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The Modern Taste for the Ancient and Oriental. WHAT OUR BAZAARS CONTAIX Peculiarities of Egyptian and Persian Art. THE LOOMS AND PENCILS OP INDIA. Contributions for the Present-Givers from * China and Japan. I. New York, growing more catholic and cosraopoll tan in it. ta.tes wtth the advancing year, has accurnu lutcd an enormous .t,ro of article. desirable to vir mos. 11 la doubtlul, at mis holiday season. ?b?lb?r nny other city haa collected no groat a variety ol fab Mention, illustrative of the art., anc.eut all countries, and whether a atudent of the aria Equipped with moderate knowledge and quick nppro jeusion could do bettor than Investigate the show rooms of the metropolis before entering upon severe studies in the European museums. Few works ol antiquity or modern renown bnve not been reproduced by the genius ol coniomporary artists and artificers. The sculptures, tho pottery, the textures, embroideries and curious handiwork ol all races have boeu iu turn tho subjects of Imitatiou by skilled anonyms in tho servico ol grout European and Amorican factors. If an antique statue was aiscovered etralghtwny Its measurements wero lagan and It was copied in half a dozen sizes in marble or bronze. If an ancteot city was exhumed its architecture, its lapostnes, the costumes and orna ments ol Us inhabitants, wero imitated lor tho rnur kot in jewels, coracniea and olbor personal or house hold lut trios. Thus tho Jewels ol tho Cypriote col Ivctioti?tho treasures brought by Cesnola from tho Island of Cyprus, and secured by the Metropolitan Museum of Art?have boon exactly copied, sud the re productions are oxhtbltod and ready to be sold lor Christmas presents. The countries of the anclont East are contributing more and moro In late years to swoll the metropolitan market ol arts and curiosities. Immense Invoices ot yon.'s irom Japan. China, India, Turkey and Egypt havo been sbippod to tbe port ol New York, and tho best furnaces ol France, Belgium and Holland aro ern p.oyod In reproducing for tbis market those antique ressels in which American connoisseurs and ama teur. aro taking so unprecedented an interest. XI. Almost everybody In New York remembers the two Egyptian ntaluos in bronze which stood, sad, se rious and solemn, in the window of one of tho great tsiablisumeuti on Brondwuy which concerns lisell only with bcautitnl things. To gaze at thorn was to recall tho Egypt of the Pharaohs, ol the aucrod Nilo, which was without a tributary Irom its leap among tbo Abyssinian mountains to its coiiAuodco with the sea Productions themselves of modorn art, these Ug uresremiudedusol how art sprang up in tbo kingdom 01 Cneops, Cheiron and Mycorcnus, 4,000 years be loro tho Christ whoso birth we aro so soon to cele brato wus born. They remlndod us of the stupen dous obelisks of tho twollth Egyptian dynasty, ot tbo wouderlul tombs ol Boul-Has.an, ol tbe golden age ol Egypt iu n civilization when Bhtmscs and Sesostrls relgued, and ' wheu wero erected those splendid temples and monuments the ruins ol which bavo not yet utiorly disappeared. The pyramids or Memphis, "Hundred-tiaiod Theboa;" the teroplo or Kurnak, with its mussive Pylon entrances. Its lotus capitals aud columns; Luxor and Its colossal sphinxes, and XIcm nun aud bis gigantic consort seated by the bill all those mighty images ol the past wore brought up oy ibo two llgures?a ir.ale acd a lomalo?which by ihclr atmudis aud expressions appeared to meditate over the dusky Egyptian past. It was a little startling, on entering the groat estab lishment where they stood, to encounter In the Egyptian collection there reproductions ol almost every object cclebratod in tho annals of Egyptian art. There wero tuo pyramids, obelisks aud sphinxes In miniature, and vessels aud bas-reliefs illustrating Egyptian painting and Egyptian sculpture. Neither sculpluro nor painting ever attained In Egypt to the dignity ol independent arts, standing utmost exclusively in tbe service ol architecture they seldom rested on their own strengtn, beiug lettered by inexorable architectural laws. In the reproduc tions and engraviugs which uro attainable here Egyptian sculpture presents a slnowy, slender, el slic race ol beings?broasls and shoulders without roundness, broad and powerful; tbo arms long and liiuscuiar; tho body with slender bips und legs. The heads have the stamp ol uniuistukahlo Sheuiilto do scent, 'lite lortn of the skull is flat, with a receding brow denoting duOcicut imagination. The small, oval and obliquely placod eyes suggest aculenoss aud tunning. The uose, coming out trout between the prominent choek boues, wltb the hridgo slightly lowered. Is brought into close union with the project ing lower parts ol the lace, which Irom tho voluptuous lips aud tho corners ol tho mouth drawn upward bear an expression of acnsnal case. The Egyptian statues all present the saint Uxedexpression, the sumo imperious bearing, tho same symbolic attributes. In the sitting llgures, lor example, iu the Memuon do picted by Miss Ed wards in her book, "A Thousand Miles up the Mile," according to Orioutal etiquette, tnc Joel aro placed equally, sldo by side, tho upper port ot the body maintaining a strictly solemn position, the bond directed forward with a llxcd gain. Bo h arms, with their flat, outstretched hands, fit closo to tlio body and waist as II moulded out of one cast. A Similar absolute repose is maintained by the standing llguros?a Uxed look, legs Joined, aud arms crossed ovor the breast. These llgures stand in their posltious as architectural supports, not like the Caryatides and Atlanta." ol Greek art. exhibiting a strained onorgy, but in Oriental passivoness. Mill, the mli-lity figures which the F.gyptluns loved to fashion in colossal size are just as Uiflo'ent from the dreamily tender or wild lautastlo llguros of the Indians as they uro Irom the strong, compact und somewhat coarsely Inclined creatures of Assyrian sru I here is a curious absence ol all distinction ot u.o or sex intra? Egyptian sculptures, whether statues or lias rebels en crrux; and the Egyptian gods, '(hot, Hlie, Auubis, Amnion, Hathur sou Seiib, aro distin guished by plnclng on their shtiuldirs tho heads ol birds and animals? the Ibis, hawk, dog, rum, cow aad Itonesa III. From Babylon and Nlnev. h, those lands between the Indus and the Euphrates, where nur.ieiit civiliza tion was affected a. in Egypt by nnghiy streams, and whoso populations woro Isolated Irom the rest of the world lor conturles, come relics ol art aiino-t forgot ten until tho modern in-slo lor the antique was revived and extended In these last low years. Oi mono lands, rich from earliest ages in rapid changes and agitating Catastrophes, the oldest test ol culture wst Mesftpo tsmla. There works of vast extent and grand sim plicity of design arose. There ro .c tbo Tcmplo of Hani There hung the wonJerlul Gardens ol BetniratniN. A piece ol tapestry, which I* ollercd Tor sale at a price disconcerting Iu any one hut a nabob. Is claimed to represent one of the bus rellols In tho Temple of Baal, lo which, as iu the sculpture ol the Egyptians, the art was applied lo the delineation or actual lile, and generally confined to chronlcl.ug the deeds ol rulers, rue lorm. are (Irmly and distinctly deigned; Hie ? ?ures stoat and inclined to obesity, with strongly curved nose., !?>!? ?/*? expressive arched brow, voluptuous lip. and full ch.us. But in judg ing ol the unlikelihood that tins tapestry presents an authentic copy It must be remembered that the Temple of Uaal, wbich was built i.U"?*l years prior to the Christian era, w??, dosplte its grandeur, mere perishable aud more oompi-t.ely I0., at an earlier day than the contemporary .true lure, ol Egypt aud As.yr.a. There wa. no stone in Mesopotamia, a land formed of alluvial T,'? building material consisted of tUe. dried In tho .an. cemented together by aepbaltum mortar. We have none bat imaginary pictures of those stupendous edi tlc ?? ?n the benks of the Tigris which crumbled ages on ages ago. Persia and Hedea have advanced bat little in ar. tlstic skill, it seems, since the times ol great Cyrus aud Cambyses. The embroideries and metal orna ments which come from there are of slight intrinsic or artistic value. Not so, However, the lew but rare relics of Western Asia, of the old PhccuKiaus and Hebrews. The "men ol Sidon" were earliest In the possession of the scorels ol purple dye, the ni inufao tore ol glass and the casliog ot metals. They learned weaving from tho Babylonians. All the artistic lux uries mentioned by Homer originato, as s rule, trotu the men of Stdon, and not a few of the costliest tapes tries now produced are alleged copies of their rude but expouslve skill. IV. Tho wealth of products Iroin ludla which are pro jected nowadays Into the American market* Is lairiy dszzltug. No region on earth besides bus ever, or probably could ever, have produced so groat aud en chanting a variety ul rich and sumptuous articlos, specimens ol which are now displayed In the ware houses aud bazaars of New York city. The great In dian peninsula, predestined to an exclusive civiliza tion b.v its Isolation aud advantages, slopes Iroin the loltiesl Himalayas down in grand terraces, through every climate, until it thrusts Its tapering point lar Into the Indian Ocean. Separated from the northern countries by rocky walls, enclosed west and east by the rivers of lndns and Brahmaputru, the Im mense territory of anterior ludla is watered by a hun dred Intermediate streams. Hulf the plouf urc which the mind ol a rational man or an enthusiastic womun can derive irom the possesslen ol un article Iron) an Indian loresl or an Indian loom should lie in the pic tures It conjures up of the art history and lite of that favored region through which the sacred (lunges and it* tributary Djumna?tho consecralod Dual)?flow? a region where, twelve centuries boioro Christ, the magniflc?nt capitals of the Brabmralcul rulers, Hustinapurus, luuraprastes and Madura, were nlreudy reared; a region in wmcn, further down the Ganges, Cities existed ol such glaut size that Loudon, Paris and New York, ail put together, would have matched but one of their suburbs. Even by tne gorgeous embroideries which are re peated irom the designs of that remote period In the robes scut ovor Iroui iudla last week ono Is brought close to the luxuriant nature and life of ancient lim bos tun. Before the Hindoo wcro the phenomena of all zonos, (roan the Ice and scanty moss 01 tho glacier world to the rank growths and uinjustic palms of the tropics. Captivated ny this woudertul uuturo bis Imagination was continually tilled with brilliant imagos. His character became slumped with calm BtsaU'adtnoss and luxurious utijoymont. From tho first everything was favorable to his art development except his roliglou. The religion of Brahmtuism (the ancient, fantastic, polytheistic beltel) corrupted for conturics, by Its spiritless formula, Its mechanical hypocrisy and de pressing oreod, the natural tendencies of tho nstioaul mind. In Buddhism arose a purified, moro human and more hcurtfolt system ol Ideas. From tho victorious rise of Buddhism under King Acoka, 250 years boforo Cbrlst, the monumental und other artistic creations of India begun to flourish. They continued to be erectod aftor ibo return of Hrabnnn Isui during the Christian era. Then were constructed tlioso famous stupas or toinb mounds, and thoso Im mense caves or dwelling places of the Indian monks which have astonished the people or succeeding agon. In tho caves of Ellora aud Eiopbanta, hewn ont of granite moun tains in semicircles a milo In clrcumferonce, we obtain glimpfos ol that lavish abundance ol plastic ornament which is repeated and copied tor as In tiles and Utpostry and bronze to-day. Tho wbolo Interior surfaces ol those caves wcro covered ID strange irregu larity with the creations ol Brahminical symbolism? forms ot uiou und animals iu wild complexity and dis order; Atalantcs-like flguros, upparontly supporting the entablature ; lions, elephants and curiously fash loood composite beings, the whole chlscllod with ??servile assiduity ol execution." The truly archi tectural members, especially tho free supports, which have to bear the weight of the rocky ceiling, were lormod iu a most capricious and varied manner. V1L The Indian figures which are represented In the selections (rum Indian sculpture and painting now In New York are mostly those of godsend divinities. The Indian Trinity?Brabina, Slwa and Vichnu?thir teen lesser divinities und some of tho countless demons and gods of tho Indian Olympus appeur. Thoy bear an exnresslon oi profound reflection und earnest oomompluiton, combined with gruve simpli city. Evidently these figures wero created not from dis tinct conceptions, but out ol dreuiny fancies and mystical speculations. Art is here the hand maid 01 a worship which finds approach to God In symools of a monstrous kind. Whenever, therefore, the forms of gods or the history or their wonderful dastioy was to be portrayou, whenover deep and mysterious awe of tho unapproachable wus to bo manifested, uone but oatwurdly symbolic acces sories wore resorted to aud vague nltoinpts at expres sion were produced by beaps of wings, heads, arms and legs or quaint combinations ol animals and human bodies. There is raroly shown a cloar conception ot the stmplo circumstances ol dally life, and never of historical events. An unbridled fancy riots especially la ihu attempted delineation of dramulic scones us on a screon In a Broadway establUhmont, whore six-armed Durga, consort of the daunt less Slwu, surrounded by a crowd ol lighting and lallon, rushes madly forward to uostroy a gigantic bull-headed demon. Whenever on tho oihor hand a state ol cultn existence Is to ho depicted In slrongor touches and simpler groups, then Indian art oftou displays a tenderly attractive grace, a deli cate sense of nature and a touching nsivotd of feel ing. In scenos ol an idyllic kind tho mode ol execution Is broken through by a sweet poetic fancy. Most es pecially Indian plastic art succcods in tho expression ol womanly beauty, and ihero aro some copies in ivory of Indinn antiques which would cause many an Occidental sculptor to grasp distrusttully at his laurels. VIII. China aud Japan are both superbly represented in tho present holiday displays. All the old stores devoted to the khIu of articles from those countries show greater activity than cvor, aud several new ones have been opened. Houses which import diroctly from China and J .pan are established at several places on Broadway, front. Walor, John and I'earl streets, Iu Astor place and Iu sixth avenue A comparison ol Chinese with Indian art shows thin the former likewise received lis impulse Irom Buddhism, which began to spread into China about Oily years before Christ, and gradually acquired exclusive ?way. But since tne Chinese are a soberly intelli gent and practically wise people, according to thoir lights, with a preponderating attention to worldly alma and gains?a people, in tact diametrically opposite to tho dreamy and rcflectlvo natives ol India?their lorrns ol urt are considerably modified. The Influence of deep symbolism and grand seriousness Is missing; Iu its place Is found an effort alter well arrnnged elegance and varied ornament. Here, too, vtill more decidedly than In other Oriental architecture, there is an excess of wooden construc tion. Chinese artisans aro so expert at minute carvings and linings that tnev delight to rc| roduco In iniulu turo the lamed towers auu pagodas ol ilicir cities and the country seats ol their princes. Consequently it is po?>lble lor a buyer to study Chinese architecture on tho shelves ol a metropolitan bazaar. 'Ihis architecturo is mostly of the lbigop lorru, vurv radically altered. The buildings <11 mm inn in sizn at every story, so that each sti< ceedmg story recedes behind the concave root ol ihe former ouo. A gal lery ol brightly varnished wood pillars, ollon fllied up wuh gilt trellis work, surrounds tho lower floor. Curiously iwlstod carved work, especially fabulous dragons, stand out trotn tho projecting ratters, and numorou* Utile bells, suspended at cvorj- point, com plete Hie childishly playiul character ol these build ings The slender lower, or tha, so great a fuvnrilo with tho Chinese, which rlsos in many stories to a tailoring poiul, may be regarded as an offspring, though remote, ol the Indian lope. The most (amous one, at Nankin, of wnich an exact copy Is exhibited on Front etreel, rises in nine stories to the height of JO0 lecu Brilliant ornaments ol plato and porcelain, gaudy painting and rloti gilding mark this structure. 1 lie plastic nrts of China display a whimsical ex travagance In religious rcpro nutations combined with a certain Intelligent conception ot life and nature. They touch closely on the boundary line ot trno art. occasionally abandoning the usual course ol servile hte'rslism. Tne Japanese display, essentially linked w tb ili.it of the Chinese, affords a prolusion ol bronzes, v ?>????, screens, silk and paper paintings, lacquer work, crapo pictures, fans, parasols and curious wooden utensils. These things are excevetvcly admired?justly so?on account ol their ingenuity, but certainly not on ac count of tbelr heauty or grace The Jepauese ncrer arrive ut a btgb architectural feeling, as may bo aeon in their vessel* and liuple men a. Thus their cabinet work, which is* wonder fully executed iu technical respects; their toilet cases, work tables, c-Ugdres and drawers, possess the strauge peculiarity ol never being symmetrical. The arrange ment of the eliding drawers U never correct and the Inluld ornaments obstinately avoid all rcgulurily of design. Their bronze vesaele, also perlunie casts, glasses, candlesticks, exhibit ugly forms of every kind covereu with lautastic devices. Many of these vessels assume the loruis ol distorted monsters or gobllu-nke creatures, the Japanese imagination, like the CDinese, constantly verging on the giotesque. It Is only whore a naive ualurallrm asserts itself in the works that a seen observation ol nature and lively conception are apparent. In those bronze lights which huve been shown here lor five years past, formed of a Blender, heron-like water bird standing on the back of a tortoise and holding a water plaut in lis beak, the opened blossom buids the candle. Truly the Japanese have a spocial gill for drawing and iialotiug; but hero, too, the driest realism pre vails, producing excellent things in the Imitation given to nature, but never evldcnolug aq attempt at the expression of an Idea. 1'rofeasor Lilbke, lu his "History of Japanese Art," goes so far as to acouse the Japanese of "never having a breath of truo artistic fueling," and ho Is undouhtodiy right. He rays the lack of thia fesllng "is felt lu all tbelr Independent paintings, us, lor example. In theskiltuliy executed bright pictures with which the red or black varnished trays and similar vessels are decorated. Here wo see an averstou to a proportionate diviaiou ol space, from the fact that, lu order to display as great a surface as possible ol uo kurpussubly Une varnish, the representations aro plucod in one coruer without auy architectural counter balanco." la writing and drawing books, compendlums and other works of Instruction the Japanese rep. resent landscapes, animals and fishes with most accurate oosorvaiioit and must exact character ization. Other books, containing splendid colored prints, depict the elegant liio of the faeblonubis world of Japan. Still others, together with the crape pictures which have boen imported this yeur, dis play lu illuminated woodcuts the doings of the peo ple?the motley confusion lu the streets oi populous cities, leats of conjurers and athletes, morrymukiiigs in the open air and similar scours. In these the vig orous precision of the drawing, alter falling into cnri cuturo and delighting to show Its power in bold forc shortonings, claims admiration no less than the dis tinctness of expression and the lull meaning given to the gestures aud movements of the bamaa body. Beauty Is alien to this mode of art, and If Imagination bo evinced it manifests ltsoli only in distortions? cruzy productions of minds rovelltug in the hideous. Thus this art "revolves incessantly between imagina tive naturalism and monstrous lautastio delineation." IX, What we recoivo from Arubla Is not nearly so abuu duut as It is rare. The arts of Islam have found as yet no regular murkot in tho United Slates, though occasionally some strange product of Arabian genius und skill Is brought hero and quietly disposed oC Tho most interesting specimens ol ancient Arabian art are guarded In tbe native mosques and tombs. It is not easy lor virtuosi to rob tbo mausoleums of the caliphs. Spain Indeed, wbcre, nutll the fall ol Grenada in 1432, tho Moors bad remained for seven successive coulurios oudcr the Independent Kingdom ol Abdorr bamun, lately contributed to the Ceateunl.il Exhibi tion some beautiful relics of that noble, high-tntndod and charming civilization which culraiuatod with the erection ol the Alhainbra fortress lu 1250 A. D. and ol iho'Alhumbra Palace In the latter hall' of the lollowtng century. The lew that wero not withdrawn back to tho museums ol Madrid nearly all passed directly Into the hands ol wealthy collectors. Only here and there an uudoubtod gora of that gracoful epoch ot science pootry and art awaits a fortunate American purchaser. MISSIONARY WORK. FIFTY-FIRST ANNIVERSARY OF THK CITY MIS SION AND TRACT 80CIKTY. Anniversary exercises wore held in Ids Brick Pres byterluu Church last evening by the City Mission and Tract Society, Tho uticudunco was large. Mr. A. K. Wetuiore, president ol tbe society, presided, and announced tne ordor ol exercises. Dr. Bevan, pas tor of the church, conducted the services. A brtet ad dress was dollverod by ltov. A. F. Schaufller, ol OUvot Chapel, who spoae ol tho missionary work In this city, which, he feared, was conducted unwisely, aud without a sutllcienlly deAnile plan. We should not, ho said, eneourago pauperism, whother religious or secular. Wo should not give any thing without re ceiving something in return. We can only elevate the lower classes by appoullug to their higher In stlucts. We aou't reloru> men oy clothing them. Dr. llsll also delivered uu address, ho said that tho nuiuocr ol Christians In the city who support what way be called the evangelical uiiHsions is very smull, so niiiuIJ that it would surprise many persons prusont. It would be well to examine the causes ol the Ignorunce uud crime which uponl us every day la New York. Those nnsoruhlu oreuturos here who uro hetruyed into commuting criuoo, though coming largely Irotn otUer lanes, come as well Irotn the various Status ol this Lniou, or are educated, if the word may he used, in uur midst. Those who come Irotn tne outside are drawn to a large extent by the tgnorauce, lolly slid fatality ol our oity charities. A Christian congregation ig the cheapest, wisest and best ol all evuugeiical lullueiicts, uua U is by creating these ibut tho City Mission is doing good in us own lino. Dr. lievuti was the lost speaker, treating the subject in Uuud with much sense and ability. Tne lollowiug showing was made by Mr. Jesup, tbe treasurer, in hlH annual report:?I olal receipts, $37,073 7b; total expenditures, $3U,270 UP; delicti, $2,203 21. Mr. Jackson, the secretary, In making his statement said that tweuty ministers and one hlsnop had come trout the rauks ol those converted through tho lu strumeDtality ol the City Mission. I'lie society bus thirty-live missionaries, who visit 20.000 lumilies who are out ol other parochial cure. Filteen hundred poor, almost destitute chlldrou, are instructed uud cared lur in Its Sunday school. 1 he annual expense ol the mission is omy $io,uou. AN ANCIENT CHURCH. The Reformed Church si Bellovillo, N. J., celebrated yesterday mo ISOth unuivorsary of lis foundation aud tho twenty-Ofth anniversary of tho opening ol tho present church building. The church lias su exceed ingly Interesting history. It was originally called the Kclorwed Church ol Second River, and was the Ursl lully organised of the Ave oldest Reformed churches in Now Jersey, tho others being located at Bergen, Huckciisack, ?Rltrondenburg and Kugllsh Neighborhood. During tne latter part of the Kavoiu ll?nary War It was used bv the patriots as a tori nnd was uadiy shatiored In 17.S0 by the British. Yes terday, in honor ol its double nmiivcrsury, the cuiUce w is gayly decorated with Dowers aud evergreens, and a historical address was delivered In the lurenoo.. by Rev. J. P Story, the pastor. There were exciuisc* in tne altornoou and evening, at whicti were present Ituv Dr. Cuuipbcll, prnsiiieut ot Rutgcm College; Rev. T. Do Witt luirnage, Rev. W. W. Halloway, Rev. l>r. A bee l. Rev Isaac S. Demand?all former pastors except the first named. The evening sermon was preached by Mr. luimage. AN ACCOMMODATING liUUGLAR. About Ave o'clock yesterday afternoon a clerk In the employ of Theodore Mackunl, hardware dealer, No. 7U0 Broad street, Newurk, visited the store to light the gas. As he was leaving he heard s noise in the back port of the store, and unsung there saw s strange man escaping irotn the premises through an alley way leading to Mechanic stroet. lie called a policeman, and, while talking with tho latter, lbs ruuawuy earns to the trout door aud asked what llio row was. I he olers declared he was the burglar, and tho mux was urrealed and taken lo the station house. He is su inventor named (.buries C. King; has boon unsucci Hslm hi business, and is believed lo be out ot Ins mind. Huh held, however. He lives with his lather si No. 2!>1 Mulberry street. THE INCAPACITY OF CONGRESS. [From tbe Philadelphia Inquirer, Dec. 13.J The fact that throughout tbe called and regular ses sions Very Utile uaolui legislation haa been per/eotcd confirms the impression thul Congress Is a costly gov ernmental appendage. Ills aolug tbe damage to tho national Onoucen that tbe Legislatures Imve done for the various Niates until ibe people luiriv groan undur Ilia burdens tboy have to bear, hat When they mur mur they ure silenced by tho rumnrx that tucy ure enjoying the blessings of free representative govaru moni, and the lack Ol wisdom in the management ol uIIairs continues to go hand in hand wnh corruption and luttdellty to pstriotlo and oOlcial pledges. THE EXCISE ORDER Hew the Usual Sunday Bev erages Were Obtained. HOBOKEN'S OPPORTUNITY. Unwary Dealers Who Fell Into the Hands of the Police. Seven thousand saloons closely watched by 2,000 policemen?this was too utuat striking feature of New York yesterday. How many of these 7,U00 salooua still did a little business "on the sly" it would have l>eeu hard to say, and an equally difficult statistical feat would have been to enumerate all the people that walked in a rather tipsy condition through the streets. The law was oulwurdly re spected as on last Sunday. Frontdoors were rigor ously closed, hut side doors, apparently, were quite as uselul as ever In admitting iuio the tiiuer suuctuiu the well kuowu cronies el the place or even stran gers whose appearauoe disarmed the suspicion that they woro police or temperance emissaries. The amount ol drinking must have been considerable. Curing a briei walk on Sixth avenue the writer saw no loss than Ave slightly luebrtaicd persons puss along. what good does it do? The impressions ot various observers as to the ro sails ot the dunday law differed greatly. An officer on I bird avenue, who was asked whether he beiioved there was much secret beer and liquor selliug, ro plied:?"1 should think so, il 1 can Judge anythiug from the look oi the people 1 have sceu on the streets to-jay." "Have you seen many drunken persons, officer?" "Well, 11 uut drunk," the policeman returned, wttb a smile, "at least slightly Inehriatod. To toll you the truth, people wiy have nquor, and 11 they will have it the police can't prevent them. " "Are your instructions to-day to arrest saloon keepers whose sido doors only are open ?" "Yes, sir; if wo see any place open In any sort of way we're bound to entor it, and If wo find anybody Uriuking there, to arrest the owner." "And do tho torce generally carry out such harsh Instructions? " "We have to. You see tboro are lots of applicants beiore the Polico Hoard, and we've got to look out for our places. You cau'l llnd $l,ktW a year so easily now iu any other line of busiuoss." While this officer thus gave It as his opinion that the Souday law, in nis own experience, did not diminish tho amount ol drinking, bocuuse people "would have liquor when they wanted it," a conductor on tho Third avenuo lino uttered quite different view* He said that while be usually carried a uuinbor of drunken men ou his car, he had noticed that on Sunday last, when the law was so rigorously enforced, not one tipsy person rode with hnu, and this cx'pe rienco had boon repoaled yesterday. A conductor ou the Eighth avenue line, again, gave his testlmouy to tho effect that during these two 8undays tho number ol drunken raon In tho curs was ubout the same as nspal, and be addod that during the late hours ol the evening, when these persons returned lrotn their drinking expeditions to Hobokeu and Jorsey City and rode up town to tboir respective homos, it was even greator. COIXQ TO JKRSET FOR THFI1B DRINKS "1 remember it was Just the sumo way during the last period of these raids," remarked this conductor, who appeared to be an unusually intelligent observer; "people, when they found that they couldn't get all the liquor or boor they wanted in this city, would run over to the Hobokeu and Jorsey City saloons, and then couie home late at night ae drunk us lords. " "Why, are lords ueuorolly druuk?" The conductor laugned and said, "Well, you see I m an Englishman, and my experience tends ibtu way. I? you want to speak ol anybody who is roully lord ' UK> Jou Always say, 'as drunk as a Tho writer yesterday ariernoon watched the Hobo keu and Jorsey City leirtes wltn a view to ascertain whether the ohservouco of the Suuuuy law won d really produce in mid-winter, an exodus lo the rural haunts ol the Jersey side. The statements of the con ductor were soon conllrmed. Tboro woro ooon parturn o roysterlug young sparks crossing ovor to Jersey City who were bent upon that kind of a spreo whoso greatest glory oouslsts in going front on? place to another lu the delightful consciousno^ thut the further they went the urutikor they wound gee On tho Hobokon ferry there was a mucL larger crowd, however, than on tho Jersev City crossing Here could be seen staid, easy-going, paunchy panufi of Teutons, who were going to take their wtv?8 an? babies over to the concert gardens and the beer saloon theatres of Hohoken. Ibe mild, lovely day really mudo the excursion hut little different from tuo.r wonted Hoboken jaunts to the Eiysiun Fields during the summer. u? Tlik IIOTKUL The betels were little utlecteu by the enlorcoment of the Sunday law. The big, lasUlouable, Drat rate uptown hotels?lor ohv.ous reasous they ueod not bo meuttoued here by iiume?paid evou beiore these raids enough deference to the Anglo-Saxon rev erence lor the Subbath to drupe their bar* and io compel their guests and patrons to do their tippling in a little private room. In tbeso boieis there was no need lor u change yesterday, and nono was adopted The little private b.ck VooiuTa? stealthily visited all day long by those in quosi ol whiskey, brandy, gin, champague, cocktails or uny oi tho oilier countless concoctious of the bar and there, lar away Iron the nosing policeman, these lavored lew could lurtively pour the loved nbaiious down their parched throats. A stranger who did not know these private driuklog rooms Iroiu individual experience perhaps hud, at Qrst, a little difficulty in liudlug them; hut if he wore only not too modest to ask ue need not long scaicu for the secret bar. tud llils was true ot nearly all hotels, which, from their nature, are uot the homos of lemperuuce urlii ciples. At some ol the hotels, where the private room Is uauuily only visited by few people it was eusy to porcoive thai the closing ol tho saloons had brought quite an unusu.il rush to hear upon them. WlllTkD SkPULCUhK.-i. Tho saloons geut rally presented the usual Sundsv Jaw aspect. Closed and burred without uud wuh lunuroal, stealthy crowds ol topers Williiu, euch ouo was a puzzle iu itsell. Was it really closed ? was the Ural qucsiiou the observing passer-oy ntighl ask hnn seii. to determine that you bad Urst to luvestigato whether they bud a side or hutk or baseman' or other entruute. Ever uua euou you could see some iblrstv wuyiarer knock demurely at the sldo doors of thoau saloons that wore possessed ol these uorantugeous features and disappear behind the "plckoi" who had gently and soiily opoueU the door auu closed it agilu behind niiu. Comical was the rage ol the man who going from one place to another, could not effect an onlrance in eituer, and who did uut c?u c his disgust ut the ouirage thus inllictcd upon all the fluer leeling* ol his nature, llu-rc was a b g ponderous German servant girl on Sixth avenue who could be toon nioanueriiig with a huge Jug? uulllled alas I?Iroin one place lo auoiher. t.retcueu was not up lo the dodgo of the side doors, un.i she Was cvi dcutiy almost at her wits' ends when sho cauie to un oyster saloon out oi which she presently emerged with nleulul laco auu foaming pilcuer in deed, the oyster saloons and reslauruuls all did a line business in alo and beer. Nour Central Fark there are quite n large number ol so-called "reirosh ineut ' place-, which make the s>le ol era. kers c.k.-a auu m.ik lor the coiidreu ot visiiors io the p?rK a clever pretext lor selling liquors, beer and wine io tlie visitors themselves. HKKR IN Pl-ACIC OF SNA. icslerday being u very Uuo day and Hie i'urk con taining iar,o crowds oi sightseers, these places w. r< unusual,y wen patrooizcd. A gontlen.au entered . no ot these places andaskeo whether he could have a c??o andI. giass ol milk lor Ibe little boy ho was leaning by the baud. 5 bllodCM"'1 "Ve y?" n"r t0-d,,Jr-" man re "Cnn'l yon give me an vtlnng at all ?" c*u v'u f?" 'orne beer," ihu proprietor ro MpoutluU, Hiih a aujiproMrttcJ uugtj. iho vimor tivfiltMiod, Mud fiu.iiiy concluding that tf I,.. child could nave no ,u,lk he must console b,,u null witii beir nodded fifgeui. .hr^.y,OU.U?l rtlr"'u u,t ?",llce be alter you?" the proprietor w us asked. h?',Y",' 1" ru',c'' 1|C. "this, you see Is no sulooo, rests *l """? boxes o, siuio crackers) a hrsuraanu' M''"?BMt place near the Park the proprieties., a great, stout country wotnun ol Hie Empress Augusta, stood watch iu Irout ol tier placo LTZS?. *tu" !"-u,B?> "wklug a cigar, and with that plea-aul, complacent, satisileil expression oil his countenance, winch (if toe temperance auvocaies will pardon the statement) so surely betokens that the owner bud sootned an aching void Within. The men psssou uiong a snort distance, anu the wruer then that pla, e /''" "Are ??"'"* "byibing in "On, yes, in the back room. That wouiuu is the proprietress." " "C.iu any one get in?" "No; sue wouldn't let me In at Orst; but, you see I suffer Irom a catarrh, and uiy tnroul was drcudlullv dry, and so I was bound to have It. So I just toll her that 1 had been id there already m the morning wbiou a Ho, and she said, 'All right. Go right IN THE COURTS. Essex Market Police Court yesterday was the busi est ol ull so lar us excise casus were cone.rued, Ihn presiding mnglsiruto, Judge Uilerbouig, besides die posing ot ubout forty-live cutos ol druukenuess and disorderly conduct, heard tho evidence in iwitntv. ihree oases of violation ol the Excise law beiore one o clock in the altcmoon, anu accepted bail In niooteen J".U,U: c ,Ml Wl'ra discharged tor good and sufficient reasons. There wus a ruiuor around toe court before the Judge left lor the day lb?t "" bout squads bad tneu detailed lor dutv 10 arrest all ttie persona id ib?^ Eleventh, Thirlerulb sod Seven teenth precincts who they could discover were Helling or exponug uquor for ?aie. Judge Olterbourg notified ins clerks, *8 well as the ?Ulcere of lb" court, that ue would open court again at seven o'clock in the evening, aud all woro there promptly at that liour. Las) evqpiug, however, notwithstanding all tho exertions ol the police ol tlie Esst aide to discover the byways by which the residents ol thiit locality wera able to procure their iitger, ooly twenty-six arresti wire made. The prisoners wore brought up IU tegu lar order according*to precincts, and with the eiceptlou ol a lew who were d.scbirgid lor waul ol evi dence, filed houds to appear at General Sessions In Jefferson Market Courl there were hill eight cases brought bolero Judge Bixbv, and of those two wem Ol charged for want ol'evideuco. Auiuug ttiose arraigned was a German named Louts Kroner, lie seemed very anxious to explain his case to the Court, and the Court coudesceuued to hear him. "1 uell you how it vas," said Louis. "You see, Khudgu, I havo a grislrniog lushl ntgbl, und about fourteen Vrends day Come to djl grislenlug. Dot bo llcoinau be oouies lu und be liuds i lot ol glasses mil beer lying on tbe dable. Dot's vol bu says. Veil, Suudge, dot boor vos all drunk op long pelore dot no liceinau or anybody see huu. 1 boar dot si ale beer is gool lor catch 11.us, und I leave him iu tuo glua-." The Judgu, while a peculiar smile passed over his couutenaDCO, said.? ??Offlcer, did i on aee this mab sell any beer?" "1 did uot, Your Uouor." ??Mr. Kroucr, I suppose you bave a right to have a chrisluuiog, aud to bave some beer at tbe christening, loo, U necessary. You uro d.gcliarged," said the Judge. OXCK TO OFTEN. A few eases of lUtoxleullon and UtSJrdoiTy conduct were disposed ol, sua then a man named lienry Sei.midt was arraigned lor violation ol the Excise law. No soouer hud Hcurv beett nBkod whut bo had to say lu his delouce wueu he coiumeuced:? "iihudge, we have a grisieuing at our honse Satur day ulghl, and 1 have a lew vruuds. The beer vol dot olllooi Saw vas for ue Una " Judae lllx.'y (trviug to look solemn, and interrupt ing the prisoner)?"Ollloer, did you see this man aell beer?" "Yes, Your Uunor, 1 did." ??BcUuildl," said the Judge, "I nut afraid you ara too extruVugaut in regurd to llies: $100 null 10 answer." TUu ball was lurnlaneu and .Schmidt uo paried ouly hall satisfied, as be thought bis ebrtsien lug ought to bu us good lu tbo oyes ol tho law at bis confrere Kroner's. In the Filty-sovcuth Street Court there woro nine excise c?bcs. The Elghiceuib pr. cuicl brought m throe dealers, tho Nlucleuulh live und Tweuty-Urst three. Eight liquor dealers wure arraigued in tho Harlem Police Court, aud Judge Kusmire held all to answer except one. AIIKKSTH TKSTUKDAT. First Prkcinct.?Andrew Wieiaudt, bartender, No. 20 jjiuie street J Frederick Lumkon, proprietor, No. 2u0 Fulton street. FoOKTU Pkkunot.?James Miller, bartender. No. 9 James slip; Louis bOUintdl, proprietor, No. 0 Centre street ? lunotuy Harrington, burtuudor, No. 149 Chat ham street; K. Waldholwog, bartender, No. as Frank lort street; charios Kolly, barteuuer, corner Boutu and Oliver streets; William UiuwidUio, proprietur, No. 77 James street; Thomas F. Geuty, bartender, No. 7 Chatham square; David Kulhsild, bartender. No. Itl8 Chatham street; Thomas Burke, proprietor, No. 109 Cborry street ... Fifth Prkcinct.?John Dowd, bartender, No. 00 Deshrossos sireet. , sJkvkntb I'hkcinct.?Martin Brennan, No. 117 East Broudwuv ; Philip llurlman, No. 200South street; John Clunk No. 104 Monroo street; Peter Morun, No. 73 Montgomery Street; Murtin kuuo. No. 2>? Mouroo street- Harris Shuwluusky, No. 40 East Broadway; Glaus Droppman, No. 100 Cherry street; Charles O'Day No. 18 Montgomery street; Fredrick Wolph, No 321 East Broadway; Diodrick Otto, No. ItHJ Madl sou street, and Alfred Peorsall, No. 102 Cherry street, KipitTU Precinct.?Hugh M.tchoil, No. 120 Prince Tenth Pkkoinot.?Frederick Kammenn, No. 137 Ca nal street; Herman Mauut, No. 30 Dvlaueey street; Sarah Bloom, Na 270 Broomo street; Thomas Clurk, No 107 Canal streut; John Moyer, No. 120 Hester street- Frederick , No. 97 Siantoo street; James U'Neilj No. 210 Chrystie street; Patrick Cannon, No. 3b Forsyth street. _ Li.KVt.NTU Prkcinct.?Henry Weltten, No. 892 East Fourth street; Frederick Strouss, No. 019 East Kiuv euth street; Ueorge Weisol, No. 8a0 Btauton street; Ig.ialE dealer, No. 303 East Third atreot, and Freder ick Scbooninaoker, No. 310 East Third street. liuuTkkNTH Prkcinct.?Ptoroe Poole, No. 820 Do luucey street; Julia Heece, No. 242 Division Btroot; William Clancey, No. 320 Delaucey street; Henry Sellwaiouberg. No. 228 Mouroe street; John Schmidt, No. 07 Cannon streot; Joseph Grufl, N<X 00 Nor lol'k street; Thomas Fells, N'o. 320 Hehry street- Adsin ParteuTeldor, No. 100 Broome street; John McKav, No. 008 Grand street; Nicholas Eiseu hauser. No.'300 Delancey street; Jonu aohlesseugor. No. 204 Divlalou street; Charles Wllsou, N'o. 80 Attor ney street; John llulvahill, Na 00 Broome streot; Frederick lCroskey, No. 60 Goorick street, nnd Hugh O'Koiily, No. 302 Madison street. Focktkkntu PRkCixcr.?Thomas McManon, No. 100 Ceutre sircet; Allreu Forche, No. 14 Prince street; Michael Curt, No. 238 Elizabeth street. Fifteenru Precinct?Henry Schrocder, No. 65 SoutU Filth svouue; Charles Kesrus, No. 00 West iloubiou hircot. bKVK.vrKKaNTfl Prkcinct.?Alexander Lad wig, corner Etghtu street and Third *vouuo. Kioutrentu Pkkcinot.?Michael Moyor, No. 291 avuuue H; .homus Keilcy, N'o. 257 avenuo A; Tuoiuas Smith No. 239 East l'hirty-tnlra street; Michael Dolau, Na 418 East Sixteenth street, and Miohuel Doeigor, Na 209 Fourth uvenue. Nineteenth Prkcinct.?Christopher Duffy, Slxiy lourth street and Filth avenuo; August Kreamor, No. 794 Second avenue, and William Benl, No. 1,121 Filth avenue. _ _ ,, _ Twentieth Prkcinct.?John Loouard, Na 340 Eighth avenue; Peter Duuu, Na 398 Eighth avenue; Joseph Dally, No. 207 West 1 hiriv-iourih atreet; August Loouard, No. 448 West Tuirty-eigblh sireel; Patrick Dillon, No. 423 West lUtriy-ninih atreet; James F. Mulloy, No. oJ8 Eightli uvenue; Heury Aureus, Na 037 Tenth avenue; Henry Seiberl, No. 443 West Forlietu street; Bernard O'Bneu, Na 842 Seveulh uveuue, was arreatod lor the (earth time; William Kegel, No. 341 West lhlrty-siXtu street; James Gallagher, No. 248 West Furiy-lDsi street. 1 wkntt-fikst Prkcinct.?Michael O'Kourko, No. 724 Second avenue: Wlhtuin Brcuuing, Na 045 Sucoud uvenue; 1 runcis Hughes, No. 230 East Twenty-eigtith street; Leopold Menxbaso, Na 401 TUira avenue; Pulrick Girshuef, No. 801 East Ihlrty-sucoud street; F'redeiick liegbleu, No. 490 Third uveuue; Stephen D. Huulon, No. 057 Third aVeuuo; Michael KeegiU, No. 607 ihird uveuue; Andrew Guuuon, Na 687 Fir?l aveuue; Diedrick Foerhirdt, No. 310 East Tuiriy-Ullb street; Leonard Melthermun, No. 230 East Twenty-ninth stree; Johu Jones, No. 240 LastFort>-first street; Joseph Walsh, No. 730 Second uvouue; Patrick Corduko, No. 612 lhird avenue- Jacoh Maul, No. 5u0 Second uvouuo; Louis Boseohirdl, No. 470 Third avonue; Johu Burns, No. 324 East Thirty-sixth street. l wknty-hkcoxd Prkcinct.?John W. Murray. No. 803 Sevcnlu uvenue; William U. Finloy, No. 8U0 Ninih uveuue; Michael Barry, Na 4b8 West F.liieib street; Charles Ketch, No. 361 Wosl Forty-filth street; Jacoh llretz, No. 401 West Fillluth streot; Charles Abrens, No Oil Tenlhavonuo; TercucoClancy, No 728Seventh Twenty-seventh Prkcinct.?Ktuhurd Horseman, bartender, No. 170 Wuauiugton street; Thomas Smith, out lu nuor, No, 29 Grecuwicti street; William \Y it kming, bartender, No. 19 Htcior ?irr?t; huw.trd Jobusiou, biirtvudur, No. 4 Greenwich sireel. uud Frauris W. 'Thompson, proprietor, No. 83 Greenwich 1 whxtt-ninth 1'KKCiNct.?Poior McGtiirc, corner of Thiny-aixlli strvet iiid oixtti avenue; Tnouix.-. Kolly, No 1 872 Broadway; John Casey, No. 135 Seveulh uVo nue; John Gray. No. 619 Sixth avenue; August B^k inaii, No. 230 Sixth avenue; Wlitlaiu P. Moore, No. 6u3sixtii hvtuue; i'AtnoK Ci>irkf No. 6Ul MXlh uv? i.ue- J"hu C. Cavuiiagu, No. 4lW .-sixth avenue; Tuomas Lynch, No. 245 seventh uveuue. AMKRXCaN tkmpuranck UNION. At the American Teiuporancu Uuion uieeiuiB yoster rlay ulternoon ex Pre.-tiieul Gibus look occaslou to give Ills experience ol a Sunday's pcraiubulatlous ainolig those haunts wnoro the lovers ol the ardent una lu?er congregate on tho Snbb.ilb day. lie said he had louhd that the Keeker alter the iorblddeu liquor could obtaiu access to almost ?nv plaoe H lie only wateUed his op portunity to drop in at u BiJo door when no polico were to lie seen, and llioy, he n. scried, look irequent occasion to turn corners or v.aik us ii blindlolded oe lore loose pmces wlioie me illegal trallh w is curried on. lie said litis Was the goldeu opportunity to press the temperance c.uise, unit although ue w s not ready to hug Kev. Dr. Crosby's temperance notions he was IhRUkliil thai the course of mat divine, is ?ell us the opposition Ol tnc liquor dealers at such meetings us were IihIiI ?l Bteluwu.V lluil on fiaiurdiiy "Veiling, Horved out puri?o?e?thai ol agitating mo temperance question, by wli.oli the great cnus? would assuredly bo benehltfd. Mr. Ingersoll Lock wood related some amuslns tern peraoce anecdotes, which seemed to please the audi ence. HUNDAY LAW IN NKWAWT. In apltc ol liio promises of the New-.irk city uullior Hlos to the ell oi that they would beciu again to en l.irce the law prohibiting the truffle ?I liquor and luget oa Sunday ail the saloons were iii lull blast yes tcrday, Just iho same a* before me eleelioua lust Oc tuber and Novombsr. The only step In the direction ol enlorciug llie law w is a tour mado ny Bsrgeuula Walker and I'ordler among tho saloon keepers and u request tliul the lailur womd proservu as iiiui h quiei us pisslblo, close llieir irnnt doors and pull down the blinds. The saloou keepers proimsod to do so. The line weatuer ultriic s<l to the gardens ' on the bill" great crowds ol peop.o, ami immouse qilatitilies ol thv German buvjragewere coiisitriit-d, toe consumers being by no moans coufioed toGermaos, hut including u largo percentage ol Irish and Auiori can loveis ol the learning liquid. HAUftEH'b MIDN1GHL' AUVENTUHE Bunder Hauser, a Newark butcher, doing business on tho corner of Warren uud Nuriolk streets, In that city, was waylaid, knocked dowu aud roubod by two strangers early yesterday morning. It appears that he Uud closed Ills placu shortly after midnight and was proceeding to his house near by wbou suddenly be whh pounced upon by two siritogers. foiled to ilio ground and robbed ol $80 in cusu aud $1,200 worm of ciieoka aud no'us. lie was partly stunned, but other wise unharmed Tho thieves made good llieir oscapo. The pollen were notified, and spout yesterday III an effort to bunt dowu the robbers, but without aucoesa. LITERATURE. a new book on ibklahD' tlr.w Ik bla vtx By Alexander M Sullivan fwliiiiniiiil for Douta. Philadelphia: J. B. D pp colt k Co. k No more important and generally interesting wore on Ireland bm tuaue Ita appearance In many year* 113 import.nee la one to tlio clear llcht which it thrown on me oveullttl history ol the past forty yarn, the chief events of which have tr umpired within the author's knowledge and not infrequently with Ins ant The mauner In which these events are descrlbod i? such as to make them Interesting to the general reader as well as to the politician and llto studonl of history. The object ol the work is shown In the first paragraph ol the ,,relaoe:-?Wlth.n considerably less thuu hall a century changes, social and political, ac complishing a veritable revolution, have takeu place tu Ireland. In the following pages I have undertaken, not so much to picture them lu all tltoir phases or to write a formal history of the period iw to supply, chiefly from personal observation, a sories ol sKeicnos or uurratlvos which may perhaps assist in the readier aud more correct approciallou of visible results." Mr Sullivan begins by taking a retro.poctivo glance at Ireland as It was lu 1310, giving a graphic dnliuoattou of the condition ol the ru ral population, the poorer clussos, at that tlmo. Then the changes wu cb bavo gradually taken place, both In their physical uod uieutui coital, tlou, uro traced with s careful pen. The second chap ter treats ol the efforts which have so long beou made, but only within the past thirty years with anything like satisfactory success, to establish a perinaueut sys tem of national educaliou. Owing chiefly to the an tagonism of Catholics and ProteslautB no progress wan made lor inauy year* "Ibe average standard of p.o ttcieucy attained, especially In rura. d;8inots," says the writor, "is even still vory low, owing to the short and broken periods lor which children uro allowed to attend school rather than help to earn food fur bomO by work le the Uelds. But, slight as the actual achievement may be, Id a strictly ouucatloDal point of view, socially and politically considered, nothing abort 01 a revolution has been effected." With groat loVO and veneration Mr. Sullivan draws tho portrait of Daniel U'Couuell, "tlio giaud old tr.buue of tue Irish people," whose career is sketched briefly and with vigor. Tho Repeal Association and the two great parties Into which it split?tho Young Ireluud and the Old Ireland?are made tho sutijoct of special criti cum tho history of their orlg'U and motives, their struggles, successes and failures loruilug one ol tho most interesting chapters of tho hook. Tho "Ribbon Oouledoracy"?Unit secret, oathbounif agrarian society, which attained to greater dimension* and lived a lougor term than any other which huff afflicted Ireland lor tho past 100 years-Is "showu up" with tho skill of an export. Tbo prevalent Idea thul its operations rolatod Bololy or maiuly to transactions lu land, and was not political, is thoroughly exploded. 'Its objects are shown to ltaVo been different in d Unr eal purls of the country. In certain counties ita ends wore political, roligious or agrarian; but "lu Loinsior It oflon was mure trado uuiouism, dictating by its mandates and enforcing by its vengoauce tho employ ment or dismiss il of workmen, stewards and oven do mestics. This latter phase generally procedod tho dis appearance of tho system lu a particular locality, aud was evidently the lowest uud basest form to which It sank or rotted lu decay." In all its various phases It resembled tho trade unions and labor leagues of this couutry In lackiug tho sympathy and support of educated and respectable people and in meeting with the opposition of the priesthood and clergy. From, the subject of Rlbbonism and tbo terriblo atrocities committed in its namo Mr. Sullivan leaps to tho Ills and career of Theobald Mafhew, "tho apostle o! temperance," whom he places in tho first rank with Daniel O'Connofl. "In widely dtlleieut characters, however, Iheso two men won omlnonco and praiso. One was a political loador, tho other was a moral re former. Tho oue commanded tho allegiance ol tb? party in the State, the other roeelvcd tho bomago of alL" Ho uonies that Father Mathew was the originator ol tho temperance movement, which was inaugurated In Cork In 183U by a band of men, "chiefly Protestants, some of tho most uctlvo among them belonging to a lullgious denomination, tlio mombers ol winch have been leadors In nearly overy sociul aud moral rolorro. and every humauo or philanthropic effort, within my memory, in lrolaud-the Society of Friends." "To the movement ol Father Mathow Is owing that puhlid opinion in favor of temperance oflort, that parliamen tary vote in luvor of temperance legislation, which Ireland has so notably, so steadily exhibited." The latnlue ol 1847, Mr. Sullivan thinks, brought changes which have altered the couutry so rtdlcally "thai Ire. iuud of old ttinos will ho seen no more. With tho greater seriousness o( character which the lamiuo period has imprinted on the Irish people souao uoisbl? changes for the bolter roust bo recognised. Provl donce, forethought, economy aro stunted aud valuod as iboy never wore before. There is more method, str.ctnoss aud punctuality In businoss transactions. Thoro is a graver sense of responsibility on all bauds. For tho Ural time tho futuro seems to be earnestly thought of uud its possible vicissitudes kept in view. More stcadlnoss of purpose, muro firmness ol deter mination ol character mark tho Irish peasantry or the new era. G"d has willed that tin tho midst of snch awful sufferings sumo share ol blessings should (all on the sorely shattered nation." Ono of tho groat evils of the lam.ite was the "palnlul misunderstanding and bitter recrimination" to which it led between the poo pies of England uud Ireland. This mutual 111 feeling tbo author does his best to allay, making ample apoU o 'ios and explanations for both sides. Tho "insur recttonsry movement ot 1848" is treated ot grapht cully and at some length. Its sad and terrible oventa and the painful after scenes aro described by one who loomed many ol U.om from tho Hps of those who had struggled and suffered. The lrlsit exodus which began a little more than a quarter ol a century ago, "alter the fl-sl tcrr.blo orJeal, is beginning to bear soma good aud useful fruit.' Disadvantageous as was then start in the raco tlio expatriated Celts are decidedly pulling up and aro striding well to the iront tu many a land. Tbey are acquiring skill, are turning to good account their naturally quick In telligence. In some places, unfortunately, the vices cng ndured of ignorance and poverty still drag thum down and keep them tow; but In most Instances they have conquered llto respect and secured the kindly re -urd ol their employers, neighbors aud lellow work men." The story of John Haulier and William Koogh fills two long chapters, and tho "Arbuthnol abduc tion" is recited in glowing words. Among the other interesting chapters? and thoro aro many ol tliem aro those wincUleil ol tho Tonaut Leaguo, tho Phoenix Conspiracy, the Feuiau movement, us well as those Which are headed "Papal Ireland," "Homo Rule," tbo "Disestablished Cnurch." and "Ireland at Wesi minster." The loss and gulp which has occurred during Hie p ist lorty years is carefully anil bopoiully summed up in tlio closing pages. It is to bo hoped that Mr. Hull'.van will succeed, as lie deserves, in tho object winch l-d him to write "New lvelauV'-tlio desire ol .?promoting that hotter understanding uud kiudlkii feeling between the Now England uud the New Ireland which patriotic hoarts on uitltor shore most assuredly desire.'' I irKHAUY ' HXI-CHAT. "A Thousand Miles in Text* on Horswback'* Ia the title ol a now hook by N. A. Tuylor, In tiia pros" "1 A. 8. Barnes At t'o.. giving a sinr.ng aciouutol ox* | ptrlcuoca in Hint it I trim tic t?tn Another tr.iuidutiou ul that much trim slated book, | "triib ol Sugs," l y 1.. A. Slu rmnn, will be in-Oirt in i tiiioly Illustrated qn irio by Jhuip* II. Org'iod * Cot A new novo I Irani ih? Ku^lnn, l>y a lady w ho call* horsell M< nn llrpville, and entitled "Oasia," li in tbw pros* ol Koton .v I. lurint, Boston. A bibliography ol tho Kronnh Academy, containing nn ncpountol all its publications for two centuries, tins boon issued by tue Bibiiogruphlr.nl So'iinty ot Fans. M. L. Slmnoln hnn added a liook entitled "L'Or et L'Aritent" to tlio BibiiolnAquo des Mcrvolllcs of H acholic .V Co. SI. K <S I * x Ccrmniu bus published n "Oicltnnnutre da Budget," which is a clear ? xpusltiun o( Fronclt re ceipts ami expenditures in 1*77. The furthcoming report ol the Parliamentary Copy right CoiniuiMskon will make u blue book ol about 800 pages, unmraclbg a majority and a minority report. I ho Index hoe.ioty proposed at the Kugliah Library Coulercncu has already gone into operation, having Inr its immediate oojpct the cotnp'llng ol inuoxe.s it well known books which lack them. A magnificent f-iito in chromo-llthography, by Messrs. Andsley k Bowes, entitled "Japanese" Coram* tcs,'' Is now be.ng teauca In numbers In London and Parts.