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Sunday dispatch. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1845-1854, April 30, 1848, Image 2

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Snniiag dispute!).
Sunday Morning, April 30,
KT* No Agent, Collector or solicitor of Advertise
ments, is employed by this establishment. All adver
tisements must be brought to the office, 41 Ann st.
Subscribers who change their residences on
tnelst of May, have a whole week to give us notice.
Illis is a good time for all to put their names down,
so as to have the paper served by regular carriers.
FOURTEENTH WARD.
To Our Suhscrihers —Mr. Conklin, the old and
faithful carrier of this Ward, died on Thursday last.
1 ei sons wishing the Dispatch left at their residences,
can be served regularly by leaving their names at
out office, or with H W. Gilliland, No. 155 Elizabeth
street.
To Readers and Correspondents.—Our se
rials, which have suffered some interruptions,
will, after this week, be kept up with more regu
larity. It will be seen that each article of the
Religions, Men and Events, Captain’s Sketches,
Woman, Reformers, etc., has an interest in no
way depending upon the preceding articles.
THE BALTIMORE CONVENTION.
This week is big with fate. The destinies of
the nation, so far as they can be influenced by
the choice of the Democratic Candidate for Pre
sident, are to be decided at the Baltimore Con
vention.
We are all at sea in a thick fog. Men were
never more at a loss for probabilities. Four
years ago, we expected the nomination ofMar
tinVan Buren—fate gave us James K. Polk.
At present no one can say that this or that man
is sure of a nomination. There are many who
believe that, notwithstanding his pledges in fa
vor of a single term, Mr. Polk will be the candi
date. Others think the convention will nomi
nate General Taylor.
If the Van Buren influence be thrown for Mr.
Polk, he may be nominated, and if the country
cannot be saved in any other way, he will as a
disinterested patriot accept the nomination. He
has the illustrious example of Mr. Clay, who
though he long since retired forever from public
life, cannot refuse the loud and earnest call of
his party, to again take their lead in a political
contest. Polk against Clay will be a full and
fair issue, and the people of the country can de
cide fairly upon the principles and measures of
the two great parties as thus representedf
But if the Baltimore Convention, unable to
agree upon any candidate should take up Gen.
Taylor, who is in the field and has accepted in
advance any nomination which may be tendered
him, there would be no such trial of strength.
The Whig Convention in June, would probably
adopt the nomination of General Taylor, and
there would be a drawn battle as to the Presi
dency, making the contest on the Vice Presi
dency and Members of Congress.
We are quite prepared for either of these re
sults, or for neither. We can be astonished at
nothing that occurs at this Convention. Mr.
Van Buren may himself be the candidate, or we
may have Mr. Walker, or Woodbury, or Bu
chanan, or Dallas. There is no telling, and no
use in tryihg to guess.
The Whigs have Clay, and Scott, and Cor
win, with General Taylor ready to take the no
mination of them on the same terms as from the
Democrats. The most Scott can expect is to be
nominated for Vice President—Corwin has made
too many speeches—and Mr. Clay it would
seem, if there is to be any Whig candidate,
must be the man.
NEXT FOURTH OF JULY.
It will be well to prepare for the celebration of
the Fourth of July, 1848, in good season; for of
all the anniversaries of our Independence, it bids
fair to be the most glorious. The seed sown in
1776, has sprung up, and is bringing forth its
fruits upon the fertile soil of Europe, so long
overgrown with despotisms. We shall have
other revolutions to celebrate, beside our own—
other glories to commemorate.
All that has occurred, all that is at this mo
ment occurring, has been long foreseen, but we
knew not the day nor the hour, in which the re
generation of Europe was to be accomplished.
We see it begun. There may be confusion,
and bloodshed; a hurricane of war may follow
these earthquake revolutions, which shake
down thrones and powers; but rivers of blood
will not stay the onward march of popular free
dom. The revolution cannot go back. Rights,
once granted or seized upon, cannot be taken
away. European despotisms and aristocracies
may combine again, against popular sovreignty,
but, as with the dynasty of Orleans, “ it is too
late !”
Many have looked for the overthrow of the
British Government. There is no people in
Europe more oppressed than the English,
Scotch and Irish descendants of our common
ancestry, and it would be strange if they should
rest contented in their chains, while the French,
Italians, Germans, Austrians, and Poles were
free or bravely struggling for freedom. There
must be better blood in England, than that
which flows lazily in the veins of slaves.—
There must be spirits in Ireland that will not be
trampled on forever, when nation calls unto na
tion to rise up and be free.
It is our respect for our own blood and line
age, that makes us believe that the hour has
come for the downfall of that atrocious despo
tism of constitution and law, the Government
of Great Britain. It grew up in the dark ages,
and though the best combined and strongest
despotism in the world, it is not strong enough
to resist the spirit of the age, as it now begins to
develope itself. The monarchy must fall—the
house of lords must be abolished—the national
debt must be extinguished—the laws of entail
and primogeniture must be repealed—there
must be universal suffrage, a divorce of church
and state, a government of the people for the
people, and an end at once to the proudest aris
tocracy and the most oppressed peasantry on
the face of God’s earth. There must be no
prince, no peer, no peasant—nothing but the
pepole.
These things will come, and should it prove
that this is the time of their coming, what glo
rious associations would cluster around our Na
tional Anniversary ! New York would be filled
with a sublime enthusiasm. Englishmen would
celebrate the Freedom of England—lrishmen,
the salvation of Ireland. The people of all Eu
ropean nations would loin in one grand festival
to liberty, and all woulil unite in honoring the
birth-day of our own Republic.
WORK FOR ALL.
If a man wants food, and cannot obtain it,
our city authoriiies are obliged, by law, to give
him bread. If he have not shelter nor clothing,
they are obliged to provide for him those neces
saries of life. This is the law—and we are tax
ed to pay the necessary expenditure; yet we
hear people crying out that the new government
of France is going too far, in attempting to se
cure to the people labor and its rewards.
What do we do! Men ask for work, not
charity. There is scarcely a man in the world,
who would not rather earn a meal, than have it
given to him for nothing. We feed, we clothe,
we shelter, but the great boon of all, which it
belongs to society to give—the boon of labor, we
deny. France proposes to give to all her chil
dren the means of life and labor, since in any
proper organization of society there must be
work for all, and work’s reward.
We have not yet described the' extent of our
injustice. By our laws every man who has not
some visible means of support, is declared a va
grant, and as such is liable to be arrested, and
sent to prison. Still, government takes no
means to provide work for those who are de
clared criminal without it.
The least that the authorities of our towns and
cities can do, is to open an office, where those
wanting labor done, and those seeking employ
ment, can be provided for. There is no, reason
why there should not be a public intelligence
office, as well as public dispensaries, hospitals,
alms houses and prisons, and all of these would
be less expense to us, it the first were provided.
The city might supply the demand for labor,
not only here, but at any distance. It would be
true economy to set all idle men at work, lessen
ing taxation and adding to the general wealth—
and it would also be true humanity.
OCf-Good people keep yoiir tempers. The streets
are full of smoke and ashes, houses are full of
clutter and dust, every thing is topsy-turvey
about these days, where people move because
they cannot keep quiet and every body hopes to
change for the better, but next week every thing
will be to rights. Then try to keep your tem
pers this.
The furniture will be smashed and scratched,
dishes and even looking-glasses will be broken.
Therejwill be pic-nic-ing m the pantry and sleep
ing on the floor, with confusion and dust every
where, but time, patience and work will bring
order out of confusion, and in a few weeks
every thing will go on as calmly as before.
For a week you will be busy cleaning and
scouring, white-washingand arranging things—
there will be then a fortnight to make observa
tions on the new neighborhood, and after a
month, the honey moan of moving, to which
house-hunting is the courtship, all will go on m
the old calm way, for better or for worse.
At hazard, people always like to shuffle well
the cards. In society we are fond of making
changes, in the hope of better fortune, pleasanter
acquaintances, or something turning up which
may be for our advantage. So let us keep mov
ing. Let us every year give society a general
shaking up to see if it wont settle into some bet
ter fashion; or like the tinselled bits of the ka
leidoscope, take some more beautiful combina
tion.
We wish our friends happiness in all their
changes, and hope they will know enough to or
der a newspaper which will, as far as paper can,
promote it.
THE WORLD IS MOVING.
While the whole world is moving" onward
and upward, America must not stand still. Our
laws, our institutions and our society, are so
far from perfect, that the time will come, when
they will be looked upon as relics of a barbarous
age. We boast of our condition and our insti
tutions, when we compare them with the past,
and with those of other nations of the present,
but we look upon them with shame, when we
compare them with the future and the perfect
toward-which the future tends.
“ A tree is known by its fruits.” The faults
in the constitution of society, aye shown by its
results. We must never be satisfied with our
condition, so long as there is one evil left to
mar the world. Disease proves that we do noh
know how to live. Crimes prove that the social
compact is imperfect. Poverty proves the ex
istence of oppression. Hordes of lawyers,
doctors, speculators, and other parasites, prove
the rottenness of the social fabric.
It is stupidity to be contented with existing
evils. As a bodily pain is the sure indication of
. derangement and diseased action, so are all
these social evils the symptoms of a social de
rangement, and imperfect organization. There
are no pains in a healthy man, and no crimes,
outrages, and sufferings in a healthy society.
The man with sound body, is full of vigor and
happiness. So would an intelligent and well or
ganized community be full of life, and activity,
and enjoyment.
Society, here, in its best developement, is sore
and sick—full of wounds, bruises and putrifying
sores. Shall we let it remain so 7—call it Provi
dence and refuse to take medicine I—imagine
that God intended that man should prey upon
each other forever, filling the earth with oppres
sion and crime I Of all infidelities this is the
most wicked—of all blasphemies this is the
most appaling! We degrade ourselves and in
sult our Creator by such a belief.
The first thing toward a cure, is for a man to
know he is sick. Society must see its own
evils. It has laid too long in the lethargy of a
moral chloroform. The press must enlighten
society as to its own miseries, by showing what
it is, compared with what it might be. This
“holding the mirror up to nature,” is the work
of men of Istters and the press. The pulpit will
not do its heaven appointed work, and its mis
sion is transferred to the newspaper. Every
terrible accident, theft, suicide, and murder, re
corded in the papers, is but an enumeration of
the symptoms of a general disease. Every
such record of enormous wealth, like that in
the will of Astor, shows a reverse of poverty,
from which cunning and oppression have wrung
it. Every commercial bankruptcy indicates
the rottenness of the whole system of trade,
which is an incubus upon productive industry.
What can be done! Much—everything, in
time. We must all set to w-ork, with cool, clear
heads, to study the nature and symptoms of this
disease of the social state—we must then try to
find out the proper remedies, and take them
without delay. The great patient must be made
truly sensible of his condition. He must be
educated into a knowledge of what he is, what
he ought to be, and what he may become.
This is the first great work—one of enlighten
ment—then will come action—then the glorious
realization of man’s high destiny.
Read the ancient Prophet Isaiah, and the
modern Prophet Shelley—read all the prophets
old and new, who have seen, ever so dimly, the
future glories of our race.
AN IRISH BRIGADE IN AMERICA.
A call has been made, in Dublin, for help from
America, in Ireland’s struggle with the giant
power of England. America, as a nation, may
give no aid, but such recognition and sympathy
as one people may give another, struggling for
freedom—such as we gave to Greece, and Po
land, and the Republics of South America. ,
But there is no reason why individual Ameri
cans, of native or foreign birth, may not give
money, and arms, and personal service in the
cause of Irish Freedom. When famine called
to us for food, there were many who said, “Let
Ireland strike one vigorous blow at the fiendish
power that oppresses her and we will give hun
dreds, where we now give tens.” It is time to
redeem this promise.
If there was ever a holy cause, —one demand
ing all our sympathies, it is that of Ireland. The
face of God’s earth cannot show another nation
so oppressed. There is not the vestige of liberty
remaining. There has never been bondage so
absolute, or slavery so dreadful. No master
ever tore down the huts of his negroes and left
them to starve. No tyrants were ever so brutal
as the landlords of Ireland, upheld by the gov
ernment and institutions of England. Never
was nation so terribly cursed. War and mas
sacre would have been mercy, to what the Irish
have endured.
And now the cup of vengeance is full. The
crimes of that government have gone up to
heaven, and demanded vengeance at the throne
of God. It would be blasphemy to doubt that
the judgment must now come, for this full
measure of iniquity.
Ireland calls upon her sons and her descend
ants, from every corner of the earth, to aid her
in this final struggle. The despotism of England
is shaken, and the whole world will rejoice in
the downfall of that assassin of nations. There
will go up a glad shout from America, and it
will be echoed back from China and India.
When England is revolutionized, and Ireland
is free, a shout of gladness will reverberate
around the world. We shall hear no more
British insolence, of
“Britanla Rules the Waves,”
and the lying vaunt, that
“Britons never can be Slaves,”
will, for the first time, have in it more truth
than poetry.
Let every true man, then meditate how he can
best aid Ireland in the terrific struggle, whieh
may be even now begun. She wants bread and
arms; and it may be that a few chivalrous
spirits, who know the value and blessings of
freedom, might find a place in the front rank of
Ireland’s defenders, where they could do good
service. They could never die in a better
cause. Every good blow struck at the power
of England’s rulers, is a blessing to the world.
Freemen in America owe something to their
brethren, the children of the same ancestry,
who, for seventy years, have groaned under a
burthen of taxation, which the war of American
Independence increased. Our gain, then, was
their loss. It is but right that we should aid
them in getting rid of their share of the burthen.
D I XON IN THE FIEL D .
The final departure of General George Wash
ington Dixon, from New Orleans to Yucatan,
has revived all the interest that was ever felt in
the fortunes and exploits ofthat remarkable and
romantic personage. He has been detained at
New Orleans, from various reasons. The time
had not come to strike the blow; besides, the
authorities of New Orleans locked our hero in
the Callaboose. He has had many trials, some
of which were in the police courts of the differ
ent municipalities. He has had severe struggles
—sometimes to get a dinner, sometimes to
break away from the constable.
But the time has at last arrived. Yucatan
called aloud for aid, and Dixon, rallying his
scattered battalions, tushed to her relief, and
embarked from New Orleans, as he did from
Pittsburgh, with drums beating, colors flying,
and full of the determination to do or die, unless
some accident happens to prevent him.
General Dixon’s proclamation to the people of
Yucatan is a remarkable production—so very
remarkable, that we must find room for its con
cluding paragraph. Just listen to George:
Yucatecoes, when my sires commenced the Amer
ican Revolution, which gave birth to “ freedom and
equality,” a patriotic son of France, General Lafa
yette, generously went to their aid; and America
now sends among you her “ Sons of Seventy-Six,”
who are ready and willing to be placed in the front
ranks of the “ battle,” where the blows “ fall the
thickest and fastest,” until the savage foe is extermi
nated, and the banner of “ God ana the Elevation of
the People,” waves triumphant over the length and
breadth of your beautiful country.
G. WASHINGTON DIXON,
Commander-in-Chief of the Pioneers of Liberty.
DEAR PHILANTHROPY.
The British Government keeps a squadron
along the coast of Africa, at an expense of from
three to five millions of dollars a year, and a
horrible loss of life, in that unhealthy climate—
a mortality averaging thirteen per cent., and
often reaching to more than one half of the
crew and officers.
What is the result I It is, that the slave trade
has increased, in the number of negroes carried
across the Atlantic, and in the cruelties of the
passage, while the British cruisers take about
one thousand out of fifty thousand, and set them
free as apprentices for twenty-one years in the
British West Indies!
This is a fair sample of British philanthropy.
WESTERN MORALS.
An Arkansas paper, taking offence at some
story of gambling in that state, published in this
city, gives us “ a lick back” in the following
fashion:
“The number of cases ot larceny, forgery, incen
diarism, rape, seduction, adultery, murder, &c &c
that are recorded in the daily papers of the East bear
evidence that the minds of that community must be
callous to all refined sensibilities, and harping over
the thousand professional gamblers in Arkansas is
only a sickly pretence. The number of gamblers
swindlers ana other criminals in New York is incal
culable, and it will be no presumption to say that
there are more black-legs in Wall street than there
are in the whole State of Arkansas.”
Good for Arkansas, and true as good,we veri
ly believe.
Evidence.—Strange things often occur in our
courts of justice, tending to throw doubt over all
judicial investigations. A curious instance of
the uncertainty of evidence has just occurred,
at the Court of Inquiry, on Gen. Pillow in Mex
ico. It was made out very clearly that certain
interlineations in a letter were in Gen. Pillow’s
handwriting, when the Delta avows that they
were made by the editor of that paper.
THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE.
From time to time, we have taken the trouble
to direct the attention of the public to the mis
called and mismanaged establishment in the
Park—the American Institute—our object be
ing, either to bring about a reform in its manage
ment and restore to the institute the usefulness
which it once possessed, or by an exposure of
the corruptions now existing, cutoff the supplies
whieh a credulous and deceived community
annually furnish. We have said, in the plainest
and directest words which the lexicon could
furnish, that the Institute as at present conduct
ed, is an outrageous swindle and humbug—that
under pretence of fostering American industry,
i t fosters only a crew of idlers who vote them
selves good salaries for doing nothing in the
world but look out for themselves. We have
given estimates of the annual receipts, and de
manded an account, properly audited, of the an
nual expenditures. We have exposed some of
the small leakages in its financial affairs, and
quietly waited for some sign of honest indigna
tion from the persons responsible for the waste,
extravagance and misdirection we have laid at
their doors. Not a word,have they ventured in
vindication of themselves.
Now either the American Institute is a fraud,
obtaining money yearly, under false pretences,
or we are slanderers and libellers. Let us see
to-day what evidence we can disembowel from
the Institute itself to sustain our charge.
We quote from “Report of the Committee of
the American Institute, appointed May 7th, 1840,
to investigate all charges of improper conduct
against officers and members of the Institute, fyc.”
FINANCES OF THE INSTITUTE.
The record of the names of members which has
only recently been procured after a struggle tor
years, and of which, it is believed, there is but a sin
gle copy in the Institute, exhibits the names of about
1500 members, in, say, 12 years—the initiation fee for
each being S 3, would make 5i,500 00
Suppose the average length of member
ship to be 4 years, at $2, this would amount
to $12,000 00
Making for initiation fees and dues $16,500 00
If for deaths, removals, &c., there be de-
ducted the gross sum of 5,000 00
It would Dave a balance of $11,500 00
which ought to have been received tor in
itiation fees and yearly dues; while on
reference to the books there will be found
credits for only about 6,500 00
Showing a deficit of about $6,500 00
And the report goes on to state—
“ That up to and including 1339, the total receipts
were 537.042 41. all of which has been spent in car-
the Fairs and other internal expenses of
This expenditure the Committee “ do not he
sitate to pronounce great extravagance, which
has already reduced a once) flourishing Institu
tion nearly to bankruptcy”—and they give an
estimate of this waste and extravagance in
figures, by declaring that there should be $13,000
of this money on hand—while there is not one
red cent!
So much for the finances as far back as 1840,
and now for two more interesting extracts, the
first of which our correspondent made allusion
to last week. Mr. Williams testifies—
That in Nov. 1838, a delegation was chosen by the
American Institute, at a meeting thereof of its mem
bers, 1? visit the annual Fair of the Franklin Institute
at Philadelphia—at which meeting he, Mr. Williams,
was present, and officiated as the presiding officer,
being then one of the Vice Presidents; that he, as
such officer made out with his own hand a certificate
of their appointment, and signed it as Vice President
and presiding officer of the meeting, and procured it
to be signed by Mr. Goodell, the Secretary pro tern,
of the meeting, and that he, Mr. Williams, then hand
ed it to be signed, to Mr. T.B. Wakeman, as the cre
dentials of the delegation, to be taken to the Franklin
Institute, at Philadelphia. That on the delegation
assembling at Philadelphia, Mr. Wakeman produced
another, and different certificate, or paper, signed
only by Mr. Goodell as Secretary.and no Chairman- in
which substituted certificate it was made to appear
that said Wakeman was made, or chosen Chairman of
the delegation, by the act of the Institute, and Mr.
Wakeman alleged as his excuse, that the original
certificate was dated at the Hall, instead of the Re
pository of the Institute; and being asked if that was
the only alteration, afterwards on producing the pa
per, said he was made Chairman; he also admitted
that he had not brought the other for genuine certifi.
cate, and stated that he had this prepared in place of
the other, on account of the word Hall, instead of
the word Repository. Mr. Williams further says, ho
w as never asked to sign the second paper, nor did he
know of its existence till produced there, and that he
resigned from the delegation.
• ••»»*
Charles C. Wright, being asked as to the substitute
of spurious reports, for the original, at the Fairs,
says in 1836, or 1837, a report of the Judges on the Fine
Arts, of which witness was one, Mr. T. B. Murray
was one: d»es not recollect the other—the report we
made out, and signed by the Committee, or Judges,
and handed in, was not acted upon, and in the pub
lished report, an entire different report was made
He further says, that Mr. T. B. Wakeman being
called upon, said there was some mistake. Witness
told him there was not. Mr. Wakeman said they had
been obliged to make up the best one they could.
Witness told him he ought to have called on witness
as Chairman, if that had been lost; he was not will
ing his name should be published to an award he had
not made, his awards being dilierent. Mr. Wakeman
said he would have an article put in the paper to ex
plain it, but he never did.
If this is the way that the American Institute
has been and is managed, the quickerthat manu
facturers, merchants and mechanics cease to be
parties to the swindle, by contributing to the an
nual fairs, the better for national industry and
common honesty. We shall not lose sight of
this interesting subject in future. It would seem
that the plunder derived by the Institute, with
its present facilities, is not enough to satisfy the
plunderers—they ask for an agricultural college,
endowed by the legislature, as an auxiliary, or
feeder. We’ll wait a little before we give them
that.
FEMALE TEMPERANCE SOCIETIES.
We believe in women. The world will be en
tirely renovated through their influence. This
belief is scriptural, which ought to be enough;
but there are those who require other reasons,
and one of these days we shall give them in such
force as shall startle manhood, and make it
ashamed of the poverty and selfishness of its la
bors.
Just now, however, we have a quill to pull
with our sweet sisters ofthe Temperance Socie
ties. In what dark corner have they hidden
themselves of late 7 Where are those delight
ful festivals, that used to make us in love with
cold water, and all its fair and enthusiastic advo
cates 7 What has become of that brave banner
of defiant maidenhood, and widowhood too, for
aught we know, “ cold water or no husbands 7”
What has become of the courage that, in the
cause of temperance, would have bravely dared
not death only, but the extinction of the whole
human race; since, should all women adopt this
motto and all men persist in drinking, this
would be the'inevitable result! Where, in a
word, are all our female temperance societies,
which we thought so charming a year or two
ago!
Daughters and Sisters of Temperance, and of
Rechab, have you fallen from the faith! Tem
ples of Honor and Virtue, have your portals
closad, and is the dust upon your altars! <
E. L. Snow Social Unions, where is your so
ciability ! Where are those who hungupon the
lips of Maffitt, and gathered gracefully round
Gough 7 who were so happy in being presided
over by a Harper; and who revelled in the elo
quence of Reese 7
We have had our fears that a lukewarmness
had spread over the most lovely portion of the
temperance ranks—that they had become tepid
ly insipid in the cause, like a stale whiskey
punch, or a sweltering mint julep. Let us hope
for better things—for actions more worthy of
our fair reformers, who, we sadly fear, have
been misled by Oliver and the legal suasionists,
into supposing that female influence could be
supplanted by act of the legislature.
We assure our dear friends that no law will
ever keep men from drinking—that men can ne
ver work a true reformation—and that nothing
but the influence of pure and intelligent women
can reform the world of all its vices and evils.
ATTEMPTED ABDUCTION OF SLAVES.
Thirty-eight men and boys, and twenty-six
women and girls, seventy-seven slaves m the
District of Columbia, were carried off by the
schooner Pearl, Sayers, master, of Philadel
phia, a few days ago. The alarm was given, a
steamboat sent in pursuit, and the whole party
captured before they got out of the Potomac.
They were all lodged in jail, at Washington,
and the whole case has made a great excite
ment, among the people of the' District, and in
Congress. Among other demonstrations was
one against the office of the New Era, an aboli
tion paper at Washington.
The consequences of this stupid business will
be very unfortunate to all concerned. The Cap
tain of the vessel is likely to suffer severely—
the poor negroes, thus befooled, will be sent
farther South, and a more bitter feeling will be
excited in the South against the North, at least
in those who do not discriminate between the
few foolish and the many wise.
This scheme appears to have been concocted
in Philadelphia, where people are lawless, and
given to acts of violence. We hope the philan
thropists, who get up the expedition are satisfied
with its results. Had their plan succeeded,
where would have been the benefit! There
would have been a few more discontented and
miserable negroes, nominally free, left to take
care of themselves instead of being cared for
by their masters. That is all. The race would
have been no better off—the individuals, in all
probability would have been in a worse condi
tion. ______
(JtJ- Dr. Kittridge is extending his lectures on
the water-cure all over New England, and is
everywhere heard with enthusiasm. We want a
little more light on this matter m New York,
where the people cry in vain for free baths, and
cannot swim in the open river without being
nabbed by the police, as if it were better to cov
er a dirty skin, than expose a clean one.
gtj- Four of the most distinguished physi
cians of Cincinnati, have published a statement
that the death of Mrs. Simmonds of that city,
was caused solely by a rapid and complete ex
haustion of the nervous system, from taking
Chloroform.
It is now generally undersood that the
prophecies, which the millerites have applied
to the end of the world, foretold only the end of
the late order of things in Europe in 1848. If
this be true, we may look for a long reign of
peace, freedom, and happiness, arealfmillenium.
There is some hope for poor Mexico yet.
Santa Anna in his farewell address, commends
her to God and quits the country.
FOURIERISM---FOURTH ARTICLE. {
Man, placed upon the earth, has risen from
savagism to barbarism.from barbarism to semi
civilization, and by the aid of his intellect, has
improved his condition up to the present point
of the highest civilization. It is clear, there
fore, that Providence did not destine man for a
savage or a barbarous life, and since he has
gone so far, in turning nature to his use, and has
sought out so many beautiful inventions, there
is no reason why he should stop short in this
progress toward perfection. We are constantly
improving in all the arts of life. We are in the
daily use of things a few years ago unheard of.
Who thought only twenty years ago, of regular
lines of ocean steamers; and much less of read
ing from hour to hour, of events occurring a
thousand miles away! A few years may ac
complish, in our social life, changes as great
and far more important.
Fourier has presumed that God intended man
for asocial existence, in which all would be in
harmony with his tastes and feelings. As in
other things, God has left us to make the dis
covery. Men rise up in every age, with a ge
nius for discoveries. One invents a steamboat,
another a printing press, another the electric
telegraph. Fourier has directed his powers to
the discovery of a true organization of society.
The domain, or cultivated township having
taken the place of the hundreds of little farms,
with all their imperfect and wasteful processes of
agriculture, we require now instead of three
hundred small and inconvenient dwellings, a
palace suited to such a domain, one which shall
cost half as much as the whole three hundred
habitations, but which shall be a thousand
times more beautiful and magnificent. The
economies of such a dwelling are very striking.
In our old township we have three hnndred
chimneys, three hundred kitchens, and three
hundred women roasting over three hundred
fires. In the palace, all the rooms would be
warmed by a single furnace, and all the cooking
be done in a single kitchen, and by a small
group of cooks. One proper hydraulic appara
tus would supply all the water, all the rooms
be ventilated upon scientific principles, and a
few persons with a large development of order
would keep every thing in a state of neatness.
What magnificent dining and drawing rooms,
with pictures, statuary, and sumptuous furniture
might there not be! What charming evening
parties, and balls, and concerts! Every day
would be like a festival—a festival of labor and
of enjoyment.
Fourier does not contemplate a community of
goods or of property. Each family is to have
its own private apartments, and its own house
hold gods, as sacred as ever; the association
being in those things which are for the common
use and enjoyment. There would be a public
table for those who preferred society, while all
who chose could have their meals served in their
own apartments; a public drawing room for all
who wished the excitement and pleasure of gen
eral intercourse, and private visits and calls for
those who had a taste for smaller circles.
The children would be taken care of in a gen
eral nursery, by persons whose tastes and feel
ings lead them to such avocations and compan
ionship. Girls, instead of spending whole days
with dolls, would give the same attention to real
babies, and women who are passionately fond
of children, would find scope for all their ten
derness. Mothers, wishing to be with their
children, would be gratified, while they would
be relieved from all care and anxiety.
Education, the great work of life, would go
on regularly and practically, and as all would
share alike in its benefits, the only inequality
would be that of natural talents; and whatever
difficulties might arise from this association of
men and women trained in another mode of ex
istence, their children would be free from such
disadvantages.
Food, clothing and shelter, being secured to
every individual, there could be no such thing
as poverty, or the fear of it; the poorest would
be well off, with every prospect of improve
ment. Consequently all marriages would be
those of free choice and affection. Thus one
great and terrible source of misery would be re
moved. Mingling freely in a large society, all
tastes would be gratified, and all dispositions
suited.
Everywhere, and especially in all great cities,
there are thousands, to whom life is a dull soli
tude, from the want of social enjoyment. There
are thousands of young people in New York of
both sexes, who scarcely know what society
and friendship mean. In an Association there
would be a vast amount of happiness from plea
sant associations and the friendships of conge
nial natures, now separated and kept asunder.
The labors of men and women now are ardu
ous, but to a great extent unproductive. This
is especially the case with women. They wash,
and bake, and cook, and do a thousand things
which could much better be done in association.
For example, three hundred women, heat three
hundred little ovens, and work half a day to
bake three hundred little batches of bread,
when the whole work could be better done by
six persons and the'proper machinery, in a suit
able bakery, leaving the women to engage, m
some productive labor, such as the making of
three hundred shirts. It is easy to see how im
mense and rapid must be the accumulation of
wealth, when all work tells, and when ma
chinery labors for the good of all.
At present, the productive industry of society
has vast burthens. It supports a host of clergy
men, lawyers, physicians, merchants, traders,
speculators, and non-producers of all kinds, who
hang upon society, without contributing any
thing to its resources. In association there
would be no such class of idlers and devourers.
Clergymen would cheerfully earn their subsist
ence. There would be little sickness, and that
at hand, for the doctors, who would have.no
separate fees. There could be no possible use
for lawyers. Artists would labor for the general
wealth. All mercantile transactions would be
wholesale, and would made be with little cost or
loss. There could be no speculators, gamblers,
vagrants, or thieves. There would be no fine la
dies walking out on shopping excursions, nor
dandy noodles, spending their time in idleness,
for useful labor would be the only way to honor
able distinction, and social position. The lead
ers of society would be the most intelligent and
useful, so that the very vanity and ambition,
which now seeks for distinction by idleness and
dress, would then excite to useful labor.
Until human nature has had time to redeem
itself from its hereditary and habitual viees,
there would still be some irregularities to mar
the harmony of such a social state, but he must
be blind indeed, who does not see how much
less of vice and misery, and how’much more of
solid comfort and happiness might be enjoyed
in association, than in the present conditions of
social disorganization.
THE DEAD SEA.
At the latest accounts, Lt. Lynch of the Sodom
and Gomorrah Exploring expedition, had arrived
at Constantinople, had an interview with the
Sultan, and had departed for the coasts of Ju
dea; and he is probably at this very time sailing
over the towers of the buried cities of the plain,
or he may be comfortably seated in a diving
bell exploring the curiosities of submerged
wickedness.
Since the crusades, this is the first expedition
seton foot by any government, upon purely re
ligious grounds. The English, indeed, have
pretended that their conquests in South Eastern
Asia were for the spread of Christianity, and a
government that has a church for its Siamese
brother, may claim this with some plausibility,
since whereever the government goes, the
church keeps it company. But the propagation
of the British government Christianity is quite
an accidental circumstance and never a control
ing motive. India would have been scourged,
and China made to eat opium, had the British
government been far less pious than it is.
But our Sodom and Gomorrah exploring ex
pedition is of a purely religious character.
There is no pretence of other utility about it.
Our ships cannot reach the Dead sea, and it will
be long before any Yankee will launch a steamer
upon its waters. We shall neither dig a canal nor
build a rail road to connect this lake of Sodom
with the coasts ofTyre and Sidon. There is no
chance for trade and speculation, and unles Lt.
Lynch should make great sub-marine discover
ies, we know of no article to be procured there,
unless it is the water of the river Jordan, which
is sometimes brought away for baptismal purpo
ses.
No—-all the purposes of this expedition of Lt.
Lynch, appear to be of a scriptural character.
It has been undertaken by the government of the
United States, to prove to the world that the
book of Genesis is a true historical record —that
twenty cities were overwhelmed, and that the
dark and bitter waters of the Dead sea have laid
heavily upon their ruins for thirty centuries.
We may expect very soon to hear of the suc
cess of this remarkable expedition, and we do
not despair of seeing handsome additions made
to our National Museum at Washington. It is
time, now, that Mr. Reynolds and Captain
Symms were off to the inside of the Earth, by
the way of the North pole.
The Old Masters.—We are glad to find
that the attention of our fashionables has at last
been excited, and that the exhibition by the old
masters, at the Lyceum Gallery, Broadway, is
now thronged with spectators. It is the most
pleasant and fashionable lounge in the city.
83* Dibblee, the celebrated ladies hair
dresser, of No. 263 Broadway, opens, to-morrow
morning, his new rooms, where gentlemen may
avail themselves of that artistic skill which has
heretofore been monopolized by the ladies.
EUROPEAN NEWS.
The new steamship America, Capt. Judkins,
arrived in our waters yesterday noon, having
left Liverpool on the 15th inst., and making the
passage in exactly fourteen days.
There was great eagerness to learn the result
of the Chartist demonstration in London on the
11th inst. It seems that the great meeting, on
Kennington Common, was held in spite of the
government’s proclamation against the meet
ing. The procession to the House of Commons
was abandoned, in accordance with the advice
of Mr. Feargus O’Connor and the other leaders
of the Chartist movement. The English papers
all speak of an immense gathering on the Com
mon, a gathering which some of the papers
figure down to the comparatively small number
of 15,000. There is no doubt that from two
to three hundred thousand Chartists l did as
semble on Kennington Common, and there is
as little doubt that this immense body would
have marched to the House of Commons, but
for the counsel of their leaders, who very earn
estly deprecateci any violence connected with
the presentation of the monster petition.
The following account of the procession of
the members of the Chartist Convention to the
place of the great meeting, and the scene there,
is from the London News:—
The van or car in waiting for the delegates was up
ward of 20 feet in length, with seats arranged trans
versely, in so commodious a manner as to afford com
fortable accommodation to the delegates as well as
several representatives of the press. The body of
the car was inscribed on the right side with the motto
“ The Charter. No surrender. Liberty is worth liv
ing for and worth dying for;” on the left. “ The voice
of the people is the voice of God;” while on the back
of the car was inscribed, “ Who would be a slave
that could be free?” “Onward, we conquer; back
ward, we fall.”
Mr. F. O’Connor was the first to ascend the car.—
The honorable gentleman was received with loud
cheers by the crowd which thronged John street,
and took Ins seat in the frontof the van. He was fol
lowed by Mr. Ernest Jones, Mr. Harney, Mr. M’Grath,
Mr. Clark, Mr. Wheeler, Mr. Reynolds, Dr. Hunter,
and other leaders of the convention. The rest of that
body having also taken their seats, the cortege set
forth amidst loud cheers.
At the Waithman obeli k the aiderman of the ward
(Sir James Duke) was in attendance with his deputy,
but up to this spot not a single Policeman was to be
seen. The windows of the houses in New Bridge
street were filled with spectators, and amidst much
applause the moving mass took an onward course
across Blackfriars bridge. At this time (Ho clock)
a strong detachment of the battalion of pensioners
under arms were observed to have just landed at the
city pier from Woolwich, and were loudly cheered
by the vast concourse that now crowded the bridge.
On reaching the Surrey side, the first display of the
civil force appeared On each side of Albion-place
were drawn up, in military order, a strong body, in
double file, of the L division of metropolitan police,
while the city police maintained the ground on each
side of the bridge, which was within the limits of the
city jurisdiction. Opposite the end of Stamford street,
a party of the mounted police, 15 strong, under the
command of an inspector, was stationed. In its pas
sage along the Blackfriars-road to the Elephant and
Castle the crowd continued to increase and hem in
the vehicles on both sides; still every thing was peace
able, orderly and well conduoted.
At the Elephant and Castle a new mass joined the
■ rear of those who, walking eight abreast, had follow
ed the train from the place of departure, and on
reaching Newington church the appearance of the
masses was most bewildering. Proceeding along the
Kensington-road the common was reached at lialfi
past 11 o’clock. Here had already assembled the
Irish confederalists and the various bodies of the
trades of London, who had intimated their intention
of joining in the demonstration. These had taken
their position in numerical order on the common,
having arrived from their different rendezvous some
time previously.
The numbers assembled at this time have been va
riously estimated at from 200,000 to 50,000. We have
learned that a careful estimate was formed by seve
ral military persons of great experience in making
such computations, and they, on comparing their
different calculations, agreed that no more than 15 000
persons were present, as spectators, and as forming
part of the procession.
On arriving about the centre of the common, the
carnage in which Mr. F. O’Connor and the delegates
were seated halted, while that in which the monster
petition was deposited took its station on the south
side.
Ina few minutes after the halt had been made, an
inspector of police approached Mr. O’Connor, and
communicated to that gentleman that the police com
missioners desired to confer with him. Mr. O’Connor
immediately descended from the car, and accompa
nied by Mr. M’Grath, proceeded on foot across the
common in the direction of the Horns Tavern.where
it was understood the commissioners and magistrates
had assembled. In a short time Mr. O’Connor (with
Mr M Grath) was observed wendii g his way back,
and Ins re-appearance in front of the car was the sig
nal for the most enthusiastic cheering. ’
The News reports at length Mr. O’Connor’s
appeal for quiet and order, and remonstrance
against violence, and proceeds:—
The dense mass surrounding the carriage, as one
man obeyed the summons, and
Mr. O’Connor resumed—lt appears to me that my
voice is heard to a considerable distance, and I take
it lor granted that all who held up their hands repre
sent the feelings ot all others who are present.—
(Cries of “We do.”) That being so, then, this peti
tion shall be taken down to the House of Commons
by the executive committee in cabs, and not by a
procession, which may render you liable to be shot
by the armed forces now guarding the bridges. I
will go down by myself to the house. 1 will present
and support your petition boldly, and die on the floor
of that nouse ere I will consent to see it abandoned.
On Friday next the discussion on your petition
takes place, and I entreat you not to jeopardise or
damage the good cause by any intemperance or folly
on your part. Then, I ask all of you who think the
executive have acted wisely and bravely, that the
petition should be taken down by your executive
committee to the House of Commons, and that las
your representative should go there alone, and that
by these means a collision with an armed authority
shall be avoided—hold up both your hands. (Again
a forest of hands were simultaneously displayed
amidst loud cheers.)
Once more, I beseech you, hear and adopt the ad
vice of your father, friend and leader. If you see a
man breaking into a shop, do not hand him over to
the police, but knock him down. (Cheers and
laughter.) And do not let it be said we are thieving
chartists. When you have heard the speeches which
will now be delivered by your cnampions, disperse
quietly, but not in procession, and return to your se
veral homes. But let every man now take on’his hat
and vow to heaven that he will not to-day violate the
law. (The crowded assembly at once answered the
appeal with much apparent devotion.) My breath is
now nearly gone, and I will only say, when I desert
you may God desert me.
You have, by your conduct to-day, more than re
paid me for all I have done for you, and I will go on
conquering until you have the land, and the people’s
charter becomes the law of that land. (Loua and
long continued cheers, in the midst of which the hon.
and learned gentlemen, who was evidently laboring
under severe indisposition, sank exhausted on the
shoulder of a private friend.
Mr. Clark then moved the adoption of the follow
ing petition to the House of Commons
” 'I he humble petition of the inhabitants of the me
tropolis of England, in public meeting assembled,
showeth : that your petitioners have heard with
feelings of indignation and astonishment that, oy a
bill which is now before your honorable house, for
the ostensible purpose of providing more .efficiently
for the security of the crown and the government of
these realms, it is sought to alter the law relating to
the indefinite charge of sedition, and to punish by
transportation that which is at present punishable
by fine and imprisonment. That your petitioners re
gard this bill as an attempt to deprive the people of
the right of expressing their just horror at the atro
cious legislation which is generally practised by
your honorable house,and your petitioners beg your
honorable house to stamp this infamous measure
with condemnation, by its unanimous and ignomini
ous rejection.”
Mr. Kydd seconded the motion, which was also
supported by Mr. Reynolds, and after a futile attempt
on the part of a person named Spurr to interfere with
the proceedings.it was carried unanimously.
The meeting was then declared to be dissolved at a
quarter past one o’clock.
The four large bundles, forming the petition, -were
removed from the carriage and placed in cabs, and
taken in charge of the executive committee to the
House of Commons.
The delegates then mounted the carriage, which
was dismantled of its trimmings and decorations, and
with its companion conveyed to a neighboring stable
yard, and at two o’clock not more tnan 100 persons
were to be seen upon the common. Many of these
consisted of its usual occupants, boys playing at
trap ball and other games, and by a quarter past two
a stranger/to the day’s proceedings would never have
guessed, from the appearance of the neighborhood,
that anything extraordinary had taken place.
The was some little fighting between the
crowd returning from the meeting and the
police. It did not amount to much, as the
pledge to preserve the peace was sacredly kept
by the great mass ot the people.
The monster petition was presented to Par
liament at 3 o’clock the same afternoon, and
referred to a select committee, which subse
quently reported that the number of names was
greatly exaggerated, and that many of them
were spurious. No man, or paper denies, how
ever, that the petition was signed by a multi
ude, who, if they are not heard now, will speak
anon in a louder voice.
The influence of this movement, on the end
proposed, may be briefly stated. The govern
ment forbade this meeting of the people; the
people defied the government, and met, as it
were, beneath the very eaves of Parliament
House. Revolutions never go backward. The
Qhartist movement is onward.
There has been as yet no outbreak in Ireland.
The government force, military and police, in
Dublin, is estimated at 10,000; in Qork, 2,000.
The news from America had caused great ex
citement, and addresses to the repealers in the
United States were talked of.
Destitution in the West and South.—There are
melancholy details of the sufferings of the poor in
the papers received from Mayo, Galway and Lime
rick this day. Several deaths from actual starvation
are reported, while deaths from diseases, superindu
ced by unwholesome and insufficient food, are of con
stant occurrence. The poor-houses in some parts
are represented to be mere charnel-houses, full of
disease, and deaths constantly occurring.
The disaffection in the military, unfortunate
ly for the government, is alarmingly on the in
crease, and has been so undisguisedly manifest
ed that even the Orange journals can no longer
conceal it. Large numbers of the rank and file
are under arrest for having signed the petition
for repeal.
The correspondent of the Commercial Adver
tiser sums up the continental news in a few
words
Austria, it is believed, notwithstanding her warlike
preparations, will be disposed to cede Lombardy up
on condition of that country taking a fair share of the
public debt, and according to other apparently ra
tional terms. , ,
Russia (with unavailable army of 800,000 men) an
nounces her intention to keep quiet unless she is at
tacked, in which case wo betide the “ anarchists.”—
Naples has received from her King an almost demo
cratic constitution.
The Sicilian question still remains in statu quo.—
Spain is quiet under the military despotism of Nar
vaez. Germany is busy in arranging her confedera
tion, and Italy is conscious of but one public pulse,
whieh beats for an Italian, league.
In France the elections for officers oi the National
Guard have just terminated—all in favor of advanced
republicanism. Meanwhile the financial condition
becomes daily more deplorable.
Denmark is reported to have gained a. victory
in one of her revolted Duchies, but Prussia is
lending active aid to the insurgents and there
fore there is little chance for the ultimate suc
cess; the best she canjhope being some arrange
ment by mediation.
The London Herald confirms this last rumor in
the following:
The Danes have appeared with an overpowering
force, and so',’suddenly and boldly, in the midst of
their enimies at Bau and Elensburg, that they have
taken them by surprise, and compelled the Holstein
troops of tha line and volunteers to retire in all haste.
The attack began in the morning on the part of the
Danes, who had two vessels of war and gunboats to
assist their attack upon the town. They had landed
at Holnis, aud, after several small contests, theSchles
wig-Holsteiners made a stand at Bau, not far from
Flensburg, which ended in their total defeat and the
destruction of almost ail of their sixteenth battalion.
Toward 12 o’clock, on the Sth, several vessels of war,
with three thouiand Danes on board, appeared before
Flensburg.
It was rumored that the Danes had pushed on
to Schleswig and taken that city.
Insurrection at Hesse Cassei.—We have re
ceived a letter from Colonge, which informs us that
on the 9th ult., a mob assembled about the hotels of
the ex ministers, who were very unpopular. The
soldiery were called out to disperse the discontented.
They charged the people who immediately armed
themselves and threw up barricades. A smart fight
took place, and the arsenal was taken by storm by the
insurgents. They then proceeded to the barracks, and
after a briefopposition, the soldiers retired, leaving
the town in the hands of the people. The building
was soon sacked and razed to the ground.
The Piedmontese have pursued c their success
ful and victorious march through Lombardy.—
The Austrians fled at all points as they advanced,
and Radetski retired with a view of throwing
himself in Verona, having, it is said, failed
to accomplish a passage back through the Ty
rol.
No decisive battle had been fought, but both
armies must speedily come to an engagement
on the banks ot theMincio. Upon the issue of
the impending battle hinges the peace or war of
Europe, as, should the Italians be beaten,France,
it was expected, could not, if she would, remain
neutral.
EUROPEAN REVOLUTIONS.
The Tribune gives the following summary of
the results of recent movements in Europe:
Tee utter abolition of Royalty and Aristocracy in
France, and the establishment instead of a thorough
Democracy, Political and Social.
The' virtual fusion of the various Kingdoms, Grand
Duchies and States, composing Germany into one
great Federative Empire,retaining some monarchical
forms but throughly imbued with a republican spir
it and protected by Liberal institutions.
The liberation and independence of Italy, and its par
tial if not complete union into a Confederacy or
League, with a common Flag, Tariff', Army and
Code.
The resurrection of Poland and its re-admission as
an independent and powerful Republic into the
great family of Civilized and Christian Nations;
and
The liberation of Bohemia, Hungary, and the Tyrol
&c., from the despotic grasp in which they have so
long been crushed, and the reduction of Austria,
from the first to about the third rank among the
Powers of Europe.
A CONTRAST.
Eighty thousand pounds sterling for the rqyal
stable—for horses and grooms and equipage,
attached to theroyal establishment—is the an
nualallowance of the English parliament.
Hour President wants a nag to take a ride
on; or if the wife of the President has a fancy
for a carriage and four, the animals’ feed and
keeping, come not out of the government fund;
the President foots the bill himself out of his
salary of £SOOO !
Twenty thousand pounds a year is the parlia
ment grant for public education—the crtist which
that monstrous government throws to its millions
of little ones, who lift up their voices and cry for
bread—“the bread of life,” which is know
ledge.
The free school fund of the State of Connecti
cut alone yields yearly £4,000; or one-fifth of
the whole government grant of England to
her populat onof twenty-five millions and up
wards.
The city ofßoston spends yearly in the main
tenance ofher glorious free schools, upwards of
£6,000, or nearly one-third of the sum which is
distributed throughout England.
The annual outlay of the State of New York
for common schools—with a population of lit
tle over three millions, is double that of England
with a population—exclusive of Ireland and
Scotland—of eighteen millions.
We might stop here and leave the reader to
arrive at his own conclusions; but we choose to
go a little farther with the contrast.
This untitled, self-governing people—this na
tion of commoners, which spends yearly on free
schools a sum that would beggar half a dozen
princely treasuries, also encourages and accus
toms the masses to the familiar use of fire arms.
In the country, it is rare to find a twelve ysar
old boy who does not own a gun, and who does
notpride himself on being a good shot; m the
city, what with our volunteer companies, our fire
companies, who drill regularly and riddle tar
gets twice a year, and that large number who
count on a week’s shooting in the fall—there is
scarcely a man who does not know how to
handle a gun skillfully. The succession of
brilliant victories won by our velunteer troops,
(raw troops—new levies, they would be called
abroad) in Mexico is a fair indication of the
ready capacity to fight of the whole nation.
In England just in proportion to the increase
of the burden on the backs of the people, has
been the decrease of their power to resist.
Where is the old yeomanry of England!--Where
the landstrum, which once would have defied
the world in arms I Where are the small far
mers, the happy, well fed, contented and patriot
ic! They have melted away. A hundred small
farms, which once supported as many happy
famihes, have contributed to one immense es
tate, where deer grow fat, while men perish of
hunger by the road-side—where game is protected
for “ my lord ” to shoot while thousands of my
lord’s fellow-beings are shut up in poor houses,
or more still driven to crime, branded felon and
expelled from the land of their birth.
That is a cowardly government which with
holds knowledge from its subjects and deprives
them of arms to assert their rights, and that gov
ernment is the one whose miscalled popular
branch, relying on mercenary troops, laughed
the other day and sneered out their “pooh”
“ pooh,” when told that the people would pre
sent their grievances and a petition for their re
dress.
If those three hundred thousand Chartists,
should with their feet trample down the soldiery
and cut the throats of those savage sneerers, as
they sat in the Lords and Commons, sweep
ing them and the government they uphold out of
existence in an instant, the world would shudder
and cant again about a “reign of terror. A reign
of terror! Why is it not a reign of terror, when
a few well fed and pampered men, so govern,
that millions live in ignorance and destitution,
and thousands die of want! Is not that land
reigned over terribly, whose surface is covered
with poor houses; whose cities are crowded
with paupers, whose prisons are htronged with
criminals!
Mark the contrast, between a nation which
spends millions on the tinsel of royalty, while it
withholds education from its people, and a na
tion which in the education of its people finds the
cheapestand best govemment-and say if the Eng
lish masses should, to rid themselves of the curse
and to acquire the blessing, chop off heads royal
and heads noble, and extinguish titles and Jtitled
rights, would they pay too much for the boon,
or should a single tear be shed for the river of
blood which flowed 1
MEDICAL REFORMS.
A Homoeopathic College has been established
in Philadelphia, and a Homoepathic Dispensary
was some time since opened in New York.
Thus one system after another of medical prac
tice is gaining a foothold among the absurdities
of the old school; absurdities which have noth
ing but age to give them respectability.
Medical reforms are going on as rapidly as
could be expected, when we consider how great
an influence the physician must acquire over his
patients, and when we see how the whole class
of allopathic doctors are banded together to op
pose any reform.
To this general rule there are exceptions.
There are many clear-headed physicians, who
honestly seek after the best modes of practice—
who love truth and pursue it. Such are fast
finding out that it is better to control the cir
culation of the blood than to take it away, and
the life with it. Such are learning that fevers
need neither the lancet nor calomel, and that it
is best to take as little blood as possible, and
give as little poison.
Much as it has been sneered at, the Thompso
nian system is an improvement upon the old
practice. Lobelia is not so bad as the lancet,
and red pepper, unpleasant as we think it, is
still to be preferred to mercurial poisons.
The Homoeopathic system prescribes a good
diet, and regulates conditions favorable to
health. Whatever may be the power dr effect
of the Homeopathic medicines, the patient is, at
least, not prevented from getting well.
The Chrono-Thermal system is now attract
ing great attention, and it is certainly good in
its negations, since it opposes blood letting in
all cases, and in many applies natural remedies.
But it is the great reform of the Water Cure,
that is destined to work the greatest change in
medical practice and in the public health. The
most violent inflammatory diseases submit to
the Water Cure like a charm, while chronic
ones are cured slowly, but with certainty.
Small pox and typhus are perfectly manageable,
while scrofula and dyspepsia are washed out of
the system.
Medical reforms will go on to the grand result
of public health, and the time will come, when
the whole science of the medical profession will
be employed in keeping people well, and not as
now in curing them after they are sick. The
proper office of the physician is to see that the
conditions of health are every where attended
to, and one day people will pay for being kept
well, rather than for being cured when sick.
dry- We have read the article in Blackwood on
the French revolution. Allison is a fanatic who
propels the wrong way. Enthusiasts generally
move forward, are progressive—their sympa
thies are with the people—but Allison’s enthu
siasm runs the other way, and settles round the
blasphemous doctrine of ultra toryism—that the
masses are held in subjection to one crowned
head by divine right and appointment. Speak
ing of the first French revolution and the ex
tinction ot royalty and titles, he says:—“The
royal, like the Christian martyrs, have lighted a
fire which, by the grace of God, will never be
extinguished.” For “royal” read “ republi
can,” and the sentence becomes truthful and a
prophecy. The republican martyrs, whether
they fell in ’B9 or ’3O or ’4B, have lighted a fire,
which, by the grace of God, and an honest pur
pose tn men’s hearts, will never be extinguished
—a fire which is blazing all over Europe at this
moment, and which Mr. Allison will have to
work his small pump very hard to put out. Why
this man, whose tears flow so fast, because a
royal head is chopped off, can look with indif
ference on the slow death by starvation of whole
masses of men, trodden down by a system of
government which he reverences as divine !
83* Great crops of wheat all over the country
this year; all wanted to feed Europe, in case of a
general war. Thus in more ways than, one,
will America become the saviour of nations.
03’ The Rev. Mr. Maffit has been spending a
short season in New Orleans, preaching and
giving patriotic lectures, after his usual fashion.
He has said a great many pretty things, and
many more silly ones. He has complimented
the ladies—and himself; and they have taken
him at his word in both cases. There is no
doubt that he is a dear man, and a most beauti
ful preacher, but that he is an honest man or a
good preacher, the ladies themselves would
scarce venture to affirm.
Every profession has its charletans, and they
are often very pleasant fellows. It requires an
uncommon degree of amiability to be a success
ful quack.
83“ The case of Gen. Pillow is making more
noise than it need to. Gen. Pillow has proved
himself a brave officer, and he is also proved to
be a vain one. He is a boaster, like Goliath of
Gath, or James Gordon Bennett, or half the
editors who abuse him and puff themselves.
Vanity is the most pardonable of weaknesses.
We all have it, only some of us are prudent
enough to conceal it, and some are not. Of the
latter class is Gen. Pillow. He fought bravely,
and then boasted magnificently. Well, what of
it! There is no treason in bragging a little,
though it must be confessed that it is not in the
best taste.
33* The Hutchinsons after singing temperance
and abolition to large audiences of sympathizers
with the sentiment, and appreciators of that kind
of psalmody, have gone home to look after the
farm. We really like these New Hampshire
children—(the dear, interesting fanatics,)—and
Miss Abby will be good enough to accept our
congratulations on her approaching happiness.
She is to marry the son of a reverend doctor of
divinity, who preaches uptown. The son is pre
paring for the ministry, and if he draws as large
audiences to hear him preach, as Miss Abby has
drawn to hear her sing, the match in a worldly
view, simply, will prove an excellent one.
83* Some one tells us that Russell, the vocal
ist—the “American vocalist,” as he allowed
himself to be styled in England, has returned.
We should like of all things to have him give in
New York one of those musical entertainments,
which made him so popular in England—enter
tainments which amused John Bull because they
were at our expense. Come Mr. Russell, if you
are indeed on this side of the Atlantic, be a man,
and slander Americans to their faces, as you
slandered them abroad. Pitch your voice to its
highest key, and then pitch into us. Let us
have some fun with Russell the American.
S3* Parson Clapp, the popular New Orleans
preacher, has set that whole community in a
blaze, by publishing a sermon, attacking the
old and cherished belief in the existence of a
Hell. It may be well supposed that such an idea
would meet with the greatest opposition, and
the Delta assures us that nine-tenths of the
Christian community were down on the Parson
for the promulgation of such a heterodox opin
ion. We think we have observed that while
no man wants a hell for himself, most people in
sist upon having one fortheir friends and neigh
bors.
OS* All the wealth of England is in the hands
of about 200,000 persons. Of the twenty-five mil
lions beside, two-thirds cannot earn a tolerable
subsistence, and one in twelve is supported by
charity. Who will say that such a state of so
ciety ought to exist one single day ! or that any
change whieh will give food to the starving and
comfort to all is not a change for the better.
Those who oppose a radical reform in England
may not meet with the fate of the aristocracy in
the first French Revolution; but we cannot say
they do not deserve it.
83* The hasty removal on a cold, rainy day,
of Queen Victoria from London to Osborne
House, Isle of Wight, when she was not yet re
covered from her confinement, shows the appre
hension of the government of a desperate strug
gle with the chartists. If the struggle had oc
curred, and the right triumphed, her majesty
would have been found at a convenient point of
embarcation for this country.
83* When the report of the French Revolu
tion reached Gibralter, three French merchant
men in port, hung Louis Phillippe at the yard
arm, in effigy. This nautical demonstration
and the joy of the French residents ashore,
proved how real a thing the revolution was, and
how it springs from the great heart of the peo
ple, and not from the conspiracy of a few ambi
tious leaders.
83* Here is a little symptom of the unhealthy
condition of society. In Liverpool, the average
duration of life, among the gentry, professional
persons, etc., is 35 years; among laborers, me
chanics, &c., 15 years. In Manchester, a heal
thier city, the proportions are 38 to 18. This is
the average of all who are born of these classes.
Is there no need of reform, when the best is bad,
and the worst so horrible !
83* The Star mentions a fact, known to our
selves, that the first person to propose, and the
ablest to enforce, the project of free baths, now
adopted in many of the cities and large towns
of England, was Walter Whitman, Esq., for
merly a resident of this city, and now editor of
the New Orleans Crescent.
83* Three thousand dollars were collected the
other morning in one of our churches, for foreign
missions. In the conversion of sinners, as well
as other things—
“ ’Tis distance lends enchantment to the view;”
otherwise these benevolent people might find
heathen nearer home.
33* Now is the trme for chtvalry. Our enthu
siastic young men may now fight for Italy, fer
Poland, or better still, because nearer home,
for England and Ireland. We often regret past
ages of adventure, opening fields for ambition,
but there was never, in all the past, a time like
this.
33* The convulsions and changes in the old
world, ruining so many families, are distribut
ing not only hoarded wealth, but the treasures
of art. Rich Americans abroad are buying
cheaply, now, from the best collections of pic
tures and statuary in Europe.
83* At the sympathizing meeting in Philadel
phia, Wm. Elder, Esq., made an eloquentspeech
m favor of the organization of labor on the plan
of Fourier. Mr. Elder is said to be one of the
most eloquent advocates of Fourierism in the
United States.
83* A meeting of the press in Washington,
has been held, in favor of cheap postage. It re
commended a letter postage of five cents, news
papers one cent, other matter half a cent an
ounce. The lower the rates the betterforus all.
33* The London correspondent of the Tri
bune says, “Albert Smith—whether with his
wine, women, or cigar—always has an eye to
business.” Pretty character he must be.
Franklin’s Epitaph in Philadelphia.—‘Tri
puit carlo fvlmen, sceptumqiw tyrannis,” is thus
rendered by a down East Yankee :
Both heaven and earth this sturdy thief would plun
der.
Kings of their crowns, and Zeus oi his thunder.
03“ It is a melancholy reflection, when view
ing the many valuable lives which ship fever
and other fatal diseases have lately terminated,
to think that had some of the simplest, yet effi
cient means of nature’s preparation been used,
many who are now the tenants of the narrow
tomb, would be rejoicing in health and the pride
of surrounding and admiring friends.
This is not conjecture, but the true and impar
tial evidence obtained after witnessing the as
tonishing effects of hot seawaterbaths on many
upon whom disease had already laid its devas
tating touch. From a sick couch they were en
abled to mix again with the busy world and
share all its joys, but without health there is no
happiness on earth, and yet this simple remedy
is not used because it is simple, and easily ob
tained ; and yet it is an established fact that any
person not afflicted by any hereditary disease
may preserve themselves in perfect health by
the use of the hot sea bath twice or thrice a
week, for if the functions of the skin are not
interrupted, and its healthy efforts assisted by
this greatest of all renovators, man may defy
disease. Call at Gray’s Baths, Fulton Ferry,
Brooklyn, and prove the truth ot the above.
Daughters of Eve attend !—Place aux
Dames.—Room for the ladies, even if we are
to crowd the gentlemen’s affairs into a close
corner. Know ye then, ladies, by these presents
(as the legal phrase is,) that we know, or at least
believe, that Phalon’s Hair Invigorator is an ad
mirable article to preserve your hair permanent
ly in curl, to make it soft, glossy and luxuiiant,
to free it from scurf and render it smooth and
pliant. Editors have seldom time to do more
than run their fingers through their locks, but we
have found time to try this article and can hon
estly recommend it. The druggists, who know
their owi interest in these matters, universally
keep the preparation.
Italian Paintings.—There can be seen now,
at F. Anelli’s rooms, at the Apollo, a collection
of paintings, of genuine and extraordinary
merit, which are well worth the attention of
connoiseurs. Ladies, especially, who are so
fortunate as to be able to indulge their taste for
art, will find some cabinet gems of rare beauty,
well worthy of a place in the most sumptuous
boudoir. These pictures, as we happen to
know, are the private collection of a distin
guished Italian, whose pure taste is a guaranty
of their excellence. They will be sold on
Thursday evening.
—_ i
The Adelphi—Chatham square—has changed ,
hands. Our old friends John Tryon, manager,
and Dan Gardner, Clown of the Bowery Amphi
theatre, have become the lessees. It advertises I
rich in comic and musical talent. I
<*H)c Wranui.
There is but little to say about theatricals this
week, and that little possesses but little interest. ’
If there has been a dramatic revival in any part of 1
the civilized or uncivilized world, we should be glad ’
to get the particulars for the enlightenment of our |
readers—for in spite of the Rev. Thompson’s anathe
ma, and James Gordon Bennett’s critiques, people j
do love to read about plays and players, and always
manifest a lively interest in stage gossip.
Bennett has the entire field of criticism to himself, !
and it would be no better than poaching for our un- f
licensed pen to enter upon it. j
This is an age of intelligence, and our readers are <
supposed to know how the "Herald’s” criticisms are i
manufactured—how essential it is to have the endor- '
sation of the foreman of the job printing office, be
fore the play or the player to be criticised, is men
tioned in the editorial room. If the foreman’s answers
to the following questions are satisfactory, the criti
cism is sure to appear the next morning :
“ Does Mr. ■, the vocalist, get his bills printed
here ?”
“ Does the ——— theatre pay its bills regularly ev
ery week ?”
Until these questions are answered, the tremendous
critic of the Herald holds his pen high in the air
the moment the affirmatory response comes, down
falls the fist on the table, and the pen propels after
the following fashion and to the following effect.
We quote from the critical column in Friday’s pa
per:
Though all the pleasures of sense are evanescent
and transitory, and the charms of exterior beauty
perishable and momentary, yet, while they last, in
that moment, short as it is, they have areal power
and existence—a power so great and fascinating as to
make us almost think there exist no other powers,
no other beauties or attractions, more deserving our
admiration. The truth of this is seen on the theatre,
which Shakspere, with that appropriateness of com
parison which is his essential characteristic, com
pares to the world, calling the world what it really
is—a theatre, and its men and women merely players.
This is in the finest style of the Heral'd man, and is
—prefatory to a puff of the Seguins and Julia Turn
bull in the opera of the “Bohemian Girl,”—a puff
which goes on to speak of “ the rich vision of bril
liant fairy scenes,” “the melody of harmonious
sounds,” “ the senses quickened by the ravishment
of all that is beautiful in form and motion;” and then
dips into philosophy, like a duck into a mud-hole, in.
this wise:
It is difficult, though it is wise, to learn the evanes
cent character of all that is charming in this world,
by considering the fieetness of transition of all that
is beautiful on its emblem, the theatre. It passes be
fore our eyes in a moment; we are delighted for a
moment; it is all real for a moment—the curtain
drops, and all is over!
Only to think, that if Jerry Bell did the printing of
the Bowery theatre, instead of James Gordon Ben
nett, all this poetry, all this philosophy, would have
inevitably been lost to the world. Upon what slight
threads are hung the destinies of matters and things
in general! O that managers would be wise in time,
give Bennett their printing, and allow the world of
New York to revel every morning in the poetry and
the philosophy of the “ Herald” critic ! O that our
great-grandmother, who lived till she was ninety and
seven, and then closed her eyes quietly, fancying,
poor innocent soul, that during her earthly pilgrim
i age she had witnessed many strange things, had lived
, until the advent of Bennett and the coming of Ben
nett’s hired man—the inspired critic aforesaid, who
talks of “the senses quickened by the ravishment
, of all that is beautiful in form and motion I” Reve
rently we lay aside our old brown wig and salute
thee, astute critic, profound philosopher, divine
poet! Keep the ball a-rolling, propel, locomote, get
out.
Mr. Brougham’s new piece has had a run of twelve
, nights at the Broadway—twelve times performed to
twelve large audiences, is an indication that what
: ever rank the piece may take, whether it is a farce
i an extravaganza or a comedy—there is something in
. it which pleases people and tempts them to part with
their half dollars. The result should satisfy Mr.
Brougham; and doubtless he is satisfied everytime
he puts his hands into his breeches pockets and finds
the current coin of the realm at his fingers’ ends.
There’s the test and touchstone of genius. A mail’s
bosom may swell with poetic emotion, and his brain
’ burn with great thoughts, but if the pocket be and
continue empty, We would much rather be spared
the headache, and the palpitation of the heart, and
have our bread and cheese lie ,quietly on a stomach,
unagitated by dreams of greatness, but active in the
performance of the duties of a healthy
' He was a great genius who had the lever to heave
[ the globe, could he have found a place for his ful
crum. Not finding that, he wasted not his strength
with the useless lever, but invented engines, which,
says the historians, sent big stones and darts to a
1 great distance, causing much slaughter. Matchless
r Carthagenian! You could not heave the pillars of
creation, but you did “make Rome howl.” That
which you could not do, you abstained from attempt
, ing; that which you could do. you did well How un
, like the would be world-shakers of our time—the
poor poets and the poor playwrights, who look not
within themselves for the sources of failure and mor
tification, but howl at the stupidity of the public, and
• leave, meanwhile, the bills of credulous grocers and
. tailors, and washerwomen unpaid. It does not fol
, low, ye men of sanguine temperaments, who mistake
a tendency of blood to the head for genius, and the
: fever produced by bad gin, for the divine fire burn
ing within, that because a man cannot write a book
which will sell, he is therefore incapable of doing
any useful work ! There is a work for every man to
do, and the sooner he finds out what that work is and
[ sets about it, the sooner will he be in the line of his
L duty, and the sooner will mankind reap the benefits
which his existence was intended to confer. All
' this we have written for the good of that large class,
i who because their books will not sell, fancy that
■ genius is not marketable. It is intended as a kind
ly and delicate hint to them, that though they have
failed with the pen, they may do something with the
pick-axe; that brogans, of their manufacture, may
sell, though books will not; that though they may be
unequal to the task of confounding humanity, they
■ may clothe it and contribute in a humble way to its
1 comfort. We ask the prayers of all good Christians
. in behalf of the American Copyright Club, and heart-
ily congratulate Mr. Brougham on his well earned
success.
Our local theatrieals may be briefly disposed of.
At the Bowery, the Seguins and Julia Turnbull
, have been the attraction of the week. Miss Julia’s
benefit on Wednesday evening drew together a large
number of her admirers, and of the admirers of her
beautiful art. The opera of the "Bohemian Girl,”
has been quite as successful at the Bowery as it was
at the Park, when the Seguins first produced it.
The Chatham runs New York As It Is,” and the
woildof New York run to see it. Chanfrau’s por
traiture of “ Mose ” is inimitable, and will make him
fame and fortune, wherever he presents it.
At the Olympic, “ A Glance at New York ” conti
nues to be the leading attraction. Mr. Holland, the
eccentric and the indefatigable, took his benefit on
Friday evening and was greeted by a large audience
with the rapturous plaudits to which he has been ac
customed, and which always move him to additional
mirth.
The Park is to be opened for a brief season, about
the middle of May. Although it is not known to
whom the theatre belongs.it is known that the build
ing is to be refitted and beautified in July and August,
preparatory to a brilliant opening under the direc
tion of the veteran Simpson, in September. If the
prayers of the wicked availed, we would pray con
tinually for the success of the old temple of the dra
ma, so shabbily treated in these later years. The
very rats which hide in the nooks and crannies of its
old walls, have become classic.
The last we heard of Mr. Forrest, he was taking a
“ farewell” of the good people of Cincinnati, at the
National Theatre.
" Farewell, farewell, why linger yet?
Is’t that more pennies ye may get ?”
Mr. Forrest’s farewells have become exceedingly
painful. It is time that we dried our tears.
Will some good Christrian tell us where Winchell
is? We do want that inimitable drollerist and ever
varying caricature of life as it is, to plant himself in
New York for two or three months. The town would
enjoy him hugely.
iHusical.
The blight of Bennett has fallen upon the opera.
It might have survived every thing else, but the
puffs of the “ Herald,” and its imprint on the posters,
have been fatal. The house, the company, the whole
affair was doomed, from the moment in which it was
decided to pay black mail to that infamous journal*
The downfall of the 1 ark should have been a warn
ing, but the stupid and miserable vanity, that hanker
ed after the puff’s and the blackguardism of
the “ Herald” deserved no better fate.
The principal singers, anxious to save something
frcm this wreck, have made a piteous appeal to the
subscribers for a little more money; but we don’t see
any use of it. We shall very soon have the Havana
Company here, which asks no subscriptions, begs no
contributions, and here is the Opera House all ready,
if some other be not now engaged. So good bye, stu
pid managers—good bye, delightful singers. Villa
rino will soon be here and put all. to rights.
But, in bidding good bye, we must not forget one of
the events of the season, the Grand Fancy Ball, un
der the patronage of Mrs. Sultana Bennett, and which
was got up expressly to introduce her into fashion
able society, in the only way such a thing could
possibly be accomplished—in disguise. Of this affair
our charming contemporary and sweet friend “Grace
Greenwood,” expresses herseif choicely, thus:—
In short, the whole thing was nothing but a splen
did “ rag fair,” got up for the benefit of those concern
ed in the management of the Italian Opera. The re
freshments were provided by the Delmonicos and
charged extra, ana the profits of the Champagne and
ices, went to the relief of the sinking fund.
io sum up in one word, the whole affair was one of
the most contemptible exhibitions of paltry mendi
cancy that ever disgraced gentlemen. If men have
been liberal enough or foolish enough to lend money
to players, they should pocket their losses and not at
tempt to deceive the public by false pretences.
Good for Grace! And now we see the end of it.
What with Mrs. Bennett’s “ rag fair” and Mr. Ben
nett’s black mail, the X>pera seems to be pretty es
sentially done for.
The concert of was only tolerably
successful as to numbers, but excellent in quality
and appreciation. This is not to be wondered at, for
though New Yorkers may swallow Boston enthu
siasm, or Philadelphia furore, separately, it is impos
sible to gulp them both at once. The fair prima
donna cannot expect all good fortunes, and has every
reason to be contented with her lot.
The Hutchinsons, having sung a few abolition
songs in Washington, followed by the attempted ab
duction of seventy-four slaves, and other pleasing in
cidents, have been giving a few farewells in New
York. We have always thought that Abolition should
be preached where it can be understood, if any where '
—and it would appear that the same rule applies to 1
it, when set to music. We have heard very fine '
music from the slaves themselves on the banks of the
Mississippi; but nothing quite so stirring as that of
our Granite friends, who should have waited a little t
longer and sung the runaways safely out of the Poto
mac. J
The Christy Minstrels, who give us an excellent J
idea of the lights and shadows of Ethiopic life, return 1
to their old quarters, to morrow night, unless they ,
have succeeded in engaging the Astor Place Opera
House, for which Christy has made a liberal offer.
Wherever thislband may be it is sure to be success- 5
ful, and we have no doubt would fill the largest thea- I
tre in New York, for many nights in succession. 1
The Sable Harmonists, finding a central location at j
the Minerva, are nightly throwing large audiences
into paroxysms of laughter and raptures of delight. J
Sable is your only wear, and black skins are all the <
rage, more particularly, when there are white ones
beneath, and both full of mirth and music.
The card of a benefit concert for a worthy object, i
will be found in its proper column. We hope the at- j
tendance may be worthy of the attractions offered. p
s3=* Those who wish a pleasant ride, good t
company, and most especially good fare, had I
better take a ride out to Mount Morris, where
they will find the proprietor, S. Van Nostrand,
on hand to administer to their wants.
t
80* One man in Cincinnati boasts of having n
aided in the escape of 405 slaves during the last ti
year. A pretty thing to boast of, truly. t
&iti) JHatters.
Mkb. Colton.—ln the Supreme Court, Judge Ed
wards made an order In the case of Colton and wife
m favor ol the latter, allowing the lady five dollars
!»r»r'X eek n nt ■ . the , Colnin g >n of the report of the
leferee, and giving her ten days additional time to
put m her answer to the charges of adultery.
Scandal.—A very pretty sewing girl named Caro-
S: ,sfrom a Miss Catharine KIII
- last week in a suit for slander, and before Chief
Justice Oakelv. It appeared that Miss Killduff had
a nest egg laid away in her drawer, In the shape of
gold eagles to the amount of S3O, which said nest-egg
some prying individual sought out and removed—
Caroline being employed about the house, Mi«s Kill
duff suspected her to have taken the money, and said
so to a great number of persons. So the pretty Caro
line went to a lawyer, and the result was a trial, and
a renovation of Miss Caroline’s fame.
Madame Restell.—The Court of Appeals, deliv
ered a large batch of decisions last week, but some
how forgot or neglected to dispose of the case of Ma
dame Restell. From this circumstance, it is rumored
in the legal circles, that the Judges of this Court,
have serious doubts about the correctness of the con
viction, and that it is more than probable that on the
first day of next term, Madame will be declared a
free and independent female physician. To morrow
another attempt will be made to have her bailed—
nil desperandum.
Another Mystery.—ln the Common Pleas a very
curious case came up to have the damages assessed,
the defendant having let judgment go by default. The
plantiff was a Scotch female, and the defendant, cap
tain of a Scotch vessel, Jinn Jinderson, vs. T. B.
McAlphin. The lady alleged that in April last, she
was a passenger from Glasgow to this port—that
when about a fortnight out, the defendant came down
to the steerage one night and ordered her t® cOme on
deck, or he would call down the crew and carry her
up. She accordingly dressed herself and went up.
The Captain then put her into a state room, barred the
windows and kept her locked up the remainder of the
voyage. The jury awarded the lady ono thousand
dollars as a compensation It must be confessed that
this is a very mys erious case. If this lady was im
prisoned in this way. on board of a ship wl ere there
i were other passengers, it is strange thev did not in
terfere for her release.
The Board of Supervisors had a meeting on
Wednesday night last, to appoint the important officers
: of Receiver and Deputy Receiver of Taxes. Herman
. W. Childs, was the regular Whig nominee of tha
caucus, but a tcrew got loose some how in the maehi- ’
nery, and Harvey Hart was successful in carrying a
majority, some o’. the Democrats havinc cbalizeJwith
the Whigs to defeat b .til Childs and the present in
cumbent, Smith Dunning. William A. Darling was
: elected Deputy Collector The salaries are $2,000 for
the former, and $1,500 for tho latter. The term of
i four years being ionewed by law.
1 Destructive Fire.—On Thursday mtrning afire
orriginated in the 4th story of a Drug Store in Maiden
Laue, occupied by Messrs Mort- n &. Babcock, from a
preparation of alcohol which was being boiled by a
5 brother of Mr. Morton and another young man in their
t employ, both of whom were seriously burned about
3 the head, face and hands. They ha i locked them
selves in a small room where they were boiling this
’ alcohol, and the first thing they remembered was find
j ing themselves trying to open the door and dLcover
-1 ing they had not unlocked it. The alarm of fire was
r firstgiven by the Police, and the engines soon on the
1 ground, confined the fire to the 3d and 4th stories of
the building were itoriginated, but those floors were
* burnt through ; and part of them gave way, bruising
some two or three men, but not seriously. The two
1 young men who were burned, having had their burns
- dressed with linseed oil and lime water, at Messrs,
> Cranes’ diug store, on the corner of Water street and
r Maiden Lane, were conveyed to Mr. Morton's house.
The loss is variously estimated at from SSOOO to
’ SIO,OOO
3 There was anothe fire the night previous, in 18th
2 street, between sth and 6th Avenues, a shell of a
t bfiilding used as a spice factory. It was a very unsa'e
building, and the Chief Engineer with a laudable
anxiety to take care of the lives of the Fireman, kept
them beyond the falling bricks, making no effort to
’ save the structure from destruction because it was
•• not worth it.
’ The New Police and Ward Justices—We un-
3 derstand that the Common Council have resolved to
i have four Police Districts, instead of three as at pre
’. sent. The first is to be composed of the six down
e town wards and to be held at the Tombs. Justices,
s Timpson and Lathrop ; Clerks, Stewart and Welsh.
, The second district, is to include the Bth, 9th, 15th,
* and 16th wards, to be held at Jefferson Market. Jus
s tices, Bleakley and McGrath ; t lerks, Murray and
n Davis.
j | The third district is to include 10th, 11th, J 3th and
14th wards, held at Essex Market, by Justice Barnar
, bus Osborne. Justices Timpson and Lathrop, attend
ing on alternate days. Clerk, Mr Lalor.
The fourth district is to include 12th, 17th, and 19tli
e wards, and held at the Police Station in 28th street,
r by Justice Napoleon Bonaparte Montfort; Clerk, Mr.
0 Riblett. Justices Bleakley and McGrath, attending
here on alternate days.
The Common Council have also decided on paying
1 the Justices of the Ward Courts, the Judges of the
i, Marine Courts and the Police Justices sl*oo per an
a num salary, to include neither fees or perquistes The
g Clerk of the Marine Court $10»0 per aunum. The
Clerks of Police S9OO per annum. TLe Clerks of the
Ward Courts SBOO per annum.
t- A Plurality of Husband* and Wives in ®ne Fa-
j. mily.— The following very curious case came before
Judge Edwards on Tuesday last: —
David Taylor vs- Charlotte Taylor, otherwise Char
f lotto Sweet. -This was a suit instituted by the bus
■- band agamst the wife for a decree of nullity of mar
-1 riage, upon the ground that at the time of their mar
riage the lady had another husband then and still liv
[. i?g —a Mr. Swift. The prayer of the plaintiff is re
sisted by the defendant, on the ground that the mar
e riage with Taylor was void through his having ano
e ther wife alive at the time of the mauiage with the
i- defendant. The matter now came before the Court
upon the petition of (he wife for alimony during the
pendency of the suit, and for an allowance for coun
sel fees, &c., in order to defray the expenses of the
® defence Mr. C. Shafer appeared for the wife, qnd
d Mr. J. J. Sparks for the husband, and the latter’s affi
s davit was read, from which it appeared that the lady,
s her mother and Mr. Swett were, in January las’, and
j as the defendant believed, still are, living altogether
in one house in the Eighth avenue, in this city, and,
’ as Mr. Taylor believed, supported wholly or in part
t by Mr. Sweet. A great number of authorities were
I- cited pro and con, and it was said that this was the
B first case oi the kind in which any application has
B been t ade for alimony, &c., in a suit like the presant,
where the alleged first marriage is not denied on oath.
7 In this case the inasriage with Sweet was admit-
B ted, but its legality denied, on the ground of his other
y wife then being living, of wh ch tact it was averred
s the plaintiff was cognizant at the time of his marriage
g with the defendant. The plaintiff was said to be a
pilot on the North Rivpr, and Mr. Sweet to be ‘an
' inventor.” Judge Edwards stated that he would
1 consider the authorities, and give bis judgement on a
future occasion.
Suicides.—The right to quit this sublunary sphere,
1 which the admirers of the largest liberty contend for,
s has been rationally exercised during the week in and
► out of the city. On Friday morning a man was found
r lyi D g in a vacant lot in 14th street, with his brains
„ blown out, and a large horse pistol by his si e. On
an inquest before the Coroner, it was ascertained ‘hat
* the deceased was Alexander Hamilton Norwooig>a
native of this city, aged 41. In early life he went to
s sea—came home, t red ol rambling— bought a farm —
. got involved in lawsuits, which so preyed upon his
l mind and his pocket that he became deranged, and
terminated his existence—a melancholy warning of
the consequences of going to law.
Another man jumped overboard the same nighX:
s from the steamboat Huguenot on her passage from
t Port Richmond, and whilst passing Bedlow’s Island.
! The act was so sudden that all chance of saving the
unfortunate man was useless, especially as he was
seen tying a substar ce round his neck—in all proba
l bility a stone—to give him a speedy passage to the
bottom. His name was ascertained to be William
t Damerum, having relatives living in this city. He
j left a letter addressed to the Ceroner, the substance
of which was, that domestic grief j caused him to
commit the rash r et.
More Stabbing.—On Friday night, a man named
; John Little had an altercation with a cartman, when
the latter drew a knife ai d let the lat er have it in
the left shoulder, and then fled Fortunately, the ruf
fian was too agitated to reach a vital p-rt. Jealousy
is said to have been the cause of this deed.
Caution to Country Gents.— A German farmer
was on Friday night induced to take a drop of snaps
at a hostelry in avenue t>, by a man named John
Abell, and when the stranger wanted his purse to
pay, it was transferred by some hocus pocus to John’s
pocket. A re-transfer having been effected, John
was transferred totue Tombs.
Burglary —William Pierce was arrested for a bur
glary and robbery on the premises of the beef and
pork inspection, No. 588 Washington street. Fifty
eight hams were found concealed, and Pierce fully
committed for trial.
The Mysteries and Miseries.—Michael Farrell,
wishing to see some of the mys eries of the Fourth
Ward, went to a dance house, and was done out of
$55 by some of the fair deceivers of that region. By
the aid of the stars, Michael discovered four persons
who he suspected of deluding him, and they were ta
ken into custody. Their names are William Smith,
Patrick Flood, Ellen Wright and Ann Fox.
Fires.—The month of April has proved very disas
trous to the city. We have had fifty five fires, as ap
pears by the official report or the Chief Engineer, at
two of which three valuable lives have been lost, and
three persons are now in a precarious state who were
burnt at two other fires on Thursday.
“ Pickings and Stealings.”—The Supervisors met
at 5 o’clock last evening, to entitle themselves to
their per diem allowance as such of $2 each. In or
der to make out the roast beef also, after sitting for an
hour in that capacity, they adjourned and immedi
ately afterwards met again as Ceunty Canvassers,
sitting as such for another hour, and entitling them
selves to another $2 each; and then, to finish up, ad
journed for tea, snipe, segars, tobacco and snuff.
The Lawyers vs. The Corporation.—The Supe
rior Court yesterday gave a decision in the suit of
James T. Brady vs. The Corooration of New York. —
Mr. Brady was last year counsel to the corporation,
and as such was directed by the Common Council to
defend sundry suits which had been commenced
against the city. As counsel to the corporation, he
was required by the ordinance to give his opinions on
all matters on which it might be required, and to act
as counsel in all suits of the corporation, for the sala
ry of $2,003. In defending suits, however, a great
many acta have to be done which do not fall within
the province of a counsellor, but of an attorney ; and
for all acts done in this capacity, Mr. Brady made out
bills against the corporation amounting to $15,000, of
which, however, some thousands of dollars are mo
ney actually disbursed in fees on filing papers, &c. —
The corporation refusing to pay these bills, Mr. Bra
dy instituted su ts. and the matter was referred. The
referee reported in favor of Mr. Brady, and the corpo
ration moved to set the report aside.and the finance
committee employed Mr. Cutting to argue tho case,
which was fnlly gone Into, and the court has now af
firmed Mr. Biady’s claim by sustaining the report of
the referee. So the $15,000 has to be paid, witn costs
of suit, and Mr. Cutting’s fees, which fees alone will
probably amount to a couple of thousand dollars.
Pleasant for Tax Payers —By a decision in the
Supreme Court yesterday, the Mayor and Corporation
will have to pay about SISOO to our learned friend
James T. Brady, for taxed costs in suits brought by
thejjLoco Foco Common Council during'the years
1845 and 1846. The Comptroller resented the pay
ment of the bill and employed Mr. F. B. Cutting to
conduct the suit. By this decision Mr. Brady will
have to be paid and Mr. Cutting also.
French Boots arc to be found at Jones’s 4 Ann
street at prices that could not be thought of for such
articles, if Jones had not made a vow to beat the
world in getting up model Boots at the lowest cypher.
Tact, industry, and a keen appreciation of the value
of large salesand prompt returns united to an ex=
cellent taste in his line has made Jones’s Boot Muse
um Fashion’s Favorite.
$3“ Gunter, whose daily bill of fare includes
over sixty different dishes, has been enlarging
and beautifying his establishment at No. 147
Fulton street. He now has two large, well ven
tilated, and elegant dining saloons, capable of
accommodating three hundreds persons at once
—and thereto he has added spacious sleeping
apartments, furnished with the newest furniture
[the bedsteads are all Gardiner’s celebrated pa
tent,] and which will accommodate a very large
number of persons. Gunter’s hotel takes rank
and will be recognized as one of the very best,
on the European plan, in the city of New York.
McCombs’ Dam Hotel.—This elegant hotel
is now open for the season, and its worthy pro
prietor will be happy to see those who may favor
him with a call. The toll across the bridge to
the house free. Stages will be in readiness at
Harlem to convey passengers to the House.
Museum.—The American Museum, in addi
tion to all its attractions, has got the biggest
baby in the universe, which all mothers and
nurses should see without delay. It is thought
that this baby is a little foretaete of “the good
time eoming.”

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