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Mr. Blaine's Election Resolutions in the Senate. DEBATE ON A COLLATERAL ISSUE. Struggle of the Democrats for an Open Investigation. REPUBLICANS IN FAVQR OF SECRECY. Star Chamber Proceedings Decided On by the Majority. FOREIGN MARKET FOR AMERICAN COAL. FROM OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT. Washington, Dec. 16,1878. blaine's sectional agitation besolutions? DEBATE IN THE SENATE. The report that the Blaine resolutions would come up for further debato iu the Senate to-day attracted no special interest, and a prolonged running fire of discussion on the subject was listened to by half filled galleries. ' The great Southern question seems to bo dead even here. 'Senator Wallace began the day with a motion to lay the resolutions on the table, which was almost unanimously voted down. Mr. Bayard suggested an amendment inakiug the inquiry reach ilio mis conduct of federal as well us State officers, which was at once accepted. Mr. Conkling asked that tbo in quiry be referred to a special committee, and not to the Judiciury Committee, which was agreed to. Mr. Butier, of South Carolina, moved that the committee be required to sit with opon doors, and on this sprang up a debate which lasted the greater part 6t the afternoon and in which the democrats had undoubtedly tbo best of the position, the republicans imprudently committing themselves to a secret inquiry and the democrats taking the ground that, while they wanted all wrongs fully exposed and punished, they wished the inquiry to be open, in order that the truth should be fairly ascertained.and mode known. Mr. Blaiue pretended that witnesses would be intimidated. But Mr. Butler and Mr. Kustis replied that previous inquiries in South ern States bad been with open doors, and no ono hail complained of intimidation of witnesses. Mr. Butler's omeudmont for open doors was voted down by the republicans, but presently Mr. Davis, of West Virginia, moved that the doors should bo opened on the request of any one member of the com mittee. SUMMARY OF THE DEBATE. The republicans opposing this, also, Mr. Bayard forcibly said that if wrong had been done, as was alleged, ho hoped and desired a fall exposure, and punishment to follow exposure. But he showed that uudcr the constitution all judicial inquiries are public; showed !why this is necessary to the safety of character, and person,. and, as this inquiry proposed to try whole.eommunitieB on vogue and general charges, he trusted the Senate would unanimously vote for publicity and against all secret and Star Chamber proceedings. He showed that many previous investigations of this hind had been with open doors, and polntod out that in scret hearings uo cross-examination of wit nesses waa possible, mid no way existed of testing on the spot the character of a witness or the credibility of bis testimony. He hoped that thin would not be made a party question, and declared that in the votes lie had given he had acted without party views. This inquiry, he said, is not for par tisan ends. It is, or ought to be, for justice only, tod nothing bad or wicked has been charged that if It be proved I shall not be glad to see brought to light and punished. air. Howe mado a few remarks, in which he some what lamely insinuated intimidation and that a secret Inquiry was necessary to prevent the murder of wit nesses. MR. EREVAN'S AIlOrMKNT. Mr. Reman in a few wordR clearly stated the ques tion, which was to present a secret inquiry on the objection of a singlA member. He had himself been a mt*nil>er of such a committee, which sat with open doors, and hud there seen the extreme im portance of publicity ir. testing the credibility of witnesses and oil the spot correcting exaggera tions and misunderstandings. He desired the in quiry lo be full and fair anil opc-n, so that whatever wrong had been done should lie exposed and pun ished, and thut the report of the committee should have a moral weight with the country. He counte nanced no wrong and would conceal none, nor shield wrongdoers from punishment, but, on the contrary, desired exposure and punishment. Mr. Merrlmon, of North Cumlins, said he hod seen, as a member of previous committees of this kind, that secrecy was simply an opening for per jury. Open doors were a c heck on perjury and en abled tlie committee to test the value of testimony, Mr. Howo# said in Louisiana numbers of men hod come to him in secret and told liim things which, if they had been willing to swear to ou the stand, would have produced a prof-mud effect. This remark caused a smile in the Senate, and a Senator remarked in a whisper to another that, if Mr. Howe's law practice were large enough, he must have met a good many cases of thiH kind outside of Louisiana. Mr. Hsulsbury said that if this committee were to ?it as a grand jury to And an indictment to be after ward tried in a court of justice, then secrecy was right and proper; but if tho committee, as was the case, was to report facts and its Judgment to the Sen ate, their publicity was necessary. A secret inquiry attacks and puts at risk character and rcpntatlon and leaves them defenceless. Mr. Blaine recalled Mr. Thnrman's remark the Other day that Intelligence and property wnnld necessarily have a preponderating influence in a com munity, and charged that besides all their other ad vantages thoy now sought another to intimidate tho witnesses of tho poor. Mr. Korean replied that in all trials between the poorest and wealthiest publicity wss tho rule, aud that star chamber secret inquiries were not tit for a froe country. BLAINK IHIUTATKD. Mr. Blaine at tbls point in the discussion began to a little warm and wandered into generalities. He exclaimed that no free election was over known in the South, passed from the inquiry into thogperlod before the wur and said that uo Southern man had been allowed to vote for Janies G. Birney or for Abraham Lincoln. Thero never wss a free election in the South, ho repeated. Mr. Krrnan r< marked on this that If the evils which Mr. lilaine charged really existed he wished them ror rcutcd, but those matters could not now be discussed because neither side knew the facts. The inquiry is msdc to ascertain these, and according to tho policy of all fn e nations men accused have the right to bo present at tho nxaminstiou of their accnsers, and to suggest cross-examination that the truth may bo Silted out, and to teat tho witness at the very time be makes his charges, Thero is no politics in this, he said, but justice and principle. IVo want the evi dence hero before wo begin to discuss the innrits of the question. MR. ransom's avfkat.. Mr. Ransom made an earnest appeal for harmony and good feeling, but as he wandered from the point St Issue Mr. Blsine mixed tho opportunity thus offered and came in With a few adroit and telling blows. Uo read a passage from a North Caro lina democratic paper saying that no matter lmw tho negroes voted tho Honth should remain democratic; alluded to the complaint of ltrubcti 1'avis In Mississippi that he waa not allowed to run aa an independent candidate against the democrats, aud said, in his most effective man ner:?"This inquiry is not against persons. It in dicts the democratic party ax the enemy of free speech, of free suffrage?as the lifelong adversary of free elections in the South. The question wo are going to investigate is whether there is a fair and honest representation in Congress." He thou brought Mr. Lamar to his feet by an allusion to him, and when the latter had made a brief but effective and good tempered reply the vofe was taken and the amendment was defeated, tbo republicans voting for a secret inquiry, or rather to leave the de cision to the republiaan majority of the committee. Ttit: SSrUBLK'AM BI.UNDER.' It is surprising that they should have committed this blunder; tor, aside from the hateful injustice Of a secret investigation, experience should have told them that if wrong has been done an open and public inquiry alone * can effect ively bring it before the public. Mr. Morton made the blunder in his well remembered Mississippi investigation of taking testimony in sreret, and the result was that the public had lost all interest in the matter long before tho result was priuted and pub lished. His wholo effort fell to the ground, and, after all, as he printed tho testimony, he exposed his witnesses to just as much danger, if any danger there was, as though they had teatitted in public. Mr. Glover has been for some years zealously pursuing a secret inquiry here, with only tho result of covering himself with ridicule. The Naval Com mittee of the Houso chose to sit iu secret, and Mr. Kobcson has boon laughing at them for three years. Other instances might he cited, and it could easily be shown that while a Congressional investigation, as a general rule, serves mainly to cover up wrong, the only ones which have ever been effcctivo have been tho most public. I ROSPKCTS OF THE INQUIRY. The present inquiry covers so much ground and touches so many important points that it begins already to be seen that it can yield no real results in tho short time which remains to this Congress. Unless the Senate is led gradually into a heated dis. cussion of the Southern outrage business, which is not now probable, even the primary object of the resolution to inflame tho mind of the country will fail. The democrats to-day used tho opportunity which chance and the folly of the republicans put in their way to declare themselves unequivocally in favor of exposing and punishing atl wrongdoing, and this is a gain to them, for it will preserve them hereafter from misrepre sentation. That they also demanded a public in quiry, and resisted with good senso and ability a secret and necessarily ineffective, and, to free men, hateful method will add to their credit. AMERICAN COAL III SWITZERLAND?A LESSON TO THM COMBINATION. Tbo news received at tho State Department that a cargo of American coal has been shipped to Geneva, in Switzerland, by the Beading Railroad Company, and there sold at a profit, ought to interest the struggling capitalists in Now York and Penn sylvania who spend so much of their time in making and unmaking combinations to raise the price of coal by stopping the mining of it. Tho gentlemen engaged in the celebrated cool combina tion are like the Irishman who cut a piece off tho foot of his blanket and sewed it on the head, in the hop* of making it long enough for comfort. When they stop production they starvo the miners and when they ran no longer starve tho miners they glut the limited home market, which so far seems to have been the only one they have thought of, Authracit" coal is valued all over the world. The coal companies mnst produce abont three times as much as this country now consumes if they wont to make mono;- and keep their men busy. If they would zealously seek foreign markets and would use their influcn ? to secure free ships aud a more moderate tariff, so as to enable American vessels to carry cargoes both ways, they would soon bo in a position where they would keep their min ers busy and happy with profit to themselves. If we can send coal to Switzerland we ought certainly to be able, with good management, to sell it in Ger many and France and even in England. FROM OUR REGULAR CORRESPONDENT. Washington, Dec. 1C, 1878. NOTE BUT AMERICANS ON OOVEttNMKNT WOKKS? A MOVEMENT AGAINST THE CHINESE. Senator Grover, of Oregon, says, in explanation of the bill introduced by liim to-day prohibiting tho employment on government works of any person who is not a citizen of tho United States, or who has not declared his intention of becoming a citizen, that it is intended solely to prevent the employment of Chinese laborers on government work on the Pacific coast. He saya that he receivod a letter a few days ago from the president of a workingmen's association at Portland, Oregon, to the effect that the person hav ing tho contract for tho construction of a canal and locks at the cascades of tho Coliimbta River had in formed him that some two hnndreiWlhinese were em ployed to the exclusion of white lalflrcrs. This work ia being done ut the expense of the government, an appropriation of $'>50,0f"> having boon made. The federal judges on the Pacific Coast have de cided that t'hinaineu arc not eligible to citizenship. They work at very low rates and send their earnings home, so that the government fnnds are not only not disbursed among needy citizens but aro sent out of the country. Mr. Grover says he shall press tho matter before the Committee 011 Commerce, to which committee the bill has been referred. PROCEEDINGS OP CONGRESS. * BEXATE. Wasihvc.tox, Dee. IB, 1S7S. Hon a tor Bsrnnni, of Connecticnt, wan in hia acat this morning for the first time thia session. Tho only Senators now absent are Messrs. Jones and Sharon, of Nevada, and Sargent, of California, tho latter being detained on account of sickness. The CBaflaik, in his opening prayer, alluded to tho death of the Princess Alice, saying:?"O Lord, for all that inonrn this day, alike in the palaces of kings and in the lowly dwelling of the poor, wo beseech Thy mercy and Thy favor." Messrs. Davis (ind.) and Oot.ksbt, (rep.) of 111., pre sented resolutions of the Manufacturers' Association of the Northwest, favoring the appointment of a sub committee of the committees of commerce of both houses of Congress to accompany an excursion party from Chicago to Mexico on the 4th of January next, to further establish more direct commercial relations between the two countries. Referred to the Commit tee on Commerce, and Mr. Oglesby expressed the hope that this would be considered before the holidays. SrcltKTARY sHrilMAS CAt.I.KI) TO AtVOtUfT. Mr. ItrcK, of Kentucky, submitted a resolution that the Secretary of the Treasury he directed and required to tppcar before tho Senate in person on Wednesday next, at one o'clock 1'. M., to inform tho Senate what reason, if any, he lias for failing to answer the resolution of the Senate of December :t, IH'18. The resolution referred to rails upon the Sec retary of the Treasury for information as to what amount of silver has l<een meet veil in payment of cuatoma duties since the beginning of tlie present fiscal year, aud whether or not be lias applied the stlvr coin so received in whole or In part to the pay ment of the interest on bonds or notes of the United States. If it has not been so applied to state the reason why, he. Mr. Mobril?., (rep.) of Vt? said If the Senator from Kentucky (Mr. Deck) desired to discuss this resolu tion he (Mr. Morrill) hail no objection to hearing him, but If tbo Senator desired action on the resolu tion now he (Mr. Morrill) must object. Tfio time had le-en so short since tho passage of the resolution of December 3 that It ws? tiardly possible for the Secretary to roply. From conversation lie had with tho Secretary recently he had no doubt the answr would conic in soon, probably to-day, Mr. ItRcit, of Kentucky, snhl the only object ho had was to obtain an answer from tho Secretary be fore tlie holidays. It could bo no aort of embarrass ment for the Secretary of the Treasury to appear in the Senate and give his reasons for tlie delay. Per haps lie could give his reasons that way better than by writing a reply. He (Mr. Heck) would like to seo Whether tlie Silver law passed ?t the lust session was a good iaw or not. He Insisted that as long as it re mained on the statute looks it should lie enforced. He had noticed the action of the New York huukn to discriminate against the sliver dollar, and he wanted it paid to them as well as to alt others. The Secretary of the Tixiasury was the agent of 1'ungreas, and ho must cotnply with the taw. He quoted from the public debt statements, and argued that tlie Secretary had increased the bonded debt of the United States, bearing interest, to the extent, off CttH,4W,4flO, atul this in tho face of professions that the national debt was Icing diminished. Mr, ilKiuttMOK, (dem.) of IV, Ce?How has ho done that? Mr. Ruck?Ho has dono|lt by selling bonds and hoarding (Old.,^Continuing, ho said the Secretary further said that lie intended to issno notes of h high character, of a large denomination, on tho 1st of -tsnnsry next. These and uiuny other things the Semite should know about. Mr. Mouuu., of Vermont, said he bad no doubt of the purpose of the Senator from Kentuck y (Mr Beck). and that purpose was to embarrass specie re sumption. The present Secretary of the Treasury would not be embarrassed in the least to conic hero and lnak" a personal i-xplanal ron. although ?uel? a thing had not been asked by th" Senate fur the lust eighty years. The Secretary had no objection to au ?weriuR the resolution of toe Senator from Kentucky (Mr. Deck), but he (Mr. Morrill) thought it was asking a little too mueli of him to reply in so short a time. The resolution then went over until to-morrow. APPHOl'IUATIOX RILL*. Mr. Window, (rep.) of Minn., from the Committee on Appropriations, reported with amendments the Consular and Diplomatic Appropriation bill. Placed on the calendar. He also reported, from the samo committee, with amendments, the Naval Appropria tion bill. Plac ed on the calendar. The Vice PBSKTDCar laid before the Senate the House concurrent resolution iu regard to the holi day recess. Mr. ftuun, (rep.) of Me.?I wish that to bo laid aside nutil some other matters are disposed of (refer ring to bis resolutions introduced on the first day of the session), so we may know where we stand. The resolution was laid aside. Air. BrsKsniK, (rep.) of It. I., gave notice that on Thursday ne\t? after the expiration of the morning j hour, he"would ask the indulgence of the Nenato to submit some remarks on the bill to reorganize and reduce the army. MB. BLAINE'S EMtCTTONH RESOLUTION. At the conclusion of the morning business Mr. Blaine, of Maine, moved that the Benate proceed to the consideration of the resolution submitted by him on the first day of the session in regard to the in quiry as to whether citizens had been deprived of their constitutional rights at tlio recent elections. Mr. Waoleigh, (rep.) of N. H.?I am obliged to in sist upon the regular order, which is the bill to amend the statutes in relation to patents. Air. Blaine said it liis resolution or the amendment of the Senator from Ohio (Mr. Thurman) was to have any effect it should lie passed before the holidays, lie had np desire to detain tho Senate one minute With any remarks. Mr. (i a it land, (dem.) of Ark., asked tho Senator (Mr. Blaine) not to call up tho resolution to-day, as tho Senator from Ohio (Mr. Thurman), who offered the amendment, was not in his seat to-day. Mr. Wallace, (dem.) of Pa., said the Senator (Mr, Thunnan) was absent on account of illness. Atr. Blaine said lie understood the Senator from Ohio lend concluded his remarks ou the amendment. Mr. Wadlkiur, of Now Hampshire, said lie had no objection to the resolution of the Senator from Maine (Air. Blaine) being taken up subject to call for tho regular order, being the Palent bill. Mr. Matthews, (rep.) of Ohio, said he disliked very much to antagonize tho Senator from Maine, as he thought his resolution should pass before the recess; but ho felt constrained to make a motion to amend that of the Senator from Maine (Mr. iilaiue), and that was that the pre*cut and all prior order be laid aside, and that the Senate proceed to tlio consideration of the Texas Pacific ltailroad bill, ltejocted?yeas 1)0, nays ;)2?as follows:? Yeas?Messrs. Armstrong, IUilov. Berk, (litncroa of Pennsylvania, Cnckrell, Coke, Conovnr, Davis of Wcit Vir ginia, Knstis, Kerrv, (inrlanil, tlrnfvor, Horrid, Hereford, ginin, hustid, rerrv, (iiirlanil, timver, Hams, Hereford Johnston, I.uraar, McCrowy, MoPherson. Matthews, Mnxoy, Morriuign, 1'nlteuton, liaudolph, Kansutu, Wallace anil Wit tiers?"M. Xav-i?Mfssrn Allison, Anthony, BtUftird, Blaine. Bortth, Btirnsido, Bntler, Cameron of n UeoMln. ChrlitluMy, t'onkling, Davis of Illinoid, llawai, Baton, llnmlin. Itorr. Howe, Invalid, Korean, Kirkwnod, .McDonald, McMillan, Mitchell, Morgan, Morrill. Paddock, Plumb, Rollins, Maun ders, Teller, Voorhcos, Wadleigh and Windora?33. It was then agreed that the resolution of Mr. Blaine bo takeu tip subject to call for regular order, the pending question being on the amendment of Mr. Tliurmun, submitted on Wednesday last. Mr. Wallace, of Pennsylvania, nio/ed to lay tiio resolution of Mr. Blaine on the table. Rejected? yeas 3, nays CO. Messrs. l)avis, of West Virginia; McCreery, of Kentucky, and Wnllaoe, of Pennsylvania, voted in the affirmative, and all the others, republicans and demo crats, In the negative. The quostion then being on Mr. Thornton's amend ment Mr. BuntX said Jto had no objection to that amendment, but lie thought another committee should take el targe of it. Mr. Ai.mkox, (rep.) of Iowa, objected to one part of the amendment of Mr. Tliurinau, that which pro posed to inquire if- "money was raised by assessment or othcrwiso." He did not suppose the Senator meant to inquire as to voluntary contributions. Mr. Voobhw.s, (dent.) of Ind.?Yes, sir; voluntary contributions for the purpose of corrupting the bal lot box. Mr. Allison?Does it apply to Senators and mem bers of the House? Mr. Voorhkeh?I suppose it does. Mr. Allison?Then I withdraw any objection, t (Laughter.) TBCBMAN 8 AMEXDMEXT. Tbe amendment of Mr. Thurmau was then agreed to without a division. It provides for an inquiry as to whether any citizen of any State has been dis missed or threatened with dismissal from employ ment by reuaou of his vote, or intention to vote, at the recent election*; whether in tbe year 187H money waa raised by assessment, or otherwise, upon federal Office-holder* or employes for election purposes, and, further, to inquire into the action of Pnitcd States Supervisors of KleetionR, and as to the number of marshal* and deputy marshals employed, itc. The question then being on the resolution of Mi*. Blaine, of Maine, Mr. t'Osnf-iMo, (rep.) of N. Y., in quired what committee was to make the inquiry. The Tier, PuHITdkxt?Xte* Judiciary Committee. Mr. Cohkling said the Chairman of the Judiciary Committee (Mr. Kdmnnds, of Vermont) was not hero to-day, but there were members of that committee present and they all knew of the amount of work before the committee. It soemed to him that it was impossible for the Juclrlary Committee to do the work. Bellev ing. as lie did, that the inquiry ought to be made, he thought it should be intrusted to a special committee. He therefore moved to amend the resolution so as to provide that the investigation should be made by a select committee of nine .Sena tors, instead of tbe Judiciary Committee. Mr. Hkuekoup, (dciu.) of W. Va., opposed the amendment, amfargncd tlict the Judiciary Commit tee should make the investigation, beouuse one of the resolution* referred to the competency of Congress to provide, by additional legislation, for the more perfect seenrity of the right of snffrage. Mr. McDosud, (dem.) of Ind., a member of the Judiciary Commttt' ?, said if the resolution should be referred to that committee it would necessarily supersede all other business boforc it for this session. Mr. Bi-iisk moved that the select committee be composed of teu lm-Tubers instead of nine, with power to and to the number, ltujected. Mr. CoxxLtNo Mid tboae who desired thia inquiry to lie made must send It to a committee which could make it. Those who wanted it to fall would send the matter to the Judiciary Committee. The amendment of Mr. Conkltng was agreed to? yuan :wi, nay* '27, us follows:? Ykas?Messrs. Allison. Anthony, K^-iium. Blaine, Booth, Burnsiile,Cameron ?f i'Mtisylvania, Cameron of Wiareu sln,ChristiaacynCniikling, llavia .of Illinois, Oawes, Kerry, liarlauil, Hamlin, llosr. Howe, Injralls, Kullugg, KlrSwooil Vf<? Lit,11nId McMillan, Matthews, Jfaxey, Mitchell, Morrill, O'fleshr, Pailiiock. ntltrwm, Plumb, Kolllns, can Inters. Teller, Voorhse*. Wadleifdi and Wiadon?SU Navs?Messrs. Armstrong. Bailev, Hayaril, Beck, Batlar, Corkrell, Cuke, Davis of Woat Vfrgiuia, Ktiitis, ilorilon, (?rover, Harris, Hereford, Johnston. .1 ones of Florida, Ker nan, I-amar, MeCroery, McPlierson, Marrlmoii, Morgan, Randolph, Hansom, Ssulabury, Wallace, Whyta aud With or??27 Mr. Monnit-r,, of Vermont, announced that his col league, Mr. Edmunds, was paired with Mr. Tburman on all political question*, and Mr. Allisoi?announeed that the Senator from Califoruia. Mr. Sargent, was paired with the Senator from South Carolina. Mr. Butler, on political questions. After a brief debate it was decided that the question of having a select committee was not a political one. Mr. Ui.aisk, of Maine, then submitted on amendment authorizing the committee to take testimony by itself or by any sub-committee, and to visit any portion of the country when such visit luay, in their judgment, facilitate any portion of the object of the inquiry. OI'KK DOOlta ah* in fob. Mr. llrn.Kii, (dem.) of S. 0., moved to amend the amendment so n* to provide that the committee, or any sub-committee thereof, shall sit with open doors. Mr. Hlaink?Will the Senator explain his motive ? Mr. Bim.KR replied that his motive waa to have a free, fair and full investigation. Mr. Blaixk said there would lie a full representa tion of the minority, or rather from the other stde of tbe chamber?ho did not know whether it was the minority or not. Mr. Whttk?For a little while. (Laughter.) Mr. Bi.ainr opposed the amendment of Mr. Butler, and said there might lie a case where a wltuesa would lie embarrassed by testifying openly. Very many men who had bean intiiuolated at the polls were more intimidated on the witness stand. He would leave the whole matter of the open sessions of tho committee with tho eommittoe itself. Mr. Butlkr said he understood the Senator from Maine objected to the amendment on the ground that in certain, parts ot the- country en-tain wit nemos Were willing to testify secretly but not openly. The Senator hail spoken about so and so living alleged in regard to depriving citizens of their rights. There was not a particle of proof ot tbe tact, lie (Mr. Butier) as a Senator, in part rt presenting the State of South Carolina, desired to'say lo the Seoato ami to the country that the (ic.qiluuf his State de sired the most complete ami lultest investigation which could be made, and any witness who appeared before the committer in South Carolina could testify just as sutely as ho could iu tie State of .Maine. Mr. F.rsTl.a, (dem.) Of Ijl, said so far as the State of Isitiisiana was concerned past investigations proved that republican witness** were not intimidated, be cause republican witnesses not only t"stitle<i there, but a great many of tbein testtlled dn both sides. It (incurred to hUn (Sir, Fusils) as an extraordinary sit uation for the Senator from Maine to occupy, wheu ill advance of the examination of a single witness tho honorable Senator took tiie liberty of slating to the Semite auil tbe people of the country Lonmia: that tho people of Louisiana hail no more rights as voters tlisn the Inhabitants of Henegamliia. lie (Mr. Kustls) could demonstrate that the elections in Louisiana wore lair aud pes'stttl, ami there were a great many reasons why the democratic candidates were elected. The colored people exercised the right of nutfrage ami discrimination. However, he would not d< tain the Senate now, tout after the investigation lie would have on opportunity of defending his peo ple. Mr. Bi.aink, of Maine, said the Senator from south Carolina (Mr. Butler) either possessed or affected great Ignorance of past events In South Carolina. He referred to troubles In that State, and said be had 201) letters giving details of great outrages ou the right of suffrage. If tlie Heuator (Mr. Butler) desired a free and rnir investigation, free from liittuiidstjon, lie would leave it to tho committee as to whether tbe doors should be opened or not. and not let tbe witnesses, white or colored, lie notified that the doors would ha opened ami If they appeared before the coiumltt"e they would do so at. their peril. Mr. BVTLr.u said if the Senator (Mr. Blaine) desired a lull and fair Investigation, a* he claimed, he would vote for the amendment to opeu the doors. The Sen ator (Mr. Blaine) said H hail MO letters complaining of outrages. He (Mr. Butler) understood that Sena tor to way in hjs speech on Wednesday last that ho based his statements upon newspaper publication*. If newspaper stati merits were evidence the Senator from Maine as well as himself (Mr. Butler) would have lieeu hung and quartered long ago. He did not mean to say that newspapers did not communicate truth, but when correspondents were sent to his cnuutry to write down everything had about thu peo ple auu suppress all that was good he thought it time to complain. He (Mr. Butler) could go into Maine with a corps of detectives aud make the State a steneli in the nostrils of the world. Mr. ih.MKK?Yon have thu right to do it under this resolution. A 8S0UKT IN'JUihlTlOV. The amendment of Mr. Butler was rejected?Yeas, .10; nays, :lt>, a strictly party vote. (>n this vote pairs were anuotinuud aa follows:?Messrs. Barnutn. But ler, McDonald, Maxey ami Thurinan, who would have voted iu the afllrtnative, were paired with Messrs. chatter, Kargent. Dorsoy, Speuerr aud Edmunds, who would have voted in the negative. The question then being on the amendment of Mr. Blaine, above stated, Mr. Davis, of West Virginia, moved to amend so as to provide that the committee or any sab-committee should sit with open doors when requested to do so by any member of the com mittee. RKMARKS OF MR. BAYARD. Mr. Bayard, (deni.) of Del., said, so far, the reso lution and its aracnement* had been acted unon almost, with unanimity, why should it not con tinue? Tlio courts always took testimony with open doors, aud if any investigation should be made publicly it should be that aff.ct iug the character of a whole community. There was something uu-Amcricau in this secret in quisition. It the charges made were true he hoped exposure would follow and punishment follow expo sure. If the. charges were untrue he hoped the pun ishment would fall upon those who placed them on foot. Ho hoped the Senate would unanimously agree that no such tiling as a secret inquisition should be held. He had been on investigating committees, iu Mississippi and elsewhere, and men came before the ooinmltteo who swore to just what they pleased. This should not be a party question, and the votes he had given had been to prevent it being such. Ho hoped this investigation would be conducted on the principles that Justice everywhere lays down for tho elucidation of Truth. Mr. Hoar, (rep.) of Mass., said tho proposition to have open doors was in opposition to the uniform precedents, both of the Menato and House, in ail like cases, since the formation of the government. Mr. Bayard sa id he was a member of the special com mittee which sat six weeks in Sew York Investigating the affairs of the Custom House there. That exami nation was conducted iu public. . Mr. Ho.ab inquired if the question whether there should be open or closed doors was not left with tho committee. Mr. Bayard replied in the afllrmative. Mr. Kkiinax, (doni.) of N. Y. favored the amend ment und said it was simply to prevent a majority of tho committee from closing tho doors. It one mom ber of the committee in the interest of justieo d? sired the doors to be opened they should be. Mr. Merbimos, of North Carolina, said he had an experience two yarn ago on investigating committees in the South, and ho could not conceive of a better Slun to encourage perjury than by having closed oors. He had seen, day after day, the rankest in justice done to scores of men who were not there to defend themselves.x The secret investigations were against the principles of eternal justice and wrong to the American people. Mr. Howk, (rep.) of Mo., said he had had experi ence on investigating comuiittess in Louisiana. He had conversed with wliite and colored witnesses in that State, who protested that they dare not testify.. One witness who appeared before the committee?and he was a native of the Stato?wus afterward killed, and it was said on account of the testimony which he gave to the committee. Mr. Blaine said that tho Senator from Ohio (Mr. Thnrmau) argued that property and intelligence rule tho South. If that was so the people possessing them would have a thousand opportunities to in fluence tho judgment of the committee where those who were wronged had one. He was free to say that a froo election, in the sense of tho constitution, was never liuown ill. the South. There never was a man in Virginia, Georgia or Florida who dared to come up and vote for Abraham Lincoln. Mr. Withkbs, (dem.) of Va.?There were votes cast for him in Virginia. Mr. Blaine (continuing)?And in 1844 no'one in tho South would vote for James G. Burney. Mr. Eaton, (dem.) of conn.?Perhaps no one there wanted lo.vote for James G. Bumey. (Laughter.) Mr. Kernax, of New York, said he had always been in ravor of elections unswayed by bribery, money or anything else but persuasion, but that had nothing to do with the amendment. If men were charged with anything wrong they should have an opportunity to confront their witnesses. Mr. McMillan, (rep.) of Minn., argued that this subject had been brought to the attention of Congress through tho Message of tho President. It did not arise from a partisan standpoint. Citizens in certaiu parts of this country had been deprived of tlie right of suffrage by violence, intimidation and outrage, and Hie offenders should be punished. SPEECH OP MB. BAXHOM. Mr. Hansom, (rep.) of N. C., said the constitution of the United States provided that in all prosecutions the accused should enjoy the right to a speedy trial, be confronted with the witnesses against him, und an investigation affecting tlie great right of suffrage should be conducted with the same prudeut and safe forms as surround the trial of tho most humble citi zen for the most trifling offence against criminal law. He hoped the Senator from Maine (Mr. Blaine) would pardon hiin, but he did not think thai Senator used a peaceful argument when he doclarod there never had been a fair election in, the South. If lie (Hansom) thought proper he could take up (hat glove and persuade uny patriot to retire from Mich a position. Ho would not say it was a calumny upon the history of the Soutn eru people. He would leave it to the calm judgment of tne Senator from Maiuo to correct at lib* leisure. It was too late for the Senator to declare in a discus sion to-day that theru had uevor been a fair election in the South. He assured the Senator that was not tlie wav to secure peaceablo relations In this country. When this restitution came up tills morning a motion from an eminent democratic Senator to lay it on tho table met with no response on the demo cratic side, so determined were the Senators on that, side that there should be a free and full investigation. Democratic.Senators from the North and from the South showed them that tliejr wanted this investigation. He (Mr. Hansom) now appealed to the Senate and to the Senator from Maine, was not thia opposition to the amendment mockery? Those who opposed thia amendment must admit one of two things?that they could not proteet their witnesses or their statements were not to be divulged. The Senator front Msine had called for the light of heaven to shine on these transactions. Now when the democratic Senators say "Turn on the light," "Oh. no," says the Senator tnuu Msine, "put us In a dark room, draw the curtains." TURN ON THE T.IUHf. Continuing his remarks, Mr. Kausom said. this light of heaven, the first creation of the Almighty, is the great protection of man. It is the eneuiy of fraud and corruption; it is the light which protect* our homes. When tne evidence taken by this com mittee should coma to the Henate let it come with no suspicion upon It; lot it be bo broad, so clear, that all would liavo to agree that a remedy or no remedy was needed as the case might be. It would not bo best for tlio Senator from Maine or any other Senator to make an assault lipon the Southern peo B'?. If thero was any thought that anything could said which would provoke recrimination against the North it was a mistake. The Southern people had no Bitch purpose. Looking toward Blaine, ho said: ? "Senators, If you are to have war with us It shall bo your war, not ours." He suid twelve months ago it was in the power of Southern men to give this country great trouble, but they acted patriotically. They could have brought on a revolution; they could liavo thrown impediment after impediment in tlie way of the present adminis tration: but they did not do it: they never would do it. | Southern men loved tliis country?loved its pgace, loved its honor? and tlicy expected to deserve its blessing; and If they had tlm power they would not exercise it over the people of the North. Tho Southern people desired to be let alone, to build up heir fortunes, for they were as poor as the satuls on the sea shore. For seven long years he had sat hero and heard his people abused, but bis duty wus to lwar it. Now. when it was proposed to indict them, they would meet their accusers half way and say, "Turn on the light*, see it all." Ood forbid that it should go out to tlio balance of mankind and go down the stream of timo forever that this American Senate declared that an investigation should not bo made in tho light of day. (Applause in the galleries). nnrLY or stn. blaikk. Mr. Blaixe, in reply, read trotn a Italelgh paper to the effect that this was a white man's government, and white men should rule it, but they did not Inteud that the negro should be deprived of the right of suf frage. as the Month gained In representation on ac count of such right to the negro. Continuing ids remarks Mr. DIainn said he indicted the democratic party nsthofoeof free speech and as the life-long foe of free elections In the HouJ.ii. He (Mr. Blsiue) had heard a good deal about preventing trouble in the seating of President Hayes, and he desired to say that behind Congress was that same people who bad expended life without stint and money without count, and for the fate of a thousand Mr. Ttldens, o-a thousand Mr. Hayeses, thev would not have gone to war. The South ern" men in that curat did but their duty, Mr. Ktsaovt?Yet in th" faco of that the Senator from Maine *aj*? now we will not do our duty to our fellow citlrcns. Mr. Bi.aink said If either he or the Senator from North Carolina should fail to do their duty they would both be smitten with the withering condemna tion of a constituency which knew bow to do so. After some further discussion the amendment of Mr. I)svis was rejected?yeas ogf nays Jb, a strict party vote. In addition to the pair* above mentioned on a former vote were tlu^ following:?Mossts. tlrovcr, Johnson nnd Haulshnry, who would have toted in favor of the motion, were paired witli Messrs. I'lnuib, .Matthews and Oonover, who would have voted against it. ' Pending discussion, Mr. Wliyte said there wcrn other Benatora who desired to speak on this resolu tion, nod he therefore moved that the Senate go Into executive session. Agreed to, and the Senate, after a brief executive session, at half-past four P. M., ad journed until to-morrow. HOUSE or REPRESENTATIVES. Washington, Doe, 1A, 1A78. The privileges of tho Boor were extended to the ^members of tha United Btatea Board of Trade, now In aaaalon in thta city. Cutler the call of States the following bills were in troduce and referred:? By Mr. Joyce, (rep.) of Vt.?Extending the time for presenting claims fur horses lost in tho military ser vice until June, ltwo. By Mr. Wood, (dcm.) of N. f,?To make United States notes receivable lor duties on Import*. Also respect ing protests auil appeals from decisions of collectors of customs. By Mr. Hkbbebt, (dcm.) of Ala.?Requiring United States Marshals to carry pt rsous arrested to the near est United States court. By Mr. Amu*, (dcm.) of La?To incorporate the United States Board of Trade of Manufactures, Com merce and Agriculture. By Mr. Banmno, (ilcm.) of Ohio?To place JaBP'* Shields on tho army retired lisl as a brigadier general. By Mr. FosTJUl, (rep.) of Ohio?For tile exchange of standard dollars lor trade dollars. By Mr. XtSTifliOF, (rep.) of 111.?To place the silver coinage (?r tho United States ou the basis of Its in trinsic value. By Mr. Four, (rep.) of 111.?To maintuiu aud enforce the legal ttgider quality of the silver dollar; also rela tive to tho currency of the United Status. By Mr. Cox, (dcm.) of N. V.?For removal of politi cal disabilities. By Mr. Phelps. (dera.) of Conn.?Providing for the circulation of national bank notes of less than $5 alter resumption the same as before. By Mr. Mouse:, idem.) of Mass.?Fixing the relative rank of engineers in the navy. Also for the appoint ment of an assistant collector at Boston. kedhkai. stJFanvxaoits. Mr. South.u:i>, (Join.) of Ohio, ottered a resolu tion calling on the Attorney General for information as to the number of supervisors and deputy marshals employed throughout the country during the late election, stating the length of time that they were employed, <kc. Referred. Mr. Kinley (dcm.) of Ohio, submitted a resolu tion instructing the Judiciary Coiniuittc to inquire by what authority of iaw the Secret Service Division of the Treasury Department is maintained, lie ferred. Mr. Mur.t.F.n, (dcm.) of N. Y., introduced a bill to abolish the Bureau of Military Justice. Referred. Mr. Kelly, (rep.) of Pa., offered a resolution calling on the Secretary of tho Treasury for information as to balauccs on thu loan account standing to the credit of tho Treasury in any national bank on the 1st of March, 1H7H, or on the first of any succeeding month until January, 1H7!), with the name of such banks aud the amount held by each. POLITICAL ASSKSSMrNTS. Mr. ('HAi.MEits, (dem.) of Miss., moved to suspend the rules and pass the bill making it a penal offence for any offices, agent or contractor of the United States to intermeddle with the election of members of Congress or of the President by the contribution of money or by use or abuse of official privilege, or by threats, influence, 4c.; and also making it a penal offence to solicit or receive contributions tor election purposes trout persons in the employment of the government. Dejected?Yeas 152, nays KM, not the necessary two-thirds vdto in the affirmative. Tito republicans voted "no" and democrats "aye," Mr. Kelly voting with the democrats. Mr. Ulotjct, (dem.) of Ga., from the Committee on Appropriations, reported a bill appropriating $450,000 to supply deficiencies for railroad mail transportation and gave notice that he would call it up for action to-morrow. DIKTUUft OF COLOMBIA. At two o'clock the House proceeded to tho consid eration of District of Columbia business. Mr. Hontkb, (dem.) of Va., from the Committee on the District of Columbia, reported a bill to auiend the act of June 20,1878, and to ilx the rato of interest on bonds to be issued by the Commissioners of the District for the taking up of $281,000 of outstanding bonds soon to tall due. The bill requires the bonds to be of the denomination of $100 and $500, to 1k> either registered or coupon, to be payable in twenty years after date,'to boar interest at not exceeding six per cent and not to be sold for less than par. The House then went into Committee of the Whole, with Mr. Fitiloy, of Ohio, in the ehair. The bill was laid aside to be reported to the Honse. The committee then took up the bill appropriating - $140,000 for the construction of a bridge across the Potomac Diver at the islands of the Three Sisters, above Georgetown?half the cost to be defrayed by the government aud half by the District. This bill gave rise to a discussion involving ques tions as to the State of Virginia ceding jurisdiction for the abutments or approaches of the bridge on tho Virginia side aud or to the propriety of that Htate contributing ono-fourth of tho exiw-nse. Mr. Conueb (rep.), of Mich., insisted on the last mentioned point, und in tho course of his remurks satirized the strict constructionists of Virginia (indi cating Mr. Tncker by name) for.their old time oppo sition to internal improvements, while they pressed appropriations for their own .State in the Diver and Harbor bill. Mr. Tuokf.b replied with much warmth, denying that he had ever pressed for appropriations tor his State in the Diver aud Harbor bill, and asserting that he had always opposed such bills. A proviso was inserted in tho bill requiring the as sent of tho State of Virginia, and the bill was laid aside to be reported to the House. The committee then rose aud the two bills were passed, and the House at tour o'clock adjourned. ONONDAGA INSANE ASYLUM. A COMMITTEE OF EXPERTS EXAMINING THE IN TERIOR ARRANGEMENT?BAD DRAINAGE AND DEFECTIVE VENTILATION. [BT TELEGRAPH TO THE HERALD.] Hvracuse, N. Y., Dec. Ifl, 1878. Tbe committee of the State Board of Charities and Board of Supervisors now engaged in investigating the management of the Onondaga Connty Poorhouse and Insane Asylum to-day made a critical examina tion of the institution from cellar to garret. They were accompanied by four medics) experts, among whom was Dr. n. B. Wilbur, superintendent of the State Idiot Asylum of this city. Mr. H. W. White, architect, was also present. The committee first investigated the system of sew erage, which was decidedly defective. The most startling discovery in this connection was that the sewer leading from the Insane Asylum water closets wan an open ditch in the cattle yard, in the rear of the buildings. Next on examination Was made of the interior arrangements of the institution. The experts were unanimous in declaring the light and ventilation abominable. Many of the rooms are very dark. THE WALLED STRAIT JACKETS. The committee visited the locality of the famous cells in the northern extremity of the Insane Asylum bnildiug. where tbe five insane persons were discov ered, as recently described in the Herald. President Lotchworth looked at these walled "strait jackets" and said. "And this in an enlightened age!" Two other similar cells wero found in another part of the building. Tbe Board of State Charities will recommend the destruction of all these horrible brick "stocks." The wards of the Insane Asylum were examined and found to be deficient in light and ventilation. .The bedrooms are ail small niul close. A sad state of atl'airs was found in the pauper's sitting room, or the "Smoking Car," as it is called. The room wa < with out any ventilation except an old fireplace, and was occupied by seventy-eight mendicants. The ateuch was sickening. Throughout the buildings the stair ways wero narrow and crooked, malting it imisissible for two persona to go up or down abreast. Expedi tion would be out of the question in ease of fire. The investigation iuto its management will be con tinued to-morrow. A COWARDLY Ml'liDER. SHOOTING A MAN FIIOM AMBUSH IN THE DARK? LYNCHING PROBABLE. [BT TKLEOBAPH TO THE HERALD.] Norfolk, Va., Dec. lfi, 1S78. A mysterious murder wan committed near this city 1 Ant night At a place on tlio Seaboard anil Koanoko Railroad railed Getty> Station, the victim bring Ben jamin Smith, a colored man. The murdered man had apent the evening at the storo of Eli Dardcn, and on leaving thorn had proceeded along the railroad track about fifty yard* when he waa shot by noma unknown peraon who bad apparently been lying in wait for him. Two balls panned throngh Smith's body, killing him almont instantly. The wound of the shot* and the crir* of Smith quickly brought Dardcn from the store and ho arrived Just in time to hear Smith way with hi* expiring breath, "I'm torn all to pieci *." The munlerona an.-an?in hail ronoealed hiiu*o!f in a wood shed, and muat have fled from the aeene with great precipitation. He wan only a few teal from hia victim, and even the wadding is the charge entered the body. One of the bullet* carried with it a piece of the rib an inch long through the lung and lodged under the nkiu on the opposite side ot the body. The second ballet panned entirely through the body. Tho people are greatly shocked and excited, anil ?Ttldge Lynch will preaide at tbe trial If tho murderer is caught. 8TABBI2M AFFRAY. PROBABLY TATAR RESULT OT A DINNER .TOKE. [UY TELEGRAPH TO THE HL1IALI).] PRI'KMPM, Va., Dec. If>, 187R. R. C. Shell, a prominent lawyer of Dinwiddle, was stabbed in tho side this afternoon by Dr. K. C. Powell, lata conservative member ?f the legislature from the county and a leading citizen. The wound la a deep incision, probably penetrating the left lung, anil caused the lo*n of n gallon of blood. It in thought Shell will die during the night. Tho dis pute which led to Mij* tragic end occurred at the din ner table in the hotel at the Court limine and began in a jocular remark about county pelitius, Shell took offence at Powell's remark and said be woHld nee him anil nettle with liiin after dinner, Powell ap proached Shell after diuuer and said he coulil be seen then anil there as well as at any other time, whou Shell, it is stated, knocked l'owell down and Powell immediately cut. him, in the manner s tat ad, on the hotel porch. Powell nurroudereil himself to the jus tices, and on the conclusion of the examination be waa aant oa for trial, bail being refused. THE BULGARIAN CROWN. PETE CR CPA It THE FIllST WILL BOUND WELL. To THE KliliOlt Of THE "f1 "?? Our universally MleMa?d citizen, Mr. Peter Cooper, is just the rami for the Bulgarian throne. His quali fications for tho position are so peculiar and promi neut that every one will wonder that lie hat not beeu thought of before. In the flrat place it in generally admitted that what Mr. Cooper does not know about glue is not worth knowing, and as Bulgaria's geo graphies) position provides for her being fraetured and pulled to piece* pretty often a master repairei should occupy ber tlirone. Mr. Cooper already wean the "crown of glory" alluded to by Holy Writ?to Wit, s head of grey hsir?and as the Bulgarians generally kill each other off before middle ago, Mr. Cooper as king would command respect by wearing two crowns instead of one. Again, Bulgarian finances are in s terrible condition, while public improvements of every sort aro urgently needed. Here Mr. Cooper's known theories 011 money could be practically illus trated. A few steam power presses could bo ael to work at trifling expense, labor being cheaj in Bulgaria, and the picturesque old monarch couid sit at case upon his throne, his dexter thumb touch ing the tip of his intelligent nose, and his fingers gyrating defiantly in the faces of the Rothschilds, Barings and other arrogant capitalists, at whose doorsaall other European potentates have been hum ble swppliants. Besides, Mr. Cooper would be too honest to steal any of tho new made legal tenders which Js more than ran be said of some of the as pirantspto tho vacant throne. SCRUTATOR. AN OLD BBOOME. To the tEnrroR of the Hkbald:? If, as you suggest, the Bulgarians may prefer a military monarch to a civil ruler, for goodness sakt withdraw-yonr nominee, the Cathedral hero, Oesutl Daniel D. "Wylie. Let him rest on his laurels?h.a last fight has given hira prominence and victory. Unfeeling Bditor, would you rob us of our General 1 Wonld you j?eo that trusty sword unsheathed and th? most popular military man of our nation cutting his way to Bulgaria ? If so, rest assured that Wylie will have his "backet of blood" and his tramp to Bulgaria will put to bilush even Sherman's triumphant march to the sea. Candidates from tho urniy, militia and political faeth ms having been already proposed, let uio in honor do our naval organization mention its popular and much esteemed favorite. Major J. L. Broome, as a desirable candidate. The Major is emi nently fitted lV>r tho position, having worn the crown of one-man power at the Navy Yard barraiks foi eleven years, sand I will guarantee that if he settlci himself on the?throne in question all the power in Bulgaria or its surroundings will never be able to oust him. If they do they will exhibit more strength and determination than have been exercised in the United States. Give the Major a chance for the va cant throne aud the barracks a new commander; at any rate don'tisacriflce our great and noble Wylie. OLD SOLDIER. A?WOBKIXGMAN B KINO. To the Editor ok thk Herald:? We are about to lose the services in the Common Council of the people's friend and advocate, the champion of the rights of labor. Alderman Bryan Beilly. The constituents of his district have unfor tunately rejected the hard hand of tho honest work ingman and elected somebody elso in his place. ^ regrot that the city will no longer hear his eloquent appeals in the Aldermanic chamber on behalf of 93 a day, with roast beef and baked potatoes, for the city laborers. I don't know how we shall get on without the services of this tribune of the people. But then ws ought not to be selfish, aud as tho sturdy Alderman is no longer in a position to serve the city of New York, why not send him to the Bulgarians as their king? Thereare.no doubt, many labor evils tore form in Bulgaria, and Bryan Beilly is just the man t? take up the cause of the oppressed Bulgarians. I sug gest his name for the vacant throne. LABOR REFORM. WHY PURROY won't GO. To the Editor or the Herald:? I think that your kind offer of the throne of But garla to tho "Hon." H. Purroy may be declined by him for the following reasons:? yirti?It is too near Hungary. Second?It is too far from Turkey. Third?He is already heir apparent to the King of the Cannibal Islands. fourth?He has heard of the fate of Maximilian. fifth?Although the last syllable of his name tug* gests his full royal blood, he would prefer to remain the vice-roy of King Kelly in the Twenty-fourth ward and be "Coek-of-the-Walk" in the First Assem bly district of Westchester county. Htlck to Owney lieoghegan. for his fame and name (which is of 81a vouic origin) point him as the man for Bnglaria. Just imagine his lltle, "lieoghegan L. llulg-yer-i!" ^I'itKMOKT, Doe. Ill, 1878. TOM COLLQU, Jr. HCRRAH YOU PHII.T.IPS. To thy Fditou of the Hkr\t.t>: ? One of your correspondents, "Car Driver," in yesterday's Heuald, lias surely named the man fog king of Bulgaria?viz.. Larry Phillips, of Third Ave nue Ihiilroad fame: and us a subscriber to your paper, I beg of you to do all yon can to have him chosen. Whcu that nomination (which so many saw) was seen, how many earnest prayers went up on high that he might go to fill the vacant throne. Wo hava plenty of mean men in this country, but none that can and will be so readily and willingly spared at Larry. Do take him, if only on trial, but do not let him be returned, only as a mummy. The poor devils on cars will get up a subscription to pay his way there, but not back agfin. Oh, no! no! Only rid us of him and many a conductor's and driver's face will brighten. Oive him to the bashi-baznuks, the devtlf or any one. Ono that was afflicted. EX-CONDUCT AIRE. C AIT A IN JOE WEST THE MAN. To the Editor or the Herald:? In speaking of candidates for the Bulgarian throne allow me to nominate Captain Joe West, of Nettouel Ouard fame, for the regal honors. As an enlightened statesman end consummate diplomat he is the peer of the greatest minds in Europe or America. As a soldier his record is of the brightest, and honor and glory have been showered upon him. I would n-com mend to tho King, as be will be in need of affei*n? tary of 8tatc, that he appoint Billy Smith, also o( regimental fame. His peculiar tact for manipula tion and his enormous load of check fit him for the position aud will enable him to sustain the bono# and dignity of the court. DEFENDAM. A RTLVER DOLLAR KING. To the Editor or the Hkrai.d Why not suggest that General Earing, M. C., bt made king of Bulgaria? He would teach the farmery there to give 100 cento' worth of wheat for eighty three rcuta. That a liver dollar statesman will Juai an It the time* in that particular region. The fa?in in the United State* will be ready to sympathize They are preparing to aell (1 worth of wheat, pork, yea, everything they work aahard to raiae, on tha baaia of a dollar'* worth of product* for eigty-thre* cento, meekly Ruhiuittlng to the** American ailvet daddies. Let us aee how long the Bulgarian* would stand it. PLAIN FAUMEK JOHNSON. Ohio. AN "OWEN" CAN OTP AT*. To Tnr. Editor or the Heuai.d:? I wonder that you never thought of ray friend foe the kingly honor. 1 know just the man who would accept the position. He ha* been for month* study* ing monarchical institution* to (It himself for making a raid on some regal conimnnity, as he left America because it waa "too hot for liim." That man wonld clean nut the Bnrglar-lan throne and everything con nected with It. He I* "Owen-." (Murphy) much to thia city, and now is hi* time to help ns out by accepting the position. . Hit/,. WHY NOT KINO PPFFT ? To the Editor or the Hnuu:? I uiu surprlaed that none of your correspondent* have thought of Prank Puffy a* a candidate for king of Bulgaria. Frank baa for year* been net-king oflh-s, and whllo in the candy and toy bunineea In Grand street ran for the Assembly. He would look well in a court dreas and crown, for he i* handaome, waaca his mustache and wear* ? red acarf round hi* manly neck. By all means aaad Frank to the Bui gariaue. BOULEVARD.