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THE COMMODORE'S WILL
Evidenoe iu Regard to Clairvoyance Stricken Out. THE SURROGATE'S DECISION. Mr. Thorn Proves a Difficult Witness. Tbe contest of the late Commodore Vanderbilt's will resumed yeaterduy morning beioro Surrogate Culytu. Many familiar faces were uoticed amoug the simulators, but tbelr numoer bad considerably dwiu. died, owing to the numerous Interruptions in I e cuee Mr. Wllllsm H. Vauilerbllt, Mr. Augustus Sctaoll and aoverut Irlendi were present, together with Mr. Vau.:erbilt'a counsel, Messrs. Clinton aud oO stock. Cornelloa Vauderbllt waa alao preaent with bin counsel, Colonel Kiban Allen, Mr. Lord and Judge black Tbe morning session waa eul.rely occupied with argument upon Ibe mdinissibiluy of the evidence ol Jennie tfanlord, wbicb was taken u i tie last session aubjeot to a molion l? air.ko 11 out. Hie icailmony was that nine mouiba beioro bis deaib the Commodore ex pressed bla regret al having ncado tbe will, Bind be would make another, and tUeu added that he "did not know but ibut he had made a mistake in taking tbo advice o! Dr. Linsly aud bla son William in excluding bis daughtora from tlio room." At the alternoon ses slon Surrogate Calvin gave a loug decision, citing from many autborltiea, that the testimony should bo smcken out. Mr. W. K. Tborn waa then nailed to testily as lo tbe relations between tbe Commodore and William H. Wttb nis oross-cxamliiauou tbe case waa closed tor tbe day, further bearing beiug adjourned to Friday morning at eleven o'clock. Tun ritoocisicDisraa, The names of sevoral witnesses who bad boon aub poeuaed were culled, but an tUey fallen to appear tbe counsel applied for writa ol aitucbmeut against tneiu upon tiling proola of service. Tbis was granted by tbe Surrogate. Mr. Lord tben road authorities in support ol tbe po sition bo had tukon tbnt Jounie Sauiora'a testimony was admissible. He contended tbnt declarations ol the testator cuu be admitted to sbow bis uirutal con-" ili.lon, unless they are so remote an to convince tbo Court that ibey can nave not evon an indirect reitiiou to the question under consideration. He contended that the testimony sought to bo brought before the Court would show conclusively to tbe Court that tbe testator's uiiod wss affected by delusions. The decluru. lions ol tbe late Commodore show that he bad raude a will aud that be knew the contents ol that will, but that' be wus not entirely satislled that bis will bud boou a just one. Uo tben cited a number of cases in which mo Ustaiors bad made declarations showing lb.I their wills bsd beeu drawn up and signed by tbeut under duress or undue Intluouce, and showed the action ol the different courts as lo tbe admissi bility of such declarations as evidence. Ho con tended that all these cuses were in support ol bis position that tbe tostimony of the witnesses was ad missible. Tne cases cited showed, according to tbe counsel, that evon when tostimony could not be ad mitted to abow I acts it was deemed advisable toshow the statu ol tne testutor's mind in connection with lliu making ol iho wilL JL'OOk HUACk'8 AUOUSkNT. Judge Ulack insisted mat the evidence wss admts Binlo uol ..s prool ol insanity, which they didn t want to prove, but oi wcakucss ol mind. His friend, Judge Couistock, inuiigbi tbe Commodore tbe sanest ol men, but in iaci, lie Was Hie weakest. . . The Surrogate?Wbat evideuce of weakness is in yet ueyoud tue inequalities ol tbe provisions of the * Judge Ulack?His wholo life shows it. All that toe ever sui 1 or did anout the distribution ol bis property tboWsiU 1 be passion mat every man has, more or Lss. lor accumulating property was iu some a mania was eniurged >o as to dwuri every otUer moral soull nieut auu intellectual laculty. I'eriect sanit) dose not depend on capacity to mauuge tbe stock market, ii ueiieuds on tue ba.auce preserved between the dillerent inielleciual lacuilies. A *"ttU an enlarged liver it not In sound healtu. Morally aud religiously the testator s mind was a bow.mg wilderness. 1 he worship o. Mammon is sure to dcuioraluo the mind. It corrupts the will and tveakeus tbe understanding. He regarded robing up iiiu .is ibo xuHimum bonum, tbo ?olo purpuse lor wtiica mac was created. 1 oo not lay that bis be lief In Bpiritualisiu proved uim ol unsouud miud, but tue intellect wiucu can admit such a palpable absurdity us spiritualism or wiicucrali is not well balance i aud !S easily imposed upon. This evideuce either eslab li.ties or lends to establish that ibis man wag of Weak uiiuu, liable to uudue lalluence, uud conscious ol the i.ci aud as sucn tne evideuce is adinlseiole. i in .-urrotate Iemurked tual tbe cuuusoi had raised two points, on oue ol which Itbe Commodore a belief tu cla.rvoyauce) decision as to its admissibility was reserved; ibeotuer, nis regret about tue will, came up on motion to strike out. THk PHuI'OSK.VTS AgTLT. Mr. Henry L Clinton took up tne discussion on lbs part oi ibe proponents. Until tboie is direct evidence, said bo, to ebow that tbero was a mental weakness ou the part ol tne testa tor at tue urn. a tlio will and tbe codicil were made, such indirect lesi.im uy is entirely inadmissible. Ibe authorities are entirely agreed upou Ibis subject. In tbia case It is euueuvored lo lie proved by deciaralious made a loug time alter [be urawing of in. will, mat tne lestulor'a oiiud was impaired ut that time. It might as well be proved mat, oy a sudden attack ol doliriuin twenty-live years af.er tbe making ol tue will, the testator waa in saue al the time ol slgniug tual document. Ibe decla ration ol the Commouore uiaue during bis illness wus introduced as a sane deolaialion, and Was evideuce of biasauity. The contesluut has shown no change In tne lestulor'a mental capacity, and, according lo tbo counsel's logic, was prool positive ol nis sunny. It clairvuvauce was aamiued ?? a prool ol de iusiou ibeu It would bo competent to admit evidence tbal it was not a delusion. Ibe very witness berse.T was a believer tu Spiritualism, and n clairvoyance was an inaauily thou the witness was insuuo. one said tbst she Uad summoued tbe spirit ol tbe Commodore's dead wi.e, and liar testimony was tbui site bsd tried lo influence tne Coiumc iiore inrotigu the spirit ot bis uead *"?- Mrs. La Uau uersell believed ID Spiritualism, uud il sucll svidouce wus admitted it would oe, uy tbe very urgu ment ol the counsel lor the ooutestauis, au admission at ibe tesiimuny of a crusty witness through mo couu ael ol a craxy client, Wno would produce cr..zv wit nesses by the regiment, lor all Spiritualists are reudy to testily us to tue correctness ol tneir doctrine, ?''inn testimony wus inudiiiiesibie, or II admitted tuay be^re luu-d uy evideuce lo tbocoutrury, aud there would bo no eud to me trial; lor ii would be difficult to prove the correctness ol what is ilieoro.icul aud not lo be proved by actual demonstration. 1 bo question in ibis case was us to tbo souuuness 01 the testator a mlBd at tlie lime ol the makiugol the wnl, and uo testimony bad beeu introduced in ibis case to sbow that Commodore Vunderbill's miud bad beeu in any way uffected. i re sumption always goes forward, never backward. Judge Black's argument Is a very curious oue. Ac cording to btm, wneu be is dead aud buried It will oe evid. nl tbui be never lived. \t bat must we ihiuk of such an argument? ??Ob," retorted Judge Ulack, "that's running Iho argument Into tbe grouud. " *1 am speaking of tbo time when you would be run into the ground," replied Mr. Clinton. (Laugb "judge Comslock noxt arose, and concluded the ar gument lor the propoucuts. Ho suid mere was uo auibuniy to sbow that a belief iu clairvoyance was a prool ol insanity, and It was m tbe discretion ot tbo Court oiltier lo admit or reject it. l uo counsel's ob tecliou to the admission ol lus testimony was because it invaded the rigUta ol individual beliel in spiritual matters, uud euuuot be proved by any mortal evi dence- Hefi the Christian world uelioTod Iu tne lulul uutlliy of the Fops, and ou the same ground it might be asserted that litis ut a dolusiou. the doctrine of tbe immaculate conception or tue apostolic succes sion would Os subject lo lbs same assertion. Mr Lord?Uo you believe in tnst doctrine, sir? Judge Coinstock?1 uavo suid that that was me be lief oi my Church, Sir, and I won't be peruouailv lu lerrogeMd aooot it. It a none ol your business. sir. lLlne s'urr'ogate?If It !? any comlo-l for ihe counsel to know It I can say tuat lbs Court la a Qrut believer Judae Cometock?Well, tbou, counsel ou ihe other aide will deny tbe competency of mis Court lo try tb.e case- they will say tne Court is laboring under > as lus ion; that the Court is insane, aouie would class these beliefs as delusions. Ho wnh clairvoyance. They are none ol them susceptible oi prool end ure mutters of faith end belief, such I siiuiony as bus I been sought to be brought lulu this cusu una uever ; toa admitted until it bad bf.t been proved that tna testator was otherwise known lo have beeu of uu- I ?ouud mind. lhe counsel on the other Hide admit 77,,. _.nil0t oe used lo show uudue inffncnce. Hs V'.? Lhiait that part which reicired to me exclusion S m. tesuVr?. d.Pugb\.r bad reference to in. last II - Ciis Md Ml 10 l??<> t,IU* lb" ,nUl"U,' lU,? ' peas and not turned so as toshow undue in BuenMUit Uiat lime, i bla declaration was too remote, ??^miimrs referred to occurred eigbieeu mouths us ibetnaueni duned end wlinesaed. II ?ucb alter the ^ ,ur?iu#d, then no person'a will testimooy was^ jesire to acquire wealth was would Oe sale, mod if me desire IUkall(. Mi e proof of ./'a, ma|||iy but Ihe lact ass tbal pen bnd a b 0ap?c|ty of me Commodore to low men bad the oapscity o ^ VffZZtZ&SZV.''?"? of about an hoar waa t**eD'h th# c?urt was recon " ""i'.' STSSJZU".'S.'V. ??"? morning's argument, supporting it by numerous citations and decisions iu other c*se?. TI1S al'KIKKJATK'M hKCISIOV. Surrogate < alvin sold that the questions which bad btJon argU'd in the morning ware not tree frout em barrassment, but that ha had giveu tlieui all the con aideration ha could in the briel limo aflordad by tbs recess. On the Drat question a* to the striking out ul the testimony relative to oeliel in clairvoyance, ha raud extracts Irotn the cases ol Cass vs. Cass, 3 Humphries, 278; Woodbury vs. (J rear, Thompson vs. Quinhy and Robinson vs. Adatna. The nurioeate dectduu that the evidence on this poiut was iDadmUsiblu. Alter reading uiauy other extract* bearing on tba second point regarding tbe Comuio dore's alleged regret about his will lie tuado the same rultug, ibat all such testimony should bo stricken out. The reasons lor so uecidiug were, he said, that *ucn expressions ol regret wore made at a time so remote from the execution ol the instrument propounded Ibat Ibey did not tend to redact upon tue meutal cauucily ol the deceased when the instrument was executed. Counsel lor tbe contestants itiimerihitely objected to tbe surrogate's ruling, and their exception was uoled. I i? IKHITATIXIi TltO It a. >!r. William K. Thorn, suu-iu law of Commodore I Vunterbili, was thou culled to the stand. Ho testlQcd abut bo lived in Sixteenth street sud bad kuowu Coin tuodore Vuuderbilt siuce 1833; lu December or that year bo bad married the Commodore's daughter. y. How oltcu did you sec the Commodore at the re quest ol Mr. William H. Vanderbiit? A. Not very oiten, sir; 1 now csll to mind only ouo occaaiou ; that was when William lived on .Stuten Island. y.* What whs the subject ho wauled yon to see tbe Commodore about 7 A. That is u private matter I don't propose to i^uswer; 1 think lamilies should be proteetod. Mr. Lord?Your Honor, tt relates to tbe feeling be tween the commodore and William H. The Surrogate?I turns I will recoivo it. Mr. Thoru? Well, William said he was emharrased In his pecuniary affairs, that there were executions agalust him and mortgages aud that he hail to borrow mouey; be said be count get nolhiug from his lalhor; he wits discouraged and asked me II1 would go and sou DIs luther. Q. State what oocurred. A. I went, and bis father expressed himself very much dissatisfied. Counsel for tbu propanoics here interposed a pro foriuu oujcctiou to the testimony, wtnea was noted Q. What did the C'onimouure say C A. I wouid not tell oxuetly tne words; 1 dou't Intend to say the lan guage, because It was violent; be was excited, 1 could give the substunce. y. State what bo suid or tbo substance ol it. A. Ho said that be did not believe William would do such a thing us to tuor guge uts property to such n man; 1 lurgot now who that uiau was to wnotn the piupcrly wus murtguged ; Wil.iuin had borrowed $3,000 uu tue muriguge, and 1 loid me Commodore ol it; he spugo in very haisb terms when 1 toid mm. counsel lor tue will hero interposed another objec tion, but the Surrogate decided Unit he would take any evidence tending to show the relations hulwceu the Commodore and William H. ul any timo since tne lulter became a m uu grown. piNcnmi ox TSX tiioisanu uollaks a ysau. Q. What aid the Cumiuodure say wneu you told bliu ? A. The Commodore said ol Ins sou, "He toid toe he was making $lu,GUl) a year oil that lurtn, now what bus he done with that motley?" Why. 1 said, he is eduuwiiug a large family in a manner that is be coming to your graudohildreu; "Well, why didn't he tell mo that belore ne mortgaged his lurtn ?" lie runlteu; 1 said 1 did nut kuow his particular motives; 1 was presenting to Mr. Vanderbiit uu argdiueut wny he should help William out ol this diiUculty ; be said, "II lie had borrowed tue money ol anybody else 1 should not nave cared, but to go to ihui man and have bis properly mortgaged 1 am HShamcd ol it. I would not have eo lievod any ol my blood or kltb would dosuctt a thing;" 1 showed ibat William could not possibly live upon bis turm and support Ins lamily on (lb,*000 u year; slier a loug talk the Commodore said, "You send btm to me, 1 will pay tne deal: you want me to do thui, don't your" 1 said, "that's my object;" "All right," ho said, "you send him to ine;" 1 men lell and saw William, ana told nun precisely the conversation 1 bad bud with his luther. Q. At the lnuo that William asked yon to go to bis lather did he give yuji any reasons why he could not go himsell r A. he said his lather always abused linu so much aud called him names that It was not pleas ant ana ho could not go; he said some others bud gone nelore me and they were nut suaceaslul. y. Do you recollect a conversation with the Com niouore in 1874 oi 1876 in relation to his grandchild dren? A. My wile and myself went to Mr. Vuuder bilt in June, 1876, to call upon una prior to our leav ing lor Suraiogu; Mr. Uuvige, au oiu friend ol the Commodore, wus presuni; Mr. lluvigo said to him, "Commodore, you nuve got some nice grandchildren, i kuow i'noru's suu, 1 see him oliuti, aud 1 uitcu hear ul his daugnters;" "Yes, yes," said Ihe Commo dore, "they are men euougb, but they are not Van dcrbilts;'' my wile said, "Yes, lamer, but they are yoar graudcuiidrenthe Commodore then turned the subject. y. state whether in any conversation with William H., be said anything to you on the subject ol resent ing bis lather's uuusive statements? A. 1 have no recolioctiuu ol it; 1 don't think he did. Witness iu reply to further questions stated that tbe Commodore bad spoken to bun on ilie subject of founding a national university and u pmles-orship to be called a lie Vauderbnl proiessorsb p. nut lie could not recollect the particulars; lie did not recollect that ibe Commodore bud ever spoken lo bim on tbo sub ject ul bis wul; witness knew nothing about it. Mr. Clinluu then proceeded lo cross-exumiuo the witness. Tbe latter said tbut he recollected when Mr. William H. Vanduibill was married; they hoarded ul bis house aud paid Uiiu all tUoy Agreed lo pay; he cnulu nut recollect the aiuouul; they hoarded more one winter. HAS A LIVKLY RKClLLKCriOX Ot HIS OWN MAKRJAGK. being luiliter questioned as lo the dale ol Air. Ven der bill's woddiug witness replied:?1 don't recollect; 1 bave attended a uumbef ol weddings In tbo laiplly since then aud 1 can't tell when tbut liuppeuod; it was nothing material to me; 1 recollect very well wneu 1 wus married. (Laughter.) y. Did William 11. come lu board with you immedi ately alter bis marriage 7 A. I think it wus wituin two or three monios. y Now didn't you go wlib them on their weddiog trip and uiun't they return lo your house ? A. 1 rec ollect their weddiug, 1 cau lull you what they nati lor dtnuer It you want to kuow; 1 don't recollect lUeir re turn with me. y 1 uon't waul to know; 1 think it must bave di gested verv badiy Irom tue way you answer. You say on your outn luai you don't remember wnetber on tneir wedding trip they weut to your house? A. 1 do. Mr. Lord?1 think tbese suggestions are certainly out ol placu. 1 think ibat when witness is reminded tnsl be is on his oath be has a right lo reply that he knows that lucl. <4 Do you recollect when William H. settled at Ills bouse? A. 1 don't; it was a year alter they were married. <1 When was mat? A. 1 don't rccolloct; It was not material lo me; 1 recollect very woll when 1 was mar ried. (Laughter.) The surroguie -You arc hero as any other witness, and must answer the questions put lu you, Mr. t horn?Yes, nut 1 want to protect my rights; 1 always huvo So lar thinugb Hie. Ihu surrogate? I no Court will protect yon, sir. Wiluess was lorlher interrogated as to the dates of muny events narrated In his testimony, but could not recollect them exactly. y. Were you intimate wltb Mr. William HL and bis fumily? A. 1 am auu always nave lieen. y. Do you remember wneu he wont to Europe? A lu 1863. y. Wbb be Dot ill comfortable circumstances then? A. 1 uou'l snow whether be wus or not; 1 did nul tnluk ol it puriicoluriy. y. You do not know, tliou, whether be had uot a dol lar III the world or whether ho had $100,000? a Oil 1 koow bo didn't have $100,000. ' ' y. How do you know mat? A. From common Souse. y. Didn't you know he owned that farm? A 1 diuu't know till ne told mo Ue nad a mortgage on It' lhe surrogate? Wuc-iuer ho was rich or poor us a church mouse tiocsu 't see in lo bo material. Mr. CiidIou?I merely want to test tho recollection Ol the witness. n.KAbl.NU FUVKKTY. n. mlTa thlDK rl"? J,"veriy of William H. may be con-idered one of itie motives wtiicli led nJm to exercise tins undue influence that we churge; it muy be a link iu the chain. ' J The currogate?I don't think It Is efron a link In tbe CUHlIl. y. Do you remember that William U. told you ho had spent $15,0b0 in Improving Ins house? A My impression is that that was uu another occasion- I mat r"CO,loCl tottV,D8 K?UB l" lij? Commodore about y. In that conversation did he tell you be had bor rowed monev from a Mr. Weed? A. Mr. Weed mat's' the man, sir. Q Did tho Commodore tell yon ulterward that bo had paid tbut money? A My Impression is tliut William told me tbe Commodore nan paid it. | y. Are you curiam that Wlilium 11. in tout nonvor anion said anything about there being Judgments Hgaiostblm? A. 1 am ss cortalu as 1 oau be ubout anything mat I dou't rocoiloct positively. y. That Is, you are us certain as you oan be about anything that you aro nul certain about. Are vou certain? A. Yes. The case was iboo adjourned to Friday morning at eleven o'clock. NATIONAL GUAICD AliMOIUEi. The Committee ou Connty Affairs of tbs Hoard of Aldermen rnet wim Mayor My aud Comptroller Kelly yesterday lor the purpose ol further considering lbs matter of providing armories lor the National Board ol this city. I he committee roportod iu lavor ol hir ing tho building at Broadway and Forly-lourth street for tbo Twelitb regiment at an annual rent ol (U,000t Tbo uOer of the rommniee to rent tho iiruiorios ol Die Kigbtb and Nintn regiments for |7.000 and (8,000 respect.vel> was declined by the owners. Mayor LJy (ii ivud lo oiler (W,Uuo lor the latter, nut mo resolution was vutci down. I no owners of tli. se iwo buildings are now to be noiifled that tho city will no longer ho respouHOie lof ine routs. 'I lie teases expired on May 1, 1870, but it.o regiments are stilt in possession. JiiiOOKLYN SCHOOL 'lLACIiLiih. Tiie Rpociui c< mmltteo or thi^ Brooklyn Board ol Education, who were n|ipointc.l to cousidur loo sub ject of reducing the salaries ol public school louchors, bavo agreed lo make a general reduction of t6U,0()<! lo tbe salaries. All principals hereafter appointed are to recoivo (2,000 per .luuuiu. Assisiant principals are to be reduced to tho grade they teach, tot they are to bs allowed $60 a year sxira. New teachers to bs lierealter appointed will be paid $300 uyoar. ilia lotnl amount ul Stlaries paid at the existing rato IS f 76ft,(176. The report ol the con.mitiee will be acted upon at the next meeting ol the Board, OUR COMPLAINT BOOK. [Note.? Letters Intended lor this column must be accompanied by tbe writer'* full nam* and address to Insure attention. Complainants who are unwilling to comply with ibis ruio simply wusio time In writing. Write only on one side 01 tbe paper.?En. Uekai.u.J wno OWNS COLLEGE PUCK ? To the Editor or the Herald:? la College place* between Warren and Chamber* street*, a public thoroughfare or tleea it belong to a Arm of grocers on tbat blook ? 1 ask because I cannot understand why a policeman compels all vehicles t<> turn lutoside streets when their wagons are the only apparent obstruction. 1). S. K. 4 D.VHOKBOUS POLE. To tue Editor or the Herald:? 1 wisb to call the attcntiou ol the authorities to the dangerous condition of the splloe on tba flag pole at the corner of I bird avonua sad Cooper Institute, and to ask wnat right a storekeeper or any oue else has to seta ^?g pole directly In tbe highway? The-laff above inoutioned la placed In the street, some three feet out Iruui the curbstone?making It dangerous lor all vehicles passing tbut way. 11 I mistake not It was erected wban "Big Six" was "Boss." It should be ordered away. A. H. L. PUBLIC CONVENIENCES. To the Editor or Tint Herald:? 1 am an Euglisbmau sojourning in this country and through iho medium ot your popular paper desire to polut out a great public want which foreigners leol very much particularly at the present Juncture when all the liquor stores are hermetically shut up. I refer to public water closets and urioals. What Is a poor bewildered traveller to do in a city of such barbarous customs ? In a city devoid ol ull '*iaw and order," like New Vork, I inalutuin that iho liquor saloon is a luxury, a blessing in disguise. SuoD m tbe opinion of A FOREIGNER. BALLET OlliLs' WRONGS. To the Editor or me Herald:? 1, with mauy others, answered an advertisement lor fllly Indies for lbs ballet Accordiugly 1 wus engaged at a salary ol $6 per week sud was told lo luruisb a white dross, cardinal trimmings, peasant areas, Ac., which 1 did at the cost ol every cent lietwo> n me Hnd starvation. But wben tbe lime came to re ceive our week's pay tbo bouso woa'clo-ed and no m iiiager to bo louud. All tiie sutislsction galu a was to leave the building, as there wus no persou to usk for your mosey for they lid not know auytiuug. I simply write ibis to prevent, il possible, otber poor women irom tailing into a similar trap. M. WHERE Alt IS THE POLICE? To tub Editor or tue Herald:? Having been a taxpayer lor about slxtoan years in the Eighth ward I would like to offer a complaint. Having had tlio opportunity to pass through South Filth avefnue, ncar Broome street, ono alternoon re cently, 1 was pcrlectiy surprised to see a young man climb upou an express wagon and take a package llierolrom. The vehicle was going at such a rupid speed It did not give me a chance to nollty the driver. 1 am told met this happen* dally and the thieves are loll untouched by the police. 1 am sure it Cap tain McDonald was awure ol this ho would station some ot his force to cateb these thieves. RIGHTS. KNEOKOK. THE bUNDAY LAW. To tub Editor or tbe Herald:? Why don't the police perforin their duty? Last Sunday night, while coming np Eighth avenue, Irom Tweoty-hltb street to Thlrty-lourtb street, 1 bud the pleasure of soelug seven drunkeu men and tbreo liquor saloons open (by tbe bank door), where any iuun, wumuu or child could gel any kind ol a driuk desired, in oue instance I louud u liquor suloon that, by menus ol tbe hock door, your wunts would lie supplied, and a policeman standing on the corner. Wits it not his duly lo arrest iho buriender? Now, there has been a law passed that no liquor should he sold on Sunday. Why Is it not en lorded? OBSERVER. GIVE THE CLEHK8 A HOLIDAY. To tiie Editor or the Herald:? Will you please permit ma to address remonstrance to tbo Qrm for which I have uninterruptedly worked for the last twenty years? You may Imagine that I could bavo iioue so without the medium of tbe Herald. I might have dono so, butoertainly not wltn Impunity. It is authentically announced ibat notonly all the banking houses of the city, but all the lending dry goods stores on Broadway, together with mat of H. B. Cluhin it Co., will close on tbe J4lb lust., Christmas eve. All tbe bouses wblcb have mtlierio cloned on similar . days will. It is said, close this year. They have on former ooca mo us, wuvn only one day intervened between iho preceding Sunday and tbo holiuuy, done so; such as when the Christmas ol 1866 let! upou Tuesday. You will remember that they also closed upou the Monday prior to the Centennial Fourth ol July. Mercbuuts do not trouble tbemseivos about buatnese on days similar to those to whioh 1 have al luded; their thuugnts are concentrated upou their nomcs and (aminos. It ir an indisputable fsot that the buelness wbloh would he done on the Monday intervening between the Sunday and the holiday (or 1 uesdav; would ue subsequently done during mo re maining daye ol the week, so there would lie no lose or lucoiivumenee. ANONYMOUS. AN S WE US. LOOK AT HIS NUMBER. To the Editor or tub Herald:? About Item "What Is His Name?" of your "Com plaint Book." This story is not believed on either ol tbe fonr corners ol avenue D and Tmrd street An aol like that always creates seusaliou and could hardly es cape to be noticed by some one. Furthermore, II a m.iii has the courage to resist au officer, should be not be smart enough to know tunt he needs ouly to look lor tbo officer's unmlier or plainly report nour and beat lor securing satisiactlou ? The rent laet may he mat the police on tbo request or rather on must Jus titled complaint of the uuuorslgned keeps my corner clear end some one, stopped In his ugly hsbils, wished to^it el the polled B. FESl'NER, Apothecary, No. kl avenue i>. HOW TO STOP THE SaLK OT LIQUOR. To the Editor or the Herald:? "Liquor Dealer" complains that when any commis sioner or any public officer neglects to do bis duty bo Is guilty ol misdemeanor, and says why docs not tne Grand Jury indict the Police Commissioners lor nav ing neglected their duty so long? Now, "Liquor Dealer" ir lustnbe right man In the right place. Ol course he keeps his slue door open at preseni. All respectable placus do. If he will briug u complaint to the Grand Jury, charging the police cuptaiu ot his preciud, Instead - ol the Police Com missioners, with not prohibiting the sals ol liquors through the side door aud substantiate tbe sums bo Will get ull me justice be wsnts. lie w II completely stop Hie liquor traffic lor onu mouth at least and keep money In mo pocke.s ol peopie who are poisoned by the salo ol spirits. The total cessation ol the sale ol liquor until tiie Legislature meets will send into every article ol merciiundiso a Healthy impetus long un known. Il "Liquor Duuler" will cuuho tbe public rights to be respectco by holding one smile puoiic officer responsible lor tue enforcement of the laws, whe.licr just or unjust, until repealed, he will do what no man daro do in this loul city. TRUTH. THE BOTTLE ALLEY MUEDEK. ANTONIO F.RICO PLEADS GUILTY TO MAN SLAUGHTER?SENTENCED TO STATE PBISON FOB THREE YEARS AND'SIX MONTHS. Antonio ttrlco, the Italian, charged with the killing of Michael C'aloclo, a lellow countryman, was ar ruigucd at the bar ol the Court ol General Sossloua yesterday, before Recorder Hacko.l, to plead to an ln dioimeutof murder iu the secouu degree, as louud uguinst him by the Grand Jury. On the Ti\t ol Novotnber last, In llie rear ol No. 47 Baxter street, lamiliarly kuown us "Bottle alley," the prisoner and the deoeasea were engaged in a light. The prisoner stabbed tbe deceased iu tbe tbigb, severing the leuioral artery, causing speedy dean.. Alter the homicide tue prisoner Red, but was, si tho end ot three days, louud hy ibe ponce and tominuted by the Curnuer lor trial. Upon bis arrulgnmeul Mr. William F. kintziug, bis counsel, staled to the Court that the killiug look place during ah affray; mat in tue heat ol passion tliO wound was Inflicted without any design lo kill the'uiiioriuuste deceased, snd thut me prisoner was willing to plead guilty lo manslsuguter in the third degree. Assistant District Attorney llditcli said lis had oxuanued Into ibe tacts ul the esse and was ssllsueif that such laots wou.d not Jusllly s conviction ol s higher degree ol crime than the proposed pies Tne plea wus ibeu accepted sod there upon Recorder Hscketl sentenced tliu prisoner to liireo years and six months in Stale Prison. Through su mlcrpreiur m* reutouce was communicated to tbe prisoner, wno expr. s*ed nimsell graieful to iho Court lor the mercy sbowu him. Iho prisoner wus then re moved to lbs Tombs. THE SiliEET RAILWAY ACCIDENT. A Jury was ompunolled yesterday by Coroner Slmmi to hold su inquest ovel the bodies ol James Donlon and lbs unknown wumuu who were run over and killed by uie steam motor on the Atlantic avenue branch of the Long Island Railroad on Monday even ing lost, lb* Inquest will be neld on next Wednesday alternoon. A BAD FALL. A switchman on tbe Now York Elevated Railr named Jumos Uary, tell Irom hia station near Tba street yesterday and was badly Injured. He was moved to Chamhara Street Hospital, wnare, it Is liuved, ne will die. Suggestions for Its Increase and Reorganization, FORTY THOUSAND MEN. Necessity lor Field and De partment Staffs. TTIE RETIRED LIST. PiAyjn, Nor. 27, 1877. To Tits Editor or th* Ukkai.o :? 11 will be the duty ol Congress at us n?xi regular aessiou to lagialaia for iba army, aoa again flx tbe military peace establlabmeat ol tbe United States. 1 beg leave, as one whose proioesion Is that of, arms, to expross an opinion as to what should constitute ariued force lor the proper protection of our country. While claiming no great wisdom lor iut views they hava been drawn Irom experience taught by lour years of active service in tbe field during tbe late v?ar, and ton years campaigning on the Plains, and tbey will, there lore, i trust, be found not altogether without merit It will not do any longer lor our people merely to tol erate the army as a nulsauce and support It as a usoless burden; for, unpleasant as the fact may be, they must soon loolc to It as the onlv secure means ol public uud prlvuto sulety. Alter lbs war of 1812 had a sufficient army been kept in service both tbe Florida war and the contest wltb Mexico might bave been avoided, ana tbu cost ol waging these wars, which was lar greater than the ex pense ol an army to prevout tbcin, would liuvo been s ived. Again, in 1801, lor lb# consideration ol saviug a few millions ol dollars, we noarly lost our liberties and precipitated the nation Into a war that cost us $4,01.0,000,000; still lstor, for the vfant ol 1,000 rcgulur troops stationed at the proper places, $10,000,000 worth ol property was destroyed, a wmilu city lor days loll at the nieroy ol u mob and too labor uud peaoo ol the enure country disturbod. II wo can learn uuylbiug from the cxperienoo ol the past to guide our leet in the paths or iho luturo surety these occurrence's ought to teach us all tbe wisdom ol tbe old max mi that "au ounce ol prevention is better than a pound ol cure" uud "in timo ol peace to prepare lor wur." 1 am not ono of those who would willingly see the government ol the United Status pnt to ono dollar ol unnecessary expense, but wbeu I am convinced, agju tho case of the army, that a pouuy expuudod in time will savo nine, it would be worso than lolly to udvocale a cheap and inadequate military establishment. Our country Is lull ol adventurers and Idle men who will, at tho first opportunity, baud together to destroy tbo pouco and lay wasto tho property ol tbe citizens. Wo have thousands ol Indians still unwhipped, who are just beginning to understand their slruugln uud ability to plunder tbe border and retard our settle ments. Hundreds ol Mexicun thieves and their sav age allies yearly menace our Toxas irontior, and Great Britain has recently giveu shelter. Just beyond the Hue, to thousands ol our most savugo foes, These enemies can, In a single week, strike, not only our settlements, but cities and towns, and murder hun dreds of Innocent men, women and children. Every government owes Its citizens protection, und this duty devolves upon lis soldiers and laws. They cannot at present adequately protect ths inhabitants of our border Iroin murder and pillage lor waut ol sultlcicnt force, and to remedy this delect IB not only the proviuoe ol Congress, but Its bouuden duty. II any Congressman believes the army Is sufficiently largo he Is Ignorant ol the duties It is required to poriorm, the extent ol his country, lis wants, and bs should travel to enlighten aud In form himsoll. I do not bolleve any considerable num ber ol the members ol Congress regard our regular fores as too large or even large enough, but they per mit tbe question of Increase und reduction to be mado a political test without any thought ol the Injury they are doing tbe army. We uro not politloul backs and have nothlDg to do with politics, aud I lor ono bog that our Seuators and Representatives will subordi nate party spirit to questions of practical Importance aud bring themselves to look at things as they are und to uci lor the good ol the wuolo country, which I am sure they ougbi-to do, since the day of good feeling and resloreu nationality is conceded to have arrived. 1 know that ever siuce their return to Congress the .Southern members have beeu dissatisfied aud thought their people ought to be represented in too army aud nuvy as well us la toe civil departments ol the govornmint. It Is charged tbey have a policy ol their own, wuich Is to reduce tbe army as luw as possible wltb s view of soon alter in creasing it and bringing In their people under tho re organization. 'l'o obtain a sburo ol the army commis sions lor Southern men, it Is said, somo ol the Southern members would be willing to have Northern men lorcou out of tbe service and ex- j rebels put in their places. 1 cannot believe that ' a policy like that Will ever succoed, or that any number ol Soutbera members can be nrougbt to Its support. Such a course would not only be Uungeruus, but grossly unjust to huudredsol de- . serviug men wi n have servod their country long aud | well ihrough evil as well as good report. Let the ex rebels come iu tl they wish, we are ready to recolve \ them and hid them weloomo, hut the time bus not yet quite coitiO, wo hope, when a Northern ulficer cau be thrust aside to muse room, lor a Southern* rebel. If thou the Southern members #>1 Cougreas really wisb representation in the army let ihcm in crease it aud let morn claim lor their peo ple a lair sharo ol tbo new appointments, and nut only ibe army officers but tbe people ol tho North aud the President will recogulze their oiaim us just. In determining what shall be the numerical strength or our luture urmy the first question which presents itsell lor our consideration is, What duty will likely be required ol it 7 The proper garrisoning of large cities a protection itgalusl moos, the suppression oi uu niuruUf trioes ol uoslUo Indians, still capable ol mus tering collectively 2J0,OOU warriors, aud the guarding of tlieTux&s Iroulier w ill roqu.re an urmy ol not less than lorty or filly thousand m.-u. l'lio urmy, 1 thing, should be expansive and contractive, according to the necessities oi me occasion. It should lie habitually kept at say 40,000, or 1,000 armeu men to every mil lion civiliuu Inhabitants iu the Republic; but it should be capable ol oeuig increased to nlij, eighty or one hundred ihouaaud at the shortest possible notice. Wo rocen.ly witnessed the humiiiatlug spectacle ol u single baud ol Nez Peru! Indians raiding across ovor two tbousaud miles ol territory aud tuxing tee enure strength ol the military estab lishment iu two departments' These Indians killed and wuuuded more soldiers and citizens muu there were warriors in the huuJ, and geuuruily whipped ilia truups, not because the soldiers wore not bruve, but because (here could uol bo got together ut any one place us many soldiers us there were Indian warriors The cost ol suppressing tbis little Indian fmcute will be to the government over $3 UOU,0(K>, or more tbuu | eutficieui to have inaiuiaiuoo troops to nerd these In dians lor tweuty years, whsu they would have become powetlcsa lor evil by surrouuding population. 'Iho espouse ol moving troupe Irom one point ol danger to another is very gisat, aud, as Gonurul Slim man re cently observed, the yearly item ol trausportatiou will soon equnl tue pay ol the army. Ibe wirKedoi-ss of sending small bouies ol soldiers into the ludian coun try to bo hutohun-d by hordes oi savuges should at tract the utlculiou ol ull public inou. Jiiero is uo greater inhumanity tbuu pitting au interior loroe ui wmte soldiers against a superior loree ol ludiaus, yet It is uone every year; huudredsol poor loliows sunt to ibeir graves inuiiiaied beyond recogni tion, aud our humanitarians have not oueword to say. In savage wariare to he deieuted is certain death, uud even wneu victorious but lew ol the wounded long survive. The battle generally lakes place lar iu tbo interior, hundreds ol miles from tbe nearest torts or settlements, aud in convey lug toswouuded bow many ol them die irom exhaustion. Oar legislators seem to lorgst tbe fact that tbors Is no such tilings as field hospitals in Indian wariare, aud that the poor wounded tellows, who, ll they could have rest lor a lew days would get wall, must bs dragged over a country Without roads until ileatn ends their guttering*. It is shumuiul. It is outiagouus to usk Buhners to light savsgos with the odds ulways sgniust iliem, and tho death ol Custer und bis men, Utbhuu's brave fellows who fell ut Big Holo aud luituy others really lays at the doors ol Congress mora than anywhere ulse. To put tbe mailer a lilt is inoro laiuly uud In form, Congress at Its next session hould be asked to puss uu aol fixing the military peace establishment ol tho United states, und author izing ins Presidont within six mouths utier Hie pas sage ol the act to orgauiz* un army of 6b,U0U men, to he constituted as follows:?88 regiments oi Iniuntry, eaeb HoO strong; 111 regiments ol oavalry, each 8u0 strong; 6 regiments of artillery, ouoh 800, aud 1 hut luliou ol cugiueurs, 400 strong. Tbo President should bo authorized, by and with the adnco aud convent ol the Benalr, to appoint iwo ad ditional major generals aud lour brigadiers. 'Ibis would give un five major generals and leu brigadiers, none too many lor an army ol 40,000 men. UI the hew general*, one major general should he taken Irom the ion in, aud the othor taken Irom the North. Ui tue brigadiers, two enonld he selected irom tho Booth, one irom the North and oue promoted from ihe regular army. There suould be a "field" aud a "department" staff, and ihe wiioio lieace military establishment should bo ns nearly us possible us it would bo organ ized in time ol wur. Field elan officers should constitute a sin IT corps, nnder the direction ol the lieu , sial ol the Army, and department staff officers should ue under the directioo of the Secretary of War. Pro* mutious to till vdcauuit'8 Id t.ie lowest jredee or the respective it iff corps enouid be mudo by s'lection Irom the army and no officer sDould bo eligible to a fluff appolotuieut until bo should Uuve servud at leant live year* id tb? line. Except tor cpecial reasons officers ol tho staff corp* should not bo promoted out 01 oue particular braucU. oorp* or dei urimeut ol tlio staff into that ol another. On mutual ipplicatioa tun Societary o War abonltl, with ibo approval or tbe General ol the Army, trunsler offlcera ol tlio Hue wltu officer* ol toe Bluff, and officer* ol ihe Hue should bo trauslerred Irom on* regliueul or arm ol tbe serorico to tliut ol anothor, provided such trausler did not prej udice tbe rauIt ol auy officer iu tho rogliuetit. corp*, arm, ileparunout or bruncb ol ibesarvlce to whichsucn offlcors wcro transferred. There should be allowed to men company of cavalry, artillery and inlantry in service oue uddttioual second lieutenant, to bo ap pointed at the discretion ol the President, provided, however, aucu additional second ileulcuaut should be tulteu from cltlsen llle. ADd to carry Into effect this provision tho Secretary ol War should, wuunevor di rectod by the Prosideul, ussoniblo boards ol exami ners and the Adjutant Geueral of the army should give public nottuu at least three mouths bolero tho sitting of RUuh hoards of tue time and dIucc where they would convene. Any American ydltb lietweon the ages of eighteen and twenty-throe anould have the right lo appear before the Board of Examiners, uud, il louud competent, be recommended to the President lor appolutmoul to the grade ol u<l'J;lional second lieutenant in the military service ol the United Bliiles. I be officers ot the army should be eutitled to leave ef absence on lull pay lor thirty days iu eaoli your, und such leaves wbeu not used at.ould bu accumulative lor six years, and all leaves should ba computed Irom the limns of departure or arrival ol the ofllcnr'on leave at headquarters ol the department in wnicb lie was servtug. Kach officer ot tho, linn should be author ized to take Irom lUu ruuks oue private soldier as itn orderly, provided no soldier should be compelled io act us orderly loan odlcer agxiuul his will. When ever any officer of tho briny reaches tho ..go ol sixty two year* the President should be directed to place his uunte on Ibo retired list ol the army, and ho should be retired from active service. tVuou uhy officer should have served Iu tho army of the Uuilod tUutes lor thirty years, at bis own request, with the approval ol ihe President, lie should ho relieved from uctivv service and have hi* uuiuo entered upon ihe retired list. Iu ituiu ol lusurreciion, invasion or war tho President ol tho United Siutos, at his discretion, should he authorized to Increase tho unlisted lorco ol tnu urmy to nuy number, not exclud ing 1110.000 jricn, pr>vided no now roglmouis should no orguuiztd or adauionul ofllceis appointed, but the soldiers so raised sbouhl be assigned to regi ments aud orguuizitious aircudy iu service. Partic ular reasons might lie giveu wuy each ol the above pruvisious should bo tucurporuied Into uuy uot reor gatiiztug the army, but to urgue 'the que-Uou wouid render this urtioio too iougmy, and 1 sbatl liioreioro draw it to a close with a lew geui rul observations, uur present miliary establishment is del- clivu iu uot being harmonious. Ihe stuff and the line do not get along wed together, aud ihe effect is io weaken uinl ties'my the uneiuiuess oi both. Some. I know, will . object io the sweeping change in the organization ol ! toe mil, but it is the uuturai oue; ini.ooU, tue very j oue we would be compelled to nave in luue ol war, and why uoi, tliou, maintain it in time oi poucn? A Held s all urawu iroiu tuu line and su luliuiitioiy as sociated with It could not iuiI io no in sympathy with the Hue uud thus eud *ah uiukor.ug between tho rogitnenlul offinurs uud offlC' rs oi tbe stuff tue stuff ot our uruiy should no large, lor good stuff' officers arc moro diffi cult to pruuuro than any other class ol officers, uud uu uruiy with a poor stuff will iu time ot war wusto moro Iu oue yeur than II would cost lo tnuiulatu a lull staff lor ton years iu lime ol pcuco. We should provide lor tho latere as wed as tho present, anu II is not economy lor any nation to have u weak or.incuuipeieul stuff lor Its urmy. Most of our legislators seem to desiro to craw (heir lueus ol army organization Irotn hobks and the systems in use in loreigu countries; out we should not copy too closely any European plan, lor what in Russia, Prussia or Fruuce would ho udmirable in America would not he suited to our peoplo or tho spirit ol our institutions. Proffiiug ny tlio experience ol older uatioue let us adopt wliut is gouu in their sys tems, but in orguuiziug our army wo should depend chicilv for knowledge upon the leSsous taught u* by tho buttles, sieges aud marches ol lour yo?rs'bloody internecine war. It Is lor this reason 1 think the staff corps should be divided into a Held uud dupartmeui utafl', und urguuizod )ust us they were daring the last year ol the war. I httt West Point sorvts a good purpose iu orovldiug efficient young officers for the lowest grade iu our uriuy uo oue.will deny, hut It has always seemed to me to bo bard uud uujust that only youug tuou who nave political influence can got into tho urinv, und I have therefore proposed that while West Poiut should turuish, as herotoloru, tho regular lieutenants, * now ciuss ol addiliouttl second Routenuuis should be added lo tuo urmy and that these should bo taken irom tue citizen youth ol the laud. fbo wisdom ol ibo provision that officers shall be retired Irom active oervice at Hie age ui sixty-two 1 think will be apparent to every one, uxcopt, pu?sibly, a few old uullers who seem to touve niaae up thuir inluits uevor to resign, retire or die! it is not luir, it Is not )ust, that the man who do leuds his country should i e compelled to loll on ui his prolesslou until he drops ihlo the gruve. The merchant, the grocor, retire early, having acquired u cuinpeiouce. Eveu tho peuuut veudor aud tho man who collects garuuge In the streets can hope by close application to their busiuoss to aid so a sul llcteut lortuuo in twenty-llvo or thirty years to retire una live at their ease; out the soldier whoso sword deteuds and muiutaius all in their rights Uuds his task never done until Douth musters him out. iiow inuuy old men are to-day tottering around In the Aincricau uuilorm, who have become frail from loug -ervice, but dare not slop, lor tbey are poor, aud to slop is to starve? iiard, iudeeu, is the late of tlio American soldier, wbo in tue midst ol luxury and wealth (such us no other oountry possesses), when ha has growu old und gray Irom lung service of his couu try, is compelled to toil on tor a piliiul existence, while those whom he has deleuded roil iu weuiih uud loll ul their ease. That republics ure uugratelul nas long bieu known, but It remained lor America to demonstrate that they could also be ineuu. Russia allows her officer* to retire utter tweuty years' laiib lul service; Prussia retire* them at llliy-ffve your* ol itgc; Frauco after thirty years'service; England alter twenty years'service, ou hull pay. Iu 1855 England had no less than 1,030 otUcors on retired p..y ($2,600); atuong these were 1UU Held officers, 10J tine ollic r* retired ou lull p.ty, aud 400 oiuer officers on hail pay. Eugland pays her herous well una allows Ibeui to brag us much us they pleuse. America starves her heroes aud does all tlio bragging berselL Kegardtng retirement, Congress ought to allow ariuy officers to retire at least u lew years beiore death overtakes them, lor officers, like politicians, have much lo answer lor, una need a lew years lor reduction and prayer beiore meetiuk their Maker. Congruss should adopt some Bysiem lor enrolling, organizing uud arming the people, so tuul iu the eveut oi *reat public danger a sufficient volunteer army could bo speedily urawu together without tho expense, noise uuu couiuston so paiulully evident at lb. beginning ol the late wur. Let us never uguiu be compelled to resort to enormous bounties aud spe< lal coutCrip.ious Iu order to UU up the runks ol our army. Every citizen wbo enjoys the pioiecnou of a govern ment iu time ol peace owes it service in time ol war uud rbould be held liablo lo military duty in the Quid at any l.ino when called on. All men have u riglii to bo shot lor the good of their country. Ihe peoplo should be enrolled and a geueral sell-sustaining muilla system auopiud lor all tho States. Tho United Slates urmy. it is bencvud, can in limo ol peace always b? kept lull by voluntary en Instuieuts, but in time ol war provision by law Should be made lor tbe assignment ol quotas ot volunteers to the several Slates, and iu tho event of u sufll lent number ol men uot voluntarily euhsting, tdo Gov ernors should be directed to raise uio dutlcieucy by allotment Iruui umoug tho young unmarried rneu ol the states, and II tuese should noi be sufficient, then Irom aiuuug the marriod men under lorty-flve years ol age. I be piab proposed lor reorg iniz ug our army may nut suit many persons, but beiore Uuding luuit let each ono renumber bis pot schemes an i particular prejudices cannot oe carried out, and all must bo willing to concede something lu Ibis mucn vexed question, eo thul auy piun may be adopted. II 1 had to make tbe army uiouo 1 would pcrhup* not make it precisely as 1 have suggested, but what 1 liavo pro posed 1 think can be agreed upnn, as it deprivoa no ono of bis place, und is just alike to tho innu ol tlio North the men ol the South, the stuff and tlio lino ol our old army. ARMY OFFICER. A COSTLY SP11EE. James Trainor, of No. 643 West Fllty-flrst street, lost or was robbed ol over $700 in fllty-dolisr bills on tbe 20td of November. Ho oaused the arrest ol Rob ert Realty, ol No. 608 West Thirteenth street. Tbe ryaa was tried beiore Jostles Murray In the Fifty seventh .Street Court yoslerduy. Trainor testified that be wont lo Beetty's house ou tbe 20th ot Movember, uud while sio plug ou u lounge there l?U Benny's hand id his pocket and afterwurd missed tho monuy. Mr. Realty produced a number ol witnesses. His nnd their testimony was to the effect that Trainor was very drunk ou the night In question?so drunk that Bcstty, who knew hiu,, alter iryiug to put lnra In a cur, took him home. He slept pretty well until early next morning, when he tried to go through llio win dow, mistaking it lor a door. Ho soon niter left tbe bouse. He returned some time afterward and claimed ttiat money bad been atoien from hiai. Justice Mur rey dismissed ibo complaint. COUONEK8' lis QUESTS. Coroner Flanagan yesterday Investigated s num ber ol violent deaths which had occurred during the last month, tbe Jury lu each case finding that they were duo to accident. Annie Krhardt came homo Irom a ball on November 20, and sitting dowu by the fire In her apartment loll into a deep sleep, Irom which she was awakened by hor clotnos Igniting. She died Irom the offoots of tbe burns then received. Fanny Qutgg's death was due to injuries received by fulling oat ol ttie second story Ure encape ot No. 230 West Sixteenth street ou November 20, and tbe jury rocoinmeiidvd that there ue * trap door tlxed on eaoti oue ol the bal coilics, opening toward tho outer rail. Ferdinand Hatter was struck on tho breast'by tbe pole ol bis own truck while leading his horses tbrougn West street, Dear Fulton, and bis Injuries proved Intnl. James Strong died trom the injuries be received by being i crushed between the shall oi a coal ouri and a post in the yard of Townsond it Co., No. 314 Eighth avenue. MARRIAGES AM) DEATHS. ENGAGED. .Toskpi!?ScHWARTzciiaD.?Mr. Fbid. Jompii, ef Chi cago, 111., to Fanny Bchwartzciiild, daughter ol Jo scoh dchwarizciiiid. 336 Rust 5Iii su- city. No cards. MARRIED. Bornmaxh?Lrvkrich.?On Tuesday, December 11, by Rev. Charles W Gallagner, CHAkLkS U. Bohw'* to Mauuik K., oldust daughter ol BeujAinis B. UUT" crlcti. E?q . all of Brooklyn. . . . Kkhasut?Halluwmli?At lb* Second Presbyterian CUurcti, Philadelphia, ou Decombur 12, Bells daughter ol tbe laio Tboraaa L. Jewett, of Onto, to Joki. B. Kkmarpt. ol New York. GALLAiiuiiK?^OOMmsoa.?iOn Tuesday evening, us OMuber 11, by Her. Joseph By run, St. Stephen'* Cuurcb, F. K. UallaOusr. of Modino, N. Y., to Tkssis if. Ccmhisuh, of tbU city. Gmvety?Folky.?On Monday evening. Decetnboi 10 1877 at tho reaideuoe of the bride's parents, No 335'East 82d sk, by the Rev. J. lreanor, S. J., Joseph I,. Gkvkty to Him K. roimr, both of this ?'m!MPSTko?Colyee.?lu Bgooklyn, on the 4tti Inet., bv tbe lfev Goorge Storrs, Ciisistopher M. Hkmp sted to Mrs. Scsax Ann Colyke, both of Brooklyn, N Meai HY?Cok.?On Wednesday, December 12, at tbe ret^ucoVfbeTrlde'. parent/ 45 West 58tb sl. by tho Rev Or Morgan, John Hkhmy Mchphy to Katm lIllun!' youngest daughter ol T. J. Coe, both ol this Panoall?Cole.?Ou Wednesday, December 12, 1877, by It?o Rev. John Hull, D. 0., Otih W. Rani-all to Ei.lik R. Cols, daughter of the late Johu Petligrew, Ul Will!ajw?Onv?r. ?On Tuesday, December 11. at Ibe residence ol the bride'- parents, by the Rev. K. B. Keisiv Edward W. Williams, of liullalo, N. Y., to Susik 'k., aocoud daughter ol Richard Oliver, of Brooklyn. _ __ DIED. ' Hklicxap At Orange, N. J., December 12, Jcbtixa Black wkll, wile ol A. Weiliug Belknap> and daughter ol tho lute Aiexaudor N. llletioker, ol this city. Notice ol funeral nerealter. Cochran. ?Tuesday, Docoinbor 11, William Cocu KAf rieude are luvitod to attend the lunerul Thursday, 13th lust., at hail-past twelve o clock P M.. fiorn his laie residence, 211 West 17tt? at Go.nro?.-Ai New Brigntou, States Island on Wojncsdny, December 12, 1871, Rov. Jamls L. Con isok, pastor of St. Peter's Roman Gathollo Gburtn, in the 46iti yosr ol his age. ..... ?? ?? A solemn high mass of requiem lor tho repose of bis soul will bo ottered ou Friday, December i4, at ball-past teu A. M. Tho reverend clergy, relatives and irieuds are invited to attend, .loals luaVo pier 111, Uvy el., at 9:45 A. M., and pier 1, Whilohull St., at 10 Gowkn. Wednesday, Docoinbor 12, of malarial fo yer, Nathan Oowrn, oldest sou of R. J. Oowou, In the 29ln year ol bis age. Fuuerul lioiu bis lalo residence,. 2J6 Bay si., Jor sev Guy, lo-inoriow (Friday) morning, at uiuo o'clock. Relatives and irieuds oi deceased uud ol the lumily ol K J ? GoWfii (220 Kasl add si,. Ibis city), und niomuori ? ol Noan Lodge, No. 185, 1. O. U. B : Jorsoy Guy Lodgo, No. 58 K. S. B., and ol Mechanics' Lodge, I. 0. O. F., ol Jersey Guy, are ro.-poctiully mvitoJ to stieud. Ouvkut. ?Ou iUcsduy, the lltb mst., Llmkh B., onlj* sou of Charles 8. aud Ella A. Covert, ageu 1 year, 3 mouths and 7 days. ... . Relatives and Tiouds of iho family aro respectfully inviiuil to attend the luucral, Irotu the residence ol bit parents, No. 15 Ridge 8L, New York, on Thursday, the 13! h, ul oue P. M. Unas.?On Monday, Decombor 10, Miss Elizadkto L Dkas. Relatives end friends of tho family are invited to slieiid tho luueral, iroui her late residence, No. 139 West lolu si., ou I'uursday aliernoou, Deeouiber 13, at two o'clock. Funoral services at drove Church, New Durham, N. J., at three P. 11., where the re muiue wdl be placua in tho family vault. Duhlaph. ?Mrs. 8arah Duklacb, agod 65, widow of M urcus Durlaoh. Relatives ami friouda aro lnvltod to attend tho funoral, ou Friday, at nine A. M., at 307 East 12in st. ; also members oi Edward Everett Lodge, i. O. B. B., and Standard Lodge, F. S. O. I. Kckkkt.?In Brooklyn, on the 10th oi Douomber, 1877, Emilk S. Eckkrt. The relatives and irtenda are Invited to attend the funoral, trum his lute raaldouoe, 30 Vurandab placo. al two o'clock, Thursday, December 13. lntermoul at Ureouwood. Fokcb.?On Wednesday niorulng, Decembur 12, 1877, John Morris Fokub, in lhe75tn year ol his ugu. Relatives ana Irteude are luviied to attend tho luu erui services at his lute residence, 161 West 13i.li sL, on Friditv, December 14, ul flay minutos past clovea A. 11. Interment at Greenwood. It Is requesied thai no tlowors ho sent. FoWLkR.?Ou Wednesday, December 12, or dlph. therluc croup, Lizzik Gkacb, youngost child ol John M. und Margaret 1 owlor, ugou 2 years, 2 months and 20 days. Funeral sorvtoos at tho residence of her parents, 93 Burrow street, this (Thursday) afternoon, at ono o'clock. Gkissskhainbr.?In this city, on Tuesday morning, December 11, 1877, William 11. GkissBNUAUiiCK, in tho 35tb year ol his agoi Relatives and Jriends are Invited to attend his fune ral trum iho residence oi his hrotber-in-law, George G. Kip, No. 371 Lexington av., on Saturday tuoru lug, 15th lust., at ten o'clock. Friends are requesied not to send flowers. Graham. ? On Tuesday morning, Decombor 11, Klizauktu 11 iLLiksx, iho boluvod wile ol James Gra ham. In tho 42d your ol her ago. Friends are respeotiully Invited to attond tho fu neral, ou Thursd?y, tne 13th, at one P. M., from her late residence, 619 West 6dtb st. IIall.? Ou Monday evoniug, Docomber 10, Sabra, wntow of the lute Captain Beujamin K. Hull, In IUS 79th yoarol her age. tier irlonds and rolatlvos and those of her son, Henry B. Hull, are invited to attend the funeral, al her laio residence, 203 6lli av., Brooklyn, Thursday, De cember 13, at eleven A. M. Ball ?Glaka M. Hall, wile of Francis S. Hall, in tho 32d year ol hor ..go. Relatives aud friends of tho family are Invited to nt loud the lnnorul, lrom her late residence, 86 2d st, Brooklyn, E. D., ut two P. M. llioaiNs.?On Tuesday, December 11, aftor a linger ing lilnc-.B. which he bore witu Christian tortltudo, Edward Hiooins, In the 81st year of his age, native of the parish ot Grsuard, county Lougiord, Irolaud. Relutlvce and Irieuds und those ol' ins sons, Jumee and Patrick Uigglus; also those ol his sous-ln-law, Peter Doian, James Kiernan and Jo.-cpn Campbell, are respecliully invited to attend tho luueral, from his lute residence, b3 Prospect plsce, ou tnle day (? burs day), December 13, at one 1'. 51., l>etween 42a and 43d sis., east ol 2d av., New York. Kunny.?In Brooklyn, Decombor 12, Thomas Kihny, a native oi Robiustowu, county Lougiord, Ireland, in the 61st yesr ol his age. Relatives and Irieuds of tne family and tnoso of hie sou, Rev. Philip J. Kenny, are invited to attend the lunerul, lrom bis late resideuco, corner of Hicks aud Luquer sis., on Friday, tho 14th Inst., at ten A. M.; lrom thence to the Church tho Star ol the Sea. where a rquiom mass will bo ottered lor the repose oi his souL . Knakukl.?On Wednesday, Decomber 12. 1877, Gkouus Francis, only child of Georgo W. and Helen F. Ku.ebel (lorinerly Helen F. Rogers), aged 1 yoar und 9 days. lteluilvos and friends are rospectiully Invited to at toua the luueral, on Friduy, Docoinbor 14, at two o'clock P. M., lrom Nj>. 30 Irving place, Hrooklyn. Burial at Greenwood. Liuiiy.?At hor residence, 23 Eaet 48th St., Wednes day alicrnoon, Decumber 12, Makt G., wile ol IViihani H. Libby und duugbtcr of tbe late Purrln Bardick. Lymuil?Puosday, December 11, Michakl Lynch, at hie lute residence, 36 City Hall place, ogeJ 70 yeara. Rjlulivusuud Irieuds oi Ibu tuiniiy are re-puctlully invited to attend tbe luucral, ou i'burs.iay, December 13, ut ten o'ciock, from Su Andrew's Churou, wnere a requiem mass will bo ofTered up lor tho lepueo of bia soui; tbpnee to Calvary Cemetery, at one o'clock, fur Interment. Monaqiian.?Tuesday, Decombor 11, Catbarinh Moxaohax, widow ol tno lute l'eter Mouoghuit, aged 02 years. Tne friends of tbe family are respectfully invited to attend Per lunerul, lrom ncr lute rosidunco, 309 East 109ib el., on t riduy, Utu insu. at one o'clock. McNulty?Ou Sunday morning, Dccembor 9, at the residence ot bis daughter, Mrs. J. D. l lunkeit, at New Haven, Miciiasl McNulty, aged 62 years. PikROk.?On Wedncsjay, December 12, Uracb PiKitck, ut 258 West 21st st. Funeral ul Utlca, N. Y. RiLLikT.?Suddenly, In Brooklyn, on Wednesday afternoon, Deoemuor 12. 1877, ura. Thsooorinh KlLLIkT. Notice of funeral nereuftor. Kuhskll.?Hr/.kkiah Huhskll, on Tneeday morning, Decemuer 11, lu the 61sl yoar ol his ago. Relatives and Iriunds are luviied to attend the fa uerat, at his late residence, No. 63 South Elliott piece, Brooklvn. to day (Thursday), at two o'clock. ? Schorr.?1On Wednesday, December 12, 1877, John M. Schorr, aged 46. Relatives aud Irieuds are rospoctinlly Invited to at tend the lunoral, ut St, Michael's Monastery, West llohokuil, N. J., on Friday, 14th lust., at ten o'clooa. SiBLkY.? On Wednesday, Decembur 12, Susan K., bo loVou who ol J. J. Sibley. Tlu luucral will luke place, from her late residence. No 2,136 3d av., on Friday, Doocmber 14^ at elovoa A. M. Simmons.?On Tuesday morning, Deoorober 11, Elib abkth, wile ol William Simmons. Funeral service lrom chapel of SL Chrysostom, comer of 39th sl and 7th av., <>n Thursday, Decembel 13, at eleven A. M. Relatives aud friends are rospool fully luvited to attend. TnoMPsoN.?On Wednesday morning, December 12, alter a lingering illness, lluv. Jahks L. Thompson, aged 77 years. Relatives aud friends are respectfully Invited to at loud the funeral, at 8k Thomas'Chnroh, Rsvouswood, L. L, on Friday, December 14,.ul two P. M. Van Cott.? On Wednesday, December 12, Johm Van Cott. The relatives and friends or his family ere respect fully luviied to atteud his funeral services, et his luta resideuco, No. 12 East 76lh sk, ou Friduy, 14th luak, at throe o'clock 1'. M. VRkSLANi).?On .Sunday, Deoember 9, at Prospect Plains, N. J., GORNHLiue VukMLAjin, in tbe 80tn year of Ins age. Relatives snd friends of the lamlly ars respectfully luvited to attend tbe funeral, lrom the Reformed Dutch Church ol Edglish Neighborhood, N. J., this day (Thursday), at oue o'clock P. 41. Carriages Will bo in walling at Jorsoy City lorry, Jersoy City, al quarter-past eleven A. M. Warp.?On iuesday, December 11, Mary Garner, beloved wile ol A. II. Wurd. Relatives aud triends oi tho family are invited to at teud ibe luueral services, from her laio resideuco, No. 161 Wost47lb ml, on Thursday, little mst., at half-past eleven A. M. Friouda will please roiralu from oendiuf flowers, WiikkLkR.?Jamks WnkktKR, on tbe 11th day of December, 1877. Tbe (Mends and relatives of tho family are respect. fully invited to attend tho funeral, from nla late resi dence, 6Hib sk snd 3d av., on Friday, at one o'elook. TViLkr.?On Saturday, Deoember 8, Errik, young est daughter ol George W. and Elizabeth M. Witoy, aged 2 years and 1 month. Ou Tuesday, Ducerub. I 11, Katie, oldest duugntor, aged 7 years and 10 mouths. Causa diphtheria.