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Sunday dispatch. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1845-1854, January 22, 1854, Image 1

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flfotes and Queries.
In this Department w-e design to stale fkets and give useful information
only not to make it an ergan of opinion. To do this properly, re
quires considerable time and labor. We truat, therefore, that our read
ers will not send us questions which their own judgment must tell them
ws cannot answer.
Cuban.—We are at length enabled to fulfill
the promise made to you some weekq since. Of the Chief Jus
tices of the Supreme Court of the United States. John Jay, of
New York was the first. Mr. Jay was appointed by the Presi
dent, with the advice and consent of the Senate, on the 26th of
September, 1789. On his nomination as Envoy Extraordinary
to England. April 19, 1794, he res'gned his Chief Justiceship ;
and his tucce-sor, John Rutledge, of South Carolina, was ap
pointed July Ist, 1795, in a recess of the Senate, and presided on
the Bench at the August terra of 1795 ; but as the Senate refused
to confirm his nomination, William Cushing of Massachusetts,
then an Associate Justice, was nominated cn the 27th January,
to fill the vacant seat. Mr. Cushing declining the appoint
ment, Oliver Ellsworth, of Connecticut, was nominated and
confirmed on the 4th of March, 1796. [He presided on the Bench
at the August term, 1799 ] Subsequently, being appointed
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to France,
he resigned his seat as Chief Justice, and John Jay, of New
York, was nominated to the place ; >ut declining, John Mar- [
shall, (Secretary of State at the time,) of Virginia, was appoin- I
ted to the seat on the 31st ot January, 1801, in place of John
Jay. Mr. Marshall died in 1835. On the 15th of March, 1836,
Roger B. Taney, of Maryland, was nominated and appointed ta
the Bench. Roger B. Taney is the present Chief Justice
of the Supreme Court of the United States
The first cabinet of President Jackson was made up of Martin
Van Buren, as Secretary of State ; S. D. Ingham, of the Treasu
ry ; John H. Eaton, of War ; John Branch, of the Navy; Wm.
T. Barry, Posi-Master General ; and J. McPherson Berrien, At
torney-General. The first Cabinet remained undisturbed from
March 6,1829, to August, 1831, when the second Cabinet, com
pored of Edward Livingston, as Secretary of State ; L sMe
Lane, in the Treasury ; Lewis Cass, in the War Department;
Levi Woodbury, in the Navy; Wm. T. Barry, as Post-Master
General, and Boger B. Taney as Attorney-General, took office.
There were various changes in the Cabinet from this time
until the close of the second administration of President Jackson.
Louis McLane entered office on the 29th of May, 1833, and
John Forsyth, on the 27th of June, 1834, as Secretaries of State-
Wm. J. Duane, on the 29. h of May, 1833; Roger B. Taney, Sep
tember 23,1833, and Levi Wocdbury, 27th June, 1834, were Sec
retaries of the Treasury. As Secretaries of the Navy, we find
Mahlon Dickerson entered office June 30, 1834 ; and James K.
Paulding, June 20, 1838. As Post-Master General, Amos Ken- i
■dall, took office, May 1, 1835. Benjamin F. Butler was Attor- I
ney-General, on the 15th November. 1&33. Mr. Butler, for (
about a month was Secretary of War, towards the close of i
Jackson’s second term, and also acted in that capacity for the x
first four days of Van Buren’s administration. t
John R. Brown.—When once an American
citizen places himself beyond the jurisdiction of his own govern- i
anent, he is held responsible for any infraction of the laws of the I
country in which he may choose to reside. Any other rule c
would destroy all settled government. Some exceptions, how- <
ever, are made in the case of accredited public servants, (such J
as envoys, consuls, etc.,) as their flag is supposed to protect a
them in many minor instances. If, however, they should com- a
mit grave offences, such as conspiring against the government
near which they reside, murder, arson, etc., their flag would
afford them no immunity from punishment: although before n
proceeding to extremes, the government which they represented 11
would, as a point of courtesy, be first consulted as to their dis- c
position. An ambassador is expected to submit to the laws of P
the country to which he is sent by his government, as cheerful- «
ly as the meanest citizen or subject of that country The 8
American seaman who mutinies on board his ship in a foreign
port, is subject to the laws of the country under whose flag he
sails, and the consul displaying that flag, residing at the port,
may cause his arrest and send him home for trial; but if an
American citizen residing in a foreign country commits an act a
Which in the United States is a punishable offence, but not con- *
sidered a crime in that country, he cannot be held accountable v
for the offence on his return to the United States: for the reason
that the municipal laws of one power cannot penetrate within
the jurisdiction or supersede the laws of another power as inde
pendent as itself. Let us illustrate this An American residing J
in an eastern country where a plurality ot wives is recognized, tl
if he marry two or more women he commits no infraction of its 1(
laws. On his return to the United States he could not be held
for bigamy, unless he brought his wives with him, and hohabi- t(
ted with them as his wives. If he should marry in England a
woman (where monogamy only is recognized ) and then should
come here and marry another woman, he would be herd to be a p
bigamist; if he should come here from the country where c<
polygamy was allowed and marry, he would also be considered b,
as having committed bigamy ; bat if he should not marry here, pi
he could not be held accountable for the plural marriages con- st
tracted by him in the country where polygamy was an admitted
institution.
ABMOBEB.-The very best answer we can give
Of the origin of the words “canon” and “cannon,” is by quo- fo
ting the following paragraph from pp. 208 and 209, of Treach on be
the Study of Words“ Sometimes a slightly-different spelling th
comes in aid of an enormous divergence of moaning, to disguise
the fact of two words having originally rested on one and the
same etymology, and really being so closely related to one an
other, that we may say, in fact, they are one and the same word. v<
I would instance as a notable example of this, ‘ canon ’ with a th
single n, as the ‘canon ’ of scripture, and ‘cannon,’ or heavy
artillery. Can there, it may well be asked, be any point in
common between them ? can they be resolved ultimately into
the same word ? I believe they can. The word ‘ canon’ with a th
single n, which is a Greek word, means properly ‘ rule ;’ first,
the measuring rule or line of the carpenter ; and then figura- H
tlvely any measure or rule by which we try other things ; and
in its crowning use, the Holy Scriptures, as being regulative of cc
life and doctrine in the church. But the carpenter’s rule was q,
commonly a reed (eanna), that being selected on account of its pr
straightness ; yon may remember in scripture mention once or
twice being made of the measuring ‘reed ’ (Rev. xxi. 15,16);
and from this reed or ‘ canna,’ the rule or line (the ‘ canon’) had be
its name, or at any rate the words are most closely allied. A
reed, however, as we all know, besides being atraight is also
and thus it came to pass when the hollow engines of
war, our modern aitillery, were invented, and were feeling E1
about for their appropriate name, none was nearer at hand than ho
this which the reed supplied, and they were called ‘cannon’ too.”
[ln a note he adds“ In confirmation of this view of the de
rivation of ‘ cannon,’ and in proof that it lay very near to the
imagination of men to liken them to reeds, we have the applica
ticn of ‘ Rohr ’ in German, which, at first signifying a cane or
reed, has in like manner been applied to the barrel of a gun.” oil
Enquibeb.—ln reply to your first query, we cil
have to say that the bible published (or about to be published,)
by the Bible Society, has been found to err in nearly twenty-four
thousand places as compared with’ the earlier ediiions of the
translation of King James : so .ay the collators to whom was
entrusted the difficult and delicate task of detecting and cor
recting those errors. Tile errors delected are chiefly of B«
punctuation, ot the press ; and in some instances of words omit
ted or introduced, which pervert (in the old copies,) certain pas
sages; and consequently disturb certain doctrines. Your,
second question is pertinently replied to in the following extract:
“Before the art of printing, books were of incredible price.
From the 6th to the 13lh century many bishops could not road, pi<
and kings were scarcely able to sign their names ; and henco Ge
the use of seals and sealing. These were the ages in which su- m<
perstition, witchcraft, and priestcraft obtained so universal an nr
ascendency. From 600 to 1200 all learning was in the hands of
the Arabs, Saracens and Chinese. Copying was, in ancient
Greece and Borne, a productive employment; bat it afterwards ° '
fell into the hands of the monks, who copied chiefly theology tio
A good copy of the Bible, en vellum, employed two years ; and tio
the works of either of the Fathers still more time. Jorome an.
rotes, that he had ruined himself in buying, acpy of the ful
Works of Origen. Of course, copyers altered and vitiated, oor- OUI
rented the language, interpolated, Ac. according to their hones- I ,
ty, taste, faith, or party ; and hence the endless controversies
among critics and theologians about words, phrases, and para- S<?a
graphs. It thus appeared, that, at the Council of Nice, in 325 I aW
there were 200 varied versions ot the adopted Evangelists, and ' • x!
51 several G ospels preserved In various Christian communities de;
but so scarce that no Roman historian or writer appears ever to
have seen them.” abc
Ellen.—Our advice is—do not be persuaded, hd
and drop yanr money savm 6 w . -«• —
Fortune tellers are arrant Impostors, who practice on the credu- p ar
lity of such as you ; and thus by depriving poor working girls mo
of part of their hard earnings, live comfortably and lazily; while j aln
their deluded clients work and starve. Listen to what an old- I the
fashioned philosopher says of fortune-telling Astrology, |„ 1
propheey, palmistry, etc., imply fate; but the mistake arises (
from this principle, that all possible events are within a certain 1 ei)l
probability. If then, one hundred events are foretold with va- j o f
rious probabilities of coming to pass, a certain number, as half, a i hit
third, or two thirds, must always happen as foretold ; and how- po<
ever or by whatever means foretold. The means merely relieve
the prophet from the palpable imposture of inventing his prog- P®'
nostics. One means are as good as another for this deception on
the understanding; and whether 100 probable events are foretold a g|
T>y the sediment of tea cups, planets, entrails of birds, shuffling no
of cards, dreams, pricking in a book, or moles on the body, no
some 30, 40, 50 or 60, are equally likely to come to pass.”
Constellation.—Organic diseases of the str
heart can never be cured, although—as in ossification—they
may be checked. As we have not an exact description of the
particular affection to which the young lady is subjected, we j| g
cannot of course be expected to hint at a prescription.. .We can gu
do better, however; we can recommend the young lady toplace
herself under the care of some professional gentleman eminent dil
for his path< logical attainments. Once under the care of a dis- go
creet physician, and she may be restored to health. We can i * r
give you an outline treatise on “Diseases of the Heart,” if you '
desire it; but on a subject so serious, we would prefer not to j
offer any advice, in a remedial sense See last publication I
for a composition that will promote the growth of the hair su
Corrosive sublimate diluted with the oil of almonds, and applied ' Ti
occasionally to the face, will remove eruptions, pimples, etc....
... “ Lieutenant”—Zutenant, or te/tenant —either is correct as to
pronunciation. Burlesque, is pronounced by Webster, bur desk.
We refer to former numbers of this paper, for an explana- | a
tion of the phrase “ Who struck Billy Paterson.” ta
NAViGATOB.-“If ‘Q. E. D.’ had assumed one h<
leg, instead of the hypotenuse of the triangle, for the base of the sa
square in Nodrog’s problem, he would have found the answers
correctly given; and therefore unnecessary to charge ‘ Nodrog’
and ‘P. G.’with defectsTo 1 Dembola.^— You were not
explicit enough in stating your problem; but if your 100 rods is fj
bounded by an abscissa, an ordinate, and the contained arc; then f.l
the following is a general rule :—Multiply the amount to be cut re
off into the ration, 3.14159, <tc.; divide the product by four times P
the area of the semi-circle; seek for the quotient in the table of lo
circular segments ; then multiply the corresponding height by
the diameter of the circle, and it will give the abscissa 5.9358 a
rods : multiply the abscissa in:o the difference of the diameter
and abscissa, and extract the square root of the product, and it n
will give the ordinate = 21.9203 rods‘ rule for &
the solution of the ‘Box Question’ is incorrect.” c<
n
H. E.— u The property which a son may ac- t]
quire before he attains his majority,” can be made liable for the
debts of the father—provided, at the time of the execution, the K
son is a minor The “ Carson League,” so-called, was first I
Started by a man named Carson, a resident of Onondaga county, v
la this State. He proposed to leave out all other questions but k
that of cost; and upon the question of finance to fight the sale of 11
alcohol as a beverage. The “Carson League,” as a temperance ?
association, is spreading very rapidly in Western New York, 11
Ohio, and other Western States. ...What is the meaning oP a
X-mas!”—X from its similitude to the Cross, was at an early n
age of the Church used to designate, symbolically, Christ and t
6ross. The letter is used sometimes by Churchmen in connec u
tion with n, thus: Xn, Christian; X mas, Ohrittmas, (mass o I
Christ,) X, Christ; and XX, Cross of Christ. This latter com- ?
blnadon, we believe, is not now in use.
Carlos.—Journeymen printers earn from f
$lO to S2O per week, in this cityA good horizontal engine j
cf 10-horse power, is worth about SSOODr. Gouraud’s t-
Medlcated Soap is said by those who have used it as a toilette
soap to be very superior The “ matrice” used for casting 4
type, is made up of steel, wood and brass The State draws 1
no shares from gold mines within its boundaries, if the mines
are the property ©f individualsln Calico printing, the |
figured patterns are transferred to the surface by blocks, copper 1
plates or engraved cylinders, by which the colors are directly ’
printed, or by which “ mordants” (the technical name used by 1
calico printers, from the preparation having a chemical affinity '
for coloring, and serving to fix colors on the field,) are so applied 1
that When the calico is immersed in a color.ng bath, the color
only adheres or is produced upon the parts to which the mor
dant had been previously applied.
A Play-goer-Writes us an ungrammatical
note on gilt-edged paper, with the (Uvice of a pair of doves on
a basket of flowers. Jf he thinks ttßt “the'ladies of Mr. Wal
lack’s company are all verging towards middle age,” he is very
ungallant, and we beg to differ with him, and most widely too.
If he wishes the “ young lady ” (whom we know to be a mere
•hild,) “ with a deep contralto voice,” (which we never dis
covered, though we have known her for some years,) to ap
pear in more and more prominent parts, he ought to address the
. manager, not us. Perhaps the young lady has “talents of a
higher order,” is “ pretty, youthful, fascinating,” as he
and if so, it is lucky for herself; but we are not th© manager
nor do w© feel Inclined to dictate to Mr. Wallack, ©ven had we
the power to do so.
< J. B. A.-By referring to preceding columns
of this paper, our correspondent will find set down the numeri
cal strength of the Catholic and Protestant denominations of
this State and of the United States There are but few white
people in Hayti; and those few are looked upon with a great
deal of suspicion by th© subjects of his Imperial Majesty, Faus
tin lOf the population of San Domingo, about one-sixth
are white. The white inhabitants there are placed on the same
footing, politically, as the n«gro,We are not aware that
reading improves or injures the lungs : much stooping over a
desk is apt to injure them and bring on consumption. Too
much reading is not particularly beneficial to the sight.
Ann B.— The war between Eussia and
Turkey, ostensibly originated in a desire on the part of the Czar
to have a controlling voice in th© government of the Greek
church .within the dominions of the Porte; but in reality it
originated in a policy long since commenced by the Emperors
and Empresses of Russia to extend their Empire, and make of
Constantinople the southern capital of their possessions.
Without going into detail, we have given you in few words, the
present policy of Russia, openly and covertly, in t h e affairs yf
Eastern Europe The water of rice boiled, without being
tied up in a bag, is equal to the best Polish starch for clear*
starching muslins, and will give quite a lustre to linens.
Merwin.—“ Will you give me ths origin of
the • £ fterling ?’ ’’—Anciently, 240 pence were equal to a pound
of silver : hence, a sterling (pure, true, etc.,) pound is equal In
value to 20 shillings, or 240 pence. In Webster, we find that
“sterling is probably from Easterling, the popular name of
German traders in England, whose money was of the purest
Q aaHt yDollar, is from the Swedish dualder, its sign s in
tended to repref ent 8 shillings, | (equal) to one hundred ceuts..
... The meaning of “ coup d'elat t n is a sudden, decisive blow
in politics ; a stroke of policy The word dessert (meaning
the .ast course of an entertainment,) is pronounced dez-nert.
A Subscriber— Brom a description of the
cutaneous affection which appeM , lQ Jo[l _ weßhonU jadge
that you were visited with Ltpra. K „ thl , loathsome dlsesse;
then to rid yourselt of It, apply wam ba , h , u] hur
baths, and afterwards slightly slta ßUttog oiatmeillß , Bneh as
pitch ointment, or weak citrine ointment, with light and mode
; rate diet, carefully abstaining from wine and stimulants. Any
competent physician can direct you to a speedy removal of the
modern disease known as leprosy Wa are unable at pre«nt
to give you a description of the Minnie rifle, not bavin- the ne-
Ctssary information to hand.
John Edwards.—The custom of burning
Guy Fawkes in effigy, o» the sth of November, is still kept up
in many parts of England. Some t' oor three years ago, the
police attempted to stop it, but did not succeed.
I I 111 Irl 1 i
VOL. 9. NO. 9.
Two Subscribers.—“ A friend and I had a
dispute ; I say Man is an animal. He says, No. Decide.”
’ You are both correct in your definitions. Man, physically, Is an
animal; mentally and spiritually an angel. Man is th©
flower of the animal world—the microcosm of all beneath him,
’ in his externals. Internally, he is conjoined to God. That
which is of h'm physical returns to the elements from which it
ascended ; while that which is spiritual, is subjectively attract
i ©d to the Creative Cause out of which it was originally germina
ted, or propagated.
N. R.—The woman is a. bigamist. The first
person to whom she was married is the true husband. Her se
cond husband is released from the contract. If she marries a
third person, the contract is no more binding in his case than in
that of the second marriage. The lady has placed herself in a
very awkward predicament. Two husbands alive, and about to
marry a third, is rather rich; and decidedly more than the law
allows.
G- H.—The “ circular question ” has been
inserted in this column more than once, under various forms...
It is just as “right ” to read light literature on the Sabbath as
on any other day. Whatever has a tendency to injure the mind
on Sunday, will be quite as likely to produce the like effect on
MondayOf course, it makes you no loss “guilty to injure
a person, because if you did not, some one else would.” What
an idea!
Rustic.—So far as our knowledge of the
matter will permit us to speak, it is our belief that the “ Lake
land property is genuine,” and that enterprising men of small
capital might make very good investments therein. Before
purchasirg, however, we would advise “Rustic” to have the
title of the property examined by a lawyer who is a resident of
Suffolk county, L. I.
Josephus.-A good wood engraver, if steadi
ly employed on fair work, can earn from $lO to sl2 per week...
... It depends upon the receptivity to instruction of the learner j
as to the length of time it will take him to acquire the art of
wood engraving. Some have mastered the art in three weeks ;
while it has taken others as many years to become eveu passa
le workmen.
J. K. L.—The Astor Library is open to all;
poor and rich are alike admitted within its walls. The softest
hands encased in the most delicate kid are not more welcome
than those that never wore gloves, and whose fingers are cal
loused with wholesome toil The captors of Major Andre
were American born, and natives of this State. We never heard
to the contrary, • ,
W. S. K.—Water-coloring is usually era
ployed in the production of shades and tints on maps, etc. Ex
cepting in durability, water-color painting has of late years
been brought to such perfection as to rival oil The water
paint is first levigated and mixed with gum, then formed into
.sticks, when it is ready for use.
R- J•—The city of New York is responsible
for the property of a citizen, destroyed by a mob during a riot.
We have no recollection of Wm. B. Astor sueing the city
for damages sustained by him during the Astor House riot. We
believe, however, that the authorities voluntarily made whole
that which was injured.
Jane.—Two years hence you can successful
ly apply for a divorce. We question if an application for a di
vorce, a vinculo matrimonio, would be entertained at present by
the Court before whom the case must be tried. Indeed, it is
very difficult to obtain a divorce for “ desertion” in this State.
P. S. M.—Be not over hasty. Wait until
the boy’s mo her arrives in this country, before you act. So far
as we can see, you have but the boy’s word for ter existence.
He is evidently playing upon his step-mother’s fears.
E. H. E.—Political economists consider any
commodity purchased not necessary or expedient, according to
the rank and fortune of the purchaser, and that occasions a dis
proportionate expenditure of income, a “luxury.”
J. <l.l.—For a mode by which freckles may
be removed from the skin, we refer you to recipes published a
various times, at the request of ethers, in this column.
H. E. N.—You can exchange American for
English money, or purchase a draff on an English banking
house from almost any respectable broker in Wall streat.
D. H.—Mr. Perham has not, so we are in
formed, disposed of all of his tickets of admission to the Seven
Mile Mirror. They are for sale at 663 Broadway.
Billey.—By adding lamp black and boiled ‘
oil to the “ ink,” you can use the brush with much greater fa
cility. j
Alanthus:—Heel-flannel of any kind will |
give the cheeks a rosy hue, if rubbed briskly over them a few (
times.
CicEßo.—Put your SIOO in some Savings’ (
Bank, and go to work. This is the best advice we can give you,
--- ■ -1
A German-American Howard. I
A new, practical, humane, and in every way philanthro- 1
pic institution, has Just been established in this city, by a
German publican, which bids fair, in its utility, to rival f
most of our much-boasted-of public and private charities. t
Mr. Lindexmuller, of 118 Chatham street, during the past £
week, has furnished daily a good, substantial and palata
ble dinner for 200 to 600 poor people gratuitously, a por- J
tion of the expense being covered hy voluntary contribu
tions of the benevolent. In order to make the humane J
and practical purpose.of Mr. Lindenmuller’s arrangement c
fully understood, we will endeavor to lay his plan before c
our readers. j;
It is a well-known fact, that at'the present inclement P
season of *the year, hundreds of industrious and respect- d
able poor people are out of employment, and with the q
existing high prices of provisions, fuel, &c., suffer f
deprivation in the midst of the wealth and luxury of thia ti
great Metropolis. It is also well known, that dur streets
abound with beggars—in many instances undeserving ' „
vagabonds—lyit in some cases, truly poor, 1 «
half starved wretches. A few pennies or a siwnakes mat- i °
JftU? r - will not enable the shivering n
pauper to procure a warm meal; and in order to create a i
momentary warmth, or excitement, or forgetfulness, the j t(
alm is often spent in bad rum, or poisonous brandy. Thus |
the very object of the benevolent donor is perverted. j K
Mr. Lindenmuller was for some years the inmate of a I £
European prison for political offences. He there became
well acquainted with prison fare, and being naturally an
enthusiast in the cause of humanity, it seems that some *
of his future plans matured there. He has since made ®
himself familiar with the style and manner in which the 11
poor and the prisoners in our almshouses and prisons are p
fed, and determined, some years ago, to provide, as far as y
at his own expense, dinners for the needy during
the inclement winter season; As a proof that his present
plan is not a speculation, nor intended either for personal £
aggrandisement or profit, we will here mention a fact,
not heretofore alluded to in any of the journals who have S
noticed the matter.
Two years ago, when Mr. L. was in more prosper
ous and wealthy circumstances than at present, he 3
served, daily and gratuitously, one hundred dinners to the t
poor, at his own place. This fact, this “ bread cast upon
the waters” in private, and scarcely known beyond j
the circle of the poor recipients, speaks volumes of „
itself, and surely ought to entitle him to confidence and
suppoit in his plans.
At present he proposes to charge four cents for eash J
dinner, to censist of a bowl of excellent soup, a piece of C
good beef of X of a lb., and a large piece of bread.— J
From 11 to 2 o’clock each day a long table is set, and (
every poor man, woman or child that comes hungry dur- j
i ing those hours, receives a good, hot and wholesome j
i dinner. To defray the expense of this, subscriptions (
j have already been made and are daily being made, in
sums of from one shilling to a few dollars per week.— ‘
These subscripts ns, on Thursday, when we visited the
©etablishment, amounted to about 250 meals per day, 1
charged at 4 cents, but Mr. L. dispensed nearly GOO every 1
day. At a little after one ©’clock, on the day we were j
there, over 600 persons had already dined, and the long
table was still occupied by some 70 or 80 diners. We
tasted the food and are free to confess that better soup
can scarcely be found even in our prominent public
houses. The meat was of a perfectly good quality (we '
saw several fine quarters of beef hanging up for.the
next day’s dinner,) the bread good, and the plates and
spoens bright and clean.
Mr. L. himself does not control the fund arising from
the weekly donations At present, as may be seen from
the statement above, the subscriptions do not cover half
the expenses, even at 4 cents a meal, and fiomhieown
resources he makes up the deficit, so as to give 600 meals
per day. This however, his means will not .allow him
long to continue, and thus he must after a while confine
the number of his dinners to the amount subscribed for,
at four cenxs each. The “German Society” have agreed
to pay for one hundred each week, and sends one hun
dred poor emigrants to get their diners. Mr. L. himself
not only furnishes all his labor, attendance, room, gas.
&c., but also agrees permanently to make another liberal
contribution, of a rather peculiar but characteristic Ger
man kind. He places every week four barrels of beer at
the cisposal of the controling ©ommittee (consisting of i
the proprietors of the several German papers ) The pro- >
ceeds of this beer (and it finds a ready sale at Linden
muller’s public house) are added to the dinner fund.
This controlling committee have their own book keeper,
who receives all the subscription money, donations, &e.,
keeps a correct account of the same, and keeps Linden
mnller advised how many dinners at four cents each, are
subscribed for, so that the latter may provide accord
ingly-
A list of the weekly subscriptions is kept on the premises,
as also a list of poorfamilies, who call and carry their din
ner home with them Nearly ninety mea's had thus been
taken home on . the day we called, and the list showed
us, that some large fair Hies, with aged, sick or decrepid
people, came daily from high up town in 33 and
34 street, to carry their meals home. Subscribers can,
if they request, receive tickets each good for a dinner,
for destribution among deserving poor. But it is not ne
cessary to present such a ticket to obtain the dinner,
for asibng as the amount provided holds out, every poor
person is welcome to his meal, up to two o’elock. The
amount at present provided is for 600 persons per day,
We have thus fuily and with some elaboration explain
ed the objects, intentions and plans of this, thus far pri
vate institution. But Mr. Lindcnmullers ideas are not
©onfined to his present limited sphere ; the benefit of his
present arrangement, is not, as some may imagine, con
fir ed to the poor of his own country, to Germans alone,
but we saw many, even during the brief visit we made,
who could not speak or understand a word of German,
receive their noon day meal at his hands. In fact, the
only needed passport to his table, is was want of food and
an appetite.
And yet his plans extent still further. In a conversa
tion we had with him, he assured us that the expense
for keeping the poor and prisoners is to the city about 44
cents per day, besides the salaries of officers, and. that
in most cases the food and lodging accommodations,
were very inferior, unhealthy and inadequate. He told,
us, that to alleviate the conditon of worthy poor, if a
• good, large house were provided for him, he would agree to
furnish to the city poor, each person three good, substan
tial And healty meals per day, and good lodgings at the
rate of 18% cents each. Surely a like this
1 is worthy of serious consideration. «
In conslusion, we would most earnesetly recom
mend an inspection of the basement of 118 Chatham
j street, to the truly benevolent, and bid them at the
same time to open their purse-strings to weekly contri
butions for this noble object, remembering ever, that he
' “who giveth to the pocr, lendeth to the Lord.”
’ We shall keep a watchful eye on the institution me
3 have spoken of, and keep our leaders from time to time
advised of its doings.
g . , ■ ■■
I- Poverty and Poisoned Meat.—ln Hudson,
•f N. T., a few days since, in a house on State street, near
® the liver, three persons, urged by starvation, partook of
the meat of a cow whicn had died, and were poisoned
k thereby. The name of the family was Clow, and the - *base-
ment in which they resided, is said to have presented a
it picture of the most squalid misery—i', was wet and nn
a wholesome, and the only article of furniture in it, was a
>o bedstead covered with a few old rags. When found, the
mother was already dead, while a young man 23 years of
age, was lying on the floor, breathing his last. There
ir was no fire in the room, and not a particle of food. It
lk appeared in evidence at the Coroner’s inquest held upon
it the bodycf the woman, that the family had several days
r 8 previous eaten the entire liver of a cow which had-died in
. that neighborhood, and which was supposed to have been
poisoned. It was the Doctor’s opinion that the death ef
’• the deceased was caused by nothing else than the eating
19 the poisoned meat referred to, and a verdict to that ef-
wf feet was rendered. In the course of the investigation it
ig also appeared that other families living in the same house
, r . had lost four Logs from eating the offal of the cow, two of
which were dfessed, and one cut up and packed down.
The Mayor, who was present, at once caused the pork to
Of be destroyed, though the owners (Irishmen,) semedquite
ad loath to part with the death-reasoned article. About six
• n o’clock i> the evening the young man died, when another
inquest was held, and a verdict rendered the same as in
ia . the former case. This makes three deaths already from
o' eating the poisoned beef ; how many more may have im
eut P ci son from the same source, time will show,
in- What ia meat remarkable was the reckless disregard of
j. . consequences evinced by the people in that neighbor
ow in continuing to eat the beef as long as they could
nir get hold of it, asserting as th©y do still, that there was
no bad taste about it. and therefore they believed it per
fectly wholesome. This can only be accounted for in the
up truth of the old axiom, that “ hunger makes good sauce”
. —could the poor creatures have found more wholesome
Ige food, it is not at all likely they would have found the un
©e; savory offal wh.ch caused their deaths, so palatable. Got
mr h*iP the P oor !
ad <Br
1.- A Weak Invention.— The Emperor o
Austria in his endeavors to extirpite all traces o
en “ Hungarian nationality, has recently issued a decre
nB . that all instruction hereafter given in the colleges c
Hungary, shall be in German. The curses of the Maj
yar, we rather think, will be quite as unpleasant!
U p German as in any other language, and Francis Josep
ma will find it so before he is many years older, if we ai
not much mistaken.
, [Original.]
Sweet Places and Sweet Faces.
BY ANNA JANE MACLEAN.
In the hours of merry childhood,
When I could at wiy command,
From the bold designs of fancy,
Mystic views of fairy-land.
To the violet’s still retreat,
Guarded by the wild hedge-rose,
Which in early spring time blow?,
I would turn my infant feet,
And believing tiny spirits
Weary of their moonlight play,
Wrapped in spells of fragrant slumbsr
’Mongst those blue violets lay.
From their midbt a balmy whisper
Now and then would greet my ear—
“Fair and holy is our dwelling,
Surely we are happy here ”
Up the noble Hudson floating
’Neath the over-arching sky,
From whose gold and purple glory
Fleeey clouds were flitting by—
When I looked on homesteads peeping
Through the aneient forest trees
Which have stood for centuries
O’er the land, their proud watch keeping—
Centle fancier fresh as ever
In my dreaming, heart arose,
’Wakened up bj so much beauty, »
So much spirit-like repose.
Youths and maids and laughing children
Seemed to whisper in my ear—
“Fair and holy is our dwelling,
Surely we are happy here.”
Ah, thou cynic ! I can see thee
Smile in scorn at fairy lore;
And can bear thee ask what homestead
’Gainst affliction shuts the door:
Yet there is one holy place
W here my busy thoughts may rest
And behold the truthful test
Of a life-endurin g - peace.
When I see a brow where passion
Never traced a guilty line—
When I meet an eye that boketh .
Fully, clearly into mine—
From the taintless heart that lights them
Comes a whisper to my ear—
“Fair and holy is my dwel ing,
Surely I am happy here.”
EKrltten 33yftessls for tjls paper.
“OLD HONESTY:”
OR,
ffl SKMR’S OWIL.
A Eevolutionary Romance.
CHAPTER XXIII.
The Evacuation of New Ymk—The Jerseu Prism
Ship —Foung Israel Barton—A Capture—The Ar
rival of a 1 jitter until bad news—Kate Moth y
The Escape from the Prison Ship—The Placard an
nouncing the Execution of the Spy.
At the close of our last chapter we spoke of the in
vasion of Long Island by the royal forces usder the
command of Sir Henry Clinton, Earls Cornwallis and
Percy, and Generals Grant and Sir William Erskine.
It may be readily imagined that when this move
ment of the enemy was knojvn to the whigs in New
York alarm and confusion’ everywhere prevailed.
General Sullivan was then encamped at Brooklyn
in command of the patriot force and on the day. fol
lowing the embarkation of the British troops, General
Putnam was sent by Washington to assume the chief
command.
Extensive military works had been constructed by
the patriots under the direction of General Greene,
and these it was thought might have stood in good stead
in this the hour of need and peril, but unfortunately that
gallant and efficient officer, who was alone thoroughly
acquainted with the important passes between'Hell
gate and the Narrows, and others in the rear of Brook
lyn, was too sick to engage in the service of defend
ing them, and thus the fortifications were rendered
comparatively inefficacious.
Repulsed at Boston, bitterly disappointed and their :■
hopes in that quarter annihilated, and burning with
the desire of revenge, so pojfkrfql a’ fof’ce had been
congregated for the purpose of assisting in this new
movement that there seemed scarcely a hope of suc
cess in discomfiting the invaders, left to the patriots.
Nevertheless Washington and his officers, although dis
heartened were undismayed, and they resolved thatat
all events the occupation of New York, Long Island,
and the adjacient territory, should cost the invaders
dear.
To General Sullivan was entrusted the command of
the troops within the liues, assisted by Brigadier Gen
eral Lord Stirling*
As soon as the invading army hud effected its de
barkation, preparations were made for marching in
land, the Hessians under the veteran DeHeister, form
ing the centre- or main body and the English under
General Grant Comprising the left wing, which>itfs-eik
on New York Bay, while the right wing defined for
the principal performance in the was
about to be opened-was composed of olffiice battalions
under the command of- Clinton,jOornwallis and Percy,
accompanied by Howe, tlie 'comfnauder-m chief.
The march commenced after night fall on the 26th
August, and by two o’elock the next morning they
had gained the wooded hills, within half a mile of the
present village of East New York, unobserved by the
American forces, with the exception of some subaltern
officers on horseback, whom they captured. Before
daylight the important pass of the Jamaica road was
in the possession of the royalists, with the Bedford
pass, while General Sullivan was still ignorant of the
departure cf the enemy from Flajhnds, he having di
rected all his vigilance in ‘the direction of Flatbush.
This want of foicsight on the part of Sullivan, enabled
Clinton to obtain an advantage which decided the for
tune of the day.
It was three o'clock in the morning before the for
ward movements of the British and Hessians had been.
regiments to oppose Grant. Tilts detachment arrived
at the hills of Greenwood at daybreak, where they
took a position on the slopes of Battle Hill, in Green
wood, and ambuscaded in the woods on the left of
Martene’sLane, ready to attack Grant on his approach.
Grant, who had at an early hour driven back the mili
tia guard at Martense’s Lane to the hills bT Green
wood, where ■ they had been rallied by Parsons and
maintained a conflict until the arrival of Stirling wita
fifteen hundred men, now advanced and took
possession of an orchard within one hundred and fifty
yards of Stirling, and a severe skirmish ensued.
The fighting was kept np with varied success on
both sides until 11 o’clock in the forenoon, when Clin
ton descended from the wooded hills and attacked the
extreme left of the Americans on the plain at Bedford.
De Heister, on hearing the cannonade, pressed for
ward with the main body of the Hessians and a fierce
and bloody combat ensued, until Sullivan, perceiving
the peril of his little army, for Clinton was rapidly ad
vancing in the rear, ordered a retreat to the lines at
Brooklyn. This retrograde movement was, however,
made too late, the opportunity was gone, and the Ame
ricans, on descending the slope were met by Clinton’s
light infantry and dragoons, who drove them back in
confusion upon the Hessian bayonets ; and now a des
perate hand to hand conflict ensued, eaci man fought
desperate for life, and the ensnared patriots were al
most hurled by main force to and fro between the
ranks of their assailants in front and rear. Prodigies
of valor were performed, such deeds of daring asunder
any other circumstances but those of desperation,
would have been deemed the folly of rashness. Rush
ing upon the gleaming, glittering, fence of bayonets
and sabres, and beating them aside with clenched fists,
many of the entrapped Americans escaped to Fort
Putnam, while their less fortunate companions died
upon the field, or were made prisoners. Amongst the
prisoners were General Sullivan and many subordinate
officers, and there who were fortunate enough to es
cape were closeiy pursued to the very verge of the
fort. The soldiers, elated with victory, and probably
maddened with the excitement occasioned by the dar
ing and long protracted obstinate defence of the pa
triots could with difficulty be restrained from attack
ing Fort Putnam. If they had done so, there is little
doubt that it could at that moment have fallen an easy
prey to the royalists ; and why the superior officers
did not attack the fort is to this day unknown. It was
certainty an oversight; probably occasioned by excess
of cantion, or perhaps one ot those interpositions of
Providence so often made manifest on benalf of the
patriots during the bloody and unnatural war.
lord Stirling, who was ignorant of the disasters
which bad befallen his army until it was too late, even
if under any circumstances, he would have beenuxble
to have effected any favorable movement in their be
half, had taken possession of the Cortilyou House, near
Gowanus, but finding himself hemmed in on all sides,
he had nothing left to him but retreat. The enemy
were close upon him; he was driven to the creek, and
an attempt—hazardous as it was —was made to cross
it. Some of the devoted warriors crossed in safety,
but many sank beneath its turged waters. Stirling,
despoiled of Ifis brave warriors, and hemmed in on all
sides, was obliged to yield, and was sent a prisoner on
board the Eagle—Admiral Lord Howe’s flag ship. At
noon-day the conflict was over, and of the five thou
sand patriots who since two o’clock in the morning
had contended for victory, one-third were lost to their
country—dead, prisoners, or severely wounded. The
wounded had better have suffsred death, for they were
generally speaking, confined in the loathsome prisons
of New York, or carried on board the still more loath
some prison ships in Wallabout Bay, where fever and
the aggravation of their festering wounds shortly put an
end to their sufferings.
The triumph of the British was complete, for by the
close of the month, not a single man was in arms
against the Crown in King’s, Queen’s, or Richmond
counties.
Long Island was evacuated and the British took
possession of the American works, leaving some Brit
ish and Hessian troops to garrison them. Howe post
ed his forces in various important positions, and to
wards the close of the month Admiral Howe sailed up
the bay and anchored near Governor’s Island, within
cannon shot of the city. Various other vessels of
war were disposed in commanding positions in the
Hudson and East Rivers, and preparations were pro
gressing for a general attack upon New York. Hav
ing ascertained this, and conscious of his inability un
der existing circumstances to defend his position, Gen
eral Washington made arrangements for evacuating
New York.
Lieutenant Seward had not been in active service
during this successful campaign of the British. It was
drawing near the close of the month of September be
fore he arrived from Virginia to rejoin his regiment,
and the contemplated attack upon the city of New
York had already been commenced.
The cannonade from the ships in the river, directed
against the city from various points, had completely
terrified the patriots, and they fled in many instances
without firing a gun. In vain their officers sought tc
rally them; they fled in confusion when the advance
guard of the enemy landed. General Washington wai
at Harlem when h e heard the cannonade, and deprivec
for a time of bis customary self-command, he witness
ed with a cheek burning with shame, the panic of the
’ patriots. He used his utmost efforts of persuasion tt
. induce the men to rally, and at least to strike one blov
in defence of the city, but in vain. His feelings mas
tered his judgment; he sprang upon his horse, cas
his hat from his head, and drawing his sword spurre,
Curtius-like towards the advancing enemy and to cer
‘ tain destruction. Death at that moment would hav
’ been preferable to life. Fortunately one of the aid-de
I camps caught bis bridle rein and arrested his progres
i in time to allow reason to resume its sway and to saw
t the Father of his country, That fortunate, provider
tial action of the aide-de-camp, perhaps had a direc
1 influence on the subsequent fortunes of his country
‘ It was, however, too late to attempt to inspire th
a troops with confidence. The panic that had seize
,f them had completely prostrated their courags, ha
g
I- * It may reem ttrange to tbote persona, if there ba an)
it not conveisant with rhe minor details of the Revolutioi
e and unacquainted with the biography of all th« gallat
if men wl« played a conspicuous part in the days which, i
1. use an hackneyed but expressive phtase “tried men
:o souls,” to find ti e name of a hero, tearing a title, parade
■e , among the plain citizen warriors of America. Willia:
x Alexander, Earl of the Lord Stirling here allud:
sr to, was an American by bi: th, having been born in tl
n city cf New York in 1726 His father, James Alexande
oa was a native of Scotland who took refuge in America, a
i- ter an active espousal of the cause of the pretender in tl
r. Scottish rebellion of the previous year. Young Stirlii
>f subsequently entered the British army, and was engagi
r- in the French and Indian Wars in America, after which 1
Id accompanied General Shirley to England in 1755. He a
is pears to have either changed his own political opinions
r- this period, or to have been included in the act of amm
re ty accorded to some of the adherents of the Pretendr
>” since he was intimate with several of ike leading statr
re men ot the country, and by their advice he instituted
n- gal proceedings to obtain the title of the Earl of Stirlic
rd to which his father was heir presumptive, when he 11
from Scotland. Although he did not obtain a legal r
cognition of the title, his right to it was generally com
ded, and from that date he was addressed as Earl of St
d ling. He returned to America in 1761, and shortly aft
Of wards married the daughter of Philip Livingston, sis!
of Governor Livingston of New Jersey. He was for sej
ral years a member of the Provincial Legislature of N
Of Jersey, and Colonel of the Provincial Militia, and on i
breakingout ot the Revolution he was appointed bri;
? dier general by the Continental Congress. He perfom
111 active service during the whole of the Revolutionary w
ph having at different periods commanded every brigade
the American army, except that of South Carolina a
lre Georgia. lord Stirling died at Albany, in the year 17
in the fifty-seventh year of his age.
[Original.]
Sweet Places and Sweet Faces.
NEW YORK, SUNDAY MORNING JANUARY 22, 1854.
deprived them of the power of reason. Retreat was
now all'that remained ; the flying army sought refuge
in Bloomingdale and the commander-in-chief sent an
express to General Putnam, ordering him immediately
to evacuate the city.
That night, drenched by heavy rain, the wearied
patriots slept in the open air on the heights of Har
lem. Here in the morning they were again met by the
British and during the day various skirmishes took
place with varied fortune on either side; but the
American army was temporarily overshadowed, only
that the sunshine might the more brilliantly illumine
their subsequent gallant deeds, and Washington, with
many forebodings which pressed heavily upon his san
guine mind and gallant spirit, at length decided upon
evacuating Manhattan Island.
Amongst the wretched inmates of the Jersey Prison
Ship was young Israel Barton. He had fbught gal
lantly so long as the slightest chance remained, when
single handed, and beyond the control of the supe
rior officers, the entrapped patriots had struggled for
very life, and he had been amongst those who bad
crossed the creek in safety, although it had been his
fate to be subsequently captured. Twice while ford
ing and swimming the creek had he narrowly escaped
death from his fellow unfortunates, who in their dying
• agonies grasped at the legs of thosa who were near
them and hiing on with a tenacity that required the
exercise of force to detach them from the death-grasp.
It was seemingly a cruel act, but life was at stake and
at the moment all else but self preservation was dis
regarded, and in bis vigorous struggles oftentimes kicks
and blows were the only resource left to the hardy
struggling swimmer, by which he could hope to’essape
death by drowning in the turgid waters of the creek ;
but it was only to be reserved for a seemingly more
horrible fate—that of incarceration in the pestilential
hold of the ship already mentioned.
It was on the morning of the 28th of August that
Israel Barton was taken on board the prison ship. The
excitement, fatigue and privations of the previous
day’s waifaie, added to the cold caught by swimming
the creek in clothing which was necessarily suffered to
remain and dry upon the person of the young man
had occasioned an attack of fever which for several
weeks racked his frame until it brought him to the
verge of the grave. Hundreds were dying around
him, and their bodies, unshriven and unshorn, were
hurried ashore and buried in the Wallabout, in graves
so shallow that the .action of the tide and the drifting
of the loose sand often exposed the bones and festering
remains of those previously buried before their late com
panions were laid by their side; but youth].: nd a strong
constitution bore Bartonthrough the disease which car- 1
ried off his companions, and he was at length enabled
to epjoy, if it can be justly called enjoyment, (it cer- ‘
tainly was a temporary relief from the pestilence of
the lower decks,) the refreshing and cool air of the
bay from the hour of sunrise until sunset. i
The first morning that Israel had been declared by
the supercilious attendant to be in a fit condition to 1
leave the filthy bunk wherein he hajl lain during his
sickness, he was summoned on deck with the rest of 1
the able bodied captives, for the purpose of washing (
the decks and bringing up the bedding and clothing
to be aired, and other certainly necessary but menial I <
employment. . j
How delightful to the captive, long confined in the '
.pestilential dungeonxif the hold, was even the scentof I *
the free, pijre air that he, a prisoner, breathed. For an | ?
hour orftwo after he had been upon deck, Israel gave ! ’
himself up to the enjoyment of the pleasant sensations r
inspired by the change in bis. position, without allow- I 1
mg himself to think that he Was still a prisoner, igno- c
raift of the welfare of those whom-most he loved *
doomed perhaps for weeks—mouths—years—a lifetime a
to this ccntt-acted sphere —doomed to a listless mo- 1
. '.otw of existence, worse to be endured than a life ' J
cf momentarily imminent peril—shut out from com- a
nninjnirwith his kindred—deprived of all that is cal- J
culated towefifler life endurable. ■!
Soon a reaffirm took place ;he pictured the possi u
ble fate of her who had but a few short months -ince n
become his brilte, and who was shortly to become a t]
mother ; whn.e he, the husband and father, was pre- 81
vented from alleviating her sorrowa or (r .m ohaHag ; h
with her the delight experienced by youthful parents a
on the birth oi their first-born. "
He pictured bar’ weeping and in distress ; perhaps, Sl
• houseless,. homeless, persecuted by hireling soldiery— s<
taunteffwith being the wife of a rebel in this the hour ~
of her distress. All this and more, he pictured, for his
frame was wexk with sickness and long suffering, and 01
his manhood failed now when most he needed iis sup
port, and the strong hian bent over the vessel’s side u
and the salt drops trickled slowly adown the cheeks
forced from the parched eyelids by the concentrated
agony, that can aloneeanse men’ to weep,and mingled a
with the turged flood of the river; many, many teairs F
mingled at that period’with the briny waters. He was e
not alone in his sorrow. At length the sun sank be- 61
neath a mass of clouds in the western horixon, and C1
the hoarse, coarse voice of the mate of the Watch was
heard: tc
"Down, rebels—down to your bunks, ’’ he shouted.
ye fogs—down; hnrry, bi- a rope’s end will 8 ‘
catch the hirfilmost;” Rnd hastily snatching up the bed- 01
‘.ding/tlie wretched captives were compelled to descend a <
to the hold, the hatches-were.closed over Jhem,andin
serried ranks they laid down io sleep, if possible, in the , 8
putrid air and stifling heat’, amid the sighs of the acute- 10
ly distressed in mind, and the groans and shrieks and ~
Convulsive agonies of the dying. m
Horrible were those nights of agony, and thos§ who
eventually escaped from this dreadful hell bore vividly “
the resemblance of the tortures of mind and body there
endured to the day of their death. ”
And then the horrid cry which saluted the ears of ’
the doomed captives in the morning, when they were
again allowed to emerge from their living grave. w
Never a night passed that dozens did not die, unat- ce
tended, unpitied, save by those who had too much mis- at
try of their own to endure to bestow more than a pass- a
ing thought, or a brief word of consolation to their fel- ee
low sufferers, and these in the morning were, as we y 1
have previously stated, indecently harried ashore, and "
unwashed, uncoffined,were still more indecently buried, ”
if buried it could be termed,beneath the shifting sands
vno-uawirway, «ucn‘ one, even the .’
healthiest, appearing more like a ghost than a living v ‘
man, as soon aS tbe filthy, rotten and fever-engender
ing bedding had been placed in its position, was heard
the brutal shout:— : ‘
"Bebels, turn out your dead!” and the -ghostly
corpses were brought iqi one bv one, and laid upon i "
the deck until the tale was complete, and then hoisted ! „
up two or three at atime, bound together, and lowered j "
info the boat, which straightway put off to land its
freight.of human carrion; ere an hour was passed, the a =
boat returned, and was swung astern, until it was again
required to peiform its horrible duty on the following
morning.
Thus day after day passed on board this dreadful . ’
ship, whose name w’ill live in history in the like eate- ■
gory with the Bastite, the dungeons of Venice, and tne .
cells of the Inquisition—forever accursed in the
memory of mankind. .
Even the food of the wretched captives was calcu- fl
lated to destroy what little health remained. Mouldy
biscuit, condemned beef and pork, damaged peas, sour ~
flour, rancid butter, filthy snet, and no vegetables— L
this was tbe diet day after day which assisted the pes- J*
tilence of foul air and diseased breath in its baleful
effects.
Only those wko were fortunate enough to have saved .
from tbe clutches of their captors a little money could a '
avail themselves of the oppoitunity that was every n
other day afforded by Dame Grant, a corpulent old .
yoman who used to bring alongside the hulk, in a
small boat, bread, sugar and other luxuries, which u
Were delivered in parcels, with the price affixed to
each, and these were few among that vast multitude.
Day after day did the prisoners hope on in antieipa- j "
tion of an exchange—in the vain trust that the Conti-,
neu tai Congress would do something in their behalf I
in the way of exchanging prisoners, but alas! this ’ „
hope was doomed to be disappointed. AU on board i
was funeral gloom, hope soon ceased to whisper its
cheering promises there. No person ever visited the t
hulks to bestow a cheering smile or a word of conso- 1 ’
lation, and policy, always heartless, forbade the ex- '
change of healthy British prisoners for emaciated i I
Americans. Day after day, aye, hour after hour, the i .:
helpless captives suffered and died. Their clothing I 1
had rotted and mildewed until it hung upon their per- I
sons in a heap of filthy rags, and despair reigned su- I
prenae over all. To increase the misery and bring it ) “
to a climax, the small pox broke out with great vio- j “
lence—no medical aid.no nurses were at hand—and ' ,
the fevered, maniac patients burst from control and [ fl
rushed upon deck in a frantic state, seized hold ot 1
their fellow captives and gibbered frightfully in their ,
faces, or leaped with a yell of insanity into the dark !
waters, and thus ended their lives and their misery fl
together. ;
One day the old woman, Dame Grant, already allu
ded to, had coma alongside as usual to dispose of her ,
stores, and to the. surprise of Israel Barton he heard
her mention his name. He had arrived at such a state
of mental prostration that he scarcely paid any atten- '
tion to wliat was going on around him, and twice or
thrice the name had to be repeated before be replied ’,
to the summons. At length he said :
“ ily name is Israel Barton. What do you require
of me ? My money is all gone long ago, and I have
nothing now left wherewith to bargain with you for
jour goods.” i
“I have a letter for you if so be as you are Israel j •
Barton” said the woman. i
“A letter for me 1” exclaimed the young man. “Oh I
God! is it possible that any living creature thinks of
Israel Barton now. I thought I was forgotten long
long ago.”
He eagerly stretched forth his hand for the letter.
It was sealed with a black seal.
“I am to call here tomorrow and you can send the
answer on shore by me if you like” said the woman,
as after having given the letter up she prepared t®
leave the side.
The young man did not hear what she had said.
He had seized the letter and torn it open, it was brief.
One line only met his eyes. That line was!
“Israel Barton. Your wife is dead. She died a
month ago after having prematurely given birth to a
male child, who is since dead.”
Tbe handwriting was unknown to him. It was rude
and the words weie mis-spelt, but it bore traces of be
ing the handwriting of a woman, little however did
Israel heed this at this moment, he glanced at the
fatal letter, and with a groan of mental agony fell
backwards upon some spars near which he had been
standing.
The strong man had borne up bravely throughout
all the misery the hardship the anxiety and the sick
ening suspense he bad endured for many weeks—but
now bad fallen to the finishing stroke, and in mercy
perhaps a temporary insensibility spared him the
kteniets of a pang which might otherwise have driven
him to madness.
Even in that abode of suffering there were still some
whose feelings had not altogether become blunted to
any feelings of sympathy with their unfortunate fellow
sufferers. True, most of those who had endured the
' miseries of the prison ship for any lengthened period,
bad sunk mentally and physically into a species of
apathy that seemed to have deadened tbe vitality of
1 mind and body, and who were little better than so
I many breathing stocks and stones ; but yet every
' week—nay, every day—added fresh victims, fast
, enough to replace the dead ; and these, until they too,
in their turn, succumbed to the soul-withering influ- •
I ences of the loathsome prison, felt their own sufferings
as well as those of their felldw victims most acutely.
Many of these were rejoiced to sympathise with and
j to breathe words of comfort to such as they thought
were suffering more acutely than themselves.
3 One of these who had only been sent on board with
> a fresh batch of prisoners a few weeks before, observing
the anguish depicted in the countenance of Israel
t Barton, and seeing him fall back upon the spars, ran
to his assistance:
3 “ Poor crayther,” said he, with an accent that suffi-
1 ciently betrayed his Hibernian origin, “poor crayther,
1 sure an’ he must have received bad news in that let
tber, to sthrike his heart so sorely an’ dhrive his
smses from him, though sorra the much worse luck a
man can have than to be cooped up in this villainous
it ould hulk ; bring some wather some of yees and let me
o bathe the poor lad’s face and brow; sure he’s but
’? young to suffer such misery.”
“ The water was brought and the good Samaritan set
*fl himself down, bearing the head cf the young man on
ie his knee and bathing his brow with the gentleness of
r a woman, at the same time giving utterance to expres
f- sions of tenderness and pity, mingled with execrations
ie against the tyranny of their jailors in his own ex
pressive mother tongue. The letter had fallen from
ld the youth’s hand and a man standing by had picked
16 it up. He handed it to the humane Irishman, who
took it and, looking at the sheet upside down, said:
8 . “ This is the decateful piece of paper which put the
r poor gossoon in such a flurry—is it ? Sorr i one o’ me
is- was ever good at lamin’ the pot hooks and hangers,
e- I niver tuk kindly to my schoolin’ in the ould coun-
K’ tbrv, and since I have been in Amerikay—divil take
me if I haven’t forgot all I iver larnt. May be some
® ‘ o’ yses be scholards, and if so yees might jist for curi-
Lfl osity’s sake, spell out them jangfangled letthers,” and
ir . he banded the missive to the man who had picked it
er up from the deck.
■a- The man took the letter, opened it, anil read the
sw lines we have written above.
he “ Och ! sorra o’ me heart—the divils, the viilians!
Och! the poor gossoon!—nowondther befell into a
ed tiustber when he read them murthering lines. Holy
’flrt Vargin!—blessed Mary ! mother o’ Jesus, to think of
n a the cruelty of min ; and tbe poor, lonesome wife and
32 the innocent babe sick an’ dyin’, and the father know
’ ing nought about it till the corpses was laid in the cowld,
i cowld ground. Och, murther! By me sow!, this is
• too pitiful!”
i And the honest creature worked himself to and fro,
: crooning and lamenting, with all the signs of grief pecu
liar to his countrymen of the lower class, or rather, we
I should say, of his countrywomen, for the worthy Irish
man was so overcome by his feelings that his grief as
: sumed almost a feminine semblance.
: Israel Barton at length began to revive. He raised
: his head, and gazed vacantly about him for some mo
■ ments, as though seeking to recall his scattered senses,
i By degrees his recollection returned, and the truth
i burst upon him. He covered his face with his hands;
his chest heaved convulsively, and the strong man
: wept scalding tears of agony.
“Oh, God?” he cried, “why was this not spared
me. My poor, poor Mary! Why did you link your
fortunes with mine ? Why did I tempt you from yonr
sweet Connecticut home? Had I been alone in my
distress, I could have borne it—aye, borne it man
fully. .My enemies should never have been gratified
by seeing these tears. I could have suffered in secret;
and, like the Indian at the stake, could have jeered
and mocked my tormenters; but my Mary sick and
dying—dead and buried. My babe—my first born—
dead and buried. The cold earth closed over their re
mains, and I not present at the dying-bed to press the
hand of her whom I loved, oh, ho n much better than
myself. lam not able even to visit her grave—igno
rant even of the spot where they have lain my wife
and child. Curses—the curses of a husband and a
father—rest for ever upon the tyrants who have
wounded me thus. Curse them living, dying, and in
their graves. May their lives know no peace, their
bones no rest in the tomb, their souls be in torment
hereafter and for ever!”
The fearful imprecations of the bereaved husband
and father, uttered as they were in a tone of startling
energy and earnestness, struck those standing by with
a superstitions terror; but tbe friendly Irishman
quitted his place by the side of tiie grief stricken man,
and, with a native delicacy of feeling which seemed
foreign to his rough aspect, he beckoned aside the
slanders by.
“Whisht! whisht!” he said, raising his finger,
“come away, by boys, come away by ; let the poor
man alone. Byrne troth its hard to see tears wrung
from a man, but they will do the poor sowl good and
quiet his mind, an’ those rapping curses will quiet his
conscience at the same time. Come away by, boys
let the poor crayther sit awhile by himself.” ’
The men drew back and for an hour Israel Barton
sat still and silent, absorbed in grief, his face still cov
ered by bis hands—his silence respected by the
ragged, miserable, grief-stricken wretches around
him. ]
The sun was about to set. Another miserable day, 1
.to Israel Barton the most miserable day ha had passed- i
in that loathsome ship, was drawing to a close.
The voice ot the mate of the hulk was heard as i
usual uttering the taunting cry ,
“Down, rebels, down—down to your bunks. Come,- -
hnrry, hurry, pick up your traps and bedding, and <
down with you,” ,
Then for the first time that day since he had re- t
ceived the letter from Dame Grant, did the wretched
j youth raise his head. 3
i -Listlessly, as though he acted mechanically rather 1
i than from the dictates of human intelligence, he took i
his bedding from its place in the rigging and descended
I into the pestiferous hold. Fearful were his dreams that t
night, for notwithstanding the misery he had endured, 1
I he slept. The spirit was still wakeful, still brooding I
over its sorrows, but its imaginings were strangely dis- 1
torted. The wearied body no longer acted as a clog, but c
a sense of physical and mental agony weighed upon the t
brain, and conjured up strange unearthly phantasies.
The disembodied spirit of the youthful wife appeared s
accompanied by that of her child ; sometimes it whis- t
pered words of comfort, sometimes of despair ;of love c
—never dying love—and then of reproach; reproach
unmerited, because he, the husband and father, had r
not been present during her last mortal agony. Wildly c
the sleeper tossed in his narrow bed, oftentimes he a
started up half sleeping, half waking, and each time c
HP did en ha was ennthad in mof kg- <,l
hand and a kind voice but a rough ungainly figure, n
whom in his half dreaming fancies seemed to assume S
sometimes the form of the kind hearted Irishman,
sometimes the figure of man’s best ministering angel
—gentlewoman. The morning dawned—not in the “
depths of the dark hold of the hulk; for there night was
as day and day as night—but the sun arose above and
shed abroad bis cheering beams and the hatches were
unbattened and the usual shout was heard :
“Up, rebels, up. Bring up your bedding and your
dead,” and the call was answered in both ways—never
a night but it was thus answered, for never a night
passed that some spirit was not freed from that pesti.
lential prison, leaving the body which had so' much j
endured, to be buried, or rather interred ruthlessly and
carelessly a few inches beneath the salt sea sand of
Wallabout Bay ; and with tbe brutal but well accus
tomed shout, Israel Barton awoke and discovered then
that the ministering angel who had attended upon his
slumbers was the kindly Irishman. Ssion he was upon
deck, with his bedding, and the honest Irishman was tl
again by bis side.. .
“You will answer the 'lether for Mother Grant, te .
•take ashore with her to-day ?” enquired the honest fel
low. rr
.“Yes, yes,” replied Israel, “I will, my worthy and qi
kind hearted Iriend. Whoever you are, God will bless ~
you for your kindness to the distressed in the hour of
their trouble. rl
“Oh, nbuoclish, don’t talk about that,” answered the oi
Irishman, “set about writin’"your letther, for mother as
Grant will perhaps be alongside afore long.” p
“I scarcely know what to write,” said Israel, but v
with a pencil, and on the back of the letter he had re- re
ceived the day before, for neither pen nor paper were ct
atrainable to the prisoners on board the hulk, he wrote
a few lines to the kind but unknown person who had *
sent the letter, expressing in brief terms his gratitude, ‘ c
and begging her, whoever she might be, to let him ty
know,; if possible, where his wife and child had been ni
buiied.
Anxiously be awaited the advent of the old woman, t _
visits to the floating house of pestilence. . m
“Good God !” ejaculated Israel when he heard this „
news, “everything is against me. Now those who may ai
have interested themselves in my behalf will give me yc
up for dead, since I have not replied to the letter. Oh,
when will this misery have an end.”
Another day passed and another night was at hand.
Once again the wretched captives found themselves 10
confined in the hold of the B floating pest house ; once fr<
again those who had not sickened, or who had sicken- th
ed and recovered, listened, some with horror, some
with awe, some in utter apathy, to the shrieks and
yell, and blasphemies, and idiotic laughter—worse Ia
than all, of the unfortunates suffering under fever and pi
loathsome disease. pi
That night Israel Barton could not sleep, and he sat
beside his bunk chatting with the kind hearted Irish
man who used his utmost efforts to raise his compa- r 3
nion’s drooping spirits—nay, to keep him from falling tc
into utter despair.
“It is horrible to think that I—that all of us must
linger out cur wretched existence, and die here,” said
Israel, in reply to some remark from the Irishmen, p<
bidding him take comfort. “Comfort—you speak of ]f
comfort? there is none —comfort has fled.” p -
‘By me sowl there it would be better that we fled '
after him, than stay here to die,” answered the Irish- 01
man. C1
“Would to God. we could,” answered Israel. Will- c<
ingly would I risk lite, half a dozen lives, did I possess
them, to escape from this hell upon earth.
“Then why not thry ?” said the Irishman.
“Show me a chance, even the most remote, and I le
■wifi try” answe redlsrael. si
“Well then listen, my boj r . # r
“Me self has only been aboard this cursed ship for
three weeks, long enough in all eonscience to dhrive
an honest man out of his siven sinses and make him p
curse the mother that bore him; but I don’t intind to a
stop above a week longer, either I’ll become food for
the fishes, or else I’ll be free on the sod agin. By me
sowl its me seif don’t know what for salt water was tl
made, although thanks be till it, I crossed it from uwld e
Ireland, aftber I was dhrived off my little property by
the cursed middleman, bad cess to him.”
“To escape! How in the name of wonder do a
propose to make your escape from this withering o
place ?” asked Israel, with more animation than he had £
shown for months. • E
“Ah, I’ve touched you there, have I, ye omaahawn ?
tbe little word, escape, has charms for you yet, my boy, c
has it ?” s
“Would to God you, or I, or any one, could escape t
from this wretched abode of death and misery,” con
tinued Israel, “but how can I,'how can you, how can
any man make an escape without the watch perceiving c
us?” , I
“Maybe, if a man can't a woman might, my darrmt. g
Trust a woman’s cuteness, when a man’s stuck all of ■
a heap and druv out of his siven sinsis wid the confu
sion of his brain.” (
“May be” replied Israel, scarcely knowing what he t
said, may be, as y ousay aw oman, if any woman were on f
bcaid this bulk, which thank heaven there is not, she ,
might find means to get away, but I see no possible
chance, of escape.”
“Whisht! my darling—whisper I—do yees think there 1
ain't a woman aboard ; troth, but yees mistaken, me <
I “ This is nonsense,” interrupted Israel impatiently. ’
i “It is folly to talk thus.” ■
“ Divil a bit of folly, ye craythure. There’s no wo- .
man aboard, ain’t there ? Troth, but ye’re no ways* 3
cute. Whisper! who am I, Mistress Molloy, but a s
woman, and a right thine woman, too, as Sergeant <
Jim would tell yees if he was here. Fale me chin— i
divil the taste of a hair upon it, me jewel, though the ,
down has growed upon me lip a little through ■
catehin’ the whisker disaise, minglin’ in the camp wid
the I was a colleen. Meselfs the woman
I spake of, my dear—and I’ve got me pettecoats in
me bag, aid, by me sowl, I mean to go ashore in
them -/and if yees got any spirit, yees can get olf wid
me.”
Israel Barton w?s struck with amazement, but the
lady soon gave him sufficient evidence that she was
not joking—and she then proceeded to relate to him
her project of escape.
The washer-woman of the officers of the hulk was
often alongside, and if she did not come herself she
sent some woman in her place, and Kate Molloy de
cided that the next time tbe boat came she would go
below as soon as it came in. sight, and don her ferpale
attire in tbe hold, the hatches of which were always
open in the day time in fair weather, and before it
again left the side she would boldly come up from the
bold and step over the side into the boat, trusting to
the humanity of the washer-woman that she w»uld
not be betrayed. However hazardous the scheme,
she had determined to attempt it, and she said she
had a petticoatand a gown, too, for Israel, if he would
fellow her example. At first the young man refused,
' saying that he was positive tbe watch would stop
them, and would not allow them to go aboard the boat,
as they would know that they had not come aboard
? inker; “ besides,” he added, “you know, Mrs. Mol
i. ley, women aie not allowed to come on board.”
“ Trust to me for that, me jewel; there’s no limits
’ to fay male curiosity, and if a woman comes off in the
r . boat and will come aboard whether or no, where's the
J man would perwent her; besides,my darlint, there be’s
’ often more than oue or two women either on board the
’ ' boat, besides the washerwoman. “ Lave me to be the
3 spokesman, me jewel, and you’ll see how I’ll manage
7 to decaive the murdherin’ villains.”
} The late supposed Irishman, now the Irish camp
c follower Mistress Kate Malloy, whom the reader will
recollect was recommended by her husband, Sergeant
3 Molloy, to be the bearer of a letter from the Comman
? der-in-Chief to Farmer Barton, and who so ably ac
quitted herself of that errand, spoke so positively of
1 the certainty of escape that she at last inspired Israel
Barton with hope, and he agreed to join her in the
L’ hazardous attempt: at all events, he considered
’, things could be no worse than they were then, even if
? the plan failed. Matters having been agreed upon and
3 Israel Barton having been provided by Kate Molloy
a with a gown and petticoat and a mob cap from the
3 bottom of her bag (which articles he concealed in his
e bunk) the conversation took another direction, and
young Barton eagerly asked his new companion how
she—a woman—came to be taken prisoner, and how
she had happened to wear a man’s attire.
n “ Troth an’ it was a whim of my own,” replied she, .
because Sergeant Jim was ordhered to takeapicke
s- of m«n over to regiment, where they was to re
-13 main, and Sullivan wouldn’t let any of the men go.
So I determined to go wid Sergeant Jim as one of the
in picket, and fight wid him and them if need be. Sar
'd gent Jim objected, but I’d a faymale will o’ my own,
and go I would or else, sis I, though rhe Virgin
knov»s I didn’t mane it, for I’m a vartuous faymale—
ie but, ‘Sargent Jim Molloy,’ sis I, ‘lf you don t
ie take me wid yees in male soger’s attire, by me
•8. troth, I’ll marry Corporal Smith tbe very day arter
a- yees be gone.’ Sargent Jim I knowed was jealous
te of the corporal, and he says, ‘ Kate Molloy,
ae ye’s got a faymale woman’s will of yees own, and if go
ri- yees will,” sis he, “go ye must; but I’ll not be answer
id able for the consequences, me jewel,” sis he. Well, I
it went a masqueradin’ in sogers clothes, and we were
attacked by borne murdhering black-yards of Britishers,
he or worse than them, Hessians—and I fit like the beat of
’em. My blood was ris, and I outfit ’em all, for when
3! they were beat off and run, 1 ran after ’em, calling ’em
> a ail the black-yards I could lay my tongue to, till I got
>ly out o’ sight of Sergeart Jim and his comrades, when
of one of the murdherin’ ’omedhawns turns round and
nd catches a hould of me and makes me a prisoner. Not,
w- however, until I had put the mark of the twelve Apos
ld, ties upon the thafe’s countenance wid my finger nails,
i and the coward had wounded me here (baring her
neck) wid his bagonet; but though it bled and smart
, ed, I did’nt let it be known leastways they should find
oit I was a faymale woman. It was only a scratch,
and I dressed it myself. I was sent aboard this infer
nal prison-ship; and nowyees know all, except that I
tut a fancy to yees when I heerd yer name was Barton,
bekase I and yer father had some delicate operations
together wonst.”
Atter some further conversation, Israel Barton and
Kate Molloy retired to their respective hammocks anJP
slept till tie customary harsh call of the officer of the
watch, sunmoned the sleepers on deck with their bed
ding.
Two or three days passed before the washerwoman’s
boat again came off. At length it was seen approach
ing, and, as fortune would nave it, there were three
woman on boord, two of whom were pulling, and the
other sitting h the stern sheets.
“ Now’s oui time, my darlint,” said Mrs. Molloy;
“ boult down the hatchways and tuck up the legs of
your breeches and on wid the petticoats and cap. As
luck will have it, yees ain’t much troubled wid whis
kers yet, any more than meself. Quick, before yees
are persaived to lave the deck.”
They hurried below, and in a few minutes returned
on deck just as the boat was ordered to leave the ship.
Kate Molloy aurried towards the gangway,followed
by Israel Barter, who assumed as mincing a gait as
possible.
“ Hilloa!” shouted the officer at the gangway, “who
the d~l allowed these women to get on board the
ship. Sentry! how’s this—come, tumble into the
boat, you baggages. If ever I catch you onboard the
ship again, by G—d, I’ll keep you here.”
“ No more baggages, plaise your honor, than yees
be yourself,” returned Kate Molloy. We’re dacent
iaymales, whose curiosity tempted ’em to come aboard
and say how yees trate the poor prisoners.”
“ None of your chat,” said the officer; “ hurry inj»
the boat, or by G—d, I’ll let go the painter and send
her adrift without you.”
Without venturing a reply, Kate and her companion
stepped down the ladder. The women in the boat
were astonished, but they naturally thought that some
females who had been on board the ship on business
of their own were going ashore, and they received
them without saying a word. The boat put off, and
the officer again addressing the sentry said—
“ Sentry, I shall have something to say to you about
this. How did you dare, sir, to admit those women on
board.”
“No women passed me, sir; none left the boat;
three only came on board, and five left.”
“ What’s that you say ? There’s- something wrong
here. Why did not you say so, sirrah, before the boat
left the side. By G—d, she’s ashore already. If any
one has escaped, your back shall suffer for it.”
“ Please you, sir,” said the sentry, “ I thought your
anger was all a sham. I thought you knew the women
were on board, and that they had come off with you
yesterday evening, and it was not for me to put in my
oar and interrupt the business or pleasure ot my supe
riors. I thought, sir, you wanted to deceive the cap
tain.”
“ Call the roll of the prisoners,” shouted the officer,
without replying to the sentry. “ I fancy two of them
have escaped in the washing boat, disguised as
women.”
The roll was called, and to the intense chagrin of
the officer, the names of Israel Barton and James
Molloy were not responded to. However, they had
landed, and search was useless—and the officers’were
left to digest their chagrin as best they could, and to
content themselves with the resolution to be
tious in future.
Israel Barton and Kate Molloy had landed on the
shore near where the Navy Yard now stands, and
they speedily penetrated into tbe country, Israel still
continuing to wear his assumed attire.
Several persons, as they passed a large barn, were
reading a placard posted against the wall; dictated by
curiosity, young Barton stopped and read it. It was
a notice in staring capitals, calling upon all loyal citi- J
cens to attend at the parade ground in New York o
tiro Mx/iiaaj oatoaa o‘d.bUi Wd-J) LOWlb (
ness the Execution of Israel Barton, alias
Smith, the infamous srr. j
[To be Continued.] <
OFFICE, 22 BEEKMAN STREET.
i
SEW YOBK, SJISBAY SICOreCI, JAS. 22.18 M. i
—1
Can Cancer be Cured ? !
- i
To that portion of the human family afflicted with j
this horrible disease, this is a question fraught with 1
serious import. With them it is a question of life or '
death. Medical writers speak of cancer as “an inert- '
rable disease,” except by the aid of the knife, which is J
quite as likely to kill as to cure, even where the opera- i
tor succeeds in removing the disease. But the expe- }
rience of the medical profession is, that in nine cases
out of ten, where cancer has been cut out, it returns j
again in a very short time. The cause of this is, that ,
Cancer is a tumor that sends out its fangs in every di- {
rection, and though the’ bulk of the disease may be
cut away, some of the roots still remain in the flesh to t
sprout out again with renewed violence. In many ca- j
ses the sore produced by the surgeon’s knife is scarce
ly healed before the Cancer again appears. The fail- t
ure of. the medical profession, heretofore, to devise ]
any means of cure for cancer, has invested it with a <
cmTcer'was about equal to saying, “ your days are t
numbered. You may as well settle up your earthly T
affairs, and make your peace with your Creator, for j.
you,must surely die with the disease that now afflicts c
you.” Charlatans and quacks took advantage of this {
dread in the public mind, and by professing to be able ;
to cure this frightful disease gathered golden harvests £
from the sufferers, whjle in fact they were only attending
their patients to the tomb. To so great an extent had g
this species of deception been carried that the human
family began to believe that the Faculty were right in j.
pronouncing this “an incurable disease." We have £
personally witnessed a number of cases of cancer,
where death closed the career of those afflicted. Eve- g
ry case we ever became personalty cognizant of prior e
to 1850, resulted fatally. ,
“ Can cancer be cured ?” is still the enquiry of the t
Buffering. While there is life there is hope; and the (
poor mortal upon whom the disease has set its fangs, (
like a drowning man, still catches at everything that f
promises relief. And it is well that it is so. Were it s
otherwise, any great discovery by which cancer can be J
cured, would be of no benefit, because the world had j
come to the conclusion that there was no use in trying t
to cure cancer. j
About four years ago, we noticed, in the New Or- (
leans papers, a series of certificates, purporting to be s
signed by persons who had been cured of cancer by a j
Dr. Samuel Gilbert, then practising in that city j
Shortly after, the New Orleans Delta, in the most cm- (
phatic manner, endorsed these certificates as genuine, ;
and the cures as perfect. These editorial notices were ,
continued from time to time, in the leading columns of ,
that journal, and were copied into many of our south- (
em exchanges, whose editors vouched for the cures ,
having been effected on persons with whom they were ,
acquainted. A few of these articles were copied into .
our columns at the time. Towards the last, the
Southern editors became to enthusiastic in their
notices of the success of Dr. Gilbert, that we became i
convinced there must be reality in his cures, and so
stated long before we knew ought of the man beyond
the great reputation he had secured by his practice in
the South. Last summer Dr. Gilbert came to this
city, and located himself at 483 Broadway. He did
this by the advice of his friends, who urged as a rea
son why be should do so, that he would be enabled to
do a great deal more good here than in any other part
of the United States'. On his arrival, we called atten
tion to the fact, and, byway of introduction, published
the following from the pen of Judge Walker, of the
New Orleans Delta
" Dr. S. Gilbert, the celebrated cancer-doctor, whose
brilliant career.in this city, in the cure of desperate can
cers and tumors, attracted so much attention a short
time ago, has been resting from his labors fer some
months, at an elegant country seat ia the suburbs of
Memphis. Tbe pleasure of the crowd of applicants for his
invaluable aid whilst in this city, contributed not a little
to drive Dr. G. into his rural retreat. He has, however,
recently determined to emerge from his retirement, into
a lergtr arena of action, and exhibit his skill in the great
city of New York. We predict a great increase of fame
and fortune for Doctor in this new field of operations. All
that he asks is a fair field and no favor, Without preteud
ing to work miracles or ctpe all diseases; he aspires to
cure and succeeds in curing eight out of ten of the worst
description of sores, which defy the skill of the regular
physicians. Dr. Gilbert will create a sensation in New
York.”
Dr. Gilbert has created “a sensation” in New Ycrk
—he has done more—he has rescued many suffering
men and women tram what appeared to be certain
death. We have seen the living witnesses of his tri
umph over cancer and desperate tumors, and the de
sire of each and every one of them has been that we
ebould make known their cases to the world for the be
nefit of others similarly afflicted. Below we propose
to enumerate what we have seen with our own eyes
and heard fiom the lips of the persons whose names are
given:—
Mbs. Ann McEneany, of 86 North Fifth
street, Williiamsburgh, stated to us personally, that
about ten years since a carreer appeared on her nose,
which gradually increased until the pain and progress of
the disease led her to abandon all hope of life. She had
called on some of the leading medical men in this city
repeatedly, whs gave hemo enccuragement ; finally, she
consulted a distinguished surgeon, who pronounced it
cancer, and said the only hope of a cure was to cut it
out, but evinced no disposition to perform the operation.
She state! that just as she had given up in das pair, a
friend called her attention to a notice' ot Dr. Gilbert in
this paper. She at once called upon him, and by his
treatment the cancer was removed in a very short time,
and her nose is now a* well as ever, with only a slight
disfigurement, which time will soon remove.
Gov. J. M. Tuckbb, of Mississippi, a gen
tieman who had the misfortune to be afflicted with can
cer in 1848. acd who was successfully treated by the
Doctor in the city of New Orleans, we have also seen
and conversed with. Governor Tucker being on a
visit to some friends in the city, cheerfully consent
ed to give his testimony, if it could be the means of in
troducing to the public a man whose skill he had tried
with such perfect success, and who can be of such ser
vice to those similarly afflicted. He states that his case
’ had been treated by a number of the most eminent phy
sicians of his own State, but without the slightest benefit.
Like the case of Mrs. McEaeany, the sore broke out on
i the nose, and rapidly extended to a portion of the face.
Finding there was no hope for him among the faculty of
Mississippi. Gov. Tucker set out for New Orleans, in the
I hope of being able to bring the science of surgery to bear
t upon the disease that was eating him up. He was, how-
fl ever, told by a friend that his was no case for the knife,
i but that Dr. Gilbert could* cure him without the aid of
I any such instrument. He called upon him, and being
J satisfied with the doctor’© statements, (who it once pro-
' nounced it cancer of the most dangerous kind,) submit
r ted the case to his treatment. In four days the cancer
was removed, and in eleven days Gov. Tucker, was again
, . on his way home to his plantation in Mississippi. The
alarming progress made by the disease may be judged
!- when we state, that a portion of the right side of the
>, nose was entirely destroyed, and that the face bears the
p unmistakeable evidence of the presence of that great de
. stroyer. While Gov. Tucker was in New Orleans being
treated by Dr. Gilbert, he was also an eye-witness of his
l ’ successful treatment of a number of other cases.
- The case of Capt. H. G. Catlett, of Texas,
't was, however, the most remarkable we have ever wit
e nesbed. While in our city last summer, this gentleman
■r called at our office. We will briefly state what we saw
with our own eyes, and heard from the lips of Capt. Cat
lett, and leave the reader to judge for himself. About five
’’ years ago, this gentleman was attacked with Cancer on
0 the right side of the face, and knowing no means of cure,
r ’ it continued unchecked till last summer a year. Hearing
I of the wonderful success of Dr. Gilbert in New Orleans,
*e Ca pt. C. def ermined to come on and place himself under the
s, Doctor’s treatment. Before leaving Texas, his friends bade
of him, as they supposed, a final adieu, never for a moment
>n dreaming that the now formidable disease could be check
~ ed. much less cured. At this time, Dr. Gilbert had retired
to his country seat at Memphis, Tennessee, having made
01 ,up bis mind to abandon the’ profession, and pass the re
-511 mainder of his days in retirement. Hither the sufferer
bent his steps, and on his arrival at the steamboat land
>t, ing, was so far gone as to be unable to get in or out of a
>3- carriage without assistance. The Doctor at once con-
Ls, sented to undertake his cure. His friends and several
gentlemen who saw the case at this period, positively
asserted that he could not be saved—not even by Dr.
Gilbert’s treatment. Some of his Texas friends, indeed,
went so far as to report him dead on their return home.
Dr. Gilbert commenced operations in Sept., 1852, and be
fore the Cancer was finally and entirely removed, it had
destroyed the right eye, and the bones forming its socket, the
cheek bone from the nose to the ear, and the whole roof of the
mouth, one half the upper jaw, and one side of the nose! All
these were gone when Capt. Catlett presented himself be
fore us last summer. Where the cheek bone should
have been, there was a hole remaining, about the size of
a quarter dollar, which is kept covered with a piece of oil
silk. The sore seems to be perfectly healed, and several
eminent physicians of Washington City, who examined the
case, the Captain told us, with the utmost astonishment,
declared that no vestige of Cancer'remained, and that it
was a case that all the surgeons in the world could not
have reached with the knife.
Mrs. Brown, the lady of Stephen B. Brown,
of Milford, Conn., called on us not long ago to say that
she had been cured of two Cancers, one in the breast and
the other on the arm. After taking the advice of numer
ous physicians of eminence, all of which resulted in no
benefit whatever, Mrs. Brown was finally induced to come
to this city and consult an eminent Doctor whom she had
heard was able to afford relief to persons suffering from
cancer. On presenting herself to the surgeon in question,
she was promptly told that the only hope for her was to
have it cut out. While hesitating whether to submit to
the horrible mutilation, or to quietly await death from
the disease, she accidently heard of Mr. Gilbert. A friend
insisted on her paying him a visit to his office. She went
from curiosity, without any hope of relief by any’other
means than the forlorn hope offered by the knife. In
eight weeks after her first visit to Dr. Gilbert, she pre
sented herself at our office to beg that we would announce
to the world for the benefit of her fellow-snfferers, that
she was cured —that the frightful excrescences had been
removed, and that she felt, with the help of Providence,
that many happy days were yet in store for her in the
bosom of her family. The cancer taken from this lady’s
breast whs about the size of a turkey’s egg, and may be
seen at Dr. Gilbert’s rooms.
Miss Eliza Youmans, of Monroe, Orange
Co , in this State, some two weeks ago, called at our office
to say that she had been cured of a tumor of a cancerous
nature of some twenty years’ standing. The history of
this case is truly astonishing. It seems that there was a
lady in the same neighborhood in which Miss Youmans
resided, who was afflicted with a sore similar to her own.
This lady submitted to an operation with the knife, and
vas crippled for life. This led Miss Youmans to dread a
similar operation, and she consequently suffered for the
length of time stated, before she heard of Dr. Gilbert. At
this time the tumor had assumed a truly frightful appear
ance. It was as large as a man’s fist, terribly inflamed,
and had spread itself over the hip, and opened out some
thing in the shape of a sunflower. This case the Doctor
cured in a little over four weeks. Miss Youmans is exceed
ingly grateful, and expresses her perfect willingness to
give every information on the subject desired.
Capt. T. P. Downer also visited us some
three or four weeks ago, to bear testimony to the wonderful
success of Dr. Gilbert. He states that he was cured of a hor
rid ulcer on his leg with which he had been afflicted for
many years. He is a seafaring man, and is extensively known
to those engaged in maritime affairs. He submitted him
self to the treatment of various physicians (some thirteen
in all), both in this country and in Europe, but all failed
to afford him the slightest relief. He was at length re
commended to try the curative properties of the Arkansas
Springs, and while there he heard of Dr. Gilbert, who was
at that time in Memphis, whither, by the advice of many
friends, he repaired, and put himself under the Doctor’s
treatment. The public may imagine his gratification at
having done so, when we state, that after losing a year’s
time, and spending between $4,600 and $5,000 in travel
litg from place to place in search of medical advice, he
found himself cured in five weeks from the time that Dr.
Gilbert undertook his case. He was in Memphis at the
time Capt. Catlett was there.
Mb. Charles M. Fobesman, of Circleville,
Ohio, was cured of a scrofulous affection of twelve years’
standing, by the Doctor’s method of treating such dis
eases. The disease first showed itself in the patient’s knee,
and after consulting many doctor’s who had treated him
in vain, he was at length informed that to save his life it
would be necessary to amputate his leg above the knee.
This opej«ation he submitted to in February Previ
ous to the operation, the disease had shown itself in the
. yhich continued to grow
other surgical operation. Fortunately, however, while
he was in Philadelphia, in September last, awaiting the
manufacture of a cork leg, a friend spoke to him of Dr.
Gilbert, and advised him to eall upon that gentleman in ’
New York. He did so, and in twelve- weeks time his wrist ,
was cured. Mr. Fcresman called at our office the day be
fore starting for Circleville, and expressed to us his con
viction that had he heard of Dr. Gilbert previous to the ‘
loss of his leg, he would never have had use for a eork one, a
fact oi which, with the voluminous evidence before us,
we have not the slightest doubt. ,
Mr. John L. Nesbitt, cf Plymouth, Pa.,
called upon us a week or two since to add his testimony
to the wonderful efficacy of Dr. Gilbert’s treatment of 1
cancer. He had been afflicted with cancer on the lip for .
the space of thirteen months, during which time he had
tried numerous physicians, many of whom were said to '
stand at the head of their profession, but they could none 1
of them render him assistance, nor could they even bid .
him hope. Like thousands of others who have eventual
ly died of this horrid complaint, he was on the point of (
giving up in despair. Resort to the knife be was told was <
the cnly hope for a cure which remained to him—and '
even that exceedingly doubtful—and just as he had made <
np his mind to make that frightful trial as a last resort, ]
the fame cf the all conquering doctor fortunately reached
him, and be w»s saved. Dr. Gilbert cured him in four ;
weeks, and when he made his appearance in our office, i
with the exception of a very slight scar upon the lip, he .
had rot the least appearance of having ever been af
flicted. 1
All these cases we have seen with our own eyes; ancL i
the statements given are from the lips of the parties’ <
whose names are given. To be fully appreciated, the t
cases should be- seen. We have not been able to do i
justice to their statements. We have seen certificates
enough to fill a volume, but we have only alluded to ]
the cases we have seen ourselves. j
With the evidence before us, we have no hesitation, ;
therefore, in saying that Cancer can. be cured. It is no ‘
longer an “ incurable disease.” And it is due to Dr. 1
fJ-oixJuxu- mw -pttuiimwu nr every newspaper in
the country. While the Doctor does not profess to j
work miracles or cure every case that is brought before
him, he does gnarantee to cure eight out of every ten
cases he undertakes. But he does more than he £
professes to be able to do. Unless the patient is abso- <
lutely dying before he undertakes the case, the chances
are that they can be saved. But it is asked, “ What j
guarantee have we that the cures will be permanent?” j
There is a case in this city which was curb’d eleven <
years ago by this system of treatment. We are not at 1
liberty to use the name of the party, but any one inter- <
ested can get the facts by calling on Dr. Gilbert. In this 1
case, a standing offer of $20,000 was made for a cure.
The Medical Faculty, however, pronounced it “ incur
able,” and the sufferer was given up to die. The case ,
was cured, and in eleven years has shown no symp
toms of returning. This, we should say, was a suffi
cient answer to the pejmanency of the cures. -The
cases of Capt. Catlett and Gov. Tucker .are, also, of suf
ficient age to prove the same facte
£ Dr. Gilbert is equally successful in the cure of all
manner of scrofulous diseases, tumors, &c., as he has
been in cancer. Those who are interested can at any
time have the privilege of witnessing these wonders
by calling at his rooms. The medical profession,
clergymen, editors and the afflicted are invited to call
and judge for themselves. It is especially due to the
public that the doctors should look- into this matter.
If it is a humbug they ought to expose it. If, on the
other hand, Dr. Gilbert is really in possession of a
Panacea that will, and does, cure diseases (as we know
it dees) which they put down as “incurable,” they
ought, as honest men, to say so frankly. Since the
foregoing was in type, we find the following card from
an M. D., cured of cancer by Dr. Gilbert, ia one of our
cotemporaries. It will not be long, we hope, before an
authorative medical endorsement will be published
New York, Jan. 9,1854.
Dr. Gilbert.-—Dear Nir .-—Laboring under, I thought,
an ulcerous affection, which, after consulting|with a talent
ted physician, I had exhausted all the remedies usually
applied in such cases without relief, but all rather aggra
vating or increasing the disease, I determined to apply to
you, having heard of and knowing from cases which came
under my own observation of your unparalleled success
in the treatment of Euch diseases. On .jour first exami
nation you pronounced it “Fungus Cancer,” and convinc
ed me of the correctness of your opinion. Your applica
tion removed it by the root, without the use of the knife,
which is the perfection of your treatment, since which
time it has healed and my general health, which
was fast failing, is improving, and better than it has been
for several years. I consider you the instrument in the
hands of Gud of saving my life, and relieving me of the
most direful disease that flesh is heir to. I could truly
wish you might live forever to relieve suffering humanity.
Accept my warmest thanks for your kind attention and
success in my case, and with them the silver pitcher,
which I request you to place in your office, a? a grateful
memento. My residence is Lynchburg, Virginia, and will
be glad to give any information in regard ta your method
of treatment and, extraordinary success.
Yours, very tiuly, W. P. Allison, M. D.
A Ray of Light.
There is some hope that Congress may do something
for the people this winter if the Land-sharks can be
kept at bay long enough to get the measure through.
We see that the Committee on Agriculture have re
ported “a bill to encourage agriculture, commerce,
and manufactures, and all other branches of Industry
by granting to every man, who is the head of a family
and a citizen of the United States, a homestead of one
hundred and sixty acres of land out of the public do
main, upon condition of occupancy and cultivation of
the same for a specific period.” The bill seems to em
body most of the desirable provisions. It provids that
any person, male or female, who is tbe head of a
family and a citizen of the United States, is entitled
to enter a quarter section of unappropriated lands, or
a quantity equdl thereto, to be located in a body, in
conformity with the legal subdivisions of the public
lands, after the same shall have been surveyed. No
certificate of such entry is to be given, or patent is
sued, until after the expiration of five years from the
date of the entry ; and in case of the death of the
party, the widow or heirs of the deceased become in
vested with all the rights of the person making the
entry. Tbe land acquired under the act'is in no event
liable to the satisfaction of any debt or debts esn
. traded prior to the issuing, of the patent therefor. In
case of the abandonment of the land before ths expi
ration of the five years, it reverts to the government.
Aliens who have declared their intention of becoming
citizens, may avail themselves of the benefit of this
act, provided they complete their naturalization be
fore the expiration of the five years. Persons entering
land under the act are to be confined as near as prac
ticable, to alternate quarter sections, aad to lands sub
ject to private entry. The present preemption laws
are not impaired.
This bill is not quite what we should have preferred,
but if Congress will pass it as it stands, and President
Pierce sign it, the people will be satisfied. In less
than five years, the wisdom of the adoption of this
principle will be manifested. This one act would re
deem the present Congress.
CCUBTESISS BETWEEN AmBSSADOBS.—Our
minister to the court of Madrid, Mr. Soule, and the
representative of Louis Napoleon, have recently ex
changes courtesife. The French Ambassador gave a
ball to which the American represenative was invited.
The Duke of Alba being one of the guests, it appears,
made more remarks touching the appearance of the
lady of the American minister for which her son took
him to task, which led to a duel with small swords.
Out of this affair Mr. Soule, Senior, and the Marquis of
' Turgot, the French Ambassador managed to get up
another duel for edification of the elite of the Span
ish Court. The performances passed off to the entire
, satisfaction of the parties interested. Killed, none ;
1 Wounded, nobody; Apologised, one. [The Duke of
! Alba acknowledged his mistake in comparing Madame
Soule, to Mary of Burgundy, upon which all fur
fl ther hostilities ceased, and a treaty of peace was drawn
t up and signed by the parties.]
» Economizing—The Camden and Amboy
j Railroad makeftheir locomotives pump their own sup
plies of water. This saves ths wages of several men,
* and it is hoped will have the effect of enabling the
J directors to declare a small dividend soon.
Eastern Affairs.
The posture of affairs in the east, has not been very
materially varied by the late European arrivals. To
be sure, Lord Palmerston has returned to the British
Cabinet, but this will probably have little positive ef
fect on the Turko-Russian question. Its indirect ef
efet may be of more consequence, inasmuch as it is
calculated to increase the courage and vigor of ac
tion of that portion of the war party in Great Britain,
who still have confidence in the Home Secratary.
Palmerston is not a daring man ; he is trimming and
selfish, and will aim, in a period of trouble, to float on
the popular breeze. That breeze in England, it is evi
dent, is setting with accumulated and accumulating
force in favor of actively sustaining Turkey; and the
cowardly vascillating course of the British Govern
ment, is being disavowed and reprimanded by the
British people. The prominent papers of England
have been forced to speak to the point, and to give
strong utterance to the general sentiment; and in their
articles, the Russian proclivities of Prince Albert, and
even of the Queen, are not spared.
Meanwhile, though the English and French fleets
may or may not have proceeded to the Black Sea, the
Russian Ministers at Paris and London remain on a
friendly footing with those courts, showing very clear;
ty, whatever may hereafter occur in those waters, that
no offence to the Czar is at present intended. Of the
two, Napoleon thus far exhibits much the most manli
ness. But his position is a ticklish one. The emissa
ries of Russia are in every court, and almost every pro
vince of Europe, stirring up disaffection, and making
friends for the Czar. The recent affiliation or partial
affiliation of the two branches of the Bourbons, is pro
nounced a Russian manoeuvre. In inner Asia, Russia
is equally busy stirring up the hostility of Persia, the
Affghans andflother tribes, against Turkey; to be
used also in due time against England. Prussia of late
is exhibiting a little more manliness, and a disinclina
tion to become altogether a satellite to her ambitious
neighbor. Should she assume an independent posi
tion, the effect on the German States generally, will be
highly advantageous to the cause of liberty. Kossuth
is reported to have embarked for Constantinople. If
so, he has doubtless gone at the invitation of the Porte,
who would seem thus to be expecting and preparing
for an extended and general conflict. Russia is making
new levies of troojis in Poland and elsewhere ; and
nothing in the conduct of either of the belligerents,
indicates anything like peace.
Meanwhile the four infatuated powers, who flatter
themselves sometimes that the destinies of Europe are
in their hands, are pushing negotiations. The Porte,
it is asserted, had ..agreed to send a representative to
the new conference, the allies having pledged them
selves that in any agreement, the total evacuation of
the principalities should be secured, and the complete
integrity of the Ottoman Empire preserved. It is
further understood that Turkey considers all old trea
ties between herself and Russia now totally abrogated,
and will never consent to a renewal of those portions
which gave her ancient enemy a pretext for meddling
in her affairs, under the pretence of looking after the
spiritual intereste of the Christian population of Tur
key. The Porte will give any required pledge, in
vi uujjo pvi uvu’ vi uro ouyjcvto, u\j vliv pUIVUiOUI
Europe, but none singly to Russia. As the desire of
the Czar to enlarge this treaty right is the ostensible
hinge of the whole difficulty, it seems extremely impro
bable that he will yield on this point; and hence the
prospects of a peaceable solution of the eastern ques
tion, would appear more distant than ever.
From the seat of the war itself, little new is known
The governments control the telegraph wires, and
will not allow any intelligence but such as suits them
to become public. But as they do not always agree
among themselves, some items B of fact occasionally
escape, and find their way to the anxious world
Thus it is understood that the Shah of Persia has ac
tually declared war against Turkey, that the ministers
of the two governments have been recalled, that the
Shah has left Teheran with an army of 30,000 cavaty
and 1000 pieces of cannon, has opened a direct com
munication with the Russian forces, and that a Russian
general is to take the command of his army. To
counteibalance this, the best spirit and utmost en
thusiam antimate the Turks. They seem filled with
their ancient ardor, the ardor of those days when the .
crescent was the terror of Europe. The Sultan in
consequence of his successes thus far, has assumed the
appellation or Ghazi, or the Tictorious, and has an
nounced by a firman addressed to the troops at
AVidden, his intention to proceed to Adrianople and
place himself at the head of his armies. It is impos
sible says a letter from Widden, to describe the fren
zied enthusiasm of the troops at this announcement,.
“Jaska Sultan !” the Ottoman uivat, reverberated,
the drums rolled, “but in an instant nil was hiwhoA.
iiiat over, the vnats recommenced as if they woum
never end.”
On the whole, the condition of Europe and the
East, has never looked more volcanic than at the pre
sent moment. The preparations of Russia are on a
scale of magnificence calculated to strike the reader I
with awe. It is now discovered that the Czar is bring- (
ing to a focus the preparations of fifteen years, and ■
the hordes of northern and central Asia, it is asserted, j
are in commotion, and will come forth at hia bidding, ;
to do his battles, by the hundreds of thousands. Swe- j
den, Norway, and Denmark are suddenly arming-
Their sympathies are not with Russia, but no knowing
in the end where they may be found. Hungary, Italy,
Poland, and Germany, stand quivering in their tracks;
awaiting tbe explosion ; and England, while her In
dian Empire is absolutely threatened, and there is good
reason to believe that Russia is inciting Dost Moham
med to fall on the British possessions in the East, like
any other demented old lady, with needle and thread
and a supply of Russian duck, is skipping around from
one to another, and endeavoring to patch up a peace.
American and. European Climates.
Some of the savans of Europe are amusing them
selves with the investigation of supposed differences
between the climate of the United States and that of
Eerope; and profess to find that of the former unfa
vorable to physical development and vigor. Such is
the conclusion of an English reviewer. He admits
great excessive nervous activity, but denies to us a due
proportion of muscular and fatly substance, aad
thinks that we should soon degenerate, were it not
for a constant infusion of blood from the old world.
M. Desor recently read a paper on this subject before
some of the learned societies of Switzerland. He is
an able naturalist, and brings an array of facts in sup
port of this same theory. German emigrants on com
ing to America, find to their astonishment that in
washing, clothes dry full twice as quickly as in Eu
rope. Thete, also, bread does not become hard under
two or three weeks, but in the United States it dries
hard and unpalatable in two or three days. On the !
contrary all vegetables and fruits are much more easily I
pieserved in America than Germany. In a German
winter, though not very cold, the windows are loaded
with frost, while in America, the moisture of the at- ■
mosphere is not often sufficient to produce tlrs re
sult.
The diverse effect on persons is equally remarkable.
In America, the moist hair of a European soon be- ■
comes dry ; 'and we recollect a statement of N. P.
Willis several years ago, that in passing from America |
into the moist atmosphere of England, his face peeled
like an onion, and came out again as good as new. :
In America, the tenant moves into a house as soon as
the walls are plastered, without danger ; (at least so
says M. Desor,) and the plasterer puts on his second
coat as soon as he has completed the first; neither of
which could be done in Europe. On the other hand,
workers in wood in America, the upholsterer and :
piano-forte maker, must be careful in the selection of
their material, for what would be seasoned wood in
Europe, would crack and split to pieces in the United
States*
The gauge fall of rain in America and Earope, in a ■
year, is nearly the same; but in America the air clears j
itself almost immediately. M. Desor’s explanation of I
tbe difference is this : In America, as in Europe, wes ■
teriy winds prevail; but in reaching the coast of Eu- ]
rope they pass over a long stretch of water, and come |
loaded with moisture; while to reach the United i
States, they sweep over vast extents of dry land, and
lose their moisture.
Buffon has remarked that while the animals intro
duced into America have, on the whole, rather deteri
orated, plants have decidedly improved. From this
it is argued that America is the paradise of the vege
. table, while Europe is, of the animal kingdom. On
looking into those portions of New England, longest ,
settled and least disturbed by emigrants, M. Desor 1
finds a physical type of America, which he thus des- j
cribes: “ Coarse hair, a want of fullness of body,
a long neck, and colorless complexion.” Theses he
continues, “are very frequent characteristics of tbe
New Englander, and that some of these depend on cli
mate is seen by the fact that a trip to Europe will often
give fullness to the frame and color to the cheek, while
the Englishman rarely grows stouter, but almost inva
riably thinner, during his sojourn in America.” To
this dryness of the American atmosphere, M. Desor
attributes thai feverish activity which is the charac
teristic ef the American; and supports his position by
several plausible arguments.
As to his facts, Mr. Desor is probably correct; but
the question next erises whether a proper physical de
velcpment consists in“adispose substance,” Or in bone,
tendon muscle, nerve and brain. N o evidence of a lack
of muscle can be shown, in the people of the United
States, aside from the want of that plumpness which
depends upon the fatty deposit. On the contrary in
strength and endurance, where Americans and Eu
ropeans are placed sid» by side, in toil, we think every
one must concede the palm to the Yankee. On a re
moval from Europe to America, the changes which
occur in the course of two or three generations, may
be summed np as follows: There is a loss of physical
fullness or plumpness, and a loss of clearness of com
plexion; but on the other hand, there is a gain in size
and solidity of bone, muscle, and tendon, and
a gain in activity of nerve, and size and activity of
brain. To this it 'must be added, that there is too
often also a loss of the tendency to an equal and uni
form condition of health ; which is to be referred, in
part, to our free living, especially our excessive animal
diet; and in part, to causes which M. Desor has no
! ted, an over activity and development of nerve and
' brain. How much of this overdevelopment or excita
-1 bility is depending on our dry climate, we cannot say;
doubtless some of it is, but more, we apprehend, on
the f ull supply of mental food, and that unrestricted
' play which is given in Amarica to ths human mind.
That a dry climate alone is not unfavorable to life
and health, is abundantly shown by the extraordi
-3 nary longevity enjoyed by the inhabitants of the dry,
sandy plains of Arabia and other paits of Asia.
PRICE THREE CENTS.
The Untold Treasures of the New
World.
When the Spaniards first visited the American Con
tinent, and traversed that part of the country lying
between the Atlantic and the Mississippi, they were
allured by the almost fabulous accounts of the vast
mineral wealth that was to be found there. Neither
the Frensh nor themselves, who successively wielded
the powers of government in the valley of the Missis
sippi, paid much attention to the lead mines of Galena
or the Osage, for the metal was found in so many local
ities, that they believed it had no great commercial
value. Stoddart, in his “Historical Recollections of
Louisiana,” says, that it was found on the surface of
the earth, and that the Indians used it for musket-balls.
Nor did they heed much the iron mines of Missouri, or
the valuable coal deposits of Illinois. It was another
prize they were in search of. The monarchs of Castile
had been enriched by the diamonds of Brazil and the
silver of Peru, and when they landed on the northern
portion of the continent, they fancied the earth was
at once to yield up its treasures, equal to those that
were found in the South. The tales of the aborigines
had reached the ears of the adventurous Europeans,
and even the Portuguese vied with the inhabitants of
the rest of the Peninsula in their endeavors to enrich
themselves with the treasures of America. The early
historic annals are filled with statements of the Indians,
that in certain parts of the trackless forests, near a
mountain or in the depth of a ravine, they saw some
glittering substance that looked like gold, and not a
few of them accompanied their asseverations of the
truth of what they said, by shewing to the eager Euro
peans small particles of the precious metal. The lat
ter thought they had at length found the Philosopher’s
Stone; that America was to shower wealth on them
equal to what was found in the wonderful cave of the
Forty Thieves, or was wrought by the magic influence
of Aladdin’s lamp. The Indians were trustworthy in
formants. None knew better than themselves, the paths
which led to those hidden recesses in the forest, where
they claimed dominion with the wild and ferocious ani
mals that prowled about for food; they wandered from
the frigid regions of the North to the tropics in search of
quarry, or in an attempt to subdue a hostile tribe, and
it may readily be believed that they did not fail to ob
serve any indications of mineral wealth they met with.
They may not have known its valne, but when the hun
ter came down to the coast and was shown what re
sembled it, he then said that he had seen it before, and
promised when he returned to bring some of it with
him. It was this which excited the cupidity of those
Europeans, who came to America in search of wealth;
and if they were not successful, it was owing not so
much to the inaccuracy of the information they re
ceived from the aborigines, or their want of geogra
phical knowledge, as to their want of valor and the
spirit of enterprise to meet the difficulties and dangers
of the search. The celebrated Abbe Raynal, in his
“ History of the two Indies,” mentioned the mineral
wealth of California, although he could have formed
no conception of the extent or value: so has the Indian
spoken of the gold and copper he met with in his
journeyings, although he cotild not say where it was,
or how much there was of it. Let us look at his means
of ——3 Al _ 1 ■ '’-'w a ■■—, . - .. MV.V
the white man has never trodden, there the Indian is
to be found. From the farthermost limit of the Conti
nent along the shores of Hudson’s Bay, or on the
banks of the Red River of the North, to the Gulf of
Mexico, and the Red Biver of the South, the painted
and tattooed warrior roams over a territory untrodden
by the geologist or the man of science. Where the
pale face intrudes on his wide domain, there the In
dian is not at home ; he seeks for other quarters, and
on the mountain-top or in the deep ravine, he finds a
solitude, where he can brood over the wrongs, that
have been done his race. In the monotony of these
pursuits, so congenial to his feelings and disposition,
he is struck with any uncommon object that lies in his
path, and it is not wonderful that he should notice any
glittering substance that he might meet with, or should
mention it, to those, who might make inquiry on the
subject. Kalm, who travelled in America in the early
part of the last century, saw several Indians in the
Northwest who spoke of the great mineral wealth of
the country, and he mentions in his Travels, that in
the very depths of the forest, thousands of miles off
• from the haunts of civilized man, he observed hiero
gliyhical characters marked on stones, indicating the
advent and departure of a people of superior civiliza
tion. Was it the Tartars, or the Chinese, or the 01-
mucks, or any of the unknown tribes of Asia, that
came here in search of gold and silver ? or was this
Continent once peopled by a nation whose name and
race have been lost in the night of ages ? These are
questions that never can.be answered, but it may be
pect. Already has California poured her treasures
into the Idp of nations. Sonora is following her ex- '
ample, and the Gila and the Sierra Nevada have their
contributions to offer to the general wealth of the
country: What will follow, when the Amazon be
comes accessible to the enterprise and industry of our
countrymen, it is impossible to'say, but it may be
safely predicted that even richer materials than the
mahogany and other valuable woods of her forests,
and the spices and dye-stuffs of her plains will reward
the toils 6f the pioneers on her shores.
The North offers even a larger field than the
South for exploration and discovery. From La
brador to Oregon, the country has only yet been
traversed by the voyageur or the Indian, who
have not failed to speak in terms of the high
est praise of its mineral capabilities. From ths
northernmost boundary of the United States to the re
gion around Baffin’s Bay, the virgin soil of America is
studded with jewels, equal in brilliancy to the lumina
ries in the starry fimament; and in the specimens of
gold and copper, and the small quantity of quicksilver,
that have been shown by the Indian to the eager gaze
of the white man, there has been enough to excite his
curiosity and cupidity. We know, that the North
abounds in iron and copper, and if it ,be as auriferous
and argentiferous as the South, there will be more of
the precious metals found than will be necessary for
the wants of the civilized world. Already have seve
ral political economists, in Germany and France been
discussing the question, whether the exigencies of
commerce will not soon require the use of a material
of a higher value than gold in the daily transactions of
life; and the constantly-increasing products of the
gold-fields of California and Tasmania are lending in
terest to the inquiry. It was the scarcity of gold
which made it a substitute for the exchange of pro
ducts, the first mode of commerce practiced amongst
the Ancients; but, now that the difficulty of procuring
it has been overcome, the cause of its value will gra
dually cease. When the North and South American
continents shall have fully developed the utmost
boundless mineral resources which they are known to
possess; and when nothing is left to be done by the
geologist or the practical chemist, then will the pre
cious metals cease to have the value which the world
now assigns to them. With the progressive spirit of
Americans, and the energy and activity they manifest,
that time may soon be at hand.
Out of Place.
A law of harmony, which is nothing more than an
extension of the idea of the fitness of things, runs
i throughout Nature; and its preservation is required
I by every well-ordered and cultivated mind. Each
single thing, when viewed by itself, may be said, in a
certain sense, to be a discord; and it is only by a
comparison of one thing with another, or of a thing
with its uses, that the positive inharmony is sug
i gested. Thus, when a very tall woman and a very
I .short man, or a very fat woman and a very lean man,
I or vice versa, are linked together as husband and wife,
the association strikes us as incongruous. It has been
■ said, in illustrating the same idea, that a physician
I should present in his own person, the appearance of
health. But this, from the mixed nature of the case,
1 is by no means indispensable. We have known seve
ral physicians who were habitually so feeSTe as to be
scarcely able to sit in a carriage, after whom the sick
I part of the world were half crazy. This seeming
anomaly may be accounted for on two suppositions,
, and in many instances probably both are combined.
! The sick physician may be regarded as a standing ad
vertisement of his own skill, in keeping himself alive
at all; or, again, he must knowhow to feel for and
sympathize with the sick. This last consideration, in
chronic cases especially, is of infinite advantage to
him.
It is perfectly appropriate that the lawyer should be
lean and carniverous in his look; the unloving minis
ter and religionist, sour; that the miser should be
' shrivelled and shrunken; that the butcher should be
fat; the shoemaker and tailor pale, etc.; for these ex
ternal appearances are in harmony with their actual
condition and habits; and still we are pained. We
are pained because these are harmonies of inharmony
or evil, when men should be in harmony only with the
lofty and the good. Would we bring ourselves into
high harmony with Nature and Life, we must see that
we violate none of the laws of Nature and of Life. Our
passions—ambition, avarice and furious appetites—
must be restrained to their appropriate bounds;, and
love to the Great Mechanic ol the Skies, —who wishes
us all well,—and good will to our fellow-men, must be
eome the mainspring and lever of our actions. As to
unhealthy trades and occupations, it is time to assume
as an axiom, that nothing which ought to be followed
is necessarily detrimental to life. So, wherever health
suffers in a needful calling, is the place for science,
observation and experiment to go to work. Benevo
lence should spur us all to this, for this is one of the
crying horrors of the day. We find no harmony here,
where the mechanic toils in filth and poison, perhaps
cramped, as to his body, into a position which of itself
destroys half his healthful vitality—no, we look in
vain for the harmonies of life, physical or moral, in
such a quarter as this. The conditions of health, of
growth, of knowledge, of wisdom, of purity and aflec
tion, as well as existence, are all set at nought.
Largest Sunday Paper.—This is the ninth'
week since the enlargement of the Sunday Dispatch,
and yet we hear of no demonstration on the part of
our pious cotemporaries to come up to our dimensions,
notwithstanding the positive assurance from the pro
prietors of two of them that they would not allow the
Dispatch to be the largest Sunday paper. How is this,
gentlemen ? Surely you don’t mean to allow your
selves to be thrown into the shade without a struggle.
If you do—then we have been put to needless expense
in preparing for you. If our business continues to in
crease as it has done, we may, however, have need for
I more room, whether our friends enlarge or not. Yet,
■ just at this moment we feel something like the Irish
: man at the fair, who, having been over half a day on
the ground without a fight, impatiently appealed to the
, crowd—“ Will any gintieman have the kindness to
tread on me coat-tail ?”
Mrs. Swisshelm.
We scarcely know where to place the lady whose
name heads this paragraph. She certainly does not
belong to the ultra strong-minded portion of her sex,
for she has been known—and that not long since— to
vacate the chair editorial for the purpose of attending
to her duties, and has even gone so far as te brag of
her baby in her journal. This fact alone proves that
she is in this respect a true woman—at least it proves
that she is very different from the many female lea
turers upon the subject of woman’s rights, among ns,
for we never yet have met one of them who gloried in
having a baby. Mrs. Swisshelm says a great many
good things in the Pittsburgh Saturday Visitor—
things which prove her to be a woman of mind and
power—but she also says some things which in our
opinion do not speak very well for her goodness of
heart, however much they may entitle her to credit as
a logician. There is a good deal of reason in her
ideas concerning divorce, when she says, “ If a procla
mation were made to-day, declaring every marriage
in the Union null and void, and leaving it once more
to the choice of the parties whether the relation be
renewed, business would be suspended, newspapers
would stop, stores, factories, and workshops would
close. The editors would be all at home getting mar
ried ; merchants, operatives and mechanies would each
he waiting their turn to have the nuptial knot retied.”
But there is very little reason and less charity in what
she says concerning the degraded class of whom Solon
Robinson treats in his newly-published work. She
asserts that such men and women are not worth saving
even if they could be saved, and entreats Mr. Robin
son to look after the next generation and let the devil
have this one, inasmuch as his Satanic Majesty (so the
lady asserts) has the title deeds now, already “signed,
sealed and delivered.” Mrs. Swisshelm seems to think
that Mr. Robinson had better take Wild Maggie, while
she is pious, and drown her, for fear that she might
again “forsake fair virtue’s way,” and expresses her
conviction that when a woman takes her first false
step, all she has to do is to repent and die as fast as
possible. Mrs. Swisshelm is evidently a believer in
total depravity, but fortunately for human nature we
have the example of one who spoke to the child of
“sin and sorrow” in this wise': “ Neither do I con
demn thee: go and sin no more.” Ladies who allow
themselves to grow so outrageously indignant at the
shortcomings of their lessperfectly organized sisters
should remember that “to err is human, to forgive,
divine,” and that even they may be called upon at
some time to mourn a daughter fallen.
Cruelty to Brutes.—The recent unusual
spell of sleighing in the city, though sport to the
sleightrs, has been anything but sport to the horses,
How many have been fatally blown, how’ many have
fallen by the way and given up the ghost, how many
have been shamefully beaten by the human brutes
having them in charge, it is impossible to say. Cer
tain it is, that much of this kind of work has been
done, more than we have seen, more than the public
and the humane societies have any idea of. The sight
of that noble animal the horse, the spirit dragged and
beaten out of him, lying prostrate in his harness, help
less beneath his load, and past the point of effort, is
distressing enough—there is only one object more hu
miliating, and that is the horse’s master. We feel our
humanity put to the blush in both cases, but in the
one is a redeeming infusion of pity, and in the other
a swelling surge of indignant contempt.
But horses are not the only animated things that suffer
needlessly at the hand of man. A careless disregard
in this particular, toward the brute creation generally,
is fostered among us m a thousand ways. Without
doubt, all the lower grades of breathing life are inten
ded for our use—man is lord of the earth—but they
are not intended . for our abuse ; and we cannot set
aside the law of kindness toward them, without ex
ceeding our authority, and defacing our own man
hood.
Snow and Its Usus.—ln view of the lively
sleighing season just past, and the quantity of
snow which has fallen thus far this winter, ws
are induced to make a few remarks concerning
the feathers which fall from Dame Nature’s Geese.
When drops of water are congealed into spiculae
in the air, they collect, in falling, into flakes of
snow. Above the region of th a glaciers, the snow
sometimes falls in separate spicula:. When examined
with a microscope, snow reveals a beautiful structure:
consisting of needles, which are six-sided prisms ;
formed from a rhomboid, which is the primitive shape.
It falls more abundantly in temperate than in arctic
regions; and is found to be beneficial rather than
nthPrwjsn • far hpinrr a.haii A* •*.
selves the plants beneath, from too great a degree of
cold. On one occasion in Germany, snow fell on the
corn which was in flower, and preserved it from a
hard frost which followed; so that ultimately the
corn ripened. Underneath ice, snow is often found to
be not lower in temperature than thirty-two degrees
(just the freezing point;) and hence people buried
under the snow, if permitted a free access of air, may
live a long while, because warmer there than if on the
surface.
The Theology of Table Turning;—A
short time since, the Rev. N. T. Godfrey, Incum
bent of Wortley, Leeds, England, delivered a lecture
on the above subject, at the Hanover Square Rooms,
in London. The Rev. gentleman stoutly contended
that table turning, spirit-rapping, and clairvoyance,
were nothing less than a direct communication with
the Evil Gne. The chairman, Mr. J. Bateman, sug
gested that the meeting should conclude by prayer,
and a hymn was sung amidst great confusion. An
extraordinary scene then took place. The chairman,
lecturer, and a number of clergymen on the platform
made a precipitate retreat amidst loud cries for the
chairman to keep his seat. Several gentlemen at
tempted to address the meeting, and a Mr. E. Connor
was called to take the chair, for the purpose of making
experiments. He made several extraordinary state
ments. The officials connected with the hall attempted
to extinguish the lights, but were prevented doing so
by main force. The table having, however, been at
las L t ™. e . < ? “YS'ftX ft? Tria
complication of home affairs has by no means induced
Russia to lose sight of foreign diplomacy. The diplo
matic agent of the Czar, for the Sandwich Islands, M.
Stoeckl, arrived in this city ia the Pacific, direotfrom
St. Petersburg. M. Stoeckl is familiar with western
affairs, having for some twelve or fourteen years filled
the place of Secretary to the Russian Legation at
Washington. He also for several years filled a like
place in the Russian Embassy at London, under Count
Pozzo di Borgo. He is accordingly well posted up ;
and will proceed to Honolulu, his point of observation,
with the necessary material on hand, to serve effect
ually the interests of Russia in that quarter. This will
add one more to the interesting circle of diplomats in
those important islands, and a new present entangle
ment of her complicated affairs. Probably for a time the
agents of England, France and Russia, may eye each
other pretty sharply, even if they ultimately conclude
to club their hands against the United States,
An Ungrateful Miser.—A man named
Reaving, died at Chilcompton, Dorsetshire, Eng
land, a short time since, aged ninety-three. He
would deny himself almost every necessary, either
food, fire or clothing. A fortnight since he was visited
by a lady, who gave him a shilling, as he told her he
was perishing from cold' and want of food; he had the
same tale for any one who went to see him. After his
death, there were discovered, hid about the cottage,
2001., principally in guineas and half-guineas, several
suits of clothes, rotten from lying by, and a quantity
of coal in a pantry, which was bought by him about
twenty-one years since, but which he was too nig.
gardly to burn; also a will, wherein he bequeathed 3091.,
which, it seems, he had put out at interest, together
with his other money, Ac., to some relatives in Am
rica, leaving a poor relative, who had rendered him
every assistance in her power, without a shilling.
* ■— : nn—
Speculations.—We hear of a number of
“jobs” that are to be put through for the benefit of
certain speculations, and having learned the “ ropes,”
we intend to keep a sharp look out for them. The
philosopher who get off'the trite adage, “ All is not
gold that glitters,” would.liave had no difficulty in il
lustrating the truth of it had he lived iu our day and
generation. We begin to fear that it will become our
duty to strip the mask from the faces of some of the.
individuals in whom our people have placed confi
dence, before very long. We hope to find our suspi
cions unfounded, but the signs of the times point very
strongly in the wrong -direction.
Cutting up Bead Bodies.—We have before
us a memorial from Dr. William Turner to the Legis
lature of the State of New York, praying that the
measure now before them, “extending the privileges of
dissecting the bodies of the dead” to the medical fa
culty, may not become a law. The petitioner is decid
edly opposed to cutting up dead bodies as a means of
acquiring knowledge on the diseases incident to the
human frame. In support of his position he quotes
largely from the writings of Dr. Dickson, the distin
guished Chrono-Thermalist of London. Dr. Turner
will never be brought within the pale of the Regulars
. again. He has “belted” for good.
An Item for Peace Societies and Non-
Combatants. —ln 1836 Mr. Colt obtained a patent for
his now celebrated Revolvers. Since that time he
has also obtained a patent for improvements. From
the evidence before the Commissioner of Patents, it
.appears that since the invention of the Revolver, over
100,000 pistolshave been manufactured and sold at a
profit to the inventor of about SIOOO,OOOI The de.
mand is greater now than it has been at any previous
time, and it is supposed that before the expiration of
the patent in 1857, that Mr. Colt will realize over
$3,000,000 from ther sale.
Tnß-M.iiNK Law.—We are assured, by well
informed parties at Albany, that the Maine Law will
be put through at this session of the Legislature, so as to
submit it to the popular will at a special election.
Well, if it must come, let us have the experiment
fairly tried. For ourselves, we feel perfectly satisfied
that one year's trial will satisfy any honest temperance
man that restrictive laws will not promote either tem
perance or morals. But we can't convince our friends
by argument or jrast experience. They want to see for
themselves, and seem determined to stop the grog of the
Empire State. So we may as well make up our minds
to let them do so.
A Righteous Sentence.—Connecticut occa
sionally does a good thing to make amends for the sin
of palming wooden nutmegs and white oak hams on
its unsuspecting sister States. Recently one of the
Courts of that State sentenced a wretch named Lucas,
to six years imprisonment in the State prison, for
placing obstructions on a Railroad track. It gives us
pleasure to record the punishment of such miscreants.
No punishment can bfe too severe for such outrages.
The Herald and the New Common Coun-
Cie.— Somebody ought to enlighten the gentleman who
writes the Herald’s editorials on the Common Council.
It is quite evident that the writer is sadly in want of
it. We have no sort of objection to the Herald’s wak
ing up the “Reformers;” on the contrary, a little stir
ring up will do good. But for the credit of the paper,
there should be no such blunders as have recently
appeared in that print.
New England Estimate of Men in Old
Times One of our exchanges, in an obituary notice
of the recent demise of John Avery Parker, of New
Bedford, who left over a million of dollars, says, that
when a young man, the Selectmen of the town of West
port “warned” him to leave for fear of his becoming
chargeable on the town!
A Novel Strike.—One of our exchanges
propetes a strike among editors. He says the prices
of every other branch of business have been advanc
ed and he thinks that editors outfit to be included in
the general rise, as there is no free list at the. butchers,
bakers and grocers.in his locality. ,

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