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NEW YORK HERALD
BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PBOPBIETOR. Til 15 DAILY HERALD. pMM eeery '? //" vmr Three cent* ptr copy (Sunday* excluded*. Ten collar# per year, or at a rate of one dollar per month for any period lea# tliaii ?'\\ month*. or five dollars for nix mouths, Sunday edition included free of postage. WEEKLY HERALD?Ot?? dollar per year, free of post *"NOTICE to SUBSCRIBERS.?Remit in drafts on New York or Poit (Mbco nionoy order*, ami where neither o* tliew can be procured *t?nd the money in a r'Vi^rni letter. Ajl money remitted at risk of sender. In order to insure atten tion Mibscriberh wishing their address changed must jfivo their old as well as their now address. All business, news letters or telegraphic despatches mast be addressed Nkw York 11 skald. Letters and package* should he properly sealed. Jtejei isd communication# will not be returned. PHILADELPHIA OFFICE?NO, 112 BOCTH SIXTII STREET. LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD? NO. 44*. FLEET STREET PARJS OFFICE?4tf AVENUE DE L'OPERA. NAPLES OF EI UK?NO. 7 MR ADA PACE. Subscriptions and advertisement* will he received and forwarded on the same terms as in New York. VOLUME XLIII NO. 331 AMUSEMENTS TO-NIGHT. LYCEUM THEATRE?Do*nut Mariuag*. BROADWAY THEATRE-VnvT.k Dan'i. ACADEMY OF MUSIC?U FlaitO MacicA. BOWERY THEATRE?QckysTBnNMA WALLACE'S THEATRE?My Sox. UNION SQUARE THEATRE?Tn* IIankeh's Dal-giiTeu. BOOTH'S THEATRE? Eva.nukli*c STANDARD THEATRE?Aimott a Lint. FIFTH AVENUE THEATRE?Bir Van Winkle. NIBLO'S GARDEN?Akocnd tiik Would in EiCutt Days. NEW YORK AQUARIUM?Cinderella. GLOBE THEATRE?Only a Fa emu's Daughter. GRAND OPERA HOUSE?CoEIQLA.tPE. PARK THEATRE?Comedy or EuBORi. OERMANIA THEATRE?Dee Kcm. WINDSOR THEATRE?Vauikty. TIVOLI THEATRE?Vabikty. TONT PASTOR S?Vaiukty. SAN FRANCISCO MINSTRELS RGTPTIAK H ALL?Vabi BW. STEINWAY HALL?Soikkc McsicALE. TRIPLE SHEET. SEW YORK. TUESDAY. DECEMBER IT. 1878. The probabilities are that the weather in New York and its vicinity to-day trill be cold and elotttly or partly cloudy, xcilh light snow. To morrow it uill be cloiuly and cold. Wall Street Ykstehdat.?The Btock mar ket was strong and active. Gold was quiet all ? day at 100Jg. Government bonds were lirni, .States dull and railroads strong. Money on call leut at y a lib, per cent and at tlie close at 1 a 5 per cent. Wade Hampton's Recovkrt, according to tic fiatest despatches, is extremely doubtful. TnE Potter Committee does not seem to have yet heard of the cipher despatches. Intending Investors in the four per cents hud better hurry up. The subscriptions yester day were a million and a half dollars. Mr. Hewitt and liis committee, who have be queathed the labor problem to their successors, ought to patent their iugenious plan for getting rid of a troublesome question. The Saloon of the notorious Owney Geo ghegan shown yesterday before the Hoard of Excise to l>e one of the model institutions of the city. Gcogliegau can go ahead with his pistol practice. Judge Wallace's Decision on some of the points in the Wlialeu-Sheridun suit yesterday is not very favorable to the hero of Winchester. He holds that General Sheridan's course in the matter was not justified by auy of the provisions of the reconstruction acts. The Kkport which we print this morning upon the condition oi business in Massachusetts exceedingly encouraging. Nearly all the cot ton mills are at work and wages arc fair. While comjietition is keen and prices low the market is -aid to be larger than ever before. An almost equally good report is inude in regard to woollen goods aud the boot and shoe trade. Altogether the outlook is exceedingly bright. The Law governing the acquiring of prop eity by ruilroud corporations was clearly laid down by Judge Donohue yesterday in a decision upon the application of the New York Central aud Hudson River road in regard to the lands between Sixty-fifth aud Seventy-second streets. However great the ltardship may be to private parties the corporation in question, us the law at present stands, has the right to acquire any property if the necessity for its possession is shown to exist. Congress.?Although yesterday was a busy day in Congress there was very little legislation of any description. In the House a resolution to suspend the rules aud pass a bill making it a penal odence for ofiieers or agents of the gov ernment to contribute money toward Presiden tial and Congressional elections failed to receive the necessary tw o-tbirds majority. District of Columbia business was then considered until adjournment. The Senate debated Mr. Blaine's Southern resolution, and Mr. Sherman was sharply taken to task by Mr. Beck for his fail ure to answer a resolution of inquiry recently tent to him. It also refused by a majority of six to take up the Texas and Pacific itailroad Subsidy bill. Tint Wlathkr.?Tbe area of low preeeurc which daring tbe paat two dsya boa boon tnov- ; iug eastward as a barometric trough, extending from the fiftieth to the twenty fifth parallel of lat- ' itinlc. and with the centre of lowest pressure at j the northern end, has moved into the ocean and | toward New fonndiund. The progress of the north- I em was much slower titan that of the southern extremity, beur-e the whole depression seems to have pivoted ou a centre in New Brunswick, ita length sweeping off the Atlantic coast in a northeasterly diiection. In the Northwest another relatively low area moved rapidly into Minnesota and the Upper Mississippi Valley, with variable winds and light snows. The highest barometers are in tbe Hoot hern und Northwestern districts. Rela tively low pressures, however, oeettT In the eastern Gulf of Mexico. The winds have been fresh to brisk on the New England coast and in tin; West. They arc generally from the north and west, except in the Upper and Central Mis sissippi and Ohio Tnllev * und tbe lake districts, wltcre they are variable. Temjieratnres are aniforinly low throughout tbe United States. Clomliness is general north and west of the Ohio Valley, and a considerable area of light ?now extends over the some region. Our spe rial cable despatches this morning state that, the weather yesterday afternoon on tbe English roast was as follows:?tit. Catherine's Point, Biodcrat* southwest wind with rain, barometer 11 i.W tmokm and temperature &H degrees, ply mouth, light northwest wind, fog, and ba rometer 'A* inches. In London the densest fog knows tot twenty years prevailed. Tho weather m N' W York and its' vicinity to-day will lie cold and cloud? or partly clondy, prob ably with light snow. Tomorrow it will be cloudy and eoid* c Reorganisation of Ilia Army. The bill prepared by the Joint Committee on the Reorganization of the Army is volu minous, consisting of 724 sections and till ' ing 21)4 pages. The greater part of it is of little interest except to the army itself, and we will note only such points as civilians are likely to care about, passing all matters relating to the mere details of military ad ministration. This elaborate bill is not merely a meas ure of economy: it is that and a great deal more. It proposes a comprehensive recon struction of all the laws relating to the mil itary service and is a substitute for them. But while it is so much more than a mere measure of economy, this feuture of it, in cluding the means bv which the projected saving is to be attained, is the one of chief interest to citizens. The bill proposes no reduction of the rank and file of the army, hut it declares that "nothing in this act shall authorize any increase of the total enlisted strength of the army, exclusive of the signal soldiers, to more than twenty-five thousand men." The reductions are to include only officers, and the process of weeding out is to be as gentle as is consistent with the contem plated economy. The bill abolishes the offices of the general, the lieutenant general, of one major general and two brigadier gen erals, but not in such a manner as to abridge the tenure of the present in cumbents. These offices, which are the reward of distinguished merit and services, are to expire only as vacancies occur in them, "and thereafter the corps of general officers shalLconsist of but two major gen erals and four brigadier generals." There is no reason why the friends of General Sherman and Lientenant General Sheridan, or of the other generals whose offices are to cease when they vacate them, should be dissatisfied with this part of the bilh There is no reason why these great and splendid positions should remain to be filled with soldiers who have done nothing to deserve teem. When the hill descends below the corp6 of general officers it is not quite so tender, although it is still considerate and aims to be just. There is to be a largo pruning of the list of line and staff officers, but none are to be abruptly dismissed and left with out means of support. The silting is to be accomplished by different methods in dif ferent cases?by voluntary transfers to the retired list, by involuntary transfers to that or anew "reserved list" provided for in the bill, and by discharges ; the last, however, with gratuities amounting to from one to three years' pay, according to the merit or demerit of the discharged officer. Even an officer who has destroyed his capacity by strong drink is not to be turned adrift empty handed, "and no officer shall be thus retired or discharged until he has been allowed an opportunity to appear be fore the Board and show cause against such action." The transfers to the retired list are to be in some cases matter of choice and in others of compulsion. Every officer who has been thirty years in the service may, upon his own application, be placed upon the retired list. Every other officer (the corps of generals excepted) who shall he sixty-two years of age and have served twenty years shall be at once retired. All officers (the generals always excepted) be tween (he ages of sixty and sixty-two shall be transferred to the "reserved list" (a new list created by this act) and placed on the retired list as they reach the age of sixty two. Every officer sixty years of age who has not rendered twenty years' service as an officer is to be discharged with a gra tuity. In all cases each year's service in time of war is to count as two years of ordinary service. The last of these classes?the class which is to be absolutely discharged?of course in cludes no graduates of West Point who have remained continuously in the service. An officer of sixty who has not served twenty years must either have come into the army from civil life after he was forty years of age or he must have resigned his com mission and gone into civil life soon after his graduation. In either case he may be presumed to have some quali fications for getting his living as a civilian, nnd a discharge with three years' pay will be no great hardship. All the graduates of the Military Academy who came back to the army at once on the breaking out of the war, in 1801, will es cape discharge under this provision, be cause seventeen years' service since 1861, plus the four years of the war, make more than the twenty years' service which en title them to a placo on the retired list. None of the West Point men are hardly treated by this bill, unless it be for dis ability to perform military duties. Every officer other than those retired for age who is unfit for the efficient perform once of his duties is to be either discharged or placed on the retired list. If bis dis ability is the result of intemperance or other vicious habits he is to be discharged, with a gratuity of one year's pay if he has sarved three years ; but if it is not the re sult of vicious habits he is to be discharged with a gratuity of one year's pay for every five years'.service rendered either as an offi cer or a soldier. But if the disability of an officer was caused by injuries received or disease contracted in the line of his duty he is to be placed upon the retired list. These various methods of elimination will mnJce a large reduction in the number of officers, and especially in the number who aro in receipt of full pay. When the army list shall have been thus sifted the complement of officers to fill ail tho necessary positions are to be taken from the residne according to seniority, and tho supernumeraries above then left are to be placed on the "reserved list," which is to bo maintained for three years. Any offi cer on the "reserved list" who may resign within six months shall be entitled to three years' full pay, which, if he is young and active, will be a strong inducement to offer his resignation. If this scheme becomes a law its advan tages are obvious, both in point of economy for the Treasury and in promoting the efficiency of the army. It will prune away ^albthe rotten, sapless, decayed or useless limbs, and increase the chances of promo tion for the really efficient officers who are retained in active service. The compensa tion of officers on the retired list is to be regulated by length of service. It is to consist for each officer of two per cent of the current yearly pay of the rank from which he is retired for each year's service that is to say, thirty years' service entitles him to sixty per cent and forty years' ser vice to eighty per cent; but his pay "shall in no case exceed eighty percentum of pay of the rank lroni which he is retired." We trust the time may come when the civil service may ho organized on the same general plan as the military service, with a sole view to efficiency and quite regardless of i>arty politics. The army would ho de moralized If appointments and removal. were made for party reasons, and the civil service would become ns respectable as the army if the offices were held by a similar tenure. ((uiet Painajju of BlBint1'* Resolution We ore glad that the democratic Senators had the good sense and moderation to ab stain from making speeches when Mr. Blaine's resolution came np ior action yes terday. Mr. Tiiurmau moved his amend ment extending the inquiry to abuses of the right of suffrage in the Northern States, which was adopted without a division, aud the resolution, as thus amended, was quietly passed. The Thurman amend ment will amount to nothing pructically. No committee can go over the whole ground comprised both iu tho original resolution and the amendment in so short a period as remains before the close of the session. There will, of course, boa majority of republican members in the committee, who can begin the inquiry at any part of the subject they please and occupy as much time as they please on an}* branch of it. They will, of course, begin with tho alleged Southern outrages, and they may never reach the subjects embraced in the amendment. Mr. Thurman no doubt sees this clearly enough, and he is perhaps lay ing the ground lor objecting to any report which is confined to the Southern branch of the investigation. But if he thinks to shut out a partial report he may find that he is mistaken. If in the latter port of February the committee should in form the Senate that it is unable to com plete the whole investigation and should ask for the printing of the evidence taken, it will be in the power of the republican majority of the Senate to accopt such a suggestion. Democratic opposition to it might bring on the inflammatory debate which Mr. Blaine desires as a means of fir ing the Northern heart. On a protest by Mr. Conkling that the Judiciary Committee is so overburdened with work that it cannot conduct the in quiry, an amendment offered by him was adopted substituting a special committee of nine. An amendment that the committee sit with open doors was rejected. The re publicans, instead of frittering away the effect of their facts as they collect them, in tend to spread them before the country in one tremendous electioneering broadside at the close of the session. Juit the King Pin. At last we hare a king to offer to the Bul garians whose advancement to the throne will be advantageous to all parties con cerned. Let the crown be placed on the head of George M. Robeson, late Secretary of the United States Navy. He will not discredit the name of a King George, of any country or of any reign. The Bulga rians have an army and can fight on land. Their need, if they desire to become a great people, is a navy. Robeson will build ships for them without limit and at any amount of expense. If they have oc casion to sell new or old ships he will dis pose of them at an extraordinarily low figure. King George will soon give them the strongest navy on the Black Sea if they can raise enough money to warrant it, and every Bulgarian will have a contract. The ex-Secretary will not object to leaving the United States at this time. Indeed, he may be somewhat anxious for a speedy de parture, if there be no obstacle in the way of his immediate coronation. Rapid Traatit Eiteaiioa. The fact that the Metropolitan Elevated Railroad Company lias concluded a con tract for the extension of the Sixth avenue line to Harlem River, on the west side, will give general satisfac tion. This section of the road is, in accorilance with the terms of the contract, to be completed to 159th street and ready for operation by the 1st of July next, or in a little over six months, and the further see-' tion to 17Gth street, or High Bridge, which is to be included in the same contract, will be ready for travel before the close of next summer. The manner in which the work on the present structure was prosecuted guarantees that there will be no lack of energy in the construction of the important section to High Bridge, so that by this time next year our citizens will no doubt enjoy the lull benefit of rapid transit on tho west side. It is also gratifying to know that tho same company contemplates an early con struction of its east side line, which will take the First avenue route to Twenty-third street and then cross over to Second avenue. It is evident that the east side travel must have more accommodation than can be sup plied by one road, and the completion of the Second avenuo line will still leave as much business tor tho New York Elevated road as it can accommodate. Indeed, im proved facilities of rapid transit travel will increase the business of all the roads, and the prospect is that before long there will be a general demand for a third enterprise, probably in tho shape of a sunken track like that on Fourth avenue, ou which long trains may be run at a high rate of speed. The Third avenue track will be completed to Harlorn bridge as soon as the rails are laid between Ninety-second street and lOGth street, which is a trifling piece of work. The road above Eighty-ninth street will not bo ready for full use for some time, as the stations ars not yet up. But through trains at stated hours of the day might be run from the Battery to the Harlem Riveras soon as the track is laid, making no stops between Eighty-ninth street and the bridge. This would be a great public convenience, especially if we should be visited by a snow storm, and we commend the suggestion to the consideration of the company. Horse Car Difficulties. The strike of the drivers on the Third avenue line took place yesterday morning, and moro than three hundred men are now voluntarily out of employment. As to the allegations of bad faith made against the company and a betrayal of its promise it would be unfair to give opinions in the ab sence of any but one side of the story. Drivers were promised, it appears, at ono lime that if they'would return to their em ployment and abandon a strike they would not in future be molested on account of their conduct or on account of their mem bership cf a protective union. They are now discharged on account ol that member ship, as they assume, and they naturally charge tlmt this is bad faith. Perhaps it is. Eut horse car companies are not famous for good faith in the best of circum stances. It seems, indeed, a tritic ridiculous that anybody should expect any other sort of l'aith from these corporations, or that any ono should be astonished at the violation of a pledge made to a few hundred drivers by corporations that have accumulated enormous wealth through the systematic violation for years of the pledges made to the whole people in the Capitol at Albany. In the particular instance before us, however, there is a good word to be said for the company. Nobody has any great respect for pledges extorted from people with a knife at their throat; and if thero were a public opinion even rigorously inclined to hold men to their promises we doubt if it would exact that a promise given where the will could not be said to be free was to be devoutly kept. The managers of that car properly made the pledge required because they were under obligation to do their best for the inter est of the property, and they have violated it in their tarn. Drivers themselves constantly violate pledges worthy more respect even if implied rather than declared. In their days of need and distress they are very glad to get these sit uations, and they take them under the im plied intention to serve the company fairly. Once warm in their places they agree among themselves that they will suddenly take an action that will greatly damage the property unless the managers increase their wages or employ 6ome discharged person. That is their kind of bad faith. It is a misfortune that so many men should suddenly be put out of employment as the cold weather comes on, bnt other men, more in want, perhaps, will get the places, and those who live by their daily labor must learn the hard lesson of thinking of the needs at home before they push their quarrels with their employers to extremes beyond which the spirit of compromise is defied. j The Slodern Robin Ilood. If anything was needed to prove the bold ness and desperation of our criminal classes the scenes enacted yesterday in the neigh borhood of Jefferson Market Prison sup ply evidence of the most thrilling and dramatic character. "Red" Leary, a man well known as a lawbreaker, is arrested and handed over to a detective to be conveyed into the State where his crime was commit ted, and in open daylight a gang of desper ate men attempt to rescue their comrade or leader from the clutch of the law. The account wo print to-day of this bold pro ceeding rends more like a scene on the Western border than one happening in a great city which supports nearly three thousand uniformed policemen. Yet in one of our most frequented thorough fares gangs of suspicious men pre permitted to assemble and loiter near the door of a police court, with evident intention to tako the law into their own hands. A police captain sees his prisoner released for want of evidence on one charge, and, on finding him in custody on a requisition from another State, asks the detective if he "wants any help," adding, "you may have trouble, for there's a pretty tough gang outside." On the detective expressing his confidence to hold on to his prisoner the police captain disappears and leaves "the tough gang" un disturbed. A struggle between the Sheriff's officers and the desperadoes ensues and the former only hold their prisoner after draw ing revolvers on their assailants. Then the police come to the deputy sheriff's support and escort the prisoner in carriages, all of which are driven at a rapid, rockless rate through the streets to the County Jail. Beyond the arrest of ono of the "rescuers," no effort was apparently made to seize "the tough gang," though it is evident that tho members were tolerably well known to tho sworn officers of the law. These facts are very suggestive and show clearly how incompetent are many of the men holding high commands in tho police forco of New York. A well known and hardened criminal almost escapes through the palpable nogligcnce of a police captain, being only hold in custody by a display of courage on the part of tho detective and tho deputy sheriff, which our police would do well to imitate. Then, and only then, the Inspector commanding the district comes torward to do what his subordi nate neglected in the first place, but he also retrains from arresting any of the desperate men who had so boldly set the law in defiance. Are these gangs of criminals to be permitted to hold posses sion of our streets und compel the police to resort to strategy to retain possession of ono of their number who has been detected in bis crime? If so, the sooner this disgrace ful statu of affairs is changed the better it will be for the safety of life and property in this city. It will not do to allow "Bed" Leary's comrades to imitate tho followers of Robin Hood, else where is the need of our three thousand knights of the baton? Our National Mr (toolroom. Judging from the scolding visited on Senators Conkling and Edmands for their alleged inattention daring the delivery of Mr. Blaine's Southern election speech, the United States Senate must be regarded by ?omo persons as a sort of national school room, in which the scholars are expected to behave themselves with dne decorum dur ing class hours. A teacher properly obiccte to peanut cracking and the surreptitious use of pins while lessons are going on; bnt, really, all this nagging at Mr. Edmunds and Mr. Coukliug, because the former wrote some letters and the latter glanced over a manuscript while Mx-. Blaine was speaking, seems puerile. No doubt both these Sena tors listened to all that Mr. Blaine said in his speech,, but it was scarcely necessary that they should keep their eyes steadily fixed on the Muine orator and their hands straight down by their sides during its reading. Secretary Robeson. In eight yearn of peace one hundred and eighty million dollars were spent on the United States Navy hv that illustrious tar Secretary llobeson. For a nation which has no navy that is pretty steep. Over twenty two million dollars a year of the people's money were handed over to keep up a de partment whose ships, if we accept them at the value put upon them by Secretary Itobe son?the value he put on them when he had some for sale?would not have floated the whole sum if it had been paid out in the dollars of the daddies. Thirty-one ships of the navy supported at this expense? thirty-one ships which had cost the govern ment xxoarly fourteen millions of dollars were sold lor a trifle over half a million. In that connection a committee of Congress which has inquired into tho subject quotes the suggestive words ot the statute as to any "person who steals or embezzles or knowingly applies to his own use, or who unlawfully sells, conveys or disposes of any ordnance, arms, ammunition, clothing, subsistence stores, money or other property of the United States furnished or to be used for the military or naval service shall be for such offences" dealt with under the criminal laws. Bat the present suggestion is that the ex-Secretary shall be given an opportunity to defend his expenditures in the methods provided under proceedings for impeachment. It appears that the re publican minority of the committee are op posed to the step?which seems to us some what maladroit on their part. If a for mer Secretary of the Navy was guilty of misconduct in office all good citizens, with out respect to party, should be equally anx ious to see him disgraced by exposure ; but if he was not guilty the men of his own party should be particularly anxious to have that shown, that oven tho shadow of opprobrium might not fall upon them through a man for whose official career they were responsible. Rapid Transit to tht Grand Central Depot. For the short distance between the Third Avenue Elevated Railroad and the, Grand Central Depot it is unnecessary to compli cate the plans of rapid transit by running speoial two-car trains from the Battery ter minus. On the structure erected for the Forty-second street branch an arrangement of movable sectional platforms can be placed and operated with drums and cables by* a stationary engine at the end of the branch. Passengers for the Grand Cen tral depot can get off a through train at the Forty-second street sta tion and go up to the depot on the mov ing platform without being put .to any more trouble than is now experienced in going there in the cars. Stated trains, designated by lamps or flags, con convey passengers to the Forty-second street branch, and these trains can be switched on for the purpose to the down track next to. tho, (jpcivable platform so as to deposit the passengers on it Automatic switches will close the down track to south bound trains and send them to the opposite, or east track, while the west track is* ucupied by a north bound train leaving passengers at Forty-second street There will be no more difficulty or danger in this arrangement than in that now governing the switching of special trains to the branch, and the through traffic with completo trains will be uninter rupted. Every other train can also carry an additional car and thus tho accommoda tion lor passengers going up town will be increased over sixteen percent To remedy the dangerous evil of orowded cars the rail road company ought to consider the prac ticability of oar suggestion. We feel satis fled that it would improve the carrying ca pacity of the road without increasing the number of trains. Examining tlie County Offices. The members of the Bar Association who ?re seeking to obtain an order from Judge Davis, in Supremo Court, Chambers, em powering them to inspect the books in the County Clerk's office, need scarcely have put themselves to the trouble Of the appli cation if the County Clerk's statement is true. The charter provides that "all books, accounts and papers in any depart ment or bureau, except the Tolice Depart ment, shall at all times bo open to the in spection of any taxpayer, subjeot to any reasonable rules and regulations in regnrd to the time and manner of such inspection as such department, bureau or officer may make in regard to the samo in order to secure the safety of such books, accounts and papers, and the proper use of them by the department, bureau or officer." The application of the Bar Association's committee for permission to examine the books in question seems to have been rnado in tho busy hoars of the day. Tho County Clerk declares his will ingness to give the committee free access to all tho books and papers of the offico when thoy are not in actual use. This is all tho coinmittco has a right to ask, and of course tho judge before whom tho application is mado will not order an inspection at any other time. The appeal to the Court, there fore, seems to have been nnnecossary, and if it was designed to have an injurious effect on the officer it iR not a creditable proceed ing. Tho investigation into the alleged illegal practices in the county offices should be thorough, but if it is to bo productive of good it must bo impartial and free from po litical motives. No county officer Las a right to collect illegal fees, and if the prac tice has prevailed up to the prosont time it nhopld at once be discontinued. But the reform must be undertaken in the pablio interest and not in the interest of politicians., Bend Him to Congress. A Canadian genius is reported to have discovered a method of refining petroleum, not only without the use of heat, but in such u manner that the naphtha, benzine and gasoline, which must now bo expelled be fore the oil can bear safety tests, are re tained in such combination to as to be harm less and useful. As in all scientific dis coveries the demonstration of a principle emphasizes the possibility of the application of the same to all bodies of nature like unto that experimented upon, this Canadian dis covery proves that the method employed is applicable to all other inflammable ma terial ; consequently, the inventor should be immediately coaxed into the United States and run for Congress, which is the most dangerously inflammable body on the con tinent. The idea of making our national legislature , useful without heating it to a high temperature, and of making its volatile and explosive elements not only harmless hut useful and harmonious with theportiob naturally trustworthy, is the most consoling one that haB ever dawned upon our polit ical horizon. Better yet, tho petroleum dis covery promises to secure a yenrlj' saving of a hundred and twexfty million dollars. If so much can he snved upon a cheap, rank natural production, where would our na tional debt be within a year if the in ventor's principle were applied to such se lect and expensive material as Congress? PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Mr. E. Blillidorn, sot-rotary of the Austrian Lega tion at Washington, is at the Hotel Brunswick. From appearances United States Senator Dick Oglosby, of Ullnois, will be re-elected over Logan. It is understood that the Hon. William McDougall will be Speaker of the Canadian House of Commons. Chicago Times:?"A hairless calf is on exhibition in Iowa. This is the drat intimation we have had that Eli Perkins is bald headed." The Spaniard's first instinct is for dancing.? P. I. In other words, ho takes after his pas from his birth.?Philadelphia Bulletin. The Chicago Times furnishes Schurz with his only argument when it asks, "If the Indians are turned over to the army what will become of the army?" London Judp:?"Manuna?'Look, Itegy, at the pretty white cow that gives us the nice white milk.' Little Boy?"And docs the pretty brown cow give na the nice brown coffee, ma V " The people who bother you and want you to gite up work to entertain them when you are busy are the very ones who are crustiest if you ask them a question when tbey are at work. London J'tmeli:?"Mamma (suddenly)?'Oh 1 oh I oh!' Jack?-"What's the matter, mummy ?' Mamma? ?I've jammed my little finger in the door of this wretched store cupboard 1* Jack?'Jammed your little finger 1 Oh, lc t me suck it, mummy 1' " London Truth:?"My own belief is that this Afghan war has been gotten up to divert attention from tbo Berlin fiasco and to snap an electoral victory by a loud braying of trumpets over some cheap military successes in Afghanistan." Temple Bar;?"Travel has no greater interest than that which is afforded by the study of the inhabi tants?at least Lord Bacon thought so, in days before mountains wero preferred to men; but nowhere have the natives been studied less than in Switzerland." Mr. Williams, M. C., of Michigan, while presiding over the deliberations of tbo committee of which he is chairman, yesterday hod a severe attack of vertigo with premonitions of apoplexy. He was resting comfortably last night, though the danger point had not been entirely passed. Victor Hugo is in Paris with his two grandchildren, Goorge and Jano. His location at the Avenue d'Eylau is tlio rendezvous of literati and men of the future, and whenever Figaro publishes a very strained pun he is sure to trace its origin to persons who surround the maestro, thus enshrining the latter in a halo oC tortured brain work. Glasgow Mem:?"At Tuesday's meeting of tbfi Edinburgh Town Council there was an interesting colloquy in reference to tho word 'hnmbng.' MP. Dry trough used the word in reference to a proposed resolution, and Mr. Hope asked whether 'humbug* was a parliamentary expression. The Lord Provost replied,'It is a very good word; it means nonsciiae, simply.' Mr. Drybrough thereupon offered to sub stitute tbo word nonsense if it should be preferred, thoreby acknowledging that when be uaed the word 'humbug' he meant 'nonsense.' But tho Lord Pro vost is wrong in saying humbng means nonsensa 'simply.' It has a far more subtle meaning than nonsense?a meaning which most people understand, though it is difficult to define. To humbug a man means to doccivo him; and though one of the best dictionaries softens tho thing down to 'deception or cajolery by flattery or coaxing,' humbng is deception all the same. People had better bo careful, therefore, how they toe use a man of being a humbug." FINE AKTS. IX)AN EXHIBITION OF MCTCRE8 IN HARLEM. There will be opened this evening in connection with the fair in aid of the St. James EpMoopal Church of Harlem an exceedingly credltnbla collection of pictures loaned by the artists and others, and brought together by Mr. Herbert MeCord. The paintings are hung in the largo Sunday school room of the chapel. On the north wall arc two large and striking can* vases?Arthur Qasrtley's "Closo of a Stormy Day** and Charles H. Miller's "Snnsct on Long Island." We noto on the east aide of the room a landscape by Phelan; F. Schuchardt, Jr.'s, little girl sitting on the cliffs; a Laura Woodward; a Winter land* scape by Lockwood lie Forest; a largo upright, with soirio cattlo in a wood, by J. H. Dolph; a good Wiggins; a pleasing sunset scene by Cropsey; Gilbert deal's very creditable picture of e girl play ing with doves, the figure in which is well posed and draped and solidly painted; an M. F. H. do Haas, J. O. Ilrown's "Child of the Lighthouse;" one of Bristol's large lake scenes; the Egyptian Colossi, by 8. K. Uifford; a better Eugene Meek* than wc havo soon for a longtime; Waiter Hatterloe's "Wailing," with its pleasing faro; an Arthur Partoa; a Casiloari William H. Beard's "Eagle;" a large Wiggins; Will* inartli's oareful "Tim Orphan;" Story's "No Credit;" H. F. lteliihart's "Katrine Van Tassell," and some cattle by James M. Hart On the west wall there arc, among others, a finis little est story by Dolph; a large Van Klten; T. W. Wood's "The ltag Merchant;" n good, light moon* light coast scene by Herbert MeCord; his largo canvases, "Mount Mansfield" and "Wunuysldo;" an excellent little cattle piece by J. O. Wood; a good Hicks; a pleasant story by Wordsworth Thompson, and his melancholy and diamatic "Deso lation?St. Cloud after the War;" examples of Duvid Johnson and J. D. Hrulllie; Jennie brownscouibe'* academy picture of 1?77, with its skilfully painted face, and William 11. Heard's "ltainof Cats and Dugs." The groat majority of the pictures loaned by other* than artists ixunc from the collection of Mr. WUliata Hamilton. Placed here and there among the other picture^ are his "Bish-liash Falls," a good example of Kcnsstt; the masterly "IViiight on the Western Plains," by Hamuol Colman; "The Beeches," a sterling piece of work by A. H. Dnraml; "The bright Hide," by Winslow Ilomsr; "Contrabands Huuiilng Themselves by a Tent,* one of the best pictures 8, J. Guy over paiuted; "More Free Than Welcome;" "The Passing Hhower lu the Tropica," by F. E. Church; 8. It. Gilford's fine "Fishing floats of Veuioo;" one of W, T. Hie hards' weU drawn marines, "Off the Coast of Newport;" T. L. Smiths poetic picture, "The Do* aerted House," and a large Whlttredge. nr.KvooRT's rirrrnHB. A private view was given last evening by Jarae* Iteuwlck Brcvoort, N. A., at Moore's Art ltooins, of twenty-two of his pictures, painted during hta lata residence abroad. Among these canvases we find tha atmospheric efl^ts the best point*. The arrango* ments of light and shade arc often good, but tha treatment of the color masses is broad almost to crudcneaa, and the figures where Introduced ara carelessly given. Among the lust of the picture* are notod a well composed and painted "View in Belgium," a "Twilight, on the Roman Campagna," an "Autnmn Morning Near Rome," with a line sky; a "Sunset lit Heidelberg," good In color, but raw in the treatment of distant forms; a "Twilight at Amalfl," a striking view on tho t'nrnpapua, with au excellent sky, which was noted nt the Union League Club Gallery some day* ago; a "Holland Windmill," the sky well massed and tno general effect good, ami a "View on I.ake Lecco." iti which there Is good at* mosphere, but in which tho artist baa neglected to utilise aulUctently the sailboats and town la tfc?( middle distance, < .?