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Sunday dispatch. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1845-1854, March 21, 1852, Image 2

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■ PAT DISPATCH la WlTffi.USfSma
.1 of the City, Brooklyn, WiHthRK CSNTB
n: *obokon, Staten Island, «o., iineß 0 f oubsoribors
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i tficc and bo served
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it - Advertisements, to scours insertion, must ho sent
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Office, 01 Ann strsst
ii. J WILLIAMSON, Publisher.
|r «DAlk HORMUO, MARCH 31, 1853.
What Is Theft I
Theft, Webster dafines.as the “felonious tak
ing v property privately from another —tho act
ofp. :ing—the thing stolen.” In criminal ju
risprudence, tho same rendering is given to the
act, that tho lexicographer gives to the word ;
end when a prisoner <s brought to judgment, tho
oaui > which led to tho perpetration of the of
fence is not Uken in'o consideration. In the
opii ion of society, tho more glaiing tho viola
tion , tho severer should be tho punishment
awarded.
If, it is true, it can bo proved that tho offend
er at the time of tho perpetration of the offense,
was an , the mode—not the punishment —of
imp. sonment is changed. A man to be so dealt
witt: mast be proven, not to be insme on one
j oil. hut, totally unsound in mind before even
this ..dulgence is granted. If insane, the por
tion . alienation is not attempted to be oared —
that is, if tho mii.d is diseased, it is not recog
nize by tho faulty as embraced within a partic
ular locality. For instance, it may be shown
that a man of wealth, without apparent incen
tive to the commission of theft, steals from a
neighbor a trifle which is of no possible value,
and which tho owner, if asked, would have wil
lingly presented the thief; or which could have
been purchased by tho criminal had ho wished to
oemo into honorable possession of it; yet tho
thief knowing this, why is it, that rather than
ask for it, ho prefers resorting to tho violation of
a social law to obtain ownership d Surely, no
one, in jus doe, would saythat depravity, andnot
disease, was tho actuating cause. Wo are dis
posed to think that much of what is considered
crime results rather from disease than from strict
ly evil propensities, and in support of our theme,
wo shall instance several remarkable cases. Our
object is to arrest public attention, and desire it
to -naljzo the important difference between sup
posed crime and disease. Wo are anxious that
generalities in this, as in other prejudices which
curse community, may be done away with; and
that that mischievous word, “depravity,” used
too often to tho injury of society, may be em
ployed only whore it properly belongs. May
there not, then, be instances whore contumely
and punishment are inflicted upon really inno
cent persons —although those persons have been
proven guilty in tho eye of the law. Phrenolo
gy declares that particular organs may be tem
porarily or permanently diseased, and however
tho patient may strive to resist temptation, be
forced even in opposition to what la termed “bat
ter judgment,” to commit an injury. We know
that if such a plea were set up, in aii truth, by
an unfortunate prisoner, it would avail him noth
ing at tho bar cf justice. He would tho sooner
be condemned for employing such defence. Law
enters not into motsphysioal distinctions. It
only reoogolzts the effect, and passes over the
cause, There are technicalities and subtleties
enough in judicial institutions now, without of
fering to burthen itself with those nicer distinc
tions which govern mind. “Thou shalt not
steal,” is dsolarod to the erring mortal, “ if
thou doost, no matter what the allurement, then
shaltbo punished ” “Au infraction of tho law
is opposition to society—ho who aggresses by
breaking through tho barriers set up by commu
nity is felon and rebel, and ahou'dbo punished.”
There is no distinction recogniz'd between the
cool, calculating depredator, educated to despoil
his neighbor, and the culprit who is .such from
montai or physical causes. Each have been
guilty of tho same dime —but from entirely dif
ferent causes Each are puniihedalike. This is
tho distinction in crime which wc are desirous of
calling attention to. Wo shall hero, give some
inatanc. s as illustrative of tho disease, or fever,
in the organs of ceoretivoncss, ael'-appropria
tion, etc
There is an interesting young lady in this city,
whoso educatian is as finished, as her form is
sylphlike,*or her face beautiful, the daughter of
one of our wealthiest citizens. Her slightest
wish is attended to by h*r parents. They are.
fortunately, wealthy, and. she ha,s all the appli
ances V'hioh means can procure or lore purchase
down to tafit Ilia house wifffdtlt
ing whatever may excite her fancy. Tea-spoons,
knives, cups, saucers, and even plates, have been
found upon her person. Her disease is so well
known, that her friends tacitly permit her to
carry away whatever she fancies. On the day
following they are restored. When this unfor
tunate lady visits a store where her propensities
are known, a clerk is required to particularly
observe her movements, note whatever she se
cretes, and a bill for the property to her
family. The poor creature is fully aware of her
unfortunate predilections, and repeatedly de
clares that she cannot resist the temptation, once
her min 1 is set} upon the f articles she wishes to
purloin. She is fascinated, as it were, and can
not resist the pleasure of stealing, although she
may have in nor hand at the moment, enough to
purchase a thousand such. In consequence of her
infirmity, she seldom enters an establishment
where she is not well known—nor a. house whore
there are strangers. This girl, on the other
hand, is exceedingly charitable, and disburses
with free hand and sympathizing heart, to the
poor. A tale ef woe or misery will move her to
tears; andfif she thought she could relieve the
sufferings of other:, by sacrificing her own happi
ness, she would not hesitate to adopt the latter
alternative. From her earliest years she has
been afflicted with this disease. It is therefore
fair to suppose that it will abide by her to the
grave. Would it in this case be just, if caught
stealing by strangers—among whom she may be
in ikA * x - -•- u **—«*•
an eminently mental defect 1 ? The reader per
haps, v onld, understanding her case, permit her
to depart in peace; the stranger looking upon the
surface, would see but the effect, and condemn
her to abide with felons.
A curious case is mentioned of a physician,
eminent in his profession, in the city of Dublin,
Ireland, who was afflicted w ; th a similar mono
mania. He was not only wealthy, but enjoyed
an extensive practice. It was often noticed that
when h; left the house or chamber of a patient,
some article of gre iter or loss value would be
missing which was known to he on the premises
previou to his visit. No one ever presumed
that he /as the purloiner To such a pitch at
length ocame this peculiar disease, that he
could not abstain from clutching whatever came
within flis reach. To satisfy this active faculty,
he had a largo cloak made, with huge pockets in
the linings, and into which he thrust the articles
filched He was at length detected in the act of
stealing a lady’s dross. On examining his cloak,
stockings, shoes, caps, shawls, old rags, watches,
spoons, hats, and even a carving-knife, were
brought forth from its recesses. On examining
his house, a room was found filled with every
imaginable description of utensils. He declared
that ho could not resist the temptation to steal.
There was a pleasure in it which he could not
ovorcome. When once they were in his pos
session, he oast them from him with loathing.
Shame kept him from declaring his weakness,
and finding ho could not resist, he him
self fully to the unfortunate malady. On his
trial, these facts were stated to the court; they,
however, availed him nothing. The law was
imperative. He was sentenced to Botany Bay
for seven years.
The son of a clergyman in Brooklyn had a pe
culiar development of this disease. His case was
mentioned in this paper a little over two years
ago. * His desire was to appropriate women’s
shoes. When the fever came on, he would push
a lady down in the street, pluck a dipper from
her foot, and run off with it. When arrested,
his father came forward and affirmed that his son
was unfortunately afflicted with this mania from
his chddhood. The prisoner was, from this and
the lady’s declining to prosecute, liberated. He
subsequently went to Ohio, where he repeated
the very same act, but not being shielded by the
influences which were thrown around him at
home, he was, if our information is correct, pun
ished for a wanton assault upon a lady, and also
for an attempt to steal. In other respeots this
young man’s character was irreproachable. He
could not resist a fascination which had taken
entire possession of his soul. Let the conse
quencos|be what they jvould, the man was forced
to satisfy an intense, and as all will admit, a sin
gu'ar and ridiculous longing. His temporary
imprisonment will not cure him The cause must
first be reached, and when the fever of particular
organa are allayed, he will be restored to mental
health and social usefulness.
More recently occurred in Paducah, Kentucky,
a peculiar development of this monomaniac con
dition, in tho person of a respectable citizen of
that town. The Journal published there, gives
the following particulars of this unfortunate
person’s case : “It seems that a gentleman of
high standing in the community and in the
church, and who was one of the school commis
sioners, was detected in stealing books from an
auction room. The auctioneer sent him a bill
for $25, a portion of which he paid. He was
subsequently arrested, and upon an examination
of his house, a large amount of stolen articles —
books, stationary, dry goods, hardware, cloth
ing, &c. &c., were found and indentified as theirs
by merchants and others. The prisoner made a
full confession at the time of his arrest, and said
. that his disposition to steal was insatiable and
unconquerable, and repeatedly declared that if
turned loose again he would bo impelled to steal
any and every thing ho could lay his hands on.
And, indeed, he gave evidence of this by steal
ing from the guard who set up with him the
night preceding tho trial. From one he stole a
handkerchief, and from another a pair of boots.
! He not only confessed to things he had stolen,
| but'he even said he had stolen things which it
was proved that he had purchased. The con
i duct, together with the fact that many of the
I stolen articles were frivolous, if not useless, and
also that he had refused to escape when he had
I been allowed an opportunity and means of doing
so—all tended to raise doubts of his sanity in
the public mind, and to engender sympathy for
himself and family.”
Wo could instance many other cases of a simi
lar nature; but we think the foregoing enough to
cause enquiry into this matter. In view, there
fore, of these facts, it becomes a subject for se
rious inquiry if justice would not be better served
were some rule established by which the inno
cent might bo protected from the consequences
now awarded to unfortunate predilections or
mental diseases. How many persons may there
not be at this moment in our State Prisons who
are tbo victims, not of depraved educations, but
of metaphysical disturbances, and who are unable
oven to express the longing desire they have to
steal, defraud, or cheat. In the opinion of their
fellow men, and in the judgement of the law,
they are cast from out the pale of society, the
finger of scorn is ever pointed at them, and thus
they are condemned to mingle and be really cor
rupted by those with whom they associate. The
drunkard often steals that ho may purchase in
toxication. Are not other organs than alimen
tiveness affected by the potency of alcohol 1 We
do not stop to enquire. It is enough for us to
know that they are guilty of theft to visit upon
them terrible punishments. Is this humanity!—
is it justice 1 Society ought rather to insist
upon enquiries into the cause which may be the
parent of crime. If the disease can be removed
by the physician why should the unfortunate be
imprisoned! In this matter the language of phre
nology is imperative. It declares that particular
organs may, and often are, diseased, and that
crime results from the affliction under which the
peculiar faculty labors—that it can bo cured, and
instead of inflaming it the more by bringing the
patient into contact with others equally unfor
tunate, every care should be taken to modify
and eventually eradicate the fever or inflamma
tion. Who would inflame a limb, already swollen
to the cuticle’s utmost tension! We prefer ra
ther to employ cooling emolients, and endeavor
by every art to soothe the diseased member, and
so restore it to a state of healthfulness. If the
same course was pursued with the fevered organs
of the cranium greater good would result than in
throwing them among tl\ose who rather tend to
excite the disease and throw the patient into
a higher fever. We are satisfied that if more hu
mane methods wore adopted there would be less
crime recorded on our criminal calendars, and
fewer cells occupied in our costly jails. Is not
the experiment worth a trial !
Death of Henry Gibson.
This veteran breathed his last on Monday,
at Monroe, Orange county, at the advanced age
of 101 years and 2(i days. He was tho last sur
vivor of Washington’s Life Guards, and was
present in this city at the celebration of the one
hundred and twentieth anniversary of Washing
ton’s birth day, on which occasion, he was unan
imously elected an hor orary member of the Con
tinentals. These veterans also resolved to pro
vide for him for tho few remaining days cf his
life, and with his consent, to bury him with fu
neral honors. In accordance with this under
standing, the body has been brought to this city.
The funeral takes place to-morrow, and we trust
that all who can will join in doing honor to one
who was so directly connected with the great
struggles which gave our nation freedom and hap
piness. The city authorities, military, and civic
societies, have signified their intention to join
in doing honor to the remains of this hero of the
Revolution.
It may not be uninteresting to give a brief
sketch of his connection with tt;o War for
Independence from Great Britain. He enlist
ed into f;he Continental army in the city of Bos
ton, soo n after the battle of Bunker Hill, and
was mustered in the regiment of Colonel Henry
Dearborn. He was in the battles of White
Plains, Monmouth, and the Brandywine ; at the
latter of which he was wounded, having received
a ball in his left shoulder. He accompanied
General Sullivan to the lakes in his campaign
agairist the Indians, and witnessed the surrender
of Cornwallis at Yorktown. As the life and
saft /ty of the Commander-in-Chief was deemed
by friend and foe at the time, as almost, if not
absolutely indispensable to the cause of liberty,
and as British gold was most lavishly used in en
deavoring to corrupt and disaffeot its adherents,
the Guard was organized for the purpose of pre
serving the General from the machinations, in
trigues, and violence of both British and Tories.
It was composed of the very best men that could
be selected from the army—men of sobriety, in
tegrity—tried courage—of elevated and martial
appearance. The Guard consisted of one bun
dr ad and seventy* four men, one hundred of whom,
including Gibson, were mounted, and attended
their Chief in all his rides or marches; the rest
did duty on foot, and were especially employed
in guarding his quarters. But even at quarters,
it is well known, that a portion of the Guard
was always mounted, and night or day, summer
or winter, storm or rain, were ever patrolling in
the vicinity. Gibson saw the army disbanded
at Newburgh, and take their departure for their
homes- The Guard was thou drawn up on the
lawn bofore the old stone-house—now in care of
and venerated General. He said that he was
unwilling, contrary to their own wishes, to re
tain thorn in his service any longer than the rest
of their companions in arms, but if any portion
of them would volunteer their services, he w. uld
bo happy to have them acoompany him to Mount
Vernon, and those on foot, volunteering for that
purpose should bo mounted. Orders were then
given, that at the tap of the drum the volunteers
should advance. The drum tapped, and about
one hundred stepped forward, and among them
Henry Gibson. He attended his Chief to Vir
ginia, saw him safely lodged in bis own dwell
ing, received his final discharge from his own
hands, and then with swelling emotions separa
ted from him for ever.
A Wonderful Discovery.
The London Weekly Times of the 29th of Feb.
ruary, has made a discovery which, if it has not
enlightened English readers and British tars, has
certainly gone far to convince us that information
on American affairs, and particularly naval mat
ters, may be gathered from sources unreliable to
all but the Secretary of the Navy, if the fol
lowing paragraph does not astonish the reader,
it is not because there is not “ pith and marrow”
in the candid cofession :
“It may not he generally known that for some
years part there have been great inducements for our
naval seaman to enter the American service. Any of
our A B ’s who volunteer on being paid off from our
ships of-war, are received on board the American lin-
~ their diiuxliarffti tint'*-
are victualler,Tibet CTree passage given them to New
York, On th»ir arrival, proviu .. they have certifi
cates of ability and general good conduct, they are
entered in the American navy, with the rating of pet
ty (fficers.”
The victories won on the high seas by Ameri
can frigates over English vessels of superior
power, during the last war, is thus accounted for
by the Islanders: In a conversation between
Cobbeit and an English nobleman on the bril
liant feats of the American navy, the nobleman
sneeringly remarked, that our success was en
tirely owing to the prowess of English sailors,
two-thirds of whom manned the American frig
ates. “ True, my lord,” returned the radical,
“but you will please recollect that our navies
were entirely manned by Englishmen !” He left
the critical nobleman to draw his own inclu
sions.
One is inclined to suppose that British jour
nalists, at this late day, when America and Eng.
land are drawn so near each other, as it were, by
the power of steam, would be more intimately
conversant with our domestic affairs, and that in
comparing the intellectual acquirements of Amer
ican and British seamen, the Yankee would take
precedence over the English tar. A bull-headed
sailor would not be endured as a petty officer by
superiors or inferiors in our navy. If English
men choose to forsake their own flag and enlist
under American colors, it is not from any advan
tage held out to them over Americans, but from
the fact that as able seamen they are better paid
in the American than in the English navy. The
intimation that free passage and victualling is
given to English sailors in American liners, as an
inducement for them to come to America, for the
express purpose of enlisting under the stars and
stripes, will be news to our skippers. We are
certain they arc the last people in the world to
throw away their room and provisions for any
such purpose, unless well paid by the Govern
ment. Our navy need never want for capable
and intelligent seamen so long as our whaling
fleets are as numerous as they are at present,
gf A bare intimation from government that our
armed ships want men, is sufficient hint for the
gallant sons of the ocean who hunt the levia
thans of the deep, to at once throw harpoon and
lance aside, and in turn grapple boarding-spikes
and serve guns. The editor of the London
Weekly Times need not therefore be unnecessa
rily alarmed. When we cannot find seamen
enough to man our ships of war between New
Bedford and Passamaquoddy, we shall advertise
you of our necessities, and ask for assistance.
Until then, English journalists need not be un
der any apprehensions, but that we shall manag
for ourselves.
Building and Village Associations.- -
Some persons confound the Village and Building
Associations as one and the same thing. There
is a wide difference between the two. In the
Village Association a number of men put in a
certain amount of money each and purchase land
at wholesale, and divide it up equally between
all the subscribers. In the Building Association
a number of men combine for the purpose of ac
cumulating money to build. All cannot, how
ever, get money to build houses—only a part
oan do so. So that those who get the money
have to pay interest for it to those who do not
build. All admit the benefits of the Village
Societies, but there are a largo number of per
sons in the community who look upon the Build
ing Associations as frauds upon the money
borrower. We make this explanation at this
time injustice to the Village Associations. We
do not wish to be classed with the opponents of
the Building Associations. Still we would ad
vise every person to thoroughly understand the
workings of this new feature in finance before in
vesting his money. Our own opinion is, that
with some little alteration, these Building Asso
ciations could be made a good blessing to the
working classes. As they are, they have thou
sands of advocates both with the borrower and
the leeder. But we think they might be made
even better.
Labor and its Reward.
Many people grumble at wbat thiy are pitas
iod to denominate laziness in others. For our
I j art we have often wonaered how it was there
were so many industrious people in the world.—
Your vitabzad clod, whose inert body is suppos
ed to encase a soul, has by some wiie provision of
Na ure tho happy faculty of living—or rather
iumbering—out his existence at the expense of
! others; but the repressing influences which
j surround the industrious man, would, we are
sure, if he were to stop work and acaljze them,
so dishearten him that, like a slave bound to a
galley, he would labor so mechanically and list
lessly that life would become a burthen. What
incentives are there in this populous city to buoy
the energetic poor man in his toil ! it is true,
there are some few, who, by extraordinary luck
or knavish cunning, have struggled through the
sphere which the masses occupy, and have land
ed safely on the plain of “ comfortable indepen
dence.” These successful exceptions are rare,
and but prove tho rule of non-reward for body
worn out and years fruitlessly employed-
Let ns take a case in point, and from an exa
mination of the inoome and expenditure of a
mechanic, who is untiring, industrious, anxious;
endeavor to arrive at a definite understanding
of those incentives which encourage him to sus
tain his part in the battle of life. To give fair
margin to our calculations, we wi 1 suppose that
-die earns ton dollars a week. Now, provided
sickness or other causes do not intervene —if he
works fifty-two weeks, he will have earned $520
Being, a married man, he has a wife, two chil
dren, and himself to clothe, feed and shelter
from the elements. He is desirous of living com
fortably—not huddled up in the garret of sonn
cld barrack, nor buried in a damp cellar, near
hij place of business—his apartments then will
cost him from $l5O to S2OO a year. W e will take
fcao first named sum—slso, this deducted from
$520, leaves $370 for provisions, clothing, and
ael. In order that ho may live comfortably,
but plainly, it will cost not less than four dollars
a week, or one dollar a head to provision his
household. Fifty-two weeks, multiplied by four,
gives a total of S2OB paid to the grocer. Deduct
S2OB from $370, and a balance of $162 is lefc
with which to procure clothing and purchase
fuel. Tbo clothing of him-elf and family will
cost say, fifty oent i a week each, or $lO4 a year.
Daducfc $lO4 from $162 and there is a balance of
SSB in hand. The family cannot very well burn
less than three tons of coal, or what is equal to
it In fuel, in one year—three tons, at six dollars
a ton, make eighteen dollars No one will say ih it
this is too much money to expead'for twelve
months* fuel. Now deduct $lB from SSB, and
we have S4O from which to renew furniture.
Breakage, etc., in a family of four, two of whom
are children, will perhaps amount to fifty cents a
week, or twenty-five dollars in twelve months—
s26 from S4O, and sls dollars are left over to
meet ordinary contingent expenses. His wife—
as mo t ladies do —has an occasional party. She
seldom entertains her friends, fearful that her
hospitality may run away with her slight savings,
and gives but one tea a month—it is a rule
with her nevt rto give dinners—she of course con
siders it becoming to entertain her friends with
a u little extra,” as tho phrase goes. It will cost
her at least $1 for preserves, cakes, etc. Twelve
extra teas, at one dollar a tea, deducted from tho
sls on hand, leaves a splendid balance of $3,
which is paid to tho carrier for his daily paper.
Here we have a mechanic enjoying the com
fortable income of $lO a wee*, or $520 a year,
just able to make both ends meet. Wo see tint
it is only by the strictest economy he is enabled
to live on this liberal return for his labor. No
account is taken of. loss of time, sickness in the
family, or provision for old age. Tie is in the
pi ime of life, and this is the reward of his toil;
of the expenditure of his strength ; of the flower
of his manhood. When he takes his slate and
ti ;ures up his income and out-go what incentive,
Bn /e absolute starvation, has he to pursue years
of thriftless toil. There are thousands of honest
upright, industrious mechanics, with larger fam!
ilios to provide for, and one-fourth less income for
tb >ir maintainance. And yet we have sneering
philosophers and philanthropic economists con
tinually praying the laborer to save !—to hoard
up something for old age. In heaven’s name,
h w are they to economise more than they dod
Language like this is an insult to the poor man.
It is mere shallow pretence and affronting ridi
cule. How the man instanced manages to grub
through life is as much a mystery to him as to
us. Why, if he dared breathe a week’s fresh
air, or should he take a run into the country
with his family, he would be in debt the balance
of his life. Suppose the toiler should be so un
fortunate as to have a sick wife or child, from
whence is he to obtain the means wherewith to
liquidate the physician’s bill 1 Or suppose old
ago overtakes him, how is he to lift his head and
say the hard labor of his youth has provided him
with a competency for his declining days. Your
gentleman, with two or three thousand dollars a
year, may preach economy to the half-starved
laborer, but would, if made acquainted with
the poor man’s circumstances, be loath to increase
his daily wages. It is enough for him that he
has a slave, with a white skin, and that loss of
I>. bor would bring to his feet a petitioner for
employment at any price. “The path of the
iniquitous is hard,” says the psalmist; but alas !
the rugged hill which the upright industrious
man is compelled to climb, is harder !
The lulled States and Japan.
r rum uoricuu iuouuuuvuo imunu Out uj tuu
organ of the administration at Washington, and
from tjje unusual activity observable in our navy
yards, we are convinced lhat a high-handed out
rage is contemplated by the President on a
harmless aud semi-barbarous people. The Chi
nese war, which drew down the united censure of
Christendom upon England, is to be re-enacted.
The right of a nation to govern itself without
foreign intervention, is about to be violently and
unjustifiably usurped by a p op'e who, heretofore,
in practice as in theory, have disclaimed partici
pation in all uncourteous piratical measures.—
We cannot pronounce the fitting out of an armed
force for the express purpose of compelling a dis
t nt and independent race to trade with us, by
any other name. The declaration of the “or
gan’ that the fleet now equipping is to anchor
in the harbor of Jeddo and force “ official rela
tions” with the government of Japan, is an act
of usurpation on the part of the President and
his cabinet for which they have no warrant in
the national charter. It is tantamount to a dec
laration of war, and war can only be declared by
Congress. If the Senate and House have secret
ly determined, as in the case of the late suspen
sion of relations with England, to assume a hos
tile attitude towards the Japanese, their action
has not yet transpired.
We cannot understand why wo should thus
needlessly run into expense to advantage certain
ambitious traders. If the objects of this expedi
tion be as stated by the Washington journal, and
if thnv nr« r.arriftd nut as coolly 0.0 they have bann
conceived and partially projected, we shall arrive
at a point in our national history which may
sanction the usurpation of all constitutional
checks and powers vested in the legislative au
thority of the republic. Forcibly invading the
shores of a recognized power, against their re
monstrances, is an outrage of which we can only
conceive outlaws capable. A Christian republic
whose foreign policy is declared to be respect for
the laws and governments of nations, to thus, in
time of peace, deliberately send an armed force,
cannot be too generally reprehended not only by
the people under this government, but by the
respecters of nationality throughout the world.
Our government is not apt to undertake an ex
pedition such as this is given out to bo, without
good and sufficient cause, and we trust such ex
planation will soon*be made as shall set all spec
ulation as to the supposed outrage, aside. Let
us not in thought even be considered guilty of so
flagrant and unjustifiable an invasion as this cru
sade is now very generally said will be.
That relations of the most amicable nature
may by some fair means be instituted between
this government and Japan, so that we may by
honorable means bo enabled to open a trade with
the inhabitants of the Indian Islands, is general
ly hoped by our people. They are rich, and
have wares we would gladly purchase, and for
which we would give fair equivalents. That a
commerce advantageous to both nations might
be opened, we believe. We doubt, however, if
the exhibition of an armed force anchored in the
ha bors of Japan, will not fail of the desired effect.
Instead of securing their good-will by intimida
tion, we are more likety to excite their hatred;
and once that passion is engendered, wo cannot
hope to render permanent otfr relations. If we
force them to open their ports to the world, we
shall only fight to benefit others. Those govern
ments not directly participating nor appearing
to countenance this marauding expedition, wilj
quietly step in and take out of our hands a trade
which the treasure of our people may hardly be
expended in the attempt to secure. The Chi
nese have not forgotten England; not is it prob
able the Japanese will forget America, if the
contemplated outrage is consumated.
Detaining Passengers.— A case was
tried last week in the Circuit Court of Dutchess
county, of some importance to tho travelling
community. Suit was brought hy Henry Whin
field against the owners of tho People’s Lino of
steamboats, between this City and Albany, for
assault and false imprisonment. I-lain tiff started
on board steamer Oregon for Poughkeepsie, and
purchased a through ticket for Albany, paying 25
cents —the rato to which the fare had been redu
ced because of opposition. After the steamer
started, plaintiff found 50 cents was charged pas
sengers landing at Poughkeepsie Contending
that his through ticket entitled him to go ashore
anywhere whore the steamer touched, Whinfield
insisted on landing at Poughkeepsie, but was
detained by force by tho clerk and ticket agent,
and was carried to Albany Hence the suit.
The defendants pleaded justification, and con
tended that they had a right to detain a passen
ger who had a through ticket and make him pay
for way passage what they saw fit to impose.
The Court held that a through ticket entitled
the passenger to land at any placo where the boat
stopped, and, in fact, all the passengers had a
right to walk ashore at any placo where the boat
stopped; that a passenger not paying his passage
when demanded, entitled the owner to land said
passenger immediately; but if the steamboat
came to Poughkeepsie, or any other dock, a pas
senger who had not paid his passage had also a
right to go ashore, without any detention from
the owners or employers of tho boat; and that,
in fact, the owners must collect the passage
money before starting, and if not collected at
that time, it was a debt, and to be collected as
other debts, and that it was false imprisonment
to detain any passenger from landing. Tho jury
gave a verdict in favor of plaintiff for $l6O dam
ages and costs, against Capt. St. John, the Clerk
Golgrove, and the ticket agent, Combs; not find
ing as to the owners, Newton and Drew, as they
had made an assignment to Mr. Kelly, as re
ceiver. This is an important decision, as it
defines the rights of passengers.
White Slavery in England.
We have often thought what a blessing it
would be to the poor slaves, with white skins,
who vegetate in England, and elsewhere, if fo
reign and native abolitionists, would but turn
their attention to th amelioration of their con
dition. To show the necessity for this sympathy,
we quote the following paragraph from the Lon
don News of the World. If the condition of the
Caucasian worker in the Western Cotton Facto
ries is not proved worse than that of tho African
slave on our cotton plantations, we shall promise
to turn rank abolitionist ourselves. “ Conside
rable excitement has been occasioned in Bris
tol,” says the journal alluded to, “by a riot
which took place at the Great Western Cotton
Wot ks,*noar the Great Western Railway, in con
sequence of the laotoiy bands refusing to go
through a contracted door-way, which tho man
ager, Mr. Ashworth, had adopted, in order to
prevent any of the girls, numbering some hun
dreds, from carrying off cotton-waste for the pur-
pose of destroying it. Great dissatisfaction had
existed among tho giili on this and other sub
jects ; and on Thursday se’nnight they stopped
their loo'us at ten minutes past six, before the
engine was stopped, and assembled in the yard,
refusing to go out unless the door was opened to
its full extent, as it used to bo Mr. Ashworth
the manager, was sent for; and, after trying a
short time to persuade them to go home, he sent
for the fire engine , and poured an immense
stream of water upon the assembled crowd A
tremendous rush to the door then took place; the
girls were thrown down and trampled upon; and
a mob outside, who had assembled in great
crowds, poured a volley of stones’into the build
ing, which had the effect of breaking several of
the windows, and wounding some of the men.
Mr. Ashworth was struck in the face with a
stone, and a man named Kellen was knocked
down, and his head out. Mr Ashworth, howe
ver, continued to pump the water over the girls ,
at intervals, and thoroughly drenched most of
•them. He also seized and struck o e of them,
named Emma Williams, inflicting a wound upon
keY head. Eventually, about half past eight
o’clock, all tbe girls were got out. Immense ex
citement continued throughout Friday and Sa
tutday; large crowds assembled outside the
works; and Mr. Ashworth was afraid to venture
ou*, so great was the dislike of the girls and wo
men to him. They, however, confined them
selves to shouting and groaning, and proceeded to
no acts ofviolenoe. On Saturday a summons was
obtained against Mr. Ashworth, whioh was heard
before the magistrates on Monday. It was not
denied by Mr. Ashworth that he pumped the wa
ter over them, but he justified his conduct on the
pita that it was nearly approaching a riot ; but
the magistrates elicited that Mr. Ashworth had
not sent for the police until the disturbance was
over, and that it was physically impossible for
tho girls to get out at this small door in the con
fusion, while Mr. Ashworth resolutely refused to
open it to its full extent.”
Webster on the Fence.
What astounding somersets a man anxious to
quarter in the White House for a term of years
will perform so as to get round the various little
questions, which now and then jump up like fish
in search of food. Dan began to smell afar off
a sort of Workingman’s party under the title of
“ Young America,” who go “for the freedom of
the public lands to actual settlers.” Dan twig
ged the idea and saw it would take with tho
“dear people,” and forthwith in an elaborate
speech he “solemnly endorsed, on due considera
tion, the freedom of the public domain.” Of
course Webster didn’t have the Presidency in
view when he pledged himself to this important
measure. Understanding this, the gentlemen
interested in the Illinois Central Railroad ought
not to have placed him in an unfortunate predic
ament by requiring him to answer their note.
Tho reply of the Secretary of State is decidedly
of a very rich tint. la speaking of tho country
through which the railroad is laid, ho says he
“never saw such an immense tract of valuable
land; and subsequent discoveries of many sorts
of the most valuable minerals produce entire
conviction that the State of Illinois may become
as prosperous in its manufactures as in its agri
culture.”
This Central Ralroad Company, mind you,
ask that a portion of this “valuable land” may
be dotated to them—not that they want it par
ticularly, but as it is very “ valuable,” there is
an excellent opportunity for speculation. One
would have supposed that the “ Union” and
“Workingmen’s” candidate would have kept
mum, or come out with a letter, built on the
Hulseman model, that would have annihilated
the railroad and would-be land
Dan didn’t do anything of the sort, however,
and therein has he stuck his foot. Ho says
“ The grant to the Illinois Railroad disposes of
a largo portion of tho public domain, but it will
bo well disposed of.” Of course this “valuable
territory” could not be better “disposed of,” in
the speculator’s estimation, thin by making a
free and unconditional grant of it to this com
pany. They will only dispose of it, because it is
“valuable,” to industrious emigrants at a price
which in the minds of strictly honest men would
be considered fraudulent. It is right and just to
bestow on moneyed corporations land for which
they have no possible need unless it is to swell
out their already distended wallets. The poor
man might whistle sometime before a tract of
“valuable land” on the line of a railroad, in the
heart of Illinois, would be given to him. How
pies opposite as the poles to his conscience is
rather more than we can fathom. Land aggre
gation and land limitation wont work in the
same team. The off-horse will shy, and if the
beast don’t upset the driver before he gets within
sight of the White House, then are we no pro
phet nor son of a prophet.
Rational Characteristics—Politeness.
Every Englishman and almost every American
speaks lightly of the French character, or rather
of the personal carriage of Frenchmen. An
English workman is generally uncouth, and he
has little of the polish of the French—he is sulky,
surly, and often distant even with his own wife
and children after his day’s labor, he seldom or
ever joins in the festivities of home—his egotism
causes him to undervalue his wife’s society, and
therefore he spends his evenings either in indo
lent absence from thought, or at the ale-house;
he never avoids a quarrel from a polite manner,
but rather seeks to sustain his ground by vehe
ment stubbornness. Jf the English had the
nervous activity of the Fnench without their
politeness, they would destroy each other like
the “ Kilkenny cats.” The Parisian mechanic
will walk out of an evening with his wife and
children, and when two or three families meet on
the Boulevards, nothing is more common than
to see the elder of the party playing some musi
cal instrument for the children to dance, and
thus the lighted heart of the Frenchman is sent
happily to bed.
If two Englishmen accidentally run against
each other in the street, they eaoh demand an
explanation of the other, or at least look sulkily
at each other, and pass on growling like two bull
dogs. Two Frenchmen under the same circum
stances would each bow and ask pardon. Real
offence is necessary to make a Frenchman quarrel.
The slightest suspicion of offence will embroil an
Englishman. A Frenchman away from home
and asked how he likes the cookery, may possi
bly remark than it is different from what he has
been accustomed to, and that he has not yet
habituated himself to the change. An English
man on the contrary always insists upon it that
they do not know how to cook out of England,
and that it is all wrong. Every Englishman
thinks he can whip two Frenchmen, and every
Frenchman politely differs from him in opinion.
The beauties of nature and of art are respected
in France —flowers may be exposed and not
plucked, works of art exhibited and never de
faced, the pohtesse protects them. If a daisy is
within arms length of a fence in England it is
pulled, and even then not to be preserved, but
to be picket to pieces. “ The roast beef of Old
England” has been sung most enthusiastically
by thousands who did not taste beef once a month.
An unfortunate Englishman cannot or will not
accommodate himself to his new estate, while
even the members of the royal family of France,
when exiled, would readily teach children’s
schools. Gounts have been barbers here, in im
tation of their own valets when at home. An
Englishman will despise a broken-down gentle
man if he cleans his own boots. The politesse if
France causes every citizen to cultivate his taste
for the beautiful, while the less polished English
man calls all ornaments gee-gaws.
Which of these two characters should Ameri
cans emulate 'I or is there a middle course, a
happy medium to be attained. Americans
abroad have the reputation of being fault-finders
and of resembling the English in this particular;
avoid extremes and follow the moderate course,
should be our motto.
The Printing Art.— We have daily
evidences of tho march of improvement in the
“ art preservative of arts.” Wo are particularly
reminded of this fact by an inspection of the il
luminated business card of Messrs. Price & Sons,
of 130 Fulton street, whose book of specimens
wo also had occasion to examine during the past
week. The card to which we refer, though print
ed on a common hand-press, is one of the most
beautiful specimens of printing that we have seen
for a iong time —indeed, it deserves to be called
a picture. The colors, light and shade, are most
artistically blended, and present to the eye a
most pleasing effect. These gentlemen, who are
tho successors to Meisrs. Stickney & Price, are
extens.ve.y engaged in all sorts of Fancy, Gold,
Silver, Embossed, Illuminated, Xylographic and
Letter Press printing. Their work for Druggists,
Perfumers, and Manufacturers, is far superior to
that turned out by many older establishments of
greater reputation, and their constant improve
ments in the printing art, must ere long place
this fi min an enviable position. If the “rap
pers” or “ mediums” could only succeed in
bringing the spirits of Faust and Franklin into
the world again, wo should like to be present
while they were inspecting tho specimens of
Pries It Sons We fancy they would be a little
surprised to see the perfection to which thoir fa
vorite ark has been brought. Even in this pro
gressive age of steam, electricity and invention,
there are thousands who can have no idea of the
extent of these improvements, without a personal
inspection of what has been done, and what is
daily doing in this business. Wo supposed that
this kind of printing would at least be exceed
ingly expensive, but on inquiry wo found that
the low prices at which it is done, were as much a
matter of wonder as the perfection and beauty of
its execution. Truly, this is an age of progress
in every department of human enterprize, and
it is with pleasure that we give credit where
credit is due.
EDITORIAL BREVITIES.
%• The California Courier has a brave
correspondent up in what is known as the Quartz
regions of that State. In a recent communica
tion to that paper he gives the particulars of the
recent discovery of one of the most extraordinary
quartz leads. Hear him: —“ We found the
quartz to be very friable, and even with our fin
gers could separate the gold from the rook.—
With a common sheath-knife wo succeeded, after
some little labor, in getting out a b ock weighing
six pounds and two ounces, and with only an or
dinary coffee-mill to grind it, obtained six pounds
four our ounces of gold !” Since the publication
of the above letter in tho Atlantic papers, we
have come across an advertisement in one of our
city papers headed “Manhattan Quartz Mining
Company,’’-with Horace Greeley as secretary. —
On making inquiries about this company, we
were told that Horace had invested all his spare
cash in coffee mills and dispatched them in one of
the clipper ships for California. This it seems is
the first instalment of the machinery of the com
pany. Persons wishing to invest can do so, in
this coffee-mill speculation, by calling on the sec
retary of the Manhattan Quartz Mining Com
pany, at the 7W6rme office. There is no mistake
about the result, as wo kie assured that Mr.
Grteley had a long interview with the “spirit
rappers” before he engaged in tho affair. It is a
sure thing, therefore.
*** Serious complaints have been made
to us against Metropolitan Hall again, by per
sons who attended the Bali «f the 9bh Regiment,
on Wednesday night Lst. The complaints seem
to us to be well founded, though it is quite a
matter of surprise to us that Mr. Harding could
allow so oh a state of things to exist . x Still we
feel bound to state the gr.evances of the com
plaints. There were, we are told, about 5,000
persons present, while in tte supper room were
to be found but about half a dozen waiters, for
cing most of those who desired tupper, to go out
through the snow-storm to secure it. The hat
room is said to have boon oie mass of confusion.
Many persons entirely lost hats, coats, &c , and
had to go home minus, while those who secured
their clothing in many inntuioes, found it on tho
floor, soiled and trampled <n. The ladies fared
but little bettor, we are assired. The aggrieved
parties talk of oommenohg legal proceedings
against the proprietor, for the recovery of the
value of the lost articles, if the story is but
half as bad as it is represented to us, they should
at onoa take some steps to learn the proprietor
that he must be a little more careful for the
future. If these complaints continue to bo made,
the public will refuse to attend any balls given
there.
**♦ Those persevering temperance men
who have resolved to rid the State of Make of all
alcoholic beverages, by means of tho celebrated
liquor law, find it a pretty difficult job to keep
pace with the various devices that are resorted
to by the friends of the “Critter,” to save it
from falling into their ruthless hands. One of
tho papers ) elates the adventure of a couple of
these Maine constables on a recent explor
ing expedition Those chaps had entered a
house, wi:h a liquor law warch, where they found
a woman rooking a cradle. After ransacking
tho house without .<-ucoesß, one of the constables
in order to make his peace with tho woman,
whoso furniture amd dry goods he had been so
unceremoniously overhauling, went up to the
cradle, and commenced by way of flattering the
mo'her: “ What a beautiful baby—how much it
looks like its father!” and :o got a better view
of the intercs ing little creature, whose cap was
the only visible part, commenced pulling the
clothes from its face, when lo ! instead of a baby,
ho discovered a keg of brandy , with a night cap
neatly j 1 iced on oua corner!
*** Professor Mapes, the Editor of the
Working Farmer , in a letter to the Daily Times ,
states that he has made a number of experiments
with various kinds of confectionary recently in
troduced to the public, such as “ Banana,” “Jar
gonette Pear,” and other drops. He writes :
“ Many, if not all of these drops, are flavored
with the hydrated oxide of Arnyle , known in our
Pharmacopoeias as fusel oil , combined with ni
tric, acetic or citric acid. This poison is produ
ced in tho distillation of whiskey from corn, and
probably the manufacturers of the confectionary
in which it is used, as well as the consumers,
are not aware of its poisonous properties. I
have just made some experiments with myself
in the use of this poison, and find that in the
state probably used by the confectioners, the
mere odor is sufficient to cause headache, cough
ing, &c.” The Professor gives it as his decided
opinion that these articles are highly injurious
to health. The public should be aware of these
facts—indeed their manufacture and sale should
be stopped, or thousands of children, who know
nothing of their character, may be poisoned.
*** We received on Friday a neatly
printed German pape*r, which, upon a close ex
amination, assisted by a number of learned ty
pos, wo decided “to be a Dutch Police Gazette."
Its uamo appears t» be the “ New-Yorker Crim
inal- Zeitung : Rudolph Lexow, allieniger Ei
genthumer und Redacteur. $3, yahriioh in
Voraufcbezahlung, or sechs cents pur oinzelno
numtner ” If this is really a German Police
Gazette , with Rudolph Lexow as editor, we have
no doubt that it will be well received among the
particular class of our citizens for who*© benefit
it is got up. But wo can’t be positive about tho
Th^L 9 .°l
subject, will no doubt bo let into the secretattho
office, which the paper informs ns is at “ No. 5
Tryon Row, nahe der City Hall.”
*** The numerous and serious accidents
which have occurred on the Erie Railroad, hare
made many people fearful to risk a trip over this
“Alps route,” as the papers of Buffalo insist on
naming this road. Not long since, says one of
our exchanges, a couple of gentlemen were wait
ing in Dunkirk for a friend of one of them who
was expected in a particular train, which got in
about four hours after the regular time. When
the train did arrive, it was discovered that many
of the passengers had crape on their hats, whici
one of the gentlemen who had been waiting for
the train alluded to by saying that they “seemed
to be a sorry set—all in mourning.” To which
his friend replied, with all the solemnity of*a
deacon, “ Well, I suppose they have all lest
some of their friends since they left New York!”
%* A correspondent of the Express
writing from Philadelphia on the 17th inst. says:
“ The stockholders of the late Bank cf the Uni
ted States, held a meeting to-day, in the Ex
change, and declared it expedient to make a
general assignment. The old trustees, who were
salaried officials, were compelled to resign, and
the following gentlemen appointed: S. W.
Schwab, Molton G. Rogers, James Cooper, Ghaa.
McAllister, and Daniel L. Miller, jr., who got
possession of the real and personal estate, goods,
chattels, rights and credits of tho corporation.
The management of the institution is now in
good hands, and that this Bank will resume in a
short time is beyond a doubt. 99 This will be
news to the opponents of the monster, that was
supposed to have been dead and buried long ago.
*** It is said that Forrest settled the
Willis verdict for a trifle less than the face of
tho bill. As the story runs, after tho Jury
gave a verdict agaiist him for $2500, For
rest, instead of paying the cash, sent an agent
into the market who succeeded in buying up un
satisfied judgments against Willis at ten cents on
the dollar, sufficient to cover the verdict against
him. In this way, it only cost Forrest $250,
while even that sum never reached Wills, but
went into the hands of his judgment creditors.
Thus Mr. Willis is left with all his lawyer’s
bills, &c., to settle out of his own pocket. This
of course leaves nothing to be devoted to charity,
as originally announced. We cannot vouch for
the truth of this story, but iff it is true, it was
certainly a pretty shrewd operation.
y |%* Bennett, of the Herald , [is in high
glee at his success in the fight with the Art
Union. Recorder Tillou quashed the indict
ment against Bennett for having libelled the Art
Union and pronounced that institution a lottery
concern. The District Attorney we see has ta
ken steps, on the strength of that decision, to se
cure the property of the Art Union for tho use
of the Governors of the Alms House, in accord
ance with the provisions of the Revised Statutes
applicable to such cases. The argument was to
come off in the Supreme Court yesterday, but
was postponed till next week. Wo shall now
have the decision of the Court on this mooted
point.
*** The following decidedly rich epi
taph appeared in Pearl street, on Tuesday of
last week. The city news man of the Daily
Times , at the eminent peril of his life, made a
copy of it. It is a mournful tribute to their de
parted Street Inspector from the citizens of the
Frst Ward. It is on a slab in the mud oppo
site the Pearl Street House, and contains the
following inscription:
I. H. s.
“Sacred to tho memory of the Street Inspector.”
‘ Take courage, friends, and dry your tears,
He’ll rise again—alUy your fears :
He’s sure to find a resurrection
Before we reach the next election.”
*»* Mr. P. J. Downie writes us a long
letter, too long for insertion in our columns in
which he calls the attention of the public to tho
insecurity of stairways in public building s—par
ticularly of sohoolhouees. The writer intimates
that ho has a plan which he will give gratui
tously to those desiroas of putting them up
On these stairs children, even if laboring under
great mental ezoitenent, cannot, iri case of
alarm, he injured in their exit from the build
ing. The public ough', not to pass over this im
portant matter longer. It is full t ime parents
and scholars were insured against future acci
dents such as marked the sad affai.- in tho Ninth
Ward a few months ago.
*** The ladies of the Wf*st do up mat
ters in a style peculiarly thoir Two married
ladies, a short time since, meh a youog man in
the streets of St. Louis, and gave him a severe
oowhidlng for having oa sundr y occasions seduced
their husbands from tieir h omos at night, and
for introducing them to pl&cr s of doubtful repute.
This is reversing the order of things, or taking
upon themselves the ditie? of Leap Year. We
do not see it stated, but suppose when they
caught tho husbands, they had to pay the pen
alty of their folly as well as tho seducer.
*** The Edinburgh Courant announces
the death of Robert hlaokwood, of the firm of
Blackwood & Sons, thj great publish era of that
city. He had been sufering for two years past
from a bodily infirmltj which final/ y produced
his death. Mr. Blaobwood was it, his forty
fourth year.
The ruins of the serious collision on
the Hailem Railroad, near William's Bridge,
have all been cleared away, and tha trains are
now running regular again. Mr. Sloat, the Su
perintendent, is at the upper end of the road,
making some new arrangements respecting the
running of the trains. We were pleased to l(#ro,
yesterday, that Wm. Spence, the baggage
master, who was severely injured, is yet alive,
and there are faint hopes entertained of his re
covery. Mr. Sharpe, the conductor, who had
the spine of his back injured, was yesterday ly
ing at the point of death.
The Irving Building Association is
going ahead in fine style. The success of this
Association, shows the value of having energetic
and practical business men at the head of any
great undertaking. If you want to invest in one
of these societies, you will find this one of the
most reliable and safe of them. Just take your
slate and pencil and calculate the matter for
yourself, and you will see whether, as you are
now progressing, you can get a house any sooner
or more surely, than by paying a monthly instal
ment into such aa institution as the Irving
Building Association.
%* Another attractive work is about to
be published, boaring a sparkling kind of a name
—“Diary of a Broadway Dandy.” We learn
that it is emphatically what it purports to be—a
subject made exceedingly interesting to all, con
densed in a perspicuous and agreeable style.
Hosts of New Yorkers are soon to be compli*
mented —the belles in particular. So prepare for
many remarkable episodies. As this is some
thing very local, it cannot fail to very novel
production. It is edited by John D. Yose, Esq.
*** Neal Dow, the Mahomet of teeto
tiliun, has decided that sweet cider and vinegar
are not contraband articles under the Maine
law! “ But,” says tho prophet, “ when it be
comes intoxicating, it can’t be sold except by
the city or town agents ” This is an important
decision, and we trust our Gorman grocers will
take the necessary m ans of deciding how long it
will be safe to keep eider for sale after its manu
facture. As wo are to have the Maine law in
this State, it will bo well to look to this matter
ia time.
%• The Merchants’ Exchange was sold
at auction last week under a decree of foreclo
olosure by the Supreme Court. The liabilities
amounted to a little over $900,000, while it
was knocked down fur SHOS,©OO to W. W. De
Forest, or about SIOO,OOO less than what would
pay the creditors. It originally cost the sum of
$2,000,000.
%* The remarkable Lilliputian couple,
known as tho Aztec Children, continue to hold
their levees at the Society Library every after
noon and evening. Every day we hear people
expressing surprise and astonidhment after hav
ing paid them a single visit. Those who have
not yet seen them can have no sort of idea of
these representatives of a singular race.
*** The new buildings of the American
Bible Society are under contract, and workmen
are already busy on the lot in Astor Place. We
pea it stated that the Society has been offered
For their barga n, which they refused.
The lot cost SIOO,OOO.
%* Prof Richard will issue the second
number of his Revue Lit Lev air e Francaise to
morrow. To the student of tho French language
this publication is of the highest value. By a
ca pful perusal of its comprehensive pages any
one ca.u learn the French language without the
aid of a teacher. Office 685 Broadway.
* + * E. L." Snow Social Union, give a
grand Ball and Festival on Thursday evening
next, on which occasion Horace Greeley and E.
L. Snow are to bo present. This association is
particularly happy in its efforts to entertain those
who attend its Festivals.
*** The ages of tho various aspirants
for a seat in the White House at Washington
are said to be—Cass and Webster, about 70;
Houston, Scott, Marcy, and Butler, over 60;
Buchanan, 62 ; Lane, 50; Fillmore, 53; Doug
las and Isaac P. Walker, about 40.
%• The story of Mrs. Mowafct’s betrothal
to an English suitor is enphuioally denied by
the Spirit of the Times. That paper most posi
tively assures us that the re is no such prrauge
ment on foot with to the lady in ques
tion. She is free, and m-eans to remain so, at
least for the present.
%* The fifty-fifth New York Trade Sale
will commence on Monday next. A large col
lection of books, from the pr incipal publishing
houses iu the United States, irill be disposed of.
*** The Order of United Americans are
to unite with the Continental Companies in pay
ing the last tribute to the re mains of the late
Henry Gibson to-morrow
*,* The programme of Prof. Williams’
performance for tho w. ek will bo found in tho
advertising columns.
%• J. B. Brown gives a series of Psycho
logical Experiments every evening during tho
week at the Society Library.
*,* It is said that Mrs." Jenny Lind
Goldschmidt and her husband contemplate sail
ing for Europe in May ner.t.
Pro Bono KUblicOu—it you want bar
gains, ladies, in fittijxg up your dwellings
this Spring, we can confidently recommend you
to Hiram Anderson’s celebrated cheapest Carpet
Establishment, in bhe United States, No- 99
Bowery, for such a rticles as you may require in
his line. This gen.tleman does business on the
most extensive and yet liberal scale. His im
mense sales furnish a large profit in the course
of the year, while there are few persons either
in or out of the business, who would believe the
statement if the actual per centage was named.
It is difficult to re alize how any man can live on
such profits. Bvtt when Tire come down to figures,
and just suppose his sales to amount to $600,000
a year, (which, by-the-bye, is far short of the
actual amount,) and then suppose ho makes two
per cent on his sales, we have the nice little sum
of SIO,OOO as his annual profits, or at one per
cent, it would be $5,000. This shows the great
advantages which his immense business gives
him. The beldness of this operation on the part
of Mr. Anderson, may be judged, when we state
that the largest wholesale dealers never calcu
late on less than five per cent, while the general
average of profits is above twenty per cent. —
Yet we will make a wager that Hiram Anderson
makes more money in a year than most of those
high profit dealers.
Third Mechanics Building Associa
tion.—The principle upon which this Society is
bused is one that must be exceedingly popuhu*.—
Already three associations are in operation
on this plan, and wo learn that this erne is nearly
full of members. Its advertisement will
found in another column, to which we refer the
reader. The Secretary of this society is a gen
tleman who ia more thoroughly acquainted with
these associations than tho community general
ly, and is able to explain it to tho full satisfac
tion. of all who require light on tho subject
Extensive Salks of Fine Paintings.—
Messrs. H. H. Leeds commences peremptory
sales on Thursday and Friday mornings next, at
store 376 Broadway, nearly opposite Thompson’s
Saloon, the entire stock of J. Eddy, for many
years an extensive Importer, who declines busi
ness and removes from the city on the first of
May. Comprised in this large collection are the
reserved gems, collected by him during five dif
ferent visits to Europe.
Wm. E. Robinson, Esq., is to [give the
next lecture of the People’s Course at tbe Tab
ernacle next Tuesday evening, on the Celtic and
Angbo-Saxon races, in which he proposes to give
the characteristic differences of tho two. Mr.
Robinson has paid much attention to this suject,
and vFill bring to his aid extensive research and
study- His wit and good humor cannot fail to
please and instruct the audience at all events.
Thu 3d Manhattan JBuilding Associ
ation. —The first monthly meeting of tins Asso
ciation will be held at the now hall on the corner
ofßvoome and Crosby streets to-morrow e vening.
Mr. Milliken and other able speakers a.re an
nounced to address the meeting, so that ai’l who
wish to understand the principles and advantages
of these Associations, in which so much int» irest
is a ,t present manifested, should not fail to attend.
Co pies of the by-laws can be had at the Sec re
tary’s office, 15 Spruce street.
Dry Goods.— Gilley & Co., proprietors
ofthe Bowery Savings Store, are selling off their
s o;k of goods at great sacrifices, in anticipation
of the contemplated improvements that are to
bo made after the first day of May. We would
advise all our lady readers to look into this mat
ter for themselves before these sales are closed.
The Bowery Savings Store, as every body knows,
is two doors above Grand street, in. the Bowery.
Wtbe-Awake! — The New York Reveille
for next week will be overflowing with good
things. A life of Charles Dickens, written by
himself, entertaining cuts, a fac-simile of the
Clay medal, together with a whole host of laugh
ter-moving jests and hits at the times. Look
out for it.
CORRESPONDENCE.
Paris, March 4th, 1852,
THE LEGISLATIVE ELECTIONS IN PAP.IS.
I should commence my letter by speaking of
the elections in Paris, for the returns from the
Provinces will hardly be received before the end
of the week.
I have often remarked in my former letters
that there was a visible re-action in favor of Re
publican government, and. the result of the elec
tions in Paris has proved that I was correct in
my observations ; indeed the fact has long been
apparent to every impartial spectator of passing
events. In giving a list of the candidates elect
ed in tho department of tho Seine, comprising
Paris and its environs, I said in my last letter
that I did not count upon their election, but I be
lieved they would receive a great many votes. —
I was not mistaken in my judgment respecting
the predisposition of tho electors, for General
Cavagnac has been elected, also M.M. Carnot and
Goudchoux have obtained a great number of
votes considering the circumstances under which
they were brought forward, but not having the
majority prescribed by the law, a new election is
to be had on the 14th, when they will no doubt
come forth triumphant from tho contest.
These Parisian protestations in favor of repub
licanism, ha e caused not a little consternation
to the tyrant Louis Napoleon, who fondly ima
gined that he had struck a death blow to liberty
in Prance by means of his coup d’Etat. His
journals vomit forth fresh invective s against the
republican party, and threaten it with renewed
l ernCoa*ions on 'be of their amiable ruler
Tnis encouragement afford d to.the repubbeau
candidates by the ehotortof Fans, has also been,
a pi inful disappointment to the Orlea' iit party,
who thought themselves destined to succeed
Louis Napoleon. , , ~
1 bold the same conviction to d ty that, I held
at the period of the coup d’Elat : “No govern
m nt cun ever become stable in France thn.r, is
not wisely and loyally republican. The old le
gitimate patty exists no longer but in name, and
the Or eans family will never again become po
?ular in France The Orleanist candidates in
*aris had so small a list of votes tha: it is said
they have given up all hope of reviving the
dynasty of Louis Pailippe.
Ou the other Land, those who voted for the go
vernment candidates should not be considered as
Bona-iarti ts, for the greater portion of 'brae
votes came from employees of the admioistra
tion, who, of course, always vote for the power
that employs and pays them, and the remainder
came ircm the party who vote for the strongest.
This party would vote for the Republic to-mor
row, if it was established, and for tho throne the
doy after, if the despot proclaimed a monarchy
I phase myself with the belief that the pre
sent government will not exist for the rix years
for which the members have been elected Be
fore that period has elapsed, tho whole people of
France will openly condemn the infamous con
duct of tho man who oppressed and betrayed
thorn on the 21 of December
If France does not imitate Parisin the elections
of which i speaU.it will bo because the prefects and
other authorities have aken every precaution to
prevent §uoh a result These worthy accompli
ces of the dictator have menaced and oppressed
every one under their control who they thought
likely to follow the course of tho patriots of the
capital.
The importance of tho Parisian protestations,
is so much tho great r when we consider that the
electors could r.ot unite themselves, nor oono rt
their measures through the public press, nor em
ploy any of the usuil means observed on such
occasions in countries which are free to carry out
their wishes as regards the election cf their cho
sen candidate*. However, Louis Napoleon spared
no means to avert this check to his apparent pop
ularity Ho awaitod the moment of the Legis
lative vote, to issue a d.creo authorizing the es
tablishment of lompanies to loans upon
hv; othesis. This decree establishes at last what
has long beer da-irod in Franco, and is called
the* credit fonder , and for that reason Louis
Napoleon waited tho moment of the election to
deorej this great measure, thinking that it would
exercise a powerful influence over tho electors in
favor of the Government Louis Napoleou should
hasten to t-ecure the crown of his ur cle, if he
would boar tho title of Emperor to the grave
with him, for every day renders the realization
of his dreams, as insane as they are guilty, more
d.fiioult to compass. The election revealed a
truth that mus; have been very distasteful to the
Government, viz : that the Franco of March,
1852, disapproved already of tho vote it gave on
December 20 h, 1851. It was manifested as much
by the votes given against the Government can
(l.dateu an by the abataini o#r of numerous porSODS
from voting at all, which was in fact equal to a
hostile vote. 1 should not, therefore, no at all
surprised to see a fresh course of rigorous meas
ures opened upon the republican party, by our
illustrious Souloque; bu . I predic ,at tne same
time, that all his barbarous persecutions will be
vanquished in tho end by the immortal princi
ples of liberty which are inherent in the human
heart.
THE SEASON OF LENT, AND GOSSIP ON AFFAIRS
IN THE CAPITAL
For three weeks past we have been subjected
to excessively cold weather, but the season is
beginning to look like spring. Preachers more
favored than political orators, can freely display
their evangelical eloquence in the churches. It
being the period of Lent, the churches of Paris
are open ever y day, and are crowded with fair
petitioners, who go to listen to the sermons and
to pray the Lord to pardon the sins they have
committed or may commit, voluntarily or invol
untarily, during the season of pleasures.
I do not know if Heaven listens favorably to
their vows, but I know that that they are re
newed and broken and again renewed every suc
cessive year, and every Lent the fair sinners
promise to renounce tho pomps and vanities of
the world. Such is the case among tho select
circles here, and as there is what is called a se
lect class of society in every country, 1 presume
the rule applies to all the nations of the earth.
My intention is not to blame, after the fashion
of the cynic, the joys and gaieties of life. On
the contrary, I believe that God did not create
us to groan and sigh throughout our lives,
like souls in purgatory; but I would wish
that this joy and gaiety was not the exclusive
heritage of the elite I would wish to see tho
classes less favored by fortune taste also of the
pleasures of life, if not so refined and expensive,
at least so cheerful and agreeable as not to
cause the unfortunate to doubt, almost with a
semblance of reason, the justice of tho Divinity.
Certainly, we wore not sent upon the earth, some
of us to die of hunger and others of indigestion,
and the abundance of God’s gifts properly dis
tributed would amply provide for the comfort of
the whole human family. Do not think, how
ever, from this that Lent has drawn tho veil of
sadness over tho smiling physiognomy of Paris.
The careme reigns it is true in the churches and
in tho saloons’of the upper classes,but the masses
of tho people do not change tho character of
their amusements.
Pleasures here have their seasons, like fruits
and flowers. During the carnival the people
danoo and revel in gastronomical pleasures. In
the carcme, they listen to sermons one day and
the next day take part iu a harmonic concert,
either in private or in public, or listen to the
music of tho groat artistes of the capital. Then
they visit tho theatres and listen to the new
pieces, or go to the Italian Opera or tho Opera
Comique. Then comes the spring with its robe
of green verdure, enamelled with flowers and
grateful with the sweetest the pleas
ures of the winter are succeeded by those peculiar
to the fairest season of the year, fetes chumpetres
succeed the fetes of the ball room, and the melo
dies of singing birds the concern at the Operas,
while lovers meet and stroll iu the public gardens
and parks, and fond hearts beat lovingly in re
sponse to hearts which love.
m’lle emelia’s letter.
These remarks have made me recal to mind a
letter which I read in the Dispatch , of the 18th
January. If this letter was not a mere pleasan
try, it justifies the reflections which I have often
made upon an important point in the manners of
civilized people. I have always condemned the
custom which forbids women to wise
t'aidra which even ferfeiefs
man to whom she would be most willing to con
fide her destiny end the happiness of her whole
life. In a word, at the risk of offending the sooial
covenant woman must wait the addresses of one
she can love before she can hope to be bound in
the silken fetters of Hymen ; she dare not make
the initiation, and thus, often wearied of wait
ing in vain, she fears that her destiny will doom
her to remain an isolated being on tho earth, she
gives herself to one she cannot love, and so enters
upon a matrimonial career of wretchedness and
misery.
Custom has caused us to view a sacred com
pact as a purely commercial transaction, and to
measure conjugal happiness by the fortune tbat
the husbaud and wife happen to possess. 1 re
peat, then, if tho letter of M’lle. Amelia be
sincere, it causes her to appear to me as a young
lady of superior mind, who will take care to unite
herself only with a man who is capable of appreci
ating her merit. I should be glad to hear that
she is in possession of the happiness which she
solicits in her epistle, for I always sympathize
with a feeling heart and an elevated mind.
♦ This is a governmental method of loaning small sums
of money to the poor, on the security of a good character
and ability at the time of effecting the loan of repaying
at a certain period, by small instalments.
AMUSEMENTS.
Musical Notings.
We have very little of news of interest to present
to our readers this week, in the musical way. On
Tuesday last, il Lft Gazza Ladra,” in English, was pre
sented at Brogham’s, as per announcement, with Mad.
de Marouerittes as Prima Donna, and before the
second representation could take place, Mr. Brougham
closed the theatre, for reasons best known to him
self.
At Nible’s, the charming Mad. Tmillon has began
a most triumphant career, and has appeared three
times, to overflowing houses. The “Grown Diamond”
hat) been the opera, and will be repeated to-morrow,
after which we are to have ‘Le Domino noire.” The
Rousktts are engaged to appear on the off nights of
the opera. The more we see of Mad. Anna Thillon,
the more we are charmed with her cleverness, both
as a vocalist and an actress -to say nothing of her
personal attractions Our friend, Signor La Manna
has shown the world and especially some of the de
tractors of Nlblo’s usual orchestra, that he can put
together a capital opera orchestra, and conduct it too,
and that with effect second to none produced by more
pretentious and more bepuffed orchestras. In fact
If our friends want to enjoy a most satisfactory and
delightful musical evening, let them go to Niblo’s, but
but go early, for all sitting places are usually gone
before the curtain rises.
Mis* Catharine Hayes was highly successful at
Amory Hall, New Orleans. Afterwards she went to
the French Theatre, where she lost all she had made
at the other place.
Bono, Bettina and others are going to Europe in a
few days. Marini has already gone. Oar prospects
of Italian Opera in New York, depends upon the ac
tlonof Mr Niblo, now in Europe, with his aid dc camp
John Sefton.
Jkame Rkynoluson’s last concert at Bleecker Build
ing on Tuesday evening, was one of the best concerts
she has yet given. Every person announced on the
hill was there aud each performed his or her part
creditably. The audience was not large but quite re
spectable iu point of numbers. If all this ladies’ on
certs had been given In the style of her last, she
would have no reason to complain of a want of ap
preciation on the part of the public.
Wood’s Minjitbelb.— There can be no doubt of the
ultimate and perfect triumph of. Mr. Wood aa the
manager of this popular plane of amusement. Every
thing goes on like clock work. Capital performances
and full houses with everybody pleased is the whole
Story.
Theatrical, &c.
At the Broadway, Mr. Forrest has had crowded
houses every night. He is rather gaining In popu
larity it would appear, instead of losing as so confi
dently predicted. A new and gorgeous spectacle is in
active preparation at this theatre, which is to bo
brought out after the conclusion of the engagement
of Mr. Forrest. *
TheBowKRY has been doing a good business during
the week. This is decidedly the “People’s Theatre,”
\nd Mr. Hamblin has at no time had oocasien to find
1 uilt with the support of that class of our citizens to
special benefit his bills were prepared. The
Bovery is an American Theatre In all respects. Ste
vens the manager had a great benefit on Wednesday
night.
At Burton’s we find Henry Placide among the ao
tors again Burton with a talented company end the
production o'' novelties in rapid succession, is coining
money Perfect as all his arrangements are, he nev
er seems satisfied but always keeps on improving.
This the secret of his great success.
At the National we find the manager pursuing the
even tenor of his way, with Ms boxes and treasury al '
ways in a healthy condition. We are told that there
is something a litti'e extra in store for the friends of
this theatre, which vill soon be announced.
Lola Months madw her appearance at the Howard
Atheneam, Boston, on Monday. The seats were sold
at auction and realized in premiums about $»00. The
papers say she was well received by the citizens of the
modern Athens.
Mias Datenfort and Mrs. nowatt have been en
gaged to appear at Br«ughajw’s. The latter has met
with a serious accident, by being thrown from a horse
in Boston. Several ribs were broken and for a time
she was not expected to survive. Her injuries are
such aa to place it out of her power to fulfil her en
gagements for the present.
James Wallack, the original, we are told by the
Spirit of the Times is to assume the management of a
stheatre in this city next season.
Gustavos Brookb is now in the city,
&jT For particulars of the doings of the /jeming
week see cards in our advertising columns.
The Museum has been filled both day and night .du
rung the past week, w ith every prospect of an increase
instead of a diminution of the rush to see the myriads
of curiosities and interesting theatrical performances.
THE UITf AND SUBURBS.
Arrest for Defrauding Passengers.
—On Tuesday last, a complaint was preferred before
Justice Lothrop, against Palmer & Co , 80 Broadway
by a man named Robert Stirlen, who, anxious t© go to
California, was induced to go to Palmer’s offioeaud
pay (£l3O, for which he received two tickets which «u
--gagad to forward him to San Francisco. One of those
tickets was for a passage from Panama to San Fran
cisco, and it specified that if a delay of more than four
took plsce at, Panama, his board should be paid
»r the money for the passage, $45 be returned him. The
ticket from Panama being for the steamship New Or
leans Stlrlen went to Mr. Howard, who is agent for
that ahip, and he told him the ticket was worthless,
and that Palm*r had no authority to issue such a
ticket. On hearing this, Stlrleu made ths complaint
in which he was supported by Howard, and the Jus
tice ordered a warrant tor the arrest of Palmer and
his clerk, named Monkbouse. and set down a hearing
for 3 o’clock in the afternoon of Wednesday At the
hour appointed, the court room was crowded with
persons similarly circumstanced with Sterliu, and all
anxious to prtss their claims. Before the case *as
entered into, however. Mr. Palmer proposed to the
claimants to meet at his office that evening at five
o’clock, wh**n he would either refund the money or
forward them by the next steamer if they pleased.—
This they all sgreeed to do and the magistrate in con
sideration of the arrangement, postponed the further
examination of the case till the same hour next day
On Thursday at 3 o’clock, the case was again called,
the court room being as thronged as ok the former
day. Th* day before, PUraer had promised to settle
the matter but did not do so from want of funds, as
it was stated He now represented to the magistrate
that he required a week’s delay to enable him to ar
range the matter, engaging at the same time to pay
$2 60 to each claimant, fora week’s board, and at the
end of that time to refund their money or forward
them on The magistrate agreed to this proposal and
proposed the further bearing of the case till that day
week when if not arranged he stated he would use
hard measures It is a fact that large numbers of
persons have been forwarded from here to Panama,
having, as they thought, bona fide tickets to carry
them thence to San Francisco, and when they got to
Panama they found their tickets perfectly useless to
them. and. it is also a fact that many of these men
have died from want and disease in Panama, unable
to return to New York, or go forward to San Francis-
co for want of funds. It is time that a stop was put to
these robberies. Since the above was written, we un
derstand that another charge of a simitar nature has
been made against Palmer & Co., by Hollis M. Chaf
fer, of Albion, Orleans Co ,N. Y. The particulars are
the same as in the former charges, with the exception
that in this case tho complainant had proceeded to
Panama, and in addition to his loss of time and in
convenience, wan under S4O expenses in returning.—
Ju’tioe Mountfort issued u warrant for the arrest of
Palmer and Haight his partner. Before, however.
the officer met him, Palmer called at the office of the
Justice, and gave bail for his appearance.
Celebration of St. Patrick’s Day.—
On Wednesday, according to notice, all tbe Irish
military and civic bodies in New York and its vicinity
turned out for the purpose of celebrating the anni
versary of the death of Ireland’s patron. The morn
ing had been cloudy and threatening, and towards 10
o’clock a heavy rain commenced falling, turning in a
short time to a heavy snow storm, which continued
without ceasing all tho remainder of the day, and far
Into tho night. Notwithstanding the inclemency of
the weater, tho different bodies bearau to assemble in
strong force, about 11 o’clock —the military at Astor
Place and the civic bodies in Tompkins Square. Tho
different military companies and benevolent «ooletiet,
of Brooklyn, Jersey City. Patterson and Newark, took
part in the procession. At 12 o’clock the line got in
motion, and despite the disheartening influence of tbe
day, marched, without diminution the whole route
specified in the programme. As they marched by
Caoal street, especially, they felt the whole force of
the storm, and were unable to bold up their heads In
the face of it. Despite all inconveniences, this pro
cession was the largest one, entirely Irish, whichever
took place, not only in New York, but in the whole
Union ; and we have reason to believe that, were it
not for tho wsather, It would have been a very fine one.
The 9th regiment never turned out in such strong
force or a finer body of men ; tho new Irish Regiment
the fifleh, also turned out for the first time. In the
morning Divine Service was performed at St. Patrick’s
Cathedral, immediately aft* r which the Archbishop
preached a sermon, in which he gave an epitome of
the life and deeds of St Patrick. In the evening the
different Irish bodies finished the celebration of the
day by dinners and balls. The Friendly Sons of St.
Patrick dined at Freemason’s Hall, and spent quite a
pleasant, evening They this year instead oi Queen
Victoria’s health, usa *l)y drank by them substituted
that of the Queen of Spain, as a mark of their regard
for her conduct In liberating the Cuban prisoners,
coupling it with a hope that other monarebs would
follow her magnanimous example. The Young Friends
*>f Ireland dined at ,the Apollo Rooms, and the 9th
Regiment wound up by an invitation ball atMetropo
ll'tan ’Hall, at which not less than 5000 persons at
tended. We are gratified to have to stats that al
though the day was one that might excuse a recourse
todrinklng, the number of persons intoxicated were
very few.
Loss or the Clay Medal. —Wo regret
to have to state that the beautiful and valuable Med
al, recently struck off for presentation to Henry Olay
by fifty of his friends and admirers in this city, has
been lost, and we fear irrecoverably. Mr. Clay it ap
pears, entrusted the medal to Miss Lynch of this ci
ty, to be hauded by her to Mr. Daniel Ulman on her
arrival in New York Miss Lynch and her mother
left Washington on Friday (the 12th inst.) in com
pany with and under the protection of Mr. Charles
Butler ; and by his advice and for security the medal
was placed iu a carpet bag belonging to him, and kept
by him in his own possession while in the cars from
Washington until the arrival ofFthe party in New
York on Saturday last. The bag was then tied in
front of the carriage in which the party proceeded to
Miss Lynch’s residence, 45 Ninth street, on arriving
at which place the bag was not to be found, and the
driver could give no account of it Immediately on
missing the bag every step was taken that suggested
itself for its recovery, but without, any success at the
time On Monday morning, however, the bag was
found by Mr White, 38 MrDougal street, lying under
a milk cart in front of 66 of the same street. As
might have been expected, however, every thing con
tained in the bag had been removed, and no clue to
the thief could be obtained Mr. Butler has written
a letter to Mr. Ulman on the subject, fully explain
ing'the circumstances as above stated and desiring
that an exact duplicate of the medal might be pre
pared at his cost as roon as the loss is fully ascer
tained. This offer the committee have declined to
accept, at the same time thanking him for his offer.
A reward of SSOO has been (ffered for the recovery of
the medal We hope it may yet be recovered, as we
can hardly believe that the suspicions which have
grown cut of this matter have any foundation.
Fire hv the Bowery.— Noble Conduct
of a Fireman.- About one o’clock on Wednesday
morning, a fi-e broke out in the paper hanging es
tablishment No. 89 Y* Bowery, and from thence spread
to the store 89 occupied by Mr. Blauvelt as a Cabinet
Warehouse. The flames spread so rapidly that all re
treat was cut off from a number of men, wom*n and
children, all of whom might be seen in the windows
of tile third story, stretching out their hinds and im
ploring assistance. In thic dreadful situation, they
might all have perished, as the ladder was several feet
short of the window, b}id it not been for the heroic
conduct of Mr James Mount, Foreman of Hose Com
pany No. 14, who at the imminent risk of his own
life, rushed up the ladder aud assisted two women and
two children out' of the window, and brought them
down in safety. Sergeant Ackerman of the Tenth
Vfttrci Police, also distinguished himself by rushing up
■nump inw BUIOKR, aud coring a child If
leg at the top. When the flames had been subdued,
two men named Henry Miller and Robert Eifler, were
taken from the ruins shockingly burned Miller was
taken to the Fourteenth District Station House, where
he died in a short time. Eifler was taken to the Tenth
District Station House, where after medical aid was
procured, he was removed to the City Hospital, where
he died in the course of Thursday afternoon. We
are glad to see that the Board of Aldermen, at their
meeting on Friday, marked their appreciation of the
bravery of Mr. James Mount, by the adoption of the
following resolution proposed by Aid. Francis
Whereas, In the recent calamity which occurred by
lire ou the morning of the 17th inst., by which several
lives were suddenly sacrificed, the disinterested courage
nwd noble bravery of Mr. James B. M«unt, Foreman of
Hose Company No. 14, was toe means ot rescuing from an
awful death, four helpless women and children, at the
imminent hazard of his own life, be it
Resolved; That a Committee of three be appointed to
report to the Board, some suitable testimonial to be pre
sented to said Mount, for his noble, daring and gallant
conduct on that memorable occasion.
Aid. Francis, Smith, and Boyce were appointed such
Committee. The conduct of the gallant foreman can
not be too highly extolled.
Arrival in this City of Fugitives
Arrested in California for Embezzlement —Offi
cers Brown and Kerin returned on Monday in the
steamship Daniel Webster, from California, having in
charge two young men named George and James
Watson, brothers, arrested in San Francisco, upon a
charge'of embezzling $5,000 belonging to a Mr. Mer
ton, a resident of Kingston, Canada West. The ac
cused parties were It seems doing business as com
mission merchants at 32 Pearl street, In this city, and
aited as corresponding agents to Mr. Morton. A
draft against the credit of Mr. Morton being due in
New York on the 4th of last November, he remitted
to Messrs Watson two bills of exchange to the
amount of $2500 each, the proceeds to be applied to
the payment of the draft. The bills of exchange were
received and acknowledged by a telegraphic dispatch
by the Watsons, but the funds were never applied as
dlrected.Jand on the 24th of the same month the Wat
sons left for California in the steamship Georgia Mr.
Morton being apprised by telegraph of his bill being
dishonored, came at once to New York, and on find’ng
that the Watsons had fled, took the proper steps for
finding an indictment; and a requisition being grant
ed by Gov Hunt, the officers left this city on the sth
of January, and on arriving at San Francisco arrest
ed the brothers, whom t hey found living in el*gant
style. Great legal exertions were used to prevent the
officers from taking them away; but after a long
hearing before the Supreme Court Judge, the officers
were permitted to take charge of the prisoners. In
addition to the $6 000, it is stated that $7,000 has
been procured from Mr. Morton in a fraudulent man
ner. On arriving in this olty the prisonere were ta
ken before Judue Beebe, who admitted them to bail
in the sum of $5,000 each. Mr George Watson has
written a letter to the Herald, asking the papers to re
frain from coromentimr on the facts of the case until
the 6th of April on which day it will be brought on
for hearing, and when he states a complete refutation
of the charges against them shall be given, and the
cause why those charges were made will be fully ex
posed.
Mysterious Murder. — On Tuesday
night the body ot a man named Wm. Furlong was,
found in a Khanty in Thirty-second street, corner of
Third Avenue, the property of Patrick Smith, and
from the appearance of the body, foul play was sus
pected. An inquest was called on the body, when
the following testimony was given by S x\ith and his
family. Deceased was a native of Ireland, and had
come to this country about a year since, and had been
boarding with Smith, whom he bad known In the old
country, since September last. He had been treated
with much kindness by Smith and his family. Some
ten days since, Furlong became unwell and was un
able to attend to his business, that of a laboring man
He bad been attended during the time by Mrs. Smith
and hee servant, Fanny Doyle. On Tuesday night
about 12 o’clock, Mrs. Smith had left Furlong quite
comfortable and apparently improved, and on going
to his room next morning, the servant found the room
vacant and the bed covered with blood. She then
went Into the next room, where she found Furlong
dead on a pile of lumber. The alarm wao given, and
officer Quinn whs soon on the spot and traced the
blood marks down a pair of stairs on the outside of
the building, at the foot of which he found a paving
stone covered with blood, Smith, he stated, was
much excited, and notwithstanding the man was
dead, Insisted on calling in a doctor. In view of the
evidence, the jury stated that Furlong died from com
pveision of the brain cause 1 by s >me person unknown
but recommand that Smith be held in custody. Many
persons mentioned that deceased had stated to them
that hut for Smith he would have been frozen to
death during the winter.
Suicide in Prison Caused by Intem
perance —Joseph A. Quin, aged 36 committed sui
cide on Friday morning at the Essex market prison,
by hanging himself with his silk handkerchief to the
door of the cell in which he was confined. Deceased
it seems for the last two years had been drinking to
excess, and had frequently been taken before Justice
Timpson, who usually committed him until he became
pober and then dismissed him ; on this occasion he
followed the usual course pursued by him, intending
to discharge Quin when he had come to his senses ;
but Quin had scarce been placed inside the cell when
he committed suicide in the manner above stated.
Deceased was a carpenter by trade, and had for nine
years been in connection with the Washington Tem
perance Association, but had for the last two years
been in a continuous state of drunkenness. An in
quest was held on the body by Coroner Ives and a
verdict returned in accordance with the above facts.
Charge Against a Qoi.d Dust Buyer.
A charge was made on Tuesday before Justice Lo
throp by Ruben Baldwin, a returned Californian,
against Morris A . Coby, a gold dust broker, corner of
Wall and Broad streets. Baldwin arrived in this city
on Monday, by the Daniel Webster, bringing with
him about two hundred ounces of gold, as he alleges.
Ou the day of his arrival ha offered it for sale to Mr.
Goby who turned it out into hia scale and weighed it.
The gold not turning out as Mr. Baldwin expected,
his suspicions were aroused, but he took the money
offered him for the dust without making any observa
tion at the time. He subsequently preferred the
above complaint, stating his loss at $194. On this
complaint the magistrate issued a warrant for the ar
rest of Mr Coby ; who, on being brought to the court,
stated that Mr Baldwin must have been mistaken as
his weights were all correct. Bail was required from
him, however, to the amount of SSOO, and on its being
riven Mr. Goby was liberated.
Shameful Desertion. — On Monday
last, a person brought three children, between the
ages of three and nine years, to the Lower Police
Coftrt, and stated to the magistrate that they had
been deserted by their father, a Mr. Livingston, and
left at his house. Some three weeks since, the lather
had called at the house 33 Wooster-st. and engaged
board for himself and three children. After remain
ing at the house a few days, he left, and has not since
returned. Alter he had been some time gone, the
landlord applied to the grandmother of the children,
a wealthy lady residing in Brooklyn, for some assist
ance for their support, but she refused to give any,
stating as a reason for her refusal, that her daughter
the children’s mother, had married against her con
sent. Under these circumstances, the landlord
brought the children to the court. Justice Lothrop
directed that the children be taken charge of by the
matron of the prison, where they will remain for the
present.
Wh,iaamsburgh.— -We congratulate the
residents of the “Kingdom” on the probability of their
lamps being “fi»ed." The brilliant report the worthy
Alderman of the First' Ward made, features the citi
zens that.their “wsya of darkness” will be aitemd to
fly the way, will Monsltur of the Press impress U 4
with the price of putty in the Wllllauusburgh market ■
•ur impression :s mat it must have *‘riz comddtr.’
able” since the volumuious paper of lh« wort hy fath
er was read to his slumbering brother-legislators
Salt petre won’t save the doomed city, unless the
lamps are puttied, e nd the people soft-sawdered to the
bent of their humor How about that putty ?
Engine Co No. 3, of Williamsburg, l n .
augurated their new -machine’ on Thursday evenly
last We have seldom seen so magnificent apboe &f
v/ork as that, of No. 3, or a more splendid set c ,ut
We congratulate our sifter city on such & viable
addition to her Fire Department.
ItoHM of the Weufei
John Burgess, a convict, after esmiping f rom
Blackwrll’s Inland, wns picked up on Tuesday
by one of the South Ferry boats, floating down tbe
river on a ladder
The Indictment changing William Dceaian
with the manslaughter of Thomas McCariy has b«cu
Ignored by the Grand Jury and the accused fIU
charged cf his recognisances.
*r«r Mayor Kingeland has presented the A its© chil
dren with a beautiful gold Lever Hunting Watch.
0u Sunday afternoon, company E cf the New
York regiment of Volunteers turned out to attend the
funeral of James Serle. one of their former compan-
ion* in arms. This is the second death that h»« oc
curred in the remnant of this gallant regiment, with
in the week
Margaret McC«ff*rly was found on the morn
ing of Saturday week lying on th« pavement at. the
corner of Avenue B and Eighth St., suffering from
the * fleets of laudanum, taken for the purpose of ru
icide She wss removed to the hospital.
UST* Margaret Barber, a poor woman In the habit of
begging cold victuals while entering Gunter’s Hotel,
Fulton street, on Saturday for that purpose, was at
tacked by a ferocious dog. whloh sezing her by the
cheek b.t it through. After some difficulty the poor
woman was rescued and conveyed to the hospital.
tfijr As policeman VrandenWrg of the twentieth
Werd, was endeavoring to quell a riot on Saturday
evening, he was assaulted by John Friel, who seveval
times present'-d a gun at him, and threatened to shoot
him. Ultimately he was arrested and locked up
Henrietta Hepburn and Kate Lewis were com
mitted to prison on Monday, tty Jus'ice O* borne on
charge of picking the pocket of Miss Charlotte Devil.
A Polish J«w calling himself Jacob Levy, was
arrested on Monday evening, charged with breaking
into and stealing from the store of Chittenden, Bliss
& Co , 73 Broadway, a bundle of cambric muslins. The
evi lei ce against him being conclusive, he was com
mitted to prison.
iHjjr Vn inquest was held on Tuesday, at No. 415
Eighth Avenue, on the body of John Doacher. a Ger -
man by birth, who died suddenly on the Sunday pre
vious. Natural consequences being the cause of
death a verdict was returned accordingly.
Ihe forgery case on the bank of America, for
S6OOO. in which a Mr H B Pike figured, and partic
ulars of which was given in our last, was brought to
a conclusion on Wednesday, aud Mr, Pike fully com
muted in default of SSOOO bail.
«9»The political refugees from Cuba, residing in
thi* city, have raised SSOO for the benefit of the gal
lant volunteer® recently arrived home from exile.
4£s»Oa Wednesday morning a man named Patriot
Spot® war, found in a feeble state, lying on a stoop i«
Tenth Avenue. Tie was removed to the Hospital, but
died in the nrmr*« of the day. The Dr. was unable to
say what was his disease.
jo3|rAs the proe.ejifiion «« Putrioh’o day u. u «
cording up Chambers Street ; that part of the Jin tf)
occupied by the H B. Society, was obstructed in it„
passage by a waggon, on which an altercation ensued
between the driver and some of the men in the pro
cession The temper of the Benevolent Sons not be
ing improved by the inclemency of the weather,from
words they proceeded to blows and the result was
that the carman was soundly trounced.
43rThe Police on Sunday last made a descent on
the house 32 Mulberry street, in which a number of
Germans were amusing themselves with a game of
cards. Eleven of the Dutchmen were committed to
jail la default of bail for a breach of the new Gamb
ling laws,
4 gf*A young woman named Mary Simpsoa.aged 18
years, residing at 25 Courtlandt street, while, on
Thursday, endeavoring to extract stains from her
clothes with carnphene cam* too near the fire when
the camphene ignited, setting fire to her clothes, and
before arshtance could be procured, she was shock
ingly. and it is Dared, fatally burned
Two young men, named Howard and Moriarty,
were committed to prison on charge of burglariously
entering, on Sunday night, the store 72 Qoold street,
and steeling SBOO worth of leather, tho property of
G.ltnan & Son.
jgrjf- The steamship Hermann, bound to South
ampton and Bremen, after being 760 miles out at sea
returned to this city on the 17th, in consequence of
having broken the center shaft of the port engine.
,lOr David Bertram died on the 17th instant at the
City Hospital, in consequence of injuries received on
board the schooner Samuel Smith, to which he was
attached as a sailor.
John McGellar, 17 years of age, died on Tues
day from ir juries received by running against a cart
on the previous evening from which he received a
wound in the abdomen.
4-4“ Lawis Schmeltz, a resident of this city, where
he bad a wife and four children, committed suicide in
Philadelphia on the ]7th inst , by taking arsenic.
He had frequently attempted bis lite previous to the
final one.
j*3T A resectable looking female named Margaret fj
Aderton, seeing a trunk lying at the Philadelphia
Railroad D*pot, foot of Liberty Street, on Tuesday,
called a colored man and directed him to carry it to
her house 18 Oak street. The owner on missing his
trunk called an < fflcer who traced the thief to her
house, where he found her examining the contents.
She had made away with S4OO worth of silver-ware
and jewelry, before tho arrival of the officer.
iKS“On Wednesday evening. Fannv Cruse, aged nine
years, living wi'h her parents at 418 Cherry street,
fell iato the sink at the back of the house, from over
which some person had removed a board, and before
any one discovered the accident she was suffocated.
jb3T During the severe storm on Wednesday, a
Khanty was blown down at the Quarantine, Staten
Island, in which were one hundred persons, all of
whom escaped with the exception of one female,
killed.
&3T The investigation of the charges against Mar
garecta Lohren;-, will be resumed early the ensuing
week, if her health permits.
Mitr John Helen, a mason, while working at the
steeple of the church corner of Fifth avenue and
Twenty third st„ fell from the scaffold—a distance of
sixty feet. Conrad Miller, who was working next
him, was arrested, charged with knocking him off,
but has since been discharged, as the iijured man
distinctly stated that it was accidental Notwith
standing the immense height Helen fell, he is impro
ving rapidly, and expects soon to bo about
The cas® of John L O Sullivan and th* Cuban
Sympathisers has occupied the attention of the Court)
evfry day this week and Las not yet come to a con
clusion. Nothing of importance baa transpired du
ring the investigation.
XfiifMr. Richard Leycroft, the oldest member of the
M. E. Church In this city, or perhaps in the Union,
died on Thursday last at the advanced age of ninety
years. He was one ot the few who worshipped in the
‘ Old Sail in Horse and Cart (now William) St,
the first place of worship opened by the Methodists
in in tiff YorK.
ftjjrJobn McDonough was comm if ted to prison on
yesterday for passing a $5 counterfeit bill of fhe Penn
Township Bank of Philadelphia
*sS~ Hugh McLaughlin, another of the members of
the New York Regiment of Volunteers, died at the
Citv Hospital on Friday Deceased was only 20 years
of age. His funeral takes place to-day.
•3T The work on the Sixth-avenue Railroad will be
commenced in a few days. The Company expect to
complete the road and have it in operation in about
four months.
The Governors of the New York Hospital have
resolved henceforth not to receive within the walls of
that any persons having Ship or Typhus
Fever.
S&sr Bernard Bates, charged with the murder of the
German at the Battery, and kept in prison since then,
was discharged on Friday, the Grand Jury refusing to
fl.ud an indictment against him.
THE BUSINESS WOHLIb
Prick & Sons, (late Stiokney & Price,)
Label Manufacturers, Engravers and Ornamental
Printers, 130 Fulton street. On hand, one ot the
most extensive assortment of Labels to he found In
the United States, embracing an almost endless va
riely of style end pattern, adapted to Druggists Psr
fumers, Manufacturers and oth»r uses Particular
attention given to Fine Printing —Gold, Silver, Em
bossed, Illuminated and Xylographic work—splendid
Show Cards, Bills. &o.
Six Degrees of Beauty. —The six de
grees of crime are nothing to the rlx degrees of
beauty imparted by the cosmetics and other prepara
tions made by Dr. Qouraud, of No. 67 Walker street,
one door from Broadway. These articles are - Liquid
Rouge,” for giving a natural color to the obeei is;
“Lily White,” for hiding dark and otherwise lauUy 9
complexion ; “Italian Medicated Soap,” for smoothing
the cuticle and banishing pimples, etc"; -“Poudres
Subtile,” for eradicating superfluous hair ; "\MUa
taneous Hair Dye,” and “Hair Restorative.”
Hats for the People..—Since the en
largement of the store of Mealio, the celebrated hat
ter, on the corner of Broadway and Canal street,
there has been a general rush for his beautiful Spring
Hats. The reputation of these hats have long since
been made, aud it is now considered not only an evi
dence of taste, but also of sound judgment to find »
man who wears one of Mealio’s hats. With the in
creased accommodations in the store room, this gen
tleman is now able to supply the demand.
Concerning the Head.— The head of
au intellectual man is always a study ; but how easy
it is to disguise such a head by an ill fitting bat, so
that it cannot be distinguished from the veriest block
head ever borne upon shoulders. If you are wise,
and wish to appear so, leave to Knox the duty of se
lecting your hat. In this he has taste, experience,
and judgment, and will guarantee satisfaction to all
who patronise him.
The Hudson River Building Associa
tion, recently organized in the Vth ward, is rapidly
filling up, and will no doubt be a most beneficial in
stitution The trustees are prominent citizens of the
ward, and their well-known business habits Is a guar
antee of its success. A public meeting will be held
at No. .413 Broadway, Bradbury’s music room, on
Monday evening, March 221. Sylvanus S Ward is
Pretident. Office for receiving snb'-criptions, 411
Washington-st, corner of Laight The Shaies are
$800; Monthly Dues $3; Entrance Fee s 2, N. York
Express.
A sagacious public cannot be caught by
any stratagem, especially by one that would make
them pay a high price for an inferior article, to any
vender who gives large sums for Concert Tickets.
But the trick don’t thrive ; gentlemen of intelligence
are not to be [gulled into paying $4 for a hat, when
one superior in every respect can be obtained for $8 50
by stepping in at Espencheid’s, 107 Nassau street,
corner of Ann.
The First of May.— Ladies confenaplatj
log the purchase of Oil Cloths, Carpetings, or
their new residences, would do well to can ft " »
E L. Hyatt’s stores, Nos 444 and 440 Pearl street
Mr. Hyatt, we understand, ban received new and
splendid assortments of Carpeting of beautiful pat
terns, which he proposes selling between this and the
first of May, at prices but little in advance of the ori
ginal cost. This is an opportunity seldom offered,
and worth embracing.
No. 94 Bowery.— Families and others
about furnishing their houses with Carpeting, Floor
OU Cloths &c„ will find a large and verbid assortment
both foreign and domestic, of 8 ply supr
in grain, oil cloth, hearth rugs, door mats, Table and
piano covers, window shades, matting &c., at J. Hy
att’s Carpet and Floor Oil Cloth Warehouse, No 94
Bowery. The above articles are well worthy of inspec
tion and will he offered at ruinous prices.
Great Discovery.— Tho Ivory Daguer
reotype, with all the colors of nature. These admira
ble works of art are taken daily at Weston’s Gal
lery, No. 132 Chatham street, opposite the theatre.
Likenesses by this new process are acknowledged by
all to exceed in finish and truth to nature anything
hitherto attempted. Ladies and gentlemen are re
ipecfully invited to call and examine them.
Dentistry.— J. A. Dixon respectfully
offers his services to his friends and the public pledg
ing himself to give entire satisfaction in all matters
pertaining to his profession which may be entrusted
to him, and fora short period he will fill teeth with
Gold, at 75 cts.; with Tin at SO cts. : Cements 24 cts
Extracting 25 cts. All other operations equally!
No charge for examination or advice. Office 2 99 Hu
dson street.
Parautoptic Bank Locks.—We woul
call public attention to the card of Me»* rs ,
Newell, 589 Broadway. The whole raechanilew g
unity of the world has recognized the valu* o> , tu
Locks, and their triumph at the World’! Faw n
been a national triumph, as well as an individual
ject of congratulation. These gentlemen deservesi
highest praise in addition to the golden rewards m
are now pouring in upon them.
Mrs, Mercer’s Dining Rooms, on th
corner of Ann and Nassau streets, have long 81°°*
come one of the established facts in our city. **
you will find the same faces every day about < ill
time, that were to be seen there years ago, wnu
ery year brings new customers. This is the be? -
denoe of the character of this popular place ot r ■
The Ladies’Dining Room is however the P a J l
feature which distinguishes Mrs. Mercer’s g
ment. This is a separate room in which ladies
accommodated in all the quiet of their °wu .
with the luxuries for which this piaoeis c
ted. .
Attention is called to the Village
of Flammersburgh, (advertised in tnothw eotamj
where a most desirable and pleasant re * beauty
be obtained at a very reasonable price VorJ) ’
of scenery and location it is unsurpassed by any pi
iu the vicinity of New York. We are pleased
commend it as one of the “jst eligibie that n
r>{fared to the public. A visit to tho village
sufficient to give ample satisfaction to the mos
tidious.

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