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SUNdTyTaPHIL, 5.1846. On the first page will be found —Chapter 16 of the History of John Tyler. Sketches of Emi nent Congressmen—John J. McKay, of N. C. Young Physic, No. 4 —Errors of Medicine. The Smuggler’s Leap—A story. Roman Cam pagna, &c., &c. On the third page will be found a number of Items, &c. On the fourth page will be found—Poetry—The Lost One. Tony Tidmarsh —A Sketch. Li braries of Constantinople. The Acquittal of Tirrell. —In the strong case which the government made out against Richard P. Robinson, on his trial for the murder . of Helen Jewett, the counsel for the defence, re lying on the indisposition of the jury to send a young man to the scaffold, for taking the life of a courtezan, boldly threw up against the complete chain of testimony which indicated Robinson’s guilt, the feeble and unsupported witness, Fur long, and this man, though not ten persons in the whole city believed a word that he uttered, the jury rested their consciences upon, and the mur derer escaped punishment. The defence was simple, consisting of one lie, deliberately sworn to in open court, and the jury were glad to shut their eyes and endorse the perjury, in order to save a young man who had enlisted their warmest sympathies in his behalf. In the case of Tirrell, the defence, though more ingenious, was, in the eye of common sense and common intelligence, more absurd. It tasked human credulity, more than it was tasked by the Furlong alibi. There is not in the books, a sin gle case (and we defy the most patient research,) of somnambulism, in which the subject of it did violence to any other person than himself. , Forty or fifty years ago, a boy was tried in England for the murder of his master. It was proved on the trial that the boy was a sleep walker, and that while in this unconscious and unaccountable state, he approached his master, who was asleep on the bed, and beat out his brains with an axe. The defence of somnambulism prevailed; the boy was acquitted, and having been a favorite in the family of the murdered man, was taken back again by his widow. In a few months afterwards, the boy killed the wife, precisely as he had killed the husband, but on being brought to trial,the jury refused to swallow somnambulism a second time, and he was con ‘victed. Before his execution, he confessed that both murders were deliberate and premeditated; that some injury, fancied or real, rankling in his bosom, as slight injuries will rankle in some natures, impelled him to the savage butchery. Without giving a moment’s attention to the various phenomena of somnambulism, the rule should be held inviolate, that until one case of vio lence committed while in this extraordinary state is fully established, made apparent beyond a doubt, it should never prevail, in opposition to the dictates of common sense, in opposition to the requisitions of common justice. Human life is nowhere safe, if this successful defence of Tirrell is to be fixed as a precedent in our juris prudence. It is only necessary for a man who wishes to commit murder, to walk every night in -SIT sleep, for six months, waking up and annoy ing the inmates of his house, and thus giving them the most uncomfortable evidence of his som nambulic propensities, to be assured of a safe de liveience from’the penalties of the law. It would seem that the tender and credulous jurors, who tried Tirrell, apprehend consequences like these, for they say now, that other considerations, than that we have alluded to, dictated their verdict. But this is impossible. Mr. Choate, did, indeed try to convert a palpaple murder into a suicide, and to direct the finger of suspicion to the other occupants of the house, to account for the arson, but lame, and weak, and untenable, he knew these positions to be, and therefore, the whole weight of his gigantic and fruitful intellect was di rected to the establishing of the first somnambu lic murder that was ever heard of, and the last, we hope. Regarding these two cases, (Robinson’s and Tirrell’s,) which in their incidents are so nearly alike, and the utter perversion of every principle of justice, in their issue, we respectfully submit to legislators, whether it would not be better at once, to openly licence the murder of these poor creatures of shame, by their partners in vice, than by a shameful mockery of justice, to place them beyond the protection of the laws I Better make them outlaws by special enactment, than force judgesand jurors, with solemn oaths resting upon their consciences and clearly defined duties imprinted on their intelligence, to make unlaw ful distinctions in the most awful crime, and wicked exemptions from its penalty. To correspondents.—lf our esteemed friend, General Morris, will send us his military boots, we will fill them with communications, which of themselves give evidence that they were intend ed for the National Press and not for the Sunday Dispatch. For instance : that sweet little gem of poetry, “Lines to an unsweetened cup of tea, without milk in it,” was intended for no other than the General. The delicacy of the sentiment, and the beauty of the versification, would be quite out of place in a rude, rough sheet like ours, but in the “ daintily stored columns” and “richly freighted pages” of the brigadier, they would shine like a “ good deed in a naughty world,” or a pendant of ice from the nose of a pig, on a clear, frosty morning in the Fall ofthe year—ear. “ Directions for blowing the nose in polite company.” This article, which Was evidently intended for the Mirror, and no doubt proceeded from one of the “ Upper ten thousand,” is of too refined a character for our columns. The direc tions, we are bound to admit, are of the utmost importance to well-bred people, and we hope they will find a conspicuous place in the “ organ.” For the benefit of the vulgar million, we will state, on the authority of our correspondent, that polite persons do not now blow th ir noses with ungloved fingers, or wipe the nasal organ, after the bellows of the lungs has ceased its action, with the sleeve of their coat. Are we under stood I “ A curious fact,” we have dispatched by our swiftest footed devil to the. Gazette and Times, where, we have no doubt, it will immediately ap pear among “Scraps of Curious Information,” which some patient laborer, weekly resurrects, as they say out West, from the forgotten pages of old almanacs and magazines. J. T. T.—Really, we'cannot tell where the first paving-stones, which were laid down in New York, came from, but we think our correspond ent Jrrs in supposing they were imported. We do not know that any of the original paving re mains. The question should be referred to one of the learned street commissioners, who, we understand, are trying to find out, by removing the gradual deposites of mud, whether there is any pavement at all in our streets. Caution.—We assure our correspondent that the Tabernacle is perfectly safe. Its main pillar and prop is David Hale; and, while he remains sound, there is no danger of a crash. For fur ther particulars, inquire at the office of the Jour nal of Commerce. Lady.—Pray ask Nathaniel P. Willis, Esq. A letter, by penny-posl, pre-paid ,will find him at the Astor House; as he has recently returned from foreign parts, he will be able to tell whether the ladies of Paris have discarded a monstrosi ty, the name of which can never find admittance to our columns. We are aware of the importance which ths world and its first cousin attach to editorial de cisions, and we are always happy to answer all questions propounded to us. We know every thing, and can answer any question at five min ute’s notice. Persons writing to us in the Potta wattomie language, will oblige us by spelling out their words. The Emporium, which, as the ghost of the Bro ther Jonathan, is doomed for a brief season to walk the earth byway of expiation for the mis deeds committed in the days of its material ex istence, undertakes to administer ghostly comfort to the Reverend James Mackay, whom we re ferred to, last week, in connection with the va cant seat in the pulpit of Trinity Church: The ghost of the Brother Jonathan, is so indignant at our article that it refuses, for the present, to copy it, but contents itself with an outpouring of angry superlatives, that would positively shock a man of weak nerves, and delicate sensibilities, The poor ghost was once associated with the Reve rend James Mackay, and knew him well, “ as a writer and a teacher—as a man and a Christian— as a husband, father, and friend.” Alas, poor ghost I you knew a great deal more of him than we did, for as you say, in your shadowy and se pulchral type, we did not know him well enough to spell his name correctly—for we dignified him with the initial of a middle name which has an existence as imaginary and unreal, as the excited ghost which has assumed his quarrel. “ Rest, perturbed spirit, rest;” we deal with realities, and not with the flitting shadows of the past. The rumor that Wm. B. Cozzens, the Native American candidate for the Mayoralty, has with drawn from the canvass, is positively denied, and by authority. “ Who is Andrew H. Mickle I” —Not to know Andrew H. Mickle, is not to chew Mrs. Miller’s “(fine cut.” To ask the question, which we have quoted, is to confess that you know no thing of the “cud;” that you are not “up to snuff,” that you never wore a pig-tail. Put all this in your pipe and smoke it. Why, you can’t ask a grocer for a paper of “fine cut,” without being provided with Mr. Mickle’s visiting card; unless, indeed, Mrs. Miller’s great competitor, and our old friend, John Anderson’s prepared weed is handed out. If all those who chew, choose to vote for Mr. Mickle, he will be elected Mayor by a handsome majority, but if there is a division in the ranks of the chewers, if those who chew Anderson, refuse to swallow Mickle, at the ballot boxes, Mickle will most assuredly be defeated. The Whigs have not nominated yet, and we doubt whether they will be able to give us a “ sweeter morsel” to roll under our tongue, than that which Tammany has prepared for us But we should remember that there are those who renounce what they are pleased to term the “ vile weed,” that they will have none of it, and have provided a substitute in Mr. William B. Cozzens, the popular host of the American. Too good natives to condemn a native production, the supporters of Mr. Cozzens only object to tobacco as manufactured and turned out in the person of Mr. Mickle, by Tammany Hall. They say that the article in its natural or native state, is not of fensive, but that in running through the mill at Tammany Hall, it loses all its juicy sweetness, and is, in fact, nothing more than an "oldsojer,” in a new shape. We leave Mrs. Miller and An derson to settle the matter at their leisure. There is still another party in this tobacco •quarrel, who say that the constant use of parti zan tobacco causes such a constant expectora tion, as to weaken the chest of the city, and greatly debilitate the whole system ; but, though they have called in a Taylor, we do not believe he will be able to mend the matter. On the eve of an election, the readers of a neu ■ tral paper always expect a political article, as it is called. Here is our’s for the approaching in teresting occasion. How do you like it I P. S. Since the above was in type, we learn of the nomination by the Whigs, of Justice Tay lor, for the Mayoralty. We hope there will be no more candidates in the field Mrs. Mowatt.—This charming actress and most estimable lady has commenced her Second engagement in New Orleans, under herusual suc cessul auspices. On her first appearance during her previous engagement in that city, she was subjected to an ordeal of no ordinary rigor. The audience conceiving that her alledged success in other places, was owing to the mere gall.intry due t o the sex, and to the fact of her being born of native blood, determined to try her on her merits solely, and to take nothing upon trust. Accord ingly they received her in almost total silence, and sat for the first two acts in a sort of moody quiet; but in the third act they began to f eel th “ thick-ribbed ice” in their souls to melt before the fervor of her genius, and the piece closed with transports of applause, forming the comple tes! and most gratifying of triumphs. But the com pliment to our gifted fellow-citizencss .were no l confinod to her public career. In private, her so ciety has been courted by the most distinguish ed ; and among the foremost to pay the homage of his respect and admiration to his fair country woman was Henry Clay, who as our readers know, has been passing the winter in New Or leans. We hear it stated, that Mrs. Mowatt after com pleting a second engagement in Mobile, will re turn to this city, shortly, by the way of the Ohio river and Pittsburgh; and that it is highly proba ble she will appear at the Park, with Mr. Vanden hoff, early in the ensuing month. G. Washington Dixon, who says he is “ the candidate for Assistant Aiderman of the Inde pendent Reform party of the second ward,” has issued an addres, in which he very cooly invites patriotic citizens of other wards, to move into the second “for one night only” in order to vote for him, assuring them that twenty four hours’ resi dence “secures them the right to vote and aid in electing the Independent ticket!” This is one of George’s practical jokes, for the perpetration of which he has become celebrated. No honest or intelligent man needs to be told, that a person who, on the fact of sleeping one night in a ward for the purpose of voting in it, swear that he is a resident of that ward, com mits perjury. We know that the the thing is done at every election, but never by any man who holds his reputation at a pin’s value. We hope no one will understand us as object ing to the ‘candidate for assistant Aidermen, of the Independent Reform party of the second ward.” We have no doubt that, if elected, he would, redeem all his pledges, and made his con. stituents as happy as it is possible for good men, blessed with good rulers, to be, in this wicked world. Still we are impressed with the idea that Mr, Dixon can be more useful to the second ward and the city generally, by standing aloof from office. Exercising his ponderous influence in a private capacity, he can do a great deal for virtue and other things, and we have no doubt will; but oppressed with the many cares, which office entails upon conscientious men, we great fear that he. would be compelled to omit his su pervisory control over matters which all must admit are ofthe very first importance to the com munity. We hope therefore, that George will not be withdrawn from the position he now occu pies; a position which he assumed in obedience to the dictates of his own heart, and which he holds by a higher authority than that of the hus tings. Long live George Washington Dixon, the self elected conservator of the public mo rals, and may he never be an assistant aiderman! The Marine Court, we notice, is snugly escon sed in the room occupied until lately by the Am rican Institute. The immense box which the wisdom of the . Institute used to seat itself in on great occasions, is now the bench of the Court, and it certainly is the biggest bench that was ever made out of soft pine. When the Court is in session, the spectator can see nothing of the Judges but their heads, which seem to be fastened upon the top of the huge pile of lumber. The man who planned this strange affair, should have his name placed in a conspicuous place, above it. Such an inventive genius should be known. Is there no person in this city who can trace his descent from Miles Standish, the military leader of the Puritan settlers of New England I If such a happy man can be found, £60,000 a year are impatiently waiting for him. It is too bad that such a princely income should go begging, to say nothing of the feather it would be in one’s cap, to establish a relationship with Standish.— And then Rose, the wife, whose sweet face fixes the admiring gaze of every one who looks on Wier’s picture of the “Embarcation of the Pil grims.” The £60,000, Miles Standish, and the high-soul, ed, beautiful wife, taken altogether are worth looking after. The number of applicants for tfie vacant place in the pulpit of Trinity Church, has wonderfully decreased since the discovery recently made by some irreverent lawyer, that Trinity hasnotgo an inch of parchreent to show her claim to the property she holds. If the stories be true, the vej norable mother of all our city churches, is indan ger of being turned adrift in her old age with not a rag to her back. In this case the reverend cler gy will not be too anxious to hold situations un der her. .. The Mystery Solved.—The Mirror has at last screwed up its courage, and confessed that tha reason why Willis’s letters,-which were promis ed, do not appear in that paper, is because Fuller can't get them, Why didn’t you say this before, man! We do not think that your readers have sustained a very great loss. The letters which were published, were awfully stupid, and not worth reading below the line formed by the let ters of their author’s name. It seemed as though Willis wrote them against his will. A friend in giving us a description of the cha racter of the President of the Boston and Ver mont Railroad Company, says, “So enthusiastic is he in these railroad enterprises, that in five minutes, he will convince you of the practica bility of a road to h—l, and show you by figures, that the doumward freight would pay all the ex penses, and yield a handsome dividend to the stockholders. There is a colored association in this city, call ad “ The Ancient Order of Romans.” It is full of Caesars and Pompeys. The colored ladies are associated under the title of “Ancient Daugh ters of Ruth.” Maria Washington is Queen, and Sarah Grundy signs herself, in a card, pub lished in the True Sun, “queen of queens.” Be fore reading this announcement, we were not aware that there were any “ ancient daughters” in the city. Horn, the mad wag, the Yorick of our times, is doing a fine business at his new bowling sa loon in Broadway. While you knock down his pins, he keeps you laughing at his jokes. Fine exercise for body and soul. We are-rejoiced to know that the principles of the Thermal system of medicine are triumphing, and that there are some men courageous enough single handed, and in spite of the most determi ned hostility, to advocate the holy principle of “right.” Dr. Gale of the city of Albany, is practising the system most successfully ; but we understand with most determined hostility from the Faculty, as well as the “canaille” ot the Pro fession. The immortalized Semuel Dickson, M. D. late of the British Medical Staff in India and else where, was the first to oppose blood-letting in all its forms ; as his work entitled “ the Chrono- Thermal system of Medicine, and Fallacies of the Faculty,” published in London in 1836 will testify- Dr Dickson is the only author who has rational ly accounted for that developement of “constitu tional disturbance,” termed Fever, and which constitutes his “Unity of disease.” John Forbes, M. D. F. R. S., of British Fo reign Medical Review notoriety, together with all the hireling medical press of the day, oppo sed Dr. Dickson and his views as much as in their power; but what are now the views of this ‘self same John Forbes will be found in No. XLI, of the British and Foreign Medical Review. His statements are Ist, That in a large proportion of cases, treated by Allopathic Physicians (or those who let blood ‘without measuie,’ and give calo mel toe., in doses, only fit to be given by Far riers to horses of a strong constitution) ‘ the di sease is cured by nature and not by them ’ 2ndly, In a lesser but not a smaller proportion, he disease is cured by nature in spite of them ; in other words their influence opposing instead of assisting the cure.” He ventures to predict that a. medical reform is ‘impending,” and he says it “assuredly will come.” One of his measures of Reform is to “discontinuance as much as pos sible and to eschew the habitual use, without any sufficient reason, of certain powerful Medicines inTarge dozes in a muhitutProf diseases, -a prac tice now generally prevalent and fraught with the most baleful consequences,” and states that “Mercury, lodine, Colchicum, Antimony, also Purgatives in general and bloodletting are fright fully misused in this manner.” Thus advocating in 1846 the very system he opposed in 1836,1839, and onward. There is a physician, a Professor of the Theo ry and.practice of Medicine, residing within one hundred and sixty miles of the city of Albany, N. Y. who has declared publicly that since he had been in the habit of giving smaller doses of ca lomel, in the acute diseases of children, his prac tice has been much more successful. By such a epnfession what is to be inferred 1 Then is it too much to expect that this “ self-same ” Professor may yet advocate the doctrine of Dickson as a whole and fall into the wake of Forbes and the other worthies who have “ turned with the turn ing times,," and it may with Dr. Copland ac count for his change in practice, by stating that the “physical constitution of man has changed.” Dr. Dickson observes in the Preface to the fourth English edition: “the Chrono-Thermal system is denied, plagiarized, and whispered away;— the Chrono-Thermal system secretly tri umphs on every hand.” We have now the eminent Doctors, Holland, Forbes, Sir George Lefevre, (all Physicians to the British Queen) Sir C. Bell, Searle, Copland, Louis, &c , &c., all become practisers ofthe Chrono Thermal system. It must become fash ionable and the practice ofthe world. It may be consolatory to many persons and par ticularly to parents, to know, that Doctor Gale, in the cure of Opthalmia or of any other Infl-a mation, neither uses Caustics, Blisters, the Lan cet or the Leech ; and that he cures recent ca ses of Inflamation whether in the chest, abdo men, or any other part in half the time that is ge nerally occupied in the “ orthodox,” routine practice even when most successful, and he de nies the Medical Faculty of the whole world to prove to the contrary. —Dr. Gale’s mode of treatment, consists as far as practicable in a rigid regulation of the diet, the temperance and purity of the air, clothing, the mental and bodily exercise, &c., baths, fric tion, change of air, change of occupation, &c., and to remove the whole disease, and not a parti cular feature; he uses nothing as a reme dy but what is authorized by the “Materia Medi cas” and Pharmacopceias of London, Edinburgh Dublin, and of the United States; and not in the large doses denounced by Dr. Forbes, but on the “Minimum” or the smallest available doses, advo cated by Samuel Dickson, M. D. The Chrono-Thermal system of Medicine with Fallacies of the Faculty, [the True Young Physic ofDr. John|Forbes] by Sam’l Dickson, M D. republished in this country last year, edited by William Turner, M. D., late Health Commis sioners for the city, &c., of New York, may be had of almost all Booksellers. • Book ®obU. Old Times and New: ora few raps over the knuckles of the present age. Burgess, Stringer. & Co. There is an attempt at smartness in this pamphlet, an effort to be satirical and severe—a hearty disposition to cudgel vice and folly as they deserve to be cudgelled, but a ** plentiful lack” of ability to do the work effectually. We see great evidence ot labor in the ninety three pages before us, and the author is deserving of credit for his patience and perseverance in string ingso many words together. Typee ; a in the Marquesas, by Herman Melville, New York, and London— Wi ley and Putnam.—This is not a work to be dis missed within the limits of an ordinary book no tice, and, as we have not room for more extend ed remarks, this week, we will what we have to say to our next, when we will enrich our columns withextracts from Mr Melville’s strange and delightful narrative. Meantime we advise all who have the leisure to read it through, to pur chase the book. Blackwood’s Magazine.—We are indebted to the attention of Leonard Scott and Co., the pub lishers of the American edition, for the March number of this magazine. The low price at which this edition is furnished, should secure it an im mense circulation- Surely no man of the least pretension to literary taste would omit to read Blackwood, especially when it is brought to his doors for a price, which, the intrinsic value of the work considered, is next to nothing. The ordinance against obstructing the side walks, will, we fear, soon have to be enforced against E. T. Lee, of No. 245 Greenwich street. We hate to complain ; but the fact is, that the immense crowds of ladies, which are constant ly pouring in and out of Lee’s store, stop the way, and oblige people who have no business at the establishment, to cross to the opposite side of the street. “Why will you go to Lee’s 1 .” said a gentle man to his wife, a few days since. “ O, because he sells so cheap!” “ But other people sell goods at reasonable prices.” “Yes, but positively Lee sells cheap; and then his stock is always fresh; one is never fobbed off with old goods. It is because he buys cheap and for cash, and turns quickly at small profits, that he has the newest styles, and the choicest goods.” The lady was quite right. Lee is a master in his business, and his store is thronged with cus tomers every day. The ornamental cards, manufactured by Carey and brothers, No. 156 Broadway, are certainly the most elegant for all purposes of art which can be found in the city. Cards of all descrip tions can be found at this establishment. It is difficult to visit this establishment, without being strnck with surprise and admiration, at the won derful skill, ingenuity, and taste exhibited in the manufacture and embellishment of the various kind of cards. The show cards are especially worthy the attention of merchants. A friend says that at Palmer’s furnishing store, No. 89 Fulton street, a gentleman can supply himself with every article in the furnishing line of the best quality, and at exceedingly low prices Go and see Palmer. Mrs. Isaacs’ fashionable millenary establish ment, at No. 5 andsfc Division street, draws the fashionable world from the west side of the town Her establishment is daily thronged with taste and beau y. Hallock & Co., the chemists and druggists, whose establishment is at No. 149 Fulton street, have acquiredgreat celebrity for the excellence of their medical and other preparations. What ever is purchased at this establishment may be relied upon. Stockwell, formerly of the Croton Lunch, has teken the first floor of National Hall, Canal st. and fitted it up very handsomely as a Temperance restaurant. There is a well supplied reading room adjoining, and visitors will find the esta blishment one of the most comfortable in the ci ty. Every department is complete. On April Fool’s Duy, a wag chalked on the door of an apothecary’s shop up-town, “No con nection with the establishment next door,” The es tablishment next door, was a coffin warehouse. Important to the Mercantile Community'.— In transferring the annexed article from the Commercial Advertiser, to our columns, we be speak for the important facts it presents, a care ful and attentive consideration. All men of business are interested in the matter. We are of opinion, that the superiority of Gayler’s Salamander Safes, is most satisfactorily demon strated in the article we quote Safes that are Safes.— It will be remembered that a short time ago, a trial, the fairness of which was attested by many gentlemen of unim peachable veracity and honor, was made at Vauxhall Gardens, of three kinds of safe, as to their capacity to resist the heat of an immense furnace, built expressly for the purposes of the trial, in which, if our memory serves us rightly, they were kept forty eight hours, the fire being replenished as often as was necessary to preserve the utmost intensity of heat. One of these safes was Mr. Gayler’s salamander safe, and it alone came unhurt out of the fiery ordeal. Its contents were entirely unscathed, of which we had occu lar demonstration, for we saw and handled the books, which were not even discolored, beyond the outside of the binding, where the glue was somewhat shrivelled. Struck by what seemed an indisputable evi dence of the efficiency and superiority of these safes, we obtained permission to see the process of their manufacture, having a notion that a safe which is a safe is a desirable acquisition, and worth almost any money. We found at his establishment safes in every stage of manufac ture, and came away perfectly satisfied that the material and the workmanship were of the first quality, and that the production of an article, not to please the eye or indeed the popular idea of cheapness, but to answer fully and permanently its purpose, was Mr. Gayler’s honest aim. And it is under such an impression that we take notice of the matter. Each of his “ double safes” we found to be composed, first ot an outside of sheet hon of great thickness, strengthened at all points by transverse bars of wrought iron, no cast iron being used in their manufacture beyond the casing or cavity into which the fire resisting compost is ponred. The sides, back and front are secured by screws to wrought iron knees, Within the frame is placed another, made with just the same care and strength, and within that another, and each of the spaces’hhus made is tilted -VYttli the rompooHion, tho. trrs--r«dientS ot which Mr. G. properly keeps to himself. A recent improvement, which to our thinking is founded upon true science, is the introduction of a bead round the edge of the door, fitting into a counter groove in the frame of the safe. When the metal expands with the heat the junction be comes perfectly air-tight, and the contact may also be supposed to draw off the heat from the interior. The great strength of the wrought iron frames is security against fracture in falling from any height at which they may be placed in the building. As to security against thieves, we imagine that these safes are equally perfect. All the screws, &c., are counter-sunk and then cut off close with the surface. Even supposing the hinges, which necessarily project, to be cut or filed, or broken ofl; the door remains equally firm by reason of a simple contrivance, making in practice a pair of inside hinges. The Iscks are so constructed that a key varying in size the sixteenth part of an inch from the right one locks instead of unlock ing. And to each there is a minor lock which secures the main lock, and yet another which secures both. The key of each of these smaller locks is small enough to be carried in the pocket without inconvenience. And over the key hole is another lock, the mode of opening which re mains a secret to all but the operator, if he so choose. Altogether, they do seem to us the most perfect, substantial, impregnable safes we ever saw. Death from poison.—An inquest was held yesterday by the Coroner, at 111 Houston street, on the body of Amos Saxion, a native of Troy, who was a hand on board the steamboat Troy. It appeared from the testimony that a demijohn containing a mixture of New England rum and corrosive sublimate, \yas kept on board the boat for the destruction of bed-bugs, and the deceased unfortunately in ignorance of what it contained, took a drink, out of the demijohn and died on Friday, from its effects, the jury found a verdict in accordance with the facts. It also appeared that another man lost his life about a year ago, by taking a drink out of this vessel. From Washington. From our Regular Correspondent. Washington City, April 3, 1846. To the Editor of the Sunday Dispatch : The only matters of moment that have tran spired this week, consist in the speeches of Gov. Cass and Col. Benton. Governor Cass made one of those powerful speeches, for which he is remarkable, and con tended that Oregon was ours up to the latitude of 54:40. He was calm, dignified, resolute and manly; and, whilst he accorded to others an un qualified right to their own opinions, he main tained those which he has so long and so zeal ously advanced in support of the rights of the country. The effort was worthy of the fame of Gov. Cass. Mr. Benton, followed on Tuesday, and took a novel position for him. He appeared to be in clined to compromise the Oregon difficulty on the 49th parallel, though I did not distinctly under stand him to arrive at that point. In the course of his speech, he illustrated his argument, by re peating the well-known episode in history of Agamemnon and Ajax Telamon; and, was ex ceedingly sarcastic and at the same time witty, at the expense of Governor Cass, and Mr. Han negan. He noticed that Gov. Cass had the day before pledged himself to accept the 49th parallel, if that line of boundary had ever been settled or run be tween the United States and England. He con tended that that boundary was defined un der Mr. Monroe’s administration, or had been settled by the treaty of Utrecht. But, after all, I did not understand Col. Benton, to deny that our claim to Oregon was not good up to the Russian settlement. Col. Benton spoke in a tone so subdued that I could not distinctly understand him; and, lest I do him injustice, I refer you and your readers to the speech itself, which, if it be not approved for its general position, will be found to contain an immense amount of interesting and important historical reading. It must be here remarked that Col Benton has very much changed in his manner and matter, since the Whig papers, from one end of the country to the other, declared him to be great er than Edmund Buike, because of his speech on the annexation of Texas. Gov. Cass being absent, Mr. Hannegan of In diana replied, and made a thrilling speech—one that called down thunders of applause from the galleries. Whereupon Mr. Webster, a little en vious perhaps, of the “ rising sun” of the West, rose, and said that if anything of the kind occur red again, he should move for the clearing of the galleries. This was, to my mind, in rather bad taste, though I do not approbate the out-poring of such evidences of exhuberance of feeling and sentiment. I have on several occasions known Mr. Webster to be most unnecessarily applauded by the galleries, and yet I never saw him before threaten to turn the People out for indulging their emotions. Mr. Hannegan, who of course did not relish Colonel Benton’s speech, in his reply to it, for Gov. Cass and himself, in a strain of scathing irony, complimented the Colonel on his finding himself in company with Mr. Calhoun, and the advocate of that gentleman’s “wise and masterly inactivity.” He concluded his deeply impassioned speech, by saying to the Colonel: “ The Senator spoke of the Agamemnon of our little band—of its Ajax Telamon, and its lesser or little Ajax. If by this title he referred to me, I disclaim it; I have no title to be called an Ajax, great or little. I am a poor private soldier in this cause. I ask no favor, and I seek no reward, save the triumph of the great cause. I ask for nothing. I should de spise myself if, in a cause like this, for an instant I could cherish a feeling of selfishness. I would rather be the little Ajax—rather the private sol dier, fighting simply for subsistence ill this cause, than to hold my head so high that I could not see aughi below me; rather be the private soldier than with my haughty feet to press the lowly earth as though it were too mean for my tread; rather be the private soldier, than in every look, and attitude, and act, and expression, pro claim—* I am the ruler! I will rule or I will ruin —and it is indifferent to me whether the conse quences be rule or ruin.’ Sir, be he who he may, there is in this land no man so high as to have it in his power to elevate and depress public senti ment in America at his will. Be he who he may who makes such an attempt, he will speedily find his level. * Little Ajax’ let it be; but let me re mind the Senator from Misouri that the Agamem non and the Aj axes were not the only actors at the seige of Troy. There was an Achilles there; and we have an Achilles here. Let the Senator from Missouri beware, lest he be the Hector who will grace the triumph of this Achilles.” It was at this point that the galleries, unable to repress its feelings, gave vent to them, in a round of the most enthusiastic applause. Mr. Hanne gan’s reply, was unpremeditated, impromptu, and won for him new laurels. He is one of the most eloquent men the country has ever produced. Mr. Webster’s speech of Friday or Saturday week, was a guarded and wily production, and was written out and read. He appeared to be determined, that he would not suffer anything from misrepresentation, or from the accidents cf the Press at any rate. It was rather non commit tal : but asserted that our claim was good up to 49°, and must be maintained at all hazards. This was saying more than was expected from him. The Oregon debate has at last become an in tolerable bore; the Notice should be ordered at once, and Congress should proceed to some oth er business. I read the other day, with a great deal of in terest, a report made by Mr. Yell of Arkansas, of the Committee on Military Affairs, on the sub ject of establishing National Foundries, for the manufacture of arms. In that report, the com mittee state extraordinary facts. They are thus set forth : The primary object sought to be attained by means of a national foundry is improvement in the quality and stiength of cannon. It is well known to Congress—the fact has frequently been reported to us from the executive departments — that the cannon now in possession of the govern ment, both for land and sea service, is defective ; much of it is good, undoubtedly, but much of it elso, is as certainly unfit for service, and danger ous to those who use it. Congress has received from the Secretary of the Navy, in an official re port to the President, the shocking and astound ing intelligence, that in our late war with Great Britain nearly as many of our gallant seamen were killed by the bursting of our own gans as by the fire of lhe enemy. We shall incur the justest con demnation if we receive such information with indifference, and refuse to provide reasonable and proper security against such terrible accidents hereafter. In the land service, too, of the can non procured for the fortifications, not an incon siderable proportion of the whole is found to be of such uncertain and dangerous character that it ought to be condemned and rejected from service. The ordnance department of the army have made repeated complaints to Congress on this head. — The letter of Colonel Talcott to this committee, accompanying this report, shows the condition, in this respect, of some of our most important fortifications. The announcement of facts of such moment as these, cannot fail to arrest the attention of Congress ; and the executive depart ments at least acquit themselves o their duty and responsibility when they lay them before Con gress and suggest the proper remedy. The following is an extract from the letter of Col. Talcott, of the ordinance department, refer ed to in Mr. Yell’s Report; and the facts disclos ed in it, will amaze the reader, while it should teach the country, that some change in the mode manufacturing arms for the national defence, should be had without delay. The necessity-of devising means to improve the quality of our iron guns will appear to you very clearly from a statement of the character of the cannon we have heretofore been able to pro cure. My annual report of this year, which has been presented to Congress, states the measures which are now in progress to test the heavy ord nance at the various forts, lhe report of me of ficer engaged in this scrutiny, shows that of rhe heavy guns in Fort Monroe, Hampton Roads, Virginia, 574 in number, the quality is as fol lows: 42pndr 23 pndr 24pndr Good 10 160 74 Doubtful 7 150 31 Bad, unfit for use 22 104 16 Making a per centage as follows : 0f all cali ores, good 42 per cent. ; bad or doubtful, 58 per cent. And this is a fortress of the first class and of the highest importance. I advert, in this connexion, to the lamentable fact, officially ascertained and brought to the at tention of Congress in a report from the Secretary of the Navy, that in our last war with Great Britain more of our men were killed aboard our ships of war by the bursting of our own guns than by the fire of the enemy. Another report from the officer before referred to, received at this office since my annual report was submitted, states the result of trialsand tests made upon heavy guns in the fortifications of New York harbor. These last guns were cast at a different foundry from those at Fort Monroe, and, indeed, at one of our oldest and best con ducted private establishments, and where as much skill and care is exerted as can be expected from private founders under such circumstances. The examination embraces 571 pieces of heavy ordnance, and the officer classifies them as ° Of'those cast between the years 1826 and 1834, 65 per cent, exhibit a strength of metal which may be relied on in service ; while 35 per cent, are doubtful and unsafe. Of lhe cannon cast be tween 1834 and 1840, the officer considers that of the 24 and 42 pounders none are good and safe, 37 per cent, are doubtful, and 63 per cent, certainly unfitfor service. Of the B-inch seacoast howitzers cast in that period, he considers 31 per cent, good, 63 per cent, doubtful, and 6 per cent, unfit for service. Since 1840, he finds all cast at that foundery good and serviceable. This uncertainty and irregularity, which in the present state of the art attends the operations of private founders, is one of the essential reasons for the establishment of a national foundery. The country is indebted to Mr. Yell, of Arkansas, for the attention he has paid to this subject; and, it is to be hoped that it will be promptly acted upon, by Congress. I am very weary of Washington; I have been here many years, but never witnessed so dull a session of Congress. An adjournment of that body ought to take place as early as the Ist of May, but, I suppose that the eight dollar a day men, will protest it till August. Yours, HOMO. (ftljeatrual. Letter from Spranger Barry, Esq. New York, April 3d, 1846. To the Editor of the SuHday Dispatch: The drama is rapidly increasing in this coun try. ft begins to find favor among the disciples of the Church, especially among the Episcopa lians, and the more enlightened of the Presbyte rian order. All this is abundantly proved, by the immense audiences of the “elect,” who the last season, thronged Niblo’s Saloon, another name for a theatre, but without any distingushing cast in fact; as well as by their nightly attendance at the Park, during the engagement of the Keans.— And the Olympic, too, has often its share of the “saints in crape,” who, if they do not despise the saints in lawn, are very loath that they should at all times, come “ betwixt the wind and their nobility.” Whilst the Keans were here, and especially on these nights, when Mr. Sergent Talfourd’s nam by-pamby tragedy was enacted, I met at the Park a number of ladies and gentleman, of the most pious order; and who, I had often heard de nounce the Theatre, as the play house of the de vil, relishing and realizing the delights of the drama. I was g’ad to see it for it was indicative of the dawn of an era of tolerance—a kind of a foreshadowing of the advent of those days of light and reason, when fanaticism and bigotry, will cease to persecute the fine arts, and close the door against the advancement of civilization. At the Olympic, one night a year or two ago, I found the boxes mainly occupied by the mem bers of a very pious congregation who had given a round sum for the sole occupancy of the Thea tre for that night only ; and, though the pieces enacted, were the “ Savage and Maiden,” and a burlesque on Ole Bull and Vieux Timps. They seemed to relish and enjoy the preceding*, with the same gusto that was manifested by the un godly and the impenitent. In this country, the drama has always had a very violent opposition to contend against, espe cially in the puritanical States of New England. As late as the year 1792, Mr. Tudor, a citizen of Boston, of some eminence, attempted to obtain the abrogation of an act of the State of Massa chusetts, passed when the Bay State was a colo ny, and when Massachusetts was at the exclusive mercy of Puritanical rule, prohibiting dramatic exhibitions, and was met on the ground that eve rything of the kind partook of the “ devil’s do ings.” And, at the same time, Mr. Benjamin Austin, who afterwards was distinguished as a political writer of great abilily, wrote a series of essays, in which he attempted to prove, that Shakspere was destitute of genius ! In this mon strous work of absurdity and folly, he was aided and assisted by the countenance and concurrence of Samuel Adams, one of the famous movers of the Revolution. Mr. Adams was warmly and ably opposed by Mr. Percy Martin, and Harrison Gray Otis; and the twain got up a feeling in Boston, that led to the erection of a theatre, and to dramatic per formances, in defiance of “ all law and all or der.” And even now, Boston, 1 believe, is the only city or town in Massachusetts, where a the atre can lawfully exist. In the year 1833, Mr. George Barrett, now of the Park, who was, at that time, the manager of lhe Tremont Theatre, Boston, got up a theatre in the city of Lowell, and opened it. The “se lectmen” of that place, declared it an abomina tion, avowed that George was a traitor to lhe public peace and good order; that his company were a set of vagabonds ; and, putting the “ she riffof the county” on the scent, lodged all hands, except George and the late William Jones, in the “ lock-up.” Thus ended the theatre in the city of Lowell. In this State, and in all lhe States, wherein Episcopacy has obtained a foothold, the drama has been fostered since their earliest settlement. The Puritans, notwithstanding so much has been said and writtenlin their favor; and, not. withstanding all New England is annually re quired to do homage to the “ Pilgrim Fathers,” whilst they kiss the American Blarney Stone at Plymouth, did more, during the period of their supremacy, to retrogade the world, than all the curses that, ever before befel it. They were oppo sed to the progress of every art. Sculpture and painting were, in their eyes, utter abominations, and led to that idolatry which is expressly for bidden in the decalogue. Hence it was, that they incurred the contempt of the poets and wits of the times of Charles 11. To borrow an idea from Macaulay : “ the Puritan affected formali ty; the comic poet laughed at decorum. The Puritan had frowned at innocent diversion; the comic poet took under his patronage lhe most flagitious excesses. The Puritan had canted: the com’c poet blasphemed. The Puritan had made an affair of gallantry a felony, without the benefit of the clergy; the comic poet represent ed it as an honorable distinction, The Puritan spoke with disdain, of lhe low standard of pop ular morality; his life was regulated by a far more rigid code; his virtue was sustained by motives unknown to men of the world. Unhap pily, it had been amply proved ih many cases, and might be suspected in many more, that these high pretensions were unfounded. According ly, the fashionable circles and the comic poets, who were the spokesmen of thoso circles, took up the notion that all professions of piety and in tegrity, were to be construed by a rule of con trary; that it might be well doubted whether there was such a thing as virtue in the world; but that, at all events, a person who affected to be better than his neighbors was sure to.be a knave.” This state of things was mainly brought about, by that famous bigot, old Jeremy Collier, who attempted the prostration’of lhe drama, when he wrote his famous “ Short View of the Profane ness and Immorality of the Stage”—a work that should be read by every one who wishes to ob tain a bird’s-eye view of the bigotry that beset the times in which old Jeremy flourished. Bigotry and the cant of the “ Canters,” have but very little influence in this city, and the stage now flourishes beyond all precedent. That it should be somewhat purged, no one will deny, who frequents the theatres. But, taken altogeth er, it is comparatively free from objection, and is daily becoming more chaste. Within the week, a new theatre has been open ed to the public. I refer to the Greenwich. It is a very beautiful establishment, and is most ad mirably located, on the old site of the Richmond Hill. It opened on Thursday evening, with “ Ro meo and Juliet;” Miss Clara Ellis, a lady who last year was well appreciated at the Park, enact ing the part of Romeo, to the Juliet of Mrs. Crisp. Mi. Henry Grattan, sustained the part of Mercu tio, with great ability, and proved himself to be an actor of sterling merit. The house of course, was crowded ; and all who were present, were delighted with the theatre and the acting. The Greenwich is decidedly one of the most elegant establishments in the Union; and cannot fail to meet abundant success. Everything was new, from the’boxes to the scenes; and all was as taste ful and as elegant as it was new. The company engaged, can be, and undoubtedly will be, very materially strengthened, in lhe course of the sea son ; and I am told, that much of the talent of the country will be congregated there during the summer season. Mr. Grattan, the acting mana ger, is capable, as a dramatist and actor, of great things, and 1 do not doubt that he will achieve them. Mr. Deverna, of the Chatham Theatre, sailed for England, I understand, in the Hibernia, on Wednesday, in pursuit of talent and novelty. In the meantime, the Chatham will go on swim mingly, under the able management of his part ner, Mr. De Bar, a very excellent and popular ac tor. Few men, are capable of catering more suc cessfully than Mr. De Bar; and the great popular ity he enjoys with his audiences, furnishes abun dant proof that his merits are neither forgotten or neglected. The Chatham has among its com pany, a number of very respectable actors; two, certainly, beside Mr. De Bar, who may be rank ed among the larger lights of the profession. 1 refer to Mr. Bellamy, and Mr. Marshall. The first named gentleman does the eccentric comedy and restive old men. The second, is the trage dian of the establishment; and, if he depended more upon himself, and had less of imitation, he would be much more successful. I had rather have bad original, than good imitation. At the Park, the Seguins closed their engage ment on Tuesday evening, with the Brewer of Preston —an opera that has many merits and more faults. It was successful here for some five or six nights, and paid well. The Toby Cross belt of Mr. Seguin was the life and soul of the piece, though it must be admitted that Mr. Fra ser particularly distinguished himself, in the character of the Brewer, and evinced more of the actor than I supposed was in him. Mr. Frazer has improved immensely since he came to this country. Mrs. Seguin’s Effa was well sustained —but she is far more interesting in other charac ters. It appeared to me that she might have dressed the part, with better taste, and still con formed it to the Puritanical times of “Red- Nosed Noll,” and the Round Heads. After the close of the opera nights, the good old play of “ Every Man in his Humor,” by Ben Jonson, was repeated for the third time, and was well enacted. But as the impression it made on the town, at the two first representations, had been obliterated by the lapse of time, it did not call in the audience it ought to have done. They have a queer mode of doing things at the Park, which I suppose is the result of circumstance and necessity. A piece is got up, which makes a favorable impression on the town, and for a sin gle night or two, calls in a good house that is en raptured. It is looked for with some earnest ness, and its repetition is demanded. But, in stead of being repeated, it is laid aside to make room for something else—lies on the shelf for a fortnight or so, until its original impression is forgotten, and then is brought forward only to be neglected. Had “Every Man in His Humor,” been run six nights at the Park, I do not doubt that every repetition, would have shown an in crease of favor, or that the end of the run would have shown most advantageously on the right side of the profit and loss account oi the mana ger. The Park management, however, understands its business best; and, he who has been a suc cessful theatrical manager, for thirty years and upwards, needs no advice at the hands of a green horn. Lee’s tragedy of “ Alexander the Great,” was brought forward at the Park, on Thursday night. It is one of the best plays in the language, the dialogue is most eloquent and energetic; and the whole forms one of lhe most splendid pa geants known to the stage. The author of this play, Lee, was the cotemporary and rival of Ot way, Dryden and Rowe, and early in life, be came the inmate of a madhouse. In consequence of this calamity, he was dubbed the mad author and actor, by his rivals, and most cruelly lam pooned by Shadwell, and cauterized by old Den nis. Left without the means of defence, the in mate of a lunatic asylum, he suffered much by the lampoons and criticism of his enemies, and, the consequence was that it became fashionable to laugh at his productions. Though Lee died more than two hundred years ago, the ill-nature that followed him in life has survived him, and it is yet fashionable to deride the extravagances of mad Nat. Lee. Be this as it may, and as it will, I am one of the admirers of Lee, and regard his tragedies second to none of his cotemporary writers. “ Alexander the Great,” was well got up at the Park, and was well played. Mrs. Bland and Mrs. Abbott, as the Rival Queens, were excel lent: And, I may add, that Roxana and Statira have rarely fallen into abler hands, or been re presented by two more splendid women. Mr. Marble has been playing the round of his characters at the Park during the week, and has been most kindly received. lam happy to learn that he will probably soon be in “ possession” of a comedy worthy of his talents. He is a man of genius; and yet I do not believe that he could successfully play Stephen, in “ Every Man in his Humor.” John Fisher is the only man I ever saw who correctly conceived and played the part. Mr. Murdoch is underlined, I see, at the Park, and is to make his first appearance at that thea tre on Monday evening, after his late very un successful tour to the South. lam very glad of it, and hope, for his sake, and for the sake of the management, that his friends will come forward and sustain him with their pockets, as well as with their hands and plaudits. Mr. Murdoch is a man of merit, though by no means a good ora great actor in the higher de partments of the drama. His private character is pure; and, I have never heard any man lisp a word against it. It is to be hoped that he will not, at the close of his present engagement, leave us, complaining that the public and the old stage) s gave him the “ cold shoulder.” This lament he indulged very pathetically, or his presses made it for him, at the close of his last engagement. I am no foe of Mr. Murdoch’s. On the contra ry, I wish him well, notwithstanding I have said some hard things of his acting; and, if he will cast his lot upon the waters, abjure and abandon charlatanry, commit his claims to the unbiassed judgment of the public, and submit to its decis ion, he shall have my hand and pen. He should be willing to join issue with the public, and abide by its opinion. He should not, if he can help it, suffer his injudicious friends to attempt to force him upon the good opinion of the public, for it is capricious and mulish, and though easily led, cannot be driven in opposition to its will. The Press is an useful auxiliary to an actor’s fame; but, but, it cannot give reputation to un-meritorious. And he who depends upon the press for the ac quisition of substantial fame, must ever find him self in possession of an impalpable vapor—a thing that’ is wholly evanesent, and the main tenance of which will cost him half of his in come. Garrick, Henderson, John Phillip ble, Cooke, Kean and Forrest, all acquired the fame that lasted, and secured their fortunes in defiance of the press, and without its auxiliary aid. And, it was only after they had established a name, that the press came forward, to do them justice. The elder Kean, after hit unfortunate affair with Mrs. Cox, and at a time, when the British public, almost to a man, de nounced him, went to the press for its aid, and was known to pay fifty guineas for a puff, in the “ London Times,” but it availed him nothing. The people acknowledged the merits of the ac tor, but were not to be disuaded from their de testation of the man. It is justly lhe pride and boast of Mr. Edwin Forrest, that he had not the aid of the press, when he was fighting his way to fame and for tune. He depended entirely upon his own mer its—they were acknowledged, rewared, and the actor and the man triumphed equally and alike. If, during his late sojourn in England, he had stooped to beg or purchase the press, the attempt that was made to oppose him at the Princess theatre, London, would not have been hazarded. But he proudly scorned all such schemes, — submitted himself to John Bull’s unbought opi nion, and was successful. From the day that Mr. Forrest first trod the stage, up to the last time he played, he had not, to my certain know ledge, paid the press one farthing to secure its good will. And, when an attempt was made, by one or two presses to “black-mail” him, he turned upon the incendiaries with ail the indigna tion becoming a man, and treated them with the scorn and contempt they merited from lhe public stage in the presence, of the million. If Mr. Murdoch, I repeat, will throw himself upon his own resources, submit to the verdict of the public—abjure charlatanry, cease getting up mock presentations of swords and copies of Shakspere, and repudiate all attempts to injure others, to advance and exalt himself, he shall have my poor support. That he is a clever actor and would be a useful stock member of any com pany, is a fact that I neither gainsay or deny. At the commencement of his career as a “star,’» I was most earnestly solicited, by some of the best friends, male and female, that he ever had, or that I ever called “ mine own,” to advocate and sustain him if possible. This I should have done, had I not discovered at the outset, that a most loathsome game of charlatanry was being played. Consequently, I took an opposite direc tion, though to do so, I subjected myself, to much severe pain and regret—for I offended my friends, and afforded myself no pleasure. Mr. Murdoch has more than once intimated, that I have been in pursuit of “ black mail.” The infamous insinuation is not entitled a response ; but I can tell him, that whilst neither he or his friends, could muster means* enough to purchase from me the avowal of an opinion, that was no 1 based upon an honest conviction. I regard the wretch, who attempts to enforce “black mail,” as a villain and a coward, to whom the common foot-pad, stands in the relation of a hero and a gentleman: The following, appeared in the New York Morning News of yesterday: Mr. Murdoch, to whose engagement next week at the Park, we alluded yesterday, is, we have since learned, about to open in the character of Claude Melnotte —which this actor has in a man ner made his own, by his extraordinary success. The News, it will be remembered, was earlv in its assertion of the brilliant talents of Mr. Mur doch. Since that time, within the limits of half a year, Mr. Murdoch has made the tour of the States, and his reception by the press of the coun try has confirmed all and moie than we asserted. The kind of notice his acting has elicited, marks the man. It is both discriminating and sanguine very different from the hireling puffs of some foreign stars, and shows unequivocally that Mr. Murdoch has created an interest in the mind of the country. 1 notice this paragraph with much reluctance, and am sorry to say that it is false, in every part aid particular. Mr. Murdoch, since he started as- x star, has met with nothing but a succession of t>e most mortifying failures. He failed at the Park ,he most sadly failed in Boston ; and has more failed in New Orleans. He failed to obtain engagements in all the Southern and Western c*j es> except New Orleans, and there he played in he Amphitheatre and Circus. His attempt to forettyjr. c rlS p from the stage, that he might play with Mowatt, was most signally and indignantly reb^ ed by New Orleans peo pie; and his effort to qj c jt political sympa thies of the Native Am^.j can party, was equally uncessful. I repeat, Mr. Murdoch ha had not hi llg but a succession of the most mortit; n g f a fl ureg . an d, if the assertion be contradifci d j will show what were the receipts of every O n which he has appeared as a star. lam P 0& o f all the facts of the case. Let Mr. Murdoch have a fair trial, dm n „ coming engagement, and if he prove succets-ui 1 will most gladly record the fact. If after all I have said, Mr. Murdoch does not make a profitable engagement for himself and the management, no fault need be found with me. The Bowery Theatre continues to do its usual good business ; and, if untiring effort to please, deserve success, it will always be a source of profit to its able manager. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Thorne have been playing there during the week, and have been deservedly applauded. Mitchell’s Olympic, ever popular, and always full, has had its weekly measure of success and triumph. Sand’s company, at lhe Bowery Amphitheatre, continues to present "its unequalled, unparalleled performances, and to attract audiences unsurpass ed for intelligence and fashion. So lam inform ed, by those who know all about it; but, for my self, I was not present this week. The dancing horse, is indeed a prodigy, and I have no hesita tion in saying that the “ teachings” the animal has received, may be regarded among the. abso lute wonders of the age. Mr. Sands, the principal manager of this “in stitute”—for all things that border on the Olympic games, should be classi-called, that is to say, should be made classical—is a gentleman of great intelligence, enterprise and perseverance. He is an American, a native of the State of Maine— was borne on the “ other side of sunrise,” and, like many of the live Yankees, has worked his way to wealth, fame, and eminence. He travers ed the whole Continent of Europe, Asia, and the West Indies, and has had the patronage of almost every crowned head between the Cape of Good Hope and the Astrachan mountains ; and by the correctness of his life, and the superiority of his talents, has merited the rich reward that has at tended him. More than I have said, I might say ; but I am weary, and so I fancy, will be the reader, before he has accomplished the task of reading this epistle. Respectfully and sincerely, SPRANGER BARRY, Of Great Jones’ Street. ♦ It is far from me to intimate, that Mr. Mur doch has ever purchased the good opinion of the Press I know that he is not in in possession of the means that would enable him to do so. The very injudicious puff’s of him, that were publish ed in the Evening Post and the Morning News, originated in the partial friendship of Mr. Corne lius Matthews, and were sincerely intended to do him good. If Murdoch had possessed means, he would have been puffed to death, by one of the presses of this city. The New Greenwich.—Our friends will thank us for reminding them that the managers of this already popular resort, have a grand treat in pre paration for to-morrow night. Mr. Eddy, who is said to be but little inferior to Forrest, makes his first appearance as Othello. He will be support ed by Mr. Grattan, Mrs. Crisp, and Miss Ellis, and the whole company. Mr. Eddy is a gentle man of fine attainments, possesses a handsome personal appearance, and an excellent voice. His success must be certain. On Tuesday, Mr. Plu mer, the favorite vocalist, will make his first appearance. He is in excellent voice and condi tion, and his appearance will remind us of the palmy days of the old National. Chatham Theatre.—Manager De Bar is deter mined not to be outdone in novelty and attrac tion. He has secured the greatest wonder of the world, Hervio Nano, who has astonished all who ever witnessed his performances. His won derful flight through the theatre, as the gnome fly, and travels from lhe stage to the dome as the baboon are enough to astonish the world. — He appears every evening, this week, and if we are not mistaken, the Chatham will have a great run. Mr. Deverna, the partner of Mr. De Bar, sailed for Europe, by the Hibernia, on Wednes day last, for the purpose of securing attractions. The coming season at the Chatham will be look ed for with great interest. Le Desert, which was received, by a large and fashionable audience, with every demon stration of delight, will be repeated to-mor row night, at the Tabernacle. It is one of the most brilliant compositions ever produced; and it is sufficient to say, that its execution under the direction of Mr. Loder, was of a character to develope most fully, all of its beauties. For the next week the various Colonization Societies of the city, will be very busy, but their philanthropic labors will not be directed to the improvement of benighted Africa. No, philan thropy and politics demand the planting of col onies nearer home—yea, in some of our own wards. Pray heaven the wags who are firing epigrams at Mickle and his “ fine cut,” may not burst their their breeches before election day. John Jacob Astor has presented to the Chari table Fund of k theJFire Department, SSOO. As five hundred is to thirty millions, so is John Ja cob Astor to liberality. The Ashland on of Broadway and Canal, has, under the management of its skilful host, secured a fine reputation among the up towners. It is indeed an admirably well-con— ducted establishment, and we are glad to see it thrive so well. Jackson has troops of friends, and they call on him often. GRIEF, FRIGHT, MUCH INTENSE STUDY, GREAT EXCITEMENT. OOr These may be the occasion by the strong im pression they have upon the moral, may seriously ef fect the bodily functions. How few persons are there who consider that the the action of these upon the hu mors is the occasion of their becoming corrupt, or of ex citing the principle that occasions their corruptions! Rut so it is. And the application to Brandreth’s Pills, under these circumstances will be productive of more benefit than all the nervous remedies in the world. — Practical facts prove it. EXTERNAL PAINS. People who are affected with chronic sickness, and those crippled, firmly believe that their painful sitna tion, after a fall, or a blow received, or a bad wound, or after having strained themselves, is only and simply the result of the action ot these external causes Let me tell these people that the majority of these cases would have been cured had they resorted to Brand reth’s Pills. In proof of this, we find a number of persons injured, much ijn the same manner; the same applications cure some, while others receive no benefit. Thete latter had that within themselves, which being roused to action by the accident ag gravated the cause of their suffering. By purging with Brandreth’s Pills their bodies will be placed upon a par with those whose humors were in a better •ondition. A CASE IN CORROBORATION. ' A gentleman walking one day at a pretty quick step put his foot upon a piece of orange peel, and fell hea vily on his leftside. His arm and hand being extended, had to bear the whole weight of his body. His wrist proved a moment after exceedingly painful. This pninful sensation in a little while abated, but soon re turned more acute than ever, penetrating to the centre of the system. The least motion produced a terrible pang. This gentleman understood the method of curing diseas aend pain, by abstracting its cause out of the body, and recollected the case of a carrier or porter, whom he had cured of a strain inhis back, by lifting a trunk some fifty pounds in weight. The man described his pain as a tearing of his kidneys. He was unable to move, and was, with difficulty, put to bed. The least touch, the smallest motion, threw him into the greatest agony. The opinion of all present was that the man had badly strained his back, and that alone was the, cause of his painful situation, My friend thought con trary. He represented that many a time the patient had lifted burthens more weighty, and that the lifting fifty pounds could not be the cause of his extreme pain, that this was surely occasioned by the corruption of the hu mors on part where the pain was felt. He had been be fore affected by rheumatic pain. At length he consent ed to take ten of BRANDRETH’S PILLS. The same day he was greatly relieved, and by taking them for a week was quite cured. Now to return to my friends case, who made this observation : if the pain he was now in was the result of the fall, that pain would not have ceased ; but it had, and therefore it must be from a secondayp cause. The fall may be consider ed the first cause, which has acted upon the impure or corrupt humors, which is the secondary cause of the pain. The shock roused, so to speak, these humors in to action, which settled upon the place where the in jury was sustained most. He therefore went to work to battle the internal cause of disease ; and it was four days before he found the pain cease, and took in that time ten Pills a day. At lengthen the fourth day he evacuated a quantity of highly putrid and corroding humors, and was immediately well. Suppose he had been bled or leeched, and trusted to topical applications; he would have fixed the fluxion of the humors on the part and perhaps had a lame arm for life. I have known too many similar cases to end so, to doubt it for a moment. BEWARE OF COUNTERFEITS. Be very careful and go to the Agent when you want Brandreth Pills ; then you are sure of the genuine arti cle. When you purchase otherwise, inquire whether the person selling them knows the Pills he offers you are genuine Brandreth Pills. Every man knows whether the article he offers you is true or false. Beware of cheats ’ Remember 241 Broadway is Dr. Brandreth’s Princi pal Office ; 274 Bowery Retail Office ; 241 Hudson street Retail Office, and of the following Agents in New York: D. D. Wright, corner Houston and Lewis; William D. Berrian, corner Ist street and Ist Avenue ; Geo. Hansell 167 Division; Geo. B. Maigne, 98 Catharine st; Benj. S. Taylor, 80 Vesey ; J. O. Fowler, corner Greenwich and Murray sts; Mrs. Wilkinson, 412 Cherry st; Jno. Howe, corner Ludlow and Rivingion ; Jasper S. Web ber, 689 Hudson street and 45 Canal; Ivans & Hart, 184 Grand st; Mrs. Clark, 134 Canal st; Mrs. Booth, Brook lyn, 5 Market st; A. Dennison, South Brooklyn, 15 At lantic st; Mrs. Terrier, Williamburgh; James Wilson, Jersey City. At 241 Broadway, a physician is in constant attend ance to give advice and explain the manner of cure of the Brandreth Pills. Brandreth Pills are TWENTY-FIVE CENTS PER BOX, with full directions. GOURAUD’S LIBRARY OF ROMANCE. Julia Wright.—Canto XIX. And did friends whom Julia long had known, Call in, to sympathise in her distress 3 Ah, no ! for each warm heart seemed turn’d to stone, Qr else congeal’d to sudden iciness! By all she was deserted—save, alone, Young Blackstone Story ; he, I must confess, Made Julia think, with “ Evelyn”—(by his call)— ‘‘ There’s good in human Nature, after all!” [To be continued.J One friend the fair sex have, which will never desert them—and that friend is Gourarp’s Italian Medica ted Soap!—so wonderful in the removal from the skin of Tan, Freckles, Redness, Roughness, Pustules, Ring worm, Salt Rheum, &c.; this inestimable Soap is also exquisite for Shaving! Goukard’s Poudres Subtiles possesses the marvellous power of eradicating superflu ous human hair! Gourard’s Grecian Hair Dye, will positively color red, light or grey hair, a beautiful brown or black! The most inveterate cases of Deaf ness may be completely cured by using Gourard’s Xccoustic Dacps ! 11 s h°uM be remembered that the genuine,nr-, at His ae w< Walker street, first store from Broadway. J- , ucas»Tp arg 0 11 g ) (jg Cannl street., has for sale a “Popular Treau e on Diseases of the Sexual System” by Edward H. Dixon M. D.; containing a complete ex position of the origin, symptoms, and treatment of every known disease ; and w Hie consequences of self-abuse, with its trpntment. moral an d surgical ;Hr effects upon offspring, in the develo’ emem. ©ccrrnfula,consumption, bronchitis, &c-, &c. Horace Greelyin a notice of this extraordinary work, remarks —‘This is a work for which there was a most urgent need. Thousands are annually hurried to premature graves by vices which they scarcely knew to be such, who would have been preserved to lives of usefulness and honor by the sea sonable perusal of a work like this. There is hardlv a page which does not bear on its face an impressive warning : shall not that warning be heard 3 Boston Mq dical and Surgical Journal—“ Dr. Dixon has written much and well on varioqs branches of surgery; his book shews a thorough acquaintance with modern practice ; there are startling things in it, which the non profession al reader will regard with surprise ; yet, his acknowled originality, and thorough devotion to the rational prin ciples or medicine, and his ingenuity under trying sur gieal circumstances, stamp it with more than ordinary interest. m 29 3m 30“ Medicated Fume Bath. DR. SWEET’S celebrated Sulphur Fume Bath, bar, at the request of several Physicians of this city, been erected at 304 Broadway, corner of Duane street, for the cure ofßheu matism, Scrofula, Gout, Salt Rheum, and all other dis. eases of the skin, joints, &c., and is in constant readi ness. The apparatus has been erected in many parts of this country, as well as throughout Europe, and is highly approved of by the Medical Faculty, and meets with universal success in curing the above named dis seases, besides many others. The following certificate, from a physician, dated Washington, March, 1846, will be read with interest: Dear Sir : In answer to your communication of the Bth instant, I am pleased to say that I have every confi • dence in your Sulphur Fume Bath, for the cure of tho diseases named in your advertisement. Your brother, W. C. Choate of this city, has a bath of the same kind. I have found it an excellent auxiliary in the treatment of many chronic affections, especially Rheumatism, dis cases of the Skin, Joints, the Gout, &c- My patients, without a single exception, have been greatly benefited by its use, and many have been effectually cured of the most inveterate cases by its use. I know of no bath pos sessing the same peculiar advantages, and Ido think its general use by the faculty would give great satisfaction to both patientsand physician. Yours, respectfully, mls 3m J. WROE, M.D. Fashionable Hats—Spring Style. JOHN N. GENIN, 214 Broadway, justly cele brated among fashionable gentleffien as the true connoi seur in finishing hats, invites those who have not alrea - dy the Spring style, to call and ge i |t, His silk hats are the most superb ever offered the pub lic. ADVICE TO HAT WEARERS. Never buy a hat unless the brim suits your form and countenance, for on that depends its beauty and ele gance. An experienced fitter is always in attendance at Genin’s who will not sella hat unless it suits the form and size of the purchaser. This is the reason of the popularity and preference manifested for his hats : ’tis thio that has caused them to be enrolled as the ne plus ultra among ha'.s. a5 Im Spring Fashion. WM. BROWN, 126 Chatham Street, opposite Rosevelt, would inform those wishing to procure his new style of hats, that they are now ready, and they are far superior to anv heretofore offered. Also, New Fashion Caps, and, a few unfashionable hats selling for half the usual price. To those who do not strictly follow the fashion, here is a chance for a bargain. Also—4oo of the fashion of 1837 will be sold at a great bargain. in 22 Im Spring Fashion.— BßOWN & CO., 178 Chat ham Square, corner of Mott st., wish to inform the pub lic of the recent improvement in lhe manufacture and finish of their $3 HATS, combining fashion, beauty and durability, three important considerations to the wearer. The proprietors do confidently assert their hats to be much superior to any ever before sold for the same price. Call and satisfy yourselfyof this fact. m 22 95" Knox’s Fashionable Hats, FOR THE ENSUING SPRING, are now ready for inspection and sale, at 110 Fulton street, between William and Nassau, To those who are not the votiyies of fashion, but al ways wish to look uniform in the kind of hat they wear, which is most becoming to them, can have their hats made to order at a very short notice. This store will be removed on ’ w the Ist of May, to 128 Fulton street, Sun Building. m!5 3m LEARY & CO’S Fashion for Spring, 1846. The preference so universally manifested for our present style of Gentlemen’s Hats, has decided us to continue the same for the ensuing spasop. LEARY & CO., Hatters, Nos. 3, 4 and 6 Astor House. New York, Feb., 19th, 1846. Circulars, descriptive of (he peculiarity of our style, forwarded by addressing us post paid. mls 3m 90” Genin’s Fashionable Hats, for theen. suing Spring are now ready for inspection at 214 Broad way, opposite St. Paul’s Church. mls Im 11. AMIDON 90” Begs to inform his friends and the public, that his Hat establishment is removed from the corner of Wall and Nassau streets to NO. 177 BROADWAY, DIRECTLY OPPOSITE THE HOWARD HOTEL. The very liberal patronage which has for many years been extended to him at his old stand, is duly appreci ated. And his arrangements are now such, as enable him to offer every inducement for a continuation of the same. His celebrated fine Beaver Castor and Moleskin. Hats, which are too well known to need com mendation, will be found still farther improved and beautifiied. Also, a complete assortment of genlle men’s, youths’ and childrens’ caps, umbrellas, &c., at moderate prices N. B. Gentleman’s Hats of the Spring Fashion are nnw ready. mls Im 90“ SPRING FASHION FOR HAIR CUTTING 1846.—E. Phalon, 214 Broadway. N. B. This is the only establishment where a clean brush is used for each person. m!4 Im 90" Magic Hair Dye.- RED OR GRJJY WHIS KERS changed to a beautiful black instantaneously by Hie application of Phalon’s Magic Hair Dye. Country gentlemen can have a bottle forwarded thsm by Ex press or otherwise, by sending their orders, cash en closed, to E. Phalon, 214 Brodway. Price $1 per bot tle, with full directions for use accompanying each. City gentlemen are invited to call at the Depot, where they can have a superb pair of black whiskers substitute d or red or grey ones,in less than fiveminutes. mls Im 90" To all Ladies in the city of New York and every where, greeting : —Know ye, that 1 have removed from 102 Chatham street to 444 Pearl street; with an ac cession of capital to my stock adequate to your wants. The situation is but a stones cast from my former stand and opposite William street,and among the earpet stores, ml 3m JOHN BROWN.