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SITTING BULL TALKS.
Valuable Interview with a Herald Correspondent. I AM NO chief: Graphic Description of the Rosebud Fight. '?HELL-A THOUSAND DEVILS." 'Bullets Were Like Humming Bees? Soldiers Shook Like Aspen Leaves." CUSTER NOBLY VINDICATED. "A Sheaf of Corn with All the Ears Fallen About Him." HE HIED LAUGHING. An Implied Charge Against Major Reno. Poet Willi, Northwest Territory,) October 17, 1877. J Tbe conference between Sitting Ball and the Unite* States Commissioners was not, as will presently be seen, the most Interesting conference ol tbe day. Bitting Ball and bis chiefs so baled the "AdNricans," ?specially tbe American officers, tbat they bad noth ing tor tbem bat the disdain evinced In tbe speeches I bavo reported to you. After tbe talk with Generals Terry and Lawrence the Indians retired to their quar ters. Bat through tbe Intercession of Major Walsh Sitting Ball was persuaded at nightfall to bold a special con Terence with me. It was explained to him that 1 was ?ot bis enemy, bat that I was bis good friend. Be was told by Major Walsh tbat 1 was a great paper chief; ono who tallcod with a million tongues to all the people In tbe world. Said tbe Major:?"This man Is a man of wonderful medioine; be speaks and the people on this side and across the great water open their ears and hear him. lie tells the truth; bo does not lie. He wishes to make tbe world know what a great tribe Is encamped here on tbe land owned by tbe White Mother. He wants it to be understood that ber guests are mighty warriors. The Long Haired Chief (alluding to General Castor) was his friend. He wants to bear from yon how he foaght and whether ho met death like a brave." "Agh-bowgh I" (It is well) said Sitting Ball. Ho floallr agreed to come, after dark, to the quar tors which had boon assigned to me, en the condition that nobody should be present except himself, bis in tor locator, Major Walsh, two interpreters and the stenographer 1 had employed for the occasion, srrnvo bull as as arrnaas. At tbe appointed time, halt-past eight, the lamps were lighted, and the most mysterious Indian chief tata who ever flourished la North America was ushered in by Major Walsh, who locked the door be hind him. Tbls was the first time that Sitting Ball had condepoended, not merely to visit but to address a white man from the United States. During the long pears ol his domination he had withstood, with bis hands, every attempt on tho part of tbe Unllod States government at a compromise of interests. He bad re fused all proffers, declined any treaty. He had never been beaten in a battle with United Stales troops; on tbe contrary, bis warriors bad been victorious over the prido of oar army. Pressed bard, he had re treated, scorning the factions of bis bands who ac cepted the terms offered thorn wltb the same bitter ness with which he scorned his white enemies. here he stood, bis blanket rolled back, hie head up reared, bis right moccasin pat forward, his right band thrown across his chest. 1 arose and approached him, holding oat both bands. He grasped them cordially. "How!" said he. "How!" And now let mo attempt a better portrait of Sitting Ball than I was ablo to despatch to you at headlong haste by tho telegraph. He Is about Ave feet ten inches high. He was clad in a black aud white calico shirt, blsck cloth leggings, and moccasins, magnificently ?mbroldered with beads and porcupino quills. Ho held in his left band a foxskln cap, its brnsh drooping to bis feel; with the diguity and grace or a natural gen lleman he bad removed It from bis head at the thres hold. His long black hair bang lar down bis back, athwart bis cheeks and in ftront of bis shoulders. His ?yes gleamed Itko black diamonds. Hie visage, do void of paint, was noblo and commanding; nay u was something mora. Beeides thn Indian character glvon to It by high cheek bones, a broad, retreating forehead, a nromineni aquiline nose and n Jaw like a a bulldog's, there was about tbe mouth something or beauty, but morn of au expression of exquisite, cruel I Irony. Such a mouth and such eyes as this I nd inn's. If seen In the eouutensnco of n white man, would ap pear to denote qualities similar to those which anw mated the career ot Masarin and inspired tho pen of Maehlavolll. \ et there wis something fearfully sweet In tbe smllo with winch he oxtondod to me his hands. such bands I They felt ss Small and soft as a maid en's, but when I pressed them 1 could feci the eluowe hen em h the flesh quivering hard, lixs a wild animal's. I led him to s real, s lounge set egainst tbe wall, on which be sank with indolent grace. Major Walsh, brilliant In red uniform, eat beeido him, and a portable table waa brought near. Two interpreters brought chairs snd seated them so Ires, and at a neighboring desk tho stenographer took bis place. I afterward learned that two Sionz eblels stood on guard outside the door and that all the Indians in the fort bad their arm* ready to spring la euso of a suspected treachery. On the previous night two of tbe Indians bad been taken suddenly ill and their sickness bad been ascribed by aomo warriors to poUon. So restless snd anxious were all the savages that nothing but the Influence and lact of Major Walsh eould bare procurod for me and for your readers tho following valuable, Indeed, histor ical colloquy with the Sphinx ol the North wosu I turned to tbe Interpreter ant' said ? "Explain again to anting Hull thai bo is wltb a friend." Tbs interpreter explained. "Banoe!" laid ino chief, holding out hti hand again and proaatng mine. Major Walab bar# said:?"Sitting Ball la In Iba bait mood now that 70a could possibly wish. Proceed with /oar questions and maka them aa logical as 70a can. I will aaaiat 70a and trip 70a op oecaaionall7 If 700 arc likely to Irritate him." Than the dialogue went on. I giro tt literally, "i an >0 eairr." "Yon arc a great chief," uid 1 to Sitting Bull, "but 70U lire bebind a cloud. Your lacc la dark; my people do not tee It. Tall me, do 700 hate the Americana rar7 much f" A gleam ao of Bra ebot across bla taoe. *H am no cblel " Thla waa precisely what I expected. It will diaal pata at onoe the arroneoua idea whiob haa prarailed that Sitting Ball I* either a chief or a warrior. "What are 70a f" "I am," aald be, eroaaing both handa upon bla obeit, allghtly nodding and amlllng satirically, "a man." "What doea ho mean!" 1 inquired, turning to Major Walab. "Ho mesne," ret ponded the Major, "to keep 70U la Ignorance of hia accrot If ha can. Hla poaltlon among hla banda la anomaloua. Bla own tribes, the Uacpa. pas, are not all In feali7 to him. Parts el nearly twooty dlflerent tribes of Sioux, beeldea a remnant el the Oncpapas, abide with him. So far as 1 bare learned he rulee oyer these Iragmems of tribes, wnioh compose hla camp of 2,500, Including between 900 and 900 warriors, by abeer compelling loroa of Intellect end will 1 believe that he nnderatande nothing particularly of war or militar7 tactics, at leatt not enough to glrs blm the aktll or the right to com mand warriora la battle Ha la (apposed to have guuted the fortunee of serernl battles, Including the fight In wbloh Caster fell. That supposition, as you will presently find, M partially erroneous. Hla word was alwaya potent la the camp or In ine field, but be hna usually left to the war ohlets the duties appertain ing to engagements. When the crisis name he gave hla opinion, which was aeeepted as law." "What waa he, tbcaf" I Inquired, continuing this momentary dialogue with Major Walsh. "Wee he, Is he, a mere medicine munf" "Don't for the world," replied the Major, "Inti mate to him, in the questlona you are about to ask blm, that you have derived the Idea Irom mo, or from any one, tbet he Is a mere medietas man. He would deem that to be a profound insult. In point of fact bo la a medicine man, bat a far greater, more Influen tial medicine man than any savage 1 have ever known. Ho haa constituted himself a rulor. He is a unique power among the Indiana. To the warriors, his people, he epeaks with the authority or a Robert Peel, to their chiefs with that of a Klebellou. This does not really express the extent of his influence; fbr behind Peel end Rlcbellou there were traitors and in front of them were factions. Silting Bull baa ao traitors In bla camp; there ere none to be Jealous ot him. He does not assert himself over strongly. Ho doos not interfere with the rights or dutlea of othors. Hla power eonelete m the universal confi dence which Is given to his judgment, wbloh be seldom denotes until he is asked for an expression of It. It has been, so tar, ao aeourate, It baa guided hla people eo well, he haa been caught lu so few mistakes, end he has saved even the ablest end oldest chiefs from so many evil consequences or their own mia Judgment, that to-day hla word, among them all, la worth more than the united voloes of the rest of the camp. He speaks. They listen and they obey. New let as hear what Bis explanation will be." A bavasb comtamon. "Yon iay yon are no chlel T" ?'No!" with considerable hauteur. ?'Are you a bead soldier f " ??I am nothing?neither a chief nor a soldier." "WbalT Nothing?" "Nothing." "What, then, makes the warrior* of your camp, the great chiefs wbo are here along with you, look up to you eo? Why do they think so moeh of you f " Sitting Bull's lipa curled with a proud smil* "Ob, 1 used to be a kind of a chief; but tbo Amerh cans made me go away lrom my father'* bunting ground." "You do not lore the Americans T" You should have seen this savage's lips. "I saw to-day that all the warriors around you clapped their bands and cried ont when you spokai What you said appeared to pleas* them. They liked you. They teemed to think that what you said waa right for them to say. If you are not a groat chief, why do tbcso men think so much of you?" At this Sitting Bull, wbo bad In the meantime been leaning back against the wall, assumed a posture of mingled toleration and disdain. "Your people look up to men because they are rich; because they have much land, many lodges, many squaws ?" ??Yes." "Well, I suppose my people leok op to me because 1 am poor. That is the difference." In this answer was concentrated all the evasive nets 0 natural to an Indian. ??What Is your fooling toward tho Americans now ? " He did not evon deign an answer. He touched bis hip, where his knit* was. I asked tb* interpreter to Insist on au answer. "Listen," eatd Bitting Boll, not changing bis posture bat patting his right band out upon my knee. "I told' them to-day what my notions were? that 1 4id not want to go back there. Kvcry time that I bad noy difficulty with them tbey (truck me first. 1 want to live In peace." "Have you an Implacable enmity to tbo Americans? Would you live with tbera In penoe if they allowed yon to do ao; or do you think that you oan only ob tain peace horef" "I BOCOHT THUS." "The White Mother l? good." ?'Bettor tben the Great Vainer T" "flowghl" Ana tben, after a pause, Sitting Dull continued:? "Tbey asked m* to-day to give them my horses. I bought my borses, and tboy ere mine. I bought Ibem lrom men wbo came up the Missouri In maci> nawa They do not belong to the government; neither do tho rlflea the rifles ere also mine. 1 bought them; I paid for tbom. Why I snould give them up 1 do not know. I will not give them up." "Do you really think, do year people bellsve, that It la wise to reject the oroflora that havo been made to you by the United States Commissioner! f Bo not some of you feel as if you were destined to lose your old bunting grounds? Don't you see that you will probably have the samo difficulty In Canada that you have bad In Iba United Slates ?" "The White Mother does not lie." "Do you expect to live bore by hunting? Are there buffaloes enough f Can your pooplo subsist on tb* gam* bare?" ? ??I don't know; I hope so." ??If not, are any part of your people disposed to CUSTER'S LAST BATTLEFIELD. -A. Map Partly Suggested and Corrected by Chief Sitting Pull. take up agriculture? Would any of tbsm rata* atoora and go to farming f" ??1 don't know." "What will tbcy do, than ?" "As long as there are buffaloes that la the way we will lira." "But tbe time will eeme whan there will bo no more buffaloea " "Tboae are the worda of an American." rotoonan with blood. "Row long do you tblnt tba buffhleea will Insff* Silting Ball aroae. "Wa know," aald he, extending bta right band with an impiwaaiTe gesture, "that on the other aide tbe buffaloea will not laat rery long. Why ? Beeauae tbe eountry there ia poisoned with blood?a poiaon that kllla all tbe buffaloea or driroa tbem away. It ia atrangc," bo continued, with bta peculiar amile, "that the Americana ahould complain that tbe Indiana kill buffaloea. We kill buffaloea, aa wa kill other animate, (or fool and clothlog. and to make our lodges warm. They kill buffaloes?for what? Go through your oouatry. See the thousands of carcases rotting on the riains. Your young men shoot for pleasure. All they take from a dead bnffalo is bis tall, or bia head, or bta borne, perhaps, to show they bare killed a buffalo. What Is thlaf Is it rob bery? You call us oarages. What are they? Tbe buffaloes hare come North. We hare come North to find them, and to get away from a place where people tell Ilea" To gain time and not to dwoll importunately on a single point, 1 asked Sitting Boll lo tell me aometbing or bis early life. In the first place, where he was born ? "I was born on tbe Missouri Rirar; at least I recol lect that somebody told ma so?1 don't know who told me or where 1 was tola of it." , "Of what tribe are you!" "I aJh an Unepapa." "Of the Sioux f" "Yes; ol the great Sioux Notion." "Who was your lather?" "My father is dead." "la your mother firing ?" "My mother I ires with me In my lodge" "Great lies are told about you. While men say that you lived among them whoa you were yodng; that you went to school; that you learned to write, and read from books; that yon speak English; that you know how to talk French?" "It to a lie." "You aro an Indian?" (Proudly) "I am a Siiox." Then, auddonly relaxing from bta hautenr, Sitting Bull began to laugh. "1 hare beard," be said, "of ?one ef these stories. They are all strange lies. What I am I am," and here he leaned ?eck and re sumed his attitude and expression el barbaric gran dear. rnEbsimsaTio*. ??I am a moo. I gee. I know. I began to mi wood I not yat bora; vhon I *u not In my mother's arms, but inaide or my mother's belly, li was mora that I began lo etudy about my people" ilero I tone tied Hitting Huli on tbo arm. ??Do not interrupt htm." (aid Major Walsh. "Bo to beginning to talk about tys medicine." "I was." repeated Hitting Bull, "still In my mother's tnstdee when I began to study all about my people. God iwaving his band to ospress a great protecting Geniua) gave me tbe power to aee out el the womh 1 studied there, la the worab, about many things. 1 atudlad about the smallpox, that waa killing my peo ple- the great eleknese that wae killing the women and children. 1 was so Interested that I turned over on my aide. Tho God Almighty mutt bsvu tola me at that lima (and bars Sitting Bull unconsciously re vealed hla secret) tbat I would be the maa to be the Judge of all the otner Indiana?a big maa, to deotde for them In all thoir ways." "And you hsve since decided for themt** "I speak. It it enough." "Could oot your people, whom you love eo well, get on with tuo Americansf" "No!" "Wliyf" wnx n* focobt. ?'I never taught my people to irnai Americana. I bave told them the truth?that tbo Americana aro creel liars. 1 bave never dealt with lb# Americana. Why should I T Tbe land belonged to my people. I say I never dealt with tbcm?I mean 1 never treated with Ibem In a way to anrrendcr mv people's rights. 1 tra4*d with them, but 1 always gave full value tor what [(got I never aaced tbe United States govern ment to make mo preeents of blanketa or cloth or anything of that kind. Tbe most 1 did waa to aak tbem to aend roe an honest trader that 1 could trade with, and I proposed to give blm buffalo roboa and elk eklna and other hides in exobange lor what wo wanted. I told every trader who came to our camps that I did not want any favors Irom him?that I wanted to trade with hlin talrly and equally, giving blm full value tor what I got?but the traders wanted me to irado with them on no aueb terms. They wanted to give little and get much. They told ra# Ibat If I did not accept what they wonld give me In trade they would got the governmont to Qghi mo. I told them I did not want to light." "But you (ought." '?At last, yes; but not nntil alter I had tried hard to prevent a light. At Urat my young men, when they began to talk bad, stole live American borios. 1 took the horses away from tbem and gave them back to the Americana. It did no good. Uy and by we bad to light" mc curat crsriR satti.r sxri.Aissn. It was at this Juncture that 1 began to question the great savage belore me In regard to the most disss trous, most mysterious Indian battloof the century? Custer's encounter wttb the Sioux on the Big Horn? the Thermopylae of the l'laius. Sitting Bull, the chief genius o( Ins bands, lias been supposed to bave oom mended the Sioux forces wben Custer fell. That tbe reader may understand Sitting Bull's state ments, it will be nocossary lor him to scan (he map of that Illustrious battle ground, which Is herowlth pre sented, and ?? read tbe following preilmiaary sketch. It should be understood, moreover, that, inasmuch as every white man wltn Custer perrsbed, and no other white man, savo one or t<vo seouUi, bad eon (erred carefully with Silting Hull or iny o( bis chiefs since that awful day, this Is the Aral authentic story of the conflict winch can poselhly bave appeared out of the llpe of a survivor. It has the more historical value, since It comes Irom the chief among Custer's and Reno's loss. Custer, on tbe Z2d of Jnr.e, started up the Rosebud, with the following order Irom General Terry !? bis pocket-? Lieutenant Colonel Clstvb, heventb Cavalry:? Cotonvx?Th? Brigadier (Jeucrel commanding directs that at soon at guar regiment esu he ir.sds ready (or the mareli jrou proceed up Wis Rosebud In pnrsnlt nf the In dians whose trail wnt discovered by M sj ir Keno a few day a eiaoe. It la. af co use. Impossible to give any definite In structions In regard Is this movement, and, vera It not lm. possible to do ao, the Department Commander plaeoi too much confidence In your seal, energy and ability is vl>h to Impose upon you precise orders which might hamper your action when nearly In contact with the enemy, lis will, bvwevar. Indicate to yon his own vlawaof what your a-tlon should be. and bs desires that you should eonfnrm to litem anions you shall fee sufficient reason lor departing (mm them. 11a thtnkt that yott should proceed np the Knarbiid until you ascertain definitely the direction in which the trail above spoken of leads. Should It be found, as It appears to be almost certain tbat It will be found, to turn towatd tba Little Hlg Horn, he thinks that you ahould still proceed southward. perhaps, as far as the head water* af the Tongue, and then turn toward the Little Big lleru, feeling constantly, however, to four left, ao as to preclude the possibility of the escape af the Indians to the sonth or southeast by passing around your left flank. The column ol Colonel Gibbon Is now In motion tor tha month af the Hlg Horn. As seon as It readies that point It wtll cross tha Yellowstone and move np at least as far as tha parks of Hie Hlg and Little Hlg Horn. Of course its future movements must tie controlled by cl renin stances as they arise; but It Is honed that the Indians, It upon she Little Hlg ilsrn, may be an nearly an closed by two columns that their escape will be Impossible. The Department Commander desl-es that on your way up tha Rosebud yon should thoroughly examine Ike upper part ol Titllorb'a Creak, and that ymt ahoald endeavor to send e scout throngli to Colonel Gibbon's colnmii with Id formation ol the result ol your examination. The lower part of this creek will bs examined by a detachment from Coloael Gibbon'* cotninsotL lb# supply steamer will be nashed up toe Big Horn u for aa tha forka of tho rlvar oro fr-aud lo bo navlgabla for that epaea. and tho Department Commander, who will accompany tho eoliimn of Colouol I l3L'>Um, desires yon la rrporl to hltn there aol lalor than ?no expiration of tho nmo for wbteh yonr troops are ra I Moned, anion In tho meaaUme yoa reeetve tunber order* Respectfully. K W. SMITH, Captain Eighteenth Infantry, Acting Aaelataul Adjutant General With Ihaaa tentative inetruetlona General Cuater pro ceeded oo liti way. Hearing of the Indiaus, be found that be bad a great opportunity to etrike tbom. Ha touclied their trail and followed It He laid bia plana, with what lack of atieceab wa know. But enall wa not alao Inquire what waa ibe real eauaa tf bit 101101017, unnecesnry failure? General Cuater haa been eblded for a division of bta troops. In point of fact tie never allocked an Indian camp wban be bad more than a company, without so ieparating bla command aa 10 encompass, bewilder and rupture It. We iball presently see whether il was the fault of his dispoattlous on this occasion, wntch lost him his last battle. Here is Kono'S account ol the war in wbich the commands respectively, under Cus tcr, bimsclf and Benleeu surtcd into action:? "The regiment loft the ramp at ilia mouth of tlia Rosebud River. alter pasting la review brfore the Department Com mender, upder cnminaod of Brevet Mt|ur General G. A luster, Hculenaut rolonol. oa the afternoon of the 'J-M of June, anil inarched up the Itmnbiid tu-etve mllee and en caniped. On the Jltd marched ud the Itotebud. paedng niauy old Indian camps, and following a r?ry large lodge pole trail. Inn not Iresh. making tniriy-tltree miles. On the 24th the march was continued up the Hotebud. the trail and tigm freshening with erery mile, until wo bad mad# twenty-eight miles, and wa then eneampld and waited for information from the scouts. At twenty-Aye minute, peat nine I*. M. Custer called the olBcers together and inlormed ut that, beyond a doubt, the Tillage was In the valley ol tl.e Utile iltg Horn and that to reach It II wat necessary toeiosstne divide between the Kosehnd and Mule |t|g Horn, aud it would he impossible lo do to In the day time without discovering our msreb to the Indiana: that we would prepare to mure at eleven P.M. This wat done, the line ofmurrh turning from the Koeebuil to the right, up one of Its branches, which headed near the snmmlt of tlie di vide. A boot two A. M. of the 2.'>th the teonte told hltn that ha eon d not erose the divide before daylight. We then made coffee and retted three nours, at the expiration of which time the march wss returned, the divide crossed, and about eight A. M. the eommsiid was in the valley ul out of the brnnehrs of the Mule Hig Horn, Bv tbla time the Indiana hao bern seen, and It was certain that we euiilri nut sur prise them, and it waa deiarnilned to mora at onea to lha attack. I'revloas to this no division ot the regiment hud been murte since the order was lamed on tiie Yellowstone an nulling wing and battalion organisation*. General fas ter Informed me be would ateign commands on tho march. I wus ordered by Lieutenant W. W. Conk, adjutant, to aa. atime command of Cnmpanlea M. A and O. Captain Ben teeu of Companiea II. U and IC, Cnstsr retaining C, K. K. 1 and L under Ins immediate command, aud Company II, Captain MeDongall, In rear of the pack train. I an.umed command of the companies assigned to me, and without any definite orders moved lorward with the rest of tho, column and well to its lei a. I saw llouteen moving further to I he left, and as they passed he told me lie had orders to more well to the lett and sweep everything before him. I did not see him again until abont hair-past two I*. M. The command moved down Ilia creek toward tho Little Big Horn Vnller. Caster, with Ave companies, oa the right bank, mrself and three companies on the left bank and Beuteen farther to the lett and ont of sight. Il appears to have been about the middle of the forenoon when Caster thus subdivided bis column. Reno goes on to say that at half-past twolre Lieutenant Cooic, Custer's Adjutant, oimo to him, told him that the village was only two miloa away and ordered him to move forward rapidly and cbnrgo It. Other ovi denoe likewise shows mat this order was given abont tbet time end that Reno was urged not to let up on tne Indiana. The Indian village, consisting of camps ol Cbeyonner, Ogallslsa, Minnoconjous and Uncpapaa, was nearly tnree miles long. Tho accompanying map will show Its egact situation, also the rouica pursued by Reno's and Castor's Inrces. Il la aeon from this map that Reuo crossed the Little Big Horn, formed hie first line jnat south of the crossing And charged. He says:? "I deployed, and. with the Roe seouls Vn my left, charged down the valley with (rest ease for about two and a hall miles." Reno, Instead of holding tho groand thus gained, retreated, being herd pressed. The map shows the timber in which he made a temporary stand, and It shows, too, his line ol retreat back over the valley, and across the Lltllo Big Horn and np the bluffs, on the summit el wblcjt he Intrenched himself late in the afternoon. The map expresses the (act that Cuater'a mareh to the lord wbcro he attempted to orosa the Little Big Horn and attack the Indiana in tbelr roar, waa muoh longer than Rone's march, consequently Caster's assault was not mado until alter Reno's. Custer's Intention waa to saodwlcn (as It were) the main body of tho Indians between Reno's and his own forces. He hoped by thus pressing them on two sides?Reno constantly fighting them and ho himself eonstantty fighting (hum?to disconcert them and crush tnem at last. His plan is thus seen to have boon that of a general. It relieves htm from the aspersion ol raehnoss. It must In this connection bo remembered that Custer had fought Indians many times and baa never been beaten by them, although on several occasions be had cneouuterrd more than three times the number of his own iroopa. He trnsted In this instance to tho fealty of his officers, the bravery ol bis soldiers and bis own genius to overcome tho mere weight of numbers, as he bad no often done before. "vi vnoionr wa wr.nn wiupfkd. " Tbe testimony of Silting Bull, which 1 am about to give, is tbe more convincing and important from tho very fact of tbe one erroneous impression he derived aa to the identity ot tbe officer in command of the forces which assailed his camp. He confounds Reno with Coster. He supposes that one and the same gen eral crossod the Little Big Horn where Reno crossed, charged as Rsno charged, retreated as Reuo retreated bock over tho river an.1 then pursued the Hue ol Cus ter's march, attacked as Custer attacked and foil as Cutler (ell. "bid you know tbe Long Haired Cbloff" I asked Hitting Bull. "No." "Whet! Had you never seen blm f "No. Many ot (he chiefs knew him." "tVbat did ibay think of him "He was a greet warrior." "Was he brave f" "lie waa a might? chief." "Now, tell me. Hi re Is something that I wish to know. Big Ilea are told about tbe fight in which ibe J.oug Haired Cbicl was killed. He waa ray frteod. No one has come back to tell tbe troth about nIra or about that fight. You were there; you know. Your chiois know. I want to hear something that forked tonguee do not tell?tbe troth," "It is well" Here I drew forth the map ot the battle field and ?pread it oat across Kitting Bull's knees and explained to hi in the names and situations as represented on it, end he smiled. -We inougbt we were whipped," he sal*. "Ah I bid you think the soldiers were too many i for you f" "Net at first: but by-end-by, yea. Afterward., DO ? "Tell me about tho bettl* Where wee tbe Indian camp first attack ad f" "Here" (pointing te Reno's crossing oa tbe map}. "About what time in tbe day wa* that f" "It waa some two boon pest the lime when tbe eut W ia the centre el the eky." CTSTBB COHKA?DI? "What white chief waa n who cam# over tUei? against your warriors ?" "The Long Hair " "Are jroo aura f" "The Long Hair commanded" "But you did not see blm ?" "I bars said that 1 nersr taw htm." "Did any of (ho cblela l lm ?" "Not here, but ihere," pointing 10 the place where Cutler charged and waa repulaod on the aortb bank of lbs Little Big Horn. "Why do you think la waa tbe Lost Hair wtw crossed Aral and ebargtd yon here at tbe right aide of tbe map?" "A chief leads bit warriors." "Was there a good light here, on lbs right side of tbe map? Explain it to me." "It was so," said Hitting Boll, raiting bis hands. "1 waa tying In my lodge. Home young men ran into me and said'The Long Hair la In the camp, Oct up. They are Bring into ibo camp.' 1 said, all right 1 Jumped up and steppod out of my lodge. " "Where waa your lodgcf " "Here, with mv poonle," npswered Sitting Bull, pointing to the group of Cnepapa lodgea, deaignated aa "abandoned lodges" on tbo map. "Ho the Oral attack waa mada then, on tbo right aide of the map, and upon tbo lodges of tbs L'ncps pas?" "Yes." "Here tbe lodges sro sold to havo been deserted ?" "The old men, tbe squsws and tbs ohtldrsn wars hurried away." "Toward tbe other end of tbs camp?" "Yea. Some of ihe Minueconjou women and ebtW dren also left their lodges when the attack began.'* "Did you retroal at Aral?" "Do you mean tbe warriors?" "Yea, tbo fighting men." nistakixo ni\o ror cmrria. "Ob, wo toil back, but it waa not what warriors nail a retreat; It waa to gain time. It waa the Long Halt who rctraaled. Hy people fought blm hero In Ibo brush (designating the timber behind which the In diana pressed Bono) and be lell back serosa her* (placing bis finger on tbo line of Keno's retreat to tbb northern blulfa). "So you think that was the Long Hair whom your peoplo fought In that limber and who fall back alter ward to those heights f" "Of course." "What afterward occurred? Was Ibere any heavy lighting after the retreat of lbs soldiers to tbo bluffs?" "Not tbon; not ibere." "Where, then?" "Why, down here;" and Sitting Boll Indicated wltb bis Anger tbs place where Custer approaobed sod touched tho river. "That," said be, "waa where tbv big Aght wu fought, a little later. After tbe Long Hair waa drivan back to the bluff's be took Ibis road (tracing with bis Anger the lino of Caster's march oa tbs map), and went down to see If be could not boat us thsrei" [Her* the reader should pease to discern the extent of Sitting Ball's error, end to anticipate what wtN presently appear to is* Reno's misconception or mis take. Sitting Bull, not Identifying Reno In the whole of this engagement, makes It seem that It was Caster who attacked, when Keno attacked In the first place, and afterward moved down te resume the assault from a new position. He tbns Involuntarily testifies ? to Ute fact that Reno's assault waa a orlef,.Ineffectual one before his retreat to the blofls, and that Rene, after his retreat, ceased on the blnfh from aggress ITS fighting.] boll's Dsscmraoff or kill. "When the fight commenced here," 1 asked, point* ing to the spot where Caster advanced beyond the little Big Horn, "what happenedf" "Hell I" "You mean, I suppose, a fierce battle ?" MI mean a thousand devils." "The village was by this time thoroughly aroused P* "The rqaaws were like flying birds; the ballets weig like bamming bees." "You say that when the first attack was made, ol here on the right of the map, the old men and sqaaws and children ran down the valley toward tne left. What did they do when this second attaok came front up here toward the left?" "They ran back again to the right, here and here," answered Sitting Bull, placing his swarthy finger eg the place where the words "Abandoned Lodges" art "And where did the warriors ran T" "They ran to the fight?the big fight, ' "So that, in the afternoon, after the flrit fight, og the rlgbt hand side ol tne map was ovor, and arter ths big fight toward the left hand side began, yon ssy that the squaws and children all returned to Hie right baud side, and that the warriors, ths fighting men of all the Indian camps, ran to the place where the big fight was going on f " "Yes." "Why was that? Wore not some of the warriors left in (root ol th< He lotreachments on the bluffs, nets Ute right aide of the map f Did not you think It noo> esaary?did not your war chiefs think it necessary?-to keep some of your yoang men there to fight the troops who bad retreated to those latrcaehiaentst" "Ko," "Why f" "You have forgotten." "Howf" a crams aoawst us six "You forget that only a few soldiers wars left hp the I<oos Hair on those blafla He took the main body of bis soldiers with him to make tbo btg fight down hereon the left." "So thorn were no soldiers to make a flsht left la the tntrencbmantfi on the rlgbt hind biufTsT" "1 have spoken. It is enough. The squaws could deal with Uu-m. There were nono but squaws and pappooHfi in front of them that afternoon." This startling ssaertion of Sitting Ball involves ths most terrible charge which baa been brought against Reno. It amounts to an assertion that Reno, having made bis assault, been heutea and letroated, stayed thorn on the bluffs without renewing tbo attaok for which General Caster, who had by this timoeome down with hia horsemen on the rear of the Sioux camp from the north, vainly awaited?how hope lessly I "Well then," I inquired of Sitting Bull, "Did the cavalry, who came down and made tbo big fight, fight r' Again Sitting Bull amiled. "They fought. Many young men are missing from our lodges. But la there en Amorican squaw who has her buaboad leftf Were there aay Amerloana left te tell the story ol that day f Not" "How did they coma oa to ths attack f" "I have beard that thsra are trees which tremble." "Do you mean tbo trees with trembling leave* ?" "Yea." "Thty oall than la soma parts of the Western hu>