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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, May 21, 1878, Image 4

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Secret Session of Its Adhe
rents in This City.
What the Party Demands and What
It Hopes to Do.
"Its Outbreak Must Be Met with Grape
shot and the Bayonet."
Two dark visnged and flcrco looking men eat nt a
imall table lu the narrow entry loading to thoGer
mania Assembly Kooms, on the Ilowery, last night,
when the Hkkai.u reporter railed to report the
proceedings ol tho Socialistic Labor party.
Tbcy demanded his ticket, and whoa bo
announced his mission they shook their houds. "Lot
him go to the inner door,'' said one ol the sentinels,
dubiously, "and usk admittance. P'raps they'll let
him iu. ldunuo." His companion muttered au mi.
willing assent and the writor passed to ibo inner door
The mooting had not organized, and as no sergeant-ut
arms hud been appointed, he met no obstacle to ad
mittance. The ball was largely filled with
rough-looking men, moving to and tro, arguing
with each other, and seemingly impatient lor business
to begin. Hanying on the walls wore a number of
communistic banners, with mottoes in whilo Ictlors
on red backgrounds. 1 he ono nearest the platlorut
reud, "Government i'rotcctlon ana Provision Irom
tho Cradlo to the Grave;" next to It was tho inscrip
tion, "Nationalization ot Land, Labor, Education
and Insurance." Another nnnounccd that their
motto wis, "No rich, no poor." A fourth g.ivo nonce
to the world Ibut they believed in "Equal rights,
opportunities and compensation." Near by was
displayed tho Interosnog nniinuir emeui that "Inter
est ou money is a direct tax 011 labor to support
wealthy paupers." Anolhor declared the govern
ment to bo "Tbo superintendent ol trado ar.u com
merce and tbo cmpioyor ol tho people." bill!
another cxprosscd tho doctrine that "Tho uncon
?umed products ol llin past should bo an equal in
heritance to tho living generation."
fflc reporter had scarcely concluded blB survey of
the surroundings when a slainplug of lect give notice
that something wan about, to happen. A moment
afterward two men stopped ou the platform, and ouo
rapped the mooting to order. The latter was tho
chairman, Robert 11. Bartholomew. Tho noiso,
which for a moment had subsided, now re
commenced louder than before, partially drowning the
chairman's words. In tho midst u! it a delegate ele
vated his voice to a high pitch und asserted that there
were persons present ou the floor who hud no business
there?bo uliuded to the members ot the press.
(Loud applause and some dissenting cries of "Lot
them alone.'*) Tho speaker continued in a still higher
key that ihov should not ho admitted and bo tbcreioro
moved they bo told to "get out.**
Ho was followed by citizen Justus Schwab, who
emphatically seconded tho motion. "Far my part,"
he said, "I am opposed to reporters being allowed in.
We do not want any representatives of s capitalistic
press hero to lie about us as they baa done before. "
Mr. Schwab sat down amid loud applause, in a mo
ment a delegate, a Mr. Bennett, hud secured urnid
confusion mo intention of tho Chsir. He said
that ho saw nothing wrong in tho roporters
being present On the contrary, he thought it to tho
advantage of tho meeting to have them there. It was
not u secret inoetiug. I hey hod assembled for the
purposo of adopting an appeal to the American peop'e,
and the best way to reach the people, iu his opinion,
was through the medium ol the press. He, therefore,
strongly opposed tho motion. (Cheers anu more
coniusiou.) Another delegate iu a loud volco an
- polluted himself of tho same opiniou. Ho
said ho uudorstood that the press had been
invited, and ho bunded to the Secretary a circular of
invitutiou sent tho press by one ol tho officers. Tho
secretury read it, but the noise almost drowned his
voice. In the turtnoil that ensued, a hall dozen
seeking to speak at once, the Chairman put tho ques
tion, "Shall the reporters bo exclude.]?" The mem
hers were requested to vote by a show of bauds.
1 be Secretary counted, Tho vote was close, but tho
cueiiou wis carried.
The reporters then moved toward tho door, aud a
motion was carried to appoint Justus Schwab sergesnt
gt arms.
Mr. Schwab alertly took his place it the entrance
anjsmiled grimly at the departing reporters. From
that point until tlio close o< tho meeting no person
was admitted unloss he came armed with a red card
showing In in to be a member.
lb- following is the appoul to the American people
referred to:?
In consentient ? ot the frequent appearance of -ennational
reports ..lid denunciatory unifies In :h press during mo
Inst few weeks in reieronce to the socialistic labor move
iiR-nt, we, the members ot the socialistic labor pert? ol New
York and v Cioily,deem u . nr dotv to lay before the public
a tfSt stelement ol tli vi^w\ principles, aims and oi.J- cis
of our party nod the use a us 'jr which we seek to attain our
Nearly the whole civilised world has f.fr years and years
been laoortsg und -r so-called "hard time*."
iliesc h rii times or.i particularly tiard on the working
classes; to them they bring reduction of waues, irregularity
of employment or even forced suspension of work. I'o tho
working cia*-6s reduction of w.tces and irregularity of |
employment mean* a redaction of the standard of life?
auo worse io.nl, less and worse clothing ma! a discour
aging uncertainty as to tho future, while a forced cassa
tion of work means starvation, ruin anu despair.
To what a deplorable ?.\t> i.i these painful calamities
bare already nefuilen the working rla.se* of this country a
p .nee at the con-in ion of the laboring population in the
Industrial and mining districts of the t Piled State* and t
look at the hornets of men who are forced to become tramps
wilt show.
How, where and when will this end? KfTetts will not
tease as long a1* tho . sir s* which pmdu. e them are hi
tperatloti, und the "hard tiiu?-aM will not end until (heir
tati**s are rem red. Hence the flr?t step toward curing
the "oard time*" is to ascertain wiiat their causes are.
What, then, are their causes* Hons natme reuse to fur
nlik man sufficiently with her pro uc? and treasure*?
t erlniniy not. The fault does ut lie with nature, which
offere most bountifully to tnan all tlist whi. It lie r?* uires
for a comfortable and ?>nj?.y .nle existence, and y> t there
is want, privation and suffering. it is, therefore, evident
that the fault lies with man, and the cause of the evil lies
in tiie manner or *?ftera by which inauaind manages its
r.vtL.s to a . RXRrDfKDb
This *y*tem of msnqtlRR with the product* of nature i* |
tho sam ? iu nil tin; sited civiiuod countries, empties,
kingdom* as reli a* republics, and, then-fore, hard times
prevail everywhere.
The wor-d detects of tho present *cori<miicai system are
that It pr>-vide* fur no rational or Inte.lL ent plan of guid
ing and regulating prona tion and iah<*r generally, i.nt
leave* l at to chance, nuces w<<rk and spec til ation, there
by causing a tearful misapplication and w do ot human
labor br predefine things which are not needed and failing
to produce that which t* really required,
lint the in est peruieious -vli of Hi i no* prevalent ecu
mimical system is mat it allows property whtc.i is soclai in
it* nature and u*? to her me prr tuiaf in its ownership,
thu- empowering on* class of people to ho t the |?r ?perty
widen i- required and tttl by other# or by society, end
thereby leaving ou* part ot limA'titf dependent upon and
at the mercy of another, f or tb ?*w who command w\#r
the means of It(o ?!*<? command over the ifln mii.1 liberty of
fitter*. Itw diowtog thi* power to U inherited tueti ? ?* o?
ht* horn frre and equal hut afu born either a- part owners
of the world ati<i what it contains, or as total y disinherited
dejtendenis, who are Compelled to submit to being deprived
at the larger share of the products of their labor by the
owners of the means of production
liie*?* two evils in the urtttRt economical system which
rules ali the fifties and nations are the main ? an?e of the
''herd times" and of the glaring contracts between the rich
and poor.
We deem it our holiest dutv to humanity to work with
all our rnivht in order to abolish these *vl.?, ani we si.all
try to do i fiit in t tie on I v way in which it can be aoeom
ffltshed?namely. by acquainting mankind with the c*u*e?
of its stiff)# ring* una the uu an* by whicfi the causes can be
lo the-e ends we have tunned a political party, as With
ent the legislative power u* permanent c.tan :e for the
l>? iter can be Inaugurated.
The following is the platform of the socialistic labor
party J?
Labor being tho sour. * ol all wealth and civilization,
? ud useful |.?bor being possible only by and through the a*
???dated effort* ? I tb?- people, 11.? mean* of labor ? uotiid,
therefore, in Justice belong to society.
The system under winch socialv is now organised is Irn
pect mid hostile to the general wel'arr, since through U toe
IIrectors of labor nmegMfliy a minority, are enabled in
the competitive struggle to practically monopolise all tho
means of labor?all opportunities to produce lor and supply
the wants of the people?and the are, there*
luaiutainvd In poverty and dependence.
Mime the rutin political parties fiave always sought
only the direct interests I the dominant or weelthy classes,
endeavored to uphold tntlr Industrial ??ipr? tnacy and to
perpetual* the present condition of society, it i? now the
tiiity of the wuffctng people to organise them*?|v?-?? into eoe
great i bar pirty, using political power to achieve inrlu*
tnal iridependeiice.
I lie industrial cm an. ipstlori of labor, which must be
pehicved by tfie working cias.as thetn-elvt'S, iiidepeiiuenv
si all political parties but their own. Is. cons .jiientlv, the
Site to which every political movement should he stibordi
sate as m means.
The material condition of the working people In all civ
Itiseit couutries hem* identical, and resulting from the
?auie canoe, tb" struggle for iiiuustriai < mancipation is in
iernst.oual and miMl naturally he co-operative and nib
tuai , therefore the organisation of national and interna
tional trade and hkwor unions upon a sect iilstid basts Is an
?hsoitit" necessity.
for there rvewtie the socialistic labor party lias been
foetid, d.
We demand thnt the re*ogrces of tile?III? means of pro
duction, penile transportation und romminf|#tlon, !nn !,
leacblnery, raiiro .d*. teiegrnp ? timt/sniii, Ac,?-become,
a* fast as practicable, tea coinmou propt>rty of the Whole
^people tbrvugh the guversraeut, to abolish the wagea sys*
frtn nnJ substitute In IU stead co operallvo production,
?nli a Just distribution of Its reward*.
The socialistic labor pariv presents the following do*
uiand* m? measures to instlorMl the oondltion of ilia
working people uudor our present competitive system,
?td to gradually accomplish tbo entire removal ol tbo
a >mo.
I. Ei-'ht Hour* for the present as a legal working dsy,
and prompt punishment ol all violator*.
2 .-unitary iusnection of all condition* of labor, mean* of
subsistence and dweilin * included.
3. Bureau of Labor Statistics in all the Ststss a* well as
In tliu national government. Tha olticer* of tbo tame to be
eluclod by tba people.
4. Prohibition of the use of prison labor by private em
ployers or corporations.
V l'rohibttiou of the employment of children under toar*
teen years of ape in industrial establishments.
ti. Compulsory education of all children under fourteen
years of age. All materials, books, Ac.. necessary In tlio
public schools to be tree of charge.
7. I'rolnbiilou of tlio emplot mailt of female labor in oc
cupations detrimental to lieaitli or morality, and equalisa
tion of women's wages with those ol men where equal ser
vice is poriurined.
5. Strict laws making employers liable for all accidents
resulting lur -upli their negligence to tne Injury ol their
H. All wages to ha oaid in tne law-till monev of the nation,
and at Intervale of time not oxcooolng otio weca. Viola
tions , i tine rule to be legailv punished.
1U All conspiracy laws operating against the right of
workingmcu to strike or iuouce others tu striko shall he
II. Uratnltoas administration of Justice In all courts of
12. All indirect taxation to be abolished and a graded In
come tax collected lit its stead.
III. All banking and insurance to bo conducted by the
govarnmen t.
14. the rigpt of suffrage shall In no wise be abridged.
I.'i. Direct popular legislation enabling the people to pro*
no * e or reject any law at their will, and introduction ol
minority leprusentaiiuu in till levislativo elections
1(1. i-.very public olllccr shall bent nil times subjoct to
prompt recall by the election ol a successor.
KM.tNuiiMTins or 1.41>0K
Unsolved. That the emancipation of labor is a social
problem, r. problem concerning the wholo human race and
enibraciug both sexes. The emancipation of women will
be accomplished with the emancipation of men. and the
so-oalled woman's rights question will lie solvud with the
lubor question.
All evils and wrongs of tbo present society can be abol
ished only wtieu economical freedom is gained dor meif as
well as lor women. It is the duty, theroloro. ol VI lie wives
and daughters of the worklngmen to organize themselves
and tako their places within the ranks of struggling taber.
To aid and support them in this w rk is tlio duty of men.
lty uniting tholr efforts tlioy will succeed in breaking the
economical letters, and a new and free race ol mon and
women will rl-e recognising each other as poor*
We acknowledge the perfect equality of rights of both
sexes, ami in lite socialistic labor party this equality of
rights is a principle and D strictly observed.
It will bo soon that our demands are of two kinds?those
which we hold as Immediately necessary lor thu momen
tary relief of the working classes, and those which we hope
to reulixi in f e future in order to establish an improved
system of political ecou my in place of tho present one,
which, bv its Irulls, lias condemned llselt.
it e are accused ol wanting to "divide" proportjr. It will
be seen that the exact opposite is true; that we wish in
stop tlio now tustoinnry division of property, and piece
property where it belongs; that which is social (public; in
It* nature ami use to belong to society (the public), and
that w Inch Is individual iu its nalara and use to belong
wholly to the individual.
Again we are accused of wishing to establish a system
under which tho i'llu shall live upon the fruits of tho labor
ul the industrious. That is exactly w hat is going on now.
and is one of ttie greatest curves of the present system,
which wo suck to abolish. J-.voiy una who takes interest or
incutuo on any property whatsoever appropriates thereby
too labor product ol others, for alt iuterost or Income what
soever thu' is not the product ol tho labor of tho rocipiout
Is tlio fruit of the labor of others. It will lie aeon that hero
wo are again accusod of wishing to do the evict opposite
ol what we really want. What we want is every ouo to en
Joy the fruits of his own labor, and he who does not work
shall not cat.
We invito and challenge all tlilnkars on these subjects
to prove us wrong iu our viows and to discuss tlicse mat
ters with us In our agll i tie it meetings, which are always
open to the public, and we always invito ciiticism and dis
furthermore, we doslre to state thai wo are not ? secret
society, hut u political party, and seek to obtain our amis
in a peaceful and legal manner II any of our members
chouse to drill mid carry arms, thay have a porfoct right to
do so. an the constitution of tlio Hulled Status guarantees
that the right ol the people to bear arms shall in no wise
be iiilriugod upon. II any ol onr in umbers arm themselves
and drill, it is omv for dolence. ami It is because history
teaches that a privileged class will try to uphold its privi
leges by force, when its opponents through lack of organ
jr. ilion or armnmont arc unable to uphold their legal rights.
Wlio. tor Instance, Bred the first shot at Fort-timtorf
In conclusion, wo hope that every inuepemiunll think
ing man will weigh those mutters in Ins own mind and pass
Judgment upon our movement without allowing himself to
he influenced by the silly ravings of newspaper writers
who undertake to pass Judgment upon tile matter?as they
itro now doing with so much inisdiroctod energy?without
having previously taken the trouble to acquaint themselves
Tlio appeal was the work ol Mr. John Mclutosh, tho
editor ol tbo A'ationul Socialist, ol St. Louis, who
read It both in English and Herman aud
moved Its adoption. While he wus rend
ing a number ol ladles wearing rod soaria
entered tho room aud hung rod Hags on tlio walls.
Mr. Bennett, ol the Cigartnnkers' Uuion, said that In
asmuch as the party had licoo abused in tne papers
tlioy should hold a public mooting and vindicate tlioir
character. The question of the adoption of Iho appeal
was then placed Ooforo the meeting and it wan adopted.
After tho report Itod been adopted Citizen Schwab
moved that flu.uoo copies be printed tor distribution.
Ho only received three votes, and then desired to
make u speech. Ho ordered tlio doorkeeper to closo
and lock the door on the reporters, ana on thiB being
done spoko in a buncombe way for about Ave minutes.
t iu7.cn West followed in nn equally Insane and in
flammatory itudruss, aud similar baranguos wero
made by others hi tho meetlug uu to an early hour
tliis morning. Tho inhas meeting will bo held next
Saturday night.
At two ministerial gatherings yesterday Commun
ism uud Communistic loaders were discussed aud re
vlowed. TUo Presbyterian pastors Hold a weekly
meeting in tUo chapel ot Dr. Crossby's church, on
Fourth nveuuc and Twouty-second street. Betoro that
body the Rev. Carlos Mariyu, of the Thirty-lourtb
streol Iteloriued Church, who bus given attention to
I ho subject, read a concise paper. The other confer
ence of pastors, composed largely ol German ministers
and solely ol Reformed Church ministers, meols
weokly at the synod's rooms in Vosoy street. Beloro
this body, yesterday, the Rev. Mr. Oerter,
I as tor ot . tlio German Kolorracd Church in
Weal Fortieth street, read a very elaborate
paper. Mr. Oerter bus studied Commun
ism lu Europe and America and Irom the original
documents. He recently preached throe eermous In
his own church on the subject, sad the paper read be
fore the Conference yesterday was a translation of
one of those sermons, it occupied over an hour In
Its delivery, and was very elaborate In all Its details.
It gavo si a t ist ics of the Commune, sketches ot tho rlso 1
and progrcsu ol the movement and of the leadors in j
Europe, and a list ol publications of various kinds j
issued by the Communists in different countries and
at different times, it also indicated tho innor work
ings as well us the exterior purposes ol the Conimu
111mir, and the means and methods that should bo
used to cumb.it them.
Mr. M.irtyu's piper was not so elaborate. It was
nooessarily brlol because of the iline allotted lo it?
half an hour. It discussed the question under two j
proposition*First, Wn.il is Commuulsui? second, j
Wltat are ibe causes ol Communism f As the French (
Revolution was cm Hod to Hie brain of Ronseuau, so j
Mr. Martyu declare.i was Communism In tho brains of
Proudhon, Canst and Blam|ui. From belug a theory
In iheir minds, bexild, It has expanded lulus move- i
mem tfeat lots become Interr.stlonal in Its ramifica
tions. indeed, it arrogates lo ilsell ibe title ol inter- |
national society. Its lieadquarteia were moved
here In 187'd, because Hie governments of
Europe established such s system ol espion
age us to niitiva It uucomforiublo for ttiem.
I,.ko other omniums, the liiiernailouul society h.>?
Various aliases, lu Russia, wnlch Is honeycom bud
with It, nnii where one ol its disc.pies Isteiy attempted
to aassssiauta ine I'roicct of 1'oiicn, it oans I lent f
Nlbilista, in Germany, where it cast* ;oo,oOJ votes
and elect, torij -?ev, n members ol llie Krteiialag, and
wli' to one ot ih members lias made an attempt on ihi
tiiw ol llie klllperor William, It is Called thu Social
Ueinoerocy. in KraBue It is t u Coiuiuuue. lu Eng
land ai d America it |? .-omeihitU' elte. At its ime
cougress in Newark, M.J, it Voted to call ttsell hero
the Socialistic l.auor Tarty. But under whatever
name it Is known, hi tuud ml Slsbds the M.phisiopbe
les ol me Interuuifoaul Society,
What Is the creed oi iliu Counuuuer Here Mr. Mar
ly n quote ! Irolu publications ol a reccut date I bo cr bed
of tlio party as lormut.iied by the leaders here. Ttioy
are SoaRlBilIMB til SB we they iln-ire iBBjBSt ?llstritiu
Hon ol wealth aud work nmnug all men, and thai the
power to posress sliall not belong to tlio tew, nut io
? II tho com in unity. They ure Communists became
they wish to destroy mis individual property; be
cause they desire to unite society with a bond et hep
ptuoss and equality. They are at heists because tboir
logic refuse., io aumit ibe existence ol a rtui>r? me
IR iug. In the new society ibny no riot recoguig" God,
but mm to get fid ??! Him a* the only mean, whereby
society is to bo saved. I hey arc revolutionists be
csoso ihoy desire to overt how by lurce a society that
ue-lres to uphold nscll by I ice. Hence I ties say
they mu-i r.iiuqner at auy price political power whioh
can establish a dictature ol ibepr?f?d?>*. 1 nl^lheii, is
not > ri vnluiionury committee sluing herein America
at a good distance irum danger sod aiming to republi
can./..? Europe. It la not a movement like tnat ol
Msgxiui. it is au organised nttault on
existing order in society the world over.
It assails tho Americau system u* violently
s it UOe Iliu monarchical. Accoi ding lo lis uw u creed
ibe objects of the Commune arc?hrst, a desired on
ol individual property ami Its ceutrshr. itiou in the
.State; second, th? siialilieu ol reiigluu in every lonn.
And ha a means io ibis eud it seek* lo acquire political
powei?peaceably il pot-ihie, loruiuiy II uece-sary.
iM.wits s.sn rsiiMj.N.vsL or tiik Comb PS s.
Tom lung the persooool ol Hie movement Mr. Mar
ty n n marked lis aidest propsiiMdisM are cither
GertMn or French. Many ol them are wormugmen,
but a few am very stolid uud reckless llrebrauds, who
throw sp.rks over the iiuwdor maguxloc and loug to
be hoisted wtm their own peurd. I'liey use thn
mtuhty power ol the pros to overthrow society and
publish periodicals In many Unns and many lan
guages. Hero in ilia I'liitod rttates one >,( turlr lead
ers is Mr. Duusi, editor ol the ?VA, /.?iiun'i, snotneV
Is l iiisen Megy, who w is recently beloro one ol our
courialoratnre.il to injure or lake Gieiiie oi ? re
porter who had published votno ol their secret pro
needing*. Another is ft. liancey, a director ol Ln Inttr
nalwrnUt- TUo loot two wero prominsat members ot
the French Commune, and Mogy Is said to have oeen
the assa?sin or the Archbishop ol Pari*."
Mr. Marlyn here quoted from the Ukkai.o's Inter
view with Hansev (published May 11), gave his resi
lience uu I busiuess, and called special attention to
thai Communist's statement that the International
Is radically opposed to existing to< ioty, whether re
publican or inonarcbleal. "1'hoy separated from tho
worklugmeu," bo coutinuod, "on this radical point,
l'bo workiugmcn's party hopes to obtain its ends
while respecting existing order and legal means, but
tho Communists intend to seize power by loroe. For
this reason their aims are not dirocted against
secondary oentres, but against capitals such as
Washington, Parle and Berlin. The Ameri
can worklugmen as a rule, do not under
stand the social question, Thoy are far be
hind Europeans in this regard. They do not study
the rotation between capital and labor. Americans and
Irish arc not Iriend'y to the Commune, 'fliey wish
to eflect changes in society by Congressional and State
legislation, but the Communists ny lorcibly applying
thuir radical principles. The Commune doos not make
headway here as it does in Europe, because ol our free
system and the publicity ol our llv s. Tho Paul Pry
of the newspaper has his eye at every keyhole. No
secrcis are kept in the United States, arid our Ameri
can workingmon, howover poor, hope to be proprietors
by and by. N'ovortheloss, tboso tireless conspirators
of the Commuue mako headway here. Thoy have
their hands now on the dillcrout trades unions ol the
land; tbey are interested in the iron ininos, coal
mines, shoe shops, railroads and other manulacturmg
and commercial interests ol the country. " 1 hough
there may be among mo workiugmen of this country
few well defined Communists, yet these few multiply
themselves and by their incessant efforts intensify
tho antagonism hotweon capital uud labor, and thereby
give the impression of larger numbers than thoy
The causes of the commune w ere stated by Mr. Mar
tyn to be manifold. "We are to sock them," lie said,
"chiefly in tho grave social uud political abuses which
bavo existed and do exist In Europe auu the relations
between capital and labor there. Capital regards tho
attempt ol labor to better itself as the effort of beg
gars to rule on horseback, while labor regards capital
as a beggar already in the saddlo. llunce the fre
quency with which quo-nous of hours of labor, Inter
est arid occupation uro discussed. Labor says
'(jot all you can,' and capital says 'Koop all
you can.' In Europe thiugs are worse than
hore, tor tbero political aud ecclesiastical abuses,
hoary with age, and grown rich with their years,
are beyond the reach of reform. There both Church
and Statu treat tno people us If thoy'were born bridled
nnd saddled to bo ridden and tho kings and nobles
aro born booted nnd spurred to ride. Abroad, there
fore, tho Communist finds his most ready rosponse.
Revolution is In the air?revolution made possible
and almost nocossary by despotism. Even in England
ibo Established Church hns no sympathy with tho
people. There lies dormant in the chamber labor
which rises only to toil aud comes homo ouiy to sleep,
it is sweetened by no comfort. It looks up to wealth
which lis own hands lisvo garnered lor others and
looks down Into its cradle, but there is no lulure for
its littlo one savo that ol the unenjtor. Aud when
labor cries out to tno Church lor help in the name of
Christ the bishops get logotlior and decide to build a
charity scnool. When labor appeals to tho Btain it
responds with soup houses. But these are mere poul
tices ou tho sore?they ure not cures. What labor
asks Is that aristocracy be taken ofl' its throat, that
social lifo be rourranged, that tne statutes which liavo
b-gislalod It into pauperism uo roinudeliod. But when
this demand Is made tlio Cliurcii quiotly hides Itself
behind its prayer book and tho i'.irliament
adjourns. Now Communists aro educated by
that system. Thoy know nothing of l'rotoslantism
or republicanism. They novor could liuvo origiuatod in
America, but coming here aud existing as a ready
tnudo organization and favored by the freedom ol our
institutions, which it ubuses, ran wo marvel at tho
growth of this movemotit here? But ovcti hero the
Commune is what Jules Favro said It was In France?
a standing menace lo us. Wo must deal with It. Its
just complaints must bo beard and remedied. Its
outbreaks must be mot with grapesbotand ibo bayonet.
We must tcaoh tboso meu to behove in the American
principle that there is no abuse which way not bo
rouiodiod hero by tne ballot in every man's band aud
tbo Bible iu every man's heart."
At a meeting of tho Brooklyn Board ol l'oliee und
Excise Coiumlsslouers the question ol tho propriety
of connecting tho various pulica station bouses with
tho armories was considered, but no doQolto action
was inkon In the promises. 'I be object of the project
la to be promptly notified lo the event ol auy attempt
ou the purt ol tue Communists or worklngm<-n's as
sociations to obtain pogsesstou of tho armories. Tuo
authorities disclaim all fours of trouble ol uny de
scription from the source named In Brooklyn, but
tney also deem It wiso to take tboso precautions
aguinst the possibility of surprise.
Mr. Lester Wallack's schooner yacht Columbia,
which bus been tn wtutor quarters at New LonUou,
Conn., was nauled Into the stream about six weeks
ago and ban since boon overhauled and put
In ordor preparatory to work In the coming
season. On Saturday hor sails were bent and on Suu
day aiiernoon she sailed for this city, where she will
go upon the ways to bo csiked, and afterward be
fittod with new canvas, llcr stateroom and cabins
bave been newly upbolstcrod and carpeted, and In
tbelr new dress display a quiot eicgance. The
crimson volvoi carpel laid upou hor stateroom is
niatcbod by upholstery ol similar color and ot cosily
material. Mr. Wallacn's room Is furnished In green,
uud the rooms set apart lor guesis una for Mr. lioury
Wallack and tho yacht's master arc in bine, in all
her alter apartments a tasteful arrangement ol
colors and drapery is notlueaoio. On either aide
ol the stateroom daintily carved sideboards novo
been pUcod, and an armory aud quite capacious li
brary added. Captulu AOdiew Comslock will com
mand the Columbia thia season, mio will curry a
crow of louriccn men. Among them Is a young theo
logical student, wno pays lor his tuition si collego by
bis summer earu.nu* as a ysoutsmun.
Sctiounor yacht Restless, N.Y. Y.C., Commodores.
Nicholson Kane, is being overhauled at New London
and will go upon ihn ways tun weuk
Schooner yachts Tempest, formerly of the X.Y.Y.C.,
and the Base, owned ny i?r. lleury A. .Molt, ot New
London, are ulso undergoing repairs at thai place.
Schooner yacht Fleet wing, N.Y.Y.C., Mr. Ueorg^ A.
Ossood, Iroiu New York, aud the sloop yacht Alori,
N'.Y.Y.C., Mr. Henry Vail, iroiu New Lmdon, arr.vsd
ut Wuiloatouc, I- L, yu.-ieruay aud aucbored off the
Hkuai.d Telegraph Siatlou.
Soiiuonor yacht lNiello, N Y. Y.C., Mr. Jamoa f).
SmiUt, which has wintered iu .-ilerllug llssin, Green
port, alter receiviug a thorough uvcriiMUltug and be
ing put In first class order for the coming season?in
cluding a new boom llfiy-eight loot long (twenty eight
leet of it extending outward), sod a galvanized irou
cutwater, w Inch adds a loot lo hor wulor line?was
launched from the yard ol Smith A ferry ou Saturday
lust and went Into coraim?*lou the sum# day. Mr.
Small and a party of InenUe were on board aud sailed
mo same eveniuz tor Mouiauk on a fishing oxcurslon.
Captain William Murphy, ol Comin unipaw, Is
building a new vaclit, winch I* Intended lo be entered
in the com log New York Hay Hegatia. She is to bo
named "1 ne brothers." Cnptain Stephen Couloliaa
u . oporto tc ndlng the work. She will do launched In
about ten days,
I u? Ufw si asm launch C. 0. 1*. Gibson, ot tho Jer
sey City Vacnt Club, lias been token upon the ways
lo repair tho dam isee caused by running ber upon a
sunken rock last Friday night, she will also receive
a new uoilur and machinery, the Urst not working
I ho Jersuv City Yacbi Club will have Its annual
opening on D-coratioa Dnv, 30th Inui. The squadron
will go to Uaili, L. 1., ?h rii the yuchlinon w li par
take ol a diuucr.
TOO new vocbtN. R. Fowior, of the 1'avonia Yacht
Club, of Jersey Cny, w.H lie launched to day. i hero
will be a dinner iu honor <>l the crcul, the yacht is
named iu honor ol i'once Coniuiliaioner Kowier, who
Ins presented a racing soil of sails and set ol colors,
t*nlted .Stales .Son iter J. K. Mcl'nersou u a member of
this c!uh
The New Jersey Y tcbl Club will hold their annual
regalia on June I'd. i'hu course ear, 11 be Irom a stake
boat oil the Kiystan Fields to ilie .? ol ol Seventy
llfih street. New York, and return, ln? ever the
courae three Miner, I hi.- will allor in i no t e# nl too
?oi ire race from belli aides oi lb'.-river. Among the
yaohli ol this cluti arc the Us re lluvil, I'.ielia, Cbtrui
and Meteor.
The Wlnons Boat Club movol into their new and
Commodious house yesterday, it la oue of tue best ap
pelated Ofub houses la the country, aud cost aoou t
M ooo. It is located on Btwndway, at ibe foot ot
Hendcreon str< ct, Jersey city, is two stories hub,
sud surmounted villi it cupola, on top ot winch will
be p ice 1 a powerful light, contaiulug sixteen burn
ers, wiin reflection*, winoli will bu visible I rum any
pnriol Nrw York Bar. Tbo tormal < peuing will lake
pine* Juno |.
Lotiami.1. Ky., May 20, 187S.
Pools on to-morrow's races hero were sold lo-nigbt
ns lollow*:?
Kihst IIaOR?<?tiO and a qn ? rr miles dash.?King
William, hdluDOrgli. g'g.'i; llan K., |21.
iRiiiMi It Acs-? K o u lucky Derby { una and a half
miles.?Ilimysi, flbd; iiiy Hur, $n?; I.cvilor, $16;
Burgundy, 110; Melleury, fin, Chiiie) linrli, fa;
II tu Hindiey, Solicitor, IlcuconsUnld and llespond. iu
tue held, 11 1.
I inkn Hack?Kile boats.?Janet, 126, Joe Rhodes,
fl8; Belie Paonor, <8; Advrn(ari<, fg(|; Mollle Mc
Culln, fA.
IIai.iimork, May 20, lfciS.
On account of the heavy rain ol last night, tho
rnocs, winch were to tako place lo-innrrow, the opeDlug
day at Pnulico, have heeu pomp.mud until Wednes
Owinc lo tho heavy condition of the track and tho
nliuo-t coflalniy of contmnnion r>| rain I'cr illo did
not start Mil* morning on hia attempted rida ol JO'r
miles in llliuen oonsccutive hoars. Weather permit
ting ne wul start on Wednesday morning, at four
o'clock: if not. the* on the next ialx dor.
Although wearing au outward air of indifference,
there can bo little doubt that the inombers of Ply
mouth Church are secretly dieturhed on account
of the probability now anstnz that a reopening
of the Tilton-Uoecher scandal, with all Its disgust
ing dotails, will bo precipilatod upon tbem be
fore raauy days. During a conversation witn a
Hkrald reporter yesterday, Mr. S. V. White, chair
man of the Exuuiiuiug Commltteo of tho Church, In
reply to a question as to wheu hooxpected a meeting
of that committee would bo called in regard to tno let
ter of Mrs. Barbara Walton, said ho thought thoro
would be a meeting ol the committee lor the purpose
Indicated duriog tno prosent woeK.
"Can you iniorm me," asked me reporter, "how
the commltteo will proceed In the esse?"
?'I presurao they will take the ordinary course.
The flr.'t thingdooo, 1 suppose, would bo 10 notily Mrs.
TUlon that coargos had boen mado agaiust her In re
gard to alandorous accusations. The furtiior action
ol tne commltteo would depend very much on Mrs.
Tilton's rejoinder, una whether sho wisbod un inves
tigation or otherwise. 11 sho wishes lor an Investi
gation I don't soo hut that soo has tho right to insist
upon having one."
"In tho latter event, would the proceedings bo con
ducted privately f"
"Well, 1 don't know exactly, but I tblnk tliey
would bo held In private, at least, in tho iuieresls of
decouoy, I should hope bo."
"May I ask 11 you would lllto to glvo a conjectural
opinsoc as to tbo result ol an Invosugalion, 11 one Is
held ?"
"Ob, no I That would be too much to undertake.
We oan never know what is locked up In the hearts
of a petit Jury uuili ihoy come into Court and an
nounco tbeir verdict."
Calling at No. 22 Orango strcot, Brooklyn, the
writer readily obtained au interview wilh Mrs. Barbara
Walton, who has prelerrod wriltou charges agaiust
Mrs. Tillou and Mrs. 11 or so lor having, as sho says in
her henrlng, inndo assertions derogatory to the char
acter ol Mr. Bcuchor. lire. Walton has hoeu a mem
ber ol Plymouth Church lor (bo past twenty-live years
and nlwuys an unwavering supporter of its pustnr.
Tito reporter having staled that tho object of ins visit
was to ascertain, il possible, the specific character of
tho charges made agaiuBl Mrs. Tiltun, Mrs. Walton
replied quite unreservedly us follows: ?
"Uoaily, I liuVO very little information to give you
in regard to the matter, and wheu 1 wrote tho letter
to the Examining Committee i had no Idea that tho
fact of my doing so would bccoiuo known to tho
newspapers. 1 was a good Irieud of Mrs. TUlon
until mat latest ooulcssion ol ber's appeared.
Un first seeing it I was surprised, uud
w.uldu'i believe It. Why, she might have gouo
down to her grave respected and pitied, hut now sho
has gono uud made a tool ol hursoil. On tho evening
ol the diy on which that conlossion appeared I weut
to sec "Lobby" (Willi whom 1 had gono to school long
ago) lor the purposo of bearing irom her own lips
wuetber the conL'Sslon was really hers, as 1 hulug
intimate with ner hid always heard her cxprosa
hersoll to the contrary or what the conlossion as
sorted. 1 rumained iu tho houso with Mrs. Tniou aud
Mrs. Morso on thai evening lor more than two hours,
uuring winch tiuio I fiut to both of them pointed
questions, which they replied to In a manner tn it
caused me the utmost surpriso and auiuxenieiii. 1
would not nave boheved mat they wero capable of
such utterances dorogotory to Mr. Beechor had 1 not
heard them Irom their own lips "
"Did you immediately resolve then to prefer charges
agaiust both ol these ladies Y"
"Not at all. 1 would not have made tho charges
but that several momhors of Plymouth Church
asked me to do so, inasmuch as 1 had
heard the derogatory assertions from their own lips.
Now thul is all I have had lo do with it or with the
scaudul, and 1 shall ue glad if you will not mention
my name in conui-otiou with tho ufl'uir, as I have
really no Uosire lo *eo it published. Why, somo ol
lbs newspapers hsvo actually uttemptod to glVo a per
sonal description ol me; it is ridiculous."
"May 1 inquire the character ol tho charges In your
letter to the Examining Couimiiioo Y"
"Phut tniormntlou 1 must dconno to furnish. Of
course, now tbut the letter hue gone belore the com
mittee my lips must remain sealed on tho subject, us
It would be agaiust the rules ol tho Church lor me to
slate its contents. Altor 1 bud handed It to a mem
ber of tho committee 1 lolt that my part la the trans
action was concluded."
"But do you not expect to be called bofore tho com
mittee in oaseol uu investigation Doing ordered?"
"1 am not unixipuiing au invitaiiou to appear be
fore tho cummlticu. My opinion is thul they will let
the letter rest lor u whno uud thou quietly drop Mrs.
Tilton lroin the rolls. Even uller my letter went into
the liauds ol the committee 1 tuiuk that its existence
would h.Ve hied kept a profound secret but for tho
loot (but I happened to montiou tho matter
lu a confidential way to a boar neigh
bor, a gentleman connected with a morning paper,
sou 1 supposo no thought II too good lo keep aud to
caused the news to be published thul 1 had written
aucli a letter. II called boloro the commltteo l would,
ol course, relate the accusations verbatim, as 1 hoard
tbem fruui tbo lips ol Mrs. Tiltoo and Mrs. Morse,
wbo were bolb very vloient while making
horrible cuurgts agaiust tir. Boucher. 1 hey evidently
liave an object in tryiuc to pull Mr. Buecbor dowu,
nut he is away up, up, so nigh that their loul breath
cun't reach him. Mrs. Tiltoo, us 1 said beiore, might
huvo gone to her grave respected, but now she is de
spued, and the many friends who have culled upon hor
and as.-islud ber during ber troubles have now
resolved uuver to enter her door again. Sho
is nwsy aown now, while Mr. Boucher Is exalted even
In lliu estimation ol raauy who might h*v - lolt luke
warm toward buu belore. 1 have known Unby lor
twenty years. Sue is cultured and refined, as is ulso
Mrs. Morse, but the latlor has hud the worst
traits ol her charscler developed by ud
vcrse ctrcumaiauccR. Lihby's mother never wanted
her to uiarry Theodore I illon. Suo was eugugod lo u
lawyor and jilted hira for Tiltoo, whom suo married
wuen bo was scarcely uluelecu yours old. Mrs. Morse
dlsbkod this marriage vory much, and has always
looked upon bor later troubles in tno light of retribu
tion lor Libby's having Jilted lier ufliaticod.
Id view ol tbo repealed denials by Mr. Tilton of tho
rumors that be has ol late been Visiting bis wile clan
destinely at ber homo in Brooklyn, aod tbut
the relationship ol busbaud mid wilo had bveu
resumed by ibotn, a somewhat significant fsct
was made known to the writer yostorday.
Last Friday inorinn* ihu sou of a gentleman living in
Madison street, liiooklyn, on examiug the mail mailer
just handed lo bim by a letter cniricr, and Which eui
pruced letters ami papers Irom Eugiuud, luuud among
them a newspaper, bearing German postage .-lumps
aud addressed lu the handwriting ol a
lady to "Theodore lllton, Esq., No. Madison
street, Brooklyn." tbo uuniber on the dlrecuou
being tbut ol tne house In which Mrs Tilton uud bur
mother had burn living up lo tho Urst ol the present
month. Hie young gentleman relerred to, know
lug Mr. Tilton'* (uiuily, was snllsfitd at u glenco
that the address bad been written by one
of Mr. TUlon's daughter* in Germany. As
tho letter carrior ban proceeded only a lew
puces ho was called buck, and having been
apprised or bis mistake, the ncwapipcr was returned
lo hiui. The question remains lo ho answered, it Mr.
TUlon had nut been iu ttio habit ol visiting lira wile,
why should his dung bier expect that a newspaper
scut Irom Gorruany should Uud him at the liomo ol
ber mother.
According to order* ol Cnptalu John Keitn, com
manding Uutcry II, Nitliuii.il Guard, tbo member* ol
llio Inn lory assomblcd yesterday niter ir on at their
armory lully artiiod and equipped (mounted) for Hold
nu4 target practice. Two piece* of tbo buttery were
so.ectoil br tbo Captain, iM, undor comniantl ol Lieu
tenMt Foller, proceeded to Ootr.oas' larm, New Lots,
L. 1., loitritig lire aruiorjr In tbla city about tUreo
o'clock Initio alteriioun. 1 lie real ol Iho commaud
will procce t to Now Lota tbi* mornibg, nud the day
will bo spout In Held ni.n u uvrua ami target prnctior.
Hull call will be at nine o'cmclt A. II., wusn it i? ox
pectod tlio ntiendMiice of artniarymru will bo largo,
l bo advance Miction ol tbo b ittery, uudur command
ol Lit iileuant Keller, nutwiibulaniinig the intinmoncy
of tbu weatuei yesterday aftorim iu, paraded m excoi
lent abnpc, tlio in>u nppnenuy but druading tliolr
wot nignt'a encampment at Now Lout.
A mooting of tho Votorana of tbo Ninth regiment
wan bold last night, at the armory, lor the purpoao of
receiving a ret on of tbo board ol management in
reference to me ami tin I dinner to be hold on tbo
ililb mat, at Hie fiiurtcvnnt Hutu* Tbo report waa
at a formal character, and waa ngreod to. Alter tUo
usual parade ol the regiment and the presentation of
tbo markoioon'o oniines, uio veterans preaeniod m
Company K a very Inn noma badge. tin* company
having obtained tbo largest number of recruits during
the year.
In the Court of Oyer and Tormtuer, In Taterson,
yesterday, anotler trial originating from the latlure
of tbo Merchant*' Loan and Trust Company was given
a briel existence. It waa the caso of tbo Htato vs.
David floury, who gave to the bank oflloiala attar its
closing a lour hundred-dollar check drnwu by Mr.
Wilson, forwblou bo oltorward received a note lor
tho amount. 'I he counsel lor the defence contended
tbat ilia Court ought to order a verdict ol acquittal;
that it was a legltimnln transaction, as tbo defendant
having deposited MM checks alter the apphcalion bad
been made u>r i receiver bo a as a preferred creditor.
Prosecutor Woodi nil opposed the argunioul of the
doleudanl's eouusel, asking the Court to luotruct tbe
jury to acquit. Tbo jury, on reoorameudottOU Of
Judra Dixon. returned a verities ol aooulttaL
Kate Southern's Appeal for
Executive Clemency.
Tho Georgia Tragedy in a
New Liurht.
Atlanta, Gs? Mny 20. 1878.
At I predicted in my last letter, tho case or Koto
Southern, who It sentenced to bang on the 21tt of
June, has been taken Irom the courts and put lalrly
bctoro tho Governor. Tho battle for bor life It now
being botly waged within the walis of tho Capitol.
Tbere seems to oe little doubt now that Mrs. South
ern's conviction was duo to llio lock ot concert among
bcr lawyers. As a prominent citizen said to me In
Jasper last week, "It was a judicial murder. Tho
counsel lor Kalo never consulted bolero tho caeo
opened. They koew nothing o( tbo witnesses nor
wbat each ol them was expected to swear. Conse
quently tbey avoided exposing their Ignorance by in.
troaucing no witnesses. Tboy did not know the weak
points of the witnesses lor tbo Stalo, and consequently
tbo prosecution mado out proclscly tbo case that it
wanted, unembarrassed by anv tear ol cross
examination. Tbo defendiug lawyers baited iu
tbelr case and proposod a plea ol iusanlty In open
court, and then withdrew it amid tbo Jeers of tbo
prosccutiou without trying it at all. At another time
they tried to withdraw the ploa of 'not guilty'
that they might plead guilty to mnnslnugblcr. The
whole defence was asorios ot false starts, retreats and
confessions. In maxing the arguments the eounsol
disagreed, and 1 really bcliovo if there bnd bocn no
lawyers lor tho dcfcnco Kate would have been
cleared." Much of ibis luefllciency was duo to ibo
faot that tho lawyers wore not promptly employed and
could not have proper consultation. Kit Iter of them,
had ho been placed in control ol tho enso, could buvo
done better then tho whole of tbem. Slnco tbo trial,
however, tbo lawyers, and especially Colonel Corny
W. Styles, probably tbo ablest ot tbem all, have been
busy lu collecting testimony lor tbo Governor's con
stderation, and hnvo succeeded in making a good
show. Indeed, It is bard to believe that the Jury could
havo convicted Knte Southern at all u ibis testimony
bad boen placed bofore the Jury.
Colonol Stylos reached tbo city some days ago with
a largo number of ulQdavits, which ho deposited with
tbo Governor. Non-* ol tbeso aflldavits, or anything
like ibo matter contained in tbem, bus ever been
published In the Georgia papers or given to the pub
lic lu any way. They uro very essential to a proper
understanding ol the case, however, and having se
cured a logk at thera I forward you tbo substance of
wnat tboy contain. The first step taken by tbeso affi
davits is to prove that Miss Narcissa Fowler, the wo
man who was killed, was a woman ol bad character.
To provo this affidavits are procured Irom Miss Auu
Conart, who swears that Miss Fowler frequently
spont the night alono in the room with men In bcr
(Miss Conort's) house, and that she has positive
knowledgo of the fact that she was not only unchaste,
but grossly so; that she knows ol her having cohab
ited with at leust tHroe or lour mou. Mrs. llurtlsou, a
most respociablo lady, swears that Miss Fowler was ?
woman of notoriously lowd charactor. Various other
affidavits bearing upon tho same subject, and making
the inuttor very cloar, have been socured. The tact
was also recited in affidavits that Miss Fowlor had do
sorted bor husband, wbo baa in turn abaudonod ber.
Tbo uncbaeto character ot Mius Fowler being estab
lished, ullluuvita are then prepared to prove ibat
Southern bad illicit Intercourse with tier. Tbls point
Is suMuined first by Bob Southern's own affidavit.
He swears tbat be frequently bad oriminal Intercourse
with Miss Fowler, notably on one occasion just tbreo
days before bis marriago wltb Kate Hombrick. Ho
?weurs that bo moi ber in tbo road, wnen sne began
to upbraid him for not bavlog married ber. She was
la great rage ut tbo news of bis approaching marriage
with Kate liombrick, and wltb tbfeats and ouircstlos
tried to get him to go to her bouse and spend tbo day
wltb ber. lie positively rolusod to do this, but finally
agreed to go with ber to Mies Ann Conort's, where tboy
bud bad guilty meetings before, lie then went witb
bor; they took a room to tbeinsolves and remained
together that nlgbt. Southern's affidavit does not
cover the interview be bud wltb Miss Fowler the fourth
day alter bis marrlago. Au affidavit is produced
from Miss Ann Conort, who swears that Narcissa
did spend the night at ber bouse with Southern
on tbo nlgbt Indicated in bis affidavit. Mr. Soutbei u
also swears tbat -'Bob'' lived on bis farm, and tbat It
was quite a common occurrence for Miss Narcissa to
come to the place and solicit an interview wltb blm;
tbat she would frequently take btm oil and keep blm
nway the whole night; that when he left with ber bo
nsually spent tbe nlgbt away Ironi borne, and tbat It
whs well known that he was living In adnltery wltb
Miss Narcissa. Other nffiuavlts are Inirouucod on tbls
point. Tbo affidavits tben go to show tbat Mrs.
Southern was acquainted both before uud aftor ber
marriage with tbo laci of ber husband's criminal in
tercourse with Miss Fowler. This Is shown directly by
an affidavit of "Bob" Southern, In wblcb be swoars
that his wile was iicquainiod witb tbo true slato of
affairs, and was very much unsettled and annoyed by
tho knowlodgo. Various incidental affidavits are
produced lo strengthen tbls one. It is then
shown by several affidavits that Miss Fowler threat
ened the domestic pence, tho cbusto reputation and
the 111* ol Mrs. Suuibern. An affidavit is sworn to hy
a sitter ot Bob Southern, In winch a most deeper.no
course Is detailed. Tint Indy says that Narcissa Fow
ler visited her constantly, and was In tbe b iblt ot
ialktug uoout Bob's murrnige to Kile Uumbriok. She
would uso tbo most scandalous language concerning
Kate, and once told Bob'* sitter that Knto bad been
delected In criminal lu'.linacy wltb a noigbbor In tne
big swamp, and ask>'d V.iss Southern to tell Kito sho
had loid bor this. Miss Southern carried tbls story
to K ito. Mlas Fowler luriher ?a<d to Miss BoutUorti
that Bob oagUl not to merry ber, and should not, and
that If be did *'tboy should have no pi uce or satisfac
tion as long as she (Miss Fowler) lived." Another
affidavit is to tbe effect ibat Narcissi said that II Kale
married Southern she "would Kill ber." Two or
tbroo other witnesses swore to the fact tbat
Narcissa talked violently, nbustvely and unjustly about
Kilo, and threatened to purhuo her and persecute
ber to ilin cud o! life. It is a simngo lact ibui each
of I tie witnesses swcir* tliat ho or alio carried to Mrs,
Southern the ubti. Ive or tbrcatoniug remarks mado
In their prosenco concerning her; so that sbe wua
fully advised of tho violent and desperate course
udoplod by bar rival
was it a MrnnF.Hr
Affidavits ore ilion prolucod to change tbo gen
erally conceived cbaracior ol the Intel rencontre,
and 10 show tbat It was a fight rather than
a murder, doing curious testimony Is udducod on
this point. A Mlas Moelor, who was at the trollo,
swears tbat just before the encounter sbe was silting
In Mrs. Southern's lap, when Naiciasa Fowlor ap
proached iiieiu uud roughly pudud bar hy the arm,
lilting ber out of Mrs. Southern's lap. .She then
took ber rapidly out ol Iho room, and alter taking
a drink of whiskey (tho natural beverage lor these
Illicit distillery counties), commenced aliasing Mrs.
Soutncrm Bhe used, says Miss Moelor, In ber uffidavtt,
"epithets loo vulgar uud obscruo to ho eilhor written
or spoken." She denounced Kato Southern wltb nlj
the poworofa violent and hall erased woman, mingling
threats with ber abU'e. As soon as she could get a
raluase Iroin her Mibs Meclor went back into the room
where Mrs. Southern was sittiug. Mrs. Southern ut
onre demanded to know what "Narcissa Fowler had
bocu saying uiiout her.'' After somo persuasion Miss
Meelor repeated what Narcissi had said. She says
tbat Mrs. Southern received it wllhoul any visible
sign* ol anger; that sho slm piy sat still and listened,
and when she had finished did not any a word. An.
other witness swears thst Miss Fowler told blm that
nlgbt tbat Kato Southern bad put out ber lout twice
to try and trip bor up, and tbat II sue didn't mind tho
would kick her. Anothor witness swears that bo heard
Mr. llonoy, who was Miss Fowler's friend throughout
the whole matter, make the following smtenioiii jusi
an lionr or two alter the killing"About an hour
belore tho fatal encounter look place Narclasu Fowlor
CaiBo to me and took me outside of tba bouse. We
I took a drink al whiskey lei el ber out theft, and. that
Narcissa told mo that itt expeetod to ha to i row
before long. Sho accrued very tnueh exorcised about it
and asked mo if I would stand up to her, or suck to
her, io caso she was pushed. 1 told her that I would,
at which she seemed very much relieved." This wit
ness does not swear that Houoy said Miss Fowler '
nioutioued Mrs. Southern us the person with whom
she was about to have s row, but the evldonco all
shows that this must have been the case. In support
ol this testimony, uud corroborative ol It, Is the sworn
statement ol u reliable witness concerning the en
counter its ell. This witness swears that Kate Southern
(and the evidebce agrees perlcotly with Kate's own
statement sent you a few days ago), was silting
on the coach by tho side ol hor husband,
lailciug to blm In a low lone. Suddenly
Narcissa Fowler walkod in front of them,
and planting herself defiantly before Urn, Boulborn
said:?''Now, Kate Southern, I'm ready lor you!"
Upon hearing this challenge Mrs. Southern looked up
quickly, said, "All right," and arose, ilolore she bad
fairly quitted her scat, swore the witooss, Narcissa
selzod her firmly by the hair and dragged her forward
on tho floor. As she did so sho struck her heavily orei
the back of hor head. "Thoo," eayathe witness,"Kato,
who was under Narolssa's hand and rooelving her blows,
cuugbt bold of Narolssa's ooat tall and commenced to
drag herself up. I never saw Kuto strike a single
blow while she was down orboforo that. Sbo was eh.
gaged in trying to pill herself up so that she oould have
achanco. In tho meantimo Amorclll (Kate's sister) had
allocked Narcissa from behind. As soon as Kate had
str,lightened herself up sho bogan to striko Narcissa and
aid i.ll tbo striking alter that." It appears from thlt
stntemeut that Kate bad the knllo in her hand un
known to Narcissa when the latter Issued her chal
lenge; that through the aid of Amorelli the was en.
uoled 10 get into position to use It, and that as soon at
sho struck the first blow with lbs knlto Narcissa wm
either disabled or panic stricken and olfcred n<
lurihor resistance. Tho encounter was over s<
quickly that no ono had a chance to interfere. Tbosi
urotbe diroot points of the trageuy as given by th<
nowly secured affidavits.
Affidavits aro offered ou incidental points as fol
lows:?Firsi?Kate's character for chastity, modesty,
good nature, religious proleselon and practice is fully
established by nffluavits from the bost ladies of tho
county una from her minister. Secona?Her nervous
and unbalanced condition at the time of tho killing
Is so lolly sot forth as to show that she was almost
wholly Irresponsible. One affidavit shows that sho
hod three successive epoloptlc fits on tho Mou
day boforo tho killing, sod was in con.
etant fear of a new attack. Third?It is
shown that at least two of tho jorymoo who found
her guilty hud cxprossod ihemsolvos in favor ol hav
ing hor hung before thoy wont on the Jury, and that
two others would never havo consented to glvo a vor
dict of guilty If they had not been led to boltcvo that
the recommendation to mercy would have saved her
life. It is said that several of tno jurymen wore anx
ious to sign a similar statement, but oould bo given
no opportunity of doing so in tho short timo allowed
lor the preparation ot tno case.
This is about tho caso that Is now befors tho Gov.
ornor. Ths friends and relatives of tho decoosud
woman have taken no pains to eitbor amend or con.
tositho points raisod in tho now testimony. They
say that thoy havo nothing farther to offer. To ro
view, tnoo, the esse as it is absolutely established by
the faco of these affidavits It is this:?A girl of mod
est, chaste character, lovos and marries a man. She
discovers that bo has beforo marriago contracted
nn illicit Intimacy with a handsome, fast
and reokless woman of iho county. sbo
finds that through cortafn threats at exposure hor
husband is under tho influence of this woman, who
succeeds In carry,ng btra to her bod three days baforo
(he marriago and seduces blm away from bomo on tho
fourth night after tho marriage. She learns from all
sides that this woman swears that sho and hor hus
band shall have no peace or satisfaction as long as she
lives, that sho is clroalatlng reports that blacken ber
(tho young wife's) character and la oarrylng thoso re
ports to her husband and hie relatives." Alter being
driven out of tbe neighborhood by tbla pcrsooutlon
she returns lor a visit, aick, pregnant, nervoos and
worn uown by epilepsy. The first night of her return
she Is confronted by her rival and onomy, who trie*
to take cliurgo of hsr husband, pulls her coufldapt
irom her lap, and, taking her into an anto.room, fills
tho oars of this friend with tho vileslabuso and tbreatx
ot ber character. This friond returns and tells her
what has boon said, and in a few moments, whllo abo
Is smarting under this scandalous attack ana fearful
of ibe future, this woman comes to her, in tbe pres
ence of her husband, and insults ner by flaunting
borsell in front of ber and saying, "Now, Kato South
ern, I am ready lor you I"
This is tho story of tho provocation, according to
those affidavits. It is not ooe whit overdrawn, and
until tho affidavits sro invalidated It will stand as ths
true story. Thore Is nothing in the testimony to
coutradlct the osseous! points of tbese sffldavlia,
Thoy introduce now matter aliogelhor, and navo not
bocu controverted. The counsel of JIra Southern
declare that thoy cannot be successfully opposed, and
are coufldeui that no attempt will ho rnado to impoacb
them. The Governor will doubtloes satisfy himself
fully of their truth ooforo he acts upon thorn. It
may be said that the general opinion of the country
pooplo sustain ihcra to tho exleut ol saying that Kat*
Southern's provocation was more than enough to
justify bor crime.
irrLTiw ron a full pardon.
The leading frionda of Mrs. Southern, who have
boon very much in the dark aa to the real facta ol the
case, are so much encouragod al the completeness
ot the defence made by these affidavits that they
are changing the petitions from commutation to
pardon. Tho Governor will, therefore, be pressed
lot a full ana unconditional nardon. I do not boitcvo
that bo will go this far. Uis i-xtreino reluctanco to
tnterfornig with the Judiciary will withhold him (rout
going any further than Is absolutely accessary to save
the woman's Itfo. If ho coinniutea the senteuoo to
imprisonment lor Hie the friends of Mrs. Southern
will go before the Legislature with application lor full
pardon. The pressure on tbo Governor inoroasec
dally. A petition from ladles oi New York city bar
been rece.vud. The ladles and the olergyraen soom tu
be especially active, bat all ciasset are included In lb)
llood ot daily loiters that Is poured upon tbo Gov*
ernor. lie is still uncommunicative as to bis deter
tu union, although be is quite ready and even
anxious to lain on tho general subject of tbo
tragedy. He scuuia to be desirous of obtaining all
the lulormutlon possible bearing upon tbe case and
ol bavtug tne case discussed in all its bearings. Aaid*
troui the desire mat ba has to save this human life, lfr
be can do so and at the same time aorve the ends ot
Justice, the mailer has assumed such importance that
its treatment has a |>olltlcal beurtng. I am still Orra
in my boliol thai be will oominuio the seniouce. It
Is said that Hob Southern will bo lu the city in a da/
or two, and with the lather ot bis wife will go person
ally beiore the Guvoruor aud ask for her Ufa A num
ber ot delegations will watt on him la her Interost.
How many people imagined that, notwithstanding
tho storm that beat about their doors last evening, a
party of tomo fifty or more men and boys assembled
at LeavlU's unction rooms, in Clinton lisll, to bid on
a lot of second hand postage stamps. The majority of
people would say that ibey would not give flvo cents
tor the entire lot; but here was assembled a number
ol other peoplo who entered Into eager oompetltloQ
to get even one Btamp, though thoy paid several dol
lars lor tU the uoiiociion oflered lor salo was
that ol Mr. A. K. Blair, aod luoindod aomo
slumps that gladdened tho heart of tbe collector*
Tne audience was composed ol amateurs and
dealers, the lortiicr being represented by boys and
young men, I ue prices mngcu from ouo cent to sav
er ii dollars, and while they were noi very nigh they
were as u general thing lair. Still the knowing ones
were enabled to pick up noine good bargains. Tno
hign?st prices were $6 75 lor a Charleston Coniedoraio
stumped cnvoiope; gu lor a flvo neat red Luzon of
1854, a rare specimon; $5 75 lor a ton cent cermtno
l.uzun, 1854, slightly torn; $5 34 (or a blue Luzon,
1644, extr?m?ly rare; $4 lor a set ol Moxicun, ls67,
ou.r.ivcd, rare: no lor n similar Set; $3 4l? lor a
green unused Naples; 55 lor u blue uuuuod Naples,
1847; ?{!> 3; lor a buff unused Naples, 1867; 45 31 lor
n hull unused Naples, 1857 ; |7 ior n .Spanish vermil
ion, iS.i3; $3 tor a blue Spanish, 1853; |5 lib lor a
three cent bronze ripaoish, 1853 ; 54 lor a ouo cunt
Spanish, 1863.
110118 hi OAK ROUTE SOLD.
The Nowark and Bomb Orange Horse Oar Railway
was sold out yesterday afternoon by h. P. Morns,
Master In Cbanccrr. The track, right ol w?y and
real estate brought $14,000 and tho rolling stock
41,736. 1U? salu was to saiisly all claims against the
road. Tho suit was brought by Mr. Eugene Kelly, of
New York, who bongut th? road 1ft at IhuJLgure*.
above mentioned.

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