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NEW YORK HERALD
| BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. \ JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PBOTR IF.TOR. tiit* duly herald, p?bn*i~i ?. . v ?'??/ <? "? Tluvt per euB.v cxciiided). Ten dollar* per yt,:n . or at a rate of mug deliar ih*p month for any period h-** tlmti *t"c month*. i?i* fv? dollar* fur listnwntlis, edition Included. f'?e of ouilttfft*. WKttKX.Y HMKAIJ??i>110 dollar per year, ft?e of po?t ? L'?. NOTK K TO SL'HSC'RfHKUS.? Remit in drift* on Sew Y ?rk or Post Oilicit money ? rtli r?, mid where neither of thane can be procured aetid the umwey in a r* <i#'??>#?#?? / letter. All money remit ted at ris.it of minder. In order to itmure alien I'mi ?iibacHl?ei * wialifinf their nddivus changed mU*t ijivo their old na well ^ .tlirir new itWrem. All baaine**. new* loiter or tole.^rttjiliic 4efc|i?tch?? ?ttit be ad dreaded N KW VONK 11K if \ ? r?. J,*tteri joid package* should he properly sealed. Rejected couiiiiunientiona will not be returned. PHILADELPHIA OFFIt'E? NO. 112 SOUTH SIXTH STREET. I <?NIX?.Y OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK liEKALD M>. St FLKliT sTHMET. PaiUS OFFK'K?lf? WESVK I>E L'OPEKa. .N \PLKS OFFIt'K?N'n 7 SIRAI?A PAUli. Siibaetiption* ami iwlvertiaeiuent* will >?e received unci forwarded on ;he antne t irrus n* in New York. fOf.liMK XI.Ill .NO. AMUSEMENTS TO-NIGHT. BROADWAY THEATRE?Owo. BOWF.KY THEATRE?Fuuswunu*. NEW YORK AQUARTOM?Thai.\ ka JIoksibs. Wallace s theatre?oehTIpk, UNION SQL" A RE TUEATRK-Thb B.ivsu'.- DilOUies. BOOTH'S THEATRE?Laa* u l.(if in * STANDARD THEA1 RE?Ai.h<i?t a I.ifk. vT. JAMES THEATRE?Uiruiw.h-trmori.A. PIETII AVENUE TIIEATRE?JUa.iikuko. MULO'S (LVUDEX?Akoi ad thk WoriLu in Eicutv Data UK AN It OPERA HOUSE? Ouk Boakim.su UOWIC. J'ARK THEATRE?Co?>: or or KBMor.3. THEATRE OOMIQLE-Lukuaikk. OEKMAMA THEATRE?Doctob Klaus. FOIXY THEATRE?Littlk. Ho Pkkp. LYCEUM THEATRE?DocsOe M ikbmub. SAN FRANCISCO .MINSTRELS. WINDSOR THEATRE-Vakixtt/ riVOLI THEATRE?YAnit.Tr Kl'RTZ OAI.LERY?AsTiuurs. TONY FASTOB'S?YaBitenr. E<! Y PTI AN H ALL- V A r.11 tv ABERLE'S AMERICAX TilF.ATBB?Yabibtt. UNION LEAGUE CLUB THEATRE?Li Souk?. BROAD ST. THEATRE, PHILADELPHIA? UKtt Dab'l. NFAV YORK. TUESDAY. UECKXBER 3, 187S. TRIPLE SHEET. The probabilities are thai the weather in New York and its cicinity to-day will be colder and partly cloudy, possibly with occasional rain, J'ol loirrd by charing. To morrow it wiR be. warmer and partly cloudy, with threatening hulirations. Wau, Street Yesterday.?The stock mar ket was active and steady, (told opened at 1(K)V> and closed at 100*4. Government bonds were firm, States steady and railroads strong. Money ou call was easy at 15 a -1 per cent, clos ing at 2*?j per cent. llWECTOR yI'KRAY says there are uo new de velopments in the Stewart case. No, nor in the Manhattan Hank robbery. The Latest model downtown clerk is only nineteen, and the list nt' his accomplishments and achievements includes burglary, embezzle ment and forgery. If the New Excise Bii.l. of the Law and Order League ever becomes a law what a rush there will be for the liquor store inspectorships for which it provides. Ir Wll.L IlK Skew from oar court reports that General Shcriduu has a half a million dollar suit on his hands, with General Butler in command of the attacking counsel. This is w orse than an Judian campaign. Instead or a Ksdi ctiox the public debt statement shows an increuse of three million two hundred and odd thousand dollars in No vember. For tbis we Lave to thank the gra cious Fisheries Commission. There is a 1 a ll ia the Breathitt county (Ky.) war. but no one can tell whether the murderous lections have bad enough ot it or not. Mean while Governor McCreary is waiting for '? offi cial" information before he interferes to preserve the peace. The Very Unfavorable Weather in Ot tawa yesterday mode it impossible to tarry outg atr the details of the splendid reception that hai beeti prepared for the Marquis of Lome. The capital of the Dominion is not, however, to be ctnated out of her holiday, and to-day and to-morrow the new Governor General will be wartuly welcomed to his future home. CiiNr.RKSB.?'Die formalities incident to the opening ot the session, the reading of the Preai dcut's Message and in the House of Keprewuta tives a sonic* hut weak uttuek .upon the admin istration. were the chief events in Congr. s* yee terday. Resolutions in regard to the silver, the yellow fever ami the Southern election questions were offered in the Senate, all of which were laid over lor iuture consideration. Altogether the session was harmless, which is some eouso 1 at ion. GlnERaI. Sherman, while entertaining the moat profound respect for t lie ability of Secre tary bcbitrz and his Indian Commissioners, is tiiuily of the opinion that they ?-ati never man age the Indians, and does not hesitate* to say so in a letter to the Commission now investigating the question. On the other hand, he is con vinced that the army can and will solve the problem if it gets the chance. If turned over to him he promises less cant, but a great deal more common sense ami honest v. The \Vfather.? As the storm centre that wns developed in the Southwest moved through the central valley districts it cante in contact with the depression that was advancing over the lakes, and in a very short time tho two joined and formed one great depression, with a centre of disturbance over the lower lake region and tbe Middle Atlantic States. '1 be area of high pressure that lay over the northcustcm districts retarded the eastward movement of the depres sion, so that very steep gradients were Armed on the New llngland coast, producing strong gales in that region. The centre of lowest barometer is moving rapidly toward Novo Scotia, and bad weather will be experi enced on the 1 mist north of Sanrly Hook during to-day. Another disturbance is organizing in the Northwest, which will be severe on a< eopnt of the low icmperatnres that accompany it. ILtiu has fnllett in the Middle Atlantic ;.ud New F.ngliiml States, the lower lake regions and the South Atlantic coast. Heavy snows are reported m the Northwest. Tbe wind* have been strong du the Middle Allautlo and N? vv Knglnnd const and the Northwest, fresh to brisk in the lake regions anil the eastern Gulf mid light in tbe otber districts. There, has been a geworal fall in temperature in the Southern Stales anil iie central vallsflT district#. Kiss where it has iiscn. It la very probable that the depression iu ;he Northwest wiil take a course to the north of our dietrfet.so that wo may not eiperteuca Very inucii 1 iiungi- in the weather during it* pas sage. The weatbe:- in New VorL audits vicinity fedsy will he colder and purtly cloudy, possibly w ilk oe'-asioual r.tiu, followed by clearing. To morrow it wrill be wanner and partly eiotnly, with tores'ening indication* Pifsidt-itl Ilayvi' Mr Hayes' second annual MeuAge is moderate even to Umeuess. It is more re markable for the omissions which imply a reconciliation with his political party than ! tor recommendations looking to legislative I action. Wo do not assert that the Prcsi- ; dent's extreme moderation is not wise, for there is nothing in the immediate situa- i tion which calls lor ' boldness, and j experience has taught him* the in ' utility of displays of political vigor which evaporate in the mere utterance. The i party composition of the two houses ; Is such that no really great measures of , legislation arc possible at this session, and 1 tho President wisely abstains from offeriug ? futile propositions.' Plain and nerveless as this Message is, the President evinces ! good sense and sound discretion both in 1 what he says and what he omits. Tlie most noteworthy of his omissions is | his total silence ou the great subject of a reform in the civil service, in which he has heretofore taken so zealous an interest. j In his letter of acceptance and inaugural j address this topic held the foremost . place, and it occupied a large spaco in the annual Message of last year. It is not probable that he has changed his views on this subject, but he has learned to dis tinguish between what is desirable and j what is practicable, and will no longer j obstruct his usefulness in other respects by an urgency of which the only effect has been to estrange the leading men of his purty and to cripple his influence. It is more consistent with his personal self-re spect and official dignity to make this tacit retreat than it would have been to indulge in complaints or apologies. His silence is significant, and will be generally interpreted ns betokening future harmony between the President and his party in Congress. The other striking omission is not quite so suggestive, because it is imposed on him by a change of circumstances. Iu bis Mes sage of last veur President Hayes dwelt at length on the excellent efleets of his South ern policy, claiming that it had been notably vindicated by the restoration of peace and good feeling and by a more humane treat ment of colored citizens and greater respect for their rights than had existed at any pre vious time since their emancipation. There is nothing of this congratulatory tone in the present Message. Events have disappointed the confident hopes expressed by the Presi dent last year, and he repeats only that part of his former declarations in which he pledged himself to the full protection of every class of citizens. This change of tone is justified by events and explains itself; bat it will also contribute to unite and strengthen the republican party by re moving another cause of difference between its leaders and the President. The attitude of Mr. Hayes toward the perpetrators of the recent election frauds is just and wise, and he ought to bo sup ported in it by fair-minded democrats, as he is certain to be by the whole republican party. The President in dulges in none of the screechy ex aggerations which are so common with the Haunters of the bloody shirt. He is careful not to make his accusations broader than the facts. He does not arraign the whole Southern people, but only the com paratively small number of localities in which the frauds have been perpetrated. This discriminating moderation of state ment and the evident spirit of regret in which the subject is treated are fitted to secure the candid construction of just and thinking democrats. The President's ap peal to the Southern people to correct this evil themselves is well directed, and we trust that it may be heeded. The democratic party could not commit a greater lolly than it would be to array itself against this part of the Message. President Hayes does not seek party advantage, but only justice and equal rights. He has every motive for wishing the success of the South ern policy with which he set out, and would gladly see it vindicated by such action on the part of the South as would justify the confidence he reposed in tli&t section. Here is a golden opportunity for the democratic leaders to prove their sagacity and their sense of justice. If they will give n vigorous support to the President in the reasonable and moderate position which he has assumed on this dangerous and ex plosive subject they can take the wind but of the sails of the bloody shirt republicans and destroy the most effective part of their political capital, but if they should inuke war on the President for this portion of his Message they will reap the consequences in a solid republican North in the next Presi dential election. Excepting the Southern question and the recommendation of precautionary measures against the introduction of pestilence the Message is chiefly devoted to a brief history ; of our foreign intercourse and a recupitu- , lation of tLe leading points in the several j department reports and indorsement of their recommendations. The President ex presses a firm and confident belief in the success of resumption under the laws as 1 they stand, and does not desire any impor- , tant changes in th"m at this session. "In the present financial condition of the conn try," he says, "I am persuaded that the welfare of legitimate business and industry of every description will be best promoted by abstaining from all attempts to make radical changes in the existing financial legislation. Lot tho herding influence of time, the inherent energies of our people, and the boundless resources of our country have a fair opportunity, and relief from present difficulties will surely follow." There is good raw on for believing that, in spite of some d'bate and agitation, this sound view a ill prevail. The President has considerable to say on 1 the Indian question, but he carefully re trains Horn committing himself for or against the transfer of Indinu affairs to the War Department. II? earnestly favors reasonable attempts to civilize the Indians by bringing them to abandon their wander ing lite and sottle down as agriculturists ' and herdsmen. He speaks hopefnlly of tii* prospect of settling our border difficulties with Mexico, j expresses confidence in the good intentions i of the Mexican government, and has a good , word to any for the international Exhibi tion which is to be held in Mexico next year. He also takes akoptful view ot an increase of our trade with brazil and other South American countries. lie recommends some legislation for carrying out the new postal treaty: favors relief of the Supreme Court from its over whelming accumulation of business by a largo addition to tbe number of circuit judges; indorses the suggestions of the Sec retary of War, and makes some other minor recommendations. On tbe whole, this is a cautious, judicious and conciliatory, al though not a very striking and in no respect au original Message. Rneila Gives Notice That She Means to Slay. "Prince Lobanoff informed Safvet Pacha that the Russians will evacuate Bulgaria and Roumelia conformably with the Treaty of Berlin, but that they will continue to hold Adrianople and Thrace pending the Porte's acceptance of n definitive treaty." By this statement, therefore, the Sultan's government has been put ia possession of Russia's view as to the bearing of the several j treaties in operation on the point of the Russian evacuation of the Turkish territory, ! and understands that Russia will nol with- | draw her troops merely because some We$t- ! ern diplomatists are of opinion that the j Berlin Congress intended to provide that i she should withdraw them. This notice has [ been given, doubtless, in pursuance of the report mude by Count Schouvaloft'of tbe re sponses he had received in Vienna and in London, whither ho wont from Livadiu to confer with the Austrian and English gov ernments on this with other subjects. In England, it will be remembered, the reports represented that he was treated somewhat de haute en has; and we suggested then that this ill timed exhibition of bad temper meant simply a failure of the British Ministry to come to an understanding with the personal representative of the Czar on the difficult points which England holds are covered beyond dispute by the Treaty of Berlin alone, bat which Russia regards in another light. No doubt it was a very great sur prise to England's two representatives at the Berlin Congress to learn that there was no provision in their treaty for a generul evacuation of the' Turkish territory. It was a surprise to the French even, and so serious an authority as the Journal des Debats pronounced the Russian view to be ridiculous and preposterous. It compared the Russian occupation of Turkey to the German occupation of France, and said that to yetuse to leave Adrianople when it had agreed to evacuate the other districts was as if the Germans, having agreed to evacuate one department of France, should have merely gone into another, which they might have done surely if they had not agreed upon a general evacuation of the whole territory by a given date ; and an equivalent to that has in the present case not been agreed upon. This notice to Turkey will be a now thorn in the aide of the British Ministry, lor the old game of calling the Russians names will not satisfy the country. There is the treaty, and people can read for themselves in that?in what is there as in what is not there?the record of Benconstield's and Salisbury's imbecile diplomacy. Decorative Art as a Practical Charity. The Decorative Art Society's Loan Exhibi tion closed last Saturday, and we are pleased to learn that the receipts have been large enough to render the permanent sue* cess of thin admirable benevolent under taking no longer doubtful. The exhibition was especially interesting as showing the improvement made since lost year's din play by those who enjoy the advantages of the society's aid, as well as in the evidence it afforded of the continued activity and zeal of the patrons of the enterprise. Artists who are in love with their own genius and critics who are ambitious to display their own acuteness may be disposed to turn up their noses at the articles exhibited and to pro nounce them very trumpery productions. But a, young society, having for its main object the training of women in a pursuit from which they may earn a livelihood, will scarcely aspire to place their proteges at once on a level with the most famous artists and workmen of the Old World, or to establish for them in the second year of their apprenticeship a high reputation lor originality and beauty of design. Wc know that the society is doing an excellent Christian work ; that it is encouraging artistic taste, gradually pro ducing artistic skill, rcflning and elevating the recipients of its care, and In every re spect meriting the encouragement and sub stantial aid of all good citizens. These facts are sufficient to encourage the pro moters of the excellent undertaking to per severe* in their good work, and to assure them that their benevolent efforts will be crowned with permanent success. The Dairy Fair. Governor Seymour's address at the open ing of the fair tor Jhe exhibition of dairy men's products puts before the reader very chastely and happily the purposes and prog ress, the system, the various excellences of method and the enormous successes ac tually achieved by tbo Dairymen's Associa tion. It is true it seems to lead up to the national apotheosis of cheese?to the view that the glory of the world is based firmly and unmistakably upon this sapid arid nu tritious substance. It carries just a step further n certain ancient astronomi cal theory of how the world was held up, for under the tortoise upon which all was superimposed it put the firm support of a yearly cheese of a million or more tons weight. People, says Gov ernor Seymour, rail about banks as if all the prosperity in the world depended upon them, and one year's product of butter and i cheese will more than buy the whole money circulation of tho country. Perhaps the niulden growth and great proportions of the cheese and butter nninutactory Is the taunt remarkable point yet in our industrial and commercial history. Philosophers who bavo said a great deal on the theory of co-opera tion as the source of satisfaction and wealth will do well to study the system of the American cheese factories as a practical and successful application of all that is good in their idea. Secretary Sherman's Heporl. The report of the Secretary of the Treasury is clear, able ami businesslike, and, although some of its minor poiu's are open to criticism, its broad geueial posi tions will be nc.epted by the friends of re sumption as sound and satisfactory. It touches on many other things than the preparations for specie payments, but this subject is of such engrossing interest that tho details of ordinary fiscal administration sink into insignificance beside if. The public has lor some time past been eager for precise information respecting the prac tical methods which the Secretary of the Treasury would adopt for carrying out the Resumption act. This lucid report con voys his mature and settled intentions on that subject. Of those the most important in its practi cal effect is his decision to receive legal tender notes in payment of duties. This, is equivalent to an annual redemption of the notes to an amount equal to the annual revenue from customs. The facilitating ef fect of this chunge will bo double. In the first place, it will diminish the employment for gold and thereby lessen tho demand for it at the Treasury. In the sec ond place, it will increase the em ployment for legal tender notes and thereby absorb the surplus (if there is any surplus) of that part of our paper cur rency. The reception of legal tender notes at all the custom houses in paymont of duties would of itself bring them to par without any other form of redemption, pro vided there was no increase ot their amount and no increase of the bauk note circula tion. The barely nominal premium on gold proves that our currency is but slightly redundant, and with the increased use for it there will be a deficiency which must be supplied either by the circulation of coin in current transactions or by enlarged issues of bank notes. Another important decision by Mr. Sher man is the fetusal to give any further gold certificates alter the date of resumption. Every legal tender note will then be in effect a gold certificate, and notes are to be prepared of the same denominations as the present gold certificates, in the expectation that the mercantile community will con tinue to deposit its gold in the sub-treas uries for safe keeping. This will absorb an amount of legal tender notes equal to that of the gold certificates which they replace, and will lighten the burden of resumption to that extent. Another decision is to offer legal tender notes in all payments by the government which are now made in gold, inclnding the interest on the public debt. When the notes are precisely equivalent to gold the public creditors will in most cases prefer them, but their option of receiving gold instead is to be scrupulously respected. Payment of all glasses of public creditors in legal tender notes will still fnrtber in craise their use and prevent tliem from becoming redundant. We had hoped that Mr. Sherman would establish other pointB of redemption be sides the Sub-Treasury in this city, but he seems to have decided otherwise. This is of little consequence since bis decision to receive legal tender notes in all the custom houses, which is virtual redemption very widely distributed. The new silver dollars will cause no em barrassment until their amount shall be considerably larger than it is at present. When legal tender notes are offered for re demption they are to be paid in silver or gold, according to the choice of the appli cant. We shall then be able to see whether the "daddyites" really prefer silver dollars to gold ones. Secretary Sherman will ac commodate them with either to the extent of the greenbacks tbey may ofl'er for re demption. . These several mutually supporting arrange ments are more than satisfactory: they are sagacious and excellent. With the agree ment made with the New York Clearing House for the convenience of transacting business, with tho ample gold reserve which the Treasury has in possession and its unlimited power ot acquiring more by the sale of bonds, it is difficult to imagine any contingency which could cause the great experiment of resumption to mis carry. In the Muddy Mississippi. Disasters that thrill the world with hor ror do not always occur where we have accustomed ourselves to look for them. Wrecks and fatal collisions at sea have given many an unfortunate a watery grave, while wrecks and collisions on the iron highways of the land have also filleil up the death rolls that from time to time are read in our columns. But when disaster over takes the voyager on our broad rivers, or leaves the pleasure seeker a man gled corpse at the foot of a thea tre stairway, an unusual emotion seizes the community and people justly doubt whether tbeTe is a solitary place of safety on earth. Tho loss of the steamer Cotton Valley by collision with the steamer Morgan on Sunday morning, the details of which appear in our special despatches to-day, furnishes another melancholy in stance of the insecurity to lite on one of the best known water routes in the world. Although the number of lives lost Is com paratively small, and bears a marked con trast to that sacrificed recently on the River Thames in England, it is only by a for tunate accident that we are not called on to deplore as awful a catastrophe. One steamer?the Cotton Valley is going np stream and rounding a bend. Another?the Morgan?is coming down the river with nil the speed given her by engines and a swift current. She also rounds tho latnl bend. A fierce gale is blowing the while and heavy rain is telling. The boats sight each other, the engines are stopped? but a grinding crash follows, and one steamer begins to sink with her passengers and cargo. There is no need to describe the often painted picture of bs>rror that fol lows. Panic seizes the majority of the half awakened unfortunates, whojump from their sleeping places to find the decks under water. .Some are brave, others frantic with fear, while n lew rush to death, tilled with anxiety lest they may be the only victims, and in their eagerness to escape make escape impossiide. What scene enn be more terribly tragic than that wherein a poor helples3 girl, half clad anil horror s'lioken, standing on the sinking vessel, goes down into the muddy waters fear ing a leap for lift that might have been u successful ont! On the other hand. an old lady leaps overboard and swims bravely to land, a distance of half a mile. The responsibility lor the collision rests more with the Morgan than the Cotton Valley, but the fury of the storm | made it difficult to manage vessels in a switt current during the night. We are curious j to know if any notice ot an approaching i storm, to affect the Lower Mississippi, was j given in New Orleans on Saturday, and if j the river steamers pay nnv attention to sudh notices? It is proper to note that the offi cers and regular hands of the lost steamer behavod with commendable courage, a quality happily not wanting in American captains and crews. Th* Great t'nkiiovv n. It h::s been said that the world kuows little ot its greatest men. The truth of this saying must have come home to our readers Sunday morning when they took up their Htn Li) and rend that the great contest be tween the lrieads of the most popular gen eral in the country lor tin sword at the Cathedral fair had resulted in favor of the unknown and the unsung Wiley. Hancock was beaten. Shields, with the wounds anil the honors of two wars upon him, was vauquished. MoClellan, the youug Napoleon of our early war days, wus remanded to a back seat Joe Johnston, the greatest soldier of the rebellion, was unable to muster a corporal's guard ot ad mirers. Sheridan and his fumous charger were distance t, while Sherman and the hundred gmerals who marched with him down info Georgia, and Grant, who received the sword of the Confederacy at Appomattox, melted into thin air as tlio conquering Wiley swept to the head of the lists in the J groat Cathedral competition. 'Twas a great I day for Wiley. But who is he? As i we read the stcry of "his triumph I wo turned to our war histories to | find the battles he had fought, the forts he had taken, the cities he had captured, the thousnuds he had slain. But among ten thousand heroes in the long list of bat tles from Sumter to Kicbmond the name of Wiley, our Wiley, was conspicuous only by its absence, and we became more than ever convinced that lame was a fable and history a lie. Else why was our Wiley ignored and forgotten? It is a cause for congratulation, however, that .justice has at last been done our great hero and that the conspiracy of the historians to rob him of his justly earned honors has been defeated. If it had not been for the great Cathedral fair and the exercise of the one-man power of 'l^immany Hall our Wiley would in all probability have gone down to his grave unhonored and unwept. In rescuing onr warrior from oblivion Mr. Kelly has earned uu additional claim upon our gratitude. He has added another brilliant name?the most brilliant of all?to tbe long roll of our heroes. If the discovery had been made sooner what might not have taken place ? In all probability Grant would never have been President and our Wiley would to-day be the recipient of all but royal honors in the capitals of the world. Now that Mr. Kelly has made a great general, if he could not make a Mayor, and that our Wiley is at last appreciated as he ought to bo, we com mend him to tbe king-seeking Bulgarians as the man of all men for their monarch. Onr Wiley, not Grant, is the hero they want, for has not Mr. Kelly shown that he is first in war, first in peace and first in the hearts of his countrymen ? National tiaarantinr. An important part of the President's Mes sage is given to the consideration of the ravages of the yellow fever in the Southern States and to the suggestion that Congress shall pass a law enabling the government to institute at all threatened points a sys tem of quarantine for vessels from foreign ports. An efficient quarantine against the tropical countries from which the yellow fever conies to this eountry would, in the opinion of all persons acquainted with the disease, absolutely protect us, us the fever, they are convinced, never originates within the limits of the United States. If their observations are accurate in this particu lar?and there is no sound argument against their theory?proper quarantine at New Orleans and other Gnlf ports would render impossible, in the measure of its vigilance, the repetition of suoh summers as the last in the Mississippi, and equally render those disastrous visitations impossi ble elsewhere. Neither need such a quar antine be conducted on the ground that non-interconrse is our only salety. That, it is true, is the doctrine of the yellow fever committee which reported its inquiries to the National Health Association. J?ut the experience of this port proves that commu nities may be protected in their health without injnry to commerce. All this is a subject the President has wisely brought to the notice of Congress, which we hope may deal with it as wisely. Schoolroom Headache*. Many people who have public school teachers among their acquaintance are flrmlv of the opinion that the schoolroom has a headache system all its own, and their impression would be strengthened if they were to interview boys and girls. There is nothing strange, about the complaint ; the only wonder is that it is not continuous and that anybody escapes it. With systems of heating and ventilation that arc almost ani formly detective, and, worso yet, under the control of janitors who have no knowledge whatever nt these departments of their business, nnd who are na apt as any other men to neglect or despise whatever they do not understand, many of our school rooms are boxea almost hermetically scaled, into which hot air is being driven and com pressed. The heat is frequently intolerable, the expired breath and other physical ema nations of the children pollute the air to a degree extremely dangerous to health, so teachers and children, who, at nine o'clock entered the room in fair health and spirits, emerge nt noon with listless step, aching head and deranged vital organs. Should a teacher s nature protest against breathing in poigon and sweltering in it, np goes a window, and straightway all the children in its im mediate vicinity are chilled and temporarily relieved from one danger only to submit to another. The condition ot the air of school rooms is no secret to boards ot education; it has been the subject of some statistics, by experts, which lorcibly suggest the Black Hole of Calcutta; but what is or has been douo to remedy it ? How many teach ers are competent to use such ventilating facilities as their rooms possess? Their own frequent headaches and those of the help Jess children elicw that the number is very smi^ll, and the some effects indicate that but lew janitors need fear to compare thoii records with that of the late lamented King Herod. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Some one sneaks ot Fernando Wood's billiard bsl sublimity. Count Von Beu*t ban presented Ins credea.ials ai Austrian Ambassador to .Franco, Nice little bit ot wit from Loudon FVa;?" 'Aw'-fu language.?Languid swells' talk." Sunset Cox is growing fat, like a 'Jice little rabbit The Utile fellow lias a big mustache. Honor Don Manuel It. Oar.'is, the Argentine Minis fcr. arrived at the Albemarle Hotel yesterday frou Washing mn. Tm Suuthrrn Planter, xiublished in Virginia. soy that the public school system is an idea importei from Yankee land, and likely to rob the brave 1st payers of the South. Senator Don Cameron, of Pennsylvania, has arrive, in Washington. Will .Senator Cameron bp so good a to go to a tailor who has the courage to tell him till a eoat that reaches to the waist is not the coat for I niuu who occupies u place in the United States Senate' Secretary o! the Navy Thompson, while at break fast at bis residence in Washington yesterday, wai utla.-ke 1 v/ith vertigo and became insensible for som? moments. Proper re undies were applied, and he re vived and was in very good spirits last night, though somewhat weak. Our politicians in the Fast must not make mistake about Kearney's influence in California. There i? something in the air of. California which make* men eager and anxious, and it affects the poor man and the hoodlum as much as it affvets the nervous bonanza specnUtor. The tight will 1* first of all between the hoodlum and the Chinaman. The Chinaman patiently makes green gardens. Tho hoodlum throws bricks at the Chinaman. Saturday Keiiew, speaking of William black's novels "Madeod of bar?," says:?"We have said that the boldness of Mr. Black's venture is justified by its success. We abotfld, fWr our part, have been mora pleased had he be in yet more bold and arrived at his goal without sending bis hero mad. However, as the novel stands, it reveals a decided gain on the author's part iu power aud inartistic perception, and through out it runs the charm of his style, the only danger in which is a slight inclination to tricklness." Pedestrians have long since stopped complaining of the brutality of drivers who have the streets and crosswalks to themselves; but the other mornjng wa were unite inclined to give the number of a young driver who on Park How backed up to a hardware store aud, after scattering a barrel of hinges over tha sidewalk through sheer lunkhcadel carelessness, tried to prove his smartness by kicking a nearby lager beer barrel among the heels of the passers, nearly knocking an elderly gentleman into a collar. Mr. .lames Sully writes:?"Persons at all senaitivi to noises are exposed to an amount of suffering which may appreciably color their conscious existence. Our mixed population represents all stages of huso an progress iu auditory sensibility. The man with ttucly set musical ear has [ironically to live With bar barians who uciually take pleasure in harsh and un lovely sounds, and with many more semi-civilized who are quite indifferent to such noises. Not only children, but adults love to tease and excite th?ir dogs, and this seems to show that they positively en joy the sensations of lotul sound which they thus evoke. Thf fondness of a certain class of people for screaming biids points to the same primitive condi tion of sensibility." THE KENTUCKY MURDERS. BI1EATHITT ( OrKTT TIKES -A BBKATHIVC. SPELL-? HOW THE MOB WAS Of TWITTED ? LITTLE, THI ASS A SHIN. SENT TO RICHMOND JAIL. [by TELEGRAPH TO THE HERALD.] l.mseTON, Kf.. J)(V. -J J878. There it a lull in the Breathitt county war. On Friday night Sheriff Hjggina, with apn?*e of twt^ity flvo well annul wen, took the murderer J. Little from the jail and enndui-tel him hy a circuitous route to Li-xinglon and from there to Richmond, iu the jail at which place he is to be put for safe keening. ?o that there it. Just now nothing to tight abont. Thin action of the Sheriff ww under the direction of the Circuit Court Judge, who before he left made the order dis posing of the prisoner, and swore the Circuit Clerk to socreny for three daya. The secret wan well kept, for had it become known a desperate attempt at rescue would have been made, (hi Saturday morning last a strong force of armed men marched into Jackson arid up to the jail, intending to release Little, and they wert much chagrined to find the bird bail tlowu. IJT1LE IN SAVE KKXPIMO. Sheriff Higgius pursed through Lexington to-day on his way to Ki< hniond. He had only eight guards with him. They looked as little like fighting wen as aa admirer of tliu militia could suppose. 'J hey wert toiind shouldered, stooped, pinched in the face, sluggllsli in luovcmeut and Altogether uniuartisL Each wore a navy six sliootor strapped to his waist, a weapon without which the Breathitt county man never travels. Governor McC'rtary has signified his willingness to send militia to straighten out the Jackson outlaws, but as yet we have received no offl | rial Information of the outrages. The officers having been killed or run off. and tlio newspajier report* be ing unreliable, something official may be done ia tht "jwest bye and bye." SHIP~ master drowned. [BT TELEGRAPH TO TIIK HERALD.] Nmr London, Conn., Dec. 3, 1878. The schooner Hattie N. Gore, of Gloucester, Mass., from Georgetown, D. C? for Portland, Me., with coal, pnt into this port early this morning for anchorage. While assisting to let go the anchor Captain Beursa was knocked overboard hy the abank painter slacking at the ctthead. The stern and small boats were at once lowered, with two of the crew in the former and the second mate in the latter, but Mr. Bearae sank before they could reach him, and drowned. He was a resident of Cotuitport, (. ape Cod, and about forty five years old. ELECTION FRAUDS SUSPECTED. [BY TEI.EORAPH TO THE HERALD.] Annapolis, Md., l)ec. 'J. 1878. To day two republicans?Hum. H. T. Lately, who kept s tally list, and Arthur Carter, who wae judge tu the Third ward here at the recent Congressional elec tion?went to the County Clerk's office to inspect the poll lists to discover. If possible, suspectc 1 frauds. The poll list* of the ward were fonr.a lo have ls-en stolen, which Is a very significant fact when It it considered that the republican list fBll* thirty-five oi f..rty roles behind th? tickets In the boa. Witness, t of the alleged frauds are summoned before tb's Grand Jury of the CuiUsl States District Court. In Balli more, to-morrow. The frauds suspected were in tht interests of the democratic <-audl<Ute*. LOUISIANA ELECTION FRAUDS. Hl'ITH TO BK BROCUHT TO TEST THE BESCJ.Tfl AH TO rITY OFriCEtUA [BY TKLKGBAPH TO THE HERALD.] Ntw Orij ans, Dei-. 3. 1878. 1 ascertain that to-diy or to morrow the couestf employed by the C.itliwns'Association wiU file suiti eonlcstiiig the seals of all the membeia of the rltj administration except Ihe Mayor and both sheriffs These suits will bring before the public all the facti connected with the allegation* of fraud in relatloa to th? late elections. It is a curlou* l'scf, however. In Hits connection, that although these cases are brought hy the Citiseua' Association the national candidate*-.that Is. candidate* put in nomination by lb" republican party?bad the largest, number of vote* n? x? to the democratic candidates. It la sup posed, thet? fore, that the nationals wlU Intervene in all tiie*e CBstv.