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How Hanlan Won the La
chine Boat Race. THOSE CIPHER DESPATCHES. Indignant Denials of the Alleged Bargain and Sale. SlDce lb* recent Uanlan-Courtney race at Lacblne Ultra ba? been mucb eagerness to learn iba real ixplanation of the peculiar circumstances which rendered tba renotl somewhat .-o?piciou?. Very pertinent questions have baen asked about Iba threatened tool at tba finish and the seeming lresbness ol Mr. Courtney when all was over, aad more especially la an explana tion required of tbe Modular despatches which weje aent by one ol his backers shortly before be roved. These despatches caused the betting to cbange ao suddenly that many ol Courtney's irienda lost tneir previous confluence aud became pauic strtcken. Members of tbe press have constantly be aet bim lor the real lacif, and ha lias suHered greatly from excitement aud irorn the sligmu which baa aeemod to lasteu upou him. As ba bad re cently said that he would ba glad to submit to un examination under oath by the correspondent ?I tbe Ukkai.0 about anything connected with tbe race, tbe latter spent lust Wednesday with him and obtained from buu the following sworu responses to tbe several questions which were propounded to him. Alter answering some preliminary questions about tba statements ho had made to bis Irlends about bis ability to compcte with Uanlan, Mr.*Courtney was asked:? COCRTNKY'S DESPATCHES* Q. During your stay in Canada uid yon at any time telegraph any oue anywhero? a. Yes, 1 telegraphed borne, and I've got the messages here now. Mr. Courtney produced tbe tallowing:? Lacuikb, Quebec, 24, 1878. Keeeived st Union Springs. N. V . 2:&> f. M. Everything all righv. liavo written. Tell lolk* have written Ibeiu, CHARLES E. OoCliTN'EY. Addressed to Liownr. Laciiink, Quebec, 0?26, 1878. Received at Union Springs, 1- M. F. K. CooBTJiKr: ? .-end dritit by mail, quick. Make It lar.-e as possible. Don't disappoint, 'telegraph where you send it. CUAKLha Jt. CuCKTNKY. Q. Are these two all the despatches you sent any where wbile yon were in Canada? A I ibiuk they are. 1 don't remember any others. If there were any they didn't amount to anything. Q. Did any part ol tills message refer In any way to betting on the race or your prospects f A. No; not a tb ing. Q. What money was tbis you roferred to In tne de spatch to bim? A It was money John was to send II be could raise any. Tbe despatch waa m answer to tbis one:? Union Springs, Sent. 25,187a To C. E. Coitrtkst Letter received. Is there any chauce to Invest f Parker wants to know. An.wur, J. K. CDl KTNEl. U. Wbo is Parkert A. It's Lowry. We call bim Old Parker here. It's bis niekname. He tben testified that be rememoered sending no ?tber despatches lrom Canada than theso two; thai ha asked do ooa else to telegraph (or btm; (bat all la party?namely, Webster. Briaier, N. B. Kldred, Robert Larmon and Bart Brown?saw all message* aeot or received by Inin; tbat aaid Burt Brown, in. ?taad oi being, aa the newspapers nad It, Union Springs banker," was a colored servant, who toolc care o( tbe boats, and tbat be wu not in New York llty abortly belore the race. y. Report said ne waa In New York city jast be fore tbe race betting against yoa. la this true? Aa I know be wasn't. TUB RBPOKT* ABOUT BELLI NO THB IUCB. Q. Did any one in Canada evor tell you tbat bo waa going to telegraph to Union Springs, Auburn, Now York or elaewaere that Banian waa going to win, or words to that effect ? A. Mo, air, I never beard any ?neb remark made. y Did J. U. Briaier send many deapateba* from Canada? a. 1 didn't see uim send any; 1 tbiok be told me bo sent oue to George Watson, out i'm not ?arc y. Do you know wbat this despatch said? A. No. y. Wbai other drspatcboa did J. H. Briater send lrom Canada? A. 1 dnn't know. y. Do you know oi bis receiving any daapatoboa Ulere ai all? A. I do not. Courtney then tesuQrd ibat ba had toon no other leapatcn to or from Hriaicrol any moment; tbat be tnew nomine ol Drifter telegrapulng IB Olpber till titer ne got borne, nor did ba Know oi b.a writing any louera. ?1* A SCRAra," BCT COKVIDEXT. y. Did you wrlie ai.y letter Irum Canada? A. Yes, Iwu; ooo to my wile, makitg lun of the cooking; the ?tner to Lowry, but it was ol no account; 1 told bltn 1 tboaght wo uad got ourselves in a scrape on that course, but 1 tbougui 1 couid w,n. Courtney iben said that since coming boma ba hoard one Perry and Billy Cosgrove, of Auburn, bad been in New York before trie race, but mat ne duaa not believe thai Ferry bet, nor bad no any commoni oatioo witu them beloro me race. Now, I'll tell you wbat 1 tblnk. I think mere uiay b .ve been dee. patcoos seut lrom Montreal with my namo signed to lb'm. y. Did you destroy sny letters or despatches re ooivea by you while lu Canada? A. No, air (om pbatically). y. Where are tboae you received? A. 1 hey are bore, all 1 got. (Mr. Courtney produced aboat tea lottora, all frlontly aad containing nothing seemingly auspicious.) y. lbeae are ail, are they? A. luoae aro all, I tbius; 11 I have any others they ara all IB tbe aamo tooe. 5IVER AMCkD TO SKLI*. y. Did yon ever nave any oiler lrom any poraoa whatever, or auy persons ttwotbor, of any money or any otuer , nduomem 11 you would io?e tbe race f A. No, sir; I've never bsu any offer ol any money or anything else to lose tbi* race. y Did auy one ever come to you beiore tbe raoo and hintat any such tbioaf A on, yea, bundreda ?I them. y. Wnatdid thev say? A. Well, tbay didn't daro to talk to me about it. fbey aaid bow mncn 1 could Msk* 11 1 would loao it. y. Tell me otia sucn parson who came In Canada ? A. Weil, lucre waa naoody ever came near mom Canada. It camu up bt re ?t homo Just la ordiaary conversation, but uo mnl was made ol any Oder. I ?imply mean general talk, not only on this raca but 00 every omar race 1 aver went into. y Hid yon ever any offer ol a' part or tna whola of Ibe $0,000 put up by the ciiltena 01 Montreal? A. No. y. Did you ever have any talk with Haniaa where no one else cou (1 hear wb.it waa aaid ? A. We've met out ou tbe river and talked abont oar boata and bow wall they earned ua, but never where pienty eoulon't see us We were always ngni on tuacourae, you know, where we cou< i ?ee every move. y. Did be ever ?sy anything to you about allowing hiui to win or worus to mat eileei ? A. N >, be never naked tue to let b in win me raoo or evar talked about winning it. ibe little cast, be thought be coald boat me easy y Nor auy bint lrom blm In that direction ? A. No. y. Nor lrom any member ol tha lianlan Club ? A. No. y. Did Hanlan evor tell jrou tbat he tbouabt you ?ouid oairow btin, or words to mat effect? A. N'i, ?lr (wltn eo|i iasis). He nover did, aud 1 don't oe ileVe ne ever thnugnt so either, what's mora. Courtney Cuiiilnueu tnat be bet ?l,.l.>0 iu all, $100 ? I which was his own, thai fioo waui aa already ?nPBtiouad abd ill rest in o a pool oot. y W no put it in ? A. Jam is It. liristar. y Where was this pool boi ? A. In Montraal or LscUinu or soiueahere. 1 didu't see iu ldldn'taea tbem sell any poois there at all. y. Hew no you know be pat it in? A. 1 don't luuw. I've gilt his word lor it; that's alL I know 1 haven't got it back. y. How much were you offered to sail tbe .Saratoga race? A. 1 Whs offeieu a iltiru ol ttieioouey that was In tua pool box. y. How mucu was tbat? A I baard $160,000 or more. y. Who natio yoa this offer f A I don't wsat lo aas war. y. Did yoa have auy other offer II you would sail that race? A. No; I think not. y. Did you over know Junes H. liristor to hedge t A. No. air, uaver. y How muob did be oot no this ra-.e with Hantao ? A. I couluu't tell you. 1 think be lmd uelweeu ,iK/O and $6 000 In all. 1 only know what ha tells ?tie ll I saw mm make any bet I've lorgotten it. Tb? lluBiaii party tbat wore there hud >lio<iaaun* of uolam where we did hot bavo a big Copper cent They tried every way they could to in ike ine the la vorite. hVery man who caina to my quarters lrom Canada was besded off and bold back from bettia^ odds on Haitian. I hey would men go to hta quar t*ra, come back and bat only eveu y Did you know the names ol any ? A No?yes, 1 know ooo HeeV'-a, a cattle dealer; be oOered to bet $?0,000 against $30,00ft y. Why didn't four backersjamp at ?acbodds? A Hrtster said ha had already pat up $1,000. 1 ta nk With Dave W ard, on II an lan, at eveu mouey. John 1>mvia, 1 think, liehi tbe stake*. y You uon't think it possible that yoa wore Inten tionally supplied with a poor cook, do youf A. No, 1 doa't thing so at ail. y Of eoarse Webster and Krister night have been bettiag heavily ecainat you and yoa know nothing t a*out u, a%*ta't too/1 A. 1 doa't beneve it UBdig ninny) 1 don't believe they could have done anything of (be kino. THI CirBCB DESHA TCHS. Q I>|<1 70a ever kH ? despatcu reading aa fol io* a r? LiCHiNK, Sept. 38, 18781 Has King started f Tell blm Black is kimmL J. H. B1USTKR. A. No, I never saw any aucu message. 1 have beard of It aluce 1 got borne, bat never knew a word about it till I got bare either. y. Did you ever bear blm say tbat bo would call you "Wone" or "Black," and Hnnlan the opposite f A. No. 1 never aid; 1 never knew anything about tbat until I got borne. Q. Had you any know ledge before tberace tbat Sam Brister wm bearing the Courmey atock ?nd bulling the Han Inn in or uoar Auburn f A. I tbink tbat tbat teiegram irom Mr. Grant bad aometmng 10 tbat ef fect. I dou't know, though. ll 1 dia bear It tbat'a the way t beard il Q. Then tbat teiegram did name Sam Briiter, after ail, A. No it didn't. Q. How do you know? A Well, 1 don't know now. 1 kiud of tbiuk there waa sotuethiug In it about Sam Brister. y. Can you recall what II was? A. No. I gol, 1 wan completely upset wneo they commenced bring tuoae meaaagea at ma there. It knocked ma out of time. Q Have you any agreement or understanding sx press or implied, witn any oue or with any uumber or club of men uuder which you are to receive any money in tue luture? A. No, air. You mean iu any way connected with loslug tbta race?no, not a far tbiug. Q. Nor any person or bank to receive any tor you? A. No. KOWIita TBI RACK OVKR. Q. Wbotoeaeu? A. 1 don't know, 1 eoppoae tbe Juugea did. Q. Wnat advantage bad it over tbe other ? A. Had we bom rowed ou a atralgbl lino there would proo ably have been no advantage. But Dixie Island, a mile and a ball up, broke tbu force of tbe swift down current, and Huulsn went outside or aoutu ol toe straight line to avoid the current aouiewnat, and gel uuder tbe lee of tbia laland. Ii made my Or>t bait utile very nard, and tbeu 1 uoticeu tnat be waa vory widool me, as much aa 200 leet, and 1 sheered out toward bim, as 1 louud the water wbero i waa very bard to get over. Q. Then luere waa no central line ol ouoysf A. No, and on mat course bad mere been ouo ue'd nave beaten me three-quarters ol a mile, because be would have then kept out 01 tbe current and I'd have had to go up suiack against it. y Ail reports agree that your two courses were very uiose together throughout tbe race, rlow could the outer, then, have uoue blm much good? A. Kor tue reasons 1 have Just stated? to keep aa cloae to him aa 1 could. While a stranger would think a straight course the shortest, aud wonder why I worked overdose by him, It waa really to keep in be hind the island goiug uu, and so avoid the current. Q. Did you ever converao with Hunlau beiore tbo race as to bow you would diatribute your work in toe race and wbero you would force tbe paoe? a. No (With euipbaais.) Nor witn anybody else. Q. Had you any talk with bun or any on* about ievting nlm teach tbe stake Ural? A. No. Q What was your plan on which you Intended to row the race ? To get away with ins lead and bold it? A. No; 1 didn't intend to loree tue pace. I wanted to turn the aukeboat with blm, If 1 could; but 1 couldn't. He had the best ol me going up ou that up trip, because his courae, cloae to ibe north side 01 the islands, took blm directly up to his own stake, while I, ciose beside him, found 1 had to work sway out sideways over a hundred teat to reach my turn lug boat, all of which hundred feet was just so much mure distance than he hau to row. y. Did you intend to ever let him leidf A. No; I didn't care much about that anyhow. Q. You havo generally led in your races with Flais teu, Kiley and otbers about as you lined, setting one stroke ahead and then slay in: thore. Wby didu't you do that this time? a. Well, 1 couldn't do it. (Warmly.) Uau, that fellow is a steamboat now and no mistake I 1 couldn't fat tbe lead ol mm. Q. Did you try to get tbe lead 01 blm? A. Not par ticularly. 1 worked bard though. Why, ihose 101 lows are no mora to be compared to Hanlan than nothing lu the world. '?AWFUL FAST TIMS." Q. Wben did Hanlan first spurt ? A. I don't know. Couldn't tell. We both did some pretty tali rowing up oehiod mat island, and we went last, too. 1 tell you the time we maue coming home on that two miles end a half, considering the condition ot the water, waa awful time. y. Were vou pulling your very utmost at the time be begun to draw auead? A. Wbero waa tbat IT Go ing up? 14. Vas; on tba outauetch. A. No; nor b? neither. It waa so rough tbst we eouldu't get in our lull strength. Sometimes we woaid buvo to stop on a short ball stroke to cstcb me water at all. 1 was airaid 1 would go Into tbe lake, and I guess ho was, too. 1 toil you 1 came darned near uomg it once, too. It swung once right broadside across tbe course. y. In the flrst ball ol the second mile you caught Haulan and passed mm till you bad ultuual drawn your stem clear. At or Jual alter passing Dixie Island he caught you again. How do you explain this? A. 1 don't know unless be bad more aieam th.rn I nad. <4. Wbvutdyounot stay in your own water alter you got to Dixie lt>lan<l and iroui there to tbe slate ? a. Because I'u have nad to lace such a current bo couid buve beaten me bail a miie. y touts you not bave kept ahead ot him every Inoh ol the way up tbe course bad you ebose to? A. No; i uou't kuow as I could. Q Throughout the iourth a lie be la said to bare mainumeiJ luia lead ol one-lonrtb ol a length. Why did you not paaa bun bore ? A. Beeaaae 1 couiaa't. y. Couldn't you nave spurted up end urawu level? A. 1 did so. Whon 1 got to tbe oeglnbisg ol tbe laat ball 01 tbe dim mile it was drat iue nose of bia boat and men 01 mine. It was bard to eay wbicn led. y. On ibis laat balf waa each in bis own courae ? A. No, we wero both steering lor tbat big Brliwb flag ou the Lacbine boat bouae. I waa, and lumk be waa, but don't know. Q Did yvn ever hare any naderataiidlDg with bim thai yon woul.i ateer lor ?t? A. No. y Wnat made vou vim lor it r A. A man named O'k lanerty, who wan tbe railroad agent mere, auriaed me to take tbat lor ? guide. TBK XIBTAkB AT TUM FISI8B. Q. This boom be nearly ran into waa bow far from tbe fluisb? A. About aixty leet. <4. How mucb did be lead yoa there? A. I think tbe uoie ol my boat waa up past bis outrigger. y. Did be seem to know where be waa going? A. No; but be turned neatly off tbat boom Wbich pro jected into bia courae auu waa straight across my path lor a moment- 1 stopped hall a atroke, men bit baro with my lelt till 1 cleared bia, men with ootu banda loiiewed b<rd alter bint. Q. Toe Lachiae boat house moat have been sblttsd 60u leet or more, aa auown in tbe diagram, you eay ? A. Yes; ano it miaied me and 1 tbink it d>d ulm. y Do you not mink ne deeoyed yon close on to tbe boom, aud tben turned sbarp purposely, knowing tuat rou man give way wide, or, 11 you toucned bim, ne would bave you sure lor louliug Aim in bis own lane? A. No; 1 dou'l tbina so. y. Hare you any reason to tblok that O'i laherty was told to tsli you 10 sigbt the ttritiab dag on tbe Lscbine boat bouse purpossUr to mislead you, it being arranged beior> band 10 shllt tbe boat house during tue race? A. No, because at tbe same tuns be told mo boib the boat boose and tbe wbarf, eitber ons, aud in- couldn't move ine wbarf. y Wbat waa the purpose 01 moving that beat bouse ? A. ro get tne p?opie on 11 >0 tbat tbey could aee the rnse. ?hey charged mem %b eicn tbsir conditio* at thk rimsn. y. What condition were yon 10? A. 1 was tired. I was ureuer an brour alter tbe rsce tiian 1 waa Wben 1 got out el my boat. y. Had you ?ny moling that you coald not take a luii stroke aut Was in danger ol lalliug out 01 the boat? A. Yes; because ol me rougu water, wbich was three time* as bad at the dniah as at any otbsr pmoe in me race. y. You stopped rowing be I ore you got to tbe Qolsb, did you ? A. No; 1 only slacksned to keep lrom run ning into bim. y Could you hsvs em bia in two befors he crossed tbe flutab line wben be turned out irom tbat project ing 000m/ A. Yes (wltn emphasis). Heiore ue'd gone lour leet. y. Then, whatever you might do ea a bolter track, be isirly outrowed yea tbat day aod tbat track? A. Yes, be did. < avw" ??? Charles K. Courtney, bet as duly sworn belore iue, seya 1 bet too above auawers 10 tbe lote*om* iniarroirsuuua i?ede by bim, thl? Car, at Cnion r>prln*s, Ueyu<B muiuy ? V-. are the truth, tbe whole trntu a id nothing out tbe truth discerning tbe matter herela rel-rred tu. UHAitiabd K. C'UlllMtV Subecrlbed and sworn to b-lar- ine. this Iflth October. 11*7* ?wras a. iliiLtias. Notary febllc, Cayuga ?jvaatv. .V I. it will be remembered tbat one ol the stories widely puhiisued |ust belore tus rsce, and wblcb bad a very ugly look, waa that Courtney's brotuer John bad word irom tbe tormer mat he win to lose tbe race. The foliooing affidavit will diapose of that stwry in a very lew words. John's neighbors add that oesido bettiog ireely on nis brother be pubuoly offered to bet on bim all that any one Wonld loan bim oa nis 1 rite rut 10 tbe boose and workshop:?* ''o??(y nf Cayaftt, Vl'lmfr of (/mo* Sprt as.-Jobs t. Courtney, neiua dalr ?w .rn, aaja: 1 uavs reeeive-l no letter, ii-ietai ear'I. iteapeicli, except lie meu>i? nl Hep t nnmr 2 >, or aey oilier written lueasare I rout m r brother. 1 bene* fc. Courtney, within tbe 1 <at ibirti its ?. ?I re eelveil no mesaase <>r eommaulcatlae. oral or writtea, Iruin him durlag bie recent star at Lauolne. JOHN K OOl'RTNKT, Hnbserib*d and svrera to before me. tbls Utth dar ef October. 1?7# ? Uras ?. iOLLt.au Notary Cnblle, Cajega Suanty. 1. n. sristrr's sraTsasxv. Healdes two or three to K.rr end I *0 tu Watsoa. and exceet tne aeat to iuy wife, tbe lolluwlo* are c>pie% ot a>l ill - tleapxte >?a sent by me or at mv rcqneet froia '.an ala diirin ; aa/time I bare bc<B tbere aiuce Charles fc. Cvurtney went to bacblae, laet heptemoeri Montskau 2S, I?7H. To ? liiintsa:? 11 aa kiu? started ? Yoar black Is good tell him. J. II. HttlSTKR. btcsiaa, Mept. 3"?. IH7M. To B. RaiaTrs Call st liouie for Isstrastlons. Charles will eall. Voar biacn I> ri,ht I ell him water splendid. Tell Into loon lor dwepalcn on arrival. J. II. HHInTKK. LacBIHR, tteot. 3<l, IN78. To HaHnai. BRiarRR:? U'poait eueca at bank far General Knapp trust lend. Abawer. J. 11. ItKlgI'll.M. Lacinas. Oct. .I1)!*. To Kaai'Rt. Rristrr: ? liars you urpoeited ebeek f Whst time did Charlie start? Answer. J. 11. HKI->Ir.K. Ciriiss cAR0. H. Hristrr:? Courtney. | llenlan, white, | black. Oeo. W. Certain. rnertn<-y. Doebtfal, Haelan. to Watson. .lameakerr. Water. Courtlier. .--mo til. llaulsii. Koui/h. Westh'* pieaasnt meant Ceartssy, weather smooth "opnoaite" llanlaa. MiMk, Coartuey. J? King. White, Han 1 an. for Charles . I had teld hlsa thaS sa* want Ikat meant anything like favorable, r .'ferrlntr to water. really roffrrprt to Courtney. and tha contrary to Hanlan. 1 ha two despatches aOout a check ruler to a check tor S3U) I had drawn on ihe Cayuga County Hank. I leit the check In rat store with a memorandum that Sam was to hand It to lieneral Knapp aa a part ol the main stakea. a? I had to leave lor l<achloe. My ouly object *ai to have ray brother Sam. rim bad really Do uiunev to bet. talk up Haitian, but not to hat any that way. Hut Kerr. King an i Watson ha.i money to place, ami tsia waa aent to them hone tl> and squnraly at friends. Courtney's Irleuus here In Auburn were betilnu tero to ooe on. bin. Some Irienda ol Courtney hare hid bet S-'>0 on Hainan to ?ilOO on < oartuey aa a Joke, at ihev called it, and then went to Montreal and bet on Courtney ; boaxbt poula on blm there Juet to hedge away what (hey were out hero. W hen kerr gut liia despatch he ran rtgbt over here and compared with Sam, who showed bia despatch. Then Korr tgiik (right aud telek-rapnod lo Keiiy A Hues at 1 am told. In New V rk. with whom he had money, aad aaid mat the race wai sold and not lo pot a dollar on Courtuey. I'hu waa the secret of the whole soarc. a despatch then came to hldied irom J Lewis Grant asking if there wai any truth In the story that Courtney bad aoid Ihe race, lie anawered indignantly and em pttatically. "So." Webster and I then took Courtney to one aide and ae<ed if there was any truth in this storv that be had sold Ibe race. Wo said that these reports were being circulated and it was our right to know. He (aid that there waa nothing lu it lo far as he knew ; that It was Just as be bad always told rae - If the water ? as sraootu he could win; ll it wa? rough It wou d be uncer tain. I luat nearly ?5, *X) on tha race. I also bet #3,1100 on Courtner lor other people. Webster aid not to my knowledge hot one cent on tlanlau. ?ud I do not be iove he did at all. JAMhit H. BK18TKK. In nroaenuo of William Blalklo. AUSUUM. Oct. lb. 1878. THE ALLEGRO'S TRIP. BOW THE CRVW or THE CRAFT LEABNED ALL ABOUT CLAMS?A NATAL JUNK SHOP? BEMINISCENCES OF TBE WHALEMEN'S TBOl'BLOCB TIMES IN THE LONQ AOO. Port Washington, L I., July, 1878. H Is fortunate that all men do uoi loci tne irresistl ble charms ol early morning on the water. II they did potatoes would be more rare than poems. Little Neck Bay waa beautiful tula morning as the sun rose. The Hill water waa Ilka a sheet of mother-ol-pearl set in the deep greeu bills. A hundred boats rippled Its surface and many sails gleamed lu the bright light. The boats soon anchored here and there and the Q?li ermeu began their work. A gentle breeze soon blew, and then the sloops came In Irom the Sound and trawled near the shore. They movod about with easy motions, wearing tbelr courses Ilka the mazes ol a danea. 1 puddled about the bay lor an hour to objoy the scene. The men wara merry at thair work and cbafled one another, or sang In load voices that ran far over the water. 1 came at laat loan old mau who scorned consecrated to tne sea. His wrinkled sun burned laca waa tipped with shags of gray brows and board. He worked his rake with tha easy swing of long habit, and all bis motions had tha roll ol the sea. As I drew near he aeannad ihe sky under the auu, where a thick mist waa gathering. A CLAM CUAl'TKK. "Do you think we'll have a storm to-day r" I asked. "Well, sir, wa may oat to-day, but to-morrow we'll gat a nor'easter, I'm thlnKln'," His voice rose slowly i? tha word to-morrow, and then fell. As a swell comes up, braaks on the point, and then runs quietly back, so the old man's voio? rose and lall la short, but aasy periods. ?These are the celebrated Little Neck clams, are they t How msny of them are taken out at this bay in a season?" ?'Now you've gone too deep for me. But 1 guess there's about one hundred and fifty boats Qsb here every day. and thuy gel about three bushels a day, aud there's the sloops besides. Maybe flvo hundred bushels a day come out of this little bay." "Are they replanted f or doea any one protect them f "No, sir; they just grow ol thameives, and they've never give up yet these lorty years I've followed clsmmin'." Ai tbe Oriental Grovs any sensitive person seeking an emotion oau obtain. H by regarding the rocka about the landing. The honeet beach rocka, wboto sours and color* were mollowed by a long !?'?, ?>??? been whitewashed. Thla I. a mournful mistake; tbe man wbo did H Held the wrong end of tbe bruab. Further on I lound a small yacht anchored on the reel at Hewlett's Point. A gentleman put off in the yawl to some rocka and held a (Uh line In hta hand and an umbrella oror nl? bead. 1 ooarde.1 the y acbt and tound the party to be from near Millord, and out like mysell on an excuralon. Some pleaaaut banter about the relative menu or the Allegro anu ihe yacht ony increased my contentment with tue tidy, com Diici. independent and beauntal canoe. * MA.NUA8SKT. Manbaaeet Bay la a deiighiiul bit ot acenery. The long nt^w aneet ol water rona Inland between rolling bills, diversified with field* and forest*. Till** and Tillage*, beaches and meadow* ot tall gra.. rnEtne wavis. tiere and there tue billa break oil In biKh biutls or banks ol sand and clay; or descend from a commands heignt to the salt meadow by muntie elopes, displaying old larm bouse*, orchards anu row* ol cherry trees along tne lane. So you go on, floating i?y successive tiewa ol coarm.ng quiet effects a* the bay narrows and nually stops al ita bead ol aall meadow*, a winding creek and tbe hills close arouod. the Utile village la a scattering ol plain house* aleng tb? nar row'alley ol tue-u.nl stream and quiet pouda. Ihe Mace i* about two hundred year# old During ihe Revolution Mao ?uffer^d troin ine <Upr?OAUOD? oi Lbi vLAlibuAintD* Tbe old Morrei Hoane, oear ?h, road croa*mg the creek, wa* vulted oy the** ma raSderV A pity cue to tne bay lo o.plure George Cornell'* sloop lying noar tue mouin ol the creek A pin ot their lorce landed down tne bay and proceed ?l??? lb* ?,'*ra while their Deal kept opposite mem. John oua ot the guard that night on the *loop, heard the noiae ol their approach and Urel lu it* direction. He SSTl h.ieill etonoe between two fire*, but luckily oecaped injury. A* the .loop happened to b? "ground tbe men made their expedition for nothing. Bui ihey proceeded to John Morrei'* house lor saM.lactien. iir u orr?i, muRioit bill of the minor, mi tnum ?at h AUK Ol aoa ???a jo.otU ?njjnoir MiU taction. The whole party aoon became goed liumored, and the whaieooaimca, by exception, nualli aetmrted without doing auy lultcniet ^ mauaudiso KKMiKiecaxca. alter victim* iho Poet Olfloe ami grocery store 1 returned to the Allegro st the wnart and ronumed ray louruey by tollowiug dowu tba eaateru shore ol toe naV Anoib.r polut ot Revolutionary mtereai la the old mill, where the .bore road oro.ses a core. It wee Mitchell's Landing a hundred year* ago. A oruMi marauding expedinou that visited tnis piac? serves to Illustrate another side ol the wbaleboattueu. On a hue moonlight nigni. May Hi, 1783, aix wnaleboat mcii disguised, landed at tne cieti near tu? nou*e ot jonu Mitchell. 1'hey crept to n.a nursery ?UJ there lay concealed uutll the guard That protected bim had lell tue house, aod tue lawny uad retired. Iheo tuey w.ul to ihe boua*, broke open the door witn a large stouc and entered the hall Wueu they puaued againat the door ol Mr. Mitcneil'a room he dred through the door and wound?u a man. Ihe robber. llr.d but unwed, 'lhev at lenatu forced the door, nod tlioa beai Mr. Iiiieh.il and nie aged lamer .evere.v with tue butt ol luetr sua* o.ior. they managed 10 e.cape and run to a neii" bor's lor the gu .rd. Meantime me roobers ware D^ndering tue reom. Mr Mitchell's young "oil Benjamin, came down .Mir. and l-.okeu in at ibe'dooi. One ol Me robbers, nsmcd Jscksou, wuo nad nv?d in the lawny, ?ci*cu toe boy aod a.ked it ue ku.w mm. Benjamin said, '?***. "Iben you never suall ag.ie," aaiu Jackson, leading him out ol the front door. Jacasou men .uoi the ooy twioe Hi rough the body, wnue an accomplice neid tue lad. lira, m itcueli, aiiuougu she beta itu inlaut inner arm., wa. ueate.. t.n sue lainied. fuo rufflene eneaped beiore the guard arrtvou. Hut Jack.on was (?una two year, later at St. Jouu.; he th r. couie.eed bis cr.we, ?nd his despair ol ever uelng lorgiveu tue wunier ol Bdojamiu Mitchell. A NAVAL JCMt allOP. a naval juna shop i. ?|tiue au luieresllng sight. As 1 t.a ldiea aloug ciomo to ihe nhore 1 nuoueniy louud the beach ullrd witb uumouuied wbeeiijou.es, wiu eowiese caums, heavy auo light apars, piles ol old ueca plank lull ol spike bole*, cap?U?d capitau4, aneea bristling whii iou? ru*ty bone, anU inueeo every coo i ceivauie lorui oi old *bip inaieriala. A diimantied i hull al ancnor near tbe *nore aeeiued a mourmul wu I B... ol deairuetiou. Tue laet reronanta oi a largo steamer lay at iha water's cage. aud men a .o.u I emp>iedoVer ner ula. a *ido a wneeibarrow load oi iron, aeaiea and c.naera Her bow uad been chopped iquare I ?U ?a>i uer null reduced io a low long suen ol uia it tiiiipers. i wo inou on ihe beach were poundlug d 1 s.uooii.inc sneela ol copper ?t.at had been iwiated and rent o/ tearing tnem oil lue uull. I aaked the man ol ine wueemariow lor the .upermieudeut ol tne work. I're-eiuiy a tail mrfu wuu regular, dark tde lurea and brl*.tndlsh apj.earaoce, atoou aP?ve ine on me gaugpiai.k. Hia siouohed uat and hie unaumpt neare and liair seamed an ambu.b lor a pair ol eyee reserved and aeiermined. He Kept his |?u ?u the Al'**ii?"vea,l oonit here to sorrender my ship lor do structiou." I thought it prudent te egplsiii, 'but M learn soweihiag ui this uestrucuve ludunry; now you go to wura to uoetroy old ships, wnat they are Woi tu, and io on. " lie Mid nothing but continued nis sure and grim "I. there a good beach here lot aueb a boat as *h!!y?a " be finally said, acd then descended inlo tbe hull, i paddled e?unou<ly among iho aunien tim ber! lull ol "Id irou and iieecbed ilie Allegro at tne bow ol the huil while specu.auug wnai amd ol man aud wurK I had mel. He had ooiue hall way ashore ou tbo gangplank and now stood silently watoi.lng mv boat. 1 tell m little aporeuensive al hia graiping, oaaer look, coupled witu such ungracious si ence. However 1 determined to mske him talk about nta trade and so advauced with conUdeooe close M the i.ianK anri betweeu him and the huiL larOKMATIOS DSDSR DirriCCLTIIM. "Who first decidoe tuat a v*seei la to be de *,r"uie Inspectors," be seid, waikmg ?ewn tbe plank and men stoppiug aod ruuulug ula hands tu hi* DOCK)'IS. k ?I ue mapeciorsol whstT ??Ol ships. Tney reiaae ner a eertiOcate, llui i?'i ?dverttadd aad aoid." "What's the first thing you do in destroylng a to*. se 1 * " 1 sold moving up (o bit sid*. "We tow her mio port and beach her.'' Bo mortU Oir i hree Hi*))*. ??What uext t" ??We i?ke out tier machinery, deck*, joiners' work, ? park aud everything." He slopped short and bard, as though thai wore the lest word, and mured oil agsio aud taruod Inn buck to ma. 1 went up bobind and said tuildly and confidentially over bin shoulder, "What do you do nextf" He turned around in come astonishment and re. plied, wltb usUuiie more suavity, "We break up ber maebiuery into piece* tbal can be bandied; II beavy shafting it to be brokeu we use uiirogi)cerine." "Tbou do you set ber ou fire ?" "No," bo saiu, moving off again and oloslng tbo porthole alter a discharge ol tobacco juice. "Weil, then f" "We tow bor up aa high aa abe will float on tbe beacb and aei ber on lire. Tben, wben aue'a ourneit out, she's lighter and we low ber up higher again and put ou more keroaene and aet ber on Ur& Alter a wtuie all ber oolta and metal are leii bar* and we cau get at tbciu and pick Ibcm up." "Wbatdo you get out ol ber tbat paya lor lb# work f" "Well, aome old lumber; and II sbe'a a government abip a lot ol copper, audi aa bolta and fittiuga anil sheet copper oil tbo bottom, ine Iron lau't wortu mucb now." "What la done wltb tbe stuff?" "1 be paint works buy some ol the copper and grind It up tor paint; and the louudrlos melt it." "How lusg does it take to destroy a steamer f" '*1 don't kuow." ?'Well, guess.'? "Tbat depends; aome a month, others two." ?'Huw muuy abips have you broken up here?" "lu tbe lust lour years we've burnt tbe Gorlab, Albany, Nevada, Rising Star, Maceuonlan, St. Law reuce, i'otomao, uud now the Henry Cuauneoy. Site waa just a> rotiuu us dirt. Look at tbat!" Tbe piaok log crumbled nuder hia (jcel. "What do you pay lor old ship*?" ??I don't Know that; uuy wuero from $5,000 up to $30,000. During the war, wb sn copper and Iron woro high, there was money in tbetu, especially in copper lastened government vessela" 1 walked up the guug plank to louk Into the bull or the Heury Ohauucey. It was a great black sholl ol charred timbers, ail bristling with Iron bolts and braces. Wben I returned to tbo Allegro tbe man was eximiutng ber lu silence, but lie was evidoutly softened by her graces, lor ho very kindly una leu derly helped mo carry ber dowu to the tide. Hut be said never a word as 1 paddled uway. oi.d captaih Baxter's OCX. Port Washiugtou i? a qua nt litile village on a bill overlooking its bay tilled with Ushing smacks and aloug a millpond ol pure spring water. It is entirely giveu over to tbe pursuit ol tbe oyster. It Is a place ol quiet ways and modest appearance. The houses are neat little cottages with honeysuckles and roses climbing In an orderly way over tbe porches, and the garden* are properly laid out in geometric patterns Willi brick walks covered witbgreeu most. The Hsu crmeu are almost all industrious and tbriity, very many have made a competence and some have gath-' ered quite considerable sums. Twenty-five years ugo there were not a dozen houses In the puce mat h?d scarcely rn'ived lor a hundred years, but during tbe last War the profits ol the oyster trado built up quite a village, although it is w tbout either ooal or railroad communication with New York. Bat this isolation gave it a quaint and rural air not commou so near the city. 1 he early history ol the place, then called Cow bay, has some intcrostlbg opisodes couneoted wito itie wuaieboatmeu. Israel Baxter kept iiis sloops In the little bay since made into tbe millpond. The landing was on tne point on the east shore of tb* pond, now built up wltn a stouo wall. His vessels were much exposed to marauders; yet he olteu saved his sloops by an luguntous devlco and a spirited do leuce. One night tbo pirates oame In lorce. The tide was blgb, so tbal they entered the cove with their boats and boarded the sloop. No one was ou guard; they silently slipped tbe cable and commenced to tow her out. tine 'ciido a certain distance and then slopped. They pulled the harder to get her ofi, but at that moment they were surprised by the discharge ol a swivel into their inidsl lroui the nana overlooking the cove. See tug it impossible to Iroe tbe sloop they landed to cap lure their asaailaula and tbe guu. Captain Baxter aaid they ornuo within a lew leet el hiui. But they soou retired to their boats and lell tbo cove wituout diacoverlnii either tbo gun mounted on a slump, or the captain, or knowiug tbat tbe sloop was moored by a chain laatened at low tide to ber keel or rudder. The oldest house in lb* town still stands lurther up tbe pond, tuougb it has very nearly suocumbed to its 200 winters. 1 met tnareayouag man oi tue town quite given to bistorio matters, quite impres sive witb bis sense ol responsibility as the last scion ol hla race. He ahowed me an old lamily Bible re cording the Ural birth in tb* eld bouse in 1690. Twelve Hessians occupied on* end of it. The must cnarnung spot in the place Is a fine spriug Joai below the bouse, undor an old beech. A century ago lb* top ol tb* tre* was kept eloMly cut to permit a view ol the cove from tbe houso when it waa necessary to keep a guard on Watch. The side limbs grew tbiok and long, and spread all oTer the spring, its brook and tbe cieau, sodded bauks clear to toe edg* of tne pond. The children Irom school swung ou ua low branches; tbe villagers ofteu gathered there to cnat over tbeir pails and pitchers, or await the return ol tne fisher men. Many idle hands nave cut tneir Initials in its bark. Among other desigus is a flowerpot with two still stalks growing up and the letters "T. O., 1807" ou lis aiue. Tue old tree Is weird, with gnarled aneea and strong arms, brooding low over the spring and bioolt. It seems bowed witb its loads?us seerete of moonllgbl nignts uud tbe many human experi*uo*s told or i*lt uuder its shelter. REAL ESTATE. Tha following tales were mad* on the Raai Satata Kxcbunge October 19:? BT RICHARD V. HAR.VKTT. Charlea T. MlddleOrook, r--teree ?Korecloanre eala of one lot. 25-3xl2t}*2.?. <1x130.1. on the w. a. of liith av., rnnuliiR through 10 itlooralnKdale road, 75.8 li. a. ol UtHU at., 10 plaintiff 93,000 BT CikOttGk II. NCOTT. kdward fl. Dakin, refere* r'orecioaure aale of tha tour atory brown atone front uouae, wltb let 2o.9x loo. No. 55 Waal 12th ?t., n. a., 318.11 It. e. of ttih av., to Danlela Carpenter 10,000 BT II. W. COATES. John C. Buahnell, referee-Forecioaure aale of tha fire atory brick dwelling, with let 2">x95, No. 1,114 lattr. ,u. e. corner ofBlat ?t.. to plaintiff... 13.659 BT A. r. RIKKK. Charlea Edward Tracy. releree Forecloaure aale af tha fonr alory brown atone front bouae, with t*o Iota, each 20x100.5, No. b?at tioin at., n. a., 155 ft. w. of 2d av., to Mary A. Brugan 19,250 Total $43,WOO OFFICIAL BEAli EtJTATE TBAN8FEBS. Tha following la a atatemont abowing tba real eatata iraoaactiooa rccordaU in tba Kegiater'a office Qotobar 10, 1878:? 131at at., a. a., 375 ft. a. of 8tb a*., 17.10*99.11; I h?iuaa C. Iloliaud to Tlmotoy J. Flltpulrica.... SI,000 4th at., a. a.,202.3 fl. e. of a v. 0. I8.9x9tl; Joaeph 1100 in an aiu wife to Cleioenta Mcbunpf aud wife. 9,000 5tli av.. e. a., 25.5 ft. a. ofUoth at., 2jxluO: Edward MciJonicall to Kate M. lieiloni Nora. 32d at., n. a., IHti. 1 It. w. ol 9th av.. 21..XU&9; John McOnlre ana wile to Martin r'unon/ 7,000 Kin^abrUge road. w. a.. Mixirre-uler; Jamea O'ltellly and wile to Auitln I>. Keen 3,000 28th at., n. a., 171.10,S ft. e. of 4ih av., 21.10x98.9; Anna C. Wilder te Otrtrnde C. Kearney aud otiiara, Nom. Uuu'?riii'Or II..I. a.,35o ft. w. of Courtlandt av., 25*11(1.5; Ueoraa MoArdle to Felix dcKeniia.... MX) HOtli at., a. a., loo ft. w. ol lat av., 125x102 2; hd ward Kilpatrick and wife to Jnllua Oll.ey 10.500 Ottlh at., a. a., I2i> It. e. oi MadUon av., 20x100 5; Ira h. Doylnx and wile to Harriet A. Clarkaon Nom. HOth at., n. a.. 100 ft. w. of lat av., 800x102 2: Kj wari Kilpatrick end wile loJulma Oiiaey 24.800 13lat at , a. a.. 375 ft. ?. of *th av., 17. lox99.1 I ; Timothy J. Fltapatriek and wne to .Sarah &. riol lan.i iiii? 1.000 Kin ebrldxe road, w. a.. 30xitf); Autllo O. %eu and wile t" Jamea lliley 3,001) 55th at.. II. W. corner Ma<lieon AT . 25x52xlrrei;tilar; Charlea Dngtflu aud wife to Krane-a A. Mortimer. 43,000 Weal Karma road. w. a. 3Hxl5tt.A (21ln ward); William II. Ward to Kaff'ue A. Ward .Nom. lllth at., a. a.. 1SJ.H ft. w. of 3d av.. 5&t'xlOO. 11 ; Kneu I). Itrown and liuabanu to Joaeph 1*. Murray 4.918 9ih av , ?. 25.3 it n. ol ft?5th at.. 2.">.8xl<AJ; W. f. Hiaon iroleree) to Mumal i.ife lueurance tie 1,000 Bliaaheth at. |.*o. 189), 25x94; F. srayih ireferee) to Dry uock itavlnga Hank 12,000 LKASMI 34 aw., a. a. corner of loth at.. Jacob Cuhn to Hna tav -ehnelder; 5 yeara 82.300 Weal >01 h at. (No*. 42 and 44i, John Duracbca to Uirlck W. Hacker; .VS teara 900 ??HTuao?a. Conaiantlna. Kleanor U., to Koorrt It. Mlntnrn and oihera (trueteea. etc.). At. 18.' Kniton at.| 5 yeara. |S,000 K>ir>euK, Martin, lo John Mcuairr, u. a., of 32d at., w. ol litti a?.; 7 yaara 3,500 Uareiaa. Auunatua an.I wife, to Harriet Orerhlaor, w. a. of ft iliie a*., a. ol I41at at.; 5 yeara,... ... 2,000 Uilaey. Millu?, to hdward Kllpairlek, a. a of Moth at , W. Ol lat a?.; I y?ar 4,n:lS hatue to >ante. aaine property ; 1 year 0,800 ll irner, 7.e la M., to L.onia liaminerer, n. a. or 45tb at.. w oi Uroa'iway ; J year 3.SOO Morria. Henry L>. and wile, lo Jebu Ureenbank, ? a. of M It a? . n. of 15<>th at.; 2 yeara 3.0OU Mama to Manila M?rri?, e. a. of Molt AT., a. of l.KKh at. traar); 3 reara. 1,050 Murray, .loaepli r., to wlee i\. Con?lant, a. a. of II Itn at . 152 H It w. of H.i af,; 3 . 4,000 Kama to aame, a. a. of 11 Itli at.. 175 It. w. of 3d av.; 3 yaara 2.000 Same to aame, a. a. of lllth at., I37.H it. w. afSd av ; 3 yeara 4,030 ?Mam.' to Myra K. (.'onatant. a. a of lllth at , w. of 3d av. . 3 yeara 2,00 > Mtraeiiar, Heor^e and wife, to Mia ilietli M. McDon ald. n. a. at II 7th at., 2IH.8 ft. e. of 34 av. ;3 yeara 3,500 Same to aame, n. a. of.117th at., 200 It. a. ol 3d a>.; 3 yaara 8,500 Hatne lo Kleanor Webb and anotber (executora, Ae.).n. a. ol H7tb at.. 23J.4 it. a. of 3d av.; 3 yearn 3,000 Wyant, l)eor(t?, to the Mutual Ufa Inturanee Com pany. No 344 W eat .l.*?tu at.; I rear ... 4.500 AatitiNHK.eTa or MnaTOAaxa. Hiabop. Anna L., to Jonn M. flnckuey $7,000 ll?Mi?r, John, to William II. Hraeden 12,000 t)iiir*?tiheiincr, hlla*. to I'larkaon A U? ???? Ki patriot, Kiiward. to Hertha A. Ueane 1,7lK> Fepbam, i.ooia C. (executor. ,to.). to Fanny Von imato/ff lO.OiWi Nehoepi'iier. John, lo Henry Kr nier 790 spofford, nnaan and othera (Iruateea, Ac.), to the Mutual l.iie ln?uraiio.' Company......,.., Nora. Woolaev, Catherine to tha New lark Llfa la aurance Company Nora. Yeuny.Jacou, lo Jonn 1. Itrvnm 2,000 TIJE KID ULuVE CASES. la lha atatamant rafardlng tha Collector'* decialoo Id tba Hid glove oaaaa which appearad la yaatatday'* papara twa error* occurred. These are IB giving two per cant aa a proper allowance (or the goneral ax. penaea of tnaaulaetura and in rapreaeatlnii 3.U7f. ?a tua reault ol luoh perceulaga. lbo antira aenteuca aliouid read a? loliowa:?"In none ol the atateinenla were any ohargea mode fur mieraat, reat, loauranca, (axe*, auuerifileiideuco auu oilier geuaral espenaea, a low aetimata lor wnion wonid ba tan per oeni, or 8 701., which, added 10 tne oiaer itama, briaga tba bar* aaai of aaaaulaotara to 1LHL" STATE POLITICS. Parties and Candidates in Old Erie. A MOST UNCERTAIN COUNTY The Congressional Nominees and Their Prospeots. POSITION OF THIS GREENBACK ELEMENT Republicans United on Conk ling for Senator. BoVfAlX), Oet. 17, 1878. Eutorlng No* York from tbe West Just after tbe Obio, Indian* and Iowa election* I purpose on my Journey eaatward to *end you sumo studies ol tbe Stat* canvass preliminary to tbe November roll KK1N OOUXTY. Nest 10 Maw York and Kings Eria couotr ta the most populous aud important in the State. It baa a population ot very nearly '200,000, and a votiug strougtb ol 50,806. U aenda one Representative to Congress and ? Senator and Qto metnbera ot tbe Assembly to the State Legislature. Tbe beautllul and enterprising olty ol BuQaio, ibird "?be oitlea ol tbe Slate in site, Is acareely second In mielllgonoe and political influ ence, and no party or aspiring candidate lor State hon ors baa erer omitted to regard it as a politic*! battle field ol tbe first, because perhaps decisive, impor tance. Tbe wbole county ol wbicb It la a part la a scene all tbe more interesting ou tbe ore ol evory election from tbe laot tbat noltber party can posi tively claim It as Its own. In 1875 tbe republican* elected a State Senator by a majority of 3,500. In 1876 tbe democrats elected a member or Cougresa by a majority of 409, while tbe ropublican vote lor Morgau agaiuet Kobinaon for Governor exooeded tne demo cratic vote by 605. ihe republicans oleoted tneir State Senator last year by 2,882 majority, but Ibis waa ascribed to peoullar reasons. Tbe State ticket tbe same year was curiously treated by Erie county voters, Tremain (rep.) receiving 18,000 votes for Aitor* noy General to Scboonmaker'* 15,000. At the same time Seymour (detn.) got 17,000 votes lor State Engi neer aud Surveyor to Soute's 13,000. Tbese figure* ?bow bow uncertain tbe vote ol Erie county roaliy Is. Buffalo would probably give a democratic majorliy at any election wbere no special tnteresta outside of poiitioa were involved, but tbo ouiside town* are rated as republican. UKPUBLICAM OBOAKIZATIOS. There bas sever beon any eiroog, authoritative republioan organization hero, uor even the nucleus of one, except tbe federal office-holder* and their a**o ciate*, wne are In some degree uulted by a eommon interest. Yet tbo republioan party bas generally pulled together in emergenoiea and iougbt lor State and national ticket* without rolerenoe to local squab ble*. It ha* some able and distinguished men, such aa Elbridge G. Spauldlng, banker aud ex-membor ot Congress, wbo divide* with tbo late Secretary Chase tbe claim of having originated and deieuded tbo greenback expedient; Sh?rn<anS. Rogers, ex-Senator Carlton T. Sprague and other*. Ita local pre**, bow ever, i* weak. Tbo brilliant editor* like Chamber* lain, Seaver and Sanford T. Hunt, wbo onoo made U a power la tbe State and nation, bare departed, leaviog none capable ot maintaining tbelr bold on tbe publlo intereat. Tbo old Commercial Ad vertiter, wblcb, wbeu it wai In chargo ol Dr. Jfoeto, used to be in the verr fiont rank ot American politi cal journals, ho* greatly declined m Influence, and tbe Morning Exprctt, formorlv conduoted with consider able Vita aud energy by tbe present head of tbo gov* eminent printing office at Wasblugton, Almon M. Clapp, l* under it* prevent leaora eunorsbip little thought ol a* a political guid*. THK DkXOCRAOY. The democratic party iu Eri* oounty, especially In Buffalo, baa on lb* other hand always been pretty atrongly organized and oouUdently led. Iu drat and moat powerful chief?who wan eblel besides of the party In the State, aud oue ol Itn prineipal national counsellors?waa Dean ltichmoud. Altar bia deatb the loadoranip waa undertaken by ssvsrsl but conceded lor a time to none. Doan Richmond's aon Usury waa looked to by many as Ills father's successor; but gradually the party began 10 acknowledge the ? ?ay of the late Jo??pn Wuriou, editor ol the ttudaio Courier, oue *1 the brgntesi managers *v*r connected wim iuo puluics ol iu? Empire State. For years lir. Warran so maintained bimsell an to be rocoguised as the Urst guiue auu piniosopuer ol lue Western New York democracy, ilu waa likewise generally esteemed lor bis publlu spirit, and hi* popularity attained eucb a u*i*ut that aorno time beiore nu death the lorenioal caucus, belonging to both poiluoal parties, united in pruaenung to uirn a magutlivent service oi plat* ua n mark ol tueir appreciation ?i bia "public servioos.'' lite party diviaious created In othor parta ol th* Stat* at ine tiiuo ol Governor Tiiden's asaault on in* baual Kiug vxteuuvd in time also to Erie couuty, where a bedy 01 ultrallideu democrats toil by lleury BiCumoud aad a y?uug lawyer named Cocbruu asau* tu*ir strength appsreut and aecured som* local coui> promise* Uui tu* c.ius s ol disagreement gradaaily disappeaied, aud aiuse the death ol Mr. Warren the party haa become practically reunited in aympuiliy witu the wise advocacy ol the IJuualo Courier, whvt* publisher, Mr. McCune, is a meuioei oi Hie Demo cratic Stat* Committee, and wno*e editor, Mr. David Gray, condttcts the paper with extraordinary ability aud skill. orricxRM to an rlkctsd. Tb* SUM ticaet having bteu nominated, both partiaa her*, ?s iu tb* otn*r districts ol tbo State, are 10 atrlve to elect 1. A member ol C*ngr**?. X Members ol the Stat* Assembly. licsider, in Erie, there are to be elected a County Judge and a Couuty ireaaurer. in their uomiueliou lor member of Coogross tb* re pubiicaua hare laid tuemsaives bare lor criticism, j uey have put up lor tueir Caudidai* the sain* lir. P>erce whom they eleoted State senator Issi year in oppoeilion to Judge George W. Clinton, oue Oi tb* moat illustrious ol New York's public men. Dr. I'urc* is tbe celebrated "purgative pell*.a" man. ? |i? has r*ceutly built tb* l'ourlsis ?ud luvauua' Hotel uer*, who has uiaue nuuureda ol th*u?au?s aud perhaps a million or more oi Uoilare out ol bia Various patent medicines, and wuo waa reported to have spent irom $25,000 to $30,000 durlug ilia Canvass iu 1877. lliaaueuu on ibat occasion was duo m part to the apathy ol Judge Ciintou aud ma irieuds, wuo trusted .o ib* community to eiect him aud reject Ur. Piorce ou acoount oi the Judgo's patent right aud in* Doctor'spateut pills. ihia nine tue democrats have nomiuated a mas (tne i,ri'S?ut member Irom Ert*), David M. Lock wood, wuo is uot likely to lose his sleu* Uuu irom lack ol vigor. lie baa an exoelieut record, aud la au able uud popular oaudldat'.'. Y*uug, energetic, aud loruiany District Attorney ol .h* oounty, u* wau a urst rate reputation by hi* auccossiui trusecuiion ol tu* cauai King isi*Vw, iuciu .lag George oru. w no ouly **csp*d uuuer tue statu!* ol Uinita tiuh*. Ills Uist term at Waahlngion has luliy satis fied ills oonstitueuts nod rendered hloi uuobjnotiou aole io democrats and rspuoiicaua as won, wuo can nnd noibiug evil to urg* ngamst him. 1'beso two candidates ure now iairly beloro th* couuty ol wuicu ibe l uirty-seiou I Uouurussional di? trict consists, aod tua contest between tu*m is popn* Isrly spoken *1 as a U^bt between mou*y and braiue ur "pi.in aud popularity." Personally, Dr. fierce la generous aud agreeable, but his svocaii*u snd con ?eded laox ol traiuin* ior puonc 11Io aubjoct uim to all kiuda ol rquibs and sarcasms. von thk asskmhlt. Tb* aominatioua lor tue A.sembiy in the Ave As sembly district* are uot yet all uiau*. In th* Viral district tu* uemocrata have nomlaated John Crowley, tue prea*ni member, hut tbe Kopublicao Cuuvsutiou baa uot met. Iu the Second diairiot there uas b**n no nomination. Iu tlie Third uiatrict ibe republicans have nominated Mr. Koberii), and the democrats, 1 am told, expect tb nomlujte Atouzo Klcbmoad, a young iiixn wuo would represout tu* uock ?ud bualuass later. ?stH ol liuSaio auu be a warm advocate ol iree canals, lue Knur tu uiatrict was represootod last winter by a vary much used young republican, Harvey lluru, wbo has bseu rouuiuluaied. Agsinal mm the democrats hsvo chosen 'l'liiioiby Jscitsou, wbo hud air*auy ue*u nominated by Ibe sreanbaCkvrs ol tb* district, hut who i* a stanch demoorat, Whatever that may how mean Hie Kiiib district ie sayet witUont auomlneo, except Ubnrles A. U.ibbuu, wuo lias beou asiscied by the gr<-eiii>s*k*r? or haiionsit. Ur. Crowiey will probsbly be r*-*l**tod In th* First disirici, whicn gavo him 1,181 votea over las nppo naut last year, aud whicn hat! previously giVsu aa many as 1,(09 ntmocrttiio uisJorit>. I'he Secou.i is a dobatable district, and tb* result wlil d*peuu upon llio character and standing ol tb* respective nomine** lu? imru had been s rapublloan district, tbough lust year it gave David K. Day, democrat, a majority ol 1,X11. 11 is this y*sr estimated aa d'looilal. I lie r'ourth district was democratic in 1876 nnd 1870. i.aal year it wsa rapubiioau, snd the hopes ol lue uemucrat* to elect tuoir osudidst* b) tu* joint democratic aud liatlooni vole it lonudcd upon caicu lailoue somewhat slmiliar to ibuse winch were re Hlllf u.isci la several Assembly district* in states lurtiier W,?i. l'ne Filth district I* tbe on* r*pr*s*nt*d last year by on* ol tbe moat jiopolar UMnecrate iu Western Mew York?namely. U?nry I. Allon. fill tu* ocrai* oar* ju?t nomiusied lor Cointy Judge. It ??oi republican ittc previous year, domocratio too year beiore and republican the your prior lo that, lb? nominations lo be mida will d?clde which way .? (ball gu ib im I all. TOli l'.V KM OWN QUAJtrlTT. Tba chances iu the dve Aeaambiy districts are la fuci aiioui rvoolv distribu ed betwei-n lb* democrttio and republican p*rueo. wiib oo ?how lor llit uutiuo ala 10 eloct a candidate ol their own. Kor iba latter party toe vary leel ol lb? sltnoapnero ia ol bad augury, ''Poor Tum'a n'oold. " The west wind, in (loud ol inflating ibu prospects ol the inflalioniKts, liaa wuborod mem. Tbvro ia an Ill-coucouleU disgust uuioiit deniocrata ovor ilia action ol ibeir p.iriy ia sacriQcing lia uuie-honoreu bard mooey principles la ordar iu ufllliuto wubao unstabl-a political ephemera, wliila republican* everywhere ara buoyed up with conlldeucc 10 tbo iflicacy ol tbalr plallorio among honoal voters. Still, having mora or lens commuted themselves, democratic cuuvaaaars will do tbalr boat lo bold tba nationals to tbeir aide, wblle repuo- * lioaua will emulate tba example aot Ibam ic Oluo and Indiana, and flgbt grtonbloklsm wnbout tear or quarter iu every olactlon diatrlet. Tbo repuUllcnna have tua presligo ol a sound, square, ringing bard roouy policy. Tbo dauiocraia have tba eumlty ol tba republicans toward tua nationals to work no ia securing ineudiy coalitions wiib tba latter. umt the lact ol (ba tleleai ol ibe nationals in the West ta use lo provennng auy lurther desertions to tba na tional* Irom tbalr own party. TO VOTK KOR CONK LI NO. As lo tba United Mates Sanatorabip, which deponill on tli* result In ibe several Assembly districts, it Is a safe protection lhat lu Krie county, aa all through Western Now York, every republican Assembly muu will ba cbosen and elected on tuo undorataauing that bo is to vote lor Mr. Uonkllng. Tbaro baa boeo a bitter unii-Comcling laetloo, wnieb resent otooU have silenced. Mr. CunKliug'a speeco at tbo Saratoga Convention, togemer with tba rest ol tbo proceedings ol that body, ofl'ectuuily settled tbo manor, Tbo republican party M not divided; it Is no longer ovon disturbed by serious internal contentions. Deniocrata have not yet begun lo dlecuss tbo name* ol possible candidates lor the Senatorsbip. Tbo Ueld Is clear. No bargaiu has been proposed. No under standing baa been suggested. There waa a time whan tbo name ol Lieutenant Governor Domboimer would have been bailed with instant and general lavor boro in bia loruier borne, and clrcuuisiancea may arise lo dispel the not vary considerable unpopularity Into which it baa grown utnong aome members ol tbo parly, whoso requests be baa lound it Impossible to lolly sanely, but there is no lelliug now who will wlu the splendid or barren prlzo ol a nomination uoxt winter in opposition lo itoscoe Conkling. PINCHBACK INTERVIEWED. THE EZ- "CONTESTANT" ON THE POLITICAL SITUATION IN THE SOUTH?BE IS FOB OBANT AND HABD MONEY. (From tb* Louisville-Courier Journal, Oot 18.] Ex-LI*ut*oaut Governor P. B. a. Pinch back, of Louisiana, bas been In tbe oily lor ibo paat three weelca, wiili bia larnily, stopping on Cbostnut street, between Eleventh and Twelfth. He waa driven away trom Louisiana bjr me yellow fever plana* and la tend? returning as soon as tbe danger la over. Soveral mouihs ago a number of bia colored con stituents called on him to make in* race for Congross. He accepted thecal), mado a thorough canvass of lb* district, and, being convinced of tbe utter hop*, lessnesa of bis cause, be has written a l*u ter declining to run. Since bis arrival la Louisville he has appeared very reserved aa?l uncommunicative, refusing several times t* be ia terviewed. Yesterday morning, however, h* was found at leisure. Unless his countenance Is closely scrutinized scarcely a soniblanco ol the colored ruce can be discovered. Wbeu the Courier Journal reportor entered 1'iuchback laoghinuiy remarked "Weil, I auppose yoe want me to help till yourcou umos lor you." "Is ibo greenback cruze gaining headway In tbe Soulb ?" asfcod tue reporter. "I don't mink iho greenback movement will seri ously utfect eitiier party. Tue South is different Ir.in tbe North in that the political parties so-oalloU simply mean, unlortunutely, wuite vs. black, and lor some time the issues wnl be (ought upon the old basis, the wbileti to maintain tbe supremacy whicn luey have obtained una the colored nere and there (or a representation In local offices, Tbe great misloriune irom the Ural haa been mat tbe blacks organized us republicans, and, constituting tbe re publican party ol the South, Have been on one sine and tbe whiles, orgaulzed aa me democratic parly me other; and out ol this condition ol aff.irs has grown all the trouble. It is true a tew while men some bouest una some very dishonest, have officered manipulated and controlled the colored vote but the laci is political purlieu in the South were based on races Instead of principles. Added to the excitement Incident to election times we bad ruoe antagonism, ana heaca some ol our campaign* have boon quu? banyuluary, but I nop* the uay la approaching wuen questions sucu as are now claiming the attention of tbe people ol the North?xreeubacks. honest money and oconomical administration?will form me divid ing lino* among oar people." "What will me political siinatiou of the South be as ullocting the status 01 tue next Congress!"' ??ibat question makes* me mule, l be South la a democratic unit. Republican Congressmen Irom thai section ol lbe country ior some time to oome will be as scaroe us asgeis' visits. I prediet a a-.lid demo, crane delegation, not only Irom Louiaiaua, but Irom every aouluern State, with possibly two exception*? one irom Mr. ibornburg'a msirici, m l'eunessee, and possibly one from Soutu Carolina: but tbe latter I re gard as very doubtlul. ibat 1 hon?slly enterluia iliis opinion may be inferred Irom the iaul tb.u 1 nave abandoned tbe congressional corneal I was making la my district in Loui&ianu, where 1 have a majority of not less tuuii lour thousund colored voters, lu a pre* iiimuary canvas* ju*t prior to my departure irom tbe Slate 1 aaw suougn to conviuce me luul a full oolored Vote could not be relied upon. 1 knew ii I ran and were defeated tiie republicans would charge the 4*. fe.*l to my candidacy, anu so 1 bavc given them a clear Held, leaving with them lull responsibility." 1880 r' lUOr" ^ * *#,,a aouUl ,or lb# u*"??oracy la "It la poaaible, but scarcely probable. My expe I riooou wlin Uio uamoeraoy Iuaji me to boiievo ibat *ruI*00"' lt>" "uie as republicans. All waat oillcea. It will bo impossible to sstisly the uemaude ol tbe deinwiiatic l.iuiiul m inis respect, and 1 urn sure by 1880 there will be a large element amoag the ? ouls reauy to break off ?nd Joiu any party mat gives premise ot place 'or mem. Ine ooioi-ed voteisol me soutb could, by the exercise ol a little discretion and good managem nt, create quite a division among ine winies of tbe South who constitute the democratic party at present, li ittey would only organize and bold themselves id readiness to oo-operate with tbe disaffected ciemeut they could exercise a powerlui inlluence in Southern polities in 1880." ? Wuo will be the corntog man ior uational boaora Id ioo Souiti V' "*rotn urosont appearancos Governor Wsde Hamp ton, ol south Caroliu*. Uut we have a young mac ia our state who is a coming man?Lieutenant Governor wiux. If be had u few more years on him and a little more experienoe bo would be heard from 1 am sure." ? ??What will b* me attitude of tbe colored veie la 1880, and can their solid vole be concentrated on the republican nominee?" "ibat will depend largely upon the person aomla aied. Should the republican party place 10 noinina* lien a man known lo the colored pevple, and whose public record would guarantee toe belie! that he waa 'r,eou, 1 tbink lie wumd receive 09 out ol every 100 coiored votes, i be colored people are devotedly at tache!) to tbe uational republican parly, and, while ihey bavo beeu sorely disappointed in some ol lie leadera and with the irealuivui ihey have reoelved at tae handsel tb* present uatioual administration aud its methods of dealing with tbe Souib, tboy atlll chug lou an j will vote lis national ticket unless an objeo* lioual man, oue known not to be la sympathy with them, is ueminsted." "What do you Ibmk of Hayes' administration aad tbe policy bo has pursued toward the South T" "1 tbma it is a uuman iiihiuutiou, anu, like all hu> manity, la looaing out lot No. 1. My tbe way, 1 r?ad very carelully the letter ol Senator Bill, published in tzirnto in your journal. Tuore were some bard bus in it, aud, 1 am airaid, boroered too clone upon ine troth Iu some things to be comiortable lor tae admioiitraiien." "What do you tbiok of Deals Kearney t-' "Mr. Kearney io his tour around the country baa deatroyed Himself, *nd lu ray optulon bas done tbe cause bs u*pou* u more injury mau bo will ever be abie to repair. He bad a glorious opportunity to make a mars aud advauue the lolereei ol toe laboring classes, but b*s utterly laileu to improve it." "Win tieuerai Uutier be tue aext Governor el Mae?aobu*etuf" ?'Uunerai Uuiier in his present eoateat baa my aym oalbv because 1 admire bia pluck, though 1 thiak b* bas made a inlstske In seeking to outalu tbe demo cratic oouiieallon. As an indepeadent candidate ue was Isr sliaugsr than be posrioiy cau oe either as la* repuoiieeu or democratic nominee. 1 wish it under stood, howsver, thai 1 urn not al all in aympatuy witu nli linancial views. 1 am an uacompromistug hard money man." "What la your opioloa of the r*e*nt State eleo lions r'? "ibey confirm ray belief in tbe good aense of the Arnericsu peopie, and allow conclusively tbal all cla?sea are epoosed to aa irrediooi.iole paper cur rency. I be lailura el tbe democratic party iu Oula aim iia diaappoiolment lo realise lis uigliesl antici pations iu Indian* is atlriuulaOie lo Its comproiniae upoo the lioaueial quealien. Had III* democratic party been sound on tue nsrd money question It woeld have done lar better lu those elections aod swept ine country iu 1880. At It is, ibey have given Hi* rtpubneana a little better ibab an < veu cnauco in ilia next Presidential raee, lor it is now bound lo have tbe great money power, poteut lu all couutries, on ita ?id*." ' ?? Wbsi Is your opinion of the chancesol General Oram's ciudidacy lor the Presidential race lo 1880f?. ? At present lie is uu<|ue?ii0i.ably tin. choice ol more tban iwo-lbird* ol the republicans ol the couulrv as the lime approscbes lor tn* asseinbiiag ol a fenne. lican convrnliou, end ine docoaeieu ol candidate* begin, we cannot i*l| What efleci u will have 1 he an tire democratic press ,.nu i..e In lepondeu t press sll serve io open up these mud valves, sod. Butler says, tniow Ulils st General Urani w" a leriy-Jtokass power.' i,?s. coupled with the oope.t. lion el the Cbristiau stslesriiAn element in me renub. ! ^K?t rendep iiuiiilfialKin Impolitic ami ,'urce the iioiuinaiioii ol a less prominent canuid.te. Then. loo, mere are oilier me# in the rVpoblio.a Presidency 'th I",'1 l""' hhV< ???'*, lain!7m!S I residency. 1 lieir irieud* very un.uraliy win bn rn. peaed to Osasr-I Uraot. On ma whole I aia iaohnJd l* tliiiik General (Irani la strouger now llian lie will beayearnenc*. Uue turn* I r.Karu*s c.?U,V_Tbi miL**H1 f111'00 Wl" uo1 io nominau tn? ciioico ?I to# partr bmmi bt oaa a rtoora."