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THE WEATHER FORECAST.
, Partly cloudy and warmer to-day ; to morrow, probably showers. Highest temperature yesterday, So; lowest, 63. Detailed weather, mnll and marine reports on pace 10. VOL. LXXXIII. NO. 335. NEW YORK, MONDAY, JULY 31, 1916. Copyright, 191, by the Stm PrlHj and PubHjMit? Atiociatton.' ONE CENT la Oreatfr New York, F.lntwhrra Jrr.fr City and Newark. J TWO CKNTM. i4L OF SHRAPNEL AS EXPLOSION ROCKS NEW YORK CITY; TRAIN BLOWS UP; SHELL LADEN BARGES BURN IN THE HARBOR; ONLY 2 KNOWN DEAD, BUT SCORES ARE HURT; $30,000,000 LOSS a sHNE.r SOBWAY AND 'L' MEN MAY QUIT; 3RD AV. TIED UP General Malinger Admits 356 34 Miles of Line Inactive. COMPANY THREATENS "FIGHT TO A FINISH" Will Attempt to Run Cars To-day Employees on Other Roads Restive. Interboroufth Rapid Transit em ployee are ready to strike when the, call comes and add to the rolling stock now standltiR Idle In the barns of the Third Avenue ystom the cars of the HUliway nnd elevated lines In Man hattan, thus completely tylnc up the tranvportatloti facilities of the clly. This wnH the substance of a report given credence last night. The sub way and elevated trainmen held n meeting yesterday. It wan said, nt which It was decided to join the trol ley car motormen nnd conductors whenever the strike lenders should de cide the time was fitting; One report was that the call would eomo at noon to-day, another that It would come at midnight. The men themselves were said not to know at what hour they would be ordered to leave their trains. Neither the official of the Interborouuh nor of the union would atnrm or deny the rumors, and Police Headquarters reported receiving no Information of the proposed move. At t o'clock General Vanager Edwin A. Malier ndmltted that not a surface car was running on any part of the Third avenue system In Manhattan, and at 9 I. M. he ordered every car In The Bronx Into the barns. In addition the red car lino on the Manhattan llrldge, controlled by the It. R. T Third Avenue New York Railways Company, was rtepped because the men were on strike, jr.. ri cur was out of the car i.arns and motormen and conductors were flocking to the strikers' headquar ters to enroll In the union. Whereupon W. D. Mahon, president of the Interna tional Association of Street Railway Men. throwing back his coat and run ning his thumbs up and down his aus j.enders. declared at strikers" headquar- "We've tied up 35C?4 miles of the Third avenuo system. We started In Yonkers. as per schedule, ran over to Mount Vernon and to New Rochelle. W e continued on to The Rronx and now we've tied up the Third avenue system In a neat little bundk Union Now Una 3,500 Members. "When we reached Manhattan and The Uronx we had only 198 members In our union In those two boroughs, the re sult of four years work. In the last 14 hours we'vo accumulated more than 2.500. , "But, aa the villain says In the melo drama, 'the end Is not yet. We shall continue until we've organized ever) traction line's employees In the city, but remember that our grievance, for tne present. Is onty against the Third ave nue, which has refused our demands. Charges that the strike leaders have been working secretly among employees of tho New York Railways Company, enrolling them for a walkout, were made last night .by Frank Medley, vlce-pres -dent and general manager of that com nany He Issued a statement to "all em Sloyee.'1 warning them that agitators were plotting to embroil them li cam. calm designed to tie up all traffic In Sew York city and advising them that the company had made arrangements to , iw adequate protection to them In the v" ".uux,.; usually a man of ords had thus spoken at length, tot lnulrV of General Manager Maher l-T. Tlon. the various lines proved the union head to bo correct. "We've taken every car oft." said Mr. J! ... ih mn who have re- -mlfned loyal to u. hav. been Intimidated maiiicu been at. H3T t,v .angmen and guerrillas that the strikers brought down from lr..:.i.-.., .r.,1 The Bronx. Tho ,'Z.7 .na the conductors were as , rot.fn.e" SJwav. on Third avenue, St. on the East Bid. and on he lower w!.t Hide They did not want to quit. forced to do It. We shall atari "a .full service In the morning, how ever." Tkreaten "FlnUh" Flarfct. "Are you nine to settle wltn tne trtkersr We are not. We're going to fight to the finish." nave tou heard from Mr. Whit- ""'Mr.' WhltrldS" Is In Europe. We have not heard from him." said Mr. "No"'' car moved over the 126th street line all day, making It necessary for OMiinnds making for Fort Lee ferry hTa It frTmthe East Hide. The Man hatt strert lln. running down to 110th itreet and Third avenuo did not move Tha "Siroadway lines, running from srortr-second street and the West Shore f.rry up Tenth avenue, Amsterdam ivenua and Broadway, to Fort Oeorge. I6th street and the like, furnished very little service In the forenoon and none JTh !! 'rom Fort ,trrjr v,a Broadway and Forty-second street to T?Mt Thirty-fourth street also was out of business. The Klfty-nlnth, Forty-Twenty-eighth and Twenty- thf 06t .inih streets mldcrosstnwn line, atraci sysicni, vuu wwn ww OmMmmmI oh Sixth Pp. JOINT DRIVE ON SOMME PUSHES UPTO MAUREPAS Concerted Advance of Brit ish and French Gains on a Six Mile Front. GERMANS RUSH GUNS TO WESTERN SECTOR 700 Batteries Sent to Pic ardy to Offset Allies' Superiority. Ionpo. July 30. Acting In concert, the British and French forces attacked together to-day and as a result of their cooperation both made valuable gains. Gen. Douglas Holg reports that the enemy "must have suffered heavily," whllo the French night communique Implies the same when It announces that the ground gained was held against powerful German'counter at tacks. The fighting was at the point where the British right rests against the French left, with the Somme between. The British nttacked In a sector be tween the Delvllte wood nnd the Somme and after n heavy cngagpment ' were able to move eastward beyond ' vaterlot farm and Trones wood. which, like Delvllle wood, ha been n death trap for thousands. Their ml- vance was on a six mile front. Preach Take Trenches. The French took German trenches from llardecourt to the river on a front from 300 to 800 meters deep nnd three and n half mites long. Resides, they pressed forward to the outskirts of the village of Maurepas. enst of Hardecourt, nnd took positions north of the vlllnge of Hem. which Is .outh of Maurepas. These were held ngulnnt counter attacks of the utmost vigor. Tile French troons In i'leardv had been waiting until the llrltlsli carried out the operation assigned to them. That having been satisfactorily com pleted, the central echelon got word to move forward against the German trenches on the eastern elopes of the ravine through which a light railroad runs from Combles to Clery and I'e tonne. l?vcry detail of the advance had been worked out with mathematical precision beforehand, and the operation was com pleted well within the time limit set. The attacking troops met with a moro than usual amount of resistance from the Germans, who had foreseen the move e.nd made every preparation In their power to frustrate it. The positions had been strengthened as well as the Inces sant rain of projectiles frum the French artillery permitted, and large forces of icserves were gathered In the rear. The German reserves were hurled for ward as soon as the French dash slack ened and tho fighting was fast and furi ous, especially ut the southern end of tho lUie where the nature of the ground per mitted the counter attacking troops to advance with some prospect of getting through the French curtain of tire. Counter Attack Vain. The French rtaff work, however, was too well done; nnd, although the Ger mans struggled bravely and stubbornly all afternoon and well Into the night, they failed to regain an Inch of ground. Wave after wave of German Infantry waB swept away by tho well directed French chine gun and light artillery Ore. At Pozlcres tnere was no Infantry fighting. The day was spent In consoli dating the ground won In the drive last week. Near Ypres the Canadians raided German trenches successfully, and the Royal Munster Fusiliers performed the same feat on the Loos salient. The Ger mans entered a front lln" nrltlsh trench near the Hoheniollcrn redoubt, but were expelled. German attacks against the French redoubt In the ravine south of Fleury, three miles northeast of Verdun, were repulsed. Military experts here said to-night that the day's news meant more than ground gained, because It showed the perfection of tho understanding between the British and French commanders. A joint operation of the kind attempted to-day Is always ticklish, they say, for tho least failure to act In perfect unison on a predetermined plan might prove disastrous. British I.oaa la 13,080. It was announced to-night that the British casualties for three weeks have been 5,!29 dead, of whom 1,140 were officers, and 41,831 wounded, of whom 8,060 were officers. The Daily .Vetos correspondent at Rot terdam asserts that the Oermans lately have brought 700 batteries to the Homme region from other fronts to reply to the tremendous fire of the Allies' ar tillery, In an endeavor to overcome the overwhelming preponderance of British and French metal. They have sent no large forces of men to the west since the movement, already reported, of 300,000 reenforce ments some time ago, when they under took a counter offensive, Unlerx within a short time they are able to withdraw Continurd on Sixth Page. Resumption all main line Trafltr via Anuthern Hallway, Leave N, Y, .tally nt I Snum fuio for Orlen A. M :35 I-. m, unci l : 3 u a, m, Atltnts. Montgomery, Mobile, New tuns. Illrmlncham aaa Intermediate I points via Charlotte, N. C. N. V, offlct. f IK Ith AV.A4. jyjAP showing where fire started at the Lehigh Valley Black Tom dock and spread to Jersey Central Dock No. 7; also indicating positions of barges which were loaded with ammunition: A. Barge loaded with dynamite standing off from Pier 19, where fire started and first explosion followed, known as Black Tom dock. B. Schooner Wollcot waiting to be loaded. C. Black Tom at point w here fircboat Willett of New York department stayed spread of ware house blaze. D. Jersey Central dock No. 7, where cars loaded with ammunition were burned. E. Position occupied by burning barges after they had drifted out into the bay. F. Forbidden position of Lighter No. 24 at the end of Black Tom dock. She was loaded with 3,126 cases of ammunition. I 1 . v ramx. jPWimhim .'.'smJ 1 ".v-sT.Pita. insb . I i : W" All sS!jeKar in. riSrV v. 1 y n mt um. n U. S. CUTTER ASKED ' TO CONVOY U BOAT Captain of Apnche Replies He Has No Official Interest in Deutschland. Baltimore, July 30. Although the German submarine Deutschland mill was at her pier to-niifht, developments dur ing the last twenty-four hours Indicated the Intention of Capt. Koenlg, her com mander, to leave in a short time. It was learned to-day that when the revenue cutter Apache anchored a short distance from the Detitschland's slip late yesterday afternoon, the Apache' com mander was asked by officials who are looking after the submarine's Interests If he could convoy the Deutschland to the three mile limit off the capes. The officials were referred to the Navy Department. To-day the Apache's com mander said he had received no orders to convoy the submarine and had no official Interest In her. The tURs Britannia and Chicago came up to the Deutschland's pier to-day and the llrltannia's captain had a conference with officials on the Interned North Ger man I,Iod steamer Ni-ckar. Afterward the tugs proceeded down the l'atapsco Itlver. Karly this morning the tug Thomas F. Tltnmlns, which convoyed the sub marine from the capes Just three weeks afro, got up steam. Capt. Zach Culllson remained on board the tug all night and tt was said he arranged to take on a pilot at short notice. It can be said on good authority that the engines and submerging machinery of the Deutschland are In perfect condi tion and that Uie vessel's departure Is not delayed by any trouble aboard her. Allied Patrol Ships Identlfled. Nonroi.K, Va July 30, Hoth the United Stntea neutrality squad and the allied patrol outside Cape Henry made this a day of rest. With the cruiser North Carolina lying In Hampton Hoads the allied warships were not seen to-day. Tho I'nlted States destroyers remained at the capes. Three wnrshlps In the allied patrol were Identified to-night ns tho Ilrltlsh cruisers Monmouth, Kssex and Suffolk. nrotrned at HoeUaway Beach. Carl Schloss, 23 years old, of 903 Prospect avenue, The llronx, a Pruden tial Insurance agent, wns drowned late ..t,.r,l:iv afternoon whlh' bathing In the ocean at the foot of Kast Korty-nlnth street, Ilockaway Reach. N' EW YORK got its first ing issue giving An accurate account of the whereabouts and cause of the disaster and telling the extent of tho damage, as known at that time, was on the street half an hour before any other morning newspaper appeared with the news. THE EVENING SUN issued an extra giying a comprehensive account of the explosion, and this extra was on sale an hour before the earliest edition of any other evening newspaper. THE EVENING SUN'S story of the explosion was tho most accurate given by any paper of the day. The newsgathering machinery of every paper in New York was tested, and THE SUN proved its worth. UPPER (V...7 b MANSLAUGHTER CHARGED IN THREE EXPLOSION WARRANTS Blame Placed on Johnson Company Lighter Loaded With Explosives and Moored at Pier in Violation of Law Manslaughter is the charge nnmed in three warrants issued last night in Jersey City by Judge Mark A. Sullivan of the Hudson County Court of Common IMeas for the arrest of Albert M. Dickman, agent at the Black Tom dock for the Lehigh Valley Railroad; Theodore B. Johnson, head of the .Johnson Lighterage and Jjr.ving Company, and Alexander Davidson, superintendent ol tne National Docks and Storage Company. It is averred in the complaint made against them by James Connelly, Jersey City's inspector of combustibles, that the three mentioned are responsible for the loss of life in yesterday morning's explosion because they permitted Lighter No. 24 to make a mooring for the night at the Lehigh's dock. Davidson and Dickman were arrested in their homes by Detective Lieutenant Peter Green. They were taken to the county jail, where they were released in $5,000 bail, fixed by Judge Sullivan. "Jersey justice" scarcely ever before moved so swiftly and so unexpectedly as in putting the blame on the three officials. This first consequence came after the day's investigation of the earth shaking explosions had established so far as pos sible in the time these facts : Tho blnzo wns not of lnmiillnry origin. Nothing niltlnwl In tln hunt for onuses Miowoil (ho lca-t prwiPiitv of n pint iimittiit the Al lien, to whom tlu Imnieiixo More of ammunition wits roiislKiiril. None of the numoroiw cimnN employed by the LehlKh 1ms Imil ocenslnii fur this 1; 1 1 id of tilariti for months Illase Mlnrts on l.lKhter. Tho blaio started on lighter No. 21, owned by the Johnson l.lghteragu Com pany. With the exception or one tun boat captain, those who have been ques tioned about the disaster placed the blame on tho boat. The Lehigh Valley . makes tho lighter crew culpable. 1 1, A, ; Campbell, Inspector fot the Interstate Commerce Commission, which began an I SUN FIRST TO TELL accurate news of the Black Tom explosion from THE SUN. Investigation yesterday, holds to the same opinion, So docs M. T. Henley, ! ynnlmastcr of tho Hlack Tom yard, and other minor officials. When llamcs burst out on the lluhter she was carrying 3.124 cases of nmmunl i tlon, which Mm had Just tnken n hoard , from ears that unloaded at the Jersey ,i entrain pier within fifty yards of her . taiai mooring place. i ii. ...i.... . ,,1-nt,-,, , me ?ii(iwiiuicr; j, m, Kane, watchman for the National Pocks nnd Storage Company's plant, nnd A. M, U.ekman, agent for tho storHge com pany, used every argument thev could command to prexent lighter No. 2i mak ing an all night stay at the p'cr end, Regulation of the Interstate Com merce Commission, a Jersey city ordi nance nnd the rules of tho 'Lehigh Val- Contfniird on Fourth Page. NEWS OF EXPLOSION POLICE HUNT BOMB AT HEADQUARTERS Detectives, Fearinp Another Hlownp, Hush Around to Find "Plotter.' I'Jllce Headquarters was a scene of feerlfh activity and confusion jester day morning due to the fact that no one knew where tho explosion had occurred. One of the largest telephone switch boards In the city, outside of the local exchanges, Is located In the building, nnd tho six operators on duty under Lieut. Helwlg had a busy time for many hours. The flret conclusion of the entire neighborhood was that n repetition of the bomb plot that nearly wrecked head quarters last year had been attempted. This Idea was strengthened by the crashing of glass from broken windows near by. so that within a few minutes hundreds of the Italian residents of the neighbored were clustered about the building Tii a panic. Many of the men were In bod or pre paring' to retire. To a man they rushed out, some In Happing night robes and wine half dressed, all with their re tolvers drawn, looking for the suspected bomb plotter. Detective Tom Donahue, It was said, ran as far s the corner of llaxter :UKl Walker streets In his search nnd gaxe It up there because he found ii thief looting the broken window of a Jeweller's shop. lie put the man under arrest and started back with him, only to find that In his haste to dress ho had left his shirt tails hanging outside his trousers. CHILD LABOR BILL IN PERIL. Opponent Say They Will no Everything- Pnaalble to Kill It. Wasiiinoton, July 30. President Wilson having won his fight for action before adjournment of Congress on tho bill to prevent Interstate commerce In the products of child labor, the Senate will take up tno me.isuro tills week. Passage of the bill ts a foregone con clusion, but tt will be opposed stubbornly by a group of Southern Democratic Sen ators aid an nttvr.t will be made by Senator Hniah. aided by Southern Demo crats, to couple with It tho literacy test Immigration bill, which the Democratic caucus determined to put over until next session. Democratic opponents of the child labor bill have frankly told the .Senate that they will do "everything honorable to defeat the bill, and for mat reason will vote In favor of coupling the Imml cratlon measure with It. An edition of the Sunday morn Shock Felt for 100 Miles Thousands of Windows in Manhattan Broken 13 WAREHOUSES DESTROYED jFire Said to Have Started on Lighter Near Black Tom Pier Was Fought Before Calling City Aid FIREMEN FELLED Sugar Worth $3,400,000, Cotton and Tobacco Valued at $15,000,000 and Unreckoned Amount of Munitions Lost , At 12:45 o'clock yesterday morning a "still alarm" rej'.ched Fire Headquarters in Jersey City by way of the American District Telegraph Company. The report said "some rubbish burning," but as the rubbish was said to be on Black Tom pier, which juts into New York harbor south of Communipaw and for more than a year has been the prin cipal shipping centre for war munitions going to the Entente Allies, Fire Chief Boyle said : "I guess we'd better send five companies down there , even if it don't amount to much." While the firemen were on their wny Police Headquarters also heard about the rubbish heap and despatched some patrolmen down to keep , the firemen company. Descending from his automobile about half way down the pier, which i is half a mile long, Chief Boyle saw that several frciRht cars of the Lehigh Valley Railroad Company on the end of the structure, two barges tnat nestled beside it and one of the two long brick buildings, that house eighteen warehouses of the National Docks and Storage Company were aflame. So hot was the neighborhood that the firemen couldn't get within 1,000 feet of the "rubbish heap." All Thrown Flat by Explosion. They were about to connect their hose to hydrants and do their best at wetting down the reachable parts of the pier and buildings nnd the 150 barges and canal boats that are crowded into a basin along the pier not far from the shore when every man was thrown flat on his face by the concussion of the biggest explosion that they ever hope to hear. u was followed twenty-five Thousands of tons of dynamite, and trinitrotoluene whether on barges or in freight cars the blowun in- 2 1 ...in 1 i ..... eeuKuuon win nave to determine; the railroad company says only two cars loaded with explosives were on tho pier joined in two monstrous upneavais. Between the two mighty explosions came the manifestation f an American Verdun. Bombs soared into the air and burst a thousand feet above the harbor into terrible yellow blossom. Shrapnel peppered the brick walls of the warehouses, ploughed the planks of the pier and rained down upon tho hissing waters. Shells shot hither and thither, exploding under the touch of the terrific heat and shooting their missiles at random. Some of tho shrapnel shells fell even in Manhattan. On tho pier arose a white glare as of a million mercury vapor lights. Ellis Island The hawser of a three masted pier burned away and the schooner, on fire, drifted off over the bay, a sight for mariners and a menace to Ellis Island, against the shore of which, a mile from Black Tom, it drifted. Five of the barges followed it. They were burning, too, and had plenty of ammunition abronrd, as was evidenced by the bombardment that they presently directed against the terrified wards of Uncle Sam on Ellis Island. It was heaven's mercy that none of these was killed. In reassuring and protecting them the attendants and nurses, especially those in chnrgo of thirty-fiTe insane patients, passed two hours that they will always remember, Mennwhile the firemen. Between explosions they found thnt the water mains on which they relied hnd been wrecked. Chief Boyle set every engine to sucking salt water from beside the pier and pouring it over the landwnrd side of the two warehouse buildings. Then the flueboat Thomas Willett came screaming over from Manhattan, and with her help this building was saved. So started tho phantasmagoria of sound and fire, tho most daz zling fireworks ever seen ogainst a New York sky. Tho burn ing powder on Black Tom pier nnd at a pier of the Jersey Central Railroad a mile away to the north, which was fired by sparks or somo of the flying bombs, made a light so brilliant thnt a needle could be picked up in the street in many parts of tho metropolitan district. Shock Is Felt for Twenty Miles. All of Jersey City's population nnd many of Manhattan's were shnken from their beds. At Pocantico Hills, twenty miles up the Hudson, John D. Rockefeller got up from bed to see what kind of an earthquake wns rocking his house. In the Oranges doors that were shut flew open and doors that were open banged shut and the owners of the doors were commensurntely shaken and alarmed. In the nearer provinces Jersey City, Bnyonne, Hnboken, lower Manhattan it meant the end of the world to many a man nnd woman who rtin Bhrieking from their rocking homes and then knelt in the street to pray. The tall buildings of lower Manhattan are pockmarked with broken windows. The only item that shrank ns tho facts wcro gathered together yesterday was happily that of loss of life. The known dead are now set down as two. One is un unidentified young man who was found in tho water beside Black Tom pier. The other is u child Arthur Tarson, two nnd a half years old. The boy and his mother were thrown from bed at their home, 87 Central avenue, Jersey City, and tho boy died of shock. Thirty Others Were Injured. Ten persons nre reported missing, including Cornelius Leyden, chief of the Lehigh Valley Railroad's police, who was last seen in the fire zono on tho pier. This number may be greatly increased when u full account ing is made of tho men who were on tho pier nnd tho barges. The total of tho injured most of them cut by glass who required attention in the hospitals of Jersey City is thirty. Ono of them is likely j to die. He is James Doherty, a BY EXPLOSION minutes later by n still bigger one. nitroglycerine, nitrocellulite. lvildlt- Is Bombarded. schooner moored near the end of tha Jersey City policeman, who waa felled Vv .Hw.i.'. ,l.-)..,A-jj,.fjt,