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THE SUN, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 9, 1916.
ft AND NEW YORK I'ltESfl. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 9, 1010. Batered at the Pott oBce at New Tark aa Becond Class Mall Matter. Rnbecrlptlene by Mall, Postpaid. DAILY, Per Month M 'DAILY, Per Yeer. 6 M SUNDAY, IVr Mnnth '. SUNDAY (in Canada), Per Month.,, SUNDAY, Per Year , DAILY AND HIINDAY. Par Year.., DAILY AND HUN DAY, Per Month.. Foasiost Rates. DAILY, Per Month SUNDAY. Per Mnnth DAILY AND HUNDAY, Per Month., la M ' i S2 ' ! ia , S 1 M ?H8 EVKNINO Hlf.V, Per Mnnth ?J II B KVKNINU HUN. Per Ye.ir..... . M THB EVKNINU BUN(Knrelgn),Per Mo. I S3 All ehecke, money orders, etc., to be made payable to Tim Hun. Readers of Tni Ho leaving town for the Mmmer montha can have the dally and Sunday and evening edltlone delivered to them In any part of thle country or Kurope n thn terma atated above. Addreeees chanted aa often ae deilred. Order through Bewedtalcr or directly of Publication Office, Teiepnone zzoo Beekman. Publlahed dally. Including Sunday, by the Sua Printing and Publishing Association at 160 Naeeau street. In the Borough of Man hattan, New York. Preeldent. Frank A. Miineey, 130 Naaeau atreet; Vlce.Prceldrnt. Crvln Wardman. I BO Naaiau atreet; Sec retary. It. II. Tltherlngton. 1M Naeeau atreet: Treaeurer, Wm. T. Dewart, 1W Nee Mil etreet. London office. 4043 Fleet atreet. Parle office, a Hue d la Mlchndlere, of Rue du Uuatre Keptsmbr. . ' Washington office. Illbbe Building. Brooklyn office. Konm liOlt, Kagla Build las. MS Washington etreet. oar frlrndt uho faror e iclth mast) Btrtptt and lllu&tmloni for publication rr.M la Ante rtltcttd mrtlcltt returned laey mutt ia off csere tend efampe for that purpotr. Mr. Whltrldge and the Public Ser vice CoramUslom. In our valued collection of pam phlets there Is no statement of n gen eral truth more positively conceived r more felicitously phrased than this from one of the opuscles of Mr. Fred jhuck Walunoford Whitbidge: ."Aa I look at It the (rand desidera tum all .over this country to-day Is cm dent administration." We look at It as Mr. WMiTiiDot: does. The stockholders of the Third Avenue nnd allied corporations now under his administrative management look at It as Mr. Whitridok does. The street car riding public of New York city nnd Westchester look at It as Mr. Whitbidge does. They all agree with him that here on our local transportation lines, as elsewhere, the grand desideratum Is efficient administration. Another of the Whttrltlge opuscles among our treasured possessions con tains that great pamphleteer's per sonal opinion of the services rendered to the Third Avenue Railroad and to tfca travelling public by the Public Service Commission of the- State of New York. Mr. Whitbidox does not think their services are worth the corpse of that dead cat In University place sympathetically mentioned by kla In another of bis pamphlets: In the conduct ot my work I have kaen put to (Teat expense and have been oonaiderably delayed and hampered by the) activities of the Public Service Com mission. That body has been of no aerrlce to this property or to that por tka of the public served by It. and It aa burdened me with correspondence, triers and litigation." From yet another of the famous assays of the same distinguished writer on ethical progress and the relation of the public moralities to atreet railway operation we ouote this farther opinion of the Public Service Commission's Inefficiency : "If I had been charged with the job a4 had accomplished In four years and a half of exertion no more in the time which It took the United States to sup press the rebellion than the Commission has accomplished in the building ot sub ways, I should feel that an Indignant papulation would hold my head under the town pump." And about four years ago the pam ' phleteer was writing to this same body of public servants : "Aa you know, I have always Shunned sic controversy with you un learn you forced it upon me, and I have tried to work with you in the public service, you have, thereore, nothing to J ear from me except the correction of inaccuracies." In the absence of Mr. WntTEiwit from his highly paid post of public duty the Public Service Commission, with the Inestimably useful aid .of Mayor Mitcukl, has just settled, In the Interest of Mr. Wuitbidgb's street car companies and of the public they serve, one of the most dangerous atrlkea that ever menaced New York city's orderly life. Mr. Whitridoe, paid we believe $0,000 a year by the Third Avenue corporation alone to attend to his administrative duties, la somewhere In the Scotch Highlands and has not raised a finger or ut tered a solitary leaflet to help In this vastly Important work. Ills heart and the rest of his anatomy persist In abiding on the other side of the Atlantic. As recently as Muy 22 he was reported as arriving In New York "after two months In Europe." The following June was not two-thirds grown when he departed again for a ' foreign shore with the remark, as re ported, that In the strike situation then Impending there was "nothing to arbitrate." On August 1 he left London for the north 'of the British Island, announcing that hla plan had been to remain abroad "till October." Meanwhile, the Public Service Com mission baa been on his special Job here, te the great advantago of his fellow cttleena In this town. We should hesitate to concern our selves with the chronology of Mr, Writbidoe'b goings and comings, the details of his highly paid absentee ism, If there had not arlMti memi while an extremely Important quea- tlon of fact From the other aide of tks) ocean Mr. Wiutbidqe la renorted M aarlng without qualification the etlatence of an airreernent. or contract or recorded understanding for nrht I rut Inn which the clear statement of the Commission's- chalrmnn, the lion. Ohcab S. Straus, seems to establish beyond the shadow of a doubt. The matter Is unfortunate for Mr. WuiTMixir. ns It now stands; for It now appears that Instead of his exer rlMlni' the function of correcting the Inaccuracies of the Commission liltli- pr " con'cmPtoti!,b' reganletl by him, It lias become the ilnpteaaiitit duty of that Commission to correct the Inaccuracies of the eminent pam phleteer and censor of ethical con ditions. Accordingly, we renew our advice to Mr. Wiiitrimik to return to lil lont of public duty by the swiftest steamer available. The strike which so nearly concerned his beautifully expressed theories of efllclent admin istration has, It Ih true, Itecn settled In his absence nnd without his help; but there Is manifestly something else for air. Wmitsidok to settle. New York In not Weather. On Monday when thermometers registered 00 degrees anil the humid ity nt one time was OS degree, "equalling the highest murk so far this season," there was only one death from heat prostration In the city. Twenty-live years ago, when the nojH ulatlon of the Ave boroughs was about half what It Is now, people died every tiny by scores from u "touch of sun" during periods of excessive heat, nnd the hundred mark was sometimes paxsetl. There was one summer In the enrlj 00s when more than 200 (wrsnns died In New York In one day; It was not uncommon In that visitation of Sa int run heat to see men stricken down In the parks or' streets, dying where they fell. Nowadays New Yorkers are taught how to live temperately during hot weather, both as regards diet and drink. A hot spell, thanks mainly to science, no longer holds ter rors for them. Iletter transportation facilities to the seaside, recreation piers nnd more parks must nlso be reckoned aa aids to safer living In the summer season. Also the Satur day half holidays, almost unknown twenty-flve yearn ago In the general Industries, should not be left out of the account. The people of New York do not work so hard as they did a quarter of a century ago, or at so high a pres sure. Visitors from Ixindoti wonder how we got onr reputation for being strenuous and beating the clock. They call us slow. There has grown up. In fact, a tolerant feeling for the placidity and moderate ways of Phil adclphla. Jokes at the expense of thnt old fashioned city are not heard so often In New York now. We have learned to live rationally and we arc rather proud of It. Almost ererybody plays at some game or other, or watches some snort, The golfers are legion, the motor boat and sailing enthusiasts till every bay and harbor, most men nnd women swim, the devotees of baseball are, as sands on the seashore, nnd where one man drove n. horse twenty-live years ago a hundred now manipulate the wheel of an automobile. Science has done a great deal to conserve life In New York, but out door nmusements, particularly In the long, hot summers, have ably sec onded the efforts of tho scientists. So It comes about that as a resort at this time of the year New York Is somewhere near thn top of the list among American cities. What the General Railroad Strike Vote Portends. The announcement that approxi mately 04 per cent, of the 400,000 locomotive engineers, firemen, train conductors nntl other railway men throughout the country have voted to strike carries a significance that should be pointed out without delay. These men cannot destroy the com merce of the country, no matter what their leaders tell them. There arc approximately 00,000,000 persons In the United Stntes whose very lives would be put In Instant peril If rail transportation abruptly ceased. Do the 400,000 think that the 00,- 000,000 will suffer their lives to be risked that the 400,000 may have their way? The public Interest la always domi nant ; no man can defeat It, no strike can withstand It. (Beferred to Secretary Baker. Art officer of the regular army asks In n letter to the Army and Jfavu Journal: "Docs the average cltlxen realize that there are regiments which have been on border, duty longer than the civil wnr lasted?" The average cltlxen, who Is tired of the Mexican question, hns probably given no thought to tho hnrdshlps. nnd sacri fices of the regular army. He Is In clined to think that the militia are being Imposed upoq If there Is to be no lntt rventlon, and he Joins In the cry that they should bo sent home. The officer who asks the nbove ques tion writes: "For over three years now the regi ment to which I belong has done noth ing but 'sit' Ofllcera are be ginning to feel it They are getting nervous and irascible. There has been no real active service for most of them ; they are in small towns, away from their belongings, books, Ac, nn proper place to work, living In tents that reach about 110 degrees every afternoon, and they need a cV.nga If they can get It, Need a change, Indeed! The mat ter Js respectfully referred to tho Secretary of ar, who, being new In his position, probably does not know bow long regiments of the regular army hare been on the bor der watchlaf tlM tfcemoaete air making rapid changes of their nnl- forms. An nrmy officer can obtain leave of a few days, but what Is sorely needed Is time to visit his folks at home and live llko a civilized man while there. In the combatant armies In Europe, where every unit Is precious, there lire liberal arrangements for home leave. Why not n little sanity In ordering things In Texas? Army of fleers eating their hearts out down there must be recalling what Gen eral Putt. KrtEBtnAN said his choice of residence would be If he were limited to n lot In Texas and one In Unties. Transmutations. No one la surprised lo tint! that while he was Secretary of State Will iam .lENNiNna Hbtan encouraged the efforts of a Spokane woman to trans mute silTer Into gold. It was but a continuation of Mr. IIbyax'h own at tempted experiment In 1800. Since that failed the flrent Uncommoncr lias transmuted Democratic victories Into Democratic defeats, eagles Into doves, wine Into grape Juice, nnd the word of these United Stntes Into empty ex post illations not seriously uiennt. He fell at last before a greater transmuter than himself. Mr. Wir. sox attempted to transmute Mr. IIryax Into a Secretary of tatv. The external success of the experiment wns, for a while, extraordinary, nut when Mr. Du.MtiA scraped beneath the surface Mr. Bbjtan was forthwith transmuted back to the status of a plain cltlxen. Mr. Wilson still clings lo some of his other transmutation. No doubt he believe that JoHr.riius Daniels Is a genuine Secretary of the Navy, and we cannot Imnglne what keeps him from very frankly saying so. Under his tutelage Mr. Vance McCobmick has already transmuted the election figures of 1012 Into a Democratic majority next fall. The only perceptible subject that bus not been transmuted la Woodbow Wilson. Hut self-transmutation Is difficult nnd self-hypnosis Is easy. The Man of a Single BUI. From the comments on Albany leg lslators made by tho Citizens Union we extract for contemplation these remarks regarding Assemblyman Jamkr C. CAMrnr.LL. Democrat, rep resenting the Thirteenth District, New York county: "In his fifth term Introduced but one bill an unnound elvll service measure. Made unsatisfactory record of votes ; often unrecorded." The expressions of opinion may be disregarded ; let us merely take note that after several years up the Hud son Mr. Campbell Is a model of leg islative continence. He introduces a single bill. In the name of mercy, why do not more lawmakers attain to such admirable self-restraint? The ArralgBaaent. Headers who perused the reports of Mr. Huoitr.s'a sieech at Arcadia Hall, letrolt. must have been struck with the deadly Indictment of Mr. Wil son's course toward Mexico therein delivered. The Itepubllcun nominee was not under the necessity of an nouncing thnt he spoke "very frankly"; no one ever beard him fpeak any other way. There were doubtless some who feared thnt the attack would be couched in language refined to the point of losing force. Hut Mr. Hi'ohkr tipped his spear with words thnt pierce: "Tills Administration has written such a record that no matter what It says you don't know whether It will respect It." There could be no more concise sum mar' of the paas to which this coun try has been brought. Tbc trouble Is not simply that other nations do not kuow whother we mean what we say ; It has got so that we don't know our selves, when the President of the United Stntes Is the spokesman. Proceeding to "the disgraceful de rails the Republican candidate laid down thev exceedingly elementary principle that our only concern with Mexican affairs should be the protec tion of American lives and property. And he applied It on the sot, for the benefit of somo of those persons who delight In asking blm what he "would have done." lie aald : 'There Is no question about receg- nixing or not recognising Hubbta." Wltli the morals of HtTUTA, Mr. Hughes says, wo had nothing what ever properly to do. Wo bad only to ask ourselves: "Can his Govern ment protect Americans In Mexico?" And If the answer waa In the affirma tive we bad no business to Insult In ternational nrulty and flout Interna tional law by practising a sneaking Intervention and plotting to accom plish his downfall. No wonder tho Washington des patches announce hurried plana to start the Democratic campaign. Rut by the time Mr. Wilson'b supporters urn under way, a month hence, the .,,,..11, l ..rrnlenmnnt nf hla nmr In """'.'. .1.1. v the White House will havo been com- Dieted. lie will not be able to an swer It, for he Is forever estopped from the pledge given by Ckableb KVAI48 Hcoues : "There is not a particle of militarism In my composition, but a sturdy determi nation, tf I am put In a place of execu tive responsibility, representing all the American people, to see that American rights are safeguarded and that Amer ica's name In administration, in policy and In execution is honored throughout the world." That In where the Hughes-Wilson campaign stands to-day. When universal suffrage coma, wM the wives cf union tnea, who ara deeply Interested In the matter of par, have an opportunity to vote for or against strikes? The "heat of noon" is an ancient but false phrase. When It la hot In New York It Is hottest at 2 P. M. Judge struck by lightning. Headline. lie was In a motor car, and the Wilson organs ought to criticise him for leaving the bench. One asset of the Republicans la comprised of the ballots of all the vot ing relatives and friends of our boys oti the border. Is the United States Senate more patriotic or more frightened than the House of Representatives? The suicide was a Socialist and a d-eamer. .Vetc item. True Socialists refrain from such an individual act as suicide. And true dreamers never kill themselves, for there Is always one more dream to be dreamed. The Bulgarians are beginning to realize that they mistranslated the handwriting on the wall. The House met at noon and Represen tative Harrison defended the President's course In Mexico. Waihtnpton despatch. Rvery day the course which iwas the only thing for Humanity has to have at least two hours of defence. The public Is awaiting Impatiently tho comlnc half hour or more that Mr. Hl'oum is going to devote to Jcsnriius. It Is clear enough that Charles K. Hvuiiks will never ntand In need of a Colonel House. Whether Bryan ever backed an ex periment In the transmutation of metals may be nn open question, but the chances arc sixteen to one he did. The Democratic National Committee insists upon hastening the date for notifying the lYesident that ho has been renominated. Can It be possible that they fear he may change his mind about acceptance? POLICE ROOKIES. High Constitutional Questions for Commissioner Woods to Ponder. To thb Editor or tub Bun filr; The police force of the city of New York Is neither In fact nor In purpose mill tary body. The object of Its creation Is the preservation of law and order under the civil Uw within the corporate limits of the municipality, and to achieve that end It la very liberally compensated by the not lightly taxed citizens. The force In ordinary times Is not adequate numerically to the proper policing of the city; In other words, the city of New York does not consider Itself eiual to the expense of maintaining such a force as could adequately protect It from the activities of the criminal clawses, yet the Police Commissioner had for many months previous to the strike withdrawn several hundred men from thta Inade quate body for a purpose for which ho had no warrant In law, that is, their training at the expense of tho taxpay ers of the city of New York In the art of war, in order that In the event of a most Improbable military emergency they might be prepared to perform du ties for which the regular army and the National Guard have bean created. It Is no Justification to plead that in such an emergency a police force with such a training might prove a valuable adjunct to tho military forces of the nation. The fact remalna that the pur pose of the police does not embrace such a consideration, but the maintenance of the peace among the denlxens of the municipality. It would be an extraor dinary situation tf in time of war tho city of New York or any other city should be taxed to maintain a highly paid police brigade for the performance ot such a national military duty as the defence of the city against a military foe. Should It be necessary to enroll them, ia the military service of the country their functions as servants of the mu nicipality would cease, and they would have to go to the State or Federal Gov ernment for their pay ; the War Depart ment, not the Police Commissioner, would attend to the city's defence. New York Is not a San Marino; it Is a part of the United States, subject to the mili tary Jurisdiction of the United States In time of war. It is clearly the duty of the Mayor to see to it that no part of the police force of the city of New York shall hereafter during hla administration be withdrawn from their statutory functions to extra legal activities, and that no part of the money contributed by the people of the city of New York for the maintenance of the police force shall be diverted to extra-legal uses, to the detriment of the peace and order of the city. , New York, August ?, Cmxx.v. Money as a Germ Carrier. To the Editor or Thb Sum Sir: Mr, Arthur von Briessn ts right about the dirty currency that ia continually in circulation. The United Btates Treasury gladly redeems torn, worn and "used up" bills; but the great amount of de tail Involved In the return of the cur rency makes It a question as to whether the bank will aid in Mr. von Drlexen's plan. A dirty bill Is said to contain millions of germs, by people who know, and any old bill doesn't care what variety of germ It carries. Success to the Idea! A. A. I.kve, Syracuse, August I. "The Erll Influence ef et Belief la the Supernatural." To ths Eoitos o Tits Sc Sir: In the news columns of Monday's Six waa printed an account of a youth of seventeen who, brooding over lllnesa and over his In ability to obtain admittance to a hoepltal commutes suicide. 1I shot himself with i nlatnl and hie father waa promptly ar r(,d, rh.rgi hi. dialing the Huiiivai I reeled, law In Keeping tne weapon in tnn nouie. lied tha boy's attempt to die been uniuc- ccesful. he too would have been arretted. Have we not rleen high enough In tha rale of civilisation to demand the repeal of that atupld and Inhuman law making eiilelile nunlehabla by arreet? Will th evil Influence of a belief In the auperna tural alwaya prevail 7 Kthii. Ilsrsa. Nsw Yosa, August S. A California Social Item, frost ts Calaveras Protfet. On laet Wednciday evening Pomp Ped- roll taok Mrs. r. B. Trower, tha Mlaeei Trowsr and Miss lelma Pryor to Angela, whats they attended ths movlee. An Editorial Record la the North. from las Athabatca Nortlun Xtvt. Ths editor takes tsa flvs times a day weighs 1M pounds, never had a headache. aaa sleeps ea aa average eve sears and thirty minutes a aay. FACTS FOR THE RAINBOW CHASERS. An Unprejadlced Analysis of the Vote Cast Foar Years Ago. To tub BotTOB or Tmb Sun Sir; It may be "natural for (nan to Indulge In the Illusions of hope," but the political delusions of Vance McCormlek are not those of hope, but ot despair. He real Ires that aa chairman of the Democratic National Committees he Is leading a hopeless strucgle. An analysts of the vote In the Presi dential election of 1912 and of the various State elections since that time amply demonstrates that the great ma jority of the Progressives of 1112 hsd returned to the Republican party before the present year. The frantlo appeals of the Democrats to the Prosreaatve rem nant cannot avert the effect of the re union of Republicans, I'roaresslves and independent Democrats In the Republi can party of It Is evident that the Democratic or minority party, that Inflicted the Incapa- Die Vtllson on a humiliated nation, has had Its day. A reunited rtanuhliran party, recruited by thousands of Indenen ucni Democrats who have been dla- (usted with the doddering imbecility of the Wllson-Danlels government by platl- tude, will sween the country on Novom- ber ?. A study of the vote In tha Prnl. dentlal election of 1912 and of local political changes since that time gives the following: ros nconta. Plurality against Wtleon In 1013 Elect'! (R. and P.) Votee. II California , Colorado ,,, 4.011 14.441 !l,000 le.m Connecticut Delaware ., Idaho Illinois 2S4.0U Indiana 11, tut """ H.SJti Kanaae Maine IJ.OS; Maryland jus Maeeaehuaetta 114,741 Michigan J14.0J7 Minnesota 71.744 Montana 11,017 Nebraeka 17.1J7 Nevada ut New Hampshire 1,M1 Nenr Jereer IS,t4S New Mexico 6,s Nenr York 114,174 North Dakota 1,I7I Ohio II.Ml Oregon 3S.144 Pennejrlvanla 121,112 Khorie Island 14,411 South Dakota 4,1111 Utah 14,4ft Vermont S0.0I6 Waehlngton 47,111 Weet Virginia !!, Wteconeln :4.11 Wyoming 1,112 It J Total Ill SOB WILSON. Elect'l Votee. ... 11 ... 4 ... 14 ... 10 Alabama , Arkaneaa Florida .. Oeorata .. Loufelana MlJIlMlppI 10 North Carolina. 11 South Carolina a Virginia 11 Total 114 nocsrrtu Arliona 1 Kentucky 13 Mleeourt 11 Oklahoma 10 Tenneeeea II Total 4 Nereeeary ts a choice, SM. Delaware In 1914 elected a Republican Representative to Congress. The State now has a Republican 8tate Govern ment and a Republican majority in both houses of the State Legislature. Since 1912 there has been a marked Republican gain In the State of Mary land. At the last election a Republican Governor was elected. In Nevada the Democrats have stead ily lost ground. The last Btate election of a Republican Governor and of a Re publican Representative In Congress Indi cates how the people of Nevada regard the Great White Feother at Washington. While a Democratic plurality In all the doubtful States would still leave Wil son In a hopeless minority of 191 elec toral votes, there Is a strong opposl. tlon to him In all these States. Arizona and Oklnhoma should properly be put in the Hujrnes column, for Wilson's In eptitude In the Mexican troubles have aroueed a bitter feeUng against th'e pres ent Administration. In 1912 Wilson had 354 votes more than the combined Taft Roosevelt vote; In Oklahoma 13.992 votes more were cast against Wilson than for him. This doea not Include the Social ist, Prohibition or other crank party votes, nor have these votee been Included in any of the above statements. In Kentucky in 1912 Wilson received a plurality of but l.JOS votes over thoee of Hie Republicans nnd Progressives to- BCthor: In Missouri 1.44S. more votes were csst for Taft and Roosevelt than for Wilson. The un-American wabbling of Wilson has greatly Injured the chances of Denwratlc success In Tennessee and Wilson's small plurality over the com bined Republican-Progressive vote In 1912 renders thla State doubtful. EX-rROOREtStVB. New York, August I, Call From Congress, for Home Good Old Matle. To the Editor or The Sun Sir: Can Brother Frank Harding tell us tf Ned Hnrrlgan'a song, "Get Up, Jack ; John, St Down," was ever published? Frank I,. Greene. Wabhinoton, D. C, August 8. The Call of ths Surf. To the Editor or Ths Srs Sir: Having been routed out of bed early Sunday morn Inc. to kill time I decided to go to Coney lelamt. When I arrived there the Muni rlpal Rathlng House was Juet opening up and I wltneeied a remarkable eccne. The weather being extremely sultry It seemed aa If half of New York had made tip Its mind to bathe. On they cams Ilka an Invading army, or rather Ilka one In nirht, hetterekelter, pellmell, men, women and children. As soon ss they reached their destination a policeman on horseback nmnhilleil them Into lines extending al mint as far as the eye could reach. Quickly tha big building abeorbed them, ami Intlrte of half an hour the aands swarmed with figures In all torts of motlsy bathing costumet. Tha August sun biased dnwn, tha combing wblta breaksra called Invitingly, and lo! the great Sunday water carnival commeneed, K. M. BiooKt.TN, August a, A Whletllng ChaaUuqua. from tas (aunt City TUntt. A novel plan was emploed at Rlesl villa In aelllng tickets for the local Chau tauqua, Without warning one afternoon all the church bells In town were rung, a milt whistle tooted snd tha town band began to play. When folks hurried to rn the ranee nf the dlelurhsnee they were reminded that tha Chautauqua com mittee .till had ku.na tickets en hand. Every time ten tickets were aold ths mill whittle gavs an extra toot ant before night tlekat sales ware enough le assure ths succees at ths enterprise. CONDITIONS IN TEXAS. A Sample of the Irritation That Ca preparedness lias Prodaeet. To tmb Editor or Tna Son Sir; Six weeks ago our company was mobilised at Camp Whitman and two weeks a(o it arrived at Pharr, Tex. Since that time the men have received no pay. Many of them used what money they had or! the way to provide food, as they were not sufficiently fed, Would Secretary of War Baker think four crackers and an undrlnkable cup of coffee a sufficient breakfast when travelling- at the State expense? And of what Is Governor Whitman thinking? tf I remember correctly his trip to the Coast cost the State (20,000, and still these boys ran travel and live In ramp with no money. Word came to-day, not from one but from many, that the food waa poor ; no butter, sugar or meat. Twenty-flve per cent, of the boys were III, without med ical supplies and without money to pur chase one thing for their comfort. The malls are so congested that it takes many days for a letter to reach home ; meanwhile we do not know how serl- ously 111 they may be. If we telegraph them money thnt also takes several days to reach them, is It not time that some thing was done? When millions of dol lars are absolutely wasted for the luxu rious living and travelling of officials, could not a few dollars be given to these boys for good wholesome food? Were they fighting for our country we would make no complaints, but under the present conditions we demand that they have their rights. AURURN, August 7, TftUTIITKM.KR. LOt THE POOR GARDENER. Is ills the Most Inadequately Paid Profession In the World? To the Editor or The Bun Str: Is It possible for the working man to get Justice from his employer If he has no union to back 'him up? Whnt t-ort of pay does the man get who has no union? Take gardeners, for Instance, There Is a profession which requires intelligence and knowledge which takes ears to acquire. Thero are thousands of gardeners In America, but they are s. scattered that an effect he union Is Impossible; so they have to depend on the generosity of the employer, and gar dening is the worst paid profession In the world to-day. For a case In point you don't have to leave New York city. The New York Botanical Society Is composed of rich Americans, and tho manoKers are doc tors and professors who are graduates of Columbia University. They hold a valuable concession of land from the city and get a grant of money each year for Its upkeep. And they pay their gar deners, the men whn grow the plants and make the studies of the professors pos sible, a minimum wage nf 145 a month, with a possible maximum of t0, which It takes years to attain. Just think of It! Skilled labor paid at the same rate as the porters who sweep up the chewing gum papers from the subway platforms! A Gardener. The Bronx, August . Ren. Ilnerta's Knowledge of Amerl can History. To TMB KtUTOR Of THE StlN Sir: 1 was much Interested In reading In The Scndat Sun of August R the following extract from former Ambaseador Wil son's corres;iondence: General lluerta la preeminently a aol dler, a man of Iron mould, of abeolute cour age, mho knove uhat Tie went, and how to get It, and Is not, I believe, overly particular an to methode. He 1 a firm believer In the policy of General Porhrlo Dlax and bellevee In the cultivation of tha cloteet and moet frleudly relatione with the United Statee. I believe him to be a sincere patriot, and so far ae my obser vation coee at the preeent moment, he will cheerfully relinquish the reeponelbllltlei of office ae eoon ae peitce li reatored In the country and financial eublllty l rees tablished. This practically confirms what my late neluhbor. General lluerta, told mo at Forest Hills In the spring of 1915, and which you were good enough to pub lish In my letter to you printed July 3, 1915. The General often told me thnt he knew our United States his tory, particularly prior to the civil war, better than the present Administration t Washington knew Mexican history. William Jat Lronarp. Nrw York, August S. The Study of the Constitution To the Editor or The Sun Sir: your paper of bast week Dr. T. In M. Dalllet tried to discourage the high school study of the United Statea Con stitution by a very long and pretentious argument. I should llko to supplement his re marks with a few Ideas, If our Sena tors and Assemblymen at Albany and some of our Supreme Court Judges had been taught what the Constitution means In their school days, before tak ing up the study of law, wo should not have so much unconstitutional stuffing In our statute books. Then that Sulli van law and that compulsory vaccina tion law would not disgrace our State. The main trouble with our lawmakers and Interpreters Is that they are not satisfied with what they know Is the true meaning of the Constitution, How Is It they do not think of making a revision and having It submitted to the people tor their approval? W. D. Macponald, YONKERB, AugUSt 8. A Date for Drirlobllliatlnn. To THE KotToa or Tits 8cn Sir: I lh to Inform "A tluardeman'e Mother" that our boye will have to protect tha border so long as Mr. Wilson t I'reeldrnt, till the 4th of March, 1017. A. VtNt. Nsw Yoas. August S. Ilughea Amar.ee Jlnka. Jlnkt doesn't like the hit that Hughes upon the stump le making. "I didn't know," he sadly eays, Ilka one who's Juet awaking. "That he wus really human and had the kind o' punch That etlrt the blood o' people when he'a talkln to a bunch. "I'd thought o- nim abttraetly ae a eort o' unknown power ini wncn ne met nn reilow men wus like an Icy shower; But, gee, he gets 'em goln' when he hands 'em out tha stuff That inuet make Wood row feel at timet he'a gettln' quite enough, "Hughes may be full o' larnln', but It hain't clogged hie thlnkln', If he should turn hit guns on me I'm eure I'd tske to drlnkln'i Ha puta It over every time, but not be low the belt; When Woodrow read that Detroit speech i wonuer now ne reu, "I thought tha man'e Judicial polte would give our tide the runnln , Rut now he'a atrlkln' blow nn blew that's bruleln' ut and ttunnln'; It't aurely mott turprltln far I heard that Hughee wus cold, But he's sura a hot potato and I kind e guess we're eold." f. Jom. IS THERE SUCH A THING AS A t CRIMINAL? , The Menial Defective, the Moral Imbecile and the Child of I nfoiiimaie AncesfrT, Tim t;vll cumtiiuution of defects, vicious impulses and hereditary taint which produce the Innate criminal are seldom associated together; the born criminal, If there really la such a type. has them all. The question whether such a type exists hns not been satis factorlly decided. When wo attempt to define what we mean by a bom criminal a hundred qualifications and distinctions present themselves to the; mind. First, whnt Is crime? As a legal matter, crlmo Is classined by civilized nations In many ways, and even civi lized nations hnve had different no tions of what constitutes crime at different periods of their history. Our own statutes make new crimes every year, almost every month. In what sense then is It proper to say that a man Is born to crime? Experts genernlly divide children born with criminal Instincts or with a defect of Intellect or will that does not enable them to resist evil Into several classes. The mental defective hus of lute been the subject of the most, care ful study. Thus, If a child falls to puss the mental tests appropriate to his own nge but passes those for u child more than three years younger, he is, In the view of experts like Mlnet nnd Simon or Godrtnrd of tbo Vlne lund Trnlnlng School backward by one, two or three years; but If he Is more than three years backward hu is reifurdcd its mentally defective. This method of tenting the defective child is no doubt useful, but it is not absolutely accepted by all experts. For example, Fernnld of the Massa chusetts Institution for these unfor tunates Rives It n cautious approval. In his opinion mentnl deficiency can not be determined by an automatic ap plication of any method or Hctile of testing. This la n sound criticism, and is supported by legal decisions. Mentnl power baa Infinite degrees of strensth or weakness, and they shade Into one another In such a way thnt It Is al most Impossible to distinguish between them. Such Is the condition of hu manlty that we enslly see or quickly feel the wrong, but cannot always dis DUST, TRUST, EPIDEMICS. A Jersey Doctor Points to Socialism as the Way Out, To the Editor or The Sun Sir: The epidemic of Infantile paralysis Is due to the clouds of dust which are allowed to permeate every dwelling; again due to Incompetence on the part of officials who pose as expert sanitarians, ably seconded hy a horde of men associated In a (reat medical trust. This r? demlo Is only the beginning of a scries j rather it Is the continuance of n series of which the annual epidemics of grip are further examples. Ever since the epoch making work of Meter made modern antiseptic surgery possible the medical profession has been crowded by a lot of conscienceless fak ers who find easy money In operations upon hysterical women, and these men overshadow the rank and file of worthy physicians, to whom the world always has and always will owe a debt of grati tude. The only relief possible will come by the assumption of medical control over the individual from the cradle lo the grave, which will nlso Imply absolute control of madlcal practice nnd the placing of responsibility for inedlc.il In competence where It belonss. Instead of burying- It with the victims, as nt pres ent obtains. It Is a pity so many mill ions will have to die unnecessarily be fore this will be accomplished. T. C. Stearns, M. i. Jerset Citt, August 8. Says the Epidemic Is irnJuMitlnhly Advertised." To tiik Kpitor or The Scn Sir; It s about time mat .ew iorK uusinrss organizations undertook to sec that the city and Its people are not made to suffer unnecessarily from the presence of poliomyelitis, in comparison with the population Infantile paralysis Is no more prevalent In Greater New York thla summer than It Is and hus been In other places which one. scarcely hears mentioned. Persons from these places suffer no inconvenience In travelling. When one wishes to leave New York he runs against restrictions on travel from the city and then Is likely to And him self about as welcome at a summer re sort as a skunk nt a lawn party. The outbreak of Infantile paralysis In New York has been unjustifiably ad vertised, and It is apparent to any one who has looked into this phase of the matter that the panicky fear In other places of parsons from New York Is due in a great measure to -the proclamations which have been given countrywide pub lication by the Federal Health Service, Although subsiding somewhat now, for a while almost every day some voclfer our major-general of public health has been having something to say about the need of protecting the country against New York, making referenco to schemes of health certificates and warnings and offering suggestions which have ranged from Infected milk to concentration enmps. I ao not want to be unfair, but the vocal activities of the Federal Health Service are very suggestive of a scheme to work Congress for some thing for themselves. Certainly an or ganisation which can spare as many men from their regular places of sup posed employment as there are reported to be Federal health doctors In New York at present must feel the need of new reasons for existence. Nobody ought to begrudge the Federal healtK doctors any benefit they may gain from being Identified with tha light which New York Is making against Its epi demic, nor be fussy about their legal power to step In and assume control of transportation facilities out of the city If they nro doing any real good, but it would seem eminently proper that, for Instance, the Chamber of Commeire should find out If these Federal health representatives are renlly doing, or are prepared to do, anything toward pre venting the spread of infantile paralysis that Now York and other Interested communities are not" prepared to do and are doing themselves; or If thn Federal health officials are simply shouting and "passing tna puck. ir they are not nillng any reat need here, why should New York stand for being made the goat when whatever danger there may be of the spread of infantile paralysis from New York must exist with respect to so many other places aa wallT E. a. Miller Naw Tobk, August . tlngulsh the rlclil. Any mrnti.l ilof et, especially it it oc innentrit, ih hurtful, that Is, It may be a bcRlnning iii crime; but the difficulty Is to def r mine when a mental defect Is ir. remediable, and lit what point rrlm -nnllty begins. A child horn to ilrunktn, voRnbontl or criminal parents Is cei tatnly ns near a criminal its It U pos sible to be. Hitch u child, left whnll. to Its nppctltei nnd Instincts, with tin morul or mentnl teachlnt;, with a ecu. genital obttiseness to distinctions nf right, or wroiiK. Is likely lo become t criminal, ami It may have particular Inclinations of a perverted l"ml. ni kleptomania, nrson or the mania for setting fire to thhiK"'. or It may h ,vi abnormal sexual itiKtlnets. Much it creature Is often ileserilie,l ns n moral Imbecile, but line aaln in the opinion of the best authorities, ne should bo extremely emulous In iu. Ing a final Jttdzinent. An emun r.t Kngllsh writer says on this snbli-ei As recards mor.il Itnlieellts. "I tun a thnt In the majority of cases cln Ire i who have been suptmicil m bo nir l defectives do not merit th.tt 1 1, at nil, nnd do very well as soon as tin" nro removed from the siirtoiimlitus which have prompted these r vil iii -InRS." In such cases education ni training may chaiiRo it child of ev l pnrentnpo Into a well behave! and well ordered nature. Tin- histories of certain families nf degenerates show us that children miv be born of criminal parents and le. come In turn Irreclaimable crimim: A sort ot irresistible cilniltialliv li en tailed upon generation aftir r neia tjon. One nf theso families hit- be n known to havo ns ninny as ynn ,. kcendnnts who were thieve . trjn, prostitutes and murderers. These pi i pie have been fully described by the most unexceptionable authority n America, Knglnnd, (Jeiinan- nnd Switzerland. In this case wp m.,y speak of a born criminal. Thos. who communicate crime to their offspring by the agency of blood or example nnd bad teaching may bo s-iM to produce children lorn to crime potential criminals, ns It were but It not rnfo to draw hard and fast rules from such unusual families. AMENITIES AT THE BORDER. "War" With .Mexlro by IHnner hii.1 Vaudetllle, To the Eoitok or The Son Sir A Wilsonluu symptom of the state of on the border Is manifest In t ie I'.nod of "notes" from the troops; and I hoi tato to send you another. Hut icrh.i; j ou will llnd interest in this cvtracl from a recent letter from a ommik sloned officer now doini; duty ut M. Allen, Tex. He writes. "You are ;ul:e right In ussuni.tiK t, v. wo shall willingly return to the i.f. ,ti of Hroadway and nn occasional Ii.i' i .1 clvlllxcd surroundings. Tliu attttuut- 0.' most of the men down her" Is one uf contented self-s.icrlllce, ho long ns tlieie may bo any military necessity for ttrnr presence on tlm bonier. Hut being men of Intellgence they naturally feel t- it It Is an imposition to require them to remain here to serve the political er.di ot any one. "The experience we have had up to tho present hus been Mittlclently Inter esting to Justify the time siunt and the discomforts endured. "Unfortunately, several of the .New York newspapers have created an en tirely falsu Impiesslon in the m' nf the public regarding the reat rood ' 3 here. Naturally eoldlerlns is not 11 , 0 of case and luxury, especially i, ,.re n men suddenly taken away from !" in forts of home, but I can assute yi.i ta.it the way the officers and men hav. hen treated within this camp leaves abso lutely nothing to be desired r n military standpoint. So .m r in fer a favor upon all of us Ir rif '14 the ridiculous stories being spu-ia e- gurdlng our Imnglnarj siiffei.ns? "lesfterday afternoon our 'e et was reviewed by tin e.imin.iMl . ' er of the Mexican forces station, ' y -t across the river ftom us. Af:T.w d he and hla staff were rntert 1 ''. a. dinner and In the evening tin, n e given a taste of vaudeville, hy in mien of the reglmcnV "I am sure ou will ncree w.ih me that this Is an nmuslng sltitat'nn il we are supposedly to fight the b Mexicans and make ourselves penerd.y disagreeable, but Instead we e ,ic-ij and dine them. Is It not cKir e'tc Is tii-ally American?" C M F New Yoiik, August 7. There May lie u D.-iid Cat In I'.ltMli " nue, liriHikljn, fVom thr ItruoUyn A'-lp.'e There it a dead est In fron' ft (It Eighth avenue. A dead cat ha been !lnr; n F sMlv street near Klchth avenue fnr f, 11- '.v) Complaint le alto mailt, of .1 ri'" ef rub bish, "topped" by a dead cat A dead cat hat been bine since frllT morning In front of 481 Klslnh n-'-J" Establishing a Kriiluiky Keren). From th Mount Ohrtt Irihunt Vmo"i. Clayton Moore of Kent mtnun P'1" ftt the champion coon iiK' ef I" ' ' other State. During the pi-t r- - to the first of thle eir 1 m' o- 11 tha attlitanee of these il c- a t ' t ' enty-nlne opossums, elulu k s " coont, beeldtt other varmint , I lete number of rabbits T - b ' record for one schsimi's Iiu " ir ' doge, and we doubt If any 1 "" the State can make anytbl'iK k 1 ,r showing In the coon itr,R 1 1 a 1 Preparing a tirrnt Missouri I'rii' From fe PrKalh riNely ' ' In Hay county the th ' v ,n comity ottlces have Jnl ie t montn'a rempnlcii pr.vr 1 o 1 I' election, They have nrralii; I 1 ' In isrr of epeJiklng dates covertrir In tho county, ami tnc tlie crowd drives from pi e e 1 j r nf the candidates s n r 1 f to present hie cliilms brfcrn e voters. II' ' , t Kiplalnlng Ihr Issue In V.t,mrl froai fat .Veie DlnomfrU .Wvi Adonljah run acalnst Si- 1 over Israel. rsoloTiimi tir.it h m after he was anotnte.l Uti , got scared snd rose up ami tan hold of the horns uf the eltiir promise from Snlnitiou ti ill ' When llouchln Is nnolntet Missouri, the all.i r will lr a He won't dehorn It. K- f.. 'l 1 r nl h ef r.a Animal Isles. eront the t.owlon I'hrnvli '' There la tho Isle nf I'-vs lilaud, Tewlt tsl.inl In P " n and Quit Islands off the c,mt nf ' l.i.nrfw tl,.1 ,r IImI 1 i" n I" . i sn the Hen and Chickens. A few iff the ro"' ef Wales ara I'uffln Island, Fheep ItU and tha Cow and Calf ItUmi In rcmb'0- tm ft