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Sunday dispatch. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1845-1854, January 07, 1849, Image 2

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Sunday Morning, January 7.
BZt* No Agent, Collector or solicitor of Advertise
ments, is employed by us. Mr. William H. Dubois
having contracted for a certain number of columns,
will of course, use the same as he may deem best for
his own advantage. All advertisements not inserted
in the space contracted for by Mr. Dubois, must be
brought to the office and paid for before they are in
, (C7“ Advertisements should be brought in by Satur
day mornins at latest to secure their insertion.
The pestilence which hovers over this conti
nent, has struck down upon New Orleans with
all its force. Strangely enough the panic com
menced in the halls of the medical college,
among the students assembled to attend the
winter lectures. They fled “like wild deer,
startled by the woodman’s bugle.” The great
body of the transient population was infected
with the panic, and fled, and it was calculated
that tn ten days after the disease had declared
itself, twenty-five thousand persons had left the
city. Business was suspended-ships and steam
boats lay unloaded at the wharves, and places of
business were closed, while the deaths amount
ed to over a hundred a day. On the first and
second of January, the deaths were one hun
dred and sixty-six, but the weather was cooler,
the disease decreasing and the alarm subsiding.
One of the New Orleans papers gives a curious
fact from the history of the cholera in Havana
in 1832, showing the influence of atmospheric
changes on the disease. In ten weeks there
were sixteen thousand deaths. One day the
deaths were nine hundred; a cool wind came
from the north, and the next day there were but
two hundred deaths, and on the third day the
disease had disappeared, and did not again re
There is proof here that the determining cause
of the disease is of an atmospheric or aromal
character. The change of temperature, and in
the direction of the wind, was accompanied by
a total disappearance of the malaria, the infec
tion, or the unhealthy aromal or electrical condi
tion, which produced the disease.
We speak vaguely of the cause of cholera;
but we can approximate sufficiently to its na
ture, and have observed its effects. The disease
is epidemical, it is infectious, and there is reason
to suppose that it is in some degree contagious,
but its infectious cahracter is quite subordi
nate to its aromal origin. All who breathe the
same atmosphere, or are subjected to the same
electrical conditions, will be liable to take the
Impunity will depend solely upon the power of
resistance, and the power of resistance will de
pend wholly upon the strength and vigor, upon
a proper performance of all the functions of
life; in a word, upon health. All persons in
health will resist the cholera; all persons who
approximate to health will recover from it.—
None but the weak, the debilitated, those who
have lost their nervous energy, and lowered the
tone of their systems will die.
The cholera is the disease of the poor, the
miserable, the debased, the licentious. It is
the disease of filth, of intemperance, and of vice.
The comfortable, the cleanly, the virtuous, and
the happy have Itttle to fear from it, since they
will have the power to resist it.
We repeat our advice, to keep well. D o every
thing, which can promote the vigor of the body
and mind; avoid every thing which weakens
and depraves. All drugs and medicines are
poisonous in their nature and weakening m
their effects, and instead of preventing the
cholera, they cannot fail to predispose people to
its worst effects. Pray avoid them. Do not
turn your pockets irito apothecary shops, and be
daily dosing youiselves, with the ridiculous idea
that swallowing poisons will fit your bodies to
resist disease. Every dose will weaken you,
and make you a fitter subject for the cholera.
What every one wants is to have good cloth
ing, good food, good air, good water, and a
plenty of the latter. If the stomach is kept in
good condition by a proper diet, and the skin in
a healthy state by daily bathing ; and if there
are no depraving habits, no weakening vices,
there is no danger from the cholera.
But while we individually do all we can to
prepare ourselves for a brave resistance, we
must do something as a public. The cold
weather is giving us ample time for preparation.
Our atmosphere must be purified. Our authori
ties must look to our butcheries and piggeries,
and to the human sties which are scarcely less
filthy, and which taint the air we breathe, and
from whose pestiferous influences the rich and
poor are alike, though not in the same degree,
We speak often upon this subject—because it
is a matter of life and death; and one which the
press has too long neglected.
wnat wiih sleighing for grown people, and
skating and sledding for the juveniles, New
York has had a glorious time of it during the
past week, beginning with New Years and keep
ing it up to the present writing.
The fun commenced, indeed, with the first
deep fall of snow, and while thousands were
sleighriding at all prices, from sixpence up to
ten dollars a trip, the naughty, uproarous young
sters commenced pelting them with snow-balls.
For two days this game was kept up remorse
lessly. Ladies had their bonnets smashed, and
we fear their pretty noses—suffered some. It
was the old fable over, only these were snow
balls instead of stones, and ladies instead of
frogs. Horses were frightened and ran away,
sleighs were overturned, and a few elderly ladies
run over. Such fun is very likely to be the death
of somebody.
The weather during the week has been ex
tremely cold, and the sleighing excellent. Burn
ham’s, the Abbey, and other out of town resorts,
have looked like country town meetings. Mull
ed wine has been in great demand, and the la
dies have found themselves more comfortable,
under capacious fur robes, after taking just a sip
or two. Fast horses have been in requisition,
and the stable-keepers were never in such spir
The Panorama of Broadway, always a lively
spectacle, has been full of excitement. We
saw a sober Quaker looking at it yesterday, till
his heart dilated at the prospect, and the lines of
his demure countenance were drawn percepti
bly upward.
Thus, every way, the new year has had a good
beginning—may it end as happily.
Some five or six weeks since, Mr. Solomon
S. Southworth intimated, in a paper for which
he writes, his intention to cut off our ears and
“nail them to the first accessible lamp-post.”
The threat was conditional, upon our venturing
to repeat the offence, and apply the offensive
epithet to him, which had awakened his ire.
Immediately and promptly, and m the frankest
manner possible, we accepted the conditions,
re-asserted the charge, and branded him with the
offensive epithet. For three weeks the valiant
ear-cropper was dumb, and our ears, with the
exception of a slight touch of frost in the left
one, are as well as can be expected, and deck
the head they belong to. And very pretty orna
ments they are, too, though, unlike South
worth’s, they are not long enough to attract un
pleasant notice or provoke sarcastic remarks.
However, the ear-cropper, alter three weeks’
silence, mustered up courage enough last week
to intimate, in an analogue, that he was on a
long journey, and having neglected to pay the
bill at the tavern where he put up, was in too
much of a hurry to stop and fight us. It would
be an act of inhumanity to stop Southworth
when he is running away from his creditor, and
so without let or hindrance on our part, he may
take to his heels as soon as he pleases. Al
though a man lacking self-reliance, Southworth
has good reason to place implicit confidence in
his legs.
A Noble Library.—While the Mercantile
Library Association is indirectly calling upon
merchants to complete the collection of books,
so as to put that library upon an equality with
the Society Library in Broadway—there is a pro
ject (alluded to and explained by us a few weeks
ago) under the consideration of the Odd Fellows,
toi build up and eclipse, in a few years, all the li
braries now established. We refer to this plan
now, merely to say that a meeting of Odd Fel
lows, to consider it, will be held at No. 38 Canal
street on Wednesday evening next. As we have
said, it is a noble plan—one which will give free
access to a large library, of more than twenty
thousand of our citizens and their children. As
such, we commend it.
gcj- In Havana, it is a crime to speak the word
liberty. Where it occurs in plays or operas it
has to be altered to loyalty. Thus, in I Puri
tani—the puritans—the Roundheads are made
to rush into battle shouting “ loyalty I” The
other night Signor Marini—sung out hberta in
his most sonorous bass, and the whole house
ros® and cheered with irrepressible enthusiasm.
The singer was reprimanded, the guards were
doubled, and the government took excellent
care that the scene ehould not be repeated. It is
about time that this uncomfortable island should
be annexed to the United States.
Otj- A strange not has broken out in Hones
dale, Pa., a fight in a grave yard over a corpse,
because some of the relatives wished it buried
in a Protestant, and some in a Catholic burial
ground. The sheriff and his posse had to inter
fere to settle the fight. We saw last summer, a
brisk fight in a graveyard, between two rival
grave diggers, and their friends, which a brisk •
shower of rain and clerical intervention brought 1
to a speedy conclusion. Such things make one I
think that the world ib far gone in lunacy,
There has been, or shortly is to be, a grand
fancy ball at the house of Dr. Mott—given, or to
be given, under the patronage of the charming
Miss Mott. The papers chronicle the fact, and
it has gone out over the length and breadth of
the land. Dr. Matt was a Quaker, and so were
his father and his mother before him, and their
fathers and mothers before them;—they used to
wear—the males, shad-belly coats, with the col
lar straight up; the females, petticoats just full
enough to conceal the outline of the form. They
went to “meeting” regularly every first day
morning and afternoon, and sometimes the spirit
moved them to speak. They were godly and
goodly people, who eschewed the vanities of the
world, and held dancing, especially, in utter ab
horrence. A fancy dress, they looked upon as the
“ livery of the evil one,” and could they now get
out of their graves, and peep into their descend
ant’s drawing-room, they would exclaim, in the
liveliness of their grief—“ Of a verity, Friend
George Fox lived and suffered in vain.” Dr.
Mott once wore the straight-collared coat him
self, and said “yea” and “nay,” and “thou’d”
and “thee’d” his patients when he was cutting
them up. But that was long before he went to
Europe, long before he moved into Dupeau Row.
He was never a Quaker professionally—he loved
to spill blood too well to be a Quaker, and he
performed and yet performs his surgical opera
tions, with a dandyiehness that would astonish
any broad-brim so unfortunate as to be com
pelled to submit a limb to his knife. For all
this, Dr. Mott is a great surgeon. He cuts a
man up beautifully.
P. S. A friend at our elbow says that Dr. Mott
is yet a Quaker—a “hickory Quaker,” which
is equivalent to being a Christian—a “ hard
Christian” —among the “ world’s people.”
We had, some time ago, a long and interest
ing conversation with Mr. Cassius M. Clay, on
the subject of slavery in Kentucky. He ex
pressed the belief, that that State, and several
others, were ready to rid themselves of slavery,
if they had any way ofgettingridof the negroes,
when free. His idea was that the negroes
would find an asylum, eventually, in some por
tion of Mexico, where they would find a conge
nial climate, and less violent prejudices.
The Senate of Indiana seems to have adopted
this idea, for we see resolutions have been adop
ted m that body, in favor of Congress making
an appropriation of some of our newly acquired
territory, for negro colonization. The proposal
is to offer eighty acres to each colored person,
■ who will emigrate, and that the proceeds of
su'eh lands as are sold in the same territory, be
devoted to their education and improvement.
Speaking of prejudices, we notice in the New
Orleans papers a cunons illustration of the diffe
rence between the condition of colored people
in that slave city, and this free city of New Yoik.
Here, no colored person can go to a fashionable
concert, lecture, opera house, or theatre, except
in the gallery. In New Orleans, at the principle
theatre, there are private boxes, and parquette
seats at a dollar each, expressly provided for
people of color. We have seen in New Orleans
negro clerks in book-stores, and negro book
keepers in large wholesale establishments. The
same men in New York would be cleaning
boots or doing jobs at white-washing.
The Tribune says that our assertion that there
had been more immorality since the passage of
the law making seduction criminal than previ
ously, “ is simply a statement for effect, without
one particle of foundation.” We find the state
ment current in the newspapers, and it corres
ponds with our own impressions of the facts.
What effect we made it for, the Tribune does
not intimate. Our only objection to the law is
its apparent uselessness and itsmanifest abuses;
. but that is no great matter, perhaps,—except as
a matter of principle. We have no idea of go
ing back to the Jewish code, or to the blue laws
of Connecticut. By the laws of Moses, as given
by God, from Mount Sinai, adultery and several
other offences against chastity were punished
with death, yet we find that even these terribly
severe laws, given by Divine wisdom, were of
little avail. The Jewish nation was full of li
Under the law of Moses, the adulterer was
stoned to death. Jesus told the woman taken
in adultery to go and sin no more; but our leg
islators, following neither the old dispensation
nor the new, conforming neither to the com
mands of Jehovah nor to the precepts of Christ,
strike a middle ground, in their higher wisdom,
and send offenders to Sing Sing. Well, time
will tell, but still we prefer the Christian system
to the Jewish, or any of its modifications.
The Rev. Rufus Wilmot Grisworld, who be
sides being a parson, and a man of parts, is a
doctor of laws, a veritable L L. D.. “ and none
of your nonsense, ifyou please, sir,”—Dr. Gris
wold, as we should, must, and will call him, in
timated, as we are informed, in a select literary
circle, that he was not aware that he had ever
done anything to offend or injure us, meaning the
we of this paper. You never did, Rufus—Doc
tor, we should say—you never harmed us, you
are incapable of harming us. The world is big
enough for both of us, although it may become a
little crowded, if you go onmultiplyingyour ho
norary titles; but we will endeavor to slip by and
around you without jostling you, provided you
show as careful an avoidance of other and more
defenceless people than we are. We took you
in hand, Rufus—beg pardon, Dr. Griswold—two
or three years ago, and did hope that you would
mend; but as the Scripture somewhere says—
“the neck of the ass is stubborn, and must be
bent with many blows,” and so we find it true.
Thereupon we gave you another lick in our last
issue—and now you may go for the present.
gtj- In a year or two, whatever the success
of the gold hunters, there will be some hundreds
of thousands of young men in California, who,
pleased with the country, the climate, and the
prospect ahead, will never return to our bleak
north eastern borders. In consequence there
will be left here about the same number of young
ladies, for whom society can furnish no hus
bands. What shall be done! We may smile—
but this is one of the greatest calamities of life.
Think of Adam without Eve, or suppose that
Adam had gone to California, or Orphir, on a
gold hunting expedition and left Eve to pine in
Eden. Think of any horrible desertion of his
better-half by mercenary man ; and then pity
these thousands of deserted brides that should
be, and pity not less the thousands of wiveless
Every such disturbance of the equilibrium of
nature must occasion great immoralities; the
most philanthropic enterprise of the n ext few
years will consist in bringing these stray halves
of humanity together.
grj- A correspondent who signs himself “ Ve
ritas,” asks us to back up with our influence the
application of John Lorimer Graham for the of
fice of post-master of this city. W« shan’t do
it, not because we do not respect Mr. Graham,
who is a good man in the main, though he did
play such an odd political game, during Tyler’s
administration. If Mr. Morris goes out, as go
he will we suppose, we should like to see Mr.
Taylor, who is thoroughly acquainted with the
duties of the office, having had twenty years ex
perience in it, appointed to it. The only objec
tion to Mr. Taylor is, that he is not a politician.
While other aspirants have been patriotically
serving their party and their country, he has been
hard at work in the post-office, night and day,
for a period of twenty years. That’s against
83- A few days ago, the bark lonia sailed
from Boston, for Malta and Smyrna, taking as
passengers four missionaries and their wives,
destined to various ports of the Turkish Em
pire. The vessel also took out two hundred
barrels of New England Rum. The Tribune
“If the Missionaries succeed in saving as
many souls as that same New-England Rum
shall destroy, they will do remarkably well.”
This seems to us a fair sample of Boston con
sistency—we might have said Boston piety and
morality—but we have an affection for Boston,
and hope better things of her.
(JU- Eight companies of Montreal firemen
marched in a body,'the other day, to the city au
thorities and tendered their resignations. There
is some Yankea spunk, be sure, at the bottom of
this. The best engine company in Montreal, a
few years ago, was composed entirely of Yan
kees. Their engine, made in Boston, beat every
machine in the city. The rival companies sent
to Quebec, and afterwards to England, to get an
engine that would beat them, but in vain, and
they were compelled to have one made in New
York or Philadelphia to beat the Bostonians.
flrj* The influenza has been very prevalent in
New York, of late, and in Boston has appeared
to be an epidemic. This may be a slighter form
of the cholera, suitable to the cold weather. In
Boston there is scarcely a family in which some
are not sick, and in many cases whole families
are prostrated. It is attended with cramp-like
pains in the legs, pain in the head, and a watery
discharge from the eyes; but it has not proved
Og- The Herald has suddenly fallen in love
with Lester of the Broadway Theatre, and is
puffing him furiously—fine form, beautiful face,
&c., is the burden of the laudation. We beg
leave to call the attention of the Herald to the
fact, that Mr. Lester is slightly knock-kneed.
Will the Herald correct its full length 1
Do our readers remember a witty English
man’s method of preventing his friend’s beer
from being pilfered I It was to tap, and place
beside it a barrel of wine.
Wherever there is wit, if you look deep
enough you will find wisdom. This is, in very
truth, the way to prevent people from stealing
beer and every thing else. No man steals beer
who has got something better, or even as good.
Give every man an orchard, and who is going
to steal your apples. Give every man a compe
tence, and there is little fear of theft. A few
may continue to steal from education and the
force of habit, but there would soon be an end
of it. Men don’t like to feel contemptible,
enough to go on in a career of crime without a
strong impelling motive.
Injustice stimulates revenge, and revenge is
gratified by acts of fraud and violence. Almost
every man feels that he is treated with injustice.
Every where there is some rankling discontent.
We are not appreciated as we deserve—we are
not adequately rewarded, our talents and char
acters are slighted. No one gets his conscious
deserts. Every one suffers from some individ
ual or general injustice, and this must be the
case, just as long as society is constituted as at
present. Instead of its being a wonder that
there is so much wickedness in the world,
it is a constant miracle to us that there is so lit
tle. The religious dogma of depravity applies
to our social organization, in all its force, but it
does not apply to individuals. With all the de
praving influences of a false social system, men
are better, purer, nobler than could be expected.
Our social machinery seems fitted for the manu
facture of demons, but man was made m the
image of his Maker, and so little lower than the
angels, that all these discordant circumstances
cannot bring him down, nor make him wholly
false to his glorious nature.
Preach the depravity of man, but not of men
—preach the depravity of the social state, but
not of the men and women who compose it.
They are better, a thousand times better, than
the influences around are perpetually tend
ing to make them. For instance, an immense
monopoly of wealth has a direct tendency to
make robbers of all who are unjustly deprived
of it; and yet the mass of those who are robbed,
instead of attacking their plunderer, will cheer
fully arm in his defence. Set this down to the
credit of our long suffering and magnanimous
humanity. Tell this to those who apply the idea
of depravity to the individual instead of the so
cial condition of the race. It is useless to argue
that men are bad, against their own conscious
ness of their benevolence and honesty.
The way, then, to prevent all crime, and this
is the only way, is to remove all motive and
temptation. It lequires no generosity to do this
—all it asks is justice. Every man knows that
he has a right to life, to the means of living, and
to social enjoyments. Give every man his
. rights, and there will not be a thief or robber
left in the world. A man whe should steal, un
der such circumstances, would merely be a can
didate for the kindest possible treatment in a
lunatic asylum.
One man cannot do justice to his fellows. It
is only by banding together, in our great politi
cal and social organizations, that we can cany
out the principle of justice in human brother
hood, and so reform the world.
New Years in New York was one of the
brightest, liveliest, and happy days ever enjoyed
in the Empire City. The air was clear and
bracing, the sunshine brilliant as a shower of
diamonds, the walking dry, the sleighing excel
lent. The men all turned out to honor the day,
the ladies were arrayed in their sweetest smiles
and most bewitching glances, to receive calls,
compliments, and congratulations. It was the
day ot days, and there was many a sigh at the
thought that twelve months must elapse before
another such anniversary. If we could only
have such a festival of good feeling once a
month, the progress of society toward its much
needed reformation and re-organization would
be much hastened. There would be less hate,
. more love, and, in consequence, more happiness.
No man could do a mean action after making a
round of calls on New Years. Such a custom
observed monthly, would put a stop to an im
mensity of hard feeling, backbiting, slander, and
general injustice. We should all become friends
at least, if we could not' feel and act like
We look back with satisfaction to the New
Years Day of 1849; we look foiward with hope
and trust to New Years of 1850, the last year of
the first half of the 19th century. Within this
year, some of the grandest movements of hu
manity will define themselves. We shall see
whether France, which has just displayed such
enthusiasm for the memory of her hero-Empe
ror, will remain a republic. We shall see what
will come of the efforts to establish a great Ger
man nation, with a liberal government. We
shall see whether Russia will stand on the de
fensive, and whether British policy will still
triumph over the rights of hugianity. We shall
see whether all is gold that glitters among the
sands and rocks of California; and we shall see
how grand will be the progress of our own coun
try in wealth and power, in a year of prosperity
and peace.
But, to a philosopher, there is somethingmore
interesting than all material movements, in the
growth of great ideas. In these, the present
year is destined to be prolific. The whole public
has gained courage—that moral courage which
makes a man dare to think for himself. Men
are boldly questioning laws, medicine, morals,
and theology. They do not cringe and cower
at authority. It is not enough to tell men thus
saith the parson, thus saith the judge; they do
not ask who hath said it, but whether it be the
truth. And such is the boldness of this spirit,
that they who say thus saith the Lord, are un
hesitatingly challenged to prove their assertion.
Thus saith the Lord can never more sanction a
wrong with those whose minds are opened to
the light of truth—the light implanted in our
natures, “ which lighteth every man that cometh
into the world.”
We have m times past had great struggles in
theology. Men, claiming to be God’s agents,
ambassadors and interpreters, have cried, Lo!
here, and lo I there—but we have found the true
touchstone of revelation. Whatever is right,
and just, and holy, God has inspired men to say
and do; whatever is wrong, and unjust, and
wicked, cannot be of his inspiration. There is
no difficulty in this rule, and we may accept all
that is good in the teachings of every faith and
sect, as coming from the Source of all good.
This is the platform of universal charity, and
the sooner all the good people in the world stand
firmly on it, the better it will be for this unfor
tunate planet.
Another grand idea which ismakingprogress,
is the necessity of physical health to mental im
provement and moral elevation. A sick man
findsit very difficult to be either smart or good.
It requires the full and healthy play of all our
faculties to make us brave, and wise, and gene
rous, and just. The world is learning that
health cannot be bought by the gram or scruple,
of the apothecaries—that it is not carried round
in bottles and boxes—that it does not come out
of a doctor’s saddlebags, nor reside upon the
point of his lancet. There is an idea that the
medical science of the schools, as handed down
from generation to generation, is an antiquated
heathen humbug, utterly unworthy of the mid
dle of the nineteenth century. We give this
idea one year more to expand and develope
itself, or one more year for the medical profes
sors to commence a thorough reform in their
principles and practice.
The grand ideas in regard to the re-organiza
tion of society are finding a thousand imperfect
but significant expressions. The chaos of the
social world, brooded over by the spirit of hu
manity, begins to move about, and group to
gether. Light penetrates the darkness, new and
beautiful forms appear, and we begin to have
glimpses of the radiant and happy future.
gg- Our contemporaries ot the Sunday Times
publish to-day the entire of Dickens’ Christmas
Carol for 1848. Price three cents—in addition
to the usual amount of pleasant reading which
the Times always serves up for its readers. Our
neighbors publish a large extra edition, so that
Dickens’ fine story can be had at their counter
during the early days of the week.
Jtj- Gen. Taylor, it has been announced on
the floor of Congress, has committed himself in
favor of the annexation of Cuba. We think we
may safely predict that before many months, a
good many worthy people, both in this country
and the parts adjacent, will be considerably asto
03- The cholera at Staten Island has ceased,
either for want of subjects, or in consequence of
the weather. Now we should like a statement
of the whole course of the disease, the number
of cases, deaths, recoveries, and modes of treat
ment. It is due to the profession and the public.
£)3- Another ship will be off sometime during
the week for California and the Sacramento—
the Apollo, a well fastened and well coppered
craft, which will carry in safety to that verge of
our republic, those who seek their fortune, and
contribute to the greatness of their country.
83- But for Berford, Astor House, our files of
English papers would not be complete. Berford
sends us the papers almost before we learn the
arrival of a steamer in our waters.
03- The steamer Hermann, after a severe
passage, put into Boston on Wednesday, for
There may be those who think we write too
warmly and too severely on the subject of medi
cal quackery, as it is displayed m the ignorance,
bigotry, and pretension of what is called the re
gulai faculty; but there are cases in regard to
which it is difficult to write with coolness and
placidity. Such a case has just occurred—the
death of a noble spirited young man, whom we
saw a few weeks since in the flush of vigorous
health, and whose corpse now lays beneath the
billows of the Atlantic, another victim of medi
cal assassination. He has been murdered—
butchered, we had almost said; not with malice
indeed, but with that gross and terrible igno
rance which is dealing death through every rank
of society, and which counts its victims by
thousands. This is but one solitary case; but
it is that of a noble fellow we loved, and his
brutal sacrifice excites our indignation.
The young man, whose untimely death has
so affected us, was connected with some of the
first families in New York and Philadelphia.
His father was a ship-master out of this port,
and being thrown by misfortunes upon his own
resources, he adopted the same profession. He
had made two voyages to the East Indies, and
had passed the ordeal of a fever at Batavia. On
the first of December he sailed in the steamer
Panama, for California and Oregon, a hearty,
robust sailor, full of intelligence and ambition.
He took cold, and in a few days was taken down
with lung fever, a disease perfectly easy to
manage with proper treatment, but which will
not bear tampering with by ignorance and
quackery. The surgeon of the Panama proved
to be a regular Singrado. He knew no better
than to bleed, bleed, bleed ! and in a few days he
bled the poor fellow to death. When the pa
tient required every ounce of his vital.fluid, he
continued to abstract it, and the result was in
evitable. What was required was to equalize
the circulation—this blood-letting bigot opened
the veins and let it out. The practice! was
ignorant, barbarous and murderous. Not one
person in a hundred could have survived under
such treatment, and ninety nine in a hundred,
in the same case, with any decent treatment
would have recovered. The friends of the
young man are enlightened people, and the y be
lieve that he has been murdered.
What can be done—what ought to be dome in
such a case as this I Our ships, our hospitals,
our public institutions are filled with men, edu
cated in the same antiquated and murderous
school of practice. They bleed and poison all who
come under their care, and the result is seen in
the untimely deaths of a large proportion of their
patients. The grave-yards conceal their vic
tims, and they are hurried off without a ques
tion. The premature mortality all around us is
frightful—hundreds and thousands are cut off in
infancy, and in the prime of life, and we chose
to lay these deaths at the door of a mysterious
Providence, rather than charge them where
they belong, to the ignorance of the medical
profession. We need never talk of heathen be
lieving m the false gods, so long as we believe
in our doctors, with the proofs of their incapa
city staring us in the face from every grave
The surgeon of the Panama, and his medical
brethren will feel offended, no doubt, at these ex
posures ; but the welfare of the public is of a lit
tle more importance than their tender feelings.
We can pity any common ignorance, hut where
it is a matter of life and des.th, we must have a
sterner feeling. We have proved, by the con
fessions of the Allopathists, and the statistics of
that and other modes of treatment, th at in the
a large proportion of the deaths may be
fairly charged to Allopathic treatment; The
statistics given in Dr. Joslyn’s lecture prove, as
must be admitted, either that Homoeopathy
cured, or that Allopathy killed an immense
number of cases. If, as is contended, Homoeo
pathy is only letting alone, simply doing nothing,
then so much the more murderous is Allopathy.
We are advocating no system or school of me
dical practice. We advocate only enlighten
ment and reform. We advocate a speedy ces
sation of legalized homicide and scientific assas
The last European steamer brought us the de
tails of one of the most horrible of all the trage
dies of civilization; we refer to the suffocation
of seventy two passengers in the cabin of an
Irish steamer.
It was a stormy night, and one hundred and
fifty poor steerage passengers, men, women and
children, most of them going to Liverpool to
sail to America, were forced into a miserable
little forward cabin, where there was scarcely
room for them to stand. The only ventilation
of this den was the companion way, and as the
sea became rougher that was fastened up, and a
tarpaulin nailed securely over it.
In the howlings of the storm, and the crashing
of the machinery, the shrieks and groans of
agony from these suffocating wretches were
unheard. In the morning, seventy-two were
blackened corpses, and the remainder were
gasping for life. They were torn and trampled
in the awful struggle—but the scene admits of
no description. Imagination can best picture
its horrible realities.
The captain and mates have 'been indicted
for manslaughter; but it is evident thattheir’s
was only a sin of ignorance. We cannot ac
cuse them of a deliberate intention, to kill seven
ty two passengers, and yet they (might just as
well have thrown them overboard, as to shut
them up without air.
Had one of the officers of that vessel possess
ed the least knowledge of physiology—had he
known the functions of the lungs, or tl'ie proper
ties of air, such an accident could never have
happened. It was all the result of gross igno
rance of some of the most important laws of
life. Similar ignorance pervades all society,
and causes a great amount of mortality.
It is not the officers of this Irish steamer alone
who are ignorant that pure air is necessary to
health and life. We find the same ignorance
every where, and see its results in half venti
lated churches, theatres, concert rooms and
private dwellings, where multitudes of people, if
not killed outright, are not the less surely mur
dered by degrees.
It is to be hoped that this terrible lesson will
not be lost, and that the sudden acid awful deaths
of these unfortunates may be the means of pre
serving the health and prolonging the lives of
Dr. Dixon, in his Scalpel, insists that in cer
tain cases of apoplexy the patient must be bled,
even to fainting, and asserts that “he who omits
to draw it [the blood] is justly chargeable with
the death of the patient, should it occur, notwith
standing all the quack announcements of chyo
no-thermalism, hydropathy, homceopathy, et id
omne genus.” The Doctor does not appear to
be aware that the strongest argument against
bleeding has been furnished by a witness be
longing to neither of the classes thus politely
stigmatized as “quack,” but one who is author
ised, as well as Dr. Dixon, to write the magical
word “surgeon” after his name. We mean
Mr. Copeman, of London, who in a valuable
work on apoplexy conclusively proves, from
elaborate statistical tables, prepared with the
greatest labor and care, that where the patients
are not bled, one out of three dies, while the
use of the lancet increases the mortality one
hundred per cent: so that with reference to the
responsibility for the death of the patient,
“should it occur,” the boot is on the other leg.
In this connection, we would respectfully sug
gest to Dr. Dixon, and the suggestion may prob
ably be of use to him, in his new avocation as
an editor, that there is a wide difference between
calling a man a quack, and proving him one.
80- The coal business in Pennsylvania has
been so disastrous this season, as to leave the
poor miners in a state of great destitution. This
comes from the entire disorganization of the
business from first to last. So far as we know,
there is not a coal mine in Pennsylvania worked
upon equitable principles. The profits of good
seasons go to capitalists, while the workmen
live from hand to mouth, on low wages, and on
the least reverse, they are left to starve. The
laborers in the mines of Pennsylvania are in
about the same condition as the poor Indians in
California, who are hired to dig gold for a few
loaves of bread and a glass of grog. Pretty soon,
the gold will be gone, the bread and grog gone,
and the Indian after all the gold he has dug, will
be no better off for it. Our capitalists treat la
borers every where, much as the California ad
venturers treat the Indians. The ignorant sa
vages don’t know any better; and the working
men of this country are not half so wise as they
might be. A small influx of wisdom wouldn’t
hurt them at all.
Singular Efficacy of the Water Cure.—
We cut the following curious case from one of
our western papers, published, we believe, in
Wisconsin :
Captain Hood, a well known citizen of Bee
town, Dane county, had a little child taken sick,
which, after much suffering, and with all the
usual indications of the final struggle with death,
received its parents’ parting embrace in the pre
sence of other friends. The glazed eyes of the
little sufferer were closed and a bandage was
applied to support the under jaw, as is customary.
After a lapse of some twenty or thirty minutes a
woman in attendance, who was aiding in the
ablution and laying out of the corpse, com
menced by sprinkling some cold water on the
child’s face. Strange to tell, the child opened
its eyes, aroused, began to recover, and is now
in the enjoyment of full health.
80- The coal fields of Virginia cover an area
of 21,000 square miles, and there are vast depo
sitee of iron, and the richest gold mines that have
been opened east of the Mississippi. What a
great State Virginia might be 1
We give below two communications, one
fronl Dr. Anderson (being his third contribu
tion, on this subject, to this paper,) and ano
ther from one of the faithful disciples of Preis
nitz. It has already been observed, we trust,
by the attentive reader, that we are the cham
pions of no particular school of medicine.
While we have no faith in the old school,
which has made little or no progress during a
thousand years, we do not wish to be under
stood as endorsing the new. We give free
scope to enquiry and discussion, if they be to
the point. But we wish it to be distinctly under
stood, that we neither commend, recommend
nor endorse Hommopathy,Chrono thermalism,
Hydropathy, Thomsonianism or Grahamism.
The disciples of Preisnitz fancy that they have
discovered the sovereign cure for all the “ills
flesh is heir to,” in cold water. We are very
far from agreeing with them. Homoeopathy and
Chrono-thermalism are alike confident. We
are not. What the world requires is the result
of actual experiment. Whenever that can be
obtained, in an authorized shape,we are glad to
give it place. The old notion of the infallibility
of the old school, is vanished. Implicit faith
is no longer reposed in the doctors. A cane,
and a case of medicines with a pocket on the
top for a big lancet, are no longer regarded
with reverence. Enough that thus much of
independence of physic and physicians has
been asserted. For the rest we will patiently
inquire, careful all the time to keep ourselves
so well as not to need medical advice.
Dr. Anderson’s suggestions are of seasonable
value, and are entitled to consideration from
the fact that though a “regular,” he is not tied
to arbitrary rules, but has kept himself free of
cliques and associations, and in a position to
profit by a close and intelligent observation
and a large experience. Our cold water friend
writes like an enthusiast. There is virtue in
cold water, and if it possess all the virtue its
disciples claim, none will be happier to admit
the fact than ourselves.
To the Editors I now propose to follow
up what I promised last week concerning the
nature and treatment of cholera asphyxia.
In the quotation from M. Andral, of Paris,
it is stated that its anatomical character is in
sufficient. A great source for obtaining know
ledge of the nature of disease is from an exa
minations after death, by the knife of the anato
mist; here he discovers organic disorder of
parts which were hidden from the. eye of the
physician during the life of the patient, and by
which he becomes enabled to adjust a future
treatment for similar eases. Yet M. Andral.
in his autopsic examinations, found not enough
to warrant him in deciding upon a proper
treatment in asphyxiated cholera.
During 1832 I had opportunities of making
many post mortem examinations in this dis
ease, and on one occasion, at the Alms House
hospital, upwards of a dozen bodies were
submitted to the inspection of a number
of medical men from neighboring cities, when
the appearances, on dissection, were uniform
in the several cases. All the organs were so
free from disease, that the corpse had the sem
blance as if the individual had been summoned
from a state of perfect health ; there were no
signs of a pre-existing inflammation—no adhe
. sions—no formation of matter—no engorge
ment or turgessence of vessels; it was as if
the person had died in a state of perfect calm
—as if death had made its ravages without a
■ co-operative excitement of organic structure.
In these inspections, however, we discovered
a most remarkable phenomenon, all which
fully corroborated the sage remark of M. Ma
; gendie, that this disease began where all other
diseases ended, viz., in death. In dissections
usually, we find as the last vital effort, the ar
' teries with the left ventricle of the heart are
' emptied completely of their blood, and which
. is rendered to the veins. This led the ancients
to believe that the arteries were for the pur
! pose of transmitting air through the system,
! and hence their name. But in all the cholera
i cases, the inverse was the case; the veins were
. empty, and the arteries retained their blood as
well as the left ventricle of the heart. The
quantity of this blood was much diminished,
no doubt from the previous frequent discharges
of lymph and serum, by the vomiting and
diarrhwa, rendering the character of this blood
grumous and resembling tar. Here, then, na
ture was unable in her last convulsive efforts
of life, to empty her arteries, which she does
as far as I have seen, in every other case of
disease. With this, and no other signs of dis
ease, cases of cholera must in the first instance
have commenced in the deprivation of the vital
principal—in other words, the disease com
mences in death.
As in my former paper I remarked, costive
ness is the first attendant on this nervous dis
ease called Asiatic cholera. In a time of the
epidemic, persons should watch themselves:
costiveness never should be allowed; here a
mild cathartic, as of jalap and cream of tartar,
would be sufficient. From the nature of the
malady, over-dosing would be dangerous—na
ture will help out with a mild cathartic. At
this time great advantage is to be obtained
from a warm bath. The cathartic and the
bath will enable nature to rally to her own re
lief. In this way, you will have obtained the
natural secretions of the bowels, the skin and
the kidneys. These are the three great outlets
of the system, and which are of the first im
portance to be kept in order. It is a fact in
medicine, that when these are regular, the
other minor secretions will follow suit, and
• become regular also, all which being the case,
no disease can take place.
[This observation of Dr. Anderson, is a very
important one, and it may be carried stillfurther.
The great deterging or cleansing organ of the
body is the skin, and restoring a proper tone and
action to that, gives a healthy action to every
other organ.—Eds ]
I have great doubt as to the use of mercury
in any form in cholera asphyxia: it maybe
given in the hope of exciting the secretion of
. the liver, but as mercury takes time in ordina
ry cases to act upon this sluggish organ, I fear
it would be time lost to employ it.
When vomiting and diarrhoea have com
menced the patient would do well to have ad
ministered to him:
Turkey Rhubarb drachams.
Calcined Maanesial do.
Tincture of kino'X do.
Cinnamon water7 ounces.
Mix, and give half a wine glass full every one or
two hours, and followed up during the continuance
of the diarrheea.
Here you will help nature to do, what she is
trying to do for herself; and you remove what
irritating substances may be in the bowels ser
ving to keep up the symptoms. In the Kino you
have a suitable astringent which will aid in clo
sing ’the capilary vessels from which the rice
water ejections emanate. I never saw opium or
morphine given, or wherejbleeding was admin
istered but wherein, the patients died. If the
vomiting be excessive, soda, water will be use
ful; but 1 have always found that a few grains
of powered ipecacuanha, say 12 or 15, will allay
the vomiting quicker than anything else.
If the disease is to continue, cramps, more or
less extensive, will now make their appearance.
I have invariably used, and with the best suc
cess, flannels wrung out, of hot strong vinegar,
wherewith to wrap the limbs in pain. These
are to be frequently changed while the cramps
, continue. It seems to me, that the artificial
heat given to the vinegar leads , that vegetable
acid to a quick decomposition; by which oygen
is transmitted to the system through the skin.
If you are not lucky enough to arrest the dis
ease, the state of collapse, or the blue stage will
set in. The body appears on its surface as if
the small vessels, both arteries and veins,were in
jected with a dark,bluish blood,the voice is husky
and almost inaudible, the hearing is nearly gone,
and the breathing difficult. The indication
here, as in the disease throughout; is, if possi
ble, to restore to the systemjits lost tone. Wines
may do good, ice certainly does; and the re
mark may apply as was given to the vinegar. It
seems that water at 32 degrees of Farenheit,
taken into the stomach of a cholera patient, is
just in a state to be decomposed by the system
of such a person; and by which its oxygen will
be made free, and taken into the blood.
What I have universally used, and which has
seemed in cholera, to have given life to the
dead, is the following prescription for a diffu
sible stimulant. It can be given with efficacy
at any stage of the disease. In the pain, in the
left side, “attending costiveness, in the first in
stance, it will relieve the pain and enable a mild
cathartic to operate, thereby precluding other
symptoms, and in collapse, it will restore quick
ly the pulse at the wrist, and put the patient on
the road to recovery. It is as follows:
Take of Camphor Emulsion,lo ounces.
Tincture of Pellitory IX drachms,
do Cardamom Seeds X do
do Cayenne Pepper, 1 do
' do Horse Radish,, X ounce
Sweet Spirits of Nitre. r; do
Syrup of Garlic, % do
do Ginger 1 do
Oil of Cinnamon 5 drops.
Take of the above a half wine glass full every
half hour, hour or two hours, according to the
state of depression.
Each of the above articles, is of itself a diffu
sible stimulant; perhaps they vary in some
minute degree in relative character with each
other; but when combined, afford the best
specimen of a general remedy adapted to asphyx
iated cholera.
I may remark, that circumspection must be
used in the administration of camphor. At the
first of the disease in 1832, some of the physi
cians were in the habit of taking the Spirits of
Camphor, and mixing it with water, gave it to the
sick. The water soon precipitated the camphor;
and caused the drug to be taken into the stomach
as solid camphor, wherein it became a local
irritant instead of a diffusible stimulant. The
consequence was, that the patients were made
to die of inflammation of the membranes of the
brain, from the great sympathy between the
stomach and the cerebral organ. This result
was for a time, considered a sequela to the dis
ease. But cholera has nothing like inflamma
tion belonging to it, unless induced by mal
practice. I am your obed’t servant,
To the Editors:
Your liberality and fairness, in admitting to
your columns the advocates of every school of
medical practice, particularly in connection
with the epidemic with which this city is threat
ened, on the return of warm weather, cannot
fail to elevate the character of your paper in
the estimation of all impartial persons; and I
have been surprised to see, that better advan
tage has not been taken of your liberality by the
advocates of the system of Hydropathy, which
is now finding its disciples among the most in
telligent and influential classes, and which ranks
among its adherents the highest names in liter
ature and science.
The water cure, which consists of an applica
tion of the purest principles of nature, in air, ex
ercise, diet, and water, in its various adapta
tions; is evidently the most natural preventive
treatment that can be adopted for this, or any
similar disease. The cleansing of the whole
system, giving tone to all the nerves, and invi
gorating the skin, by the judicious use of the
wet sheet packings, the plunge bath, and the
douche, cannot fail to prepars the constitution
to resist and expel the most deadly malaria. I
am so satisfied of the preventive virtues of the
water-cure system, that I should not hesitate to
guaranty, under any penalty, the life of any to
lerably healthy parson who should observe the
regimen of water cure.
Of the curative effects of water applications |
in cholera, there has been no experience in this I
country; but from the success with which it?
has been applied in yellow fever, ship fever, and
other epidemic diseases cf a violent and fatal
character, I have no doubt of its successful ap
plication in cholera. On the continent of Eu
rope, however, the water treatment has been ap
plied with the most entire success. Preisnitz,
the father of the system, in 1831, treated twenty
five cases, and lost not a single case. Oertel
and Gaspari, two German water cure physi
cians, also treated cholera with entire success,
and even cured it in its last collapsed stages,
when it seemed like raising them from the dead.
The water acted as it does where persons are
apparently killed by lightning, or suffocated by
foul gases.
From what I have experienced and observed
of the water cure, I should trust to it implicitly
as a preventive, I should have no doubt of its
curing all curable cases, and should at all events
prefer it to any other system of practice, now
before the public, in this, as in other diseases.
I believe that you will be doing a public ser
vice by publishing these convictions of an
To the Editors:
Allopathy.—ln the New York Hospital from
January 1, to November 30, last, 3,178 patients
were treated —of whom 2,155 were discharged
cured, or more than two-thirds, as appears by
report of the governors.
Hom<eofathy.—According to the report of
Professor Joslyn, 407 patients were treated in
nino months, last year, by the Homoeopathic Dis
. pensary in this city—discharged cured 192, or
less than half.
Chrono-Thermal—(including Hydropathy as
a fragmental part of its system )—Extract of a
letter from Dr. Garter, of Reading, to the author
ot the Chrono-Thermal system:—“l find in re
ferring to my note-book, for the past twenty
months, that nearly three hundred cases have
occurred in my practice. With the exception of
one case, (inflammation of the brain) my treat
ment— your treatment —has restored them all
■ to health.” See appendix to Fallacies of the
We begin to believe in the natural tendency
of man to sin—to do evil when he thinketh no
wrong, and multiply his transgressions without
being aware of it.
In our last issue, we stitched on the cover of
Miss Ann Lynch’s poems, a description of a
meeting of the Mutual Admiration Society and
Literary Lever of the New World. It was done
in fun, without malice aforethought—and yet
we are pained to learn that what was fun to us
was death to the hterateurs. Every stone we
shied brought down a literary croaker, and the
puddle has been abandoned by all the surviving
frogs, not one of them stopping even to repeat to
us the old fable, which has immortalized their
Well, we can’t help it. If frogs will continue
to croakgon the highway of literature, at every
quiet passer by, they must expect to receive a
whack now and then over their heads. This
convocation of mutual ticklers and admirers
have had it all their own way, long enough, and
as we have sharpened our stick, we will con
tinue to poke them with it, when we are in the
Good quiet people, who eat just as quiet good
people do, and sleep and talk like quiet people,
will scarcely believe us when we tell them that
for three or four years, on every Saturday night,
there met together a lot of folks who with the
utmost gravity voted themselves the thinkers of
the New World! The great mass of men and
women about them, were well enough in their
way—they were of the earth, earthy—but the
mutual admirers breathed another atmosphere
(so they did and do by Jove I) They lived in a
world of their own—a world of intellectuality,
and after mixing with the dross of earth for a
whole week, it was refreshing to those spirits to
meet together in Miss s’ back parlor, and
talk about poetry, and spiritual influences, of
which they held the monopoly, of their own
high destiny, mission, Ac., and of the chances,
slight indeed, of their elevating and spiritualis
ing poor, miserable, uncombed, unwashed and
unshaven humanity! That’s the way they talk
ed I To hear them, a plain sensible man would
bite his lip to conceal a sneer, and think of the
poor mad astronomer, spoken of by Bulwer, who
wore out his life in managing the heavenly
bodies, and talked with tears in his eyes, of the
incessant labor of winding up the sun every
morning, and watching it throughout the day,
until it sunk, gently and calmly, under his skilful
control and direction, in the west It was a de
lusion which nobody had the heart to dissipate,
and so the old astronomer worked and harrassed
himself to death, his last moments embittered
by the agonizing thought that when he was dead
the world would be without light!
The clique of mutual admirers, to whom we
refer, have been in the habit of laying violent
hands on every celebrity who comes to New
York—of “roping him In,” and astonishing
him with the dazzling brilliancy of that “divine
circle.” Few of this class have escaped them.
One poor fellow who went through the Mexican
war, shed his blood freely in the defence of his
country’s cause, and came home with honors
“ thickly strewn upon him,”
was kept a prisoner here for weeks, by the mu
tual admiration society. When he did succeed
in effecting his escape, he applied to the war
department to be assigned to duty on our extreme
north-western frontier—and there he is now,
“ happy and free.’’
Another class are besieged and threatened by
this clique— men who control types, and who
may therefore be useful to the vam, silly ambi
tion of the set. The way they impress a man of
this class, is a caution and a warning to the un
suspecting. Masonic initiation is nothing to
it. The poor fellow is kept in a dark hall—ante
room, they call it—for five minutes, and then
plunged into a room with spermaciti sixes
enough, burning in it, to light every port of a
hundred-and-twenty gun ship. The light is
overpowering enough for weak eyes, but it re
veals to the neophyte, groups of people scattered
all over the room, and all ol them staring straight
at him Conducted through these groops, to the
presiding goddess, he hears in loud whispers,
intended for his ears of course—such remarks
as “ good front head,” “strong perceptive facul
ties,” *• the reflective organs well developed,”
“eyes which indicate genius,” Ac. This sort
of necromancy generally works, as it is intended
to work, the charm, which makes the poor devil
forever their slave.
Enough for this week. In our next we must
describe a “ model artist exhibition,” the lite
raturers being their own models. Now don’t
ask us not to I We must do it, as it is too good
to be lost.
The distribution of the prizes of the American'
Art Union came off, as usual, at the Tabernacle,
to a large and anxious audience, and the pic
tures which have formed the pleasant attraction
of one of the most convenient lounges in Broad
way, have been distributed from Maine to
Texas. The grand prize, Coles’Voyage of Life,
was drawn by a brother editor, him of the
Binghampton Courier, to whom we tender our
congratulations. The pictures are worth four
or five thousand dollars, and will not diminish
in value.
The gallery of the International Art Union,
which is, for the present,, at the corner of Broad
way and Reade street, is now the centre of at
traction to the lovers of Art. The prizes offered
here are gems, and the engravings, which each
subscriber will receive, are richly worth the
price of subscription.
There are comparatively few who can afford
paintings and marble statuary, but good engrav
ings and casts m plaster are within the humblest
means. A few dollars expended in this way
will fill a dwelling with beauty.
80- The True Sun has a clever and intelligent
correspondent in Paris. We say this, who do
not believe in the prestige of a great name, and
who have but little hope of a Flench republic
just now. But it was a noble tribute to the me
mory of the great Emperor—the election of Louis
Napoleon. He is the grandson of Josephine,
the gentle and devoted wife of Napoleon.
France loves the one as well as the other, and
it was a very romance of life, that tender love
and remembrance of Josephine, which, added
to the reverence for the Emperor, has made
Louis Napoleon President of the French Repub
lic—perhaps Emperor of the French! Mrs.
Sigourney has a fine poem on our last page, en
titled “ The Grave of Josephine.”
The Steamer Panama.—We cheerfully take
back every word we wrote of the machinery of
the Ocean steamers, so far as the Panama is
concerned. Her misadventure was the result
of an unaccountable accident; a block of wood
having by some means got inside of her cylin
der, which of course was smashed in pieces.
There was no lack of strength in the machinery,
though it may be that a more careful survey of
it would have detected the hidden source of
80- It having come to the knowledge of the
board of the Bible Society, that our gallant
neighbors of Southwark Engine Co., No. 38,
said or swore that the Bible house—in Theatre
alley should not be burnt, when the Park Thea
tre was consumed, the board mngnanimously
voted them a new Bible, for their successful ef
forts (under Providence) in preserving it. The
foreman acknowledges the present in one of the
neatest letters we have seen in print.
Have You Seen the Elephant I—lf not, drop
in at 37 Bowery, and in addition to the elephant
you will see a fine collection of animals, from
all parts of the world, with the daring perform
ances of Mr. Brooks, the Lion King. Admis
sion 25 cents, while the juveniles are admitted
for a shilling.
80-The Chinese Museum, No. 539 Broad
way, was opened on New Years day, and is
now visited by a large number of people daily.
Give it a call.,
W Wrama.
With the. , ~
burning of theK? ° W priC ° sySle "’ and * hC
in upon the theatric^"' ° f sunslline has broke *
maximum tariff at every ° r . ld ofNew York '. The
fifty cents while the minimunf® ! n lhe Clty ' 13 b “* ”
cents, or a piece of old Spanish cohi'pijp'/ 1 "' 1 aha tl
as a York shilling, and everywhere popular} 7 nOWD
We have always been the advocates of cheaj. t<
prices and a good entertainment. We admit that that
distinguished caterer to the grosser appetite, Daniel
Sweeny, Erq., of No. 6G Chatham street, was before
us in the physical department; but we claim the
honor of heaping the plate, of filling the bowl full to ;
overflowing, in the intellectual. Each has done his '
work fittingly and well. Dan. and ourselves have i
fed the hungry; he has given them a cup of pure '
Croton to wet their whistles with, and we have held
to their lips the goblet of which, they who drink shall ■
never be a-thirst. Dan. lines the stomach with a
swtoJantiaZ lining for a shilling, and we rejoice to
feed those who hunger and th’irst after knowledge, at
the rate of three pence per week. Will our readers
be kind enough to take the fact into consideration for a
moment? Dan. sends no man away hungry or un
satisfied, and charges few more than a shilling. Wo
leave at each man’s door in town, send to every man’s
nearest post office in country, a paper for three cents a
week. We say nothing of the quality of the paper,
any more than of Dan’s bill of fare. Both speak for
themselves. The fact that both of us have as many,
or almost as many customers, as we can attend to, is
sufficient. And we bring forward Dan’s and our own
case, only as an illustration of the advantages of the
system of cheap prices and abundant supply—a sys
tem that we have talked for and written for ever
since we could understand the great principle that
ten per cent, decrease in the price of any necessary
of life adds thirty, forty and fifty per cent, to the
Newspapers and eating houses, have adopted the
system, and now we have all the places of amuse
ment giving in their adhesion to it. And it works well
and gloriously all round.
The Broadway with the gorgeous spectacle of Monte-
Cristo, fifty cents to the first tier of boxes and par
quette,and twenty five cents to the upper tiers, is full
every night.
The Bowery with a company strongly reinforced
by detachments from the Park, and admission two
shillings to the boxes, one shilling to the pit, opens its
doors nightly to welcome thousands of delighted
Burton with local, slap dash farces, full of happy
hits at vices and follies, and cracker like retorts and
repartee, and with the same prices as at the Broad
way, is one of the most popular places of resort in the
The American Museum, pursuing the plan, when
others were doubtful if it, has heaped up a goodly
and daily increasing fourtune for its proprietor.
Mitchell, his pit at a shilling his first tier at four,
and all above two, with the attractions of a company
which always do well everything they undertake—is
travelling the road of success still.
Need we say more than that George Holland, takes
his benefit at the Olympic on Friday evening next—
to insure a house full to overflowing ?
Mr. George H. Andrews, the dramatist of the novel
of Monte-Cristo, which has been so successful at the
Broadway Theatre, announces his benefit—an au
thor’s benefit—to take place on Wednesday evening
next. Mr. Andrews merits just as many half dollars
as can find seats in the house.
And the New National, steadfast in the faith of low
prices and full houses, and managed with infinite
tact and enterprize by Chanfrau, reaps nightly an
abundant harvest of quarters and shillings which
make a goodly show in the weekly exhibit of the
Vive les cheap prices!
Mr. Forrest is, we regret to say, seriously indis
Mr. Bass, so well and so favorably known to the
theatrical community of New York, is to assume the
management of the Boston Theatre—the “ Old Drury”
of that city, where the elder Kean got himself into a
scrape ; but whose walls shook when George Frede
rick Cooke, stepped on to its boards. The Boston
Theatre wanted a careful, intelligent and experienced
manager. It will have such a manager in Mr. Bass, a
manager, who if liberally sustained by the public,
will revive the olden glories of “ Federal street.”
Mrs. Mowatt, we are glad to see by our London
papers, is making steady and secure progress in the
estimation of the British public. While Vandenhoff,
Helen Faucit, Anderson and even our Charlotte Cush
man have been without engagements during the sea
son, she is about to fulfil a most favorable one, at
Mary-le-bone Theatre. The London people have dis
covered a charm in her acting, which promises her
fame and fortune.
‘ Lucia di Lamermoor,” and a grand solo on the
violin by F. H. Coenen at the Opera House.
The grand spectacle of the “ Count of Monte
Christo,” is still the attraction at the Broadway.
“Boadica a grand historical drama, and “ Turn
ing the Tables,” at the Bowery.
Chanfrau presents the grand drama of “ Wacousta,”
and other attractions to the patrons of.the New Na
“ Dombey and Son,” “Slasher and Crasher, 5 ’ and
“ Where’s Barnum?” at Burton’s.
At the Olympic, “ Maid of Croissey,” “Invisible
Prince,” “ Slasher and Crasher,” and “ The Light
Troop of St- James.”
The opera of Giuramento has been performed dur
ing the past week, to full and delighted audiences.
This week we have some benefits, commencing with
that of Signorina Truth, on Tuesday evening. Mr.
Fry, having succeeded so well in New York and
Philadelphia, is about to try the experiment of a short
season in Boston. Thus the most refined amusement
of our civilization will ba firmly established in our
three great Atlantic cities, as it has for some time
been in New Orleans.
Distinguished musical arrivals are as regular as
those of the ocean steamers. The latest is that of
the Distin family—father and three sons, the renown
ed performers on the Sax horn. They gave their
opening private soiree last night at the Astor House
to a large audience of artists, amateurs and literati’
ladies as well as gentlemen. This is a new feature
for which we are indebted to Mr. Corbyn, the clever
agent of the company. The Distins were assisted
by Miss O’Conner, vocalist, and Mr. Willy, pianist,
and the entertainment proved one of the the most re
cherche ever given in New York. Their music is of
the most pleasing and popular character. They are
to give a concert early in the week.
The second concert of Madame Bishop went off
with the eclat which has followed her entire and
brilliant career in the United States. We see her an
nounced as the leading star of the Boston Philharmo
nic concert.
The additional strength of Christy’s excellent
troupe of Ethiopian Minstrels, has increased the rush
at Mechanic’s Hall, and the nightly soirees musicales
are more than ever attractive and ravishing. The
opera undoubtedly makes some peoples’ heads ache,
but a night at Christy’s is an infallible cure. The
large additions to Christy’s band makeit the strongest
we have ever had in New York.
The New Orleans Serenades are following up
their successes, at the Stuyvesant Institute, by re
moving to the Society Library rooms. It was a bold
experiment to introduce the Ethiopian Opera in the’
very midst of upper ten-dom, but the Serenaders have
done it with entire success, and now they propose to
reap a rich harvest in a more central locality.
We notice that the new Dutch violinist, Mr.Coenen,
has made a successful debut in the orchestra of the
Italian Opera, where his performances have been
greeted with the warmest plaudits.
On Thursday evening, the manager of the Opera
will give an entertainment, consisting of the opera of
Lucrezia Borgia, with a scena from La Juive, a solo
by Coenen, and casta diva, in costume, by Madame
Laborde. This will be a grand performance, and we
hope the call will be as generously responded to as
on the late occasion at the Park theatre.
The anniversary of the Battle of New Orleans
will be duly celebrated by a grand ball at Tam
many Hall, to-morrow evening. We trust to
see the old wigwam graced with a full attend
ance of the fair daughters of Manhattan.
A ball will be given by the Baxter Blues at the
Astor Opera House, on the 23d inst., in aid of a
fund for the erection of a monument over the
remains of the gallant Baxter and others of the
New York Volunteers who fell in Mexico.
The ninth annual ball of Eagle Fire Engine
Co. No. 13, comes off at Tammany Hall on
Monday evening, 15th inst. The balls of this
company m former years have been among the
best we ever attended.
The pupils of Mr. J. Parker, the distinguished
professor of dancing, have proffered him a grand
complimentary ball, which is to take place on
Monday the 15th, at the Coliseum. If all who
have learned to dance of Parker should attend, t
they would have to adjourn to the Park.
One of the papers advises its readers to
apply in time, if they “ would secure a copy of
the early impressions of the Boydell (Shakspere)
plates.” Bless your innocent soul I The early
impressions and the late impressions from these
plates were taken years ago, and the old copper
laid aside as worn out. Their successful resur
rection now, only shows that though humbug is
much older than the Boydell plates, it wears
The Democratic Review.—The January
number of this able periodical lies upon our
table. We have had time only to glance over
its contents, but a glance convinces us that it is
unusually rich. “Captain Dan Henrie,” and
“Faith,” a poem by Eugene Lies, are well
worth the price of the number.
Tomatoes, packed in jars, and as fresh as
though just picked from the vines, may be had
at Hope’s grocery, corner of Chamber street
and West Broadway, or orders may be left at
this office. The tomatoes are carefully put up
in New Jersey, and no one who once uses them
at this season of the year can comfortably dine
without them.
The Flag of our Union comes out in a
“ bran new suit ” of type, and looks as though it
might propel successfully for another year. One
of the features of the new volume is the prize
story for which the proprietors paid one thou
sand dollars, and which prize, young Mr. Davies
succesfully carried off, over such competitors
as N. P. Willis and Lippard.
Oy Matter*.
Mayor’s Office, ) tl
New York, Jan. 6, 1848. ) n
Whereas, The Health Officer having reported no v
new cases of cholera at Quarantine lor the last twen
ty four hours, and none having occurred there for the ,
three days past, and this city has been free from it a
<6ince the 20th day of December; therefore, be it
Resolved, That the daily meetings of this Commit- ft
tee be discontinued, and that they stand adjourned, o
to the call of the Chairman.
" and ordered to be printed.
--/TlMO'lnv R. HIBBARD, Chairman. a
Announcement grammar faulty. —Eds. 8
Prison Discipline.—We expect [ 0 have been <
able to lay before our readers, this an abstract
of the labors of the Grand Jury in the co-arf of Oyer
and Terminer for the month of November, that body [
having been adjourned from week to week in ortler to 1
complete their investigation into the abuses both of f
omission and commission, in the city and county pri ,
sons. Owing, however, to the unavoidable absence ■
of two of the jurors from town, the termination of 1
their labors has been postponed until to-morrow,
when a presentment will be made on the whole mat
ter. This document, we hear, fills sixty pages of
foolscap, and contains matter of great pith aud mo
ment calculated to astonish some of our sago, grave
men. It was at one time intended to proceed, byway
of indictment, but It was found that if that course
was adopted the implication must include such a
batch of judicial as well as administrative functiona
ries, that the intent was abandoned.
The Murder in Leonard street.—The trial of
John S. Austin and James Nesbitt was called on last
Tuesday before the Oyer and Terminer, Judge Ed
wards and two Aidermen on the bench, but put off
until to morrow. We hear, however, that there is
but little probability of its being taken up this term,
lor certain cogent reasons.
Reckless Driving— Sarah Diblinvs. James Mur
P' l !/- -Ihis was an action against the defendant who
is the proprietor of a well known line of stages run'
ning from the City Hall to Harlem Bridge and parts
adjacent, the plaintiff who is an aged lady who resides
m the neighborhood of the Third Avenue. It appear
ed that in the month of October. 1847, the plaintiff
was crossing 27th street, on the Third Avenue, just
as one of the defendant’s stages was turning out, and
that the stage coming within a very ;short space of
the curb stone, the plaintiff was knocked down and
trampled on by the horses. When taken up it was
found that one of the plaintiff’s arms was liactured
in three places, and that she had received several in
furies from which it is impossible she can ever re
cover. The defence set up was as usual in similar
, cases, viz., that the old Jady was herself more to
blame than the driver, and that if she had kept on
' the side walk the accident would not have happened.
. The jury awarded the plaintiff fifteen hundred dol
lars as some compensation for her injuries.
The Stars and the People lsrael Brower vs.
The Mayor and Corporation.— This was an action to
' recover a balance alleged to be due from the people,
; to plaintiff, under the following circumstances. It
[ appeared that the plaintiff was duly appointed a Star
Police, for the years 1846 and ’47. During Mayor
Brady’s term of office, the plaintiff was charged with
certain violations of duty, and breaches of the police
[ regulations, on which charges he was tried, found
guilty, and sentenced to be carhelred or dismissed
from the force. At the expiration of the term for
which he was appointed, he commenced a suit for
the recovery of the amount which would have bean
due, provided he had remained in the police depart
-1 ment. On the part of the defence, it was alleged that
r the proceedings before the Mayor, fully justified that
functionary in the course pursued, and as the plantiff
had rendered no services to the people, he could not
> recover. Judge Sandford, declined taking the re
r sponsibility of charging the jury on the law, on this
, subject, but reserved the point for the opinion of the
full bench. A verdict was therefore taken for the
plaintiff’, subject to the opinion of the court.
1 Narrow Escape.— Laurence Proudfoot, Jun., vs.
- George W. P. ll.—This was an action against the de
fendant, to test the question whether he was liable to
respond in damages for a nnisiauce in digging an ex-
1 cavation opposite to a lot it was alleged he owned in
• Broadway, and piling up the earth so as to form an
incumbrance on the highway. It appeared, that last
spring the plaintiff in this suit, was riding into town
> on horseback, in the dusk of the evening, when he
j rode against the pile of earth, and with his horse, was
thrown into the excavation, by which the arm of the
plaintiff was fractured. On the part of the defence
r it was alleged, that the lot on which this excavation
. was dug, was not the property of the defendant in
this suit. The jury after a long consultation, found
a verdict for the defendant.
1 Consenting to a Divorce —Jacib Carpenter vsi
’ Mary S. Carpenter.—in this case an application was
made some weeks since for a divorce, and the lady
not putting in any denial, the divorce was granted.
Subsequently she applied to the court to have the
■ proceedings annulled, stating that the had not been
duly notified, to which the husband replied that she
had consented to let the bill go undefended, foracon
' sideration in money, but afterward chanced her mind
3 and alleged that such consent ought not’to be effec
’ tive, because contra bones mores. The judge granted
her application, and, on appeal to the full bench, his
1 decree was affirmed and costs granted to the lady.
The Model Artists in Court—Piercy JI. Cole
a and his wife Fanny vs. Robert 11. Collyer.— This was
d an action in the Marine Court lor work and labor
done under a contract made in London, the work and
labor done consisting of the exhibitions of the plain
tiffs in flesh colored silk tights as Jupiter, Juno, Ve
nus, Mercury, and other distinguished characters.
After the case had proceeded, the judge discovered
1 that the plaintiffs claimed S4OO, and a& the jurisdic
e tion of the Court only extended as far as SIOO, the
f, case had to be dismissed, and will, however, be re
newed in one of the highar courts, and then our
readers may look out for something rich, rare and
t- curious.
t Sporting Gents at Law.—JbAn S'. Bevins vs. TFil-
Ham S. Weed.— The paities to this suit are well
known sporting characters and great fanciers of trott
r ing horses. In the early part of the last trotting sea
son the plaintiff placed s2so‘in the hands of the de
fendant as a portion of the stakes on a trotting match
between Lady Suffolk and Lady Sutton, which was
about to come off. The race was withdrawn and the
e defendant refused to return the stakes. On the part
of the defence it was alleged that about the same
e time the defendant placed a similar sum of $250 in
the hands of the plaintiff, and that one must offset
the other. The Court told the Jury that this would
i- not do, but the defendant must bring a suit to recover
the amount he had placed in the hands of the plain
„ tiffs in this suit. The jury thereupon found for the
plaintiff for the $250 and the interest thereon.
■’ Dangers of Blasting Hooks.—Mary W. Valen
tine vs. the Mayor and Corporation— ln this case the
1 plaintiff sought to recover'a compensation in damages
for injuries done to her house and premises in conse
quence of the blasting of rocks, and constructing a
3 sewer, with other improvements, in the neighborhood
t of 95th street, 2d avenue. On the part of the defence
it was alleged that the sewer was necessary to the
health of the inhabitants, and that the operations
were conducted with every care and circumspection.
That the blasting of rocks was also a work of neces
sity, and that the public treasury ought not to be
made to suffer for trifling inconveniences. The jury
awarded the plaintiff one hundred dollars, with liberty
to the people to pay costs.
j Charge of Murder.—Three Germains, named
Frederick Evers Henry Evers and Richard Esges,
• were arrested on Friday by policemen Orr and Wade,
1 of the 11th ward, on a charge of having caused the
t death of an Irishman, named Michael Doran. Ac
cording to the best information which could be ob-
1 tained relative to the affair, it appears that on Tues
r day night last the deceased went to the porter-house
3 kept by Frederick Evers, with several others, and
caroused there until about 41 o’clock, P. M., when
Frederick Evers told them that they must all go
s home. Doran, who lives, within three doors of the
p porter-house, and his friends, accordingly left, and
Evers immediately closed the doors for the night;
' but they had not fastened long before Doran re
r turned with a boot jack, as is alleged, and broke open
3 the door with it, when Frederick Evers and his clerk,
Egces, assisted by Henry Ever, brother of the former,
’ proceeded to inflict summary punishment upon Doran
3 and eject him fora the premises, and in so doing in
r flicted such wounds upon his head that he died from
. the effects thereof on Friday, when the accused were
1 immediately arrested and committed to prison by Jus
, tice Osborne to await the Coroner’s investigation.
The Coroner arrived during that afternoon, and a
f post mortem examination was about to take place,
1 when symptoms of strong excitement began to mani
-3 fest themselves among the Irish population in the
neighborhood. A large crowd collected about Ever’s
porter house, and threats of revenge were heard on
• every side. Under the circumstances.it was thought
1 best to postpone the examination until yesterday,
. when, after a lengthened investigation, the jury found
that the Irishman was served right, and they returned
' the following verdict. “ That said Doran, came to
his death by injuries received at the house of Frede
rick Evers, during an affray on Tuesday night, and
the jury believe the injuries were inflie’ed by Evers
1 ind defending his house against the violence cf said
r Doran.” On this verdict, the Dutchmen were dis
, charged.
Another Charge of Murder.—lt will probably be
’ recollected that some months since a serious riot took
5 place on the Hudson River Railroad amongst the
t workmen, which resulted in the death of one of them,
named James McNeil, near Cold Suring, and that the
perpetrators of the murder effected their escape until
’ yesterday, when officers Wood and McLaughlin ar-
• rested three men, named James Cox. Patrick Gallery
i and Thomas Conlln, who was committed to prison by
Jusiice McGrath, preparatory to being sent to Putnam
1 County for trial.
' Board of Supervisors.-—A meeting of this Board
was held last evening, when the same routine of
business was disposed of, and protests received from
James Conner, County Clerk, and Samuel Osgood,
Ex Register, against paying the fees and perquisites
i of these officers into the city treasury.
i Health Regulations.—Arrival of Inspected
Vessels.—Two vessels arrived at this port on Thurs
day last, with a considerable amount of infections
- and dangerous sickness on board. The vessels were
f the Peter Hatterick, from Anwerp, with over 15 cases
of small pox, and the Ohio, Capt. Clark, from Livei
' pool, with more 50 cases of typhus fever. The sick
! on board the latter vessel were so numerous that the
, whole cold noj be reported yesterday to the Commis
, siosers. As the disease referred to are universally
1 aemitted to be of a Lontagious character, It is hoped
that the Board of Health will promptly direct their
attention to the infected vessels and their passengers.
I. O. of O. F.—We are compelled to postpone
, the list of officers of Lodges for the current
, term, in consequence of not being able to pro
, cure all in time for this week’s issue. We hope
to be able to give the list in our next.
By reference to our advertising columns it
will be seen that Grand Secretary Pentz has for
sale a splendid certificate of membership, at his
office m the new Hall. This certificate is issued
by authority of the Grand Lodge of the United
States, and is pointed in three different lan
guages. Every Odd Fellow should have a copy
of this beautiful engraving.
The New York Bazar —2Vo. 333 Broadway,
corner of Anthony street The establishment of
bazars, or what is better known in this country
as/airs, is a feature peculiar to New York just
now. There are a tables, attended by polite
and beautiful young ladies. You buy if ycu
i please—or there is a chance table, op the plan of
the Art Union, where you incur the risk of win
ning or losing, a useful or ornamental article. —
It is a very pleasant place to drop into of an
evening, with a lady under your arm, and it is
admirably managed by a gentleman whom we
have known for many years and for whose up
rightness of character, we will engage to furnish
any number of vouchers that may be required.
Purchasers will find there, in addition to what
will be a novelty to most shoppers, articles like
the following: jewelry, millinery, perfumery,
cutlery, musical instruments, confectionery,
lamps, paintings, engravings, clocks, window
shades, toys, baskets, glass ware and fancy
goods, of every description;
Our readers are referred to the advertise
ment of the Bowery Savings Store, 126 Bowery,
which, from appearance and what is said of it,
bids, fair to be the great Central Market for dry
goods. One cannot but be satisfied, if what
they say is true, and we have no reason to doubt
them, as their reputation stands as high as the
head of the list of dur dry goods merchants.
Phonography.—Andrews & Boyle have redu
ced their terms for a course of lessons to $2.
They commence several new classes on Mon
day and Tuesday.
A magnificent sword has been presented
to Gen. Wool by the Governor of New York.
It was a fitting compliment from a great State
to a great Genera].
(Xy- Eighty-one newspapers are published in
Boston, of which fourteen are daily, nine semi- .
weekly, and fifty-eight.weekly.
News Merna.
late Southern paper that
th u manufacture of do-
mestic wine, have been on in Georgia,
with a great degree of persev,.-.^ nce . f CI nf ol ’
than twenty years. Winemaking is now con
ducted on a large scale, and with much success.
83-In the U. S. House of Representatives, on
Monday, the 18th ult., on motion of Mr. Gre
gory, the Committee on Ways and Means were
instructed to consider the propriety of reporting
a bill for reducing the size of the one cent coin,
and to authorise the coinage of a three cent
piece, both to be composed of copper and some
other precious metal.
(P - The Legislature of New Hampshire has
passed a resolve thanking Lieut. Wm. A. Par
ker, of the Navy, for his services in the gulf
squadron during the Mexican war. With 25
men he defended a prize vessel against 300
grj- A bet of $30,000 has been made by citi
zens of Valparaiso, that the American barque
Undine will outsail the United States ship St.
Mary’s, probably the fastest craft in our navy.
80- Three children of Wm Snow, of Bangor,
while sliding down hill, on Tuesday afternoon,
fell into a channel cut in the ice of a stream,
and were all drowned.
S - A man residing in Green connty, N. Y.
who is forty years of age, has been under treat
ment for dropsy for the last two years. The
patient has undergone the operation of tapping
185 times, and the amount of water taken ex
ceeds 600 gallons or 4810 pounds. Notwith
standing this, the patient is in a tolerable state
of general health, and it is supposed will finally
80- .Emigration to California is going on all
over the country. Bangor is about sending out
a Yankee venture, a wei! trimmed brig with a
full list of passengers. A company from Hart
ford, with a propeller of 300 tons, will leave
New York on the 15th January; passthrough
the straits of Magellan, and on her arrival in
the Bay of San Francisco, proceed up the Sacra
mento river, to the vicinity of the gold mines.
Kennebec also sends out a schooner.
80- Several families, living m boats, at Cairo,
111., waked up lately on the Kentucky shore, a
gale having blown them over during the night.
Kentucky must have been very much astonish
ed, says the Cairo Delta, at finding a tailor shop
located right in the woods, and a family or two
beside in company, where all was desolate a
few hours before. Another boat floated down
the river.
83- The Milwaukie Wisconsin states that
the vote cast for President at the late election in
the two States of New Yoikand Pennsylvania,
exceeds the legal suffrages of all England with
her twenty millions of population. And still
Englishmen boast of freedom, and talk about
the will of the people.
83“ A meeting of the bakers of London has
lately been held, at which it was stated that the
number of bakers in London was about 2500,
: and that nearly 800, or one-third of the whole
p uumber, had become insolvent during the last
. twelve months. This fact is full of meaning.
It must be a hard time, when there is no work
i for bakers.
; 83- A man who has returned from California
being asked what goods were the best invest
ment to be carried to California, replied, “Green
■ spectacles, by all means; for they are needed to
, protect the eyes of the gold diggers from the
. brilliancy of the metal.”
1 ot3- The Rochester American, says that Mr.
> and Mrs. Randall, the celebrated Scotch giant
1 and giantess, have recently had a eon born to
‘ them, at their residence, near Mineral Point,
3 Wisconsin, whose weight at three days old was
B twenty-two pounds! This is their first child,
e and is, we believe the first successful experiment
a tn modern times, in the production of a race of
it giants. They do great things in Wisconsin now
I a days.
(jtj- Under the new arrangement between the
'■ United States and Great Britain, the ship letter
® postage is fixed at sixteen cents fbr half an
ounce. The postage on newspapers to destina
e tion at two cents each way. An inland postage
a of five cents to be paid on each letter. Letters
e may he prepaid or not, just as the sender plea
ses. Letters from America, for France and
4 other parts of the continent of Europe, are to pass
■; through England free, under the American
" seal, and tn care of a mail agent. Letters and
papers from England to Canada, to Dass free, m
, like manner, through the States. Thus the ar
s rangement is one of complete reciprocity, and
, r all we ever demanded.
d O“ th® morning of December 5, there
e snowed down, near Rochester, a lot of small
•' worms, about half an inch long, and about as
j large around as a common needle. They came
.. down with the snow in innumerable quantities,
e and were found for more than half a mile from
i- where they were first observed, in some places
ir almost covering the surface. They showed
d signs of life, and on being put into warm water,
became quite lively.
!; Qg- A lath machine, in operation at Cleave
t_ land, takes the green log and whittles out of it
(. 120 pieces of lath per minute. It supplies them
at $1 25 per hundred.
s A hotel in Syracuse, N. Y., was sold by
e auction, last week, for $46,050, and the terms of
■t sale were SSOO down at the last stroke of the
e auctioneer’s hammer, SIO,OOO in an hour after
n that time, and the remainder during the day.
d 83* The Legislature of Luuisanna adjourned
r sine die on the 21st. After the appearance of the
i- cholera in New Orleans, it was difficult to find
ea quorum.
go Mr. Colman says that to such perfection
>• is agriculture carried in Flanders, that 2J acres
® are considered ample for the support of a man
, and wife and three children. A‘hundred acres
a then would support forty families, or two hun
d dred souls, and yet we talk of a crowded popu
e lation.
° ftj- T* le Florida land commissioners adver
tise for sale 290,646 acres of land in what is
? called the Arodano tract in that State. It will
e be disposed of to the highest bidder, the sale to
;• commence on the 21st of February next, at Mi
s' canopy, and continue from day to dav until all
is sold. The tract is said to contain some of the
a finest land for agricultural purposes m the State,
i, and favorably situated.
i; 80 The decoration sent to Professor Morse
. by the Sultan of Turkey, belongs to the “ Order
of Gloi v.” or as it is called in the Turkish lan
. guage, Nishan Ishka It is of the second class,
s as the Sultan wears the first.
J 80 Rev. Samuel H. Wiley, of Compton, N.
, H., and Rev. J. W. Douglass, graduates of the
, Union Theological Seminary of New York
t city, have gone out to California, under the pa
; tronage of lhe American Home Missionary So-
■ ci.-ty, one to be settled at Monterey, and the
1 other at San Francisco.
’ 83- The Snowhill (Maryland) Shield says,
! that the recent warm weather has occasioned
the loss of more than two-thirds of the pork in
i Worcester county, which w-as butchered and
s packed away during its continuance. In the
• upper and lower part of the county, the loss sus
tained and the damage done, is disheartening
Nearly every housekeeper has suffered more or
! less from it.
1 83- Jhe editor of the Home Journal asserts in
that paper, that it has lately become all the ra«e
in Germany fbr ladies to cultivate upon tbeir
upper lips, each a downy, delicate mustache!
It is thought a great ornament, notwithstanding
the unceasing ridicule which has been east upon
mustaches when worn by men. The fashion is
said to be advancing—and so, we suppose, must
be the price of bear’s grease.
8g- A man named Charles Smith, was sen
tenced to twenty-one years imprisonment, at. a
recent session of the court in Poughkeepsie, N.
Y., for gouging out the eye of another man with
! whom he was fighting.
: 83- In 1843, the total number of lunatics in
. England and Wales was computed at 20,000,
' and in 1847. at 23.000. The number at I resent
; is estimated at 30,000. Of these, about 6,000
belong to the higher and middle classes, and
18,000 are paupers. The condition of England
is quite sufficient to account for this madness,
and the only wonder is, that the whole country
is not crazy.
83- There is no end to some men’s wicked
ness A boy who was a witness against a man
named Edgar, who was indicted at Memphis
for murder, was missing for several days from
that place—his body was lately found in Wolf
River with his throat cut.
i (jg- A double plough, ploughing two furrows
at the same time, with which one man and one
1 team can do as much in one day as two men
! can do with two teams and two single ploughs,
; has been invented by George Bartlett, of Rhode
i Island. It works admirably.
The Savannah Republican contains the
I following: “We learn by a private letter from
r Matanzas, received by a friend in this city, that
' military executions of officers and soldiers,
charged with favoring the revolutionary designs
! of Don Carlos, have taken place. In Matanzas
t a platoon of sixteen soldiers fired four times
. upon some seven or eight of the men sentenced,
, before they were all dispatched. A Yankee
Captain, who determined to be in a first rate po
sition to see all that was going on, received one
; of the balls through the calf of his leg, which
. caused him to interrupt the solemnity of the
scene by violent swearing, in the most approved
1 English style, against military executions in
general, and the awkwardness of Spanish sol
diers in particular.”
gg- The Providence Journal says. Daniel
Webster’s lecture before the Franklin Lyceum,
in that city, was “ a bundle of trash,” which the
audience wouldn’t have stood (or sat) from any
body else; and this, after Mr. Webster had re
quested the editorsnot to malqe any comment
’ on his performance. Mr. W. will think this
editor a real Algerine.
Mr. Webster’s failures are so frequent of late,
that they belong to the rule rather than the ex
gg- Miss Dix is petitioning the North Carolina
Lfgislature to endow a Lunatic Asylum, and
with so much success that ajoint committee has
reported a bill appropriating SIOO,OOO for the
Og- The New Hampshire Legislature has
passed a bill chartering the New Hampshire
Botanic Medical Society, which places the
Thompsonian Doctors on the same footing as
those of the medical faculty. It is now settled
that it is just as legal in New Hampshire to kill
or cure people by lobelia as by calomel.
While in New York the only persons author
ized to kill are the regular faculty.
80- There has been a great business done in
Rail Roads in this country in a fewye' ra - U
ihay be safely estimated that the entire expendi
ture, within the last twenty-five r' ears .- their
projection and construction, wilt not.fall short of
one thousand millions of dollar? ■’ snd that their
influences in facilitating recucing
the expenses and time of travel, anu in opening
up new regions of country,, has given amnereas
ed value to property of twice tnat amount; and
yet their influences are only just iegtnntng to be
felt We may add, that within a month two
hundred and eighty-two miles of new railroad
will be added to that already in use in this coun
try This addition is made up as follows: New
York and Erie, 127 miles; New York and New
Haven, SO miles; Nashua and Worcester, 45
miles; Harlem, 30 miles; total, 252 miles.
gg- Jackson & St. John, who keep a splendid
Dining Saloon, at Nos. 17 & 19 Catharine Slip,
manage by some means or other to have the
finest delicacies of the season on their tables, be
fore some of their contemporaries are aware of
their arrival in the market. The consequence
is, that the place is always full of customers.
80- Story’s Cheap Grocery and Provision
Store 390 Pearl street, is having a tremendous
rush of custom. The ladies say they can get
just what they want here at the most reasonable
prices. That is the reason.

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