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Sunday dispatch. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1845-1854, January 08, 1854, Image 2

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THE Bj. XNESS WORLD.
An Amusing Incident.— One of our weal
-1 thiest and most particular Southern nabobs, who is an
out and-ont free trade, anti tariff, anti-proteotioa man,
prided himself greatly, last Spring, on the beauty ana
magnificence of the real Axminster and Wilton carpets,
vitfi which he had just refurnished his house, and which
he ordered direct from England, Happening to bt in
New York, a few days age, visit.iag an acquaintance in
Union Square, our ariatoeratio Virginian discovered that
1* is friend’s drawing-rooms were furnished with the same
magnificent carpets as his own, and congratulated him
upon his good taste—observing, at the same time, upon
the difficulty and expense e< getting such carpets direct
from England. ‘ Direct from England, my dear fellow,”
said his New York fci*nd—“ what do you mean? I never
got a yard of carpeting ‘direct from England’—haven’t
time even to think of such a thing. I got all these car
pets—and they certainly are very nice a«d very pretty—
at our great New York Emporium, Anderion’s—Hiram
Anderson’s, 99 Bowery—where the very most magnificent
patterns and style*, of every description, are to be found,
at something between twenty-five to fifty per cent, below
fashionable prices.” This information naturally snrpriaad
«ur nabob, and he could not at first credit the possibility
of such a thing. However, it being a fine, clear day. (one
of the first days of eleigbing,) our two friends jumped
into an omnibus on runners, just then da# h teg by, filled
with some fifty or sixty “ fair women and brave men.”
On arriving at Anderson’s, and going through his splen
didly stocked establishment, our Southern friend became
at once convinced that he had egregiously humbugged
himself in sending to Europe for his car pete • and that
everything in that line, from the cheapest to tne dearest,
could be had at the most incredibly low prices, and in a
profusion of styles and patterns perfectly startling, at
Hiram Anderson’s. This is now a world-wide fact.
Gbowth of Brooklyn. —Among the many
astonishing evidences of the growth, prosperity and re
finement of our sister city “across the water,” we would
especialy point out the really admirable furniture estab
lishment of Mr. T Brooks 127 Eulton-st., on the corner
of Sands. We were first attracted to his eatablishsaent
by the grace and beauty of the articles he displays ; and,
upon further examination, we found that the excellence
of the workmanship, and the low prices, make his ware
rooms a positive public blessing.
Great Bargains in Oarpets. —The advan.
tsges of trading with a large and firmly established house
were never more profitably illustrated to the purchaser
than in the incessant magnificent bargains in carpets
made at Peterson & Humphrkt’s warereems, No. 379
Broadway, corner of White street There are, of course,
innumerable establishments in Broadway, other thin
carpetings, possessing great attraction ; but not one,
from Union Square to the Battery, more worthy of at
tention than theirs.
Tuttle stakes every day his veracity, that so
complete, fascinating and irresistible a collection of Toys,
&c., &c., as he has now for sale at 345 Broadway, never
did and never can exist any where else on This continent.
If the voices of the “little people,” just now so praised
in the Knickerbocker, go for anything, we shall have to
make room in the calendar for a new saint, to be placed
side by side with St. Nicholas, th® saint of holidays. St.
Nicholas and St. Tuttle Bravo I He will have a crowd
of disciples.
Broadway Boots and Shors.—Cahill, the
great Broadway dealer, informs us that he can distinguish
among the fashionable crowd in Broadway, all who wear
his boots or shoes They give an ease and elegance to
the movement of the wearer, which nothing yet has ever
succeeded in imparting
Syrup of Ginseng and Alalva. —ln cases of
consumption, even where the lungs have become serious-,
ly, and almost fatally affected, this preparation has per
form fd a quick, and easy cure. In the early stages of
consumption it is a sure remedy, and has received the .
universal approval of the medical faculty of this city.
Prepared and sold by Wiluon, Fairbank & Uo., Nos. 43 and
45 Hanover street — Boston Bee. Also by Charles H. Bing,
192 Broadway; and Boyd & Paul, 40 Courtland-st., and by
all respectable druggists.
Such Wrat&bk for Shoes! —Who wonders
that in meh terrible going as we have had since the holi
days, everybody should rush to J. B. Miller a, 134 Canal*
street, wht re every variety of boot and shoe, overshoe,
and everything of the sort, can be had “next to nothing.”
All the lacies are inveterate friends of Miller.
Cabinet Upholstery. —The beauty and
magnificence of this important art of modern luxury can
be st-en in full perfection at the unique and brilliant es
tablishment of Mr. William Simpson, 8t B-wery, near
fleeter street The originality, grace and style of the ar
ticle* he furnishes, have certainly never been surpassed
in this country, if in the world. Mr. Simpson has eoa
ceiv> d aid carried out with perfect success, the happy
idea of making taste and beauty subservient to the every
day wants ot life.
The New York Modes. —lt is surprising
• with how little trouble Mrs. Simmons, at 564 Broadway,
has succeeded in initiating our ladies with the knowledge
that theie is such a thing as the Nev York fashion, and
that it may challenge comparison with the highest pro
duct of auy European capital. The secret of it is that
Mrs. Simmons’ bonnets are more elegant and becoming to
the lovely hoads of American beauties, than any foreign
importations. Go, see, and believe. At any rate, you
can “ try it on.”
Men's and Boys’ Oonscia Recti —Which,
being interpreted, means that, men and boys can find an
elegant and fascinating assortment of fashionable cloth
ing, of every sort, at the store of W. L. Conklin, No. 8
flowery. Those who go to Conklin’s to trade, whether
they are young or old, are always fitted, suited and de
lighted. I very article purchased there is made upon
hvhor. and possesses the highest style, as well as rhe
most admirable qualities of endurance. Prices absurdly
low. '
’ A Miodel Hotel. — We don’t apeak of fres
coes and colored marble floors, nor of the “highfaluting”
style of ai all But we allude to the real, sensible,
K • '.frai ft bt forward system of lUiru;,
■ sleeping. A*d for these great human inte
l ree' is no spot oh New York inland where they
■ arv , or more punctually attended to than at Page’s
■ Hotel, on the corner of Spring and West streets; It’s a
■ first-rate stojpin.-place, and no mistake, You had better
■ believe it 1
The Garret Store of W. & F. Lewis, 452
Pearl street, is constantly .crowded with admiring and
approving purchasers, from all parts of the country, as
will as residing in New York city. Those who wish to
form a cor ect esrimate of the extent of the carpet trade,
end the immense reductions on the best goods made by a
Single house, (averaging not less than 20 per cent- below
any other house ) had better call at 452 Pearl street.
Splendid Cottage Furniture. —S. H.
"Warwick,.No. 62 White street, is as fairly entitled to re
rown aa his namesake, “King making Warwick,” of
Shakspeiian celebrity. If our Warwick doesn’t mxke
Kings, he make** Sofas, Chairs and bedsteads that any
monarch in the world xpighc be proud to repose on; and,
as to his enamelled cottage furniture, it is something too
beautiful to be appreciated by any description we could
give of it. It must bu seen, and then you can’t help
buying.
Tanner’s Daguerreotypes are now admit '
ted to be the perfection of that art. Nothing can excel
the admirable miniature portraits produced at his estab
lishment. The ladies, always so difficult to catch, are oy
, Tanner transfixed upon ,the plate in all their loveliness,
and fascination.
Tee Marston Arms. —“ln peac» prepare
for war,” is an adage that never ca» grow old; and we
therefore do a favor to mankind by informing them that
the office for procuring the celebrated “ Marston Rifl*,”
which has. for so long a time asserted its admirable quali
ties, is at the ‘ Marston Fire Arms Manufacturing Com
. pany,” 205 Broadway The reputation of these arms is
European as well as American; in short, they have made
favorable reports of themselves all over the world and
never miss.
The Anatomical Musbum, to those who
visit it in a proper spirit, and not merely to gratify a
morbid physical curiosity, is a great school of moral and
* - physical instruction. Go and take a lesson there, and
you will be better and wiser, whoever you are, young or
old.
Patrice’e Defiance Safe, 192 Pearl street,
(Gayler’s Patent,) is an article that has been proved and
tried in every possible emergency, and will stand fire un
der all eon e vable eircun? stances. It is, in reality, a “safe”
that, has never yet failed to protect everything entrusted
to it. -
Chemical Cosmetics. —Probably no savant
has ever succeeded so admirably as Dr. Gouravd, of 67
Walker street, in applying the wonderful discovert and
resultfi of modern chemistry, to the production of cos
metics, soaps, hair dyes. Ac., Ac. Every lady, whatever
may be her age or po*i isn, ought to be triad to avail her
celf of the Doctor’s immense researches into the arcana
of beauty and science
Prize DAGCERKEoiyPiPB.—Gd to Gurney’s,
corner of Broadway and Leonard street, for daguerreo
types which are daguerreotypes—which, whatever may
be the ewe with the originals, always .remain true and
faithful, as rays of light to the sun himself, and are in
capable of deception.
The “ Staff” of Life. —lf you really want
to know what this is, and to take a short pull at it, drop
in at Staff’s, 333 Broadway, where spirits choice do con
gregate, and where you can find everything you may
want of the best and purest. There isn’t a better place
in town.
Splendid Family Groceries. —W. Et. Un-
DERliill, comer of Broome and Crosby streets, has always
a fresh, choice and admirable assortment of liquors and
family groceries, including all those innumerable delica
cies of the table and those piquant little family jars,”
so universally found in all properly conducted diaing
rooms. Ladies, housewives I Go one—go all—and eive
Underhill a calll
Ladies’ Riding SoHooL.-Digßßow,the prince
of riding masters, centianes to instruct tho Tiaui lon in
our luxurious metropolis, iu the healthful aa4 grace-im
■ parting artef riding ; and the consequence of h»s philan
thropic exertions has made itself very perceptibly during
the lartfew years, in the increased ease, elasticity and
elegance of manner in our elegants. Health, of course,
is incalculably promoted by this exercise, and no woman
is now coseideted an accomplished lady - Unless she cap
ride, as well as walk and dress.
Currier, the Baker. —Just taste the cakes
or break the loaves produced at 205 Greenwich street, by
Currier, and you’ll never like to profane your jaws by
masticating anything shorter. Several of our most pa
triotic citizens would depart for Cuba to-morrow, but
that they are eo fond of Currier’s bread, they don’t like
to leave.
More Arrangements for the Bal Pare.—
Of course, one of the most essential things for a baZ pare
(or in fact for any other ball,) is a pair of exactly the
right kind and style of slippers. Of ceurse the ladies,
aware of this fact, flock in crowds t.o Cahill’s, 377 Broad
way, where every variety of Satin, Kid, Gold and Silver
Slippers, Silver Gaiters, and all kinds of the latent fa
ahions of Gentlemens’ Boots and Shoes, Muses’ and Chil
dren’s Shoes, Ac., &c., are forujid in the highest state of
perfection. The ladies always find out and appreciate
such a man as Cahill.
Goldsmith’s New RooMs.-The elegance, and
even sumptuous magnificence with which Goldsmith has
fitted up his Temple of the Pen, 362 Broadway, deserve
more tha» a passing notice. Mr. Goldsmith is a man of
great taste, unrivalled skill, and untiring energy. He
has succeeded in teaching hundreds and thousands of aur
citizens (especially ladies.) to write fluently and with
ease and elegance who otherwise would have blundered,
blotted and mis-spelled themselves through the world.
And, as to our young men—how is it possible that so
many of them still write poor, miserable and awkward
hands, (so much so that many of them are ashamed to
write a note to a lady ) —when such a man as Goldsmith
lives, and is benevolently disposed to impart hu know
ledge to all ? Let this matter be taken into grave conside
ration, and Jet us hear no more of bad writing, while wo
have a Goldsmith among us. This is a special edict, and
must be obeyed, on pain of being scratched out with the
big blade.
Greater Bargains than Ever. —All those
splendid Shawls, Silks and Plaids, will be sold off without
regard to profit, also a large lot of Silk Velvets, Ladies’
Cloths and Cassimeres, Flannels, Blankets, and all kinds
of Domestic Goods will be sold off at great bargains.—
Ladies, give G. M. Bodine a call, at No. 323 Grand street,
corner of Orchard.
Perham’s Gift EaNtrrprisb-Contradiction.
—The report, which has been largely circulated, that Mr.
Perham had been heard to say, {in Cooper's Coffee Room,
Nassau st. A that he had made all be wanted by the affair
and that the Shareholders must do the best they could’
or words to that effect, we cannot trace to any reliable
source. He may have been in Cooper's and said se, but
we cannot find any person who heard him say it. We
believe the shareholders are perfectly safe, flying reports
(like the above,) to the contrary notwithstanding.
Cough, Spitting Blood, Consumption and
Asthma.—Hyatt’s Life Balsam is daily curing these dread
ful dipeases, after all other remedies have failed. Mr. A.
H. Parker, 197 Centre st., was afflicted with distressing
cough, raising of blood, Pain in the Breast, Night Sweats,
&c. He was restored to perfect health by the Life Balsam.
Asthma.—The daughter of Mr. 0. Cole, 248 Third avenue,
was for 6 years afflicted with Asthma, and so severe was
the spahins that the breast bone was forced out of place,
and she kad to be watched day and night to prevent Buffo- 1
cation. The I jfe Balsam restored her to entire health. No *
cure ever effected.by any other medicine can equal this.
75 cents per bottle. Principal office, 246 Grand-st. PS-
Patients afflicted with similar diseases, will please ask for
the Pulmonic Life Balsam.
Rheumatism, Scrofula, Gout, Cancer, &c.
Hiatt’s Life Balsam, as attested by a thousand desperate
cases, which have appeared in the Sun, Herald, and other
. papers, is the great reliable purifier. Among the latest
L of King’s Evil, that of Wm. Houael, 12 Willett-st.,
A who suffered by a deep and loathsome acrofulous ulcer
m under the left ear, the swelling from which covered the
f neek. Mr. R. Gardener, as sworn before Mayor Wester
velt, June 30,1852, was cured of a terrible ulcer that had
existed 12 years, and destroyed his nose In Rheamatism
Gout, Neuralgia, &c., the cases of tbe Hon. J. V. D Fowler’
188 Stanton-st., and Mr. B. Rice, 32 Grove-st., stand forth
among the most astonishing cures ever effected. They
were completely crippled, and suffered all that man could
suffer and live. You who are afflicted, go visit those
P6r b “ ttle - i>ria4ipal de J>° l >
Gerrit Smith. —This gentleman, member of
Congress from the Madison District of this stats, how
ever much we may differ from him in many of his
views, we are free to say, promisee to make his mark
in Washington. Along life of active benevolence
and effort, sometimes, as we have thought, illy direct
ed, but always on his part, aa we have no reaaon to
doubt, honest and well meant, hu nuula his name fa
miliar to the people of United States. Merely aa an
external man, Mr. Smith hae the advantage of most of
his His tall person, maaaive head, and plaas
ent voice and eye, are well calculated to attftt
and captivate an audience; while in a scholarly use of
language, the management of hie pointe of argument
of illustration, grace and flexibility ot motion, perfect
control of himself and his powers, courtesy, and the
harmonious utterance of his periods, he has few equals.
He is now about sixty years of age, with the draw
back of poor health. As all the world know, and es
pecially the poor people he has blessed, and the be
nevolent purposes he has added to sustain, he is rich
But no one perhaps has ever made a less objectionable
use of wealth, than Gerrit Smith
OFFICE, 22 BEEKMAN STREET.
SEW YCU, SSDAI JAS. 8, ISM.
The Erie Riots, so Called.
Does any sate man believe for a moment, that a
mere question of “ pies and cakes” for the supply of
passengers, or even the question of a break of gauge
in its largest sense, has produced the late melancholy
occurrences at the city of Erie anti its vicinity ? The
Tiibune and the Timei of this eity, should have
known better, or if they know better, they were bound
to handle the subject with fairness and candor. Even
Mr. Greeley, In a letter from Cleveland, under date of
January l,saye that the “ vital question, stripped of
all disguises and verbiage, is—Shall there.be a break
of gauge at Erie ?” Now this is in no just sense true,
any more than it would be true to say that a simple
pin in a steam engine, is the “ vital question” with
the engine. It may be a vital iptutim, but it i» no
more ao tha> the other pins and parts of the machine.
So with the questions of the Erie difficulties. The
break of gauge has beoome a prominent point in the
eontroveray, but the difficulties did not originally
hinge on that, nor is it now the main question, further
than by reason of its intimate relation to the real
matters in dispute.
On looking over tbe railroads In the western part
of this state, an< across the Pennsylvania neck, on
which is Erie, and onward into the state of Ohio, we
are at once struck with the whinuieal changes of
gauge, which occur every once is a a few miles. The
track of the old Central road, from Albany to Buffalo,
Is 4 feet 8 1-2 inches wide. From Buffalo, on west to
the Pennsylvania line, the road is of the width ef tha
roads in Ohio, that ia, 4 feet and ten inches. The N.
Y. and Erie Road from New York to Dunkirk, whera
the road running west from Buffalo crosses it, is six
feet; and the road from the Pennsylania line to Erie,
is six feat Now the little city of Erie, containiug
some eight thousand inhabitants, cannot well be held
responsible for all these ridiculous breaks. We must
look somewhere else for that. And how came the
Ohio gauge in the state of New York at all, when we
already had two gauges of our own, and certainly
could find no reasonable use for a third ?
A slight examination into the history of those roads
throws much light upon that complicated affair. The
New York and Erie Road was completed to Dunkirk
in 1856. The people of Brie at once made a move to
connect their city with this terminus, and to this end
the Erie and North East Company entered into an
agreement with the N. Y. and Erie Company to con
struct a six feet track from Erie to the State line,
where the N. Y. and Erie Company were to meet it by
an extension of their track from Dunkirk. This
would h ve furnished a six foot track, without break,
from Erie to New York. But the people of Bufialo
and the Central Railroad took the alarm. The trade
of Buffalo and the interests of that road were deemed
to be in danger. Public meetings were called, nego
tiations became active; but the result of the whole .
was, as the people of Erie persisted in their preference
to unite with the New York and Erie Road by the
wide gange, that the Buffalo and Central interests
determined to extend their road also around the lake,
and from Dunkirk west, side by side with the wide
gauge road to Erie. They accordingly commenced
the work, an extension of the 4 foot 8 inch track. But
soon a still more advantageous plan of proceeding sug
gested itself. If they were to build a road to Erie, for
the sake of the western trade and travel, why; not
adept the Ohio, or 4 foot 10 inch gauge, which would
be met at Erie, and thus secure a break at Buffalo ?
The road was therefore changed to a 4 foot 10 inch
gauge. In the end, however, the Buffalo and Central
interest managed to bluff off the N. Y. & Erie Com
pany from their design and agreement to extend their
road west to the Pennsylvania line ; and this accom
plished, instead of continuing an additional track to
Erie, it was determined to obtain the direction of the
Erie and North East Road, and change the track.
This was ultimately accomplished, so far as the direc.
tion was concerned, and from aa attempt to change
the width of the track all the present difficulties have
sprung. The people of Erie, in their proceedings in
what are called tho mobs and riots, have acted nnder
the direction of the Mayor and public officers, and by
virtue of a city ordinance declaring the new track a
nuisance ; and as often as it is laid they proceed to
remove it.
There are other questions of moneyed and business
interests, such as the building of the Sunbury Railroad
south, opening a communication with Philadelphia,
which are claimed to hinge on the settlement of this
gauge question. But it is better to keep the matter
separated from foreign issues; and whether Buffalo is
to be benefited, or Erie, by any particular adjustment,
cannot atiect the right or wrong of the present con
troversy in the least.
It appears, then, that the gauge question from Erie
to the State line—for we find it is not the Erie people
alone who are conducting the war, but the inhabitants
of the eastern half of the neck, generally—is but the
termination or the crisis of a long series of struggles'
and rivalries between contending interests and prefer
ences. It is the final battle which is to decide al'
questions of the past, between Buffalo and Erie. If
Erie has contended for a Break in the gauge t» sub
serve her local interests, so has Buffalo, and obtained
it. Buffalo would doubtless like a continuous gauge
from the Far West, to pour the riches of wide valley
and prairie into her bosom,’ there all to be transhipped
to eastern marts. Erie, it seems to us, is far more
modest than this. She claims that as there must of
necessity be a break between the Ohio and New York
gauges somewhere, Erie, lying half way between, is
the natural point. Her road was first commenced,
and earliest completed : it was but natural that she
should select the wide gauge, and aim to connect with
the New York and Erie Railroad, which was nearest
and the shortest route to market, instead of striking
for Buffalo; and had it not been for the Buffalo and
Central interest, this woald readily have been accom
plished, and there would have been no complaint of
breaks, for there would have been no breaks. The Buf
falo interest it appears has produced them, has met and
thwarted Erie at every turn, and having the longest
purse, has finally obtained the direction of their local
road itself, and proposes to turn it into a feeder for
Buffalo.
Such being in brief the history of the affair, and
the views and feelings of the people of Erie, it must
be admitted that there is something more to the ques
tion than mere “cakes and pies.” Indeed it is evident
that the citizens of Erie, and the inhabitants of the
neck, goaded on by what they have deemed a series of
oppressions, have been led into their present position
without clearly foreseeing its very serious nature and
consequences ; and it certainly would be an act which
all men would praise, were the. great Central Railroad
interest to relieve them from their embarrassments by
the tender of a generous' compromise.
Competition for ths List of Letters.
The affidavits presented at the post-office on Monday
last, show the following as the respective circulations
of the three competitors:
Daily Herald, total average daily circulation,
in and out of the city— two cent paper, 48,500
Daily Sun, average circulation in the city,
this side of 54th-street—penny paper, 3a,000
Sunday Dispatch, average circulation in the
city this side of 54th-st.—a three cent weekly, 37,033
We are beaten by the Sun, as will be seen by the
figures. The Herald was thrown out of the list
because it did not specify what its circulation was in
the range of the post-office delivery, as required by
law. If the Sunday Dispatch and Sun had gone into
totals, of course these figures would have been much
larger. But the fact of the matter was that the
Herald, did not want the post-office printing. The
Sun and Dispatch were the only competitors; and had
it not been for the troubles of getting our new press
fairly to work, (which difiiculties happened to coma
during the very period in which we were called on to
specify the amount of our circulation,) the Sun would
have been minus one of its most interesting features,
this week. By the first of January, 1855, however,
our penny cotemporary may calculate on transferring
the list of letters to us. In this contest, tho Herald
was only anxious to show its whole daily circulation.
While some of our neighbors profess to doubt the truth
of the statement made by the Herald, we happen to
know that the figures given are as near correct as it
is possible to get them. That the circulation of the
Herald is larger than our own, wo know. Whit
we claim for the Dispatch is, that it has tha largest
local ,orcity circulation, the Sun excepted (and that we
shall not except much longer) of any daily, or weekly
newspaper printed in the city of New York. The
Harald's circulation is large it is true,, but certainly
one-half, if not more, goes md of the city. The reason
why the Dispatch has so small a circulation out of the
city, is, that we print a paper expressly prepared for
the country, from the matter which originally appears
in its columns, of which We printed on last weeks
edition over 56,000 copies for our regular subscribers.
If we put our city aud. country editions together we
might cypher up a weekly circulation of nearly 90,000.
But in our affidavit for the post office printing, we on
ly gave what the law called for. Though we are beaten
for the present we are by no means vanquished, nor is
it necessary for us to try to pull our neighbors down
in consequence of what has happened. “ Excelsior” is
our motto, and another year will show who is ahead
ih the good graces of the public. Forty thousand, in
the range of the post office delivery, will be the
mark for January Ist, 1855! Will the Swn and Her •
aid enter for the race?
What they think of us.
We occasionally come across an article in an Eng
lish paper that shows some of our trans-Atlantic
neighbors to be ; awake on the subject of the Unitel
States. The following extract from the London Ath
ancum will explain what we mean:
“ From scenes like these, showing intellect chained
or banished, or on the rock, or on the scaffold, it is a
pleasure to turn bur eyes to America, every day grow
ing more and more worthy of the pride which England
feels in her prosperity and power. There, at least, is
a home for free thought and the free pen. The world
has one government besides our own that does not
trembie at the moving of a feather or shrink before, a
daah of ink. Though its whole army does not number
11,000 men, and 8,000 of these are stationed in Tex is
and California to protect the frontiers from Indian
ravages, literature is uncontrolled. There are twenty
millions of muskets scattered throughout the home
steads ef the Republic; yet no one there dreams cf
gagging the village teachers, or preventing jurists
from discussing philosophical questions, as in some
parts of Europe. The glory cf Amenea might rest on
this broad basis, had it no other. But its fearlessness
is not the only feature of its liternture. More than
once of late we have had to speak of the evident
growth of new and finer elements in the literature of
that great, country—the elements of nationality and
imagination. The old objection to American books
that their theme* were borrowed, and their treatment
was dry and literal, has every day less force. Ameri
can authors hare learned to lean on their genius, to
trust for interest to the scenery of their own country
and the emotions of their own hearts. The murals o'
the great Transatlsntic Continent begin to look with
the eyne of the American Muse—the native and pecu
liar music of its boundless spaces to speak by her
tongue. Thus, by the Bide of a material activity neve
surpassed, the land has not waited to grow old for ex
pressions of its own picturesque. The steamer, the
railway, the telegraph, aondact te realm* of fancy as
well as to realms of fact. The wood nymph* have
found their way into the glade* of the primeval forest.
The sylphs have made a new home on the mountain
tops. The muses of song and reverie are daring to
build their temple close by the shrine of the ’almighty
dollar.’ ”
Thu Ball in Motion.— Private letters re
ceived in the city yesterday by the Canada, state that
England and France have formally declared war
against Russia, and that Lord Palmerston would re
sume hi* seat in the British Cabinet. If this report
should prove correct, we may conclude that the Revo
lutionary Ball will roll over Europe again to more pur
pose than it did in 1848. When kings again fall into
tbe hands of the people, we fear there will be less for
bearance than was manifested on the last occasion,
when crowned beads had to bow to the masses.
The Austrian budget fur 1854 shows
> Ceheit ot tO,OCO,COO of florins.
The New Common Council.
The Board of Aiderman was organized on Monday
last by the election of Nathan C. Ely, of the 17th
Ward, as President; David T. Valentine the veteran
elerk was unanimously re-appointed to his post, and
Hart B. Weed, appointed Sergeant at Arms, vice
Nicholas Seagriet, removed’ Several clerks were ap
pointed. An attempt was made on the part of the
Democratic members to appoint John H. Chambers
Deputy Clerk, but this proposition was laid on the ta
ble. It is rather cool to ask “Reformers” to retainany
one of the especial friends of the old Board In office,
as a Reform measure. If the new Aidermen consult
their own interests and the general wishes of the peo
ple they will retain no man in office whoee recommen
dation is so strongly urged on them.by the old Aider
men as is that of Mr. Chambers. Besides we rather
doubt the propriety of paying a salary out of the city
treasury to keep a man in effice who is not a friend to
a reformation in the city government. Mr. Chambers’
qualifications we have no reason to doubt. Personally
we have no objections to the man. But if the majority
is to be held responsible for the proceedings of the
coming year, it does strike ns that the only way to ac
complish any good, is to secure the hearty co-opera
tion of every officer under the city government. For
these reasons we go for a change in the office of Depu
ty Clerk.
The Mayor’s message was presented on Monday,
and is a document that contains many important sag.
gestions. The removal of Washington Market up
town—the revision of the Charter and ordinances—
lighting the wharves and piers, &c., &c., are among
the matters referred to in Mayor Westervelt’s annual
communication. These matters deserve, and will
doubtless, receive at the hands of the Common Coun
cil, an early consideration.
The various Heads of Departments have already
been called on for information which will be of great
interest to the public when it comes to be sifted.
A movement has also been started to cut down the
salaries of officers of the city government, which have
been so unnecessarily raised duringjthe past year by
tbe old Board. The Democrats deserve great credit
for thismovement and we have no doubt the “Reform
ers” will heartily second them in this reform measure.
The plan of creating fat salaries to sinecure offices for
the purpose of rewarding the friends of Aidermen, is
one of the practices which has lately grown to such
an extent as to require the sharpest kind of a “Re
form” knife to lop them off. It is a disease that is
something like cancer, even if you do cut it oat it
may sprout again. But an effort should be made to
abolish the evil. Let it be understood that the same
kind of service will command no more pay in public
employment than can be had for it in private business,
and there will be less scrambling for office and less
corruption about election times. Those in tbe employ
of the city, ought to have fair pay for the service they
render, and no more, and we doubt not such will he
tbe early*decision of the new Common Council. On
the subject of salaries, the Board of Councilmen
have passed on the Comptroller for
a detailed statement of the salaries of all officers un
der the city government , and what increase has been
made to them during the past year, and whether any
of the salaries so increased were ante-dated, and
whether any pay has been allowed for extra services.
In the Twentieth Ward case, Mr. McConkey _ap
peared, was sworn in and took his seat, much to the
surprise of both Whigs and Democrats. Mr. Cumings
H. Tucker protested against his being sworn, but the
certificate was in his possession and the Mayor had no
alternative but to administer the oath. A committee
was appointed to investigate the case and report as
soon as possible. Under the circumstances of the
case, we really did not think Mr. McConkey would
have taken the step he did. Tbe consequences of this
act he must charge to himself *r the friends who ad
vised him to appear and take his seat. The case will
in all probability be decided to-morrow afternoon. The
Committee who have the matter in charge are Aid.
Woodward, Blunt, Covert, Wakeman and Mott.
A resolution was passed, asking for the opinion of
the Chief Engineer on several points, and for informa
tion in reference to the present state of the Fire De
partment. When this information is given, we may
expect a general overhauling of the firemen.
The new Board- of Aidermen are hardly initiated
yet. But in the course of a few weeks they will be at
work, and from 'their action the public will be able to
decide whether they have made a change for the better
or worse in the selection of the present incumbents.
The Councilman had a hard time in getting a Pre
sident. At last, however, somewhere about midnight
on Thursday, Mr. Brown, from a Council DLtrict
of the 15th Ward, was elected on the 48th ballot!
How this new body will progress with public business
is yet a question. But we believe that the people
pretty generally condemn the system, even before it
has been tried. But we shall soon see how it works.
There are some good men among the new Councilmen,
and we hope they will be vigilant in discharging their
duties. Sometimes one honest man is more than a
match for a dozen rogues. Only don’t let the specu
lators pull the woo! over your eyes, gentlemen, and >
you may beceme more popular with the people than
is now generally anticipated.
Govenor’s Message.
Govehor Ssymour’s message to the Legislature of
the State of New York, is of moderate length, and
though by no means a great paper, is entirely respec
table, and compares well with like productions from
Governor's of other States. He conflnesjhimself to the
common interests and topics of the day, which he
handles mainly in a direct ■ common sense manner,
without any attempt at rhetoric or display: and this
of itself is no small matter of praise.
In contrasting the present of our State, with the
the past, he speaks in warm terms of the patriotism
and btatemanship which have so prosperously guided
the affairs of the commonwealth, and have made one
people, and joined in harmonious neighborhood con
flicting elements gathered from every nation of the
civilized world. Every language of Europe is spoken
in the State of New York, and every sect and opinion
meet and mingle here, and yet all is peaceful, and
every individual lives in the free and undisturbed en
joyment of his rights.
The Govenor’s recommendation of a separation of
tho office of Superintendent of Common Schools from
that of Secretary of State, and his reasons for the
same, do not strike us with much force. Wo see in
the proposed change just the opposite of his anticipa
tions. The labor which falls to the share of the Sec
retary of State, aside from the Common Schools, is
little or nothing; and it would not, in our judgment,
be calculated to give “more prominence” to our ed.
ucational system, and to “elevate it in the public es
timation,” toj confer on it an exclusive department
and ajseparate officer.
The Governor's views with respect to the manage,
ment of the state prisons, are worthy Jof attention.
The whole subject, he thinks, should be elevated above
the plane of party politics. We think so too. Oar
Deaf and Dumb Asylums, our establishments for the
safe keeping and reformation of juvenile delinquents,
etc., are placed in charge of philanthropic and compe
tent persons, without any reference to their political
opinions, or anything else, but their fitness for the
post. If our state prisons are to be wisely conducted,
with a regard to the highest interests of the state—
which are the reform of the offenders—the same rule
must ke adopted. We hope our Legislature will not
forget this part of the Message. The' additional sug
gestion that convicts should be allowed some portion
of their earnings, as a reward for industry and goal
conduct, is also a good one. This ,c*uld »go to the
benefit of their families, or be reserved for them against
the expiration of their terms of imprisonment Jas 1 a
means of support, or of getting into business ; and in
either case, it would stimulate hope,) and furnish in
ducements to an improved course of life. Many dis
charged convicts are forced by poverty, and the pre
judices of the community which deny them employ
ment, again to the commission of crime.
Tho Governor very properly declares many of the
jails of the State, nurseries of crime. He recommends
a thorough overhauling of the matter by the Legisla
ture, and refers them to the Albany Penitentiary as
a model; which is an object of interest to other
States and other lands, for its thorough discipline, and
perfect management, and the philanthrophy manifest
in all its arrangements. While most of the jails of the .
State are moral cankers and heavy bills of expense to
the counties, the Albany Penitentiary, under an im
proved system, not only sustains itself but actually
yields a revenue beyond its expenses.
The Governor recommends a modification of *ur
usury laws, hut does not state in what particular. We
are always better pleased to see our public function
aries toe the mark, and if they have any ideas, give
them bravely to the people. So in the present in
stance we should have preferred a programme from
Governor Seymour, rather than an evasion ; but he
has the precedents of two many of his illustrious pre
dece®ors in support of the course he has adopted, to
warrant much fault finding over the peint.
The central portion of the message is devoted to
the subject of our Canals, and to a temperate review
of onr achievments in this field, and our past and
future policy. The speedy completion of the enlarge
ment, and of the Black River and Genesee Valley
canals, we regard as settled. So we judge does Gov
ernor Seymour, and we care not now to follow very
deeply into a vexed question, which, though it may
have had a beginning, seems little likely ever to have
an end, at least in the present generation. The Govern
or declares, however, that a debt for Canal and Get
eral Fund purposes, of over one million dollars, l»s
been incurred in deragation of the Constitution, and
if this be se, we heartily *econd his recommendation
of a law prohibting expenditures after appropriation!
are exhausted, or where there are no funds applicable
to their payment.
On the subject of the Maine Law, the Governor is
as nearly on both sides ot the fence as is possible. He
denounces intemperance as a fruithful source of misery,
destitution and crime ; declares that the laws on the
subject, especially in our large towns and cities, are
not strictly enforced ; says that the evils have been
greatly aggravated by the largely increasing practice
of using deleterious drugs in the manufacture of in
toxicating liquors, which are productive of the most
pernicious effects upon the mental and physical con
dition of those who use them; but that hitherto the
restraints of education, morality and religion, and the
efforts of philanthropic individuals and associations,
have been more effective than legislative enactments,
in checking the evil. With a caution to the Legisla
ture to be judicious, he turns the embarrassing subject
over to them.
On the question of the public lands, Governor Sey
mour is less timid. He lays down the broad proposi
tion that the people are in favor of granting the public
lands to actual settlers—in other words, of granting to
every poor citizen a farm from the public domain, who
is ready to go on to it and improve it Gov. Seymour
thinks this would be right—and so do we—much bet
ter tba» giving it -in large quantities into the hands of
speculators. We invite Congress to make a note of
this part of the message of our Governor.
Evening Schools. —The Board of Ednca
tion, as will be seen by reference to the announcs
ment in another column, have made arrangements to
continue these exeelleat schools, for the benefit of
thoee who cannot spare time to attend d«y schools.
Under our glorious system of Free Schools there i*
no longer any excune for ignorance among the rising
generation. Let no parent fail to allow his children
to take advantage of either our day or evening
schools. That which is now offered without money
and without price, in after life will be the richest bless
ing to the recipient. Taik of power and patronage,
wielded by State* and Nations. Why, the Board of
Education of th* city *f New York, wields a pow
er more formidable than ever was in the hands of any
monarch on tbe globe, aad its fruits are now, and
will continue to be manifested in the affairs of the
world We would rather held a place in this honor
able body than be prime minister to Q«een Victo
ria or the Emperor Nicholas.
I®’’ The United States Mail steamship Pa
cific sailed at noon yesterday for Liverpool, with 64
I passengers, and $270,000 in specie.
A Eaniel Come to Judgment.
Light is pouring in upon us in continued and unin
terrupted streams. Scarcely a day passes—seldom
sets there a sun, that does not witness, amid mighty
and convulsive throes, the birth of a new, and some
times, an exceedingly bright idea, —of a brilliant
thought—that not only startles men and angels from
their propriety, but sometimes sets the world a-blaze
from the very Btupendousness of it
Of course, the reader has beard of Cheever, the Rev.
Dr. Cheever,—the Cheever who has been somewhat
famous at home and abroad for his journey work efforts
at doctoring divinity and morals, and in keeping his
name before the people in connection with popery,
blazes and novels: well, this same Cheever has
achieved the birth cf the very latest idea—one which
only a Cheever could achieve, or a Cheever give full
utterance to—one that all the physicians since the
days of Faust—physicians to the body, we mean
have not had brains enough to discover. It was
reserved for the Rev. Dr. Cheever, Columbus-like, to
adventure upon an unknown sea, and discover a fact
in every day science as huge as a continent, although
not, perhaps, quite as stable. Unfortunately, unlike
newly-discovered lands, we can’t give ideas latitude
and longitude. It is true, we may travel over them;
we may even succeed in grasping them for the
time; and, but for their propensity to elude
the mental clutch, mightjretain them long enough to
Bee of what they were made. We have said, and it
cannot be too often repeated, that Dr. Cheever is the
most prolific parent of ideas of any man of his cloth
here or elsewhere; but his last effort surpasses in
magnitude, in profundity, in clearness, in originality
of design, any of its predecessors, and opens a new
and wide field for the exploration of those who are
fond of investigating the nature and causes of in
sanity.
Until Doctor Cheever opened his mouth at a Pres
byterian church in Williamshurgh, on Thursday even
ing last, in a lecture on the “ Military Discipline of
the Intellect,” we had been led to suppose that insan
ity was, when not hereditary, a resultant of some un
due excitement, such as injury, love, excess of appe
tite, or misfortune, acting violently upon the reflective
or other faculties of a brain not well balanced, that is,
possessed in excess of animal, sentimental, or intel
lectual powers ; and so we believe have thought all
those who have studied into the causes which have
produced permanent or temporary insanity; but it was
reserved- for our reverend lecturer, with one wag of
his tongue, to sweep away such crude digestions, and
apparently without an effort, to point out the “cause
and cure” of mental misdirection. “ Newspapers,”
said the reverend gentleman, in substance, with a So
cratian stare at the audience, “is the cause of much
of the insanity in our asylums. To the reading of
newspapers may we ascribe nearly all the marked ea
ses of this disease which have afflicted families and
communities. To newspapers are we indebted for in
sane’ asylums: to newspapers’may wa attritrate, ahd
justly, the suicides, murders, and other crimes, that
haunt and curse society. Those who would discipline
their minds, I would recommend to avoid, as they
would the Evil One, these mischievous publications.
Persons cannot be too watchful of themselves who
peruse the columns of the newspaper. Gradually they
become more and more interested with its contents,
and ere they are aware of it reason is dethroned, and
soon they beeome raving maniacs—fit subjects for the
mad house 1 Let young; men heed this advice—avoid
newspapers, novels, and everything of light character.
The military discipline of their minds can be best con
served and developed by the frequent perusal of Bun
yan’s Pilgrim’s Progress. It contains everything ne
cessary to the enlightenment of the Christian, and
with the inspired volume, is all-sufficient for the li
brary.”
There, reader, we have given you the Rev. Dr. Chee
ver’s latest and newest idea in form, if'not in lan
guage. Is it not a brilliant one ? Ought it not to be
engraved in letters of bronze on plates of brass, and
'suspended at every corner of the town? We hope
Dr. Cheever will at once enter on a crusade against
newspapers, [and succeed in consigning them (as he
hopes te do everything else that is not of his way of
of thinking,) to a place more frequently named in his
own pulpit, than in the columns of any journal of the
land.
• A matter bo serious ought tojae treated gravely. If
insanity is the effect of newspaper reading, it is high
time they were frowned down, and we know of no
abler champion for a Quixotic escalade of the fortress
of journalism than the valiant champion of sane-bru
tality, (this hybrid combination conveys one mean
ing,) the discoverer of the last most significant thought
of an age blessed with the presence of a Dr. Cheever.
There are today not less than six millions of news
paper-readers in this country—men and women—who
find the journal, whether weekly or daily, a necessity,
not a luxury, of their lives; and these men and women
must, according to Dr. Cheever, become raving ma
niacs—human beasts, bereft of that noblest of all the
attributes vouchsafed of Heaven; these millions must
be shut up in mad-houses, there must die—for how
few are restored to reason—God help them, amidst
savage bowlings, fearful anathemas, jeers and ima
ginary torments, and be plunged into eternity, to
stand before the seat of judgment, aad give an account
of the deeds done in the body : and there insanity will
not be accepted as an excuse for the grievous sin of
reading a newspaper! The thought is terrible. Hu
manity shudders at the revolting picture, thus sum.
moxied to light by Dr. Cheever!
General Santa Anna.
This celebrated gentleman with the cork leg, occu
pying the place of perpetual dictator to the Republic
of Mexico, with the power of naming his successor,
is about to*foilow in the footsteps, as rumor hath it,
of his iiilustrious predecessors, Louis Napoleon of
France, and Sable Solouque of Hayti, and assume the
impereal purple.
Little is known of the early life of this notorious
factionist His birth place is supposed to have been
Vera Cruz, and his parentage Spanish. He was pro
bably born not far from 1790, as we find him a cadet
in a Spanish regiment of infantry at Vera Cruz, in
1812. His promotion was rapid, and in 1821 he had
reached the post of Lieutenant Colonel, still in the
Spanish service. Soon after this he sided with the
patriots in their contests with the mother country,
and at the decisive battle of Cordova, commanded the
patriot cavalry. The Spanish forces were defeated;
Vera Cruz was subsequently captured, andgthe enemy 1
' forced to set sail for Spain, Santa Anna, meanwhile,
being in command of the patriots. As the reward of
his valor he was made commander of his native city;
but in the following year, having had some disagree
ment wth Iturbide, he was ignobly dismissed. He
immediately raised the standard of the republic, and
made war on the usurper. Iturbide was dethroned
and eventually put to death.
In 1827 Gea. Santa Anna became governor of Vera
Cruz, ip 1833, reached the presidency of Mexico, and
in 1835, backed by a strong party, he dissolved the
federal, and adopted the central system of government.
The Texan troubles followed. That province had been
(settled mostly from the United States, and a consti
tutional independence guarantied it, after the model
of onr own federal league. This was now sought to
be subverted, and replaced, substantially, by a milita
ry despotism. The attempt to coarce Texas into sub
mission, precipitated a revolution, and a declaration
of independence followed. In the end, on the bloody
field of San Jacinto, the dictator himself was defeated
and captured.
On being released from captivity, Gen. Santa An
na retiredfora time to his beautiful estate at Mango
de Clavo. The difficulty with France in 1838 brought
him again upon arena of public affairs, and in the de
fence of Vera Cruz, he lost his leg. After many vi
cessitndes he was again made president in 13-11, and
governed with absolute authority until 1844, when a
new revolution hurled him from power,, and banished
him from the country. His successors found them
eelves unable to carry on the government, and cope
with the United States; and in the midst of alarm
and disaster, Santa Anna, having succeeded in deceiv
ing our government as to his real intentions, and
gaining permission to pass the American lines with
his suite, landed at the blockaded port of Vera Cruz,
and proceeded on to the capital? His journey -thence
is very properly said to have resembled a “ Roman
ovation.” He was everywhere hailed as . a deliverer,
and entered the city of Mexico as a c onqueror.
Santa Anna signalized his return to power by re
ploclaiming the constitution of 1824. He then placed
himself in person at the head of the army, with the
avowed determination to chastise and expel the inva
ders. On the 22d of February, 1846, he encountered
General Taylor at Buena Vista. His forces numbered
17,000 ; those of Taylor between 4,000 and 5,000.
The contest which ensued was doggedly continued,
and extremely sanguinary. Santa Anna, with his vast
numerical superiority, could not think of withdraw
ing, while Taylor, stubborn as a mule, refused to re
treat, or to consider himself flogged. The battle lasted
two whole days, when the Mexicans were routed, and
Santa Anna found himself compelled t« retreat in order
to save the shattered remains of his army.
As disaster followed disaster, in the succeeding
months, Santa Anna was deposed from power by the
Senate, but as chief magistrate, refused to obey. In
the following campaign, he was again called to the
head of the army, and opposed Scott in his victorious
career into the interior of the State. The decisive
battle of Cerro Gordo, again, for the time being, ex
tinguished this many-lived Mexican hero. A revolu
tion at the capital, placed D’Arran in the chair of State;
but at the approach of the United States army, the
people arose and once more restored Santa Anna to
power. His attempts to defend the capital, however,
proved futile. It fell into the hands of Scott, and
Santa Anna fled. Ultimately he made his way to
Kingston, Jamaica, and thence proceeded to Carthan
gena.New Grenada, where he has mostly resided
since, with his beautiful and accomplished lady ; but
avowedly awaiting a favorable tide in affairs, which
should recall him to his native country. That tide
ultimately came, and appears to have been accompa
nied by a fair wind, for the Dictator of Mexico has
never seemed, to the external eye, more firmly seated
in power than at the present moment. To consider
Don Antonio Lopez Do Santa Anna in the light of a
small man, a weak man, a humbug, or a coward, would
be to do him great injustice. No ruler ever had worse
material to mould into a stable form, than Mexico pre
eants. His ups-and-downs—the singular and rapid
vicissitudes of his life, which remind one of the equally
extraordinary adventures of Jack the Giant-Killer,
are partly the consequence of this heterogenous na
tional material, and partly of his overweening amhi.
tion and love of absolute rule. But really in point of
intellect and knowledge, vigor, and facility of plan
and execution—as a courageous soldier and firm gov
ernor—he is not to be despised ; but compares very
well with his contemporaries in other parts of the
world.
The Nbw Republic.—Gov. Walker, of the
new Republic of Lower California, lately set down on
the map as ajpart of Mexico and known as the State
of Sonora, has issued a Proclamation addressed to the
people of the United States, giving the reasons why
he and his associates thought it neceasai-y to go in and
take that fertile region of country. After quoting the
story of the Dog in the Manger, he says they conclud
ed as Mexico had failed to turn Sonora to any useful
account, they had resolved to do it for her. Walker
believes in the “manifest destiny” of the Yankee race
and means to do his part towards bringing in the
surrounding States that are not yet included under
the stars and stripes. On reading his pronunciamento
we hardly knew which moat to admire, his impudence
or his humor.
“Wonders will Nbvrr Chase.” —The Sun
of yesterday informs its readers that a committee of
Printers presented Mr. Beach with a book case, on
New Year’s Day. This, we suppose, Is intended as a
slight token of the appreciation of the eraft for the
unifcim generosity of that concern to printers and
working men generally, tn throwing cold water on
every effort they make to improve their condition by
getting a fair remuneration for their labor. The re
port says Mr. Reach was surprised and agitated on
tbe occasion. If he was not, he certainly ought to
have been. Tbe idea of a committee of printers mak
ing a New Year’s Present to the Proprietor of the
New York Sun is decidedly good 1
Latest Telegraphic News.
WINANS, HANOVER St., REPORTERS,
Arrived of the El Dorado—Nine Days Later from
California.
Nbw Orlhajts, Jan. 6.
The steamship El Dorado has arrived from Aspinwall,
bringing nine days later news from California, which was
brought down to" Panama by the steamship Gelden Gate.
Tbe steamship John L. Stephens, from Panama, arrired
at San Francisco, on the 16‘h of December. The accounts
from San Francisco are up to the 16th ult. Markets gene
rally, were unchanged, and the business doing was fkir.
Accounts from the mining districts are favorable. The
steamship George Law had left Aspinwall with the pas
sengers, mails and specie brought down by the Golden
Gate, for Mew Yerk.
SECOND PXSI’ATCH.
The Nicaragua steamship, Daniel Webster, hae also ar
rived here from San Juan. The Fillibuster excitement
was still as great as ever. Two hundred and fifty volun
teers bad sailed from San Francisco equipped with amuni
tion for Lower California, the authorities of that city not
Interfering with them. There had ben a great many ar
rivals out from the Atlantic States, Tne markets at
San Francisco was generally dull.
From The. Capital, Steamer San Francisco, S»
prone Cowt Decision—Erie Troubles &c,
W-ASHiNGroN, January, 7th.
Among those on board the Steamer San Francisco, is a
married daughter of Mr. Everett, a married daughter
of Judge Tany, the wife of Col. Taylor, and other persons
well known in this community. The department has
decided that arrearages due to soldiers shall be paid
without administration, either to the widow of sach sol
dier, their sister,s father or mother, or their order, but to
no more remote heirs. Tbe Supreme Court has sustained
the validity of the La Hana and Las Omega grants
derived fr»m the Spanish Government, lying in Louisia
na and the Sabine. It is not believed that either branch
of the National Government will take cognizance of
the difficulties at Erie.
Illness of the Assistant Postmaster General Mr. Hobbie.
The Assistant Postmaster General is now confined to his
b®d by sickness in this city.
Buenos Ayres Consul. Genl. Wool &c. The President
has recognised Nalbro Frazier, as the Buenos Ayres Con
sul for Philadelphia. Among the late arrivals here is
Genl. Wool. Ex Gov. Foot, is expected here to-day,
bound on his way to California.
Dcalh of the Captain of the Schooner Ellen—Steamer
Arrival—Miss Davenport.
Philadklphia. Jan. 7th.
The schooner Ellen, from Richmond for New Orleans,
put into Barrington yesterday with the loss of sails, rig
ging, &0., and the captain dead.
The steamer City of Boston arrived here te-day from
Boston.
Miss Davenport has a good house at the Chesnut this
evening.
Maryland Legislature—Governor's Missage.
Baltimorb, Jan. 7.
The Governor’s Message, of this State, was delivered
to-day.
The Message is principally devoted to the affairs of the
State. He says the receipts of the Treasury exceed the
expenses, but are not as large as those of last year.
James W. French has been appointed as Pension Agent
at Albany.
No mail south of Washington to-night: three mails
now due.
Sentenced to Death.
Richmond, Jan 7.
Two negro women, slaves, have been sentenced to death
at Halifax, Va., for the murder of another negro.
The Steamship Empire City.
— — — Mount HOLly, N. J., JanTY—9 A. M.
The steamship Empire City is still ashore at Barnegat,
but has now listed to starboard. She will probably be
got off soon, as there are several vessels now at work
alongside of her endeavoring to get her off,
of the . Erie Rioters,
Erib, Pa., Jan. 7.
Four of the Harbor Creek Railroad rioters have been
arrested and taken to Pittsburg for trial. Their names
are Dr. Sherwin, J. Jacks, and the two Kilpatricks.
The Great Western Railroad. Weather, fyc.
Detroit January 7th.
It is stated here that the Great Western will be ready
to commence running next week, and the road will be
opened for travel on the following week.
In this city to-day the weather has been intensely cold,
tbe thermometer standing at 5 degrees below Zero.
The Albion Female Seminary, which wan burned last
week, estimates their loss at about $17,000
There was an insurance of SIO,OOO on the building.
Serwus Accident on a Railroad.
Lynn, Jan. 7.
Mr. Benjamin Mudge, of this city, while walking on the
track of the Eastern Railroad yesterday, was run over by
tbe cars, and so much injured that it is feared both his
legs will have to be amputated.
The Steamship San Francisco, Spoken, Leaking
Badly, and in a Critical Condition—The Wrecked
Ship Staffordshire. —Murderer Acquitted.
Reading Room, Boston, Jan. 7.
The Brig Napoleon, Captain Stout, which arrived here
this morning, from Matanzas—reports that on Dec. 25Lh,
inLat. 38:4 Long. 69:30, fell in with the Steamship San
Francisco, in distress ; her masts and all above her deck
gone, llie sea was making a fair breach over her.
The Captain stated that she was making water fast,
and requested Captain Stoat, to lay by him, which he did.
The next morning, she was not to be seen. She having
drifted av ay te the eastward.
When the Napoleon spoke th# San Francisco, there was
about two hundred persons on her deck.
The Capt. of the Brig Mariaj at Liverpool, from Nova
Scotia, reports that when he saw the San Francisco, Jthe
engines were not working, and the smoke pipe was gone.
The heavy gale at the time, prevented him from render
ing her any assistance. —-
The mate of the brig Napoleon, which spoke the San
Francisco on The 25th of December, states that the spray
and not the sea broke over the San Francisco; that part
of the hurrieane-kouse was standing, forward, and that
men were engaged in cutting it away and throwing it
overboard; and that smoke was seen issuing from the
galley. The San Francisco was on the south edge of the
Gulf Stream. The Captain of the Napoleon thought it
safer on the steamer th .an he was on his own vessel. The
mate of the Napoleon leaves for New York this afternoon.
The following is an extract of a letter from Halifax,
dated the 4th inst.—“ The schooner Export landed eleven
of the crew of the Staffordshire at Shelburne aad three at
Halifax Capt. Richardson was seriously injured th? day
before, and in bed at the time of the accident. The mate,
when leaving the vessel, held a pistol in his hand, and
prevented the passengers from getting into the boats.
One boat was capable of holding one hundred persons, in
which only eleven of the crew escaped. None of the pas •
sengers were saved.”
Prichard, a seaman on board the ship Harvard,
which arrived here to-day from Calcutta, was found on
board dead. A corpner’s jury will be held on the body
to-morrow. The crew of the H. alleged that the cause of
his death was brutal treatment; but the captain says that
it was disease of the heart.
The jury in the case of Dempsey, charged with the mur
der of his wife, have disagreed. It is thought that he
will be discharged to-night,
Dedssion of the Court of Appeals,
ALBANY JAN. 7th.
The court of Appealstave decided against the claims
of the Anti-Renters and it is now thought that a greater
portion of them will buy out their lease holds The
Court have also decided to over rule the law declaring
that every charitable bequest shall be specified injhe
will of the party making it.
McClintock's Family Medicines.
One of our daily cotemporaries, in speaking of Prof.
McClintock and the important step he has taken, yes
terday uses the following language -
“ There is no country in tbe world where such large
fortunes have been made by vending medicines as in
our own. The superficial extent of its territory, and
ite scattered population, render the services of a regu
lar physician unattainable in many localities, and con
sequently the sick have to depend upon those popular
recipes which experience has shown to be efficacious
in the treatment of diseases. It is remarkable that but
few of these medicines have been compounded by pro
fessional gentlemen, and this is the reason why reme
dies, excellent perhaps for specific cases, have been in
vested with panacean qualities by their proprietors,
and quackery made to usurp the place of science.
Fami’y Medicines of undoubted utility are indispensa
ble in our country; those who live remote from
settlements, and in sections which will not support
a regular physician, must depend upon their family
chest of remedies. To such, and indeed to all whose
circumstances will not allow them to retain skilful
praetitioneis, the retirement of Professor James
McClintock, M. D., from active practice, and the
arrangements which he has completed for a prepara
tion of various Family Medicines from his recepesj
will prove a most important announcement. There is
no physician in the country, who has had greater ex
perience in his profession, or been a more devoted
student ; or has had greater success both in practice
and as a teacher. He has filled the chairs of Anato
my, Surgery ahd Obstetrics in various Medical Col
leges, and what is of equal importance, has, as a phar
maceutist, ' devoted much attention to the prepara
tion of medicines. Eminently successful in his pri
vate practice ; extensively known for his medical
erudition ; skilled in the peculiar faculty of imparting
his own knowledge to others through lectures ; and
the instruction of more medical students than perhaps
any other man in the Union, Dr. McClintock is just
the person, whose experience, research and reputa
tion will beget that complete confidence in the public
mind which will relieve nis ciedicinea from all suspi
cion ot empiricism, and carry them into every house
as a blessing.
McClintock’s Family Medicines are remedies adapt
ed to particular diseases, put up in cheap form, and
suited to general distribution. Those who have tried
them know their virtues, and there are hun
dreds upon hundreds in our community who will
bear willing testimony to their value and their re
medial effects upon themselves. We cannot but regard
the determination of Dr. McClintock to popularize his
family medical raceipes, as an important hygei&n era
in the healing art, and we look with confidence to the
most happy results from their extensive introduction.
They are placed st cheap rates, which is characteristic
of Dr.McC., who would rather prescribe .gratuitously
for a dozen poor persons, than attempt to extort a fee
from those who could not afford it. Their certain effi
cacy, then, so far as they are endorsed by Dr. McClin
tock, and the rates at which they are placed, bringing
them within the means of all, seem to us an assurance
that McClintock’s Family Medicines will soon attain a
popularity and extent of sale unequalled by any popu
lar compounds which have heretofore been presented
to the public. The services of Mr. Alexander Cush
man, a graduate and membar of the N. Y. College of
Pharmacy, and a chemist of great experience, have
been engaged for the preparation of these medicines,
and his knowledge of drugs and apothecary’s
will ensure the use of the best and most genuine- arti
cles in all the compounds. Indeed every care has
been taken to bring the medicines before tne public
in the moss perfect manner, and these admirable pre
cautions will enhance their value and success.” We
refer our readers to the advertisement in another col
umn for a particular description of the?e remedies,
which are to be obtained of the principal apothecaries,
and at the office, of A. Cushman & Co., 122 Fulton st.
Literary Thieves.-— lt is seldom that we
allow ourselves to be imposed upon, by that despicable
•lass of beings (an exceedingly large class by the
way,) who, in order to get up a fictitious reputation
for themselves, are in the habit of appropriating the
compositions of others. Occasionally, however, in the
multiplicity of communications, which we receive,
and the hurry of making up matter for a sheet so
large as ours, an act. of plagiarism may escape our ob
servation. Such was the case some few weeks since,
when a poem entitled “ The Widowed Inebriate’s La
ment,” well known as an effort of Duganne’s, found its
way into our columns, with »the name of Byron W»
Sayre attached as the author. We have so often ex
pressed our opinion concerning persons who indulge
in such contemptible literary peculation, that little
remains for us to say, and we therefore publish the
following communication, merely remarking that the
wooden-headed numscull who has the Inordinate
vanity to aspire to the title of poet without brains
enough to concoct a nursery rhyme worthy a place
among <z Mother Goose’s Melodies,” becomes so un
mitigatedly mean and dishonest in his illegitimate
aspirations, as to fall beneath the contempt of even
the meanest of mankind. But to the letter:
Mr. Editor.— Plagiarism may frequently be car
ried on to some advantage, if not indulged in too free
ly,—too glaringly. But, when it is carried on so
boldly, and with so much independence, as is evinced
in one inatance in tbe last number of the “ People's
Paper," detection will most inevitably follow.
Some person signing himself Byron W. Sayre, has
sent to the “People's Paper," and has there published
as original, under his signature, a poetical production
headed: “ Lament of the Widowed Inebriate."
Who Mr. Sayre is, we do not know; but we think
he is not Mr. Duganne ; for his reputation as an au
thor, is established, and has long since come out from
under his nom de plume, if he ever assumed one.
Mr. Duganne is very evidely known, and his pro
duction of the “Lament of the Widowed Inebriate,’
is quite familiar to the reading public, having apnea r
ed a number ofmonths since— six to our knowledge.
It may be, however, that I am wrong in my charge
of plagiarism against Mr* Sayre ; for, at the time of
writing, he may have been imbued by the same spirit
that hovered in the brain of Mr* Duganne, at the time
he was uniting the same production. The only differ
ence being, that where Mr. Duganne uaes ‘thine', and
“ around," and ‘an undying grief, 1 Mr. Sayre, uses
‘yow,' ‘about,' and ‘never dying grief. 1
That two different poete could produce articles so
nearly alike, may be possible, but we do not think it
probable. Yours &c., Max Goldfield.
Short Pptticoats at the South West.—
Mhe Lucy Stone has recently been astonishing the
people of St Louis by her Women’s, Bights Lectures.
Her appearance in the streets Of that city was tha
principal topic of discussion for a week. Lucy, as
our readers know, is a decided Bloomer, and dresses
in the most masculine style. She not only goes in for.
the rights and principles af the male sex, but claims
and exercises the right of wearing the unmentionables.
From the reports of the St. Louis papers it appears
that Miss Lucy was very kindly received.
The Democratic Whig Young Men’s
Committee for 1854, assembled at the Broadway
Houfc on Friday evening, and organised by tbe elec
tion of Judge Welsh of the 2d Ward as Chairman ;
Benj. D. Quigg, Henry W. Genet and James Dewey as
Vice Chairmen, and Henry C. Miles, as Secretary.
London, Dec. 1853.
The state of oriental affairs still continues to be as
it has been for many months past, and aa it promises
to be for many menths to come, the main topic of
political and I may with justice add of domestic con
versation. Cool unprejudiced judgement, and a care
ful weighing of the various reports from the seat of
war, leads me to the belief, that thus far the result of
the contest on land has given nothing for either party
to boast of, and such being the case, the advantage
certainly is on the side of Turkey, since Russia being
the boastful aggressor, confident in her prodigiously
exaggerated and overrated power, every unsuccessful
contest even if it be a drawn battle, is in some sort a
success to the Turks, both morally and physically—
and a defeat after the same manner to the Czar, since
it shows to the world that his boasted invincibilty is a
thing of nought, and his bullying propensities just
what most, bullying turns out to be—mere bragga
docio. It is true, invincible Russia has for many years
been valuable to the brave and hardy mountaineers of
Circawa ; but the Russians have always made' it an
excuse for their ill success, that the haunts of the wild
naountalneers were inaccessible to the prowess of the
Ru®dan soldiers, and the world has received the ex
cuse: but what can be thought now, when we see
thffiighty thousand (on paper) troops of the Russian
■. in the .Danubian principalities, to say
the least, held fn check by the enemy they have so
much affected to despise. I have asserted and still
believe, that in a long continued Jwar, the wealth,
numbers and resources of Russia, supposing both
armies were left to fight the campaign out between
them, without any interference on the part of the
other European powers, the Russians would overcome
and overrun the Muscovite empire 1 but the contest of
1829—and that of the present period, shows that it
would be no ea«y task. With regard to the naval
victory of Russia off Sinope, where according to Russian
bulletins, the Turkish fleet was almost utterly annihi
lated, though an untoward affair, and the result of one
of those successful ruses which are said to be fair alike
in love and war, was by no means of the disastrous
character that it was first supposed to be, and certainly
does not detract in any degree from the prowess of the
Muasselmen on the sea. You will have heard ere this,
that the Russian force wrs vastly superior to that
opposed to them, and in fact, when through an Austrian
vessel the Russian admiral first heard that a squadron
of the Turkish fleet was lying in the harbor of Sinope,
th® force he then had to oppose to them, was superior
to that of the Turks in the port. Yet, and for this he
was not to be blanaed, since it is always advisable to
make success doubly certain, he sent for a further re
inforcement before ne ventured upon an attack, and
he was then only successful after a prolonged struggle,
in which the Russian vessels suffered severely. It is
reported too ! but for the accuracy of the report I
will not vouch, as in these days of civilized warfare,
as it is termed, I should hope that an act of such un
necessary cruelty could not have occurred, that the
Russians committed great slaughter by firing into the
crowded transports amongst the defenceless soldiers
andpassengers.
Whatever may be the ultimate result of the war, and
whatever has hitherto been the apparent apathy of
Great Britain and France, it is very certain that Nicho
las will not be allowed to ride rough-shod over Turkey;
but that the Ottoman Empire, under any circum
stances, will be preserved in its integrity—and this,
not from any special regard that the governments of
either England or France have for Turkey, but for the
regard they bear to themselves and their own com
merce, and the jealousy that exists of the growing
p(*wer of Russia, which either England or France have
it now in their power to check; but which power
would be greatly enfeebled, if indeed it would a great
while longer exist, were the Russian Eagle once planted
on the fort of the Bosphorus, or floated from the pin
nacle of the Mosque of St. Sophie.
The protocal of the four great powers, though for
the present rendered null by the more recent action of
the belligerent powers, will, it is thought by some, be
still maintained, and both Russia and Turkey pre
vented from involving Europe in war, to suit their
own private ends. The nature of this protocol, which,
as I have &aid, will probably be re-arranged to meet
existing circumstances, is, in terms conciliating, as far
as possible, to the prejudices of both parties, invit
ing both to a pacific settlement of the difficulty pending
between them. It requires that Russia shall withdraw
her troops from the Principalities, and that they shall
be restored and guaranteed to the sovereignty of the
Turks; at the same time it solicits the Sultan to make
such courteous concessions to the demands of his
gigantic foe as will, without lowering the dignity of
the Ottoman empire, permit the Czar to recede with
out compromising his own personal dignity, or preju
dicing that of his empire.
Hie great object of the protocol, and what rendered
it generally satisfactory, was the uniting of the four
most civilized powers of Europe in one bond for the
purpose of maintaining peace at all hazards, for there
can be no doubt, had the belligerents refused to listen
to the pacific overtures, they would have been com
pelled to have done so; and it is, I repeat, very
probable that to this complexion will things come at
last.
It is said that the duty of the allied fleets, if they
have entered or should they enter the Black Sea, will
not be to carry on war, but that their vessels are to
be pacificators, that is to say, they are to insist when
ever they meet either Russian oi Turkish ships of war
cruising in that sea with hostile intent towards each
other, that they shall return into their respective
ports. Rather a Quixotic adventure for these days of
common sense versus knight errantry. Ho we ver, at the
present time matters present as complete a chaos to the
mind of the statesman as they have done from the
very commencement of this struggle, and therefore
tor the present 1 shall drop tbe subject
We have nothing new of very material interest with
regard to the social condition of the country. Some at
tention has lately been excited by the reports respecting
the effect of burial clubs, which it is said have been the
cause of crime disgraceful to even a nation of barba
rians, and to which the infantine sacrifices of the Hin
doos and other heathens are incomparable in atrocity.
The Grand Jury of the Liverpool special commission
have in their presentment given an unanimous opin
ion that the interference of the Legislature is loudly
called for to put a stop to the present system of money
payments by burial associations. From the cases
brought before them for some time pa it, they have no
> doubt that many human beings, and especially mSiny
children, are year after year hurried into eternity by
those most closely united to them by the ties of na
ture and of blood, if not of affection, for the sake of a
few pounds, to which, by the rules of the societies, as
at present constituted, the survivors are entitled.
The continuance of such a state ot things is fearful to
contemplate, and therefore it is hoped that the atten
tion of tbe proper authorities be at once directed to
this painful subject.
Although all the reasonable hope may now be giv
en up, of gaming any clue whatever to the fate of the
late Sir John Fraiiklin and »his companions, Lidy
Jane Franklin, the estimable and devoted wife of the
gallant navigator, is earnest in her desire that an ex
pedition should be sent to the seas of Spilzbergen,
they being tbe only remaining portions of the Arctic
Ocean that have been unexplored, and it being possi
. ble that Franklin or some of his fellow navigators
may have taken this route. It reported that La
dy Franklin had offered to advance a considerable
sum of money for the furtherance of this project ;
but however anxious she may be that it should be
carried out, the advance of money on her part is im
possible, as she has exhausted ajmort her entire pro
perty, reserving scarcely sufficient for a bare mainte
nance for herself, in her heroic efforts for her hus
band's recovery. lam of opinion thit too much ex
penditure of money and of human life baa already
been made in the foolish adventures into Arctic seas,
where if any navigational discoveries have been made,
it has long beiag perfectly well known, that they
must ever bo unavailable to the common purposes
of commerce and navigation ; still, since so muon has
been done H and since Lady Franklin has so exalted
herself in the eyes of the public—since every sea
save that of Spilzbergeo, and that region between
Wellington Channel and Behrings’? Strait, has been
explored. It would perhaps be well for the satisfac
tion of the world, as well as for that of the heart-bro
ken, Jong hopeful but row despairing wife, that these
acas be also explored, soithai all may be convinced
that no vestiges of the long lost mariners remain t j
be found.
The theatres are enacting holiday pieces, mostly
consisting of extravaganzas, in which scenic effect
is expected to cover all monstrosities and improba
bilities, these are now in full swing; nevertheless, the
representations are not confined to these spectacles.
The Royal Surrey Theatre has brought out a new play
oi the Uncle Tom class, the “Woman of Color, or
Slavery in Freedom,” which is of course attracting
large and sympathi-ung audiences. Drury Lane now
adays produces anything but the regular drama for
which it was so famed. Its day of glory seems to have
gone by forever, and a company of American equestri
ans are now performing there with great eclat. O
Drury, Drury! to what sad and ignoele purposes art
thou brought! The Haymarket is rejoicing in “The
Hope of the Family.” The Royal Princesses, under
the management of Mr. Charles Kean, is drawing full
houses to witness a new drama entitled the “Lancers,
or the Gentleman’s Son.” The “Thirst for Gold,” a
drama of romance, is being played at the Adelphi. At
Sadlers Wells, ‘‘The Man of the World” is exhibiting
his characteristic trials to an admiring audience. The
Strand has revived the old S ottish drama, “Guy
Mannering.” . A showy drama entitled “Plot and
Passion” is being nightly performed at the Olympic.
At the Lyceum, “The Bachelor of Arts” is the favo
rite drama. At the Victoria, “The Lonely Man of the
Ocean,” and v at Astley’s Amphitheatre .that magic spot
in the eyes of children, where I, and where most others,
who, when young, visited the great metropolis, were
first inducted into the mysteries and glories of drama
tic performances, presents nightly a brilliant spectacle,
entitled “Tha Wise Elephants of the East, or the Mag
ic Gong;” there is a duplicate of names sureiy an fib
cient ot themselves to make youngsters pour in peti
tions to doting grandfathers and grandmothers and
indulgent papas and mamas.
Business is generally prosperous for the season in
London as well as in the provinces. Although bread
stuffs are high in England just now, there is little
complaint heard, for employment is plenty and wages
are generally more remunerative than they have been
for some time past. In France the price and scarcity
of breadstuff’s, threatens to become alarming and if
the hostilities in the East are not speedily brought to
a pacific conclusion, they will yet be higher and
scarcer both there and in this country.
Those whose hobby is home politics have had plenty
to occupy themselves with in the changes in the Cab
inet, and the resignation of Lord Palmerston. Many
have an idea that the Eastern question has had some
thing to do with the breaking up of the Cabinet, and
especially with regard to Lord Palmerston’s resigna
tion, but that is decidedly not the case with reference
to him. In fact his lordship’s position as Minister of
Home Affairs renders such an idea absurd, as he had
comparatively but little to do with the foreign policy
of the country. If, however, we had now a Conserva
tive instead of a Whig government, Turkey would
not have so long looked in vain and imploringly tow
ards her promised English ally. Whatever the faults
of the Tories, and their name is legion, they have al
ways taken good care of the honor of the country, as
regards its position towards foreign powers, powerful
or feeble. However, as home politics will have little
interest to the majority of American readers I shall
not trouble you with any further observations regard
ing them. M.
Letter from Albany.
Albahy, Jan. 6,1854.
To the Editor of the Sunday Dispatch:
Tbe two houses of the Legislature are not yet in
full working order, neither house having yet appointed
its committees. The Senate, having taken this branch
of public duty from the shoulders of the Lieutenant
Governor, will not appoint its committees before Mon
day, Considerable work has, however, been cut out,
including certain matters of importance to the tax
payers of New York. Among these, are the bill of
Mr. Spencer, of the Senate, repealing the Jones’ Wood
Park bill of last session, and Mr. Whitney's bill to
abolish that legalized system of public plunder by
which our Corporation Counsels of late have enriched
themselves from the public treasury. Mr. Ware, of the
Assembly, has given notice of a bill to make the Chief
of Police an elective officer. This wifi make a stir
among the M. P.’s.
It is rather a significant circumstance that the city
of New York has not bees allowed a single appoint
mant in the organization of the Legislature. The
demands were exceedingly moderate, aakiag, I be
lieve only a single clerk aad an assistant doorkeeper,
but even these were denied. It this is an indication
of the course of policy that is to be pursued by the
powers that be, no ghost need come from the grave
to tell ns the fate ot the Whig party next year. A
Governor and United States Senator will be wanted
then, aad it will need the whole strength of the party
to secure them. The friends of Mr. Seward will find
their safest policy in avoiding, rather than e «jourag
ing a rupture in the Whig ranks, and they had better
make friends than enemies of the few Silver Greys
now in the legislature. The fragments of the Whig
party might bo easily shaken asunder where a lit
tle care and forbearance may carry it through ano
ther campaign. The city of New York is known to
be decidedly Silver Grey in her popular vote, and
that is given as a reason for proscribing her in the
appointments.
The Governor has become- a complete convert to
the cordial Whig doctrine of internal improvement.
Henry Clay himself could not have given a stronger
aoeseoge on that subject thau the one jast issued by
Governor Seymour. In fact the whole Democratic
party is now vicing with their opponents in favor
the Canal enlargement, *nd the amendments of
•the Constitution having that object iu view, will be
passed svith hardly a dissenting voice. You may.be
sure, too, that a oommission for the protection of Ne v
York Harbor, as recommended by the Governor, will
be appointed at an early day.
Yon may a* well «t ready to vote on the Maine
Law, or something like it, at the sama time that the
Constitution i* submitted to the people, for if I am
not greatly mistaken they will oome up before the
popular tribunal together about the middle of Febru
ary. The lover* ef goodlliqnor will of course take the’
hint and lay in a stock in good season.
You have an account of the faux pas made at the
organization of the Senate, by the election of Mr.
Haatioafl as its clerk, and of the opposition of certain
Whig Senators to his election. That opposition was
raised on account of his notorious repatatiop. I
should not allude to it at this lato day but to correct an
error, which I have seen in a New York paper. The
statement there made was to the effect that one of
the New York Senators who opposed tho election of
Mr. Hastings, had violated usage by attending the
onucne which nominated him, aad then voting against
the nominee. That is a mistake, neither Mr. Whftney
nor Mr. Brooks were present at lbs nomination. Their
course, however, has been fully sustained by that por
tion of the Whig press who had any knowledge of
the man.
There is little stirring yet in the lobby. The days
of excitement have not yet arrived. The Legislature
will be soon fairly at wor'i, and from preheat pro s
pecta there is a most laborious session ahead.
Watchman.
uigTii
From the British Provinces.
FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.
Montbbal .Tax. 3,1854.
If Father Gavazzi’a visit to Lower Canada has not
operated as an embassage of peace, in soothing the
fierce hostility snbsißting between the abettors of va
rious religions denominations, and in bringing the ri
val parties of Romanist and Protestant, to lay aside sec
tarian , antipathies and salute one another as hale-fellow;
it has succeeded in swelling thecalenders for the assi
zes: and in enriching the pockets of the lawyer’s: and in
fact has ended in referring a question to be decided
by force of law, that’at leastjs but a question of morals,
and when assuming its highest authority only appeals to
the moral susceptibilities of mankind. Of the trials at
Montreal those of Howard and Morrison, and from the
importance of the charge, and the respectability and
wealth of the accused, excited most attention: but the
unwillingness of the court and jury to convict in this
case is seen in the fact that the jury at the close of
the evidence for the prosecution, said it was un
neccessary to go into the defence as they had formed
a unanimous opinion, to which Judge Aylwine re
plied that he would receive no verdict unfavorable to
the prisoners until the case on both sides had been
heard: although perhaps Tuesday being a public holi
day (Allsainfs day), it being at the time referred to
Monday evening, had something to do with the ab
rupt termination of the affair. Other persons enga
ged in these riots, both at Quebec and Montreal, and
brought up upon leas serious indictments, escaped
with fine or slight imprisonment: and a number are
awaiting trial at the forthcoming January assize in
the former place. Now that the wildness occasioned
by the excitement has to some extent passed away,
peaceably disposed and sincere religionists, are
ashamed of the lengths to which they have been car
ried, in a mistaken zeal for party, and under a watch
word “the church is in danger.” And liberal mind
ed citizens who professionally are connected with no
Christian organization; have been taught a lesson not
soon to be forgotten, of no interference in the quar
rels of the saints, but to leave the two churches to
fight it out together, and will not regret either if in
the midst of the conflict, like two ships at sea, both go
down in the struggle. Investigatob.
OUR BOOK TABLE.
The New Yoke Musical Review and
Chorkl Advocatb. Mason and Brothers, 23 Quark Row.
This Musical Journal which has for a long time boon
published monthly, is hereaf&er to appear semi-monthly.
We notice among its list of contributors gentleman of
acknowledged musical talent and experience. It is de
cidedly cheap—the music given :in a single volume for
one dollar, would cost in the usual form over Jive dol
lars.
Viola ; or Adventures in the far Southwest.
By Eaerson Bennett. Peterson : Philadelphia.
A firm in this city sends us a copy of this book, for
what purpose we know not, as we are told that this
house does not believe that the readers of Sunday papers
ever buy books. Believing this to be the case, they need
not be s® particular in appending their card io the
cover.
The Monitor of Fashion is the title of a
beautifully illustrated magazine published by Genio C.
Scott, No. 130 Broadway, and devoted, as its name signi
fies, to fashion. It is gotten up in excellent style and
with great taste. ' ■
The Holy Bible.—According to the Doegay
♦and Rheimish Versions, with Haydock’s notes, Com
plete. New York : Dunnigan & Brothers, 151 Fulton
street.
Nos. 23 and 24 of this work are before us. We can only
say concerning it that the letter-press is excellent, that
it is splendidly illustrated, that it is published under the
approbation of Bishop Hughes, and that it purports to
be the cheapest and most elegant -Catholic Family Bible
ever published.
The Edinburgh Review for January and
April (American Editon) is on our table. As usual it is
filled with matter of the most interesting and useful
kind—among the contents of this number may be found,
“Church Parties,” “ The Arctic regions,” “Mahomitan
ism in Western Asia,” “Our National Defences,” “Grote’s
History of Greece,” “Military Bridges,” “Thenewsuaper
Stamps,” “ Life of Hayden,” and “ Parliamentary Purifi
cation.” It is published by Leonard Scott & Co., 79 Ful
ton street.
Old and New England—in a series of Views
taken on the spot. By Alfred Bunn. Philadelphia
London Edition reprinted by A. Hart (late Carey &
Hart).
Like many other literary geniuses of note who have
paid us a visit from the other side of the big pond, Alfred
Bunn has, since his return home, written a book concern
ing the Yankees, which, among a host of prejudices and
absurdities, contains some sensible observations and
homely truths. Of all the cities in the Union Mr. Bunn
gives the preference to Boston,, as coming nearest to his
ideas of English life and habits, while New York meets
with less favor at his hands than any other. This may be
from the fact that he sought more earnestly after and ob
tained a fuller view of the “elephant” while in Gotham
than while in any other portion of Uncle Sam’s territory,
and wrote while thinking only of the dark side of the pic
ture. He alludes to the many “ bright spirits and noble
hearts who welcomed him here;” but he also says, “ we
would not live in New York if ‘ board and lodging’ were
given us gratis—it is too dirty, too noisy, too ‘go-ahead
ish,’ to suit our quiet ta^te”—and, he might have added,
‘f possesses too many blade as well as bright spirits'.”
With regard to the slavery question, Mr. Bunn is an out
and out Southerner in feeling, and comes down heavily
upon abolitionists in general, and Mrs. Harriet Beecher
Stowe in particular. He also denounces Ko-.euth as a
humbug. He devotes a considerable portion of his book
to the subject of Spiritualism, which, it strikes us, ho
treats in rather an inconsistent manner. Upon one page
be relates the particulars of a series of the most extraor
dinary spiritual manifestations of which we have ever
read, which he avers'that he himself witnessed, and
which he acknowledges could not have been produced by
collusion, and the next moment he denounces the whole
thing as the greatest humbug that ever existed many age
of the world. To sum up all, as a book of reference, apart
from some statistical information, “Old and New Eng
land,” to use a ‘-‘Down East” expression, “isn’t worth
shucks,” for it contains nothing in the way of informa
tion but what has been published, in more attractive
style, a hundred times before. No one .will deny the
author’s talent, however, and as a literary work alone is
it worth reading.
The United States Illustrated; in views of
City and Country. With Descriptive and Historical Ar
ticles—edited by .Charles A. Dana. New York: Hermann
J Meyer.
Parts 6 and 7 of this beautiful and highly interesting
work are before us. We regard it as one of the most use*
,ful and at the name time one of the most highly finished
publications ever offered to the people. The ste%l engra
vings, of which there are eighteen, possess the highest
order of merit, while the letter press cannot be surpassed.
The Recruit.—A compilation of Exercises and
Movements of Infantry, Light Infantry and Riflemen,
By Capt. John T. Cairns. New York; Edward Walker,
114 Fulton street.
A very neat little work of 172 pages, well printed, care
fully arranged, and invaluable to all ‘such as wish to ac
quire a thorough knowledge of military tactics.
The People’s Journal.—We have re
ceived the third number of this very excellent and use-'
ful monthly . It fully, if not more than sustains the opin
ion we last week expressed concerning it, and if it dees
not succeed in obtaining a larger subscription list than
any periodical of the kind ever offered to the public, we
shall be much surprised. The present number contains
between thirty and forty engravings, illustrating various
subjects, many of which are very beautiful, while its va
rious articles contain a fund of interesting and instruct
ive treating as they do, upon almost every .sub
ject worthy of consideration. Its extreme cheapness
fifty cents a volume, or one dollar a year—places it with
in t«e reach of all, and money eould not be better laid out
than in subscribing for it. it is published by Alfred E.
Beach, No. 86 Nassau street.
Biutjwz.3maKaAiEa.gtianwnniiiiiiiii,M
About Lotteries, &c.
Since the publication of onr remarks in last Sun
day’s issue on the recent flash-in-the-pan arrest of
Mr. Perham, proprietor of the Seven Mile Mirror,
several correspondents have asked our opinion of Lot
teries generally. What this question has to do with
the case of Mr. Perham is beyond onr comprehension.
Mr. Perham has made no Lottery—advertised none—
or in any way been connected with one, to our knowl
edge. If, however, our correspondents desire us to
give an opinion on the subject of Lotteries generally,
we shall cheerfully do so. We believe the regularly
chartered Lotteries to be no more nor less than char
tered institutions haring the privilege of robbing the
public according to law. By the operation of the
system now in vogue, the ticket purchaser might about
as well throw his money into the fire as to invest it in
Lotteries. Compared with the Lottery system the
game of the “ Little Joker” becomes a respectable
calling. If you go into a poultry raffling "shop and
keep your eyes open to see that loaded dice are not
used against you, you may have a chance to win once
in a while. But in the Lottery business the stream all
tends in one direction. Your losses are only to counted
by your investments. The stories circulated of people
having drawn prizes are all got up for effect. The
fortunate individuals can never be. found. In old times
.there used to be such incidents as drawing prizes—
rare to be sure—but such prizes were occasionally
known. But then the managers were not near .so
sharp as they are now. Like all the rest of the world
Lottery managers have been progressing until they
have now reached a state of perfection that en
ables them to draw just as many Lotteries as,they
please, without being called on for prize money.—
But as we said at the outset, “ what has the subject
of Lotteries to do with Perham’s Gifts to the People •?”
One of the virtuous Governors of the Alms House, has
doubtless by this time found out his mistake, in
charging Mr. Perham with violating the .Lottery Laws
of our State. We learn, indeed, that during the week
just past, that the rush for these tickets -was even
greater than before this excitement was kicked up—
showing the public estimate of this crusade against
selling tickets of admission to a place of public
amusement, entitling the holders of such tickets to be
part owners in the property on exhibition. A Lottery
as we understand it, consists "in selling tickets for
money or any other valuable consideration, entitling
the holders to a share in certain prizes or property to
be disposed of by chance. Mr. Perham has an exhibi
tion, the price of admission to which is 25 cents, and
he simply announces that any one who will purchase
four tickets shall not only be entitled to an admission,
but 'shall also become part owner in the Painting on
exhibition and certain other property. It would
be rather singular doctrine that a man should not
be allowed to dispose of his property as he
pleased. If he chooses to give the Seven Mile
Mirror to those who have patronized the exhibi
tion, he can certainly do so without being locked
np for it; and even then, so long as be accepts no
direct pay for a chance in his prizes, no jury can ever
convict him of violating the Lottery Laws for distri
buting gifts to the public by chance if it pleases him
to do so. But he has chosen to let the subscribers or
shareholders dispose of the property.among themselves
as they shall agree on. So that we cannot imagine
why our correspondents should talk of the Lottery
Laws of our State in connection with Mr. Perham.
Buckley’s.—The variety and excellence of
the performances given at Buckley’s Opera House,
539 Broadway, (formerly Chinese Museum,) have
given a new impetus to this ever popular species of
entertainment in New York, and crowd Buckley’s
Opera House with admiring audiences. The bur
lesque “Concert ala Jullien,” got up by Buckley, is
the best. practical burlesque ever produced in the
world. The close resemblance of R. Bithop Buddey
to Jullien the Great, especially in his manner and
style of wielding the conductor's baton, is really some
tiring quite startling. You cannot avois the conclu-
watching him, that’he must at least have re
ceived lessons directly from’the great Frenchman.
Mr. R. Bishop Buckley is also the most original Ethi
opean delineator in existence; and those who enjoy
this phase of the comic side of human nature, make
money by going every night to Buckley’s, if it were
for himself alone, and to see him take his Music Less
on. Frederick Buckley’s violin playing is also very
wonderful and, notwithstanding the terribly muddy
weather, this charming temple of Momus is nightly
crowded with the elite and fashion of the city. This
is no wonder, for, really, take them all in all, there
never was a greater collection, of talent, or better har
monised and organised, than is contained in Buck
ley’s renowned troupe. Long may they live, and
long may we live to.laugh at them.
Db. Gilbert, whose successful treatment of
cancersand ulcers has rendered his fame world-wide,
has recently performed somelmostastonishing and re
markeble cures. Having seen the “ brands plucked
from the burning” hy his skill, we can speak by the
book when we say Jthat the records of scientific
achievments in this branch of human research show
no paralei to his success. He does not exactly bring
the dead to life again, but he comes so near it, that if
he lived in some of the unenlightened portions of the
globe he would be regarded as a miracle worker and
worshipped accordingly. In a week or two we shall
give a brief report of the different cases we have
witnessed. In the meantime we advise all who are
interested in the subject to call at the Doctor’s’Rooms,
483 Broadway at any time and they will there see
more than enough to satisfy them.
Thb Citizen.—John Mitchell’s new paper
has made its appearance. It is a handsome sheet of
16 pages, and from the opening number before us we
should judge that it will be a worthy successor to the
Nation. The publishers have not been able to supply.
the demand for the first number.
Gen. Quitman’s chances for the Sena
torship of Mississippi are said to be good. The dis
tinguished filibuster may therefore lay his sword aside
for the present. Bat iffll he abandon the friends who
are now looking to him to lead them on ? We hardly
think he will.
WOBLD OF AMUSLMjaSNT.
Burton’s Theatre. Our well-esteemed
friend and neighbor, of the “Spirit of the Times,” is
rather mistaken in stating that the clever comedy of
“ Masks and Faces” was written for the above-named
theatre, as he may convince himself by reference to the
files of the “Spirit,” where the piece was rather exten
sively noticed some months ago, on its first production In
London, by the English correspondent of the paper. Had
our friend said that it seemed to have been written ex
pressly for this theatre, and that it could scarcely be bet
ter performed anywhere, we would heartily have agreed
with him. The comedy is written by Taylor, the brilliant
author of that eharming little »pieee “To Parents and
Guardians,” is original in its conception, chaste, witty
and clever in its language, and entertaining in its denoue
ment. The plot, which is contrived in a truly artistic
style, is thus detailed in yesterday’s Albion:-
“ Mr. Earnest Vane, a gentleman not long married, but
not furiously uxorious, has left his wife at his country
seat, and is essaying Metropolitan gaieties, under the
guidance of his friend Sir Charles Pomander, who is a
thorough-bred town-gallant. Desperately in love with
Peg Woffington, the beautiful and fascinating actress of
her day, the faithless Vane pays his serious addresses to
her, concealing the fact of his domestic ties, and winning
from her a larger share of her heart—if she had any—
than she usually awarded to her lovers. Mrs. Vane, in
the meantime, tired of her husband’s absence, and
receiving no answers to her letters, comes to town to look
for him. It happens, too, by dramatic convenience, that
as she approaches her journey’s end, her coach is attacked
by robbers. Sir Charles Pomander is, of course, on the
spot to defend her, and is also, of course, smitten by her
charms. Finally, she arrives at her husband’s house at
the moment when he is entertaining a party of his thea
trical friends, foremost of whom is his lady-love, the fair
Peg Woffington. Confusion forthwith ensues. The ac
tress is astonished and indignant to find that her lover
has a wife. The wife is broken-hearted to find that her
husband has a mistress. There is some smart by-play
that prolongs the double discovery; and thus the first
act concludes. In the second, we have Triplet, an unfor
tunate poet, dramatist and painter, to whom Mrs. Woffing
ton is a sort of consoling angel. She relieves the dis
tressses of his family, and agrees to sit to him for a like
ness. You see her there sitting; but poor Triplet is so
dissatisfied with his attempt, that he dashes his knife
through the canvas. This is unfortunate, as a party of
critics and friends—the same whom you saw at Vane’s
table—are coming by invitation to see the portrait. But
Peg is up to the occasion. She cuts out the face entirely,
and substitutes her own living and merry one. The grouo
enters, and duly abuses the likeness, in a little scene that
may well be imagined, and which is ended by the lady’s
confronting and discomfiting the whole set. This done,
Mrs. Vane appears, desirous of throwing herself on the
generosity of her rival, and of imploring a release of her
truant husband from the latter’s too potent influences.
Again does Mrs. Woffington betake herself to the picture
frame, whilst Mrs. Vane, who apostrophises the likeness,
is thunderstruck at perceiving a change of expression in
its countenance. The two ladies, however, are soon face
to face ; the wife pleads earnestly and tenderly with the
mistress ; the latter allows her better feelings to have
play, and undertakes to cast off the love-sick Vane. The
reconciliation of the man and wife is then and thus
accomplished in regular stage fashion, happily, if not
very clearly wrought out, and the more easy to effect be
cause Vane himself is a non entity, whom the author was
entirely at liberty to order about as best suited his pur
poses. Pendents to the piece, enlivening its neat dia
logue, but with action in it, are Colley Cibber,
James Quin and Kitty Clive, mere sketches, the last a
ghost of one.” I
Miss C. Mitchel, a new arrival from London, plays the
leading part, that of Mrs. Woffington. It is a finely drawn
role, and to use a somewhat hackneyed stage term, is
on© that plays itself. Miss Mitchel is rather of prepos
sessing appearance, and met with fair success in her per
formance. We will wait, however, until we have seen her
in some other parts, before we shall venture to express
an opinion of her general artistic ability. Messrs. Bar
rett, Burton, Fisher and others, as also Mrs, Buck land,
have all fine parts ia this piece, which has met with the
most perfect success. We have as yet, however, seen
only a portion of it, and for that reason alone will not
enter upon any critical details. We see a new comedy
by “a celebrated American author,” underlined, and of
course tegether with the “rest of mankind” we are on
the qui vive for it. One of the most pleasant of announce’
ments, however, is that of the reapnearance of Mr. H.
Placide to-morrow evening, and of the performance of
that charming little piece, “To Parents and Guardians.”
Broadway Theatre.—ln plain talk, the
“Cataract of the Ganges” has met with a perfect rush of
success, and “long may it wave,” we hope. Rarely if
ever, has a piece been more splendidly put upon the
stage in this city, and though we are stijl quite young,
and in the very early prime of manhoed, we have seen
many fine pieces gotten up in our day, but the “Cataract”
stands in the front rank among them all. Old and
young, high and low, exclusive or social, all our men,
women and children are fond of a fine display of scenic
grandeur, splendid and rich stage dresses, horses and a
“cataract of real water.” The success of the piece has
been great in consequence, and the acting, barring of
course the unavoidable bombast of the language, which
always is found in pieces of this kind, was most creditable
Messrs. Conway, Lanergan, Davidge, and Mesdames Po
ll isi, Vernon and J. Gongenheim deserve especial com
mendation, but the greatest acknowledgment is certainly
due to Mr. Barry, whose managerial taste and talent pro
duced all this wondeful combination of effects. All the
world has been rushing to see this great piece, and it is
not too mueh to predict for it a most successful run for a
month or two more unless stars or other novelties should
prevent its continuance. Let no one lose time in seeing
it. We believe it is to be performed every night during
the week.
National Theatre.—Mr. Purdy, the liberal
manager of this Theatre, has exhibited extraordinary
capacities for catering to the taste of the masses of the
public, and affording them theatrical entertainment of a
character which will induce them to enter this Temple of
the Muses, by the production of “ Unde Tom's Cabin,”
and “ Little Katy, the Hot Corn Girl.” The former piece
was produced in a splendid manner about the middle of
July last, and has been performed one hundred and eigh
ty-six times successively ; the greatest run any dramatic
production has ever had in this country or in Europe.
Little Cordelia Howard, the representative of gentle Eva,
at once made an impression upon the hearts of the entire
public, from the roughest newsboy to some of the most
refined minds. She is the perfect embodiment of that
gentle creation of Mrs. Stowe. Night after night, and
day after day, has the theatre been crowded to witness
the representation of “Uncle Tom.’’and yet there is net the
slightest indication of abatement of interest. Encoura
ged by the liberal patronage which has been bestowed
upon his efforts, Manager Purdy has, in that spirit of
liberality which has always actuated him in his manage
rial career, determined to remount the piece, with an en
tirely new set of scenery, painted by the accomplished
scenic artist, Mr. S. Culbert and his assistants ; and we
have no doubt that it will excel anything in the way of
scenic display ever seen in this country. Additional
scenes have been written into the piece, embracing new
characters; and in this guise “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” will
be performed to morrow evening for the first time.
Among the additional attractions oil that occasion, will
be the re-appearance of that accomplished and favorite
actress, Mrs. W. G. Jones, who has been compelled to re
tire from her professional labors for nearly three months,
the part she formerly played, having since been sustained
by Mrs W. J. Prior. Another evidence of the energy and
enterprise of !tfr. Purdy, is in the thoroughly re-painting,
carpeting, embellishing and beautifying the interior of
his establishment; having had a eorps of artists and me
chanics employed night and day for that purpose. To
morrow evening they will be through with their labors,
and by to-morrow night the public will find the National
one of the most beautiful theatres in the Union. The
objectionable feature of the third tier has been abolished,
and hereafter the utmost care will be taken to exclude
all persons of an improper character from the house; the
aim of the manager being avowedly to make his a moral
theatre for the produetion of this moral and instructive
drama. We notice, by the way, in the lobby of the thea.
tee a superb portrait in oil, of Mrs. H. 3. Stowe, by Fish
er; painted expressly to Mr. Purdy’s order, the authoress
having kindly consented to sit at his request.
Bowery Theatre.—There has been a most
pleasant variety of performances at this establishment
during the week. Standard pieces, such as the patrons
of this house usually require, have been diversified by
the dramatic performances and the readings of the Boone
Children. We do not know exactly, at the time of the
present writing, what is on the tapis for the ensuing
week, but we do know that a grand and wonderful novelty
is in preparation here, which will take not only the east
ern, but the western, northern and southern portions Of
this city, as also Brooklyn, Williamsburgh and the rest
the world by storm. We hear it whispered about,
that “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” in an entirely new version,
(spectacular as well as dramatic) is to be brought out
here, on-a very grand scale. But this is not all. Es
teemed and amiable play-going reader, whether thou ad
mirest the Stowe work or not (as we do) yet pause and
think Unde Tom is to be represented by Uncle Tom D.
Rice, er rather “ Daddy Rice,” the only really great Ethi
opian persona tor the world has yet seen, the patriarch of
the entire race of “darky performers.” Hare is a grand
prospect, though we only speak from rumor, but
“If this, which is avouched, does appear,”
For months, the houses will be crammed—full here;
and this bit of doggerel is all we can write about the
matter at pi esent.
all ack’s Theatre.—Wehave had but lit
tle of novelty at this pretty and fashionable “comedy
shop” daring the past week, but the performances hare
been none the less pleasant and attractive. The revival
of such fine old plays as “ Speed the Plough,” “Money,”
“John Bull” “Laugh when you can,” witn such well es
tablished favorites as Blake, Lester, Brougham, Walcot,
Thompson, &c., and Mesdames Conway, Brougham, Blake,
Stephens and others in the principal parts furnishes al
ways as much attraction as is needed to fill the house.
A very funny little piece (not new, but new at this
entitled “ Curiosities of Literature” has furnished Mr.
Walcot an opportunity of displaying his peculiarly fine
eccentric talent to most acceptable advantage. Novel
ties in plenty are underlined, but at the time of our writ
ing, we are not yet in possession of Monday sight’s an
nouncement, for which, however, we would refer to ano
ther column.
Musical Small Talk.—The “extreme left”
or rather the ‘revolutionary’ parts of the late opera troupe
under Maretzek, consisting of Salvi, Steffanone, Baneventa
no & Co., will sail in a day or two for Havanna and Mexico.
They will try their fortunes on their “own hook,” and
en compagnit'. Madame Manz’ni, and some minor artists
and choristers as we learn, are engaged by them, and
they are getting up a wardrobe and other necessaries.
We hope they will have a good time of it, but— nous ver
rons.
Madame Sontag, on dit, is also going to Havanna, and
to the Tacon, under Marti’s auspices. If so, the chances
of the Salvi party, are not as brilliant as they might be.
How could our esteemed neighbor of the Daily Times
believe such stuff, as that “interesting information” ex
traced from a letter of Madame Sentag’s agent from
Cleveland, published yesterday. If “that agent” wrote
“that Mme. S. was to appear in English Opera here
next summer, depend upon it, she will appear in Italian
er none at all. Had he written that she vo aid appear in
Italian, we would wager on the English, for that agent
never yet wrote or'spoke the truth, if he could help it.
Besides, Reaves, the Tenor whois mentioned, is to our
certain knowledge, otherwise engaged.
Our Italian Opera, for the present, is dead, and will
scarcely revive within the next six months. Maretzek is
farming on Staten Island, and reflecting on the mutability
of Italian Opera affairs, Primo Tenors, Public favor, Bene
fits, and things in general. His leader, Mr. Kreutzer,
offers his services as a teacher of Violin, Piano, Flute, and
all other musical acquirements; and we may say that a
more capable man can scarcely be found. Some of the
vocal artists are singing in churches and giving lessons,
and many of the members of the orchestra are nightly to
be found playing at the various bulls and parties that
take place at this season of the year. Sic transit, &c.
Mr. Eisfield has at last found a capital room to give his
classical Quartette Soirees in. The last one, on Friday
evening, was given at Dodworth’s rooms, next to Grace
Church, which are admirably suited to the purpase. It
was a most interesting one. Madame Wallace was the
star of the evening, and shone in bright glory in Mendels
sohn’s Trio in C. Minor. More of this concert anon.
Barnum’s Museum.—Ever fresh and ever
varying in its attractions is this wonderfully popular
place. Other establishments, when they do well and are
crowded, leave “well alone,” and stick to the bills that
nightly fill and attract. Not so at “Barnum’s Museum.”
One novelty mast quickly make way for another, and
“Unde Tom” and “Hot Corn Katy,” with all their associ
ation and attraction, have scarcely began to be well and
generally appreciated, before they are shelved for greater
novelties. ‘Uncle Tom” very generously vacates his
place for the valiant “General—Tom Thumb,” the hero
of many battles, whoee astonishing size and remarkable
accomplishments have made bis name world-renowned.
He has not been before the public now for some years,
and it scarce seems to need our recommendations to make
his levees crowded. He will be visible to the naked eye
(despite his diminutive size) every day and evening dur
ing the week.
Sig. Blitz.—Let no lover of real fan, ne
gleet the soirees of this olever magician and ventriloquist.
It is almost impossible to describe the variety, cleverness
and attractiveness of the entertainments he usually of
fern and we shall not attempt to do so, this week at
least.
George Christy and Wood’s Minstrels.
—The laughable burlesque of Virginia Cnpids or the
Rival Darkies, still continues the great card of attract
ion at this house, the funny George becoming more and
more perfect as the prima donna on each night of its rep
resentation- Notwithstanding the fine sleighing in the
early part of the week there was no falling off in the au
diences bore, the house, each qight, being crowded to
suffocation. Messrs. Henry Wood and George-Cnriity
are in a fairway of becoming millionaires, and there are
no persons who better deserve such fortune, for they are
untirisg in their exertions to give the public double the
worth of their money, and they succeed. Their band is
now the most perfect in the world, and in all the varie
ties of songs, dance, and burlesque they stand unequal
led.
Bhakspekian Readings. Mr. and Mrs.
Uriah Clarke, as may be seen by announcement in ano
ther column, will give a Shaksperean Soiree on Wednes
day evening next, at Hope Chapel. The entertainm eat,
we learn, is to consist of readings, descriptions, annota
tions, and delineations from the various works of the
great bard, and promises to be of a most interesting na
ture. The readers or lecturers, whichever they may be
most properly called, have not been much before the
public, but are very highly spoken of by those who have
had an opportunity of hearing them.
Mr. J. G. Hanley.—This young gentleman
has become a great favorite with the Boston public. He
is playing at the Howard Athenaeum in that city, and one
night last week made a decided hit. as Posthumou s in
Shakspere’s play of Cymbeline; Mrs. T. S. Hamblin
(Mrs. Shaw) sustaining the part of “ Imogen.”
Banvard’s Holy Land is about to leave
the city, and to-night ia the last Sunday evening it will
be open. We would advise all who have not seen it to go
to the Georama, 596 Broadway, and hear Banvards lecture#
La Jrunessb db Louis XIV., by Dumas,
has been adapted and translated by Madame de Mar
guerittes, and accepted by Mr. Wallack. We learn that
it is shortly to be produced.
Jullien’s Book for 100,000 People I
Jollie’s edition of 100,000 copies of “Jullien’s Music for
the Million” is being rapidly struck off. As yet, in con
sequence of the busy season of the Holidays, when every
Printery and Bindery is overrun with work, the copies
produced have been altogether insufficient to supply the
constant increase of subscription, which is now rising
into its tens of thousands! In addition to the above-men
tioned difficulty, the boilers and engines of Gray’s im
mense printing-office have to be overhauled twice a year,
and one of these overhaulings took place last week. So
the printing of Jullien’s book was stopped. Next week,
however, all hands will be on the work, and after Wed
nesday there will be a constant and plentiful supply. It
is the most beautiful and. certainly the cheapest music
book published. Only Onb Dollar for a dozen of Jullien’s
Fashionable-and Fifty Cent pieces. Our readers should
secure copies.
New Music.—From William Hall and Son,
we have received “Souvenir de L' Operapar Win. Vincen t
Wallace. Four numbers of these excellent Fantasias
are before us, consisting of “Zauberjlote” StradeUa”
“Martha” and “Otdlo.” Mr, Wallace’s name is surely a
guarantee for their great merit.
From Horace Waters we have this week the “ Good far
Nothing” Polka, by Thomas Baker, the “Prodigal Son” a
beautiful sacred song with chorus, harmonised and ar
ranged by Henry C. Watson, and “Despair not” a sacred
Duett and Quartette by V. C. Taylor. All
music is recommended to our friends to whom we would
speak more fully about it, had we time and space to do
so.
Splendid Musical Progression.—Onr
old friends, and the public’s favorites, T. S. Bebiiy &
Co., have recently “enlarged the area” of their Piano
and Music business, and have associated with them
selves Mr. 8. T. Gordon, the well known and enter
prising Piano Forte and Music Dealer of Hartford
The new firm, for the present, and until some con
templated arrangements of a more extensive character
can be carried out, will remain at the old stand, 297
Broadway, where they will lie happy to receive the
public in general, and the old friends and patrons of
T. 8. Berry & Co. in particular. We have watched
with no little interest the course and manner of busi
ness adopted by this popular house, and we are happy
to see that the favorable opinion we have always enter
tained of it, has been unqualifiedly endorsed by the
generous patronage of the public. We are confident
that in the new and wider field of enterprise which
they are about to open for themselves, they will meet
the same liberal encouragement which they have here
tofore uniformly deserved and received. The elegaat ‘
and correct style in which this house publishes its
music and executes the orders entrusted to it is worthy
of every commendation.
The Broadway Piano Store.—We sup
pose that Horace Waters, at 333 Broadway, has won
the unquestioned pre eminence of all the numerous
establishments for the sale of superior pianos, music,
Ac., as well as for his superior enterprize and public
spirit in purchasing and paying for the original com
positions of our young American composers. In look
ing over Mr. Waters’ list of new publications, we rec
ognise the liberal and discriminating hand of areal
patron of the genius of our country, and one whose
name deserves to be remembered with gratitude by all
American artists. As to pianos, we do not suppose
you can anywhere find a completer assortment than at
Mr. Waters'—and then there are those exquisite, pa
thetic and lovely JSolian attachments, which add a
new charm and character to the piano—you find them
nowhere in such superb perfection as at Waters’, in
Broadway, os the corner of Anthony st. Thesev,harm
ing instruments are the especial delight of the ladies,
and no fashionable sedan is considered complete with
out one of them.
JS®" It is now an established and undoubted
fact, that Grand street is the great mart of the city,
where ladies can buy Dry Goods at the lowest prices;
and the reputation earned by S. & M. E. Towle & Co.,
of Columbian Hall, 281 Grand st., during ten years’
business, has made that house one of the most reliable
in the city for ladies to make their purchases from their
well assorted stock, which they are now closing out at
greatly reduced rates, to make room for their Spring
importations. But what we wish to call the particular
attention of our readers to, is the large quantities of
wet goods which they have purchased at auction,
which will be opened to-morrow morning, consisting
of pure Irish Shirtings, Linen Barnsley Sheeting, Da
mask and Diapers, which they will offer every day
during the week. Ladies, be on the alert for the bar
gains, either in wet or dry goods, which are now of
fered.
Hey for the Merry Dance I—The grand
Bal Pare announced by the Jullien, to come off at
Metropolitan Hall, on the 18th inst., has set the but
terflies of fashion into a charming flutter, only known
to butterflies of that genus in winter weather. Every
source of elegance and taste is explored by the eager
votaries of Terpsichore—and we need not say that the
establishment of Mr. Peter Roberts, 375 Broadway, so
long a favorite with all ladies of taste, is magnificently
stocked for this occasion. Among the splendid
materials to be found there in perfection, are Guipure,
Point d Alencon, Honiton Point, Valenciennes, and
Point de Bruxelles Laces—together with every species
of article in their light and elegant line of business,
considered most desirable by the elegante of Paris and
London, where Jullien’s grand Bal Pare is as well
known and admired an institution as it is likely to be
in the United States.
Another Splendid Establishment.—Messrs.
Smith & Louns.berry, 456 Broadway, one door be
low Grand street, have now got fairly installed in their
new and beautiful establishment, which is really one
of the most note-worthy places in Broadway. The
display they make of carpets, window shades, oil
cloths, &c., Ac., would shame the Crystal Palace
itself. These gentlemen are thoroughly and practical
ly acquainted with every branch of their business,
and devote their unremitting personal attention to it.
It is by this means that they have acquired and main
tained so enviable a distinction in the community;
aud strangers arriving in New York will find not
alone their curiosity gratified and their admiration
excised, but their interest promoted, by a visit to No.
456 Broadway.
Gurney’s Friends and Pitcher.—The fact
that Gurney carried off the most magnificent prize
that any daguerreotypist ever did or ever will receive,
seems to have-raised—as one of our contemporaries
elegantly expresses it—“a great hullaballoo,” indeed;
and some people are coming forward, saying that
they didn’t enter into the competition for the prize at
all Very well! It was an open race, and they
undoubtedly were the best judges of their own speed.
If they declined to come on the course, they ought not
to complain of the winner of the golden prize. When
such an Eclipse dagi urreotypist as Gurney isabout,
common colts are very wise not to enter the course.
The Winter Tile.—Mealio—not toput to
fine a point upon it—baa produced the most magnifi
cent winter hat for 1854, that ever sheltered or adorn
ed the head. We saw A -X , a day or two ago
goirg up Broadway with one of them, and we actual
ly took him for a gentleman! You can’t naturally
believe such a thing! of course—tout if you will only
call at Mealio’s, ia Broadway, corner of Canal street,
and examine the article, you will give up beat.
if
Brooks, 150 Fulton street, grows more de
licate and dainty every year in the shape and manu
facture of gentlemen’s boots. The long existent re
proach that we could not produce elegant boots in
this country, is happily obliterated by Brooks, aud the
American man of fashion is put on the same footing
with the highest heeled of his European rivals. “Long
may be wave.”
iWQjgii
Restauration.—-This word never was better
applied than to the' magnificent and renowned estab
lishment of Talmon & Mapes, under Odd Fellows’
Hall. The quality of the viands furnished here, and
the manner in which they are served, are worthy of
all praise and admiration.
Thistle Ball.—The third annual ball of
the Thistle' Benevolent Society, of Brooklyn, takes
place on Friday evening, Jan. 20, at the Brooklyn
City Hall. Great interest among the fashionables of
Brooklyn is felt in this ball, and we doubt not it will
be a crowded and brilliant affair.
Rejuvenation.—Those who ought to knew
—among them several of our old fast young men—do
say confidently that Barker’s Cueveuxtonique is in
fallible in its effect upon the hair. Try it.
Hitchcock and Leadbeater, 347 Broad
way, corner of Leonard, have a truly magnificent as
sortment of Reasonable dry goods, at extensively low
prices.
A Concession.—The dicipies of Hypocra
tes, to a man,'reccommend and administer Howe’s
Cough Candy in cases of coughs, colds, and lung di
seases. Sold by all druggists. .
It is stated, in consequence of the
Erie difficulties, that orders to Pittsburg glass manufae
turer.3 to the amount of fifty thousand dollars have been
withdrawn.
The Gloucester fishermen are making
great preparations for the George’s Bank fisheries. It is
stated that this branch of the business will be prosecu
ted with great energy the coming season.
An ordinance subscribing two mil
lions of dollars to the Sunbury and Erie Railroad, was
passed on Thursday, by the Common C*uncil of Phila
delphia.

JKST 1 The Legislature ©f Kentucky will, on
Tuesday next, elect J. J. Crittenden, U. S. Senator from
Kentucky.
THE PITY AND SUBURBS.
Meetings and Lectures.—The Historical
Society held their regular monthly meeting at the Uni
versity on Tuesday evening last, at which the old officers
were F re elected, and the reports of the Librarian and
the Executive Committee presented. A special report
was also mace in relation to the proposed fire proof build
ing, a site for which has been purchased at the corner of
Eleventh st. and Second av. ; but th® right of light is a
matter still to be adjusted with the adjoining Baptist
Church. On the same evening the fifth lecture in tbe
course for the bene fit of the charity fund of the Protes
tant Episcopal Benefit Society was delivered ia the large
chapel of the University last evening by Charles King,
L L.D., before a large and fashionable audience His
subject was—“the Sandwich Inlands and their relation to
the United ’States.” The lecturer compared the condi
tion of the inhabitants of these islands when discovered
by Capt. Cook with what they have become to day through ,
the instrumentality of American enterprise. On the sub
ject of annexation, he said that we should wait patiently
u> til our race, people and language had entirely*ovar
spread the islands, and then they would be knit to us by
the ties of kindred. The fourth of the Anti Slavery lec
tures at the Tabernacle was delivered on Tuesday, by C. L.
Remond, a black man from Massachusetts. His subject
was the disfranchisement of free colored men in the Uni
ted States and he displayed more ability in its treatment
than is usual with the white advocates of the same cause.
He is a much more effective pleader for the negro than
Greeley, Garrison, Hale and others of the se.me crew, and
it is more likely that people will rather believe him than
put their faith ia the denunciations of disappointed poli
ticians or the di» contented ravings of visionary enthusi
astsOn Wednesday evening au entertaining musical
gaia was given at tbe Tabernacle by the children of the
Five Points, under the direction of Mr. Curtis. The per
formance presented many interesting features, and was
listened to with the greatest satisfaction by the audience
On the same evening the twenty-first lecture of Mr*
Sweetman’B course on the Church of Rome was delivered
in Manhattan Hall to an audience numbering about a
hundred, ior the sake of variety, we suppose, instead
of a prater, the lecture was prefaced by a comic song,
which was loudly applaudedOn the samf. evening,
Pr< f. Renwick, of Columbia College, delivered au interesi
ing lecture before the Mechanics Institute, on the History,
Ssate, and Prospects of the Harbor of New York.” The
lecture was listened to with the greatest attention, and
gave vniversnl satisfactionOn Friday night, Father
Gavazzl delivered “positively his last lecture” at Metro
politan Hall. The attendance was not so large as usual,
although theeubject, “ Americanism and its Integrity.”
was one of considerable interest; and one would have
thought well calculated to draw a full house. Will the
Padre “diicontinue his course,” now, that’ti the ques
tion A meetingin advocacy of Ocean Penny Postage
was held at the Tabernacle. Tbe Mayor presided, and
peitine.ut addressQi were made by Mr. Elihu Barrit, of
Mssßachueetts, and Hon. John P. Hale The veteran*
of 1812, completed the arrangements for their proposed
journey to Philadelphia, to attend the convention to be
held there for the purpose of obtaining relief from Con
gress. A larg> number were present." A meeting of ■
the delegates to the Literary Convention, was held at th®
rooms of the Board of Education, corner of Grand and
Elm streets. The President of the Convention, Douglas
Leffingwell, Esq., called the meeting to order • after
which the meeting proceeded to consider unfinished busi
ness, in completing the literary organization. Eloquent
speeches were made by Messrs. Leffingwell, Tomlinson
Crane, Clarkson and others, upon the aims and objects of
the union. The meeting adjourned till next Tuesday
evening.
Fatal Accidents, Sudden Deaths and
Suicides.—Wilhelmina Herlof, a young German girl, died
suddenly at N®. 2 Manhattan Alley, from congestion of
the lungs, brought about by constant attendance at
balls and exposure to the weather Mrs. Mary Hall,
aged 23 years, died suddenly at No 44 Elizabeth street,
from disease of the heartlthamor W. Renall, pro
prietor of the Waverey Hotel, died suddenly from an at
tack of apoplexy. ... .A man named Moses Henry died
at the N. Y. Hospital from injuries received by being
accidentally run over by an Eighth avenue railroad car
on New Year’s day Peter Williams, second mate of
the steam-propeller Petrel, died at the N. Y. Hospital
from scalds accidentally received on board that vessel.
Bridget Clark, a native of Ireland, died at her dwel
ling in Forty-first - street, from apoplexy Peter
Quigley died at the N. Y. Hospital from injuries acciden
tally received some time since on the Hudson River Rail
roadAn aged woman named Mary Finnegan, died
at the residence of her daughter, 325 Spring street, from
disease of the heart, superinduced by an overdose of
salts administered through ignoranceA woman of
intemperate habits, named Mary Whittaker, was found
lying in the street, at, the corner of Classen avenue and
L’egraw street, frozen stiff. Her body was picked up by
officer Gregory, of the Fourth District Police, asid con
veyed. to the dead house where the coroner held an in
quest, and a verdict in accordance with the facts was
rendered by the juryA child named Peter Madden,
died at Ne. 653 Hudson street, from burns accidentally
received some time sinceAn unknown man about
25 years of age, committed suicide at the lodging house.
No. 85 Chatham street, by taking poison. The deceased
was about 5 feet 7 inches in height, with ligat hair, mou> •
tache and goatee. On his right fore arm was tattooed a
mermaid, and the letter “M.” On the other fore arm
were the letters “ M. K.,” in a block ; also an anchor on
tbe hand, near the thumb. He had on a bombezine
vest, black cloth pants, white muslin shirt, with linen
bosom, white woollen knit under shirt and drawers, white
cotton socks, and black satin stock. From his general
appearance, it is supposed that he was a native of Ger
many Mr. Augustus Muling, of the firm of Jung,
Mehrman & Co,, No. 21 South William street, committed
suicide by blowing out his brains with a pistol. The de
ceased was a young man of correct habits, very success
ful in business, and no cause can be assigned for the rash
act Margaret Ryan, a poor woman who occupied a
room in the fifth story of premises No. 151 Broadway, at
4 o’clock yesterday morning, while, as is supposed in a
deranged state of mind, arose from her bed, crawled from
a rear window and fell to the ground, a distance of over
50 feet, killing herself almost instantlyA house
carpenter named Michael Kane, fell from a scaffold at the
new Opera House, erecting in 14th st., between the 3rd
and 4th Avenues. The poor man fell a distance of 50 feet,
and was instantly killed. Coroner Hilton held an inquest,
and the jury rendered a verdict accordingly. The de
ceased was 31 years old, and leaves a wife and one child.
He was a member of Hook and Ladder Co.. No. 44. . ...
A man named George Frederick Scborse lost his lite being
accidentally precipitated down a long flight of stairs at
172 Mott street.
Outrages for the Week.—About half-past
2 o’clock on the afternoon of Sunday last, a gang of boys
were collected at the corner of Elizabeth and Houston sts.,
and were amusing themselves by snow balling each other,
and occasionally the passers by. A stranger passing was
struck on the face with a snow-ball, the smart of which
so enraged him. that he rushed in amongst the crowd,
and with a dirk knife which he had taken from his pock
et, stabbed Peter McKeon. The person is unknown, and
is supposed to be a Spaniard. After he had given the
blow, he made his escape. The injured bov was taken to
his boarding house, 223 Elizabeth street, when a physi
cian was sent for, but none coming, he was conveyed to
the New York Hospital. There is an internal hsetuorrhage,
and the physicians have but little hopes of his recovery.
The man perpetrating the crime is unknownAbout
2 o’clock p.m., of Monday last, a colored man, 21 years of
age. was attacked at the corner of West and Canal streets,
by a gang of young men armed with clubs and other
weapons. Tht-y commenced striking him over the head
and shoulders, and finally drew blood, which so
ated the negro that he drew a bowie knife from his pock
et, and stabbed one of his adversaries through the thick
part of the arm. At this moment the police arrived and
re-cued the negro from the hands of his assailants, and
conveyed him on shipboard. Be belonged on a steamboat
lying on the East River side of the cityOn Wednes
day night a young woman named Anna Stevenson arrived
in the Hudson Rivtr Railroad cars from Albany, and while
passing through Washington street asked two men whom
she met to direct her to the Providence steamboat. They
pretenced to comply with her wishes, but soon forced her
into a stable, where they attempted an aggravated assault
upon her person, but were prevented from accomplishing
their designs by a policeman of the Bth Ward, who was
attracted to tbe s'able by her cries for assistance. The
fellows managed to escape fron? the officers, but were
subsequently arrested and locked up by Justice Smart to
await examinationA violent assault,with an attempt
to commit a rape, on the person of Ann Stepleton was per
petrated a few evenings since by two persons, both of
whom were arrested by officer Drake, of the Eighth Ward.
The prisoners were taken before the complainant, who at
once identified them as the two men who perpetrated the
outrage. In addition to the assault, the complainant as
serts that her pocket was picked of about four dollars at
the time of the outrage. Justice Welch, befora whom
the accused ware taken, required them to find bail in the
sum of SI,OOO each, In default of which they wer® sent to
the Tombs to await a trial.
Charge of Counterfeiting.—>ln the U. S.
Commissioners Office, on Thursday last, before Commis
sioner Nelson, Edward Brown, spoken of as Dr. Brown,
but ne evidence shown that he was a medical man. was
examined on a charge of making and uttering to S.rah
S. Coubrough a number of counterfeit gold dollars. Tbe
accused is a man about thirty years of age, of respec
table. appearance. Mrs. 8., his lady, was present with
him in court, Sarah S. C. testified to having received
the counterfeit money from the accused at his house,
corner of Fulton avenue and Oxford street, Brooklyn,
and preceding to Borton, according to his direction,
with instructions from him to purchase small articles at
“tores, not ovex 4s or 9s worth at a place, and give him on
her return the change. Ha told her to be particular to
speak of what are called sixpences and shillings as four
pences and ninepences, what they are called by, there.
St e was to have gone, when she got to Boston, to the
Hanover Hotel, but she found that ft had been tom
down, and she vent to b[o 47 Prince street. Boston. In
the afternoon she proceeded to purchasing sm^llarticles,
presenting gold dollars and receiving change ; sbe passed
off about 25, till finally a man t 1) her the money was
bad, when she went to another shop and two men told
.her the same, and she was arrested by officer Rogers at
No. 141 Cambridge street. She was told, she said, by
Dr 8.. that tbe money was good. On being arrested she
was directed to tell the truth, and one of the officers told
her if she diri so she would not be punished. She then
told that sbe received tbe counterfeit money from Dr.
B , and was brought on here She further testified that
she is a widow, her husband having kept a blacksmith
ehop in Newark, »nd they also kept a small shop for the
sale of needle, tape, &c. ; that Dr. B got acquainted
with her husband, who was induced to sell out in Newark*
and fake a room in the doctor’s house at Brooklyn ; he
got $572 for his place, and loaned the money to Dr. 8.,
■who has only returned her $126 or $127 of it. Her hus
band died at thje house of Dr. B. She had one nbild, a
son, by said marrieg®. whom she left at tbe Doctor*!
houpe on her going to Boston. She was formerly mar
ried and has four children in Ireland, having been di
vorced there from her first husband. She also spoke of
having passed money in Brooklyn given to her by Dr B ,
some of which had been stated to he bad. The charge
was denied by the accused, and there being no evidence
whatever to corroborate the statement of the witness,
the complaint was dismissed ; she also having been dis
charged by the Boston Police.
The Festival of the “Young Men’s He
brew Benevolent Society,” to which we alluded in our
last, took place on Thursday evening at Niblo’s, and
in every respect, was one of the most pleasant, in‘-r?st
ing and succes-ful Festivals of the kind we ever remem
ber to have‘‘assist'd” at. To describe the dazzling ar
ray of beauty and brilliancy that graced it, w® acknow
ledge to be rather a greater amount of labor, than de
spite our lore for and admiration thereof, wa wouldp»*n
ture to undertake. Enough to state that Niblo’s fin®
ball ro< m was filled with lovelier forms, brighter eyes,
richer dresses and more brilliant jewel.', than ever we
met thrre before. The ladies, in a word, were gen rally
as lovely, bright and merry as heart could wieh, and the
gentlemen as gallant and good looking as the other side
of the house might desire. The eupper aud othsr ar
rangements were ample, satisfactory and well arranged.
One of the most interesting incidents of the evening was
the presentation of a very handsotna gold medal to tbe
Pre»ida«xt of the Society, Mr Herts, one of tbe founders
thereof. Mr. P. J Joaehimsen. also one of the original
founders, and we believe the Vice President, presented
the medal in a very neat and brief speech, complimented
Mr. Heriz upon his disinterested and unremitting la
bors in the cause of th- noble charity to which they had
devoted themselves. Mr. Herts replied at some length,
relating in brief the history of the Association from its
origin, referring to the mauv hundreds of poor famiites
whkh by a timely distribution of fuel on the part of the
Soc'ety had been kept from p-rishiug, and alluded to the
many labors of charity which were still before them, a. d
towards the attainment of which they constantly labor
ed. We regret that our space will not allow us to give
these speeches in full, but we earnestly hope that this
excellent Association may go on ia tbeir good work and
pro. 1 per ever as it now does under its present clever,
whole-souled and energetic officers.
The Police Commissioners.—During ths
present :week, the Commissioners of Police have held
several meetings in their rooms, in the City Hall, for tue
purpose of appointing officers and policemen. for the
Twenty-first and Twenty second Wards in this City,
created by the n?w charter The applications wer® ve y
numerous for these offices, but so dubious were the
qualifications of many of the candidates, that but few
were chosen. The number of patrol men to be appointed
in each Ward, was 48, but the Commissioner found only
a small proportion of the number applying qualified to
perform the duties required. Only 24 men have as yet
been appointed m each of these Wards. The following
gentlen-en were appointed as officers : Twenty first Ward
—Captain Francis Spate ; First Lieutenant, J. M.
Flandreau ; Second Lieutenant, Palmer. Twenty-second
Ward—Captain Witter ; First Lieutenant, Miller; Second
Lieutenant, Baldwin; Messrs. Wilder, Balding and
Flandreau, have for some years past, b-sing connected
with the Police Department, and are well worthy ot this
promotion. The vacancies in the Nineteenth Ward have
been filled by the sppointment of Mr. {Calvin as First
Lieuter-ar t, and Mr. O’Brien as Second Lieutenant. Th®
office of Captain of the Fourteenth Ward, rendered vacant
by the resignation of Capt. Scat’iffe, and also the same
office in the Fifth Ward, vacated by tbe expiration of
Capt. Carpenter’s time, are yet to be filled. Tbe appli
cations for the Captaincy of rhe Fifth Ward are numerous
enough, but there is fair pro.-pect of the reappointment
of the present ii cumbent. Capt. Carpenter's time ex
pired a few days since, but he bolds over until th® Com
missioners make an appointment. Daring the proceed
ings of the Commissioners of Police, within a few moiths
past, several Captains have be»n brought to trial en
grave charges. Some time has now elapsed sin -e these
trials, but as yet no decisions huve been rendered, al
though in the case of charges against patro' men no
time is lost by the Commissioners in rendering their
decisions.
Terrific Explosion from the Breaking, of
a Gas Pirn —Capt. Ackerman, of the Ninth Patrol Distric 1 ,
on Friday morning last, made a return to the Chief of
Police, setting forth that for the last fortnight the citi
zens in the neighborhood of Greenwich-av., Troy and
Twelfth sts., have been greatly alarmed in consequence
of their dwellings being filled with gas, all of whom were
unable to discover the source whence it came. On Wed
nesday mornirg, Mr. V. W. Many, residing at No. 1
Twelfth-st., notified the company that his house was
filled with gas, although he did not use the article, which
was very offensive to his family.' The Gas Company, at
4 o’clock, dispatched two men who commenced excavat
ing tbe earth at tbe corner of Greeawich-av. and Twelfth
st. On reaching the pipe one of the men named Michael
Iloher, applied a lighted match, when instantly a terrific
explosion enflued, blowing him some 12 feek in the air.
The gas having found its way through the earth to the
fewer at the toot of Twelfth-st., immediately on being
ignited, threw up the coveting of the culverts along the
line of the sewer in Troy-st-, forcing up the heavy iron
plates weighing 180 pounds each, which covered the man
holes, (seven in number,) in its course from the avenue
to Hudson-st., a distance of more than 500 feat, breaking
the man-hole and culvert covers into several pieces ; also
breaking down the iron railings in front of house No. 23
Troy-st. ; also breaking a grocery wagon and numberless
lights of glass in the neighborhood, spreading alarm
through the vicinity. A daughter of Mr. Taylor was
slightly injured by the fragments thrown about by th®
explosion. Up to a late hour at night, the laborers
were busily employed to discover the origin of the diffi
culty, which is supposed to have >~een caused by th®
bursting of one of the main pipes. The earth was com
pletely impregnated with gas that flowed freely through
the covering of bricks of tbe man-hole at the corner
Fourth and Troy sts., burning brilliantly, and illuminat
ing the whole neighborhood during the night. It is cer
tainly a miracle that no lives were lost. Had the gas
found its way in a contrary direction, under the dwel
lings of the residents, great destruction of life must have
ensued.
The Wreck of the Great Republic. —Th*
damage by the burning of this n.ble vessel is considera
bly less than was at first supposed. She was got all oat
on Tuesday morning. This was accomplished by build
ing a temporary stern—that part of the vessel having
been burnt away—and inclosing the whole after part of
the hull, which was deepest in the water, in canvas, to
stop the Laks. Five steam pumps were then put aboard,
and the twelve feet of water in her exhausted at the
rate of one foot per hour. Only about one-third of the
cargo was touched by fire, leaving at least three ih >usand
tuns, damaged by water, in the two lower holds. These
decks occupy about twenty-four feet from the k«el up
ward, and that part of the vessel, which includes all bo
low copper, is in a sound condition—so that her late com
mander, Capt. McKay, -remarked that she might yet
be made into as fine a steamer as floats. The two upper
decks—the promenade and spar—are wholly gone, with
the timbers ; but a large quantity of cargo stowed in
that part of the vessel—cotton, grain, resin, &c.are in
course of removal. Half a dozen schooner loads have
already been taken away—all, of course, greatly damag
ed. Among other articles is a grebt quantity of corn,
in bulk and in bags. The part most badly burnt will be
good for nothing. The clean portions* injured only by
water, will be chiefly valuable to make starch of. La
borers are employed in cutting up the masts and clear
ing away all incu’-nbrances from the upper decks, be
fore commencing below. Capt. Sturgis, agent of the Un
derwriters, has charge of the wreck. The large quantity of
flour below decks is expected to be got out in a tolerably
good condition. Barrels of flour submerged in water
are not ordinarily penetrated by it more than two inchea
in about three weeks ; and good Southern barrels, such
as were on the Great Republic, are preserved muon bet
ter. ihe wheat is alio below decks.
The Jersey City Water Works. —The
Board of Water Commissioners of Jersey City have made
their iemi-annual report, in which the progress of the
water works, the condition of the finances of the Board,
and the prospect for the speedy completion of the works,
are shown. It contains also the estimate of Mr. Wnit
nell, chief engineer of th- work, by which it appears that
about $120,000 are yet to be expended to complete the
works. Unexpected delays on the work have occurred
on account of the sickness of persons employed upon the
marshy parts of the ground where work h»s been don®
All of the iron pipes have been delivered that were con*
traded for, ana nearly all of them have been laid. The
receiving reservoir at Belleville, and the Distributing Re
servoir at Bergen Hill, are in an almost completed cenci
tion. The pipe bridge and the inverted syphon at th®
Hackensack Bridge are completed, and will be sunk to
their places as soon as the navigation of the Hackensack
closes for the seison. The erection of th® buildings at
Belleville for ihe engine, has proved to be the most diffi
cult and expensive part of the entire work. Tne build
ings are nearly completed, and the engine is nearly all
there ready to be put up. The sum already expended by
the Board is $530,186 91—including the purchase of land,
the employment of labor, and the payment of interest.
It is believed that the cost of the works will not overgo
the estimate upon which the work was undertaken. Al
together at tbe end of the first year after water is intro
duced, it is expected that the water debt will not exceed
$600,000. An arrangement is in contemplation by which
Hoboken will be supplied with water, if the details of th®
plan can be agreed upon. Six weeks of good weather in
the Spring will complete the laying of the pipe. In Jer
sey City, 122 hydrants have been set in brick boxes. The
Bergen Reservoir will be ready for use early in the sea
son. It is possible that by the first of May next, at
Idlest, thpe® works will be completed and in

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