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NEW YORK HERALD
BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROht 18 TO Si THE DAILY HERALI). puMthtd every Jay in the year. ihre? cent* per copy (Sunday* excluded). Ten doll ?r? per year. or hi a rato u! cine dollar per month lor any period lets than kix month*, or live dolium.'or *ix mouths, Sunday edition included, free of puitu^e. \\ EEKLV llhRALD.?One dollar per year, free of po*t * "NOTICE to SUBSCRIBERS.?Remit in draft* on New York or host OtMce money orders, au<l where ueither of theno can be procured semi the money hi a reijUirrcd letter. All monev remitted at risk of sender. In order to insure at tention subscriber* wUuinvr their address changed inust pive their old as well as their new address. All business, new* letters or telegraphic despatches must be ? ddressed Nkw York Hkiuld. Letters and packages should be properly sealed. Rejected communications will uoi be returned. PMLADI LPI1IA OFFICE-NO. 112 SOUTH SIXTH STREET. . London office of the new YORK herald no. 16 FLEET STREET. FARIs OFFICE 40 AVENUE he L'OPERA. Amerutin earii t hi tors at tin International Ex^torUion can hare tleir (ettrrn (x/ fXHstpaid) addttsved to the core of' our 1'aris i'j)ne /it* of char*ft. NaFLI-S OFFICE?NO, 7 KTRADA FACE. Subscription* and advertisements^ will be received and JorwardcU on the same terms h* in New York. VOLUME XI.11I NO. Ill AMUSEMENTS TO-NIGHT. STANDARD THEATRE?Pun Nkw I'mw. BROADWAY THEATRE-i Bit Tool's Rktkscb. FltTII AVENUE THEATRE?HuMrry Dumitv. NEW YORK A<j UAKIUM TrOmOAL Fisiiks. WALLaCK'8 THEATRE?Diflomact. UNION syl'AKK THKaTkE?(,'niMta or Nobrasdt. BOWERY THEATRE-fas Erilkr. NIIH.O'S GABDKX?Gascon. FARK TI1EATRE?Aixita " GRAND OPERA HOUsh?a Cnlkbbatkd Cask. ST KIM WAY 1IAI.L?Conckut TIVOU T1IKATKK?Vjiuikbt. SAX FRANCISCO OI'EKa liul SE?Patbizio. TONY PASTOR'S-Vabiktv. EGYPTIAN IIALL?VabikttT TRIP L E S11E E T. NEW YORK. TUESDAY, MAY 21,. 1878. Important Notice to Advertisers.? To insure the proper classification of advertisements it is absolutely neccssan/ that they be handed in before eiyhl o'clock every evening. The probabilities arc that the weather in New York und its vicinity to-day will be slightly cooler and cloudy, with rains, followed by clearing from the sonUiwestirard atul rising temperature. To morrow it will be warm und partly cloridy or fair. Wall Street Yesterday.?Tlic stock mar ket was ilnll, but very strong. Gold wus steady ull duy ut 100"*. Government bouds were very strong, States dull und railroads higher. Money on call was easy ut .'1 a 3to per cent. Trains on the Gilbert road before the end of the mouth is the pleasant rapid trunsit prospect. Maryland itts in a modest demand for an appropriation to build a forty mile canal con necting the waters of the Chesapeake and Dela ware Day. It Does Not make much difference to Jersey City that her so-called milk is more than fifty per cent water. She is moro deeply interested in other fluids. A Railroad Corporation ut Long Branch is endeavoring to finish up the work of the hard times by totally destroying some of the best villa sites at that point. The Democrats -would not make Ocnoral Shields a doorkeeper, and, lroui the debate in the Senate yesterday, it is not very probable that tlio rcpublieans will rnukc him a retired briga dier general. In the Opinion of the Senuto Judiciary Coin iniltco there is 110 necessity to puss a law de claring the right of women to become counsellors of the Supreme Court of the United States. If counsellors, why not judges! A Nr \inK.H of colored men in Alabama have successfully laid the foundation of what prom ises to be an important Southern industry? namely, the cultivation of raw silk. This is better than Commnuism or ollice-secking. The Tammany Aijikumi.n propose to stop the street sprinkling and elmko ns with dust this summer because the Commissioner of Public Works will not give them all the patronage they want. Tammany's abhorrence of cold water is hereditary. Sunday Exclusions have couie under the ban of the Reformed Presbyterians. They look u]k>u them as a desecration of the Sabbath and will endeavor to induce the rich railroad and steam boat members of their congregations to dis courage them. The PitovisioNS of the law upon the conduct of ships ami steamboats in fogs, in regard to -which there seems to be a great deul ot uncer tainty, arc elsewhere fully set forth. To com ply with the law it is necessary to ring u bell us well us to sound u horn. The Jersey Cot UTS ure fertile in trials for poisoning. As if the Vosburgh euse were not suf ficient a companion lias boon found for it in the arraignment of a Mrs. Ilcthcl, who is accused of poisoning two old people who objected to lirr marriage with their son. The Unfortunate idiot children in the public institutions are, it appears, even worse treated by the fat otlicials whose duty it is to e.arc for them than the insane, whoso sufferings were ! partially described in the HERALD a short tiino ; ego. Scurvy lias been allowed to break out j among these poor creatures, and fourteen deutlis 1 Lave already taken place. The Demands of the socialistic labor party, as the Communists prefer to he culled, are else where given in their own language. '1 liey de sire that all the railroads, canals, telegraph lines aud steamboats shall become common property as soon as possible nml that everybody shall have a free pass for himself and family. Wages arc to be abolished and the whole world is to be Converted into a grand gift enterprise. The Weatiieu.?The movement of the low pressure from the Upper Mississippi Valley over the. lake region lias been ijuitc rapid and at tended by light rains and local storms of thunder and lightning. Southward and westward of the centre of low barometer the pressure is rising, while that in advance of the disturbance is slowly falling. The highest barometer is now on the New England coast. Violent w inds have ulso prevailed at some points in the lake region, caused by the formation of steep barometric gradients by the advance of the depression. So fur the heaviest w inds have keen felt on the west ern and southern shores of Lake Eric. In the New England and Middle States and on the South Atlantic coast light rains prevailed yesterday with the southerly winds. The temperatures foil in the West and varied very little over the central and Eastern districts, except in New England, where it is generally lower. Tho pressure has fallen, with light rains on the Pa cific coast. In New York and its vicinity to-day the weather w ill be slightly cooler and cloudy, with ruins, followed by clearing from the south westward and rising temperature. To-morrow ?t will he Warm aud partly cloudy or fair. A Ht'*d?d Change 1m Oar Navlga* lion Law*. It is to be regretted that the popular phrase, "free trade in ships," has come into current use among those who advocate a reform of the navigation laws. We have frequently employed the phrase ourselves, presuming too much, perhaps, on the intel ligence and candor of readers. It is not only calculated to mislead persons of nar row information, hut it furnishes oceasiea for cavils and sophistry which require 110 refutation when addressed to persons who really understand the subject "Free trade in ships," in a broad and absolute sense, is not what is meant, and in order that the question may bo disembarrassed of injurious misconceptions we will stato the real views of those who urge a modification of the navigation laws. The question is of immediate importance in connection with the impending war between England and Russia. The merchant ships of each will bo subject to capture by tho war vessels and armed cruisers oi tho other, and will seek the protection of other flags, as our own merchant vessels did during the civil war, when the Alabama and her com peers were scouring all tho seas in pursuit of merchant ships carrying tho flag of tho United States. The vessels of tho belligerent Powers will bo sold cheap, as ours were during tho civil war, and it is desirable that American citizens should lnivo a chance at the great bargains which will be offered. Our navigation laws, as they stand, pre clude Americans from purchasing English and Russian ships at a small fraction of their cost and obstruct our recovery of what we lost when tho greater part of our mercantile marine was transferred to Eng lishmen for less than the value of the ships. Why should wo be prevented from getting back what wo then lost? It is not absolute free trade in ships that is wanted for this purpose, but only a sim ple and very limited change in our naviga tion laws. American registers are given at present only to American built ships of exclusive American ownership. What wo advocate is only a repeal of the clause requiring that tho ships shall be American built, leaving tho require ment of entire American ownership in full force. English or Russian owners must not be allowed to smuggle their vessels under the protection of the neutral American flag. There must be an absolute change of owner ship. The law which forbids an American register to be given to any vessel in which foreigners have any proprietary interest, wholly or in part, must be maintained in all its rigor, forfeiting the vessel, as now, for any misrepresentation or prevarication on the point of ownership, and making the forfeiture as absolute in the case of a mort gage or any form of indirect interest as if the vessel avowedly had foreigners among the persons who had a pecuniary interest in it. This great feature of tho present law should not be changed at all But when in tho stress of war and to avoid .ipture by cruisers British ships come to bfe offered for sale at half their real value, there is no good reason why Americans should not have their chance among the fortunute purchas ers. The proposition is not to givo fright ened British shipowners the protection of our flag, but to put Americans 4 on a level with other neutral peoples in purchasing at great bargains the property which British shipowners will be forced to sell at a tre mendous loss. If great bargains are to bo made in merchant ships why should not Americans havo an equal chanco in bidding at forced sales of property bolow its real value ? Tho granting of American registers to foreign built ships of exclusive American ownership would conflict with no real American interest. Our present shipowners would not ho interfered with, because the purchased vessels would continue to per form under tho American flag tho samo voyages which they aro now performing under a foroign flag. They would continuo to carry tho same freights which they carry nt present, and would, therefore, create no new competition. What American ship owner outside an asylum for tho insano can imagine that his business would bo obstructed by the sale of the Cunard lino to a New York Company? Tho Cunard steamers would continue to do pre cisely the same business when sailing under the American flag which they havo hereto fore done when sailing under the English flag, and with no greater encroachment on the profits of American built ships. What difference can any sane American shipowner think it would make to him whether tho Cunard lino wears the Stars and Stripes or the Union Jack? It could carry no more passengers or freight under the American than under the British flag, nnd it is only by what it carries for pay that it can inter fere with the business of tho present owners of American ships. It is all tho same to theso latter whether the Cunarders arc owned by Americans or Englishmen, tho business in either case being one in which our present shipowners are in no condition to compete. They would, th< rofore, loso nothing if the Cunard linn should be pur chased by Americans nnd sail under tho American flag. But whilo they could loso nothing other Americans would bo gainers. The profits of that great line would go into American instead of into British pockets. Its earnings would bo transferred from tho debit to the credit sido of the account in tho genoral bnlunco of trade. The present owners of American shipping would not bo injured, and tho profits of that great line would swell American insteud of swelling British gains. Wo have selected the Cunard line as an illustration, hut tho same reasoning will apply to all ocean going ships which wear foreign flags. Tho profits of building ships is a bagatelle in comparison with tho profits of sailing them, and if the events of tho impending war shall enable Americans to purchnse foreign ships at a fraction ol their value, and put us on the way to supremacy upon the ccenn, it would be a fntal folly and blindness for Congress to obstruct so magnificent an opportunity. It requires hut a single chnngo in our long-standing navigation laws to put great bargains and great prizes within tho reach of our citizens. Congress nmy properly retain tho same close monopoly ot the Amer ican coasting trado which has always been | enjoyed by our citizens. No foreign ship can take freight from one American port to another American port, and bo far as we are aware no advocate of change has ever favored any infringement of the exist ing monopoly ot the coasting trade. So long as only American built ships can ply between American ports American ship builders will be sure of a large and lucra tive business. Our domestic tonnage en gaged in the coasting trade is altogether greater than the whole tonnage, American and foreign, which is employed in interna tional commerce. In the coasting trade no competition is possiblo ; but in the foreign trade the ships of other nations have always been as froo to bring and carry Ireights as our own. Wo advocate a change in tlio navigation laws only respect to foreign trade. Our ioroign trade is in the hands of foreign shipowners be causo they can use cheap vessels while we are compelled to employ dear ones, llut if Congress would permit American registers to be given to ships cheaply purchased from foreigners, of exclusive and boiul fide American ownership, we might speedily recover, during the great impending war, all that we lost during our civil war when American ships were sold to foreigners at a great sacrifice. Count ?chouvulofT's Mission. Our special cable despatch giving the latest news from our correspondent at St. Peters burg indicates the probability that the ne gotiations between England and ltr.ssiaare assuming a more pacific phase. This is evi dently due to the representations of Count Schouvaloff, who .has sought to impress on the Czar the iuadvisability of pressing for an absolute fulfilment of the terms of the Treaty of San Stefano in the face of the British protests and warlike preparations. But it is clear enough that the ltus sian government when making conces sions to England does not comply with the wishes of the Russian people. A peaceful solution, if reached, will bo the work of the palace party at St. Petersburg and will be by no moans a popular settlement of the difficulty. As our despatch announces, general discontent is manifested in Russia at the turn affairs are taking, and the popular movement is becoming so decided as to cause considerable uneasiness. Tho success of Count SchouvalofTs mission is, therefore, likely to create as much trouble for the Russian government as if it had failed. Already speculation is busy with the altered relations betwocn England and Bussia and is forming anti-Austrian plots out of the wild suspicions that pervade the political atmosphere. Tho growing popular ity of Ignaticff, tho father of tho San Stefano Treaty and tho strategic dispositions of the Russian army at Constantinople must sug gest to the diplomatists that there are many moves of tho game yot unplayed. Tho re turn of Count Schouvaloff to London will probably give the situation a more definite character, if it docs not dissipate tho war clouds altogether. The sensational despatch from Ottawa declaring that tho Canadian Government has been informed that war is inevitable needs confirmation, but the news is not inconsistent with the probabilities. Captain Ilowgalo's , Colony. In n few days, as reported, Lieutenant Schwntkn's expedition to continue the search for Sir John Franklin's papers will start for the Arctic regions. As an expedi tion it is a wide departure in its scheme and method from former Arctic expeditions, and is an experiment involving certain of the points that are to be more fully tried by the ' Howgate colony, if the appropriation is obtained. Since there are to be only fivo white men in Schwatka's party it is to de pend in great part on the co-operation of Esquimaux, and will test in some degreo the capability of a small party to sustain itself by- an adoption of native methods of lifo and supply. Captain Howgute's plan is to try this same thoory, but on a moro exten sive scale?for it starts altogether lrorn the opinion that tho white man is not only the equal of the Esquimau, but his superior in his own peculiar attri butes. All travel, adventuro and discovery hitherto made have resulted certainly in demonstrating that tho white man of European raco is superior to all othor races of men on their own ground, whother in Africa or tho Arctic circle; but his superi ority as shown has always been due to his intelligence, that has enabled him to avoid the full effect of the conditions of lifo that bear without qualification on tho native. Dropped in tho Arctic regions and aban doned in groat part to tho ordinary con ditions of Arctic lifo without tho inherited endurance of tho people of the frozen re gions, will the whito man of the temperate zone stand the test? If ho docs tho Howgate colony scheme will initiate a great ndvauco upon tho ordinary plans of Arctic discov ery ; and there will bo as much difference bolwecn what is known of the Arctio circle and what may be learned by tho study of permanent colonies as there commonly is between what is known of the history of a family by one who lives in it and what is known by one who visits it once a year, llut it is a serious question with persons tho most experienced in Polar exploration whether a man can repeat an Arctio winter, and consequently whether the wholo expe dition will not havo to be renewed every year. Waited Up. Recorder Hackett's proposition on tho subject of tho indictment of delinquent public ofllciuls has not been without its effect on tho Hoard of Health. Suddenly the Hoard has made the discovery that it pos sesses n real and not a visionary power only for tho suppression of industries or occupa tions that are nuisances and injurious to the health of tho pooplo. Hence it now re fuses to grant permits to workers in bones, fat and shells of tho kind it has hitherto granted freely, and not that only, but also it lias retired and abrogated many permits hitherto given. Apparently tho courts aro determined to sustain the Hoard in a proper enforcement of tho luw. Judge Gildersleevo yesterday refused to quash an indictment agninst a manufacturer Who claimed that his ostnblisbinent was bo yond the jurisdiction of the Court. It was held by the Judge that an establishment near the county line that creates a nuisance affecting people on our side of the line is within tho jurisdiction of our courts. The Potter Investigation Committee. We do not perceive that Speaker Ran dall's selection of the members of the com mittee of eleven to investigate the Florida and Louisiana frauds is exposed to valid objections, with tho single exception of General Rutler. General Rutler is indeed the ablest and most astute member of the committee ; but, considering his course for the last two weeks, his appointment as a republican seems almost farcical. His leanings and sympathies are supposed to bo against the President, and, as tho republicans are allowed only four of tho eleven members of the com mittee, it is something very different from an exhibition of fairness to place upon the committee as a republican a man who voted with the democrats in bringing on the in vestigation. Rut if Goneral Rutler should regard himself as an attorney retained to take care of the republican side tho fidelity to clients in which ho was never known to fail will make him a valuable ally of the re publican branch of tho committco. There are good reasons for believing that the dem ocratic case is a great deal weaker than has been represented, and General Rutler is the kind of man to tear the dem ocratic caso into tatters if there is nothing in it. Wo shall not be surprised if tho democrats find that they have "caught a Tartar" in procuring his name to bo foisted into tho list of investigators. Ho has too much penetration to be blinded or bainboo2led or to have the wool pulled over his eyes by democratic exaggerations, and, if tho democratic case is as weak as we think it, Rutler is a man who will take delight in stripping off tho mask. He is the keenest of cross-examincrs, and there will be little left of the democratic wit nesses when they have passed through his hands if thoy have nothing to offer but humbug testimony. If he supports the side ho is appointed to represent tho democrats will rue tho day when they urged his selec tion. With tho exception of General Rutler there is nothing in the selection of the committee which calls for much comment. Its inevitable chairman, Mr. Potter, is a candid and fair-minded gentleman, in whoso honor the country will reposo confi dence. Wo do not believe that his partisan foclings will stifle his sense of justice. The other democratic members of the committee will be disposed to make out as strong a case as they can, but if General Rutler should prove true to the sido he is sup posed to represent no undue advantage can bo won by the democratic investigators. Mr. Cox, of Ohio, who is also appointed as a republican, is u just and discreet man, and his protest against unfair action by tho majority will liuvo more weight than that of a violent partisan. It is noticeable that none of the four republican members of tho committee was a member of tho last Con gress. Nona of them, therefore, will have any fear of being personally damaged by tho result of the investigation. If Rutler, in spite of tho ausjnees under which he is appointed, should prove truo to his own side, thero is little chnn'ciS that bogus testi mony will escape exposure. Georgia Chivalry. Let us supposo a case for tho considera tion of tlio ckivalric and fire-eating people of Georgia. We will supposo that one of the gallant sons of that paradiso of illicit whiskey had married a lady and had mado tho discovery after marriage that his wife had previously been on intimate and questionable relations with another man; that ho had thoreupon notified his rival not to attempt to ronew his intimacy with tho lady; that despito this request his rival had thrown himself in tho wife's way, boasted that he could wean her affections from her husband and sproad scandalous reports about tho latter calculated to break up his home. We will Buppose further that tho husband had entered a ballroom and, finding this rival dancing with his wife, had walked up to him, chiv alry fashion, and shot him dead in his trades or drivon a bowio knifo through his heart. Does any ono imagino that a Georgian jury could bo found from the Tennessee border to Florida and from tho Savannah River to tho Chattahoochee that would not have acquitted the infuriated husband almost without leaving tho court room? Yet what would be chivalry in a husband is murder in a wife, according to Georgia's idea of manhood, and so tho Georgia chivalry declare Kate Southern guilty and condemn her to the gallows. It is to be hoped that tho Governor of the State is not a Georgian fire-cater. A Welcome Instalment. The Commissioner of Public Works has awarded the contract for macadamizing Filth avenue from Fifty-ninth to Seventy second street, and tho work will proceed at once. Proposals wero invited some time ago, but tho opening of the bids was post poned by order of the Common Council to await the action of the bill introduced in tho Legislature creating a commission to selcot tho pavement to bo used. Fortu nntely the Commissioner is now freo to pro ceed with the work in tho manner desired by tho people. It is to be hoped that some way may be found to macadamize the ave nue from Washington square to Fifty-ninth street. Tho successful bidder undertakes to do the work from Fifty-ninth to Seventy second street at tho rate of about one thou sand six hundred dollars a block, or twenty thousand eight hundrod and fifty dollar.! for the thirteen blocks. From Waverley place to Fifty-ninth street there aro fifty two blocks, so that to macadntnizo that por tion of tho av^uo would nt the same rate cost a trifle over eighty-three thousand dol lars. This is an insignificant sum as com pared with tho importance of making tho principal, and, it may bo said, the only ave nuo for pleasure driving through the city, a thoroughly good road. Tho bids for tho longer distanco would, besides, bo likely to bo lower than thoso opened by the Public Works Department yesterday. 'in* Eiifliih PmrUmmemt ?,ld the Sepoys. 8ome interest will be felt in the discus sion that has just begun in both houses o Parliament on the point of the constitution ality of the use by England of her Int tan army in Europe, though it will be ie , o course, that the objectors are less eager o defend the constitution than to use it as an implement against the war policy. declaration that "no forces shall be raise or kept in time of peace outside of India without the consent of Parliament" would in the circumstances bo a sharp rebuke o the government; yet everybody recognizes that it would only be a simple assertion o a well recognized constitutional principle. Purt of the system of the English govern ment machinery is formed in order t a England may be left without an armed force in Europe unless Parliament is regularly called to appropriate money for its suppor . It is, therefore, the "prerogative" of Parlia ment to say whether England shall have an army in Europe and how many men thero shall be in 0 army if there is one; but the pursuit of the Ministerial programme would put an en to that. If ft British sovereign may use tlio Indian army in Europe the Parliamentary control over the war-making power is los . Perhaps the issue is not a vital one just now, and nobody apprehends that a sover eign would bo dangerous to English liber ties to-day if Parliament wore tied up in other respects as well as this; but it can hardly be understood hero with what tenac ity these points of constitutional conse quence am maintained in England, and that tenacity will give interest to this debate. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. ' Governor McCreory, ol Kentucky. Is in W'?h??,on Peter Cooper visited Lookout Mountain la*t TUurs ^Fanny E.lsler trips on the very light lanta.tlo in New Jersey says "'o that Russian Minister at j Washington, Is at the Clarendon Hotel. Tno Philadelphia bulletin editor recognized a long lost shortcake by a strawberry murk near one end Tho Hessian fly is said to be coming. A hnndreJ years ago you could see the llesslan fly tlio other way. Mr Tllden seems to bo Itko the drlod npplo w ca wanted some tot wator on 11 before It swelled to a mSic Justice Ward Hunt, or the United States Supreme Court, arrived at the Filth Avenue Hotel last cvouing Irom Washington. A load of sawdust went Into a New Jersey town ro ccutly and a man who stood on the sidewalk ex cialmod, "Thoro must bo going to he a Lydia thorap son troupe horo soon." ...tu rbo l'atcrson ITets, on the authority ol a scientific confectioner, says that candles can bo PQrch#8^ n New York at loss than the price ol sugar, terra alba, at a cost ol three cents a pound, being used. Owing to tho storm yesterday loreooon Vico Presi dent Wheeler, Mrs. Hayes and party did not go into the Adirondack woods as they hud Intended, bat re mained at Malouo wbenco they will go to day and will remain In ilio lorosts about a week. Professor Haird, the successor ol Professor Henry as Secretary of tho Smithsonian Institution, was born ,n Heading, Pa., fifty-live years ago. Wo hope that ProlosBor Oalrd will bavo tho articios in tho museum properly labelled, so that a more newspaper man may road as bo runs. | Tumor's Falls K^orler''II now only invent a country editor who could, with a head ache attachment, write three or four columns ol brill laucy in seventeen minutes for a paper that didn t begin to pay bo would linprovo on tno prevailing ani mal, wo luncy." < ll.gbt Itov. Thomas Uendrlckson, Dlshop of tho Catholic Ulooeso ol Rhode Island, sails for Europe Homo and pay nis respects to the new Pope. While lo Ireland ho will procure a block ol variegated col orod marble lor tho corner stono of his new oathe dral His duties will bo periormod during his absence by Very Rev. L. S. McMahon, ol Now llodford. in Washington tbe son of a prominent statesman sent this levter to a young lady:-"Dear Ml.s-I want you to come around to our bouse If you can t get iinybody to come around to your bouse and fetch you around to our houto I will go around to your house ulld fetch you around to our house." Tho young lady is said to bavo been saying to havo said that she was saving that sho was said to have said that sho said saying, that Is to havo said, that sho said sho said she was about to say thai she was about coming uroond to our house. Oh, nix come our house, any amusements. "ESCAPED PROM SING KING ' AT THE J5I10AD WAY THEATRE. Tills startling sensational drama was onaetcd last evening at the abovo tboatrc, with Mr. C. VV. Burr/ In a multiplicity of characters. The play went raorrily along through Us prologuo and four acts, tho occa sional thrilling and doadly things, which sent shuddors through the auditors, boln quickly obliterated by the bouuoln; doings ol tho central actor, who bus n grout many suits ot clothe* auu aliases enough to sal'sly Superintendent Walling. Tom WhlfTeu was there, too, like a Uy In amber, playing a dual pari, and llioro were nineteen oilier spooking people, wbo helped tho a flair ?long more or leas. The title Indicates tho na ture of the piece, and It la worm the whole eutr.iuco money to aeo Mr. bairy, alter braining n number ol wardens, swim out of captivity. Mr. Barry and bis drama will iorm the attraction bore through tho week. N1DLO B OAKDt N. Tho romantic drama of "Tho Gascon," adapted from tho French by Mias Rose Lisle, was prodncod at Nibio's last evening before a largo audtouce. Tbero wire the waits tbat scorn almost inseparable Irom a flrst night's performance, ?nd It was aft;r midnight before the eurtain fell on tbo last act Notwithstand ing this, however, tho intereat of the audience eccrord to incroase as the drama proceeded. The applause at the close wss evidently earnest. The urnina resembles Its French namesake, par ticularly le the flrst aod last nuts, and abounds in konaalloutl and romantic Munitions. The earlier pertlons ol the play are laid In France, and the last portions in Eastland during the reign or M try Stuart. 'Ihe plot, as the bill would indicate, follows ttie fortunes ot the Gascon (Mr. Kdwari Arnoti), who, irom a good-lor-noihing adventurer. In the first net, glides gracefully Into a pat tern ot ctrvalrio daring and honor in tho last. Mr. Anion's rendition ol the character Is lull ol conversational and active lite. Mtsa Hose l.tsle aa liiu Queen wna fairly commendable in lace, figure and delivery, auu her laint touch ot French ncccnt added a piquant interest to the part. Tho ?bander of Sbadrao, a Jewish money lendor, was well interpreted by Mr. J. F. l'eters. The play needs much catting. It runs too long, and common souse will indicato tho cbangoe necessary. 8TKIMWAY HALL?MRS. J, U. HACKETT's TES TIMONIAL. Owing to tho IncU'iuincy ot the woather, s very small audience greeted Mrs. James H. Ilackett on tbs occasion of her appearance last night; nevertheless aba reoolvtd a warm woleome. Tbo entertainment consisted ol musical and literary selection*. Among tho lormcr were several fine organ solol by Mr. James Usuliivlu, the soug "roll Mo, Mary, How to Woo Thee," and "Once Again," liy Mr. Alfred Wilklo; I.mst's ''Hungarian Rhapsody, No. la," by Mr. II. O. C. Kortlieur, and h aavalina Irom "Lucia," by Miss Jennie Lloek. 1 ne readings of Mrs. Maekett wero naturally tbo features of the evening, and in tbese she did not disappoint those who are familiar with bor fine abilities. The balcony scene from "ltomeo and Juliet;" the quarrel scene In the ".School lor Scandal," between Sir 1'eter and Lady Tenslc, and the murder sceno from "Mnc beih," were ail ronderod hi a manner that showed the careiul study ot an artist who Is in love with her pro fession. Mrs. Ilackett has an exoellont voice for reci tation, well modulated, clear and emphatic?aud yet tbsrs Is still room for much Improvement. GRAND OPERA HOU.'K. The flnt preveotatlon of "The Celebrated Case," which had suoh an extraordinary and brilliant run at tbo Union Squsro Theatre, was given at the Grand Opera House last ovening before one of the largest audiences that ovor lllled that house. Despite the miserable state ol tbo weather the entire auditorium was packet! Ion,' boforo the curtain was rung up auit at u<> time during ibo pcrluruiauco was lucre even standing room iu uuy part of the galleries. tuo scenery was the same us that used at tho Union Square and the company ibo aauio with the exception that Miss Kate Meek look the part of Chuuoluossc and Miss Ida Vernou ibui ol Madeleine, Miss Agues Booth's part at tho Uulon Square. The play was followed from beginning to end wilb the closest uttoution by the audience, winch proved an euthuslasllo oue; Indeed so much so that they applauded lu and out ol place nt tunes, to the disconcert ol the ladles and gentlemen on the stage. Tito chiel attraction to the gods iu ibo gaileriea teemed to bo Sergeant O'Kourko, who could acarce open his mouth haiore ho was greeted with shouts ol laughter. Tho piece Is certuiuly destined to be played berore full bouses during tho tune that it la to he piayod at the Grand Opera House. PARK THEATRE-AIMEE. Mile. Almbe inaugurated the last week ot her suc cessful ougagoment at this theatre last night with OiTchbacb's popular opera ol "Uarbe Bleu" to a nu merous audience. The opera has over been a favorite since lis first production, aud though of late tt has sol doui beon given It is always well recoived. Aimu'e, ul course, was tho Uoulotte, and It la ono of her bust reprosecutions, tine was lull ol life and vivacity last night and sang well. Mullurd gave itu oxcollent ren dering ul lus character ol liluo Heard, aud his acting with Amide near the closo of the ilrst act brought down the house. His solo iu the tblrd act wui encored. Dupluu was, as usual, exceedingly lunuy is the character ol King Babeclio, and Memories maut tho most out ol tho part ot Popolunl. Jouard as Couui Oscar played careiully, but tho purl is unworthy ol Ins abilities. Mile. Duparc looked and saug nicely tin part ol Princess Heruto. Tho smallor parts were all well sustained. BROOKLYN PARK THEATRE?"OUR BACHELORS." The Brooklyn Park Theatre last ovening, in spite ol the storm, witnessed the assembling ol a considerable audience; and It was kept In almost continuous laughter hv tho humor ot ' Our Bachelors. " The oust is that by which tho piocu was produced In New York. It was decidodiy ibo funulust representation that has been made iu Bfooklyu this season. The porlurmauce was smooth aud symmetrical. Messrs. Itobson ucd Crane were three times summoned beioro me curtain. Dur. tug the intervals between acts the merriment ouce or twioo broke out alresu, and ibo whole audience joined lu tho convulsions ol u happy iudividuai iu the dresa circle wuo could not conquer ins risibilities. GRACE CHURCH?ORGAN RECITAL. An organ rooital will take place to-morrow uftornoon at tbreo o'clock at Grace Church, when the qualities of the now organ will bo exhibited uuder tho direction of Mr. S. P. M'arron, ursisted by Mr. Dudley Buck, Mr. Honry Carter, Mr. George W. Morgau and Mr, George W. Warren, all excellent organists, and by Miss Ida Hubbel, soprano, uud Mr. George Miupsou, leuor. I The selections are exceptionally dno. The ins.rumcut comprises what are called respectively chancel, gal lery ami echo organs. Tho cuaucoi organ M placed in ucham'ier built :or tho purpose alllia angle lonued by the east wall ol IhosuutU transept and the chancel wall. Tbo gallery orgau, u, remarkably sweet-toned Instru ment, uuilt lu 18'dO by Houry Erbon, stands, as here lolore, at tbo west end ol the cburcu, ovor tbo main cntrauco. The ccno organ is situatod iu tho root, over the intersection ol tho nave and transept. These orguus are connected, oy tneaus ol eloctric action, Willi the kuyhuurds in the chnucel, aud aro tbus brought uuder (ho compiote control ot one performer. Notwithstanding the acoustic aud othor difficulties in the way, the uutlder has succoodod, by a poriect sys tem ol mechanism, in obtuining u simuliaueousncss ol response utmost Incredible. Whou It Is consid ered that a distance ot 160 loet separates these sec tions from each other, and that over twenty miles ot electric wire have beon used to connect thorn, the magnitude of this part of tho work aloue can hardly bo overestimated. MUSICAL AND DrAMATIC NOTES. Jcromo Hopkins commouces a sorlcs of piano lec tures this oveulng at Now Huveu. Miss Kaio Claxtou appears attlio Brooklyn Academy of Musio on Friday aud Saturday eveulngs, May 24 and 25, in th<l ''Two Orplians." Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Florenco hare arrivod In Lon don, aud will probably open in "The Mighty Dollar" at tlio Globo Theatro early in June. Mtlo. Elisa Galimberil's farewell concert will take place this evening at Stoinway Mali. Sho will bo as sisted by a number of excellent artists. Tbo Italian opera troupe wbiob will open at tbo Academy of Music on Friday next In "II Trovatore," wnb SlguorlnaGemma Douatt In the rOle ol Loonora, will include tbo contralto Slgnora Gutdoite and tli< tonor Uaccl. from tbe Strakoscb troupe. Sefior Patrizlo performed according to bis neg programme last nlgut, and will do so during tbo ro maluder of the week. llo is an exceedingly clever artist, and, notwithstanding his Inability to speak Eng lish well, enables one to passu vory onjoyable evening. In tbo "Chimes of Norraany" last night at the Union Squure Theaire. Mr. Henry Pcakes supplanted Mr. C. 11. Morton as Guspard tbo Miser and produced an admirable enroot, llo showed himsolt as an excel lent actor as well as slngor aud ollcitod warm praise. Tbe "Chimes" arc lull of molody, and govern! aro evi dently winning tho public oar. Tbo '"Christmas Carol" ol Dickons and the corals pantomime of "lliimpty Dumpty'e Dream" which woro to hove been given at tbo Filth Avcnua Theatre last evening, will bo produced Ibis evening lor the Orel time. Things wore not in as good shape as Mr. Fisko desired, and a dress rehearsal, with closed doors, took the pines of the announcod public perlormance. A good many wore disappointed, bnt tickets bought will serve to-night, and it Is noped that tho extra rodness of Hnmpty Dumpty'e hot pokor will go lar to compensate for tho postpone ment. The Loltns tronpo of British blondes, who are de scribed as "sonratlonal burlcsquo artists," made tholt appearance last night at Tony Paaior'e Theatre, In addition to tbo ordinary vaudeville company. Alter some entertaining vanoty buslucus the porform ance concluded with an extravagansa entltlod "Atalanta," In which tho blondos muko merry in a clever way over song and dialogue. Tney are a cotnoly and ahapoly sot ol young women. Thoro is a remarkable display ol limbs In tho pleco, ovor which Talraago and Bocchei could preach harrowing sermons, but nothing so bad that It could bo remembered an hour alter the per lormance. Tho exhibition Is neither good nor bad. li is a kind of betweonlty which sorvos to while away no hour or two for mon, and is not oxaolly suited lor any but the boldest of women. NEW ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. PBOFEBSOfl 3. B. WEWBRBn**B LATEST GEOLOG ICAL niSTOllT oy NEW TOBK. At a regular mooting of tbo Now York Academy ol Sciences, held in the building of tbe Now York Acad omy of Medicine, Na 12 West Thlriy-drst, street last ovenlng, Professor J. S. Newberry rood a very Inter estlng paper no tbe lator geological history of New York Island aud harbor, lio Illustrated bis subject with a number of maps showing tho different channels of the lower harbor and or the North and East rivers. In the Drsl portion ol this papor l'roloaaor Newberry roforrod par ticularly to what is known In geology aa the glacial period, and explained that the rocky lormatlons in aud around Now York showed by tboir shapes and haruncsa that they had been roundod, depressed, polished oir and out down by what la known as a real erosion. Through the whole portion ol New York Island cau bo found polished surfaces of itriated rocks. On Long Island, however, this rocky loriii.itlou Is not seen to any extant, but in place of it a quantity of gravel, nud wlion Slaieu Island is approached the southern limit of tho glacial drill from lite Adiroudacka down la readied. Tbe wnolo island la composed oI transported ni Mortal brought tbiitiar during tbe ico period. I.oeg Island origi nally, tbe Professor eaid, was evidently uotblng but a morales; but troin Cape Cod to Platen Island tbe elfrct of the glaciers that coino down from the norm is shown to such an sxtent tbal there was abundant evidence that tho continent stood lormurly 800 loot higher than It does now. In regard to tbe channel around Now York tbo sea bottom cuuld be traced Irotn Florida to Sandy Hook Bar aud to Ilalletl's Point, East Kivur. where a groove was cut through tbo resistant rock. In the botiom ol the North Ktvur nothing la louml bat a mass of elay ; lor which reason It would be easy to tunnel It and tbe Idea ol bridging the river seems out ol plaee, there fore, on that account. Professor Nuwborry continued at length on tho lormations of rook and tho ooufau ol the channels in aud arouud New York and then In vited discussion. fevsral gentlemen stood up Who endeavored to dis pute some of Ills theories, and tome who tried to more lullv elucidate tliem. Among tbera woro Mr. Colllngwood, one of tbo onglneere connected with tbo construction of the Brooklyn Bridgo, woo gavo some details aa to tlie experimonta made during the building of the caissons. He said that on the Now York stdo while digging an (leruenth the riti.-sou at a distance ol seventy-eight feet tbey found solid rock, and at a dlsuitxo of ninety two and uln?ty-lour feet they louml boulders and gneiss rock. On tbe Brooklyn side at that depth hard clay was found, and at tbo east corner ol the oatsson was found hard pebbles, and underneath them boulders weighing tin or twelvo tons. lu tbo excavations in the section known as the Swamp, around I'csrl and CIHT streets, New York, where tho approaches to tna bridgo ar>< being hnilt, wero louml DeneatU tbe mud, Ao., elay, gravel and tine building sand. The last foundation made Was three lout below water mark, and some of the foundations will be ten or twelve feet bolow w.tior mark. Alter Mr. Colling wood's remarks tho sou ety adjourned to the base ment ol tbo building, where a collation was spread for tbe delectation of tbe meinburs and thulr gu ms.