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Sunday dispatch. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1845-1854, October 24, 1847, Image 2

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Sunday Morning October 24,
[CZ* Advertisers are informed that in order to get ofl
our edition, we shall be obliged to go to press at an
early hour on Saturday evening. Our friends should
hand in their favors by Saturday morning at the latest.
Advertisements which come in during the day and
evening, we are frequently compelled to leave out.
The Washington Monument. —The corner
stone of the Bunker Hill Monument, was laid by
General Lafayette, on the 17th of June, 1825, that
being the 50th anniversary of the battle, the mo
nument was to commemmorate, and the com
mencement of the struggle, which had its final and
glorious issue, in the surrender of Lord Cornwal
lis, at Yorktown.
The citizens of New York, happily chose the
anniversary of the last named event, on which to
lay the foundation of the Washington Monument;
and we should anticipate, from the outpouring en
thusiasm of last Tuesday, the speedy completion
of the patriotic enterprize, had we not in remem
brance the indifference manifested by the people of
New England to their own great work; the fre
quent and mortifying delays, and the absolute ina
bility of the association to finish the moiument
until the ladies, by getting up a great fair, and
shaming the men into buying pin-cushions, raised
fifty thousand dollars—and then, after seventeen
years delay, the cap-stone was adjusted in its
place, and the work completed.
It any people should build monuments, it is the
American people. The era of the American Re
volution should be marked by erections as lasting as
the influences which it has produced on the poli
tical and social condition of man. There is not a
battle field from that at Lexington,to that at York
town, above which the shaft should not rise, to
keep in remembrance the successive scenes, in
that, the greatest struggle for freedom, whicii the
world ever saw.
Yet there are only two, worthy the name, in the
whole country—that on Bunker Hill,and the Wash
ington Monument in Baltimore. A contemp
tible stone marks the spot where the first maityrs
offered themselves up at Lexington. At Fort Gris
wold, at the mouth of the Thames river, Connec
ticut, another humble pile marks another scene of
patriotic devotion. And these are all—Long Is
land, White Plains, Bennington, Stillwater, Bran
dywine, Germantown, Trenton, Monmouth, the
scene of Greene’s great victory in South Carolina,
a victory that drove the enemy within the gates of
Charleston; the line of Lafayette’s masterly re
treat in Virginia, and the closing triumph at York
town—all, all, are unmarked. By tremendous ef
forts, pin cushions enough were sold in Boston to
finish the work on Bunker Hill, and in Baltimore,
a lottery authorised by law, and appealing equally
to patriotism and love of gain, completed the
Washington pillar.
We allude to these mortifying facts with the sin
gle purpose of stirring our people into an action
worthy of themselves. This Washington Monu
ment, whose foundations were laid with £ o much
pomp and ceremony last Tuesday, must not creep
up at the rate of a single layer of stone a year. It
can be built, and should be, within five years.
With a faithful and energetic board of direction,
to see that there is no waste of the money contri
buted, and no favoritism in the expenditure; to
see that the work is well done, and quickly done,
and done at a fair price—with such a board of di
rection, having the confidence of the public, there
should be no lack of means. Every man and wo
man, and every child, of age sufficient to under
stand the purpose, should be invited to contribute
according to their ability.
The present plan of life-membership does not
strike us as the best. Every member of the asso
ciation should pay, say fifty cents a year, until the
completion of the monument; and no member
should be allowed to vote at the annual meeting of
the association, if he is in arrears on the books.—
This plan of an annual payment will keep up the
interest in the work, and in a very little time, the
proper effort being made, there will be few of our
young men, who will not be ashamed, to confess
that they are not members of the Washington Mo
nument Association. Our great fear is, that the
enthusiasm of the public will die away, and that a
half completed monument, instead of rising in ho
nor of Washington, will stand a rebuke and a
shame to ourselves. Let us all resolve that this
shall not be so.
The propriety ofbuilding this monument in the
city of New York, willbe admitted by any one who
recalls the events of the revolution, of which this
city, and its immediate neighborhood, were the
scenes. It was here that George W sus
tained his first defeat, as commander-in-chief of
the army of the revolution; it was here, in our
streets, and on the heights of Brooklyn, that the
Declaration of Independence was read to the men
who we re afterwards to sustain it in twenty hard
fought battles. It was from this city that Wash
ington was driven almost a fugitive; it was to
this city he returned in triumph, after eight years
of war, and bade farewell to the army he had led
to so many victories. It was here that George
Washington took the oath as the first President
©f the United States of America.
While we advocate the erection of a monument
to Washington, we do not mean to be understood
as approving of Mr. Pollard’s plan. But of this
Conquest of Mexico.—We have news from the
city of Mexico down to the 28th of September.
The American flag floats in triumph over the Halls
of the Montezumas. Order reigns in Mexico.
The shops are reopened—people walk the streets
in security, and the theatre is thronged—all signs
of the security afforded by a good government.
After the battles of Contreras, Churubusco, and
the breaking off of the armistice, on the 6th, hosti
lities recommenced. On the Bth, three thousand
Americans under General Worth, attacked from
twelve to fifteen thousand Mexicans, posted be
hind strong works and heavy batteries, before Cha
pultepec. The carnage was terrible, but our brave
soldiers carried all before them, and Duncan’s bat
tery, after repulsing the enemy’s cavalry during
the action, pursued the routed Mexicans. On the
12th and 13th the fortresses of Chapultepec were
taken. Santa Anna, with the miserable remnant
of his army of 32,000 left the city at midnight, and
Gen. Scott entered in triumph, on the 14th, when
the stripes and stars were raised upon the National
Palace, amid the huzzas of the army, and to the
music of Hail Columbia and Yankee Doodle.
Thus, after a series of actions, unparralelled in
history, has this campaign been conducted to a
glorious result. Our losses are very severe, when
we consider the number of our forces. Out of an
army of about 12,000, the entire loss, of killed
wounded and missing, cannot fall much short of
3,000. But when we consider the numbers and
position of the enemy and what our forces have
achieved, the losses are inconsiderable.
The world now sees an army of not more than
six thousand men, in possession of a capital city of
200,000, surrounded by a dense population; an
army which has defeated, destroyed and scattered
to the four winds, the forlorn hope of the Mexican
nation, an army of 32,000, fortresses, ammunition
and artillery. The military chieftains are scat
tered—Santa Anna has probably escaped, and the
war, so far as any concentrated, organized opposi
tion to our forces is concerned, is at an end.
The order and moderation of the American
troops, after entering the city was as praiseworthy
as their valor in action. Well does General Scott
call them a “ glorious army.” When our troops
h d entered the city and our flag was flying over
the National Palace, the Mexicans commenced
pelting our soldiers with stones, and firing at them
from the roofs and windows of houses. General
Scott ordered cannon to sweep the streets with
grape and cannister, and sent parties with orders,
to enter every house from which they were fired
upon, sack them, and put their inmates to the
sword. These orders were executed with firm
ness and moderation, and in three days the city
was quiet.
Gen. Quitman was appointed Governor of the
city. The magistrates were called upon to keep
the peace, and to furnish the necessary funds for
the subsistence of the army.
The correspondent of the Delta sets dow’n our
whole loss, in the battles near Mexico, killed,
wounded and missing, at 1,621.
The following officers were killed in these ac
tions, or have since died of their wounds:—
Col. Martin Scott, sth Inf.; Lieut. W. T. Bur
well, sth Inf.; Col. Wm. H. Graham, 11th Inf.;
Capt. Merrell, sth Inf.; Capt. G. W. Ayres, 3d Ar.;
Lieut. Burbank, Captain E. K. Smith, Lieut. Col.
Dickinson, Lieut. E. B. Strong, sth Inf.; Lieut.
W. Armstrong, 2d Art.; Lieut. Farry, 3d Art.;
Major L. Twiggs; Capt. A. Van Olinda; Lieut.
Dick Johnson, 11th Inf.; Lieut. Col. C. W. Bax
ter, N. Y. Vol.; Lieut. Col. Ransom; Col. Mcln
tosh, sth Inf.
From 16,000 to 20,000 men aie on their way to
reinforce Gen. Scott, a portion of which force has
already reached him. We have nothing to do—
we can do nothing but to complete the conquest of
the country, and arrange its occupation. Two
years ot such a government as Gen. Scott will
organize and establish, will make the Mexicans
glad to exchange their vaunted nationality, for the
peace, order, and prosperity of American institu
Trouble in Trinity Church.— Men Barn
burning—A correspondent informs us that a Barn
burners’ party is organizing in Trinity Church
against the Old Hunkers, who have so long ruled
the roast in that corporation, and divided the fat
things among themselves. He promises some
startling revelations with reference to the manage
ment oi the immense revenues of the church, and
says that on the next Easter Monday, there willbe
an explosion of the loudest kind. We are afraid
that the old Hunkers of Trinity, will prove too
strong for the Barn-burners, but it will be well
enough for the latter to show their hands at the
next election of wardens and vestrymen. Mean
time we will publish the manifesto of the Barn
The American Institute.—One of the daily
papers m noticing, a few days ago, the heavy re
ceipts at the Fair of the Institute, asked, respect
fully enough we thought, what disposition was
made of the money. The Tr/fcwie, the next morn
ing, contained a communication signed W. (Mr.
Wakeman) to the effect that if the person making
the enquiry was a member of the Institute,he could
satisfy himself by examining the books at the Re
pository in the Park ; if he was not a member, he
was impertinently meddling with that which did
not concern him.
As we intend to make the same enquiry, and
what is more, as we intend that the enquiry shall
be met and answered—we think it well to meet
Mr. Wakeman’s insolence, although exhibited to
another, at the outset, and let him understand, not
only what his own position is, which he does not
appear to know, but also to show him that
the managers of the Institute are accountable to
the public for the manner in which they discharge
their trust. We think that when this is made
clear to Mr. Wakeman, he will be less inclined to
play the bully, and brow-beat and bluff.
But before we tell you, Mr. Wakeman, what the
Institute was created for, let us inform you what
it was not created for.
It was not created, Mr. Wakeman, to give you
fifteen hundied dollars a year. However much
you were entitled to the sympathies of the public
when you failed in business, fifteen or twenty years
ago, the Legislature of the State did not establish
the Institute as a means by which you might be
kept from the poor house or starvation, nor did it
contemplate, as growing out of such an existence,
certain fat sinecures, and certain irresponsible offi
cers, any more than it contemplated that one of
those officers should wax wrathful and wag a
saucy tongue, instead of replying to a query en
tirely proper and respectful.
It may be, Mr. Wakeman, that you have been
so long accustomed to regard the American Insti
tute as a mere money-making affair, a means of
gain and notoriety, as to have entirely forgotten its
original design in a so far successful perversion of
it. If this be so, it is your misfortune, but it shall
not be our fault if your memory is not refreshed.
The American Institute was established to stimu
late native invention, to encourage industry, and
promote the mechanic arts, and the agricultural
interest. Its Fairs were designed to be an indica
tion of the progress of American manufacturers,
mechanics, and farmers, in their respective
branches of labor; bringing them together every
year, one to show to another what improvements
had been made, qnd to excite u noble rivalry, and
impart a new stimulus to the efforts of all.
For this great national purpose—to advance this
great public good—the American Institute was in
corporated by the State of New York, and, re
garded in the light of a public charity , was endow
ed with certain privileges, exemption from all
taxes being one. It was a creation of the people,
Mr. Wakeman, for the good of the people, a pub
lic institution—in one sense, (and in more than
one to you, Mr. Wakeman) a charitable institu
tion, of which the parties named in the act of in
corporation were only the trustees at large of the
people, and accountable to the people. Just bear
this in mind, Mr. Wakeman, and we shall soon
come to a right understanding of the whole mat
Now, as a mere show shop, under the manage
ment of Meiggs, Wakeman & Co., the Fair of the
Institute would stand an equal chance, the attrac
tion being equal, with all other exhibitions in the
city of New York. If it was better worth yisiting
at the same price, than the vast halls of the Ame
rican Museum, Meiggs, Wakeman & Co., would
make more money than P. T. Barnum. But pur
porting to be in the strictest sense, a national ex
hibition for national interests, and not individual
gain, it occupies a h gher position in the public esti
mation, and every citizen regards it as a duty to
sustain it. He pays his twenty-five cents to the
treasury of the Institute, believing that the outlay
will eventually be a gain to himself. He is a citi
zen of the country, which in its industry and its
arts is to be benefited by the Institute.
Have we established, Mr. Wakeman, the fact
that the public, having created this institution, are
interested in its proper management, and have a
right through its usual channel, the press, to%sk—
“ What becomes of the money I” “ How is our
money, contributed to a public object—for a public
and only a public good—expended I” We think we
must have shown to your satisfaction,that the pub
lic have this right, and next week,we shall assume
the responsibility of exercising it, merely remark
ing in conclusion that there appears to be the
strongest necessity for a rigid examination into
the affairs of the Institute. We hope, however,
that Mr. Wakeman will keep his temper.
Fun in Tammany.—The Democrats had a nice
time of it at the county-meeting of ratification, on
Friday night, if the accounts in yesterday’s papers
are to be relied upon. So many persons were de
sirous of addressing the multitude, that it was al
most impossible to give any one a fair chance.
Mr. John McKeon slipped a word in edgeways and
then slid; Mr. James T. Brady, the press hater,
was the next speaker, but time was called upon
him before he had spoken ten minutes; Captain
Rynders, with his invincible?, did his bestnrrprc
serve order, and the Captain made a few remarks,
from time to time, as he deemed proper. Then
came a Mr. Michael T. O’Conner, an anti-rent,
Wilmot proviso, and aff that sort of thing Democrat,
wjjo was permitted to speak for about five minutes
and was then told that he was wanted on the 600*1,
and not on the rostrum. He apologized very hand
somely to the audience, saying that he should be
glad to address them at greater length, butthat
influences were at work to remove him from the
stand. At this moment he was grabbed by one
leg; with the other, Michael kicked a man vio
lently in the face and then disappeared m the sea
of heads.
The conservators of decorum adopted a very
efficacious plan to calm those whose feelings
threatened to overcome them. This was simply
to walk them at a quick pace to and fro, the full
length of the hall, until their equilibrium was re
stored, when the conservators reported themselves
to the chairman as ready for farther duty. We
do not think that the meeting could have well got
along without them.
At last the regular nominations were declared to
be ratified and the meeting adjourned.
All this pother and bother among the parties,
Whig and Democratic, with the splits and factions,
we look upon as a tempest in a tea-pot affair. The
candidates of neither party dare to oppose the vig
orous prosecution of the war, and the result of the
election, whatever it may be, cannot be interpreted
into an expression contrary to the sentiment which
patriotism prompts. The people of the state of
New York have given convincing evidence of their
determination to sustain the government in this
war, and the question therefore can have no influ
ence in the ensuing election.
Death of Alexander H. Everett.—The last
advices overland from China, bring us intelligence
of the death, at Canton, of Hon. Alexander H.
Everett, Commissioner of the United States to
Mr. Everett was a brother of Edward Everett,
late American Minister at the Court of St. James
and now President of Harvard University.
The brothers were born in Dedham, Mass., and
both were graduates of Harvard, where they were
distinguished in a class which gave to the country
a large number of distinguished men. Subse
quently, but at different periods, they were editors
of the North American Review, the oldest and best
known quarterly in the country. For many years
after entering on public life, the brothers were at
tached to the same political party, but the contest
between General Jackson and the United States
Bank separated them; Edward remaining with
the party sustaining the bank, Alexander going
over to its opponents. He was a member of Con
gress, and afterwards appointed Minister to Spain.
In 1841 he was elected President of one of the
South-Western Universities, and in ’43 or 44 was
sent Commissioner to China. He was a scholar
of that brilliant school, which has within a few
years been deprived of Legare and of Wilde, and
has now lost another ornament in Alexander H.
Everett. The departure of such men, distinguish
ed for their genius, their learning and eminent
services in public life, is a national calamity.
Our Legislators.—We are now to try the ef
fect of a new system of nominating and choosing
the men who are to make our laws, and govern
the destinies of this “ Empire State;” and a brief
period will show whether it is a better method
than the one we have discarded.
We see that in some of the wards, the candi
date is selected by a direct vote, without any se
cond hand committee work. The citizens of each
district have only to put in a ballot, for the man
l hey consider best fitted for the trusts of a legisla
tor, and it will be strange if* we do not have rather
fitter representatives, than we have sometimes
sent to Albany, by the old nominating committee
and general ticket system.
A man is chosen, not simply to attend to the in
terests of a ward, but to make laws for a whole
State. Making a law is a very serious and impor
tant matter, and should not be entrusted to either
knaves or fools, and particularly not to both in
combination. Of the two, aknqve is rather to be
preferred to a fool in the legislature, because an
assembly of fools would probably make more mis
chief, than one of shrewd rascals would dare to
make ; but we see no particular necessity of this
great city of New York being represented by either,
and more especially by both combined.
Interesting Inventions.—We find by our ex
changes, that William Baxter of Nantucket,has in
vented a machine which he calls the Mother’s As
sistant, and which is said to be a great improve
ment on the Baby Jumper; and that a Patent has
been taken out for dispensing with sewing in the
manufacture of shirts, collars, and linen articles.
The pieces are fastened together by an indissolu
ble glue!
It is to be hoped that when men have deprived
women of all employment, they will be willing to
support them.
A Nation of Soldiers—Whatever we may
think of war in the abstract; whether we regard
it as the most noble or the most debased of human
pursuits; one thing is certain—there is no sign of
its coming to an end.
It is the nineteenth century since the meek and
lowly Jesus preached “ Peace on earth.; good will
to men” —and yet there is no indication of the
speedy fulfilment of the prophecy, that “ nations
shall not learn war any more”—nor do we see in
any part of the civilized world one solitary sword
turned into a ploughshare—nor yet a single spear
turned into a pruning hook, unless its place is sup
plied by the more effective bayonet, and the more
deadly rifle.
No! It is not in our day or generation that we
shall see the dawning of the era of universal peace
—nor is there any prospect that Christianity, as
preached and practised, since the time of its foun
der will tend to diminish the sanguinary conflicts
of mankind ; since it is apparent to the whole
world that the most warlike nations on the earth,
are those which profess to be the most Christian.
In this state of things, which it is impossible to
deny, and useless to regret, what are we to do *?
As republicans, as freemen, as the asserters oi the
rights of man, what is our duty I
It is this grave question which we propose to
It was not enough for our fathers to assert their
rights—they were obliged to maintain them at the
bayonet’s point, and at the cannon’s mouth. What
cared George the Third; what cared the British
ministers, or parliament, for the rights of man, ex
cept when they were forced to acknowledge them'?
When did ever tyrants yield,except when freemen
compelled them 1
The world has not altered. Kings and aristo
cracies are the same as ever. Races are antago
nistic. The weak and proud, jealous of the great
er progress of the strong anti resolute, will risk
their own destruction, to gratify their envy and
These few words describe the real origin of our
present war with Mexico.
This war is a lesson. How suddenly has it come
upon us! Who of us expected five years ago, that
our armif s would now be in an enemy’s capital,
and that our flag, radiant with the glory of repeat
ed victories, would now be floating over the city,
conquered three centuries ago, by Cortez 'I
Let this teach us war may come at any
time, and that it is our duty to be always in readi
“ Eternal vigilance is the price of Liberty.”
Who can assure us that any day, our country
may not be insulted, injured, or attacked by some
foreign power I Who dares assert that all the im
mense military and naval preparations of the great
European powers are not intended for some de
monstration upon this fresh continent, which is
destined, so soon, to govern the world I Who can
secure us against a monarchical combination,
against a form of government, whose continuance
and prosperity threaten the security ofi every des
pot in the world ?
Under these circumstances our duty is plain.
We must leave all dreams of peace to poetsand
preachers. The stern duties of freemen, whose
rights may be at any time threatened or invaded,
demand our attention.
We must dismiss from our thoughts all idle and
sickly sentimentality about the horrors of war.
When a thing is a necessity, we waste our time in
making objections to it; stern manhood forbids
this puling, whining, canting talk about either the
horrors, or the wickedness of what we may be
forced into at any time, and ought always to be
prepared for.
What we should do is this: to know our rights,
and make the whole world respect them—to never
do a wrong, and never submit to one—to resent
every insult and punish every aggression— to be
just to each other, and make all mankind just to
toward us; and by this course to preserve at once
our union, and our independence.
To do this we must be a truly enlightened na
tion; and all our children must be educated to in
telligence and independence. To do this the peo
ple must govern and enjoy. They must own the
soil; and share alike 111 our national greatness
Every man must feel that he has his full share of
the privileges, responsibilities and duties which
belong to all.
To do this, moreover, we must be a nation of
soldiers. Every man must be prepared to defend
all that he wishes to enjoy. Every American boy
should grow up, with a book in one hand, and a
rifle in the other.
Every common school should be a military aca
demy, and every teacher a drill sergeant. Every
academy should have lessons in military tactics
and strategy, and the whole science of war should
be taught in our colleges.
Let this plan be recommended by the governor
of every state, published in every newspaper, and
carried into execution by public spirited and pa
triotic citizens, every where,and the work is done.
The result will be a nation of soldiers—a nation of
skillful sharp-shooters—a nation, every man of
whom is ready to take the field at any moment,
and against any foe. Let this plan of universal
military education be adopted, and in ten years,
we should present a spectacle at which the whole
world would stand in awe.
There can be no objection to the instant and
universal adoption of military exercises as a part of
education. They are healthful, vigorous and
manly. They give an erect form, a handsome car
riage, a true eye, and a steady hand. There is no
better system or order and discipline, to regulate
the mind—whose finest faculties are brought into
constant exercise. The manner and bearing of
the whole people would be improved and elevated;
and we should be better prepared for every
kind of moral and industrial combination.
The final result would .be happy and glorious.
This very preparation for war would secure the
blessings of universal peace. Prepared in this
manner to maintain our rights, no one would ever
dare to invade them. We should stand the first pow
er ot the earth—a power that none could object to,
since it would be but the aggregated power of an
intelligent people.
The Firemen and the Procession.—There
are some men into whom you cannot beat sense,
not if you should bray them in a mortar. The Fire
and Water Committee backed out of their first de
termination, but had not the good judgment to fix
upon a proper one, even then. The Chief Engi
neer, finding that the whole Fire Department would
come out, concluded, the last day, to call them out
and head them as far as Twenty-Third street, and
then head them off. He did head them so far, be
cause he had his choice, and could go where he
pleased; but when he came to the heading off, it
was another affair; and he made a poor business
ofit, witha phalanx of the police to back him.
Such of the companies as chose to return, did so;
but the greater portion, not intending to be headed
off, kept on their course, and paid their respects to
the corner stone in their own fashion.
The Fire Department has taught the public au
thorities a lesson, which they will do well to profit
by. Intelligent freemen are not to be governed by
arbitrary power or brute force. It is a much bet
ter way to appeal to reason and justice. Had this
been done in the first place, there would have been
no difficulty.
Approach of the Cholera.—This scourge of
the human race, in its westward progress, has
passed over Persia, visited the armies of Russia in
the Caucasus; and at last accounts, had com
menced its ravages in Constantinople, Moscow
and Warsaw. There is little doubt, that the march
of the destroyer across Europe, will be steady,
and it may be rapid. In a few months, Vien
na, Berlin, Rome, Paris and London, the
great capitals of Europe may in turn be the
subjects of its desolating power. We have no
reason to expect that the Atlantic will stay its
course, Jn one word—and it is folly and madness
to deny it, this continent is threatened, at no dis
tant day, with another infliction of that awful ca
The cholera is the more to be dreaded, because
ordinary means seem to have no influence in ar
resting its progress. The plague and the fever, out
of the tropics can be guarded against by a rigid
quarantine. For the latter disease there is safety
in acclimation. But no quarantine—no acclima
tion is a safeguard against the cholera.
important then is the question f< What is I”
Very difficult is the answer—but it seems to us,
that experience has given us one lesson worthy of
our attention.
When the cholera visited this country in 1832,
the Common Council of Boston, its board of health,
and the whole police force went energetically to
work, to setfheii city in order, and if possible, pro
tect its inhabitants from the calamity which
threatened them. Every street was swept clean,
as the hearth of a tidy house-wife ; every gutter
was sprinkled with chloride of lime; every sink
was emptied and purified; every yard, cellar and
cistern made perfectly sweet and clean. No offal
was allowed to be brought into the city or to re
main in it. The whole atmosphere was filled with
the purifying gas of the different chlorides and
ether disinjutina agents.
The event was that there were not more than
three cases of the cholera in Boston, while, not
only were such large cities as New York, Phila
delphia and New Orleans desolated, but such
small towns as Buffalo, Rochester, and many
We cannot say that this event was the result of
these precautions—but there is the fact. Boston
did take earnest and energetic measures; and did
riot suffer from the cholera. Those measures may
have been the cause of this exemption; and it is
certain that they were such as must at any time,
promote the public health.
The right spirit.—An Irish lady, in an appeal
to her country women, says:
“ The women of Greece were not ashamed to
study and perform their duties as citizens—and how
glorious was Greece then ! There was no scream
ing or simpering at “ the horrid idea of bloodshed”
amongst the daughtersof ourown Limerick, when
they mounted the breach; and their name is for
ever honored in history. What voice was ever
raised to proclaim as vulgar the women of Belgium
. or of America T’
The Academy of Medicine.—This society ap
pears to be the most inquisitoiial, autocratic, and
consequently anti-republican association, which
have ever been formed in the United States. It
was conceived in the same bigoted spirit of fana
tical persecution, which, in former ages, anima
ted religious sectaries, and had it equal power,
would no doubt use it in a like manner.
The ostensible object of the formation of this so
ciety, was the suppression of quackery—the real
object, to use every possible means for putting
dowu the Homceopathic physicians, and those of
other schools, who were, and are making such in
roads upon the practice of the old-school practi
tioners, as to sorely touch them in a very tender
point—i. e., their purses.
Had the society confined itself to the ostensible
objects of its formation, no one could have found
fault with it: on the contrary, every honest man
in the community, would have aided its endeavors
to arrest the profitable, but sadly injurious trade
of the nostrum venders, and to put down the nu
merous quacks in the city, who without a paiticle
of medical education, without licence or diploma,
falsely assume the title of M. D., and do incalcu
lable mischief.
But what right has this association to brand,
ihroughits organ, the Annalist, the many respect
able Homoeopathic physicians in this city and
elsewhere, as quacks, impostors, hypocrites,
knaves or fools 1 What right has it to refuse to
physicians of other schools, the usual professional
courtesies, such as consultations, &c. I Every one
of the Hom. physicians in New York,is a graduate
of some one of the best colleges in the land, many
of them fellow-graduates with the most prominent
men of the Academy, and others again, students
of its members. Many of these physicians are
men eminent in scientific attaintments, in medical
knowledge and experience, and beyond reproach
in their private characters; and yet because* they
honestly believe that bleeding, purging, vomiting,
&c., are unnecessarily employed in the treatment
of disease, and that by their remedies, they can
restore their patients to health, more thoroughly,
more rapidly and more pleasantly; they are daily
and weekly, in conversation, and in print, to be
called quacks, knaves and imposters !
The course pursued by the Academy toward all
other educated physicians, is an outrage upon the
community, and whilst the despotic governments
of Austria and Prussia, are taking off the shackles
hey had thrown around the practice of medicine and
encouraging different schools of practice, by legal
enactments, we tolerate in our midst an inquisito
rial association, formed for the sole purpose of
putting down all reformers in medical science, and
preventing search, inquiry and investigation, be
cause they of the old school, are too indolent tho -
roughly to examine the claims of any new system*
and fear lest the public should become aware that
they are so ; thus, as a correspondent oi the Eve
ning Post*, happily remarks, they are content to
ride the old horse, occasionally putting on a new
bridle, or an embroidered saddle-cloth, and then
soberly telling the world, “ this is the venerable
and rational medical science I”
Will the intelligent public of New York uphold or
sanction a self-constituted authority, and a persecu
tion like this ?
Gen. Washington’s Letter.—We gave last
week, an original letter from Gen. Washington,
ordering several pairs of leather breeches, very
roomy in the seat; but we did not state, as we
should have done, that this important document
was brought to light, at a late meeting of the New
York Historical Society; nor did we accompany
this relic of the past, with such comments as
might have been reasonably expected on such a
remarkable occasion.
The articles of clothing ordered by Gen. Wash
ington, in the letter now rescued from oblivion,
are entitled to a respectful consideration. Breeches
were ordered to be made in a peculiar fashion for
the Priests and Levites in the Mosaic dispensation.
The want of breeches distinguished the active par
tizans of the French Revolution, and to come to
our own times, our present Secretary of War once
charged the mending of a pair of breeches to the
State of New York, price fifty cents; while old
Rough and Ready, it is currently reported is in the
habit of mending his own as often as they re
quire it.
But when the request of Gen. Washington, in
regard to his leather breeches, is seriously consi
dered, it will be found to be characteristic of the
man and of the Republic he did so much to found.
Washington wished that his country as well as his
breeches might have a broad and enduring basis.
He never wished the Constitution to be cramped
in too narrow boundaries, and appears at that day
to have felt that necessity of expansiveness,which
is now so rapidly developing itself. Washington
was never in favor of a restrictive policy,” not even
in his breeches. Even then he was for ‘‘extend
ing the area of freedom.” He went for the “largest
liberty.” As a military man, he never neglected
the base of operations, and whether laying out the
city of Washington or giving directions to his
breeches maker, he took good care to grovide an
ample space for the seat of government.
We suggest that as soon as the Washington
Monument is finished, the original copy of this
letter De pasted up by the side ofC+en. Morris* ode,
in its interior; and that a committee be appointed
to find, and add to them, if possible, a pair of those
very leather breeches.
Mrs. Maury.—We regret to notice the failure,
to a large amount —exceeding £200,000, the Liver
pool accounts say—of Mr. Maury, the husband of
the lady, who travelled in this country two or
three years since, and whose sketches of our pub
lic men were so generally noticed by the press on
both sides of the Atlantic.
If we mistake not, Mrs. Maury expressed her in
tention ot coming to this country with her family,
and residing permanently among us. Now is a
good time for her to quit the wreck of the old
world and establish her children in the new.
Mrs. Maury will make a first rate citizen. She
admires our institutions—is a staunch supporter of
the compromises of the Constitution so far as
slavery is concerned ; our public men of both par
ties and our clergy of every denomination, possess
admirable qualities in her estimation. She adores
Bishop Hughes, patronizes the Methodists, extols
the Episcopalians, and when here received with
equal gratitude the blessings of all of them. Mr.
Polk she greatly esteems; Mr. Ingersoll she re
verences, and she even condescends to like Bill
Seward. We are sure she is all right on the Texas
and California questions, and think that she would
approve of the annexation of Mexico, at least to
the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, and Cuba, as soon
as the necessary arrangements can be made.
On the Presidential question we cannot speak
with quite so much certainty as to her preferences.
If Mr. Polk were to go in for a second term, we
think that Mrs. Maury would support him; al
though her first choice without doubt is Mr. Inger
soll, who was her “ mentor” here. She must ad
mire General Taylor—it is her nature to admire a
hero—but whether she would approve of his nomi
nation for the Presidency, with another hero also
in the field, we are puzzled to say. One thing we
are certain of—she will not give her influence to
Tom Corwin and William H. Seward, or his next
friend, Horace Greeley. That we’ll answer for.
Mrs. Maury is a staunch advocate of free trade,
but we do not believe, that she would endorse the
opinions of the Journal of Commerce, or the Greek
Slave question. The Journal would prohibit that
entirely, whereas we are certain that Mrs. Maury
would give it free admission. If there were any
danger of the Greek Slave giving a direction to the
costume of the fair sex, then indeed Mrs. Maury,
as a sound political economist, and looking to the
decreased demand for our great staple, might go
against the Slave. But there is no such danger;
there will be just as much cotton’worn after the sta
tue has been exhibited in every part of the country,
as there is now.
In minor politics Mrs. Maury would go for the
greatest good of the greatest number, and most
faul tily approve, we are sure, of the settled deter
mination of the voters of the city of New York to
kick tb r e present Mayor and Common Council out
of office, nei;t May.
We hope Mrs. Maury will come and reside
among us.
“All hands take in Sail.”—Such was the
shout we heard, one.beautiful afternoon, when we
were sailing along with a pleasant breeze off the
Bahamas. It came from the bluff, weatherbeaten
Captain, who had just come "up from the cabin,
and the order was given before he had looked round
at the sky. The Captain cared not how fair the
breeze or how bright the sky. He had looked at
the barometer, a friend that had never deceived
him. We heard the order given with surprise;
we saw' it executed with celerity; but it was not
a moment too soon. The men had barely de
scended from the shrouds before the squall struck
The news from Englsnd by the last arrival, is our
barometer. Failures to the amount of one hun*
dred and fifty millions—the stoppage of the facto
ries and disorders among the immense masses of
operatives—the indications of a total destruction
of confidence, in the first commercial nation in
the world, and one with whose operations we are
the most intimately connected, are so many warn
ings to us to take in sail. We are fairly warned
and have only to make all snug, to secure our
Our country is full of money. Our mint has
coined millions of gold and silver. Our farmers
have been paid for their produce, and the partial
losses have fallen upon capitalists. The only way
in which the commercial distress in England can
affect us, is by drawing our money back, by large
exportations of goods, and by throwing their own
stale stocks into our markets. All that is required
is a little prudence to make our prosperity perma
If we buy only as we need, and pay as we go,
all Europe may become bankrupt, without affecting
us. These are good rules at all times; but they
are particularly necessary at such a time as this.
(Xz* The Duke of Buckingham, is declared insol
vent. His debts amount to the nice little pum of
nine millions of dollars.
The Old Hunkers and Barn-burners.~rTl ie .8e
are the beautiful designations given to the two fac
tions of the Democratic party —though what was
their origin, or what is their signification, passes
our comprehension, and We don’t believe that ®ne
in a thousand of the party can tell. All they can
say is—this man is an Old Hunker—that man is a
Barn-burner; but why or wherefore, it is quite im
possible to ascertain ; and much as we desire to
throw light on this subject, we utterly despair of
ever knowing anything about it.
We can understand the difference between radi
cal and conservative. These are designations
which mean, something. Were all the Radicals
and all the Conservatives Old Hunk
ers, we should suppose that these were new names
for old factions; but there is no such distinction,
for we find all sorts of Democrats ranged in each
of these new factions.
Our impression has been that the differences had
more to do with party leaders, offices and emolu
ments than political principles; but a party or fac
tion generaly requires some ostensible ground to
rally upon, and it is for this reason, it appears to
us, that the Barn-burners, as they are called, go for
the Wilmot proviso, and take ground against the
extension jof slavery.
We take no party view of such questions as this.
The rights of one State are as dear to us as those
of another; and we have an equal regard to the
North and the South. Old Hunker and Barn
burner, as such, we neither know nor care anything
about, but we shall be very sorry to see the public
sentiment of the great State of New York misre
presented, upon a subject of such importance.
The extension of slavery seems to us a mere
bugbear. Whatever territory is acquired by pur
chase or conquest, belongs to all the States, and to
all the people. There is no reason why new terri
tory should be peopled exclusively by the North.
If our farmers will go with their flocks and herds,
horses, cattle, men servants and maid servants, the
Southerner may go with his negroes. When any
territory becomes a State, it will be for the people
to choose their institutions.
As society is now constituted, there is slavery
every where. Disguise it by whatever names we
may, the broad fact remains, that servitude is the
lot of a portion of every raqe. In Russia it is the
serf, in western Europe the peasant, in England
and Ireland the laborer and the operative, and here
in the most favored country in the world, necessity
is as strong a chain and as severe a lash for the
poor white man, as is the bill of sale and the over
seer’s whip for the negro, nor, taking the world
together, is the latter by an .means the most enti
tled to our sympathy. There are millions who
would jump up and clap their hands for joy, could
they only be as well off as “ the poor slave.”
Every way we waste our sympathies, where
they are not required. We spend thousands of
dollars in sending the gospel to distant climes, and
violate all its principles at home. We are full of
sympathy for the Southern slave, but have no feel
ing for the poor sempstress who in our own city
has over her perpetually the lash of hunger.
Slavery exists of necessity. As fast as it can be
dispensed with, it will disappear. It is simply a
question of time.
The negro race has been intended by Provi
dence for no other purpose than to reclaim the tro
pical regions from a state of nature, and make
them a fit residence for higher races. When this
mission is accomplished, the negro race will either
die out, or be otherwise provided for.
In the mean time, we are foolishly quarreling
with the laws of nature and the order of Provi
dence, and are sending our sympathies where they
are not deserved, nor appreciated.
Bishop Onderdonk.—The discussions of the
last three days in the General Convention of the
Protestant Episcopal Church, have been mainly on
the various propositions for“ affording relief to the
Diocese of New York,” and great interest has
been manifested in, and no little warmth and ex
citement produced by the proceedingsin the lower
The Rev. Dr. Hawks, the most violent and vi
rulent of the’opponents of the suspended Bishap,
addressed the house in a long, ingenious and elo
quent speech, contending that the diocese of New
York was made vacant by the sentence of indefi
nite suspension, and that without any further ac
tion or formality, a new Bishop may be elected.
Various substitutes have been proposed for the
canons reported by the committee, and referred to
in our last issue
Both parties, it seems to us, have attempted to
accomplish their ends, by indirect means.
Instead of submitting the plain and direct propo
sition—“ shall Bishop Onderdonk be relieved from
the sentence of indefinite suspension pronounced
against him, and restored to the exercises of the
duties of his office
A Canon, which half a dozen Philadelphia law
yers, would find it difficult to explain, after a
week’s study, is reponei, under which the Bishop
may at some future time be clothed again with his
Episcopal functions.
The leaders on each side ought to know which
has the majority of rotes in the. Convention. If
the Bishop has, why not restore him by a direct
vote. If the other side are in the majority, and yet
dare not declare the diocese vacant, or pronounce
the sentence perpetual, why not stop any further
agitation of the subject, and tell the diocese that
the General Conven.ion cannot “ afford any re
lief” 1 ?
Both parties admit that there is no canon to
direct their action in the case, and no precedent
by which to be guided; and although a good deal,
which sounds to us 'ike cant, is said about the
constitution of the church, we don’t see that much
harm would follow a decisive measure, even
though at the first blush it might seem revolu
The diocese has solemnly declared that it wants
relief, and we hope they may get it, though we do
not see much of a prospect at this moment.
An Observatory in New York.—Mr. Leon
Lewenburg, the builder of the magnificent teles
code, which has been exhibited at the Fair, and
on the Battery for several days past, has submitted
a plan for the erection of an observatory in this
city, which “ may afford accommodations for lec
tures and instruction, not only in the science of
mathematics and astronomy but in many other as
yet unexplored fields of knowledge.”
The plan has received the sanction and warm
encouragement of many of the most scientific
men, in this city; and it strikes us as being the
best adapted to the wants of the city, and the best
calculated to make the study of astronomy popular
among all classes, of any which has been propos
ed. The terms are exceedingly moderate. Yeaily
subscribers to pay five dollars each. Life mem
bership twenty-five dollars; every life member to
have free access with his family, to the institution
and enjoyment of all its priviliges. Non-subscrib
ers twenty five cents.
Mr. Lewenburg proposes to purchase the Reser
voir in Thirteenth street, near the Railroad and
Union Square, which can for a few thousand dol
lars be converted into a .large Observatory suffi
cient to afford all the accommodations required.—
“ The circular walls are thick and very strong and
based upon the solid rock. The situation is the
finest in the city, very central, and upon the high
est ground.” Mr. Lewenburgh has already a tel
escope pronounced by competent judges equal to
any of European manufacture, and he is now en
gaged upon one for the observatory to be made of
American materials throughout—the glass 21
inches in diameter, 40 to 45 ft. focal distance. It
will be the largest instrument in the world.
We heartily approve of the design of Mr. Lew
enburg, and regret that we cannot to-day devote
more space to its advocacy. Of the importance
of such an institution in our city—an institution
easily accessible to all, there cannot be two opin
ions. Of the capabilities of Mr. Lewenburg suc
cessfully to direct it, we have the amplest evi
St. John’s Park.—lt is evident that we must
appeal to the country on the question of this out
ragous monopoly ; if, indeed, we are not compel
led to seek a just judgment from the common
sense of mankind.
The case is this: There is in the centre of
the Fifth ward of this cry, a beautiful
square, shaded with magnificent trees, with
a magnificent fountain in the centre—gravel
led walks, ornamental shrubberry, and beds of
flowers. It is a delightful place'; but is surround
ed by a high fence; and is accessible only to a
few aristocratic families on the square, who have
keys : yet, with all this exclusiveness, this proper
ty pays no taxes, ani there is no one even to flag
the side walk around it.
Now we ask the whole country' including Ore
gon up to 54:40, if this is right I This property
must belong to somebody, or to every body. If
to somebody, let him pay taxes on il—if to every
body, open the gates, and let us have the good of
it. It we cannot find out who the park belongs
to, pray let us know who owns the fountain I
Does any body pay for the water"? If they do ; let
them also pay taxes but if not, we demand what
right the Croton botrd has to furnish water for a
private fountain, when every citizen is obliged to
pay for every drop that is let into his dwelling *?
We will not disguise the contempt we have for
the aristocrats around this square. When the
city of New York illuminated in honor of our vic
tories in Mexico, there were but two houses on
this whole square, that showed any demonstration
of patriotic feeling. This simple fact shows what
sort of people all the rest must be; and we are de
termined that the worthy people of the Fifth ward
shall not be ridden over by such a contemptible set
of shabby upstarts any longer..
Com. DeKay’s Return.—The U. S. frigate
Macedonian, Capt. De Kay, arrived in this harbor
on Friday morning, having left Greenock on the
23d ult. At one time in beating out of the North
Channel, she came very near being lost, having
encountered the violent September gale, but was
fortunate enough to get under the lee of the Arram ;
Island where she rode out the storm. ]
A narrative of the voyage of the Macedonian, 1
is to be published. It is said the lives of nine ]
thousand persons were saved by the relief she i
afforded. 1
The concert of Wednesday evening, given by
Messrs Sanqnirico and Patti, managers of the As
tor Place Opera Company, was fashionably, but
not very fully attended; and the Express has given
the true reason. Sufficient pains were not taken
in the previous announcements.
The new orchestra, led by Rapetti, is the largest
and most effective, that has ever been permanently
organized in this country, and though time and
practice are absolutely necessary to an orchestra as
a whole, however excellent may be the individual
performers that compose it, we had on this occa
sion in the overtures and accompaniments, many
indications of that clearness and body, that vigor
and precision ef attacks, that sensitiveness of ex
pression, finish and exactitude, which are the
characteristics of a perfect orchestral performance.
The chorus, too, exceeded our expectations.
The material has been well selected, and they al
ready show the drilling of an efficient director.
As the principal artistes made their appearance,
the familiar faces were warmly greeted and the
new ones cordially welcomed. The new tenon is
a valuable acquisition, but we shall not do any of
the singers the injustice of forming an opinion of
their merits from hearing them in a concert.
An excellent house at the Park, on Thursday
evening, welcomed Madame Bishop’s new opera
troupe, with great enthusiasm. The opera was
Norma, in Italian,a popular and favorite opera.
As a whole, it has been given with more effect;
but never have we seen a more enchanting re
presentation of the pi incipal character. Madame
Bishop sang like a seraph; but her acting was
sublime. We never desire to see her in a concert
again. It ison the stage, with all the accessories
of art around her,, and in the passion of the scene
that her great genius appeals. It is something new
to find so admirable a singer, as great an actress;
but Madame Bishop is as perfect in one respect as
in the other.
MissKorsinski, our Polish debutante, as soon as
she had recovered from her stage fright, sang and
acted the part of Adelgisa in a very clever and art
istical manner, and was much applauded.
Mr. Reeve, it strikes us, is the best English
tenor on the stage. He was, apparently, a little
embarrassed in his execution, by the necessity of
singing in a foreign language; but he exhibited
enough of the qualities and capabilities of a good
singer, to excite general approbation.
The other artistes are well known to the public
—but it is only justice to give Mr. Bochsa great
credit for doing so much in.so brief a period, and
to Mr. Chubb, the excellent leaderof the orchestra
for his efficient assistance. We see nothing to
prevent a prosperous result; and we shall now see
whether English or Italian opera is most to the
public taste.
The first ballad concert of Mr. Dempster, a gen
tleman quite unrivalled in this department of voca
art, was given at the Tabernacle on Friday even
ing, and was well attended.
Christy's Minstrels, at Mechanics’ Hall, have
: had a week of nightly overflowing houses; and
. have been induced to add to them a Saturday after
noon performance. These matchless representa-
■ tions of negro character have drawn forth, not only
■ the most enthusiastic plaudits of most discrimi
: nating audiences, but the strongest eneoniunis of
i the public press. Excelled by none in their musi
' cal abilities, the dramatic talents of this company
surpass all others.
I The Ethiopian Serenaders, at Palmo’s, have all
• the success they can possibly d.’sire. Accom-
■ plished and chaste musicians, giving an entertain
ment ever popular and attractive, they cannot fail
of an almost unlimited success; to which the eclat
of their European successes may, m some degree,
. The opening of the Opera House,' n Astor
Place, is looked forward to with great interest,
and nothing is wanted but good management, to
secure triumphant success. That, believe us, is
of more importance than paying Had: mail to the
Herald! -
{JCp- The furniture, plate, books, paintings and
. wines belonging to the late Jonathan Hunt, were
sold at auction on Thursday last. It will be re
. membered that an unsuccessful attempt was made,
. two years ago, to prove that Mr. Hunt was insane.
His relatives were fearful that he did not know
enough to take care of an immense fortune, which
he had accumulated by his own industry and busi
ness tact. About a year ago, Mr. Hunt mysteri
ously disappeared from Charleston, S. C., and has
not since been heard of. He was a bachelor, liv-
■ ing in elegant style in Chamber street, where he
had surrounded himself with the finest works of
. art, and stocked his cellars with the choicest
wines. We have been looking through the cata
logue of his books, paintings, and wines, and dis-
■ cover on every page evidence, not only of the
. .strength of his mind, but of its cultivation and
i taste. An insane mams little likely to appreciate
a superb Magdalen of Carravagio, or lay open be
fore him the magnificent volumes of Audubon, or
tickle his palate with the delicate flavor of Hunt
BCz‘ Bennett has retn med from Europe with a
vast fund of useful information—so very vast that
he will never begin to write it out; and so very
useful, that he will certainly keep it all to himself,
for his own exclusive benefit. Bennett is an ex
traordinary man—he has said so a thousand times;
but he never thought-it necessary to show it in
any other ijianner.
But of Mrs. Bennett we have great hopes. She
is a desperately clever woman, and don’t care who
knows it. Her letters from the south of Europe
were delightful. She can certainly beat her hus
band—indeed she has beaten him, and we haveno
doubt that she will beat him again, and just as
, often as she attemptsit. We hope she will beat
him every day of Ins life. The Herald would be
far more racy in consequence.
But, clever woman as this Mrs. Bennett is, we
don’t see how she can arrange this black mail busi
ness with the New Opera house and Theatre.—
Mrs. Bennett can’t see the new ballet company at
the Broadway—she can’t have her private box at
Astor Place. Pauvre Madame Bennett!
iff- The Republic of San Marino, which Hal
lick compares to Connecticut, calling the latter the
“San Marino of the West,” has just experienced
a change. This little country, hemmed in on all
sides by the States of the Church, has always pre
served its independence. It contains about 7000
inhabitants, all engaged in agriculture. Its Go
vernment is composed of two Captain Regents,
charged with the Executive power, a Secretary of
State for Foreign Affairs, another for Home Mat
ters, and a Council of State. The latter body has
just been converted into a Chamber of Represen"
tatives, and it has declared that its deliberations
are to be public. We hope that this staunch little
Republic will continue in its march of progress,
and “ enlarge the area of freedom.”
A Palace in Ruins.—We regret to learn that
the magnificent mansion of Col. Webb, of the New
York Courier and Enquirer, in the process of erec
tion on his farm, near the ancient fishing grounds,
called the Havenje, in the town of Mount Pleasant,
has been delayed by a serious accident. The
walls were fifty-two feet square, and just as the
workmen were putting on the roof, the southern
wall fell in with a terrible crash, burying four of
the woikmen, who were severely injured. The
architect ought to pay heavy damages to the in
jured workmen, if he is not indicted, as we think
he might be.
I. O. of 0. F.—We do not express the senti
ment of merely a single individual, in saying that
the prosperity, the respectability, the great useful
ness, perhaps the very existence of the Indepen
dent Order of Odd Fellows, depends upon the ac
tion ofthe Grand Lodge at its November Session!
The most important questions ever presented to
the Order, are then to be disposed of—the most
trying difficulties to be settled—the most injurious
calumnies to be disproved, or the most deplorable
consequences to be avoided.
We make this notice that the attention of mem
bers may be called to the serious importance of the
present crisis in Odd Fellowship.
(tJ-> There is room for another philanthropic so
ciety We propose to have one formed for the
purpose of preventing duelling among bees, and
doing away with the annual massacres of the
drones; which, besides being a cruel atrocity in
these insects, is a bad example for their fellow
workers of the human species, who let the drones
live, give them the finest cells, and feed them on
the sweetest honey; while those who made it
often suffer, and sometimes starve.
The Journal of Commerce pronounced the
Washington Monument ceremonial a humbug.—
So far as the committee and the construction of
the work are concerned, that remains to be seen—
bnt there is no humbug in the patriotism which
can call out an hundred thousand people, and sus
pend the business of 41 whole city. The feeling of
reverence for the memory of Washington, and
devotion to the country he helped to make free, is
no humbug.
A Scene in Ireland.—During the sitting of the
Tralee guardians, about one hundred persons,
headed by a black flag, marched up to the gate of
the workhouse. Their avowed object was food.
Having, in despite of the master, got in, they en
tered the kiteken and seized on the food (hominy)
cooking for the paupers’ dinner, which they made
away with.
A Sign.—The Democrats of the city of Ro
chester elected, by a large majority, a delegate to
the State Convention, who is opposed to the Wil
mot proviso, though the proviso candidate is one 1
of the most popular men in the State. The “sober 1
second thought ” of the Empire State will thrust
no fiie-brand into the fabric of the Constitution. ,
The Regiment of U. S. Mounted Rifles, 1
armed with Colt’s Revolvers, can, at the com- 1
mencement of an engagement, fire a volley of
6000 balls into an enemy’s ranks, and afterwards ;
load and fire at the rate of6ooo charges per minute! ?
No force in the world five times as large, can 1
withstand such a terrible fire- >
Santa Anna, since his last defeat, has found
out that he is a great friend of Irishmen, and he
gives them a very polite invitation to come and
help him out of his troubles. As the Mexican ne
ver thought of his friends till he got into this
scrape, it is to be feared that he will forget them
as soon as ever, if ever, he gets out of it.
The poor Irishmen have too many just such
friends as this Santa Anna—some who want them
to fight for them—some to vote for them; but ra
ther more of the latter. Sudden and violent friend
ships are always suspicious, especially when they
are professed under suspicious circumstances; as
by a General, just defeated, or a politician who
fears he may be.
CO Some one has written a book of two or
three hundred pages to prove the truth of the doc
trine of the real, literal resurrection of the body,
and to confute Professor Bush, who has written
against it. Would it not be well for these philoso
phers to drop their discussions on the Greek Tes
tament, and pay some little attention to such
sciences as geology, anatomy, physiology, and
chemistry 1 In that case they might tell us how
many thousands of successive souls the same mat
ter could furnish bodies for; and how much each
would have if it was fairly divided among them.
CO There is one fact developed in recent statis
tical researches, which speaks volumes. “Gen
tlemen” live, on an average, sixty-six years—
printers live thirty-two; one year less than half as
long. With such a fact as this staring us in the
face, we talk of equality. Printers end their lives
at thirty-two,.that gentlemen may have books and
papers to amuse themselves with till they are six
ty-six. The gentleman has a long life of ease and
luxury—the printer a short one of toil, and general
ly of poverty; and yet one printer is of more use
to the world than all its gentlemen.
The Washington monument proposed by the
Committee, is a Gothic steeple four hundred feet
high. This plan has just one redeeming feature—
the certainty that it will not be completed in our
life-time. Give us Chinese, Hindoo, Turkish,
Egyptian, Aztec—any thing rather than the Goth-
■ ic. Let us leave that to the churches. The most
appropriate style would be one corresponding with
the Croton reservoirs.
(Xy : -Frederic Soulie, the author ofthe “Me
i moires du Diable,” and one of the most popular
: novel writers of the new school, died on the 23d
I ult. in his forty-eighth year, after a long illness.
L A funeral service was performed for him at the
i church of St. Elizabeth, which was crowded with
■ the friends of the deceased and all the literary
! characters of the day. The pall was held by MM.
Victo Hugo, Baron Taylor, Saintine, and Baloz.
• After the ceremony the remains were removed for
interment to (he Pere Lachaise,where Victor Hugo
. pronounced a funeral oration over the tomb.
, Newfoundland is still an appropriate name
I for the Island, which nature placed hard by the
Grand Banks, that men might have a place to dry
their codfish. The island is constantly rising out
r of the sea. Rocks over which large vessels could
sail fifty years ago, are now out of water. In fact,
j our whole coast is rising, or the ocean receding;
for there are plenty of men living who have seen
r sloops and schooners sailing back of Hoboken.
Bennett has returned from Europe, after a
1 long absence. We are curious to see what course
- he will take towards tire rebels to his system of
■ black mail. Three theatres now refuse to pay tri
-1 bute —the Olympic, the Broadway, and the Astor
t Place Opera House. If Bennett follows up his tac-
> tics, here are three important places of public
amusement, that the readers of the Herald will
r never see noticed m its columns. Every day the
, absence of these notices will say “ black mail!
) black maill I can’t get my black mail /”
’ flo The medical students are getting in their
subjects, and preparing to carry on their dissections
step by step, with the lectures on anatomy and sur
gery. If the present keep ofthe Dead-house were
3 like the last, he might drive a. profitable business—
but Dr. Reese has, doubtless, made the necessary
» arrangements.
z CO A friend suggests that the Committee of the
i Washington Monument Association should have
- made the authorship of the ode a matter ofcompe-
- tition as they did the plan of the monument. If
3 we are to judge by the result, in the latter case, we
. are not clear that we should have been any better
» oft’. Besides, a monument stands where we place
f it, unless it blown up, with all its imperfections
t —but an ode lives or dies according to its merits.
sOThe Evening Post is attacking the Union.
We trust that the Post has no designs tending to
; wards the dissolution of a much more important
* union, than .he newspaper printed at Washington.
; The Post is very welcome to abuse Father Ritchie’s
Union, as much as it likes ; but our Union, the
1 American Republic, must not be disturbed.
(XJ- Those who object to the Washington Mon
ument being so lar out of the city may take com
-1 fort. The city will go up faster than Mr. Pollard’s
steeple, and those who see the cap-stone laid will
think Hamilton square a very central location.
()O Criticism should be as intelligent aspossi
; ble. Those who find fault with Gen. Morris
i ode should know that it was constructed with es
pecial reference to tfie plan of the Monument.—
; The plan is gothic—so is the ode—had the plan
> been classic, we have not the least doubt that Gen.
» Morris’ ode would have been equally so. Such a
- thing should be good—but, above all it should be
> appropriate.
’ dO The Courier and Enquirer published ever
so many columns of a very fine argument to prove
that an industrial association could not succeed—
; but all the time the newspaper was proving this, a
\ thousand Germans near Buffalo, were at work es
tablishing such an association, which goes on just
t as prosperously as if there had never been a Cour
t ier and Enquirer in the world.
CO Louis Philippe has sent out a professor to
give lessons to Queen Pomare in the French lan
guage, as also in arithmetic, geography, and his
. tory. According to Melville’s account of her
Tahitian Majesty, the Professor will find that he
has got rather a hard pupil.
) CO The editor of the Gazette de France, has
■ been sentenced to three months imprisonment,and
, a fine of 2000 francs, for publishing articles, calcu
' lated to incite the poor against the rich I Yet the
. French Government is making demonstrations of
i liberality, by permitting members of the Bona
' parte family to reside for short periods at Paris.
! CO Our relations with Brazil are in no very
pleasant position. Mr. Tod is not authorized to
make any concessions, and all the acts of Mr
Wise, late minister, are approved by our govern
ment. The whole matter, it is said, will be set
tled at Washington, which may have been the
reason for Mr. Wise’s wish to return.
The Tribune has issued its instructions already,
to the majority of the House of Representatives.
They must not vote supplies of men or money for
the war. The Tribune says:
“ Should it do-this great wrong, we shall bitterly
feel that the election of a Whig House has on this
point been a vain and empty triumph. But we hope
this cannot be.”
$O Two new regiments have just been called'
out—one from Tennessee, the other from Michi
gan ; these being the States where patriotic men
were most anxiously awaiting requisitions.
CO “ Can there be a church without a steeple T,
used to be a popular query. If the monument is
built on Mr. Pollard’s plan, we shall have a steeple
without a church.
CO The Tribune suggest that Mr Pollard’s plan
is not absolutely fixed upon, but will give place to
a better, if a better is presented. We trust that,
there may be found art, genius and patriotism in a
sufficiently strong combination, to give us a monu
ment worthy of New York.
CO The concert of Wednesday evening, was
repeatedly disturbed by a single hiss, which must
have proceeded from a very sorry, because solitary
goose. Geese are gregarious. Birds of this fea
ther usually flock together. Since a lonely goose
is so rare a thing, it may be that the hissing, in
this instance, came from a serpent.
We do not credit the suggestion that the hiss
came from the Herald office; that would be a new
way of levying black mail.
CO Last winter Madame Restell sported a
sleighing turn-out, the harness and bells of which
cost fourteen hundred dollars. She got along very
soomthly then, but of late she finds it rather hard
oO=-In Philadelphia, under the new gambling
law, which was procured by Green, backed by a
few fanatics, a man has just been sent to States’
Prison for three years, for keeping a billiard room!
How can we expect men to respect the laws,
when they run into such absurdities I
CO The ship Islam, seized at Galway, for smug
gling, because some Jack tar went ashore with
a plug of tobacco in his pocket, has been released
by a government order.
CO Mr. Colt is furnishing another regiment of :
U. S. troops, with his revolvers. This is the sort
of trist to send to Mexico.
CO In Connecticut, a farmer has been digging ]
potatoes to some advantage—averaging a bushel <
to fourteen hills, and all sound. <
— i i
tO In the Monument procession, there were six I
omnibusses filled with the reverend clergy, with *
and without gowns; while the entire editorial fra
ternity, just filled one cab.
CO One of the most striking objects in the Great
Monument solemnity, was the beautiful black
moustache of Mr. George Loder, who led the cho- r
rus of fifty thousand, in singing Gen. Morns ini- i
mitable ode. t
Ipalire Recorder.
Trial of Mrs. Lynde.—This extraordinary af
fair, which seems to have been an engrossing town
topic for the last week, was brought to a close on
Friday night. The. jury after a mere nominal ab
sence, returning a verdict of “ not guilty ;” thus
clearing the defendant from the foul imputations
which certain parties have striven to throw upon
her character.
The justice of the verdict cannot be questioned,
since the evidence entirely failed to substantiate
the charge of adultery, alleged in the complaint.
Mrs. L. has been, undoubtedly, an imprudent wo
man—herf intercourse with Sheffer indicates this,
—but if all the little freedoms allowable in genteel
society, were, in many instances, made a matter
of judicial investigation ; people generally would
form opinions rather unfavorable to the average of
New York morals.
The husband in this case, is to be really pi
tied, as is also Mrs. Lynde—who has been shown
upon the trial to be a woman of nervous tempera
ment —and very much averse to a continuance of
the marriage relation
Viewed in a social aspect, they are now as far
separated as though the criminal act had been
proved, and the divorce granted. A result like
this is to be deprecated,and Davy Crockett’s advice
may be well applied to all uneasy husbands, in fu
ture—“ Be sure you’re right— then go ahead.”
Scientific Bruising.—On Monday last, two o
the “ fancy”—Allen McFee and Awful Gardner
accompanied by a large number of the admirers
of the sport, proceeded to a point on the Palisades,
opposite Spuytendevil creek, and fought thirty-two
rounds in the most dashing manner. Gardner
proved to be the best smasher, ajjd McFee, after
being severelj' “punished,” gave in.
Me Fee was at one lime the bully of Scotland,
and at the commencement of the delicious sport
bets ran greatly in his favor, hut Gardner, who
weighs two pounds more than McFee, in a few
rounds set the current the other way. His besthits,
the Herald recorder of this delightful event says,
. were those he made just under McFee’s left ear.—
Such terrible blows, and planted in a place where
. they were so likely to produce confusion in the
head, are described with an elaborateness perfect
ly charming. Thus of the eighteenth round:
“No sooner at the scratch than the right hand
of Gardner brought up under the left ear of the
■ Scot, and the latter fell as though he had been
• shot.”
i And on the eleventh round we are told that Mc-
Fee was brought to the earth, both the combatants
. being covered with blood. On the twenty-eighth
, round “ Gardner planted a heavy blow in the
. neck of McFee,” and some of the spectators, see
ing the exhausted condition of the latter, cried out
“Take himaway;” but the-twenty ninth was call
. ed and Gardner gave Me Fee another terrible blow
, in the neck, and repeated them on the thirtieth
and thirty-first rounds. When the thirty-second
round was called, Sullivan jumped into the ring
’ and declared that Mac should fight no longer.—
■ Merciful Mr. Sullivan! Then the “ combatants
’ shook hands in the most friendly manner,” and
t the crowd dispersed in fine spirits, all agreeing
1 that it was a most beautifuljfight!
’ Madame Rbstell’s Trial.—The jury which is
’ to decide on the guilt or innocence of this woman,
was completed after three days’ hard work,on Fri
day night, and the Court adjourned until to-mor
x row, when the ease will be opened. David Gra
? ham, and James T. Brady, Esqs., are associated
f for the defence, and the District Attorney is as-
- sisted by Ogden Hoffman, Esq.
r A pamphlet, purporting to give a sketch of the
- life of Restell, was presented in Court on Wednes
u day, and the Recorder formally forbade the jury
1 to lead it, until the trial was over. This "was done
3 at the request of the defendant’s counsel.
€oial News.
1 Complaint Dismissed— L. Harley and W. Tis
-9 dale, arrested, a fortnight since, on charge of John
- M. Dearborn, of Boston, for false pretences, were
a discharged by Justice Drinker, the evidence being :
, Intemperance in the 11th Ward.— Two women,
too drunk to give their names, were brought to the
lltli District station house at half past 6 o’clock on
Friday night. They either go it with a perfect
? looseness up there in the eleventh, or the rum is
j very bad.
Young Counterfeiters.—On. Friday last, Asst,
f Capt. Baker of the sth Ward arrested three boys
a by the name of James Lewis, Henry Hunter and
Lewis Saillant, on a charge of attempting to pass
r two counterfeit bills, at the shoe shop 106 West
?, Broadway, in payment for two pair of boots. On
3 searching Lewis some S6O in counterfeit money
on various banks in this state was found in his
possession, together with various worthless bills
on Eastern banks. The trio were taken before
Justice Drinker, who committed Lewis, and dis-
- charged Hunter and Sailaht. The money was
t. probably stolen from the till of some merchant,
who had taken it in the course of business.
3 The ivrong Part.—yL-dxy McQuinn, observing a
4 decanter of Port wine upon the counter of Mis
tress Margaret Flood, and feeling the necessity of
some support, concluded to appropriate the con
tents to her own use and benefit. Finding it not
• only portable but potable, she accordingly made
. herself scarce, decanter and all. Officer Myers,
. ofthe Eighth Ward, soon took her in custody,
however, and she was locked up for importing the
1 above wine without the proper entry on her mani
fest. Stealing port of porter, serves to make a pa
ragraph for a reporter.
Found.— The owners of tw’o gold breast pins—
-5 one of them, apparently, a keepsake, it being set
- with several kinds of hair—may recover the same
. by applying to officers Stanton and Zabriskie, of the
Ninth Ward.
Large Lodgings.— Moll Smith and Molly Wil
son, were taken last night from the streets*of the
L Sixteenth Ward, they having become tired with
■ carrying such loads of rascally gin, and lain down
to snoose. They were accommodated at the sta
r Arrest on Suspicion.— Two men, by the names
J of John Williams and James H. Hays, were ar
_ rested yesterday afternoon by officer Crozett, one
of the attaches of the Lower Police Court, on sus
-1 picion of having stolen a black dress coat and a
- vest pattern. The coat is worth some $lB A
t large number of pawn tickets were found in their
John Smith, caught at last! — Officer Wilson, ot
the Ist ward, about ten o’clock on Friday night, ar
) rested that well known character, John Smith, on
a charge of stealing a box of prunes from Mr. J.
Nelson. John was taken to the Tombs and locked
• up.
Fires.— About half past nine o’clock on Friday
j night, a fire occurred in the sth story of the Sun
Buildings, occupied as a bindery. It was soon ex
tinguished with small injury to the premises.
5 Another.— At about 11 o’clock, same evening,
I Birds, Hat establishment, corner of Nassau and
. Pine streets, took lire. The blaze was first disco
vered by officer Comrey of the Ist Ward, who
■ gave the alarm, and the Southwark Co. No. 38
: being promptly upon the spot, the conflagration was
. speedily subdued. Damage about five hundred
More Counterfeiting—A female, by the name of
■ Mary Ann Hunt, attempted on Friday to pass a S2O
counterfeit bill upon a Mr.. Stamford of the 17th
ward—he refused to take it, and also to appear
against her.
On Friday evening, officer Alphonse of the 17th
ward, arrested one Patrick Brondy, lor passing a
counterfeit bill upon Mr. Slow of 192 2d street—
s 36 of similar trash was found u'pon his person.
People who have been recently imposed upi?n by
bad money, will find Brondy at the Essex market
Seizure of Last evening, about
dark, information was received at the office of the
Chief of Police, that a quantity of gunpowder had
been stopped in transition by the Freight agent of
the Harlem railroad, and that it was then stored at
the depot in Centre street. The Secretary of the
Fire Department, Mr. C. Titus, was immediately
made acquainted with the fact, and, accompanied
by officer Hepburn, a seizure was made ofthe dan
> gerous commodity, and it was taken to the Arse
nal for safe keeping.
It is understood that it was brought by a carman
who is, at present unknown, covered with can
vass,and directed to some town in Putnam county.
Fair of the American Institute.— We learn some
SISOO were received yesterday at Castle Garden
on the occasion of the’ benefit tendered to the little
girl who lost her fingers in one of the “ straw cut
ters” last week. This is the best destination of
the moneys collected at the Fair of which we
have cognizance, the balance of about SBOOO, nett
profits, which will be realized this fall, taking of
course a far more objectionble direction.
This extrordinary generosity, on the part of the
managersis entirely unexplainable on the grounds
of past experience.
Unanimity.—There is a delightful harmony, or
rather unison of sentiment in the press in re
gard to the Washington Monument. We all
Firstly; That it would be a fine thing for us to
have a monument to Washington, and that it is a
shame we did not have one long ago—and;
Secondly, That the plan adopted for the one
commenced is a very bad one, and that, rather
than have such a monument, we had better be with
out any a great while longer.
Caution to Homceopathists.—Those who take
medicines in infinitesimal doses,are obliged to use
extreme care, to prevent their effects on the sys
tem being entirely perverted. They must abstain
from other medicines, and from perfumes. They
must hold their breath in passing’an Allopathic ;
druggist, and give a wide berth to ladies who are !
highly perfumed in Broadway. Of course they
cannot go to concerts or the opera,without risking
the most various, conflicting and frightful medica- (
tions, and there may be no jest to t
“ Die of a rose in aromatic pain.” j
Proclamations.— It is customary for our gover- 1
lors, in their thanksgiving proclamations, to tell
people how and for what they ought to be thank- <
ful. They are enjoined to abstain from labor, to {
go to church and to return thanks for certain bles
sings. Gov. Dana, of Maine, goes a little farther,
and tells the people whst besides, labor, they are 1
to avoid. He says: s
Let not the voice of murmuring disturb the
sono-s of praise. Let party bitterness and sectarian
zeaf be silent. Let not the day be desecrated or t'
the house of God profaned by political harangues, v
assaults upon the institutions of our sister States, &
or denunciation of the terms ol Union. But let/
us all join in a general festival that another year! a
has passed, and we are still a united, prosperous,
and happy people.
The Tribune calls this “ official impudence”— “
we call it good sound patriotism; but the Tribune e ‘
probably thinks it impudent to be patriotic. 11
80 Whatever may be thought of General Mor
ris’ last effort in other respects, all must admit that
it is a dashing ode, if they only .look at its punc
<£lf Wrama.
The illustrious Don Quixote, whose chivalric
life and adventures are recorded by the veracious
historian Cervantes; and the dohghty squire, San
cho Panza, have not been dead these many years,
as was supposed, but are still “alive and kicking,”
and have recently, under other names, re-enacted
in this city the “ windmill scene,” to the astonish
ment and delight of a crowd of witnesses. The
Rev. Mr. Thompson, the pious pastor of the Ta
bernacle, has been the Quixote of the fight; the
equally pious pastor of the Baptist Church, on the
corner of Varick and Laight streets, has been the.
Panza, and the windmill, the object of their fero
cious and determined assault, the Drama. Against
this have they shivered their lances, wasted their
anathema and lost their wind. The Quixote of
the Tabernacle and the Panza of Varick street
have spent their full fury npon an institution older
than Christianity; an institution which has pre
served to us the best of the poetry of Greece, and
without which, the darkness, shrouding an era in
the world’s history,whose boasted light was Chris
tianity itself, might have continued to our own
The stage is and has been the rebuker of the
cant and fanaticism of the pulpit; it has been the
faithful champion of the freedom of the mind
against the attempted despotism of an affected
sanctity, robed in black and assuming to be the
spiritual director and controller of mankind. It
has stripped the Mawworms of their stolen livery
and exposed them to merited derision and con
tempt. In doing this, it has respected true piety,
acknowledged its beneficent influence, and in eack
and every allusion to the Deity, manifested a re
verence which the pulpit would do well to imitate.
That all actors are good men we do not contend;
but that their profession necessarily makes them
bad, we deny. We do not remember, within the
past twenty years, of the commission by actors of
offences against morality, which have been proved
in frequent cases within the last three years against
We do not know, for instance, of an actor who
ever quoted Solomon and David against St. Paul,
to overcome the scruples of a virtuous woman, as
the Rev. Joy H. Fairchild, of Boston, is charged
to have done.
We do not know of an actor who ever slandered
an absent and an unfortunate man, and when called
upon to furnish proof to sustain his accusations,
put his hand on his mouth and was dumb, as is
the Rev. Samuel H. Cox, of Brooklyn, at this mo
ment—with slanderer written on his forehead.
We do not remember of a half a dozen of actors
being hauled up to answer for gross outrages on
decency, as a half a dozen ministers were at the
last Methodist Conference.
But enough of this; every profession has Ith
ornaments and every profession its stains. That
of the stage produces fewer hypocrites and no
more knaves than does that of the church; and it
it as much an insult to common sense and com
mon justice to hold the players, as a body, ac
countable for the vices of a few of their number,
as it would be to hold the entire clergy accounta
ble for the attrocious outrages which clergymen
have been convicted of.
We do not propose to meddle further with the
interesting fight going on between the drama and
the Quixote and Panza of the pulpit to whom we
have alluded. If the stage cannot dtive back such
assailants as these, without an effort, it ought to
die, and all its properties, real and personal, be
divided equally between the victors.
Madam Augusta, than whom we know of no
more graceful danscuse, performed at the Park
theatre on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday
nights. The audiences were neither flatteringly
large, nor discouragingly small. Augusta has,
however, drawn better houses in New York, and
will again, or we are much mistaken. Madame
Bishop commenced an engagement on Thursday
night. Her triumph was complete; but for a more
elaborate notice of her performances, the reader is
referred to the department especially devoted to
Madame Bishop as “Norma,” on Monday pip
At the Broadway theatre the new ballet company
appeared for the first time, on Thursday night.
The house was crowded from parquette to gallery,
and the performance very warmly applauded
throughout. The only fault we have to find is
with the introduction of dances, purely Spanish
and Italian, in an Oriental ballet. The story is
finely told, the pantomime of Madame and Mons-
Monplaisir being wonderfully intelligible. The
execution of these two artists in the dream, drew
down tremendous applause, especially the grand
pas de deux. As a whole, it is without question
the best ballet company which has ever visited this
company; and this particular ballet, though not as
good as might have been chosen for the opening,
gives ample scope for the display of the talents of
the company. The tableaux are original and ef
fective, and the piece has been put on the stage
with new and gorgeous scenery. Books of the
ballet, prepared by Mr. L. Martini, and beautifully
printed, may be procured in the lobby of the thea
tre, and will aid the visiter in the proper under
standing of the story.
“ L’Almee” again on Monday evening,
Mr. Manager Mann has adopted the very propet
rule of requiring the gentlemen visitors to uncover
as soon as they take their seats in the dress circle
of the Broadway theatre. There is consequently
a sudden disappearance of Robertson’s beautiful
castors, which might be exceedingly vexatious to
a hatter less known and less appreciated than is
our friend, the celebrated hat manufacturer of No.
87 Fulton street.
At the Bowery, the “ Siege of Monterey” con
tinues to attract audiences, undiminished in num
bers and enthusiasm. It is needless to urge the
public to witness the representation of this patrio
tic drama. They go without any solicitation, and
will continue to go for a month, if the piece is n®t
withdrawn to make room for the second of tlie
national series.
The “ Sea King’s Vow,” “ A Wife’s First Les
son,” and “CrossingtheLme,” will attract a large
audience to-morrow evening.
The Chatham presents an inviting bill on every
night of the week, and on every night is thronged.
The manager is as active as on the first day he
assumed control in the production of novelties,
and the establishment is more popular than ever.
On Monday evening the dramas of the “Dumb
Girl of Genoa” and the “Mill of Ryland,” with
the ballet of the “ Spirit of the Fountain,” will
constitute the attractions at this house.
The Olympic, like its manager, is in excellent
health. Holland’s laugh is as loud, his burlesque
as rich as ever, and the quiet humor of the “Go
vernor” is not lost on a single auditor. The peci>
liar attraction which first made the Olympic, seems
to be unfailing.
A new extravaganza called the “ Chinese Junk”
is in preparation.
American Museum.—His Lilliputian Highness,
Field Marshall Tom Thumb, has been holding his
levees at the American Museum throughout the
week, and so immense have been the crowds
which have in vain attempted to see him, that his
Highness, has felt constrained to defer his depar
ture for a few days. He has graciously permitted
us to make this announcement for the information
of the thousands who are anxious to pay their
respects to him.
80 The New York correspondent of the Chrc
notype, has been to see Dr. Redfield, the Physiog
nomist, of No. 11 Park Place, and tkinks him a
marvellous clever man. He says: “ Dr. R.’s exa
minations of character are most striking, and ip
many respects surpass any other I have ever wit
nessed ; there is a curious coincidence between
the principles of his Physiognomy, and those
taught in the scientific writings of Swedenborg.*’
We will answer for it that any person who submits
his countenance to the examination ot Dr. Red
field, will come away a thorough believer in the
correctness of his*theory. It is hardly possible
for him to err in his estimate ot character, and in
dividual peculiarities.
OO The White House, No. 7 Mercer street, op
posite Howard, under the capable management of
Mrs. J. T. Postley; has acquired a very large
share of public favor. It is beautifully fitted up for
visitorsand boarders; its larder is bountifully sup
plied, and old connoiseurs vouch for the excellent
quality ofthe liqueuis at the bar.
BcJ- The American Institute have awarded a
medal to Mr. Locke for his patent shower baths.
It was enough thatthe public and ourselves had
certified to the excellence of .these baths before ;
the endorsement of the Institute does not add to
the weight of the testimony in their favor.
Br>‘- The attention of our readers is directed to
the card of Mr. Robertson, which will be found in
another column. Mr. R. is an accomplished profes
sor of the polite art of dancing, and has taught
with great success in our city.
OQ- Mr. Conway, the eminent Professor of dan
cing,it will be seen by a card in ourpaper, is about
to open classes, and to give assemblies, at the
beautiful and central saloons of the Alhamra, Ni
blo’s, in Broadway.
Dr. Collyer’s beautiful exhibition of Living
Statuary at the Apollo, challenges the admiration
of every visitor. The hall is nightly crowded.
A splendid lunch will be served up to-day at
Perkins’ Hotel, corner of Christie and Division
streets. See adv.
Jrj- Last Tuesday was one of the finest days of
he whole season. Nature, finding that the uni
verse was not destroyed on Monday—as predicted
leemed to take a new start, with fresh courage
nd renewed energy.
Napoleon and ms Marshals.—There are now
>ut two survivors of the twenty-six marshals of the
mpire created by Napoleon—Soult, Duke of Dal
tatia, and Maimont, Duke of Ragusa.
firj- There are 235 public libraries in the United
Itates, which contain, in all, 2.350,260 volumes.
gtj- At Chicago, on the Ist inst., property tfe
monnt of $30,M0 was destroyed by fire.

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