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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, October 20, 1878, Image 6

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01 Oil
How Hanlan Won the La
chine Boat Race.
rHOSE CIPHER DESPATCHES.
Indignant Denials of the Alleged
Bargain and Sale.
Sine* lb* recent llatilnn-Courtuey race at Lacbine
there has been much cagernusa to learn the real
txplanation ol ttie peculiar clrcumeluucea which
rendered ibe result somewhat suspicious Very
pertinent questions bays been asltod about
tb* threatened lonl at tbe flnish and tbe
seeming Iresbnesa ol Mr. Courtney wben ail
waa over, and more especially is an explana
tion required of tbo singular despatches winch
weje sent by one ol bis backers shortly betoro he
roved. These despatches caused tbo belting to
change so suddenly that many ol Courtney's iriends
lost their previous cooQOeuce and became paulc
?tricken. Members of tbe press have constantly bo
set him lor the real lacir, uud bo lias sullered greatly
from excitement aud Irom tbe stigma which has
aeomod to lusteu upou him. As he had re
cently said that ho would o? glad to submit
to un examination uuder oath by the correspondent
?I tbe UKKALb about anythiug connected with the
race, the latter spent last Wednesday with him and
obtained Irom him the following sworn response* to
Ibe several questions which were propounded 10 him.
Alter auswering sume preliminary questions about
tbe statements bo had made to bis Iriends about bis
ability to compete with Hunlan, Mr.*Courtney was
naked:?
cocrtney's despatches.
Q. Durmg your slay in Canada uid you at any tlme
telegraph auy out anywhere? a. Yes, 1 tolegraphed
borne, ami I've got the wei-a.iges bore now.
Mr. Courtney produced the following:?
, j Lacuisk, Quebec, 24. 187a
Received at Union Sprint;*. N. V . f. j(.
Everything all rijcb-, Ustb written. Tell' folks have
written iHcm, CUA&JLE8 E. Uol! UTNEY
Addre?*ed to Lowur.
? , . ? Lacuink, Quebec, S>?26, 1878.
Received at Lmoa bprioirk, 12 M.
I. K. CoUKT.MKY ; ?
?-end drait by mail, quick. Make It lar.e a* possible.
Don t disappoint, telegraph where you send It.
CUAULhn t. CoUKTNEY.
Q. Are these two all the despatches you lent any
where while you were in Canada? A. I tbiuk they
are. 1 don't remember any others. If titers were
My they didn't amount to anything.
Q. Did any part ol tins message refer In any way to
betting on the race or your prospects? A. No; not a
lb log.
Q. What money was this you referred to In tns de
spatch to him? A. Il wan money John was to send II
be could raise any. l'he despatch was in answer to
this one:?
_ ? ? ? Union Strings, SeDt. 25, 187a
To C. E. Courtxet:?
Letter received. Is there any chauce to luveat ? Parker
waota to know. Au.wer. J. K. COLKTXfct.
Q. Who is Parker? A. It's U>wry. We call him
Old Parker here, it's bis nickname.
Ho then testified that be remembered sending no
?tber despatches Irom Canada tban these two; that
bo asked no one else to telegraph for him; that all
is party?namely, Webster, Brister, N. B. Eldred,
Robert Larmon and Burt Brown?saw all messages
sent or received by hiui; mat said Burt Brown. in
stead ot being, as the newspapers bad It, "a Union
Springs banker," was a colored servant, who took
sare ol the boats, and that bo was not in New York
?lty shortly before the race.
Q. Keport said be was 10 New York city just be
fore the race betting against you. Is this trne?
A. I know be wasn't.
THE REPORTS ABOUT HELLING TBI RACE.
Q. Did any one in Canada over tell you that be was
going to telegraph to Union Springs, Auburn, Now
York or elsewhere that Banian was going to win, or
words to that effect t A. No, sir, I never heard any
?och remark made.
Q. D;d J. H. ijrister send many despatches from
tiauadar A. 1 didn't see uim send any: 1 think he
told me be sent oue to Ooorgo Watson, out I'm not
tor*
y Do you know what this despatch said? A. No.
y. What other despatcbos did J. H. Brister send
from Canada? A. 1 don't know.
y. Do you know ol bis recoiving any >lespst?bes
there ai all? A. 1 do not
Courtney then testitied that he bad seen no other
lespatch to or Irotn Hnsicr ol any moment; that be
tnew nomine 01 Brister telugrapmng in cipher till
tfter he got home, nor did be know 01 his writius anv
letters. "
"IS A SCRAri," but confident.
Q. Did you write m.y letter Iroui Canada? A. Yes,
twu; ooo to my wile, uiaku g lun ?f the cookiug; the
stber to Lowry, but it was ol uo account; 1 told blm
i tbouglit we uad got ourselves in a scrapo on that
course, out 1 Ibougnt 1 couid wm.
Courtney then said that since coming home be
beard one Perry aua Billy Cosgrove, of Auburn bed
been in New York ueiore the race, but that he* does
Dot inhere iLai Perry bot, nor bad u e any com mom*
canon witu thsm beloro the race. Now, I'll tell yon
whet 1 iblnk. I thinu there luay h..ve been des
patcnes sent irom Montreal with my nam* signed to
tti" in.
y. Did you destroy any letters or despatches re
ceived by you while In Canada? A. No, sir (em
phatically). ' 1
(J. Where arc tbose you received? A. 1 hoy are here
nil 1 got.
(Mr. Courtney produced about ten lettors, all friendly
and cootaimng notbiug seemingly suspicious.)
y. ibese are all, are tbuy? a. in?se sre all, I
think; 11 I have any others ibey are all in the ssme
tone.
NEVER ASkKD TO SELL.
y. Did yoo ever buve auy oiler Irom any person
whatever, or Buy persons to^uihor, of any money or
any other iodiiceinent II you would io-e the race?
A. No, sir j I've never bsu any olfer ol auy wonev er
anything else to lose this race.
y Did auy one ever come to you beiore tbe race
anu hintat auy sucu thins? A. Ob, yea, hundreds
01 them.
y. Wnst did thevssy? a. Well, ibey didn't dsre
to talk to ine about it. They aaid bow much I could
B'k" il 1 would losu it.
y. Tell me one such person who came In Canads ?
A. W ell, there was nuoody ever cuint uesr me in
Canada. It carau up h? re at borne Just in ordinary
conversation, but uo mot was niado ol auy oiler. 1
limply mean general talk, not only on this race but
?n every other race 1 ever went into.
y B id you ever any oiler ol a' part or tne whole of
Ibe (6,000 pot up oy tbe citizens 01 Montreal? A.
No
y. Did you ever bsve any Ulk with Hsnian where
Bo one else cou.lt hear What Was said ? A We've
met out ou the river and taiked about oar boats and
bow won they carried ua, out o?ver where pienty
couldn't see ua We were always rignt on tueceurse,
you know, where we coum see every move.
y Did be ever say anything to you about allowing
him to wiu or words to mat effect ? A. Ni, he never
asked tue to lot b-tn wiu tne race or ever tnlked
about wtcniiig it. ibe liulo cuss, be tuougut be
Could Uoal me easy
y. Nor any b ut Irom blm In that direction ? A.
ri o,
y. Nor irom any member ol the llanlan Club ? A.
No.
y. Did Htnlan ever tell you that h? tbourht you
could oatrow him, or words to that effect? A. No,
sir (with emp.iasis). H* never did, aod 1 dou't oo
lleve or ever thtiugnt so either, what'* more.
Courtney continued tnat be bet |l,,'(oO in all, $1<iO
cl which was mi own, that |ioo ??ui as already
mentioned and ih rest in o s pool oo*.
y Who put It in? A. Jam is H. Brister.
y Wuere was this pool box? a. lu Montreal or
Lacbise or somewhere. 1 didu't see it, ldldn'tsee
them nell aty pools ibere at all.
y. Hew io you know he put it in? a. 1 don't I
know. I've got bis word lor it; thst's ?IL 1 know 1
bsven't got It back.
y. How much were yon off -red to seti tbe risralogs
race? A. 1 was offuieu a tuird of the inouey that was '
In tue pool box.
y. How uiucu was that? A. 1 heard $160,000 or
more.
y. Who mane yon this offer? A. 1 don't want to
answer
y. Did yon have auy other offer II you would sell
that race ? A. No; 1 think not.
y. Did yon ever kuow J .ines H. Hrister to hedge t
A. No, sir, never.
y How much did be bet no this raie with rianlan ?
A. I couldn't tell you. 1 mink be had oetweeii
$4,000 sud (6 000 lu all. 1 only kuow what he tells
'ue if I saw mm make any bet I've forgotten it.
Tbe Human party that were there bud thousands of
uoi>ar? where we did not bavu a big cocper com.
They tried every way they could to m ike me tbo la
vorite. Kvery man who cuine to iny quarters Irom
Canada was beaded off and held back from betting
ouus on Haitian. Ibey would men go to bis quar
t?r?, come bsck snd hot only even.
y Did you know the names ol any ? A. No?yes;
1 kuow one lteev s, a csttic dealer: be ottered to bet
$80,000 agsiust $.10,ooa
y. Why didn't four backers Jarnp at each odds?
A Brister sstd be hsd already put up $*,000, 1 in nk
with Dave W *rd, on iiaulan, at eveu inouey. Jo ou
llavis, I think, helo the stake*.
y Vou uon't think it possible that you were Inten
tionally su) plied with a poor cook, do you? A. No,
1 don't tbing so at ail.
y Of course Webster and Krister might have been
betting heavily mat net you snd you know nothing
I M, utcjr I A. i don't beueve u neaig-,
D'luuy). I don't believe tbey could have done anything
Of (tie kind.
TUB CIPHSft DKSFATCHS.
y Did you ever a despatch reading aa fol.
lows??
Lachiki, Sept. 28, 1H78L
lint King started T Tell talm biaca i> iceod.
J. H. B MISTER.
A. No, I never saw any such message. I have
heard of It aiuce I gut borne, but never knew a word
udoui it till 1 got bore either,
y. Did you ever boar bim say tbat ho would call
you ??Wbite" or "Black," and Hanlan the opposite f
A So. 1 never did; I never knew anything about
thai uutil I got home.
y. Had you any know ledge before the race that Sam
Brister was bearing the Courtney alock ?nd bulling
tbu Haulan in or uoar Auburn ? A. I think that that
telegram from Mr. Grant bad something to that of
leet. 1 don't koow, though. It I dia bear It that's
tbu way 1 beard it.
y Then tbat telegram did name Sam Briiter, after
ail A. No it didn't.
Q. How do you know? A- Well, 1 don't know now.
1 kind ol tbiuk there waa aometbiug In it about Sam
Briater.
y. Can you reoall what It waif A. No. 1 gol, 1
wild completely upset woes they commenced firing
inoae nieaaagea at nia there. It kuocked me out of
time.
y Have you any agreement or underalandine, ex
press or implied, wun any oue or with auy uumber or
ciao of men under which you are to receive any
money m tue luture? A. No, air. Yuu mean in auy
way connected with loalng tbia race?no, not a far
thing.
y. Nor any person or bank to reoeive any tor you?
A. No.
KOWI.SO TBI HACK 0VIR.
Q. Who tosaed ? A. 1 uoa't know, 1 suppose the
Judges did.
y. Wuat advantage bad It over the other ? A. Had
we boio rowed on a straight line there would proo
ably have been no advantage. But Dixie Island, a
mile ana a ball up, bro*e tbu force ol the ewift down
current, and tiiuisn went outside or soutu ot tue
straight line to avoid the curreut some nam, and get
under the lee of this islaud. It made my first bait
mile very hard, and then 1 uonceu tbat be waa very
wiueol me, us much aa 200 MM, and 1 sheered out
towaru bim, as 1 tound the water wbero 1 was very
bard to got over.
y. Then mere was no central line ol buoys? A.
No, and on tnat course bad toere oeeu ouo ue'd nave
bea.eu me three-quarters ot a mile, because be woulU
have then kepi out ot tbo current end I'd bave bad
to go up auiack against It.
y Ail reports agree that your two courses were
vory ciose together throughout the race. How could
the outer, then, have uoue mm mucb good? A. Kor
tue reasons I have Just stated?to keep as close to
bim as 1 could. While a stranger would think a
straight course the shortest, aud wonder why 1
worked over close by him, It wee really to keep in be
hind the island gotug up, and so avoid tne current.
Q. Did you ever converse with H >nlau beiore tho
race as to how you would distribute your work in tue
race and where you would force the pace? A. No
(with emphasis.) Nor with anybody else.
Q. Had you any talk with htm or anyone about
letting mm ieach the stake llrst? A. No.
y. What was your plan on which you Intended to
row the race ? To get away with the lead and bold it?
A. No; I didn't lutend to foree the pace. I wanted
to turn the stakebost with him. if 1 could; but 1
couldn't. He had ibe best ot ine going up ou that
up trip, because his course, close to iho north side
ol the islands, took him directly up to his own state*,
while 1, ciose beside bim, loaud 1 had to work sway
out sideways over a hundred leet to reach my turn
lug boat, all of wbieb hundred feet was just so muou
more distance than be hau to row.
y. Did you intend to ever let him le?d? A. No; I
didu't care much about ttt?t anyhow.
y. You havo generally led in your racea with Plais
teu, Kiley and otbera about as you lined, setting one
stroke ahead and men staying tber*. Why didn't you
do that tbia time? a. Well, 1 couldn't do it.
(Warmly.) Had, that fellow is a steamboat now and
no mistake! 1 couldn't get tbo lead ol oim.
y. Did you try to get the lead ol bim? A. Not par
ticularly. X worked bard tuougb. Why, iboae fel
lows are no more to be compared to Hanlan than
nothing tu the world.
'?AWTOL FAST Tim."
y. Wben did Hanlan Urst spurt? A. I don't know.
Couldn't tell. We both did some pretty tall rowing
up oebind that island, and we went last, too. 1 tell
you the time we made coming home on tbat two
in ties *nd a hull, considering the condition ol the
water, was awful time.
y. Were vou pulling your very utmost at tbo time
be begau to draw ahead? A- Where was that? Go
ID* u&' . 0B th. oatauetcb. A. No; nor b. neither.
i/?.? ao rough mn *? oouldu't gel in our lull
strength sometime. we would ba?e to
i ? h.n .iroice to catch in. water at all. 1 *??
?b?rt bali itrolc u ?nil I Rue.. be wti,
?"iton 1 came d.raed near uoiug it once.
& ST'.w'o.g o." right bro.ua.da acrcm. the
"?S"?; the first ballot thea?cond mil* yon caught
u^i l lnd oi" mm till yon had niwoat drawn
K. ?? ?J.-m?~S25
!EB* "i"w> /?????"" "??
iboB WbTt.dyounot .Uy In your own water. Iter
i in 111*111 l&l.ud and iroui mere to the aiaae T
L? Vo?i? l'a "" n.d t, uoo auch a current Ue
Tto^d'y.'u nS "'.?be"llep^u.'ad oi tUm ere^ t?oh
oi Ltti w?y UK the coum. uad you ouoae lot A. Noj
ir?o'.tir^ la ..Id to hare
maintained tuia le.u 1 mS*.o."
a,a you uTave"parted up and urawu lerelt
q CouldnH you ?a?? aparvea ?m l(le ,u,t
*? , jila niU itwaattnt X. no.*, of Hi. boat
hall oi tne nun a ^ ^ g>y whlcn
"B? !?8?hr.' iMi nalf waa each in hla own courae f
A No "we w." both ateermg lor that big Brliuh flag
t the' ".0* 0. boat UouM. I waa. and think he waa,
"Vftd y"#r;.r ha*. any undemanding with him
VnaT'made^roa '""'loAifi. A ma. named
O'Maherty, who waa the railroad agent mere, aUTiaod
a Tb?a boom h? nearly ran into waa how far trom
*?' v*-*
iht iio=o 01 my boat waa up paat ola outrlggar.
Xr V turned* neatly ^ha^V^u'prt
hara with luyTeii til. 1 c,S!r.d him. ta.u with ooto
h%naUrS.^^b^mm-.th.T.^,n.hin^
T&-rcisra7
o Di J OU not mink ne aeeoyed you cwae oototbe
boom, and vh.. turD.d .barp
?:/??????? ?? b"uw
l*'u ?Ha*'e>Toa 'aay^eaaoS^to' lhlnk that 0'Haberty
^Jfi fo wSi yov 10 .igbt toe Britian tta* on tue
r"h boat house purpoall* to mislead you, it being
L"b ? or.hanu to abilt tbe boat house dur.ng
arr*og ^ becaa.a at the aame tuna be told
^ bo\b tbe* boat bou.e and the wharf, either one,
'"a P?'po"?' -oWh.t beathon^f
A ** Jet 7a. p.op.o oa It ?o that ih.y oould a- tbo
f.'.a . bey Charged tbem |6 e .en
T-a.a coKbiT.oa AT TH? r.w?a
o What condition were >ou in r A. I waa tired.
1 tireuer au uour alter the race than 1 waa wnan
1 got out.oi my ^"Yialing that you oould not take a
. y" "H i'iT. utnger oi t.iliug out o. the
Inn airolt otCaUM ui toe rougu water, wbiob
w^lbMetiu.e'.-ab.d.tlhellni.b aa at any other
u?"You atoVped rowing beiora you got to the Onlah.
did yea" A N*; ??""> lo lrom rua
? o* Ifanid'y^u bare cat blm In two baiore he cro.aed
^ , .h ilM when bo turotd out irom that project
'og doouiT A. Ye. (with empuaale). Beiore ue d
gT TbV.! Whatarer ya might do ...
he iairly outrowed yea that day and that tr*caT A.
Ye. be did.
r .. Cbarlea B. Oaertaey, being daly.wwr*
ItM tne at>?Te ?u.?<ir. to too IoioiJ'.iu^
S.v.?"??" ?'???
Xw? . ik? ?d.?orato b.'lor? in*, tbi. 10'h uctobor.
" ??t-ry c^u-" '-ou,,tr
M-.?. M iv^rd :i:%
puhlianeil |uat belo Co>r,B;ri orotuer Jonn had
Ugly looK. ??4 lormer mat he wa. io loaa tue race.
"^"1 I. ?,n? afflduvit will diipo.a of that atory in a
ibefohoeing johu'a oeigbbora add that oeaide
ver, l?w ?o^?- J*bVroi *?f be pubucly offered to
bei'on'bim^alltnat .ay one w,.ula loaa uirn on hi.
^it iftn. bo? -"d "ora.bop -
I i/ c-y-r.. w ?u::~ rn:. ..
I C"nrti.?r. ?eiaa "?'* h ?xceiit lue rao.?.?. ?>? *e?
, lett- '. e.V- wll,? written ,u??-*o iroui ??
' .^"y'eT'iSmm."l.?U"n'r -???* ?' wnitaa,
h.m'durlag bn reo.at ?t.r at )l|??",r"*-(;0VRTMET.
v a .,.,i . .era to b.for. m?, tUl. int. d.? or
hau^r.b^a and ^?e? Noi.f/ faollo, Cajoga
October, i
oounvy. .aiiTaa'a Br*ra?a^?.
or iiir.o to It-rrand two to Wat?oa. and
He'lde* ?w? w three ^ Ua M,l)Wj0, opiet o?
? aceat >ne t.at i > r b ms uf ,t mv rtqne,? f,Uie ',aa
I tba ???P"taiie? .e bare to! there .moe cbarlea It.
... dor.a - "J Sepiemner,
Coeitney weal to uaea ?oltt?AU 38. I87H.
To" "aiata.'--^ v??? black la good tell Mm.
lie. uin? .terted ? Yoaroiac. a ^ (1 BlUgTKR.
Liacmna, Hepw 30, 1H7H.
To B. n*i?Tra:- ln..rnetloni Ch.rle. will call. Veur
Cull at ho??e 'or . ,D|.?ald. I'ell liim l"o* lor
bi?c. i? ri>.ht lell him water .piano. ^ ^ HKI.-TKR.
doepaten on arrl??l. LAC??aa. **0i. 3". ??7?
T?uVl.""t.Bu,,^r."t:"baah fer General Kn.pp troat fond.
AL"",*f L.cmaa. Oct. .117a
To "aiataB:- What Haie did Charlie
iUvm /on ii.rpo.ited ehec* " w?>a j ^ ggiS)'gK,
?tart ? Aii>w?r.
CtPHBB CAIU>.
8. Bm?w*:?
C??uriney, I HmUn,
white. I black. 0#0_ ^
Certain Coartaey. Doabtfal. HaaUn. to Wat.on.
.1 nroe? Kerr. m' lb
Hough.
Weath^ Pl.a-.nt meant Ceerta.j, -e.tber .mooth
"optionte" llanlaa.
J- *'???
White,
j?* vwue r-I had teld him th- awe
meant anything like f?Torable, r -ferrlne to water, really
referred to t'otirtney. and tbe contrary to llanlan.
1 lie two despauhe- a-.out acheck rater to a ciieck tor WU>
I had drawn ou Hie Cayuga County Hank. I lett the check
In roi store with a memorandum that Ham w*t to band It
to General Knapp ae a part ot the mam stakes. at I had to
leave lor Lachiue.
My only object >ai to have my brother Sam. who had
really do uionev to bet. talK op Haitian. but not to bat ?nr
that way. Hut Kerr. King an i Wataou ha<l money to place,
anil tula wai sent to theiu hone tly and squarely a* friends.
Courtney't (rtetnia here in Aubaru were bettlnu two to
one ou. him. Some Inends ol Courtney here had bet tM
on llanlan to $100 ou t ourtuey a> a John, at their
called it, and then went to Montreal and bet oa
Courtney; buaxbt pools on blm there Juat to hedge away
what they wrre oat Here.
M hen kerr got hlit despatch he ran right over here and
compared with Sam, who allowed bit despatch. Then Kerr
W'k fright aud teletrapiied to Kelly A Huts at 1 am told.
In New V rk. with whom he had money, aad >aid In at the
race waa aold and not to pat a dollar on Courtney.
1 hit was tlie tucret of the whole toari'.
a despatch then came to bldted Irom J Lewi* Grant
asking if there wat auy truth ill the story that Courtney
bad toid the race. Me answered Indl llantlr and era
pnatically, "So." Webster and I then took Courtney to
one tide and aa-ted if there waa any truth in this story
thai he bad told the race. We laid that these reports
were being circulated and it wat our right to know. He
laid that there wat nothing lu it ?<> tar at he knew . that
It was Just at he hail alwavt told me if the water wat
tinootu be could win; It ll wa? rough it wou d be uncer
tain. I lost nearly <JO on tha race. I also bet #3,000
on Courtney lor other people. Webster old not to my
knowledge bet one cent on Hanlan. aud I do not beileve
be did at all. JAJth.1 H. BK1STKK,
In nresenue of William Blalkle.
AUSUUM. Oct. lb, 1878.
THE ALLEGRO'S TRIP.
BOW THE emw or TBE CBAFT LEABNED ALL
ABOUT CLAMS?A NAVAL JUNK SHOP?
BEMINISCENCES OF TBE WHALEMEN'S
TBOLBLOU8 TIMES IS THE LONO AOO.
Port Wasoisstox, L I., July, 1878.
It Is lortunato that all men do not feel toe irresisti
ble charms ol early morning on the water. II they
did potatoes would be more rare than poems. Lutle
Neck Day wai beautiful this morning as tbe sun rose.
Tbe still water was like a snoot of mother-ol-pearl
set in tbe deep greeu bills. A hundred boats rippled
Its surface and many sails gleamed in ihe bright light.
Tbe bouts soon anchored here and there and the fish
ermen began their work. A gentle breeze soon blew,
and then tbe sloops came In irom tbe Sound and
trawled near the shore. They moved about with easy
motions, wearing tbelr courses like tbe mazes ol a
dance. I puddled about the bay lor an hour to ei>Joy
the scene. Tbe men were merry at tbeir work and
cuafled one another, or sang In load voices that ran
far over toe water. 1 came at last to an old man who
seemed eonsecrated to the sea. His wrinkled sun
burned lace was tipped with shags of gray brows and
beard. He worked bis rake wun tbe easy bwing of
long habit, und all his meltons had the roll ol the
sea. As I drew near he scanned the sky under the
?un. where a thick mist was gathering.
A CLAM CUAl'TKR.
"Do you think we'll have a storm to-day T" I
asked.
"Well, air, we may net to-day, but to-morrow we'll
get a nor'easter, I'm ihlnKln'." His voice rose alowly
I* the word to-morrow, and then leu. As a swell
comea up, breaks on tbe point, and tben runs quietly
back, so the old man's voicj rose and fell In abort, but
easy periods.
?These are tbe celebrated Little Neck clams, are
they ? How many of them are taken out el this bay
in u season t"
"Now you've gone too deep for me. But I guess
there's about ono hundred and fifty boata fish bero
every day. and thuy get about three bushels a day,
aud thore's the sloops besides. Maybe live hundred
bushels a day come out of this little bay."
"Are they replanted ? or does any one protect
lb* ui t ,
?No. sir; they lost grow ol tnemeives, and th.y'T*
never gi?? ?P ibeM ,orl* lr,,r, VV* r?"*w#d
clammin'."
At ibe Oriental Grove any sensitive person seeking
?n emotion oau obtain, tt by regarding the rocks
about the landing. Tue hooest beseb rocks, wboso
soars and colors were mollowed by a long llie, nave
been whitewashed. THIS Is s mournful mistake; the
man who did It held the wrong end of the brush.
Further on I lound asmall yacht anchored on the reel
al Hewlett's Point. A gentleman put off in the
.awl to some rocks and beia a ttsh line in bis hand
and an umbrella over nts bead. X ooarded the y acbl
ana loand the party to be trom near Milford, and oat
like mvsoll on an excursion. Some pleasant banter
abuutme relative menis ol tbe Allegro anu the yacht
on.y increased my contentment with tue tidy, com
?aci independent and beautiful canoe.
* MA.1HA8SKT.
is.nhaaast Bay is a deiighiiul bit ot scenery. Tbe
rrH". ol water rnns inland between
ra?Ung bills, diversified w.tu Belda ana forests. villas
. ti?..? haacbes and meadow* ol tall gra.s meut
fnK ?e efavofc Here aud there tue hills break ofl In
ft-: a'"coinmand"n g ^fhe^.t^oTS
?sjn.arv-ss
So you go on, flouting by successive views
narrows'and?ifnally "stifps at'tabe'ad o"salt mesdows,
a winding creek and the hills close 'round, lliejUtile
vibase Is a .cattering ol plain houses along he nar
eallev ol tue 'mill stream and quiet ponds, Ihe
f?.J is Loui "wo bundrad year, o.d Uurt.g the
Re vol all on Manhassst suffered Iroin the depredations
Ihl wtalsboatmen. lbo old Morrel House, nsar
me road crossing the creek, was vislied by these ma
raud.rV A party came lo lbo buy to capture
rauders. a p?* noar lll0
George CaroeU ai "oop^ t iut r lQrc#
landed down tue bay ana proceeded ?'ouii ilie ?tiere
?hii. their oeat kept opposite mem. Jehu Morrel,
ou e oI the g u ?rd thit night on the sloop, heard the
noise ol their approach aud Urel iu its direction. He
muDd himself at onoe between two tires, out luckily
oacaoed injury. A? tne sloop happened to bo sgroouu
? h? man made their expedition for nothing. Hui ibey
DrneeedecT to John Morrel's house lor s.uslacti.D.
iTVorrel, makina tue best of the matter, set ibern
?ui a tiasx oi spirits, and even joined in their saits
l.etion The whole party soon became goad
humored, aud the wbateooaimea, by excsptl.n.
nuail* aaparied without dolug auy miscuiel.
A MAaACD,s|o KSBIKlBCaXC*.
Alter vlsllm* the 1-0*1 Offloo aud grocery store i
returned lo tbe Allegro at tne wnarl aud resumed my
Journey by following down ihe eastern snore ol tue
J" . Anoih.rpoiut ol Revolutionary miereai is tbe
old mill, whore the shore road crosses u cove. Ii wss
Mi telle it's Landing a hundred years ago. A nrutat
marauding expedition that visited tms placu serve*
S iMMira'eMotner side ol .he wbalebeaimeu On
a ine m^nlisht n.gbi, May X?. 178a. six w,,a.eboat;
m?n disguised, lauded nt the Clelt near the house Ol
?obo Mitchell ihey crept to bis nursery
UUJ tUero lay concealed uutll lbo guard
* hal nroittCied til Ol liad loll lu? house, and
t" lainny ued retired. 1 hen tuey weal to ihe house,
broke open ihe door wiiu a Urge sloue and entered
,hall Wneu they pusned against the door ol Mr.
Mitcueli's room he dred through the door and
wounded a msn. Ihe robber. Bred, but missed.
Jboyst l?n?tu forced ihe door, and tliea beai Mr.
Miiebt ll and bis aged lather severely with ihe butt
ol lueir guns beiore they managed to escapo and run
Vo a neighbor's lor the gu..ra. Meani.m. .ue robbers
?re plundering the room. Mr. Mitchell's young
Ton Benjamin, cams down sUirs and lookeu in at
?be door. One ol the robbers, nstuod Jacssou, w'jo
nad l.ved iu the Isinny, scixed lue ooy and askea
11 lie kuew mm. Benjamin said, "^eH. ' llieu >oa
Mver eu.ii misie," eeiu J^cgsou. leading him out of
tue front door. Jacssou theu suol Hie u?y IWioe
ii.rouih ihe body, woue sn ucconiplioe held tue lad.
Mrs! '^icu'li/aituoogu she b^ia nu inlaut in ber
arm. was Jeaten 10. sue lainied. Tue ruffle,is
esc it'ied beiore Hie guard arrivou. Mut Jackson was
buug two years later ai at Jouus; he th r- couie.e.d
hu cr.iue, .oo his despair ol ever uetug lorgivcu tne
murder ol lituj'itsiu Mitchell.
A KAVAL JCAK SHOP.
A naval jun* shop is quite au luieretllng eight- AS
1 uaddled aioug ciomo lo tbe nhoro 1 sUdoeuiy found
the beach piled with dismouui*d wheeiuouees, Win
Sow less cauins, heavy au.: ligut spars, piles ol old
Ufcs punk lull ol spiae holer, cap*U?d capstans, aneea
bristling wiin loug rusty bona, aud maeuu every con
ceivauie lorm ol old ship materials. A dismantled
null at anctior near the snore seeiued a luouruiul wit
ness ol desiruetiou. l'ue last remnauia oi a largo
aieniaer lay at the water's edge. >0W and theu a man
emptied ?v?ir tier ulai * side a wueeibsrrow load oi iron,
aea'ea and cmuera Ht r bow nad been clioppud square
i,II su<l uer null reduced to a lot* loug snell ol uiaca
Umbers, i wo meu ?u the beach wore poundlug and
aiuootnins eueeis ol copper mat had been t wisted and
reui b/ tearlug mem oil me null. I asked lbs' ">a"
ol ine wueoioanow lor me superintendent al iss
work. I're-etuly a tall mrfu wiiu reguier, <'?''i
iure- aut< brigandish .p;.earsnco, sioou sb?ve ins on
me g'tngiiiaitX. His slouched nat and Ins uusuuipl
beard and Itair se.med an ambush lor a pair ol eyes
reserved end determined. He kepi hie guXJ ou the
I A''*l*Usvea't come here la sarrender my ship lor do
siruciiou '? I lliougiit it prudent lo explain, ' bui to
tearu something tl Ibis ueslruciive industry; now
you go 10 wor* to dosiroy old shibs, what they are
" llli sa*d 'noibing but ooeunued bis stars and grim
"is there a good beach here for sueh a boal as
"'"Yet " he lloaliy said, anil then descended into the
hull. 1 paddled c?uuou?ly among ibu -ungen llm^
bers'lull ol old iron aud beached the Ailegio al tut
ou# ol ilie hu.l while speculating wnai *'"<> "I man
? nrt work I had met. He had come hall way ashore
on ih<' a.ngplau* and now stood silently walci.lug
ruy boat. I le'i a liltlo uporsnensiv? at his grasping,
oaaJr look coupled Willi such ungracious si.elica.
However I delermmed to make him talk about hie
irade and so adv.uced with conUionos close to Ihe
blank' and betweeu blm and the huiL
mroKMATio.e osdih DirncpLTitta.
I "Who flrst uecidos mat a vessel is t? be de
?"'?Mis inspectors," he ssid, ws.king lown ths plank
snd men stopping and running uls hands iu bis
pouKeis. .
??I tie inspectors ol whst?
??ol ships. Th?y rajuae ber a esrtilcaie, tbm ?fce ?
I adveriised and sold."
??What'* ibe first thing you do id destroying a vol
Ml?" 1 said moving up to bis sid..
"Wo tow h?r tat* port aud beacn her.'' Ho moved
off iurea steps.
??What next f"
"We take out ber machinery, decks, joiners' work,
spsrs aud evaryltiicig." He slopped abort aod bard,
aa though that were tba lest word, aud moved oil
again and lurued hia be It to ma.
1 wont uij behind and said mildly and confidentially
over mi shoulder, "What do you do nexl?"
Ho turned around in some astonishment aod re.
plied, wltb a .bade more suavity, "Wo break up her
machinery into piece* that can be handled', 11 heavy
shafting la to be brolteu we use uitro-gt) cerine."
"Then do you set ber ou fire ?"
"No," be aaiu, moving off again and oloalng tbo
porthole alter a ducuargo ol tobacco Juice.
"Well, then ?"
"We tow ber np aa high as aba will float on tba
beach aod aa> ber on fire. Then, whan aba'a ourued
out, sue'* lighter and we tow ber up higher again
and pat ou mora Iteroaane and aat ber on lira.
Alter a while all her bolls and metal are le t bara
aud we cau get at them and pick tbem up."
"What do you gat out ol ber that pays tor Ilia
work ?"
"Well, some old lumber; and II aha'a a government
ship a lot ol copper, audi as bolts and fittings and
sheet copper ofl the bottom, lne iron tau't worth
much now."
"What is done wltb the stuff?"
"Ibe paint works buy some ol the coppar and grind
It up lor paint; and the louudrlcs melt it."
"How long does It take to destroy a steamer?"
"1 don't kuow."
"Well, guuss.'?
"That depends; aome a month, oihara two."
"H?w tuauy ships have you broken up here?"
"In the lust lour years we've burnt the Gorlah,
Albany, Nevada, Rising Star, Macedonian, St. Law.
reuce, i'otomao, uod now the Henry Cuauueay, She
wan Just a* rotteu aa dirt. Look at that 1" The plank
ing crumbled uuder his heel.
"What do you pay lor old ships ?"
? ?1 don't Kuuw that; auy wuero from gfi.OOO up
to $3u,000. During the war, wh in copper aud Iron
woro btgu, there was money in tbeiu, especially in
copper lastened government vessels."
1 walked up the gaug plank to !o?k Into the hull or
tba lienry Cuauucey. It was a great black aboil ol
ch.irred timbers, ail bristling with Iron bona aud
braces. When I returned to tbo Allegro the man
was eximtuiug her iu silence, but he waa evidoully
soltened by her graces, lor bo very kindly uud teu
derly helped ine carry ber down to the tide, iiut ha
said never a word na 1 paddled away.
OI.D CAPTJ1J) UAXTKK'S GCH.
l'ort Washington ia u qua nt utile village on a hill
overlooking its bay filled with Usliing smacks aud
aloug a millpond ol pure spring water. Jit is entirely
giveu over to ibe pursuit ol the oyster. It U a plaoe
ol quiet way* and modest appearancc. The houses
are neat luilo cottages with lioucysuckles aud roses
climbiug In an orderly way over the porches, and lua
gardeus are property laid out in geometric patterns
witu brick walks covered with groeu mos.. The bah
crmeu are almost all ludustrious and thrnty, very
mauy have mude a competence aud somd have galb-'
ered quite oouaiueiable sums. Iweuty-flvo yaars ugo
tnere were not a dozen bouses In the puce tnat h?d
scarcely moved lor a hundred years. Hut during the
last War the profita ol the oyster irado built up quits a
village, although it is w tbout either oost or ranroad
communication with New York. Uui this isolation
gave it u quuiut and rural air not coinuiou so near tho
city. The early history ol tho piuce, then caned Cow
Hay, has some inlcrostlng episodes connected with
the wualeboatmcn. Israel Baxter kept ma sloops in
the little bay since made into ibe millpond. Tne
landing waa on tne point on the east snore of tna
puud, now built up wan a stone wall. His vessels
were much exposed to marsuJera; yet he olien saved
his sloops by an lugonious devlco and a spirited dc
leuce. One night ibo pirates oaine In lorce. Tba
tide was high, so ibat tbey eniered ihe cove with
their boats and boarued the sloop. No one
was ou guard; they silently slipped the
cable aud commenced to tow ber out. bba
*cime a certaiu distance and then stopped. They
pulled ibo harder to get ber ofl, but at that moment
they were surprised by the discharge of a swivel into
their midst lroui the nank overlooking the cove. See
ing it itnposaible lo Iree the sloop tbey landed to cap
ture tbeir assailants aud the gun. Captain Baxter
said tbey caiuo wtihln a law leel ol him. But Ihey
souu retired tollieir boats aod leu tbo cove wuuout
discoverlus either tbo gun mounted on a slump, or
the captain, or knowiug that the sloop waa moored
by a chain laatened at low tide to her keel or rudder.
The oldest bouse in tba town still stands lurthar
up the pond, tuough it bus very nearly suocumbed
to us 200 wluiers. 1 met there a young man oi tna
town quite given to historic matters, quite impres
sive with his sense ol retponsibilny as lue last sclou
ol his race. He showed uia an old lamily Bible re
cording the urst birth in tha aid bouse in 1690.
Twelve Hessians occupied one end o( it. The must
charming spot in the piece la a fine spriug Jolt below
the bouse, Ubdor au old beech. A century ago tha
top ui tba tree was kept closaiy cut to permit a
view ol the cove from tho houso when
it waa necessary to Keep a guard on
watch. The side limbs grew tbiok and
long, and spread all orer the spring, its brook and tne
cieau, sodded banks clear lo the edge of me pond.
The children Irotn school swung on ua low braocneti;
tne vulagera often gathered there to coat over their
palls aud pitchers, or await the return ol lne fisber*
men. Many idle hands nave cut tbeir Initials In ita
bark. Among other destgus is a flowerpot with two
alifl sutlka growing up and ihe letters "T. D., 1807"
ou Its siue. Tuu old tree U weird, with gnarled itneea
and strong arms, brooding low over the apring aud
brook. It aeems bowed witn us loads?us secrets of
moonlight nignis and the many human experieucea
told or lell uuuer ua shelter.
REAL ESTATE.
The following sales were made on the Ren Kettle
Exchange October 19:?
BT RICHARD ?. UR5ITT.
Charlei T. Mlddlebrook, rderee ?Furaclosare *ele
of one lot, 2S'3xl2tf?l5.6ll9U.I. on Hie w. *. of
liith it,, running ihrounh to Hloonlagdile road,
75.? II. *. ol 'JMu at., to plaintiff $2,000
Br GKOUUB II. AC0T*.
kdward 8. Dakin, referan t orecleaure aale of tbe
lour atory brown alone front bouae, wltb lot
2o.9x100, No. 55 Waal 12th *t., n. a., 318. II It. e.
of Oth av., to Daniel* Carpenter 10,000
Br II. w. COATKS.
Jobn C. Bnibnell, referee-Koracloaure ?ala of the
five atory brick dwelling, with lot 25x95, Mo.
1,114 lit av., u. e. corner of fllat at., to plaintiff... 13.850
sr a. r. rikku.
Charlea Edward Tracy, relarae Forecloaure aala of
the four *iory brown atone front houae, with t*o
loi?. eacb 20x11/1. 5. No. .'3w huat Hutu at., a. a..
155 ft. w. of 2d nr., to Mar/ A. Brugan., 1S.250
Total 843, DUO
OFFICIAL BKAL ESTATE TRANSFEB8.
The following is a statemont showing the real estate
traneactioo* recorded m tbe Begister's office October
10, 1878:?
IJlat at., a. s., 375 It. e. of Htb a*., 17.10x09.11;
IhoiuanC. Ilnlmud to TimoWy J. Ki ttp;itric?.... 81,000
4tb at.. a. ?., 202.3 It. e. of av. U. I8.!)xtW; Joaeph
II oilman nod wile to OI>*raenta scbiinpf aud wife. 0,000
5tti ay., a. a, 25.5 ft. a. ofUnth at., 26x100: Edward
McDuagall to Kats M. Ueilonl Nora.
32d at., n. a., 1*0 1 ft. w. OI 9tlt a v.. 21. .XD8.U; Jobn
McUuire and wita to Martin r'orion* 7,000
Km^abrUge road. w. a.. 3dxtrre.mlar; Jamea
ii'itelily and wife to Aualln D. K?en 3,000
28th at., n. a., 171. II),H ^ ?? +<?> ar., 21. K>x98.9;
Ann* C. Wilder to Oertrude 0. Kearney aud
others., Nom.
Uouv.-ruuur at.,a. a..35o ft w of Cuurtlandt ar.,
25x110.5; Oeorse McArdle to Felix tlcKuima.... MX)
80th at., a. a,. 100 It. w. of lai av., 125x102 2; hd
ward Kiipatrick and wife to Juliua Uil?ey 10.500
00th at.. *? a., !2o it. e. o. Madlaou av., 20x1011 5; Ira
h.. UoyltiK and wile to Harriet A. Clarkaon Norn.
80U *t? n. S.. 100 ft. w. of lat ar.. 81*1X102 2: Kj
ward Klipatrlck and wile to Julio* Gilaey 24.800
lHlit at , a. a.. 375 It. e. of Nth ??., 17. lox99.11 ;
Tlmotnr J. Fitspatrlsk and wna to Sarah c.. Hol
land 1.000
Kin .sbrlilife road, w. ?., HiIxhH); Auatin D. Ijgreu
and wile t" .1 itwca lliley 3.000
S5tli at., n. w. corner Madison av . 25x52xirrsi;nlsr;
Charlea UngKiu aud wile to Krane-a A. Mortimer. 43,000
Went Kariu* road. w. a. 30x159.0 (Jltu ward);
William II. W*rd to Knx<-ne A. Ward Mora.
11 Hit at., a. a., 152.H It. w. of Jd ar., 5 J."*IK). 11;
hiieu I), itrown and hatband to Joaeph I*. Murray 4.918
9th av ,?.*..-'5.3 it n. of lo5tli at.. 25.8XHX); W.
f. Htaon trclerre) toMumal Idfe luaoranve Co 1,000
Ktiiaheth at. i.*o. IHWi, 25x1(4: F. "myth (referee)
to Dry Dock saving* Honk 12.000
LKASBS
34 av., a. a. corner of loth at.. Jacob Uohu to Qua
tav -chneider; 5yeara 82.300
Wrat 3(itii at. (>u*. 42 and 44>, Joliu Dur?cdo? to
Uirlck W. Keuker; 5S iear> 000
MOHTUAOkS.
Conatantlna, Bleanor D., to itoot rt 11. Mlntarn and
oilier* ttruaieea. Ac ). An 182 Kullwn at.; 5 yeara. 8S,W)0
h uriaeg, Martin, to Jolio XcUoirr, a. a., of 32d at.,
w. ol Mtb ??.; 7 years 3,500
Uaroua. Auauatua and wife, to iiarriei Orerbiatr,
w. a. ol ft ttlH ar., n.nl 141 at at. ; 5 yeara....... 2,000
Utlaay. .Inliu>, to hdward Klipatrlck, a. a of MOth
?t., w. wi l>t av. J I year 4,030
Same to >ante. aame property; 1 rear 0,800
ll irnar, Za le >1., to l.onn Kaminerer, n. a. ol 45tU
at., w oi Broa-iwaj ; .l^eari 2,9(X)
Morria, Henry L>, >mt wila. to ,/obn Ureenltank, ? a.
of M tt a* . n. of lftotb at.; 2 yeara 3.0UU
Maine to .Manila >l-orri?, e. a. ol Mott av., a. of
1 .'if it It at. trear) ; 3 year*. 1,650
Murray, .foaepii I'., to Mie* ?, Coaatant, a. a. of
III ill at . 152 H It. w. of 3.1 av.; 3 yam. 4,000
Kama to aame, a a. of 11 till at., 175 It. w. ol 3d av. ;
3 year 2,000
ham* to aame, a. a. ol lllllt It., I37.H it. w. or 3d
av i 3 yeara 4,030
Sam*' to MyraK. Conatant, a. I of 111th at , w.
ol 3d a*. . 3 yeara 2,00)
Htreeaar. tieor^e end wife, to hlli^lietli M. McDon
ald. n. a. o: II 7th at., 21H.8 ft, e. of 3d a v. ;3 year* 3.5<X)
Same to aame, n. a. of. 117th at., 20'J It. e. ol 3d av.;
3 >a?r? 8,500
Hame to Klaannr Webb ami aootber (executors,
Acj.n. a. of II7IU at.. 232.4 it. a. of 3d av.; 3
y??r* 3,000
Wyant, Oeorn?. to the Mutual l.lla laanrance Coin
puny. So 344 Weal 35tn at. : 1 year 4,500
aa*i<iNMtc.iTa or aoSTOAass.
Hlabop, Anna L,.,tnJonii M. Kinckney $7,0(X)
Kariaer, Joint, to William II. Itreoden 12,iaX)
Uu^goiheunrr, f.llaa, to t'larkmin A Co 8ta)
Ki p.ilrlo-, Kuward. to Bertha A. Deaiie..., 1,700
foplinm, l.ouia C. (exacutur, Ac.1. to Fanny Von
neato/ff IO.OiKI
Hehoepniier. John, to lleury Kr nier .. 790
spoirord, nuaan and vtbera (Iruateea, Ac.), to the
Mvtitai i?tie ln?urauotf Couiptiny Nom.
Woolaev, Catlii-rlne rt., to tha <>ew tor* Lifa la
anrance Company Nom.
Yauny, Jacob, to Jonn 1. lirvnm 2,0Ui)
TI1E KID ULuVE CAttES.
Ia the statement regarding the Collector's decision
In tbe kla (lore cesee which sopeared in yesterday's
papers twe error* occurred. These are in giving two
per cent as a proper allowance lor the goneral ex.
Iienaee of inanulaciure and in represeatlnti 3.071.
as the reaull ol such percentage. Ibo entire saiitence
gnouid read ea loliuwa:?"In none ol the slate mania
were any otiargea made lur miereet, rent, insurance,
lakes, euuerinteiidaiicu auu oilier geuoral eipenaee, a
low estimaio for whion wouid be ten per cent, or
8 791., which, added to tbe other "4as, Orlags the bare
aaat of eaaaulaeture la tLHL"
STATE POLITICS.
Parties and Candidates in
Old Erie.
A MOST UNCERTAIN COUNTY
The Congressional Nominees and
Their Prospects.
POSITION OF THIS GREENBACK ELEMENT
Republicans United on Conk
ling for Senator.
BvtrALO, Oct. 17, 1878.
Entering hew York Iron the West Just after the
Ohio, Indiana and Iowa elections I purpose on my
Journey eastward to send you some studies ot tbe
State canvass preliminary to ibe November rote.
KKIK COL*STY,
Next to New York and Kiugs Erie county te the
most populous aud important in the State. It baa a
population ol very nearly 200,000, and a votlug strength
ol &0.80S. It sends oue Representative to Congress
and a Senator and live members ol the Assembly to
the State Legislature. Tbe beauttlul and enterprising
olty ol Budaio, tblrd o^bo oitics ol tbe Slate id siso,
Is scarcely second in intelligence and political influ
ence, and no party or aspiring candidate lor State lion
ora bas ever omitted to regard it as a political battle
field ol tbe first, because porbaps decisive. Impor
tance. Tbe whole county ol which it Is a part Is a
seeoe nil tbe mere interesting on the eve ol every
election from tbe tact that nolther party can posi
tively claim it as Its own. In 1875 tbe republicans
elected a State Senator by a majority of 3,500. In 1876
the democrats elected a member of Congress by a
majority of 400, while tbe republican vote lor Morgau
against Kobmsen for Governor exooeded^tue demo
cratic vote by 695. 'iho republicans eleoted tneir
Stale Senator last year by 2,882 majority, but this
was aacrlbed to peculiar reasons. Tbe State ticket
tne same year was curiously treated by Erie county
voters, Tremain (rep.) receiving 18,000 votes lor Attor
ney General to Scboonmaker's 15,000, At tbe same
time Seymour (dem.) got 17,000 votes lor State Engi
neer aud Surveyor to Souie's 13,000. These figure*
snow bow uncertain tbe vote ol Erie county really is.
Buffalo would probably give a democratic majority at
any election wbere no special lnteresta outside of
pontics were involved, but tbe outside towns are
rated as republican.
?KruBMCAN OBGASIZATIO*.
Ibero has never beon any stroog, authoritative
republican organization hero, uor ovon the nucleus of
oue, except ine federal ofUcu-boldera and their asso
ciates, wii* aro In some degree nailed by a common
interest. Yei the republican party Has generally
pulled together in emergencies and loughi lor Slate
and national tickets without reference to local squab
hies. It has some able aod distinguished men, such
aa Abridge G. Spattldiag. banker aud ex-membor of
Congress, who divides with the lata Secretary Chase
the claim of having originated and deleuded the
greenback expedient; Sb?rn>anS. Rogers, ox-Senator
Carltoa T. Sprague and omen. Its local press, how
ever, is weak. Tbo brilliant editors like Chamber
lain, Seaver and Sauford T. Hunt, who once
made it a power la the State and natioo, hare
departed, leaving none capable ot maintaining their
hold on the public interest. The old <7omm?rctaf .4eJ.
vcrtiier, which, wheu it was in ohar&o ol Dr. footo,
used to be in the verr fiont rank 01 American point'
cal Journals, lias greatly declined in influence, and the
Morning Exprcti, formerly couducted with consider
able vim aud energy by the present head of the gov
eminent printing office at Wa.blugion, Almon M.
Ciapp, is under ua present tesoM aunorship little
thought ot as a poiitical guide.
TUB DKMOCKACT.
The aemocratic party iu Erie county, especially in
Buffalo, has on the other hand always been pretiy
strongly organized and confidently led. Iu first and
most powerful chief?who was chief bealdes of the
party in the State, aud oue of Ita principal national
counsellors?was Dean Richmond. Alter bis death
the leadership was audertakea by several but
coucedod tor a time to none. Dean Richmond's son
Ronry was looked to by manyashls father's successor:
but gradually the party began to acxaowleage the
sway of the late Jo.epu Wurren, euitor ol tne wullaio
Cou?rt one ol the bngnteat managers ever connected
witn tne politic* ol tuu Empire state. >'or years Mr.
V* arren so maintained hi:u?ell aa to be rocoguizsd as the
hrsi guide and philosopher ol tne Western Mew Yorx
demecracj. U. w.ts likewise generally esteemed lor
his public spirit, and his popularity attained such a
netsut that aoutu time beiore ni. deatn the foremost
Citizens, belonging to both political parties, united id
presenting to mm a maguiuuent service ol plate us a
?"ark ol tueir appreciation ?l nis ''public services 1'
I lie party diviaious created la other parts ol tie
l"?? "1 Governor Tildei.'s assault on iho
canal King cxteuued la time also to Erie county
where a bedy oi ultra-llideu democrats led by Usury
Ricnmoud and a y?uug lawyer named Cochran inane
tueir strength apparent and secured some local coui
promwra But ine caus. s ol disagreement ursduallv
diaappeaied, aud siuee the deatn ol Air. Warren the
party nas become practically reunited io sympathy
withI tne wise aavocacy oi the Uuuaio Courier, wnoke
ar , H*r' ^r' '? * memoer ol tlie Demo
cratic Stave Committee, and wno?e editor. Mr uavid
auU/.'??ll!,aU0U P"P#r WUU *xlr"ortf'?"/
OVNCKBB TO BB KLKCTBD.
Tho State ticaet having been nominated, both
parties hero, as iu the otuer district* oi tne State
are to strive to elect '
1. A member ol Congress.
X Members oi tne state Assembly.
tieaide*, io Krie, there are to i>e eieoteil a County
Judge aou a Couuty treasurer.
in tbeir nomination lor member or Congress the re.
pubneaus have laid tnemseives bare lor criticism.
> uey have put up tor tneir Candidate the same nr.
I .erce wnoiu tney oleoted Stale senator last year in
I'ppuaitwn to Judge George W. Clinton, oue ot the
most iiiustrioua ol Mew Vora's public men. i?r.
fierce is the celebrated '*purgativo pclie.a" mau
? ho has recently built the lourlsts aud luvands'
Hotel nere, wno has uiaue nuuureds ol theusauaa
auu perhaps a million or More oi dollars out ol his
various paleut medicines, and wno was reoorted to
t2!,-U0U 10 <30'000 aurl"? ?'? canvass
in t???. ills success oil ibat occ-.siuu was duo in p*ri
to me apathy ol Judge Cliotou aud ins irieuds. who
trusted .o thecummunity to elect him aud reject Dr
1'iurce on scoouat o. '-he J udge s patent right sud the
Doctor's paieut ptlli.
this lime tue democrats have nominated a
man (tne prcsout meinuer from Erie). Davnl N
Lock wood, wuo is not tigely to lose bis eieu
tiou irorn lack ol vigor Uo has an excellent
record, aud is au able aud popular caudldai-. ^ouua
energetic, and formerly Oisinct Atiorney ol be
county, he won a urst rato reputation by his successful
prosecution ol tue Cauai King iu icver mciu .lux Georse
Loro. who ouly escaped uuuor tue statute olliioita
tiuns. ills hist term at Washington has fully satis
lied ills eonstitusuts sad reudtred him unubjeoiiou
?tola io democrats aud repuoncaue as Wuii, wuo ean
hud uothiua evil to urge against aim.
iheso two cshuidate> are now isirly beloro tho
eouuiy ol wuicn ibe I ii.riy-se.on I Concessional di,"
trict consists. sod tue uoutest between inein is uopu.
isrly >puKen oi as a li.bt Between money aau brains
or "pi.in aud popularity." Per.oosliy, Dr. fierce is
generous aud agreeable, but his avocation and con
ceded lac* ol traium, .or puonc nlo suOjoct him
to all kinds ol ^uib. and sarcasms.
*'uK TUB aSSKMBLT.
I be nomiuatioua lor tue A.aeuibiy in the five As
sembly district*- are not yet all uiaue. In the Kirat
district the uemocrsts have nomlnsteu Joua Crowley
the present member, but the Republican CouveutiJii
baa uot met. Iu the Second dietriet there nan been
no nomination. Iu the Ihird uistrict the republicans
have nominated Mr. Roberts, and the democrat*, 1 am
told, expect to nuinlujto Alonxo Rluhmoed, a younc
V"'- *??!"??? uoca and business mter.
ests of uuflaio and be a warm advocate ol ireu Causta
Ine h nnrtu ut-.trlct waa represontod last winter by a
very much liked young republican, Harvey llurd. who
has been reuomiuated. Agaio?l mm tlie uemocrats
cboseu lnuolhy Jacktou, who had already ueeu
nomliiated by Iho sreenbacaers ol tho district, but
m-V ? democrat, whatever that may how
mean, l he * nth district is aayet without auoiutoee
except Cbnrles A. R.ihbuu, who has beau selected by
the gri-enbsskera or iistiunsif.
be re-electod In the First
dieiriot, whicn gave him 1,181 vote, over his upp0.
',w, *ud ahicn lis it previously uvsu as
"is?y as 1,6110 uemocnuio msjorit/. fc
" * Uol",i?ble distnet, and tne result
r.!J? UMO? sad standing of tho
respective nonnueea.
i?.1.n?.'J,.r.U-"*u .D""" ? '?Pnblloaa district, though
'" ' David y. uay, ueinocrst, a mnjority
r.' . '* f"'r estimated as doootfal.
ifourlh ?>'????? was democratic in 1876 and
lyo, l.astytarit wse republican, sad the hopes
ol me uetnucrats to elect tuoir osuuidate b) tuojuiat
democratic aud national vote is iouuded upon caicu
lanous Kotneohst similar to those wnicu were re
cently Ui/Set iu several Assembly districts In Stsios
further Wvst.
I lie Kutn uistrict is the one represented Isst year
by one of the most popular dMaecrate iu Western
Mow Torfc?aaaiely. Hoan t. Alloa, wkoa the ttoai
ooraia Dive just nominated tar Coonty Judge. Ii
?*ui republican tuc previous year, dowocraiio tbo
year beiore ami republican the year prior 10 ilial, I li?
nominations lo be made will dsclde wbieh way <?
shall go ibia tail.
TIIK UNKNOWN QUASrlTT.
Tbe cbauoea iu in* Ave assembly districts are In
faci aiioui t-voul* distribu.ed between tne detnocrtiio
aod republican parties. with uo ?bow lor ilia nution
alaioelscla candidate ol their own t or ibe taller
parly ibe very leel ol tbe atmosphere la ol bid
augury. -'Poor Tom's a'cold. " Tbe weal wind, m
sieud ol lottalliig tb? prospects ol Ibe inflsttonlsis, liaa
wubcrod ibem. There ta ao ili-coucoaled disgust
stuoiig democrats <>vor the action ol ibeir party 10
sacrificing Its li mc-houure.i bar J money principles in
order iu afllli ale wub so unstable a political ephemera,
wtiile republicans everywhere are buoyed up Willi
conlldeuce in ibe efficacy ot their platlorin among
bonosi voters. Silll, Having more or lens commuted
themselves, democratic cunvaaaers wilt do their beat
to bold tbe nationals 10 ibeir side, wbtle repuo? *
lioaus will emulate tbe example aol tbera ic Ohio
and Indians, ami light nr.-enb>eklam wnbout tear
or qusrter in every olectlon district. Tbe repuolionns
have ma prestige ol a sound, square, ringing bard
motiy policy. Tbe democrats bare ibe euintly ol
ibe republicans toward tbe nattoaala lo work on in
securing tneudiy coalitions with tbe latter nun
the lact ol tlia ileleat ol the nationals in the West te
use to prevention any lurther desertions to ibe na
tionals irorn their own party.
TO VOTK rOH CONK UNO.
As to the United states Senaiorahip, which depanill
on the result In ibe aeveral Assembly districts, It Is a
sale prediction that in Brie county, aa all through
Western New York, every republican Assembly ma u
will be chosen and elected on lb* understanding
that be is to vote lor Mr. Conkllng. There baa beeo
a bitter antt-Cooicliiig (action, wuich recent events
have silenced. Mr. Conkllug's speeon at Ibe Saratoga
Convention, together with the rest ol the proceeding!
ol ibat body, offectually settled tbe matter, Tbo
republican party is not divided; it la no longer even
dialurbcd by serious internal coutenltona.
Democrats bave not yet begun 10 discuss tbo names
ol possible candidates lor the Senalorsbip. Tbe Ueld
Is cleur. No bargain has been proposed. No under
standing bss been suggested. There was a time when
tbo usiue ol Lieutouuni Governor Dorshoimer would
bave been hailed wlib malum and general lavor here
In his lornier home, and circumstances may arise lo
dispel the not vary considerable unpopularity into
which it baa grown uinong some members ol tbo
party, whose requests be has lound it impossible to
lully satisfy, but there is no telling now who wilt
wlu the splendid or barren prize ol a nomination next
winter In opposition lo Koscoe Conkling.
PINCHBACK INTERVIEWED.
THE EX-"CONTESTANT" ON THE POLITICAL
SITUATION IN THE SOUTH?HE IS WOSL
OBANT AND HABD MONEY.
[From the Louisville-Courier Journal, Oct 18.]
?x-Lieutaoaut Governor i\ B. S. Pinchback, of
Louisiana, baa been in the ally lor tbo pan three
weeks, with bin family, stopping on Cbostnut strati,
between Eleventh and Twelfth. Ha was driven away
from Louisiana by tna yellow fever plague and in
tends returning ua soon aa tbe danger la over.
Several mouths ago a number of bis colored eon.
stliuents called on bim to make the race lor Congress.
He acoepted tbo call, mado a thorough canvass ol tbe
district, and, being convinced of tbe utter hope,
leaaneas of bis cause, be bas written a lat
ter declining to run. Since bis arrival in
Louisville be bas appeared very reserved and
uuoouim unicatlve, refuaine several times to be in.
lerviewed. Yesterday morniug, however, be was
found at leisure. Uoless his countenance Is closely
scrutinized scarcely a soiublanco ol tbe colored
ruce can be discovered. When tbe Courier-Journal
reportor entered Pinchback laaglunviy remarked.
'?Weil, 1 suppose yoc waul me to help UU your cow
umns lor you."
"la tbo greenback cruzs gaining headway In tba
Soulti ?" aikod iue reporter.
"I dou'i mink iho greenback movement will seri
ously u fleet either party. Tue South is different fretn
the Norm in that the political parties so-callod
simply mean, unlortunutely, wnite vs. black,
aud lor some time tbe issues wnl be lought upon the
old basis, tbe whilei* to maintain tbe supremacy
which they havo obtained ana tbe colored here aud
there lor a representation In local emeus. The great
misloriune from the tlrst has boon that the black*
or gam zed as republicans, aud, coostuutlng the re
publican party ol the South, have been ou one aide*
and tbo whites, organized as me democratic party
the other; and out ol this condition Ol affairs hag
grown all the trouble. It is true a lew white men
some bouest nnu some very dlsliouest, bave officered
mauipulaled and controlled the colored vote, but the
lact is political parties in the South were based ou
races Instead of principles. Added to the excitement
Incident to eiecnou times we bad race autajioniain.
und hence some ol our campaigns have been quite
sanguinary, but I hop* tbe uay is approaching wuen
questions auch as are now claiming the attention of
the people ol the North?greenbacks, honest mouar
and ocononncal administration?will form tno divid
ing liuea amoug osr people."
"What will the political situation of tbo South be
as aOocting the status oi tne next Congress If"
-*lhai question uiakoa* me smile. The South ia a
democratic unit. Itepubllcau Congressmen irotu that
section ol the country tor somo tune to couie will ba
as scarce as aagels' visits. 1 predial a solid demo
cratic delegation, not only Irom Louisiana, but Iroin
every soutuern State, with poseioiy two exceptions-?
one Irom Mr. iborubiirg's uisirict, in Tennessee, and
posaibiy one Irom Soutu Carolina; but the latter l re
gard as very doub-lul. ibat 1 bon?sily entertain
ib:s opinion may be inferred Irom the lact tbitil nave
abandoned the congressional contest I was makiog In
my district in Loui&ianu, where i bave a majority of
nut less than lour tnousaud colored voters, in a pre
liminary canvas* ju?i prior to my departure irom tba
State 1 saw euougo to conviuce me tuat a full colored
Vote could not be relied upon. 1 knew n 1 ran aa4
were deleuted the republicans would charge the da?
feat to my candiuacy, anu so 1 have given them ?
clear Uelo, leaving with tuetn lull responsibility."
1880?''' l,ier* ^ South lor tbe democracy la
??it is possible, but scarcely probable. My expe
rience Willi tno democracy leads ine to baiievo tuat
they are auout the same as republicans. All want
offices. It will bo impossible to satisfy the uemauda
ol the democratic laitlilul in inia respect, aud I au?
sure by 1880 there will be a large element among lha ?
out* ready to break off anil Joiu any puny that gives
premise oi place 'or them. Ine ooloi-ed voteis ot tba
south could, by the exercise ol a little discretion aud
good tnanagem nt, create quite a division among tna
wiiitea ol the South who constitute the deicocratia
party at present, li they would only organize aud
hold themselves in readiness to oo-operate wub tna
disaffeoted element they could exerciae a powerful
influence in Southern politics in 1880."
"Wno win be the coming man lor uational honors
Id the Souilif"
"* rom prosont appearancos Governor Wade Hamp
ton, ol south Carolina. Uut wo have a young mac in
our State who is a coming man?Lieutenant Governor
Win*. If tie bad a few more years on bim and a
^iiile more experience ho would be beard from, 1 am
??What will be tba attitude of tba colored vata In
Ibwo, und can their solid vota be concentrated on tba
republican nominee?"
"that will depend largely upon lb* person nomin
ated. Should the republican partr pi ice In nomina.
tion a mau known to the colored people, and wnosa
public record would guarautee tno belie! that he waa
their Irieuu, 1 tbink ho wuuid receive 09 out ol every
100 coiorod votes, l ne colored people are devotedly at
tached lo tbe uatloual republican party, and, while they
havo beeu sorely disappointed in some ol Its leaders
and with the ireaimvut ihey have received at tna
bands ol the present uational aduiinlstratiou aud us
methods of dealing with the South, the; anil ollng
to it and will voto us national ticket unless an objeo*
lioual man, oue known not to ba In sympathy witn
them, is neminsted."
'-What do you think of Hayes' admtutstrslion and
tbe policy ho has pursued toward the South ?"
??1 thiuK K is a Human Institution, uud, like all ba
manity, Is looking out for Kio. 1, My tbe way, 1 read
very carolully the letter ol Soualor Hill, published
t/i rztenso in your Journal. Tuore ware some bard
bus in it, aud, I am afraid, bordered too close upon
ine truth In so ine ibiugs lo be comiortabie lor tna
adininitiraiion."
"(Vliat do you tblok ol Denis Kesrney t-'
"Mr. Kearney m his tour arouud the country baa
deatroyed himsell, and iu my opiuion baa done tbe
cause be eapou?< u more injury tuau ho will ever b?
ab>e to repair. He bad a glorious opportunity to inaka
a mars aud advauue the interest ol lot laboring
classes, but bus utterly lalleu lo improve it"
"Will tieuerai liuuer be tue next Governor oi
Masnsobuseiur"
??Uunorsi llutier in bis present contest ba* my aym
Dutbv because 1 admire hia pluck, though 1 think lie
baa made a inlstske in aeekiug lo ootalu tbe demo
cratic nomination. As au muepeadeut candidate ua
waa tar sliouger than ue poarioiy cau be either as too
repuoneau or democratic nominee. 1 wiab it under
stood, however, that 1 um not at all iu sytnpaluy
witn uii tluaucial views. 1 am an uncompromising
haru money titan."
"What ia your opinion of lha reoent State elec
tions t'i
"'bey confirm my bailer In Iba good aenea of the
Americau people, aud show conclusively that all
classes are opoosed to sn irredi em ?ule paper cur*
reucy. I he lailure el lUe democratic parly iu Uula
anu lis disappointment lo realize us uignest antici
pations iu lud.ana is allriouiabie lo its coinproima*
upon the financial question. Mad the democratic
party been aound on tue naru money question u
would have douo lar better in tnose elections and
swept ma couutry iu 1880. its II Is, mey nave given
the republicans a little belter than >u even ouauce in
lbs next Presidential race, lor it is uow bound lo liava
the great money power, potent iu all comurie* ou ua
inlt. "
?What I* your opinion ol the olmnoesol General
Grant's cmdidacy lor Ue Presidential race in 1880/'? -
"At presvut lie is uuqu*?iion*bly lliecholce ul more
than iwo-iinrds ot the republicans ul ibe couuii v as
the lime approaches lor me usseinbiiuK ol a r'uue.
ncan convention, and tne di.cassiou ol candidate*
begin, we caunol toll What elleci II wilibaVe I he an
tiro democratic press a?u i?e Independent press ali
serve in open up these mud valves, and, as General
Bu ler says, tniow iilib at General Grant w'ba
lorty-Jviaass power. inis, coupled wub the oppost
lion ol the Cbrisliau siatesiiinu element in iho repub.
! p.fL'.'i rendulr uoiuluali-in luipoillio and
lore, the nominauon o. * lean prominent caunid .te
Iben, too, mere are other me? iu the republ.o.n
'??' I":1 u'e' ram a claims to tu ?
rrvsiuoutjr. i heir friend* very ua.urnlfy wnl bn ri?.
!'o MjlDk UmUmrm! ul*"*' ?U Ul# lOoltn^a
h. ? l! r ? Grant ia airougor uow tliau lie will
al.i'.IVel*,.!* "???"?dl "K-rf as Certain?tha
next eonveniioo will not tail 10 nominate tna choice
al tna party because he has a record."

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