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Sunday Morning, May 16,1847, QtJ» WILLIAM h' LEWIS, (formerly Collec tor for the Dispatch,) is herby authorized to make arrangments with advertisers, and collect monies on account of advertising due this paper. We would here take occasion to say, that the Dispatch has the largest circulation of the Sunday press, and is, therefore a desirable advertising medium. Repeal of the Excise Law—As we hoped, expected, urged, and predicted, the odious Excise law of 1845 has been repealed by the Legislature, whose session has just closed, by an adjournment to the extia session of September next. The groans of the Tribune, and of the entire “le gal suasion” portion of the temperance party are doleful enough; but the moral suasion Washing tonians, the true and real reformers, feel that an incubus has been taken from the temperance cause. The Law of 1845 has been weighed in the bal ance and found wanting. The last excise election wrote its mene, mene, tekel, upharsin ! The Le gislature of the State has not ventured to disobey this expression of the public will, and the law has been repealed, never, we trust, to be revived again. The expression of a majority against the law, is an indication but not a proof that the law was wrong. It is the voice of experience rather than principle, for principle should have prevented the passage of such a law at all. The Tribune admits that the law was imperfect, unequal,and oppressive: but now,animated by we know not what fanaticism or hope of political advantage, it advocatesalaw cf more complete, absolute and overwhelming tyran ny—a law to prevent the sale of spirituous liquors, all over the state, and in any quantity. What sodden stupidity ! Will that prevent one man from making and drinking his own cider 1— another from pressing and fermenting his own grapes'! another from brewing his own beer I and another from placing his own still in his own chim ney corner, and so making his own whiskey! Not even the despotism of the Tribune could provide a remedy for this. How absurd, then, to attempt it! We do not uphold any moral right to drink—that is a matter for moral suasion on every man’s con science . But we do contend that no law can pre vent a man from drinking; though the law may hold him justly responsible for all the consequences which arise from his voluntary act. We earnestly protest then against any furiher agitation of temperance legislation. Let the ex citements, conflicts, bitterness, railings and perse cutions of the past suffice. If possible, let them be buried in oblivion, or only remembered, to guard against sueh errors and follies in future. Now is the time for the true friends of temperance to arouse all their energies, and exert the only in fluence which can be used successfully to reform the world —the influence of reason and moral suasion. 53* One of these days we hope there will be an end to the gabble of the oppenents of the war with Mexico, about the cruelty of General Scott in re fusing the request of the foreign consuls in Vera Cruz. General Scott did all that was required of him by the law of nations, before he opened his batteries on the place. He requested the foreign officials,their countrymen, and all non-combatants, to withdraw from the beleaguered city to a place of safety. They preferred to remain, and had no right to expect that General Scott would afterwards interrupt the bombardment, when they found it to bo getting uncomfortably close and warm. The English and Spanish Consuls undoubtedly thought that their flags were bomb proof. Prudent men would have made sure of it by repeated experi ments, before the American batteries opened. It is laughable to hear Englishmen denounce the cruelty of American soldiers, when it is a fact that of Christian powers, the English are the most merciless and inhuman in the prosecution of their wars. In their brutality they' do not even respect friends, as is evidenced.by their atrocities at Bada joz, Ciudad Rodrigo and St. Sebastian. “To the garrison of Badajoz,” says a writer in the April number of Blackwood, “when their resistance ceased, quarter was given; they were marched away scatheless, and treated with humanity. But the victims were friends and allies. The very na tion in whose behalf opr soldiers had fought saw their houses ransacked, their property wasted, their wives and daughters brutally outraged, by those whose mission teas to protect and defend.’' A beautiful picture this for Blackwood to draw of British humanity! And it is the countrymen of these same ruffians who dare to talk of General Scott’s cruelty at Vera Cruz! Burial of Major Vinton.—The friends and fel low citizens of this gallant andlamented officer,one of the few who fell at the investment of Vera Cruz, are making preparations to remove his remains to his native State of Rhode Island, and to pay a suit able tribute to his memory. At a meeting of the General Assembly of the State, proper resolutions of eulogy and condolence were passed, and a com mittee of Militia officers appointed to superintend the removal and sepulture of his honored dust in the city of Providence. At this meeting it was urged that according to Holy Writ, a man could do no more for his fri nds or his country than to lay down his life for their sake ; and this had been done by the gallant Vinton. Taunts of a Famished Nation.—Famine,which turns Frenchmen into tigers, converts Irishmen to lambs—yet there are a few who have the spirit to tell England the truth. We give one dose of it to day, in our extract from the letters of Bishop Ma ginn, to the Emigration committee; and we find the Dublin Nation among its taunts to England* saying—“ You draw away our resources to your own country; you feed your soldiers plentifully among us, while the native people of the land starve; you leave us pensioners on the alms of a foreign country, your enemy and conqueror.” Otj- “An Englishman” finds fault with our article on war and religion. Pray, sir Englishman, how long is it since standards were blessed by English priests—since English regiments and ships of war had their chaplains, and since thanksgivings to God were celebrated in the churches of England for national victories I What Christian church re jects the belief that God is now the “ Lord of Hosts,” “the God of Battles,” as he was three thousand years ago! Does the Unchangeable change, while the stars have not performed a single revolution I Or, is it clear and apparent that the God we worship is not the same God that Abraham trusted and David adored I Take one hom of the dilemma or the other; but have done with the inconsistency of pretending to believe in the God of the Bible; and canting and whining about war. A time may come when wars shall cease—but that is not our time, and we live in and for the present. Santa Anna’s Nice Arrangements.—One of the letters from the seat of war, giving us an ac count of the battle of Cerro Gordo, says, “that Sa»ta Anna left his tent and baggage behind in his flight, consisting of all his papers, eighteen or twenty thousand dollars, an extra cork leg, nice wines, and a nice woman—luxurious dog!” Santa Anna has a young wife, a very charming woman; but he would not, of course, take her with the army, nor would she have been spoken of m this light manner. It used to be a characteristic of the Mexican armies that they had almost as many women as soldiers. ♦ The Anti-Renters.—Much interest is manifest ed in regard to the course to be pursued by the Ex ecutive of the State with the Apti-R enters, who are represented to be perpetrating more lawless out rages than at any former period. The legislature has adjourned in season to shirk the responsibility, and the Governor is placed in as awkward a posi tion as any gentleman with whom we happen to be acquainted.. Ten Hour System.—lt is out impression that ten hours is quite long enough for the average of labor; but it is not easy to fix a single term for all descriptions of labor. There are some employ ments, for example, in which six hours work will exhaust a man as much as fifteen hours of some others. No man can write, with any advantage, more than six hours a day—while there are em ployments, admitting of variety and thought, in which a man may just as well be employed fifteen hours, as ten—employments, which, if they were not called work would be considered as excellent recreation. The Learned Blacksmith.—So intense and bitter is the hatred felt at this time in England against the United States, that the only way for an American to be popular there is to abuse his coun try. With a strong craving for notoriety, and perhaps with necessities to satisfy, we find Elihu Burritt, commonly called the Learned Blacksmith, joining in this abuse, and writing articles in the English papers against the United States. Henry Russell, falsely pretending to be an American, is engaged in the same business. The Hutchinsons got all their popularity abroad by the same means —and from the same cause came the petting of the negro Douglas. We have nothing to say about the negro—he is a citizen of Africa, and has a right to express his preferences; but as to Burritt, Russell, Hutchinsons and the rest, we hope their conduct will be remembered. Why Irish Relief was not sent by the Mace donian. — The True Reason al Last. — The British Committee in Wall street, who under false pre tences of philanthropy, have got possession of the funds contributed for the relief of Ireland, have ef fectually earned ont their designs of insulting and outraging the city of New York, and the people and government of the United States. Wanting the manly courage to give the real reason why they would not send supplies, free of all freight or charges by the splendid U. S. frigate Macedonian, they have resorted to a series of mean evasions and cowardly falsehoods. The real and only reason why this contemptible committee did not send supplies by the frigate Ma cedonian, was because they thought it would hum ble England. It is no humiliation to allow mil lions to starve, but it would be a bitter humiliation to have food sent to them in one of their own cap tured frigates. We do not wonder that men of British birth, or British sympathies, such as this committee is made up of, should have winced at this; but where the generosity of one nation is concerned and the very life of another is at hazard —people should hot be too squeamish—as we said before, applying the remark to England alone— " Beggars should not be choosers." That this matter may be fully understood, we give below the real reason, why the supplies of food for Ireland were not sent in the Macedonian. Capture of the British frigate Macedonian, by the U. S. frigate United Stales. —Official Dispatch of Com. Decatur. “ U. S. amp United States, > “ At Sea, October 30, IBIS. S “ The Hon. Paul Hamilton, ‘ 1 Sir—l have the honor to inform you, that on the 25th inst., being in the lat. 29 N., long. 29 30 W. we fell in with, and after an action of an hour and a half, captured His Britannic Majesty’s ship Ma cedonian, commanded by Capt. John Carden, and mounting 49 carriage guns, the odd gun shifting. She is a frigate of thelargest class, two years old, four months out of dock, and represented one of the best sailors in the British service. The enemy being to windward,had the advantage of engaging us at his own distance, which was so great, that for the fust half hour we did not use our carron ades, and at no moment was he within the com plete effect of our musketry and grape. To this circumstance, and a heavy swell, which was on at the time, I ascribe the unusual length of the action. “The enthusiasm of every’ officer, seaman and marine, on board this ship, on discovering the ene my—their steady conduct in battle, and the pre cision of their fire, could not be surpassed. Where all met my fullest expectations, it would be unjust for me to discriminate. Permit me, however, to recommend to your particular notice, my first lieutenant Wm. 11. Allen. He has served with me upwards of five years, and to his unremitted exer tions in disciplining the crew, is to be imputed the obvious superiority of ourgunnery, exhibited in the result of this contest. “ Subjoined is a list of the killed and wounded on both sides. Our loss, compared with that of the enemy will appear small. Among our wounded, you will observe the name of Lieut. Funk, who died a few hours after the action—he was an of ficer of great gallantry and promise, and the ser vice has sustained a severe loss in his death. “The Macedonianlosthermizen-mast, fore and main top-masts, and was much cut up in her hull. The damage sustainedby this ship was not such as to render her return into port necessary, and had I not deemed it important that we should see our prize in, should have continued our cruise. “ With the highest consideration and respect, I am, sir, your obedient humble servant. •' STEPHEN DECATUB.” The United States is 17G feet deck, 42 beam, 15 portholes on a side, and carried 24 pounders on her main deck. The Macedonian is 166 feet deck, 42 feet 8 in. beam, 15 port holes on a side and carried long 18s on her main deck; which the British, service had substituted in preference to the 245. Capt. Carden, after examining both frigates, said that he pre ferred his own. American loss, 11 killed and wounded. British loss, 106 killed and wounded. When Capt. Carden, of the Macedonian, went on board the United States, to surrender his sword, he was very dejected, and repeatedly observed that he was a ruined man—nil his hopes of honor and fortune were blasted. “ Why so, sir 1” said Commodore Decatur. “ This is the first instance,” replied Capt. Car den, “ of one of his Britannic Majesty’s ships strik ing to a vessel of a similar grade, and my mortifi cation is insupportable.” “ Pardon me, sir,” said Decatur, “ one of His Britannic Majesty’s ships, the Guirriere strike her colors the other day to the Constitution.” Captain Carden, in the most rapturous manner seized both of Commodore Decatur’s hands, and exclaimed, “ Then I am safe !” and recovered his usual flow of spirits. Two little incidents of this battle show the spirit of American sailors. One of the carpenter’s crew was killed, leaving three destitute oi phans. The sailors immediately took up a collection for the be nefit of these children, which amounted to eight hundred dollars. Among the killed on board the Macedonian, was an American seaman who had been impressed and compelled to serve against his countiy. His head was carried away by a 24 pound ball; and when his body was pointed out to the American sailors; every man preserved a portion of his blood, to sti mulate his vengeance against the foe. During the latter part of this action, the fire of the United States was so terrific, that she was completely enveloped in smoke and flame, and the crew of the Macedonian, thinking she was on fire, gave three cheers. They found their mistake when the top-masts came tumbling about their ears'. When the news of this victory arrived at Wash ington, a naval ball, given in honor of Commodore Stewart and his officers, was in progress; and a Lieutenant of the United States found his father, mother and sisters at the ball, where, in a few minutes, the colors of the Macedonian were brought, and placed with the trophies of the Alert and Guerriere. Here then is the reason, the sole reason, the most shameful and insulting reason why the relief for Ireland is not sent by the Macedonian. Next week, we will probe this sore spot a little further. We will take up the British tones and American traitors of this committee, individually, one by one, and let this community and the people of the United States, and the people of Ireland too, see who and what they are, and how basely both Ireland and America have been used by these cring ing, dastard, lick-spittles of John Bull. Since writing the above, the following commu nication has been handed us; and the name of the writer ie veiy much at the service of those who may desire it: To the Editors of the Dispatch : So much has been said and so little done in the matter of the U. S. frigate Macedonian, that I have thought it worth my attention to investigate the af fair thoroughly. In doing so, I cannot be accused of “ Paul Prylsm.” The honor of our city, the lives of human beings, and more than all, the proper dispensation of public charity, are concerned. In the commencement of my inquiry’, I found that the public was not rightly informed on the subject. It was thought by many that government had not only given the frigate to convey to Ireland the charities of our citizens, but had also given the means of providing and victual ing officers, men, etc., etc. Again it was said, that as the government of Great Britain had pro mised to pay the freight of all contributions sent to its subjects, the expenses of the Macedonian would be provided for. ' It was further said, that as no provision what ever had been made to meet the contingent ex penses of the vessel —the absolute impossibility of her sailing, even if loaded, was doubtless. Now, I find that all these reports, the one con flicting with the other, have corne from the same source. All have emanated from the body which you have in your last number so innocently, and quaintly ycelpt “contemptible.” I cannot for the I life of me discover, how it is that the citizens of ! New York—the men who have put together a hun- I dred and thirty thousand dollars for Ireland; I can not, I say, imagine how they can sit listlessly by, and never institute an investigation into the man ' ner in which their contributions are disposed.of. j Had the management of the matter in question been entrusted to a corporation, or any other body named by the people in the exercise of the fran chise, then the jarring winds of political riot would I have necessarily called forth the needed expla i nation. But the dross of political vulgarism, the essential I essence of social degradation, apparently more con- I genial to the public mind than Christian charity, has hushed to silence the cries of suffering human nature and left the isolated few who love mankind, tlie honor of being instrumental in carry out with out fee or reward, the highly honorable intentions I of our Congress. I How the hearts of the descendants of the heroes | of Blinker’s Hill, swell with honorable pride, as they read the story of the reception of their James town ! And how the children of the Evacuation, seem to hang their heads and open their eyes—and look, and talk and say, that dollars are most pretty, precious things, and whilst they do so, put Ireland and Charity against the wall to dry. But, Messrs. Editors, if yon will allow me, I will make an effort to state the real position of the ship I in view of the reports above alluded to: The British Parliament granted eight millions sterling for the relief of Ireland, that is to say, five dollars to every being in want of food for twelve months. The good people of America are also stirring—they give of the fatness of their soil. This must be conveyed to the shore of the sufferer. The assembled wisdom of the nation give our war ves sels—to become vehicles of charity. Personal in terest, worse than “green-eyed monster,” conies in and says, “ I’ll have my pound of flesh.” How has he it i He is interested in the shipping busi ness. He has succeeded in the holy project of be coming one of the contemptibles, and he freights his own ships with the neople’sdonations, and gets paid for his porterage of relief—by England I No, no—by starving Ireland. For it is out of the Eng lish appropriation fund that his money comes—and every dollar he draws, is so much taken from the meagre board of suffet ing Patrick. Had the case been different, and the provisions been sent by the government vessels —how happily better would be the event! Had the splendid fri gate Macedonian beenloadsd and dispatched, none of the charity of England would be sacrificed to the contemptible rapacity of our Wall street citizens. And they—these Wall stre ct men, save one, are Irish. Moore, my friend, my old Tommy, rise in judg ment— “ Unprized are her sons till they’ve learned to be tray, Undistinguished they live, if they shame not their sires, And the torch that would light them through dig nity’s way— Must be caught from the pile where their country expires.” The talent of your favorite journal is always ex ercised for Ireland. May you prosper—and, may self, or pelf, be never a barrier to the outpouring of your charily. War—Nature and Religion—What the Mirror is pleased to call our sermon on war, in our last number, has lost us its good opinion; and we pro pose now to make a little estimate of this loss, by showing what its opinion is worth. The Mirror says, “By such a course of argument as he adopts, the Bible may be made to sanction every crime forbidden in the Decalogue.” What we proved was simply that God command ed, authorized and assisted in wars of offence and defence—that he was the God of Battles, and the Lord of Hosts, and that he is the same, eternal,un changeable One. If the Mirror can make the Al mighty a breaker of any of the ten commandments, in as actual a sense, it will have made good its ob jection. The Mirror says:—“ The acts of personages, re corded in the Old Testament are not given as rules of action for us.” In many cases they are cited as examples in the New—but what we contend is, that the acts of God, himself, as the leader of the armies of Israel, prove that war is one of the dealings ol his provi dence. Let us try the Mirror’s intelligence on another assertion. It says: “There is no such thing as war among the lower animals,” and “there is no species of animal life, from the elephant down wards, that makes war on its own kind. The rights of individual property are universally respected among all animals but man. The war of kind on kind is forbidden through all nature, &c.” One would imagine that a man would like to know what he is writing about, before he made such assertions as these ; especially, in contradic tion of another. But tod often, the bold and im pudent assertion of a falsehood is considered quite sufficient. Every line above quoted ie false, we assert: and what is veiy much more to the purpose, we are going to prove it so: in doing which we may both amuse and instruct our readers. We shallbegin with the smaller animals and go up to the larger. The Cdeoptera, genus Cicindela, of Linnteus, are named the tigers of the insect tribe. They prey on the whole insect race. Their formidable jaws, which cross each other, are armed with fear ful fangs, and their larvce have six eyes, three on each side,and threatening jaws armed with a strong internal tooth, and a pair of spines, resembling the sting of a scorpion, which stands erect upon their back, giving them a most ferocious appearance. When two of these larvce happen to form their do miciles near each other, the stronger devours the weaker, to hinder any interference with its own pursuits. The Broscus Cephalotes live in dens half an inch wide and three inches deep; they are very fero cious and prey on each other ; as is the case with many other insects. All the species of the Carabici are eminently vo racious and carnivorous. They not only prey upon the soft bodied and defenceless catapillars, and on all other insects weaker than themselves, but they even seize upon and devour their own species. The Telephorus is a particularly savage insect. Degees says that he has observed a female drag a male to the ground, turn him on his back, and suck out hjs entrails, so that considerable caution is ne cessary on the part of an inexperienced suitor, while making his advances. The Lethras ICephalote lives in holes in the ground, and “ fierce battles take place during the nuptial season, between the males, when aspiring to the favor of the gentler sex.” The Notorecta are all, of whatever sex, age, or condition, predacious in their disposition, and, in the absence of more ordinaiy kind, will seize upon and devour their own species. The Myrmelion, or lion ant, digs a fortress into which its prey falls; but it sometimes happens that a large and vigorous insect, such as a wasp, bee,or beetle, falls into the trap. “ When Greek meets Greek, then comes the tug of war;” and when a lion-ant has the tail of a wasp in his mouth, there is no saying how the combat may end. The result is either that the lion-ant is dragged out of his den and stung to death, or that the winged insect ie drawn into the sand, disabled and slain. In the immense habitations of the Termites, a spe cies of ants, besides the larva: or workers, we find another set of. inhabitants, known by the name of soldiers. They defend the habitation. When the breach is effected with a pick-axe they make their appearance and snap about in all directions. When the attack, has ceased,the soldiers retire, except a few who remain and superintend the repairs effect ed by the laborers, 'these soldiers do not work, and are merely the standing army of the commu nity. When two of these armies meet, they fight regular pitched battles with great slaughter. The warlike habits of Bees have been better ob served, than those of most other insects. The Queen Bee destroys with implacable hatred, all the young queens that come from their cells, unless pre vented by the guards of the latter. When not con fined in their cells and defended, she murders all, one after another. When the old queen has taken her departure, with the first swarm, the young queens are libera ted one after another—but no sooner does one get out than'she tries to kill the others, which she is forcibly prevented from doing. If two or more queens should happen to be liberated at the same time, they fight till all but one is killed, and the bees instead of trying to prevent it, get round and encourage them to fight, and even drag them back when they show cowardice. A queen, established in the hive,after the swarming season is over, mupj ders all her rivals without hindrance. When the swarmings are over, the working bees proceed to massacre the drones, which they do with implacable fury, following them to every cor ner, stinging them to death and throwing them out of the hive. If, however, the hive be deprived of its queen, the drones are not killed, but allowed to live another winter. When a hive is threatened with famine, spies are sent out to find out the weakest swarm where honey can be obtained. Having made this recon oisance, and selected the hive to be attacked, the assault is made with great fury, and as the fortress is as bravely defended, many lives are lost on both sides. If an entrance is effected into the hive, the war goes on until one party or the other is exter minated. The invading army sends for re-inforce ments if necessary, and the bees of neighboring hives often join the assailants and share the plun der. But if the party attacked succeeds in repel ling the invaders, they are almost sure to be attack ed again and ultimately to fall a sacrifice to repeat ed invasions. Bees seldom die a natural death. Great numbers perish in battle, or are killed in duels, or die of the wounds received in these con flicts. To defend themselves from the Sphinx, bees build regular fortifications, with bastions, case mates and massive gateways. Skipping the whole class of reptiles, we come to the Mammalia—Ourang Outangs go in large bo dies armed with clubs, and attack whole villages of negroes, fighting desperate battles. Wolves and dogs, though of the same species, everywhere wage an implacable and destructive war with each other, manifesting the same hatred asexisjs so often between the civilized and barba rous nations of the human race. The whole feline race from the Lion and Tiger to the common Cat, are ferocious, and the males destroy even their own offspring, and have bloody encounters with each other. The Puma, or Am erican lion,will kill an entire flock of animals, mere ly from the propensity to slaughter. Among the seals, one male has generally several females, and “ dreadful conflicts take place with a view to the formation of a seraglio.” The wild horse feeds in bands with a leader, vi dettes and advanced skirmishers. Horses subject ed to man, enter into the full spirit of battle and slaughter. Elephants have not only such a genius for war, as to have formerly made an important part of large armies, but they fight lions, tigers, and the rhino ceros: and these fights, and particularly in the lat ter case cannot be for food, as neither animal is carnivorous Dogs, bulls,horses, and many other animals have the most deadly conflicts with individuals of their own species, prompted,sometimes by jealousy, and sometimes by native ferocity. We could give facts from natural history to al most any extents to prove that war is a condition of nature, for which animals are fitted by instinct and organization, and to disprove the assertion of the Mirror, that, “ There is no such thing as war among the lower animals !” Infidelity of the Tribune.—The downward course of this once popular journal is a melanchely thing to contemplate. In a late paper we find the following shocking avowal: “Nowhere, then, but in the imaginations of the least skeptical or most enthusiastic, do we find the progress of the doctrines of Nazareth. Barren reality teaches the reverse.” Progress of Anti-Slavery.—Our country, and its friends throughout the world, must be congratu lated, upon the present aspect of the once formid able and threatening Anti-Slavery Fanaticism.— We have now two societies which by a series of pleasant Kilkenny cat encounters, are mutually de stroying each other. One is veiy properly called the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society; but is much more foreign than American—the other is improperly called the American Anti- Slavery Society, while all its sympathies and ob jects, and most of its supporters, are foreign. This latter society, whose President is Wm; Lloyd Garrison, and whose chief orators are Wen dall Phillips and the negro Douglas, holds as its first principle, the duty of destroying the American government; and in this object it is sustained by the sympathies and contributions of the abolition ists of England. We attended the opening meet ing of this society, and we heard this traitorous doctrine set forth in its resolutions, and maintain ed in the speeches of its two prominent orators, Phillips and Douglas; and we indulged ourselves in the luxury of hissing the former, as such a trai tor deserved; and if he ever has the opportunity of putt ing his principles in practice, we fervently hope he may receive what he richly merits—not only a hiss but a halter. As to the negro Douglas, depraved and unprinci pled liar as he is, there is some excuse for him. He is not an American citizen—he owes no love I or allegiance to the people or the government of the United States. He is an Englishman in all his feelings and interests; and purchased, hired and supported by English gold, he comes here to do all the injury he can to a country which, more than all others, Englishmen both hate and fear. We cannot have any indignation against a negro, who was once the property of «. citizen of Mary land, but is now the property, by fair purchase, of the Abolitionists of England, aid who is doing the work of his present masters. Of course, we did not hiss Douglas; and so that he is prevented from making trouble among Ids fellow negroes, North and South, we see no objection to his carry ing out his doctrines. We hope that this British embassy of the negro Douglas will be a lesson to those people who were so anxious to confer upon the free negroes of this State the right of suffrage. He lias been listened to and applauded by at least one thousand free negroes in this city, who are manifestly ready for any act of treason against the United States; for they sustain and applaud him, and such white negroes as Garrison and Phillips, in their efforts to overthrow the government and constitution of the United States. They may say, indeed, that they are no worse than Horace Greeley, and others; but the moral treason of Greeley is no excuse for them, and is exerted in favor of Mexico, an impo tent enemy, while the treason of Wendall Phillips and the purchased efforts of Douglas, are in favor of a foe as bitter and far more powerful—Great Britain. Still, as we said at first, the country is to be con gratulated upon this state of things. The nest of vipers, though more venemous than ever, is of diminished numbers; and we can see where al} the venom comes from. These very abolitionists, both black and white, find all their support and en couragement from people who are on the other side of the Atlantic, and from those who ought to be—some in Europe and some in Africa. American Temperance Union. Rev. John Marsh.—The anniversary meeting of the Ameri can Temperance Union, was held at the Broadway Tabernacle on Thursday last. The proceedings were as uninteresting as the infhieneeof-the Union ' is worthless. i In 1842, when the Washingtonian movement was enlisting all the sympathies of the public, as it had enlisted all the ability in the temperance ranks, the Union came very near dying for want, offunds. Its wretched condition alarmed the Rev. John Marsh, the secretary, a gentleman who in fact composed the association, and drew from its trea sury a heavy salaiy for editing a little monthly sheet, and reading once a year, before a miscel laneous gathering in the Tabernacle, what he call ed a report of the doings of the Union for the year, but which was and is nothing more than a collec tion of paragraphs from temperance and other papers, stating here the reclamation of a drunkard, there the putting out of the fires of a distillery, &c., &c. As we have said, the low state of the Union trea sury alarmed the Rev. John Marsh, whose salary was of course in arrears, and he cast about for some “attraction” which would draw in the shil lings at the anniversary meeting of that year, and so bring up his salary. Hon. Thomas F. Marshall, a member of Con gress from Kentucky, had just about that time left off drinking and joined the Freeman’s Temperance Society of Wa»luu e u,**. ,4.? hp had been rather a hard case, even for a member of Congress, ana was withal a man of ability and eloquence, his re formation created no little interest throughout the country. The Hon. Thomas F. Marshall, then, was just the man that the Rev. John Marsh wanted to replenish the Union treasury and save his salary, and the Rev. John Marsh accordingly wrote to the Hon. Thomas F. Marshall, inviting him to address the Union at the ensuing anniversary meeting. There were many reasons which prompted Tom to accept the invitation. He was a little fond of display; had never been in New York; was en gaged as one of the counsel of Monroe Edwards, soon to be tried for his heavy forgeries, and, last but not least, the Honorable Tom was anxious to have a lick at Col. James Watson Webb, who had abused him in the Courier and Enquirer. These considerations combined, induced him to accept the invitation and visit this city under the sanction and guardianship of the Rev John Marsh and the American Temperance Union. The Rev. John Marsh, having thus skilfully caught his hare, proceeded, according to the direc tions of the excellent Mrs. Glass, to cook it to the best advantage. He announced in big letters the engagement of the Hon. Thomas F. Marshall, for ■ two nights only, at the Tabernacle, and placed a tariff of two shillings on every curious mortal who presented himself for admittance. It was a re freshing sight to the Rev. John Marsh, the bushel basket full of Spanish quarters which he glanced at in the little ticket box of the Tabernacle, as he passed in on the first of these eventful two even ings. Perhaps he did not read his annual report with feeling and spirit on that occasion ! Perhaps he did not feel that the temperance movement was onward and upward ! Perhaps he did not tell the immense audience that Was staring at Marshall, and impatiently waiting for him to commence, that the prospects of the Union were never brighter than at that moment! Perhaps the Rev. John Marsh did not exclaim with a heart full of grati tude that though the caused had lagged, and the signs of success been few, that new hopes had sprung up with unexpected aid, and that the pro mises of the future were of the most cheering and encouraging character I. And perhaps he did not, the very next day, draw his arrears of salaiy, and balance his account, up to date, with the Union! But however much cause the Rev. John Marsh had for gratulation, poor Mr. Thomas F. Marshall had none. He felt that his dignity as a statesman ■ and legislator had been compromised by address [ ing people who had paid two shillings a head to j hear him, according to the tariff established by the Rev. John Marsh —and he made no secret of his dissatisfaction. He felt and acknowledged that the Rev. John Marsh had been realizing, at his expense, the fable of the monkey and the cat,, and while he could not withhold the services of his paws in extracting the chestnuts—the quarters, we mean—from the pockets of the public, he regard ed the monkey, that is, the Rev. John Marsh, with the most hearty detestation. It may be well enough to notice the results of this clever movement on the part of the Rev. John Marsh. In the first place he got his salary and a few hundreds over, which went to the same ac count three months afterward. In the second : place, Col. James Watson Webb got a ball in the calf of his right leg. These were the results of that grand temperance demonstration, and those who are skilful in speculating on cause and effect, will, we doubt not, agree with us, that if the Ame rican Temperance Union had not been in debt to their Secretary, Col. Webb would not have been obliged to wall; on crutches for two years after wards, and might perhaps have been at this mo ment a Brigadier General, rendering important services to his country, in Mexico. The American Temperance Union exerts no in fluence except a baneful one on the cause. It is in favor of enacting and enforcing such ridiculous laws as that which the legislature swept from the statute book it disgraced, on Thursday last. The Washingtonians, the really unselfish, earnest, un wearied Laborers in the work of reclaiming the dissolute, have always regarded the Union as a positive injury to their enterprise, and refused all connection with it. The one single object of its existence seems to be the support of the Rev. John Marsh, a gentleman whom, if we have not already done justice to in this article, we will endeavor to in a subsequent number. Santa Anna’s Patriotism.—Gen. Santa Anna, at last accounts, was going to sacrifice his life for his country, and lay his body in the last, ditch. Upon reflection he compromised the matter, and instead of leaving his whole body, he left his wooden leg; or as Gen. Scott might have said, “he has left his country his last leg, J see.” • City Items astonishing the “Natives.”— Foster continues to poke his paragraphs at the pa tient Philadelphians, through the columns of the North American. Foster has an original way of . galloping round and round the simplest fact, mea- , sunng off words by the yard before letting out what : he means. Take a specimen. He wants to tell the poor benighted people in his neighborhood that rain is needed: — Abroad, the fields and meadows lie gleaming in sterile discomfort beneath the arid breath of "the unraining May, and the yellow eye of the daisy grows glassy and death-like by the shrunk stream that flees like a ghost away from banks lately all bloom and flowers, that now, bare and brown, seem like long rows of children’s graves. The dead ploughed fields revive not, and the disheart ened husbandman, leaning sadly his face upon his idle hand, sighs for the fate of the precious seeds he has cast into the ungrateful bosom of the earth, which now, for the first time, seems about to with hold the accustomed answer to his earnest prayer, whose words were hardy and unreluctant toil. But Foster does not despair. He thinks that rain will fall—counts on a good crop, and thus ex presseth himself for the comfort of the less hope ful : Patience, faithful son of the soil I Never will the great mother Earth desert nor neglect her worthy children; and even now, while thoustand est sorrowful and disheartened amid thy- seeming ly profitless labor, go up ever from a thousand swelling river arteries, in invisible exhalations, the life blood that anon shall descend, and bless thy industry with abundant reward. Listen! hearest thou not, in the rustling tree above thy head, the little birds singing their gay song of hope and re liance I Accept the tuneful prophecy, and be grate ful ; for they, better than thou with all thy boasted wisdom, know the goodness of the Infinite, who cannot forget; and let their many colored melodies floating up like orisons into the blue heaven, be to thee both rebuke and comfort. Hark ! even now, pattering softly upon the curled rims of the shell like leaves, listen to the footsteps of the merry shower! An ordinary paragraphist would have written something like the following:—“The drouth is severe throughout the country, and the farmers are praying for rain P. S.—Since the above was in type, a shower has come up.” But, bless you, this would not answer for City Items. Foster is sweet on Sully, whose, gallery of paint ings he has been to see : At the first glance the rosy flood of beauty is absolutely dazzling. In an hour one gets acquaint ed familiarly with every face, and falls in love with every one of them forever after. We speak, of course, now only of Sully’s own heads, of women and children. There are other works of high merit in the Gallery, but these are a divine creation of themselves, and as such to be loved and studied. The heart unacquainted with these faces, owns still a secret and sealed fountain of ravishing de light which a glance gently falling from their im mortal eyes will op-fn with a thrill of tender joy that will last and renew itself from day to day, as memory recalls even the faintest outline of these features. There is far more than human beauty in them—more even than woman’s —they swim in the loveliness of woman before she sinned, the beauty of that fresh exhalation from the breath of the Creator which spoke peace and rapture to the lonely heart of man in Eden. If Sully will lend us but two pairs of those eyes, which “ swim in the loveliness of woman before she sinned,” we will carry them up the six flights of stairs into the rooms of the Academy of Design, and their deposite.them byway of refreshing con trast with the eyes stuck on the walls—eyes which evidently were copied from Eve, after the serpent had been bamboozling her. Do, Sully, loan us your eyes, and take Foster’s ears for security. The Gazette, of this city, denies that Foster has left Yankee Doodle. Will the Gazette be good enough to tell us, then, how the following paragraph got first into Foster’s department of the North American: The result of the battle of Cerro Gordo has shown how much more reliable in time of war are wood ed legs than flesh and blood ones. While Santa Anna’s live leg ran away, the wooden one was firm to the last. But there is more direct evidence of the dissolu tion of copartnership between Yankee Doodle and Foster. Last week the retiring partner said in his place in the North American—“We presume that no one will question our disinterestedness when we say that this week’s Yankee Doodle is an ex cellent number.” This settles the question which for a fortnight has agonized all New York. Fostei has left Yankee Doodle—gone, we hope, to a more extended sphere of usefulness. May God and the Philadelphians keep him—especially the latter. A Scene at the Apollo.—One night last week’ while the treasonable meetings of thelffritish Abo lition Society of Garrison, Phillips, Douglas & Co. were going on at the Apollo, a party of gentlemen, among whom were Levi D. Slamm, Edward Strahan, and several others, dropped in, and listen ed quietly to the proceedings, until an outrageous attack was made upon the government of the United States, when Strahan jumped up and called the speaker to order. After a brief and bloodless row, the point of order was compromised by an ar rangement that Strahan should have the opportuni ty of replying.. The Abolition istaTieard some lionfe" truths in relation to their worshipped England, which they will not find easy to answer. Strahan pointed them to England, sympathizing with the well fed negroes of America, while she is allowing two millions of the free people of Ireland to starve —to England, giving her money to spread abolition treason and disunion in the United States, when she has just started a line of steamers to bring .negro slaves, under the name of apprentices, to her West Indian and South American colonies—to England, making a. doleful lamentation over the Mexican war, after the opium war in China and the conquest of south-eastern Asia. Mr. Strahan made a few practical remarks, too, on the society’s favorite doctrine of amalgamation, which must have sent the blushes into the faces of the white women present, if any of their modesty had survived their fanaticism. Through the whole scene, the patriotism of the audience was manifested in such a manner as to show that a very moderate sized lunatic asylum would afford abundant and much needed-accom modation to all the disciples of these British dis unionists. 00° The Rev. Henry W. Beecher, in his address before the American Tract Society, on Wednes day last, alluded to the immense issue of infidel and licentious books in this country', and described the perfection of that colporteur system by which these books are circulated in every nook and corner of the land. He alluded particularly to the writings of Eugene Sue, George Sand, Paul de Kock and their thousand imitators, and indig nantly denounced the men who had re-published these works in this country. There is this to be said about the writings of .George Sand and Paul de Kock, as translated and published here : with one or two exceptions we have had their most ob jectionable productions, rendered still more ob jectionable by the freedom of the translations—the object being to make them as attractive to a de* prayed taste as possible. Paul de Kock would read with astonishment, and very likely with indigna tion, many of the books which bear his name and which have been scattered over every part of the United States. As for Eugene Sue, his publishers here ought to be regarded in the light of vouchers lor the morality of his novels. The Harpers have issued in a neat and cheap form, so as to secure the largest number of readers, the most celebrated of his books, “ The Wandering Jew,” “ Mysteries of Paris,” and “ Arthur.” They commenced the publication of “Martin the Foundling,” but on as certaining that it was an improper book, they im mediately transferred the publication to Mr. Wm. H. Colyer, who is a relative of theirs by marriage, we believe, and he has since issued it. The promptness with which the Harpers, acted in washing their hands of a licentious story, is in the highest degree creditable to them, and equivalent to a formal endorsation of the morality of the books which they did publish and have never repudiated—“ Arthur,” for instance. The Har pers are upright and excellent men, members of the Methodist Church, prominent in every reli gious and philanthropic enterprize, and we are willing, and so, we suppose, the Rev. Mr. Beecher will be, to take their guaranty of the correctness of Sue, as far as they have published him. And we are bound also to rely on the same authority, and discard such of the writings of the celebrated French novelist as they have declined to issue in their own name. Adopting this test of purity, the Rev. Mr. Beecher and ourselves must advocate the circulation and reading of “ Arthur,” while we denounce earnestly the re-publication of “ Martin the Foundling.” Genuine American Literature.—We notice in a paper published in Western Pennsylvania, “ a thrilling story” entitled “The Maid of Lacka wanna—A Legend of the Coal Mine.” We com mend the author to the countenance and protection of the American Copyright Club, the head of which is supposed to be Evert A Duykinck, Esq., while the intermediates and tail is Cornelius Mathews, Esq. “The Maid of Lackawanna” must be a proper heroine for an American novel, and Mr. Mathews would do well to serve up what is left of her as a sequel to the Mound Builders. The Cold Weather. —“Whatremarkably cold weather for the season!” everybody exclaims to everybody. We need not wonder. On the sth of May, the snow was two feet deep on the banks of the romantic Ausable river, which empties into Lake Champlain, in this State. At this moment, probably not less than thirty thousand square miles of this State, are covered with snow, while the woods of northern Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine, to say nothing of the vast forests of Canada are full of it We must expect chilly winds from the-North as long as the snow lasts. toeckly (Gossip. soPark Benjamin, Esq., a gentleman who really seems to love his profession, notwithstanding the ’ difficulties he has encountered in the practice of it, 1 announces a new paper— The American Mail— 1 which in its leading features,will resemble“the cel- I ebrated Galighani’s Messenger” of Paris, and, “in • its best points, the New World” formerly con- ’ ducted Mr Benjamin. We wish Mr. Benjamin the 1 realization of his most sanguine hopes in the new enterprize ; and if he fails we shall be prompt in 1 tendering to him our sympathies and condolence. He may surely rely on the latter, when the period of mourning shall come. Indeed the large drafts which have been made on our sympathies, by un successful newspaper publishers, have disclosed to us only the inexhaustible depths of our feeling hearts,so that we can without risk promise asmuch commiseration as the unfortunates may stand in need of. _____ (0 The Anglo Sacsun, a. paper most earnestly devoted to the mispelling of words, has been re moved from Boston to this city, and we are desired by the publishers to notice the change. We have received three numbers of this curious sheet and have found them to be an excellent soporific, and a safe one if taken in infinitessimal doses. A single paragraph will ensure immediate repose, and what old women call a most comfortable night. An at tempt to read the whole paper, might be the death of a man. No man is born without faults. We find the above going the rounds of the press without credit, and our object in transferring it to our columns is to prompt inquiry which may happi ly result in the finding of the author of so wonder ful a remark. If found, we would suggest to the Rev. Rufus W. Griswold, D. D., the inclusion of his name in the next edition of the Prose Writers of America. The windows of the elegant print shops in Broadway attract the attention of numerous passers by, but if one wishes to see curiosity and interest fully developed, he should stand opposite the single window in which are displayed the last invention, the most wonderful—the “ Baby Jumpers.” Wo men of all ages and conditions—the little pant ale t ted miss, the blushing maiden just half way out of her teens, the young matron and the old—those who are already mothers, those who soon expect to be and (the balance of the sex,) those who hope to be, sooner or later—all regard with manifest sa tisfaction and delight those baby jumpers. A for tunate man is the inventor, who by a single happy thought, has won the esteem and admiration of the fair sex! [0 “ The Belle of Nassau street,” a young lady whose beauty is only exceeded by her virtue, and of whom we gave some notice a few weeks ago, has made quite a sensation. A gentleman has written us a most romantic letter, from the interior of Pennsylvania, in which he proffers her his heart and hand, without reservation; but as match making is entirely out of our line, he will be obliged to address the lady, who is perfectly com petent to manage her own affairs. This is a case, not of “love at first sight;” but of love at first reading about. (0 Washington’s birth-day was celebrated by a public dinner, oration, speeches and toasts, in Santa Fe. Wait till the Fourth of July, and you will see celebrations over all Mexico—in the very’ halls of the Montezumas. Q 0 The use of ether, by inhalation, for pro ducing temporary insensibility, has now spread all over Europe; and has been made the subject of lec tures by the ablest professors. It is used with en tire safety, in every variety of operation, and has even been resorted to, in numerous cases, to re move the pains of child-birth. 00 The Harrisburgh Telegraph, in speaking of the man who wore the transparent hat in this city, on the night of the illumination, says he must have been light-headed. If he was, there were other pa triots who carried heavy weight. We saw several who had their hats full of bricks of the largest size. (0 The Globe, in speaking of Mr. Anderson’s personification of Gisippus, says he “played it with a perfection of mellifluous mournful tenderness, that was really faultless.” Mellifluous mournful tenderness! Will some gentleman be kind enough to hold our hat, while we step out 1 00 The resignation of the Hon. Mike Walsh, member of Assembly from the city of New York, having been verbal only, was informal, and with out effect. 00 A Southern gentleman, experimenting upon the manufacture of Gun Cotton, discovered a method of making this substance incombustible, without injuring its fibre. This maybe a very important discovery, and is a curious illustration oTtliOaying that “ extremes'meet.” 00 A committee of [the Fanner’s Club, of the American Institute, has been appointed to collect subscriptions to defray the expenses which will be incurred by Com. DeKay, a fellow member, in the command of the Relief Frigate Macedonian. 00 The Scientific American quotes ike proverb —“ a fool’s heart is in his pen,” and illustrates it with the circumstence of a sentimental thief being detected by his handwriting. The proverb does not apply to many who use the pen professionally, as they are quite heartless. 00 The British Government has suspended the transportation of criminals to Van Dieman’s Land and other penal colonies. The government, it ap pears, is to give its whole attention to exporting Irishmen; who, though they have tried it so long will not get used to starvation. In a country where criminals.are fed and honest men starve, crime is at a high premium. 00 A Boston paper has just published a tale, written by a young miss thirteen years old. We are assured, and can very well believe that it is quite equal to the average of those published in the ladies’ magazines, and written by the Grace Greenwoods, Fanny Forresters, and the rest of the Laura Matilda school. 00 The proposal to tunnel the river St. Law rence can probably be carried out without much difficulty, as the river at the point proposed, if we mistake not, runs over a bed of solid rock. In such case it is a matter of no difficulty; the only ques tion being one of cost. Sunday Services.—Though the religious anni versaries are pretty well over, we have no doubt that many able clergymen will remain in town over Sunday, and will supply many of our pulpits—we cannot designate them all, but have been favored with notices of the following: The Rev. E. H. Chapin, of Boston, Mass., will preach in the Elizabeth street Universalist Church, this morning, at half-past ten, and in the evening at half-past seven o’clock. At the Beirean Baptist Church, Bedford street, corner of Downing street, in the morning, preach ing by the Rev. Mr. Gillette, of Granville; in the afternoon, by the Rev. Mr. Sandford, from Michi gan, and in the evening, at eight, the annual ser mon for the Male Missionary Society, by the pas tor, the Rev. Dr. Dowling. The Rev. Charles W. Gardner, of Philadelphia, will preach at the Mission Congregational Church, 160 Grand street, at halt-past three. There will be very interesting services at the Cranberry street Congregational church, Brooklyn. The Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, from Indianapolis, Indiana, is expected to preach morning and even ing, and the Rew N. H. Eggleston, from Elling ton, Ct., in the afternoon. By request, the Rev. Dr. Bushnell, of Hartford, Ct., will repeat his sermon on Home Missions— preachedin Brooklyn, on the evening of the 9th in stant —in the Broadway Tabernacle, this evening, at half-past seven o’clock. There will be a lecture this afternoon, on human perfectability, at 77 Chatham street, religious and scientific, before a society which intends, as soon as this object is attained, to emigrate to the West to enjoy it. Mrs. Bishop preaches for the last time, this sea son, to-day, at the corner of Broadway and Grand street, on the in-gathering of Israel. Mrs. B. has organized a corps of missionaries, who will hold meetings dynng the Summer on the vessels by the East river. The Society of Liberals have a lecture at three o’clock, at Columbian Hall, Grand street. After the lecture, the authenticity of the Bible will be discussed. Scientific, literary, and reveren.d gen tlemen, of whatever denomination are respectfully invited to attend, and take part in the discussion. Our persevering prophet in Crosby street, has been in difficulty, of which he gives the following account: “The Assyrian, or anti-Christ, is the Devil in the nominal church of Christ. The old Serpent was manifested first in the Roman Catho lic Church, constituting the Papacy. Since the Reformation, the same spirit of evil has been de veloped in Protestant Christendom. And now, since 184-1, when the times of the Gentiles were fulfilled and the Gospel door closed, the man of sin has reached Jiis climax, and been fully revealed in the ‘Adventists,’ or Millerites, especially in their leader, the purse-bearer, the anti-type of Ju das the traitor. Therefore, on Wednesday last, for declaring the truth of God in their meeting and thus disturbing their peace, they brought before a Police Magistrate the Messenger of King Jesus, who will preach to-day at Christ’s Judgment Hall, 67 Crosby steeet.” police Be cor her. The Prize Fight between Gaunt and Sulli van.—lf it be refreshing to read the details of a ' prize fight, what must it be to witness with one’s 1 own eyes the exciting sport 1 to see the heavy 1 blows planted, the blood spirt out, the eyes black en, swell, and close, and, at last, the man who has s the best of it, rush in with terrific fury to put the > finishing blows to the delectable work! The fight which came off at Harper’s Ferry, Va. > on Tuesday last, between Sullivan and Gaunt, was ' brief, lasting only twelve minutes, but very anima ting. We shall not inform the reader with what keen eagerness we read in the Herald the careful ful and elaborate description of the seven rounds, or how much we regret our inability to transfer it entire to our columns. The delicious bits of the report however, those which show the progress of bruising and blood-letting, we detach from the less interesting, that is to say, less brutal part of the pie mated. We read that— Sullivan hit with his left, which Gaunt stopped very finely; but Sullivan stepped in closer to him, and succeeded in planting a sharp hit on his mouth which started the blood in profusion. First blood was claimed.for Sullivan, and his friendsiand backers were in high spirits. Time was called for the second round, and— The men sprang quickly up and hastened to the scratch, which Sullivan again crossed, and made up to Gaunt, from whose mouth blood was running rapidly, Caunt led off as Sullivan approached him, and fought away with.his left and right hands; Sullivan rushing after him, stopping his blows, and dealing out in return some of his beauty destroyers. They then drew apart for a moment, came upagain lor mischief, Gaunt this time stopping cleverly a number of Sullivan’s tremendous hits; Caunt re treated, striking Sullivan twice on tile head, and taking a couple of hard ones in return. They made a turn round, Sullivan’s back coming near the ropes, and as he rushed at Caunt, apparently full of venom, and determined to make the fight as' short as possible, Caunt managed to get his right hand to tell on his head, staggering him for a moment to I lie ropes; but Caunt did not follow him in time to profit by this advantage, for Sullivan recovered himself, and was at him again, shooting in his left and right fearfully on the face of Caunt, who fought on, doing all he knew, until they closed, when in the struggle for the fall, Sullivan fell through the ropes, Caunt hanging on them. * * Gaunt would hit and retreat, Sullivan rapidly fol lowing him, and milling him’severely in the face, which was swelling very fast, and the blood pouring out of the openings freely. They struck three times together, counter hits, in the face; Sullivan’s blows were very hard, while those of Caunt, ex cept the first one, amounted to almost nothing; the first one, however, did make a slight opening on Sullivan’s forehead. * * * Gaunt’s face was notv dreadfully mangled, theleft cheek puffed up to an immense size, and a hole under the nAit eye was visible that had been made in this round; in fact, a more severe and effective round has been seldom witnessed; and all agreed that this round was the best and sharpest they ever saw Sullivan fight—all were surprised at his skill and activity. He made some joking remarks during the round about Gaunt’s appearance, but they were not heeded by the other. * * « Caunt rushed at Sullivan, and was met with a flush left handed hit on the upper lip, and a hard right hander on the side of the head ; but nothing daunted,he dashed out both hands, hitting Sullivan .twice, although without much damage. Thejliepd of Caunt by this time was very much disfigured, and he appeared to be somewhat stupified from the tremendous hits he had received on the left side of his head. # * * Sullivan followed Caunt punishinghim severely. Gaunt turned his head to spit out some blood, which Sullivan took advantage of, .and struck him a tremendous hit on the front of the face, and rush ed at him with his left and right-handers, hitting very severely. Caunt now seemed in a state of bewilderment from the terrible blows he had received,and “some of his friends who thought more of the man than they did of the money' they had staked on him,” wished to withdraw him from the ring. But such a course would have spoiled the/«»i. The fight pro ceeded: Sullivan rushed in so desperately at Caunt, that he gave him no time to consider what to do; he drove him to the ropes, where they had a struggle, and Sullivan supposing he had knocked him down, turned to go to his corner; but his attention being called to Gaunt—who had staggered to the ropes, and was leaning on them, apparently smeonscious— he rushed back, and made a terrific lunge at Caunt with his left, which Gaunt dodged; Sullivan struck him with his right hand, and Caunt got hold of him and they had a struggle The reporter says that this round was more severe than any of the others, that Sullivan’s friends were astonished by the rapidity with which he fought, and that “ at the end of the round there was a burst of applause from all sides of the ring, the country people joining in !” Indeed, we can not see how the spectators of such a scene could fail to be delighted. There was Caunt hanging un consciously on the ropes, his face meshed to a jelly, the blood pouring from his mouth, eyes and ears, and standing over an object like this, was Sullivan raining incessantly his heavy blows !! It was undoubtedly a glorious sight! As Caunt rose from the knees of his second, he appeared unsteady on his feet, while, on the con trary, Sullivan seemed as fresh and vigorous as he was nr the beginning—and as he came near Caunt, he laughed at him and said something of the dam aged condition of his face. This seemed to arouse Gaunt, who opened the fight, and at it (hey went, hit for hit, Sullivan driving him before him all round the ring, until they reached the corner where the umpires were stationed, where Sullivan back ed Caunt on the ropes; and the hitting on both sides here was very sharp, but that of Caunt was not strong enough to beat him back, and Sullivan punished nim dreadfully. Here the hard fighting ended, as there was a dis pute between the seconds and umpires about an alledged “ foul play.” Sullivan was finally declared the victor, and the delighted crowd, assembled to witness the beautiful scene, separated. The Police.—Our opinion of the excellent man agement andadmirable efficiency ofthenew Police . has been often expressed. Every New Yorker feels, every hour of his life, the confidence which such an organization inspires. Every man feels a , security, never known before, and- which is above all price. For months together, now, no fire has been allowed to get headway, and in many in . stances fires are extinguished by the übiquitous ’ police, before our active firemen can reach the spot. : What motives could have induced Mayor Brady 1 to recommend the disbanding of this energetic and ‘ efficient body, we might possibly guess at, but ; we hope that our Common Council will reflect upon the matter before they proceed in a step, which is . likely to be so unpopular. Whatever were the mo- L tives of the people in electing the present Common , Council, the destruction of the present Police was , not one of them. The popular intelligence, freed from the leading strings of protective legislation, is appealed to, on every hand, by every school of the professors of the healing art; but few have been more sue ’ cessful in their appeals than Dr. J. Clawson Kelly, the celebrated founder of the “Analytical System,” which is something more than a school of mere “ Eclecticism.” Any one may be an eclectic, but to analyze systems truly requires a profound genius; the characteristic of a great, original, and pene ' trating mind. Dr. J. Clawson Kelly lias opened his Analitico-Medical Institute, at No. 426 Broad way. He seeks no concealment, no protection, no mystery. The sick and afflicted will have all their symptoms analyzed, and receive freely the advice, prompted by experience and science. The system of Dr. Kelly is entitled to the more confidence, from the popular way in which it is presented. The War.—The Union says that Scott is now walking the streets of the city of the Atzecs. Our last accounts were of the capture of Puebla and Perote; the madness of the Mexican Congress in refusing to hear of peace—the former position of Santa Anna, and the foolish projects for defending the capital, and beginning a guerrilla opposition to our progress and conquest. Our readers will only require to be directed to the advertisement of Dr. Lapharn’s Great North American Panacea, to induce them to give it their earnest attention. There was a time, doubtless, when medicines, purely empirical, met with an extensive sale, but the intelligence of the age now demands real, scientific remedies, and such only can have a permanent success. The depot for Dr. Lapham’s Panacea is at 175 Boweiy. 93= Mr. William Dibblee, an artist whom it has given us pleasure often to notice, has removed his wig-making and hair-dressing establishment to No. 263 Broadway. To him we advise all who re quire wigs, which are not to be detected as such, so closely does Dibblee copy nature—to apply. The Atlantic Garden, is to open for the sea son on Wednesday evening next, the 19th instant, on which occasion Dodsworth’s unrivalled band will discourse most excellent music The an nouncement of the opening of this enchanting place will attract crowds of visiters.g May and Music.—“ The voice of the singing bird is again heard in the land.” We visited the ex tensive aviary of Mr. W. T. Johnson, 280 Broad way, on one of the pleasant days of the last week, and closing our eyes, abandoned ourselves to the delicious influences of song—the song of the fea thered tribe, not the less free and joyous because ot the guilt wires within which they were enclosed by Mr. Johnson. Those who love the singing of birds, and who docs not, should visit this aviary. Mr. Johnson is an enthusiast in his business and collects the rarest birds. We saw there tke South American vulture, the only bird of the kind in the country, and also the great white cockatoo, male and female. , The Hempstead Elopement.— We have proba bly heard the last of this affair; the husband hav ing recovered a verdict of SSOOO damages, for the seduction and abduction of his wife. All who love cleanliness and health, should I bathe at Gray’s Salt Water Baths, Brooklyn. 13 ram a. The town has been entertained during the week at the Park Theatre by Mr. Anderson, at the Bowery by Mr. Murdoch, at the Chatham by Mr. Roberts, and at the Museum by Mr. John Dunn. At the Opera House there have been two repre sentations ; at Mechanics’ Hall, concerts every night by Christy’s Minstrels, and at the Society Library the Swiss Bell Ringers. These entertain ments, together with the' attraction afforded by the anniversary meetings of the various religious and philanthropic societies, some of which we have noticed more at length in another column, have been properly appreciated and supported by the resb dent and transient population of the city Mr Murdoch has been liberally sustained and applauded by the patrons of the Bowery, and his performances most warmly commended by the daily press. If little ill-natured criticism, large audiences and hearty commendation, constitute a great actor and make a successful engagement, why then Mr. Murdoch, in spite of the opinions of the living or the dead, is a great actor, and hie en gagement at the Bowery a successful engagement all of which is as gratifying to us as it must be satisfactory to Mr. Murdoch and Mr. Manager Jackson. Mr. Anderson’s success at the Park has not equalled that of his former engagements. He has played with all of his usual taste and spirit, in his most popular and successful characters, and we can account for the slim attendance only by the superior attraction which the Tabernacle held cue on every night. The coming week will, we hope, show an improvement in the Park audiences; there can be none in the chaste and artistic per formances of Mr. Anderson. We witnessed two acts of Othello, at the Chat ham, on Friday night, Mr. Marshall playing the Moor and Mr. Roberts lago. Mr. Roberts is a young man, and lacks physical power, but ho evinces a correct appreciation of the characters he assumes, and never allows himself to tear a pas sion to tattere. If he sometimes fails to produce the proper effect, he never overdoes his parts, which is a rare virtue on the part of a young actor a virtue which if cherished can hardly fail, other things being equal, to secure for its possessor a high rank in his profession. Mr. Marshall’s Othello was an energetic performance. The Saloon of the American Museum has over flowed on every night with the admirers of “Ras cal Jack,” about the success of whose engagement there can be no doubt. As a low comedian, full of humor and vivacity, Mr. Dunn would be a trea sure to any theatre in the country. The new establishment in Broadway is rapidly going up, and one can see by the outline of the walls that it will be the largest theatre in the city. The experiment of uniting the stage and the ring in one building is a hazardous one, but we know of no man so capable of securing its success as General Mann, who has the present enterprise in hand. His indomitable energy, long experience and ample resources will make the Broadway theatre a popular place of amusement, and a profit able one to its manager, if the thing is within the range of possibility. Whatever may be the result, the next theatrical campaign will be the most ex citing which this city has seen since the great con test between the National and the Park, a contest by the bye, of the most unsatisfactory character, since it beggared both the parties engaged in it. Forrest is playing in Philadelphia. The Seguins are at the Chesnut Street Theatre. Blangy is dancing at the Arch Street. Tom Thumb is also in that city. The Viennoise Children are in Richmond, per forming with great success. The St. Charles Theatre, New Orleans, closed a most successful season on the 30th ult. Smith and Ludlow, the managers, are to retire on the conclu sion of the next season—Smith to practice the Iqw, and Ludlow, who has been sometime preparing himself, to practice divinity. We should like to hear him preach. Signor Blitz is in New Orleans. Mr. Collins, the Irish actor, after concluding a most successful engagement in St. Louis, has left for Cincinnati. Augusta is in St. Louis. Mrs. Mowatt and Mr. Davenport, Madame Ciocea and Dan Marble are in Cincinnati. Lover is in Pittsburgh. The Havana Italian Company at Boston, have commenced a new season of twelve nights, during which they will produce five new operas. Amusements of the Week.—The German con cert, at the Apollo, to-morrow night, will afford our music-loving people an opportunity of hearing the best chorus singing ever heard in this city better, nobler, grander than many ever conceived. In addition to the immense choral strength of the . “ Liederkranz.” we shall have Fraulein Koreinsky, : Mrs. Jones, Philip Meyer and Mr. Hecht, fine solo > vocalists. Professors Timm and Krauskoff will , preside at the piano-forte. , Christy's Minstrels, highly as they may deserve 1 it, cannot be noticed without causing great disap ' pointment. Though they have performed in this i oily for weeks and months, night after night, their t last concerts have been a perfect jam. However, 1 Mechanic’s Hall has been enlarged, and it is only necessary to go early, for the ventilation is so per ! feet that, whatever the crowd, those who get seats I are comfortable, and, we need not say, delighted. The audiences, without the trouble and pretension of full dress are quite as fashionable as at the Ita lian Opera House. The Opera.— Signora Amalia M. Valtellini has ; been engaged to fill the place of Signorina Barili, r whose continued indisposition, we regret to learn, ! will forbid her re-appearance during the ptesent , season. Signor Beneventano, the admirable and , ever reliable, takes his benefit next Saturday even a ing, with the attractive comic opera L’JSlisir . D’Amore. On the following Tuesday, we are to 3 have the benefit of the new prima donna. Concert for the Relief of Ireland. — Two very y charming young ladies called upon us yesterday, to I inform us that on Thursday evening next, there ; t will be a concert for the relief of Ireland, at Gothic n Hall, Adams street, Brooklyn, for which Miss Kor s sinsky, and several eminent artists have volun . teered. With such attractions, in such a cause, n and in a city so full of taste and liberality as Brook -3 lyn, there will be of course a good attendance. Grand Menagerie.— Our amusement seeking ci tizens of every class, and more especially the holi day and excitement loving little people, will be de lighted to learn that the grand menagerie of Ray -8 mond and Waring, will enter the city to-morrow, and take up its quarters at Niblo’s; we don’t know ,’, for how long, but it must be for some days, as the elephant is bringing a large trank with him. Those ( who wish to “ see the elephant,” will never have a better chance. The lion is a most kingly beast, ’’ and the monkeys are more highly civilized and ’ better behaved than the most of those we meet in “ Broadway. Necromancy.— Mr. Alexander, whose exhibi -0 tions of magic and legerdemainhave drawn crowds r of delighted people for six weeks past at the Mi- ! > nerva Rooms, is obliged to close his very success » ful performances this week. On Wednesday even- II ing he will g'tve a performance for the benefit of the Samaritan Association, a popular and v praiseworthy charity. It would be vain to expect r a great accession to the usual number of Mr. Alex j ander’s audiences, for the room would not contain them; but the announcement may be agreeable to f some who would like to add their mites to such a 1 charity. ’ Castle Garden.— Dodsworth’s delightful band 3 will discourse their most eloquent music to-night at Castle Garden, which, as the season advances, I becomes a refreshing resort, which needs no eu -1 - r lCT 3 Mr. Ebling has refitted and remodelled the Co lumbian Garden and Ladies Saloon, No.’s 200 and 200 1-2 ’ Bowery, opposite Rivington st., converting them into 1 just the most romantic place, in which to taste a deli z cious cream, and pass a quiet hour, which lover ever y dreamed of BCZ* We suppose that most of our readers have been out on the Bloomingdale road,and have stopped at Burn ham’s, refreshed themselves there, and strolled through * the beautiful gardens which roll down to the Hudson. J We need say therefore, only, that Burnham has pre ) pared his establishment most thoroughly for the ap proaching season, and even now stands at the portal of his elegant house to welcome visitors. KT* Creedon's Eating House, No. 48 Canal street, two doors east of Broadway, is conducted on the modern - plan, and is in every respect equal to the down-town establishments. Mr. Creedon keeps his house open on I Sunday, for the convenience not only of his regular cus tomers, but of those who on week days take their meals in the neighborhood of their business. OCT* At the Mutual, No. 140 West Broadway, opposite White street, there is an immense number of practical r and illustrated puns, puzzles, etc., neatly arranged in ’ cases. One cannot examine them without apprecia* ting their point and humor. Novel Idea.— We werenot aware till reminded of the fact by a card in another column that the old Fountain and Gardens, 167 Walker street, had fallen under the ; charge and direction of our old friend Warren Draper He has adopted the novel plan of pitching the garden full of tents in style of a military encampment. Ladies and gentlemen while sipping cool creams and refresh ing drinks, can imagine themselves on the heights of Monterey, with Gen. Taylor, a taking a hasty plate with Gen. Scott. Chowders every day and evening. KT’Visitors to Harlem will not omit to tarry for a mo ment at Sweet’s Hotel, comer of 125th street and rail road—an excellent house of refreshment, having an obliging proprietor who studies how best to contribute to the happiness of his guests. The Emblem is the name of a neatly fitted up, weß I furnished, and properly conducted house of entertain ment at No. 22 Duane street, four doors from Chatham I street, North side. One may pass there a leisure hour most happily.