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EMIOI'KA \ ITEi?I^ I UP*.
4 MKRK'.iN* LINE I'OK "Tl VKHPO* >L ?i\ Tlie only transatlantic line sailing under the \merlcaui li*K &aiiiug evurv i'iil ii>l?AV truiu i'hiiadulphi*. PENNSYLVANIA Mails THURSDAY. Dec. 12 10 A.M. Uhil> MAE LINE KOR ANTWERP. carrying the Balgiau and Uuiwcl Statesmail*. tailing semi monthly from PMludolnhia aud New York. 8 W1TZE&LANU tails KKIUAY, Dot Jb. 2 P. M. For rates of pa?*age and other information apply to PETER WRIGHT 4 SONS. Utntrul A sunt*. 3L7 Waiunt at.. Philadelphia; .'2 Broadway, New Ynrk. JOHN MeDON ADD. Ar ut. h Btttm pla?*??. V?w York. 1l*N ARD LrNE J NOTICE. With a view to dimmish the dblBctt of collisions the ef.-amors of this liue take a specific course for all araione of I be year. On the outward postage from Queen ?t own to V?w York or Boston cross:n.ir th? meridiau of 50 at 43 latitude, or nothing to the north of 43. On ih? homeward passage cresting the meridian of 50 at 42 latitude, or nothing to the north of 42. NEW YORK, LIVERPOOL AND QITRKX8T0WN. ABYSSINIA... Wed., Dec. 4 aLiJKKIA. Wed.,Dec. IB BoTUMA Wed.. Dec 11 | PAiUlilA.... Wed.,Dec. lie Steamer* marked * do not carry a too rage fiaeoen^erii. Cabin passage aud leturu tickets ou favorable terms, in cluding a rpccial low rate for tho fall and winter mouths. Eleerage ti'-kets to and from all parte of Europe at vary low rates. Freight and pi *u.r? office, No 4 BowIIdk Given. PUARLES G. PR t.N< KLV N. a mt /lUIOX~LINE UX~I1 tlT Ni AThs MAIL STKAXERS IjT for Uuecnttown and Liverpool, leaving pier No. \;s North River, foot of Kiog st., 4'verv Tuesday. Wyoming.Dec. 10,at 5 iOA M. Montana.Dec.24,at5:30A.M. Nevada. .Dee. 17. at 11 A. >1 ! Wisconsin.Dttc.31.atD) A.M. Gal i'i pa > ' - > ?. ? I $7 ?. according i?> location. Smoking, bath rooms and piano ou each steamer. Intermediate, $40: steerage. $2P?. WILLIAMS A Gl' ION, 29 Broadway. Special notice the mail steamship wyom knng Captain (.'add, leering pier 38, North River, foot of King st . for Quoeu town .iuu Liverpool. u:i Tuesday. De ceniner 1ft, at 5 30 A. M. precisely, has superior accommo dation for cabin, iutorrae-lntto and teer.? vr passengers* at low est nue pi lj to WILLIAMS A G-UION, 29 Broadway. \ LIAEN LINE ROYAL MAIL STK \ MSiiirs SAIL? Jv From balti.uore, POLYNESIAN, Xorombor 26: CAS PIAN, December 4; from Uuiifux November 30. Shortest ocean passage. Superb a.icoinmoda:ions. G. LRYK. Agent, 271 Broadway. f"1 BEAT WKST1 KN'sTI AMSHIP l.INE ~ 7 NEW YORK TO BRLVfoL. ENGLAND, DIRECT, taking goeds find passenger* i<<r London, OardHl, Newport, Gloucester, und ail ports iu Bristol Channel. 1'ioin pier IS Kmt Riveras follows:? SOMERSET Dec. JO I ARE AGON Dec. 21 Cabin passage. $5o, $<??. Prenald iiovrago certifi cate*, $26. Kci.ira tickets ut luvorabio rates. For freight or passage apply to \V D. MORGAN, Agent, No. 70 South at. UrHITE STAR I J.M United Stater and Royal Mail Steamers for Qiteenetown and Liverpool. NOTICE.?-The summer* of tLi^ liue take the lune routes reec*mm ended by Lieutenant Maury, V. S. N., on both the out w.u d and homeward passages. BALTIC Thursday, Decernber 12. 7 A. M. CELTIC . .. .Saturday. December21,2 P. M. BRITANNIC .Sattu'duv, Ih* auiber 2>\ A. M, Prom White Star dock, pier 52 North Uiver. Kate*--Sitl<M)ii. $HO, $*<? and glut) iii gold. Return tickets on reasonable term.* Steerage, $28, currency. Saloons, fUtit*morns smoking nn?l bath rooms are placed aunddiip, where tho noise and motion are least, affording a degree of comfort hitherto unattainable at sea. Those steamers carry neithi r cuttle, sheep nor pigs. For inspection or plan and othn information aLply to the company n office, 37 Bruadwav, New York, or 140 Main ut St., Phifadolph a K I. ODRTIS, Agent. A i ENEKAL "TRANSATLANTIC i OR PAN Y. It between new ygkk and Havre. Company's pier "now 42'' North River, foot of Morton *t. CANADA. Kraiigeui Wednesday. Dec. 11.(1:30 A. M. AMKK1QUK. Dolord Wodnosday. Doc. 18, 12 noon. FR YNCK. TrnRbllo Weduesduy. Doc. 20, (1 'i t A. V. PRICE OF FASSAGJ-. IN GOLD (incladln.g wine>:?To Havre?First cabin. second cabin. $OT>; third cabin, S(ki5; steerage, $2d. including wine, bedding aud uteuxils. RETURN TICKETS AT RED I < KD KATES Steamers marked (*) do not < arrv steerage passengers, i iecks drawu on Credit Lvonuai* of Paris in amount* to in LOUIS DE BKRIAN. Agent, 55 Broadway. QTATB LINE- I O GI^AHGOM L^ERPOOL, DUBLIN^ OBoilast. Loudouderry, from pior 42 N. It., foot ('anal "t. STATE] OF NEV ADA Thursday, December 12 STATE OF INDIANA ..Thiiretlay, December IB STATE OF VIRGINIA Thursday, December 26 First Cabin. $55 to $70, recording to accommodation. Return tickets, $1(10 t?? $I2G Second cabin. $40; retnrn tirkot*. $75. S;<M>ragc at lowest rate*. AUSTIN BXLDWIN A CO., A gen te, 72 Broadway. STEERAGE TICKETS AT 45 BROADWAY AND AT THE COMP iS\ 8 PIKR FOOT OF CAN S L 8T . N. Y. ISUA i FOR OUEKX8TOWN AND LIVERPOOL ( ITY OF BRl SSKLS..Saturday. December 14, 8:30 A. M. CITY OF (HESTER. ... Thursday. December IB. 1 P. M. CITY OF MONTREAL.. .Thursday. December 26, 7 A. M. From pier 37 North Kivor, foot Charlton st. Cabin, $co. $Hiinnd $1CU, gold. Return tickets on favor aide terms. Kteorage, $28. currency. Droits at lowest rale*. Saloon, staterooms, smoking aud bath rooms amid* ships These .-teamers carry neither rattle. *iiaep nor pigs. JOHN G. DALE. Agent, 31 and 33 Broadway. N. \. Philadelphia office, 105 South 4th st. Midst ? iiolia ^ MTED - T V I'F- AND KK SZIL "V"OKTH GERM AN* LLOYD ?\ Steamship liuo between New York, 8ouihuuipton and Bremen. C<?ini auy'b pier loot of 2d st., Qotoksn. NECKAR..Saturday, Doc. 14 MOHKL.. Saturday, Dec. 2ft WKSER. .Saturday, Dec. 21 i ODER... Saturday. Jan. 4 Rate* of puss ago trotn New York for Southampton. Lon don. Havre and bretuett:? Firnt Cabin, $!(*?. gold; Second Cabin. $63, gold; Steer ac . $30, currency. Return tu:ket* at reduced ratea Pre paid Steerage Certificates, currency. For freight or passage apply to OKLKICllh A CO.. 2 Bowling Greon. j M PER I v L (4ERMAN M\II, . R( 1*ERU VN J.Packet ('ompany a Liuo for Plymouth, Cherbourg and Hamburg. * HERDER Doc. 12 I FIMBRIA Dec. 26 LK>>ING Dee. IB I WIELAND Jan. 2 Katof of pasaajpe To Plymouth. London, Cherbourg, liam but-r and Atl points hi England:?First Cabin. $I0D, gold, 8e* ?.?id CaMn.$dH, gold; Meeruge, mrrency. Kl M1AKDT A ( <>., C. B. RICJIARD A BOAS, General Ag?mt* General Passenger Agents, 61 hr- wl *t.. New York. t?| Braa?lwa>. N?m York. 0 LU DOMINION HTEAMHH11* COMPANY, i. Pf ^i ira, tl. i Hlilu?, .Switzerland. Ac , Ac., ?in Kottcrdiira. Cluui|>ext route to Pune. Steaiuer Si lloLTtN Decemlier 11 Ste "11 M \S - ...... 1 1 Iheae boauliful ateaniera. carryiuff the United .Slnte. mail to the Netherlands, are great fuynrfre. with the puhlie. Trip, regular, rutua low, contliut ant living pertauL kuc trolglit, Por puasaKo. PUNCH, ED YE A CO.. L W. MORRIS. S .uth William ?t. VI iiroa.lwijr. (Morri, Utiropeau and American Expreaa.; ' \ NCHOB LIVE?I XIT'KD si Ift.r MAIL STKAMEKM. J\ NEW YOKK AND ULAMMiVI'. Fr-na pier JU North Klrer, New I ork. CIRCASeiA.n.- li?A. M .V.M'IM'lilA-Dec. 2S. fl A. M. DKYONIA. Den 21,.t P. M ETHIOPIA lau. 4.a P. M. Cabin, i to-*'. ' Eicomiun Tmaela at reduced rate*. Second Cabin.$4"' Ht.-crufa. f2r NEW YORK To LONDON DIRECT Krotu pier 4ii North River, to it of Charlc. at. CALIFORNI A!!.., , A| sTKVLIA Hor.aH ?A. *. Cabin ANN and Si, . Kxi'itreion Tirket. at reduce.) rate,. HENDERSON BROTHERS. A call (a. 7 P.owlinu i.ro?n. < OA8TW OK gTBAMMnPS. i>ALi*it; mail steamship uomFany. J. Pier foot of Canal ?t . North Hirer. For latluu iauf Pauauia. Fteam.blp CRESCENT CITY \t dur.day, December 11, aimu, coiin'o'tini: at l'unaina forSouth aud I -a'.ral Auicr.ua .md Mexico. For San Kranciaco via le'hmua of Panuuia. Steamship <,'OLON .Frids;. December20, aoon. ?onnertiuu at Panama fo ilentral and South Vmerica and Mexico, anil at San Eraucieeo for .lapan and China From San Pram-i.ro for.lnpon aud China, Etosinvhip CfT Y OF fKIIMi .Snturdaj . i an our.- 4, noon. r"im'San Franri?co to Honolulu. New /..'ainnd and Aus tralia. steamship CITY OF SYDNEY, Mondar. Itsrtntiar Jll, For freight or ?co era I information apply at comoanvW nftico, on the pier foot of I anal st. Nertn River, an., 'or pnaamrr apply at company's ticket office. Jio. "JZil Broadway. _ MAIL STEAMSHIP LINE, fi r St. Thnmav. Para, Pcrtiambuco, Butiia and Rio do Janeiro, connecting at St. Thomns with Ocnnan steamers for l*urt? Rico and Spanish Main. Tiio new flivt class inrti ri earn all In CITY OF RIO DE JANEIRO. Captain Weir, will sail for the above ports on Saturday, J anna r-. 4. at 2 P. M. p.-litiiolj no ( ,litis receirad after 2d. Frrifht mnst be paid in advance l-'rmplit at low ratoa taken for the above ports. Freight received at all tlmeaat Robi-i-tt7 dork. Breoklvn. Insurance l:>?cr thnn by aaj other line. Shippers deslr iDft iiisnrance can ctt'ect -ante on ler our open policy. For frnnrht enirsizements or paesaRo having elegant ae ?omntodatieoai, apply to I H MALlA/llY X <,'() , Agents, nfljee pier 'J) E. It. TPOPCLAB INSIDE ROL'TB S-tVANNAIl 'AND KU?RIDA. Avid dancer and wuaickrieaa incident to ocean travel by piireliu-in;- throutrh ticket, in Floriila via the lieorgla and Flnrido In.iud St-tntuboat Company. Stateroom, cured J71 Brnndwi J.F.VI-. 4 ALDEN Ocnerml Northern Agents. sailin." from pier .17 North River, lor NORFOLK PETERSBt;Ro uud RICHMOND TCF8 DAY, THURSDAY and -IaTI'KDAY. at I P M , connect In r witi all RAILIMt \Ds ,or the SOUTH. SOUTHWEST inn Ui.sr, at so with steamcra for NKARF1KNU and At ASH I Nti TON , N.I . Mtoutuer, for LEAFItS, DEL . ami RFHOHtyfll REACH and c nncctlnp' ralirnala, TU'F,S DAVs and FRID AYS, at 2 !? M. Thrmirli paaaeniri-r tit-acts and Mil, of Itiding to all points at lowo-t ratea. InsnrAnc ? t . . "ola. A'*., at per ecut Frniglita i.u eircd d ? r ,7 North K.vor. (veuitral office. No. llf," Oraenwi ,i > I. READY. Prealdent. Bermuda, we-t indi' ? and v n ./.cell yn.do and tin'I P o ta St n-uaiiio Cotupnnv. FnrlfT.KMI DA.aleau. dipt AM M A. December 18. .or SI JOHN'S P. It. Si TIKiMAS, LAG! AYRA. FI'ERTO C A BELLI! and CI ILACOA, ss JIADJI. Doccm ber 14. 'Calling at Pont ?? fat timing - ANTIOI. A, MARTIN y1 I. ST LCOIA and BAR BADOS, SS FLAMHOKol till. December 10. For freight and nn-ciari- loplj to A. E Ol TKBlIUIDt.E A t'ti Aaent?,25t Broadway. ? t. DP. i.ARME-N'DIA, R5 Brondwajr. LF.VK * aI.DF.N J7I Broadw-av. NrASSAC. N. P.. ST. JAOO AND Cli NFfTBOOR, ''una.?Steamrblb N<)RMAN. Dtceinlier is. i-yct, hn NASSAU ouly etcaipalilp .sEt KKT l> 'n tier 27 From bl. AUDI sTINE ,t<-amelilp SFJiRKT 1'cceoiiHir .11 Thert after THREE TIME- MONT li LA between FLOR IDA and NASSAU. MURRAY. FKRRI-* CO. M2 South at rrKXAS line tor ceai.aiston. rorrHiNtj at I K -r Wtu. The steamer ' ITY OK saN ANTONIOpC-.p tain Pennington, will sail Iron pier !P) East River. Isatur dav Decern per 14, at I f M ( hrotign bills of lading riven to fl mxton and all po- ts en the International aiin Ureal Northern, Calvsatoti, Hans ton and IlnuderaoO and the Oalvestou, ILirrtal n-y uud San An'.ottlo railroads. For freight, pa??ug? and geoeral information nuplr to C. II MALLORY A CO ;Agents. pler'JO EaaA HI roe. H"" > , HA YAH A AND MP.AH AN MAIL S S LINK. . Strainer, leave pier J North River at It P. M, FOR HAVANA DIRECT AND A IRA CRUZ, calling at Program. Campe?ch/ and Prontera. CTTY HP i..lt,i < in'/. ? iturde), lb 1 aiubor 14 IHTY OF W ASHINGTON (Havana only) Thursday, Dei J8 CI I V Or MF.RIDA Saturday. D ceuiber VIS .vteaiuera leave New Orlnaoe Doe IS and Jan S lv Vem Croa. \ ta Malamnroa, Tampioo, Tngpan. connecting with ?teniaer for Hex ana N>-w York and above porta. F ALEXaNDKF. A SONS, ill and III! Broadway. S^AVANbAH AND FIAIItlDA. o'aTE CITY Capt Daggett Wodnoednv, Dec II 4 1 TV OF M vl'ON ''apt Kemp'nn... Saturday. Dec 14 From pier 4.'l North River, at .'I P. M., connection with tb* Cent al Railr-iad of Oe .rgt--!. Atlantic and On f Rnllrtud. Oeorgln and Florida Steamboat ? "to n .ur and with the new aud alt gant iron ate nner St Johns. e. D. OWENS. OEttROE YiJNtlE. Agent, ficpersi Acent. A and U, (''-"In S S. Co., nod Tlentral R. li., Jib Broadway. II. iU of tia.tW Broadway. , ! ('OAKTWI^B, KTKAMS1 il>^? ... A\V 1> I /sm/kS AM) SOUTH AMERICA, K'.grtou M prince. Au . Caves ..'.J Jacrnel m \ *aT havanilla. Catthasrona anil Aspinwull, iu ? otuubia, auu sailings from pier So. -1 North R.ver, Kiu'li Aviri. I'oUlMll V.(SRFYTOWS (NH^. ISTTIML-S ()V PANAMA AND Sol Til PA? H'lC POK1? VIA ASPINWALL. _ , ?? ?ULSA December 14 I ANDES "" ~ FOR KINGSTON (J Ail.) AND HA\TI, JS'fSA. 1)0' einber ID | Cl.AW BEL . j . " Supoiior ,u.t cm. QUfNUPA KAU.P.0 4I) AMI 9TBA?Yfll,'l.nvUNE' r ONLY DIRECT LINK !?n !'v SAILING EYKRY SATURDAY. U)twA KATKS OK KUEIDIIT AND . 8.Wm.blP ASHLAND ? For Karuaudiua direct, l'n?:u pier 1- ? liJdtnir to all Oulv line i d ling through tickets and billi ot?W? rs&sts sago rates apply 10 177* West at., up stairs. kl >1 .v. v v fit \vn > r JOHNS, N. F., C&O M WB1 ? Aluue -sfca'mahipalettvo us follow., from plor 10 North Tuesday, December 17 ' | |l. * Friduv. December -"7 AJjiiA.u bra .... .ftccomroodatiouaj or tSUSXU * '"cCiui*assaM. \ ^V. VU',,i=V:-:"- '"" from pier 17 East Kiv.r, .1 3 1'. M. .. s s Mutu'AAlI10W> Satnrday l?'f?iober it Tickets issued also fur VERAORES ^ W I*W* 1SI, vSDS in connection with French and English steam ship line, for Havana. Eg ? WAR1> t ^ n:, Wall at. XTKVV ORLEANS DIRECT?THE ' ROMWKL.. GIN h \ h'-ftmsliii. SEW <>RI.KANS will leave Saturday, Da re:.,I*.- 14. lisM at ill' W., from pier * *^"1, nCh-j . iurAii.i-eflwr.Tl at i n.-lialt per cent oil our opeli poller. Tkriiu rh Pill? <?r lading jrivon to .Mobile iimi pr.ncipai poimsnu tbe Mississippi ftivor. Kor freight or passage ap ply toCLARK k RKASAN. tWW??* ?t. 170R N'IVY ORLEANS DIRECT. rah ROAl) t MORGAN S LOUISIANA. AND TEN.Ah RAILROAD AND STEAMSHIP COMPANY. Steamship GENERAL ^GITNEA will rail from pier Uti North liiv.-r, Saturday. December 14, uud MORGAN CITY Wednesday, ... nil at ?; 1" M tahinu freight from New Orleans, Mobile anil all M1 ^si as h>p i Rive 1 1 a outs, H.n.ton ,0 all po.nu. he lluuhtnu uu4 Texas 4-emral. lexas I at.llc, .Trunatoim nental, Galvestou, Ilarrisburg and Han APwnj" ^ranoe at ladiauolu. lira-us Sunti.eo Unu llrowusvllle. lusuranoe at lowest rates. . , . For freight and othei inforruation apply t?? HOG KKT A MOKtiAN^Afimts.rth ^ VE? YORK AND HAVANA DIIWa T JUIt CINR.? j> These llr.1 C?? rteamsliips will ??'! at " 1 " pier 1A North River, loot of Cedar si., for Havana direct, as S-mlMer SANTIAGO DE CCBA........YVeUn^d.y; Dee. W MoaU'Or^i ltlld pjs'buu'o', bavins unsurpassed aeeomuioda t'u"VitL'L*rAM 1*. CLYDE A CO.. No. 9 Bowltog Green. McKKLLAU, 1.111.1 NG .V CO., Afc-eursin Havana. _ l lu., touchimf at Lruusw.ck ami l'oil1R an COOK, SON A JENKINS. Udl Broadway. .. - IUA\ EMJ-iRV Gl lDE- ., "a LBANY MOATS?I'llOKLE'S LIN?. LEAVK PIER XL41, N. H.. daily, except Sunday, it wj 4 -JTICKETS TO KUILADEEPHIA AND Tl.ENloN, A .OVHRtX'8 Kaprews. tdl West IWd. corner Broadway. Baggage cheeked through. .4 -CITIZENS I .INK TllOY BOATS LEAVE JUKR 4? A.NorthRWer. Leto.v ?t., daily,except 9M.irday.atG P.M. ..nj,,.., v-r . Vif.L lin-ER LINK; MAGNIFICENT steamers BRISTOL and PltOYlIiKNCi:; leave pier Jd Leave Brooklyn, via ?Annex'' boat ?t 4 r. M. F?^^D^u!i^%o^SN0uV<e'ra ??1 MASSAUlirSKTT.S uud ltHOX>E ISLAND, from P' O. <' k r .'t lav KL at 4:30 J*. M. (Sundays excepted! rROYIliENCL i.iNB,'freight only, daily (except Sunday*), from pier-JO X. 11.. foot of Warren at. at 4 r. M. ^KTR"!".i.l|iVN.vx.:.ni ,;UJ^AY. KF.CWRNST-Noawt^JiilIu for Wall ?"rcet fer'ry and ^KND?tt^t for Jersey City aud CPARK&IE.-Neare.t point for Post offlce. City Hall Kuilw^vferrv N^>^ST ?Meanest point for Dot?bro?Bes stroot -?r^y Jeivey-cityand connects with can, for Dcsbro.ee. and East "nyZoKB* Connect, with cars for east and wort. ?ru ST-Nemiit point for Christopher atreot ferrv to Hoboken. connecting with car. for Christopher and East 1 MTJl'sT-N??it point to fnlon Sguure. Wallack'a and I.y ecu a> the at-t Ac sfl era y of Rnaie. Irving and lamutanj bills, connect n* w.tb cars for East Tw.-nty th.rd and WHtTrSl polint' to Booth'., St. James .mi Pork VonlcTeinPl??d'T^ fcd^'^d Fifth Avenue ThoSwM*'Avwriumjid San Vraoei.co M i nstrcl?, ^N^Minsfer Comp.ny'. r.lss lor Grand Central Depot. fjMTIf ST.?Nearest point for Central Pork. t'onnerlin? w itb cars of Be'l Line Ra'Jroad^ rug except between M. ond3,o 7 M \! tv'hcii 'hf! 1 aro Ih o ccntH, ' \VM I! GARRISON, President. M. T.h Baoeiu.l!?. Superintendent. X^m Ml?? Mdllly' SumUvs\nri?.Ud.' FARE. ONE DDL ? vV esnrt dav tii'tl." week i'o.it'vely ticket, good only mi day of sale aud nu irain. wnnwUog withhoat at Aliynj Point. Good supper for ->D coul*. Tivkets for sa.o P Kr(VRW lCII LINE for BOSTON. WORCESTER. PORT ils*Vod,iu. v-i. Noob rriLn Ml^CNTn WOo'm r;r.N..V'!hTkiV.1;,LJXJSf. * X KSV'teiTf. isrnrs^rjsas c^nal Freight tftkvn ttir fcil p^dntj rat0,i fortber Information apply nt pier 40 Nflrli. Riven c KOI* S.YI-K. ~i ClSTOE SiksT C'LisS Llvt OK" STORKS,'aLsO ACmwiM, K'lMurtou, Munufurturinc lntereeta, Ac. LliUyii S, 4 AA arret!. i PATim CASH OUCUT ?CilHEU WILL ^'l fw 1*4>1.for :li? vnlne of Ulr vtiflt and Uxlartui. Apph to WILLI AM I' ROOMK. ;*.> Water at. * qood poultry pri rr ard vegetable dtaxd Ai teqatri al IS flaiHiMMi MmAh, 471*11, 7th ?v. # Vstnk grocery stoke kor sale in one ok tlie hi"'! loratb.in up town, inquire 3S7 9th nr. la rrorkerv et- F<* \ WhU. LOCATED AN'D El" K NIBHED OYSTER AND .fY Dining Mom. established V"HO JOHN b YMS.IBWmIM d 4 HAL" INTEREST IN CORNER LIQl'OK STORK; J\ ornn4u.il elieoee tor man willhiR to work * low rent:coi'd location; I ally licenerwl; ran be obtained cheap if npplicil or today. Call for information and partlrulars ul Itui It roadway, room jy. onklction.try store on rtii AV. I'OK sale AT bargain. Addreea M. box tfitllarakd ullice ITOR HALE?A CORNER LHJl'OR STORK. LICENSE 1 paid, with leare; rent choap. ltiN Delancey at., corner of ciintou et. r "Ot SALE - a v\ r t.LTO Df) COKKKE AxltroYSTKR j Saloon. Inquire al New York l*lo Baking Company's i (fire. No. *2 Sullivan at. tAtif. SALE?OOOD CORNER STAND IN WASIitNAL inytou Market. Apply 24t< Washington et. LMtll SALB?A SPLENDID GROCERY*; ALSO BAK .F ery, Buteimr's simp. Sin ? .sr.re. Saloon, Hoarding 110' so and K-stan.-aut. Apply STKINOUTS Agenry, U*j iinwe-J FIALE?Ql'ABTO MEDIUM PRINTING KRESS; alao Ifl J'ont* of Type; all m-w. (I. (> . I4<J llerald idtire LMSII MARKET TO EET- Till: STORE Has T'.'^O I plate tins. ,Iidw :?*t West :wth rt . near t or neeKth av ; f!6 monthly. /'ItOCKRY STORE I OR SALE CUKAP-ON IOTH t Ji?.; lowr mnt; must he S'dtl thi* week. Call IIKAY I.K IT, 270 W eat U4tl. et. CASTA ro ORDER. Till I INI. I THE WORLD; ion? and errr-nd hand Safe* in atnrk. IS V'eaey et., KROTHINQHAM A EMORY U|i l >'? '? a sisEia srri ated peortht ?OU"and nuraorv bohm-v in the upper part of tho cTty. AildreesJ. V. KYEKSON, 3.RRI lid av. >i\< riiYKitt. T.T5it SjLCE'i i ITai ?' XIajo'i i of ] Ti i TCfTAxVu i >i HEE r at No. ttl Krait *?.. H'onkl/n. M ATIH'IN MAOntNEH?A COMI'LS.TK SET OK NEW Mar iiinery for tlir manufai tore <f Hairpins; i vparity almni .'Ayl pounds daily Adt roe* STEPHEN. Ilarald ..(tire, Coar m \ciunery.- wanted plodding ma i a hiiio. A'ldr. ?- wl:h full ilrn rjptb.n, M rLLLAC, I ,<>l I .Marble et., Philadelphia. tin.1.11 MM. ^mJIpTFaN ST AN DA It 15 IIILeUKDT AJlt I s' >|.w j\ mil em ond band. at reduced orb?r; B ills, Clothe. Tips, Chalk. Cuee. A ' WM II OHIKKITH ACQ 4QVeeeye? Ait r;., 111 in i.i.i a rd i a i. res Prom b7?hj1 pwakd," Itelle tiloth. Ctie?, Ae '. beet i(i>od* at lowe it pine-, il. W. COEI.ENDI.lt Broadway, reti er lOtli at. ? - A.?THE. J. M. BRCNHWICK A BALEE CO. 774 J \ . K'oailwavh warer e tni now open ; new end aermid band BllUnrd ISihlaa, in all dnrigaa. at lowwet priree H ATCH KM, JKM KLH1, At. \"T>7 Bl.S.ECEEit" sT~ VIONKV CIBKflACI.V' AlE vaii4 e4l pon Diamond' M'atrbee,Jewolry. Seal Sae*M(, . I'awaiirokere' Ticket. hmn?hl at T7 Kleeekcr at., near Bread way. IT R27J BROADWAY. ABOYK .12D?MONEY KOR .Ypereonal Property; old Outd. Silverware bon/fhl; ad v.iB-e. ui.de ladtea' oblee WILLIAM A. OCOYEK. foruierlyfwitti dnwitdi A. J ark awn. .US BROADW AY. LOANS NSliiOTIATKD; BAH Ir.v In IXam.-nd Cfoaaea, Eurrlngi. AA'atrliee and Chulne, Sealekln Saequee, India shawl- Ar ; Clih bwrlri* Rlano,?1 TO. ,1 rilos. LYNCH. HANi.AlNS IN DIAMONDS. JYATcilK-i J Id EI.IIY and silvarware, CEOItUK C. ALLEN. I.ISii Broad way, near 2l'th*et. Mll7 BROADWAY*. DIAMONDS.-WATCHES AND e/I t 4 .lea.dry hough! and .old . loan* nerotiated on par ?onal property of every deecrfption J Alt Ld f. MATTHKVtS, J \T ills rain < BUSINESS WES m Condition and Prospects in the Great Granary. CORN AND HOG. Illinois, Wisconsin, Nebraska, Kansas, Minnesota, Iowa. HEAVY CROPS?LOW PRICES. The Great Movement of Breadstnffs, Hoss and Cattle. KANSAS AND NEBRASKA PROSPER. Wisconsin Frugal and Hopeful?Minneso ta's Temporary Drawback. IOWA IMPROVING STEADILY. Chicago, Dec. 5, 1878. In this city arc gathered, in a ganglion, as it were, the business nerves of the West. Hence a carefully conducted inquiry into the general business condi tion of this great section, liow its formers stand, the movement of its crops this year as compared with the last two or three, the disposition to invest in land as business, whether confidence is returning or money plentiful, what is the prospect for next year, should give valuable results. In Chicago, as a rule, local pride b uds to exaggeration of all things per taining to the city's business; but It is possible to find some who are not disposed to statements that cannot be verified by cold figures. Among such I have made my inquiries, carefully noting the replies, which, on acconnt of the wide territory aiidvast products embraced, I have grouped in the best order I could, rather than spread out .vria/im individual answers to given questions. With this preface I shall at once proceed to the subject in hand. Tho trade of Chicago this fall has been considered satisfactory. There has been a good average, when we take into consideration the fact that in a largo proportion of the territory tributary thereto tho crops were, to a large degree, a failure, and so, while the people have been restricted as to the amount and quality of the produce they have to sell, their income has been cut proportionately low by reason ol' small prices. Thus of a certain portion of the country tributary to Chicago, taking tho entire West into con sideration, we find, of course, a superabundant yicW of cereals and a consequently depressed range of quotations. The crops of Illinois this yoar will show np about the same as last year; Kansas has doubled, Nebraska has added a large pejeentago and Northern Minnesota has atoned for the wonderful shrinkage in the southern half oi that State. As the cnormons yields of these regions began pouring into tho public granaries prices began to go down, until now wo find the farmer refnsing to part with his corn, and holding, as a general thing, to the live stock in the shape of swine, which have sunk almost to the prices of thirty years ago. Thus it is that from many por tions of tho West we.haar the fanner complaining of "hard times," and discover tho fact that, on the whole, he is not spending money as freely as a year ago, simply becauso he has not tho money to spend. Business men in Chicago will tell you that the aggregate of receipts will bo greater this season than they were last; that more business has been doao on the whole by tho whole sale lrouses than in 1377. The actual statements are not yet made up. but it is hardly possible that the aggregate of values will equal that of iSTC, which was $66'2,000,000, while in 1377 it fell below these figures fully $31,0J0^XK). Last yoar there was a de cline in the aggregate of breadstnits received in this city, as compared with 1376, that of wheat reaching 3,l'Jg.Ofid bnshcls, and hogs numbering 163.406 less than in 1376, the prices of which latter represented a financial falling off of $2.',UOO.OOO. owing to the shrink age in value. This yoar prices for breadstnffs and hogs have ruled much lower than during 1877. and while there can bo no doubt that tho volume of business has increased over that of last season, it does not represent a corresponding increase of money receipts. It would necessitate from one-third to one-fourth more business to rcelizo the sumo amount of income. MONET NUT PI.KNTY. ' It is folly to say tbat the people to-day?In the West, at all events?have more mouc^than they had one. ? wo or three year* ago. Staggering under tho bur dens of heavy debt*, many of them, except iu soiuo specially favored locations, it has taken all they eotild rake and scrape to discharge their accruing indebted* ni*s an?l leave them enough to provide for the wants of their dependencies. Those out of debt have not roaliacd as heretofore, for prie s' for products have rated low. There are region#, to bo sure, where comparative flush time* have prevailed, and where there is a pretty good I ecling; but when we take into consideration the entire country wo And that on the whole it in nip-and-tuck for the farmer to get along, ami so aro not surprised when present demands get the Iwttcr of the solid judgment of many iu some particular local ities ami mnko them welcome any courae in legisla tion that will give them more money. MOVEMENTS Or CROPS. I.ast year the movements of agricultural products from tho West and Northwest through Chicago, which city must be recognised as the natural outlet for this section of the Union, was greatly less than iu lH7li, the deficit being mainly in wheat. The receipts in Chicago from January 1, 1*77. to August 1 of the same year, were less than 2,<H0,000 bushels, the smallest araownt of wrelpt* for the first seven month* of any year since 1855, with a single exception. From August 1, ls7fi, to August 1, 1877, the entire receipts in this city were 10.iao.nAS bushels, less than half the amount for the corresponding time of tho year before, and this In face of the fact that tho wh-at yield of the country was last year over 025,000,000 bushels?much larger than that of 1H76. | This lack of transportation was owing to the fact that old sto-ks were nearly deplete! when the new crop began moving, and a large proportion of tlir yield was absorbed by mills which had, ao to apeak, abso lutely run dry. The receipt* of corn here In 1*77 worn also lea* than In 117ft, by about l.OOO.nno bn-hcls. At I have shown elsewhere, the crop product of |H78 has Isun greatly in excess of that of 1*77, showing a much greater acreage than in the latter year. There is not the slightest doubt that the difference be* twci n 117* ami 1*79 will be proportionately greater and in favor of the latter year; for we roust take Into consideration the fact that great breadth* of new land have been opened up and ?<?dej down in several of the most productive Stales of tho West. Consequently we are led to l*dieve that while In 1878 tho wheat yield of tho country turned 4i?i,onn,0 K) bushels, it will next year lie in excess of this, and that while we to day have comparatively low price*, they will still rule lower. Over produc tion is a draft on the individual resource* of the future. WHEAT. The yield of wheat in the leading Western and Northwestern Htates In 1*77 was it* follows; ? flvthelt. At'I. I a lit r. Iowa 117, *10,000 2,1917, .St $82,894,700 Minnesota l.wU.Hlff itM2#.UH III,tent 2,000,01") !M,;ta0.'sw Wisconsin J2,00o,o0Q 1,408,007 20,4fl*,000 ft I* estimated tbst fllltiols, lows, Minnesota, ^ukota, Nebraska and KaucM produced at least, 4-.OOU.OOO more bushels this rear (1878J than they did in 1877, and the price ranges from twenty-five _to thirty cents less for thiB cereal in Deeeiuber, 1677, com, Tlie yii Id of corn in two of the priaripnl Western State where the cultivation of that cereal is nta ln a | specialty was in 187" :? T... , liusk'lt. Acres. Value. Eltnola 260,000,000 8.'.KIfl,r>lT $75,400,600 Iow:* 136,000,000 4,600,000 00,000,000 lt"S year the production of corn in these States will be fully ten per cent in excess of these figures, ami the price at present is from one-quarter to one third lets than it was at this season in 1877. .Is lias been remarked above, tbe movement of crops through Chicago is undoubtedly greater this year than it was last, or tho two prcculing yours, and the following figures, if nothing else were at? hand, would prove the truth of tho statement. Tuko the month of November, for example. In 1873 there were rc cc.vcd in this city 7,516 car loads of wheat of all grades; In 1876 there weire received 5,0'J2 carloads; in 1877 there wero received 8,428 car loads; this year | during thai month there wereD.illOcar loads received, or nearly double tho amount of tho month in either I ls76 or 1677, and nearly one-third more than in 1875. [ When wo come to look out across the great West and Northwest we find the people who make up tho farm 'ng communities complaining, many of them, that t;m"s arc hard arid that they cannot "make both ends ! meet. It is not to bo wondered ?; that, ignoring diversified crops, the salvation, financially, of any farming community, they have given their time to special cropping?wheat or corn, as the case may be? and have individually aided to swell tho over produc tion, and all because these cereals may some day have proved highly remunerative. Then there arc other fac tors in the comparative failure of some farming sec tions which it w ill bo worth while to consider. THE CCB8E OP I.AROE FARMS. There have of late years been a good many failures in the magnificent farming enterprises undertaken in the West, and which should teach a lesson to the gen eral cultivator of the soil. The tendency was. and, in some sections, is to-day, despite the warnings which have been given, to add acre to acre, mile to mile, until at last the possessions of this or that individual mould reueh to and beyond the horizon in all direc tions. Uroat stretches of country must, be held in tho ambition to be considi red the farmer king, the cattle king, the sheep king or the monarch of tlii.-i or that particular branch of industry to which the attention might ho given, it has been an outgrowth of the peculiar, progressive ana ambitious spirit oi the average American, who has undertaken the herculean task of opening and cultivating this great West, and it is not to be wondered that nianv of the wealthier foreigners who have come in to possess tlie land have become imbued with the same ideas and undertaken the katuu task. I do not refer especi ally to those farmers who have tukeu tip section after section until their possessions have risen to the tens <>i thousands of acres and been able to pay cash for the same, but more particularly to that more humble class who, without the ready means to develop u mammoth enterprise, have assumed control of farms which in the more conservative East would be considered siifllcient for a royal demesne. I ?? t,lis y have been obliged to assume rospon | nihilities ill tpe shape of mortgages and conscienceless percentages of interest, which have swallowed in their capacious maws tlie last vestiges of prosperous recompense for untiring labor and sleepless industry Look wherever wo may in tho West we may see the vv reeks of this class of investment. In Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Minnesota, in fact, in nearly if not quite all the states of the West there are warning examples of this ambitious spirit of enterprise, which new comers and old settlers should li ed. One trouble has been tliut the people in their greed have un dertaken to cultivate too much land, individually. Smaller farms, better worked and more diversified would produce better incomes, and that is the grand crop which every husbandman tills tin soil for? IS THE CLUTCH OF SHVLOCK. The mad rush of farmers for laml and their thought lessness in exchanging cutthroat mortgages for the labor of years has bad the effect to throw a grout pro portion ot the land holders?I cannot say land own er;;?into debt, and so deep therein that they will never be able to extricate themselves, but must go under in the inevitable "course of events and lose whatever they mav have acquired. I hear these complaints coining up all about us. It does not matter particularly that one year brings forth s good crop, that this year or last year or the your before gave the Western farmer a surplus of revenue above the cost of production; it is invariably consumed in the inexorable demands of the Eastern creditor, who. comes up regularly with his cry of "(Jive, give, give " and pockets the profits with the coolness and satis faction of a Shylock carving his slice of human meat. This is to a great degree the situation of tho Wcet to day. The majority of farmers arc in debt, and being in debt are somewhat despondent whenever prices rule low and interest money runs high. Can they be blamed! They are to be blamed for the dsrliug desire ot their hearts?to hold jnore land than they can pay for. They do not take into consideration the fact that, beeauae a Minnesota land king, with ample means to buy whatever he holds and run no risk of indebtedness, produces millions of bushels of wheat and operates with an army of men and a phalanx of machines, and makes money, they are throwing themselves into a vortex that will destroy them when they undertake the same thing. It is pretty gener ally conceded that few of the large numis-r of farmers in the Northwest who are in debt?even in the most thrifty dairy districts, which, it must lie admitted, aro more prosperous and lands better paying than any others, low as dairy products aro and have been ot lato?aro scarcely able to live and pay interest laborers and taxes. Niarly every fanner is "land poor," whether he be one of 5,00b or l.uuo acres and often of less extent ot possessions. Thee have been crippled at every step, not huvirig had means enough to make the required initial payments, and provide themselves with implements, seed, stock, fzc. A furmcr having yielded to that common delusion, a mania for a large farm, ami vol untarily signed his financial death warrant in the form ot an annihilating mortgage, it is often impes sible, without tiie means with which to conduct tlie heavily mortgaged farm, ever to liquidate or lift the crushing load, especially with unprecedeutedly low prices tor agricultural products ami the numerous casualties that attend nearly every branch uf Jate. CHEAP HUMS AMI) I 'ORE. In discussing the material resources of the West and the condition of the jmople we must not forget to lake into consideration tlie astounding transae liotis iu Jive stock and the unsurpassed facilities for pork packing which this region enjoys. Instead of lulling otr in any essential degree, these have materially advanced in importance, snd are the sour i s of a great, degree ot prosperity in this region. It Ik not at all necessary to set forth here how many hogs were slaughtered at this point in 1875, 1876 or 1877, for the number was astonishingly great, par ticularly la the last mentioned year. Cut when wo turn to the figures, which toll tho true story, wc find thai front November 1, 1877, to Nov. mls-r 1, ]H7? the number slaughtered and jmrkc I wus l,5'.fl,00oi or more than fifty per cent increase upon tho business of the preceding year, which, by tho way, was st tlmt time considered unprecedented. The actual con dition of the live-stock trade?tattle?at this point cannot for tho present year Iki given in figures, but those who art best posted state tnat the shipments have exceeded thoao of 1877 by at least twenty-live per cent. Tho growth of tfiu European trade?particularly that of tireat J Sri tain? consequent upon the experiments in the . hipping of live slock from American ports has materially in ereased l tio business ot the groat Weal in this particu lar branch ot industry, it has proved beneficial to a large degree; has presented an increased market for stock, and caused a more general fooling <,f security in that th' price of this class of st >ck have been more equably maintained, while those of hogs and other animals have depreciated alarmingly, in fact, so grout has been the shrink age in tlie price of swine that stock-farmers and others who have turned their attention to the raising of these animuls, have found it a very serious question indued as to what they should do with th.-ir product. The complaint conns from <\ ry quart-r of the West. 1 hav'e had the best of opportunity forjudging as to the prevalence of this teciing, ami must say that tho outlook is not very encouraging to the breeder of marketable porcine*. w hern last year hogs brought from to |3 r>0 per hundred we now find them selling from *2 to f2 flu and it is not to bo wondered at lhat tbe Western farmer sends up a cry of despair as he fludg himself burdened with an overwhelming supply of corn at a price far below that of the previous year and liogs not naif as valuable as a rear ago. It ts the occasion of a very dapri ssing feeling on the part of the individual who produces this important factor in the world's commerce. STOCK OLfT?MONEY* I'AMlNr. Ho Wc arrive at this conclusion, that, whill our pork pjM !um"h hav# thl pant m haudl'Hl a volume of porcine products than during the sums time a year ago, the amount of money has not been as great as was exchanged lp 1877; lor, while tb? lll creaee in packing at this point has increased fifty ts;r cent, the proportionate shrinkage in value has iiecn graatly in excess ot this. Therefore, wc find tlmt tlie larin rs, who are the onus to be directly benefited through th<- advantageous eireiimstniiees of constant and large demand and liberal price, have failed this season to r- ap that financial benefit, and we find tliem complaining of hard times in many parts of Illinois slid Iowa and wondering what good call come out of the financial Nazereth of depressed markets for their stock. CENTRAL ILLINOIS. I.et its glance for a moment at the corn and rattle counties of Illinois, which may more speritleally bo designated as the central portion, and note tlie condi tion of ttiat section. In hii agricultural point tills may lie considered the most important section of the state. Whtlo the north Is given largely to dairy in ten st* and the south and southwest to amall fruits and wheat, we niay safely take the corn and cattle producing region as tlie one on which Ut base an esti mate of tho gen oral condition of the Htate?that is, im average may be struck there which will beyond all question aj.ply to the sections which border it north and south. My intelligent correspondent at rhampnlgn, "B. r. J.." a gentleman Who, from years of close obser vation of the agricultural situation in the West is i specially qualified to pas* Jnilgineut on tbe subject, writ.* in. , under date November 'fit, at considerable length on the situation throughout central or corn producing Illinois. Ho says most emphatically tlmt tho condition of that pari of the country is improved, except?and this has a moat important bvarlxq, oii tfoo mt^r iQ hand?cxeppt for (Its:', not a small 0110, tliat just now ft-el the storm ami stress consequent upon tho foreclosing 0t mortgages and trust deeds. These tanners ami stock raisers have plastered them selves all over witli these Instruments, und with little income to meet their obligations have been compelled to succumb to the tute ine\ it able. OOSVKkTHiU COUK IttTO HOt?. The farmers have perhaps mode tuore money this year than for the past three j ears, and for the r< asou that crops, as a whole, were better niul secured better. But here is a point to bo taken into account?and it is a phase of thin question that vre have referred to elsewhere in this communication?hogs last y.iar, early iij the season, brought good prices; this year they have been U>w from the opening. Where last year the farmer could feed his eoru and realism a handsome protlt on his hogs, this year ho lias little or nothing to show lor his labor or his cereal after resolving it into pork. Tims it will be seen that th ru has be. a one great drawback, ami that while, from tho fact of having better crops than usual, more money has been mailr, it is likely to be onset hi the chid by the failure to rcalizo as formerly on this one impor tant product 0/ the farm. The movement of crops iu the region under consideration has been more active this year thau dur ing 1877 or 1871! for wheat and oats anj perhaps potatoes. Thus far but comparatively iittlo corn has been sold and liogs nave been held hack lor the double purpose of eatiug the corn uud for higher prices. CHEAP LAND?FOUCKO HALES. There is 11 prospect of an Increased crop tie,."' year, as shown iu the vastly increased acreage of winter wheat and the great quantity of land already ploughed for next year's crops. As to the disposition of pooplo to invest capital in farming, my correspondent says thcro in little improvement manifested. The low price of producu and the crowding of the markets with farms sold under the foreclosures of mortgages and trust deeds by usurers and loan agents have.brought prices of farm lauds ami real estate generally down to the very bottom, and there ia Iittlo more price or demand for real estate, oitli. rln town or country, than for stale eggs In July. ??The average prion for fairly good 160-acro fa-ius, with improvements iu buildings, fences, nrenards, pastures, ? meadows uud the like, common to this country, does not exceed $-.i0 per acre; the outside range lielng between $15 and $~Jo. Most of these jfiirms own be bought 011 easy terms, if otie-third or one-quarter down and ten per cent in terest,-in a trust deed for security, are thought easy terms." The soil is not exhausted. Crops do not fail. The country Is not sickly. There is ample security for property and life. "The truth is, the very richness of these acres bos been, in many eases, the fdrmer's ruin. Those who are ooinpoll.sl to sell now borrowed tlicir money in llusli times, promised to pay high rates of interest, and failed in both interest and principal. Their possessions must now go." Take one county in Illinois us mi example (Champaign):?"For the past three months, and in deed for a longer period, the seven or eight county papers have' contained weekly, altogether, noteless than thirty distinct and separate notices ol' sales and foreclosures under mortgages and trust deeds, and these numerous forced sales it is which foroe prices down to seldom more than enough to meet principal, interest and costs." 1'arius which from t.V.t to ix~'2 could not have been bought for f 's) per acre are now seeking buyers at less than half that figure. AX OVJCBTRALIKI) COUNTBY. As to the question whether the people arc better off iu that portion of Illinois than they were two mid three years ago, it would he no hard question to re turn answer, if we take the foregoing statements into consideration. Those who are under the harrow of mortgages and high interest?and this is a very great class?are, beyond all question, suffering more than ever before. Those who can see their wuy clear or who may be sailing free are perhaps better off than for some years past. Thus we see that the depressed are more cast down than before, while tlio financially footloose are better off than before. There would seem to be a marked Improvement in dry goods and grocery linos of business. It is rather uilticyilt to state whether confidence is returning and the general business prospects for the next year en couraging. The country is benumbed, prostrated and disheartened under accumulating tuxes and in terest. Until the evidence is conclusive that there is a large decrease in the number of foreclosures and forced sales there can be no general and lasting return of confidence. The people iu the region we are con sidering are thought to navo more inonov than they had last year; but tliey do not pay their debts as well as they used. Driven iroin the necessities of the case, and to save themselves from starvation, tho people largely availed themselves of tho subterfuges provided by the law, and tho result is that, the unen cumbered and the independent?the very few?pay, and pay more promptly than ever; while the mauv? the great majority?doli't puy at all. How nearly worthless unsecured debts are considered is quito well illustrated by the declaration of un o!d lawyer that the total amount likely to Is- realized from tho judgments of a circuit court during a session of some two months or more would not pay the expenses of the court. Now, in the foregoing porogruphs Ave huvo an actual representation of the condition of affairs in one of the greatest States in tlie Union. While tho statements are limited us to district wo may he safe in alleging that either north or south of the latitude here marked off tho rendition of tho farming eluss is but a rettex of that here given. ,Wo find the husbandman iu other localities staggering under tho same financial embarrassments. IIAIKY pi;oi>u< is. We find in the North, say, that dairying is a grout industry to which farmers have ot lute turned their attention, abandoning to a grout degree cereals and other farm products for choose and butter. When we begiuour iuquiries as to the rendition ot tho dairy interest we are mot with an array of figures to show that it is greatly depressed, and an avalanche of tacts to prove thut It is owing, in one particular at least, to overproduction, while the anxiety of manufacturers to get rich has prompted them to place upon tho market inferior goods, which has had tho effect to greatly injure the market. I-argo ;allures iu the dairy business liavc been reported from the West and Northwest this seas in, and these have hud a demoralizing effect ujsui the trade. Worthless firms have started in without capital, swindled*farm ers out of their milk for months and filially "given up the ghost." At presrut there is a more healthy feeling in this business and the trade, but duriug tho pad scaiou it lias not been at all inviting. There is no reason why the production of butter and cheese shall not prove a source of great revenue to our peoplo of the Wor t, and from tiio increasing foreign demands it must become u paying Investment just so soon as lioii-st goods are put upon the market. No grease can be tolerated for butter, no skiiu milk cheese will laect the requirements of the trade. WISCONSIN. Turning now from Illinois, let 11s glance a mom- lit at Wisconsin. My -correspondent, "J. W.,"at Fort Atkinson, writes tlint the condition of thut portion of the country is beyond doubt improved. Farmers liavc not, as a rule, made more money than for lue.last three years, but they have spent less needlessly, hive been more tmgal in everything, hence have applied more to cancelling debts and are generally studying economy more closely ainl conducting their business with better general results tlisn they have before since war prices were cut off. There is, however, very great room tor improvement y ot. yl'li t JthlL'ltNs. The movements of crops have been more ac tive thau iu tlie late past, and for the-following reasons:?Farmers have generally leaned that it is safest to market products as soon as they are ready for market, and the necessity for turn ing crops into cash as soon na possible to meet ex penses ami debts lias tcudod, in conjunction with the jeopardy of tho hog crop by disease and the loar ot loss by decay, to force tno marketing at low prices generally of the small surplus of potatoes and apples. The Io-h of bogs by disease bas not been general, but it lias been heavy in some districts. Dairy products, of which the amount has been very large in 1S7?, have bccu forced pell-mell on the murkct, which has been glutted with poor goods, both at home and abroad, tor several mouths, and much flinese rudbutter have been sold fur Isdow the cost ot prodnction. Quite as great a breadth of winter wheat and rye is now sown as lias been uf 1 his season in soino years, und judging from the area tlist lias been broken dur ing the unusually open and propitious autumn and nearly up to the present time, tho area fu eorh in 1878 will lie a full average. nwrumtKMTi rxw?people bxttbr off. There is not so great a disposition to Invest in farming and general business as there wus in fonni r years. But it must be said that there is u great* r dis position than ever before to invest capital in flour and other manufacturing. In Wisconsin people are gradually drifting luto the cash system of business. (icneralJy speaking qieoplo are betti r oil iu this region than tliey were two or three years ago. A large proportion ot them ore inducing thuir indebtedness slowly, while thsy are hiring less, are morn cautious alMuit running luto debt, and farmers uud their families are doing their own work to a greater degree thau heretofore. There is an improvement m local trade?not in increase of trade, but tarnieis ere selling their butter, (9gs, honey, apple butter und fruit to speculators for cash,* instead of leaving their produeta w tth tho merchants on account, aud trotn whom they now buy sparingly for cash, it is the opinion that farmers of tiie Northwest have more rash on baud than tin y had last year ut this time, and tliey uro spcudiug less, fcid that, tukiug everything into consideration, it must l?? agreed that the farming community in that section are better off than arc (heir brothers in Illinois, who are staggering under the incubus of overwhelming indebtedness. NFMtAHKA's GOOD KOHT1NE. The Secretary of the Nubraska Htate Foard of Agri culture, I). H. Wheeler, wrih s me. under (Into No vember'iff, to the following pffeet:?"The condition ot thut section of the country is greatly Improved, The farmers lis\? made more money tin past year than during any one year of the three previous years. The movement of crops hue boon very large this *.*? son. exceeding that of any previous year from that Htate, There is a prospect of Increased crops next year. Quite a breadth ot new ground will be cropped for the first time next year. Them is an improve ment apparent in the disposition of ]-copie to invest capital in farming and in bttsinesH genet ally. A very large amount of money has thin season been invested by residents as well as newcomara and non-resident* in fanning lands, Improvements p. ml stork. There have boon as many head of thoroughbred horses, cattle and Sheep brought into the Htate duriug last year un the whole Htate possessed one year ago. The people uro much tetter off titan ever lief ore, as a rule. Tlic ? local trade ia tar in excess of any previous year. Confidence is returning and general business pros pects ara regarded as encouraging. There ia beyond ?loubt more money among the larmets yet collec tions are I bus tur slow. The corn crop of Nebraska Is by far tbo beat ever raised iu the Htate as regards quality and quantity. The price of corn ruling so low, many farmers have bought hogs and cattle to lord, and there will bo a nirrkod Inerra-o iu tlie fat cattle ami lings to bo shipped next March, April and May. KANSAS PBOSntKOUS. This dtate la on* of tho most important la tho ?oonomy of Waflbrn production, whether we con sider its c?i>aeit-p-? for grain* <>r i aitle, anil it should have no Hiurll weight iii making up the verdict a* to the condition of the far \Veet, maieriaily uud finan cially. lit lowkiiig over the record of Kansas wo find that tliedevelopment of the state lias gone on with astonishing rapidity, bat during all the yearn of its settlement its era of prosperity has not been so great as during the past twelve months. Th-re seems to have beau a uAw impetus given to the tide of immi gration, and a large proportion of that which was sweeping away to the vast plains of the far North W" t has been deflected to the Southwest and out upon tlie fertile fields of this productive State. The testi mony of hundreds of eorrespondents who have settled in Kansas, and have begun the tillage of its virgin soil, as received by me, is that they have reaped far greater advantages than they could iu any other sec tion of the West, oven with the great inducements elsewhere hold out. This is by no means written in the spirit of special or personal interest iu Kansas, for the writer has no individual interest iu anythiug l>eyond rho general good of the entire country?if a local pridv in Chicago may be excepted?hut he cannot ignore the fact of th? wonuerl'ul and fairly start ling advance which the "bloody border" lias made. The constant influx of population, all seeking homes, lias given a renewed Impetus to trade, and v.e find the eblef coumerciatooints iu that section experiencing a revival of trade which, alter the somewhat protracted depression/ is well cal culated to usuniislt even the old settlers. Traffic iu lauds, government and private, lias set afloat an iu cr -used volume of currency, local trade has picked up, the crops have boeu good, and for wheat the prices particularly satisfactory. Farmers, investing in modi-rate' sized farms and paying down nearly the total value of the same, find themselves compara tively able to e-'pe with the bugbear of encumbrance, and see their way to an early reliol from the financial burden. There can be no doubt, then, judging trom the influx of settlers at least, that there must lie an increased average of tilled lands in Kansas next year. All who have gone in this year have broken new ground and put in crops of winter wheat, whilo they have also made roady, to a certain extent, for tlie production of corn. This year the prion of ? corn, as elsewhere West, has been wonderfully do pressed In Kansas, and the consequence is its princi pal luarkut has been in the mouths of swine. STATISTICS OF INCHKASK. There was a large increase of acreage of winter and spring wheat iu tins State this year over that of 1877, the area exceeding that of the last mentioned year by 873,331 acres. Along the counties adjacent to the Kan- ? Has Pacific, uiuiu liue alone the increase was 294,U23 acres, or more than forty-three per cent of the entire increase of the State. One simple statement must sufllce to show how ma terially the farming interests of this State have ad vanced within three years, and it will show that al though the times have been what men call "hard" the condition of the people must have advanced in ratio with the development of the resources. In 1873 Kansas grow 13,000,(tun bushels wheat and M,000,000 bushels corn; iii 187(1 this was increased to lfi,0U0,u(10 bushels wheat und 38,000,000 bushels corn; iu 1877 the State produced 15,000,000 bushels wheat and 103,000,000 bushels corn, and, along with these staples, there lias been a proportionate advance in all the other articles of mixed husbandry. Iu 1877 her crops altogether were worth $40,000,000. This year the State steps to tlio front. as one of ilic lirst iu the Union in the production of wheat. In the successful rearing of live stock the ratio of increase of total vaius is rapidly pushing Kansas toward the head. The percentage of increase is regu lar and noteworthy in horses, cattle,sheep and swine, that of hogs being most remarkable, the increase in ls77 being over 117 per cent and tor eight months of 1878 70 per cent. Minnesota's obawdack this vi'.ab. The natural supposition would be that the great anil fertile State of Minnesota, wnich has the pest year received such a large influx of population, would be iu advance of many of its neighbors so far as the matter of financial prosperity is concerned. But the reverse appears to be the l'aet. Mr. B. C. Judsou, secretary of the State Board of Agricul ture, writes me, under date of November tin, that llio general condition Anunciaily lias not improved. Farmers in many sections have run behind this year owing to tlie dry weather and the storms, which played havoc with the crops in the southern portion of the State. The movement of crops, he thiuks, is not so large as it was two and three years ago. There is a prospect of increased crops, und those who are blessed with capital show a disposition to invest in farming. Ho far as the im provement of farms is concerned people in Minne sota ore butter oft' than formerly, but otherwise there is not much to bj said. Local trade shows little im provement, but confidence in general business is re turning. "There is not," says the writer, "mors money arnoug the people at largo than there was last year or in the preceding two years." In considering iho condition of the people of Minucsots we must bear iu miud that the southern portion of the State contains by far the greater proportion of tlie population, and consequently produces, or wopld produce, with out drawbacks, tlie bulk of the wheat crop of the State. This year, just before the harvest, occurred hot weather and storms, which dried the berry and lodged tlie straw, so that thousands of acres were rendered valueless. On that saved the yield bus been comparatively low. The wheat harvested in South ern und Southwestern Minnesota this year grades, nearly all of it, Nos. 2 and ,t, with some as No. 4, while that grown along the Northern Pucilic ltailroad and in the ited Kiver V alley grades No. 1 and com mands the highest price ol all raised on this conti nent. This lias been raised by "wheat kings" on en ormously large ranches, and tho prosperity of tffht region does not affect, tho Oct uul condition of the landowners aud hard working farmers of the State. The entries of land in this State this year have reached 1,324,000 acres. These have been alung tha Northern Pacific ltailroad and represent largely specu lators who have gouo in to make money uud do not stand tor honest, industrious husbandmen with tlie sole ulni of improvement in view. So, whilo it would seem that much money has been invested here, it really has not found its way into the hands of tho people, but has been swept into tho coffers of corpo rations. IOWA. My jut? lliyent correspondent, "J. F. T.," of Bur lington, Iowa, under date December 2, says, ''leg, luost certainly, thu condition ot tliis part of the country is improved. Farmers have made more money this year; the season having been more favor able. The movements of crops arc larger and tnora a.-tive than in 1H77; crops have 011 tlic whole been in tter also. The pro. poet for an increase of cropa next year is very good. People are investing more freely in farm lands, and are as a whole certainly no worse oil than last year. Local tra le is very close and does not niake any improved showing. Yet con lldeiiei is returning on-all hands, and tile general busi ness outlook for the coat lug year is rather encourag ing. There is not so much money among the people at large us there was lust year, all prices being so innch lower and less currency bciug required to do the same business." Tim same correspondent then adds:? , >ur farmers are now completely divided off into landlords and renters or tenants. The former are all wealthy, keep out of debt, hold farms at (1UU to $2<k> uu acre, and usually rent for a share of crops?one third when tenant Duds tools and cattle, or two-thirds when landlord Duds everything. Tenants ought to do even better than tho landlords, but as a class are bad managers and improvident, saving lift la. 1 would preti r renting a farm valued at $1"iU an acre, on usual tv-rms, than to buy it. But tenants do not see it this way, and generally consider themselves oppress: d. Our lauds are better suited for grass and stock thua for grtin, and require capital to work theni to advan tage. As a rule, i armors of both sorts are doing very well. Wo have had three years of very wet seasons, anil this country is better suited to withstand drouth (even excessive) than wetf Generally speaking, agri culturists are doing better, than townspeople. Budd ing lias cca: ed altogether, and there are no uiuufac turcrs to,employ laborers. The towns aro slowly being depleted of surplus population. buA time ia re quited to ud.iust everything satisfactorily. Taxes aro excessively high und office-holders yet get war prieo salaries. When taxation is #4 and f."> to the flop and nothing to show for it but feedings lot of useless beef eaters it is excessive. Asa rule we are fairly pros pered and cannot complain." Most assuredly rag money or cart wheels and pound weights for dollars would make matters worse instead of better." CHAPLAIN BEECHER'S REGIMENT. A new company is being organised in the Eighth and Twenty-second wards of Brooklyn for the Thir teenth regiment. National Guard, of which Rev. Henry Ward Ik cehcr is chaplain. Colonel William Hem strict, a war veteran, is spoken of as thu probable commander. It Is the intentiouof the Thirteenth regi ment to "close up" its ranks anil to prepare to march on Canada next May in time to partii ipate in thu cele bration <if On Queen's birthday, and to be reviewed by His Excellency the Marquis of borne, the new Gov ernor General ot the Dominion. Chaplain Beeelier, who has already delivered a lecture to aid in creating a fund to pay the expenses of the Cauadliui expedi tion, Is hiking r.n interest in tho progress of recruit ing to Ull up i lie ranks anil to make a military display on the coming occasion worthy the National Guard of tho Empire State. THROWING DICE FOR DRINKS. Mb noel Kulllvan, a licensed vender, on (Saturday night dropped into WiUlatn Hoache'a saloon, at No. 47 linst Nltu ty-eecond street, and offered to throw dice with the proprietor for drinks. The proposition was accepti? I. Hullivvn lost anil when invited to "pay up ' seized a chair and raised it N if to brain Hcselie: but when the latter approached him with a club, Sullivan fled. Reaching the sidewalk ho hurled an empty beer keg through tiie window, breaking all the glass and endangering the aafrfy of Mrs. Hose ha. When 11 cache came out Bulllvan threw another keg at his head, whereupon Hoscho knocked Sullivan down with his effib. office* Casey tlien reached the spot, and on having the story took Sullivan to the Eighty, eighth street police station. The prisoner was com united for examination yesterday by Judge Kasmirf in the Harlem Police Court. advised to SUE FOlf "DAMAGES. Charles Neil, of No. 1,41k Madiaon avenue, on 8*fr unlay cauaed the arrest of Mm. Dora ban go, keeper ol a confectionery store in Jiarlciu. The charge he prw fcrred against the lady was for having certain prop* i rty in her store which Mr. Neil claimed had bean unlawfully takeu from hint. In the Harlmn Police Court, however. Mrs. f.ango proved to thu satisfac tion of Judge KaMiidro that she hud purchased the ar tleb'M iu dispute two years ago from William Ttdi iiiatiti. His Honor then discharged the lady, who bad spent the night in thoitation house, and adviatl bur to suo Mr. Nell for damage* i&4 civil court.