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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, November 25, 1878, Image 8

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Sermons bv Prominerft Divines in this
City and Brooklyn.
Progressive Conversion?Use of
Repeated Aiflicticna
??The Problem of the Poor," was the subject dealt
With bv the llev. George II. Hepworth yesterday
morning, ai,d the text selected was Deuteronomy
s v n-"For the poor shall never cease out of the
land; therefore I command thee, saying. Thou shall
open thine band wide unto thy brother, to thy poor
,ud to thv needy in thy land." Tho prevalence of a
?onetanUy increasing poverty, said Mr. Hepworth. t*
?he oppression of the political economist. Why ?
It the dictum of the inspired sage that the poor ahaU
never cemie out ot the luuti.
The Christian, at least, acknowledges the duty of
(melioration and feels himself responsible for the
recognition of certain movements which shall better
the eoudition of those who are oppressed and down
trodden by adverse and despotic circumstance-.,
is txuo that according to his thought society has not
reached that high-water mark of possibility when
every man within it who is honest and willing shall
have an opportunity afforded him ior a competent sup
port. It is true tliat inequalities exist, and probably
always will exist to a greater or less ex
tent. if all the money which is at present
in circulation throughout the world shoilld be
evenly distributed to all tl.e men and women who
compose the world tho inequalities complained of
would not lessen. Within a tew hours man's cun
ning. man s prejudices and mar. s vices wouldchatigO
the whole current of affairs. Those who are pauper*
would lay by their portion; those who are reckless
would spend theirs. Our vices stand in the wsy of
a possible equality. Now. the question that Is rest
ing on many thoughtful minds is. What are some of
the causes ot this tidal wavo oil poverty that has set
tled all over this country, and what are some of the
remedies that will chock it if not altogether stay its
progress. Poverty is generally caused by a
want of thrift in the individual or a
want of ability or a want of morality.
In ordinarr circumstances you may count on these
a- the causes of liiue-tenths of the poverty. In
these <luvs we an obliged to take another lartor into
account, and which has changed the whole cirvutu
btance.- of affairs and whi h presents this enigma in
quite a dill, rent light, it is .111 alarming fact that
the poverty of to-day is simply th. ul.er side of
Drogrc.vs. and that the difficulty of dialing with it is
reused by our progress, and the only b.ipoihat is
1 .ft cs i- tin belief that .still further progress will et
t? et a change and a change for the better, l or years
to err has been a tight between machinery on the one
hand and manual labor on the other, h has been a
light for life ou th" side of labor and a light tor ?lU_
man progress on the side or the people. The sewing
machine dues in one hour what a score of poor girls
^tid W^y achieve by a whole day's js rsiatent
toil. One chihl by means of ? machine throws a
score ot grown people out of work.
IV1>I1 VP 11 Mi; Of THK ? WLTtlt.
Vie are struck bv the fact that all the better classes
of society who are in reality as much interested us
anv one, are utterly indifferent to tho whole question
of the solution of the trouble that all have so un
fortunately been brought Into, they have left this
question In the hands of the duicoutcnt.- themselves,
and who are trying to compel a settlement in their
own way \ large section of tills uuuienm numb< r
of th 1 unemploy ed have become trainps. as they are
called TLty Lav? iwrcitttiiil ?o largely lately, tin y
may be called a . lass or American ms lety Uhat as a
class thev are daiigtTous; that tlK-y contribute nothing
uTtoowealth of the country; that it is the business
and object ot their lives to take rather th.m give is
said by all. Mr. Hepworth then denounced indis
criminate giving, and said that the diailta.dy d.s
ye.-ied had far better give their contribution* to
organized charitable institutions whose business It
w? to investigate. A* the result of hi* experience he
had boon compelled to come sorrowfully to the con
clusion that nluety-uine cases out of every tun-lrci
of those that came before htm personally for relief
were impostors. The upper part of this class of un
employed had taken the name of coinmunu-ts and
socialists. If their plans wero applied to society it
would result not in progress, but in utter anarchy.
It is ab?urd on the face of it that the man of
wealth, who nus earned his own living while
th-e men have been in idleness, or perhaps
niiiag'iig shall give his wealth to be distributed
by li.cm that is not the way God distributes. nor is
it sound political economy. the plan of tho Com
munist is to threaten all who have money, and Beat
to put their threat into cncntiuD. That may beuaUud
philosophy, but common souse calls it highway rob
L r^ and that is what it is. Incendiarism is not
nr ."g'r."-s That is a kind ot mov.uuunt that cannot
be HUPP essed with U?? vigorun.i a haaid. In America
W'1 tod-rate almost anything, but that ought not to oe
tolerated. You may Ulk of tree speech. but you
must not allow every uma to judge for huuaeli- what
L? should do m that regard. There are certain
things in which society has a right to say
?Thou shalt not." 1 have a right to do
ai., thing and everything that 1* within
inv p .wer to protect my self, my wife and my laimly
ausn.st the effect of sueh theories. All men that
woutd uproot nocioty Diunt coutiiiwl. if viol' ut
uu-mnn are taken m(wn^t Hueh raou and thi*
causes the loss of the life of this diatiirtair of society
thc i sponsibility rests upon the disturber and not
upon the slayer. One thing is certain the socialism
o< America must Isi rooted out liy argument, ami if
that r?.l- hy force, and that force must go tar enough
V, put out of sight the- philosophy of anarchy and tho
threats of the incendiary.
what is the Banner?
M'-ti ar.- trving hi solve th'i e.j.igin? from the stand
point of sound wicialecmioui.v and also ir.-ni the stand
point of th Christian religion. -toad you bsaurprlsed
ir I tell v..n that I think the remedy lies m a
larger inculcauoii of our duties, ..u?toward the other?
We as Americans. Iiave largely cousidive.l our rights,
but' have given very little consideration to oui duties.
I cannot b- considered too radical when 1 say that
business should be eonductcd in the interests of all
classes. I am speaking or tne wsy in which business
la done. Busim -s should not be .? game of gTab. We
have mad* !? so that r.e is only able to come off beat
w-io lias th-- longest arm and the largest haU'l.
Th tendency in Amvnca is to make the
rien rt. te r 'and the poor poorer. All that
IS wrong?fundamentally wring?and it mint
be right. .1 bv just, r vi. ws of political economy, or
else in America there must con* a social revolution.
After a luan has provided :or Blmaslf and ail the pos
sible wants of his family, he Is bound, by his obliga
tions to so' iety, who protected huu in his pjiettion,
to give and to give Largely. It is an incalculable
evil whi n a man t;esj>? up riches. not only far beyond
lit" n esMtt. s. but ri lies whfh rise high?r and
iugh- r, until he hero mag a dsapot. This over-luxury,
this overweening lovaot show which characterises aii
th< larger .-entree of America, is also an unapt ikable
evil, and tuu?t lie eradicated by a higher public
oplutoii. If we are to solve the problem as it
must t.s s-dvad. It is what a man is worth that
hsa come to b? looked upon ?s a test of bts marit.
1 sequence of this m that our young ni -n m-"
wllhng to make m. iiey honesfly, but when the tiuio
coin.-s to luuxe it d shoncaUy the temptation Is found
to be too Strong. It is tbe coinmon arnbitn* of New
Vork society either E> have money or to make people
believe 'hey have. We must ail ?-aru to live witnui
our incomes. Mr H-pworih . .included by showing
how expensive to the poor were their vices and that
iniio-tenths of their misery sprang from that; urged
the ad ipttou of compulsory education laws and tiie
(.biigaUous of Mow Tee lament adm. unions of our du
ties toward our neighbors.
pnooiiES-uvK o*ruaio*--rHB rniai <>r nit
FKATltll A?*WC1 lUliB bfcllMON BY ILENU* WAELl
>Ir B.. 10 r's text was the passage of Ht. Mark, viii.,
qoer r.ptivu of the healing ot the blind uian at
Bethsalda. Tha Master in Uia teachings s. Wsi. h-t
HSld, upon a double principle. He pr.slu?wd excite
ment to order to break up the lethargy of the soul,
but he suppressed it whan it raL so far as to suff.icate
the spiritual power. Mr. Iteeehor aUudedtoabandon
ment of one's grosser vices as the Indication of
buviug lawn onaa touched. Tot if a man were hot
loan had akato this sU p would bo oompaxatively m
raiui. Li to a held that is chocked with rank we.-.ls
he m y the Is applied and 4 is cleanly mowed the re
mit Is v-rj good. Hut nothing else grows in their
ylaco, no rruit. no llowsr. no graiu. It Is only good
irojMi atorily. BoUBi tuanaro qulekened to this extent
uid they will bo a great deal botv r tliuu they m< ru Is -
lore if they know how to avail themselves of the change.
Mr torn, her described his boyish cviioepUon of th*
aslights if contmtun. but he said that it had never
lumu to huu Ucausu too ax per mcoa of which it ia
constituted kid grown npon him gradually before
hand. To other people tlisy were new be-?u?e ordi
narily they do u<>t son more than ouA-miiiiouUi part
of the things about tlu-m. I supposed, lie continued,
that the ujdii who had Im-uu converted had nothing
to do but to turn the key at any time and look iuto
lieuven and though he shut it up occasionally for
other purposes, yet there it was in rea-line?a for him
whenever he wanted to euter. home men hail the
gift of sensuous conception and a glowing utter a uie
in descrbing their religious experiences, but 111 his
own observation sudden conversions into spiritual
lite which were full of auriu isd and joy were excep
tional. The beginning of the Christian lite is as the
light that shines brighter snd brighter uuu* the j er
tect day.
mil CONVEltStoss NEUD1UJ..
Men are touched, not twice oul>, but mauv times,
bid ore they see clearly with a spiritual vision. The
old method of toachiug prcaeuted every man as
utterly depraved and brought g>m! beforu him as a
hatctul being who ordained hell for the very purpose
of ereatiug men to sutler iu it, with t'>ru?ight of tliuir
everlasting reprobation. When men in the uncon
scious spirit of the New Te-tanj< ut resisted such a
conception they wore tola that the hidden hatred
within their hearts had been brought out. All the
pressure of the old time belief' was brought to bear
upon them to cause them to submit. And they did
submit, home went cruay: some w ut to the devil,
ami some were saved. After absolute submission
Christ was preached as a Saviour. Why did they not
do this betore they presets*1 Hun a* uuu ot tbo
dynasty of tyrauny. Hut this was only a beginning.
Conversion had touched Ins will, but not his dispo
sition. Others conic into the kingdom not by buttle
royal, but by a consciousness of their weakness,
ho far they ace right, but still theirs is
but tho tirst step. They do uot know yet
tin; whole range of their owu importations.
They have had a groat and dramatic eapefieuue, but
the gradual aud perfecting experience comes liter,
in after life those to whom Christ has revealed His
gruciousnosH and love are apt to feel that the hist
touch gave the ill such joy as they never huil betore
and never will have afterward. The lav? which the
sonl first has for Jesus Christ is a novelty and a sur
prise. It is like the early ilawu of the human love
between soul and soul, the most radiant aud bcuutif ul
experience that it was possible to liWu up to that
time. Hut alter they are wedded and pass through
struggles and sorrows uiid joys down to the Indian
summer of life they liud that the later love is i? inueh
richer, tleeper, more voluiniuous. more exquisite
tlian its Hist llusii and du>vn us the ripeness of the
autumn is superior to the greenness ot the young fruit.
In the iirst touch ot His haul God gives u.s that ? lu
eatton which He endured on earth in ilts .sou. it is
not an agreeable sensation to feel one's self tin 1 outbid!
of tlie vulgar aud au outlaw from society, to meet
those who had before couie to you with au oticii hand
ami hnd iltut they puss you by in scorn. Hut let a
mau having done all wait till the hand of God
touches him again. Ho will then look tlown lrorn a
higher level and. with its sorrows and wrangling, tho
- world will seem like so many bubbling children.
You have paid u cheap price tor that which yon have
attained to when you come into u state in which you
can hold all things with an easy supremacy. Hut you
ilun't Inuw wliut you are doing when you arc pray
ing for such things.
Mr. Heecher here almost stopped, apparently im
peded iu utterance by painful emotions, and he parsed
a trembling hand rapidly across his face. The au
dience waited in hushed suspense. A moment and
he proceeded: ?
Ho you know what inward angibvh, what crucifix
ion, what rending of the heart is needful in this over
coming of the physical world V Yet the higher love
is worth it all. How many men who have had this
first touch have head themselves up and have said,
? i.ord, lay thy hsn.d again upon me." und have found
a household at lust although they have lost a fortune?
iiow many have known themselves in alllic
tiou who never knew themselves before V Many
a man has been converted to faith, but not
to generosity. I was lately informed by
the man who lias charge of that grout ice
house of the world which Mr. Howard obtained
for us, Alaska, that yon can always llnd ico in tho
middle of summer at a certain depth below the sur
face. In multitudes of men there is a good solid
foundation of Ice. Tho summer novor gets down
there. What wo want is a tropical heat winch p me
trites to the very centre ot th* earth and grows hot
ter us w e go down. Have yon tieen thoroughly con
verted ? Is not your ideal merely social, secular,
very low .' Have you not those aspirations which |
amount every day to a rebuking of your lack f 1 I
pray God to touch even once the heart* of uiulti- !
iu les, to touch ugain those who have tak u some |
steps toward u higher development, and 1 pray God !
not to take Hi* hand off of those who are going for- j
ward until they shall stand iu die perfection of the
everlasting life.
The Church of the Aaaiunpuon, Vioat l'jrty-ninth
etrout, between Ninth and Tenth av< duus, has jttet
been enlarged and repainted, and spsial scrvit<-A
?were held on the reopening of uie sacred ciLuco for
worship. In tlie morning, at halt-past nine o'clock,
His Eminence the Cardinal administered eoiitirniotion
to about two hgndred boys anil girls and thirty
adults. A pontifical high miaa wan then celebrated,
Be v. father Shadier, of the Church of bt. Nicholas,
being celebrant; He v. father Weber, deacon; Itev.
Father Lrutler, sab-dcacou; He v. Father Farley and
llev. Father Bropiiy, dem ous of honor; He*, l ather
Kuhuan, master of eereiunniofl. The pastor, ltev.
lather 9chwenniger, bis arm still invalidated
from his re. cat serious accident; He v. Father
McDowell, pastor ot the Chnrch of 8t. Agnes; liev.
Father CiHinau anil Itev. Father Weber occupied scats
in the sanctuary. The church wan cr iwded in every
jrart. Members of the St. Joseph s. St. Vincent's and
St. Lawrence a societies, attached to tlio church, were
present during the service, wearing the insignia of
their respective orders. The music of the mass was
Web. r's in G, the choir being reinforced by the Man
ncn-bur Society.
The sermon w is preached by the Hcv. Father
Wtrth. rector of the Uodcmptorist Church, in Third
street, but, as the service was so lengthy, the preacher
did not mskc an elaborate discourse, speaking chiefly
of the new edifice dedicated to tiud and then of
the need there was to aeck to inako beantllui
also the temple of the soul. He said he
was delighted with the 1 sanity of this house
which w as being consecrated and dedicated for wor
ship mid congratulated the congregation on the sacri
noes tbey had made; bat they should not forget that
the most valuable temple of < tod was tltn soul. The
beauty of a soul was or higher importance than any
decoration of a temple of stone, and tins beauty wax
to be gained through good education and virtue. The
congregation had shown through the sacrifices tin y
had made and th" htfgw littoudauce at this service that
they appreciated the importance of an cdihee like
this, and he bad no doubt that the indications thus
presented were expressive of the piety anil devotion
to religion which prevailed among them. He hoped,
they would continue to persevere tu faitu: ul adherence
P> the t'hureli and follow the advice and carry out in
prai'tiee the doctrines expounded to them by their
spiritual teachers. "By so doing tbey would t ot only
Is- good children of tliu t'hureli, but at the same tune
be got si members of society.
Itev. Dr. .Yrmitage preached yesterday inorning on
tlie subject, "Jtwus In Hades," taking li.s text from
INuUms xt.., 10???Thou wilt not leave my soul in hell
(the underw orld, Hadeaj, n< ither wilt thou suffer thine
lloly One to see corruption." The question arises
here, said th.- reverend gentleman. What became of
t'hrist'a body and spirit an the result of His death ?
Clearly H.a body was interred in the tomb of JoeW^h,
ami roae from the dead ou the third d. y. But wliat
became of His soul while II n body lay iu the grave t
Tha text gives so answer to this inquiry.
It will ha necessary to examine what is meant by the
word "hell" in the text. There are several words in
the Scriptures that are used to dnuote the state into
which the spirits of uiou enter after death. The flrnt
is the Hebrew word which tho I'salmlst usee in the
text, "Mheol," which our version unfortunately trans
late# by tho word "hell." Now, wo understand in
common English by the word "hell" a plate of tor
ment, but this ia not what "SheO'" Mans in the lie
blew; there it UUvaus that which is hidden, or the
invisible world. No that David is not spi aking hern
of the place of torment when ha sa;s "Thou
wtlt not lave hit soul In In 11." but
he sp.aks of the nnseeti world, without
rugard tu Its place of happiness, or its t risen of tor
nient. -Then there is tlie Greek word "Hades." whiph
in the Hew Taatamcut is generally rendered by tho
Kmjllsb "hell," but It also means t tint whteh is hid
deu, or invisible, or in darkness. Both th'We words
in revised v raious, arc rendered?"the undci world" ?
ttiat Is, the world which man reaches by paining
through death and tlie grave. Thou we have the idea
which distinguished tho place of torment arid tho
place of happiuoee ill the world of il< parted spirits,
expressed by the words paradise and gt henna or bell,
as that t rrlble word Is generally nuclei stood iiutong
ns noiv. For tho word "hell" in Kagilnh,
originally uieant not so MMi to sitlli r id to
cover or to conceal, so that to thi. day, in
tlie .vest of England to "hell' iuythiug is to cover il,
hence a ntei hanlc wlio puts slate or any other sort t f
roof upon a hous. is catlad a "hooter"?that is, u
ooverer. The gi mrsl idea ia that when Jew us died
upon tin; i rosa his hitman spirit west among the dis
eiiiiioiU.d into the woild of spirits tin itivisihla
abodes of the de{Sirted?Wild was OOUcoaled iu Had ??,
or in the underworld.
But beyond tin awfui vale of distill in that "ffbaM,"
that lUdes, there are the two places or Paradise and
perdition; ot, VaradiM and Gehenna, or hell proper.
D-tWccli tie K two there is a great ; 111' li ve I. Il is
tine invisible world that tie xiiostk Paul rater# to
When he save of I MM, .Now that He as a tided, what
la it bllt that Ha >bni ? u led lirst into 'he lower peris
of the earth?" He must obey all the la. * of His
mortality. What# vsr waa t li?law of th disembodied
He must submit Pi it. in. spirits ot the two title > e*
Wore about to aecotnp illy iba .wn soul to th ? tlndof*
world, and they must go with Him, cither to th# dca
psrtment of pleasnre or pain. And hence He promised
tin- penitaat malefactor that they two would go to
j.. tb. r that 'lav into the blessed division of Uudi?. into
j?.ti .* !? ??-: while ?i! suppose that the impeuiU tit thief
went into the outtcil region* of H^U-b. Their bodies
were alike to go into tin- grave, their spirits Into the
Invisible world. What a solemn uptvt this thought
give* to tht' tact that Jesus tu His human spirit. dis
embodied, held near relationships to other di. em
bodied human spirits, while His body also hold us
hoar relationships to other human dust during tho
interval between His death 011 the cross and ills
resurrection! How perfectly human our Lortl was in
all Ills relationships before His death and in His
death and after His death! His life is the history of
human fluctuation* from tho manner t >the gram
And in death, being cut oft out of the land
ot the living. He entered the paradise of Uod.
Whatever paradise i.~, or wherever it may be, it is_
Christ's kingdom. The reply of the Kedoeruer to tb<r
thiof imphos that paradise is a plane ot eunseious, SO
tual exu-umoe. He and the thief wore to go there in
company. When the text says. "Thou shalt not
leave iny soul in Hates" it throws light upon the lb
Uoeiuor'h dying set in commeuding His spirit to the
koepiug of HisFather, and Is an emphatic comment
upou the prophetic words, "Thou diilst make known
to me the ways of life. Thou wilt make me full of joy
with Thy presence."
A very lurge audience listened to Mr. 0. B. Kroth
Ingham's diaconivo 4n Masonic Teuipjson the aiibj.-ct
of ? lh< Building Up of Man." Among other things
the np. ak.-r -.aid that the aubjoct meant the r.^en. ra
tion. the apiritual lit., of man. He touched the ques
tion of how man be anie a human being, Maying that
miiurc makes n J provision for aa individual becom
ing this, that or the'other character. How the
embryo being shall provide for itself is th.- quiatiou
of questions. The germs in childhood cowo to
their growth, but there is nothing in the man
that may not be found in the hoy. Obser
\at.on teaches that men und women in our
days will be the same as those who have preceded
them in ages guue by. Ourselves must be taken as
v.o wer. made. In this way fatalism becomes a creed.
l>ut philosophy says that men's condition ouly ex
presses a curtain state of the blood and tho nervous
system, while the truth is that the surroundings and
social position of the individual determine what he
shall become, li.-ro is the croud of determinatii.u,
wluch is an idle, vogue impression that men are what
tboy are and cui nuver boconio anything elm*,. I* the
r-micdy to be found in education? Assuredly. Send
children to school and the world shall see what they
Will heroine. K.Itic.itu>u. however, (Ihsuuiom the ah
solute integrity of human nature. There muHt be
moiti thiin udtirutiozi; tin* #<xh1 in liiun muiit he en
courtgcd and the bud in him crushed out?eitiu-1
giushca. .then alter edn.atiou in the evangelical
1 "r overcoming this leper of animalism bv a new
revolution; a coming down of the Christ in lightning
alia nxincn. I hie am thi; idea of Moody and Sunki'v und
men of tueir tarn of mind, who believe that evil
doers must be coerced to do good. This method of
building :u. n up presumes that the individual is
s.rong enough to boar the tremendous strain that is
brought upon him in the effort of arruying one pas
sion against another. In this ease, if the man is not
strong, the Straiu is more than fie can stand and
vices and virtues are alike beaten out of him?he is
squeezed dry. aud tir.igs out a useless existence, for
the man cannot, after such handling, take a regular
easy, normal course on either side.
-ircjttjsaby ulu.siku.
Since the method of education is insufficient and
that of revolution dangerous, what remains'' That
of the proper training of little children when they
are open to good impressions. It is the business of
parents and guardians (for uo other powers cuu
reach them) to look out for tho mental and moral
welfare of their tender charges. It is only parents
aad mends who kuow child reus' weaknesses and
Mivngth, and it in t<?r thi iu to draw our aud divvrt
yonth so that e\ il will be suppresscdund good allowed
t<? take firm root. Sunday sebools. which originated
in the ILuaan Catholic Church, have a different office
from this?their office being t<> make Christians imt
to make mm and women. Their only object is u>
keep boys and gills ortno.lox. and for this reason the
duty ot training young people comes back to parent*
aud ^uurdian*. It is an oftice Ibat cuibt-s muon tears
and heart sicknesses; but yet it Is one that must be
done. Society, too, has something to say in the
premises. Still thu principal necessity is that lathers
and mothers should hold their children
by the heart-strings and lead th.-m right.
lJoiu*4 thi? education goo# uxnxiiitiuau llh! v on.
When boys aud girls are 110 longer
under tuition flu. tasiuing of the institutions
steps in. 1 hoso institutions are simply social habits
built into the forms ot lsws?such s.i the arts of archi
tecture, sculpture aud others. They tell us what
111 11 have thought to be light; but are not. from the
nature of the ease. perfect. Tho institutions that
prevail now were mad*, generations age, then fora
ill, 1 are i.ut up to tins level of knowledge in the pres
ent time, for there are men ot this period wiser than
th -so who have gone tv-h-re and who are able toiriii
ciso the institutions left behind. Think of the r. -
siraiuiug. disciplinary power there is in those institu
A man says. "I was born and made what I am a
cb id of destiny ? the devil's child, if you will?and
<\.u only do his work." Society says, "i'es; but if
you were ts-rn to kill 1 was born to shut you up in a
prison or take your life awayThus, fatalism is us
g..od a ploafor one as for the other side of tho ques
tion. hometitjies the terror of death or imprison
ment. which means jnstiea, subdues men ami makes
tin- criminal to walk straight vv.thiu tho rules of the
lusi.tutions. gome, men rant against institutions
which may be imperfect, barbarous, but yet are bob
tor than none; lor tho saving power i? in their abilitv
to resti.iin thi passions within their turbulent limits'
it is a question if there be .u,h a thing
as natural Justine, or justice at all. outside
the paio ul thi institutions. The just or unjust are
those w ho obey or disobey the .iistituted laws. The
teaming and discipline of the institutions are alwavs
going on and affecting every creature in society, but
all people have at certain period* felt tho nceessitv ot
acquit.ug new tastes and aptitudes, auch as litera
ture. science, the arts, useiulness. of oin-ning new
worlds of thought?in short, culture, Wh. n the .1?.
stre tor fame, reputation, power ceases to be a motive
to move wuu, then how valuable it is to have
this invaluable id.* of the world on which
to retreat! Institutions which may prevent
n? from injuring our neighbors w.ll not prot.-ct ua
lrom harming ourselves. It is, therefore, an imp.ua
tiv duty witu men aud women, before lile goes into
the sere, the yellow leaf, before desire l-eeouies -sine
to cultivate in some direction that i>ower of thought
which opens the golden gats of the ideal world. If
one has not the aptitude that compels him to go into
the kingdom of higher culture, whether he will or
not. it la his duty to do something to acquire it "I
Ik-scc h you young people." com luded tue preacher
"before tho whunantim doors of satisfaction urti
closed, to leave for yourselves a sate pissage into
that world of happiness, the ideal world of culture
where (here is uo disappointment, and where oou
t< utmcut never lades."
The Be v. I?r. J. K. Oallahcx preached in Zion
Church, corner of Thirty-eighth aU.wt and Madison
avegue. His text was -U<sl was in Christ reconciling
the world nuto himself." In the opening portion of
the discourse he said:?Wo are brought by this Herip
ture to a third stage on a lino of thought which liaa
alr.isdy been partially Uev< loped |n your hearing.
Vou were first asked to consider the question wmoh
was addressed by one of old to our Lord, "What shall
I do to inherit eternal life?" an^ along with It thia
simple hut significant answer, "Couiu, follow mo."
After biiefly going over the grounds of two former
discourse* ibo preach-* * line of argument was in
substance sr follows:?That Christ came on earth to
savs is recognised even by those who am not ready
to be r.UIe'l. We must notion the fart that s rious,
kliiuglitlul brings, prrpjuiixl or tniaiod by tho
existing unbeliefs, are nevertheless interested in
atiA concerned mentally about th- lifo and t-uchings
of the 1 hrlstlau Mast-r. If any one siioul-l say. "lhe
philosophy of Christian living Is worthy enough, its
ideal human character deserves approbation, bnt tlin
whole matter is far from the reign of practical affairs "
the answer Is. on our nsrt, "Not so; it deeply concerns
. viry man thai -om-tL into thu world, for it in n- t
m rely s th- ory, it 1- a vast world Is.??." it was m-t,
therefore, theological obstinacy which k- pt Chris
tiauity faithful to th-' truth and doctrine of tho
cross?It was a c .iiscioiisness that without it tlio
r-ligioa or Christ would he unsuited to thu very de
mands 01 th.--.-- who ->|jj?*t t - soum state .'mints of its
theology. Tlwt was our aocoud step. It is oreposed
now t.. say that "Hod ??? iu Christ reconciling thu
world unto Hitum If, ' with this rii-aulug and th-uiglit
iu tin- words, tiiat In the whole msiiifestatioii
- f the Bon of Mau In the moral life which He ex
hibits, in the truth which He communicate*, in the
priestly mediation which he carried on, making js aro
* ' I there is a revelation, ail appearing
of Hod to us. no tiiat W.i eau take notroi It and respond
with heart uiul iulu-1. I am not now insisting uis-n
the Statement that mighty and snis rh-misn works
were shown f.-rtb In Christ, that He commanded as a
king In th- fvalm of nature and flashed th.. signal* of
divinity upon an astonished world. I am rather
asking yen to look upon the Master a* taking hold
..f our humanity by th. certain and ? knowiudgod
l-ow-r residing- in Him and bringing it to a
plwe wh< re its .I*-, p. -1 end -*aai Is- satisfied,
it1 would l>? an lmpensibllity to give In a limit- d di
gdie of sjiai-e a proper idea of the force ef the manv
points made by the preacher. He clalm.sl that Iu
Iti I lively men Nsiogniasd the -Uff-ranna between g.s.d
and evil, aud li- said, "the gn.xl arc tie. seei.trul
king* of earth, reign.ug in human hearts by rlgW
divine." If. then, these Is-the IntUilive perceptions
of men controlling and regulating tii.nr moral |udg
meets and making the giound uf their regard for
righteousness snd love, we can iiiidnrsbiiel why the
i nur<li *?- simply bi.Ui. n to go and preach Christ
-:runified, for in llim was eihibli. I an unsuUinl lioli
i css w 1.1.1- ooukl boldly confront the hosts of enmity
and ask, "Which of you convict-th me of sin?"
There was no singl- fault f.euul in Him.
lli lite was utterly and wholly purv and Jim .h ath
th. eitpouring of Innocent bio.si. la conclusloulir.
OaUehur said:?Thus, my friends, reason la thu
guide to faith, leading it np by the way of fact and
nature to the Drone;md placing it on that height from
a inch th? whole i.'hriMum or *4 in aten uufoldmg
itwlf Mh light and help to the mini. aa the one aud
Btelfol nUhlucut of evaugelio truth. Oh, eplrit "i
truth, teer'h the bewildered, doubting aolll to wn1 the
eruoitlod aa tie i... and eoeiug liim.to any, "Surely tho
hold la ur thib place, and 1 knew it not."
The Feast of St. Cecilia was moat appropri
ately ctU br.itcd at St. Cecilia's church, llar
lcnj, yesterday morning. Holdout, if over
baa a Sear York church enjoyed fitter music
than that heard iu Father Flattery's little
church at 106th street aud Second avenue. Not only
did the efficient choir of the church do its best, but
many of the choicest members of Colouel Majti son's
Italian opera company volunteered their services in
honor of music's patron saint. There was no charge
for admission, but Colonel Maplcson held the basket
at the door and those who entered gave according to
tboir means or inclination, and a handsome sum was
thus collected. The programme, which was se'e ded
with great taste uud care, was interpreted by Mile.
Lido, soprano; Hue. Pisani, contralto; Stgnor Fra
polli, tenor; Hignor Del l'uuute, baritone, and Signor
Pyatt. basso. Signor Bisaccia accompanied the
soloists on the organ and piano with equal skill, and
to his excellent couductorship belongs a great
deal of tho success ot the musical arrange
ments. After tiiu singing of tho "Kyrto"
and the "Gloriu" Mile. Lido sang Gounod's
"Ave Maria." This may be looked upon its the
debut of this prima donna itt America, tor she will
not appear iu opera until Friday evening. Sb-ipon
rossos a clear and sympatlietic soprano voice, and
tiounod's hcautitul song, with its Itach accBiupuni
moiit. lost nothing by her interpretation. Signor Dei
Pucute sang Bossiui's "Pro Peceatis." and filled every
nook and corner of ttic little church witli his beauti
ful voice, and proved that ho is as much at home iu
sacred music as in the music of operas. The "Quis
est Homo," l'rom Rossini's "Stabut Mater,'* was
i ung by Mile. Lido ;iud Mine. Pisa in with
feeling aud delicacy. Mine. Pisaui's rich con
lrulto was perhaps heard to the bust advan
tage. in the. "Fac ut Porteni," which she sung
with gnat taste. Signer F'rapolli selected that in
spiring solo, "Oujus Animum," tor his contribution
to the programme, and his line tenor voice never
sounded clearer nor sweeter than it did In the bursts
of melody that go to make up thai famous itwcetiu.
Signer Pyatt sang the "Eja Mater" artistically, and
was ably a-isistcd by tbe choir of the church and the
members of the opera compauy in the chorus. This
well called "musical treat" w is brought to
a close with the "Haucta Mater," snug by
Mile. Lido, Mine. Pisuni, Hignor F'rapolli and
Signor Dei Pucute, Mr. Charles Wells, tho
regular organist of St. Cecilia's, accompanied tho choir,
wliich was on its mettle and sang its best. The
service was conducted by Father Peyitn, of St. Ag
nes' Church. Father Flattery did not preach a regu
lar sermon, btit confined his remarks to the life and
character of Si. Cecilia. Iu venerating this saint,
slid he, we intensity our love of (Jod. St. Cecilia
stands conspicuous in the noble choir as one of the
typical saints. In studying her life we are carried
back to the dark days of the Cs-sars. More than St.
Peter himself this noble lady sacrificed when she left
all and devoted herself to God. Peter was but a
poor fisherman, aud left but his nets and boats; she
was a noble lady of conspicuous distinction; hers was
no common origin, hers no ordinary name, buts.be
relinquished all this social prestige for her religion.
What wonder that she should be so popular among
Christians when she is everywhere recognized as the
patroness of the loveliest of arts, an art which lives
beyond tho Imumts of time and can never die! Like
the immortal souls of men there is nothing destruc
tive about music. It is music which illustrates flic
relation between art and religion. How much the art
of music adds to the profound mystery of religion!
How in the hour of exalted triumph it chants its
piPans! The Festival ot St. Cecilia is a festival of
music, and mtp-ic beeomoa more beautiful still when"
It is einblemizcd through such a life as that of this
saint. Enviabl ? is that professional art which has
such a saint for its patron. At the close of his ser
mon Father Flattery expressed his own and tho sin
cere ttir.uks of the congregation to the manager aud
his artists, who, iu their generosity, hart done so
much tor the cause of religion, and he expressed tau
wish that when Colonel Mapleson cuds his days that
st. Cecilia may come down to bear him up to heaven.
Mrs. Van liott continued bcr labors at the Eleventh
Street Methodist Episcopal Church during yesterday,
and was listened to by three large congregations at
different periods of the day. She commenced her
work at the morning service, which took place at
haL'-past ten o'clock. It was conducted according to
the regular form of the Methodist Church. The
congregation joined in siuging the hymns nod
prayer was offered by Rev. A. F. Morehouse. The
lady preached from the text, "Hallow my Sabbaths,
and they shall ho a ,<ign between me and you, that ye
may know 1 am tbo Lord thy God," taken from
Exekiel XX., 20. Hire said that God in establishing tbe
Sabbath bad designed that it should be for a
sign and a covenant with in< u. it is a sign
oi the g.HidnfBa of God, representing Him in most
benign and sy mpathetic aspect. It is to uieu, trom
the very fact of its establishment, a symbol of the
creation, the first great benefit that God has bestowed.
It is the (lay that God rested and trie day Ho hiMgiven
mankind to rest, and it is the day above
all others when human beings should seek
iu the bosom of Christ rest aud refuge
from tbe troubles and turmoil of this
world. God never meant that it should lie a day of
lisUc.-siu as. It should be a day of great activity, but
of that peculiar sort of activity that gives more re
pMW and relict to tho soul than any uaru state of
quiescence. The earnest Chtistian should tin 1 on the
Sabbath s >mc opportunity of approaching God,either
through prayer or ucU of charity. On this iluy we
ought, said sho, to seek what we can do for
the Muster, and not devote our. time to the st ular
reading anil amusements, the light literature, that wo
may tonch on other days without imperilling our
souls. This day is also that ou which Christ rose
from the tomb, and we should seek to make it oar
occanion to rise from the blindness, the night, the
death of siu ami infidelity.
The Sunday rhuol anniversary took place at two
P. M., when Messrs. J. B. Cornell, A. R. Hrumniell
ami Mrs. Van Cott addressed the children. The
> hurcli evangelistic corps held s prayer in.siting at
mx o'clock, and. OB its conclusion, the cv< niug aervice
took place. Mrs. Van Cott conducted the exercises,
which were opened with prayer by k- v. Mr. Mort
hci.se. A collection of f iuo was theu raised in
shares of $10, $.'? and $1. Mrs. Van Cott and
Mr. Morehouse both canvassed for subscriptions and
exhorted the congregation to contribute liberally.
Dr. D. J. LysUir. who preaches st Fetor Dwycr's mis
sion, expressed great dissutisfaetion at this prwc, oil
ing. He said it was unusual and calculated to give
dissatisfaction to those assembled. A member oi lli i
church expressed the same opinion to the reporter.
These gentlemen said thst Una sum ah<<uid
liave been raised on a week day, aud at a regular
business meeting. Mrs. Van Cott preached from the
words "What shall it profit a niau to gum the wind" i
world if be lose his own soul?" She aid ti nt,
though man scene to vulrn his sottl lightly, it is
really the most previous thing he ha-, since God ;
Rsi-med to consider it worth the sb> duing of His ;
Sou's blood. Sho then allowed thst wealth, pleasure,
fame, talent, arc all Ib-cUng, and only the graci or
God can avail a in an at the hour of death, and ended
by Inviting all to switch off the path that leads to
perdition, and find peucn for time and lilts.- for eter
nity in the bosom of Jesus. .Iff* r aonn further pray ur
m in I singing the meeting caiuo to a clone.
A huge map of Asia hung behind the pulpit in tho
Msilisou Square Church jester lay, aud thi Rev. Dr.
Tucker real an a beginning ot tbo afternoon service
the chapter of Scripture beginning "Why ito iiu>
heathen rage and the people imagine a vain thing
The sixth in the com so of Sunday aiteruoon
lectures had beeu announced and a goodly
number of people bad been attracted at four F. M.,
by tbe eiiunuucemi ut of tbe subject, which was,
"The Anglo-Saxon in Iudia." The map vu scarcely
mure than an outline map. aud tbo preacher could
hardly present more than an outline of Ms subject in
ttie abort time at his cotnih uid. The sketch which
he really gave, however, was graphic aud powerful,
aud very Inter-coting to all who have wat hod the ad
vancement of Western civilization Ui the cradle of
Fas tern knowledge. Laying stress, as ho did natur
ally, on missionary cilort rather than physical ini
pro\i-iueiils?on the march of tbo Church ratiier than
the march of Empire- he pointed out the struggles
of the pioneers of Christian faith, and elaituc i lur
thta ? victory surpassing the h-ats of arms which
had shed glory on tbe British service.
The map that yon see, said he, 1 have put before
you that yon may m? tin- relation of India to Asia.
We are still in the giosp of the Eastern question,
last Sunday we left Russia In Jloumania anil Englniiil
iu Cjprus. To-day they arc In more dangerous prox
imity. An English iu my in three divisions is push
ing through the mountain passes, while Russia
staiuls watting. The polh y of Peter the Great was to
push for La-ui rn trade. England is pushin,; by tbo
water line prob -litig tlie HuesCat ml, and always striv
ing for near' r approaches. Cbliia. witii 6U,i*St BtU
h ruied with Kiupp cam ion, is watching ovonts. I do
not apologias Tor mentioning secular matters iu
lbs pulpit on tlie SidiTiath, for tie v all
have to do With the kingdom of God. In
continuation of the relation bstpeen civilization and
Christianity a missionary ban saiit that the progress
of Christ iuiiity is most rapid in tU. Ugh' t clvlliza
tiou. (ioil it> working by tho uutiODS. H. -?.'Is all
the nations to us. England thiou ;li her < olouiea oc
t upics ouc-aixth of tin' globe. X have to tell a stivey
to t!io glory ami tic sliuuieof England. lli-r rolatioua
With iiiilia involve talking of the conversion of Eng
land and of the conversion of India. I hope to sliow
tiiat Uod hating measurably converted England, them
is hope of the conversion of Imliii. England did not
obtain India -by conquuat. India hue always been
tulud. ihuius, Alexander ami the Mohammedans had
conquered the laud. In lfihO the Kant Indian Com
pany was formed. England went to trade. s? Por
tugal hud gone before. Annum the atoexholders were
people of all classt -. In I0S.1 tho slock w as SOU per
e nt premium. The company acquired territory' and
ruled by armed toree. Then cu.'iM the et >yua of
t h .vuudol Warruu Hastings. There were vast car
r'.qit i >ns and Euglaud's conscience was moused. In
Tisk it was said England had erected no churches ami
no aehoolt>, no bridges or highways. Maeauiay
said during*the tivo years after Olive s withdrawal
tho lniagovrrument of En gland was without paral
lel. lie denounced the uupriuciplod eagerness
of tho company's servants to be rich.
But after Warren lias tings' downfall the gov
ernment took control and there was honesty in the
conduct of affairs. In lslff catue the struggle of
Wllberiorce for moral and religious enlightenment in
India. Tite lecturer then rtud cxtr.uts showing the
opposition of the directors to missionary effort.
Every missionary who did not is>ek the protection of
toe Danish government was banished. No Aim ikau
iniSMonary was allowed to set foot lit India. When
henry Martyn, who was not a mission
ary but a chaplain, preached Christianity he
was answered by another professed Chris
tian clergyman, who denounced him fur trying
t i convert the heathen. But when evert Sydney
Htuith said bitter tilings, ot which he afterward re
pcutcd, there wus a growing sentiment of conscience
in England, and Wtlbcrforce, though he fought alone,
won a victory for toleration in his second great bit
tie, the first being against slavery.
unman contiuiu.
Afterward the British < tllcials were practii htg a con
ciliatory policy. Ill lH&'i tho iii'ltish were paying in
one dependency over three millions of money a year |
lor the support of idolatry, for the repairs ot
tempies, the support of daueing women. Ate. Brit
ish officers saluted idols. Natives were whipped
into drawing the car of Juggernaut. Between seven
uud eight hundred widows and children were burned
every year. The fourth period of English rule date)
from the mutiny of 1357. 1 shall not speak of tho
a.if el K'eiies of the. mutiny. Vou know them well.
Daring that mutiny not a native Christian was dis
loyal. Caste wus liovcr alter this recognized in tho
; lily. A gfe.il ch'Jl.gO followed. Sir William Tem
ple, Governor Uolicrul of Bengal, szid that the natives [
: or mod no long* r to mistrust tun missionaries, and '
that indeed the missionaries seemed actually popular. ;
Tills is the story of the conversion of England. First, .
the straggle of 1700 for honesty; second, the struggle of i
lHlii for toleration, and last, the struggle following I
the mutiny for recognition and co-operation with ?
mission: ty effort. Vou may say the mutiny did it. 1
but tell me - .'hat broke slavery in this country Na- ;
tloni: do not reach great truths often except through
greet wars. Back ot all material crises is tho growth
oi Christian thought anil feeling through the nation.
England now holds the scales evenly between tho
I'Hfive and the Angle-Saxon. She protects the na
tives and cnconrugcN self-government in all matters
except those in w hich it is vital l'or British power to lie
maintained. After the conversion of English thought
have we not tho right to speak of tho conversion of
India from idolatry V Next Sunday we slutll speak of
lids?the conversion of India and what are the
r.'UHons for Uoxiing for it.
XtEV. DB. 'TING, hit., AT HOLY Tiff NIT Y.
I was invited by the young people of the parish of
Holy Trinity to address thum on them topics, " Tho
Mountains of Israel," said the elder Br. Tyng yceter
tia;/ afternoon, speaking from his son's puijdt in H .ly
'Trinity, in the seoond of his eiiirse of seriuous to
young men. The body of the church was crowded
and tho gall ry was sparsely tilled with people. \s
tho aged pastor was wheeled forward to the reading
flesh he noticed many of his former parishioners of
bt. Or irge's Church among tho congregation.
The special text for this mountain?for each of the
mountains of Israel has its lesson?is, "They came to
the desert and there the Israelites encamped." This
mountain here referred to is Mount Sinai. This
mountain will be remembered by men us the scene of
the giving of God's commands to His ehos tn people.
It Is lofty, three miles in length, and situat. d in
a rocky region of Arabia Fctnea. It has two
elevations, and in one of these was encamped the
L-raelitcs, and there they heard the voice of Goo.
There we stand to day in thought, in the valley, with
the two lofty summits on ottr right. Tho Israelites
were there in Moses' time to meet the Gqd tiieir
lathers knew. In their loug bondage in Egypt they
had lorr alter their God and set up a golden calf in
His stead. Standing, as wc do to-day, before this
mount, what a lessen for us! How often have wo
set up the golden calf ? In our lilu we look early for
our Idols, and this idolatry clings to "is later on, till it
develops into a passion, and than wo stand before
Hind in our loud of guilt,
The Israelites felt that they could not look upon
thoir God with the weight of this load of th"ir sin.
but it wan acknowledged ut Sinai that there was one
Being who would shield them. Jesus, the Uod of
Belvailon, would take them by the hand. When wc
meet linn at Hinai it u> necessary tor us to throw off'
our idols, as the israelii* s did, and stand before the
tie 1 of Salvation untrammelled. Thus we sec the Sa
viour, as the God of Hiuai, giving tut peace uud
happiness. As they stood before the rook soute time
previous with their load of guilt they were cowering
m their consciousness of It. Tliey arc now raised
ou high beneath the shadow of Sinai, uud are com
manded to depart in peace, for their faith ins made
tbeta whole, Bear lriend, what arc thy relations to
Hiu.ii ? So you stand there cowering? If ao, shake
off the loud of guilt, and be raised up beneath tho
shadow of Slnui and accept the hand that Jesus holds
oid to you.
ltov. Dr. Tyng, Jr., said that the usual Thanksgiving
service will be held on Thursday next, ut eleven
o (dock, after which the Harvest Home festival will
take place. He WL-heil ilott'itions sent in during the
week'for t Iv IVatsHly Home for Indigent Women and
for the Home at ding Sing.
It In but three years eirira the province of St.
Elizabeth?consisting of the monaateries of Mohawk
Hill and Crogban. is New York State, and of i'atcrsou,
N.J. timndcd by the Eranctecana. Tho monk*
constituting tliI* province came fr?>ni the province of
St. Kli/.ibcth, in Fulda, Germany, wliere they
< w iiei! a large amount of property, both real
and personal, and wheaoe they were driicti
by peraecutiou. The inhabitants of the cloia
trr at Patcrron eoiiMi?t of Mven priaata,
eight lay brother* and three clerical atinienta. Biff hop
Oorrigan, of the New ark diocese, gludly granted thetu
penuiHMion to remain in bin diocese, and no the monks
at ojicu act about aeeiimulatiug property. At tirvt
tin y purchase 1 a bouse which had lieen formerly
need UN a reiitince, but at* thin was in a pin t of I'at< r
aoti at Noun difetan o from any Catholic Church tho
Franciscans found largo ntunbt ra (locking to
their religious KereiM, and aoon organized
quite a congregation. Their nioih-Nt home
wan, however, too small, and, eo tlmy erected
a large two Ntory building to aervo an a chureh
for tho congregation, and also to acconnuo late
lneinl e.w of their own solely who k< pt flocking
0vi r from Germany. Though hardly three years have
passu 1 thair buildingH at Batenton haw a,am proved
inadequate for tho d"i:iatids made upon them, and ao
the construction of a new btlil ling line been d cided
upon, Umi corner a to no of whicn was la'd yesterday,
Eight liev. Blah op Oorrigan, of the Newark diocese,
ante biting.
In the nu,ruing, at ten o'clock, a noI. mn nigh mans
wan read, Bishop Cocriyan oollvarlng an eloquent
amnion on the guhpcl of the day. At two o'ukick the
ffervleoot viNpera am teal, and at three o'clock the
ci remoniea of laying the corner elnttii oegan. In (ho
corner eUiue, hratdi* (he tiNiial quantity qf coins,
paper* and other articles, wae placed an iiietrutneut
written on jam htnent by Bishop Corrigau, in which
he declared hie willingness to allow the lYanelaeaiH
to Nojouru .in hiff dio< cm , aud alao a record of
tie: laying of the corner atone. Tliia was
ail e'l timed ill a leaileu bo - and placed in
the hollow of the corner atone. \fter the
maxima had fliiishrsl tiieir work the requiem. "Vcni
Creator,'' w*h auug, and the stone blcaat it,titer whi >h
tl ou pruaent formed themselves Into a procession
und man-had thrlen about tha foundations, tlic
Btahup sprinkling holy water umr the atone* aud
in irtar, thiiff eAiiaocratrng tliem to the aorvtoe of (hid.
The Bishop then delivered a ff'.iort nddrraa. and the
lmaaeOM throng or people who liad witnessed the
c reinony ti-om the banka and hridgea of tlie Morria
Canal and the aide of tlie Garret Mountain dispersed.
The Htyle of the areiiiteeture ot tlie building la tlie
hv/aot inc. 1? will bo i:mj feet in length. #7 feet iu
Width and 141 feet la knight. It is aapectod that tho
Inkldlnt will be completed bf Christmas, whan, the
ix u<K":raUi>u will fake place.
A alight lira occurrol at Hi, Stephen's Ilonian
Catholic Church, on Fast '1 wenty-niglith street, yos
tcniuy morning. Before tho congregation b? guu to
aan'iulile for high niaas a apark from ona of tho
light" in tha urch tlirjoUy undur tha
a! ylight fell upon the altar and act ttru
to some looae fringe end altar linen.
The an* ton, who happened to lie im ar the altar at tiui
! time, extinguished the ilaioea Iff-foro any aertoua
damage rcHuUed, although the altar had to be ro
dfeaeod l?efiife high iuuh. Hail tlie aoctdent uwarnii
. a little later, or whii- tho nine o'clock maaa waa
I going on. a nanic iiuaht have aueuad.
The great tein|K.Tunco lecturer, Fraud* Murphy, ad
dressed throe Urge audiences yostorday. In On
morning he spoke in the Fourth Street Methodial
Episcopal Church, in the afternoon iu the Seventh
Street Methodist Episcopal Oliureh. and in the even
ing iu the hove hull of tho Cooper Union. In every
place He was greelo 1 with the sumo entljusiustlc wel
come that has marked his progress ever since ho
camo to New York, and tho evidence* of tlia
good result or hia labors wero every whero
niado manifest by thoso members who earns
forward after each service to sign tho pledge.
In tho Seventh Street Church, in the afternoon. Mr.
Murphy took for the text of his discourse the flftoentl
chapter of Luke, the story of tho -Prodigal Son."
Alter reading thai vivid description of the return ol
the prodigal and tho manni r of ltis reception bj
liis father, how he was liubitcd in costly go*
inouts and a gold riug put on his linger,
Mr. Murphy said:?"We must put good clothm on
?he reformed drunkard that lie may stund once more
among liis fellow men and not be ashamed to be seen,
and 1 want yon to send nm all tho coats and vesta
and pants and (thills. and diamond studs, if you please,
that you have to *i?uro, that I eau dress these
pnor men and malio them look like tlio ivspii'tablci
people tliey see around them. Many o! these men
have hud good homes, are men of good education
and of line instincts, and arc possibly, after their ro
form, ashamo 1 to h" seen among religions people on
account of the wretched appearance of their garments.
I kno\wwb?t it is to want a coat, and I know how 1
ldt when 1 did not have a decent one to put on."
"There ought to be a little more of the spirit ol
Christ." continued Mr. Murphy, "among Christian
people, and not so much sclf-rlghttousness. A
druuktrd is not tho worst man in the world.
If lie was not a drunkard lie might have been some
thing else. If people's noses would get red every
time they told lien there would be a sad laek of cloai
complexions in this world. It is necessary always tu
have a lit tic charity. The liiau that fall* by
the wayside is not tho worst man,
no more than the soldier who falls out of the ranks
through physical weakness is the worst soldier. J ho
gentlemen of the pencil who wit here before me know
that one man can take t *ii drinks and do
his work, while another mar. cannot take two.
Hut the gentlemen of the pencil have done grandly
for the cause. Wore it not for that tremen
dous engine of modern elvilizatian, tho
press, the individual work of Francis Murphy
would amount to but little, comparatively.
The drunkard needs, more than anything else, s.v in
pathv ?} 'hristi-iri sympathy?and when he does take
the pledge to ulietaiu 'rom intoxicating drink let liim
always understand that he ha* tile sympathy and
good will of all Christian people. Give him a helping
h ind, that lie may once more hold up liis head among
liis fellow men.
m.AUi.so wnrmcsa is tiik ooon oausr.. ?
Mr. Murphy then called upon some of his recently
made converts to temperance to stand up and testify
to their conversion which they did to tho number of
The lice. Mr. Whitwdl was then Introduced. Ha
Piid if he was a manager of a theological seminary he
would send all the students oure a week if nossible to
hear Mr. Mm phv and see how heeonduote t a meeting.
The reverend Jpiiiilenian said that, no man he had
seen for yens had the siime ability Mr. Mnrpliy had
to conduct a revival meeting. He was in hearty sym
pathy with him. with the cause ho was advocating
and also in hearty sympathy with tho drunkard.
? For it takes a large hearted man," said Rev. Mr.
Whltwell, "to be a drunkard, and a thoroughly 10
foi med drunkard is always a noble man."
At hilf-past seven last evening 'he hall of the
Cooper Union was packed v:,b poople, ami,
like u political assemblage, tlioy seemed to
have been ilrr-wn from 'ill elaaaea of society?
lie reliant*. bunker*. clerks, mechanics, sporting
men ja tact, us miscellaneous a crowd as over wag
Seen in that well known hall. On the platform we,ra
Mr. Tharl'iw Wend, Mr. William K. Dodge. Mr.
Thomas B. Fittman anl several other distingiiished
citizens. The meeting wus opened with the hymn.
Mr Murphy eommencfed by saving that he had just
been listening to Mr. and Mrs. Wilson sing
that lieautiful Gospel hymn. "Watching and wait
ing for me," and it occurred to him that there wero
bundleds liofure him who had somebody at homo
watching and waiting for them and whose hearts
would dance with joy it they knew that their hus
bands or brothers or lovers had signed the pledge.
"Tlien,"giaid he, "why not gladden those anxious
hearts at home? Why not take this pledge? And
take it not merely by signing this card, but take it
in your heart of hearts and have it engraven indelibly
there. Call upon Christ to help you by His saving
grace. Call upon Him to aid you in this the hour 6f
j our great struggle and be assured if the cry come in
earnest the necessary aid will comoW
Mr Murphy then called upon Mr. William E.
Dislgc, w ho nddr. asod the meeting in hia usual laau
lier for a short time, and, after another hymn was
snug. Mr. Thomas B. Pittmau was introduced
t.o the audience, who came boldly forward and
made liis Imiw to Iho iism-uiblago:?"I l*ve been
known as a moderate drinking mau." said Mr. Pitf
xmtu. "I don't want to be arraigned as a fearful ef
Auiniu. I heard of Francis Murpliv and I wont some,
dsv* ago with my wilo and a prominent English evan
gelistto the Seventh Street Methodist, Kpis
copal Church. 1 hearii Francis Murphy and
1 made uiy resolution tliat night ntvsr
to touch Uio intoxicating cup again. But
tlio only salvation for the drinking man, I firmly
believe, "is through and by the grace of God." Mr.
Pittmau, not to be outdone i>y Brother Shatter,
also produced a ouuntity el stiit'aiies, ^ gath
ered from the lire insurance companii s' rec
ords. from which he claimed that the average
of death, among intemperate persons was t vonty-1'ive
ptr cent greater than among ben potato people.
There was another hvmn in w hich the whole con
gregation joined, and Mr. Murphy concluded tho
meeting with in address on the beauties of u sober
life. He wa? listened to most attentively throughout
by the large audioure aud applauded vigorously
a'tbi close. In tho coarse of his address he said
that if the good work of temperance, which liail
now been fairly inaugurated In this city, would
continue, as It promised to do at present, tlera
would not lie crape enough in New York to
hang on the closed up liquor saloons, au 1 the bell
which would ring out thHr deal b knell would he as
long lived in the minds of men as toe hell that first
rug the cry of liberty to these United States.
Tlio meeting of the American Temperance Union,
at Clare-idon Hall, in East Thirteenth street, yester
day afternoon, wus made especially interesting by tha
preseneo of the Widow Vail Colt. Her address was
on "Houesty in Tsmpc.rauoo Work:"but further tliun
an allusion to au announcement that sho was to speak
at another place at the same time there was nothing
of a peis mal or mere local tntornst. Iu beginning
Mrs. Van tiotl said she thanked God for the priviln e
of this hour?that of shaking of honesty.
If we hwl more, honesty ae wouht hava
I more auccesa in the torupcranoe work. She then
complimented women for the part they are taking in
the cause ari l denounced the rumaeller in vigorous
language. She denied their honor and honesty and
I said in ninety-nine cases out of a hundred they had
| not a ronl worth saving. Hha plcadod for tli. jirivi
hi'e n r w imen of voting on the temporanea
oilstlnn. and pn.miaul in that case rutn
! nun dealing with tho rninmakiu* and
I ruin'sellers. But. said shi. it is liol
I men only who proffer the intoxicating . un?wonieu
also oxort a like Influence. Nearly everywhere th?r<l
| i< too much ruin power and too little courage and
! honesty in opposition. In Illustrating the detormina
1 tion and earnestness widch ought to char actor i/o
temperance workcra sho dewiflbei a scene at
the Itoanl of Brokers, wle in everybody waa
shouting at once. "Are these gentlemenY
1 she asked. "Ueutlemcu, yea; high toued.
j "Very Itich toned," Wus her comiuoiit:
I but thotr earnestness she comutendod to tamiieraaua
people. Her remarks were received with great ap
probation. but when sho deuouuecu the use of will*
at the sacramental table there w as a great shaking of
heads iu dissent. The hall was crowded to the doors,
ami while manv persons could not find seats many
ethers were compelled to go uway. not being ubm to
get w ithin earshot of the distinguished speaker.
UhU'lNO HAND cucnca.
The tier. W. B. Affloei delivered a dlncoarw In thn
Helping Hand TimiMitivn Ohnrch laet rvenlng. tak
ing for hi* subject "The Wumau That Unriod Five
Hu.rbiuula." It appears that noma mistake had been
made by Mr. Affle-k in gtvtng out the subject of hia
addrcn.* to the nnKa o? it had bean hia intention tn
stcwk of "the Woman that aU the Wldowa
\V<pt t)v?r," but he ?W that the beat ho
contd do wtta to go on -with the first.
After reading a peerage of Hcrlpture frotn John iv.p
ho roniiiom -U hia U^tnro, which was prin
finally In relation to the woman that C'hriet mat at
Jacob a well and wtked for a drink of watat. Maverul
tlmoa tn the diacourm Mr. AlBm k related aaaodotui
winch produced umakWable laughter. He gave out
socral notice*, among tbem one saying that ou Mom
day evening, the'Jd or December, a eerie* of revival
temperature meetings would i?e comm. mod nt tho
ciuirch iuulcontinued during tic week, and that l?r.
t'ttylor and Dr. 1'almagu, uf lirouklyn, would be
among the apaakcra.
The audience at Cooper Inatitutu yester lay after
niMin nundit n-d about fifteen hundred. The services
wen-enlivened by a choir, who sang "The Mweet Hp
and lip," 'i'lill fDr the Htaoro" and other reiectiona
frotn cue Moo'ly and Saukcy colicctiou. Inhered
drew at this place, at a quarter pant four o'clock,
Mr*. Vau Cott *aid;?"1 was called upon to
pray the other day at tho Kb ventli street Mission.
There worn eight mou at the altar, and the foal fume*
of the cup caine from HI oi tlv m. What a liorrifyiuj
ape t w h ! ' St yer in Her lite bad tthn touched a drop
or intoxicating spirits, and if *hc were dying ahe
a*k< d that no one would oiler to ravtve har by pre
senting a glasu of wine to hut lipa. At the clone of
the lecture about tliirty persons, mot Up boys, want \
1 forward to a Ian the tdodira.

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