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Sunday dispatch. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1845-1854, July 15, 1849, Image 2

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Sunday Morning, July 15. t
' 3 •'" 1 . ...-*■ A... ‘k. f
Notice to Advertisers. 11
The large circulation ot the Sunday Dispatch, and 1
the fact that people generally have more time to read (
on Sunday than any other day of the week, makes It |
desirable for business men to know upon what terms, j
they can avail themselves of so profitable a chance j
of making known to the public, their locations, what
they have for sale, and the various inducements they
oiler to purchasers. We propose to Insert a limited
amount of advertising upon the following terms: — I
ONE SQUASH (or SIXTEEN LINES,) 1
One Time.Sl 00 I Three Months,.... $5 00 j
One Month, 2 00 Six Months, 9 00
Two Months 3 50 1 One Year 16 00 1
Larier or shorter advertisements at the same rates. ,
nsr All advertisements intended for this paper
should be hande.l in as early on Saturday as possible,
as our large edition requires us to go to press at an
early hour.
IS- All advertisements must be paid for previous
to their insertion.
j®- Those who send their advertisements to the
office by Collectors may rest assured that they have
been paid as marked In the paper previous to their
appearing.
JKF Advertisers contracting with Mr. John Hoofer,
General Advertising Agent, lor this or any other City
paper, may depend upon the fulfilment of all engage
ments he may make, as hs is a responsible man,
SUBSCRIBERS TO TH* DISPATCH GO
ING TO THE COUNTRY.
J®- Persons who are leaving the city for a time can
have the Dispatch sent to them by mall, by calling at
the office, 61 Ann street, and paying for it in advance
for the length of time they desire to have it sent.
One, two, or more copies will be sent when desired.
Terms $2 a year, and in the same proportion for one,
two, three or six months. We do this to oblige our
subscribers who wish to spend a short time in the
country.
THE CHOLERA,
The number of cases of cholera reported to
the Board of Health, for the week beginning on
Sunday last and ending at noon yesterday (both
days inclusive) was 678.
Number of deaths for the same period 274.
Ot the cases, 428 occurred in private practice
and 250 in the various hospitals.
Ot the deaths, 148 were in private practice and
126 in the hospitals.
It will be seen that while m private practice
the mortality is but 148, of 428 cases, in the
hospitals the mortality is 126 of 250. A frac
tion over one half of hospital cases terminate
fatal, while in private practice nearly seventy
five per cent recover.
The number of cases the week preceding the
last, was 486; deaths 187. These figures show
an increase last week over the preceding week,
of 192 cases and 87 deaths.
While there is nothing in this exhibit to beget
additional alarm, (for we must allow for the ad
vance ot the summer season,) it should admon
ish us to increased carefulness in our habits, to
omit none of the rules of cleanliness, temper
ance, and especially exercise, which have been
again and again urged upon public attention by
the press.
If the city escape the devastation which has
marked the progress of the cholera in the South
and Southwest, it will be in part owing to our
favorable location, swept by the breezes of the
ocean, in part to the energy at length put for
ward by the public authorities, but more than to
either or both of them, to the supervision by
each citizen of his own household. We repeat
what we said six weeks ago, that each man
should first see that his own premises are kept
sweet, clean and pure, and then insist that his
neighbor does the same. Let no false delicacy
prevent you from doing your duty. If a neigh
bor permit a nuisance to exist on his premises,
tell him frankly of the danger; and if he will
not heed you, up with him at once before the
police. If the poor in your immediate vicinity
are neglectful, or unable to cleanse their dwel
lings, deal with them more kindly and gener
ously than with one who is able, but reckless or
indifferent. It is no time to stand on ceremony.
Yesterday’s report presents the highest num
ber of cases (123) and the highest number of
deaths (51) of any day of the week. But Fri
day’s report (80 cases and 38 deaths) did not in
clude the establishments on Blackwell’s Island,
and the Colored Home.
The reports from Brooklyn for the week show
65 cases and 35 deaths. (We don’t understand
these Brooklyn reports. The deaths are greater
in proportion than in this city, while the num
ber of ta.s S i s surprisingly small.)
The epidemic i, ga jd to be raging with con
siderable violence in th«. neighborhood of For
tieth street and the Hudson river, and a meeting
of residents of that portion of the city has been
held, and the Sanitory Committee called upon
to abate certain nuisances, bone factories, &c.,
and to establish a hospital.
The Courier says that the cholera has appear
ed in the Westchester county poor-house. For
ty-three cases had occurred on Monday. Of
200 inmates, there were not enough well persons
to take care of the sick. All who could jled.
On Friday two cases were reported at
Poughkeepsie; 11 at Albany and 5 deaths; at
Philadelphia 81 cases and 30 deaths.
On Thursday, at Buffalo, 31 cases and 13
. deaths; at New Brunswick (N. J.) 12oasesand
6 deaths.
At St. Louis the mortality is dreadful, reach
ing on one of the days of the last week to near
ly 200.
EUROPEAN NEWS.
The Niagara arrived at the dock on Satur
day about noon, with seven days later news
from all parts of Europe. She experienced very
heavy gales from the West, during the whole
passage. She brings £BOOO in specie.
The cities of Liverpool and Havre are to be
connected by a line of firstclass steamers, under
the direction of the Agent of the Cunard line.
In Parliament, the bill for the removal of Jew
ish disabilities has been rejected by a majority
of 25. This vote is an expulsion of Baron
Rothschild from Parliament. The House of
Commons has approved the second reading of
the bill to allow a man to marry his deceased
wifi’s sister. The bill authorizing the trans
portation of the Irish State prisoners is now a
law, but it is said to contain constitutional ob
jections, and it is presumed that at the approach
ing visit of her Majesty to Ireland, she will
grant them all a pardon.
The news from Pans states that the city was
perfectly quiet, and business steady, with an
upwaid tendency in prices. The Assembly
was uebating the state of foreign affairs, and
Ministers said there was no danger of a war—
and Gen. Cavsignac made an important speech,
in which he said he desired peace, but would
prepare for war—while he would support order,
would insist on progress. Thelaw againstclubs
has been put in force. The Ministy introduced
into the Legislative Assembly a bill for regula
ting the press; Odilon Barrot stated tnat it was
intended merely as a temporary measure, to reg
ulate the position of the press until the organic
law on the subject should be passed. It is near
ly the same as the old law of Louis Phillippe,
and gives power to temporarily suppress every
paper attacking the Constitution, or making an
appeal to arms. The President and the Minis
try are still quarreling about the fratercidal poli
cy in Italy, and it is supposed that some of the
leading members of the Cabinet will retire.
After a severe bombardment, three squadrons
of the French army succeeded in establishing
themseives within the outer walls of Rome, on
the 22d ult. They have since been occupied
with operations for acquiring possession of the
interior bastions and defences, but up to the 23d
and 24ih they had not made much progress.
Every inch of ground was stoutly defended by
Garibaldi. The English government is said to
have remonstrated against the bombardment of
Rome.
Engagements have recently taken place be
tween the Austrians and Hungarians at Czorna
Szered and on points of the Waag. While
some ascribe the victory to the Austrians,
others give it to the Hungarians. The Deuts
che Reform, which hitherto has been favorable
to the Austrians, says that they have sustained
a severe check. Kossuth has ordered the
Austrian prisoners, several thousands in num
ber, to be employed on the work of the Szyol
nok and Debteczin Railway. The Russian
Army in four columns marched from Gallicia
into Hungary on the 17th and 18th under the
command ot Prince Paskewich.
The Chinese, at last accounts were prepared
to resist the entrance of the English into Can
ton. Lord Palmerston has given special
directions that nothing more should be done
than to report the repudiation of the Treaty to
him.
The “Temperance Showman.”—The per
sonification and embodiment of the American
Temperance Union, so we learn from one who
ought to know, has written a letter from New
York to a “ distinguished friend of temper
ance in this city,” charging him not to let
Father Mathew “slip through his fingers”
when he comes to Boston, but to “ be sure and
control him I" We could not believe that any
one would be guilty of offering such an insult
to a nation’s guest, or the cause he represents.
—Boston Chronotype.
The Chronotype, as every body knows who
ever read a single number, is a most rabid te
total, anti-striped pig sheet. It has as much
horror of a glass of wine, as a mad dog has
of a panfull of Cochituate or Croton. Wright,
the editor, was one of the first, heartiest and
hardest workers in the temperance cause, and
he knows all who are engaged in it—whether
they are honest and unselfish, or the reverse.
It is clear enough that he understands the
character of the “ Temperance Showman” of
New York. Give him another lick, Elizur.
LABOR, OR THE USES OF LIFE. »’
article fourteenth. C
In our last article it was shown, that amuse- tl
ments are indispensable to the well-being and a
happiness of man, and are, of necessity, ap- u
pointed by the Author of our being for the t
recreation of the human mind. Nor does the c
Deity any where in his word, nor by the laws c
of his providence, forbid us, as the subjects of t
his moral government, any amusement or en- (
joyment of any kind, which in itself is harm- ,
less, and which tends to exhilarate our spirits, ,
and to make us feel kindly towards others.
I
Among the various kinds of amusements ,
provided for the entertainment of mankind, ,
the Drama holds a conspicuous place, and is ,
justly esteemed by the unprejudiced thinking ,
part of community, as aruentertainment highly
conducive to the elevation and happiness of
man, and therefore deserving of the counte
nance and support of the truly good and wise.
It blends instruction with amusement, teaches
while it captivates, and in the most impressive
and efficient manner gives us lessons in the
knowledge of human nature, which no where
else can be learnt with equal advantage, or be
so thoroughly understood. The performance
of the drama, by its living representations of
human character, its striking, occular exhibi
tions of manners, customs, and habits, and of
scenes of life, and its animated portraitures of
the virtues which adorn, and of the vices which
disgrace and enslave the human race, affects
the mind far more powerfully, and impresses
it far more vividly and durably, than unaided
eloquence, however potent and forcible it may
be, can possibly do ; and consequently persons
remember far better and much longer, and in
their reflections recall to mind more readily
and with greater ease, what they see and hear
in the theatre, than they can the sermons and
lectures they attend, or the moral essays they
may read. The theatre therefore is a most
efficient place of instruction as well as of
amusement.
Is man guilty of the violation of any Divine
law, in witnessing the exhibition of these
dramatic representations, so thoroughly adapt
ed to amuse, and improve, and elevate the hu
man mind! We think not. But Christian
ministers, who by profession are the expound
ers of the Divine law, and the guides of man
kind to heaven, can see nothing in the theatre
but unmingled evil, and they represent it as
being the very gate of hell on earth, to be
shunned by all men; and actors are, in their
estimation, not much better than the spirits
beneath, and are as effectually excluded from
heaven.
If dramatic performances be a violation of
the Divine law, or are a sin against God, we
certainly, as beings accountable to God for all
we do, ought to know wherein they are con
trary to the order of his Divine government.
That there are some evils connected with thea
trical exhibitions in the present state of socie
ty, which are the consequence of the abuse
and pervertion of the drama, no person can
deny: but this does not prove that the theatre
itself is an evil. In the estimation of Protest
ants, the church at one time, when the domin
ion of the Pope was universal throughout
Europe, was wholly corrupt, and its ministry
was perverted to the worst possible use ; and
they so regard the church and its ministry now
where ever the dominion of the Pope extends.
Papists also regard exactly in the same light
the Protestant church and its ministry. But
will either Papists or Protestants say, tha.t, be
cause the ministry has been perverted and
used to a bad purpose, preaching is an evil,
and should be altogether discountenanced by
every good man 2 We have the answer in the
profession and practice of the priests of both
churches. There being evil in the theatre
therefore, does not prove that the theatre itself
is an evil, any more than the evil in the church
proves that the Christian church itself is an
evil.
Dramatic representation, viewed simply as
such, Christians surely cannot regard as being
more sinful in the sight of God than any other
kind of public exhibition. It is by no means
uncommon in the Sunday Schools connected
with the various churches in this city, as well
as in all other portions of our country, to have
public exhibitions, when the children, after due
preparation, are called to stand before the audi
ence, to make an effort at the same kind of ex
ercise that is performed on the stage of the the
atre ; and it must be admitted, that children
frequently, after proper training by their Sunday
School teachers, carry on the dialogue with
judgment end taste, and perform their part well.
Now if such exercises are right and proper m a
church or school room, they cannot be wrong in
a theatre: and if it be wrong for men and wo
men to engage in such performances in the the
atre, it cannot be right to make boys and girls
go through these exercises in a church, for the
entertainment of a religious community. It is,
for the time, converting the church or school
room into a play-house, and the children into
actors. The same may be said of the public ex
hibitions of most of our religious charitable in
stitutions. We by no means condemn this
common practice of the religious world; but
they should not denounce that as sinful in the
theatre, which they encourage and practice in
their own religious institutions.
But it may be said that the exercises in these
religious institutions are strictly of a moral cha
racter, tending to lead to good rather than evil.
We grant it. But are not many of the public
exhibitions of the stage equally so, showing in
the strongest light the hideousness and deformi
ty of hypocrisy and vice, and the fairness and
loveliness of virtue 2 There are but few men
who make the least pretensions to a liberal edu
cation, who have not read Shakspere, and have
in the perusal of the work enjoyed an intellectu
al feast, but rarely found; and we presume that
the book may be found in the library of almost
every Christian minister in the city of New
York; or, if not found there, they are by no
means strangers to its pages. In the works of
Shakspere, and indeed of the generality of Eng
, fish dramatical writers, we find nothing worse
than is contained in the classics which are the
study, for so many years, of every student in the
Latin and Greek Languages, and which are so
highly prized by the clergy in common with
other learned men. Now there can be no more
harm in reading a play in the English language,
than there is in reading it in a dead language:
this is seen and acknowledged to be so, and
' therefore Shakspere, with other writers of the
I drama, is universally read. It is also worthy of
observation, that in all our books upon elocution,
used in our schools and institutions of learning,
' there are as many selections from the plays ot
Shakspere as there are from any other author in
’ the English language. Therefore all classes of
3 men, religious and those who make no profes
sion of religion, clergy and laity, read the w orks
of Shakspere. But we presume that a person
3 commits no more sin in hearing a play read,
than he does in reading it himself; and that
' there can be no more harm in hearing a play on
the stage, than there is in hearing it in a parlor.
’ Nor do we see that the sm is greater, fora per
' son, clergyman or layman, to hear recited in a
1 theatre, composition which he reads with de
light m his study, than it is for him to hear
youth, on a platform in a meeting house, in the
3 character of actors, recite pieces written or se
lected for the purpose.
3 But it may be objected that the general char
■ adter of those who visit theatres, and are enter
' lamed there, is such as to exclude Christians
from mingling and associating with them. We
; read in the New Testament of a class of reli
gionists who, two thousand years ago, fora sim
ilar reason, objected to associate, any further
, than was absolutely necessary in the transaction
j. of business, with publicans and sinners; and
they found fault with the Saviour of men, and
said some very hard things about him, because
he associated with such characters, ate and
1 drank with them, and treated them as friends
and not as enemies. The Saviour did this con
’ stantly during hi s whole life, despite the malice,
’ sarcasm and opposition of the Scribes and the
“ Pharisees, in part as an example for his disci
ples, that they might imitate him. And he tells
e them, “Ye are the salt of the earth; ye are the
light of the world”—signifying, that mankind
are to be enlightened, purified, and elevated in
i their character, by their means
e But how is this to be effected by Christians 2
Surely not by standing aloof from the impure
j and ungodly, as did the Scribes and Pharisees,
. saying, “I am holier than thou,” and dooming
[ them without mercy to hell; but by mingling
s with them, as did the Saviour, taking an interest
, in them, treating them as friends, and in a ra
tional, benevolent, and efficient wey, labor for
the elevation of their state.
' Christian ministers, by declaring, in the
3 wholesale manner they do, against the theatre
v and all theatrical exhibitions, will never do the
j least good to the men who are in the habit of
> visiting these places of amusement; nor will
1 they ever succeed in putting a stop to such recre-
ations. All they do, is to create a prejudice in
. the minds of men against themseives and the
doctrines which they preach. They therefore
> do harm rather than good, by the prejudice cre
ated in the minds of men, by their means,
i against religion, which, according to their false
i representations of it, condemns that which in
itself is perfectly harmless, and the proper use of
which is highly beneficial. They also do harm
to their own followers, by creating in their minds
similar feelings to those which were character
istic of the bigoted Jewish zealot.
The aim of ministers should be, not by their
denunciations to put down the theatre, because
there are some evils in it, any more than it
.•: t . ■ ... , i;.’. 1 /i
should be their aim to down the churc A, be
cause there are evils in it; but to purify i t from
those evils, and render its plabe of amuriement
and instruction, where i tothi ng might be wit
nessed detrimental to the purest morality. Let
those whose wish it is to porify the stage, en
courage by their presence .and patronage such
dramatic representations as tend to .elevate the
morals of men and prom ote vi Utue, discountenan
cing all others, and the theatre.. .by their means,
will soon become as pure anc ' elevated in the
character of its exhibitions, a s the good and
virtuous in society would wish i ttobe. If min
isters and members of churchei i, who hesitate
not to read the drama at home, w ’ere to act thus,
they would act more in accordt nee with the
spirit and requirements of the Gos pel, and would
imitate more closely the example ol Jesus Christ,
than they do at present with refer ence to t nis
subject. Jesus Christ no where caadems, but,
on the contrary, every where cohihh 'nds the ef
fort to do good and promote hum an happiness;
and by his example shows, that to do so effi
ciently, we must not stand aloof from the men
whom we seek to benefit, but min gle with them,
manifest an interest in them, and treat them as
friends; and, drawing the right line of distinc
tion between virtue and vice, or the good and
the evil, give our countenance and support to
whatever tends to the true elev tttion of man,
and reject and condemn as evil, tl lat only which
is the opposite of that love, wh ; ieh wills and
seeks the highest good, not of self,, but of others.
FATHER MATHEW.
When the witty, profligate and ’ libertine, John
1 Wilmot, Earl of Rochester was on his death
bed, he sent for Gilbert Burnet, Ffishop of Salis
bury. The Earl of Rochester ■ was the chief
’ noble at the Court of the “ men y Monarchs,”
Charles the Second of England , and he wrote
these four lines which caused his banishment
• from White Hall for a time.
"Here’s to Charles, our merry kins,
That did the world surprise, on;
He never said a foolish thins:,
Nor ever did a wise one."
According to Bishop Burnet, the Earl told
him that at one period, he was mot sober for six
. years! The Earl most likely was not very sober
, when he made the declaration.
Now our good friend Father Mathew (God
■ bless him) will find in this city and other places
■ a good many Earl of Rochesters; men who are
i willing to confess everything for the time.
■ men full of palaver and “ soft sawder.”
To be received by men who profess the doc
i trines he honestly inculcates, and then go in a
i corner to take what may well be termed in bar
room language “a private drink,” is wicked in
f the extreme. Yet Father Mathew without be
: ing aware of it, will have a great many such
I friends and mviters to their residences in and
■ out of town.
“ When the Devil was sick,
The Devil a monk would bie,
When the Devil was well,
The devil a Monk was he.”
We say it with sorrow, but s'.ill not with the
less truth, that the good Father will find many
‘ such friends in this country.
“But what is he to do 2” riome will enquire
with the truest motives.
The answer is ready and easily understood.
’ Let not Father Mathew stop at the private resi
dence of any one who drinks at all. Let him ad
minister the pledge if he deems it necessary, in
every household he visits as a guest.
To us, the worst of all human errors is hypo
' crisy. Pretending to be what you are not, is
’ the precursor of every crime. Deception is the
basest of sins. When no dependence is to be
placed on assertions made apparently with hon
esty by those from whom we expected better
things., we begin to doubt the words of people
who are really good.
In this chiefly rests the great crime, in what
. we term hypocrisy. The good, just and really
true, are m ade sufferei s for the acts of others.
Against this kind of di ictnne we caution Father
Mathew, He comes among us as the Apostle
of temperance; is he to be controlled by a por
tion of the “upper tea thousand” for notoriety
sake, when his mission is chiefly intended for
those who labor hard fora living 2 No; Father
Mathew is a different, man, and cannot be de
ceived.
gt> The Astor House and the Irving closed
the “ street doom” of their bar-rooms, on Sun
day, and informed the Mayor of their intention
to assist him in enforcing the laws, so far as
their example extends. But both these houses
will supply their boarders with grog, in any
quantity, on Sunday. Now, where’s the differ
ence! The traveller, staying at a tavern, en
joys his toddy; the citizen, with spare cash
enough, on Saturday night provides his Sunday
. bottle. Two large classes, then, will drink on
Sunday, and as it is the drinking of rum, not
the sale of an article, that, (it is alleged,) pro
i duces all the evil consequences so much deplo
: red by an apocryphal “fifteen thousand,” what
good is accomplished 2 Look at the subject in
another light. The citizen who has been in the
habit of going twice or thrice to the bar-room
. on Sunday, finds ths.t he must go without his
liquor or drink it at home. The wife and little
; ones see the blac k bottle on the table—they see
, the hueband and f ither take out the cork, pour
. out the red contents, and drink. Is this a good
. example! We tell the imaginary fifteen thou
sand, that in closing a few hundred grog-shops
on Sunday, they i ntroduce to thousands of
homesthe blackbottle, familiarizing young eyes
with its contents, and entailing more misery on
the rising generation than a thousand rumme
’ ries can inflict.
80 Elder Bangs, the reporter, who is going
' to the Tongo Islands as a Mormon Missionary,
1 has had several handsome presents made to him
' during the week. Mr. Valentine, the City
; Clerk, has sent to him a complete sett of the
’ “ Corporation Manual Dr. Brandreth a gross
1 of his unrivalled pills—-the very best stomach
-1 regulating and blood-ptirifying medicine which
' is in use. Dr. Gouraud has presented to him a
1 package of the unrivalled Italian medicated
I soap, which will beautify and soften even an
■ Indian complexion; LeDoyne, of No. 73 West
Broadway, a demijohn of the “Disinfecting
; Fluid,” which is now being used all over the
5 country, with the most gratifying success. Mr.
’ Gray, of the Brooklyn hot and cold salt water
1 baths, the first man who established a hot salt
water bath in this State, has presented Mr.
’ Bangs with a plan of an easily and cheaply con
: structed bath-house, which must prove ot the
i
greatest benefit to the health of the barbarians.
3 A series of Tracts on the “Health of Towns
and Cities,” an invaluable series, has been given
’ to Mr. Bangs for translation into the Euwapeana
’ tongue, and distribution. Presents intended
for Mr. Bangs should be addressed to the care
’ of Caspar C. Childs, Esq, Globe office. Mr.
Bangs will sail on the Ist of August, m the bark
Sling, Capt. Redeye.
1 80 Father Mathew is administering the
> pledge in Brooklyn. The Tribune says:—
■t About a thousand took the pledge from him,
a in gioups of from five to twenty and thirty. It
. reminded one of the scenes of Limerick and
Waterford in 1840. He continued his work
■ through yesterday, and will go on giving the
a pledge there until Tuesday. It is calculated
. that from 3,000 to 10,000 in that city will take
the pledge. This will be a great thing for Irish;
r but alas! the Whisky shops, wbat will become
e of them?
Mr. Greeley, do you just “go in” and fight
the whisky shops as Father Mathew fights them,
- Abandon the idle attempt to abate whisky
■- drinking and whiskey selling by legal force, and
s strengthen the hands of the good Father, while
e he persuades men to renounce a bad habit—and
.- the cause will flourish again. But so long as
i- you call out for legal force, you cripple and par
r alyze all who, like Father Mathew, believe m
n the saving influence of love and persuasion.
d
d 80 Dr. Rogers, an eminent physician of this
e city, who has been staying at Saratoga since
d the opening of the season, declares that that de
s lightful watering place is perfectly healthy—in
i' deed there never was less mortality at Saratoga
', during the corresponding period of any prece
e ding year. All this is perfectly satisfactory so
i- far as the health of Saratoga is concerned—but
s what becomes of Dr. Rogers’ patients in town,
e while he is laying off out of harm’s way at the
d fashionable watering place ! Do physicians usu
n ally leave the city, when it is threatened or rav
aged by an epidemic !
■j
RECIPE FOR THE CURE OF CHOLERINE.— Take
e equal parts of
i, Tincture of Laudanum,
a “ “ Cayenne pepper, treble strength;
“ “ Rhubarb,
” Essence of Peppermint, treble strength;
it Spirits of Camphor;
.. Mix in a bottle; dose from 5 to 30 drops, ac
r cording to violence of symptoms. To be re
peated in ten or fifteen minutes, if needed.
The above was published in the Sun some
e time since, and republished in this paper. The
e Sun of last Wednesday states some extraordi
e nary cures which the preparation has t fleeted,
and gives the recipe again to the public.
80 Adam and Eve are in Hartford.—Chrono
-1 type.
s We hope they have succeededin keeping cool
e during the last week. People who are com-
• pelled to wear garments, have had a distressing
, time of it. Oh, Mother Eve, tearfully, regret
: fully thy descendants remember thee, whenever
i the mercury is above 90° in the shade.
f
OO There is an article on our last page enti
i tied “ Bathing,” which we advise our readers
. to peruse, and then visit Gray’s, adjoining the
Fulton Ferry, Brooklyn, where they can be ac
commodated with either a warm or cold bath,
as they feel disposed. Nothing is so conducive
to health as frequent bathing.
seeing a Parisian elephant.
A friend has permitted us to translate and
publish pro bono publico, the following extract
from a letter just received from Paris. As many
of our so-called fashionable young gentlemen,
are on the point of visiting Europe this summer,
we may, perhaps, be the means of saving them
a sight of " the elephant” in the shape here de
scribed
“Mr. H—n, an American from the interiorof
Ohio, came to Paris a few months ago, for the
lauda’ole purpose of seeing the world in this me
tropolis, and of perfecting himself in the French
lar.guage. He was more inexperienced in the
W ays of the world, and less wary of the villa
dies, and cheats of the capital than our Yankee
visitors usually are, for the chevaliers d’iudustry
of Paris, rarely attempt their swindles on Ame
ricans, unless they mistake them for English
men, for John Bull, and slow moving Germans
are most generally selected as victims-
Young Mr. H—n read in one of the journals
an advertisement, emanating from the distin
guished firm of Messrs. Dechamps Tazard
principals of a matrimonial intelligence office,
wherein these philanthropic gentlemen propose
to provide handsome, well educated and wealthy
brides, to amiable, respectable and good looking
young men. Oar young American believed
himself amiable, knew himself to be respecta
ble (as he was the owner of a few hundred acres
of fine land in county, and had been spoken
of as a candidate for legislative honors before
leaving home,) and a look at the mirror con
vinced him of his personal beauties; his object
to perfect himself in the French language, he
thought, could not by any other means be so
readily accomplished, as by a union with an
amiable and accomplished Parisienne, whose
dialect must be perfect. Besides all these in
ducements, and last, not least, the advertise
ment promised wealth in addition to beauty.
After a brief consideration, therefore, Mr. H—n
presented himself at the office of Messrs. De
champs & Tazard.
In a brief conversation with those gentlemen,
he found them polite and courteous in the ex
treme; they told him of numberless gentlemen
who, through their agency, had not only become
blessed with wives after their heart, but with
abundance of wealth, and assured him that this
mode of wooing and marrying was very com
mon in Pans, in fact, one of the peculiar institu
tions of the city. After the eager candidate for
matrimony had given them some information
respecting his own position and circumstances,
they mentioned to him some half a dozen ladies
of rank and wealth, all of whom were anxious
to reside in “ the land of the free and the home
of the brave.” All of them possessed so many
personal and pecuniary attractions, that our
young friend was almost puzzled which to
choose for an mteiview, but looking at the mat
ter m a mercantile view, he concluded to choose
between two—one who had 15,000, and the other
22,000 francs of annual income.
He was now informed that it was a rule of the
office to deposite the fee, before the first inter
view with either of the fair ones; this fee in
the present case was 300 francs, to which, it was
hinted, a handsome douceur was expected to be
added on the day of the wedding. Should,
however, contrary to all expectation, the whole
matter fall through, and no wedding take place
within one month from date, then the sum, mi
nus three per cent., would be refunded. All this
appeared perfectly fair to our Ohio friend, who
most unfortunately, however, had not the requi
site sum about him, but had just drawn upon his
banker in London, from whom he expected a re
mittance in a few days. The firm w.as accom
modating, and took Ins due-bill for the amount,
which, on presentation a few days afterwards,
was promptly paid. At the same time he receiv
ed an invitation to a rendezvous with his chosen
bride on the following day. Of course he did
not fail to present himself, rigged out to the best
possible advantage. After entertaining himself
for half an hour or more, with the polite agent,
upon the favorite topics of the excellent quali
ties, the personal beauty, and the wealth of his
chosen bride, the lady was suddenly announced.
And in reality the door opened, and a lady of
great personal beauty, dressed in a simple, ele
gant style, was ushered into the presence of the
enchanted Mr. H—n. The evident embarrass
ment of her first meeting with the chosen bride
groom, the naive diffidence and graceful modes
ty displayed, greatly heightened her natural
beauty, and fairly bewildered the happy Ameri
can. Only after the clever M. Dechamp had
adroitly led the way to conversatiou, she con
fessed, with a blush of modesty, that she was
not averse to sharing her future fate, and divi
ding her fortune with an honorable gentleman,
especially an American. Half an hour, an hour
passed thus as in a happy dream, and suddenly
looking at her watch, the lady discovered that
she had already delayed too long, as she had
promised to be by the bed-side of a sick
friend before that hour. Mr. H.’s offer to ac
company her was politely but positively de
clined.
Thus far, matters had progressed very pleas
antly, and Mr. H—n would willingly have with
drawn his claims for a second interview before
the happy day, (as had been agreed upon,) espe
cially as this lady was said to be the wealthiest
of the two, the 22,000 francs lady. But he was
too happy to keep his fortune all to himself; on
that very evening he told his luck to a party of
friendsand acquaintances, many of whom had
known the city and all its ways for years. Of
course, the party burst into a general laugh at his
expense, and he had the pleasure to learn that
the lady of his choice was a well-known actress
from one of the minor theatres, that she was
regularly engaged by Messrs. Dechamps & Taz
ard and that the only roles she had to play under
this engagement, was that of a wealthy young
widow, or of a naive and modest young heiress.
This was rather too much for our Yankee
friend. He easily consoled himself, however,
for the loss of his rich and beautiful bride; but
the loss of 300 francs, (about sixty dollars,) was
was quite another matter, and he determined to
have his money back. Repayment was of course
refused. He sought legal redress, and the mat
ter was duly brought before the Tribunal Cor
rectionnel Messrs. Dechamps & Tazard did
not think proper to appear, but, notwiths land
ing, were sentenced to one year’s imprisonment,
a fine < f one hundred francs, and the repayment
of the money obtained from Mr. H—n.
ROW IN THE BAR ROOM OF THE CARL
TON HOUSE.
On Tuesday night the celebrated Captain
Rynders accompanied by some of his particu
lar friends, entered the bar-room of the Carl
ton, and called for something to drink, one of,
them with striking emphasis remarked that he
would like to see the man who “had anything
to say against Ned Forrest;” of course there
was nobody to accept the invitation; where
upon the party invited Mr. Archibald Reynolds,
who happened to be present to take a drink.
The acceptance of the hospitality of Captain
Rynders’ party naturally involved an argu
ment touching the right and wrong of the
quarrel between Macready and Forrest. Mr.
Reynolds expressed his unmitigated contempt
for both the actors. This opinion, although
entirely impartial, did not give satisfaction ;
rough words followed, and rougher blows.
Two of the gentlemen attached to the person
of Capt. Rynders knocked Mr. Reynolds down,
kicked and stamped on him—and when a gen
tleman named Taylor who happened to be pre
sent, interfered, he too was knocked over.
Aiderman P. Kelley was treated in a similar
manner.
In justice to Captain Rynders we must say,
that he did not strike a blow on the occasion.
His only participancy in the affair was in hold
ing Mr. Reynolds’ right arm, while two of the
party beat him to the ground, and the others
looked on to see “fair play.” We give below
the names of the persons arrested for the as
sault, with the names of the gentlemen who
became responsible for their appearance to an
swer ;
P. Brenan, former Assistant Aiderman of the
Sixth Ward, bailed Isaiah Rynders in the sum
of $1,500. Alderman Charlick, former Aider
man ol the First Ward, and Richard Frelick,
bailed Mike Murray in the sum of $1,500. Sam
uel Osgood, former City Register, bailed Tom
Burns in the sum of $1,500. Mr. Moulton, of
Florence’s Hotel, bailed Charles Laler m the
sum of SSOO.
THE TEN GOVERNORS AND DR. REESE.
Tnere is a fine prospect of a very pretty fight
between the ten Governors and Dr. R.eese, the
resident Physician at Bellevue. The Ten Gov
ernors have already voted to dispense with Dr.
Reese’s services, but, unable to agree upon
his successor, the majority of them being rather
inclined to abolish the office of Resident Physi
cian, substituting therefor a Medical Board, (as
we stated in our last issue,) the Doctor is al
lowed to retain his place. He is, however,
aware of the friendly intentions of the Ten
Governors, and is preparing for a vigorous hold
over resistance. No doubt the act creating the
Ten Governors is capable, like all other acts, of
two interpretations, and if money enough can
be raised to fee able lawyers, we would not be
surprised if Dr. Reese kept possession of Belle
vue, with all the privileges of dosing, purging
and bleeding the paupers, until the next session
of the Legislature. There are other parties who
have an interest in getting up a quarrel with the
Ten Governors, and if they only club together,
the public will witness a very interesting row.
If Dr. Reese fights the Ten, single-handed, our
sympathies will incline towards him, unless he,
by some ruse, can get the Ten into one of the
wards of his hospital, to treat them “profess
ionally.” In such an event, Dr. Reese would
prove himself more than a match for them.
We shall watch the progress of the hostile par
ties. Next week we hope to have something
definite to say with regard to the dispute.—
Meantime, we caution the Ten to keep out of
Dr. Reese’s hospital.
JMice Knmber.
"THE CONFIDENCE MAN.”
The believers in total depravity, Roman can
dles and other sulphurous fireworks, are tri
umphantly chuckling over the newer and milder
philosophy, which holds that, not only is there
“ a good time coming,” but that even in the
present times, and those which are past, men
are (and were) not so devilishly depraved as
they have (and had) been represented. The
new school were making many converts, and
Roman candles were falling in the market, when
the unlucky arrest of the “Confidence Man”
turned the tables, and total depravity is again
in the ascendant. This “ Confidence Man,” it
seems, has used all the arguments in favor of
innate human integrity, to prove most conclu
sively the inverse—the doctrine of total de
pravity. Our readers have already been enlight
ened as to the modus operandi, but one of the
“ventures” of the “Confidence Man,” which
has not before been narrated, is so ludicrous in
itself, and so clearly illustrates the new system
of tactics of total depravity, based upon the new
philosophy, that we cannot withhold it from our
readers.
Sometime in the month of March last, the
“Confidence Man” ran across the track of Mr
Sturgess, who resides in Williamsburgh, as Mr..
Sturgess was making tracks for the Peek Slip
ferry. A common place remark of the “ Confi
dence Man,” advanced to Mr. Sturgess, opened
the way to a common place chat, as the two pro
ceeded leisurely towards the ferry. How Mr.
Sturgess’ companion contrived to introduce the
new philosophy into the conversation, we can
not tell, but that he did with clever adroitness
introduce it, the sequel will show.
“Ah,” said the “Confidence Man,” heaving
a deep sigh— “‘ the human family is carrying on
an unnatural intestine war—man fights his bro
ther man, springs at his throat, and virtually
says, ‘stand and deliver.’ We have passed but
one degree from rude savagism. The law of
the strongest prevailed, and still prevails, among
barbarians. Now, what we vaunt of as an ad
vanced civilization, is the law of the adroitest,
the most cunning. The trickster is the succes
ful assailant of the ingenuous, the unsuspicious,
the simple. Is it not an awful state of things to
contemplate!” The “Confidence Man” heaved
another sigh, cast his eyes to the ground, then
hummed the first line or two of the beautiful
hymn of Savage Walter Landon —
“ Look up my soul in humble trust
Have patience still, and strive.”
“Really, sir, said Mr. Sturgess, taking a pinch
of snuff and looking exceedingly perplexed—
“ It may be just as you say, but the melancholy
fact has never before obtruded itself on my
notice. I have had more faith in man, recog
nised the good and beautiful intermixed as
they are with the evil and hideous—”
“That’s it sir, that’s it,”interupted the Con
fidence man without the slightest ceremony,
“ You tkink that you recognize the good and
beautiful, but you admit (and that is all I in
sist on) that you also recognize the evil and
hideous. Now what does this recognition
lead to 1 Why surely to suspicion, distrust—
which poisons the whole current of your life —
sends you out into the world with the armor
of suspicion on, and helmetted with uncharit
ableness. You are willing to believe, nay you
are certain that there are good, honest men in
the world, but you must first prove them honest,
before you will trust them. You profess to be
lieve that man is made in the image of his
maker, but you won’t recognize the likeness
until you have first enquired whether the
image takes up his notes at maturity, dis
charges all his obligations, deals fairly with
his fellow men. All this satisfactorily ascer
tained, you then admit in practice, what you
only held before as an idle theory, that man is
made in the image of his maker. How lamen
tably do the best of us deceive ourselves in
our every day life!”
“ But surely,” Mr. Sturgess ventured to say
—“ Surely a proper degree of caution—”
“ That’s it—you’ve said it now,” uncere
moneously put in the “Confidence Man”—
“ there, in that vile word caution, you have ex
posed the hollowness and heartlessness of our
every day intercourse with eur fellow men.
What is this caution, but the regarding of
every man as a rogue until you have proven
him to be an honest man. Do you deny the
truth of this!”
“No,” answered Mr. Sturgess with con
siderable emphasis, “ I do not.”
“ Then see the lamentable consequences!
Men suspecting, intriguing, cheating each
other, the evil widening and deepening each
day—simple honesty going about unbonneted,
earnest, sincere, but every where repelled and
kept aloof, until at last it sinks helpless by the
way side, untrusting roguery
rolls by in a
“It is true,” murmured Mr.
Sturgess, “ but—
“l was speaking with Mr. Wm. B. Astor, on
this very subject, the other day, as we were
coming down the river. I knew him by sight,
he probably had never seen me before. He
maintained that society rested upon the single
basis of confidence. ‘I will try you, Mr. Astor,’
I remarked with a smile which doubtless ex
pressed my incredulity. ‘Dare you give me
your check for a thousand dollars, confidently
trusting to my promise to return it to you to
morrow !’ Mr. Astor hesitated for a moment,
and looked me sharply in the face. (His cau
tion was up, you see.) At last he said, ‘Yes, I
dare,’ and forthwith drew out his pocket-book,
teok thence a check, went to the Captain’s of
fice, and filled it up for one thousand dollars.
‘Are you satisfied now!’he demanded, hand
ing me the check. ‘We shall see to-morrow,’
1 replied, turning away and carefully avoiding
him during the remainder of the passage. You
will at once suppose that I kept my appointment
with him the next day. I didn’t, though. I
was not satisfied that he had confidence, and I
wished to put him to the test; On the third day,
after looking in vain in the papers to see if a re
ward had not been offered for a fellow who had
swindled Mr. Astor out of a thousand dollars, I
went up to his house. He laughed heartily when
I was shown into the library, where he was sit
ting. ‘You said you would come yesterday !’
he remarked. ‘Yes, but I was watching at the
bank till 3 o’clock, to see whether you would not
go in and ask if the check had been paid.’ He
laughed again, as he replied—‘No, I made up
1 my mind to risk a thousand dollars on my con
fidence in human integrity.’ I handed him back
his check, we shook hands, and parted.”
“ I would have done the same thing,” ex
claimed Mr. Sturgess, with enthusiasm.
“Excuse me if I remain skeptical,” was the
mild reply of the “ Confidence Man.” “ Would
you lend me two shillings at this moment!”
“Certainly, with pleasure, if you say thatyou
want it.”
“ Well, then, to be frank,” returned Mr. Con
fidence, with a smile of incredulity on his lips,
“ I am in need of two shillings at this time.”
“There it is,” said Mr. Sturgess, handing
over a two-shilling piece, which Confidence
pocketed. By this time, the two had reached
the ferry-house. A boat was just going out of
the dock, and Mr. Sturgess quickened his pace.
1 Confidence stopped him, and passing back the
two-shilling piece, said —
“I am satisfied—and to show you that Ido
not want the money, look!” and he pulled out
a handful of gold and silver.
Mr. Sturgess felt pleased. He had himself vin-
■ dicated humanity of the charge of suspicion
and lack of confidence.
i At this precise moment, the “Confidence
man” pulled out his gold watch—a handsome
. lever. ‘
“My watch has stopped,” he said to Mr
. Sturgess, “ can you give me the time!”
Without a moment’s hesitation Mr. Sturgess
: pulled cut his one hundred dollar patent, gold
i lever.
“ That’s a beautiful watch of yours,” said Con
; fidence, looking at Mr. Sturgess with the same
i smile of incredulity on his lips, which Mr. S.
■ had before noticed. “Will you allow me to ex
: amine it!”
“He wants to put me to the last test,” whis
' pered Mr. Sturgess to himself—and he slipped
the guard from his neck, and placed his watch
m the hands of the “ Confidence Man.” At
that very moment the last bell struck, as Mr.
Sturgess and his companion lushed through the
j gate in haste to reach the boat. Mr. Sturgess,
as the reader will now readily imagine, was a
little in advance of the “ Confidence Man”—the
1 boat was a few feet out from the float, Mr. Stur
gess jumped on board, and then turned to look
for his companion. He was also hastening up,
holding the watch in his hand, and apparently
anxious to spring on board. But the distance
■ was now too great, either to allow him to spring
on board, or to allow Mr. Sturgess to spring on
shore.
The “ Confidence Man,” courteously waved
the hand which held the watch to Mr. Sturgess,
and shouted "next beat—stop on the other side
until I come.”
Mr Sturgess did stop, one, two, three boats,
thinking all the while that the “ Confidence
Man” was trying him, as he had tried Mr. As
tor. Then Mr. Sturgess waited four months,
when he made up his mind that if he waited
until the “ Confidence Man” came, he (Mr. S.)
would be in nearly as bad a fix as the Wander
ing Jew.
On the arrest of the “ Confidence Man” last
Monday, Mr. Sturgess visited the Tombs, and
immediately recognized in the clever rascal,
the man who had so neatly put him through.
fjrj- About 2,000 persons fled from Columbus,
Ohio, in fear of cholera.
Shatna.
A painful duty devolves upon us in this
branch of our weekly labors, to announce un
der this head the sudden demise of a gentle
man attached to the theatrical profession,
whose virtues as a citizen, a friend, a husband
and father, have commended him as a bright
and shining light for Death’s envious dart.
We allude to Mr. William A. Vache, late of
the Broadway theatre, who departed this life
on Thursday last, of the prevailing epidemic.
Mr. Vache had justperfected an engagement
with the proprietor of the National theatre for
the ensuing season, and was in a fairway to
prosecute honorably and prosperously his ardu
ous vocation. He was a man of liberal hab
its, generous to a fault, and his sudden taking
off, has left his family in a straitened situation
that we make mention of—not for idle and
chilling comment—but that those upon whom
devolves the duty, may make such ready exer
tion as is called for under the circumstances.
What makes the affair still more distressing to
his afflicted relict, is that a dear child quickly
followed the father, in time to be encased in
the same coffin.
That manager who moves first in the matter,
will deserve well of us and the public here
after.
Niblo’s.—“The clink of hammers closing
rivets up” is still heard from the enclosure, and
the eye can scan from the outside a building pa
lacious in its exterior proportions. It needs no
great flight of the imagination, joined with a
knowledge of Mr. William Niblo’s liberal en
terprise, to ppicture a magnificent and luxurious
retreat within, fitting for the Muses in this ad
vanced stage of the Arts.
Burton’s.—List night Miss Fanny Wailack
took a benefit here, generously tendered by Mr.
Burton. The play selected was “Hamlet;”—
the fair beneficiary as the noble Dane;—Burton,
“ Polonius;”—“Our” Mary Taylor, “ Ophelia;”
—and W. B. Chapman, “First Grave-digger.”
Miss Wallack is about to proceed upon a tour
through the South and West; and, while we
regret the necessity which deprives us of her
graceful presence, we cannot but congratulate
the South and West, in advance, upon the op
portunity that will be soon afforded them of en
joying the high intellectual abilities of our dis
tinguished favorite.
National.—Mr. Purdy’s benefit on Monday
night was, what it deserved to be, a bumper;
the volunteers were warmly welcomed, and
every thing passed off pleasantly and profitably.
The overture to Mr. T. D. Rice, in the shape of
a complimentary testimonial, on the succeeding
Wednesday evening, was also happily success
ful.
Mr. Chanfrau’s resolution to dispense with
the local drama during the summer months,
has been overruled by his constituents—the chil
dren of the “National” “cry for them,” and
the Twist-ians of the pit “ ask for more.”
Mr. W. B. Chapman’s admirable sketches,
“Mose in California,” and “Mose in a Muss,”
have been revived. Although this homage .to
Mr. Chanfrau’s genius must to a great degree
be grateful to that gentleman’s feelings, yet it
partakes somewhat of the nature of a bore to
himself, when he is compelled to sacrifice his
personal comforts almost entirely for its suste
nance. To-morrow evening Mr. Raker’s “New
York as it is” will be re-produced, with the ori
ginal cast—in order to effect this, Mr. John
Winans has been engaged to personate “Loafer
Joe.”
Broadway.—The mutations, transmutations,
laughable experiments, and incomparable feats
of Signor, Monsieur, Mynheer, Don Sandy Mac
allister, m his novel and delightful entertain
ment, entitled “ The Enchanted Palace, or the
Two Dreams,” have arrested the attention of
the wonder-mongers and fashionable quidnuncs,
and now, with the thermometer at 100, more or
less, induce their attendance in large numbers
at the “ Broadway.” The house, though, by the
bye, is well and thoroughly ventilated by means
of an immense steam apparatus, invented by the
Prince of blowers. Mr. M. has not yet run
through his budget of fun, and it will require
several weeks to exhaust the catalogue of sur
prising combinations in his cabinet. The ex
hibition for the ensuing week will be entirely
varied, with the exception of a few feats too
popular to be withdrawn;—among which may
be mentioned the suspension of Madame Mac
alhster in the air, without, apparently to our
eyes, any other support than that furnished
through some supernatural agency.
Mr. Stevens, late manager of the Bowery
Theatre, in connection with some other gentle
men of the profession, has undertaken to teach
persons who are about to make the stage a pro
fession. See the Card in another column.
DISTINGUISHED DEATHS.
Within a year and a half, we have lost some
of the most distinguished statesmen, civilians
and warriors, our country has ever produced.
John Quincy Adams, ex-President, Minister
to almost every court in Europe, Senator, Mem
ber of Congress, and Secretary of State under
James Monroe.
James K. Polk, Member of Congress, Speak
er of the House, Governor of Tennessee, and
finally President of the United States.
Stephen Kearney, Major-General by brevet,
and the original capturer of California.
Edmund P. Gaines, senior Major-General by
brevet, the hero of Fort Erie, distinguished m
the Indian war in Florida, and other battles—
with one exception, the oldest commissioned
officer in the army.
William J. Worth, a native of this State,
senior Brigadier in the army of the United
States, well remembered for his gallant services
in the late wars with England and Mexico.
Colonel Duncan, a New Yorker born, who
led the batteries in many of the battles in Mexi
co. He has passed from us in the prime of life,
when his services were most valuable. Thus
great men go. To translate two lines from Ho
race, the Latin poet, how fairly death comes :
“ Pale Death, with equal loot,
strikes wide the door
OI palace gate, or
Cottage of the poor.”
Death is truly a republican. He, or it, shows
no distinction between men, say what we will.
The king and the peasant sink alike into the
grave.
Otj- Yesterday was the tiottesi day of the week,
the mercury indicating, at 12 M , 95 degrees in
the shade. However, a few degrees, more or
less, do not matter much, when once the blood
in one’s veins has got used to boiling. Friday
night was a scorcher to nervous people who
can’t well s eep in an oven. Once, just after the
midnight hour, when we had been watching for
the first symptom of a freeze,
** to cool our fevered temples,”
the leaves on the trees were slightly agitated.
We leaned out to catch the first whisper of the
blessed breeze, and give thanks therefor, but the
close, enervating atmosphere was unrelieved.
The trees must have trembled with their own
suffering. Between 3 and 4 o’clock, a slight
breeze swept the city, and many there were who
watched for its coming ere they could find relief
in sleep. We recommend a free use of cold
water to the wrists, the temples and the back
part of the head, on these warm nights.
MURDER AT HOBOKEN.
The village of Hoboken was the scene of a
dreadful murder, on Friday evening, about six
o’clock, and the citizens of that place were in
great excitement at the horrid deed perpetrated
in their midst. It appears that a clergyman re
sided in the house with John Dunne and his
wife, and that Dunne disliked the clergyman’s
familiarities with his wife, and suspected her
fidelity. He kept a sharp look-out upon their
conduct, and on the evening m question found
them in a situation which left no doubt on his
mind as to their criminality. At his approach,
the gujlty clergyman fled, leaving his compan
ion in guilt to the mercies of an infuriated and
jealous husband, who seized a clothes iron as
the most convenient weapon he could find, at
tacked his wife, and ripped her bowels open.
She died soon afterwards, and Dunne regrets
that he was not able to kill the clergyman too.
The New Law Courts.—Some of our read
ers may have noticed the alterations that have
been made in our courts of justice. We confess
we generally wish to keep out of the law courts;
but lately, with a curiosity natural to editors,
we paid the new Courts a visit, and we must
say, we were highly pleased with their arrange
ment. The plan does great credit to the taste of
Judge Edmonds, who superintended it. We
should not omit noticing the great regularity
and propriety with which every thing is con
ducted pending the arguments of counsel; this
is owing to the efficient way in which Mr. Ber
tholf, who has for many years been attached to
the Supreme Court, performs his duty. Long
may he continue attached to our Courts.
(XJ- A Williamsburgh Constable was arrested
in St. Mark’s Church, in that village, on the 2d
of July, and compelled to give security for his
good behavior for the remainder of his life Af
ter going through with the necessary formali
ties, he was permitted to leave the church—
which he did, in company with his security.
gij- In our article entitled “ Omnibus Eti
quette,” we omitted one important direction to
passengers;—Promptly report any driver who is
impertinent, to the proprietors of the line. 11
maybe a little trouble, but the result will be a
great public good. We shall soon have polite
and respectable drivers on all the omnibus lines.
03- The Mobile Advertiser contradicts the
report of the death of Col. Jack Hayes, who
to have fallen a victim of the cholera* I
JHnsical.
The last English steamer has brought us in
telligence of the death of the greatest vocalist
the world ever owned. Angelica Catalani, she
who for more than half a century knew no rival
in the vocal art, is no more. At a time like the
present, when we have so little of musical in
terest at home to discuss with our reader, a
brief sketch of her career may not be uninter
esting.
Catalani was born at Sinigagha in the Papal
dominions, in the year 1782, and received her
earliest, (and certainly excellent) musical in
structions at the convent of Santa Lucia not far
from Rome. Even as a child she possessed
such power, sweetness and flexibility of voice,
that thousands from all parts of the neighbor
hood, used to crowd to Santa Lucia on high fes
tivals, when little Angelica sang in the chorus
at mass. So great were the crowds that throng
ed to hear her, that disturbances became fre
quent, and it was found necessary by the higher
church authorities to interdict her singing at the
convent masses altogether. But the tears and
prayers of the child, who was fond of singing
and pleased with the admiration she received,
as also the interest of the convent, whose reve
nue became sensibly diminished by the absence
of the great attraction of C.’s voice, induced the
holy fathers to yield some of their severity, and
to permit her still to sing occasionally.
In her fourteenth year, her voice was perfect
ly matured, and she left the convent, to prepare
under the guidance of the celebrated Boselh for
the stage, on which she made her debut in her
fifteenth year at Venice, and with a success
never before equalled even in Italy. Soon her
fame spread everywhere; and in quick succes
sion she appeared at all the great theatres at Mi
lan, Florence, Rome and Naples, and her name
was heard with enthusiasm from the highest
Alps to the most southern point of Calabria.
In the year 1801 she received a lucrative
and flattering engagement at Lisbon, where she
remained for five years, performing in Italian
opera with the great Crescentini and the then
celebrated Gafforini. Here she married Cap
tain de Valabrigue, who was then attached to
the French legation at Lisbon. In 1806 sheleft
Portugal, and proceeded, so to say, in triumph
through Madrid and Paris to London- At Ma
drid a single concert yielded her SIO,OOO, and at
Paris, m the provinces and in London, her pro
fits were in some instances even greater.
Her execution and style of singing national
songs were most wonderful, and more than
once did the British Ministry use her, to arouse
the London public from a despondency conse
quent of the then so frequent victories of Napo
leon. When she sang “Rule Britania” or
“God save the King,” (“ God shave the King,”
as she used to pronounce it) even the most
phlegmatic auditor grew warm and enthusiastic.
After an eight years residence in England, she
returned to Paris, to undertake the manage
ment of the Italian opera, by which she suffered
much pecuniary loss, as her husband would in
terfere in the management, and had the bad taste
not to suffer any really great talent to remaio
by the side of his wife. After Napoleon’s re
turn from Elba, she had to abandon the man
agement, which she resumed on the restoration,
only to relinquish it again after a short time, as
she (or her husband) could not agree with the
government.
Now she frequently undertook professional
journeys through Germany, Denmark, Eng
land, Italy, Sweden, Poland and Russia, which
were always triumphal processions, and
which she continued at intervals until 1828.
In 1830 she retired to a villa she had purchased
near Florence, a beautiful place, formerly be
longing the family of the Medici, where she
lived in comparative retirement, only occa
sionally instructing a few humble girls in
whom she discovered vocal abilities.
Her personal beauty, her fine animated play,
the very great compass, the extraordinary bril
liancy and flexibility of her voice, all these
natural and acquired advantages, made her
the great, and unrivalled star of the musi
cal world. She was the first to show what ex
ecutions the human voice is capable of; she
was the first who sang Rhode’s variations for
the violin, the first who could execute chroma
tic scales with a facility, quickness and dis
tinctness never before dreamed of, and of her
we can therefore assert, that she gave the first
impulse to the whole of our modern school of
singing.
It has been asserted that she was much
given to envy; we think this is unjust, but
rather believe that her husband was to blame
for the apparent reasons of this assertion;
of herself we know, that on more than one
occasion she has shown, that no one could
be more ready or willing, to pay tribute to the
talent of otlieru, Catalan! !
Max Maretzek has left for Europe in the Hi
bernia. Our readers generally are aware that
Mr. Maretzek is the next manager of the
Italian Opera at Astor Place, and that it is his
determination, if talent, economy, prudence
and good management can do it, to place the
Opera on a permanent and popular footing in
this city. For several months past, he has
been endeavoring to make his engagements
with some of the best of the Italian artists
now in this country, but their own extravagant
ideas of themselves and their own merits and
popularity, (for every prima donna believes
herself a Jenny Lind, and every Tenor a Ru
bini) the unheard of conditions they made
(we have it from good authority that one prima
donna would not engage except under suffi
cient securities that her salary would be paid
for the entire term, even if the house were
burned down, destroyed by a mob, or closed
by the city authorities) and the terms they
asked, were such that Mr. Maretzek could not
in prudence and honesty agree to them. It is
his desire to pay all, to make the Opera pay its
expenses and to earn something for his own
labor; to keep the house open for the entire
season, and to satisfy not only the artists and
habitues of the Opera, but also all occasional
visiters and the public at large. After the re
peated failures of Opera in this city, after the
well known losses of all former managers, he
expected that for their own interests sake and
for the sake of their art, he might count upon
the hearty co-operation of the artists now here,
who knew the state of affairs.
But he was mistaken in his expectations;
each principal was willing that he should cut
down all his colleagues salaries, screw down
chorusses and orchestra to the lowest possible
penny, but each prime or prima believed him
self or herself indispensable and entitled to
even more, certainly not to less salary than
they had received to the ruin of former man
agements. They did not believe that Mr Ma
reizek would incur the trouble and expense of
a trip to Europe, where they knew he could
get better artists at a less price.
Harassed beyond endurance and loosing all
patience, Mr. Maretzek suddenly resolved on
Monday night to go to Europe, and on Tues
day at noon he sailed in the Hibernia. We
are convinced that he will import better artists
than we have ever had here before, for no man
has a better taste or judgment of what is
wanted, and no man even in Europe possesses
the confidence of artists in so eminent a de
gree. Three years ago, Mr. Maretzek’s en
deavors alone, engaged Jenny Lind for Lum
ley, much to the vexation of Mr. Bunn, the
manager of the rival house. Our readers re
member the suit for damages of Bunn vs.
Jenny Lind, which grew out of this engage
ment.
We know not as yet, whom Mr. Maretzek
will get for New York, but we are certain that
our musical public will be pleased with what
he may select for them. Meanwhile we wish
him a happy and prosperous journey.
Some of the Italian artists here, would pro
bably even now, since Mr. Maretzek has sail
ed, engage at more reasonable terms and at
less stringent conditions than three days ago.
We wish they may get them.
We regret to learn that Mr. John Wilson the
Scotch vocalist died at Montreal last week, of
cholera.
The Musical Gazette states that a vessel
carrying out a hundred passengers for Califor
nia, has sailed from Havre within the last few
days. Amongst the number of voyagers the
greater part were musicians. There were ten
choristers, three players of the cornet-a-pis
tons, one flutist, two violin players, two vio
loncellists, one clarionet, and one trombone.
Very shortly another vessel will sail with a
second party, the whole passengers in which
will consist of musicians and actors.
The summer fetes at Casile Garden are tri
umphantly successful, and the managers, to in
crease the interest, have engaged a number of
talented artists, who, when added to those al
ready betore the public, will give the greatest
series of Concerts ever given to the New York
public for two shillings.
Riots at Quebec.—The telegraph on yester
day morning announced that a series of riots
occurred at Quebec on Friday, on account of
the treatment bestowed upon the cholera pa
tients in the hospitals there, in the course of
which several of the hospitals were entirely
destroyed.
(Jry- One of our waggish auctioneers, having
observed that the knighis of the lancet have
been pretty considerably cornered of late, ac
costed one of the foremost of them the other
day, in the street, with “ How is it now, doc
tor! Sangrado or not!” “ Oh,[go to—1” was
the rather crusty reply of Dr.
CAPTAIN M'CERREN AND MIBS ELIZA
DICKSON,
Last week we gave a condensed account of this
modern romantic drama, with Capt. McCerren’s let- <
ter, praying the public to suspend its judgment until
both sides of the question were heard. Since then an
investigation has been going on at the Essex Market
police court, before Justice Timpson, of which the
following is a synopsis:—Eliza Dickson made an affi
davit that Capt. McCerren induced her to go into a
house of assignation on the 25th June last, two days
after the arrival of the Columbus at this port, she
(Eliza Dickson) having been a passenger on board of
said vessel. That in a room of said house he at
tempted to take liberties with her person, pulling
her about and throwing her on a bed. That he at
one portion of said pulling, &c., got up to lock the
door; and that she went out on the roof for protection,
where she remained for two hour > and a half, till she
was rescued by the police Joseph Murphy, police
officer, deposed that he with others got a ladder and
relieved her from her perilous position ; that he ar
rested ( Capt. McCerren and took him to the station
house. Eliza Dickson, the complainant, was cross
examined at great length by Mr. John Graham, (coun
sel for Capt. McCerren) in the course of which she
acknowledged that the Captain wrote her a note to
come across the street; that she put on her bonnet
and vizette and went to him; that they walked and
rode in a stage together, and that she put her arm
through his during said walk. She further deposed
that, in the room when he wanted to have connexion
with her, she said “What should I do if lhada
child?’’ In addition to this, she admitted having
said that she did not want to prosecute the case, as
he had done her no violence ; that she was waited
upon by Mrs. McCerren, who gave her §l5O and sent
her on to Philadelphia. Wm. H. Cornwell was cross
examined on his deposition, taken before the magis
trate, in which he stated that he was in the scuttle
of the house opposite, from which he saw all that
had transpired in the house of assignation. Nothing
material turned up on his cross examination, except
a doubt thrown upon the possibility of his having
been able to see what he described from the position
he was placed in. On Saturday (yesterday) the land
lady of the house of assignation was examined. She
gave her name as Julia Morton, the name she said
she was known by. She testified to the fact of the
occurrences on the night in question, and that she
endeavored to induce Miss Dickson to come down off
the roof without success. Mr. Andrew Charles and
Mr. John Lyster, two respectable men, deposed that
they knew complainant in Ireland; that she was re
spectable, virtuous, and well connected. The de
fence was then entered upon by producing a cabin
passenger of the Columbus, named William Fyfe, (a
wholesale grocer of the firm of Wilson & Fyfe, No. 6
Old Slip,) who was examined by Mr. Graham, touch
ing the conduct of Eliza Dickson during the last two
weeks of the passage. He said that every day she
used to go close up to the window of the Captain’s
state room at between 12 and 1 o’clock, when he was
working his chronometrical calculations; that she,
being a second cabin passenger, had no right to do
so. He was asked several questions touching the
opinion of the cabin passengers about Miss Dick
son’s demeanor; about a man named Duffy coming
to him, on the part of the Misses Dickson, and offering
to compromise the matter for one thousand dollars.
All these questions were objected to by Mr Whitirg
and ruled out by the Judge. Some very warm and
animated discussions arose between counsel, and be
tween one of them and the Judge ; Mr. Graham con
tending that Judge Thompson allowed a latitude, to
get at the truth of the facts for the prosecution, which
was not extended to the defense. The investigation
was adjourned to Monday morning, at 11 o’clock.
Odd Fellows’ Cemetery.—The committee ap
pointed at the last meeting of the Convention, are
ready to report, and will on Tuesday evening submit
the results of their investigations to the delegates
from the vatious lodges. It is to be hoped that ere
long this wide-spread and benevolent Order will be
enabled to have a spot sacred to the last resting place
of their departed orethrem The Convention meet at
National Hall, Canal street.
Caution to Boys.—ln the early part of the week
a small boy, who was stealing a ride on the step of a
stage in Chatham street, had his hand most horribly
crushed. The stage at the time was well filled with
passengers, and as the body of the stage sprung up he
attempted to get a firmer hold, when his hand was
caught in the spring, and there held until the stage
was stopped ; the passengers got out, and the body of
the stage lifted up, before his hand could be released.
Slaughtering Dogs.—During twenty four days
there were no fewer than 1,257 dogs killed in accord
ance with the law. The premium of 50 cents a head
has stimulated many to go into the dog-killing busi
ness, and $628.50 have already been paid out of the
city treasury for services rendered.
Accident. —Miss Fox, who resides at 59 Hammers
ley street, was severely burned on Thursday night, by
the bursting of a camphine lamp, which exploded
while she was in the act of filling it. Too much care
cannot be exercised by those who use camphine, not
to fill a lamp while it is burning, for there is always
danger from explosion;
Freak of an Insane Man —An insane man, named
John McGrath, was found on Friday morning holding
his child, about 8 months old, under the spout of a
pump and pumping water on it. He said he was giv
ing it a drink. It was taken from him, its wants sup
plied, and after the lapse of a few hours returned to
iiUn.
Accident.—James Collins fell from the second sto
ry window of house No. 144 Orange street, on yester
day morning, and had his head severely injured.
Coffin Found —A small coffin, containing an in
fant, was found floating In the East river, at the foot
of Ninth street.
College Commencement. —The annual com
mencement of St. John’s College, Fordham, is to be
held to-morrow. The exercises on the occasion will
commence at 2 o’clock, P. M.; and the cars will leave
the City Ball at 12 and 1 o’clock;
Attempt to Commit Suicide.—A man who calls
himself Thomas Shackner, on Thursday attempted
to commit suicide by plunging into the river, at the
foot of Hammersley street. He was rescued by some
policemen, and is supposed to be insane.
Died in the Street.—An Irish emigrant, named
Mary Hughes, while walking in Second street, near
Avenue B, on Friday afternoon, fell senseless, and
died soon afterwards. A young man, named Charles
Chambers, was taken to the Fourth Ward Station
house on Friday, insensible, and afterwards removed
to the William street Hospital, but he died before
getting there.
Inquest.—The Coroner held an inquest on Friday,
on the body of an unknown colored man, apparently
about 30 years of age, who was found floating in the
river, at pier No. 4, East river. Verdict accordingly.
Drowned.—The body of an unknown man was
picked up on Thursday evening, near Fort Hamilton.
An inquest was held upon the body; and his shirt
was found marked with a letter “ M,” with red silk,
which may lead to the identification of the body.
Accidental Death.—The Coroner held an in
quest yesterday, upon the body of Stephen Shuber,
who died at the City Hospital on Friday morning,
from the effects of a gun-shot wound, which he acci
dentally received on the 4th of July. Verdict in ac
cordance with the facts.
Sun Struck.-—A boy, about 14 years of age, who
resided at 215 Mott street, was sun struck on Friday
forenoon. He was taken to a drug store, where the
proper remedies were applied, when he. recovered.
Thomas Collins, of 224 Twelfth street, died from the
effects of the sun on Friday, on the corner of Tenth
street and First avenue.
POLICE.
Grand Larceny.—Robert Cross was arrested on
Friday, on a charge of stealing a pocket book, con
taining $47 28, from Wm. Kerenes, of 53 Oliver st.
It appeared they went to bathe together at the Wash
ington Bath, off the Battery, and that Kerenes went
into the water, while Cross refused to do so, saying
th tit was too public, but remained in the vicinity of
Kerenes' clothes. After a short lime he went into a
bath in another part of the establishment, and when
complainant came to dress he found his pocket-book
and money missing, whereupon he made this com
plaint against the accused, who was committed to pri
son for trial.
Street Robbery.—John O’Brien and Wm. Davis
were arrested on Friday morning, charged with
knockii g down and beating a man named John Ken
nedy, of 340 Water street, and stealing from his per
son a watch, valued at $lO, $2 in money, some knives,
a hat, and attempting to take his very boots from his
feet. He was sitting at his own door when the fel
lows came up, knocked him down and robbed him.
Committed to prison for trial.
Charged with Murder—A man, who is named
Michael Maker, was arrested on Friday, on a war
rant from the Ulster county authorities, where he is
charged with the crime of murder. He was sent back
to the above named county for trial.
A Charge of Incest.—Abraham Dumont, who
resides at. No 18 Thomas street, was taken into cus
tody on Friday, on a charge of attempting to commit
incest upon the person of his own daughter, a young
girl about eighteen years of age. He was held for ex
amination.
False Pretences.—R. W. Weydale was arrested
yesterday, on a charge of receiving money under false
pretences from Ambrose Smith, a "farmer from Ulster
county. It appears that Weydale has a desk in the
store of Mr. 11. Hoag, 75 Pine street, and that Mr.
Smith called tice to pay Mr. Hoag some monev, and
finding him absent, paid $65 at one time and S4O at
another to Weydale, who represented himself as Mr.
H.’s book-keeper. He forgot to hand over the money,*
and was arrested.
Stealing Monex Carl Laylor and Joanna Frazier
were arrested for stealing $45 from a man named
Gardner, who was drunk. He went to lodge with the
fair Joanna, and in the morning found himself minus
his money. Held to answer.
THE COURTS.
United States District Court.— In Chambers.—
A requisition was made by the Consul of Bremen
for aid to arrest El .'Bartolo, S Borg, F. Peterson and
four others, as deserters from the Bremen ship Dore
tha. The men were brought Into court, and the U.
S. District Attorney moved that they be committed.
The pri-oners’ counsel offered to prove that two of
the men were Danes, and that one of the other men
was discharged from the vessel, and contended that
the Danes were not bound to serve on board the
vessel, Denmark and the German Confederation be
ing at war. Judge Betts decided that under the treaty
no question was to be considered, other than whether
these men were the persons named in the ship’s roll,
and whether they are citizens of the United States.
He said the tribunals of this country had no cogni
zance of the cantract, to determine the validity by
the local law where the ship belongs, or by the law
of nations. No proof was given that any of the crew
hud been discharged in this port, and the men were
committed pursuant to the provisions of the treaty and
acts of Congress.
Supreme Court.—An interesting trial is expected
to come off betore this court shortly, of which the
Triune gives the following account :—Rev. J. Roose
velt Bayley, formerly a member of the Episcopal Se
minary in this city, became a convert to the Roman
Catholic Church. His grandfather, the late James
Roosevelt, was a member ot a Presbyterian Church,
and a man of large fortune opposed to the change of
faith in his grandson, he transferred, by a codicil, an
estate which he had previously given to him, to the ;
Union Theological Seminary in tnis city. Mr. Bay I
ley Is now the private secretary of Bishop Hughes,
and is contesting the will of his grandfather with the :
expectation of recovering this portion of the estate.
US* Ladies seeking good investments should re
member the Bowery Savings Store. We learn the i
stock of dry goods at this establishment is rich, of {
General Mews
Our readers will remember that a statement
was made several weeks since, in reference to the
sale of the ship Edwin, of this port, at Valparaiso,by
which it appeared that she brought $21,000, and her
cargo $15,000. Thu was a great profit; but it is now
said, on the authority of a letter from Valparaiso,
that she has since been resold at San Franckco, at a
profit from the last purchase of over sloo,ooo.—Sa
lem Gazette.
U3r We learn from the Fort Smith (Ark ) Herald
that a murder was lately committed in Scott county,
in that State, by a Mrs. Job,a young married woman,
upon the person of an elderly widow. b’i the name of
Northern. The part es met in a potato patch when
Mrs. Job drew a knife and plunged it into the left
nreast of Mrs. Northern, who fell dead immediately.
Jealousy was thecause.
DO” The news pours in upon us from almost every
quarter of the State, of the terrible destruction of the
wheat crop, by rust and fly (red weevil). Thousands
upon thousands of acres are not worth cutting; whole
fields remain untouched by the sythe or sickle. Our
own wheat is a pretty fair crop, and about the only
one we know of in this region.-O/rio Statesman, Bth,
tnst
U-35* A tariff of rates for refining and coining gold
and silver bullion has been issued by the director of
the mint with the concurrence of the Secretary of the
Treasury. For refining, the maximum charge is 3
cents per ounce.
IKr The island of Tabago, fourteen miles from Pa
nama, has been fixed upon by Messrs Howland &
1 Aspinwall as the depot for their Pacific steamers .
£5“ A letter from Fort Simpson, in the Hudson
Bay territory,states that eighteen men of an expedition
sent in search of Sir John Franklin, arrived at that
port on the 3d of October last. They went round from
the mouth of the McKenzie to the Copper Mine, but
no vestige or word of Sir John Franklin or!any one
else, except Esquimaux, whom they saw in lame
numbers.
US* The New Haven Journal says that two young
ladies, named Jane Andrews and Juliet Miller, of
Wallingford, were drowned while bathing in a pond,
near the residence of the father of the latter, last Fri
day evening. They were aged respectively 18 and
13 years.
UST The police expenses for the city of London for
the year 1848 was $202,265 Those of the city of New
V oik for the same year, $449,400, or more than double
- those of London.
U3s* A small steamboat, so constructed with bolts
; and screws as to be easily taken apart, and as easily
put together, has just been stowed away in one of our
merchant vessels, to be taken to China, where she
will ply between the ports of Whampoa and Canton,
i She was built by Messrs. Lawrence and Sneeden for
Captain Forbes, of Boston She is 100 feet in length,
18 in width, and about 8 deep.
US* It is expected that the packet, under charter of
the Colonization Society, will sail again for Liberia
t from Baltimore about the Ist of August, and in the
meantime the society makes an appeal to its friends
for aid, it being in great need of funds.
US* Mn Amos Tilton, of Lansingburgh, Monmouth
county, N. J., has a land-turtle, whica he found on
his place, bearing date 1711, and the initials A E M:
If this date be correct, the turtle has been marked 138
years. Add to this its age before it was marked—
. less than 40 years—and you have a venerable old age.
s®* We are authorized and requested to sta'e, says
( the Washington Intelligencer, that the time fixed up
on by the Government of Mexico for receiving pro
! posals for the construction of the Railroad between
i Vera Cruz and Mexico will be four months, com
, menclng the 14th day of last month.
U3* The trial uf W K. Stiles, at New Orleans, on
the 30th ult., for embezzling $28,079 49 of the State
' funds, whilst Collector of the 4th district, resulted in
: his conviction.
U®“ The important land case of Mrs. Gen. Gaines,
5 now pending in the United states Circuit Court, New
, Orleans, has been assigned for trial on the 12th of No -
’ vember next.
, DSr Nothing can more strongly indicate the altered
’ feelings of the people of Canada than the fact, tha ton
1 the 4th of July the American fl g was hoisted on a
flag pole in De Bleury street, Montreal, and there it
. flaunted for a long time during the day. We believe
that the same thing was also done at several taverns
’ in the city.
1 £3* The cotton crop of 1848 was 988.099 093 lbs. ;
1 supposing six cents per pound, wnich is a liberal fig
ure, to be returned to the planter, the sum realized
from the crop is, in round numbers, $60,000 UOO, The
capital requiied to grow this cotton, including the
> cost of land, negroes, horses, mules, gins, &c., would
t be at least $30,000 000.
s U®* A case involving a large amount of property,
» w herein Mr. Moore, of Quincy, was plaintiff, and
w Bishop Chase, of Illinois, defendant, was decided re
' cently in the United States Circuit Court for the Dis
? trict of Illinois, now in session. The claim was for
t several tracts ot land, including portions of Jubilee
College grounds, title to which had been acquired by
the plaintiff' up<»n a sale of State taxes. Ihe judg
ment of the court was in favor of Bishop Chase and
against the plaintiff.
r U®* In the Boston Police Court, the other day, a
woman named Catharine Asbbell—who had often
1 been brought before the court—appeared, and said
• that she wished to enter a complaint. On reaching
$ the appropriate position, she seized an inksiand with
in her reach, and hurled it with great violence to-
3 waids the head of Justice Rogers, but fortunately he
f was not injured. The woman was instantly taken
charge of.
$5“ An old and familiar experiment was tried in
St. Louis the other day, accidentally, by a gentlemen,
- whose attention has been called to the effect of elec
-1 tricity upon the atmosphere in producing oxone gas.
Reflecting upon the various theories advanced, he
made an attempt to attract paper by rubbing sealing
j wax upon woollen cloth ; and, although seaiing-wax
will usually attract a piece of paper at the distance of
one inch or more, immediately at er the friction, yes-
- terday it would not move the slightest fragment at
any distance. In the e times the most trivial circum-
l stance may be important.
, U®* Ten ships of a large class are now on the stocks
at Bath, Maine, all belonging to different owners,
t Messrs. Trufant and Drummond have one of 1,200
j tons; C. & W. D. Crocker, one of 1 000 tons; W.V.
& O. Moses, J. H. McLelland, T D Robinson and oth
ers, one each of 900 tons ; G. F &J. Patten, bav e one
I of'Boo tons; John Henry, one of 7cotons; Thomas
, Harwood, one ot 600 tons ; Hall & Jewell, one of 500
’ tons ; John Smith, one of 450 tons. All are to be of
i the first class, and when fitted up for sea will not cost
. much less than S6O per ton—making an item of ex
penditure in that enterprising city of $477,000 for
them alone.— Boston Courier.
U®* Dr.Chai les Jackson, of Boston, has rar.flivpd
from the French Government the Cross of the Na
tional Order of the Legion of Honor in acknowledg
ment ofhis high scientific attainments, and for hav
ing made the, discovery of etherization, which is so be
neficial to mankind Dr. Jackson has also received
. from the King of Sweden a splendid gold medal, as a
testimony of the respect in which his character and
t scientic services are held by that monarch.
US* Rev. Dr. Cox makes a “ peculiar” and earn
. estcallon the public to aid in restoring a portrait of
, Rev. Philip Melancthon Whelpley, formerly pastor of
’ the first Presbyterian Church in this city. Itwassold
1 at public auction by niistaKe, and Dr Cox solicits in
. formation in behalf of Mrs Whelpley whois “the
widow of one and the mother of two Presbyterian
ministers, and the sole indigent survivor of them all.’’
’ U®* The other day, four cut stone houses, four sto-
ries nigh, with shops, covering a lot of 90 feet front
by 100 feet deep, were sold at sheriff’s sale for £BOO
($3,200). The property is situated on Wellington
! sireet, Giiffintown. The ground alone on which the
property is situated cost $1,400 a few years ago Snch
j is the depression of property in Montreal at present.*
U®* The boundary line between the United States
and Canada, run in accordance with the Ashbuiton
I treaty, cost the labor of three hundred men eigh een
months. “ For three hundred miles a path was cut
through the forest thirty leet wide, and cieared of all
trees. At the end of every mile is a cast iron pillar,
painted white, square, lour feet out of the ground,
: seven inches square at the bottom, and lour at the
top, with raised letters on its sides, naming the com
missioners who ran the line, and the date.”
U®“ A note this noon from our New Brunswick cor’
respondent says:—“The Sanitary Committee report
12 cases and 6 deaths in this clt' for the 24 hours end
ing Thursday at 12 o’clock- This shows a rapid In
crease since the last report. The epidemic is still
i confined to the lower parts of the city, and those at
tacked are generally of intemperate and irregular
hnblts — Newark
We understand that Major Joseph L. Harper,
' of me post office of this city, has accepted the ap
pointment of mail agent between this city and New
, York, tendered to him by the Postmaster General, on
receiving the resignation of A, J. Griswold, Esq.—
• Phil. North American.
' US* Information has been received at the Depart
ment of State from the Consulate of the U. States at
■ Laguayra, Venezuela, that the Congress at Caraccas
had decreed, on the 2d of May last, that all goods or
merchandise now paying import duties, in c<»nformi
i ty with the tariff of 1841, shall pay an additional duty
of 10 per cent ad valorem, end all goods free of duty
by the same tariff shall pay 15 per cent a i valorem,
to go in force on importations from the Islands on the
, Ist of June, and from the United States ana Europe
! on the Ist of July.
US* A counterfeit coin, purporting to be silver dol-
I I lars issued from the mint at New Orleans, has been
detected in the West. The execution is unusually
good It is lighter than silver, but not sufficiently so,
except compared with the real metal, to excite notice.
U®* Capt. Kirwan, of the brig Fashion, arrived at
this port this morning, from Antigua, whence she
sailed on the Ist inst, reports that the Islan i was suf
fering greatly on account of long drouth, there having
been little or no rain tor six months past; the ponds
were all entirely dry. and the stock dally perishing
for want of water, it was in contemplation, unless
speedily relieved by rains, to send to tne neighboring
islands for water. American provisions continued
abundant —Balt. Pat, 12th
The Western Olive Branch, published at Indi
anapolis, Indiana, states that Augustus Littlejohn the
celebrated revivalist, recently died in the Onio Peni
tentiary, whither he had been sent under the as
sumed name of Hamilton, but just previous to his
death acknowledged that he was none other than
Littlejohn, the revivalist.
U@* The Bunker Hiil Aurora believes that Dr. Cool
idge is not dead ; so do many people ; but the report
to this effect has no credit in Thomaston, Me. Is it
possible that the Doctor’s father could be mistaken
about the identity of the corpse ? Nobody doubts that
the posthumous examination took p'ace- The affair
has no parallel, and furnishes a wonderful instance
of the most intricate ingenuity.
US* Gouraud’s Italian Medicated Soap, as a morn
ing journal justly observes, has made a great figure in
the advertising columns of the papers for years past,
and continues to be an object of interest to all who
are sensitive to injuries of the complexion and obtru
sive deformities of the skin. It has an established re
putation among the ladies, for its power of pieserving
and restoring those external charms which are so Ot
ten temporarily impaired by the austerities of this pe
culiar clima'e- alike by summer’s scorching heatai d
winter’s cold. Gouraud’s various cosmeticsand hair
restorers are also so well known as to need but a bare
reference to his advertisement.
FIT SUBJECTS
FOR THE CHOLERA.
There are multitudes of people, the
state of whose stomach and bowels are such,
that unless something is done, they are sure to have
the cholera. With some the stomach is sour, nause
ous and disagreeable ; others have poor appetite, food
sets bad, and the mouth tastes foul in the morning.
Others are costive, with poor digestion, tne food
neither relishes nor imparts nourishment. Some have
lax, or looseness of the bowels, with occasional gri
pings and severe pain in the head or back. Others
are languid, debilitated, with a feeling of goneness,
having no life or energy to move, with no appetite or
desire for food. All such persons are surjects for
the cholera, and should not live a day witnunt mak
ing a perfect revolution in their systems. For this
purpose we present Old Dr. Jacob Townsend s Sarsa
parilla. One bottle will bring about an entire change
in the stomach and bowels, and lortily the system
against any exposure to the cholera. It neither re
laxes or binds the bowels, but gently acts on all the
impurities within to remove fh® m > an “ set free the
body from the germs or seeds ot disease. Ihe bowels
at once become active and healthy, performing their
functions regularly and vigorously. The stomach
also wakes up its dormant energies, receiving the
food with the keenest appetite and relish, and digest
ing it so thoroughly from the great flow of saliva, and
the strong, rich gastric juice whicn the Sarsaparilla
makes, that it never sours, and never falls to impart
the greatest amount ot nutrition of which food is
capable, while it produces the purest, richest and
healthiest blood that ever flowed in human veins.
Either in Diarrhoea, Cholera Morbus, Bloody Flux,
Costiveness, Foul Stomach, or in any condition in
whieh we are predisposed to Cholera, Old Dr. Jacob’s
Sarsaparilla is the best medicine in the world. If
you are seized with the Cholera, call a physician:
but if you wish to preserve yourself from it, use Old
Dr. Jacob’s Sarsaparilla. Grand Depot, 102 Nassau
street. jy!4i*
COL. JAMES DUNCAN, U. S. A.
SEVERAL very fine Daguerreotype Likenesses of
the late Col Duncan, (U. S. Army,) with many
other distinguished individuals.(civil and military,)
may be seen at p BKADjf’SMEIOOMS,

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