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Mr. Conkling1 Solidifies the Anti Administration Men. NOMINATIONS IN DANGER. Democratic Strength Gradually With drawn from the President. NO REPUBLICAN SUPPORTERS. Another Heated Debate in the Senate. KELLOGG'S LETTER. He Denies Any Complicity in Re turning Board Frauds. FROM OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT. Wasuisoton, Not. 29, 1877. MR, CONKLINO'8 VICTORY IS THE SENATE?A SOLID PHALANX ARRAYED BY HIM AQAINST THE PRE-IDKNr's POLICY?HOW HK HAS SECURED THE ABOlCND.VNCJf. The courage and porsistouco ot Souator Coukltns In bis opposition to tbo administration, and ihe cou llnued weaknoss o( ibe trlonus of ttie administration, begin to toll, and IC 1? probable to-night that be will win, or, indeed, has won; tbat bo will bear down all opposition and oause ibe rejeotiou not only of tbe New York nominations, but 01 all others to which be and those allied with him choose to object. A double Ughi has beon going on in tbo Senate for a wook past. In tbo open session the strugglo lias beou over the Southern Senalorship; In executive session it has boen over tho upnoiutiflenls. Tlio democrats, anxious chiefly to seat SpolTord, Butler and Eustis, and convinced that the claims of all are Just, have, not unnaturally, looked tor some help irotn those Sen ators who are supposed to favor tbe Presidont'B Southern policy, and who, It was not unreasonably beliovod, would, on that account, be very willing to help to securo a representation, and a proper represen tation, lor tbe two Southern Stales, and thus close up thut question. They have lookod In vain. It tbe Southern policy ot tbo President has any republican lrieuds in tho Senato tboy huvo not Uared to show themselves, aud It is now understood tbat they will not. Tbe laBb ot Mr. Colliding has been too vigor ously applied, lio bus gained a moral ascendancy over the Sonators, if any there ovor wero, who might buvo stood against btm, which now, it is beliovod, disables tbom. Tbe republloan Senators stand to gether, aud it is now uoubtlui whether even Mr. liutler, whoso success soomod, aud, Indeed, was cortuin a week ago, can get administration votes to seat him. That is to say, tbe last week of Vigorous aud aggrossive war by Mr. Conkling baa so demoralized uny republican Senators who were atone tiino inclined to vote independently, that to-night tbe New York Senator holds the republican part of the Senato tirmly lu his grip Tim domocrats will, of courso, continue the struggle. Tbe debate on Mr. Saulsbury's motion to recommit Kollogg will go on to morrow, and as to-day tbo vote ot Mr. Conovor for au executive session caused an adjournment aud enabled tho honorable Senators to eat their Tuanksgivlng tur key at tbe orderly hour ot six, bo to-morrow or on other days Mr. Conovor may help again. That la uncertain. But It scorns to be assured tbat Mr. Conkling baa his grip flrrnly on tho best of the repub lican Senators; tbat the vistory is, in tact, wltb bim. Ho has beon shrewd euough to see that this victory lu the opeu Souato gives bim tho promiso ot equal IjUCcchs in the exoouttve sessiou. It Is very well known that tbe democratic Senators were long de termined to support tbe President's nominations In all cues except where bo should by mistake nominate a clearly improper man. But lu coming to that deter mination they reokonod as a matter ot course that tbe President bad some friends in the Senate. Tbey never proposed to make of themaelveB an ad ministration party. They wish uo such alliance as that, which they thick would be as embarrassing to Item us it would to Mr. Hayes. Tbey have waited long to seo Mr. Hayes* friends snow themselves, aud not seeing tbeui tbsy aro now Inclined to tbe reason able courso ol nou-iutorlerouce. "Let tho republicans manage their own nominations," tboy Bay; "we will | ?tand aside. It is not our flabt. We nre not responsi ble. 11 tho President or bis policy have no repub lican frleuds with courage aud independence enough to show tbumselves, It does not boiong to us to rush to bis support. He Is not our President. He ts a re publican. It Is a republican administration." Mow, it may easily be that when tho nomination! como belore the Seunto some republican shall there aud then at last get up aud speak for tbe President, but It will then probably be too late. Tbe administra tion Senators bave nover been supposed to be a very full brigade. If they tquuuk ,Mr. Conkling will suutT tbetn out without tbo least dilUculty. Mr. Conkling might not bo anlo to beat the ndmluistrutiou If it had trieuds of couruge and sagacity In tbe Senate, lor thoee, by boldly leadlup, would draw titer ihom tbe greater part ot, if not all tbe democruts. But the lrieuds of the administration in tbe senate, It it haa any, have so tar shown neither courago nor sagacity. Tbey have undoubtedly flung away their chances by besitution and irresolution. Mr. Conkling was shrewd enough to espy their weak point, which IS a mortal dread lest ho might read them out ot the republican party. It Beeuis never to bavo occurred to tbetn tbat tboy might, 11 tboy bad courago and a clearly defined pol icy, have read Mr. Conkling out. , Having with them Iho not unwilling support ol tho democrats, and hav ing tbe aduilulstrutiuu on tboir side, tbey might, even It thoy bad numbered uo more than livo or six, have determined to stand boldly and firmly togutber, bavo Isolated themselves tbo true republicans, aud there is not the least doubt that oue or two victorlos gained with democriitlo help would bnvo brought them such republican accessions us would bavo made them and Ibe Presideut with thorn securely masters ol tbe sit uation and would have compelled Senators Conkling and Rutuunds either to give up tho UiJhl or to make It under circumsiuucus which would tuako their doloat Inevitable. There has boen no time beloro tbe present wook when a majority ol tbe Senate republicaus were not ready tolnllow a bold and deolded lead on tho admin istration side. This is but uaturai. It Is uot a pleus ant thing for tbe general run ot Senators to oppose their own administration, especially lu Its Qrst year. They give up a good many ol tbe comforts of lite when tbey do so. All the considerations most dear to them lead them to iriondshlp with the White House. But such men are uot bold. Tbey need a leader, and tho adailuistratlon has not bad otio. Tho opposition, ou the contrary, has bad two, both vory determined, very sufuciou* au I sk111ii 1, and made bold by the necessity ol wiu Ding. Senators Coukling and Kdmunds bavo by the exhAittou ol lorce of cbuructor drawn to thorn all too waverers, and have cowed tbo few whose onposltlou they had at Qrst to tear. '1 bat ib the situation to-nlsht. If Mr. Coukling does not blunder be Is master of the situation, at loast lor a time, and until otbor, and what Senator l.atuar last summer called " real," questions come up to divide parlioi. For tbe presout, burring blunders and toi'tidcnis, Mr. Conkling has cousoltdaiod the republi can party, has combined It against tho l'residout, and bus put himself at us bead. He ought to account himself among the fortunate generals, lor ho will huve won at least as much by Ibe timidity of bis opponents as by his own skill and persistence, both ol which bave been great. Tbo Urst Iruits of bis victory came Into Ms bauds today. He summoned a meeting ol the .Committee on Coinmerco, 01 which he is chairman, and which has beloro it not only tbo Now York nosa luatlons, but the consulates others, and the 1 democratic mtmbers found U convenient to bo absent. They were probsbly bargaining tor their Tbsnks giving turkey*; but at any rale they left Mr. Conklmg to deal with tbo republican* ot the committee, of whom Mr. Burnside la believed to be the sole aUniim istrauon man. It la, or courss, needles* to gay that if the rore. going account ot the political aiiuaiion la the Senate la correct the anti-admin latration leaders have noth ing to fear from the republican! In the House. The President bus but a very lnsigniflcint party there. The majority of the republican Representativea will ardently welcome Mr. Conkliug, or In fact anybody elae oppoaod to the President aa their leader. With moat ot them it la "anybody to beat Hayes." DOINGS IN THB BEN A rt. The Senate to-day apent several hour* in a iquabble over the motion to recommit Kellogg and determined nothing. Mr. Hill repeatod bis speech of yesterday, somewhat diluting it, and Mr. ConkUng made what WUS generally conceded to be a brilliant effort in his characteristic style. Several democratic Senators re marked that they had never heard him when he waa at hla beat until to-day, and openly confessed tnair admiration, while, of coarse, totally dissenting from his argument. GENERAL WASHINGTON DESPATCHES. Washimuyox, Nov. 29, 1877. A REPUBLICAN SENATORIAL CAUCUS?THE CON TESTED SKATS. The republican Senators held a caucus to-day, which waa attended by all the members now In the oily except Mr. Patterson. Ii whs unanimously ugrued that the Kellogg case should bo pressed to a final vote by a continuous session If necessary, although there leemed to be no objection to delerriug the commencement of such continuous session until to-morrow in the event ol the domocrsta moving an early adjournment to-day. It wan also decided that immediately alter the Kellogg case Is disposed of iho llutler caao should be taken up lor dual action. Tbo expressions in tbo caucus indiculed almost conclu sively that the republicans will vole solidly lor tho admission ol Mr. Kellogg. Mr. Conovor lo-day ex plicitly stated that be Intuuds to vote fur seating Mr, Kellovg, and that ho will oontlnuo to ant with the other republicans in resisting all attempta to post pone tho pending case. Mil. KLLLQGG OBJECTS. The following loiter baa been addressed to Senator Wadloigli by Ex-Governor Kellogg:? m ? ? WiMiMonw, H. 0., Nov. 20, 1877. To Hon. Hai.xhkidus ?V adlsiuu :? Mr Deak sir?1 read In tnu HecorU of this morning the louowiug extract Irom the speoch ol Senator Hill:?"I will tell the Senate irankly what occurred boiore ihe committee on ibis very point. I said to tbo committee:?'1 will tell tho committee irui,kly whut Judge .Spoilord lias told mo. Hu says ho has re cently loitrned that Governor Kellogg cume in by a side door and insisted upon their (tbo Returning Hoard) receiving certain illegal ulliduvits thut wore mudo up in New Orleaus by his order, aud he (Judue Spolforu) will provo thai Governor Kellogg biuisoll came into tho room alone and insisted on their re ceiving these illegal affidavits. I do not know how lur this is true nor how far it is not true, but it i were a Irionu of Governor Kellogg I should certainly msist upon tho testimony bmnii tuken. 1 think it Involves his character very seriously, and it lie has dono all this in view of llxing up a Legislature to have bint elected to the Senato ha la not worthy ol a soai in the Senate." I cannot but think that Senator Hill Is mis taken in attributing this statement to Judge Spofiord. If, however, Judge Spoll'ord inu<lu auoii statement 1 pronouuee It absolutely untrue in every rei-pect. Tho action ol the Returning Hoard and ipy relations with It were more or Iota the subject ol a searching investi gation by tbo different Oongressioual committees. The Returning Board, and I believe nil the clerks and at taches of the Returning Board, testified belore those comtnlileos. No such luct was over elicited. No such statement, so far as 1 know, hus ever neioro beeu made; and 1 assert that 111? lippossiblo to procure ?. shred of reputable testimony to substantiate it, I In conjunction with other Presidential electors, tqudo a protest against the counting oi certain polls in dil loretit purls of the State, lhis protest is on record und speaks for ItseR Any statement that I partici pated in or intorlered with the deliberations or action ol tho Returning Board is uutrue. Very respectfully WILLIAM PITT KELLOGG. * DEMOCRATIC SENATORS IN CAUCUS. Tho domocrailo Senators also held a caucus this morning. Thogeuerul sentiment seemed to favor an early adjournment of tho Senato to-duy, but no action was taken. MEXiCO ANXIOUS ?OB FRIENDLY RELATIONS. Sefior Zamuoona, the agent ot tho Diaz government, arrived here to-day. Tho object ot his visit la to im part correot Information concerning the condition of Moxico, Ho says bo is not astonished at tho ap parent indifference of the poople ot this country con cerning hla own in relation to oommeroe. Uy the propor means in America manufacturers of cotton goods, agricultural implements, ko., could snper sede Great Britain and other foreign countries almost entirely at oheaper rales, while Moxico could send to tbo United States many desirable products which are not now imported Into this Irom that Republic; henoo great advantages would roault to both ol them. Ho confirm* tho truth ol statements mode by others that Mexico is anxious to secure close and friendly relations with the United Slates, und mentions as one ot tho evidences ot this desire tbs recent sonding ot regular troops to tho Rio Grande border to lake the place of tbo Inelllcient local forccs, lor the purpose oi maintaining or.ler on tbo trontior in co-oporuiiou with tbo Uuitcd States troops. CHICKASAW REPRESENTATIVES IN WASHINGTON. Representatives ol lbs Chickasaw nation, consist ing ol Governor Overton, ?x<Chl*l Justice Brown,now Secretary ot BtaM of that nation; Judge Hotld, Auditor ol Public Accounts, and 11 C. Uurney, the National Troaaurer, are now In Washington, looking alter the interests ol their territory. NOMINATIONS CONFIRMED. The Sonate In executive session lo-day oonOrmed the lollowing nominations:? John L. Thomas, Jr., to bo Collectorof Customs at Baltimore, vice iViikius, su?poudeu: William Corkrun to be Naval Oil.cor at Baltimore: J. E. Montgomery oi New York, to bo Consul at Geneva. To bo Collectors ol inturnui Revonuo?Burt Van Horn, lor tho Twenty eighth district of A?w Vork, vice Hooker, suspended William S. Siuurt, tor the Second district ol Kentucky vico Johnson, removed. To be Receivers ot Puulic Moneys?Harrison Ko.'ley, at l'opeka. Kansas Edgar U. Sweet, at Collax, W. T.: m7 J. Salter' to bo Register ot tho Lund oillco m Independence' Kansas; H. B. Sheldon, to be Indian Agent at Round Valley, Gal. To be Postmasters? William 1L Plank at Wollesiey, Mass.; Robert A. Cowdeu, ul Gallon, Ohio Jobu T. Lyuch, ut Salt Lake City, Utah: Wosloy c! Snow, at Palatka, Pla. The Army. - Major Nathaniel Mlcblor to bo lleuton ant colonel ol engineers, vice Kuris, deceased- Cap laiu William J. Yenning to bo major of engineers, vice M icbler, promoted; Major John Cumpbell to be sur geon, with rank ol liouleuaul colonel, vice Edwards deceased; Captuin Joun Williams to bo major, vice Campbo.l, promoted. Juvan HARLAN AND THE SUPREME BENC1L In the executive session of tho Senate to-day tbo nomination ol John M. Harlau to bo Associate Justico of the Supreaip Court, which was recently reported lavorably by the Judloiary Commiltoo, was called up lor action and was conUrmod, but subsequently a mo tion to reconsider was outorod and this motion was loll pending ut iho adjournment ol tbo Senate; coiiso quoutly llual action concerning ino nomination lias yet to be lakeu. Thore Is good authority for stating, however, that tho number of Senators opposed to tbo appointment Is small and that dual lavorable action upon it will shortly bo voted by a largo majority. THANKSGIVING at m.he capital. Willi tbs exception ol tbo session ol the Sonate Thanksgiving Hay wus generally ooserved in this city. Nearly ail private business wus suspended and the pubno departments were closed. Thore wero aorvices in many ol the churches suited to the occasion. THE SENATOAUAL DEBATE. Wasiiinutox, Nov. t'j, 1877. Immediately after iho roadiug ol the Journal of yosierdnv's proceodlngs Mr. Doraxt, (rep.) ot Ark., inquired II somo little time could bo givou to the con sideration ol morning business. Thoso contcated cases bad occupied the Senato tor several days past to tho oxclusiou ol ail morning busiuess. Tbo Vies 1'kksiokmt replied that the resolution for the admissiou ol Mr. Kellogg reported by th? Commit lee on Privilege* and Elections waa a privileged ques tion, and could only be laid aside by unanimous concent. Mr. SAHoxxr, (rep.) ot Cat, aakod unanimous con sent to consider the Houso Joint resolution in rogard to the Paris Exposition of 1878, and said It could be disposod ol In lifteen minutes. Jir. Wuvtb, (dein.) ol Md., and others, objected, and Iho Senate rosuined consideration ol the resolu tion lor the admission of William Pill Kollogg as Senator from Louisiana for six years Iroin March 4, 1877, the pending question being on the amendment ot Mr. Saulsbury, ol Uelawaro, to recommit ths whole subject to tho CommitlM on Privileges aud Elections, with Instruct dons to take testimony op on certain chart** of com* pllcl'y of Governor Kellogg wHb the Returning Board In fraud* lor tbe purpose ol having blinielt elccted to the Senate. DUXAND TO BAVI KILLOOO INVE9TIOATKH. Mr. 11 ill, idem.) ol Ga., (aid be reaffirmed hero to day tbat every act done, every resolution passed by tho Committee on Privileges and Elections during tbe piM Ave week* bad In new but one single purpose, aud mat was to ascertain the distinct points upon wmch lesiimouy should be taken. Judge Spoflord gavo notice tbat tbe testimony heretolore taken did not cover all tbe points be desired to bave shown, and there were five additional subjects upon wblcb be wanted testimony taken. Be bad witnesses ready to develop new tacts never bolore developed. They es tablished conclusively that Governor Kellogg was in complicity with me Koturuiog Board lu lraud*?one of me promoters ol these frauds to elect bun to ibe United States Sennte. What be (Mr. Bill) complained o! was tue rclusal ol tbe Committee on Privileges aud Kiecuons to take tostlmouy on these subjects. Was it right. wm It proper, wus it dooeut, to say tbat testimony offured to sbow tbat Kellogg hlmsell was peisonally guilty ol the triuds charged sbould uot be taken 1 fbe quesilou came back to tbe Senate. Would It bave uu Investigation or uotf Tne Commit tee ou Privileges aud Kleotioua bad aever passed a single resolution to bring beiore tbeni a witnoH or a paper Irom Louisiana. He argued that Hie testimony In regard to Louisiana already taken stencbed tbe whole earth, but be affirmed that tbe bull bad not been told. Be affirmed that tbe chief agent, the cu.ei con spirator, tbe chlel actor In those irauds waa now lor the Orst time before the country and stood here to day asking admission to this Senate. He then re lerred to frauds In Louisiana in regard to the elec toral vote and said It waa gratifying to koow that tbe gentleman who tlnally oaiuu into iho office of Presi dent had no complicity in those lruuds. So man would dare stand up and say Mr. llayei hud any com. pllcity in them. Would this Senate admit Kobogg to a seat with witnesses standing at tbe door affirming tbat they knew lacta about him wbicli bad never bean told? Would iho Senate make ttsell a party to all these Keturnlug Hoard Irauds by relosing to take testimony 10 show the complicity of Kellogg in them ? What excuse could ue given to lb a country lor saying that no Investigation in rogurd to Kellogg should be inadcV Be (Mr. Bill) would uot bo lievo mat this Senate was so lar given up to party bervico. The oharacter of the Senate whs luvolved. To admit Kellogg would be a crime against popular government and bring a blush ol shamo totbocueek ol every lover ol popular government In the world. Mr. Wadlkiuh, (rep.) ol N. B., saul tbe Senator Iroiu Georgiu (llr. Hill) In bis zeal baa ugaiu gone bovoud the record and gone beyoud what Judge Spotlord himsell alleged beiore the committee. Mr. Hill nero interrupted Mr. Waultdtb and asked If he might ask a question. Mr. Waoi.*ioii dioiiued to yiold, and said he pro posed to go ou wlih his argumoul without being Inter rupted. Continuing, be said Ibis delay to lake testi mony was asked lor simply to get otner cases ahead of Ibe Kellotfg case. Governor Kellogg bad oomplaiued ' beiore the Keturnlug Board ol oorluin illegal returns. The Board had considered Ills complaints, wbicn ha bad Iho right to make aa ouo ol the candidates lor Presidential elector aud issued uerulicuios to sued nisu ac they thought eutltled to thorn. W hat was there lu this to Justify the senate lu delayiug this case aud put the country to iho expeubo ol an investigation? AN ATTACK INlOJi INDIANA. Mr.4 McDonald, (delii.) ol lud., said the Louisiana reporf made by tne couini'tlee, ol which Senator Sherman was chairman, disclosed the luct that tne Louisiuna Ueturuiug Board held three kinds ol aes sloua. Pirst, the open session, in which no returns woro produced or examined. The next kind of session was what tbey callod un executlvo session, from which ail parties woro excluded, except the vis-Hug committee*. At these sessions the returns were examined, and thon they had au otbor session culled a secret session, Irom which all partios were excludod; but Judge Spoflord oflered to prove that Kellogg was admitted to these secret ses sions and certain illegal and iruuduleut acts wero done lu such fcosatous, such as throwing out parish returns to eilect tbe geueral result. The testimony olTorod by Judge Spoflord was to lift the veil Iroui ilie*e secret ausbious and sbow what trausuirod therein; Wbeu tilt proof shodld bo mado It would reach some mou who had uot been much uamod 111 this conneetlon yei. Tbe prool could bo niude, aud be spoke wltlt knowl edge when ho said It could. It was lor the Senate to say it this luvostigatlou sbould be made as u commit tee had relused to make lu 11 iho oeuators ou the other sitio ol tbe obumoer woro alrald ol this investi gation let tbem vote down tbe aiv.endmeut ol the senator from Delaware. A PU8ZLINO CONUSDRCM. Mr. Conkling, (rep.) ol N. Y., said ho would like to know whether this retusal ol the coiumitteo to slop the wheels ol business lor this Investigation waa made beiore or aftor the high sounding declarations tu the Senate a lew daya ago about tbe committee on Privileges aud Elections having delayed and neglected Its duties?all tuitl talk about the Importance ol Iho case detuaudlug immediate action, about a bovoioigu State being kept lu waiting. Bo would like to know whether tnis iclusai waa beiore or alior these charges ol deluy ou ibe part ol certain Senators. Mr. Bill, ol Georgia, arose to roply. Mr. Conkling?1 am apeakiug to my friond Irom New Hampshire, Mr. Presideul. (Laughter.) Mr. Wadlbioii replied tbat tbe relusai of the com mittee to go Into tne investigation was after tno com plaint that the commlllee bad delayed Mr. Conkling, resuming, said be affirmed that a democratic Senator?more tbau one?arraigned the Committee on Privileges and Elections because or its delay. Thoy counted up ibe days tbat elups?id at the lust hosalon ol the Senate. Tuey counted up the vacation, and charged' upon tbe committee neglect, tardiness, shortcoming, lie would sialo lurtbor, a democratic Souator had Insisted that the credentials ol Mr. bpollord sbould not be referred to tbo com mittee, tbat tbo facts wero all llxed. Bo alleged lur tlier that it was salu by a distinguished member of tbo Senate that the ouse ol Judge Spollord was as clear us II Mr. Kellogg bad died aud the Son ale bud attended his luueral; tbat events bud taken pluce in Louisiana of which the country was aware aud ol wnioh the Senate must take Judicial notice; that these eventa determined beyond inquiry tbo Kellogg-spollord cape. Tbe Seuate heard yester day a stalemeul of what tbe country ibould know. Bad he (Mr. Coukliug) uotniuaud ol what tbo country ahoul'i know hu would call aitoutlou to the fact mat tbe tamo party lu the Senato which awoke the echoes ol the Chamber with tbe charge that tno Committee on Privt.ogea and Klectious bad dcluyei'. now, whou the opportunity was presented upon a report to stand up fulrly lor a count of the Seuate, whetbor ouo or tbe other of iho men waa entliied to a seat, oriod out lor delay ; that the Com mlllee on PrlVliega* and Eloctious should become a police court aud go to iho Gulf lor wilnossea to s<c< r tain l.icu loncbiug the character of ouo ol tbo olaiui* lints. A few uignts ago a proinineut Senator was hoard declaring to the Senate about it bolug a matter of small importance to Inquire whether a claimant to a seat in the Senato had, or had not, been privy to a murder to secure bis electiou. Thoro hud boon some thing said about such a charge ugamst a gentleman. Uelerrlng to tbe action of Ibe Committee ou Privi leges and Elections, hu said:?I no committee bud iho Kellogg case ou trial /Irst, and therefore the other cases should succeed thul, but now another case hud been wrenched from the commilloo by main lorce, and by Ibe power ol numbers been brought to tear, to dislocate, and rend the rules ol the Seuate, and Sena tors uroso iu their plucoi* to luslsl that ibe Kellogg case, llio (list cuso taken up by the commltloe, shouid have hoen Kepi lb the committee liuug up whlie pro cess went Irom the capital to theWull to bring wit nesses uore to testily us to iho porsoual character ol one ol the contestant*. whsiik's littlkhbld? Mr. WAuLkiaii, of New Hampshire, quoted from the lesiimouy laaou in Louisiana in regard io the acts ol one '?Llttlelield," when Mr. Dawkh, ol Mausocbuseua, inquired if the Senator know what had become ot Littlelleld f Mr. McDonald, ol Indiana?I bolievo be has gone back to Massachusetts. (Laughter.) Mr. Dawkb?Yes. Tbo democrats expected to carry Massachusetts tins fall and sent him more. 11A Mill'KG BVTLKIt DKAUOKD IN AGAIN. Mr. Gordon, (<lom.) of La., said he wished to lay a few words in reply to tno remarkable utterance- ol tne Senator Irom New York (Mr. Conkling), not with any view of convincing thai senator, but to immortal ize his position, which, to say lbs least of it, was very uuique lu inconsistency. ibe Senator bad seen lit to Indulge lu a tirade ol abase of a claimant for tne seat from South Carolina. Be bad denounced tbe demo cratic sldo ot tno chamber because Senators ou that side desired to inquire into the complicity of one ol the claimants Irom Louisiana In Ueluraiug Hoard frauds. Mr. Gordon then read Irom the speech ol Mr. Conkling, del.vered In tbe Souato a low cays ago, as to tbe charge ol complicity In the Batnburg riol agalusl M. G. iiutler claiming a seal Irom Sotilb Caro lina, winch should keep him out of the Senato. Mr. Conk lino said ho would bo very sorry to do auvlhlng io interfere with lliu plan ol the Senator's gpeecb, which ho saw was going to be a Hue ouo, hut nowhere in Ins romnrks ol th? other day did lie (Mr. Coukling) say anything touobiug bis own couvic lion ol the guilt or innocouce ot tho contest ants irom South Carollni. Be simply stated a hypotheticil ciise. but disclaimed having said ol either ol those contestants thai one was Iree Irom all blaino and tbe oilier guilty; howover, it was said Uiut rhet oric did not boar an examination by the rules ol aritu msila Mr. Gordon?And nolhiug Illustrate* the truth of the Senator's position so much as his own rhetoric. (Laughter.) Continuing his rornarks Mr. Gordon dofenaed Mr. Butler from any complicity In tho Hamburg massacre, lie alluded to Ibe testimony ol one ' Doo." Adams, a witness holoro the committee wh.ch made the invcstl u'Uion into South Carolina alTalfs, and said II had been quoted in the Senato to connect Mr. duller with the Hamburg riot. Tno Senator from Now York (Mr. Conkling) in alluding to this witness characterized him aa tne born loader ol men. Tnat Senator had de. clared he did not exprccs any opinion as to the guilt or inuoceuco ol Mr. Duller, but uli who suw his man ner could not fall io understand his motive*. Bo then read Irom tbo Uecnrti Mr. Coukling'* remarks ol a recent dale lu regard to tbo witness, Doc. Adams, being a bom leudor ol mon, descended Irom the tiger humors ou the Gold Coaat ol AlMua, aud said, "There'* rhetoric lor you I" (Laughter.) Continuing hi* remark* Mr. Cordon said:?In the eourso ol the mveatigalion in South Carolina wit nesses were called to learu Irom tbeui something about this horn leader ol men. He llien quoted Irom the testimony where witnesses said they would not believe Doc Aduuis ou oatb, and that lie was a loalor. Keaumtng hi* argument, be said:?In South Carolina, from Ibe cotsallou of hoillliltcs to this lime Mr. Butler had boen recognized by mnn of boih racea a* the conservator ol peace iu that State. Mr. K dm in da, (rep.) ol Vw, asked the Senator (Mr. Gordon) to yield to him, as ho doairod at Ibis point to read a*lat4iiiO?tin regard to Mr. Butlor, Mr. Gordon declined ?o yield, aud a*td he knew how bard It was lor inch to hear llio truth so mot I rue-. Mr. Edmunds? I see my Iriend feols that. (Laughter.) llUTLan "A (LKJI4J. '' Mr. Gorpon, continuing, spoke ol Mr. Butlor a* a gontlemau whose repututiou waa equal to tbat of any Senator on this floor. He might not be s born leader ol rueu, but tie w?< not * leader ol loafers aua of liars an Doc. Adam* nan. Though i.o was out a burn Icatlar ol men be ibe descendant oT those whom history characterized as leaders of inenl In his velus mingled the blood of Francis Ma rion and Hazard l'erry. whoso noble deeds emblazoned the walls oT the Lapiiol How was it tbit Senators bad forgotten another riot lu South Carolina which oc curred at Caluboy, where no colored iduii, but fifteen white men werr wounded, niue of whom d.ed f Mr. 1'attbhson, (rep.) ol 8. C., said the Sen ilor wm In error. Elgni white uiun aud two colored men were killed in that riot. Mr. Uokoom, resuming, spoke of the uae of the army m south Carolina, and said it ?us Idle to talk about the wiiltes intimidating tue black*. Ue had beard of such Intimidation before. Ireland bud intimidated Knglaud; the giant oak in the lorest had Intimidated the descending boll, aud Poiupoli bad intlmidatod the bubbling, boi.ing crater Irom Vesuvius. Mr. hum m>? reu-i from letsliaiouy takon by the Ku Kluxcommittee lu 18? 1, to 'ho ctl'eci that Mr. Duller said that .so long as they did not touch bis house they might about aud kill us much us they pieuaed. Mr. Pattkusox, ol South Carolina, said, wbiio tho writ o! habeas corpus was suspended In nine couullus In South Caroliuu ou accouct ol Ku Klux outrages it was not tuspeudod in Kdgellold county, lu that ?ounly an attoinpt wus tnado to get up Ku Klnx raids uga.na; the colored people, and the man who put it dowu and ?aia "you shall not make these raids" was bis mend, M. C. Butler. (Applause in the galleries.) The Vies Frksiuknt gavu notice that on a repetition of thla olfeuce lie would promptly ordur tue gullurie* to be cloureu. Mr. Pattkkson, resuming, said there bad never been a muruur in Kdgotieid county for political pur poses. Mr. Davis, (dom.j of W. Va.?Does General Butler live In Edgefield? Mr. 1*ati huauK?Ho doos. A CH AH ACTKK FOR "UOC. " A DAMN. Mr. Caukkoji, (rep.) ol Wis., a me in bur ol the corn nmioo winch investigated South Curoliuu ullairs, said there wore witnesses who swore they would uol bo; lleve "Doc. " Adams under oath aud other witnesses who Hworo his repuvutiou wait gouu. He uud boon on Investigating committees several times, and he ob served that the doiuocrats luvarlably attempted to break down a republican witness by impeaching his charaoter lor trulli. The Senator Iroiu South Carolina (Mr. Patterson I did not know much ubout thn geogra phy ol South Carolina or wtiere the r.ots occurred, aa ho had been absent irom the Slate somo lime. Mr. Pattmisos? I have iioeii there biuco you have. Mr. Caumkon?Well, you old not amy long. Mr. I'ATritKso*?My Irioud Irom Missouri knows more about .South Carolina than 1 do, a^ he was mere lour or live wooks, uud 1 have been ihere aiuo jeara. Mr. Mkiiiumus, (dem.) ol N. C., a mem but ol iho committee whicu visuud South Curoliuu, buul he did not believe "Doc." Adams wan omltleil to beliel, us Ue wan a low, brutui fellow. llo quoted ut leugih Irom me lesiiuiouv lo show thai tlio blacks were not in timidated In tbul Slate. Mr. Sakokxt, of California, said the Impression pre vailed throughout tho country thui the cluiiuaut Uut lor wus clected to the Senate lor services rendered tlio democratic parly at Hamburg, ami it did ni>t u fleet iho cuao at all wbetucr "Doc.*' Adams lied or nou lie quoted lit length iroin iho testimony taken in South Caroliua aim ulao I'roiu u speech delivered iu the llousu ol Representatives u low years ago by Mr. Luinar, ol Mississippi, denouncing tho Hamburg riot us barbarous*. Mr. I.amak, (doin.) of Miss., said there was not one word iu that speech Inculpating Genera! lluilcr iu thai trouble. Mr. Sakohmt said ol course not, bat it had been denounced as barbarous, aud the testimony snowed General Butler's conuoctioii with the allu r. no quoted Iroiu an uddress ol colored ciiikuus ol South Carolina iu regard lo ilioir political siiuui.ou, aud du clurlug that General Butler was tho instigator und executor of tbe Hamburg trouble, aud said he was not lucllned to Ocseri the colored people now, because they had lower Ir.euds lu power ihau a year or two ago. Mr. HAUUsiiUKr, (uem.) of Del., said ns tho debate on his motion lo rocommit the Kailogg case to the Com mittee ou Privileges uud Elections progressed Sena tors ou tbe other side suw the ugly position in wuicb their puriy was being pluced, uud tiierulore Ibo Sena tor from Now YorIC (Mr. Coukllug) sought lo change tue subject by relerring lu tho Souih Carolina cuso uud thus divertlug tho ittteutlon ol tlio Senate Iroiu tho true question. He spoke In lavor ol rooommiitiug the matter, but before concluding his remarks y telded lo Mr. Con over, of Florida, upon whose motion the ISonuie weut into executive se.-sion, and wiicu tlio doors were reopened, al twenty miuuius to flvo o'clock P. M., aujourned until lo-inorrow. NAVAL INTELLIGENCE. THE HABTJORD AT 1UNCHAL?LACK Or ETI QUETTE SHOWS BY AN ENGLISH COM" MANXJEH?AMKitlCAN OFVIGEBB AX THE GOV EBNOB's OFFICIAL residence. Wasuinutok, Nov. 2B, 1877. Commander Nichols, of the lligKtiip Hurilord, re ports to tno Navy Department, Iroiu Fuuchul, Ma deira, on tho Uth Inst., uf his arrival thero oil tho 4th. llo further reports:?"Ou louvlng Norlolk on the 13th ult. we procoedod to soa, and, fluding the wind vory light, continued steaming toriy-oight hours, at tho oud ol wtiich time wo dlscouiluuod steaming and made sail to a light broezo to the northwest. Tho breezo soon Ireshoued to a galo and we huuled lo tho north with a hoavy, irregular sea, in which the ship Strained considerably and was very uncomfortable. F'uvoraLde winds brought us wllhlu 300 miles of the island ou tho lllteenih day aut, but from this point wo encountered light winds anil calms. Ob tho 3d lust., being about sixty miles Irom our port of destination, auil Willi very light airs aheud, 1 ordered stouiu aud oame lo au anchorage ou tue 4th tn?U Wo louud at anchor ibe Kugtisb sloop ol war Sirin.', which had arrived tllteou minutes belore us. Soon alter anchor ing inu Sirius saluiod by broad pennant, with eleven guus, which salute wus duly returned. Alter 1 hud saluted the flag of Portugal and rui eivod a return au oflker cume on board Irom the Sinus with tno compli ments of tno captain and tho u>uuf oiler ol services. '1 his visit was acknowledged aud returned tbe next day, the 5th, und on tho niuruiux of the Olb the Sinus wont to sea, her commanding ollloer baying lulled to call I* person or solid au excuse, as etiquette required. On tbe moruiug ol ibo oib iu?L, in uccordaucu with previous urrangeineuis, 1 cul.oii, accompanied by my j>or oual stall', upon tho acting Uovoruor uud inililury coiuinunduut. On tho Dili liisl. these ollictals returned uiy call, and wero received witii all ibe nwnors due tneir position, uud, upon leuviug, u ouluie ol soveuteen guua was flrod, with tlio Fortuguuho Hag at llio lore, winch saiaie was duly returned. Mr. Kood. tho newly appoiuted United slates Consul, arrived a lew hours lu advunce ol the tlartlord. He was received on board and duly s?luled. 1 am happy lo suy that lUu relunons existing between tho ofllciuUol thn inland and our own are Iriendly. "Haying tilled up with coal, 1 shall leave bore on th? lMtb Inst tor Bra/il. A steamer from ltio Juneiro arrived on the tith inst., eighteen nays irom Iliat port, bringing tho lulormaiioii tbui tho yellow fever was prevalent there. As ut tills reason tho dIHeaso Is likely to bo epidemic, it is my intention lo communi cate only with Rio; und, in c ihu the lever is at ill prevalent and thoro is uo utgehi reason lor going luio port, sliuil procood ou lo -Si. Culliariues und iho Rivor do la Plata." Tbe health of the clUcsrs aud orew ol the Hart lord is good. Tho sick list is small, with uo sarioua cases. The Enterprise, Commander Ceorge C. Homey, sailed yesterday Irom Port Royal for Koy West. TUB FlSlIEliY AW AUD. BIB A. T. GALT DECLINES THE COMPLIMENT OF A DXNNKll. Mo.mukal, Nov. 20, 1377. Sir Alexander T. Gait declines the dinner (endured bim by tho cltizcns. lu his r.'ply lie says: ? "Hut while 1 lully appreciate tbe grounds upon which you uunsider (bo subject ol tbe luio commission as capable of being separated Iroui tho actual results of the commission, still 1 cannot but leul that, having acted iu a Judicial capacity, it would uot become me to accopt any kludncss which might by possibility be supposed by otiiors to be based upon tbe cireuinstance thai the award was salisluclory lo tho country, 1 am delighted tdkuowth.it it Is the general opinion that Ibe lutcrcsls ol Cau tda have been houoiuoiy main tained b'-loro the Halifax Commission, and 1 heartily bear testimony to tlio ability and fidelity ol those gen tlemen who were more immediately charged with ihe conduct ol tho Briilnh case. For mysell, 1 urn ox tn uieiy grateful lor the houor you buvo proposed to do uic, but my conviction is thai the public interest will bu best servod by the great personal sacrifice wi.ich 1 uudoubledly make In declining." The letior Inviting Sir Alexander Ga't was signed by Sir Praneis Htncks, tbe Hon. Peior Mucholl and C. A. Prentice. MONTREAL FAILUUE8. Montkrau, Nov. i!9, 1R77. Mossrs. II. Ives k Co., bardwaro merchants, made an assignment to-day. Their liabilities are about fa&0,U<)0. They only ask time. Ibo Buuk ol Moil trool is the largest creditor, and oilers to give ail tuo necessary uccomtnodallou aud allow tho busino.-s to go ou aa usual. Messrs. Ssvignsc .t Pepin, sash and door manufic lurers, are iu lluunclal d.lliculiios. l'liolr liabilities are supposed to bo ueavy. HAllD^ABE FA1LUEE. Mkmpiiis, Tenn., Nov. '^9, 1877. White, LongstalT h Co., hardware dealers, who made an assignment some months ago, havo been adjudged bankrupts on their own petition. Tholr lia bilities are $14U,(KIU; usseU uol given. ATTEMPT TO MUltDEit A WOMAN. Noktii Troy, Vk, Nov. 20, 13J7. Last night nn nttempt was made lo murder Mr*. Christopher Purmoot, who resides n?of this village. A shot was flrod through the window of her bedroom from tho outside, which lodged in the headboard of tbe bed in wbicn she was sleeping. Some wadding also tell on the bod. Owing to durkuess too would-be assassin "souped. Till CilENCI GONFLICI. Obstacles to Immediate Resumption and Dangers of the Eil'ort. A PARALLEL IK BRITISH BISTORT. General Garfield's Recent Speech Sharply Criticised. la tbe formot a letter to Hon. William D. Keltey on tlie national currency and resumption Mr. J. W. Schuckers prims an elaborate review ot Mr. Garfield's speech delivered In the House ol Representative* no the I7tb lust. Ho lays:? My old Irtend, General Garfield, Id the course ol hia spn.cb ou the 17tb lust., in reply to your* of tno 10th, took amy MOD to VOW allegation mat Peel's bill of 1819 lor resumption of specie payments In Ureut Hriluln had produced the tremendous evil* and dis treason suffered by thu people of that Kingdom during |> tho resumption period, and said bo appealed to every writer ol acknowledged roputatiou in England tor the trutti ol his positiou. llo cited resolve* ol the House ol Oominoua in 1821 that Peel's bill wu* nut tho caus>; ol tlio distress, and in 1 that Peel's bill ought uot to be repealed, the vole lu tho former yo.ir being HI t<> 27, und in the latter 1V2 to 3U Ho alleged tbc UritUli House ol Commons to be ay "sensitive an index of public opin ion as England knows," und that the House ol Com mons, lu 1821 and 18-2, "must bo assumed to havo knewu something of tbo eouditiou ol England," and, moreover, tbul their resolve* were passed aller tho Illustrious knigbta ol English llnance had vanquished tlie lvelleys uud Kwmgs "ol the period. " Ho usked what Americuu could take pride In quoting Sir Archi bald Alison, an ultru lory, whose hatred ol republi can institutions whs conspicuously deep uud strong, aud commended .Miss Muruneau's account ol ilio ni sumption pt riod, and tho account givon by Mr. iooko in bta "'History ol Paces." IIISTottY UP 11 It iris II UKMl'Ml'llO.N. General Garlleid is particularly infelicitous In IiIb nupeal to EugiicTl history, a* u hriel statement ol the fuels will snow. l.ord Liverpool becume Prime Min I ltiler lu 1812, und continued ut tho heudof the govern, uienl until 1827, so tbut the whciu resumption con troversy arise* under his administration. .Vol long alter the but lie of Waiorloo?so soon, Indeed, na it whs known that the rolgu ol Napoleon was Dually ut an end?ibe ugiluiion lor a return to specie payments begun. Ureal Bnlulu was at that time ulllicled, us America la uow, witu wi.al Kduiuud liurku culls the ?'most dangerous class in liio Siuie?un ox tensive, discouteuted moneyed lntoicst"?und a lurge supply of political economists, who were ilso rest less und dlsconteuted lor the ap plication ol tbeir principles. It was of IhU : laltor cluss that Frederick the Great said that If he wisued lo puuisb a roiraciory Province he would cer tainly set odd ol theiu over it us its ruler! Lord Liver pool was a irieud ol tho metallic system from hered lury attachment?according to Sir John Sinclair? to the doctrines his lather had taught In hi* "Essay on Coin." Mr. Huakissou was also in lavor ol liio re turn to specie paymonts, und no luembor ol the Ministry lell any especial Interest iu tho paper sys tem, although Lord Liverpool, in hiB speech on Peel's bill, tt<lmilled thai "the coinnierci.il world would always he ugutnai the return." He said In the sumo speech thul ''there could be no doubt ol I he advimtagi s winch tlie paper system hud produced during the war. It hid enabled the country lo muko elloris to which us uieuus could not otherwiso have be- n equal. And he readily admitted that In peace also Ibe system allorded facilities lo commerce wbicn it would not otherwise enjoy." Hui, udhorlug to the doctrines of his lutlivr?who, oy the way, according to Lord AshOurlou, prelerrvd gold to silver as the moiietary uinnuard, "lor a very loollsn reason," winch was '?tbut the richest country in the world should Iiuve the costliest metal"?Lord Liverpool made the return u govern ment measure, and ll was put through the Common*, according io William Cobbeit, amid u paudcinonlum of excitement. tiik irricr or pk*i.'? act?uistrkbs. Tbe ellccis i I the ucl were instant. Miss Marttneau, to whose history Geuer.1l Gariieid commended public ultciillon, approvingly quotes Mr. Wyudlium Ward (who seconded tlie usual address to tho King at the openlug ol Parliament in 1818) as givlug a giuwmg picture of tlie condition ol tne country at Hint tlino. Wages wore good, employment was plentiful, Imports and expons had increased, Ibe revenue had Improved, uud coiilldence had returned among allclitssos?greatly disturbed, 1 may here rouiurk, by au unsuccessful ellort li roiuru to specie payments made in 1810. Charles Knight, In bis History or England, says of the same period, that the excellent condition of tbo country could nut fall lo wilhdruw Irnm the disaffected tho principal means of lomeutiug tho spirit of dis couleui. Tho pence and tranquillity ol tlie country, no tald, wuro restored. Hut witb the tlrst moasuie* tor resumption, iu Is 10, says Hubert Musliel (whose ucknowluiged reputation us a wntor on llnunce Gou ernl GarUold will uoi deny), tho prosperity ol the country seemed to vanish, uud ny tne middle of the year 1819 tbe condition of the kingdom wus ono of ex leus.ve turbulence and disorder, so grout thai the gov ernment wus already resorting to severe mouaurus lor the preservation ol the puolic peace. As you uliegod in your speech the Hack ot Eng land protested agnnsi Peel's bill?pindinu us ills custion in Parliament?with great und inipreseivo earnest new, us ulso did em tne nl bankers uud mer chants ol London and other elites. Every one ot the evils wbioti lebultert trom tbe operatiou of tbo bill were distinctly and explicitly foretold; but tbe bull iomsis said the trouble w*s tbul nature, bjr a sudd' n and, they ought to have added, Impudent, expansion ol her powers of production, hud entered the lists to ucluii the prophets ol ovil by herself tnaklug good their prophocl st It was certainly a inost sirniii/s, u most rare, a most wonderful und confounding circumstance and coincidence, ibe like ol wbicu. uniicuru ol bolore, bah never been heard of sinae?nil resumption besau ho re at homo. Yes; the pccple nl Great liruaiu hud at Hint tune so much to rai, to uriuk and lo weur, that thousands and leus ol thou sands ol them were suffering lor waul ol cloiliea uud shelter and lood, lor tho very reason tbat tnoy had produced loo much ol tbcinl Tho logic is purled, oi course, und characteristic. The r< ul truth Is, how ever, thul it was contraction ol tlie currency, necos Hury lo rebumptiou, thai during three years made tho Hritisb Islands u scene ol misery as dreadlul ns II hostile uruilos hud beleaguered tuelr shores on every Slue 1 ? TllR "HKXHITIVM ItlVKX." Mr. Sobuckcr<j analyse* tho composition of tbe house ot Commons ol 1821 In rolorence to Us repre sentation ol llritish public opinion, showing that out of u ponulutiou of 21,000,000 only 4UO.OOO voiod lor members, white tlie Duke ol Norlolk was represented liy cloven members. Lord Louadate by nine, Lord Lurlluglon by seveu?lony-ihrce members rcproaeut imi aix person*. 1 he House had (i?0 members, und ot 111 id number liio votes quoted by Mr. GarUold us indorsing Peel's bill were cast by only 108 member* qu ono occasion aud by 222 on tlie other. OPI.MO.NS OV WUITKKH. General Gardeld says again u.ai he appeals to every writer ol distinguished reputation in Euglaud to sus tain nitu thai the distresses were not occasioned by Peel*s act. General Gurtlcld asaurodly Will not deny the distinguished rcputal.ou ul Koberl Musliet, aud Mr. Musliol distinctly ascribed tbe sutlurings of tho period lo Ibe Kosumiiliou hill. Lord Liverpool bun sell said in IS'26 tbat the task of resloritur tnu specio hlaiidard had beeu a "herculean ouu," by which ho mcaul, if ho menul any thing ul uil, tbul tlie work had involved gruul dangers and hardships. General Garbeld will not deny that Sir James Granam wua a writer ol diflln. guisliud iepulalioL?-alterward a member ol Mr Hubert Peel's admiumlraUou? yet Sir James do. nouaced tne ucl with the utmost bltloruvss us be.ug llie cause ot Uio mtlcring. General Ourtleld will not duuy tlie dull .gu it lied repulutluu of J. It McCuiloch, who an id that tbo coniraclioii hud caused greuter misr.lilefs tlian the depreciation; the lorn.or extending through a period ol three years, and iho Paler through a period ol iwuiuy; in other words, more liian twenty ycurs of inischiel crowded into in roc 1 Geuerul Oarlluid wilt not deny tbe distin guished re! utailou of Lord uverttionc, who said mat the work ol resloriiiti >? dnioeoiuied paper cur rency is utw.iys lormldnble, an I Ibul Iho reKtoratlon ill 181W-23 bud produced exieusive privaio BUIlermg, dcTuiigemeui ol property, dl-iurhsuce iu the operations ol trade and injustice to exleusivo classes ol people. These were sh l.n?ll?h wiliers ul undoubtedly diHlinRUisned r. putatlon. Jeau llsptislo ^av, tho oniTucul t rench economist, closes a rev.rw ol the resumption period in Knglai d Ijy ileclariug that the privileged elates, the public funetlotiaries, the pensioners ol Ibo Stale and iuo luiid-noidurs prollled by the rosumpllou act, but ttial u had luid a burdcu upon Hie masses ol tbe people und upau industry thai *<> rtcn aud Indus trious a nation, aud ouu so admirably admin istered iu other reiprctfl, Otiuld ulono support. Daniel Webster had a distinguished repulallou. He said th .1 a coutracti"U ol the currency, even ll nol sudden, eon I rue is business, discourages enterprise and re strains tno commercial spirit. Ho sunl that sudden contraction ng ravaied tnr*o symptoms, and, apply ing III* principles, said that Peel's uM had lieun a ureal shock and a greal distress; Unit it had vi'iienlly deranged the re<atoins ol debtor and creditor through out the Kingdom. Mr. John Sherman is anotli r writer of uialinguished rejiutullon. He ami in bis speech iu the .-senate in ltov, mat II w.i* impossible to resume specie payments without tno sor- st dis tress. "loevtrjr person," lie said, "except a capitalist uut ot dobt, or a salaried otUo r, or ail iinuuiUnl, it Is a period ol loes, danger, lassitude uf trade, tall ol wages, suspension of unicrpriso, bankruptcy and disaster," und, ss emphatically us any Mian could, dcolarod that Peel's act had wrought in Ureal liruaiu tne sorest it s tress. Against these distinguished aud evuu great authorities General GarUold sets up two votos ol a slavish, ultra lory House ol Uommous, ene-tbird lull! the account ot Mr. Too He, whte.n is c<>n?picoou<ly un candid, and that ol Mirk Muriiueau?ol all liuuiau aul in,.ls most forlorn, a worn u atheist -whoso narration Is iinefu reiierutlon of Mr. looke's, wboee lollower she was. Heasou and auihority both Join iu ibe aasvr lion ihat l>iu Keaampli'JU act was the cause of the dis ires*. ? * ? * e ? WHAT KKrirMITluX KK(jt'!HK*. General DaiUuid nurses tne deluaiou that it Is possi ble to resume specie puy meats at the lime llxcd by the Resumption acl?that I* lo say, January 1, 1M7VA Ha? my old ftlund reflected utiou the vast tuaauitud* of this work of re?ampt!onf Let m? call hit stten tu>u to lw? or lhr?? (acta. Lust year tbe clearing house sxchaof** in UH^eo slims amounted to more Hi u. t&o.ooo.oOti oOo. these were exclusive of ton vast a^ro.a.u ol transact.oiis of Allien uo Wdort tl or chii i>e made Ttio whole annual ex cbauyes oi the country cannot t-e I?m? than $2.'iO,uOO.000,000. 01 which Ml this tiuio cot more than one per ceol proceed upon the gold bisis. Hut r sumption of specie payments means ma use of gold as the agent, oot ol one |ier cent of the whole stupendous fabric ol Americun tr.lllc, but of oue hundred per cent of it. It mean* itio actual physical presence e: gold, in great-r or lea* ample supply, in every city una every county io tbe country; In every bank. whether state bunk, private hank, sav> tugs bank or national hank, and in all tbe public treasuries, federal, Stale, and ti.uulcipui. It means Die extension ol goid .mo actual u?c ita a lund iuio winch not ouly all t..o circulation paper notes bo'0 ol me government aud tbe banks sro to bo convert' bio ui tbe will ol the boltiors?uiany of wboin will demand gold?but all tbo loans and deposit* ol the banks, and ill the debts of the rMatoa ar.d muni cipalities, ol nil the corporation* and ol a:i the peo ple; in a word, It menus tbo cxteiis'ou ol gold luto actual physic il use at the instrument ol exebaugo and measure ol value iu ull ttiu $250,000,000, U00 of ?x chaugss which annually take place anion* u* Of Ilia uature oi Una work ol extending iho u-e ol gold lot me give you an illustration. I'he report oi the Cotnp Iroller ol tbe Currency lor lt>78 snowed that there was at mat time in tbo whole country 'J OM national bank* I have analyzed the condition ol those buuks at that time (and there hit* been no upprcclublu chance since), an J see the result:?Three hundred and iorty-lbreo re ported themselves as having no specie at all; Li7 n,.4 lesn than $100 each ; 5JS had leas thun $000 each; 81-1 hail less man $1,000 each; iMU had less loan $5,out) each, and ol the whole number only '?U had over >00; of these (Hi had less than $lo,uoo e.en. bo you see that 071 national hank* had less man f.'i to m specie each ; and that 1,300 of them hud less than *l,ou,| each. But it by specie piyuiouts Is honestly meant a system ol payments in specie?not the coulldenca bailie played bv Mute banks upon mo people ol this country lor seventy years, under# pretence ol paying in specie?thou intoevury one of Iheso li.OK'j lu.-tjiu tious locuted lu tliirty-niuo States and Territories and as au absolute y essential preoarutiou for rosump tlon?must be druwn gold enough to ineot demand! nmouuiiui: to hundred- ol million* of dollars. Uencral Uarbeld must not deceive bin.fell an to the demand ti at will he made lor goid. He snowed lu his speech that the liank ol Frauce, in order to contract US piper .notUH $100,000,000, had pu-lted into the circulatlou *:120,000,000 oi gold ai:d silver; and. triumphantly says my old lrleud liarUeld, the liant ol Franco is wlthiu Uity days ol resumption. 1'ertiapd ho. U apparently did not occur to him that $--0,000,000 ol gold and silver were necessary to no injected into the circulation ol Franc?a country among whoo people and lu wlioso h.ink. other than the National Hank, there wits already $1,01>0,000,000 ol the precious metiils?it might posmnly no neco-sary to inject *'-00.0O0,0o0, or $.>00,(100,000 up $400,000,000 at least Into the American bank* ami among the people as a necessary pre liminary toward specie payments I Wh-u $'J^O,000,000 lure beeu "pushed" into our <-ir culation, and we havo a metallic r serve in our FVd. eral treasury and iu the banks nl $4ao,ooo,UuO o? $440,000,0o0, then we, too. may possibly bo 'within lllty days ol resumption. McmuUiiio the coudition of the nawouul banks is sulUcieutly lilustrativu ol tne extent ol tuo "(lushing" yet to'he done; uml nbout resumption t-von in France we shall proliaoly know more lu IWty days than we kuow row. Nor to iik i>o.\k is 'rniurBKK months. liuneral Uarlleld, like most rneu, couloituds two things that are wtdoir diU'erent. lie evidently sup poses that becausc tlie premium on gold has fallen t<> two aud a hall or throe per cent wo ure theroiore upon too vergo of resumption. This is a great fallacy. To destroy the premium on gold Is ono thin^, and might ue done without ino inierveutiou ol a sinele ouuca ol the uioiul; but to substituto gold into actual use us the mc.isure ol vulue und luslruuiuut of exchange IH quite another; to do this it ig manifui-t we must navo the real gold; for how can there be spccie payments Without specie to pay witu I And is It not even obviously tiuo that it Is after n o diHureiice between paper and gold disappears that Uio injection of gold into circulation must bc^'tu, 11 it i<o,'im at all t Nor tuui-l it uo supposed that the withdrawal of paper notes uud Iho sub?lltution ol gold will proceed jiuri jiattu?that is, th.it as a doilar ol paper is with drawn a uollur ol gold will step lu and lake its place tor it is not am We muU procure our golu by giving in cxchangu lor U, not our paper dollar, but the manned capital ol ibocouuiry. 11 wo could trade our paper dollars to Knglishmen nntl Frenchmen, or to tbo American gold uuoers for gold ones?dollar lor dol lar?we should suirer a good deal less hardship aud embarrassment lu the work ol resumption. It hap< pens, however, that the work involves two distiuct opeintiotis. Wo must got rid ol our paper by ou? process uud acquuo our gold by another. Thoro a only one way lu which the littler operation can b? ctlcoled. A void must lie created lu the monetary circulation so tromoudous and exlonsivu that golJ will labor iu Irout loreigu countries to nil it up. it is in this way ouly, by relentlessly taking away from the people their accustomed monetary lacilltlc.i. und in morcilessiy destroying the valua ol their property, that wo hliull get oul gold. Tbo exteut to which this process of destruction ?uusi go is wituessed oy iho coudttioti ol the national bunk*, L,5oo ol which nave in tbeir vaults at tbiavery hour, in llie aggregate, less than $1,&00,000 ol gold. Docs Ueuerul Uarlleld or auy other sano man thiuk it possible to accomplish the slupeudous work in thir teen mouths, or iu thirty, and without the moat ire* meiidous uflects upon the happiness and prosperity of the country? ,ln point ol loci wo have nnn'o no more thun a lair beginning upon iho work ol resump tion; there must be u luriher depression of prices aud vulucs?not less upuu the uvcragc lliuu lii.rty per cent, and I assort?iud experience will confirm what 1 suy?that the work yet to lie douo fur exceeds In magnitude uud oppressiveness me work thai uua been uouc. Yei General Uurlield al.eues the condi tion oi the country to be upon tbo wnolo souud aud satisfactory 1 Hut wbut u fearful mockery is this ot iho desolation and anxioty uud actual waot ihbt reiya lu tens uud hundreds ol thousands ol household* throughout the iongth and breadth of tbe land wrought Oy this lulumous resumption outrage I i dare not dwell luriher here, lest uiy ludigustlon should got iho upper baud ol uty friendship for a man whom I wish ulways to roiptfit Ol'K UllNDS?WHO UOLD8 THIM V Allow me, iu conoiusiou of this loi.g letter, to call your attention to u I act Slated by Uuucral UarQo.iL touching the bondholder!*. He says that a bank located in his district collects tue Interest ou $41tS Ood ol l ulled Hiatus bonds belonging to 190 person*. Whether Ihose l'J'l persons hold bonds as shurcholderi* In tbo bunk or otherwise General Uarileld dooj not say. Assuming. Iiowever, that una is tho proportion ol bondholders to the whole iuia ol the Federal interest bearing debt it would mske u toiul oi nbout 4h0 holder* to every milihiu of ip hi, or aboul tco.ooo jMiisons ua holders ol the entiro debt oi $1,700,000,000, assuming it all to be held ut homo, 'but noes Uonerai tiarileld know that there were over 700,000 .subscribers to the boo.ooo.ooo flvo twcuiy loan oi IStia negotiated by Jay Cocker At that rate?If atiil prevailing?the public debt would be lu tbe hands ol l,.jiHJ,ooo American citi zens instead of but 8:20.0001 And why le it not nor The answer la, because tue contraction policy has ms'ie such a thing impossible, lo wring the debt oul ol the hands ol the Ainericuii people aud traOsier tl abroad h..s been the siuady consequence of ull our legislation aud administration since the close of the war, wan Ilia elleotol liansi?irriiig into loreigti lauds at leust a itousand millions oi it, aud aggregit iiik lor Ibe larger part ol tho remainder into rom parativoly few bauds at hviim 1 don't mink General tiarileld will claim that tho proportion ol bondholders to debt in Iho bank lu his dis trict lo which lie referred lairiy represents the proportions throughout lllc country. The Antors alone hold any where irmu tweivu to twenty millions, aud there are other larg< holders. In Francu, in lX7.i, lour aud a quarter millions ol French cilixoss held French "rentes," aDd there is no ro.tson in the world wbv 'i,6<X),00o Americans should not be Interested lo tho ledersl d? t now as was the proportion at tho time ol Jay Cook't's negotiation ol tho iive-iwonty loan. A sort oi emotional insanity pre vails among our legislators aud llio press loucinug our credit in loroign countries. To keep tue debt iu Europe and our people under a constant tribute to European capitalists seems a Irulizy with them, hut tbo true pol.cy is lo get it home, and so disposu our lluanci.ii aOafrs that the public uooi, instead of beiag the storehouie oi the low and the rich, shall b> coins the saviogs batik oi the poor and the itiuny. I he Ural duty, however, is lo repeal the Kesumpllon act 'JU1I2 JIOONEiS OF WILLIAMSBUHa John Jacki<on Mooney, ol No. 151 North F.ighth street, Williamsburg, was locked up iu the Fiilh pre. clnct station house, lasi bight, us a disorderly person, ou complaint of ills brotber iu-law, Hugh Mooney. Tho Moouoy familr lias been engaged in doiueslia quarrels lor moro than threo luouths, begin ning wnou John Mooney, another brother-iu-htw, quit boardiug at Jolib Jackson's h use, where bo bad boon since June. % hen he lilt John Jucksou told a Irionti that he wus glad to be rid ol him, as be hod paid no board aud was cobtibuaiiy making troublo. Ono 8uu duy me trothrrs-iu law quarrelled ?t tho corner of North Filtli and Eighth street, uud John was shot in tlio lorehcad, but the bsil glauceii. I'lie result oi a preliii.insry examination was tliui John Jackson gavo honds lo appear lieloro the tirand J ury in llecembiT Yesterday Hugh Mooney, John's brother, called upon John Jacks.m snd bo^an tantalizing nun respecting his arrest John Jackson ordered linn out ol tho bouto, ond, as he I lied to go, put tiim out. Hugh thou had hi in urrested. At Ine slat on liouso IIIe prisoner's wife said mat her husbmd n.iu siwsya been pcnceable and inollensive. and that the coiiduct ol John and Hugh toward hita was part ol scon spiracy, hy wliion ilioy hopod lo acquire sole posse sion ol (nine property lu Florida Whun tier husbaml w .s led lo a cell sho fell lo iho floor iu a ill ol hys terics, ' A TIN J$0\. Philip tlcMahon aud Eiward Farroll, two Nswark youths, esrayed to have a Jolly Thanksgiving si thcex ponso, it is alirgnd, of I'eter Hsminell, whose residenca iu itoulh t anal street was entered on Wedue.sday oiglit aud robbed of a tin box containing I'jJ, tugetnur with other property. Yesterday Mc.ilahon and Karrcll were arrostud aud locked u|i oo suspicion of tmiug mo lliieves. Uoih had .iu nraiid new amu ot clolhes. and uearly $lo in cwh w ?< found about them. Emin t'lerooy, aged seven teen, aud UarUara Wssx. aged sixteen, ba-.n isu iMeu arr stcd as u< eompl!c- s ol McMahon snd 1 irrnli The money in the tin box belonged to the German I'rest.yieriau Church of whicn Mr. Hainmvil is treasurer. Farroii aud the two girl* spent ajoily ihstiksgivtog m tin town, visiting sev. *ral plat?? of amuivment ana winding uu with a tur. key dinner.