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AND NEW YOtlK I'ltESS.
MONDAY, AUGUST 14, 1010. KntereJ at the, 1'e.it Offlcx at Naw York M fltcond Clui Mall Matter. Rubarrintlon bj Stall, I'oatittld. DAILY. Or Month (0 M DAII.V, lr Year 6 M SUNDAY, Per Month tS M'N'ltAY (In Camilla), Per Month. .. . AO M'NDAY. Per Year.. W DAILY AND SUNDAY, per Year.... S M DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Month... 15 Komuik Ultra. DAILY. Vtr Month 1 ti M'NDAY, Or Month DAILY AND SUNDAY, IV r Month... 1 M Tlin KVKNINd SUN, Per Month ti TIIK KVK.MNil HUN, l'r Year 3 6 TliHUVENlNUBUNtForelmLPerMo. 1 All checks, money orders, Ac, to be Inail payaulo to Tint 8rx. Raadera of Tin Hun leavinc town for the summer months mil have the ilally and Monday and evening edition" delivered to them In unv nurt nf this enuntry or KuroDe n tne, term itatej anove. aoannri : chanted aa often as desired. Order through i newsdealer or directly of Publication Offlce. Telephone 2'iOO Uerkman. Published dally, Including Hunday. by .the Kun 1'rlntlhg and Publishing Aeioclatlon at iUi Nassau street. In the llornugh of Man hattan. New York. President. Prank A. Munsey. 1An Nassau street: Vice. President. TSrvIn Wsrdinan, Mo Niimu street: Sec retary, It. II. Tltherlngton, 100 Nassau atfaeti Treaiurer, Win. T. Dewart. 100 Nai aau atreet. tendon office. 40-43 Fleet street. niTe'dS QuaTf.'se'p't'Jn'.'hre!" M,ch"U'r'' " I Wi.hlh.lnn r.m, llllih. f tiltl.1 Inf. urooRitn nnice. iiooni -'-. itafie uuiiu- inf, sua Washington street. our frirndn irho .nor lis irlth nxinu Krriptt and ItluHnHliin or publication ir( to Ante rrlttUrt artlrlrt rttvrnrd ey tMl In all caict xtnd iMmpt or thai purpose. A Welcome Beerult. Far be It from us to scoff at the nppeul of Senator Taikiaut to Con gress to apply tho pruning knife to appropriations. An axe Is perhaps the implement needed. It Is true that Mr. Taooaut, who made Ills bow In Washington only Hit; other day and still buffers from stage fright when lie addresses the Sen ate, has never been regit rtled as n reformer. In fact, he calls himself a "politician" In the modest contri bution he makes to "Who's Who,'' and In Indiana he is somewhere near the top of the heap of politicians. All lite morn credit to him, then, for talking thrift to his party In Congress, and sounding a warning. Listen to 1 1 1 in ns he Inveighs against Its 'wanton waste of money wrung from the helpless tuNpuycr.: These enormous Increase cannot go on forever. There must and will be a day of reckoning. The power to tax la the power to destroy, and wo do not want to destroy the people's earning inner by overtaxation. Instead of squandering money and passing pork barrel bills would It not be better to j cut out these useless expenditures?-' rurllculurly tl ork barrel" ex cites Mr. T.Miii.xin's Just indignation. "There Is little economy," he s.iys, "In erecting public buildings in every crossroads country town." In Indiana, for lusiuucc. It is u pleas ure to welcome Tom Taooaut to the auks of the .'drenchers. He was Mayor of Iuiliau:iHills for three terms, and lie then hoard something more than thundering In the Index about pouring the taxpayers' money through n sieve. On tills iticson of the profligate extravagance of n Democratic Ad ministration Mr. T.uiOAiir stands boldly by the side of Ciiai.i.ks Kvans Hcuiir'.s. They might really to lie speaking front the same platform in the West. "I propose," said Mr. IIiono in Chicago, "that we shall lime government in a businesslike way. Wo won't have any more, If I can slop It, of thcM 'kiss me and I'll kiss you' appropriations In Con gress.' The sentiments of Thomas 'TAt'.iiAiii' In a nutshell. The spectacle of the appointed Senator from Indiana throwing him self sacrltlclally mi the hiiughole of the appropriations barrel to stop wltli his large anil sinewy hands the hursthlg overflow Is one for tears of joy and not for rude laughter. New York as a Manufacturing Centre. New Yorkers tlo not commonly think of their city as a manufacturing cen tre, but its greatness In tills ress.'ct Is amply witnessed by the prelimi nary figures for 1014 Just Issued by the Hureati of the Census. These show that there Is Invested In factory enterprises In the greater city well over i. billion and a half dollars, or 30.1 per cent, more capital than was represented In HHUI. The value of the products In 1014 was nearly S1',300,(KH).(HH), an Increase of HU per rent. In live jenrs. Wages paid In 1011 were more than half a billion dollars nnd tlin payroll total hud In creased H.U per cent, over 1000. About I.:. If the capital Invested In mautiructuriug In New York State is In businesses in this city. It Is an Interesting reflection that New York manufacliires bulk larger to the people outside this city than to New Yorkers themselves. A good many persons will Incline to doubt this. The Impression Is strong that the rest of the country thinks of New York in terms of upper Ilrond way, Fifth avenue shops and Wall Street, Hut in the many letters that come to The Sun asking questions of one sort or another there are com piiratlvely few Inquiring about the city's "points of Interest." ns the guide books call them. These ore evi dently well nml widely known. One type of question recurs again and again. The writer wants to know who makes this article or that or who will buy a particular product that he bus to offer. On file desk lies a let ter from a man who asks the name of any concern or Individual buying isiri'clulu scrap. A little while ago a reader sought the names o firms handling Paraguay tea. To-morrow may bring a request to be put In eonimwiileutlon with buyers of Mllo mnlze, of which, judging from the mall, there In n surplus In New Mex ico, tlown Las Vegas woy. There Is fortunately an extremely capnble organization to whom The Sun has long referred these Inquirers. It Is the Industrial bureau of the Mer chants Association, 233 Broadway. A little while ago a rentier wrote that a friend In Holland wished to secure machines which would manufacture the snap buttons used on articles of clothing. Ills letter was referred to the Industrial bureau of the Mer chants Association, which promptly gave him the names of several makers of these machines. This work Is entirely Inconspicuous, but It Is nf greater Importance to the manufacturing Interests of New York, and through them to the whole busi ness of the city, than many activities which attract attention from one end , lho Miiiiilrv in tlin nllw.r 01 ne Colli" fj to 1110 Oilier, Mr. Hughes on the Stump. "The Governor," that Is to say tho ltepubllcnn candidate for President, may hove been asleep, as the people of Grant) Forks were told when they ennic to the railroad station nt 7:35 o'clock A. M. to welcome, Charles KVANS HUOIIEs: bttt WlMt U live Wire the man Is In his waking moments I He touches no public tpiestlon but there is n shock In the White House. It is trite, nnd generally untrue, to sny of a olltlcal speaker that he elec trifies his audience, In the sense that be moves It profoundly, animates nnd Inspires It : but that Is what Mr. Hi'ohes does, and with no tricks of the platform. When the ltepubllcnn candidate said at Fargo: "I'd like to have tho authority to investigate tills Admin istration for about six months," every nutllto' was thrilled and the Impulse to cheer could not lie resisted. Why? Ilecause every one recalled the search ing, analytical ability with which Mr. i I t o i iks had conducted a certuln In vestigation in New York city when he won his spurs, and the feeling was that lie was altogether Phi modest In wnntiiig six mouths to show up tho Wilson Administration, that he would tear it to tatters In much less time and leave not a shred of Its reputa tion. So that Kargo audience rose to Chari.es Kvans Hvuhes witli exult ing shouts. Another example of the Republican candidate's iMiwor to stir men and make them think was his exposition of tlin statement made to the same audience: "America has got to lie organized." Organized? Why, every- Isidy thought America was rather famous for the organization of Its industries; furthermore, would he in an enviable position to compete with Its lniKiverlshed trade rivals after the great war. ltut Mr. HmiiEs, who had gone doeiier Into the matter, pointed out that those rivals were j going to profit by the discipline they had been subjected to and by the lesson of cooiHTUtlnn they had lenrned. He predicted that the na tions now nt war would take up the enterprises t of pence with a formi dable efllciency of purtose. Anil he then matle the application : "Do not Imagine that the United Slates, undisciplined, somewhat be numbed by the prosperity Incident to the war Itself, lacking in training and In proper organization, can address itself to the problems of the twentieth cen tury with the wastefulness and disre gard of business methods that have characterized the (iovernmcnt In the past." Mr. Hrnnr.s had driven his point home. He gave his audience mmiio thing to think about, nml It knew that he was right. The slipshod methods and wastefulness that had character ized the United States could not be endured again, and In that respect the Wilson Administration was vulnera ble to a degree. The emergency cnlled for the man resolute nml far seeing enough to put the Government upon nn economical basis and blaze the way, by urging constructive legisla tion, to that efllciency In Industrial affairs without which the battle would lie lost. The audiences addressed by Mr. HriiiiKs believe that the man stands before them. He Is sincere ns the sunlight, honest ns the north wind. When he promises "a business like admlnlstriitlou of the United States," they know Just what he means, nml they are satisfied that the country will have It If he Is elected President. The Congress Ball Game. From the heavy batting thnt marked the annual baseball game lit Washington between the Hepiihlicans and the Democrats of the House of ItepreMMitutlves (Senators are too grave and reverend to participate) we should Judge that it would have required tho services of a board of professional accountants to cast up the error column. Mercifully with held was the full score. As to the hatting, nothing like It wns ever seen at 'American League Park: there was a perfect tornado of home runs, three baggers and doubles F.ven old Jimmy Gai.i.ivan of the South Hoston district, where cente narians play In the field nt a pinch, made n real base hit. It Is with no disrespect that we speak of Mr. Gai.i.ivan ns n veteran; If he was the oldest man at the bat, his years were only half a century, and that is relatively young these days. Mr, Gai.i.ivan may, Indeed, have had his seniors, for the Hon. John 11. Faiiii of Pennsylvania nnd the Hon. Ho ward Kvkrktt Deniso.n of Illinois on the Heptihllcun side and the Hon. James Tiioxah McDkhuott of Illi nois on the Democratic side conceal their ages In the Congressional Di rectory. As the Democratic party richly de- serves a drubbing In November, we should like to cxtrnct political sig nificance from the score of 18 to 13 In favor of the Republicans. Hut youth would not be denied. Headed by the Hon. Sydney K. Mudd of Maryland ami Georgetown University, who Is thirty-one, the Hepubllcnns had more young fellows on their team. Tho Hon. Thomas Woodnut Mit.t.t:n of Delaware and Yale, steel roller In an Iron mill and rancher but n few yurs ago, was only thirty, and the Hon, Hoyai. C. Johnson of South Dakota and the Hon. Sydney Anokhson of Minnesota were but four years older. The most elderly men on the team, according to the record, were the two of the Jersey contingent, the Hon. Isaac IIaciiakacii of Atlantic City and tho Hon. KnwAnn W. Gray. of Newark, both of whom were forty-six, and neither of them was mighty with the stick. Un the Democratic side men rising forty predominated, and we fear that some of them were scant of breath, like Jock FnlstiifT To those Juve- "n' nml Hotspurs of the Congress ball Held, the Hon. I'at Hariiison of Mississippi and the Hon. Samuel Jones Niciioli.s of South Carolina, thirty-five nnd thirty-one respectively, we hasten to feoy that their pulchri tude and agility on the diamond urn recognized. There Is no one else in Congress hut the Hon. Sydney Mudii who might be asked to sign it league contract. Those nimble young fel lows were the glory of the Demo cratic side, but not even their sprint- lug on the base lines, their tine stick work and wizard stops could save the day; and (memories of Tishomingo!) we do not forget how the lion. Charles D. Carter of the Choctaw Nation hacked -them up In deep left field or the Initial pitching and short- stopping of tho Hon. Kdwin Yates Wr.nu, the pride of old Wake Forrest College. The truth Is that the Democrats ns a team carried weight for age, ami that Is fatal on the hall Held. Hut let no one point the finger of levity at these protagonists of the , national game In Congress. Most of them are picked for their prestige in college. I.Ike Jimmy Gai.i.ivan of Harvard, they were once stars of the first mag nitude, ami they can still bundle ti ball with a deftness to excite the envy of the has beens who sit In the grand stand. Judges, Not Politicians. 'Democratic party managers," ac cording to n Washington despatch, gave out for publication recently u tetter from Sam Goxii'Eits pitching Into "the attitude of Charles K. HraiiKs In Supreme Court eases In volving the Interests of labor." The Danlitiry hatters ease, lioldltm the union members individually re sensible for the damages awarded to l.oewe and Company, was decided by a unanimous court. As usual, (lit! Justices decided on the law, not on the politics, of the controversy. In the Arizona iiiiti-aiien labor law Justice linilics read the decision of the court, from which only Justice McHkynoi.iis dissented; and his ill- sent, as was pointed out at ll.e til..,.. was merely as to me form or (he procedure. Thus It Is proved that Mr. Justice It a 111. a i. t . . . I num. nits ni one nun tne ..is,,re, of Democratic tlerlvutlot. on the ques - lions involved: Unit party lines and political considerations did not intlu- ence the determination nf the causes brought lH'fore the court; nml It Is shown that the effort to make parti san capital out of Judicial decisions Is likely to have no effect. Incidentally. re the "Democrat le party managers" who circulate Com- Pkiis on HroilKs the same statesmen who nt St. I.ouls roared with pain ami rage over the Heptihllcun wick edness in "drugging the Supreme Court into polities"? The Great Assault Upon Austria. It was observed by Lord Deiiiiy the other tiny that the business of the Plllf.rK,.nc. UK0ll wh tho agreement Hrltlsh ariiij In France was to Mil I was made with (leneral C.viiiianza to as many of the enemy as possible, , settle questions nt Issue by an Inter for only In that way could the war be I nutlunal commission. ended. On the lips of a iion-combatunt , N''rtl '". -j'000 "re guardsmen ' ,, . . I held in mobilization camps buve no-A lt seemed unnecessarily hi utal, but u.en ol,i,.ri,( , tne mcv. The couu such Is the policy of nil armies In all try Is curious to know why. It Is told wars. However, there are always that the movement has no slgnltlenncc, more wounded ami prisoners than Jlle" " 'H'estlon Is pertinent: Has killed, and Lord Dekuy's st.ite.ae.it , m!n? 'm'"1 '""'I' , ,' , , , , . emergency will rapidly disappear should be ameniled by saying that ,,i. expression Is from his letter) been the business of the Allies N to put ns confounded? So far as the country many of the enemy hors tie combat i knows the clouds have rolled away, as possible. ,f ,,u' Administration is concealing ., ....... i i the eastern front. According to a Petrogratl bulletin General HiirsiLon hatl taken -lirj.OOO prisoners, the great majority of them Austriaiis, since ho begun his offensive In June. How many of the enemy have been killed and seriously wounded there Is no means of knowing with any precision, but the presumption Is thut Austria In prisoners and casualties has lost the services of nearly three-quarters of a million of her soldiers In con testing the advance of the Husshiu hordes under their brilliant com- mauder. She suspended, If she .11.1 not iibnnilon, her campaign In the Trentlno, and it was necessary to wei.Ki'n i.iu isou.o line, wun hip rc - suit that Corlr.la fell, anil the Italians, taking a heavy toll of prisoners, pushed on lo the Carso plateau to wrest Trieste from tho ancient enemy. Almost at the same time, the great Aiiglo-Freuch-Sei'lilau army In .Mace donia began an nutost attack on ll.e Hiilgarlans, and (ieneral Skiiiiaii.'s campaign In the Hnlknns will soon be heard from ill the despatches. Thus Austria will I mi assailed on three sides, In accordance with thu plan of the Allies to destroy or capture her armies and put her out of the war. This plnu can bo defeated only by such a demonstration of the superior ity of German artillery and offensive tactics as drove the Hussions out of I'rzemysl ami l-euibcrg anil across their own frontier n year ago last spring; but at that time the Hussions tncketl not only organization but am munition, ami once driven from their trenches they could make no stand. As they now have an abundance of ammunition ami have been heavily reenforced, and. besides, have uiiiulretl the habit of victory over the Aus triaiis, holding their own, Its), hi con tact with the Germans, the effort of turning the tide would seem to call for large concentrations of German troops drawn from the Hlgn-Dvliisk tine nnd from the western front. Hut can they bo spared? The French and Kugllslt on the Sommn and at Verdun are giving tho an swer, anil In the north the KtiHslan threaten the German liitrenchments with Increasing mnsses of men. What we are now witnessing Is a powerful cooiieratlou of the Allies to eliminate Austria from the conflict before the snows of winter fall. Enemies as an Advantage. At one time In his career the late Grovkk Cleveland was greatly Strengthened ill Ills I'reildeillhll '" I dldncy by the assertion of ail litlhor-! upon such failure everywhere except profanity and scuirllous abuse. In the cut that he loved Mr. Ci.kvki.ami for, In public ofllce. A reasonably clever forty-eight lompaiiles of the four tegl the enemies he hud milile. The kind fihow can be depended upon to pay all m-nts of course there were u few inat- of opiH.ne.its that ..rise to antagonize , "f,c,M!,ury '''J!8 a"d ,HV" Je a, " : sequent Mellon .' . , .... , , . 'little sum left. Thut I shall probably lutwcen oHlc-era and nun. ltut t" one a iHilltlcnl iisplrnnt ill the end deter-, vo to cmrltyi nc , haVp n ,)p8re ,, ,,w from ,. nMr , evolution mine his status before the -ople. t., uccttmulate a surplus and merely 'of raw, soft recruits Into Infantry Whistler In Ills essay on "1'liu Gentle desire that this burden of worry and capable of long marches nnd falily Art of Making Ktiotnles" demons! rates perplexity shall be lifted from my prollclent In marksmanship It was a clearly that In all lines of human endeavor, isilltlcal or otherwise, the successful man Is he who knows how to nrotise the Ire of those whoso hos tility Is an asset, not a liability. Woopbow Wilson, who lias been itc tlvely engaged for several years In nddlng to the iiumU'r and variety of his opponents, has failed, in selecting Ids enemies, to exhibit either the ar tistic genius of it Whistler or the Hillilcal sagacity of u Cleveland. Mr Wiiso.v has so bungled the Jtdi that the average American finds it dlflieult to , admire him for either the. friends or1 the enemies be litis maile. I How can a nation be oiectei to I'hjslral Bravery Only Part of What love an F.eciitlve who has mummed j Is Needed In Onsrd Officer. by his inaladroltness to utitiigonixe j To Tiir. ISiiron nr Tim Sun fir; If till amnzlnuly large number of thoitr-e President of the 1'nlted States has varied elements in our c plicated i'1" rlK,t a'"1 the authority to order American melting ih.iV Do the capi- ,'"r '"'J'"" ""' "f ,1c,,',,,r ,, . , , . . , ... where It may ba needed for the defence tnllsts love him: Do the laboring of , , .,, ,UF ,,my , men love hllll? Do tbe suffragists look nfter the welfare of these men. love lilinV Do the iintl-siifl'rnglis I When In the stress of necessity tho love him? Do thoe Americans who i "illltl.i regiments were ru.-lied from tlin sympathize with Hie K lite Allies I N"rl'' '" rder of Mexico no car ,,,,,, , ,, ,v.as taken to provide the men with tlm love him: Do tl who nif wll ercsarles of a soldier's outnt. not even illssised toward the Teutonic Powers love mm: Do the ullt'it-paclllsts loveiinade for their transportation, the com- him? Do the preparedness advocates i mtssarlat wna pitiful, and even to-day. love hllll'' Do the civil servhe ,' , , .. .,. .. liters love him? Docs 'lainiminy forme j j , j,),,,. Ghovn: Ci.kuxanii's enemies knew what he stood for, and so tlhl his friends. Those who loved I i 1 lit for the a.itugo.llsiiis he had exclled never It'll the slightest upprelietson over the Ki.sslity thut what Cikvi.laNIi advocated iioiith he might re- puillute the next, lie was muster of'"'"1 arr "'"w"' 11 "ar".. , ,., f lllllklnu. ,,, f.,,,niN m, .,.,.,,,., IIIM, r pmimaluliig them i.s I such. For what he was Inherently im, f w , fl. lls I . , , , . , uln. ,n, ,,,, ,.,.,.,,,,,.,,1, .,,. ,..,...,,., .... ...,.,. ,. ... ,lN ufe-lltur. but today for his m - ,, ., . ,,,,. ,,..iw. n,i , ' i111,ulss.,.,i.. ..,.'m ........ 'i,.....,-.,. a strong mini and it weukllng! Why is the assured date of Mr. i'iiaiilks F. Mi'iipiiv's retirement al ways announced nt the .'.'ginning of a political campaign, and never after It is over? If It was necessary for Mr. Wii-son to call out the National Ciuurd for pa trol duty on the Mexican border It was because of the "n itlonal emergency" which Secretary Hakk.i vpe.iks of in a letter written on Julv K, to nn In- lltllr.i,. Til.. fliMMfl'l. l.illOtfA.I , ll'lt ,1m ' noimiig, wny should .j.ooii n.oro der unless the purpose Is to bring back an equal number who have served their term of duty and restore them to their occupations? if that is not the purpose, how can the massing of troops on tlin frontier be Justille.l? A serious shortnge of French briar tli.eateus the pence of nine smokers. Hut all candidates who put America first will smoke corncobs. The Hrltlsh steamship Thetis, which has u famous record In Arctic waters. i Is l New York on her way north .. V ltl,,.,l,.l. L.1... .l.-n.. 1... mmM,,7 ow HilVf yt.;UH ago she is still stout and sen- j worthy. Such n craft Is well named iu"' ,l n".."-en 1..0. ...u muuin- m mighty Ac.i.i.i.ks, Toy prices are going up. Thus l lie high cost of living brought homo to Santa Clans. The Ijirnst. Fifiin lUr 1.'i!M'if.u,i Shir. LneiiNt nn a Unit. sImkIii' 'bout .Is heal: When ynn henr fiim lilm Troiii.li' I . cini'lte, Sim a-bl,ixlii' white. Hate n-hi.verln' Ihtiki T'lli.1 in. elisnee p. tight; 'Tdbr ii li. tn klili. Tslli uf news list's tiiiill Must of our regret, I'll ou k Ii ll t. i..ke us vd, I.m dm Moon fiirget, Hut his tune n icrliii l,eave u nn r.'tret lAruit nn Mmb llollerln' 'bout d hattt THE JIMMINS PLAN. "I have written to the Secretary of State asking to be Incorporated," an Id Jimmlns to his wife ns he unfolded his napkin and squared his shoulders preliminary to carving the chicken. A look of doubt, followed by alarm, Invaded his wife's face. "Does that mean you may be sent to the border?" she asked quickly. Jimmlns docs not want to give her the vote, "Nonsense," replied her husband, "You are thinking of entitling or volunteering or tho Lord knows what. I am tired of paying Instalments on the player piano, the gramophone, tho sewlnc machine, a set of Dickens, ycur charge accounts nnd a cemetery lot. It has got no .that I can't keep track of when what Is due. I am seeking to Incorporate the J. P. llmmlns Instalment Company to take care of these complex matters. "I shall be tho president and the hoard of directors and I shall hire a bright young man who will sit at a mahogany desk behind a partition in my oftlce and do nothing; but keep track of alt my Instalments and see that they arc paid when due. He will have his hands full, and when ho Is through If ever he is I am sure that he will have no trouble to qualify as a certified public accountant. "Each month I shall put a lump sum Into his hands to run the whole business with. If he does not keep fl'tltOn lm a,ill.nn.lnllnn !. u-lll n n a ., .linirnltle. irenernlK- nnnannn-.it ' Kiiouioers, leaving me rree to give mj; energies to larger affairs." A sudden conviction that he mas repeating a formula he had heard somewhere stopped lilm and he glanced uneasily nt his wife. Thero was something about her passive accept ance that reminded him of the up lifted faces at a political meeting he had once addressed. Huch a counte- nance simply lured a fellow on to tho utterance of glittering generalities, dors not spring from any love of Pro Hut Mrs. Jimmlns broko the spell by jSlanlsm or any desirn to behold an un saying "You had much better give me the money." THE BORDER PATROL. proper nrm. Insufllclent provision was I ""cr weeks have elapsed, conditions are for from satisfactory in the camps on i.,. ,.r,i. th border. All tills could probably be borne with n fair amount of equanimity by drilled and trained soldiers; but It siells ills after, breakdown and illness to untem- liered troop". I The inllltli are blamed for voicing tbelr troubles. They are told that they are shirkers, that they look nn war "s a sport and life In camp as a picnic l'Km labor. They were heroes a little I wblln ngu. The fnult. however. Is nut with the men. but with the system. Militia troops can never b anything but raw trojps and their officers cannot be called officers In the true sense of the word. Doubtless ,i.n ...no... ..mA.a ...M.i n A. ... bravery, but an nfTioer mut also be able to fulfil the far more difficult rol" of father to his men. He mut b" able t. keen them happy and occupied In the i"' iiuhih. i,iii-ii- iiiv-ii 1. 1 imnii ..un trying days of Idle cmp life; he mut see to It that his men are clean, well . i ... i, .......... ni, nni irjiirru. Does our system give us men trained to such duties? We spend s, much money, we have such splendid human material to work with, nnd we seem to acquire onlv a grand muddle. Are we ever going to lenrn th.it our vstem of national defence Is absolutely useless In times of necessity? i:. o. ir. Dark Harhoii. Maine, August 12. THOSE THREE ISLANDS. Tlielr Strategic Importance and Their Climate l)lcued. To tiir Kd.tor or T.ik Son .sir: 1 have read with Interest the letter of Oeo.ge W. Jolly In T.IK HfN. nnd ventiite to say thut It appears mat ..., ,.,. I.ns Inllv well "Jollied" our f.i.,,,1 .mile relative to the Danish Is! - ',,r,l,. C whteli Is belne, negotiated with Denmark. Itelng the son of a native of Char lotte Amalle accounts for my Interest In there negotiation", our friend Jolly l tight In hlK protestations ns t such a sum us KS.oOii.Oihi being paid for this island group, but he liiould have said further thnt such it llgure wuh psohlbltlvo only in a commercial sense "o . J ., tborltles concede It the most strategic spot In lh world, barring, peihaps, only lilbraltar, It N true that their commercial lm noi'laiice has ilnindled. but tills has been ...i.imu.. l.i. I'n.l, nf .iifinnv .11 ,1m..i.I,iii..Ii., natural .'.-sources of the Islands, limited thotiKh they miy be, Mr. Jolly says that "yellow fever Is epidemic." Since when? Prevalence of the disease Is not nearly so marked on ill Cuba uud other Islands of the Caribbean. He snys further, "They nre diy and iiiihealtliful." To rtfute this I would suy that my grandfather, a Dane, raised u large family In Cl.ai lotte Amalle, as have other whites, and the climate Is much more agreeable than even that of Ja maica nr Porto Hlcn. William A. JoiinKNsKN. Kt.utNf, X, ,., August i:, tleutraphr la Alabama. y.uni the Vvom Hirtr .Vcm. An Alal.nmi mnn standing hii examina tion for teut'her's licence wrote In bin imperii that Valley Knrge U on the Tiiin- Iiinlie Itlver uud Harper's Terry on M... Idle Bay, I'erhapn One of I'nele TobCa t'omradea In Handera. frnn. (He afllvauWe Htntlntl, O. Tl. Pamm il Flrat Sergeant nf Com. pan CI, Second Infantry, Mlnnaaota Na tional QuariJ, Auittn, Mlna. Testimony to Their Worth From One of the lUnk and File. To tub KniTon or Tub sun Sir: The editorial article In Tub Hun of August 12 entitled "t'lattsburg Ideas" Is fine, nnd every word of It Is true. It seems to have come warm and breathing from n personal experience of the life us we t'f the Inst encampment led It. It con trasts exhllaratliisty with tbe labored nnd subtly mlsreprescnlatlve articles that have uppeared In an cvenlin; con temporary which profess to divine and to set forllt tho ruling spirit of tho great summer school of tho soldier It slde I.uko Champlalii. Thoso new to the profession of the man at arms were treatly lmprcscd Willi the self-abnegation of nearly every member of the corp.s of ofllcers. The jtr.en het In authority were not renmh nor saints. Sometimes the lauguaisn was ,i little touched with brimstone, but the care and the devotion lavished to brim; the men forward In the rudiments of military science In four weeks were beyond all praise. The ofllcers knew they could expect no reward beyond their llxed tinny stipend, for wo of the rank and lllo were explicitly forbidden to give them presents. They mailt! It plain that their best reward was satisfaction with ll.e progress achieved from day to day h the elements of the wiling to which their own lives were given. The army olllcer Is helpless against tho iti!srepre- ai,il. I O.ti illl.l l.ill 1 l...l W II II i.tt-fctlltl flint would till bis mouth with naught but miracle iniii o mucn count oo none m so short a time. Tbe result was only ' made possible by the utter drvotkn of the company commanders to their tusk. .tinder the ubiquitous and tireless supcr- Vision of Cieuerul Wood. In tho lengthening roster of Plutts. burg men there arc few who thiol; they ' know It nil. Their desire to spread and to share the gospel of preparedness, 'wherewith they have been Indoctrinated, congenial s.vsleni dragooned upon mir peace loving, law abiding people They merely deslie to pas.H on to others the henollts they have received through the I'l.ittsburg lessons In sobrletj, self discipline and tout" obedience. There is no man of sound heart anil mttut who would not gain Itu Mlni.ibly by such training, even If he never went to war for tils country and his convic tions of the right. Pci.lerton I.. WAl.tU. I'lllLAPKM-lllA, AUL-Ust 12. The Kxpletlve Corrective. To THE KniTon or TUB SfN -.Nil': You speak in the editorial article entitled "I'l.ittsburg Ideas." of "the occasional expletive, which was always uttered ix It li composure and good temper." I submit that It Is Impossible to utter an jevpletlve "with composuie and good temper." for under thou, conditions It immediately loses Its most characteristic fatur,., a, s no( :, expletive. t ,.n 'oik- m ut'onl with vuui . ... .. . . . , . , . our pra'se of Pl.ttt"biiig, but I do obJ't to uur weakening the Idea of an expletive. Please leave lo us old cussers the full kick of our limited supply of explosives. Ilcuil J. II I'd I ins. t'TICA, August 1?. CONCERNING CORYBANT1CS. Chesterton' Thrust at Huxley In He fenre of the Cymbal.- To T.ii:i:t.TonocTi.i:SrN sir: Vour correspoiulent t.eoige -Mount .injects , to the Salvation Army's tellglous ser - vice as -cor) inline. J am minoeii 01 li. K. Chesterton's comment on Huxley's criticism of the. Salvation Army as l.fin.i.i iMii-Uh.inl!i " I'linK.i-.'loti v.-..-.. - si.ys : "Huxley was the last i.ud mildest of those Stoics who have never under- stood the C.oss, If be had understood ' Christianity h" would have known that there never las been nrtd never cau;n'"' t',.r..rll tl.e fety of other train,, be any Christianity that Is nft cry-' In Texas and Poellle Hallway vs li.n..n.. . v.. ...... .....l, ...v '.ni 1 IMi.J.v X i 1 17 I'm: Me. .Inu.li'ii .'It. ! uniini. i la sociologist can see wh.ther ticneiMl ! liooth's housing scheme is right Hut .any healthy peisou can see that banging! brass cymbals tug.'ther must be light." I Mr. Moffat probably objects to chll- j dren because they ate noisy. Hut he i can't get rbl of them, and I fear that he can't set rid of the Salvation Army. And, by the by, apropos of Mr. Moffat and of Napoleon's god of the stronuest 'battalions, have jou ever realized that the Christians hereabout ate moie nu merous than the non-Clir'stlaiis? And I.... I. . ...... .... I... ...... ...... i.nrr..i. log with the modern phllosoplU'ii', ra tionalists, Imldels, reformers, et al. Sup pose the Christians should decide to i ""'"""' .'ce.-. ......... "l'l'se the Salvationist.) should want to , , .,.,.. , Square. I don t believe he Is of the 1'" "f ,v,,ll'!l martjrs ale made NKW YOltK. August 12. llANCIl.UTEn. POLITICAL BEDFELLOWS. Strange Changes the Years llrlng Will. 1 The til. To tub HntToit or Tin: Sr.s sir: . in.. cold night a few winters ago I followed the crowd Into Carnegie Hall. A i.nniti. wmu i..iL'n"e.l lii ileooiiiwlii' te. ,:.WII.n for making ... a hcl, of Nr.- Jersev hayseeds certain preelection apprehended ami punished. I'ollce olll- promises lel.ttlng li canal tolls forj'ers h.conie suspicious of everybody, coastwise ships, as embodied In the 'They should not b allowed to use Democratic platform of but which lbuml.se. vv methods. Soel.tj Is Just as were not fulfilled. i much Interested at protecting Innocents . ' fellow Hitter said the spetikei was , Halnbrldge Colby. If this Is 111" Willi.! Mr. Colby who to-day said ho could not consistently Ignore or deny the gleal record of the present Administration, w hat's the m li ter within? J. tl. II. it. ...ami l'v....s, August 12. II. m llr II l In Kai.suii, rVuii the .s.illn.i I'mIuii. The .troiiiilit has teaehed the m.iitf In llil sc. tlon where the IUI. ...)n,ir i.t the funuhnuses asking tnr h drink. A lllllldlty l.)rle. Tile song birds Inve Ihe eu . ' trei-s The lo.uil' dug li.ves lit put k n' l.as; Tim cut w. .nil loves the sarly dew i An' I I. oe nu. I'm not In Inve with j'er h.irry p.i . Ner wild yer li'.in. redh'.nle.l inn, Ner llli er husky brothers. Hill An' .1 us li nn' Ihtn ..u1 Van un' 'I'll!. Ner with )rr liter, Kale an' Nun An' M.ig, un' I win. Mulls.y Amu Ner wllh er brown Bid dratted er 1. row II Kol .Iraltei. itn.il iTIiat pet i' )ourn. th.'t ih.we.l tnv , . . i , .Ner wun .he c.t, ner whb the duns, Ner wltli tlie .id. kens or Hid Imxi, Ner with file nle r.inisliiuide jilaee, Nn, up, Indeed! That's not my rate, I lung ..rutin' because you're (liar Or tharabuuta, O 11)001111' start i Lliiui A, rawlos, WHY FEDERAL RAIL NEEDS OVERHAULING. Mr. Carman F. Randolph on the Single The laKvvay system of the United! Ktjite. Is. iifitnrlmiatv. nh valcall V tin- able to meet tlin needs of commerce. Of ominous concern Its shortcomings clog our military preparation. II m ll, rt nf'""'. .'" '. " "'"' ' Ht. " "-- " - --'stripe the tli.al and dominant rule imii the trouble, nnd while the system TI)(J colrt (,nt!, not mt shares at the moment In tho general greas possesses the itutliotlty to regu Improvement In trade thU will not late tho Internal commerce of a Hutj raise railway credit to tho point of nt- J ""Ij. bl ht J,1 t""'" " . . , , . ' powwr to foster nnd protect Inti ri-iatn trm-Uon for the huge sums required to tomlnorcc ,, (0 take all m.Mr. . bring It un to the norma! needs of . ii.iiaii.upu nil. I f. .itir.itirlii In in ,1. .... I'liiiimniTx nml the not Impossible de- mands of war. Tlie fact that railway credit Is it. a backward state alter nearly thirty jcars of u Federal regulation, In creased In Intimacy and severity within the patt decade, commends ref ormation of Its spirit and method, The companies do not look for changes that will draw rrom itieir own to the Governments shoulders re- sponslblllty for nil adequate, service. On tho contrary, they crave more re- sponslblllty. more freedom, not less. .xiosi severely oo mey rrnic.se puoi.c , ,.rrft!,,iu. stalls cannot tlx the re).. regulation precisely at those points (o ,(f , carriers' Interstate and where It hampers the full performance mlrau,t.i ehorgrs without dlrectlv hi ol their lesponslbilltles. They do not lcrft.rn wt, the former, unless It ask the Cfovcrume.it to gtiaruntco an hmiy fiw ii,c standard set b adequate service. This would, logically, i,'e,it.r authority" (3.14). Invite the (iovernment to take over u( Coivddcrlng especially the In-t cli.i property which tho owners had Im-, ,, from t)p shreveport cnae we. I '' confessed themselves unable to n.lr a co,1H,a,, f t ,lt .., ,,, manage. They do ask that Oovern-' (.0J 8l0Ucmit relation between Stat ment shall not hinder capable owners ( . ,..,,..,, .,.,. .,-. i,,.,,,,, ,. of u prlvilo property In performing the public service they were organized to render. ! n,.iy Iniiy not j lHf.f ,ipprerlabl riie companies do not charge the affut.t tllu Kmit fa,.,e of lnlt.r,tJ shortcomings of the system wholly to , ,.ulPS 'nd,.rstnlidlng, however, that public regulation, but repeatedly liavn m,pr present conditions fortv-elglit they pointed out substantial defects S(nt(1() ,. rrducP ,,K.,, rat,, , in and predicted the serious consequences ( Ju5l ,)orl ()f takinK property without which nro now experienced. , )ro(.CRS f j.lWi w,WfH , r,j,1(.. At last public realtwitlon of ? , tlon i-an 'lo ntllrtnatlvely prnvf-t to il -truth that public regulation needs . rnnBp lntPrlttlll ohedu,e, multl overhauling promu-es that ns our , Mnf, lnnn,(.iy ,K.h instances la banking system has W-en set on the , w,mt ,s ,.t Itntit pel to 1- nbout one road to better service so will our rail- . fllll,.th of , country's train.-, we p(r ways. The Senate Joint resolution for c,,lv m,igements upon the, inl.r nu Inquiry Into the railway situation ( Mp ,.,,, fl,,,r(l. moving from fortv having nt last been approved by the , (,1(,,u ,Uurlt.ri, nnd combining serious. House, the companies are enconruged to lmpalr lt solidarity. Now when the to prepare a comprehensive "ens." fr , Sllprf,II1P Collrt t.ates that Stab u better regulation -a "ens.)' that wll i , ra, ,,,,, 1rttl..,,,.. re.pr -appeal not only to legislatures and , ,.-,.tIt.rii, Rtandards it iviggests a rig! ' Kim in but to a public opinion that , ,.()nCT.P!.H tl, .,,,! v the prlnclpl.' .. will ns heartily re-pond to straight- ,.oniml(in. M1(.h rntP., ,, ,), ,,. forward reasoning ns It will nsurc.lly ,ova, ()f a ,.VlI,.rilI authority. Aw,. shy from an accelerated propaganda. wun, nt ,M ti, eontrlv.-.m' wmid Kf the major points of the rallvvny ; ,,( ntr,,rr.Ulo wore not the Ceded case none will ...ore benetieiall.v In- , mithorlty ln ,!aSe It disapproved m rt lluence the solution of the pro dem all11)r,zw, , IlaII10 . ,.rr.'et on than that which commends n sing le , othorw,MO tll s,. .,,, ,lllVP , power tegulation of our .h slcally , u, . tn(. ., rnlln,(. single railway system an ns-.m.ptlon , al(()Ut wav nh))1 ,,., , of l ederal Jurisdiction over every- ., W.v drag .. rate tl.roug'i .v , thing the Motet actually do or may technically distinct Jurl-dlctlons w .... rpg.ih.tr, to the disparagement of a ,. ,)f .,,. aIll,,P h !lllt,orltatl.. - iinltted regulation. l or example. V(,priI niullliry ,..., , .e-,,. among the matters ripe for comp.ele ,ntprHta. ratPS oll rovknv . Federal Jurisdiction are the equip ment nf nil trains and their unob structed, safe and convenient move ment: all freight and passenger rotes. These matters nle now governed It. greater or less degree by lV.leral au thority, and If this mithorlty m.iy constitutionally be extended as to exclude State regulatory functions vriucu now .-.ia ...r .,. from a dUeotdani to u homogeneous .vgime, to the advantage ot the ICe. I believe this extension may be law fully made, and find encouragement In .1 lipondenltiir li.ill.'l.'.t construction of I P commerce power, espe- ,.biv marked in recent opinions of tin 1 t,,-omc. Court, In Southern Hallway V(( Homeus ' . S., -'") the court j,a;,; T)ip r(.vrrnI tr.,n, ntP ,Mn, railroad I . . . . . n ,.n( !! 1 11 Ii.t ('n l Ml 1'IUIU "I OI'H fill, II , H11 1 Mfclyi i,i re Interdepeiid. n-. for wh.t.ver Ii-Iiiri delay and di-n-fr t .uih or r.M,l l.i dU.il.lliig ...... ..f Its i.er..- the- cuuU.-d to Impede the pmgre.s ....... ... - .... .ley, speaking for the whole cunt and icfcrrlng to lV.leral statutes "reqillr- lug certain safety appliances to be In- stalled on railroad cars used upon a highway of Inter.-tat .mmerce Irre- spectivv ,f the use (Interstate or In- ' tr .state) .mole of any lurlli'ul.ir car at any particular time." said: Without the i'xpre,i. leave nf Congre". P l ll"t p....ll.l", while the legist It.i.ll ii.nd., for the s't.t.s t. iiinlie or .iifcn e laws prescill'lns 'he ihariel.r of tin. np- pl!..nri' tint slui!t be to .litt..lned or I n- t.n..t.w n.til ,1... f.ir fiOnr.i In l.llili.'.l,. !l' ", ' In the Slircveport rati- c.ie illous- THE THIRD DEGREE. Society Cannot failure Tl.ui.ilisrrevv Melho.ls for Suspeels. To Tin: Hpitou or Tin: SfN sic: le- jcliiedly on are light la your editorial about the thild digree outrages. Tho Isad part of it is that having come so near executing an Innocent man, the next time II will be used as an excuse I for tinning loose a criminal. The' ..mf-dy scenn to be a public defender and no questioning of htispecls unless their defender Is present or tc presented, ! We all want MiMii'cts to ne piotecte.l In their .Ights; W, wan. .,l,,,l.,H !'' in punishing the guilty. 1 I', II. Pl.AlhTKP. Navv Vol:.;, .'.uaiisl 12. The True Iteason for ll.e Outrage. I To Tin: KniTon or Tin: Sr.s s'r: The ccilf.'ssio.l of one Kit g to tllii nilltib'.' 'lor which an. nil. r has b. en st. Hiding in I the sn.nhitv of the death .h.ilr for some .tl.n.i calls a. leu. loll to the po. nlit of like lesultK which UP'-lit occur lo j.iiv oilier innocent peison uinler exisinig third .leg,-,. n.ailip..lail..ns by III.' alt- ti'orUlcs. inilely Ihe Miuual l.iiiJiie lie miiii.i tli.in cm. and the man.v fi.hers of like character th:c have ro K.'.ilously l.iboied lo bring about tne t-iltll in tills UlUldcr en sc a..' not goliu to let the plinclptil cause of Ibis in- Justice go uutoiiiiii'.l. We hear n gloat deal about ti pi Is.. ner at the b.ir of Jus- lice being consldeied liuioee.it until '""V"1 Klll,' , , Ihe real reason for the nml deuree s that the aiitliositles want to leeelv e praise and glmy for work well .lone ...ward the esialilislime.it or "truth and Justice," , way with It in what should be the age of progiess, fair play and " ' "" ItKNnr C. HKliagNauTTH. IlKOOKLYN, August li. WA Y REGULA TION Urgency of the Military Reason fur Control. Ion, Ac. Hallway vs. V. S 231 C S, i 3U) the court said. Wherever the lnterUte and lntrs'te trnnsactlona of carriers are "i related tint the government of the. one Inv.Mirs l In control of the other It ! I'miRieo uil ... ......i. . .' although Intrnstatn trn.isaeihm interstate curriers may thereby be in. volvcd" (3,13). "It was ri-coKnlft-u," said the court, "at the beginning tli.it the nation could not prosper If Inter state and foreign trade were govemed by many masters, and where the Inter ests of Interstate commerce are In volved tho judgment of Congress nnd of U)c aKCMck.H u lawfully establish, lilt tot nrvtl t mV T)0 pmvt.r , wl) lwo ,.ln ) ()f rate (interstate nnd Intrastate) as ; a i,,,!,,, rrtH exclusively with Cm. I ,iut.ton of rates on coal from t',it ,.nnyVau mines to Philadelphia cause they are rei.lly a p.ut of tn gen. rtil rate sjstem. ma !" et . powe.ed to regulate them 1.1 the lift Instance. This should He the pn t'.. If the Federal commerce p ). i fall short of Justifying as wide irt-i" of Federal authority as the unit' , f (iU rnlwny Hv;,pm Opmand-. p ,lllurv r f ,p .,,,. miy , , , , , ol(1!,P the gap. NVvpr as t)u,r u.p ...,. , of ,p ,,., ,,,,,, . , .li., ... .iniii. .ti ili.fr in-,, ti ig .o . , ii, - ... - 1 day, wheie our deficit ncles in ...u. al so tl.igraut, and It Is a weighty nr.. ment for the t'tter:iieut of our sy' that the ampler the facilities for m. 1 ' tuition the smaller the st Hiding .inv i we shall need. I Hepresslng in their Const. tiitlnn ie dominance of military pow.r in pe.T Jealous of Its arrogance In war t ' . , - . . t...,. i '" "'tio . uu. .. i.u. . . ui .. 1,11 armed preparation. vvhoi "" and complex foundation must 1 ... peace f it is to serve in war. n J in tlielr Federal charter nuthurl extend Federal regulation wh". , State regulation may directly ot i' r'lly impair tne national cu.tauo the railway system, ' am of the opln on that toe mi argument for a single power t. Hon or ...llwiiy transport to vvi.it. extent Is really demanded b ' . " '"' ii the courts, and with broader lf.' asserted by Congress ns a re. iegisi.llll.il. .Mill ill" oi-uio.i.i. - make a strong appctl, M-oaiis. in , feeling utir great tlol.spiirtntb :i s tcm for tho emergency of war w 1 s .. . 1 1 . . 1 1, . . ..f 1 1 1 n. k4 III'! -l?.II 111 .III.,-,!--.- II- luni"' the dally service of peace. I C.vu.xias F l:s. " I" DESERVING DEMOCRATS Mr. Wilson's Appointment of Will lam and Joicplins Dxplalued. To Tin: Kpit.ii; or Tin: Si . note In the esteemed 7'. .if 1 i" lug headlines: "President d "f 4 ointments. Leading Scientists suited cm the Host Mni t- Mil p.iitant tliivcniment Positions" Splendid! Smclv the coin t v h be gie.itly gratttl.il I piosiimc t ' Kl.ilion to the appointment "f Me 4' I nil Jennings lli.vi.ii to till .' no . tlov er.m.ei.l im-itlon Mr W I " .eMIy consulted tie ln.e,:.i V .rs l .Hon and, vv.kk.ui ipi'-'in lolled As-.., i .tl"ii of Wo le l" Lnthiisi.ists, not to mention i e p. ..dent Work, is of the Wo. Id al Any P. be . pieferably :!nu . lurel. And I suppose Ci. it'.t.bt Mr. Wilson In lelit HI . polnliiiiii. of Mr. .losephu l'i Mil an iinp.itt.tut i i.n.'i i. .n'l. ! cX'ilcill.v ...iifcried '.vit'.i t i" . tor of Hie national zonlogi il I. .use and uu.iirstioii..ll. p expel t (cietltltie Judgaie t ..t "' but. oh, dear, oh, ih n. I i It Is too exciucla'inw ItiquiiP l ev Sc.MMlT, N. J, At.gui-t 12 , I anient for New ..e.se.Cn sen.ui.rU. Il'l' r.eiitlb.ii . T TIIB ,:IT ,. Tllt MV , . ., ,h ,.,,,,. . ,r. ntv many mure mi-' I." r.'i.iesen.i'.l In the l'niie.1 s - ' by nu'ill... i Ity ? 4l" there no hls'ii ki mni ' r l" fnr Senilis. ..t iw i l'"'""ie o secu.i.im.i ... n . ... II 1 seems hope esi to on k I n-.i .. ! Poor NV.V .le.sev' When V ..,v, a (jen.ilnr h linn" " I member fur tvv. nt -four n.nir. V.ini.v nn-. tii.Kv "' .1 A.i i 1' A smith ( nn.lbin IUIh.il. I rum I'ttri In llr I s.i ' i i ,'..ui, 'Tain' oo ue t wuk .. I....-..I When my wife wuk een Ue miiki.. liI,I21IIt.yr.er.'.-.--.-1-',Y, ...a. r firy t