hall la worth anything as an
organization it will swoop in the poor wuras and pur
lieus, and Suheli will naturally got tbe rospectuhle
vote. 1 like Morrissey, personally, but 1 wouldn't
vote lor him with Mr. schell us a competitor. If thoso
civil service reformers vote lor John Morrissoy thoy
will make a great laugn at their luconsistoucy."
"Why did Morrissoy change his district from the
Fourth to the Seventh?"
"Prido," said another; "and Interest, too. O'Brion
bud romarkod that Morrissey oouldn't run up town.
That was enough to incite .Morrissoy.
Major Quincy, ol tho Sheriffs department of tho
city?bo wus on tbe staff of General Jenkins, Con
lederute Slates Aymry?of llaltimoro, aud baa au
oloquout gift, said:?
"1 should think that it was a walk over for Sohell?
that be would gel 4,000 or more majority. Morrissoy
la out of bis element uptown. Schell is well known
there?tbe anion ol sn old family and honorable in all
his dealings, ll there la anything in intelligent
aullrugo Sunell will bo elected."
People are asklug which side Tildon will espouse
"ll will takd bini uutil election to make up his
mind," su:d a novitiate. "Ho nas been lu ruiiroad
schemes with Schell, but Morrissey recummouded bun
lorGovornor. 1 don't think bo will bo heard lrom at
all in this Senatorial coniosL''
" How do ytfu stand ou tho constitutional amend
menis, Mr. Morrissey ?" uskod tho Ukkalu representa
tive yesterday wnea ho mot the great contestant in
! tiie uistrici.
"My record In tho Sonata ought to show
that," was the reply. "Woodin, who bad charge ol
tbe amendments, submitted thorn us a whole. After a
groat deal of discussion 1 prevailed upon him to sepa
rato thorn so that we oould vote on each
cluuso or suction by itself. 1 voted agaiust
tbe property qualification at every slugc. Hud 1
acted otnerwise 1 would havo tniaroprcsenled tho
suntlmouts ol tbe people who sent me tbero, the ma
jority of whom are poor people. I tried to gel them
to split tbe amoudmuuls and let tho people vole ou
the property qualification by itsoli. 1 told them
lliero was ao much good In the amendments
tliat they as a wbolo snould not bo Jeopar
dized on account ol a Blnglo clause about
dized 011 uccuuut vi u ......
which there wus so much irreconcilable diffcrcnco of
opiniou. Tammany Hull 18 making a grout deul or
noise about the amendments, but its leudors do
not stato that both oi their representa
tives voted in luvor of the disfranchising
proposition. My oppooeut suys that no is
opposed to tbe disfranchising amendment. Wo both,
then, occupy the same position on tbat point, us my
record will show thai 1 always have boon opposed
to It."
"Are you sure of boiug elected?"
"No doubt ol It."
"Why?"
"Uecuuse 1 know Schell Is going to bo badly de
tested." This with a good-natured chuckle.
Tiie IIxkald representative suw the point and wont
his way In peace.
ASSEMBLY NOMINATION.
Thomas Foley last evening received the antl-Tam.
many nomination for Assembly from the First dis
trict of this city.
NOT A CANDIDATE.
Tho delegates to the Klogs County Hehublican
County Convontlon will bo called to reassemble during
tho week to placo In nomination a candidate ou their
ticket in place of George A. Klngsland, the nominee
ol iliut Convention for Supervisor-ut-Lurire, who has
determined not to run for the olllce. Mr. Kiugslaud is
a member ot tbo Biocumile Democratic General Com
THE CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS.
A BliPLY TO Mil. PKCKHAM.
Nkw York, Oct 20, 1877.
To Till Editor of tub Ukkalu ?
In to-day's issue of your papor I find an argument of
Mr. Wheeler U. l'eckbam favoring tbo submission of
the proposed constitutional amendments to the people
ol tbe State, and the position takeu by tnts learned
and distinguished gentleman would seam to call for a
rcplv from some one opposed to tbls course.
In tbo legislature of 1877 1 opposed and sought by
every means within my power, us a member of tbo
Assembly, to have stricken from tbe proposed amend
ing article tbo sixth aoctlon, which has siuce proven
to be "the bouo of contention."
ll unjustly discriminates, not so much between two
classes us between two of a clous.
As I understand tbo section as adopted by the last
Lcgiululurn it Is not proposed that "the responsibility
of seeing tbaf tho public funds arc wisely nnd boncsily
administered" should not be placed on tbo tuxpaynrs
aud reutpayors. ltalbur, I judge it, this responsibil
ity is to bo placed on only a portion of tbo ronipuyors.
11 requires a good dual ol special ploadiug to susluin
the position llint the niocbaulc who pays a monthly
rent of $16 is not as doepiy interested lit such works
us "involve heavy tuxuliou'' as is the lenuhl who pays
a yoarly rout ol $UiO. it requires something
more than special pleading to convince ino
thousands of youug men la tbo cities of
in la State, that becuuao their oariungs uro given over
to their parents, who pay the runt of the uouso, or
because ibey lodge up town and bourd down town,
that tbny buvo no interest in the management ol the
finances ol their city.
Those who lavor this Hoard of Finance scheme are,
of course, anx.ous that the proposition should ho
subiuiitod to tbo pooplo. But let it be remembered
that tho votors who arc not at ull affected by Hie
proposition, who live outside ol tbo cities oi tbo
stuio, have ilion a much bolter opportunity
to lusteu Ibis restriction on tbe people ol tbo
cllios. This restriction upon tho "very poor" was not
6-krif for by either the press or people. Nor had any
exuerieuco met with in the government ol our cities
called lor IL It wus placed us "a rider" on some very
good amendmonts to Ilio constitution winch wero
earnestly souuht tor and which can bo oasiiy adopted.
Tbo people will nover consent to liavo their right to a
lull voice lu ibe management of the affairs of tboircity
lutorierod wiib in any w .y. Respectfully,
THOMAS F. GUAHY, No. U6 Madison stroct
A DAUUlTlEil'S CHOICE.
A warrant was obtainod from Justioo Klley, of
rooklyn, on Saturday last, by Jobn Burrott, a wblto
tan, for tbo arrost of Ins daughter Mary on tho
hargo of vagrancy. Tbo accused, who Is raihor a
roily girl ol sowntuou years of age, was arrested
y Officer Brady, of tbo Thirteenth precinct,
nd taken to couru Mr. Barrett testified tbat
lury, while at home, bad refused to obey his coin
mods, and bud finally left tbo bouse. At lbs conolu
Ioii ol ber father's testimony Mury laughingly said;?
? *- - * ? ki- ? ????? amnion't I nun
"will, thai I was the Almighty, then wouldn't 1 pun
li you I" In reply to tbo charge Mary I'^iicod
byoul" in repiy io iu? w..,. ,
oin her nockcl a marriage corlillculo, winch -ot
?rib that sho bad bvee duly married io 1'ayne Udell,
or husband Is a negro, black as tbo ncc of spades,
he was discharged Iroui custody.
RUN OVER BY A STREET CAR.
Jamos Slater, a lad residing at No. 165 North Fourth
?troot, Williamsburg, was yeslorday knocked down
and run over by cur No. 277 of tbe Graham avenue
line. Tho wheels passed over his right bip, lacerating
it so badly that no bopos of bis recovery are enter
tained. The driver or the our, Will mm Muldoon, was
arrested.
| OBITUARY.
EDWIN ADAMS, THE AOTOB.
Edwin Adaius, the actor, died In Philadelphia, At A
quarter past eleven o'cioek yesterday morning, at
the realdenca of David Gardner. Ho was conaoious
until within an hour or hit domiao, when he called his
wife to his hedsldo and bado her goodliy. Mr. and
Mrs. Gardner and Era Jarvls, of Bostou, a cousin of
Mr.' Adams, were present At tho moment ot dissolu
tion Mrs. Adams was lying upon a sofa and Mr. Gard
ner bold tho dying actor in his arms. So peactful
and qulot were his lost momonts that his wlfo did not
know of his death until Mr. Gardner laid tho Inani
mate body down upon the hod.
Tho announcement so longexpocled has at last come.
Poalh had lost Its terrors, and eternity doublloss bo
camo a welcome exchange for tbo sulferings he on
aured. Yet In parting with life, and to bun its many
pleasant associations, ho wus permitted to realise tbo
worth ot true friendship; that he had not lived alto
gether In vain, and was leaving behind memories fresh,
i greon ana monumental, la tho language ol a lady
member of his profotslon It was but
One wrench of the heart strings, one laet yearning look
At facue lie lovod. and the great Judgment boon
Lay open before turn.
Dickens somewhere makoB one of his characters
say:?"When he had walked on the river's brink In tno
peaceful moonlight for some half an hour be put bis
hand in his breast and tenderly took out a handful of
roses. Perhaps ho put thorn to bis bourt; perhaps he
put them to his lips; but certainly ho bont down ou
the shore and gently launched theni on tho flowing
river. Pale and unrcul in the moonlight, the 'river
floated them away. And thus do groatcr things that
ooce were in our breasts and near our hearts flow
from us to tho etorual seas." It was so with poor
Nod Adams. He diod In bis prime, his ambition un
checked and his work uuucbieved.
Ho was born In Medtord, Mass., In tho year 181)4,
and descended from one of the old fumilius of the Day
State. As a schoolboy ho was noted among his fellows
lor his wurmtti uud generosity ol nature, and ut au
early ago began 10 develop those lino personal and
artistic tastes which made hpn popular lu later years.
While ho was uoi a close student his uxiruordiuur-y
memory holped him out ol many a schoolboy's uilh
culty una secured lor him the commendatory marks
of his teaahors. On exhibition days the fire and lorce
of bis elocution, tho beauty ol his reading, his lino
power ol mimicry and his sweet, penetrating voice
never isllod to win tho upolausu of tho attendant
throng. Ou leuving school ho entered a store lu Bos
ton, with the Intention of becoming a merchant, but
from the Ural ho was out of his element. The counter
ana Its tools of trade nad no uttruciiou for young
Adams, and seeking the earliest opportunity to make
a change, ho lound excitement ana pleasure in the
amateur perlormances of tho Bqsiou Mechanics' lusti
lute. Thou he sought a position as a supernumerary
at tho National Theatre, and subsequently at the How
ard Atbeniouiu was given tho suiail purl of Stephen In
"Tho Hunchback," Julia Deun Hayne being the Julio.
Hero, even in this unconsequuutial pari, bo mado a
hit. The inanagor saw the bud that alterward Iruc
11 Lied. The hoy hud auuouucod his intention
ol beginning at the bottom of the ladder,
but lie climbed rouud alter round with a
rapidity thai astonished his host frioous. He wus
wont ut this uuio to give imitations ol Gustuvus V.
Brooke, uud his manager, W. M. Fleming, i'he latter
caught him in tho act one day whim euierlaiuing tue
company with Ills own mannerisms, and fur tho no
moot was enraged una Uued young Adams lor his un
pudeuoc. "Piease don't,*' buid tho youth, with ex
quisitely potmcul uctiuu; "if you uo I must owe the
management." 1 no tluu wus remitted.
Leaving the Howard Aiuuumuui Adams went to the
Bostou Museum, where lor more than a your
he wus uiucliod to tho slock couipuuy and
did excellent work. Still ambitious, however, he
sought other spheres, and like Poor Jo, "moveu ou"
uulit ho reached Klchtuond, Va., where ho enlisted lu
tne company ol Kuukul & Moxiuy, with whom were
engaged J. W. Collier, George Bouilaco and other
young incu, who were thou, like hi instil, striving to
obtain u front place lu the prulesslou. The incldoul
Is relaiod that curing the early period in his ex
perience he was cast lor the pallbearer in "Kicburd
ill.," who says to Kicburd "Stand hack, my lord,
and let the colhu picas. " Tlio old joke had been often
told lu his presence, and when the time lor
the lines came1- it wub so much Impressed
ou his memory that he involuntarily ex
claimed, "staiia hack aud lot tlio pursou cough."
Adams' next success was in the Walnut Mreot
Theatre, Puiiaduipuia, where he won other laurels as a
slock actor, bccuiue au important leading man uud u
recognized member ol tne proiession throughout the
country.
Wuiiam J. Floreuce says of him:?"His itnUatiou*
Were simply superb, i went to see biin Imitate me in
Jerry Cilp, iu the 'Widow's Victim.' The uudieuce
uppiuudcd him uprounously, uud everybody turned to
look at me lu the box wbile 1 wus eujoylug uiy own
burlesque." It wus aoout ibis lime that Uu
bit upuu tlio play of "Dead Heart," and sucu
was tne ?t run gin ol? ctiarauier be tbrew into
his acting as Knoerl Landry that the performance nad
the roiuurkuble run lor Philudolphia of uvo or nix
woekK. "AOoul 1802 or 1800," says Mr. Hurry Wall,
"1 went to see hi in, and was so impressed by his per
formance that 1 immediately made arrangements to
engage him in the starring business lor tne loilowiug
season. We wore both dead broke, hadn't a cent in
the world and a minimum ol credit. Ned, loo, seemed
to have uo couUduuce* either in hiuiseil or the
play. I lull, however, thai the man was
lull of power and resouices, utiu had u curious
anU indescribable hold on tne public sympathy. 1
don't know bow to duscribo it, hut there wus some
thing In bis Voice and manner Ibul seemed to seize
witu a grip on his audience, aud 1 kuuw thai If no
played us well elsewhere as lie had douo lu Philadel
phia wo should muko u success. We burrowed some
uiuuoy and weul lu Uullaiu. There ho played bis llrst
slur engagement?1 think about August, 1803. The
eugugunioui lasted two weeks uud our prullls were
$412, uii amount which surprised botn ol us. Alter
inul we travelled together, uud he became recognized
us a llrst Class slur. His luvurue characters were
Kuver, lu 'Wild Uats,' wuich was u splen
did pieco ol scling; Kapbucl, lu the 'Marble
Heart;' Edwin Miduioluu, in "Tue Drunkard,' aud
William iu 'Black Eyed .Suean.' These lour plecee
wcro our capital, being tbo staple plays lor a week.
Subsequently ho purchased 'Ktiocu Ardeu,' uud, un
der his administratiuu, it bouauio a very strong play
lor tour or live years. tils Shakespearean chai uctui*
were couiiueuceu about 18tl4, uud he puiloruieu With
much success Kicburd 11L, Muubeib, Kumeo aud Ham
let. Ills Morcutm woe a particularly hue piece ol noting.
He Was also excellent in 'Tno Bobbers.' In tuci,
the talent ol the man was so vursAltlo that ho could
do uluiosl anything, and It was uol uncommon dur.ug
our travels to produce a now piece every night in tho
week.
"11 1 were called upon to orlt else hie ebartioler as
an uctor 1 should ssy liiul if ha were uol u genius It
wus his own luult, Oecuuss uu had the Oramallo in
stinct, the voice, the ligure, tue ability to 'make Up,'
the power to catch snd hold the attention ol his audi
ence, aud the peculiar u.ugueluui which you cuu't
describe, aud yet which mukos the loulliuhls a kind
ui invisible vquutoriHl line nelwevu art, actor und
people. 11 Nen Adams bad u fault it was m tlio shape
ol cureless generosity. lie absolutely threw ins
money away. Once he was acting lu Pittsburg una u
convent burned down. He whs drawing well uud gave
to the nisiers 43,WJ?every cent ol his receipts?
to help them rebuild their home. Ou unuthor occasion
a poor actor's lainily wus in distress iu one ol tho
cities which we visited. Nod iouud it out und en
closed to ihfliu live onu hundred dollar bills. T'brso
Incidents were common. Ho seomoJ tu live only i<>r
his Irieuds?gave tbeiu the days when bo should huvo
boon ut his .-Indies, aud trusted to n.s uwu good luck
at night. As nn actor ho was emotional and unique.
Ilo rarely did the same thing twice in the sumo man
ner; iu tuci, depended less uu art and mere ou the in
spiration ol the moment than nny member of the
prulesslou 1 have mot, 1 think liiat is ihu reason
wny ho so olteu used to occirily his au
dience s. i asked hlui ouco why ho trusted to
these accidents, und uliorrd tho character ei Ins
previous n.ghl's perleruiuueu, 'Oh, 1 can't help It,'
no answered '1 hitvo to act as 1 luel. 1 read tho
cyeH ol the people in froiil, uud they give me now
thought.' And lust's the reason," snd Mr. Wall,
"why 1 think there was so little of mere urt ubout
Adams mid so much ol genuiue inspiration."
All of Edwin Aduius' uNsnuiates, professionally aud
socially, pay tribute to hm line cliur,icier in it similar
mnnnvr. Mr Florence any.-' ''My first recollection of
him was wnon uu was m the iiowaid AlbulnuuUi, Bos
tou, whore ho wus playing ligliB comedy purls and
giving imitations of luuious actors. AfloiwurU 1 mot
Hlui in tuiyuy places, and was struck hy the peculiarity
tlutl ho hover aoi'iin-d to ho'llrcd' or 'put out.' lu fuel
it was long ago evident that ho was burning both ouds
ol tbo cundlo. The last lime 1 saw him was in Sun
>rancisco, iu Juno, I think, when ho inaiKtcd on at
tending it meeting of tbo Uoheiuiuu Club, of which we
were belli mourners. Wo were to cliuiigo quarters
that night, and, although ho was very 111, ho doter
mined to join in tho procession iroru tlio old rooms to
tho new. A roception took place in the evening aud
Nod instated < i reciting 'Sheridan's Hide,' which ho
old; but, puoi fellow, bo almost broke down, because
bo was weak und aoarculy able to sit up. Yol he
ltugorod tbire telling stories and kooplug tho compauy
amused until noarly lour o'clock in tho morning.
When we purled ho cuiuo up and pulling his bands in
mine said.?'Well, Hilly--D. F. M. P.?tho best of
Irionds innsl part,' and llnil's tlio lust time," said
Mr. Florence, wiping away a tear, "1 saw poor Nod!"
Mr. Adams had lor nearly lour years complained ol
Weakness of tho threat, aud seme ol the doctors
treated him lor the Ulseuae popularly known as "cler
gyman's soro throat," buf it crept on until It attacked
tiiu lungs, wbon, under lurihcr advice, ho aeleroilhed
to visit Culiiuruia and Australia. Tho coin pun ut wus
gru.itly aggravated hy a rough passago, which hourly
ronulted in the wreck of tiie steamship, the passen
gers Uolng compelled lor inuiiy hours io re main up to
their wuisls in water. From this additional shock to
a syatom already enfeebled the actor novor rocevered,
und, although ho was unlhualustiealiy received in the
Australian cities, he wus quick to discover that Ins
physical power wum gone and but ourtlily work ended.
Ou one occasion his exhaustion was audi that tbo
puopio had to onrry him oD tbo stage.
Mr. Charles K. Pnul, tho pianist, wbo was then
travelling in Australia with the Dl Muraka organiza
liuo, aud who reiurnoU to Ualllorhia with Adams,
relates the following Incident, which filly illustrates*
ine hetuiitvi: ana yet iuilomiuble cbaractar ot the
H'Ofi ae**W~" ltlt ?"'yJuoy on the 10th of Do
H"4*. *?rsl"PI>ed by the people there,
flttlo ra?r?t 5 "2!? ^"n W,t* Un oxt>">lllOU ol BOt U
thi.^. k f ^ 1 x,'ocl t0 llvo to reach evon
the Sandwich Inland*, and usou to remark, as we Bade
?1? P^hnn'61* ,Woll> buy?. 1 don't knew
i id ki?w 8U0 ln 11,0 morning, hut
CLJ SL- ??U Kl|-Wu'11 '?<=?* sometime.'
1 uriue theae parfsftge* tiicre aro ^eneraJly many
professional* coining and Ruing, nod it i? me custom
to Rive uu ohleruiumeni tor tue bauellt uf ? ln. nl
hospital Iiilid. on this occasion, however, tuere were
none on hoard but Mr. Adaras and tnysolC Captain
Ferris, ol ilie stoiiinehlp (since dead, by the wavl no.
teruiiiiod that there should he no exception io' ths
rule, and accordingly imnruvtsad a perlormauce with
the material ou hand. Ho was hlmsoil very good it a
recitation. A young Euglisb ludy, und my own wile
an Auatrallau girl, sang passably well; U.e mall clorlt
played on the tluie and sumo ol tlio sailors had a
comic dialogue. Poor Ned was lying in his stateroom
when he heard Ol this, uud, culling mo to his bedside
said, In u whisper, lor his voice was gone 'put mo
down lor "Sheridan's ltido." ' It uatonished mo lor
1 didn't think he would hvo unother day. Well the
evcutug came and the entertainment was In pro''rens
in the grund sulouo, although goiug very slowly and
without much animation, when who should appear so
feeble thut he could hardly stuud, but Ned Adaiu*.
boidiug on here sua thuro a> he slowly crept down the
cuuipuulou-way to the cabin. Dockomug to George
Barnes, one ol the editors ol the Han Fruucisoo Call
In huskily oxclalmed, 'Anuounoc "Sheridan's itido.'*
I'll do it il it kills me. '1 ho thing's uiuyiug too
slow.' And bless your soul ho diu it. nut
as no stood there, with his ooat collar rolled
up aod a hundkerchlui wound around his neck
und his great dark uycs Hashing with almost a super
natural nrc, lie luoked mure like a ghost man a niuu
Heavens! What a recitation! What you couldn't
bear you could see. lor tlio wholo gonitis of the actor
uuo the poet seemed to be exhausting ilsoll in thut one
supremo cil'ori. X never oxpuut to look upon tho like
again. It was iho most superb piece ol muto uctlon 1
ever witnessed, und when ho Unixbud tho applause
was something 10 be remembered. Ned lull back imo
tho arms ol liioso who wero stuudtng by, and we car
ried him to tho dock. 'Hie noxt day wo arrived ai
'Frisco."
Whdo here Adunis rallied si ghtly, but his coudi
tlou remained extremely orltical, and it was with
doubtand ditllculty that the journey overland to bis
homo 111 Philadelphia was attempted. How Iriends
huve alleviated his mislorluiio; now generously thu
people o! Calliornla, at tho suggestion ol Mr. Sotbern
turned out to give him n mouster benollt; how thai
big hearted actor, tlieu us more recently, look his sub
lenug brotuer in his arm-, uud with other members
ty tho proiessioii sprosd the contagion ol a iiuro and
sterling sympathy; bow me dying recipient in tils
last loiter to the public acknowledged, lu tender
earnest words, ihat sympathy to bo a hold a
s.ay, a comfort, in Ins deep aOlictiou that no wealth
could purchase or powur bestow, are mutters with
which w? are all familiar.
The obse.iu us will bo held in St. James' Episcopal
Church, Philadelphia, ou Thursday uoxi, and iho in
terment will ink- plueo at .Mount Moriah Cemetory
It la not yet actormined who will act as palluearers,
THE bTAGE.
WHAT DANIEL DOCGHKBTV THINKS IT IS NOT
BUT OUGHT TO BE.
Mr. Daniel Dougherty, of Philadelphia, delivered
an able looturo in tlio hull of tho Cooper Union last
evening ou "The Stage As It Was and Is and As It
Should Be." The prooeeds of tho ontortalnment wora
for the aid of tho hospita lot the Sisters of St. Francis
Xavier College, and Judging from the size of the au
dleneo thore can bo no doubt that thut Institution was
handsomely beuollted thoreby. Both at his appoar.
auce on tho platform and when he rose to speak Mr.
Dougherty was greeted by hearty appluuso. Many,
In fuel all, of his witty and eloquent sayings wore ap-'
plaudud to the echo. The spoaker began by making
some general remarks on the lecturer's art as com
pared with that of iho writer. Tho true onu ol ih<
lecture, he said, is to the lecturer an amusing and on
tertuiuing subject, and one whose very tltlo is eug
g"stlve ot enjoyment. Therefore, though I would,
perhaps, have chosen a more serious subject tnysell
1 bave been requested to speak on the subject an
nounced, tbe stuge, as II should bo, und to that I re
quest your kind attontion during the uHottod
hour. There havo been various amusements In
all ages, continued Mr. Dougherty, uud it
is always a part ot wlso statesmanship
to provido lulorvuls und moans of publio enjoyment.
The most permanent and popular of all amusements
Is the tboaira. By the theatre, however, 1 do not
mean the linllau opera, though to cultivated minds
tout niuy olten bo a sourco ol refilled oujoyiueni; uud
still less do I mean iuo opdru boull'e, nor thut vile
mixture ol mirth uud murdor, yclept the melodrama,
and ieusl ol'uil the melaugu whore the eye uud unud
uro pleased ouly b/ the guudy sceuery and the lascivious
delights of the ballot. 1 mean that noble drama wnich
ruse with the dawn ol civihzuliou, which hus in all
ages lormod an outlet lor the Inspired mind ol the
poet, which hus dclighied the wlso and learned, hat
educated iho miud, corroded tho taste and warmed
the Ueurt and sohl of tue ma-sea It is this that when
properly conducted tends to suppross vice and pro
mote virtue, uud whicn ouu again become, as it was
long ago, tbe huudiuaio of rengiou. It would be in
teresting to truce the progress of the druma
through tlio Greek aud Human times whuu it
was in the zenUh ol Its glory; and through
tbe Middle Ages, when in the hauds of tue monks it
served as u moans ol instruction us well as ol reore
utiou. My pruviuco, however, is simply to vindicate
the stuge, while I condomu lu present degradation; to
poiut out the dignity ol the prolession, while 1 'uc
kuowie igo the lauioutable failures ol some of Its
brightost ornaments.
UKIXINK or THE DKA1IA.
The stuge as at present couducted is corrupt. Around
It have gathered many evils that must be coudemcod.
But because ol thc.->e clustering evils should ws seek
to destroy iho thing it.-mil.' No; rather soek to
rescue It Iroia ihoir luial embrace, und place it ln tbo
bigii, uutainted position wmcu II deserves. Alter tbo
-Middle Ages, the decllue of thu stago was rapid, aud
the corruption or its representatives was such us to
spreud ubruad tbo obloquy wlncb among respectable
people us abuses bud already engendered, lu mis
country tbo Continental Congress passed a law pro
hibiting any person iu iho employ ol the guvornuiout
from visiuug or encouraging uuy theatricul porioria
uuco under penally oi dismissal Irom iho service. Ths
very day that ucuoii was tsken, Lslayette, arriving in
Fuiladolphia, invited Henry Laurens, tlieu President
ol Congress, to accompany -mm to tno theatre. Lau
rens iniormeu him ol me ucuou ol Cougress, and the
Marquis said thut lu that case ho should bo
careiul not to give offence by going himsoil.
In -ome ol thu Hiatus tbe production oi pluys was
prohibited; but the luw boiug systematically evaded
and public aeutiment not euiorciug It me law was
beioro ioug lepusled, upd the standard plays (wnich
dur.bg tue cxisleuce ol tno obnoxious law bad boon
announced as lectures) rouppeared lu their propel
CalulS.
1 sincerely aver that as a class actors aru us sobei
und luw abiding us any of tbo so called learned pro
losbluns. 1 hasten to say mat I do not class the
ministry as a profession. It is somutuing higher,
holler, a vocatiou, a calling Irom Ued. The actor who
combines genius wub his latent, who rises
to tbe liiglioai excellence lu his prolession,
whether his purl bo gravo or merry, whether
ho weal tlio buskin or the suok, commands our genu
ine admiration and respect. Acting is iho highest of
the mutative arts. Tho actor whu, llred witu genius
und UIleu with his heart, makes our pulsus throb uud
Loans heal nigh, depicts not tho reseiubianno ol pas
s on, out tbo reality. 1 hero is no prole*.,ion or call
lug that demands such ooustunt study and assiduous
practice. The uclor makes muiiy sucrilices, and tlio
greatest or all, lor ho gives up the delights of boon
uud social donghts ul the choicest hours.
tiik unoav or Tint srxou.
The coudonihatiou of thu stage is restricted
to Us uuusos?lis licentious and corrupt per
lortuunces. Ail nave spoken its praises itua worked
for us rufurmaiino. Many txcello.it plays have been
written oy sumlug lights in tbo minlvtry. Curuinal
Wiseman wu? tho uuthor ot sever il pluys, and nis last
work was a loc.uru on Hhukuspeari'. Bishop Bancroit
g ive private theatricals; Bishop Warburton auuoiuiod
Shakespeare's worn* Au acior taught UomoslboueS
to declaim, aud Cicero bus lott the highest uulugium
oi Iho purity, geulus und ability ul Ituscius, who
inaUo too hrit llguro ou the stago by his art and was
worthy ol a s. at in tlio .-euale by his virtuo. Foots
was tue brightest wit ol bis times. Goldsmith said ol
Gurnck that be was an epitome of all tbe pleasant
things in iu an, and Johnson said that ha de.itn
eclipsed tho gayoty oi nations. It was ths
V.rtuo as well as tbo luiuui ol the clJcl
Joseph Joilorsou that caused the erection ol anions
niont to bis memory ul Hurrisburg. By universal uo
cord ah actor siandiploremost lu mo ruoks of lame.
His u tin a, the world ling decreed, shall never die,
Vv here all toe great iuou oi tlio ages arc grouped,
where every eye is lixed, more roigus Immortal Suuku
spoure, mid there will he rule on in glory through the
nil litiio im swul low oil iq oloruily. llo li IN wuu,
In philosophy, statesmanship, valor and worth, lias
lull us nobler models than history, though drawn
iheroiroin. iu nis writings every virtuo finds its
ornament and every vice its puui dnnont.
At this point the speaker recited Wulsey'g lamous
soliloquy uud the ailyurat ou to Cromwell. At us con
clusion tbe building rung with applause, which I bunco
forth throughout the lecluro tilled up every pause lu
the llow ol talk and lllustrullou on tho plutlorm. In
thu course ol Ins rcmaiks Mr. Dougherty repeated
very luopy liuos ol poetry aud related numerous anec
dotes ef his own boyhood, and tho doiugs oi actors
aud other men. itoturning to tbe subject of his lec
ture, lie said:? Members of the tlieatneal profession
arc particularly liabio to the vice of lotoriiperuuco,
the one of all others to ho avoided. Thu
hulk ol the proiu.-nioii, how vor, aro models
or sobriety. I bore uro men and women ou tho slag#
whoso ex lied churnoter ami oinliieni wit, virtue ami
wisdr m make them admired and cause their society
to he sought everywhere, ibis is not a golden age,
but it is su age ol gold, and in many respects au
"j brans. The degeneracy of public tasto is shown
cnieuy on thatst.ign whore, whllo he ts worshipped 011
the stago, niiakspearu is Irequently dishonored.
Drains havo boon eclipsod by bills, the inspiration of
me poet by the brush ol tbo scene painter, the
noblest virtue and noblest sentim?uts by iho Uoublt
enltmirt una rough jokes of tho bioudeiborlesqucr and
negro ihiualrul. Far irom rue bo it lo advise any ons
to go on the stage; hut stneo it will always bo h resort
ol itinhllious yoiiili 1 hope thai before long lliero w|L'
ho a proper school for lustructiou ill ibu nohlo art.
Alter ml it depends on tho people whether iho slags
shall pursue lis downward path or risaagaiuto noblu.-l
heights. 1'ioty and respauiubilitjr caiinol destroy lb*
?tugo; they can only reio"u it.

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